Exterior Lighting Techniques

There are several things you need to consider when choosing exterior lighting for your home. Remember that your yard is the extension of your house so you would want to have them properly illuminated.

Exterior lighting can make your house look good and stand out from its surroundings. Choosing the appropriate lighting could not only make your house attractive especially at night, but a well-lit house is less likely to be intruded by burglars. These two are the critical reasons why exterior lighting are important – for aesthetic look and for safety issues.

You may want your yard to look natural even at night. In order to do so, you need to observe the effects of natural light in your yard during different parts of the day. You may try to recreate these using artificial lights. Focus on certain focal points only that need to be illuminated during the night. You may put outdoor lighting on the pathways and certain parts of the garden that you want to accentuate. It could be the little pond, particular trees or flower beds. It is important that you are installing sufficient light – not too bright and not too dim.

There are times that you need to use several kinds of lights to reach the desired lighting effects. Here are some of the different ways on how you can illuminate your yard.

Moonlighting. It is one of the most popular lighting techniques used for outdoor lighting. It is a lighting design wherein you are able to reflect the unique and exquisite qualities of your house and your landscape. You need to put your lights high, one good choice would be tall trees, and should be properly angled. As the light diffuses on the leaves, it creates a soft, attractive shadow and lighting patterns on the ground below just as the bright moon at night.

Up Lighting. This lighting technique is usually used if you want accentuate certain architectural design of your house and focal areas on your landscape while creating dramatic shadows on the walls. Lightings are installed below the object of choice facing upward. It creates some sort of a spotlight, drawing people’s attention to the object being illuminated. It could be boulders, sculptures, certain plants or trees and other garden structures.

Silhouetting. Silhouetting is placing spotlights directly behind sculptures or plants or any garden accessories and angled to an adjacent wall creating dramatic outlines of the object being silhouetted. This lighting technique is also knows as backlighting.

Shadowing. This technique is very much similar to silhouetting but instead of placing the lights directly behind the object, lighting fixtures are installed in front of them. Shadowing can create more attractive and dramatic lighting effects that silhouetting as the shadows are greatly enlarged, evoking strong moods in the garden at night.

Step Lighting. One of the most important lighting methods used is the step lighting. This technique is used whenever you have stairs, be it a single step or an entire staircase. It provides sufficient illumination of possibly dangerous step areas to ensure safety while producing aesthetic lighting effects.

How to Start A House Cleaning Business In 7 Simple Steps

One of the main reasons people start businesses is to make money. For some it’s a blessing to make money doing something they love. I’m not saying that you have to love house cleaning in order to have a successful house cleaning business; however it would be a good idea if you didn’t hate it.

How much money you make depends on how big you want your business to be. It could be a one person operation where you set up at home and service areas close to home, or you could set up a commercial office and hire people to work for you.

Here are 7 simple steps to get you started on your own house cleaning business.

1) Decide exactly what kind of house cleaning services you will offer.

Here you decided what cleaning you will do, like making beds, vacuuming, mopping and waxing floors, dusting and so on. Also note what you won’t do, e.g. laundry. You can also decide to specialize, e.g. by cleaning carpets only, or cleaning suspended ceilings only.

2) Pricing your housecleaning service.

To have an idea of how to charge for your housecleaning service, use your competition. Check your telephone directory and the classified ads section in your local newspapers for cleaning businesses, call them up (pretend to be a prospective client) and find out exactly what cleaning services they offer and how much they charge. With this information gathered decide the best price to charge for your cleaning service.

3) Workout startup costs.

For this you need to consider, tools, material, transport, advertising, insurance etc. Write down a list all the tools and material you need, like cleaners, sponges, mops, carpet cleaning equipment etc. Next find out the cost of each item on the list and write it down next to the item.

Transport: you will have to estimate your costs here. You see it depends on where your client is located and your means of transportation to get to your client. (Having your own vehicle would be to your advantage).

Advertising: You can use free advertising (word of mouth) and paid advertising (classifieds, telephone directory ads etc). Phone calls to your local newspaper and the telephone company who publish your telephone directory will tell you the cost of placing ads.

Once you’ve gathered all this information, calculate your total startup costs.

4) Name your business.

Choosing an appropriate name for your house cleaning business is important. Here are a few examples I got of the internet, ‘Maid Brigade’, ‘All Shine Cleaning’, ‘White Glove Cleaning Service’. Please avoid using ‘Your Name Cleaning Services’. Using your own name as part of your business name is over done by many house cleaning businesses. Brainstorm and come up with a name that helps you stand out of the crowd.

5) Learn the zoning regulations of your community.

Check the city clerk’s Office or your local library for a copy for a copy of the zoning laws governing your community. Your reason for doing this is that some zoning regulations prohibit home businesses in a community.

6) Do a few free cleaning jobs.

Well you’re not actually doing them for free. You’re doing them in exchange for references (these add to your credibility for future paying clients and are invaluable). You can offer these free cleaning jobs to friends, non profit organizations in your communities etc.

7) Get your first paying client then get another and another and another and so on.

Tell everyone you know that you’ve started a cleaning business and place ads in the local newspapers. In the beginning you need to spend most of your time and money getting paying clients. However, the more clients you get the less time and money you spend on marketing and more time you spend on cleaning and making your clients happy.

This is just the beginning. Once you start making money take a house cleaning business course to help you better manage your business in terms of growth, accounting, taxes, insurance better marketing strategies and more.

You have permission to publish this article electronically or in print, free of charge, as long as the bylines are included. A courtesy copy of your publication would be appreciated. fayolap@yahoo.com

How to Choose Real Wood Flooring

Choosing the right real wood flooring is critical if you want to get the most durability and longevity for your money. Many people choose a flooring material solely based on looks. This is a mistake.

You must understand the terminology used for describing wood flooring and how different specifications affect the performance of the flooring. Not all floors are created equal, and not all have the same intended use. Before you purchase any type of wood flooring you should understand what you are getting. Making the right choice will ensure your real wood floor will provide lasting beauty to your home.

Flooring Types

There are three basic types of real wood flooring. Unlike veneers or laminates that consist of a thin layer of wood and synthetic materials the rest of the way through, real wood floors contain wood all the way through. Here are the three main types of flooring:

Solid. Any flooring that is solid from top to bottom is considered a solid wood floor. One main concern with a solid wood floor is that humidity and temperature changes can cause the wood to expand and contract. Depending on the size of the room, the expansion can cause buckling and contraction can cause gaps.

Engineered. An engineered flooring material is similar to plywood, where multiple layers of wood are glued together with the grains running in opposite directions. This creates a floor surface that is more stable in humid environments such as kitchens and bathrooms.

Acrylic Impregnated. This type of real wood flooring is typically used in commercial applications. It is created by injecting an acrylic compound into the wood. This creates a very hard and durable surface.

Wood Cuts

How the wood is cut during the manufacturing process will affect the stability and appearance of the wood.

Plain Sawn. This is the most common method of cutting real wood flooring. Each cut of the lumber is made parallel with the last cut. This is the most economical method since it produces the least waste. This also produces wood that has more variations than the other cutting method.

Quarter Sawn. For this method, lumber is first cut into quarters before being cut into strips. This creates wood flooring with a vertical grain that will expand and contract vertically instead of horizontally during humidity changes. Flooring cut this way have a very tight-grained appearance.

Now you understand the basics of real wood flooring, and you should have enough knowledge to select a flooring option that will suit your particular application. There are also many finishing options and species of wood to choose from. Each of these selections will give you different appearances and different levels of durability.

Other Considerations

These are the criteria that affect the performance of real wood flooring. However, there are other specifications such as grading and floor styles that will affect the overall appearance of the flooring. These specification are covered in more detail at our website.

Making the right selection of real wood flooring is important. You want something that will fit the look of your home, but it must also perform well under the conditions in which it will be used. Careful selection will ensure that your money is well-invested and you’ll enjoy the beauty of a real wood floor in your home for a very long time.

Medela Harmony Manual Breast Pump

The Medela Harmony manual breast pump is considered to be one of the most innovative manual pumps in the market. It has two phases of expressing the milk and this offers a lot of efficiency and convenience. The pumps makes it easy for you to collect and keep the milk once you have expressed it. It is also easy to move the milk to another bottle with this pump. It is quiet and effective. The design on the Medela Harmony manual breast pump offers comfort and there are various features that are included to make the experience more enjoyable. One of the best features on the pump is the handle that has a contoured, ergonomic design that makes it easy for you to use. The handle also moves around therefore you can adjust the position of your hand and make the process more comfortable. It also includes a breast shield that will massage your breast softly as you pump the milk.

The two-phase technology that is applied when you are expressing the milk makes it feel like a baby is suckling. The technology has been designed to imitate the rhythm a baby uses when suckling. The breast pump works in 2 different modes. The first mode is the simulation where rapid sucking causes the milk to start flowing. The other mode is expression where there is deep sucking to express the milk gently. The two modes complement each other to make the process painless and quick.

There are fewer features on the Medela Harmony manual breast pump therefore it will take you a shorter time to put them together and clean it compared to other pumps. This means that you can start to pump the milk almost immediately.

One of the most important benefits of using the Medela Harmony manual breast pump is the fact that it is a sanitary and safe way of ensuring that your baby has the nutrients required. All the parts are made from safe materials.

You can also power the breast milk with electricity and this is why the pump comes with a conversion kit.

When you buy the Medela Harmony manual breast pump the packaging will include a breast shield, a container stand, two containers that can store two ounces of milk and 2 lids. If you need some advice on breastfeeding, you can read the information guide that comes with the pump. There is also an instruction manual that lets you know how you can use the Medela Harmony manual breast pump.

Transform Your Organization With Lean Tools

A lot has been said and discussed on how lean techniques can bring a positive change in your organizational structure and functioning. But the very natural question which arises is ‘How do you do this?’; ‘Are there any tools for Lean transformation?’

The answer surely is a big YES! Lean methodology has a wide array of tools which can improve your manufacturing operations. You can always explore more about lean tools as per the requirements of your organization. Though the list of useful tools is an exhaustive one, here is a basic list of tools which will usher in lean thinking in your organization. The popular lean tools are:

5 S

We begin the list with one of the most effective lean tool for every work area, namely 5S. Now the ‘5S’ are:

  1. Sort – Eliminate unnecessary elements/ items
  2. Set in Order – Organize the remaining elements/ items
  3. Shine – Clean and Inspect your work area
  4. Standardize – Set standards for Cleanup
  5. Sustain – Regularly apply the standards

This is a very basic and yet very essential tool for manufacturing units as it eliminates the wastage of time and effort due to poor organization of the work area. For example the time wasted by workers in finding their tools can be saved if there is an allotted area where tools need to be kept.

Bottleneck Analysis

A bottleneck is a constraint in the supply chain due to which more time is taken by the resource to complete the task. A bottleneck analysis brings focus on the critical issues which need to be addressed for better performance of the unit. This tool helps in improving the throughput by strengthening the weakest link in the manufacturing process.

Gemba (The Real Place)

Gemba is Japanese for ‘the real place’. It basically refers to the ideas that problems are usually visible when you make observations of actions in process. All one needs to do is get out of the office and walk into the plant floor – a place where the real action takes place.

The main aim of this tool is to give a first- hand observation of the manufacturing process by talking with the plant floor employees and thereby instilling a deep and thorough understanding of real-world manufacturing issues.

Jidoka (Autonomation)

Also known as ‘autonomation with human touch’ this tool used for the supervisory function. It is designed to partially automate the manufacturing process and automatically stops whenever defects are detected. With this tool not only are the quality issues kept in check, but now the workers can also monitor multiple work stations which will ultimately bring down your labour cost.

Hoshin Kanri (Policy Deployment)

This tool makes it a point that the strategic goals of a company drive action and progress at all the levels within that company. That is each and every unit of the company works and progresses towards achieving the well-defined strategic goal of the organization. This is done by aligning the goals of the company (Strategy), with the plans of middle management (Tactics) and the work performed on the plant floor (Action).

This method does-away with all the waste which occurs due to poor communication and inconsistent directions.

Thus these are some of the basic tools which you can deploy for lean transformation of your organization/ manufacturing unit. You can either use them in isolation or synergize them in order to get better and long lasting results.

Cantilever TV Wall Mounts

The most flexible TV wall mounts are cantilever wall mounts. Cantilevers allow offer the full range of movement from your TV; pulling out and pushing flat against the wall,   tilting  forward and backwards and turning from left to right. It’s no surprise then that they’re also known as ‘ tilt  and turns’.

The type of cantilever required for your TV will vary on a number of things, including the type of wall you are looking to mount it on, your TV’s size and weight, whether your TV is VESA compatible, and your own personal preference.

In this article I’ll be looking at the cantilever wall mount that I use for my 46″ LCD TV at home, which uses two diamond shaped arms to bring the TV away from the wall – i.e. when fully extended, the arms move together to form an ‘I’ shape, when half extended they form a ” shape and when flat, form a ‘-‘ shape.

TV wall mounts are made to fit a minimum and maximum TV size, generally around a range of 15 inches. In this case, TV wall mounts that fit 46″ TVs will generally be capable of hanging the range of 40 – 65″. Of course, a 65″ TV is extremely big, so it’s unsurprising then that the cantilever bracket itself is also very large. In this case, the wall fixing plate is almost two feet wide and the bracket itself weighs around 15kg and is capable of holding up to 100kg in weight.

It’s unsurprising then that cantilevers of this size do not fold completely flat against the wall due to the size of armature required, so investigate the ‘flat size’ you will require before purchasing your TV wall mount.

Once up, the cantilever offers an amazing range of movement. It’s incredibly easy to pull the TV almost three feet out and turn it at a 90 degree angle to the wall, allowing me to watch from my kitchen over 30 feet away while I’m cooking.

It also makes for comfortable repositioning when guests are over. I often find that as a guest, sitting on a different sofa or armchair makes for a steep angle viewing angle, especially with LCD TV’s whose non-distorted viewing angles tend to be quite narrow. The cantilever TV wall mount offers a great compromise, allowing the TV to be easily moved in-between the two seats for comfortable and shared viewing.

Finally, the cantilever wall mount easily accommodates glare. By pulling two tabs at the back of the wall mount the user can adjust the  tilt  of the TV to minimise / cut out glare from any angle as the day progresses – a feature that I use very regularly.

While cantilever wall mounts are more expensive than simpler TV wall mounts, for me, the additional flexibility makes them far more effective fixings for your TV and will allow much more comfortable TV viewing. In my opinion, a cantilever wall mount should be the preferred choice over any TV fixing except those requiring very flat profiles on open walls where the TV bracket can be seen on a day to day basis.

About the 2014 Kia Sorento

Kia Motors is full of surprises. The Korean brand, no longer in the shadow of its Hyundai consort, is producing award-winning and highly desirable models of its own. Its Sorento crossover is one such vehicle, a model that was overhauled just three years ago. For 2014, instead of bringing to the market a midcycle refresh, Kia has given us an all-new version of the Kia Sorento. A three-year product cycle is certainly much shorter than the customary five to six year cycle, but demonstrates that Kia is serious in staying at the forefront of crossover utility vehicle competitiveness.

Sorento Background

The Kia Sorento is a medium-sized CUV, sold in front- and all-wheel-drive configurations. This vehicle seats five, but a third row seat is available, extending passenger carrying capacity to seven people.

The Sorento is of steel unibody construction and has an independent suspension with MacPherson struts up front and multi-link in the rear. Front and rear stabilizer bars and a rear, dual flow damper is standard. This vehicle makes use of motor driven power steering. Standard 17-inch wheels give way to 18- or 19-inch wheels on some models.

Engines and Transmission

Base models are powered by a 16-valve 2.4-liter four cylinder aluminum engine. Like all Sorento models, this engine is paired with a six-speed automatic transmission with manual shifting capabilities. This engine is rated at 191 horsepower at 6,300 rpm and makes 181 foot-pounds of torque at 4,250 rpm. This engine has an 11.3-to-1 compression ratio.

Beyond the base model, a 24-valve 3.3-liter V-6 aluminum engine is available. This engine makes 290 horsepower at 6,400 rpm and 252 foot-pounds of torque at 5,200 rpm. The V-6 has an 11.5-to-1 compression ratio.

Fueling and Towing

The standard Sorento is rated at 20 mpg in the city and 26 mpg on the highway. Its takes regular grade gasoline and has a 1,650-pound towing capacity.

Upgraded versions of the Sorento are rated at 18 mpg around town and 25 mpg on the highway. This vehicle also takes regular grade gasoline and has a 3,500-pound towing capacity.

Model Dimensions

The 2014 Kia Sorento sits on a 106.3-inch wheelbase and is 184.4 inches long. This vehicle measures 74.2 inches wide and 66.9 inches tall. Offering a 7.3-inch ground clearance, the front track measures 64 inches and the rear track measures 63.9 inches.

Kia’s Sorento offers 144.1 cubic feet of passenger volume. Its standard 9.1 cubic feet of storage capacity can be expanded to 72.5 cubic feet with the rear seating areas folded down. The Sorento weighs from 3,594 to 3,894 pounds.

Key Features

The 2014 Kia Sorento is sold in LX, LX V6, EX V6, SX and SX-L trim levels. Standard safety equipment includes an anti-lock brake system, electronic brake-force distribution, stability control, hill start assist and six air bags. This model also comes with a rollover sensor and front active headrests.

Manual air conditioning is standard; rear air conditioning and dual zone climate control are optional. This vehicle comes equipped with cruise control, power accessories, SiriusXM satellite radio, Bluetooth connectivity, an audio system, a tilt and telescopic steering column, a leather-wrapped steering wheel, illuminated vanity mirrors and cloth seating surfaces.

Popular options including packaged upgrades include leather seating, push button start, a navigation system, a rear backup camera, an upgraded audio system, back up warning, blind spot detection and a second row sunshade screen. This vehicle also offers a power liftgate, a 115-volt power inverter, heated front seats and drive seat memory controls.

Sorento Notes

Arriving in Kia showrooms in the first quarter of 2013, the Kia Sorento counts the Chevrolet Equinox, Ford Edge, Dodge Journey, Toyota Venza and the Mazda CX-5 among its competitors. Priced from just under $25,000, the 2014 Kia Sorento may offer the complete package for buyers, a CUV with all the amenities and the latest styling and technologies available.

Garden Awnings Are Ideal For Recreation

Most of us prefer to spend time in our garden or backyard with a desire to relax or even enjoying the fresh air. It is also a nice experience cause at times to prefer to spend few moments either sitting alone or with some after the long stretching hours of work. Often the degree of satisfaction and relaxation depends on the setup or arrangement of our garden. For the creation of such an environment or atmosphere, amount of shade and types of furniture we use in attaining the desired comfort zone, counts a lot. At this point of time and necessity, a garden awning holds its importance. It is undoubtedly, a great count to any home but not only giving a fabulous look but at the same time behaves as a positive barrier against unfavorable weather conditions.

A few of its features and benefits are summarized under the following heads:

– Covering the weather: – These awnings provide us a perfect platform or a shade to enjoy the sunny days and cool winters. Without much of a disturbance, garden awnings are one of the best solutions to relax and enjoy the comforts with our beloved ones. Such awnings prove to be very effective while arranging a small tea party or a gathering in the outdoors rather than inside or home. Even children can make use of it while playing small games or merry making by staying outdoors. Many a times, such awnings lead to an extra space to our homes added with an exotic look to the whole area.

– Easy in positioning: – It can be placed or installed in any desired part of a garden. These awnings can come either as a fixed one or as retractable. Mostly, garden awnings which are retractable grab more attention than the fixed ones. They are very easy while installing over the window or the passage touching the baseline of your garden. Their sizes vary along with the amount of space it covers. Different designs are also available for such awnings that always prove as an addition for your home. You can purchase such awnings ranging between $400 to a maximum of $1000. Above all, these awnings can be either fully automatic in its functionalities or manual. Normally, the price tag of the motorized awnings under this category is high as compared to the one that are labor-intensive.

– Durability factor: – A garden awnings by default comes with a feature to last for a longer period of time. Besides, these awnings are relatively easy to clean and store. These awnings are very compatible and flexible to withstand strong winds, blazing sunlight or even heavy showers. They are even portable and do not occupy much space. People, who like to make traveling quite often, too can make use of such awnings as they are easily foldable and retractable.

Above described are the few of the features and aspects as to why garden awnings are so popular now-a-days. Besides, adding a value for the place over which it is installed it also helps you to enjoy the luxury at a very nominal price.

Preserving Architectural Monuments

Chicago preservation architect Thomas Harboe prefers not to dismantle architectural monuments. But at Mies van der Rohe’s Lake Shore Drive apartments, built in Chicago in 1951, one of the first steps in the preservation process was to remove the broad travertine   pavement  between the two towers. Taking up nearly 1,100 slabs each weighing as much as 175 pounds, many crumbling and leaking water into the garage below-was the easy part.

The challenge was to create a replacement faithful to the original in all respects but one: It would be designed to last. Harboe’s solution, designed with colleague Rico Cedro of Krueck & Selton Architects, used techniques that eluded Mies six decades ago: waterproofing the plaza’s concrete base,creating a slight pitch,and cutting the stone (from Tivoli, like the originals) slightly thicker and some with shallow ridges or valleys to carry away rainwater.

The interventions barely alter the original design but prove what Harboe’s experience in restoring mid-century-modem buildings had already taught him: In the less-is-more aesthetic, som times less was not enough,” he says. Harboe’s passion for conservation goes back to a taste for antiques acquired from his family, he studied history and material culture at Brown University, followed by conservation at Columbia university.

While working on the reconstruction of the Frank Lloyd wright Room at the Metropolitan Museum of Art as an intern, he noticed that “architects were the ones calling the shots”, so he pursued an architecture degree at MIT. “I saw the past through objects, he says. “And buildings were the largest objects I could find,” His professional career began more than two decades ago with an unexpected opportunity: He was hired by the Chicago design firm chosen to restore the Rookery, one of Chicago’s noblest early skyscrapers.

Harboe led the effort,won a National Trust for Historic Preservation award for it, and then directed the restoration of the equally lush Reliance Building nearby, which garnered additional accolades. In the mid-1990S, Harboe helped establish the U.S. chapter of Docomomo, an international organization dedicated to preserving modern architecture, and in 2006, he founded Harboe Architects, specializing in high end restorations such as Mies’s Crown Hall at the Illinois Institute of Technology in 200S and currently Frank Lloyd Wright’s Beth Sholom Synagogue in suburban Philadelphia. Harboe’s goal is to make his own work invisible-though sometimes there are exceptions.

In the travertine  pavement  at the Lake Shore Drive apartments, a small section of original slabs will be darker than the rest deliberate evidence that the present restoration is an essential piece of the building’s history,

Bridging Loans And Its Benefits!

Bridging loans are also called as swing or caveat loans. These loans generally cater to the short-term money needs which can be easily obtained. Thus, such kinds of loans play a very significant role in swift cash help. There are some formalities that are required to be fulfilled to receive the loan in the shortest period of time. Moreover, no paper work is necessary to obtain the loan, creating it a stress-free and simple method of raising funds.

Bridging loans can be acquired by the people as well as companies for several reasons. Some of them include paying unidentified tax demands; raising short-term working capitals; buying property at an auction; repairing properties; solving temporary cash flow issues; building commercial, industrial and residential units; purchasing land; and many more things. The loan is commonly paid back in the shape of lump sum money and generally, the interest is paid on a monthly basis.


These loans can be categorized into open and closed finance or bridging loans:

Open finance: Open finance is designed for those borrowers who are about to sell their current property. There is no specific date for the loan reimbursements. Additionally, open loans can be utilized for various purposes except purchasing a property.

Closed finance: Closed finance, conversely is meant for people who have sold their possessions but have not so far obtained the payment. In this type of loans, lending organizations set a particular date to pay back the loan. It is generally supported by authorized contracts.


1) Quick Approval:

Financial organizations make rapid approvals to pass the loan. These institutions recognize that individuals in search of instantaneous financial aid take this kind of loan. Consequently, the bridging loans could be permitted within 24 hours.

2) Short-Term Financial Support:

These loans are valuable, if you are searching for a chance of accessing funds very swiftly. Moreover, the payment time is between one to twelve months. Therefore, if you want cash instantly you will certainly get the financial help within a short period.

3) Credit Record Is Not Compulsory:

A bridging loan is suggested for individuals who are not economically stable. Unlike other kinds, the credit history of the borrower does not matter at all. These loans are approved on the bases of security.

4) Loan amount based on the size of the security or guarantee:

The loan of the people gets sanctioned based on the amount of the security or the guarantee they provide. For instance, if a borrower offers a commercial or residential property as security, he or she would be able to get a loan that is nearer to the cost of the collateral. Thus, the credit record of the borrower is not important. In case, the borrower fails to reimbursement the loan within the fixed time period, the loan company can get back the amount of loan by vending the property.

The bridging loans can be acquired by approximately anyone, whether it is for individual or business purposes. Apart from buying properties, these loans can be utilized to change companies or businesses, to go on vacations, to buy a car, to do renovation tasks and many other things. A key point about these types of loans is that an individual doesn’t essentially require a positive credit record so as to get the loan sanctioned. However, it is true that an excellent credit score would make the procedure easier, but it is not compulsory; as this loan needs a kind of collateral so as to obtain the loan.

Bridging loans makes it simpler for you to buy the property of your dreams by filling up the short-term money gap.

Home Assembly Work is Easy and Profitable

Thinking about home  assembly  work as a way to earn extra income at home? This is a great way to make some extra money, or even a full time income. Most companies that offer  assembly  work from home don’t require you to have any experience, because it is easy work.

These companies send you kits to put together their products. Once assembled, you send the products back to the company for pay. If the items to be put together are more complex, a training manual will be sent with the kit to clearly explain what to do. Home  assembly  work is growing in popularity, and is especially good for handicapped or wheelchair ridden individuals.

What are some of the products you will assemble? Here are just a few of the many items you may receive in your kit:

CD Cases

Key Chains

Jewelry Boxes

Picture Frames


Sunglasses Cases

Most products are very simple to assemble. Anyone can do this type of work with no prior experience. All you have to do is apply!

How much money can you make? It all depends on how many products you assemble. Many people make $2000 and more per month doing this easy work. Home  assembly  work does require that you can meet deadlines, but this is easy for most people.

Doesn’t the idea of working from home and making money for yourself instead of someone else sound wonderful? There are many perks of working from home. You can set your own schedule, be home with your family, and save money on gas! These are just a few reasons you should seriously consider a home based income opportunity.

Find out all you need to know about home  assembly  work by visiting the links below.

Beginner’s Guide to Car Audio Installation – DIY

Speaker Positioning

Speaker installation is very critical for performance. Whether you spent $1000 or $10,000 on a set of speakers, if they are not properly installed, they would not sound as they should. Even though it may seem that the best position for most speakers are in the stock housing’s that came with the car e.g. on the door panel near your feet, this is just not so. You would see why such positions are still used however along with alternative solutions such as center channels for 5.1 dolby, LCD screen, in-dash DVD players. There are many factors that need to be considered in placing the speakers in the correct position.


The first thing to consider is distance. If the left speaker is only a couple feet away from your ears, while the right speaker is several feet away from you, then the sound will arrive at different times giving you poor sound. Since the left speaker is closer, it sounds louder. The best solution is to figure out a location where the difference between the distance of the right speaker to your ears and left speaker (also known as path length difference), are minimal. This is where kick panels become the preferred location.

Multiple Speaker Placement

If you have a system with two or more speakers per side, you need to try out different locations to obtain the best possible sound in your car. If you have a 2-way system with a tweeter and sub per side. The subs are mounted in the stock location at the bottom of the door. The tweeters are mounted high up on the front corner of the door panel. From the driver’s seat, you can see that there are 4 speakers all aimed towards different orientations and all at a different distance to your ears. This interaction of sound waves at different frequencies arriving at your ears at different times seldom sounds good. The best thing to do is to position the woofer and tweeter on each side as close as possible to each other. This is also why kick panels are used so much these days. Professional installers do use some tricks such as inverting the tweeters’ polarity when mounted for example on top of the dash while the woofers are low. Achieving good sound with unconventional   mounting  schemes is very, very hard and is only achieved after plenty of time has been spent trying different configurations.


Our ears can distinguish the direction of sound more easily at higher frequencies. This means that aiming the mids, and most importantly, tweeters towards your ears play a critical role in sound imaging. Midbases are not so critical, but should be also aimed towards the listener’s ears if possible. To figure out the best aiming angle involves many hours -even days- of work. To start, try to aim the speakers towards the center of the car. Play around with different angles until you obtain the best sounding position. Subwoofers should be mounted up front for best sound. Since this is not possible in most cars,  mounting  subs in the back is not such a bad thing, since most people can’t distinguish where bass comes from. If you have good midbases going down to 60 Hz or less and subs picking up the signal below 60 Hz, then the bass will seem to come from the front.


Subwoofers need a properly designed enclosure to give top performance. Midbases and mids also do sound much better if they are installed in enclosures. The best sounding and easier to build enclosure type for midbases and mids is sealed.

 Mounting  Speakers

If you are using speakers that fit into the stock location, make sure there are no spaces or holes. Sometimes building a wood or fiberglass baffle helps reduce holes and gives you much better sound. Always be careful when using power tools around speakers. Holes in speakers usually are not covered by the warranty. For unconventional speaker locations, sometimes metal has to be cut. If you have the resources, plasma cutters and pneumatics tools work great. For most of us that do not have these tools, a pair of metal snips (left and right cut) will do the job.

Take your time to plan your system and dont just buy brand and product for the sake of popularity. Sometimes the simplest system is the most effective.

Find Pictures of Hammer on the Internet

A hammer is a striking tool that is commonly used for carpentry and building works. It has two major parts: a handle and a head usually made from metal. The most common type would be the claw hammer, which is commonly used to drive and pull out nails. Other common types would include the likes of sledge, framing and rock hammers. If you want to see how they look like, you can browse pictures on the Internet. Different online stores display them on their websites.

You will find a variety of different designs with pictures. This way, it will be easier for you to choose. What should you consider when buying a hammer? The first thing that you should ask yourself is for what purpose are you going to use the tool. Different designs were made for different purposes such as framing, building decks, or demolitions.

Titanium has been the standard feature for a lot of hammers although there are some that are made with wood and fiberglass. Among the three, titanium is the most popular because it is a durable material. Expect that a titanium tool would last the test of time plus the wear and tear of striking objects.

If you look at the construction of different hammers, you will notice that some they come in different sizes. This is due to the fact that there are different kinds of nail. The nail of the hammer can be a deciding factor if the job at hand can be executed properly. Heavy ones let you drive nails in as little as three strikes while lighter ones offer precision and are good for inexperienced workers. The commonly bought model would be weighing at 16oz, a medium weight that can be conveniently used by an adult.

There are a lot of manufacturers of hammers. Cheaper hammers usually deteriorate easily so it’s good to invest a little more if you want your tools to last a long time. Look for brands that offer warranty for their products.

Designing With Carrera Subway Tiles – No Longer Hip to Be Square

Subway marble mosaic tile has come full circle in the minds and hearts of American consumers over the last several years, but the popularity has certainly exceeded all our expectations over the last two years. It is clear that from the overwhelming popularity of Subway marble tile in 3×6″, 3×8″ and 4×8″ formats that it is clear to all that it is no longer ‘hip to be square’. In the bathroom or simply a kitchen backsplash Carrera 3×6″ tile is a timeless addition to any design regardless of what theme you are trying to create. Most often noted for gracing the walls of many of the historic homes and bungalows built in the early 20th century, and made famous for their prominence in stations in the New York Subway system beginning in 1904, subway tile is making a name for itself once again today. The reason for this is that Carrera 3×6″ tile fits in to almost any interior design style. Subway tile is at home with the historic look when paired with a hexagonal tile floor, along with pedestal sinks and claw-foot bathtubs. Carrara subway tile also fits the modern look of a kitchen with Carrera 3×6″ Tile on the backsplash coordinated with stainless steel appliances and wood flooring it is a nice addition to any home.

Design ideas

Many interior designers love subway tile when designing a modern kitchen. Designers are opting to finish homes using stainless steel appliances, a stainless steel stove, dark granite countertops, track lighting and glass subway tile color coordinated with other elements in the room. The kitchen turned out beautiful. The majority of homeowners are familiar with the use of Subway 3×6″ in Bungalows and Victorian properties commonly built in the early 20th century. This tile was pervasive to that time period and the original tile still remains in many homes. But more often than not the tile was removed, damaged, or remodeled away by one of the home’s owners through the years.

Today, many homeowners who acquire such unique residences are seeking to return their homes as close as possible to their original glory. Subway tile is the overwhelming choice by homeowners in this situation. To match tile installations of the period, try a 3×6″ subway tile installed in a brick pattern on the walls with a 1″ honed hexagon or Basketweave mosaic tile for the floor. You will achieve your goal of bringing the house close to its original state and have a beautiful looking bathroom for years to come. As you can see, the design possibilities using subway tile are limitless no matter what design theme is present in your home.

History of Gardening Tools

When we look at the history of gardening tools, it is of course directly related to the history of gardens itself. While the growing of plants, fruits and vegetables is as old as mankind itself, ornamental gardens were first seen in the Egyptian tomb paintings of 1500 BC.

The hanging gardens of Babylon are hailed as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. There are evidences of gardens in Athens in 350 BC. Later gardens also appeared in Rome and then Spain around the 4th century. Separate garden traditions also evolved in China and Japan.

Naturally, with the growth of these gardens, there must have been some garden tools or implements that were used to maintain the gardens.

When looking at the history of gardening tools, it is probably useful to examine the most common tools.

These include:

Watering pots & cans: Watering pots and cans have been used from time immemorial. However, it is believed that the watering poles with multiple holes in the delivery sprout were invented in the middle ages to mimic rain falling down on plants.

Cutting & pruning tools (shears): Shears date back to 50 century BC. Shears have been an important tool for the formal garden, to trim bushes into geometric shapes, since Roman times.

Trowels, forks & rakes: Trowels and rakes were used in the 18th centuries, mainly to clean garden leaves and rakes.

Garden knives: Knives have been used for a long time. Garden knives have come in different shapes and sizes through out the ages.

Hand or Wheel barrows: Barrows have been one of the oldest carrying devices invented by man. There are two generally two types of barrows; either a Hand-barrow (carried at both ends) or a Wheel-barrow (carried at one end wheel on the other).

Lawn mowers: Lawn mowers are a relatively newer invention. They were invented by Edward Budding in 1830. As scything through the grass, took a lot of men, Budding worked on the problem from an engineering perspective. He took the concept of trapping the grass between two blades, much like a scissor and enhanced it to come up with a lawn mower.

So there you have it – a brief history of gardening tools.