Get the Job Done With Scaffolding

What type of scaffolding best provides reliable support for the workers is largely dependent on the task at hand. There are many different types of scaffolding to choose to choose the type of scaffolding that will help you do the job safely.

Scaffolds provide reliable support for workers while they perform tasks much higher than the ground level. They can be non-moving support structures that remain in place unless they are disassembled for moving and set up in a different location. Other types of scaffolding feature wheels or rollers that allow the scaffold to move in a particular area without the need for workers to dismantle the scaffold, dismantling and moving it to where it is necessary to continue to work from. The cables are used to help scaffold the slide deck from front to rear or raise and lower the scaffolding to move to a new spot, and they also have locking mechanisms to keep the scaffolding safely in place after it has been moved to the desired location.

The scaffolds are made from different types of materials. Aluminum is a very popular material in many scaffolding because it is a solid material that weighs less than most other materials used in construction scaffolding. The lighter weight of aluminum scaffolding makes it easier to transport than scaffolds using heavier materials. Safety is a priority on any job, and sometimes more heavy scaffold is a more appropriate choice for a specific job. If you do not know if a lighter aluminum scaffold is the safest and best choice for the work you do, ask a specialist in scaffolding for their recommendation on the type of scaffolding, they would choose for the task. These experts have warned could also provide much more information on scaffolding, including the best models and suppliers of scaffolding, scaffolding parts and supplies, training scaffolding, scaffold, regulatory, and more.

H-frame, light and versatile are three varieties that scaffold can be found under and most often used to describe the work requires that the scaffolding of a particular type is most appropriate and offers better protection to those who use them. Scaffolding consists of several parts when securely fastened together creates an area of support for workers to perform tasks safely, even at very high above the ground. Tomb of high scaffolding can cause serious injury and even death, preferring the right kind of scaffolding for the job and provide workers with training on its use, is extremely important. It is also very important that scaffolds are properly maintained and inspected regularly to ensure it still works correctly to keep workers safe.

Employers are required to provide workers a safe environment in which to perform the tasks. This includes the provision of equipment that offers protection against accidents and serious injuries. Tillage creates its own set of risks to workers and care must be taken to reduce these risks as much as possible. Providing workers with the strong support of quality scaffolding for managing the demands of the task, gets the job done and protect the workers at the same time. Internet use and other resources such as talking to experts scaffolding to learn more about the different types of scaffolding that is available will help you in choosing the scaffolding that is most appropriate for the work you and your staff do. For additional security benefits, it is strongly recommended that you and your workers also complete a training course scaffold in the safe and proper use of scaffold.

How to Lay Laminate Flooring

In this article we intend to condense how to lay laminate flooring into six easy steps that you can follow at home. Remember, if you’re not sure how to lay laminate flooring and of your DIY skills in general, it is always a good idea to ask a more experienced friend if they can help you out – even if it’s just to get you off on the right foot. The process of laying laminate flooring has evolved alongside the technological advancements with the actual floor boards themselves, and is a perfectly achievable task for even the most humble DIY enthusiast. One important thing to remember before we get started with our how to lay laminate flooring guide is to ensure your laminate flooring has been left in the environment you plan to install them in for at least 48 hours before you start laying. This is very important, as the boards must be allowed to acclimatise to the new room temperature and moisture levels it will be exposed to. The boards themselves will then expand or contract accordingly during this period. In addition to this, you also need to make sure the surface of the floor is thoroughly cleaned, and all dust and debris is removed. Any debris left on the floor surface could cause an inconsistency when you come to lay the tiles as it may alter the level of the sub-floor.

Okay, let’s begin our guide to how to lay laminate flooring:

Step 1 – what you’ll need

You will find the following equipment and materials very useful, if not essential in most cases:

  • a laminate cutter
  • tile spacers
  • knee pads
  • safety glasses
  • a pencil
  • set square
  • gaffa tape
  • a hammer
  • a sharp craft knife
  • a pulling bar
  • tapping block
  • foam underlay

Step 2 – measuring for your laminate floor

In order to purchase the correct amount of laminate flooring, you’ll need to find out the total squared area that you require covered. Thankfully laminate flooring comes in packs (which vary in the quantity of boards they contain depending on the type you purchase), which indicate both the individual board size of the panels, as well as the overall area covered per pack. Therefore, to calculate how many packs of laminate flooring you’ll need for your project you’ll need to first multiply the width by the depth of your room. This will give you your squared area size. If your room is not completely square or rectangular, simply divide your space up into smaller areas that can be squared off. Now take your new area size and divide it by the area covered as indicated on the packs of your chosen type of laminate flooring. This will now give you a figure which is equal to the number of packs you’ll need to purchase to cover your area.

It’s important to purchase 10% extra boards than you’ll need just in case you make any mistakes, or there’s been any miscalculations. This will avoid the project being potentially held up, or a situation where you realise you need more boards, but they’re out of stock or discontinued.

Step 3 – marking out your floor

Whilst you do need need to mark out where you will lay each laminate board as you would with laying tiles, it is very important to determine how you will lay your first row, and to get this right. For this reason, before we move onto laying the underlay, decide now where you will begin laying your first row of laminate, and the direction the boards will be going in. It’s always advisable to start laying your flooring in the lightest part of the room. Once you have decided where your first row will go, lay your row as a trial, remembering to use spacers between the boards and the skirting board. This trial row will help determine how much of the end-row board you will need cut off in order to make the flooring fit. This is useful to plan in advance since you should avoid a situation where you are having to cut more than 50% of the depth of the board away (the short side), or less than 400mm of the width of the board away (the long side). This is because it will compromise the strength of your floor.

Step 4 – laying underlay

Begin laying your underlay by first ensuring you have your spacers in place, and you are laying the rolls at a 90 degree angle to the way you will lay your laminate boards; this is to prevent the seams between the pieces of underlay ever corresponding to the joins between the piece of laminate flooring. As you lay the underlay, make sure there is no gap or overlap between the sections as either of these might cause the laminate boards to sink or stand proud. The goal here is a nice consistent surface. Tape down the joins between the sections with a bit of masking tape to hold them in place.

Step 5 – laying laminate flooring

Now you come to actually laying the laminate flooring itself. Following the layout you already worked out in Step 3, begin laying your laminate flooring remembering to keep the spacers in place between the laminate flooring and the skirting board to allow for expansion. If you’re using tongue and groove laminate flooring, simply introduce each new board at a 45 degree angle to the previous one, and gently lower the new board in place. You should feel the tongue click into the groove, and the boards should sit flush with each other. It is advisable to use a pulling bar and a beating block to help encourage each board into place after you’ve laid it. Pulling bars are used when you reach the end of a row and don’t have sufficient space to use a beating block.

When you come to cut your end-of-row boards, the easiest way to do this is to lay the board in position where you intend to place it, ad mark on either side when a cut will need to be made. Using your set square, join the marks up to give you a nice straight cutting line. Using your laminate cutter, or the saw you have available, cut your laminate board, first checking which side of the board should be facing upward to minimise damage (this will depend on the type of saw you’re using). Do not forget to wear safety protection while you do this.

Step 6 – applying the finishing touches

If possible, leave your newly laid floor for 48 hours before adding any finishing touches such as trims, scotias, or transition bars. This will give the flooring extra time to acclimatise to the room, and this is where that 10mm gap we left between the flooring and the skirting boards comes into play, allowing the flooring to expand without running out of space.

Cutting trims and scotias for navigating around corners is made easier with a mitre box that will help you cut perfect angled cuts. In addition to this, you can use transition bars between your new floor, and other floor surfaces that meet in doorways for example. These are easy to fit, and help form a clean transition.

Congratulations! You now know how to lay laminate flooring!

6 Steps To Restore Your Old Furniture

I’m sure you have in your attic or in your garage some old furniture, maybe a table, an armchair or a wardrobe. They look so pathetic, so you think it’s time to throw them away. Don’t do it. You don’t have any idea how precious these can be if you know how to restore them.

In this article, we will give you some simple restoration techniques to revive your old wooden furniture.

For this job you need:

  • Belt/disks sander
  • Sandpaper
  • Solvent
  • Wood stain
  • Lacquer
  • Paintbrushes.

Let’s say you have an old wooden table.

First step is to disassemble it in its parts.

Second step is to clean out the old coat of finish that covers the wood.

To take off the old finish coat we will use sandpaper. Sandpaper or glasspaper, is a heavy paper with abrasive material bonded to its surface. On the flat surfaces you can use the sander and for the corners or edges sheets of sandpaper.

Try to take off as much as possible of the old finish that covers the wood. Use for this rough sandpaper. When you think you have brought the wood to its natural condition, check if there are faults as scratches or cracks. Then, with fine sandpaper try to smooth the surfaces. To be sure there are no old spots, use solvent to degrease the wood.

Third step is to apply a coat of stain. It will protect the wood against the weather action and against the mold. The wood must be dry, clean and degrease. The wood stain must be applied in tow coats. Its drying time depends by wood’s porosity, ambient temperature and humidity. It will highlight the natural beauty of the wood, it will give decorative finish and it will accentuate the texture of the wood.

After cleaning the old finish and applying the stain, the fourth step is to give the first coat of lacquer.

Some of you can use colored lacquer or transparent one.

Using a paintbrush, follow the wood fibers while applying the lacquer. Go on like this until you cover the entire surface. If you see that, after the drying, there are air bubbles, take fine sandpaper and smooth the surface. Apply another coat of lacquer following its instructions. When you think you have finished, check again if there are no scratches, cracks or air bubbles.

Now it’s time to put all togetherthe fifth step of our job.

When you do any kind of wood works, it’s better to do it in an open space because it’s a dusty work.

The wood job it’s done.

The last- the sixth step -is to restore the tabletop.

Making a mosaic onto it, it will highlight the whole piece of furniture.

For this job you need:

  • Tile cutting machine
  • Tiles
  • Pliers
  • Copy paper
  • Scissors
  • Adhesive
  • Grout
  • Fiberglass mesh
  • Pattern.

Let’s start with cleaning the surface.

Onto the work surface we will glue fiberglass mesh. We do this, and not working directly onto the wood surface, in order not to let the grout to crack at the end.

Choose your design. Make a photocopy of it as big as the mosaic platform.

Using copy paper, copy the pattern onto the fiberglass mesh.

Now, that you have drawn your pattern onto the working platform, use a pair of scissors to cut the design from the paper in pieces.

Choose the tiles for your mosaic project. Be sure they are all at the same measure.

With the tile cutting machine, cut the tiles in pieces as big as possible as the pieces from your pattern. Draw onto the tile the pattern piece that you have just cut. With a pair of pliers, cut out around the line.

Go on like this until you finish all your design. Now, check if the pieces match again as in your initial pattern. If it’s so, start gluing them onto the fiberglass mesh, where you have just did the drawing.

Put the same amount of adhesive onto each piece of your mosaic and push hard towards the working surface while fixing them. Go on like this until you finish with all your pieces.

Now, that your mosaic is finished, let the adhesive dry before starting grouting it.

With a float or even with gloved hands, spread the grout onto the mosaic from the centre towards the border. Let it rest for a couple of minutes, and with a wet sponge, try to clean it. Don’t worry if you dirt it. With some cloth you will easily take away all the grout dust.

In the end, if you are a demanding person, you can apply a coat of transparent lacquer onto the mosaic surface. It will revive the colors, it will equalize the surface and it will protect it against any kind of faults.

Great job.

Aren’t you amazed by the results?

There is nothing more rewarding that the feeling that you have when you know you did something by yourself.

Help Your Interior Living Room Pack a Punch!

When designing your living room, kitchen, study, or even if you plan to turn your backyard into a beautiful Japanese garden, it is always best to use every tool available before committing to construction. Physical trial and error can lead to very expensive and time consuming melt downs. Any time we can make a design experiment without it involving a   sledgehammer  and a wall,  or perhaps our back muscles + a large-ish couch, well something like that is worth it to me. Pain free design is a good thing, in fact I try to make it a rule.

When I started designing, there was always that soft yearning for some magic, all-in-one home design software package that would let me manipulate all of the critical components of my home virtually, and non-destructively. Something that, when I moved a feature wall behind the fireplace forgetting that there IS no fireplace, it could be undone and corrected at the click of a mouse. Alas, we didn’t have that sort of thing back in the day. You see when I started designing a horse and buggy still brought me my coffee, and doctors still paid house calls. (no I’m not quite that old.)

These days however, there are smashing software design suites that I find myself using over and over again. Generally I review tons of design products and – where software is concerned – a few design software products get a thumbs up from me. Most of which I speak are well within any budget. You can even find a few open source products to download for free, but I have yet to find one that compares to their commercial counterparts. Once you are used to the technical issues of design software, the products will produce a stunning result and can create the perfect virtual home you can really enjoy and be excited about. If your a professional, the tools inside these design suites are exemplary and highly intuitive to the needs of your design demands.

Here’s a few things you can do with interior design software:

  • Design your own storage with the Cabinet Wizard
  • Layout your rooms easily with the Room Wizard
  • Make moldings and baseboards with the Trim Designer
  • Frame your outdoor view with the Window Designer
  • Build a hearth for your home with the Fireplace Wizard
  • Try new treatments with Decorator Theme Palettes
  • Get help when you need it with the Help Tutorials
  • Take a view through your roof by designing skylights
  • Make your furniture fit with object resizing

I highly recommend you seek out a quality interior design software. You should be able to find any quality product online at blogs or sites that pen articles on interior design. If you are looking for a new or perhaps easy way to get inspired – hoping to redecorate without the backaches, than this software really does the trick. You’ll discover – as I did – how easy it is to get the inside edge on design and decorating ideas.

How To Choose Roof Slates

Roofing slates are one of the most durable roofing materials available. A well installed roof can last over a century depending on the quality of materials used. In many cases the roof will outlast the building it covers. When the roof does eventually need replacing it will more than likely be due to the corrosion of the nails. The roof covering will often be reused.

It is due to this durability that roof slate can be considered truly “green” or environmentally friendly. Other roof coverings may have to be replaced many times in the life of a similar slate roof increasing carbon emissions. The material is formed when rock is forced into thin sheets by intense pressure. In the past slate produced in the United Kingdom came from five main areas. Wales, West Morland, Cumberland, Lancashire, and Cornwall all produced quality roofing slates. Today the majority are imported from Spain and China.

Categories and sizes

Roofing Slates used to be categorised by quality. In descending order of quality these are bests, seconds, thirds and tons. The majority of builders and roofing merchants will now categorise the materials by size and origin. The sizes range from 24 inches by 14 inches down to 10 inches by 16 inches. Generally speaking, the larger sizes are used on bigger builds or to provide increased coverage towards the bottom of the roof. When building a new roof, consideration should be given to the local climate. Due to the way water travels over a roof slate, (the angle of creep) larger sizes are more suitable for wetter climates.

Buying new roof slates

A premium slate roof carries a hefty price tag. Welsh slates are generally considered to be the best on the market. In terms of appearance and durability they are second to none. Unfortunately, at three to four pounds each the cost can be prohibitive. Depending on the size of the structure, you will need between one and two thousand to complete a home. Add to this the fitting costs and you have what may seem an expensive roof. However, if you take into account the life span of the roof over cheaper alternatives, the cost is reasonable. Burlington and Westmorland are slightly cheaper and of a similar quality to Welsh roof slates. Spanish slates offer a good alternative if the budget needs to be trimmed. At half the price they are still a quality slate, although they have not yet stood the test of time. Chinese slates are cheaper still but many experienced roofer’s have complained about the brittleness of the product.

Used slates

Reclaimed roofing materials offer an environmentally friendly alternative to your roof covering. If chosen correctly used slates will provide an attractive and durable roof. You should expect to pay about two pounds each for good reclaimed Welsh slates. As well as uniformity and appearance it is advisable to test reclaimed slates for absorption. A simple test can be carried out by standing the slate upright in a large bucket. The bucket is then filled with water halfway up the length of the slate and left for 12 hours. Due to absorption the water line on the slate will rise higher than the water level in the bucket. The higher the water line the greater the absorption. It should rise no more than a quarter of an inch. Any slates that fail the absorption test should not be used for roofing as they will not provide a weather tight seal. If the slate has started to delaminate it should also be discarded. When cut in half they should be solid with no flaky layers.

Man made roofing slates

Composite roofing is manufactured from various plastics to mimic traditional roof materials. It offers a number of benefits including the price. Costing a quarter of the price, composite roofing is also more robust during construction. This saves wastage costs. They can be dropped and cut without fear of breakage. As for appearance, from the ground you would be hard pressed to tell the difference. The shape has been moulded to give the appearance of a weathered roof. Composite tiles are significantly lighter so they can be used on weaker structures. On the down side, early examples proved far less durable once fitted. Some composite tiles fitted within the last twenty years have started to fade, resulting in patchy roofs. The bottom or tail of the tile was also subject to curl in areas of high UV light. Manufacturers have overcome these early problems and some composite slates now come with an impressive lifetime guarantee.

As with most purchases, you pretty much get what you pay for. Choose your roof covering according to your budget and the longevity you require.

Wood and Other Materials Used in Dollhouse Furniture

Dollhouse  materials  that you can use in your dollhouse to coordinate  colors , shapes and sizes. There is a great variety to add to the essentials of great hobby making, and you will love getting your hands into some great  color  and  material  combinations.

Mahogany  Material 

Mahogany wood is ideal for dollhouse furniture because it is dense and strong enough to resist most playtime scratches. It is by far the most popular type of wood for dollhouse furniture because of its natural beauty. To be honest, no dollhouse feels complete without a bit of mahogany to add a collectors feel to it. Perhaps mahogany is so sought after is due to the romantic feel, in fact most Victorian dollhouse pieces are made from its wood

Walnut  Material  for Dollhouse Furniture

Where many trees grow fast and tall walnut wood grows slow and firm. Its grain and color are very traditional and fit very comfortable in any dollhouse. Walnut wood is optimal for kitchen sets and bedroom dollhouse sets. Walnut’s characteristics also lend themselves well to dollhouse furniture because of its durable scratch resistant nature.

Oak  Material  with Dollhouses

Oak wood has a very fine grain that lends itself to a more realistic piece of dollhouse furniture. It has a lighter hue and would fit fine in any traditional dollhouse. The lighter color fits well as a great color accent to fabric dollhouse pieces like sofas and chairs. In any case oak will fit with any type of style, and can even be seen as an offset to other types of wood.

Dollhouse Furniture  material : Pecan

Pecans are tasty, but did you know that the wood is ideal? This type of wood is growing in miniatures and will soon, if it has not already be the dominate type of wood for dollhouse furniture. It has a soft look similar to walnut or oak, yet it is a hardier  material . This strength is why it is becoming a more reliable option for modern furniture or home flooring options. We recommend putting this furniture in any style home including modern or Victorian.

Maple  Material  with Dollhouses

Though it is not as popular as mahogany, or oak, maple still provides a great creamy or even reddish brown look to your dollhouse furniture. Maple is an extremely dense wood that is used on many indoor courts including professional basketball quarts. If you are worried about scratches rest assured that maple can take them better than even mahogany. Maple is also very versatile and could be placed in any style of dollhouses.

Using Wire with Dollhouse Furniture

Would you like a very detailed piece of dollhouse furniture? Choosing a wire  material  means that the craftsman has greater flexibility to do what normal wood could not. Wire lends itself so easily to miniature design that you will notice greater detail and miniature replication. Wire is most commonly found in wicker furniture, furniture accessories, or in outdoor dollhouse furniture.

Dollhouse Furniture: Wicker

When you really want to have some detail in your dollhouse it is time to consider wicker furniture. It is the result of interlacing branch, wire, vine, or bamboo around a furniture frame. Most wicker furniture is made with wire, but there are some very ornament pieces put together with fine strips of wood. You will see wicker appear most commonly in the kitchen or outdoor sets.

Porcelain Dollhouse Furniture

What comes to mind when you think of porcelain? The simple truth is china, and the reason is that porcelain was first discovered around the 600s in china. It has been the  material  of choice for plates, potter, dishes, and “china”. It has also worked its way into dollhouse furniture beautifully. You will see most bathroom sets are made from porcelain creating a beautiful white, glazed color.

Dollhouse Furniture  Material : Poly-resin

One of the newest  materials  to hit the miniature market is poly-resin. Ploy-resin is exactly what is says that it is – a blended  material  of polyester and resin, and works quite well in modeling. By using poly-resin with your dollhouse furniture you will get a very solid detail without having to worry about fabric or color fading.

Picking Dollhouse Metal Furniture

Metal is a great dollhouse furniture medium that can bring some realistic qualities to specific dollhouse pieces. Dollhouse barbecues are an excellent demonstration of fun metalworking in this hobby; I mean what doll could resist getting the ol’ burgers on the grill. Outdoors is not the only place to find metal  material  for a dollhouse, you will also see it in the electrical work, and laundry room.

How to Paint People – The Easy Way

How to paint people is a common question that many beginning portrait artist search for on the Internet or in bookstores. Chances are that they have attempted to paint a persons’ portrait and were not pleased with the results. There are a few tricks and painting techniques that can be used so that an achievable portrait can be produced. I will explain a few of the easiest ways that I’ve found to learn how to paint people.

Get An Accurate Drawing On Your Canvas

If your drawing is to capture the likeness of a certain individual, you will want to sketch the portrait in pencil prior to painting. You can free hand this if you are not good at drawing. A couple of easier methods however are to use a grid and duplicate the photo to the canvas by drawing or replicating the individual grid squares. Another and my favorite method, is to print a paper black and white copy of the photo, then completely darken the back of the paper with soft charcoal. Next place the paper on your canvas and with a sharp pencil, simply draw over the printed photo. You’re sketch will appear on the canvas like magic!

Paint The Indication Of People

One of the easiest ways to paint people is to keep things simple and paint just the indication of people. If you’re confused than don’t be. The easiest way to explain what I mean is for me to describe this with an example. Imagine a beach scene with a couple strolling hand in hand far in the distance. If you were to examine the people closely, you would probably see that they are merely shapes. Each head would simply be a round shape on top of a triangle shaped body, on top of two rectangular shaped legs. Two quick rectangular shaped arms connect the bodies. Add some highlights and you have simple people!

Paint Only Part Of The Person

Many artists struggle with accuracy when painting people. It’s true that a person’s features must be accurate in order for a portrait to be successful. If you choose poses that depict side views or partial views you can cut your work in half and create interesting portraits by only painting the half of the face that you actually see. For example, try painting a child’s profile at the beach vs. the child facing straight on.

Paint Unknown People Or Strangers

Another fun and easy way to paint people is to paint strangers. The reason for this is that you are not trying to get an exact likeness. If you’ve made their nose too large or too small, no one is going to know the difference! You can use magazines, books or other paintings to get some ideas. Let’s say that you took a photo while at the park of an elderly lady sitting on a park bench and reading a book. You decide to turn the photo in a painting. The painting would still be interesting even if the lady didn’t resemble the actual photo at all, because no one knows her anyways.

Don’t Paint What You Can’t Paint

A great technique for painting humans is to choose poses that don’t require a lot of detail. One way to do this is by painting subjects who are wearing sunglasses, if you are timid about painting eyes. If you’re uncomfortable painting teeth then paint closed mouths or drape a scarf across the face. A very cute pose for a child’s portrait is to have them peek from behind something. You will only see part of the face and it is an adorable scene with only part of the face showing.

By following these easy tricks and techniques, painting people should become easier and more enjoyable with every painting you attempt. How to paint people the easy way can be made simple by keeping the task simple!

Having the Best Holiday Season

Would you like to know what the magic secret is in order to enjoy the holidays? Quite simply, in order to have the best holiday season, begins with an intention. There is a wonderful and loving energy available to everyone and it’s available to us throughout the year. This energy lives within each of us. It is called the power of love. We are the only ones who can truly decide what the holidays or any other time of year will be like. What we hold in mind is what we’ll get – every time! In order for us to enjoy the holidays, all we need to do is allow for them to be pleasant. Life is really simplistic if that’s what we are focusing on. Our thoughts determine what we experience.

If we are holding in mind, having a good day, being peaceful, and feeling happy, guess what we will be creating for ourselves. If on the other hand we are expressing ‘bah-humbug’ most of the time, we can pretty much anticipate what the outcome of this scenario will create. So why settle for mediocre when we can have incredible! Life is a decision! Let’s begin deciding what we would like to experience. We’re all doing this anyways, so why not focus on having really good outcomes. Some folks might call this a miracle. The miracle is simply that we all have the power to choose. The choice is ours, and it always will be. We no longer have to wait for some super-human occurrence to appear. All we need to do is decide to see things positively.

Let’s give ourselves the most wonderful gift of all time… This gift that is being offered is to be at peace with ourselves, our family members, and everything related to the upcoming holiday season. Regardless of age, nationality, or the place you call home, let’s all have an intention to enjoy the holidays. Each and every day let’s all plan to enjoy everything that life offers us. Let’s begin by loving ourselves at all times. Share love with family members, friends, colleagues, retailers, the parking lots, the cashiers and anything that crosses your path. Then let’s love the traffic and the weather. How about loving the economy? Sure why not! This is kind of like a game we played as kids.

Loving is easy and the payoffs are outstanding. Love is what blossoms and offers to us a wonderful holiday season simply because that’s what we decided. Love everything! Forgive those that you have been holding grudges against. We can’t change the past; we can change how we feel about these matters. The holidays are available to everyone, so therefore everyone has an opportunity to enjoy them. Holidays are about coming together, in celebration, in the spirit of oneness. A happy holiday season begins the moment that’s what you decide! Fill your cup with prosperity, abundance and joy! It’s simply a choice! Have fun this holiday season! See goodness in everything!

10 Funny Sports

Human beings have been taking part in sports for centuries. Whereas many sports attract a following because of the competition, the excitement and the thrill they have, there are a number that draw crowds because of their eccentric or out of the ordinary nature. Sometimes, such sports being odd is not deliberate but circumstantial because of the differences between cultures. In other words, a certain sport may appear peculiar to one person but is completely normal in the culture where it originates from.

The following is a list of 10 of the funniest sports in the world.

1) The Annual Man versus Horse Marathon

This is a race where a man competes against a horse. The sport was started in 1980 by following an argument between two men on whether or not a man can run faster than a horse if both were to compete in a cross country race. The race is usually held in Llanwrtyd town in Wales.

2) Wife carrying

Wife carrying races were first introduced in Finland but have now become common in other parts of the world such as Michigan, Wisconsin, Morono and Sonkajarui. In this event, the male competitors run through an obstacle track while they carry their wives or girlfriends. If you are going to win this race, you need technique. Most couples will go for the classic piggyback as well as the fire man’s lift where the wife interlocks her legs over her husband’s shoulders while she is carried in an upside down position. The reward for winning the race varies but the most amusing is the Sonkajarui race where the winner walks away with beer that weighs the same as his wife.

3) Toe wrestling

This sport was started in the year 1976 at Derbyshire pub in the UK. Similar to arm wrestling, for you to win you must find a way of forcing your opponent’s foot to the ground while your toes are locked together.

4) Bog snorkelling

A trench filled with water is cut through a peat bog. The competitors must swim in the trench wearing snorkels and flippers. The competitors only use their flippers to swim and compete against each other. You are not allowed to use any other traditional swimming techniques.

5) Chess Boxing

This sport is aimed at testing the competitor’s intelligence and strength. There are eleven rounds that alternate between boxing and chess competitions. The first round is chess, which is played for four minutes, followed by a two minute boxing round. This sport has an umbrella body known as the world chess boxing organization which manages international tournaments.

6) Cheese rolling

Amusing to watch, this is a fairly straightforward competition where competitors race after a round piece of cheese that is rolled from the top of a hill. The goal is to catch the rolling cheese. Of course this never happens given that the cheese gets a head start and that it hits speeds of up to 112Km/h.

7) The world beard and moustache competition

This is a biennial competition that brings together thousands of men who show off their unique moustaches and beards. For the competitors, the most coveted prize is the title ‘most inventive and perfectly shaped facial hair’. The competition has different beard categories such as the Dali moustache, the full beard free style and the goatee.

8) The world gurning championships

The winner of this old English fun competition is the one that can contort their face and come up with the funniest or weirdest expression. Competitors must wear a horse collar before they start to twist their faces.

9) Pea shooting competition

Competitors must shoot their peas (‘missiles’) into a soft target. The sport has so advanced that nowadays, the use of laser guided shooters and homemade machine guns is not unusual.

10) The octopush or under water hockey

Finalizing this list of funny sports is under water hockey. It is ordinary hockey with the only difference being the environment – under water. The sport has grown in popularity in the Southern Hemisphere and is held in South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.

Even if you do not intend to participate in such an event, the mirth derived from watching these funny sports will give your abdomen sufficient exercise – you can be sure your ribs will be aching from hearty laughter by the end of the competition irrespective of who wins.

How To Make A Profit In Business

We all going into business to make money and keep what we make. How do we go from making money to making a profit? How do we stay competitive, increase our cash flow and become better at what we do? Here are some ideas for making a profit in your business venture.

1) Be great at what you do, by becoming the best in your business

As an entrepreneur the more you know the better. What you know can help you make a profit. You have to have book sense, business sense and common sense working together to make and keep your profits in business. Book sense incorporates knowing everything there is to know about what you are selling, whether it is a product like web site design, food or gifts, or a service like hair styling, investing or moving company. The more you know about the service or product the more comfortable your investors will feel about giving you money. Your customers will trust and have confidence in you and prefer your service over another.

Business sense will keep you in business and protect you from getting ripped off. It requires you to know the true cost of your supplies, so that you do not pay more than you have to. This is about you knowing where shop, what licenses you need so that you are legal and how to do things the right way. Common sense- you may be in situations where you are the youngest person in the room and may feel intimated, do not let your fear or intimidation stop you. If your common sense is telling you something is not right, it probably is not right and you need to trust what you know and make a decision to wait before making a move.

Business education no longer requires costly, lengthy college courses. Many entrepreneurs who have been successful in their fields are writing books on how to start similar businesses. They are great sources of information. You can obtain information and training from a variety of sources such as: experts in the field, competitors, entrepreneurs training centers, seminars, conferences, and books. With the increase in entrepreneurship ventures access to training is readily available and affordable

2) Know who your customers are and fight to keep them

Why so many businesses fighting for the attention and patronage of your customer? Take the time to investigate your potential and current customers. Once you think you have found them, test the market and see if they buy the product. If they are not buying your product or making a sale is extremely difficult you wan to re-evaluate and go back to the drawing board and investigate some more. This will help you determine if your target is off or your strategy of reaching them is off. If you want to sell to the affluent your style, appearance, use of language will be much different from selling to middle class families. You must in these cases be able to relate to them and meet their concerns. Can a person on a shoestring budget reach the affluent and wealthy? Yes, if they are capable of finding a common ground in which they can use to build a relationship from and are able to meet the unique needs of that segment of the market. You can sell the same medicine to the wealthy and middle class, but your packaging and presentation will be entirely different.

Some businesses think that once they have their customers, the work is done. Not so, this is just the beginning. You will find that some other entrepreneur is coming up right behind and is hungrier than you are, and ready to offer more for less. Your customers are never safe, which means you want to build and keep the relationships current and purposeful. This may mean sending your customers updates about how your company is doing, new product or service offerings. If there is nothing new going on in your business (which should not be) then you can send birthday cards and other items to let the customer know that you are thinking of them. Profitable businesses specialize in personalization.

3) Have a constant stream or method for recruiting new customers

Have you ever seen a brook or river run dry? It is a sad sight, no longer is that brook good for giving water, oxygen or even a pleasing sight to on lookers. It becomes a hole in the ground collecting dirt and debris. Your business should never face the same fate, to avoid this you must keep the source full. Your source is the how you get new customers. As entrepreneurs we are so busy maintaining the business and running straight ahead that we do not focus the priorities. Never take your eyes off where your customers are coming from. Nurture and maintain your source for recruiting new customers. For example if your source is the relationships with vendors, stores, or magazines then maintain those relationships buy paying on time, responding to emergencies and meeting needs. If your source is referrals, then reward those who are referring customers to you.

4) Manage your income streams so that they do not run out

Profitable businesses make sure that what they are putting out financially is being replenished by what is being brought in. Keep the rule of earning at least five dollars before you spend one. Two dollars are for paying expenses, one for replenishing supplies, one for advertising and the other for maintaining the payroll or the entrepreneur. There are so many needs for a small business and new business, from supplies to inventory. The needs seem to outweigh the provisions at times, yet we still need to be able to operate and function without breaking the bank. This is when you want to create your wish list, and your shopping list. As an entrepreneur we can live in the office supply stores and be roped in by vendors into buying equipment that takes classes and several months to master. To get overhead low you must manage you income streams making a budget for all your expense and needs. This can be achieved by dividing the money coming into your business to make it pay for the preset priorities. Determine your bills, expenses and business equipment or operations needs. Give a date to purchase each items by and do not buy anything until you have collected the necessary money for it. If you are going to lease equipment have a stream of income that will support this new expense so that your payments are on time and your credit is being built up. To often home businesses and store fronts are both guilt of spending what they have not made and drying up the income streams. Anything not being replenished at the same rate it is being used is in danger of drying up quickly.

5) Charge what the service is worth

It is important to the profitability of your business that you charge what your service or product is worth. Then it will take a shorter time to see profits. If you undercharge then making a profit takes a lot longer and much more effort. Price right the first time so that you are meeting your expenses and have money for savings or reinvesting. Charging the right price will set your business in motion and head on the right path.

Basic Keys to Understand Real Estate Contract

Real estate contract is a legal agreement that involves the transfer of title and ownership of a property from one person to another. It involves two parties, one offering to sell his property and the other one who accepts to buy. The date of transfer of title is fixed and so is the value of the property. Also, the mode of payment and all the detailed terms and conditions are added to the contract with requisite evidences.

Real Estate contracts can be complex but the extent of terms involved depends on the nature of the transaction under consideration. If the property is purchased in return for the entire sale price paid at once during the execution of the transfer of ownership, then the contract would be invariably simple in its context. And apart from verification of the source of finance, the seller need not be concerned with any other formalities. To this end, the buyer is required to produce a bank verification note or copy of statements. Entering the contract and closing of the transaction takes place at the same time. Under such purchase contracts, where the entire price of the property is paid for and settled by the buyer, understanding the entire transaction in terms of documentation does not account for much of an issue.

However, only about 20 percent of the real estate transactions are of such nature. Most of the contracts involve some or the other kind of contingency that eventually leads to the closing of the transaction. Real estate contracts are signed by the parties to be closed on a particular date on which the buyer settles his obligation by paying off the sale price. The buyer may borrow the amount from a bank or a private financer. Most of the times it turns out to be a mortgage agreement. In such cases, the buyer arranges for the loan once the real estate contract is secured. And on the basis of this contract the buyer avails for a loan. The whole procedure might take 30 to 45 days in usual cases. Such a contract might contain extensive clauses and terms and understanding each of them is quite essential. In some cases the buyers may also agree to pay in parts. Thus, a transaction can have many variations and the contract is flexed to suit the needs of both the seller and the buyer. Nevertheless, more than the buyer the seller is required to understand the contract and its ingredients in their complete significance.

Reading the contract prepared for the transaction is the key step towards learning the conditions indicated therein. Many of them just skim through the statements because legal jargon and phrases might often seem quite cumbersome for an unprofessional individual. This sort of negligence can land up either of the parties in trouble in case of an untoward turn of events. Sometimes one might have to reread the contract in order to understand it thoroughly. If you are selling through a middleman, then you can discuss the meaning of the clauses with your agent. Anyhow, before putting your signature, verifying whatever you understood from your contract is very essential.

Different Food Storage Containers for Use

One of the best ways to keep your food well-preserved and stored is by using food storage containers that are available. Food containers are more suited since they offer you the capability of simply taking and placing small amounts of food stuffs in either air tight or close lid containers. These storage containers are quite important in the day-to-day storage and movement of food, around the home and on the road.

With food storage containers, you have more options as to how you will get to handle your food. Let us look at the different situations that you can get to use these containers:

• Storage of perishable foods in refrigerators.

• For keeping food fresh for longer i.e.in the case of, things like bread and cheese that do not require immediate refrigeration.

• For packing food and snacks to carry to work or even on a picnic.

• To store cereals and grains in, for longer life span.

These are some of the main things that food storage containers do and handle around your kitchen and home. These storage containers come in many different forms. These forms can either be; Plastic, Glass or Metal.

Each may have more specific uses, but all of them are for the same task and that is the best way to keep your stuff fresh for longer. That is why as you look at buying some of the food storage containers, it is fundamental to know which ones that you are going to require having the best storage capabilities. These containers can be found quite easily and efficiently in many different stores and online sites. They are conveniently priced offering you a better chance of getting as many as you want for your food storage needs.

Let’s have a look at the main storage containers available for use:

Plastic food storage containers

The most common food storage containers are the plastic containers. These containers are easily found and much cheaper to acquire, compared to the other two options. The great thing about plastic containers is that they come with a very wide variety of makes, shapes and sizes for your storage purposes. One more thing about these plastic containers, is that they are easy to clean, use and store, with or without food. There are options where you are offered sets to buy with several pieces for one price.

Glass containers

These are some of the best food storage containers that you can go for. They are rather pricey, but on the flip side, offer you much more in terms of cold storage of foods. Another great thing just like the plastic containers, these containers can be offered as air tight and have a longer food freshness life span than with the plastics. Though that is for longer term storage, which is quite hard to do most of the time.

Metal food containers

These are quite hard to come across nowadays, but they do exist and are great for storing of dry foods like cereals and grains. Provided they are stored in a clean and dry area, these containers can hold your food and keep it fresh for long and without any problems. These metal containers are also great for storing up confectioneries like cookies and biscuits for people to nibble.

With the above options, you can get different food containers for a better storage and handling of your food stuff without much of a hassle. These products can be found like mentioned earlier, in different shopping sites either online or normal supply stores around you. It is important though to get the best containers that will suite your every need.

Five Strategies for Effective Working of an Air Conditioner

Extending the lifespan of a human body and the serviceability of a machine may comparatively be the same in certain points. For one, they must not be overworked. Each one has its maximum level of efficiency. Once these bodies, whether human or machine, reach their maximum optimum level of performance, the tendency is to experience a decrease in their effective levels of performance. In such case, the human body might get sick while the machine may wear and tear and experience a sudden break down in the process. If this happens, both ways are to the disadvantage of the other. Why? If humans get sick, then no one will operate the machine. On the other hand, if the machine breaks down, humans will have no machine to operate. Sometimes people neglect things. Aside from neglecting their health, they also neglect the proper operation of machines they use. There are cases where machines are to operate for prolonged periods of time. This contributes to the early “wear and tear” of machines. For purposes of this discussion, this article opts to focus more about maintaining the serviceability of machines particularly the air conditioner. You may have purchased your ac unit for a good deal price. This time you desire to maximize its length of serviceability. So here are some tips to do it.

Understanding the Working of An Air Conditioner (AC)

If you need to know how your body works, then it is also equally important to have an understanding of how your air conditioner operates. In short, it is important to know the working of an air conditioner. First, there are three basic parts of an AC unit: the air conditioner compressor, its condenser and an evaporator. The air conditioner compressor squeezes the cool Freon gas causing it to become the hot, high-pressured Freon gas. The role of the Freon may be contrasted to the gasoline as the fuel of a car that flows around the ducts to make its engine start. In the same way, Freon gas works almost the same way. As hot gas, it circulates through a set of coils to disperse its heat. Then it condenses into a liquid. From its liquid state, it runs to another passageway ending up in the evaporator. Here, the liquid evaporates and transforms into the cold, low-pressure Freon gas. While another vent in the unit sucks the hot air from the room, another vent releases the converted cool air gas and replaces the hot air in the room. This is now the cool air that is blown to cool the inside of the room or house. This process goes on continuously until the room, the house or the entire building attains the coolness of temperature that has been set in the thermostat.

Tips to Extend the Serviceability of Your AC Unit

1. Replace Dirty Filters

Owners must monitor the ac unit’s filters. Once you notice that the filters are dirty, you must replace them immediately with new ones. You can purchase new filters in advance for future use. This is a well recommended proactive move in anticipation for instances when supermarkets or stores in your area sometimes run out of supply of filters.

2. Keep Area Around Your Unit Clear of Debris

Your AC unit must be cleared of any kind of debris like plants. It is a general rule to have a clearance of 1 meter on all four sides of the central air cooling unit and at least 3-6 feet clearance on the top as well as on its side inclusive of the fan.

3. Keep Condensing Unit Clean

Check your condensing unit once or twice a month or whenever you see it clogged. You should have it cleared from all kinds of debris. This is also to ensure that clean air will be circulated by your ac unit into your house.

4. Get a Regular Maintenance and Repair Service Plan

Just like having a check-up once a year with your doctor, your ac unit also needs a regular check up to maintain its high cooling performance. Once a year or every six months check up of the unit will do.

5. Use the Unit Only When Needed

It is best to economize the use of your unit. Use it only when needed. This will surely extend the serviceability and high performance level of your ac unit. It will also save you energy if the motor is not forced to work hard. In effect, saving on energy will also create savings on your pocket.

Additional to the five tips, it is also important to keep any readily available Toronto Air Conditioner Repair company that will be able to assist you whenever you need them anytime within 24 hours, 7 days a week.

Windows Media Video Compression Using Adobe Premiere Pro

I’ve written this tutorial for anyone who uses adobe premiere pro and wants to find out the best way to compress a video using “Windows Media Video”.

I cover things like what bitrate to use with what resolution and frame rate as well as what a few of the different settings do and mean. Find out for yourself and take a read…

(not you will need to copy and paste image url’s in to your browser)

Getting to Adobe Media Encoder

1. Render all unrendered footage if you haven’t done so already in premiere pro

2. Now go, File >> Export >> Adobe Media Encoder

3. Select “Windows Media” from the format drop down list

4. Then, from the preset drop down list, select something like “WMV9 720 25p” (doesn’t really matter what you choose)

Video Settings

1. Select “Video” on the left hand side of the Adobe Media Encoder

2. Under Video, make sure…

  • Select “Windows Media Video 9” as the codec
  • Leave “Allow Interlaced Processing” Unticked
  • Under Bitrate Settings, Select “Two” encoding passes and make sure the mode is “Variable Constrained”. This offers way better results compared to a single encoding pass

Image: fullvoltage.com.au/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=333.0;id=29;image

Audio Settings

1. Select “Audio” on the left hand side of the Adobe Media Encoder

2. Under Audio, make sure…

  • Select “Windows Media Audio 9.1” as the audio codec
  • Under Bitrate Settings, Select “Two” encoding passes and make sure the mode is “Constant”. This will make sure the audio quality stays the same the whole way through the video

Image: fullvoltage.com.au/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=333.0;id=30;image

Audience Settings

1. Select “Audiences” on the left hand side of the Adobe Media Encoder

2. Audiences is the most important part as this is where you actually set the quality and the file size

3. Now, select your desired frame rate, it’s usually best to keep it at its original level. But, say you’re original level is 50 frames a second, reduce it to 25. If you’re going for a really small file, then you’d want to bring your fps down to 20 or 15, but 25 will always enhance the footage as it will appear a lot smoother.

4. For Pixel Aspect Ratio, set it to however you’re original footage is set. If you’re editing footage shot on the computer, then square pixels will give you the best results.

5. Frame Width and Frame Height is a big factor for when considering image quality with file size. You kind of need to match them both up. In theory, for simple scenes like a close up of a human face “1 bit” per 200 pixels will offer good results,you may even want to try 250 pixels per bit. But with a more complex scene which includes maybe scenery and shrubs or a fast action video.etc, you’d want to aim around “1 bit” per 100 pixels (no where over 140 pixels per bit). To work this out, simply look at all the scenes in your video. If your scenes vary a lot in terms of colour and complexity, then you want lesser pixels per bit, this will increase file size (or reduce image size) but will offer way better results otherwise. On the other hand, if you’re video contains long interviews with a still background. Then the compressor will be able to produce good results with a high pixel per bit rate.

6. Now, moving down to the basic audio settings, if you’re video contains a lot of sound and the sound is really important in the video. Then you wont want to go under 96kb/s, but I usually prefer to use 160kb/s or 128kb/s as if you compare the 160kb/s bitrate of the audio to the say 5000 bitrate of the video, you can see that the audio isn’t going to effect file size much in this case. The higher your video bitrate, the lesser the impact the audio will have on the filesize. Use CBR audio, not (A/V) CBR audio. Use stereo if your sound differs from channel to channel (most music does).

7. Back to the Video now, Set Decoder Complexity to Auto

8. For key frame interval, if you have a high action video with complex scenes, set this to about 1 or 2. On the other hand, if you have not so complex scenes like an interview with a still background, then you can raise this up to about 10.

9. Leave buffer size as default

10. Now, here is the good bit. Because earlier on, we set a Video Encoding mode to a Two pass encode with a variable but constrained bitrate. This means we can now give a maximum and average bitrate. It will use the maximum bitrate in the more complex scenes and will use the average bitrate for normal scenes. Now, setting your bitrate is important. This is basically, where we shove all our resolution and other data, in to a tightly packaged file. If you package your file to tight, bits of data start oozing out the corners which is why it’s important to package your video tight, but not too tight. Let’s say we have a rather complex video which is fairly fast paced with lots of different colours and scenes. We set our resolution to 1024×768 with a frame rate of 25 and we want excellent quality, but a small file size.

Ok, let’s put what we learnt in to play. Ok, 1024 multiplied by 768 gives us 786000 pixels. That means that every single frame will contain 786000 pixels. If our video is running at 25fps, that’s 19.2 million pixels a second. The way compressors work, is they look for similarities across multiple frames and they try and share the data. Sometimes, when you set the bitrate too low, it just can’t deal with that data so it needs to throw away some pixels. The lower the bitrate, the more pixels get thrown around or ripped up.

11. Now, we need to set the bitrate. So, seeing our scene is fairly complex, and we want good quality, I think 130 pixels per bit will be fine. So, lets divide 786000 by 130. This gives us 6040 bits. So, 6000 bits a second is what we need. We’ll set 6000 as the peak and 5000 as the average. Now, 5000 bits a second will produce a fairly large file in terms of the internet, but remember, we are using a resolution of 1024×768 which is very big in terms of the net, but we want viewers to see “all” the work we have put in to it.

12. Now, once the bitrate is set, we have our buffer size, the larger your bit rate, the larger you want your buffer size. In this case, a buffer of 20/25 will be fine (buffer usually doesn’t effect anything).

Image: fullvoltage.com.au/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=333.0;id=31;image

Saving

1. Now, save the preset buy hitting the floppy disk icon up the top of the Adobe Encoder Window. But, before you do that, place a comment for the preset if you want.

2. Now, hit OK at the bottom of the window which will then prompt you for a location to save it. It will also give an estimated file size based on your video length and you’re peak data rate (for both the video and audio). But seeing we are using a variable bit rate, this estimate is usually higher than the end result.

3. Let it render out, then enjoy.

Tips

  • It’s usually good to set your work area to a length of 5 seconds over a complex part of your video, that way, you can do test renders to find the best bit rate
  • If you get errors while exporting and you use a hyperthreading processor or a dual core processor, visit this site to fix the problem. If you don’t get this problem, it may still be a good idea to visit the site and get the new adobe media encoder.

    [http://www.adobe.com/support/techdocs/330380.html]

I hope you learnt something from this tutorial Smiley

Cheers!

[http://www.fullvoltage.com.au]

19th Century Antique Wall Clocks

How to Spot a Valuable Antique

As far as 19th century antique wall clocks are concerned, the best known maker is Seth Thomas who started his business in 1813 manufacturing wooden gear clocks. By the 1850’s brass was being used in the mass-production of clocks. These days antique wall clocks made by Willard, Ingraham, Ansonia and of course, Seth Thomas clocks are all of interest to collectors. One type of wall clock to look out for is the Willard banjo- shaped wall clock. A banjo clock made by Willard or his descendants who carried on the business is a very valuable item in the current market.

If you’re looking at an antique wall clock in a wood case, check that it has its original finish. The dial also needs to be in good condition. If it’s a paper dial it shouldn’t have any abrasions or be dark and stained. Porcelain dials shouldn’t have any chips or cracks. Always inspect the case and the dial carefully before you buy an antique wall clock.

To check if the clock mechanism is any good give the pendulum a little push and see if it runs. If it runs for about 5 minutes and then stops, it probably only needs a normal service. But if you push the pendulum of an antique wall clock and don’t hear any ticking sound, it’s got a broken spring. When the powerful spring breaks it usually damages other gears and shafts and gear teeth get sheared off. This means that the clock would be very expensive to repair.

Another trick to check if the clock mechanism is in good condition is to advance the hands to the hour and if it strikes, even if it sounds a bit slow, this means that it’s worth repairing. So listen for ticking and striking to check the condition of the movement.

Dating of 19th century antique wall clocks can be made by looking at catalogue reprints starting from the 1850’s – 1930’s. If your clock is in the catalogue you have a good idea of when it was made. However, with some popular timepieces that were made for decades it can be difficult to pin down the exact year it was produced.

The ‘schoolhouse’ d, also known as the drop octagon wall clock, is an example of this but when you look at the movement you might see a patent date. That can give you the earliest date that a particular clock was manufactured, but even that’s not certain. Sometimes the patent dates were stamped in the mechanisms for twenty years after the patent was granted.

Another thing to look out for when you’re inspecting a clock is what is called a ‘marriage’, where the movement doesn’t match the case. This will greatly reduce the value of the object. If you look at the case at the back where the movement is mounted and there is a set of holes that isn’t being used, that’s a tell-tale sign that there’s a mismatch. Another easy way to check for a ‘marriage’ is to check all the trademarks ‘ components. The dial, the mechanism and the pendulum weight often all have a trademark and you can check to see if they match or not. If a pendulum weight isn’t original, it doesn’t really affect the price, but if the movement isn’t original then the value of the antique wall clock will be much lower.

Trends in collecting antique wall clocks go up and down all the time, so it’s impossible to say which are the best clocks to acquire. Ones with original pillar and scroll feet are very collectible mantel clocks which are fetching good prices at the moment. Collecting antique wall clocks is really more of a hobby than a business, but it can be a really interesting and rewarding pastime. I spend many a happy hour sorting through old clocks in junk shops and sometimes, if you have the knowledge to see it, you can find a very valuable antique!