The Rise of LED's In Auto Manufacturing

The popularity of LED lighting in many applications has seen major car manufacturers including Audi, Cadillac, BMW, Toyota, Mercedes-Benz and Ford offering colorful LED lights with new car models to attract customers.

Automotive lighting has seen few advances in the past 30 years, rather relying on the widely used incandescent options. However, new LED options have emerged in recent years. LED is an abbreviation of light-emitting diode. It is a semiconductor that can change electrical energy into visible light. The light-emitting efficiency can reach 80% -90%. New, more intelligent LED options can now be seen in automatic electronic products, now known as the fourth generation car luminescence.

Compared with the traditional light bulb, LED's main advantage is its lifespan. First of all, LED light life can last up to 50,000 hours in theory. In practice, it may be closer to 20,000 hours. Therefore, with the use of LED options, it's possible to never need to change the lights for the life of the vehicle. Another advantage is that LED's have a fast response time and can be lit without delay. LED's start time is only tens of nanoseconds, much shorter than incandescent bulbs. LED's are also energy saving. LED brake lights and turn signals can directly change electrical energy into light energy in the lower drive current, making it an eco-friendly option, not needing any other power. In addition, they will only need less than a quarter of the power of an incandescent lamp. The small size and compact structure of LED's allow for use in places where traditional lights just could not fit.

Auto LED's can be divided into two categories, lamps and decorative lights. Lamps include standard applications like instrument lights, front and rear turning lights, brake lights, back up lights, fog lamps and reading lamps. Decorative uses mainly include color changing lights for the side or bottom of cars.

The Market Prospects of Light-Emitting Diodes

Although the LED light source is still a relatively new alternative to conventional incandescent light source, the technology has matured and is continuing to mature veryly. The only disadvantage is that in some cases LED's can be more costly upfront. However, with advances in manufacturing and the rise of Chinese LED manufacturers, the hope is that LED's will become the goto lighting option for automotive manufacturers in the future. With so many advantages, LED's are almost certainly the future of auto lighting.

How to Choose the Perfect Wallpaper

So you would like to change the look and feel of your home to make it more exciting and comfortable? One of the best ways to do this is with wallpaper but how do you decide which wallpaper is right for you? Below are some tips to help you choose the perfect wallpaper for your home.

  • Choose Your Color or Pattern – You have to decide if you want your wallpaper to be a solid color or have a pattern. If you choose to use a solid color make sure you experiment a little so you will be able to pick the one that fits the room best. If you choose a pattern you have to choose between patterns that draw lots of attention or ones that give the room a bowl atmosphere. It all depends on your personal taste.
  • Choose Your Type of Pattern – Use horizontal or vertical stripes to emphasize the height of a room and make it appear taller, shorter or wider. Small designs make rooms appear larger while large designs tend to be more intimate. Do not use boring boring designs but do not get carried away either because too many designs can be very distracting and uncomfortable.
  • Colors Make a Difference – Different colors can make a room look big or small, bright or dark and warm or cool. To make a room appear larger and tranquil you need to use cool colors like blues, whites, greens, and even light purples. Warm colors set a dramatic mood and include reds, yellows and oranges. These colors give you a "warm" feeling inside when surrounded by them.
  • Consider the Lighting – When looking for wallpaper another thing to keep in mind is how well lit the room is. Take a good look at everything such as how many windows and light fixtures you have in the room. Use a light color wallpaper to reflect light and make it appear brighter. Dark and textured colors make a room appear darker.

Use the tips above to help you choose the perfect wallpaper to enhance your decor and remember, have fun and be creative when choosing the wallpaper for your home.

Fireproof File Cabinets – All About a Fireproof Media Safe That You Must Know

A fireproof media safe provides your flash drives, USB drives and sticks, CDs and DVDs as well as other forms of digital data records with not only fire resistant protection, it also protects them from water damage in times of floods and hurricanes as well as against burglary. offers an efficient device for protecting media items, such as USB sticks, memory devices, CDs or DVDs, against fire up to an external temperature of 1850 degrees Fahrenheit, as well as protection for water damage and a theft deterrent.

Fireproof media safes are designed to withstand fires of 30 to 120 minutes with an interior temperature of lower than 125 degrees F. In the event of a fire, the temperature could rise to as high as 1450 degrees in a matter of minutes that are all unprotected media and digital files and records. The low temperature within the fireproof media safe becomes a safeguard in the blaze.

If you own a home office from which you run you business, a commercial design version should serve your purpose most effectively. Most fireproof media safes are made of steel, with about 1.2 cubic feet of space and height and width of 22 inches and fitted with many features like door pockets, lifts trays and many smaller compartments for storing USB and flash drives, CDs, DVDs, and MP3 players.

There are many variety of locking system which you can choose from. You have a choice of key lock system, combination code, keypad, fingerprint access or retinal systems for enhanced security.

Whichever fireproof media safe you choose, be sure to choose from reputed and trusted manufacturers. Cost should not be a consideration if your main intention is to protect your important media and digital records. You will not regret your purchase when you start enjoying that peace of mind that you never had before.

Stick Built Method of Building Walls Was Once Considered a Good Way to Build

Concrete CIC construction is not concrete blocks.

The parts of the CIC wall are designed to include a Concrete Tie Beam formed inside the panel, has vertical concrete columns reinforced with steel, concrete on the exterior wall and the interior wall with foam in the middle. It does not require any more forming.

You can compare this CIC type method of construction with wood framing, commonly called stick built homes. The strength of this type of concrete wall is in the vicinity of 10 times stronger than 2 "x 6" stick built homes, even when the stick built home is designed for high wind resistance. The panels are connected together by the hardening of the concrete when it interlocks with the adhesive panel, making an unbreakable connection. At the top of the rebar in the column there is a bend within the tie beam area at the top of the panel, in engineering terms the load is uniformly transferred from the tie beam to the footers. This forms a tie column from the slab to the tie beam. An 8 ft tall wall of this type of construction easily resists over 2 tim times the force of 150 MPH winds. To recap CIC construction provides unequaled high wind resistance and energy efficiency while being non-flammable and non-combustible. The important part is to keep wood and drywall boards off the walls, which is easy to do with the right system.

The next important part of building with concrete is to make it so Entry Level Employees can install the panels. I will go so far as to tell you that the right system can be installed with 3 girls with zero construction experience faster than skilled carpenters can build stick built homes. Stick built homes are much weaker, the walls fuel a fire, house pests, and promotes mold growth.

There is much more information available that you need to know in regards to building the safest, healthiest, most sustainable house you can build for your family while costing you less money than building any other way.

Flooring Terrazzo – An Excellent Choice

Flooring Terrazzo is a marble style of flooring which originated in northern Italy. From the traditional design of a grand Venetian entryway to the unique, artistic patterning of the Hoover Dam terrazzo, this flooring style is an ancient practice that has been adapted to meet today's flooring needs. Terrazzo workers can create anything from walkways to patios and a great continuum of custom-made flooring.

Flooring Terrazzo systems are classified as either traditional or modern. The marble-chip flooring style from the Italian tradition is valued for its high-gloss appeal and artistic grandeur. The modernized version, a polymer-based terrazzo originating in the 1970's, is more cost-efficient. This style is also known as "thin-set terrazzo" due to its minimal installation thickness, which is only 1/4 "to 3/8" thick as opposed to the much thicker marble flooring.

In addition to the minimal thickness, the polymer versions have other advantages. First, more color choices are available, which means that more artistic flexibility can be achieved. These polymer floors also have a faster, more lightweight installation process. Finally, the thin-set version is less likely to crack over a number of years.

Since the afternoon of machinery, the traditional flooring terrazzo have streamlined installation processes. This means that the awe-inspiring beauty of the original Venetian marbled flooring can be achieved in less time and with less labor than ever before. Still, the process is quite involved, with three stages. First, a very thick layer of concrete is scattered as the base foundation. On top of this 3-4 inch slab, another inch of sandy concrete is added. Next, metal strips are laid for coloration and design purposes; these are glued to the concrete to act as channels predetermined by the designer. Then a blend of marble chips and aggregate is added as the final layer. The process, though, does not stop there. A machine is used to grind the surface, and any air pockets are then filled with grout. The surface is then polished and a sealer is used. If the traditional terrazzo is maintained well, it will produce the glossy finish that is the trademark of the classic marble terrazzo.

Full Tilt Poker Sit and Go

Ever since the SNGs have become popular, Fulltilt Poker has been one of the most popular internet casino sites that feature online poker. The SNG's of FTP always ask for more, but at the same time there are unique methods that need to be learnt before staking at the various tables at the Full Tilt Poker. First and foremost knowing the reasons for trying your hand out at the Full Tilt Poker is absolutely important.

Why would you choose FTP?

1. FTP is a world class poker room and is actually second only to Poker Stars. The SNG's are always filled with people at all times. There is a wide variety of poker tournaments and tables with varying buying options at the Full Tilt Poker.

2. FTP offers lucrative bonus rates in the range of 600 $ up to 100% bonus with a simple code for referral. Playing the SNG's on a regular basis can ease out almost as much as 42% of the fees. This site also features among the best SNG bonus offers and there are also the reload bonus options and the Club VIP option.

3. The SNG leader boards at FTP always pays back the high staking players with high volumes and buy in options. The top ranked players featuring among the top 20 are always rewarded with extra bonus rates and cash options.

4. FTP has compatible software with enhanced graphical options, smooth accessibility and lack of server crashes. Both the single table and the multiple table SNG's are equally enjoyable.

The SNG satellite events are always at full throttle at the Full Tilt with provisions for the Satellite World Series and the innovative token system.

Top Of The Line Camper Awnings

Not all campers come equipped with camper awnings. Camper awnings can act as a sunshade or shelter from a light rain in many cases. An awning is an incredibly useful feature to have when spending great amount of time in the great outdoors.

Who wants to sit inside the camper when all the fun is happening outside, just because of a little sun? With camper awnings, this is no longer a problem, sit in the shad of the awning and enjoy the time with family and friends out in nature.

There are a variety of camper awnings available, depending on your camper's design and construction. However, most designs of camper awnings will work for just about any camper.

There are two main types of camper awnings. One is the retractable type, which is fixed to the side of the camper. The other is the stand-alone awning, which is made for light framed campers or other structures. Camper awnings not only provide shade from the sun or rain outside of the camper, but when placed over the windows, help keep the interior of the camper cool as well.

When shopping around for camper awnings, it is important to look at not only the quality of the awnings but also their ease of use. It is a good idea to go for the camper awnings that are well made, but are also designed to be easily set up and installed.

Remember, you do not want to spend loads of time assembling and disassembling your cam awnings when there is plenty of fun to be had, or it is time to get on the road and head home.

In most cases, camper awnings come in kits which require assembly. Any good camper awning manufacturer will include a detailed instruction manual for quick and easy set up and installation.

The manual should also include tips for care and storage when not in use. Typically, the kit includes the awning, arms and / or braces, horizontal rafters, and overhanging blinds or shades for added shelter. Many camping enthusiasts choose to set up the awning once they arrive at the campsite and leave up the top part the entire time, so it acts as a patio of sections for the camper.

Different camper awning manufacturers offer different types of awnings, but you will find a great variety out there. In fact, there are many materials, colors, and styles to choose from. What you decide on all depends entirely on what you like, what you need, and what you think might work best with your camper. In fact, many camper manufacturers will offer some camper awnings as well.

If you need a new set of camper awnings, try shopping around on the Internet. There are so many manufacturers available, that it will do you good to do some bargain hunting and comparison shopping.

This way, you will be able to find high-quality, easy to use camper awnings without spending an arm and a leg. It is also a good idea to read user reviews before you make the purchase, to see what other campers, like you, have to say about a particular awning.

The Perks of Asphalt Pavement Make It A Solid Driveway Medium

Paving a driveway is generally the last thing on a homeowner or potential homeowner's mind, but the choices made can make a real difference down the road. Some driveway types will require lots of maintenance and frequent repair or replacement and others, such as asphalt, are meant to stand the test of time. Buying one that will last is generally the best choice
overall.

Typically, the three big picks for driveways that are paved are gravel, concrete and asphalt. Those who want practice maintenance free driveways go with asphalt. Asphalt does require maintenance, but it stands up well to time and maintains its appearance well when it's treated with care. This is true for a number of reasons.

Asphalt, the stuff roads are made of, is meant to take a serious beating. For paving purposes it's made of a mixture of concrete and petroleum that's designed to handle heat, weight and wear and tear when it retains a solid form. Just like a roadway, though, it requires proper laying and care to maintain its usefulness, but when these go into the mix, the advantages over plain concrete are many and include:

* Smoothness. Asphalt generally looks cleaner and smoother than gravel. It's also a little easier to shape than concrete. A well laid asphalt driveway can look as pretty as a black sheet of glass.

* Property value. A solid driveway that looks great can add value to a property by increasing its eye appeal.

* Appearance. Asphalt that's well maintained can hold its appearance much longer than typical concrete and especially gravel. Since it's laid down and hardened, asphalt will not need to be replaced as often as loose gravel drives will.

* Stain resistant. Asphalt is great for helping a driveway stay in pristine looking condition. Oil spills and other stains that plague gravel and concrete either just do not stick to asphalt or they are not visible. This makes asphalt the best choice for those who want their driveways to stay in brand new looking condition.

Asphalt drives can cost a little more than the other two alternatives, but since they maintain their appearance and resist stains, they can be the better choice. The cost savings in the long run can be fantastic. When the other two are in need of repair or total replacement, asphalt can stay looking great.

The key to making sure an asphalt drive looks good all the time is to make sure it's taken care of. Asphalt needs to be properly sealed to resist cracks, breaks and potholes. Grass around the edges needs to be removed on a regular basis to ensure it does not create problems, too. The little bit of maintenance, however, is a lot better than having to deal with ugly stains or premature replacement.

The natural enemies of unsealed asphalt are heat, the sun's ultraviolet rays, and more. When a driveway's sealed, it can last a life time. Just make sure to follow proper maintenance routines and an asphalt driveway will prove itself tops over the other choices.

Austins Bridge – The New Southern Gospel Group Bridging The Generation Gap

Austins Bridge is the latest addition to Southern Gospel music's Daywind Records label. Austins Bridge's self titled debut project is creating a lot of excitement in the Southern Gospel Music world. The group is made up of three young men, Mike Kofahl, Jason Baird and Justin Rivers.

According to Jason, Austins Bridge was chosen as the name because Jason and Mike have their roots in the Austin Texas area. The "Bridge" part expresses their desire to reach across boundaries to attract new listeners to Southern Gospel music. Jason continues, "Austins Bridge's desire is to bridge generational gaps between the young and old and new and to just spread the (Gospel) message to a wider audience.

Austins Bridge's sound is unique in Christian music. When asked to describe the style of Christian music that Austins Bridge does Justin replied, "Kind of a pop-Christian country-rock-bluegrass-country-blues kind of sound". "It's pretty eclectic", chimes in Mike, "I do not know if you can sum it up in a specific genre category. music in and of itself. "

"We put a little bit of everything on there so if you like country music you will find stuff on there that you will like. bit of everything ", comments Jason. "An Austin Bridge concert is like the weather in Chicago, if you do not like something stick around it will change in five minutes." laughs Mike.

One of the unique tracks on the Austins Bridge project is entitled, "Native American prayer" which features Bill Miller playing the Native American Drone Double Flute and a Mohican chant. The effect is wonderful and it sets up the following song, "History Turned The Page", written by Gerald Crabb, very well.

The first single for the project, "He's In Control" was co-written by Justin Rivers and Mike Kofahl. It has a slow country, blues feel to it. It, like all of the songs on this project, are strong lyrically. You will not miss the fact that this is a Christian band that plays Christian music.

Austins Bridge was produced by Bubba Smith and production wise is excellent. The album is strong through. It is a perfect CD to give to someone that enjoys today's country music. Will it please everyone? I doubt it but I believe that it will help introduce a new generation to the sounds of Southern Gospel music.

You can find out more about Austins Bridge by visiting www.southern-gospel-music-lyrics.com

The Stirling Engine

A ‘Stirling Engine’ is in the family of heat engines. It is a closed cycle regenerative hot air (or other permanent gas) engine.. Closed cycle means that there is a fixed volume of the ‘working fluid’ in the system. There is no intake, there is no exhaust.

The Stirling engine was first patented in 1816 by Dr. Robert Stirling. The original patent focused more on ‘The Economizer’ which was a heat exchange unit that saw primary interest for use as the first incarnation of the solar water heater.

Originally the Stirling engine was developed by Robert Stirling and his brother James. It resulted in many patents and the first Sterling in commercial use was used to pump water in a quarry in 1818. After more development many patents for various improvements, including pressurization, which directly affected the amount of work or force the engine could produce, came about in 1845. By this time, the power output of this engine had been brought up to the level that it could drive all the machinery at a Dundee iron foundry.

The engine was promoted as being very fuel conserving and was pushed to be a safer alternative to steam engines of the time that had many deadly incidents involve exploding boilers. However because of the heat required and the level of exchange required, coupled with the materials of the day, the Stirling engine could never really give the steam engine serious competition, and by the late 1930’s the Stirling was all but forgotten in mainstream science and industry and only represented in odd toys and small ventilation fans.

Around this time, Philips, the large electrical and electronic manufacturer was seeing to expand its market for radio sets into areas where a power source or supply of batteries was considered unstable. Philips further developed the Stirling engine through World War II and really only achieved commercial success with the ‘reversed Stirling engine’ cryocooler. However Philips did take out quite a few patents and gain a large amount of information about the Stirling engine.

Since the Stirling engine is a closed cycle, it contains a fixed mass of gas called the “working fluid”, most commonly air, hydrogen or helium. In normal operation, the engine is sealed and no gas enters or leaves the engine. No valves are required, unlike other types of piston engines. The Stirling engine, like most heat-engines, cycles through four main processes: cooling, compression, heating and expansion. This is accomplished by moving the gas back and forth between hot and cold heat exchangers. The hot heat exchanger is in thermal contact with an external heat source, e.g. a fuel burner, and the cold heat exchanger being in thermal contact with an external heat sink, e.g. air fins. A change in gas temperature will cause a corresponding change in gas pressure, while the motion of the piston causes the gas to be alternately expanded and compressed.

The gas follows the behavior described by the gas laws which describe how a gas’s pressure, temperature and volume are related. When the gas is heated, because it is in a sealed chamber, the pressure rises and this then acts on the power piston to produce a power stroke. When the gas is cooled the pressure drops and this means that less work needs to be done by the piston to compress the gas on the return stroke, thus yielding a net power output.

When one side of the piston is open to the atmosphere, the operation is slightly different. As the sealed volume of working gas comes in contact with the hot side, it expands, doing work on both the piston and on the atmosphere. When the working gas contacts the cold side, the atmosphere does work on the gas and “compresses” it. Atmospheric pressure, which is greater than the cooled working gas, pushes on the piston.

To summarize, the Stirling engine uses the temperature difference between its hot end and cold end to establish a cycle of a fixed mass of gas expanding and contracting within the engine, thus converting thermal energy into mechanical power. The greater the temperature difference between the hot and cold sources, the greater the potential Carnot cycle efficiency.

Pros and Cons of Stirling Engines

Pros

  • They can run directly on any available heat source, not just one produced by combustion, so they can be employed to run on heat from solar, geothermal, biological, nuclear sources or waste heat from any industrial process.

  • A continuous combustion process can be used to supply heat, so most types of emissions can be greatly reduced.

  • Most types of Stirling engines have the bearing and seals on the cool side of the engine; consequently, they require less lubricant and last significantly longer between overhauls than other reciprocating engine types.

  • The engine mechanisms are in some ways simpler than other types of reciprocating engine types, i.e. no valves are needed, and the fuel burner system can be relatively simple.

  • A Stirling engine uses a single-phase working fluid which maintains an internal pressure close to the design pressure, and thus for a properly designed system the risk of explosion is relatively low. In comparison, a steam engine uses a two-phase gas/liquid working fluid, so a faulty relief valve can cause an over-pressure condition and a potentially dangerous explosion.

  • In some cases, low operating pressure allows the use of lightweight cylinders.

  • They can be built to run very quietly and without an air supply, for air-independent propulsion use in submarines or in space.

  • They start easily (albeit slowly, after a warm-up period) and run more efficiently in cold weather, in contrast to the internal combustion which starts quickly in warm weather, but not in cold weather.

  • A Stirling engine used for pumping water can be configured so that the pumped water cools the compression space. This is, of course, most effective when pumping cold water.

  • They are extremely flexible. They can be used as CHP (Combined Heat and Power) in the winter and as coolers in summers.

  • Waste heat is relatively easily harvested (compared to waste heat from an internal combustion engine) making Stirling engines useful for dual-output heat and power systems

Cons

Power and torque issues

  • Stirling engines, especially those that run on small temperature differentials, are quite large for the amount of power that they produce (i.e. they have low specific power). This is primarily due to the low heat transfer coefficient of gaseous convection which limits the heat flux that can be attained in an internal heat exchanger to about 4 – 20 W/(m*K). This makes it very challenging for the engine designer to transfer heat into and out of the working gas. Increasing the temperature differential and/or pressure allows Stirling engines to produce more power, assuming the heat exchangers are designed for the increased heat load, and can deliver the convected heat flux necessary.

  • A Stirling engine cannot start instantly; it literally needs to “warm up”. This is true of all external combustion engines, but the warm up time may be shorter for Stirlings than for others of this type such as steam engines. Stirling engines are best used as constant speed engines.

  • Power output of a Stirling tends to be constant and to adjust it can sometimes require careful design and additional mechanisms. Typically, changes in output are achieved by varying the displacement of the engine (often through use of a swashplate crankshaft arrangement), or by changing the quantity of working fluid, or by altering the piston/displacer phase angle, or in some cases simply by altering the engine load. This property is less of a drawback in hybrid electric propulsion or “base load” utility generation where constant power output is actually desirable.

Gas Choice Issues

  • Hydrogen’s low viscosity, high thermal conductivity and specific heat make it the most efficient working gas, in terms of thermodynamics and fluid dynamics, to use in a Stirling engine. However, given the high diffusion rate associated with this low molecular weight gas, hydrogen will leak through solid metal, thus it is very difficult to maintain pressure inside the engine for any length of time without replacement of the gas. Typically, auxiliary systems need to be added to maintain the proper quantity of working fluid. These systems can be a gas storage bottle or a gas generator. Hydrogen can be generated either by electrolysis of water, or by the reaction of acid on metal. Hydrogen can also cause the embrittlement of metals. Hydrogen is also a very flammable gas, while helium is inert.

  • Most technically advanced Stirling engines, like those developed for United States government labs, use helium as the working gas, because it functions close to the efficiency and power density of hydrogen with fewer of the material containment issues. Helium is relatively expensive, and must be supplied by bottled gas. One test showed hydrogen to be 5% absolutely (24% relatively) more efficient than helium in the GPU-3 Stirling engine.[14]

  • Some engines use air or nitrogen as the working fluid. These gases are less thermodynamically efficient but they minimize the problems of gas containment and supply. The use of Compressed air in contact with flammable materials or substances such as lubricating oil, introduces an explosion hazard, because compressed air contains a high partial pressure of oxygen. However, oxygen can be removed from air through an oxidation reaction, or bottled nitrogen can be used.

Size and Cost Issues

  • Stirling engine designs require heat exchangers for heat input and for heat output, and these must contain the pressure of the working fluid, where the pressure is proportional to the engine power output. In addition, the expansion-side heat exchanger is often at very high temperature, so the materials must resist the corrosive effects of the heat source, and have low creep (deformation). Typically these material requirements substantially increase the cost of the engine. The materials and assembly costs for a high temperature heat exchanger typically accounts for 40% of the total engine cost. (Hargraves)

  • All thermodynamic cycles require large temperature differentials for efficient operation; however, in an external combustion engine, the heater temperature always equals or exceeds the expansion temperature. This means that the metallurgical requirements for the heater material are very demanding. This is similar to a Gas turbine, but is in contrast to a Otto engine or Diesel engine, where the expansion temperature can far exceed the metallurgical limit of the engine materials, because the input heat-source is not conducted through the engine; so the engine materials operate closer to the average temperature of the working gas.

  • Dissipation of waste heat is especially complicated because the coolant temperature is kept as low as possible to maximize thermal efficiency. This increases the size of the radiators, which can make packaging difficult. Along with materials cost, this has been one of the factors limiting the adoption of Stirling engines as automotive prime movers. However, for other applications high power density is not required, such as Ship propulsion, and stationary microgeneration systems using combined heat and power (CHP).[13]

    There are many possible uses for the Stirling design. More research and devolopment will help move the technology along.

The High Signification of Document and Media Storage in the Business World

Modern organizations use both paper records and digital media in the course of business, because the need for document and media storage.

There are offsite document storage companies that offer state of the art media and document storage services at superbly competitive rates.

Business records have economic, risk management, legal and fiscal values. However, many organizations today lack the effective procedures and policies necessary for the realization of a systematic control of recorded information. Consequently, some records are kept too long and too much time is spent in storing them.

Worse if in the event of misplaced information, the organizations will risk incurring penalties due to non compliance of recordkeeping regulations, fail to protect from harm any mission critical data, and even risk a nightmarish public relations incident.

Records Management Problems

This section of the article focuses on the common examples of records management problems that modern organizations face regularly. They consider significantly the general operations of businesses and will have a great impact on the financial gains that bought to benefit companies.

Paperwork is, unfortunately, the largest overhead expense in every organization, with active files at a typical annual rate of about 25 percent.

Managers spend approximately one month each year just looking for or waiting on any misfiled, mislabeled or untracked information. On the other hand, productivity is grossly affected when office workers waste up to at least two hours each day searching for the misplaced paperwork.

It has been estimated that at least 90 percent of filed records are not to be referred to again and that 95 percent of references consists of records within the last three years of operation.

Large organizations tend to lose a document or file every 12 seconds, with an estimated 3 to 5 percent of files that are either lost or misplaced.

Document Management and Storage

It has become increasingly difficult to create, store, retrieve, use and destroy organizational information or purely place them under permanent archival retention.

Despite adopting the applicable information technologies, paperwork requirements are on a mounting rise. In the recent corporate volatile environment, having records management is a must.

Today, there are highly sophisticated storage companies that offer secure, safe and efficient storage of paper records as well as other business related sources of critical information that include digital media. They have state of the art storage technology for media and document management, unprecedented 24 hour security, and quick response customer service.

The paper documents are stored in an offsite facility such as an archive or vault that is fireproof and has other security control features. They are kept secure from both natural and manmade hazards such as tornadoes, theft, fire and the like.

Digital media include optical disks, audio and videotapes, microfilm, computer tapes and disks, streaming cartridge tapes, and backup data tapes. Particularly designed storage boxes are provided for them to simplify document management.

With high tech information management systems available, modern organizations can electronically index, keep track and gain access to their stored digital media through the convenience of their office PC.

Digital media and data storage companies typically provide personalized service to their clients. They take charge of the pickup, delivery or even destruction of file boxes, which case is applicable.

The storage companies catalog the contents inside the filing cabinets and place them into the storage boxes. They typically use a technologically advanced bar coding system for easy and efficient tracking of boxes.

Their competitive rates typically include reasonable rates for pickup and delivery, and low monthly minimums. Unlike self storage, offsite data storage allows organizations to be charged only for the space being used.

Reports of data inventory can be generated by the storage companies to provide information on which boxes are sent for storage, what new boxes are being added, and when boxes are to be destroyed.

They also comply with the data protection laws and they cater to a wide range of industries with data management and storage needs such as the medical, legal, finance, tax, real estate, and other public and private organizations and individuals.

Document and media storage is now a must for modern organized entities due to legal regulations. With offsite document storage, companies are provided with secure and efficient facility for their documents and access them easily.

Today, digital media and document storage services abound to serve its high significance in the business world.

Painter Supervisor – What You Should Know

This professional is the one that generally will exceed the painting crews when they are painting a business or residential home. Some of the roles that a painter supervisor has include:

• Checking to make sure that all areas that are not to be painted are masked so no paint gets into these areas
• Making sure the paint is properly mixed and then applied correctly
• Making sure that their crew has the paint and supplies that are needed to complete the job
• Taking the supplies and paint to the job site for the crew.
• Sometimes the painter supervisor will even transport the crew to the job site or a member of the crew to a job site where a small repair or touch-up is needed.
• They are also the one that is generally the one that will examine the painting job after it is finished to okay the work and sign the bill stating the job is complete.
• Scheduling the crews to work on the different sites and jobs
• Training new workers

Generally painting is the last step in any building or room makeover. Paint does have the ability to cover or hide any mistakes made during the other steps of remodeling or renovation but if there are mistakes when painting they can be hard to cover up. During the painting the paint supervisor will typically test the paint to make sure that it is staying mixed correctly and that it looks great on the walls. If there are any drips or splatters they will let the crew now so they can take care of the problem.

When the exterior of a home or business is being painted it is the job of the supervisor to make sure that all the shrubs, flowerbeds, and bushhes are properly protected against any paint drips or splatters. The driveways, porch steps, and sidewalks will also need to be protected. During this time if the customer has a specific question or the crew encounters a problem they will go to the painter supervisor. Other issues that they take care of are issues with the customer warranty and the repainting or touch-up of any area that the customer is requesting.

To become a painter contractor it is important that you have the experience working as a painter as any type of experience is helpful. You should spend time learning how the painting process works, keep up with all the latest new technology and techniques in painting, and working as part of a painting crew to get the experience you need. You should also demonstrate that you have the leadership skills that are needed by doing things such as clean up before being asked to do so.

Classicism in Crystal Chandeliers

Have you ever felt being regal by just staring at a crystal chandelier? I would say that crystal chandeliers exude elegance to whatever place it's mounted on. The underlying beauty in it is the feeling of being part of a royal family and seeing the exquisite beauty it radiates. Would not it be nice to hang a chandelier in your own home?

Several modern crystal chandeliers are often very ornate with dozens of lamps and complex arrays of glass shapes to illuminate the room in many intricate patterns. More often, you can observe such a a five star hotel or from homes of wealthy families. Buying a crystal chandelier could be of a luxury to any average family but to some filthy rich people it is their pride to ask the grandeur of their house. The fixture's popularity has been a status symbol from the 15th century up to this point of time. No average family could ever afford to buy this lighting fixture for the purpose of illuminating their house. Not to mention that crystal chandeliers are use to efficiently lighten up large halls during medieval period. They were used in medieval churches and abbeys.

Way back in 15th century, chandeliers based on ring and crown designs began to become popular decorative features. This paved the way to the status symbol in every society. By early 18th century, chandeliers made of ornate cast brass flourished among the house of merchant classes, also development of glass making during this time led to the production of cheaper lead crystal. The light scattering properties of this highly refractive glass became more prominent which piloted the production of crystal chandeliers. Through out the years more complex and elaborate ceiling fixtures continued to develop until the widespread introduction of gas and often electrical lighting which devalued the traditional form of its lighting appeal.

Towards the end of 20th century, crystal chandeliers were used as a decorative focal point to any room, which defeated the purpose of illuminating large rooms. Now, the world's largest crystal chandelier is located in Dolmabahce Palace, Turkey. It was a gift from Britain to His Imperial Majesty, The Emperor of the Ottomans.

This majestic charm of crystal chandelier is appealing people to decorate their homes with grandiosity. Currently, you can have a variety of different designs of these ceiling fixtures being sold in the market. Your taste would actually depend on how you would like to exude classicism on your own house. You may want to have it made from crystal, wrought iron, brass and others. To find the right style chandelier for your home, simply begin with a color or a material that is predominant in the decoration scheme of the room. What catches your eye in the room? What type of statement do you want to make? If the room is more traditional, choose crystal chandeliers with more ornamentation and decorative details. If your home is modern, opt for less ornamentation and simpler details.

But be reminded that in choosing your chandelier s make sure that it blends with the design and paintings of your house.

The King of Spade and Queen of Hearts: Play All the Cards in Your Hand

Did you know that for each deck of 52 cards, there are more than 2.5 million possible poker hands? As the famous card player Wyatt Earp once said, "Every hand has its problems, but every hand can be a winner." It is human nature to look at the hand we were deal, see its shortcomings, and wish it were different. But if we throw away a card and draw another, we just end up with a different set of problems. We can all be winners if we play the hand we were deal, and to do that we must access the masculine and feminine energy present in each of us.

Masculine energy knows the rules of the game; it has a strategy and is not afraid to take a risk. It goes for it! Feminine energy, however, monitors the flicker in the eye, the sweat on the brow, and the veins in the neck. It has the intuition to instruct the masculine energy when to make its move. When the feminine energy of intuition flows into the masculine energy of action, great things can happen. Without this balance, though, your hand will never experience the riches available to it.

When he took a run at RJR Nabisco in the late 1980's, CEO Ross Johnson lost his hand in the high stakes game. One of the largest leveraged buyout attempts in history, the story became a book and later a movie called Barbarians at the Gate. Johnson failed miserably because he and his cohorts were way out of balance. Someone sprinkled too much masculine energy on their Wheaties, and when masculine energy is out of whack it wants action solely for the sake of action.

The "Barbarians" at RJR Nabisco were not concerned with anyone or anything but the almighty dollar, and they were addicted to stirring things up. If no deal was to have had that day, they'd reorganize the office and change its reporting structure. It was utter chaos for their employees, but those in charge had a desperate need for frenzied activity.

The answer for those "Barbarians" would have been to insert a little "Barbarella" into the mix. Feminine energy is all about focusing on the needs of others, rather than one's own. It is more relaxed, reflective, and facilitative. It establishes a value system that imbues action with meaning. We need both the reason for being and the ability to make that reason a reality.

Too much feminine energy would be "Barbarellas at the Gate" and they would not be knocking – they'd be immersed in their feelings, paralleled that any action may offend someone. They would call a group meeting to discuss things once again, long after it was time to make a decision. With too much feminine energy deals do not get closed, decisions do not get made, and prospects are never converted to clients. An overabundance of feminine energy, therefore, does not work either.

Both energies have strengths but both become weaknesses if some of the opposite energy is not brought in to balance the other. For example, masculine energy likes to project its ideas onto others but feminine energy is more concerned with drawing thoughts and ideas out of others. I once worked for a man who always believed that his opinion was the only one and he sent valuable time convincing others that he was right. He operated with too much masculine energy. On the flip side, someone who always listens politely to others and is afraid to be assertive expresses too much feminine energy. It sounds simple, but we all know that a combination of both talking and listening will garner the best results.

Masculine energy likes to take the helm and be the leader of the pack, while feminist energy is facilitating, nudging from behind. Emergency situations call for a leader to take charge and make a decisive decision. But a leader who does this all the time, regardless of the situation, does not give employees an opportunity to develop. By allowing others to make their own decisions mentors build successors, just as parents train their children to live away from home. A leader who practices both energies knows when to step forward and when to delegate.

The trick is for each of us to learn to use both energies so that one energy can mitigate the other, preventing none from getting out of whack. To play all the cards in our hand we have to start by understanding the power of both energies. We also need to be aware of our natural inclining – where we feel the most comfortable. That's the first Stilletto Step of Self-Awareness. Then it's important to take the second Stilletto Step and accept the characteristics of each energy without labeling one "right" and the other "wrong." By accepting that both have value, we can consciously "try the other energy on for size." Just like at the poker table, changing your pattern of raises and bets increases the opportunities for the cards in your hand.

The English journalist Tony Holden once said, "One's character is laid bare at the poker table. Effective leaders know their energy preference, but can fluidly move back and forth between both energies, using their masculine energy to drive forward from the feminine energy of reflection. This is good Gender Physics – accomplishing your goals by playing all the cards in your hand.

Let's shuffle and deal.

How To Mix Concrete In A Wheelbarrow

So you have decided to make some concrete and you think that using a wheelbarrow and a shovel may be the best method for you to mix it together. While this may be correct, there are other viable options for mixing your concrete that you may want to consider. Of these methods you can mix concrete using your hands in the bucket, a square shovel on a piece of plywood, or in a bucket with a drill and whip attachment which is similar to a paddle.

Of all the concrete mixing methods mixing in a wheelbarrow with a shovel is one of the most physically demanding. If you intend to mix your concrete in a wheelbarrow then you should not have very much concrete to mix. If you plan to mix more than a few bags of concrete then you should strictly consider renting a concrete mixer from a local hardware store. A concrete mixer rental can be as little as $ 30- $ 50 and can save you a huge amount of backbreaking labor.

If you have already decided that a wheelbarrow and shovel is the way you need to go, then a few expert hints and tips can help you make hard work much easier. The first thing that you need to know is that you should be using a spade shovel not a square shovel for mixing your concrete. The next most important tip is to thoroughly spray down the inside of your wheelbarrow with water as well as spray down your shovel with water prior to starting your mix. This will help to lubricate the wheelbarrow and prevent the concrete powder from binding in the corners.

One of the single most important things that you must do when the mixing concrete in a wheelbarrow is ensure that the wheelbarrow remains balanced at all times. This means that your workstation must be completely flat and the wheelbarrow must be balanced securely and not wobbly from a broken support or flat tire. Concrete and water are both extremely heavy and as you mix them in the wheelbarrow the three points of contact with the ground can leave a little to be desired. It is very easy for a wheelbarrow full of concrete to tip over and it is definitely heavy enough to cause physical injury to anyone adjacent to it. Always be sure to work safely and prevent unnecessary injury even from items as simple as a wheelbarrow and a shovel.

While overwatering your concrete is generally a very bad idea as it will completely compromise the finish strength of the product, overwatering can be the secret to mixing concrete in a wheelbarrow easily. The idea here is that you want to add about half to two thirds of your dry concrete mix into a wet wheelbarrow, and then add more than the amount of water that this concrete will need. This will turn the concrete into a soupy substance that you can stir similar to how a which might stir a cauldron, as opposed to snapping your shovel in half trying to lift, turn and mix underwatered concrete.

The secret is to slowly add more chopped mix at the and to firm up your concrete mix. If you do this correctly you should be able to achieve a perfect, thick and well mixed concrete mixture with out the backbreaking labor involved with lifting and turning dry concrete mix. You can not really appreciate how much easier this method is than dumping a bag of dry concrete into a wheelbarrow and spraying it with water, until you have tried it for yourself.

If you plan to mix concrete in your wheelbarrow on multiple occasions then it becomes critically important that you clean your wheelbarrow out well after each mix. If you allow the concrete to dry inside of the wheelbarrow it will make mixing much more difficult in the future, it will make the wheelbarrow heavier, and it will allow dried concrete to flake off into your new mix the next time you are mixing a batch . Even if you are mixing multiple batches in a row, you should spray the sides of your wheelbarrow down with a garden hose in between each mix. This will make sure that concrete from the first mix is ​​not drying on your wheelbarrow as you are working on mix number three or four.

Another tip is to put down a tarp or plastic underneath of the wheelbarrow in a large area around where you will be working. Especially when making wet mixes the concrete will be inclined to splash out of the wheelbarrow on occasion. By having the plastic down this creates a safe work area where the concrete can not damage anything allowing you to focus on the task at hand. If you plan to transport the freshly mixed concrete in the wheelbarrow. Be sure that you have not splashed any wet concrete on to the tire that may leave marks as you wheel the wheelbarrow off of the plastic tarp.

A final tip about mixing concrete in the wheelbarrow is to choose a suitable wheelbarrow for the application. You will want a wheelbarrow that is made of metal as plastic wheelbarrows will allow the sharp edge of the shovel to scrape and scratch the plastic off of the sides. This would result in little plastic pieces inside of your concrete mix which would be undesirable. You also want to choose a wheelbarrow that is fairly heavy duty as concrete is extremely heavy. You also want to choose a wheelbarrow with high sides that will help prevent the concrete from splashing out during the mixing process.