Classification and Comparison of Wire Mesh Fence

Wire Mesh Fence is divided into: the railway fence, bridge fence, highway fence, sports fence, airport fence, etc. (use a very wide range).


(1). Dip silk: 3.5mm-8mm;

(2). Mesh: 60mm x 120mm around the bilateral wire;

(3). Maximum size: 2300mm x 3000mm;

(4). Column: 48mm x 2mm steel dip treatment;

(5). Annex: rain hat connection card anti-theft bolts;

(6). Connection: Card received.


1. Grid and concise structure make Bilateral Fence beautiful and practical;

2. Easy to transport, install the terrain without restriction;

3. Good adaptation to the mountain, slope, and more highly curved areas;

4. The price of Bilateral Fence was relatively low for large-scale use.


Road, railway, airport, residence district, stadium fenc,e residential fence, mining schools can use Bilateral Wire Fence


Wire: high quality steel wire.

Blades: galvanized steel.

Craft: hot dip galvanized – stamping.

Model: BTO-22 (other models can be ordered).

Volume diameter size: 25cm, 30cm, 40cm, 45cm, 55cm, 60cm, etc.


Barbed wire fence is a new safety product which has a good ability of protection, and isolation. It uses steel plate punching bag attached to the wire forming (stringless) above, use the sharp angular galvanized steel or stainless steel blade, made of high tension steel wire combination. Sharp knife stabbed by a two-button type, after installation, barbed wire fence looks like a snake, it is beautiful and chilling. Played a very good deterrent.


All countries around the world apply barbed wire fence to military, prisons, government offices, banks; living cell walls, private homes, villa’s walls, doors and windows, highway, rail fence and border security and other protection area.

Flat Sharing

What is a flat sharing/house Sharing?

Flat sharing is basically a household model in which a group of people either related or unrelated reside together. Here one has to pay for his living in a flat/house/room. Here people generally rent a room and share the bathroom and kitchen with other people who, too, live in the same flat.

Now if we consider the matter of related or unrelated people for flat sharing, there are few things to weigh and consider. This might happen that you can rent a flat to share together with people you already know or you can take a chance to share flat or house with people you do not know.

Here two things you might face. First is that you could get a great opportunity and massive life experience with different people. You might have an opportunity to get to know the new people, their ideas, their customs, behaviours, rituals etc. On the other hand, you might face problem to cope with them, for different people are driven by different diversity.

It is an increasingly popular household model extensively practiced in developed and developing countries. Consequently, a variety of economic and social changes have come to the world.

When you chose to live in a flat share you have to pay for the bills monthly, including or including your rent. Apart from your flat rent, this bill may include the maintenance charge, electric bill and water bill along with any organised fund for development.

Why do you choose to live in a flat share?

One of the advantageous factors concern to flat share is that it is cost-saving and highly economical. And more beneficial for long term stays. It gives you a chance to be more social responsible, more cultural and more knowledgeable. You will get a chance to share food, culture, information, idea and knowledge.

Who are fit to live in a flat share?

Though it is suitable for almost all kinds of people but people like students or young professional workers within 18-28 years of age are apt and well-fitted for this. The reason behind it is that young people become more adaptable to a newly environment. In comparison to the others this people are more flexible, tolerant and have the capacity to get settled with different atmosphere, different people belong to different culture, status and mentality.

With the changing pace of time more people are looking for share accommodations. Shared accommodation is now not only within students and young professionals’ demands but also people belong to different class and cluster is looking for the same.

Home Swapping 101 – The Benefits of Home Exchanges

Home exchanges (or home swaps) have been around for a very long time, but recently they have been made much easier with the popularity of exchange websites. If you’ve heard about this unique approach to vacation homes but aren’t sure if they’re for you, here’s some helpful information that will outline the four biggest benefits.

1. Save Money on Vacation Lodging

The cost factor is definitely important. This is probably the number-one reason for doing a home exchange instead of renting a hotel room. While swapping homes is not 100% free, the costs involved are negligible. There is a small membership fee that you will pay in order to look at listings and list your own home on a home exchange site. You’ll need to pay for your own food and other daily necessities of life, but most of those would be normal for any vacation, regardless of where you are staying.

2. A Unique Perspective on Your Destination

Another big draw for many people is seeing a different side of that place you’re in. While anyone can go to a new city and stay in the biggest hotel in the middle of the downtown area, not many people can stay in a home in a quiet neighborhood that is far removed from the daily business and tourist activities surrounding most hotels. If you are looking for a comfortable home atmosphere, there is no better way to get that than staying in an actual home.

3. The “Whole Package” Concept

If you decide to exchange cars along with houses, the benefits are even greater. Rental cars can be very expensive, and you can never be sure of what you will get — or even if your car will be ready when you try to pick it up. The luxury of having a car available to you with no rental charges is a very valuable part of the home exchange experience. Not everyone decides to do this, but it’s certainly worth asking your home swap partner if they would like to.

4. Living Another Life for a While

Finally, home exchange allows you to escape into another life for a while, if that’s your goal. Going to another part of the world, stepping into someone else’s home and their life, can really give you a new perspective on things. Whether you are escaping from a stressful job or just need a break from things, there is nothing better than exploring new surroundings — nothing, that is, other than being greeted at the end of the day by a warm and comfortable house that is much more inviting than an impersonal hotel room.

This unique approach to vacationing is certainly not for everyone. Some people enjoy the full-service atmosphere of a hotel. But more often these days, travelers are looking for a more personal place to stay when they are away from home. When you have a warm, friendly, private place to go to at the end of the day, it makes your entire vacation feel more relaxed. Knowing that your home is providing the same type of experience for someone else is just icing on the cake.

Concerns While Choosing a Luxury Commercial Apartment

Luxury and convenience are the two most important factors that you should keep in mind while you analyze a residential or a commercial apartment. Nowadays, most of the people want to work in a homely atmosphere. Working and staying in comfort have now become quite easier with the available corporate yet residential apartments.

When the word “luxury” comes in mind, you generally visualize the interior space and the decoration. While you are selecting a corporate housing, you should look for several aspects that are essential to make your stay comfortable and hassle-free. Here are some concerns that help you to purchase a commercial apartment.

Consider The Geographical Location:

A good location always affects your lifestyle. Thus, you should select a place which is near to the main city yet away from the noises and chaos. If you have long-term plans for staying in that place, it is better to check the surrounding area and know about the climate, as well. Working always requires a peaceful surrounding. You can also choose a place near the sea beach to experience the nature.

The Exterior and Interior Infrastructure:

After selecting the site, your next concern is infrastructure. Commercial apartments with two-three rooms are best. Each of the flats should have a balcony to enjoy leisure times with the family. Private BBQ and pool area is important to relax with the friends. When you are evaluating the interior of the rooms, you should the check the gap between the ceiling and the floors. The floor-to-ceiling height is always an important factor to consider.

Safety and Security Measures:

After checking the infrastructure, you should look for the security features of the building. Security always stands a primary concern for the people living in the apartments. Each of the apartments should have a separate security system and a locked storage shed. There should be CCTV at each turning of the building for safety purpose.

Kitchen Area and Entertainment Facilities:

If you are planning for long-term stay, then the commercial housing should have a kitchen with latest appliances. You can cook your favorite food in your own kitchen. You do not have to waste time in purchasing food from restaurants. Cooking becomes easier and comfortable when you have all the appliances in your kitchen. At last, you should look for the entertainment facilities. There should be HD television and music systems inside the living rooms to make your stay luxurious.

These are a few considerations you should look in a commercial accommodation. The interior decoration also matters. You will feel comfortable if there are couches, luxury beds and sofa sets inside your living rooms. Start looking for a commercial housing with luxurious facilities to stay like a king.

Sandblasting Stained Glass

Stained glass is actually a false name for a kind of art encompassing many various ways of decorating glass for window panes, mirrors, lamps or other projects. Stained glass may well be made from many pieces of colored glass cut into a design and soldered together with lead or copper cames (metal strips). It could be painted, etched, actually stained with various metal oxides or even sandblasted. Sandblasting is a fascinating way to include texture and interest to your stained glass art project. As opposed to adding colored, sandblasting gives a unique frosted or abraded look. This can be used as a decorative “frame” for your stained glass project before painting and setting it in the kiln, or you can generate the entire design through sandblasting alone.

Sandblasting equipment can be rather high priced, so you will most likely would like to borrow or rent the equipment. You might think about paying a professional to sandblast your prepared design. Be willing to make several calls and be clear about what you would love to have done. You will be charged a set fee per square foot of the glass project.

There are four basic elements to the sandblasting unit. The sandblasting unit fits an air compressor that act as the motor of the unit and provides compressed air to the sand mixing unit. This highly pressurized sand is then forced through a soft tube into a sealed compartment where it is forced through a nozzle. You will do the sandblasting through a set of long rubber gloves that extend within the unit where you are able to move your stained glass project around and control the nozzle during sandblasting.

You will need to create your pattern on a special type of removable backed adhesive paper called “transparent resist”. You may likewise try regular contact paper, but it is not as robust or easy to employ for your stained glass project as the resist. Draw your design on the transparent resist paper with a pencil.

Don’t forget that the cut out portions will be the frosted design on your glass project. Be create, try out different furrows and shapes. When you’re happy with your design you should tape it to your cutting mat and cut it out carefully using a craft or razor knife. Next, gently remove the paper backing and roll the resist or get hold of paper unto your piece of glass smoothing it out as you go along. Be careful not to leave any air pockets or lifted edges where sand might get into and foil your design.

Follow the manufacturer’s directions for sandblasting (if you are renting the bits and pieces, otherwise drop it off to the studio and wait for the dramatic results). Carefully peal off the transparent resist and viola, a beautiful piece of stained glass art! You are now ready to apply stained glass paint and fire the piece in a kiln if that is what your design demands; otherwise your stained glass project is ready for framing or hanging.

Stained glass artwork is a satisfying hobby that not simply provides hours of enjoyment, but also creates attractive accents for your property, or gifts for loved ones that will bring pleasure for years to come.

Sinus Pressure and Drainage – An Herb That Can Help You

For millennia herbs have been used by many civilizations as the gold standard for healing. In the Americas, aside from the native citizens and a few others, herbs have not yet been widely accepted. Once considered by many as just part of native folklore this perception, however, is rapidly changing. For instance, take Germany and their Commission E report. A number of years ago this first rate nation’s government, recognizing the medicinal and healing potential some herbs could offer, set up Commission E, as it is commonly known, to study herbs in that context. This study group used the “scientific approach” in discharging its responsibilities. Several years later The Commission E Monographs came into being, but of course, they were in German. Not long afterward, however, they were translated into English and I had the opportunity and joy of acquiring a copy shortly thereafter. The entity behind this English version is the American Botanical Council, of Austin, Texas.

I am going to be dealing in this article with just one herb which I have used for a number of years to treat some of my own sinus problems, and still do so today at the first sign that one of them would like to show again its ugly face. First a caveat: Please, remember this when using herbs:

  • Herbs lose their medicinal effect in about 2 weeks after you begin to use them. Stop for a couple of weeks and then you can restart
  • Do not buy herbs with a dated shelf life expiring in less than a year
  • Buy “standardized” herbs, whenever possible. The label should say so The one herb that perhaps is one of the most significant is going to, very likely,surprise you. This is what my regular doctor, an MD, told me once: “It is the most important of all herbs.” And with this short preface, please, allow me to introduce you to: Garlic.

That’s right. I didn’t make a mistake. It’s garlic, but not presented to you as a savory, very pungent, tongue biting cooking herb, but as a medicinal herb. I have studied and used it for years and the more I do the more amazed I am at its healing properties. Let me give you a quick starter–which falls a bit beyond the scope of this article:

  • It has a powerful anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory effect
  • Lowers high blood pressure
  • Kills cold and flu germs
  • Helps prevent heart attacks
  • Fights: anemia, diabetes, hypoglycemia, acne, constipation, cancer
  • Gives strong support to the immune system
  • It’s nature’s “antibiotic” of sorts  

It is the last two properties of garlic that would be of interest to you–baring, of course, that you may have other ailments that may be included in the above list, in which case the lowly and pungent bulb could even be of more interest to you. Whether you have a tendency to sinusitis, or sinus pressure, congestion, drainage, sinus headaches, sinus infection, especially the latter, it can help you prevent a serious infection or stop one that has just started. Garlic, to be effective as a sinus infection fighter or preventer, must be used at the very outset of the suspected infection. If one waits to see what is going to happen before using it, then it could be too late. Since there are no side effects involved–save the peculiar odor–it’s best to go for it since the cost, etc., more than outweighs the potential benefits. By the way, the odor factor can be neutralized by chewing and eating some parsley sprigs.

The active ingredient in garlic is allicin. It is not produced unless the cloves are crushed or minced. Now a days it is possible to buy allicin by itself from almost any purveyor of herbs or at a health foods store. I buy mine through the internet, it’s substantially cheaper that way.

Do your own research about this lowly, but powerful healing bulb and you, too, may become amazed and a regular user.

Drain Cleaning Tactics And Options

What better way to start the New Year than with clean drains! Okay…maybe you can think of a few better ways to start off the New Year, but as a plumber, we want to make sure you know about your drain cleaning options. Preventative drain maintenance is a great way to save money and reduce stress. When you schedule a routine drain cleaning, you are greatly reducing the chance that you’ll find yourself in a situation of having an emergency drain problem (like when you’re just about the leave for vacation or having guests over for the weekend!). You have several options to ensure that you get that peace of mind:


Drain snaking is a simple, yet effective way to provide drain cleaning. San Diego residents can benefit from the use of a specialized cable (the snaking technique) which will effectively clear through most two inch and four inch drains to clear the obstructions in your sewer lines. Many places even offer packages include snaking of all your two-inch drains within your home, as well as your four-inch main line.


Using the high-pressure water system, hydro jetting is extremely effective in removing debris (including roots and grease) from your drain lines and providing you with the very best in drain cleaning. San Diego residents know the results of hydro-jetting lasts longer and also carry a longer warranty. Using hydro jetting on your 2-inch drain lines, specifically on your kitchen drain, is ideal in removing that stubborn grease that builds up in the line over time. Hydro jetting utilizes specialized nozzles powered by water up to 3,000 PSI to thoroughly clean drain lines. Specialized tools are also used to restore your drain line to its original diameter.

Sewer Camera Inspections

For those stubborn San Diego drain-cleaning issues that keep happening to your sewer line, you can schedule a sewer camera inspection to find out exactly what is causing the issue and where that issue is. Technology exists to pinpoint exactly where the problem is so that you can receive an estimate to repair that issue immediately.

Epoxy Sewer Lining

Also known as “drain-lining” this trench free technology is the most effective way to make sure your San Diego drain cleaning service works well and your sewer lines do not continue to cause you problems. Using the sewer camera, your San Diego drain cleaning technician will first inspect the line to evaluate the drain system, properly diagnose the problem and offer you options for a permanent solution. After using specialized tools to restore the sewer line, a felt liner saturated with an epoxy mixture is placed into the exact location needed to make the pipe repair. The liner (or bladder) is inflated, creating a pipe inside of a pipe. Once the epoxy is cured, the bladder is removed and your new pipe is ready to use.

What’s Good About a Bosch Drill?

A drill has always been part of a worker’s life. You may be a hardworking contractor but if the tools aren’t perfectly doing their job, you’ll end up having muscle strain, injury or the end result of what you’re working on is not what you expected. Among all the drills distributed in the market these days, Bosch drill is the brand that maintains top-notch performance. It’s powerful, it has great features, light in its weight and most of all it is amazingly durable for long periods of use. It’s simply perfect for your tough drilling jobs!

Why choose Bosch among other competing brands? Here are the reasons:

1. Tracing back history, Bosch already established their reputation of creating high quality tools-ranging from drill drivers to hammer drills with varying features and use. Since 1932, the company already thrived and the name isn’t uncommon for the working population. So you’ll never worry on wasting your money over tools that easily break down and claims to be better when they’re not.

2. Bosch drill comes with a Durashield ™ casing that has tough yet flexible properties so even if you drop it on the ground for as high as ten feet or even at the rooftop, it will leave the inner parts untouched and you won’t even see cracks on its surface! The casing is made to resist strong blow impact so you don’t need to worry about repairs and additional cost to buy another one. It’s made to last long.

3. Do you feel yourself racing while you drill just to catch up with time and deadlines? When it comes to power, Bosch tools deliver excellently as they are made with “2 speed gear box” with a torque of 500in/lbs. So even if you won’t exert too much effort, it passes through the hard wood smooth and easy. You’ll be working fast and of course, you won’t feel weak and tired after completing your project.

4. It doesn’t matter even if you forget to charge your batteries especially if your schedule demands you to move fast. Bosch has recently integrated Blue Core Battery ™ that has its own cooling system and energy reservation of up to 50%. The performance of the battery is consistently exceptional-you can work for longer hours without frequently charging and the charging time has been cut into half (30 minutes). Even if you store it in warm areas, it doesn’t lose its energy.

Timber Decking Kits – An Introduction

Timber Decking

Decking has witnessed increased interest from the home DIYer of late, due in part to it’s relatively low cost and simple instruction. A well designed deck can provide your garden with a thoroughly practical, usable space, which is both easy on the wallet and aesthetically pleasing.

The process for constructing a garden deck is actually quite straightforward. In fact, almost any home DIYer or practically-minded individual should be able to construct a basic patio deck with just a few hand tools and a set of instructions.

The process begins with the preparation of the floor space within the garden where you wish the deck to be constructed. The first job is usually to remove unwanted plant life and weeds, plus and rocks or other obstructive elements found on or near the surface.

The next step in constructing the garden deck us to lie down a weed membrane fabric to help stop plant life growing from underneath the deck once it has been completed. Use steel ground hooks to secure it.

Now we’ll look at sourcing the timbers for your decking kit. One must always ensure that ethically sourced timbers are used wherever possible. There are a huge number of ethically-managed forests out there, so check with your supplier before purchasing. Most deck boards are constructed from softwood – Scandinavian Pine in the majority of cases – although some are made from Balau Hardwood. Board widths tend to vary a little between suppliers, most are between 9cm and 15cm, with 12cm being the most common. Many are grooved on both sides, giving the DIYer the choice of either 4 or 7 grooves, sometimes more. The grooves are important, as they will provide much-needed grip in wet weather.

Once the timber has been sourced, we may begin the construction process by assembling the joist frame. C16 grade timbers are most common, and are used in conjunction with metal post anchors in a lot of cases. With the subframe timbers in place, fixing them together will create a solid, long lasting base onto which the actual deck boards may be fixed. In many cases it is wise to allow around 0.6cm between each of the boards so that the wood can expand and contract according to the prevailing weather conditions.

If you wish to install a handrail, you’ll probably wish to use either metal spikes or a bolt down metal brace to hold the vertical posts (called Newels) in place. The overall cost may increase through the use of a handrail system, but the aesthetic value added is immense – they really do look the part. There are a number of cheap decking supplies in the UK, although not all can cater for this type of deck.

Similarly, you may wish to raise the deck above ground, depending on the ground underneath. For sloping landscapes, a raised timber deck kit will help create a flat, usable and easy-on-the-eye solution to uneven ground. It will also do this at a far lower cost than many alternatives such as block paving.

Finally, with the deck complete, be sure to treat all the deck boards with a high quality stain (Sadolin is a very good product). You will also need to oil the deck on a regular basis, particularly any sawn ends, to prevent rot.

Building in Toolbox Features With a Lumber Rack

Making sure that you are fully equipped with your pickup truck not only include a basic toolbox, but should also add in a lumber rack. This can help you to carry the larger items and can provide you with a different set of options for your tools. Knowing the different types of lumber racks for easier hauling on your pick up truck and adding in the specific components that can help you to get a custom fit for carrying can then lead you to different options for hauling, carrying and enjoying the most out of a mobile toolbox.

The first set of characteristics to look for in a lumber rack is based on specific builds that are divided according to where you want to place your toolbox. For instance, a top mounted option is available for those that want to have the placement in the back carrying area. With this, you will be able to carry larger tools and can combine this with larger areas that are able to provide compartments for different tools. You can also mount a lumber rack on the side or as a crossover. The side option will usually be smaller for your tools and the crossover is used specifically for pickup trucks that come with a cover, meaning you won’t have to bolt or screw in the rack to the side of the truck.

Along with these components of a lumber rack are different materials that are used for the best use. Plastic is one of the most popular options, especially with thicker and more durable options. You can also find aluminum, which can provide more durability and a stronger option for carrying devices. You can also look into steel, which will provide options for heavier use for your tools and are often available specifically for professionals.

Top 10 Popular Board Games of 2009 – Our Pick

A classic entertainment filled with fun, leisure and family activity is rooted with the top  board  games in the world. These  board  games have been introduced and experienced over the past 8000 years. Earlier  board  games were mostly played in live sessions where players competed by sitting opposite each other. Now the online industry has given us a comfortable platform for  board  game lovers to play and enjoy competitions on various online sites.

Everyone who plays a  board  game has memories tied up while they are experiencing their next game. Players try out the latest  board  games introduced every year along with the existing ones. Hence each year ends with a list of the most popular and the most dis-liked  board  games played in live sessions and also in the online world. Below is the list and explanation of the top 10 popular  board  games of the year 2009. Take a look!


By its original format it is known as “Cluedo”, a United Kingdom version published in 1949. This game is based on speculation, presumption and guessing techniques that the player must posses. As the game of Clue has a fun-filled format and encourages social interaction, it’s become a favourite one for adults and kids. Everyone knows the story of this game to do with the rooms and weapons. But what makes it more interesting is guessing aspect that heightens the worry and raises the stakes for players. Many variations have been introduced now, including editions for kids and in many language versions.


Monopoly has certainly existed and thrived as the most popular  board  game in the commercial industry. Almost for 100 years this game has been initiated in many forms. Though monopoly is an over-hyped game and is well-known among the modern  board  games, it is still given less valued. The experience gets monotonous while playing because most people are not aware of the rules and hence play on wrong terms. But there is a solid game here involving some basic economics.

Players try out the various novelty incarnations (Simpsons-opoly, University of Texas-opoly, etc). The old-school Monopoly, the basic introductory version, that you played in early times features the infamous paper money and is the version that reigns best over all other commercial games.


The Game of Life was invented in 1861 and it was released by Milton Bradley that year. Players proceed in the game of life by rotating a wheel and following different tracks and taking serious decisions while they are on their way. Even this year the game has achieved enough fame as it includes fun activities. You enjoy growing up, adding kids and jobs and cash. This is indeed one of the older American  board  games still played. New rules and new careers to practice are included in the Updated versions. This is based loosely on the classic Parchisi game from India like a slide and pursuit game. The game also includes aspects of card games and capture games – the rules are simple to follow and players of all ages can participate.


Chess is a global happening that continues to challenge players world-wide and it stands as an all-time holder for  board  games. On a global scale, chess is the only well-known and most-played game of chess than any other game. It involves factors like complexity, strategy, planning, and easy to play steps. You don’t even need a  board  and characters, but just a pencil and paper and that keeps the game special and the most wanted one till date. The rules of Chess have always been evolving from the 7th century until today. But it’s still a wonderful game that drives players from all over the world.


The game can be enjoyed by two or four players who participate by forming words on a  board  type like crossword puzzle. The best-known and most popular word game, Scrabble has an extreme following of wordsmiths – you know those people quick to correct your usage and grammar on the bus. More vague letters and words lead to higher point score. Some players study Scrabble, the most popular word game in the world, like Garry Kasparov studies Chess. The Deluxe version has many features including a  board  that spins and holds letters in place.


The  board  game Checkers is also known as Draughts and dates back to at least the sixteenth century. Just like chess and other accepted games, there are tournaments in checkers that’s played on national and worldwide basis, and popular culture has fully embraced this game of “capture”. Considered “the poor man’s chess”, checkers is almost as tough and famous as chess, and the variations have been listed in books and websites for years.


Stratego makes the players to control a large number of pieces representing the soldiers and officers of rival armies. This can be defined as a classic war strategy game. Organize your troops in a way that safeguard your flag while giving you a chance to capture your opponent’s flag. This game is an adaptation of an ancient Chinese chess variant, called “Animal Chess”. The game involves steps like misleading your opponent, a good deal of tricks, and strategy learned over time in order to win.


This game is based on the world during the period of Napoleon which is played by two to six players. This is a war strategy game invented by a French film director in 1957. The goal is to rule the world with your army by over taking countries through military might. Risk is another game known for eating up entire weekends and creating rivalries among friends. Many expansions exist, both official and unofficial, including a futuristic version called Risk: 2210 AD. An updated version of Risk, Risk 2210 AD improves the original by shortening the game (five turns), introducing underwater and space territories, and more. Powerful commanders and cards add new strategy.


Battleship is a simple game that has entertained players for decades. To understand it better and in a simpler form, the game of Battleship is based on guessing techniques. Much before the  board  version was introduced, which featured the classic back-to-back setup “cheat proof”; players used paper and pencil to submerge each other’s battleships with. The basic theme of naval combat was first published in 1931 and hasn’t lost fame. Two players furtively deploy their armadas and then try to destroy each other.

Trivial Pursuit

The classic trivia pursuit game is still a concoction party standard. Though most players these days have deserted the boring  board  setup in favor of a more simple trivia session, using the cards and not the game pieces. New versions of the game appear all the time, including anniversary and topic-specific editions.

Porch and Deck Collapse and Causes

Porches and decks are meant to be for relaxation and fun. When you think of heading out to the porch you probably think of putting together a nice bar-b-que with your family. Firing up the grill, adding the meat and the fixings and sitting back and taking in the beautiful day. Or perhaps your personal use of the porch is sitting in comfy deck chairs and watching the sun set with your best friend or lover. Unfortunately, sometimes these structures that are meant for relaxation and fun result in tragedy and loss.

Porches and decks can turn into deadly places to hang out when they collapse. Porch collapses happen all over the United States in a variety of different places. Serious injury or death can happen during porch/deck collapses at:

• Apartment buildings-this has been a particular problem with complexes that were built during the 1950s and 1960s when building codes were not as stringent and the methods for porch design were fairly new.

• Houses-a porch collapse can be a nightmare for both home owners or landlords who are then responsible for the collapse and injury of a renter.

• Office buildings-when office buildings have structures that collapse, the building owner can be held responsible for every injury that occurs.

• Public areas such as parks-huge porches are common in public parks where visitors will bar-b-que for fun with the family or for birthdays. These places have a particularly large risk of collapse as they will have many, many people use them throughout the day and are often fairly old as well.

The Main Causes of Porch Collapses

There are many reasons that tragedy can strike when people are enjoying a porch, balcony or deck. It is important to always be aware of the possibility for collapse. If you ever have a strange feeling about a porch, balcony or deck, take the safest route and simply avoid stepping onto it. It may be old or rickety. But the reason does not matter, you and your families’ safety does.

Some of the top reasons for collapse include:

• Poor design-this is often true if someone who does not know what they are doing builds the structure. A professional should always be hired when building a porch or deck.

• Over capacity

• Poor construction

• Failure to re-inspect

Contractor Web Design – Content Critical!

When a customer calls you to schedule an appointment for service, how do you “sell” them on your company. Do you use glossy handouts? Do you use your knowledge of your service to convince them to use you? Are you and your sales help just charismatic? Or do you build a relationship with them in order to earn their business? Or do you simply use a mix of all of the points above? If you’re like most  contractors , it’s probably a mix. When closing a sale as a  contractor , in most instances, you must draw on all of your options to sell the customer. It is the same when developing a  contractor  web design. You must gather a reasonable mix of flash, knowledge, expertise and past experience to convince your prospect to do business with you over your competitors. Even if you’re not a good writer, the benefit of developing your  contractor  web design around great content is of great importance. The content is what your prospects are looking for to make a solid buying decision before they even talk to a live human.

To accomplish this, you must first get your arms around what caused your prospects to do business with you offline. As above, is it because you’re a nice person or is it because they have confidence in your abilities because of the information you have shared with them. Let me save you some time thinking about the right answer to the question. There isn’t one answer! Every prospect is different than another. some prospects won’t do business with you unless they view you as a friend, others have to be given ALL of the information every created before making a decision to buy and still others will draw information out of you just for the sake of qualifying you as the company for them! So when developing a  contractor  web design, all of the different ways you sell your offline customers must be incorporated into your website.

The key to a successful “pre-selling”  contractor  web design is to engage the online viewer as completely ignorant of your business process. I don’t mean in a condescending way, but you will have as diverse a viewership on the web as you do in your everyday business, if not more diverse. So, in order to inform as completely as possible, you need to give more information than you ever dreamed to your online prospect. The concept quite simply is to give the most uninformed and the most informed equal amounts of solid information about your company, its processes and the services you provide.

For example, if you are a general  contractor  and your specialty is custom homes, how important would it be to tell your customers about the products that you use in the homes you build, that make them better than those of your competition. The reality is, the components that you use in your homes may in fact be the same exact ones your competition uses, but do you think your competitor is sharing this basic information with his prospects? Probably not! What this does is creates a relationship with your prospects and gives them illusion of superior quality that is exclusive when doing business with your company over your competitors. In a similar example, if you are a window and door  contractor  and you fill the voids between the window frame and the opening with foam insulation, do you think this is worthy to mention in your  contractor  web design? Absolutely! Again, just about all window and door replacements do it, but until you bring it to the attention of a prospect, it may go as unnoticed.

These are just a few very basic ways to differentiate your business from you competitors on the web. You see, when selling your business on the web, you don’t have the luxury of responding to questions you didn’t anticipate. on the web, you usually get one shot at sell your prospect. If you miss the most basic detail it may result in a significant drop in leads coming from your site. It is extremely important that from the most basic to the most complex questions be answered and the most specific, incidental detail be mentioned to fully inform your prospects on ALL of the reasons why the should do business with you instead of your competitor.

The level of detail and professionalism you share in your  contractor  web design, the higher the conversion rates will be in converting that prospect into a lead and ultimately closing the sale with them. In most properly designed  contractor  web sites, the sales cycle will be dramatically reduced because all of the information your prospect needs is available to them all day, every day, online. When developing a  contractor  web design, please remember that the more quality, relevant, usable content you have in your site, the better it will perform at the human level as well as the search engines.

Frontal Baldness Treatment

Frontal baldness is a type of baldness that commonly occurs in men. This type of baldness happens when the hair begins to fall out of the front of the scalp, near the forehead.

Frontal baldness is also called a receding hairline. This phrase was coined because the hair loss appeared as though the hair was sliding off towards the back of the head.

Sometimes frontal baldness in men starts on both sides of the forehead, rather than in the center of the scalp. In these cases, the hairline gradually recedes back further and further, usually reaching the crown of the head.

Thankfully, there are several treatments that can be used for frontal balding. Some of these treatments are prescription strength, while others can be found over the counter in your local pharmacy.

Propecia is one of the most common frontal baldness treatments. Many doctors prescribe it to help slow down the loss of hair in patients who have frontal baldness. Propecia comes in the form of a pill and is generally prescribed as a once-daily tablet to be taken with food or water.

Such treatments, like Propecia, have a fairly decent success rate. If your doctor diagnoses your frontal baldness problem early in the game, the Propecia can be extremely helpful in slowing down your hair loss before it gets too bad. Even more exciting is the fact that Propecia might even help new hair to re-grow where the old hair has already fallen out.

The biggest problem with frontal baldness treatments is that people expect a quick turnaround on their condition. This is not a reasonable expectation, though. Once you begin any type of frontal baldness treatment, you should expect to remain committed to that treatment. You should also expect to put in much time and effort before you will begin to see any results.

Land Values In Southeastern Montana


Land values in Southeastern Montana have appreciated significantly over the past 10-12 years. In 1999, a section of land (640 acres) with highway frontage, two wells, a small home, a few old outbuildings, timbered butte, pasture, and crop acreage sold for $45,000.00. In 2004, a bare section of land (640 acres) consisting mostly of grass, a small piece of tillable land, and well, sold for $95,000.00. In June of 2010, another bare section of land (640 acres) consisting of 300 acres in CRP with 2 years left on the contract and balance in grass, and windmill well, sold for $320,000. Yes, that is a cool 711% increase in land appreciation over 11 years time for smaller acreages. The first section sold was leased for ag production and no one lives in the home. The other two sections of land sold were to establish a rural residence, but are located in more remote areas several miles from asphalt.

Larger ranches that are utilized for livestock production have increased from 300-400% in this same time period. A large ranch consisting of over 15,000 acres sold in late 1990’s for $80/acre. Just recently that same property was sold again for $350/acre. Based on production, ranchland in this area has increased from $2000 per animal unit (AU), to some over $10,000 per AU.

Various factors have contributed to this increase of value for these operations. The most significant contributing factor has been the influence of 1031 exchanges as farmer/ranchers sold their smaller operations in Western Montana and the Midwest and Coastal regions and exchanged the value for larger acreages in the “last best place” – southeastern Montana.

Another subtle contributor to value during this period has been the value of big game hunting. Southeastern Montana is abundant in mule and whitetail deer as well as antelope, and provides for a high success rate for those wanting to bag a big buck. The area has many outfitters and guides that lease hunting rights from local ranchers which provides another income source to the ranch budget without any cash investment. Some hunters who came to hunt also decided to invest in the area.

Finally, better climate/moisture conditions and better livestock values have attracted producers to the area. Southeastern Montana is considered to be a semi-arid climate, with only 13-14 inches of rainfall annually and produces some of the best short grass prairie grasses known to livestock producers. Northern prairie grasses have a “punch” that puts a hard-sided gain on calves.

The area was hard hit in the mid to late 1980’s with drought. Coupled with low cattle prices and drought, many ranchers struggled to keep their places. Many were forced to sell their herds, and some had to liquidate part or all their land to satisfy lenders. More significantly, the heirs to these ranches that were graduating from high school during these hard times were encouraged to go to school or forced to leave home in search of a job, thereby disrupting generational takeover of operations.

Over the past five years, moisture conditions have improved significantly as well as livestock markets, providing for the most conducive environment to raise cattle and sheep on this rolling to undulated prairie.

Current Condition

After land values throughout the nation reportedly peaked in 2008, areas of Montana realized lower values in land along with the rest of the country. Those areas hardest hit were the Flathead Valley west of the Continental Divide, and the Bozeman area. Both areas were the most rapidly developing areas of Montana and the first to feel the economic downturn that the urban areas of the country experienced, with up to 40% decline in value on commercial, residential and speculative property. The balance of the state reported 0% to 20% depreciation in value.

Supported by a strong agricultural economy and less influence of artificially inflated values, ranch land came out on top for sustaining its value.

Currently, sales of ranches are slow to stagnant in eastern Montana. Buyers and sellers are currently in a “Mexican standoff” with Sellers unwilling to back off of their asking prices and Buyers unwilling to increase their offers. Working ranches are still being offered at $9,000 – $10,000 per animal unit (AU), however, buyers show little interest at those prices and most offers made are closer to $7,500 to $8,000 per AU.

Lenders play a more controlling role by imposing stricter lending criteria (see my comments on financing), making it more difficult to finance purchases. Influences by out-of-state 1031 exchanges are rare at the present time. Sales consisting of smaller tracts are being picked up by neighboring ranches and recent sales of large tracts of land from 20,000 to 100,000 acres, are being purchased by multiple member entities such as the LDS church and corporate operations based outside of the US that are looking for blocks of grazing for running large numbers of cattle. With some concern, this lends to the theory that cattle ranching may be evolving into the industrialized concept similar to what the swine industry experienced in the 90’s. Large corporations purchase the land and own the operations. Producers become employees, still carrying out the work and lifestyle, but with none of the risk and worry, yet no control.

Future of Ranch Value

There are many variables that will drive the real estate market in the coming years. Rather than provide no more than an educated guess, a short discussion of those variables will allow the reader opportunity to draw their own conclusions:

1. Age of ownership

a. Status of heirs

b. Estate tax

2. Return on Investment

a. Commodity markets

b. Input costs

3. Availability of credit

a. Interest rates

b. Lender willingness

4. Macro economics

a. Inflation

b. Consumer confidence

c. Comparative value

d. Government regulations

5. Micro economics

a. Oil production

b. Coal extraction

c. Commodity markets

6. Climate conditions

The average age of owners of ranch land in Southeastern Montana is 67+ years. Land ownership will transfer within the next 10-20 years. As discussed above, most of the next generation is absent, and will likely sell or lease the land if inherited. In some cases, members of the next generation have now been employed for 20+ years and may take an early retirement to come back to the ranch. They bring their retirement funds with them to invest in the ranch and keep the land in the family.

Other concerns for family owned operations is estate taxes and the increasing “look back” period of Medicaid laws that puts the family ranch at risk if long term care is needed by owners and estate planning was not considered earlier.

Expected Return on Investment for a ranch purchased at $10,000 per animal unit based on a net lease scenario can be expected to yield from 2% – 3%. As compared to a relatively low risk investment portfolio, this return rate is currently quite competitive, but has the added opportunity for future appreciation in value. Stocking a ranch with livestock and operating accordingly, one may realize a better return depending on management and efficiency of operation, however, there is more exposure to risk of loss, as well. Market swings, volatile input costs, and weather conditions create the bulk of uncontrolled risk in operating a ranch. There are a number of second generation operators that lack the capital, but have the knowledge and skills to run these ranches that would be interested in leasing with or without an option for future purchase. This could present a good opportunity for investors considering ranch real estate as an investment.

Credit availability in Montana is currently tight. Banks in eastern Montana are relatively sound, with no rumor or reports of any significant losses due to substandard loan portfolios. However, as a knee jerk reaction to epidemic foreclosures in areas of large urban housing and commercial loans, Federal examiners reportedly discount collateral values across the board when performing safety and soundness exams. In response, banks establish their own base value for loan values on real property, regardless of current comparable sales data or supporting information used through the appraisal process to determine current value. This artificial manipulation of value results in a higher down payment requirement on behalf of the borrower, limiting those wishing to invest in real estate. Interest rates charged by lenders are considerably high in relationship to their cost of funds, adding to their profit margins without adding loan assets to their portfolios. Most lenders will not quote long term rates past a five year commitment, and would rather work with a variable adjusting rate, again to protect their spread in anticipation of a rising rate environment. To conclude, protection of profit margins over-ride compensation for risk in today’s loan environment. Lenders are not active in pursuing new loan accounts. This may have a negative impact on land values if cash is short.


Rumors of anticipated inflation resulting from devaluation of the US Dollar will reduce purchasing power and consumer confidence. Raising the Fed borrowing rate has been traditionally used to curb inflation. Fear in repeating history with double digit interest rates weighs on older generations, recalling a surge in foreclosures and a correction of land values in the 1980’s. Many economists believe another correction is yet to come, created mostly by the enormous national debt to service. Whether a correction would negatively affect eastern Montana as significantly as other areas, is uncertain. Generally, areas of agricultural influence maintain value better than areas based on commercial or recreation if such a correction is experienced.

Cost for an acre of land in eastern Montana as compared with other areas of the country is lower, thereby allowing an investor to own more acres of land for their money. This makes land in Eastern Montana an attractive investment for those seeking open space and remoteness. Obviously, any changes in governing regulations adverse to owning real estate may propose lower values. Some adverse regulations that may affect future property value could be an increase in property taxes, areas with endangered species of wildlife, or land adjacent to public lands or flowing rivers. To conclude, in considering outside influences on property values, there are many conflicting indicators to determine what future land values in southeastern Montana will do.


Recent revival of the Belle Creek oilfield has created more employment and tax revenue for Powder River County. Since the 80’s, Belle Creek has been mostly inactive. The oil field along the Anticline region in Fallon County has experienced similar revival. Recently, higher oil prices coupled with new techniques such as well-fracking and horizontal drilling has created an opportunity to extract more oil from existing wells.

An even more significant development is the recent $85 million option paid to the State of Montana to lease the Otter Creek Coal Tracts located in SW Powder River County, Montana, by Arch Coal. This area is deemed to hold the largest low-sulfur coal deposit in the country with as little as a 30′ overburden and 70′ seam. Arch will submit application in early 2011 to mine coal at Otter Creek. It is speculated that mining could begin as early as 2-5 years from now. Arch intends to hire from 200-400 full time employees to work at the mine with average salaries of $75K plus.

Finally, oil, gas, and CO2 pipelines are scheduled to be constructed through SE Montana over the course of the next 2-5 years, bringing in more workers and tax revenue to the counties.

Agriculture will continue to be the base of the local economy. Sheep and cattle markets are forecasted to remain strong over the next 2-3 years, minimum. Global demand and low livestock numbers make forecasts on markets easy. Red meat is still the most desired and nutritious protein source for humans. To conclude, the local economy promises to boom over the next decade. Demand for land and residential improvements are inevitable. Good paying available jobs coupled with that demand will most likely push real estate prices up in Powder River and Rosebud Counties respectively.

Climate Conditions

Weather in SE Montana is mild in comparison with much of the rest of the state. Winters still get relatively cold with as much as 2-6 weeks of below zero temps in the winter months. 13-14 inches of moisture is considered to be average moisture for the area, with the bulk coming as rain in late spring, from April through June. Moisture has been plentiful over the past five years, allowing record crops of hay harvested and plenty of grass for cattle. Grazing generally begins after April 21st on cool season grasses, with most gain on livestock experienced the first 60 – 90 days. The hot days of summer are experienced generally from the 4th of July through the end of August, with temps ranging from the high 80’s to the low 100’s, and few rain showers experienced through that period. The first frost is due after the second week in September, but has been known to occur as early as late August or as late as mid to late October. As discussed earlier, moisture has been plentiful in southeastern Montana over the past 3-5 years, providing for abundant grazing and haying conditions.

To summarize, southeastern Montana offers a complimentary source of natural resources that will gain a great deal of attention over the next decade, whether it be oil, coal, or agriculture. Demand for people to work in these areas will substantially create a demand for property and will increase the current low population base in these counties. Land ownership will change significantly throughout this period of “growth”. Local governments are already gearing up for this growth through infrastructure planning and establishment of subdivision regulations. As with most areas with pending promise, those who invest first will enjoy an inevitable gain in value.

When you are ready to check out more of Montana, consider the Mills Auction and Real Estate, JT Korkow, Sales Associate. He has worked with hundreds of folks in the ranching community all over Montana. See the website for more information on Montana ranches and one of the most unique areas of the State of Montana to live in.