5 Steps to Lean Production

Implementing  lean  has become very vital for any manufacturing organisation from the point of view of reducing waste and increasing value for the customer. But implementation of  lean  production strategies must be done in an organized stepwise manner to yield maximum results.

Here are the 5 steps that can help you achieve  lean  in your organization:

Assess: This is the first step that tries to find out the current stage that the organization is in. This is very crucial as it provides a base or foundation on which you bring about change. It involves not only the assessment of manufacturing processes and systems but also a survey of the organization’s culture. There is also an in-depth study of the business basics. Moreover, employees and their engagement in the workplace and crucial decision making are also studied. Another important assessment is done with relation to the flow of value. This helps in determining how the production chain progresses and gives great insights about the prevalent inventory management systems. All in all, there is a thorough analysis made of systems, processes, products and people in the workplace.

Control: This step lists down the checks and balances to ensure that the systems and policies are implemented smoothly in the organization. It also pays a lot of attention to production schedule, defect checking and shift system of employees. Additionally, it also checks how the organization measures efficiency and how it penalizes inefficiency. The discipline measures in place that keep the systems chugging along are also studied.

Strategy: A road map is drawn where the various  lean  production objectives are carefully scrutinized. These are customized to suit the type of organization and its business. These strategies carefully take into account all the assessment and control activities that were done in the earlier steps. This is a detailed plan that carefully lays down the vision, objectives and individual steps to get there in a time-bound frame.

Action: Continuous improvement is the driving force here. Strategies that deliver are continued; those that fail are improved upon. Employee feedback is sought and effectively changes are made. Slow cultural changes are also rolled out. The aim is to use best practices like 5S, Total Production Management, Quick Changeover, Kaizen etc. Performance Measurement System is put in place to monitor performance on a regular basis and ensure standardization.

Evaluation and Standardization: It is important to sustain change else it is quite useless. With standardization, you can ensure that the best systems and practices continue to deliver and perform smoothly. Evaluation mechanisms ensure that you stay on track and perhaps even a step ahead of the competition.

This is a 5 step approach to implementing  lean  production strategies!

Honda EU2000i Inverter Generator – 10 Easy Steps to Changing Oil

To change the oil on your EU2000i Inverter generator first run the unit until it’s warmed up – turn it off and let it cool down for 30 minutes. Running the generator will heat the oil. The heated oil is thinner and will drain more easily and completely from the engine.

10 Easy Steps to Changing Oil

1. Secure the gas cap and turn the engine switch and vent lever to the off position. This will reduce the possibility of fuel leaking.

2. Remove the side cover by loosening the screw.

3. Remove the oil dipstick.

4. At this point you have two options. Pack the bottom of your generator with “rags” or “paper towels”. This will stop the oil from running down the engine and into the bottom of your generator as you are tipping it over.

5. Quickly, tilt the generator over a drain pan and allow it to empty. There is less than 1/2 a quart of oil in this unit and it will drain fast.

6. Tilt the unit back in a upright position after all the oil has drained.

7. At this point use a funnel to put the proper amount of new oil back into the generator. You will find that Honda list the capacity at 0.42 US quarts or 13.5 US Ounces for the EU2000i Inverter Generator.

8. Once the proper amount of oil has been installed screw the dipstick back into the unit and wipe off all the excess oil off.

9. Install the cover and turn the engine switch and vent to the ON position. Run the generator for a minute and turn off. Remove the cover to and look for any slow discharge or escape of oil. If all appears to be clean and oil free reinstall the cover.

10. Wash your hands with soap and water. You have completed your oil change in 10 easy steps.

Overall, the Honda EU2000i inverter generator is a very easy unit to maintain and will offer years of usage. The cost of time and oil is minimal to the cost of a new generator.

Note: Two oil changes or one quart of improperly disposed of oil will contaminate 250,000 gallons of drinking water: a year’s supply for 12.5 people!

Bye Bye Panda Eyes

Panda Eyes or Dark Eye Circles (as commonly known) may be a result of a few factors – heredity, stress, fatigue, lack of proper nutrition. If your skin is translucent or fair, you may find that the dark under eye areas are much more prominent.

Have you ever encounter that after a whole day under the sun, you find that the skin underneath the eye areas turn dark. Excessive sun exposure can increase melanin levels and cause darkening of the skin. Hence wear sun shades to protect your eyes to avoid pre-mature aging of the eye areas.

There are a few remedies for combating this condition:

a) Commercial remedies

Eye Creams, Gel & Serums

These will be the eye creams, serum and gel that are available in the market. Remember to read the labels carefully as not all are suitable for all skin types. Some are every specific on the type of condition that it help to alleviate. E.g. an eye gel that is geared to help to minimize eye puffiness or for hydration only.

If you manage to get the right eye product, you would be able to prevent or alleviate the condition.

Eye Concealers

This may perhaps be the faster and easier way. How do you choose a shade that is suitable for you?

You may find two main shades at the counter – yellow base and pinkish base. Depending on your condition, you may want to choose the right shade. E.g choose a shade lighter than usual to help conceal. As a general rule, yellow base concealers works best for hiding dark eye circles.

If you are using mascara, do not apply it to the lower lashes as it will amplify the dark eye circles. Do not apply too much concealer to cover dark eye circles as it will draw attention to them and makes you look unnatural. Furthermore it may also cause flakiness and risk you getting oil seeds under the eyes.

Whatever method you choose, remember it is only a temporary measure as you would need to take note of nutrition as a preventive measure.


Blepheroplasty is a surgical procedure to get rid of dark eye circles permanently. However there are recovery time and side effects if you do not take care after post surgery. Hence I do not recommend going this method as it is expensive and there are risks involved.

b) Home Remedies

The two most popular remedies are cutting cucumber slices and applying tea bags under the eyes. Cucumber helps to soothe and lighten the skin. Thus if your eyes are itchy or tired, you may want to try this cheap home based method.

Tea Bag contains caffeine and caffeine helps to diminish puffiness by reducing the water in the eye tissue. You can use any type of tea but use the normal ones will do.

However the best method is to ensure that you are well hydrated, rested and exercise frequently and your eyes are in healthy conditions.

A Passive Solar House – Cool Climate Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Tips

In any climate, if you’re thinking of going green, passive solar energy design is the best place to start. Affordable passive solar homes are easy to construct using the same basic materials as conventional housing. All it takes is a little thought and some clever manipulation of the sun and wind and you can save thousands of dollars on energy bills throughout the lifetime of your home.

Although many of our passive solar home design tips can be easily and inexpensively applied to an existing home the most effective passive solar power dwellings are carefully planned from the outset to take best advantage of the sun’s natural rhythm.

A long and shallow house that faces as close to true south as possible is a good start. East and west walls will have little exposure to the sun while the north should have the fewest windows.

In cooler climates most of your energy bill represents heating and cooling costs. Passive solar energy principles revolve around regulating your home’s interior temperature by inviting as much sun as possible in during the winter months while discouraging it in summer.

Here are some of our favorite tips for collecting free passive solar energy.

  • 1. Insulation ~ Not the prettiest aspect but it absolutely makes the most of a passive solar design. Without adequate insulation in floors, ceilings, walls and around electrical outlets, doors, windows and dryer vents all of your other passive solar efforts will be unimpressive.
  • 2. East ~ Plan a breakfast patio on the east side of your home where you can soak up the sun on summer mornings before the heat of the day sets in. Plantings,   awnings  and insulated window coverings will keep the sun out of the house in the summers.
  • 3. West ~ The best place for a deep covered veranda. Watch the sun set from the cool shade of your covered porch. Plan a windbreak of trees to the north west to keep the winter winds at bay.
  • 4. South ~ (north in the southern hemisphere) This is the side of the house that collects the most passive solar power. Orient your house and most of your windows and doorways facing in this direction.  Awnings  or shallow overhangs will keep the sun out in the summer while allowing it in during the winter.
  • 5. North ~ (south in the southern hemisphere) There is little or no opportunity for solar gain on the shady side of your home, but a great deal of heat can be lost through these openings. Windows to the north, or the shady side of the house should be minimal, just enough for safety and escape routes. Large openings such as garden doors should be covered with insulated draperies or shutters during the winter. Evergreen trees or an earth berm on this side help to block frigid winter winds.
  • 6. Plantings ~ Deciduous plantings (leaves fall off in the winter) in the form of trees, trellises, arbors, pergolas and pots, provide ample shade in the summer when placed near windows and doorways but allow winter sun lots of access to warm the home after their leaves have fallen off. Way more than shading the area, trees and other greenery actually cool the air. In much the same way as an air conditioner, greenery drinks in gallons, even dozens of gallons, of humidity from the surrounding air, making tree shade superior to  awning  shade.
  • 7. Patios ~ Outdoor living spaces add ambience and, of course, living area for your summer activities. Plan an outdoor cooking area on your shady patio to keep the heat out of the house on sultry summer evenings.
  • 8. Entryways ~ A separate entryway or mud room allows you to exit and enter the house, greet guests and cart in groceries and other needs without exposing the house to the elements. Use an energy efficient space heater to regulate the temperature of this space.
  • 9. Thermal Mass ~ Thermal materials such as stone, brick or concrete floors. window ledges/seats and islands or half walls, readily absorb the sun’s thermal rays to be slowly released into the evening hours. A depth of at least 4 inches of thermal material works best.
  • 10. Covered Verandas ~ The best place for a deep, covered veranda is on the west side of the house to provide a cool afternoon space. The veranda will keep the afternoon sun from intruding into your living space during the summer. Avoid covered verandas on the south side as they do not allow sufficient sunlight to enter the home for warmth in the winter.

In very cold climates, properly applied passive solar principles can provide all the summer cooling you’ll require and most of your winter heating needs as well. The addition of a wood or pellet burning stove or energy efficient space heater can provide sufficient heat throughout even very cold winters.

One size does not fit all when making passive solar plans for a home.

Properly researched passive solar design for your specific location will result in a home that operates efficiently and comfortably with minimal use of fossil energy. That’s good news for all of us.

Backhoe Bucket – Different Types

Backhoe bucket is a type of backhoe attachment. Backhoe attachments are important pieces of equipment that can increase the effectiveness and flexibility of your backhoe, and it allows you to complete more jobs in a short period of time. Backhoe bucket is available in many types, sizes, and shapes. The sizes usually range between 12 inches to 60 inches. Although some are smaller than or bigger than these usually sizes. Here are some of the different types of bucket.

General Purpose Buckets

This type of bucket ranges from 5 cubic meters to 34 cubic meters in size. Its design usually include: welded gussets in all stress areas (for structural strength), fully welded seams. It is made of Hi-Tensile steel all throughout. It has side cutters, wear plates, and hardened cutting edges.

Rock Bucket

Rock bucket is designed for toughest jobs such as sorting unwanted objects (such as rocks, caliches) from soil, cleaning up debris, and other general use like lifting concrete, debris, frost, hay bales, etc. This type of bucket is very popular for its versatility. It is made of Hi-strength steel; tines are fully gusseted.

Cemetery Bucket

This is specifically designed for digging graves. It is not to be used for normal trenching or tough digging condition. Cemetery bucket has incorporated extra bucket rotation to enable operator to dig straight vertical walls and flat bottom (cuts 90 degree corners). Its capacity ranges from 1.5 cubic feet to 7.1 cubic feet of different widths. Hi-strength steel is used in critical components. Gussets and wear straps are utilized for extra strength.

High Capacity Sand Bucket

This is designed specifically for moving lighter materials such as sand, gravel, ash, loams, light soils, etc. The advantage of using this is that it increases production by 50 percent and decreases operating cost by 30 percent. High capacity sand bucket is usually made of lightweight Hi-strength alloy steel that allows operator to use the total power of the machine.

Pavement Removal Bucket

This is the only bucket designed to tear down asphalt and concrete. There are special designed pavement removal bucket that enables you to hold and load all uneven sized material.

“V” Ditching Bucket

This bucket cuts ditches in one pass. It weighs 12,000 lbs and is 13 feet wide, 9 feet high. Its V-shape design was built to create a sloped ditch so that workers will not get buried in case the ditch starts to collapse.

Ditching and Leveling Buckets

This is the ideal tool for ditching, reclamation, sloping, and precision leveling jobs. It is commonly 36 inches to 72 inches wide.

Cribbing Buckets

Cribbing buckets is used for narrow trenching jobs like railroad maintenance and digging in narrow quarters (water or sewer lines). The long lip design permits the operator to efficiently clean under the rails. It is typically 8 inches wide and 58 inches long. Pin width is 6 ½ inches; center to center pin is 14 inches.

Frost Bucket

This is ideal tool for frost, shale, rock, and coral. Its’ twin sharp tips is designed for ultimate penetration on hard and frozen ground. It digs flat or v-bottom channels.

Bridge Kitchen Faucets – Functional and Modern Faucet Designs

Bridge kitchen faucets are a great design idea to get some inimitable fixtures into your kitchen decor. They are modern and yet give a kind of classic touch to the entire kitchen. The following are some of the famous bridge kitchen faucets available in the market.

One of the most popular bridge kitchen faucets is from the American Standard collection. This brand has a unique double-handle top-mounted bridge faucet which is from their Culinaire series. This design is finished with blackened bronze and is available for around 500 dollars. This faucet has a brass spout that swivels in all directions, and porcelain lever handles that are ideal for everyday use. They are also resistant to corrosion and tarnishing, and do not look weary even after prolonged use. The durable brass construction provides for a reliable fixture, and the performance is completely drip-free for years due to the ceramic disc valve system.

The Bellevue bridge kitchen faucet is another amazing item when it comes to kitchen sink fixtures. This one has a brass crafted sprayer with matching metal lever handles. The durable faucet is made entirely of sturdy brass and comes with a swing hooked spout and 8-inch centers. The reach of the spout is up to 9 inches, and the height is about 13 1/2 inches. The lever handles are sculpted with ball-tipped finials. The hand sprayer is reliable and has a synthetic polymer thumb trigger. This is available in a variety of finishes like chrome, polished brass, brushed nickel, polished nickel and oil rubbed bronze.

Another beautiful bridge kitchen faucet is the one from the Rohl brand. This one comes with five spoke handles and is priced at about 450 dollars. This has a column style spout and quarter-turn ceramic valves. The shank size for this faucet is 1 1/32 with a nine-inch spout reach. The spout has a swivel function and the height of the spout is about 10 inches.

All of these items are fabulous faucet designs if you wish to buy bridge kitchen faucets.

Book Great School Assemblies! – Here’s The Secret

It’s 10 a.m.  As the kids file into the multipurpose room,  you wait nervously in the back.  They don’t know what to expect of this welcome break from studying the three “R’s” but they know it’ll be something different.  Hopefully —  something fun.  The principal quiets the children, makes a small speech thanking the Home and School association for sponsoring their school  assemblies  and then he introduces the presenter. Within a minute into the performance,  the realization hits you – “Uh, oh… I think this was a mistake.”

Hiring a school  assembly  presenter is one of the toughest jobs around.  In the words of Forest Gump “You never know what you’re gonna get!”  As the cultural arts representative of your Home and School Association or your Parent-Teacher Organization, you have the daunting task of sifting through the mountain of promotional materials that’s been sent to your school by presenters from every corner of the country via U.S. Postal Service or these days – via email.

By the end of the school year, you finally have a grasp on the “who to hire” and “how to hire” an  assembly  presenter, but sometimes by then, it’s too late.  Next years’ cultural arts person will start where you started —  at the beginning.

Having been a successful school  assembly  performer and presenter for nearly 20 years, what follows will be the number one secret that home and school representatives can use when hiring a performer that promises to at least give you some measure of confidence that your school  assembly  will be a success.

Ready for the secret?  Hire experience.  Although you may have been to a birthday party and the twelve kids there were mesmerized by a magician while the parents enjoyed their coffee, doesn’t mean that the guy can do the same at your school.   Handling an auditorium of elementary-aged kids can be difficult for even a seasoned educator.

Think back to when you were in elementary school.  Do you remember the day your  substitute teacher walked through the door?  The happiness and glee you and your classmates felt because you were about to abuse that poor guy for the rest of the day?!  You don’t want the same situation to occur during your school  assembly  program.  An experienced, professional presenter is one that has hundreds (yes — hundreds) of school performances under the belt.  Not five, not ten, not even twenty.  I’ve seen countless young presenters fresh out of college that, although they might be unbelievable performers, can’t handle this type of young audience.  They get frustrated and the situation can turn from bad to worse.   Another natural progression of experience  is longevity.  Typically you’ll find that one of the reasons that a performer has been in the school  assembly  business  for a long time is because he or she does a pretty good show.  Although  this work can (at times) be extremely difficult,  it is ultimately extremely  rewarding and if you’re not offering quality school  assemblies  performances,  you probably won’t work that much and ultimately will be forced to leave the business.

A successful booking can never be guaranteed.  But — If you can keep this advice in mind when searching for your next school  assembly , then you’ll at least get the odds in your favor that the show you’re bringing to your school will be a good one. Who knows?  You might be responsible for their best show ever!

Review – Drift Innovation X170 Action Camera

The Drift Innovation X170 Action Camera is the latest all-round helmet camera to be released onto the market and we would highly recommend it. When it comes to filming extreme sports, it is one of the best we have come across.

This new camera has been designed, not only to take high quality point-of-view photos and videos but also to be perfect for all extreme sports, whether that be skiing, mountain biking or rally driving.

When looking for a helmet camera you want to know that you are purchasing one that can pull out all of the stops and the X170 does just that. It ticks every single box that you could want an extreme sports camera to tick. Here is a list of some of the product’s main features:

* The X170 delivers DVD quality video and 5Mp photographs

* These functions can be controlled by a wireless RF remote control

* A 1.5″ screen helps you to line up the perfect shot and to show off your video right away

* Memory expansion up to 8Gb on SD card

* With a wide angle lens of 170 degrees you will get all the action in your shot

* All the mounts that you need are provided, plus it has a metal 8mm mount

* Most importantly a price tag that is not going to break the bank

One of the first things that you will notice when taking your new X170 out of the box is the 1.5″ screen – something that we consider to be one of the product’s most desirable features. We found having a screen on the camera extremely useful for two reasons; firstly you can line up the best angle when mounting the camera so that you don’t get home after a long day out expecting to see brilliant videos only to find that you have been filming blue sky all day. Secondly, and more importantly is watching your videos on the screen with your mates straight after you’ve come off the slope, track, or water.

The wide angled lens also provides great advantages: with previous narrower angled cameras it was difficult to gain perspective of the speed because the lens only saw the track in front of you. With 170º field of view you will not only see the what is in front of you but also the scenery around you. This truly puts the speed in perspective and is the way forward for point-of-view cameras.

This camera may seem a bit backwards as it runs on the older style AA batteries, rather than the rechargeable lith-ion batteries that most cameras use these days. But considering all extreme sports are outdoors would you like batteries that can be quickly replaced or to have to find a wall socket to recharge your battery? We prefer to simply carry a spare set of batteries if we are heading out for a long time. The guys at Drift Innovation seem to have thought this one through though and have therefore delivered the best solution.

In terms of mounting the new X170, the options are endless, as it has a built-in steel quarter inch thread (8mm thread) so you can attach it to suction mounts and rollbar mounts which are included in the kit. The quick release mount adapter easily inserts into the quarter inch thread securely, which can be used to attach the camera to each of the mounting options available in the box.

Also included with the camera are handlebar and helmet grips, so the camera can be mounted to anywhere you would want to, whether that is onto handlebars of motorbikes, push bikes and mountain bikes or the smooth surface of a helmet or bike’s fairing. The is also a goggle mount included and this is a really easy mount to use as you simply put your goggles strap into the mount and you’re ready to go. This can also be used with the head strap whenever you don’t have a helmet with you.

The new X170 can even be used on its side or upside down, as the lens rotates 180 degrees from one side to the other. This gives flexibility to mount the camera on either side of a helmet or on top while still being able to have an upright image by simply twisting the lens around.

The final feature and one of our favourite parts of the X170 kit is the radio frequency wireless remote control. It comes with a strap so you can safely secure to your wrist etc and it only contains two buttons that are large enough to be used with gloves on, so it really couldn’t be simpler to use. Also due to the fact that it works through radio frequency (as opposed to infra-red) it doesn’t need line-of-sight to operate and it works up to three metres away from the camera, making it a great asset to the kit.

So why not check it out today and, as The Drift Innovation catch phrase says; “Capture and Relive all of your Action Sports!”

Executive Office Furniture Is The Key to a Successful Business

When you own a business, you feel on top of the world and you will want to have the most luxurious office. This is definitely not a bad thing and every businessman will have the same thought when it comes to his office. This is not only required so that you can feel proud and satisfied each day but this majestic look is also required so that your visitors and clients will get a very good first impression about the professionalism and success of your business. An executive look will not only give you comfort and respect, but it will also give you good business and boost profits.

Using executive office furniture will add more worth to your office. You will be able to find a huge variety of executive office furniture. This furniture is designed in such a way that they not only give comfort but also give a grand look to your office space. Today most of the interior decorators also prefer reliable executive office furniture to decorate the executive’s room.

Now, with the need and work style taking a huge transformation and with everyone expecting luxury, this furniture has made a huge change compared to the traditional executive furniture. There is a variety of executive office furniture pieces beginning with simple furniture to anything large you may need. In fact, there are a few dealers who will specially design new executive office furniture for their clients with large budgets based on their requirements.


Once you have made up your mind to furnish your office with the executive office furniture you will have to do some preliminary work like thinking of the purpose of the room. What kind of furniture will be required? This will give you a fair idea of what kind of furniture you will need. It also makes sense to measure the size of the room so that you can buy furniture that will fit exactly in and give a chic look to your room. You can also consider other interior decorating options like the paint color and wall hangings before buying the furniture.

With all these things set in your mind, you can either browse the internet for elegant executive office furniture or visit your nearest outlet. Make sure that your furnishing items not only have an executive and elegant look but are also lightweight. It is good to opt for furniture made of glass or any other weightless materials since then transportation will be easier. Furniture should be selected in such a way that they reflect the style, personality and the professionalism of the executive and his business. The décor and furnishing of an executive office should make everyone feel and think of new ways to achieve success.

Good furniture has the ability to make you feel good. It can give you warmth leading you to think better and earn more. Obviously you will need some time and expert advice in giving your room this feel and it is definitely a sensible thing to do.

Why Everyone Needs a Hobby

People typically find themselves doing the same thing every day or every week. They get up at a usual time. They go to the same place every day and spend time with the same people. Each person goes about their day usually working until it’s not time to work anymore. When the work day is over this is what is referred to as our free time.

But this doesn’t meant that the work is necessarily over. During this period of “free time” we are expected to fulfill the needs and wants of many others. Parents need to care for children, to cook dinner or help with home work and many other tasks. Wives spend time taking care of husbands a hopefully visa verse.

Finally, once all the work is completed, we have very little time for ourselves. But in this little amount of time, we should discover something we truly desire to do.

So often, individuals turn to their mates when looking for something to do, which isn’t necessarily a bad thing, but one can not expect another individual to provide all of which is needed to fulfill them. It is important that each person gets a proper amount of time to do whatever it is they desire to do in his or her free time.

This is where a personal hobby or interest comes in.

Taking up a personal hobby or simply having time alone allows us as individuals to reflect. By taking a quiet bath by candle light alone, we have the opportunity to think about our day, our week and how we feel. We think about what makes us happy or sad and can take this time to understand why something makes us feel a certain way.

But with many busy lifestyles it is easy to forget to take time for ourselves which can lead to stress and feelings of resentment toward others around us.

It is important to understand that we all need our own free time and shouldn’t feel hurt if our mate feels the need to be alone once in a while. If we take time to think and reflect, this gives us the opportunity to sort our thoughts and can actually result in better connections when time is spent together.

Individuals are more likely, especially men, to have more to talk about if given time to compile all the information in their head before expecting to engage in conversation. A special hobby or interest is the perfect opportunity to take the time to do so.

We should realize that it’s not necessarily important to understand why a person wants to do something as much as much as the importance of acknowledging the fact that the person does enjoy doing it. Men and women often differ greatly when it comes to how we choose to spend our free time. Women may desire conversation or shopping in a busy mall, while men are content with sitting quietly to watch a favorite television show or sport.

Everyone needs time and activities that fulfill in ways that our jobs and home life may not. Whether it’s taking a cooking class or sitting by a pond alone in hopes of catching a big fish.

Spending quality time with partners and family is great, but we should make it a priority to make time to do something we choose just for us. By doing so, we can expect to be happier people when we do spend time together.

Laying Swimming Pool Tiles

If you have a swimming pool on your property you’ll find that laying tiles is a great improvement over a more standard pool lining material as well as improving its appearance. You can make a lovely swimming environment by installing colourful tiles or using mosaic tiles to create creative patterns. It doesn’t matter if you’re tiling just the walls or the entire pool though, make sure you use specialised swimming pool tiles and waterproof grout to ensure you get proper, long term coverage.

First, drain your pool so the water level is below your installation line and at a level that you are happy to stand in. If you are tiling the entire pool or the pool floor, or just don’t want to stand in water while you work, you can drain all the water entirely.

Clean the surface you are going to install your tiles on using warm water and ordinary dish soap. This ensures that all chemicals, dirt and other contaminants are gone from the surface. Dry thoroughly with a towel or leave for a few hours to dry naturally.

Now spread cement paste over an area no larger than 4-5 square feet at a time. You can use a notched towel which will leave ridged in the paste so the tiles stick to it better. Make sure you are using tiles and grout which are approved for application in swimming pools, as not all products are guaranteed waterproof.

Now firmly push your pool tiles into place in the cemented area. The reason you work in small areas is so that the adhesive doesn’t dry out before you can put the tiles onto it. If you do end up with some dry patches, make sure you scrape off the old adhesive with the edge of your trowel before you apply a new layer, or you will get an uneven finish. If you want to keep a very uniform edge to your tiling, temporarily screw up a wooden board at the bottom of each tile row to use as a guide for sitting tiles at the same level.

If you need to cut any tiles for edges or smaller areas use a proper tile cutter to minimise waste from breakages. Draw a pencil line on the back of the tile where it needs resizing and then slice that line with the cutter. If you are using thin enough tiles, you can even score the line with a sharp knife and then just snap the tile along it.

Keep applying adhesive and laying tiles until everything is covered. Remember to work in small areas. Once you’re done, leave everything alone for at least 48 hours so the tile adhesive has time to dry fully.

Now apply your waterproof grout to the joints in between the pool tiles. Spread across the entire surface using a grout float and use a smaller implement like a teaspoon handle to force the grout into the joints. Don’t leave gaps or spaces anywhere as this will mean water leakage once the pool is refilled, which will ruin the whole installation!

Wipe away all the excess grout from the surface of the tiles using a damp sponge. Allow to dry for at least another 48 hours and then you can refill the pool and enjoy your lovely new swimming area.

Roofing – Emergency Roof Repair

Discovery a leaking roof in your home can be quite upsetting. Your roof should be protecting the inside of your house and keeping it water-tight. It is one of the most important things on your exterior to protect you from rain, snow, sleet, and hail. Many people go into panic mode when they notice their roof leaking and damaging their interior.

Chances are when you find out your roof is leaking it is raining or there is snow on your roof. No one in their right mind is going to go up there then and try to do an emergency roof repair. It’s a dangerous place to be when wet. Slipping off the roof can happen too easily.

Before you call a roofing contractor to do repairs look carefully at where the leak is to determine what might be the cause. If your roof is sloped the source of the leak may be higher up than where the actual water is coming in. Try to determine where it might be coming from so you can accurately tell the contractor what type of roof repair you need.

Chimneys are a Common Source of Leaks

Chimneys are a frequent place for leaks. The metal flashing around the chimney may have become loose. Roof cement often separates from chimneys during extreme weather and temperature changes.

Leaking Roof Vents

Roof vents are another easy area for water to seep into your home. Your roof probably has several vents. You could have vents to let the hot air out of your attic. There are usually plumbing vents too from the bathroom. Sometimes there are dryer vents. All these vents are normally sealed with flashing and/or roof cement. Many emergency roof repairs are done around vents.

Anytime there is something coming out of your roof it is a prime candidate for a leak in your roof. Your roofing material may still be in good shape. It’s these openings in your roof that can cause problems. Having to reseal them is quite common.

Call a Professional Roofing Contractor

Trying to do an emergency roof repair yourself is not as easy as it may sound. If you think you can just go up there and slap some roof cement on – you’re wrong! Just like most things there is a right and wrong way to do it. Even the smallest gap left can let water in. If the cement is applied incorrectly it may cause water to form small pools of water that will enter your home.

Emergency roof repairs are better left to a professional. Besides the risk of falling off your roof it is not a job easily accomplished by an amateur. Don’t panic – but also don’t think a do-it-yourself job will do the trick.

How To Enhance A Women’s Sexual Experience Through The Use of Sex Toys

It does not matter what your age is, or whether you are in a committed relationship, married, or single the use of sex toys can enhance your experience sexually. Sex toys allow you to change your routine add a little spice whether you’re using them alone or with a partner. There are different types of sex toys you can use to accomplish this. Here are a few examples there are Vibrators, Dildos, G Spot Stimulators, Ben Wa Balls, Lotions and Massage Oils.

Vibrators allow you to feel exquisite pleasure and increased arousal. There are a lot of different kinds of vibrators. However, most women use the ones that stimulate the clitoris. Vibrators come in many different shapes, sizes, colors, material compositions, and variable speeds. What ever way you or you and a partner decide to use vibrators they are one of the best ways to enhance a women’s sexual experience. Whether you are using the toy with a partner or using it alone. Finally, remember battery powered vibrators might over heat. NEVER use a vibrator in the tub it can cause you to be severely shocked even if they are water proof.

Dildos are basically used as a substitute for a penis. They can be used for anal,oral, and vaginal penetration. Dildos increase pleasure during intercourse. Dildos also come in many different shapes, sizes, colors, material compositions, and some vibrate. There are even some dildos that are molded from male porn star’s penises. Dildos can provide women with the feeling of being full through trusting. This can be a very satisfying experience for a woman. Remember ladies always use a dildo with a flared base, if you use it for anal sex. This will prevent it from slipping in so far that you can’t pull it out. Make sure you always clean your dildo, or any sex toy for that matter after you use it. Especially after you use it in your anus so you don’t transfer any bacteria from your anus to your vagina. That could through off your PH balance and cause you to get an infection.

G Spot Stimulators are designed to bring a woman pleasure through stimulation or vibrations to their g spot. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, colors, material compositions, some vibrate, and some don’t. These toys are amazing all you do is stick them in, and lay their turn them on and they do all the work. If you are like me you, or your partner have never been able to locate your g spot this toy can be very useful. Remember ladies never use silicone lubricant on silicone based toys use water based lubricant instead. Make sure you clean them in warm soapy water when you finish.

Ben Wa Balls, this particular sex toy, consists of two metal balls. The first ball is made of a solid material, and is inserted in the vagina near the cervix. The second ball is filled with a liquid. The Ben Wa Balls were used in the Far east for centuries the second ball was filled with a liquid that was traditionally mercury. Ladies remember to clean your balls with warm soapy water.

Lotions and Massage Oils are used in order to encourage touching, caressing and giving or receiving sensuous massages. Lotions and Massage Oils come in various sizes, scents and flavors. Some massage oils are lick-able, and some heat up when applied. So remember ladies have fun and make sure to get your partner to use the lotions and massage on you first. After all ladies first.

In conclusion, push a side your fears, and approach playing with various sex toys with an open mind. Especially if this is your first experience, and if it’s not explore playing with some toys that might be outside of your comfort zone or knowledge base. Use your imagination. Ladies there is no reason why you can’t incorporate sex toys in to your play time whether you’re alone or have a partner. Do not be afraid to use your imagination and have fun!

13 Fast Facts About Acrylic Paint

1. It is less than a century old. The first type of acrylic paint to become commercially available was actually polymer-based house paint, which became available in the 1940s.

2. It was only in the 1950s that acrylics were made commercially available. After that, they took off in popularity and they’re remained a top choice for many artists ever since thanks in part to their great versatility.

3. Acrylic paint does have lots of its own characteristics, though it can easily be manipulated to resemble oil paints or watercolour paints. Many artists therefore use this type of paint as a substitute for oils or watercolours.

4. Acrylic paint consists of a pigment that’s suspended in an acrylic polymer emulsion binder. The pigment is the material that gives paint its colour and the binder is what holds the pigment together with the emulsion.

5. Painting with acrylics gives your work a sharp, clear and bold effect. It’s a good choice if you want a painting that looks really realistic.

6. Acrylic paint tends to dry quite quickly, though you can add a retarded to the paint to slow down the drying process.

7. You can easily paint layers with acrylics, as the paint’s colours are permanent. You can paint one layer on top of another and the layer that’s been painted over won’t be visible at all.

8. Acrylic paint can be applied to a huge variety of surfaces. As well as canvas, it can be applied to surfaces such as glass, wood, ceramics, plastic, fabric, metals, stones, cars, houses and even cardboard paper.

9. There are loads of different mediums and substances, such as gels, sand and rice, that you can add to acrylics to give them all sorts of different textures. Many artists like experimenting by adding different things to the paint to see what effects they produce.

10. An acrylic painting that has completely dried out does have the tendency to attract dust; once you’ve finished working on painting, you should add a layer of varnish to it in order to prevent dust gathering on it and damaging it.

11. If you’ve got lots of acrylic paint on your brushes or on your hands, all you need is soap and water to get it off.

12. One of the most famous artists to have used and experimented with acrylics is Andy Warhol, known for pioneering the ‘pop art’ concept and movement. Many of his most recognisable and influential works, including Campbell’s Soup Cans, were completed in acrylics.

13. Acrylic paint is known for producing vibrant, loud and solid colours. Paintings done in acrylic paint stand out and tend to be very eye-catching.

Crane Scales – Smart Weighing Devices

Crane scales are of immense importance when it comes to weighing lighter or heavier things. We use them almost in your daily life even without noticing their importance. In commercial settings, heavy and robust scales are used to weight even thousands of pounds. An ordinary low class scale can weigh up to 3000 pounds or 1360 kilograms. Crane scales are more commonly called as digital hanging scales or digital weighing scales. Its mechanism is quiet simple. All you need is to hang the scale on some rigid and strong surface. The bottom part of the scale is a hook where you will be hanging the weight to weight.

These scales are designed and manufactured in variety of shapes and capacities. There are a lot of American and European manufacturers of this small and smart instrument. Almost all crane scales are equipped and powered with two AA size batteries. These batteries are used to supply power to the digital side of the instrument. Normally, these batteries last for 200 hours. The scale can also automatically switch itself off if nothing is weighed for more than 3 minutes. In some smart devices, this time is adjustable. Similarly, you can adjust the weighing unit in your instrument to weigh things in your preferred standard.

The best thing about these crane scales is that they are extremely precise. Therefore, like other precision instruments, they need to be kept away from harsh and extreme weather conditions. Similarly, you should make sure that the scale does not get moisture. Since it is an electronic device, moisture can possibly destroy its whole circuitry. Similarly, electromagnetic fields can have a direct effect on improper measurement of weight. You might need to relocate your scale if is not weighing properly. You can learn about these and a lot of other precautions from various sites on internet.

Buying a scale is quiet easy and simple. There are tons of websites selling these precision instruments at very reasonable prices. Due to online competition, you can get a good quality crane scale with capacity up to 25,000 x 20 lbs in under $1,100. Analog variants are way cheaper but people mostly prefer digital devices as they are more accurate. When you have bought a crane scale, you should calibrate it before weighing anything. These instruments come with manuals or booklets with a step by step guide on how to use them.