Joan of Arc

Joan of  Arc  is one of the most famous names in all of history and a name that is recognized by virtually everyone however few people realize that this was not her real name. Jehanne d’Arc was her real name which somehow became Joan of  Arc  in English. The general lack of understanding about Joan’s name is just the beginning when it comes to inaccurate information about this famous individual. This is really unfortunate because the life of Joan of  Arc  is actually the best documented of anyone that is not from modern times and with a little effort the basic facts can be easily learned.

In an attempt to try to counteract the erroneous information that exists about Joan of  Arc  on the internet, I am posting articles like this that include the basic facts about Joan of  Arc  and her life. By doing so it is my hope that people will not only learn the basic facts but also be inspired to want to learn more detailed information about her. Joan of  Arc  is easily one of the most fascinating people in history and advanced study of her life can be a uniquely rewarding experience as I have personally learned.

Quick Facts About Joan of  Arc 

Jehanne d’Arc was her actual name. Joan of  Arc  is only the commonly used English title.

Joan of  Arc  was born about January 6, 1412. The exact date of Joan’s birth was not recorded but it has generally been accepted by scholars that she was born on the Epiphany which is January 6.

Joan’s greatest military victories were at Orleans and Patay. Patay is significant for the margin of victory by the French. The battle of Orleans is considered one of the great turning point battles in the history of war.

Joan of  Arc  was captured on May 21, 1430 and was a POW. She was captured by Burgundian troops loyal to the English and held prisoner by them until being transferred to the English in late 1430.

Joan was subjected to a trial by her enemies in the spring of 1431. The trial was conducted under the auspices of the Church however the English paid for and ensured the outcome.

She was burned at the stake on May 30, 1431. After being declared a relapsed heretic she was taken to the old square of Rouen where she was executed. She was only nineteen years old when she died.

Her original trial was overturned on July 7, 1456. This is referred to as the trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation and it completely exonerated her and declared her to be a martyr.

Joan of  Arc  was declared a Saint by the Catholic Church on May 16, 1920. The same Church that had once burned her declared her one of their official Saints.

Evolution Of The Bow – The Compound Bow

A huge turning point in the evolution of archery is the compound bow. It was created in the 1960’s by Howless Allen, an engineer. He was inspired by the creation of another bow, the Hoyt Medalist Bow. It was of the first models to incorporate the vertical stabilizer. The wheel was something that Allen had decided to put on to it. With the basic idea of the block and tackle pulley, it would increase ten fold the boys effectiveness. He thought that because of the system he was using, that is would naturally make room for more weight to be drawn on it. After some experimentation, Allen noted that the best results regarding weight-resistance were achieved with round pulleys and cam-shaped wheels. The middle of the draw is where the weight reaches its breaking point. Any point after that, the shooters draw is reduced an incredible amount. This idea makes it so that even a small shooter can lift a good amount of weight.

The compound bow didn’t get manufactured until several years after its creation. This was due to the fact that in America, the law made it so that no one could manufacture any devices that were attached to bows. At the time it was against the law to use them for any sort of competition or in hunting. Steadfast in his belief that the laws would soon be reversed in favor of his revolutionary invention, he kept making them. But somewhere along the line, Allen came to the realization that he had made a mistake. To his surprise, he was continuously stripping his arrows. The problem was that the cables that crossed in the center of the bow came were messing with the flight of the arrow. He figured out what he had to do in 1967 in order to fix his problem. All he did was apply a set of extra wheels which were mounted on each limb. On the tip of the limb, each were pointed to ninety degrees, which made it so that the cables didn’t mess with the flight of the arrow at all. Allen also put on adjuster that were basically just risers that were mounted so that it would allow different cable lengths to be used by archers.

Finally, Allen had achieved success in his compound bow and it was the dominantly used bow. Because of all of Allen’s adjustments, including the flatness and quickness of the arrow trajectory, heavier arrows used in hunting could be much more deadly and accurate, more so than ever. However the light weight ones could indeed travel longer distances, similar to the recurve bow.

Because of a publication from a famous fan, Tom Jennings, the compound bow has made its way into archery competitions and hunting seasons across the world and has become widely accepted in the archery community.

Understanding Underground Drainage Pipe

When you buy your first home, there are so many different aspects of owning a property that you have to understand, one of these is how your underground drainage pipe works, what it’s made of and why you need it. Getting to grips with everything on and below your property can help you ensure that you provide the right amount of maintenance to reduce the risk of the property costing you a fortune in the long run.

If you are in the process of building a home, then it is important that your underground drainage be part of your construction stages. So many people fall into the dangerous trap of leading their underground drainage pipe until the last second, it is something that they don’t think about until it’s time to lay the foundation or the gardening team arrive to do the landscaping. Remember this pipe runs a few metres below the ground and is therefore one of the first factors to consider before you start your new build, ensuring it is all in place before you start building above ground.

The underground drainage pipe is a beneficial product that you cannot be without. In fact this pipe is designed to protect the foundation of your property. The foundation is what your property stands on and is often made from concrete. Even concrete is prone to cracks and chips over the years as it expands and contracts with the heat of the sun and the cold of the winter season.

Another reason why you need the underground drainage pipe is that it protects your garden. When you have a property with outdoor spaces, you want to enjoy those spaces on warm summer days. The last thing you expect is to find yourself ankle deep in water every time you step into your garden. The underground pipe eliminates the risk of flooding and puddles, providing you with the best quality ground for landscaping at all times.

Remember that even underground drainage pipe requires maintenance from time to time. This is why when choosing the piping you have to make the decision on which material is the right choice to meet your needs. You may not know this, but the piping comes in a variety of materials, each with their own benefits and disadvantages. You need to learn these to get an idea on what the best choice is for your particular property.

You want to choose the pipe that is going to require the least amount of maintenance over the years, reducing the need of digging up your garden at any time to find damage and replace the necessary piece.

Further, you will need to take installation into consideration. Ideally choosing a plastic underground drainage pipe is ideal, this is lightweight and flexible and is cheaper than the metal piping options. In addition to this, less people will be needed during installation which can save you even more money in the long run.

Identify what your underground drainage pipe is made of to see if erosion is something you should be concerned about. Remember these pipes are in constant contact with water, both inside and out, which is why you need to choose a pipe that can withstand constant contact with water without the risk of erosion.

The final think you need to understand when it comes to underground drainage pipe is the price. Plastic pipe comes in longer lengths and is cheaper when compared to other materials. It is also easier to repair in the future.

Clearing a Clogged Bathroom Drain

Nothing is more aggravating to most people than to get out of bed and find a clogged bathroom sink drain first thing in the morning. Before you start screaming words that you really don’t want the kids to hear, why not first find out if it’s just the sink that’s plugged, or if the problem is affecting the other fixtures, as well?

Turn on the faucet in your bathtub and let it run a few seconds. If it seems to be draining properly, then the problem is likely confined to the sink drain. If, however, the bathtub is also not draining, the problem may well lie in your main sewer pipes.

For our purposes here, let’s assume that the sink is the only fixture with the problem. In this case, you have tree basic ways to clear the clog…

The fastest (and, easiest) method is with an old fashion plunger. This is something that everyone has (or, should have), and will usually clear the problem up quickly.

Of course, you can also try one of the many liquid or gel drain cleaners available at most stores. I must say that I haven’t had a lot of success with these when I was fighting a completely clogged pipe. I find that, at best, the results are minimal.

I will add, however, that some of these products are excellent at keeping drains open. we use one in each drain in our house about once a month, and rarely have a clogging problem any more.

If neither of these solutions is successful, the only other option available is to remove and clean the drain pipes manually. In most cases, you’re going to find that the clog will be in the “drain trap” directly under the sink drain. This is the “U” shaped pipe that connects the sink drain pipe to the main drain.

Basically, you’re going to have to remove the trap and use some sort of tool to clean out the clog. I’ve had good results using a wire coat hanger that has been straightened out.

Best Power Drill Varieties

If you do a lot of hardware-related work, then it is essential to choose a good power drill. Although you can find models for as cheap as 20 dollars, they probably will not last through the week if you use it regularly. Cheap versions are made from weak plastic/metal components and can easily snap, turning it into a potential safety hazard. Conversely, you could purchase the best power drill for 500-1000 dollars that you will be able to keep for years afterwards. Although the product is initially expensive, it will more than repay your money in terms of quality.


Chuck drills are available in several varieties, depending on how much you want to pay for it. The cheapest designs use metal chucks that need a key to close or open them. Although this style used to be very common, using a chuck key became a problem when trying to tighten the drill bit. Keyless chucks are much more common in modern versions, but they tend to cost more. Be very careful when purchasing a cheap chuck, because they can often lose their grip if they have not been twisted tightly enough.

General Use Power Drill

A standard drill can be used for just about any task. Although it does not perform as well compared to specialized drills, it will save you from having to purchase multiple drills. The performance of this drill is determined by its motor size, which can be measured by its electrical watt consumption. The more electricity your tool uses, the more powerful it is. A 400-watt drill is not very powerful, so it cannot be used for difficult tasks such as drilling through stonewalls.

Instead of using electricity, some general-use drills get their power from compressed air. These drills are much quieter and cheaper to run, but are not as powerful as an electric drill. Air drills are usually used for vehicles or engineering since they are not capable of masonry work.

Hammer Drill

The hammer drill is one of the strongest and most powerful drills. It can either come with a keyed or keyless chuck and can be tuned at variable speeds. Many of them have reverse gear capability, which can be very helpful if a drill bit is stuck. There are many different types of hammer drills such as percussion hammers, pneumatic hammers and rotary hammers. Many hardware experts say that pneumatic hammers are the best type, but the other ones work quite well too. A good hammer drill can also be used for just about any task except for drilling large holes through concrete.

SDS Drill

This type of drill can be used for just about anything. An SDS drill may be as light as 1 kilo, or it could weight well over 10 kilos. The best power drill models have a rotary feature, allowing them to be used for concrete and demolition work. If you are going to do heavy duty drilling jobs, then this is definitely the product for you. Cheap models can be found for as low as 50 dollars, but you will only get minimal power.

Timber Furniture Plans – Find the Best Woodworking Resource

As a cabinetmaker myself, I know what it is like to lose interest in a project from the simple fact that you can not find plans to suit your needs. I had just recently got the motivation back and started thinking about and searching for my next project. With a growing child and another on the way, my wife and I had to discuss the bedroom situation for the children. In need for some bedroom furniture plans I turned my search to the internet.

I came across some timber furniture plans for my daughter’s new bedroom.

A bed with drawers under

Bed side cabinet

Tall boy drawers to match

It is possible to find the plans that you desire and you can do it from the comfort of your home or office because they are available on the internet. There are in fact thousands of websites with many plans for you to download, some offer the plans for free and others require payment. With the help of your internet browser you can quite easily find a timber furniture plan to suit your need and budget.

What to look for in a PAID woodworking package.

  • 3D drawings- 3 dimensional impression of your finished project
  • Exploded 3D drawings- Exploded views with each component labeled in relation to the component list and step by step construction guide.
  • Section view – for the more complicated areas that need a little more attention and detail.
  • Front and end elevations – 2 dimensional drawings showing dimensions of the finished product.
  • Material lists- take your material list off to the hardware store and timber yard and come home with the required materials ready for cutting.
  • Component list- so you just simply take the material and cut each component to the sizes given.
  • Step by step – a very easy to follow construction guide.

However there are only a couple of packages out there that you would bother forking out for. You can tell that the owners have put their decades of woodworking experience gathering knowledge, skill tips and trade secrets, building a data base of thousands of plans.

How do I get some FREE woodworking plans?

If it is free plans you are after, you will probably find a picture of what you want but will most likely be lacking the detail that most people require to turn it into a full scale finished product.

Looking for free woodworking plans on the internet is a bit hit and miss, as there is a lot of garbage you will have to sift through to find the genuine ones. Joining a woodworkers forum would be a good idea and communicating with your fellow furniture makers and the like will open up a whole world of resources.

A lot of people are reluctant to buy products over the web due to the many scammers out there trying to cheat them of there hard earned cash. When i am interested in an item on the internet I always do a quick search of the company name or person to make sure there is no alarm bells telling me to stay away.

Access to a woodworking package is going to give you the confidence to take on that project you have been trying to talk yourself into getting started, whether it is a bookshelf or a shed.

It doesn’t matter what skill level you are if you have a project to do, there is a detailed plan to help you get the job done. You just need the best resource that suits your personality or your way of learning.

If you are a woodworker that enjoys making timber furniture, building outdoor projects or even a business owner in need of some fresh woodwork designs. There are Timber furniture plans with step by step layout to guide you through your project and make your woodwork experience easy, enjoyable and satisfying.

There are thousands of plans to browse on the internet like Arbor plans, barns, beds, boats, beehives, carports, cart plans, chairs, computer desks, deck plans, dog house plans, garage plans, guitars, hutch plans, kitchen projects, lathe plans, pergola plans, planters, swings, tables of all shapes and sizes, plans for wooden toys, just to name a few.

Garden Chair Plan

Overall outline

This garden chair is very simple to construct. Even with a minimum of tools it should take no more than a few hours to build. And you can make several of them.

Tools Required

1) Electric circular saw. (Skilsaw) (However if you have access to a power compound miter saw, the project will be quicker, easier and more accurate.) 2) A drill and 2 bits. 8mm or 5/16″ and a flat speedbore of 20mm 3/4″ for countersinking. 3) Jigsaw or a band saw 4) Hammer. 5) Tape measure. Nail punch. Small hand plane. Adjustable square. Pencil. 6) Socket set with 8mm (5/16) socket. 7) 2 clamps

The Lumber

There are two sizes of lumber required. Frame & Legs The frame and legs are made from ex 2*3″ (75*50mm) which when dressed finishes up as 1 3/4*2 3/4″ (70*45mm). Slats The other size required is ex 1″* 3″ (75*25mm) which when dressed finishes at 3/4″* 2 3/4″ (70*20). This is used for the seat slats.

The lumber needs to be treated to prevent it rotting when exposed to ground and weather elements. It also needs to be dry otherwise it will shrink as it dries. Pine is probably the best option however redwood, cedar, kwila or other exotic lumber can be used.

These sizes are readily available however if you wish to vary the lumber you just have to adjust some of your measurements.

Materials required

a) 50 galvanized 2″ flathead (50mm) nails b) 20 galvanized 4″ flathead (100mm) nails c) 16′ (6.5m) Pine Lumber 1*3 (20*70-mm) dressed and treated. d) 20′ (5m) Pine Lumber 2*3 (45*70mm) dressed and treated. e) 8 (90*8mm) 3 1/2″ *5/16″ coach bolts with nuts and washers

This is the actual material that goes into the table. You will need a little more to cover waste although waste is minimal because there are many short pieces used in the construction. You will need some 3*1 as temporary bracing as well. And some plywood to hold the leg template.

Cutting List

2*3 (70*45) Seat supports… 4@ 19 3/4″ (500mm)…Front legs…2@ 24 1/4″ (615mm)… Back legs…2@ 26 3/4″.(680mm)… Arms… 2@ 23 3/4″ (605mm)

1*3 (70*20mm)… Short slats …20@ 20 1/2″ (520mm)

Step by step construction

It is advisable to do each step in logical order and only cut the pieces required for the next stage rather than cutting the whole table out all at once. Everyone’s measurements are slightly different. It is extremely easy to get an angle slightly out even on a miter saw. If you want your project to look professional, take your time and aim for an accurate fit.

Before fixing each board, use the small hand plane to put a slight bevel on the showing edge. This takes the furriness off the saw cut and improves the look.

Step 1 Seat Supports Cut 4 pieces of 2*3″ (90*45) to 19 3/4″ (502mm). Now set the saw or miter box to 31 degrees and cut one end of the 4 pieces at this angle. (This is cutting an angle of 59 degrees.) Now leaving the saw at the same setting cut off half the end of each board on the same side as the acute angle. Nail each of the supports together as in diagram A. Put them on top of each other to make sure that they are the same.

Step 2 Legs This is quite a critical part and getting the angles accurate on most saws will be difficult. However there is an way of getting it perfect.

Cut the 2 back legs from 2*3 (70*45) at approx 30″ (760mm) Cut the two front legs at 26″ (670mm)

Jig Method Set up a jig. On a sheet of 1/2″ plywood approx 3′ * 3′ (or some other flat board) screw two 1*3 pieces of lumber approx 2’6″ long parallel to each other at exactly 2′ (610mm) apart. These are guide boards.

Now close to the left had side draw a line between the two 1*3 boards making sure that it is at exactly right angles to the 2 parallel boards. From this line at the top board measure in 3 1/2″ or 90mm in. Place a mark.

Take a front leg approx 25″ (640mm) and put in place going from the mark at the top which is 3 1/2 in, down to the bottom board mark on the perpendicular line.

Measure 3 1/4″ (82mm) from the top of the inside leg along the guide board and place a mark. Now from the bottom inside of the front leg measure 19 1/4″ (490mm) and place another mark.

Line up the back leg (28″) on the top and bottom marks. When it is correct draw a line underneath the leg against the guide boards. These are the angles you need to cut to get the top and bottom parallel.

Do the same with the other set of legs just making sure that they are both identical. You can use the jig also for setting up the leg attachment to the frames.

The jig can be used many times if you are making many chairs of course.

Step 3 Arms Cut 2 pieces of 2*3″ (70*45) at 23 3/4″ (605mm) Scribe an arc around the front end as a guide for cutting. At the other end measure in 1″ (25mm) and along 6″ (150mm). Now scribe another arc for a cutting guide. Cut these out with a band saw or jigsaw. (See diagram D.) saw a 60 degree angle off the back end of the arms.

Step 4 Attaching legs to seat support Arrange each front and back leg pair on a flat surface. You will require 2 temporary boards to tack onto the legs to keep them in the correct position while you bolt them to the seat frame.

Set the bottom 19 1/4″ (490mm) apart and the top 3 1/4″ apart. Tack in place. Now the distance between the top and bottom should be 23 3/4″ (605mm) and it must be parallel. Use your jig. Adjust it until you get this correct. Tack so that it doesn’t move. Now do the same with the other set of legs. If you now put them on top of each other they should be the same.

Take an outside seat support and place it on the seat frame. Position it carefully 3/4″ in and 15″ up. Rotate the leg until the seat support join is in the middle of the back leg. Clamp in place. Do the other leg the same and then position one on top of the other to see if they match.

If they match and everything looks right, bore the 3 holes,one for the front and 2 at the back. This puts one bolt one each side of the join. Counter sink and bolt in place.

Step 5 Attaching the arms The arm should fit neatly parallel to the ground. Position it 3 1/2″ (90mm) in from the front and level with the outside of the legs. Nail when in place. Bore the hole for the bolt to attach arm to the seat back support. Repeat with the other arm.

Step 6 Frames Cut the 3 horizontal frames, 1 @ 2′ (610mm) which joins the outside legs under the front seat support and 1 @ 20 1/2″ (520mm) under the back support and one at 17 1/8″ (435mm) on the back between the seat supports. The back one is positioned 8 3/4″ (225mm) up from the join in the seat support. Keep checking measurements to see that it is all square. If all is square, tack and then fix in place.

Step 7 Attaching slats The front slat should overhang the front by 1/2″ (10mm) and the top slats should overhang the supports by the same amount. Check that the distance is 20″ (520mm). There are 12 slats, 6 for the seat part and 6 for the back of the seat. Space them out so they fit neatly and tack in place. If all is correct and square, fix the nails.

You have a Garden Chair of which you can be very proud.

This garden seat is a shortened version of the very successful Garden Seat/Table plan which you can see a video clip of.

Garden seat/table plan

Creating a Computerized Vision Board

For years my vision board was kept on a cork board with push pins or a foam board with glue.  Honestly, I still use a cork board in my office and have two foam vision boards sitting in my storage room I can’t seem to throw away.  Years back, every December, I taught vision board workshops for two reasons. I loved hearing the participants creative laughter and the unique dreams being born.

A vision board is a personalized piece of art. The decoupage design normally represents a random mix of pictures gathered to represent what you want to attract into your life. It’s a story that can represent multiple segments of life or even be focused on a single area. The designer has the option of what materials to build their narrative on. Three common choices are cork board for its easy push pin maneuverability, poster paper for its inexpensiveness, or foam board with its sturdy prop up ability. 

This isn’t about any of these options right now. Instead, let’s talk about using the computer and creating a vision board. Like the other options, using a computer has its own set of creative options.

Last December, while in a creative mood, I began fooling around with my new Microsoft OneNote software to design a new vision board. If it worked, it would save time and materials costs plus create a better representation of what I truly wanted to attract. I was definitely stoked. OneNote’s clip feature could capture anything I wanted from the Internet.  Now, I had an unlimited amount of art, pictures, words, and fonts to choose from whereas before I was limited to what I could cut out from magazines. It was exciting to be able to better match exact images of what was swirling around in my mind.   

The first few creations I completed in OneNote were overzealous and too large to print on a standard size sheet.  It was difficult to calculate the bottom of a standard page since OneNote doesn’t show you where that is.   

 Out of curiosity I tried creating a vision board in MS Word.  Word was clumsy and too difficult to arrange the pictures and layout. I was limited on what images I could capture to clip art or pictures I already had on my computer.   

So next I tried using Microsoft’s Publisher. Publisher maneuvered everything well; allowing easy layering, grouping and image angling. It allowed me to know the printable page size and margins. Then I put two of them together. I created the vision map using Publisher and used OneNote’s clip feature to grab images from the Internet and then cut and paste into Publisher.  

After this I realized the name vision board no longer fit. Instead, I now call them vision maps.  

My creativity continued to bloom with new ideas over the next few months. Soon, I found myself designing one area of my life vision maps.  First health. Another for what I wanted to attract in my business. Then where I wanted to travel if I had unlimited funds and other personal goals and visions.   

After this, I began creating maps from experiences…like a previous vacation and the last Tony Robbins event I attended. It was like scrapbooking but without the material costs or limitations of what was sold in the art store.  

Another single purpose map was about the RV I wanted to own and travel in.  This map included pictures of the inside and outside of the RV and some of the little details I wanted it to have, like a desk for my writing.  Another vision map showed the route I wanted to travel and the places I wanted to stay.  Another about the lightweight car I needed to tow with it.  

I did print the maps out when I was done on my color printer. To keep the maps organized, I place them in a three-ring binder with theme tabs.  I designed a cover insert for the binder with a beachfront sunrise in the background and an RV in the foreground.  

As I progressed through this process, an even bigger payoff arrived. It was a true surprise and gift.   

Here’s what happened…  

It was when I badly needed a space break after working long daily hours, every day of the week, for months. Starbucks came to mind.  As I began to walk out the door, I turned around thinking I was forgetting something. I spotted the vision binder on the table.  I grabbed it not knowing why and left.   

Frappuccino in hand, in an overstuffed chair in Starbucks, I opened the binder.  I was awe struck.  It was as if someone else created theses beautiful stories and I was seeing them for the first time.  With my eyes closed, I rested my right on the first map.  My arms grew warm and goose bumps appeared. Then a cold sensation ran down my back and legs and into the floor.  The contrast of warmth and cold kept me still and enjoying the sensation for some time. This was a true vibrational moment.

Now, my binder travels with me frequently – to waiting rooms, beaches, airplanes, to meetings, and seminars – for additional vibrational moments.  I’m never concerned about losing the binder because every map is just a print away; however, inside the cover I’ve added this note: “Thank you for finding this binder, I thank you. It is important to me because it represents my desires in life. If you return the binder, I will provide you with the directions on how to create your own and my story on how it’s changed my life.” 

Just recently, I’ve added some blank paper to the back of the binder.  I use the pages to doodle ideas for future maps.

Summer Friendly Tips For Your Screened-In-Porch

Screened-in porches offer the perfect balance between indoors and out. Enjoy sitting in your home’s extension without the sun beating down, the rain moving you indoors, or bugs getting in the way. As the school year begins and the days start getting ever so slightly shorter, here are some ways to keep your screened-in-porch full of the signs of summer:

– Give the area a good scrub. Summer brings pollen and dust, which can affect your screened-in-porch as much as a porch that’s open to the elements. Vacuum the cushions, wipe down the walls, and sweep and mop the floor to instantly brighten the space and make it feel like the beginning of the season again.

– Opt for warm, late-summer colors. Late summer is the perfect time for rich corals, teal blues, and sunflower yellows. Add extra throw-cushions, a new rug, or a set of new vases to add dimensionality and reflect the warmest days of the season.

– Use mirrors. You can add light to your porch without adding extra lamps. Decorate with mirrors to reflect the existing light in the space. Mirrored trays and wall hangings all can create a feeling of brightness, even when the sun isn’t at its highest point.

– Get the fan going. Install a fan or keep your existing fan running to cool the area to a comfortable temperature. If you close your eyes at dusk, you may feel the similarity between a good fan on a summer night and the wind coming in off the ocean on a beach.

– Add some curtains. Linen is the ideal fabric for screened-in porches. Add a flowing, beachy charm to your screened-in porch with a few sets of curtains strategically placed around the porch. Keep them open for a purely aesthetic appeal or close them when the weather gets too warm or bright.

– Install a new feature. Looking for extra natural light in your space? A skylight can add more brightness to the interior of the space and bring in the warmth of summer throughout the year. A fireplace is another year-round addition that can make cool summer and autumn nights relaxing and inviting.

– Build on a theme. Whether you choose beaches, gardens, or other summery design themes, add elements of the design in connecting rooms in the home to extend the flow of summer throughout the home.

– Get a swing. A swing is the quintessential piece of any porch layout. A glider or swing offers a relaxing space for napping, reading, or enjoying the sound, smells, and views around your home.

– Add height. Summer evokes a feeling of airiness and warmth. If you want to keep that feeling throughout the year, consider raising the height of the ceiling to add more flow or opening more of the space with a door replacement to let in more light throughout the home.

Summer is a good time to experiment with new designs and decorations for your screened-in porch. Turn it into a place you love spending time with fun, simple, and transformative changes.

Becoming a Roof Contractor

In the construction and building industry, a vital aspect is to repair roofs and roof contractors are the experts. Usually it requires the required licenses from the licensing authority from state contractors. However in some states, roofing can be done by general contractors and do not require roof contractors to do it. Although there are stringent laws in place for licensing, many states need to see the experience especially on-job training and work experience before you are eligible to apply for the license. In many states, an examination is conducted to ensure that you have the required knowledge about the job.

Becoming a roof contractor can be a difficult goal, but it is possible. You want to be trained and go through the proper channels to prevent damage, harm and fees.

This construction specialty means you first need to be licensed to do the work and meet requirements specified for the state you will be working. States usually require a roof contractor to have experience in the field as well as an education in the work. This is often required before issuing a license. If you work without a license then there will be expensive fines to pay. Even if you have a roof contracting license a business license is usually required as well if you are going into your own business.

You can start the process of becoming a roof contractor by going on the internet and search the state website for information. You will want to do research in the licenses category often found on the toolbar. This will help you find out what is required. There should be a link for roof contractor licenses. When you click on it the information you will be right there for your review

Once you know what you need and you feel it is time to apply there is usually an online application available. You can fill it out and submit it right then through the internet. Otherwise, they might want the application printed out and mailed to them. Just remember to fill out the application completely and if any particular area does not apply to your situation you can right “not applicable”. You will want to list your references as well as experience on the application as well.

If you don’t have enough experience to apply as a roofing contractor yet then it is better to contact the area union. This is a good way to get experience as well as making connections and adding references. It will also help you decide if you really want to do the job of a roof contractor.

Remember when you apply to become a roof contractor there is an application fee. This is usually something that can be done online. It is the quickest way to handle this using a credit card or bank account. Otherwise, send the payment with the application in the mail. The address is usually included on the website information. It could take up to a month using this option.

You may browse online and know more about the requirements to become a roof contractor. There are numerous websites dealing with the terms and conditions for applying for the license.

Advantages Of PVC Wall Panels

Even though these are excellent wall or ceiling covers, they can be costly — and unpleasant to set up and eliminate. Nevertheless there is a solution i.e. PVC wall panels. These can be an excellent remedy if you want to protect your ceiling, wall or surfaces quickly — and have them look fashionable and architecture look too. They are avail in just about any type of “look” you want, from woodgrain to granite-look, even onyx or stone.

PVC represents Polyvinyl Chloride and it is a plastic paneling remedy that’s been shaped to particular needs. It has several benefits over actual woodgrain paneling for instance or other surfaces covers. They include:


Unlike real wooden covers or other natural components, PVC ceiling panels are resilient and very low servicing. They avoid removal and shade changes and in contrast to wooden paneling, for example, they will not soak up water or won’t rot.

Easy of installation

PVC ceiling panels are very simple to set up or install. Most PVC paneling these days is done as a tongue and groove set up as that they can simply be affixed or nailed through recessed attaching so that the nails are hidden. You can also adhesive PVC wall panels onto surfaces instead of nailing or stapling. The paneling is light-weight, portable and simple to deal with, so that you don’t need unique tools.


One can find out PVC wall panels in just about any shade, design or look you want. That means you can fit ceiling panel to just about any decorations.


It might shock you to know that PVC panels are also insulating. This can provide a type of higher insulation levels for your home beyond that you would generally look upon.

Easy maintenance

Unlike other surfaces covers, you don’t need to do anything unique to sustain or clean PVC panels. All you have to do is clean them with a wet cloth.


Although you will pay a little bit out of wallet for PVC paneling, the benefits eventually in contrast to other surfaces protecting components is important. Because they’re very low servicing, resilient, Flame resistant and simple to clean, you can put them up once and appreciate them for years to come, without muss, without hassle.

Flame resistant

PVC panels have the biggest Flame resistance for any internal finish, further guaranteeing the protection of your family.

Easily changeable

Want to modify the look in a space quickly? Instead of having to clean and repaper a space whenever you want a new look, you can basically take down surfaces sections and put new ones back up, quickly. It is a simple way to modify a look in a space, quickly — no unpleasant colour or paper scratching to deal with.

Walls paneling can be the solution in more ways than one. They can not only help to secure a building’s substructure, they can also give the building security against the price of future maintenance and damage.

From perception to performance, the Madaan Aluminium and Decoration group of devoted experts is ready to assist you with all your venture specifications. Moreover to offering impressive developing alternatives and products, we are satisfied to offer the different PVC Wall Panel services.

Plank Abs

What is the best way to harden and tone your abs?  Planks  work all four of the muscles that make up the rectos abdominis. The point of your abs is to compress the abdominal contents and support the spine. Your abs should be hardest in the  plank  position. So if you want your abs to look their best shouldn’t you work your abs in the position you want them to look best in?

You are in the prone position pretty much all day every day- when you’re standing, walking, and even sitting (with proper posture-no slouching- you have to hold your upper body erect). If you train your abs to look good in a prone position then they will look good all the time. Another bonus is  planks  also help stabilize and work your lower back muscles!

 Plank  Abs! For hard defined abs

Diet and fitness go hand in hand, and the magic of  planks  will only work if you’re eating healthy and have low enough body fat. So  planks  combined with a good diet = a sexy stomach! Even though it’s a simple exercise, there are TONS of variations of  planks  so you should never get bored.

Front  planks , side  planks  (to work the internal/external obliques),  planks  in pushup position, raised  planks ,  planks  with one arm or leg raised,  planks  with a up/down or side-to-side rocking motion… you get the idea. Also you can mix it up by increasing the time you spend in  plank  position- going from 30 seconds to eventually a 2 minute  plank  (with 3 or 4 reps)! You need to remember to flex your abs hard and tight when doing  planks  and really push yourself. So add this into your workout to make your stomach flat and if you have a low enough body fat percentage it will really make your six pack pop!

Don’t forget there is almost nothing better for back health and spine support!

Business Plan – What Does That Really Mean?

If you are thinking of starting your own business and you tell anyone about it, the first piece of advice is usually “write a business plan.” At this point, you run out and buy a book on writing a business plan or get a piece of planning software and start writing. Having a plan is important, but many businesses are started without a written plan. Any plan you write should have a specific purpose.

  1. Bank Plan:

    If you plan to borrow money from a bank, they will most definitely require a written plan. Specifically, they want to know how much you will borrow, how you will use the money, what interest rate can you afford, how you will pay it back, and what you plan to do about paying it back if the business fails. The plan written for the bank should focus on allaying any fears the loan officer has about risk.

  2. Venture Capital Plan:

    Basically, this is a marketing document. You are selling the VCs on how brilliant your concept is, how big the market is, and how well you can execute on your plan. Focus on a clear description of your concept, product, or service. Be extremely clear as to who will buy your products/services and why. Carefully examine the competition and show why your product/service outshines theirs. Describe in depth the management experience your senior team has. If they do not have all the appropriate experience necessary, explain where you plan to acquire that expertise.

  3. Internal Communications Plan:

    You may want to communicate your plan with your employees, partners, or even customers. These plans often start with the vision, then mission, followed by company goals and strategic initiatives to meet those goals. You can use this type of plan to help guide your employees in their decision making. This should be considered to be a marketing document as well.

  4. Internal Strategy Plan:

    As you build your business, writing an internal plan will help you think out your future strategies. You can also use this plan to build metrics around certain products that can be measured in the future. This should be as long or as short as you need to describe your ideas and work through your strategy. It can be written out or just a series of steps and metrics within a spreadsheet.

  5. Business Concept Plan:

    If you think you have a great idea, but are a little fuzzy on the details, writing out a plan can give you a good feel as to whether it is viable or not. The key in this case is to focus on the financials. How much will you need to get going? How long until you turn a profit? How fast will the company grow? Will you be able to get capital to sustain that growth? Focus on understanding what will make you successful in this space.

I am not going to rehash the business plan format or how long or short it should be. Just search for “business plan” and you will find 10 gazillion articles on the subject. Before you do that, understand why you want to write a business plan and focus on the important points.

A last caveat, if you are writing a business plan for external consumption (1, 2, or 3), make sure it has been proofed for clarity and grammatical errors. A bad marketing document is worse than no marketing document at all.

Metal Railings Make the Perfect Handrails

The Importance of  Handrails 

Almost every home has stairs of some kind. They may be stairs that lead to your front door, stairs that lead to your second story or stairs that lead to your downstairs. The type of  handrails  you choose can accentuate whatever type of stairs you have in your home.


 Handrails  are a way to add elegance and creativity to your home if you use the right kind of  handrails . Metal railings are a popular style of  handrail  as well as wrought iron and wood. Although the main reason and purpose for  handrails  is safety, this does not mean that they can’t be attractive and aesthetically appealing to you and your guests.  Handrails  are much more attractive and versatile then what was offered years ago. Today we have choices of wood, iron, aluminum and steel. You’ll have so many choices that you won’t know which one to get for your stairs.

When  handrails  were first used years ago, the most common type was pieces of pipes that were mounted to the stairs, walls or ramps. While they served their purpose for safety, they weren’t very attractive. Today we can have the combination of safety and beauty. Whether you’re choosing  handrails  for your home or business, you have a large selection to choose from including metal railings, exquisitely designed wooden railings or wrought iron railings to name just a few of the most popular. Contractors and architects have knowledge, tools and the sense of creativity to design some of the most beautiful  handrails  to complement their stairs and entire home.

Considerations When Choosing  Handrails 

When you choose  handrails  for your home or business, appearance will probably be your first consideration followed by safety or vice versa. However, other things need to be considered such as design, cost, maintenance and local regulations. There are established codes that need to be considered regarding the Americans with Disabilities Act for stairs and ramps, particularly if you are in business. There are specific dimensions and heights, which are recommended.

Unlike days of the past when  handrails  were simple and plain, today you have the opportunity to choose from brass  handrails , steel  handrails , wood  handrails  or glass  handrails  and balustrades. The type of  handrails  you choose is a matter of personal preference as well as your choice of balustrades, which are not available in lightweight materials as opposed to the concrete and stone ones of the past.

Recommendations for  Handrails 

Although we have our choices of  handrails , with many now available, there are certain types that are better than others are. Stainless steel  handrails  are best for outdoor use as they are corrosion resistant. For a custom and elegant look, choose wrought iron or custom-made glass  handrails . Metal or aluminum  handrails  are best for the places where you want lightweight yet durable.

Benefits of Glass Balusters

Whether you are working on a new deck or improving your current layout, glass  balusters  can completely change both the look and function of this space. You need something to protect your friends and family from going over the edge but this does not mean that you need something clunky or unattractive to get the job done. Instead, consider a safe idea that will not obstruct your beautiful view.

Safe Option

Glass  balusters  might look fragile but rest assured, they are built to last. Whether you choose to add a railing at the top for an extra measure of stability or you plan to let the material stand alone, you are still getting protection from things like falls. The material is thick and tempered making it incredibly difficult to break. If a break does occur, there are no sharp shards as you might expect. (It is very rare to have glass  balusters  break.) You can choose to have pieces fit together, side by side without any gaps or you can have pieces separated at different set intervals. Either way, despite the fragile look, you can be sure that they will hold up to the weather and the weight pressed up against them.

Unobstructed view

Most homeowners choose glass  balusters  because of the unobstructed views they offer. Instead of trying to look between railings or adjusting your seat to look over the edge, you can remain seating and easily see your entire surroundings. Homeowners with children can really appreciate the unobstructed view as they allow their children to play in the yard below. They can feel safe knowing they can keep their eyes on the kids easily.

If you have a home nestled within beautiful surroundings, you do not want anything to take away from your view. Instead, glass  balusters  make it possible to enjoy your view no matter where you are seated or what you are doing. In some cases, it looks as though there is nothing separating your from the outside area. Taking a material that works aesthetically and still provides the right safety precautions is perfect for your decking area. In most cases, it makes the space look larger and more open because there are no real breaks in the view.

There are several different uses that you can take advantage of if you enjoy the mix of open space and safety. If you have a pool in the backyard, you will not need a fence that ruins the view of the yard. You can still have the entire pool surrounded, preventing anyone from falling in and still enjoy looking out into the yard. You can also use the material on your deck or balcony. Finally, consider this an option for staircases as well. Why not be able to see an entire room as you make your entrance. The same benefits that apply outside of the home, work on the inside as well.