The Light Of The World

There was once a small child named Jacob. Jacob had not been much interested in Christmas-too young to remember the previous Christmas, and not comprehending what it would mean this year. Not much interested, that is, until his mother and father began to string lights down the banister and around the entry area of ​​the house. "Oh, Mommy, Mommy!" he exclaimed, "Let me help make Christmas!" and gathering all the rest of the lights in his arms, he ran to his room and began to string them everywhere until his room resembled something like the Griswald's house in the movie Christmas Vacation.

Small as he was, he kissed an important truth. Christmas is all about lights-the light of the angels bursting through a cold, dark sky to sing the music of heaven to terrified shepherds who could not remember anything like this happening before, nor comprehend what was happening now. The light of a star appearing in the sky to anxious magi who had never seen anything like it before-and could not comprehend a king who was born in a stable. The Light of the World, born in a stable to a scared teenager supported by her worried husband.

Light gets our attention. On that first Christmas the true light came into the world, the light that shines in darkness, but the darkness has not over it. The Light comes again today for us. It comes into our lives. It is here enlightening our lives. Do we see the Light of Life as the shepherds did, or do we see it as a disturbance, something that unsettles us, something that makes us uneasy, something that brings a wave of guilt, but does not lead us to repentance. Because of the Babe born on the first Christmas, our lives are lit up with the grace of God, the love of God, the forgiveness of God, the power of God, and the peace of God.

John's Gospel has two purposes:

1. To introduce his readers to Jesus, and

2. To establish who He is and what He did, all with the sole aim of leading them to embrace the saving work of Christ.

God came to us in Christ. When hostility and enmity exist, we can break the silence because of Christ and offer what God has offered us-a word of Grace. The true light came on the first Christmas-the light that shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not over it. Light equals life. The Light of Christ has come into our lives. Do we see it as a disturbance, or do we see it as the light of life, like the shepherds did? This light brings peace, comfort, reconciliation and joy into our lives.

There is a story about two brothers, named Tom and John, whose father had died. He had worshiped the farm to the two of them to keep his sons together. It had not worked that way. John had married and lived in a small town with his family. Here, who remained single, lived alone in the old farmhouse. "John is always preoccupied with his family," Tom thought. "I do more than my share of the work." He began to resent his brother. "Tom is always so grouchy," thought John. "He is jealous of my wife and children."

A wall of resentment built up between them. They would hardly speak to each other. They attended the same little church in town and sat on opposite sides of the nave during the Christmas Eve service. John was troubled because they had seriously acknowledged each other's presence as they sat in church. On the way home John said to his wife, "Tom is alone and has no one to share Christmas. His wife prepared a delicious meal and put it into a sleigh and started from the small town to the farmhouse in the country. Meanwhile, Tom, sitting alone, said to himself: "Life is too short for this. John is my only brother and he has it hard with his wife and family. I will load my wagon with wood for the fire and gifts for the children. . " So he loaded his wagon and drove toward town.

Down in the valley between the farm and the town they met. They were silent for a moment and then they embroced with shouts of "Merry Christmas !!!!" Reconciliation took place at that moment, and the true light of Christmas was bright with a glow that could be seen for miles around.

Christ the light was in the world. The world was made by Him, but the world did not know Him. In the Bible, the word "flesh" often means "the whole person". Human nature is distinct and separate from God; the human nature in all of its weakness and susceptibility of sin. The returner's loss is the believer's gain. The way has been opened for God's purpose to be fulfilled in us. Christ's grace is inexhaustible. The purpose of the Light is to make us His children. He is God over us, and He is our advocate. He pleads our case because He loves us.

Jesus revealed His love for us through the greatest act of self-sacrifice a man could perform-He gave His life for us. God became one of us. Christ has identified with us, and He wants to enable us to live fulfilled lives. The church owes its life to the Word of promise, and is nourished and preserved by the same Word. If the soul has the Word, it is rich and is lacking nothing of peace, of rationaleousness, of salvation, of joy, of liberty. Advent's mood calls us to a mature, clear-sighted and steadfast faith. The real meaning of Christmas lies in the combination of magical ceremonies and the message that God has broken through our human selfishness.

John's Gospel adds perspective while the reader is led all the way back to Creation to see even that in the light of the resurrection. John points us continuously toward Jesus and His mission. John's life is directed toward Jesus and in service of His kingdom. We must let go of EVERYTHING that is blocking God's path to us. To have a relationship with Christ is to have a relationship of openness to God and share His eternal life. The world can not understand the light and darkness, but the darkness of our universe has been scattered. The one who is light suffering the darkness of death and hell in our place. The Crucifixion did not extinguish the light, because Jesus is Lord of Death and Lord of Life. We are not in darkness any more. We have "seen the light". God's word has created us and bound us together.

God's immensity is always flooding us with grace. Our spiritual blindness can not drive us away from God's grace. The major consequence of our sinful nature is blindness-to truth, reality, the nature of sin and the necessity of a Savior. The Savior of humankind has been given to us. The Word is immersed in every aspect of our lives-from empty problems at work, to temptation, to fun-time partying, to betrayal, to exhilaration, to grief, to laughter, to pain. We draw grace from God's entire resources — an inexphaustible warehouse. From his fullness we have all received grace upon grace. Grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

The other Gospels depict the glory of God coming upon Jesus at the transfiguration; however, John sees the glory of God in all Jesus says and does. In John's mind, the hour for Jesus to be glorified is the crucifixion.

If we say we have fellowship with God, that means we partake of his divine nature. If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves. If we have fellowship with God, we must be like Him and make room in our lives and hearts for others AND for Jesus. Christmas can be a time for sheer joy, but it can also be a time of great pain and sorrow, especially for those who have lost a loved one, or who are in poor health, or who have lost their job, or who have suffered other kinds of losses. There is hope in the true story of Christmas-hope God keep us in the baby, our redeemer, Jesus Christ. The Light of the World brings hope to the world. God lives here within us. If God keeps his promises, is it because he wants to or is it because of his nature? He will not do anything other than what He has done through Christ and is now doing simply because he can not do anything else.

I read a news story the other day about a move that is underway to make Jesus Christ the honorary king of Poland. Jesus came to earth on that first Christmas over 2,000 years ago to create His earthly kingdom and draw us into his heavenly kingdom by spreading the Good News of the Word and salvation, especially to the poor, the hungry, and the oppressed through the world, especially in countries such as China, Kenya, Iran, Nigeria, India and Iraq. Even in these darkest corners of the world, the light shines so bright that it pierces the deepest, darkest corners of man's soul and opens his heart to the joy of the Christmas season.

In his Christmas Day message this year, Pope Benedict issued an appeal for the poor, the exploited, and all those who suffer. He said (quote):

The humanity of the 21st century appears as sure and self-sufficient master of its own destiny, the avid proponent of uncontested triumphs, yet this is not the case. People continue to die of hunger and thirst, disease and poverty, in this age of plenty and unbridled consumerism. Some people remain enslaved, exploited and stripped of their dignity; others are victims of racial and religious hatred, hampered by intolerance and discrimination. Others see their own bodies and those of dear ones, particularly their children, maimed by weaponry, by terrorism and by all sorts of violence at a time when everyone invokes and acclaims progress. It is for this reason that Jesus Christ is reborn. For he knows that even today, we need him. Despite humanity's many advances, man has always been the same: a freedom poised between good and evil, between life and death. (End quote)

Even a small light can dispel a great darkness — even a tiny candle can drive darkness out of a large room. Light and darkness are opposites, but they are not opposites of equal power. Light is stronger than darkness; darkness can not threaten against it … Similarly darkness can not overtake those who walk in the light. To witness for Christ often provokes the forces of darkness to violence, and Christian witnesses often become martyrs — a reality as true today in many parts of the world as it ever was in the Roman world of Christ's time. Much of the world today is still in rebellion. It still prefers darkness to light, because its deeds are evil. That is true of all of us at certain points in our lives.

This same light pierces the dark corners of our own reality of sins and failures. This same light motivates us more than guilt. No amount of good works can completely erase the guilt and stain of failure and sin from our past. We have the very real Spirit of the Living God which ministry in the world is to reveal to us our need for a Savior. This very same Savior took our problem of sin and delivered it to the Cross. While the Holy Spirit conveys us of our sin, He then leads us to Christ, giving us the gift of faith that we may receive the grace of God. Christ's forgiveness causes us to become new people. Then, by grace, we are able to walk in the new works that replace the old works.

The Word encompasses both word and deed. It is not us doing through God. It is God living His life through us. It is Immanuel, God is with us. We are called to proclaim the righteousness of God to celebrate the gift of life. We make God known in this world through our witness to God's love. We stand on the strength of God's love and reach out to embrace those God sends to us.

At this joyous Christmas time, we can not even attempt to understand the Word. All we can do is stand in awe and wonder beside the crib, seeing in and through the child "the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth". The light is visible in the Child AND in all people are stuck by the light that comes from the Child.

Goal Setting Success – Flat World Thinking

As we were growing up, most of us were taught WHAT to think, but most of us were never taught HOW to think. Why is that a problem? Consider this:

For every 100 Americans at age 65:

1 will be wealthy

4 will be financially independent

32 will be dead (they never learned how to take care of themselves – or ignored it)

63 will be dead broke (hiring Social Security or their family will bail them out)

In other words, 95% of people never figure it out! As you were growing up, your parents were the first ones that taught you how the world worked. Then your teachers were telling you. Next your bosses on the job were telling you how the world worked. What are the odds that some of what you were taught and what you believe will help you succeed in the world is wrong? – about 95%! We got a lot of bad information, but if we believe that information is true, and have as though it is true – we will probably end up like the 95%! It is almost a certainty.

Our limiting thoughts are what keep us where we are – keep us from achieving our goals. Let me give you a couple of examples.

What was going on in the world in 1491? We all know what happened in 1492 – but more importantly, what was going on in 1491? Columbus was preparing to sail around the world. His challenge was that he lived in a world of 'flat world' thinkers (at least 95% of them! – There is an ancient verse that says, "As a man thinketh in his heart so he." – If you think the world is flat, you will act as though the world is flat). The first thing Columbus had to do was raise the money to build the ships. Can you imagine him going to the bankers to get a loan? Would you agree that bankers are by-and-large a rather conservative bunch? So Columbus is trying to sell the bankers on the idea and the bankers are saying, "Do you want to do WHAT ?!

Columbus finally convinces Queen Isabella to finance the deal. Now he has to raise a crew – from flat-world thinkers. What kind of response do you suppose he got from that? "Are you nuts? I'm not going to go out there and sail off the edge of the earth!" (That was the 95% …..) And you think you have a tough sell in your business? People will only operate within the confines of what they think is possible.


Roger Bannister broke the 4-minute mile barrier on May 6, 1954. It was called the "greatest athletic achievement of all time". Prior to Roger Bannister breaking the 4-minute barrier it was thought humanly impossible to accomplish such a feat. In fact doctors and physiologists of the day said that it would exceed the capacity of the human heart to perform. They believed the heart would give out and you would die if you ever pushed your body to that level of effort. If you believed that were true and you were the star miler on your college track team, and you had trained to the maximum for an upcoming event, what might happen? Suppose as you finish your first lap you hear your coach yell. "59.8 !!!". After you finish your second lap, you hear your coach yell, "59.9 !!!". After your third lap you hear your coach yell, "59.9 !!!!!!". How long will it take you to run the fourth lap? At least 60.5 seconds. Why? Because you know that if you keep up this pace, your heart is going to give out and you are going to die! So, subconsciously you back off just enough, that when you finish you hear, "4:01!" and you think, "Way to go, you are awesome!" But is there a possibility that you could have broken four minutes? Probably. Was it your legs, your heart or your lungs that kept you from doing it? Maybe not. It more than probably was your thinking, your belief system that held you back – that if you were to run a 4-minute mile, you would die.

But then, Roger Banister had the unmitigated gall to break the 4-minute barrier – and not die. Is not it interesting that within six weeks John Landy broke Bannister's record and within one year 5 other runners broke the 4-minute barrier? Do you think it was just a rather fortuitous alignment of the stars, that in that particular year, seven runners broke the 4-minute barrier? Or could it be that once people thought it was possible (without dying), they could go out and do it. Today the record stands at 3:43. Any middle-distance runner today that can not run a sub-four-minute mile, might as well not even compete. Today, in world-class competition it is the expectation – the price of entry – the norm.

What limiting thoughts are keeping you from the success that you desire? If we do not think we can 'break the barrier' or sail 'around the world' or make that really big deal or have that really terrific relationship – we will continue to sabotage our own behavior and success.

For additional resources on this topic, go to:

Questions And Answers On Female Ejaculation

Are female body fluids harmful to your health if you accidentally swallow them? Can women ejaculate? Is female ejaculate the same as urine? In the following paragraphs, you can find the answers to these questions and more on how you can pleasure a girl.

(1) Are female body fluids harmful if you accidentally swallow them?

Many women secrete quite large amount of body fluids during sex, especially if they are highly aroused for an extended period of time and/or experience female ejaculation. These fluids are a normal and natural part of women’s lives. There is nothing that is inherently bad or harmful about them.

(2) What is the difference between female prostate and male prostate?

When we begin life as a fetus in our mother’s womb, we are all physically female. It is only around the 8th week of gestation that the fetus starts to develop either male or female sexual organs. This means the tissues that eventually develop into the male prostrate gland, are also present in women. This results in woman having a prostrate gland too, which is also called paraurethral or Skene’s glands. While the male prostate wraps around the urethra (urine passage), the female prostrate lies inside the wall and along the length of the urethra.

(3) Can women ejaculate?

Within the prostrate gland, there is a very highly sensitive area, commonly known as g-spot. Sexual arousal and/or g-spot stimulation causes blood to rush into the tissues surrounding the prostrate, the pressures place on the vaginal wall and the contraction of the pelvic muscles can cause fluid to seep out through her body. This occurrence is what is commonly known as female ejaculation.

Female ejaculation is a voluntary action, therefore she has no control over it and the volume of ejaculate can vary from woman to woman. The female prostrate will continue to produce fluid for as long as a woman is sexually aroused. Therefore she can produce more than 0.2 to 2.0 ounces of ejaculate if multiple releases of fluid occur when the female prostrate is being filled up and emptied at a quick rate. This will also mean the longer a woman’s orgasm lasts, the more she will ejaculate. This explains why in certain instances, a woman can produce large volume of ejaculate.

(4) What is the difference between female ejaculate and urine?

The confusion over female ejaculate and urine is due to conflicting research results to determine the source(s) of female ejaculate. Some research concludes it is only fluid from the female prostrate while other research says it is mostly liquid from the bladder with trace amount of fluid from the female prostrate.

While we are unable to determine the source(s) of the female ejaculate, one thing for sure, is there is clear difference between the female ejaculate and urine though they share common substances. Some of these common substances PSA, PAP and PSAP (components of female prostatic fluid) are at a higher concentration in the ejaculate than in urine.

The female ejaculate can vary over time and during a single sexual encounter in terms of color, smell, taste and volume. Menstrual cycle can influence the type of fluid being secreted. What you eat and how much you drink can also have an effect on it. In small quantities, it may look mucous-like having a clear, milky, or yellowish coloration with a possible distinct scent that is musky or pungent. But when the fluid increases in volume and becomes clear there is no longer any detectable smell. Some women claimed it sometimes looks and smells like urine which is most likely to happen when a woman tries too hard to ejaculate.

(5) How to stimulate the g-spot?

The most obvious way is to use own fingers or your partner’s. If the partner is the one doing the stimulation, make sure, his/her fingernails are trimmed and lubricant to be applied on the fingers. Start out by getting her aroused with manual and/or oral clitoral stimulation.

Curl one or two fingers, with the palm facing up and enter 2 inches from her opening. Start massaging the upper and front vaginal wall towards the pubic region with a very light touch. In order to maximize her pleasure, ask her (the person getting the stimulation) to guide you to a specific spot or area that produces intense or enjoyable sensations when being stimulated.

When you sense she is getting closer to orgasm, apply a firmer touch, if she enjoys it. Continue doing this in a constant and steady rhythm until she reaches orgasm. Then switch to a very light caressing touch as she comes down from her orgasm. If she experiences multiple orgasms, her orgasms and ejaculations may become more intense, and the amount of ejaculation may correspondingly increases. If she orgasms with your fingers inside her vagina, her vaginal muscles may squeeze them very tightly, do not pull out, but press in gently. During lovemaking, the best positions to stimulate the g-spot are the doggie and the woman-on-top.

If one of your hands (or his/her) hands is busily stimulating the clitoris, it may limit access to the vagina with the other hand. Therefore in addition to fingers, you can use a dildo. The most effective dildos are those that are curved near the tip called g-spot stimulators and the penis-shaped type. Many women prefer hard plastic or glass dildos. Others are contented with improvised dildos such as cucumbers, brush handles, mirror handles, etc. Some prefer a slim dildo that directs at a specific area within the vagina but others enjoy having their vagina to be filled and stretched to the maximum by a large dildo. If you are seriously considering using a dildo, it is advisable to keep a collection of her favorites and a special one. As a woman’s mood and needs change, so will her dildo needs.

Whiplash Injury Symptoms – Headache After Whiplash Injury

Headache after whiplash injury is common. After neck pain it is the second commonest symptom that these patients experience. The cervical spine origin headache pain can often outweigh the neck pain in terms of severity – particularly in the early weeks after injury.

Nearly two thirds of cervical spinal injury patients experience headache. About half of those who develop it after whiplash injury feel the pain in the back of their head, a further third get symptoms all over the head and a smaller number feel the whiplash related discomfort at their forehead or behind their eyes.

Headache after whiplash injury often shows itself for the first time on the morning after the accident. The pain sweeps up from the neck and over the back of the head. Most sufferers find that heat on the back of the neck will ease the headache. Cold makes it worse.

Neck movements often aggravate the problem – particularly if the neck is moved towards extension: looking up to the ceiling is often very painful.

Patients with whiplash related head pains often also get shoulder pain and touching the big trapezius muscles over the back of the neck and shoulders often provokes pain or spread of symptoms upwards. There are often tender spots or trigger points in these muscles.

Women get pains in the head after whiplash injury more often than men – the reason for this is unclear but may relate to the smaller structures of the female neck anatomy.

So what causes whiplash injury headache? Many research studies have looked to explain why this problem happens. It seems most likely that the situation arises from a mixture of inflammation in the neck muscles and irritation of the nerves that go from the neck, up and over the head.

Research has shown that whiplash injury headache can persist for a year or more in some patients – but for most the head pain improvements within a month or two of the accident.

How should it be treated? Well, the research is not good quality so there is no definitive answer to this. In my experience the symptoms are often quickly improved by hands on physical therapy or by acupuncture. Anti-inflammatory tablets help some patients and – for a minority of these patients – injections deep into the spinal tissues can transform the situation.

Island by Alistair MacLeod – A Book Review

Alistair MacLeod writes of lonely places and lonely people, in the far off reaches of Cape Breton Island and mainland Nova Scotia. His characters are the descendants of dislocated Scots, torn from their homes in Scotland during the Highland Clearances of the 19th century, when raising cattle and sheep was more more enticing and profitable to landlords than tenants who reared only children. They bear resemblance to the island peoples off the coasts of Scotland, who were – and in some cases still are – bound by the tactile circumference of their landscape as well as bound by generations of tradition.

Even the jobs are lonely – mining deep in the bowels of the earth or fishing far, far out at sea. The isolation they live in becomes the vacation land of the rich, who need to "get away from it all." This is evidenced in one story in which a wealthy German couple are willing to offer huge sums for a widower's "ocean frontage" because it is better than any they've seen in Europe. More and more, the resolve souls, usually of the older generation, who cling to the only life they've known, become outcasts and oddities – envied by outsiders and pitied by younger relations.

Sadness ensues when tradition breaks under the insistent advance of our modern world. Like cottage crofters unsettled by the coming of the industrial age of 150 years ago, MacLeod's heroes and heroines must change in order to survive. Sons who choose not to follow in their father's footsteps as miners or fisherman, travel to the US or other, more densely populated areas of Canada, leaving their parents to face old age alone, like the widower who sells the last of his livestock, because he can no longer work the land by himself.

The connection between old Scotland and new Scotland or "Nova Scotia" is strong in tradition. These folk sing in Gaelic, talk in Gaelic. They mine for coal and fish the seas, as did many in Scotland. In one story, a Nova Scotia native is on furlough during WW II and heads to North Western Scotland; he is greeted by the familiar Gaelic spoken around him and feels quickly at home. It is very similar that the Nova Scotians are but transplanted Scots folk, strangers in a strange land that becomes painfully dear to them. The landscape of Nova Scotia is both harsh and beautiful, like the lives its habitants lead.

MacLeod is well read and puts his knowledge to good use, comparing one of his heroines to headstrong Eustacia Vye, from Thomas Hardy's Return of the Native . Hardy's characters are often victims of circumstance, geography and tradition, just as are MacLeod's.

MacLeod's cast of characters are warm and familiar to him, as if he is retelling tales of his actual family and friends. Sometimes he is. He writes with a poignancy which I have found in no other writer, as if each story is a complete encapsulation of a life, which only he can preserve – which, indeed, he has the responsibility of preserving. Tomas O'Cronin wrote in his Irish Blasket Island memoir Islandman , that "the like of us will never be again." MacLeod seems painfully aware of this, that although traditions may be kept, in sparse isolation they become mostly fodder for folklorists and anthropologists. The strength of a full community, living in common and in the old ways, is a thing of the past.

Copyright Janet McGrane Bennett 2006

Soups and Salads at Cassia – Restaurants in Hyderabad

What you see – Am impressive façade of the Hampshire Plaza Hotel greets you when you walk in from the ever busy Lakdi-ka-Pul area. The serenity inside is a welcome change from the chaotic traffic outside. The spacious lobby of the hotel leads you to their coffee shop Cassia. This place has a touch of class to it. The aroma of the buffet laid out leads you in.

There is a separate smoking and non-smoking section here. There are television sets across the room which are on mute. Light pop music plays in the background.

What you get – The restaurant serves Continental, Chinese, Indian and Italian fare but the real treat is their very elaborate buffet spread which gives you an all inclusive treat of all these cuisines of the world.

You should try the soups and salads buffet here. The selection starts with a wide variety of freshly baked Italian spreads to choose from along with varieties of soups. For the calorie-conscious, the selection of vegetarian and non-vegetarian salads is delicious. There is the traditional Chicken Caesar salad with Italian dressing, yogurt and cottage cheese salad, pasta salad, Mediterranean chickpea salad, Cobb salad, mixed fruit salad, creamy potato salad, cucumber salad, broccoli salad and many more. The salad menu is updated with new combinations every week so that you never get bored with the selection on offer.

If you plan to go a la carte, we'd recommend that you try the good selection of kebabs and continental starters. Do take a look at the coffee and milkshakes on offer as the chef whips up tasty delights. Go for the shot of espresso here if you like it dark and strong. The dessert list ranges from the continental chocolate tarts and soufflés to the very Indian Motichur Laddu and Sevaiyan Rabdi.

Our verdict – The best part about the restaurant is that it is open 24/7 and has staff that is courteous and willing to serve. While the food smells and tastes good, what's also worth mentioning is their selection of foreign liquor and wine. If you are celebrating, they have a bottle of champagne. Otherwise, there is even a vintage bottle of wine. Buffet option is available for lunch, dinner and even at midnight. There is valet parking facility available.

What you pay for a meal for two – around Rs. 800

Drive to – Cassia

Hampshire Plaza Hotel

6 -1 – 79 & 80, Lakdi-Ka-Pul,

Hyderabad- 04.

Call at – 040-23335555.

Soldering Guide for the Electronics Hobby

A soldering iron is a tools that looks very simple to use, but is it? Well, actually it is simple to use it when you know what you are doing. This article will guide you with some important rules when you build an electronic circuit.

Just follow these rules and you can be sure that you will use it correctly:

1. Always clean the head of the soldering iron tool before using it. You can clean the head with a special wet sponge that you can buy at every electronics hardware store. Cleaning the head of the soldering tool removes any flux or other unwanted materials from the head.

2. Put some solder over the head of the tool.

3. If you sold two wires together you must first sold them separately until until they are covered with soldering at the edge of the wire. After this step you can connect the two wires together and place the soldering head on them until the solder melts and connects them together.

4. If you sold a pin of an electronic component on a printed circuit board you should place the head of the soldering tool in a way that it Touches both the board and the pin of the component for 2 seconds until they are both hot. The next step is adding soldering wire at the connection point of the soldering tool, component's pin and the board. Wait for another two seconds until the solder covers the pin and touches the board. Quickly move the solder tool away.

Different Types of Candle Holders

Beautiful candle holders, and even the candles inside are an important role in interior decorating. Not only will they make your home feel cozier in a second, but it will appeal to the eye, and to the nose of your visitors. With candle holders you can find the perfect one that will compliment or even visually make the candle appear to cost more, or even appear designer. If you have a big candle holder, or even want a decoration or your wall then a period wall sconces holder would do the trick for you.

There are many different types of candle holders on the market today. The trick is to find the perfect candle holder for your interior decoration, or even around a certain type of candle.

A votive candle is a smaller candle that has a holder that resembles that of a cup. They are usually smaller and can be made out of glass. When you find a pillar candle most likely the types of holders that you will find range from cast iron to even glass. According to their name these type of holders often appear to look like a pillar.

A tea light holder are the cheapest, but when added to a fancy restaurant it can add a sense of appeal and create a romantic setting. They are usually used in restaurants at night though. floating candle tea light holders allow the light to be reflected off of a liquid, usually water or oil. This creates more of a relaxing effect. If you want your floating tea lights to have a scent associated with flower petals, then have fragrances added to the water. There are many oils that are fragrant as well.

Taper holders are created to hold taper candles. Taper candles are a slim wax candle that is thinner towards the top of the candle, and thicker near the bottom. These generally require the proper candle holder specific to a certain candle size. Hurricane holders are generally made out of large glasses. The tall shape generally will cover the entire candle. It is designed to protect the nearby objects of the candle from the heat and the flame given off. Generally seen in old lamps.

SIP – Session Initiation Protocol

SIP has been defined in the era of H323 protocol suite, where people were longing for one protocol that will encapsulate and unify the communication protocols.

Being close to PSTN / POTS telephony in the years of the VOIP, makes it ideal for telephony vendors who captivate the gap between telecom companies at prices and the cheap Internet prices. The price gap allows sellers to step in to the telecom arena, offer some discount, and earn big commission on the margins.

So, as big technology break through exhausted and the need to make profit out of lower the telecom services, SIP was accepted as the Internet Telephony Signaling. Equipment vendors were using it as common standards for telephony components. Software vendors (some of the open-source) were using it to develop software based PBXs. As the de-facto standard protocol it gained acceptance, and today telephony does use it as a base protocol for its operation.

Today, telecom companies have lowered their prices, and other telecom companies appear and offer cheap telephony around the world (about $ 20 per telephone flat-fee per month) and all of them use SIP as their standard common protocol. Anybody attempting to become player in the VOIP telephony should be an expert in this protocol. The protocol itself has signaling of:

a. "Invite" – initiating a call.

b. "Trying" – respond to the initiating call.

c. "Bad request" – initiating credential (username / password) to be transferred.

d. "Ringing".

e. "OK" – Indicate that the other party accepted the call and the two ends can talk.

As you can see the protocol closely follows the regular POTS / PSTN telephony. Extensions to the SIP protocol enable support in Instant Messaging and video conferences. Using the SIP protocol is a safe bet when it comes to creating telephony equipment. SIP has some inherit flow in it:

The first flow is not using and relying on the socket mechanism of the TCP / IP communication. Not using the socket requested that socket information has to be embedded in the SIP signaling regardless of the socket in use. This created redundancy and was prune to errors.

The second flow was not relaying on the TCP protocol of the TCP / IP suite. The TCP protocol is an abstraction mechanism that delivers reliable communication over the unreliable packets of the internet. The TCP contains specific signaling and "handshaking" to make sure that all the packets are delivered reliably and in the same order – to the upper communication layer. Almost every program running on the Internet relies on this protocol implementation to get its information reliably. Not using this protocol forces the SIP stack implementers to create similar mechanisms to the TCP in their stack. So, the stack is spread on two communication layers instead of one. This inserts big complexity to the stack manufacturer. Until these days I can see messages in the support group that are related to TCP mechanism implementation.

The above two inherit problems did not stop the SIP protocol to dominate the VOIP world. Over the Internet, there is another communication protocol related to 'presence'. Presence is now the "killer application" which vendors are looking for. The presence system is about 'buddy list' and allows the user to know in what state his list is on. Are people in the list online? Talking? Busy? The preferred method of communication in the presence world is chat which seems to be native to Internet communication. Using a presence system allows people to make much more social interactions with friends and collections and speed further the pace of living.

The presence world is dominated by another protocol called "Jabber" or XMPP. The VOIP and presence world are colliding. SIP got presence extension called "SIMPLE" while XMPP got VOIP capabilities extension called "Jingle". Jingle is supported by Google which gives it a big boost. The winning protocol will be determined by the hand-help devices. How much will they resemble phone? How much will they clash lap-tops? Apple as we know is marketing both types of devices: iPhone and iPad.

We need to see where the hand-held devices are heading. Which device will eventually dominate the Internet? The SIP protocol is and will be dominate in the Internet and VOIP arena. As the de-facto protocol it will be used as long as VOIP is being used.

5 Business Email Habits You Need To Stop Right Now

1. Vague Or Outdated Subject Lines

'Hi' or 'Inquiry' are not good subject lines. If you're expecting your reader to open an email, give him some idea of ​​what it will be about. Do not keep your reader guessing by using vague subject lines. Similarly, do not use old subject lines. If your lunch date with a co-worker has passed, do not keep using the same thread. Create a new email thread or simply change the subject line to something more relevant to both of you.

2. Abbreviations Or Approonyms

Not only are they unprofessional, abbreviations and acronyms could cause confusion or misunderstanding. Not everyone thinks FYA means 'for your action'! Take the time to consider your reader and spell out the words instead.

3. Writing In One Long Paragraph

Nothing is more disabling than opening an email only to see that it contains just one very long paragraph. It's hard to read and makes it difficult for your reader to focus and pick out the key points.

Make your message reader-friendly by leaving a blank line between paragraphs, and start a new paragraph every three to four lines.

4. Sending Vague Messages

Before you even beginning typing, it helps if you plan your message first – consider the flow from opening to details to action and then to close. Check through it again when you're done and ask yourself these four quick questions:

  • Have you included all the essential information?
  • Can you remove any redundancies?
  • Does the information flow smoothly?
  • Is the action clearly stated?

5. Sending Messages That Are Just Plain Sloppy

If there are no clear goals in your email, some misspelled words, long-winded sentences, and if you never bothered to double-check it before you hit send, you can bet your email might just end up in the bin.

I hope you will resolve to work on ensuring that you and your company make a great impression on email. Structure your messages logically with an introduction or some back story (Thanks for your call, etc), add the details, tell the reader what action you want, and end with an appropriate close.

The bottom line in all email communication is this: what you write and how you write it will affect what people think of you and your organization, so it's important to help yourself and respect your reader by using email appropriately

Nightclubs and Nightlife in Montreal, Canada

Montreal, Canada, has a busy nightlife. Nightclubs and nightlife form an important part of a tourist’s itinerary in Canada. So much so that tour operators offer special packages for visitors keen on savoring the local party and bar scene. Travel to Canada is never complete without enjoying what the nightclubs and nightlife in Montreal have in store.

Supper Clubs

You must visit one of the numerous supper clubs in Montreal. These clubs offer relaxed ambience and unlimited fine dining options. Patronized by the young and the not-so-young, executives and celebrities, travelers as well as residents, these supper clubs are part watering holes, part party joints, and part celebrity-spotting zones. Places such as the Globe, MED Bar, and Buona Notte are the more well-known supper clubs in the city. Try to get on the guest-list of some favored patron or even organizer here, or you will find yourself standing in long queues for entry.

Dance Clubs

The smaller dance clubs, with their eclectic music, talented DJs, and a motley crowd of regulars and newbies, are popular for their nighttime as well as daytime entertainment. The Circus and Red Lite are known for their hip-hop music and women who dance with a carefree attitude. These clubs attract a younger clientele. Older people are also welcome!


The nightclubs of Saint Laurent, Ste Catherine, and Crescent, and the bars at Latin Quarter are nightlife staples in Canada’s second largest city. Electric Avenue on Crescent attracts older people and couples, and is chiefly known for playing dance tracks from the 1980s.

If variety is what you crave for, then the Tokyo Bar is the right choice for you. This nightclub offers a mix of music from different genres, combining hip hop and R&B with retro songs, and trance with techno to cater to every taste. The Modavie is an all night restaurant that combines Mediterranean cuisine with jazz music for a truly memorable dining experience.

Live Performances

If theaters and live performances are more to your tastes, then the Metropolis on Ste Catherine is the place to head to, for some after-dinner entertainment. This 120-year-old establishment has changed identities many times and was once a venue for adult entertainment. Today, the shows are much more innocuous and include acts by mainstream musicians such as Coldplay and David Bowie.


No roundup of Montreal’s nightclubs and nightlife is complete without a mention of the bars in the city. Winnies is an old fashioned watering hole designed on the lines of an English pub, while the Au Diable Vert has a less innocent, saucier ambience.


Montreal also has a casino, where adults can enjoy a turn at the roulette tables, play poker and blackjack, enjoy exotic dice games such as Sic Bo and Keno, or have fun at the slot machines. Remember to play responsibly. Nightclubs and nightlife in Montreal have much to offer to visitors as long as they follow rules conscientiously, for their safety and the safety of others.

Lounge Bars

For a relaxed conversation or a casual chat with friends and new acquaintances in the city, drop in at the lounge bars. The Whiskey cafe, true to its name, offers a casual setting for jet setting executives and travelers.

Nightclubs and nightlife in Montreal, Canada, have a lot to offer visitors from all backgrounds and age groups. Cosmopolitan Montreal welcomes travelers with an exciting lineup of shows, entertainment options, theme parties, world cuisine, and more.

Ambient Lighting Ideas

Illumination is a very subtle decorating tool. It involves controlling a chaotic and unruly element. You are forcing something without form to conform to the regulations of human design. Yet there is no visual art without light, and so considerations must be made for this temperamental element when setting up an environment.

Light can make a room seem active or mellow. It can change the very nature of experiences within the space. Night clubs use light to create hypnotic effects, restaurants use lights to make you feel relaxed, and yes even hungry. Illumination is a powerful tool that you can use to gain a small amount of control over the world around you.

In a dark environment, the world feels laid back, relaxed, and comfortable. Humans are not nocturnal, and so our bodies react to lower lighting. We get sleepy, or at least mellow. This is a universal symptom of the human condition, one which is often used in interior decorating when making a choice between a calm or active atmosphere.

Dimmer lights and dimmer switches are one of the easiest ways to control lighting in a room. They allow you to slip the atmosphere from relaxed to exuberant with the flick of a wrist.

Another option is candles or small table lamps, which allow you to create tiny points of light through the space. The great thing about these options is that they have the added benefit of casting attractive shadows, which appear as moving, flickering pictures on the wall.

Complexity of lighting is one of the key factors in controlling this element. The more sources of light you have, the more control you will have over the entire environment. Having half a dozen dim lamps spread through a room gives you a lot more lighting options than just having a single bright piece in the space.

Energy Efficiency Will Save You Money On Light Bulbs

The next time that you go light bulb shopping, you should consider more than just the price. By purchasing a higher priced light bulb, you will not have to replace it as much, and it will even reduce your electricity bill.

Did you know that there's a 100-year-old light bulb that still burns brightly? That's right, in the Livermore fire station hangs a light bulb that has been burning since 1901. It was created by Dennis Bernal, who owned the Livermore Light Bulb Company at the time, and was a pioneer in the industry.

Changing light bulbs only once per 100 years would save cash, but these types are not sold by any bulb manufacturing company. It does show that you can save money by selecting the right bulb.

To start saving, there are 4 simple terms you need to know:


A watt is a unit in which electricity is measured. The reason that you need to know this is because some outlets have a maximum recommended wattage, or some products with light bulbs give very specific instructions as to what wattage to purchase.


This type of lighting uses a filament that, when heated, glows. It is the glowing filament that produces the light.


These types of light bulbs have a mercury vapor that emits light when exposed to electricity.


When manufacturers refer to the "life" of a light bulb, they are talking about how long it will last.

OK, now we've done the terms, here's a rundown of some of the most popular light bulb choices and the specifics of each.

Incandescent light bulbs are the most popular type, and one reason is that they are the most inexpensive. They come in wattages ranging from 15 to 150, and even come in different colors that will give your room various feels. Try a blue incandescent light bulb for a crisp, clear feel, or an off-white one for a softer look. Incandescent light bulbs come in many different shapes, such as A-line, flicker, globe, reflective, bullet, tubular and those created specifically for ceiling fans.

Compact fluorescent light bulbs are commonly thought of when someone is trying to save on their energy costs. They are about sixty times as energy efficient as an incandescent light bulb, and because of that, they cost more. You can purchase them for any standard size light socket, and also come in a multitude of shapes and sizes. In addition, you can buy a compact fluorescent light bulb for either inside of your home – or out. One word of caution; these light bulbs do not withstand power surges well, so be careful where you place them.

Florescent light bulbs are traditionally thought of for office spaces, workrooms and even some kitchen areas. In the past, they were limited to only white, but recent improvements have made them available in more colors. You can choose the traditional white, or try a soft white, sunlight for areas that do not have a lot of windows, or natural for when you want the colors of the room to be bright and bold.

Finally, halogen light bulbs are the top of the line because they are the most energy efficient. They are made similar to compact fluorescent light bulbs, but are about three times more long-lasting than them. In fact, these super light bulbs will produce 50 percent more light than the exact same amount of energy! They are known to give the clearest and crispest light and will work best for tasks that include tiny details, reading or studying.

Barriers to the Treatment of Schizophrenia and Other Serious Mental Illnesses

In 2005, a mental health study was mandated to examine the extent of the problem of discontinuation of therapy and treatment for patients experiencing mental illnesses, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression. The study examined the factors that influenced whether these patients followed through with the full course of prescribed medications or not. As part of the study, 76 in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with a panel of inpatient hospital psychiatrists and discharge planners and outpatient (community mental health center) psychiatrists and intake coordinators from across four states. The respondents stated that, on average, 50 percent of consumers discharged from inpatient facilities do not appear for their initial take appointment at the outpatient / community-based program to which they were referred.

Several factors were identified on the system, program / provider, and individual levels that were related to such a poor rate of continuity of therapy for approximately half of the study participants.

System Level Health Care Barriers:

– The system is fragmented and fractured.
– The basics of the discharge and take processes are similar across states; however, the flow of communication varies significantly by state and consumer profile.
– Certain prescribed psychotropic medications do not appear on hospital formularies, thus creating transition issues for consumers both within inpatient settings and post-discharge.
– Financing and cost considerations.

Facility / Program Level Health Care Barriers:

– The role of inpatient short-stay hospitals is clearly defined as triage, stabilization and, discharge.
– Most outpatient facilities see their responsibility for the continuum of care beginning only when the consumer actually shows up for take.
– Either setting (inpatient or outpatient) is appropriately set up to ensure continuity of care.
– Communication breakdown between settings.
– Psychiatrists from both inpatient and outpatient settings report that they very rarely interact with mental illness patients in the other setting.
– Most communication between inpatient and outpatient facilities takes place between the inpatient discharge planner (typically a social worker) and the outpatient intake coordinator (typically a case manager).
– These correspondents, the primary conduits of information flow between settings, characterize their work environment as "overburdened" and "overworked."
– Unless specifically mandated or required, processes relating to discharge or receipt are unlawfully to be put in place, let alone followed consistently; when policies exist, they tend to be idiosyncratic to the particular facility.

Provider and Individual Level Health Care Barriers:

– It was very clear that many consumers, upon discharge, were not completely stabilized and had little specific awareness of their medications beyond the name (s).
– Issues faced by consumers including: stigma, side effects from medicines, co-occurring disorders, homelessness, lack of transport, and lack of support systems.
– Consumers acknowledged they were provided information about their medications at discharge, but report the information was given in very general terms (eg "this will make you feel stable") and there was little recall regarding details.

Obviously, steps must be taken to improve the continuity of care for mental health patients. This can only be achieved by addressing and removing these barriers on all levels. Mental health professionals agree that removing these barriers is a reality that can, and should, be realized today.

Reasons to Invest in a Fireproof Safe

It is a home owner's worst nightmare. High pitched beeps resonating through the house jolting him out of a sound night's sleep. He smells smoke and feels the heat while he and his family escape the flames that consume everything in its path. They unfortunately escape, but what happens afterward? Immunization records, titles to vehicles and social security cards are forever lost to the flames. The homeowner is looking at spending a lot of time, money and energy replacing these important papers. He could have saved himself a little trouble if he had invested in a fireproof safe.

Fireproof safes also perform double duty for protecting valuables from burglary as well from fire. One might believe that he does not need a safe because he has nothing of value to steal. This is not true since identity theft is more rampant today than ever and fireproof safes offer extra protection from that happening. Gone are the days of storing your child's social security card in a jewelry box since fireproof safes are more convenient for home use. They also ensure privacy since all records can be easily stored away from prying eyes.

The convenience of owning a safe should be indicated as well. They eliminate the need for a safety deposit box at the local bank. No longer does one have to make a special trip to the bank to access important papers. Most everyone has a hectic schedule juggling work, school and children's activities, so a safe is needed as a time and energy saver. One less trip means less aggravation and stress, so free time is more enjoyable with the family. Laptop fireproof safes are available as well for the business person who needs to make sure all his documents are well protected.

Is a fireproof safe expensive? Most models start at two hundred dollars, but it pays for itself in the piece of mind that it gives. It is an important addition to your home and is worth the investment, this is an investment that can save you and your family valuable time and money in the future. Do not be a victim.