StarCraft 2 Tactics Revealed in the Newest Strategy Guide

Unless you've been living under a rock for the past 12 years, you've probably heard about StarCraft. StarCraft has been the de-facto standard for real time strategy (RTS) games for over a decade now. Recently, Blizzard released the much anticipated sequel – StarCraft 2. If you're anything like me, you love the RTS genre of video games but are easily frustrated by the number of different strategies and tactics necessary to really excel at the game. Recently, Tony Saunders released his new strategy guide, StarCraft 2 Secrets, to help people like me up the steep learning curve of the game. Tony has created tons of hugely successful guides for other games like FarmVille, World of Warcraft, Mafia Wars, etc.

But, the past does not always equal the future. Let's take a quick look at this new guide stacks up against the competition and can it help a real newbie to the game reach the top of the gaming ladders.

The first thing I noticed is that Tony has released a TON of information on a game that's only been out a few weeks. Many guides give you a little information now and a little more information later. They expect you to keep paying over time to buy recycled information or information you can find any place else on the Internet. Tony's guide gives you all the information he's gotten available and will continue to provide new and fresh content (even after the release of the two additional expansion campaigns) completely free of charge.

Quite honestly, there are tons of players who have been consistently playing StarCraft since 1998 when it first came out. Millions of players have years of experience and are able to use that knowledge to get themselves ahead faster in the game now. How can someone who has not played in years (or never played before) compete against talent like that?

StarCraft 2 Secrets levels the playing field just a bit because it shows many of the top winning strategies used by long time players. Take it from me, there are many terms and phrases used in the strategy websites that even if you try to look on Google for free tactics, you will have a difficult time. Tony takes all the lingo and strategies and breaks them down in such a way that anyone who has never even played them up, practice them, and improve your game.

Even though it's a sequel, StarCraft 2 differs from StarCraft in a lot of subcont ways. Learning to capitalize on those differences early will enable you to practice a lot more efficiently to master the basic and advanced strategies StarCraft 2 Strategies gives you. I really feel like StarCraft 2 Secrets will give me (and you) a competitive advantage over people who do not have someone like like Tony helping them learn their game and tactics.

Stairway Chair Lifts

In general, stairway chair lifts can be classified into two categories – straight and curved stairway chair lifts. It's a fairly obvious distinction and categorization since these are mobility aids designed to help you go up the stairs and of course, stairways tend to either be straight or curved. Straight stairways do not pose any sort of problem for getting chair lifts installed, but if you have a staircase that is curved or contains a 90 degree or 180 degree bend in it, you might not immediately get a liftway in your house .

Luckily, you can, though, of course it is slowly more expensive to install a chair lift that has to go around a bend, however gentle the camber because it will probably have to be completely custom made. Straight stairways are easier because they can generally be installed from standard pre-made parts that are simply cut to size. Essentially, the most difficult part of the installation of a stairway chair lift to customize is the railing that the chair glides on. A straight railing is easy to make and easy to install, whereas a curved one would need to be carefully made for the specific curve or camber that the chair has to navigate and travel through.

So installing a stairlift chair on your stairway if you have aa flight of stairs that has any sort of bend it is definitely possible. These kinds of flights of stairs include stairs that have a half landing – usually for 90 degree turns in your stairs, or a full landing – usually created when you have 180 degree turn in the stairs. Some stairways have their turns and bends almost at the top of the stairs, while others have their short radius landings more in the middle; it obviously all depends on the space constraints in your house.

The most important thing when getting a stairlift chair that is going to travel any sort of bend (and yes they can even go up spiral staircases) is to make sure it is bespoke made. There is nothing worse than having the railing and chair hacked together from other old bits and pieces that do not quite fit properly and finding your chair gets stuck or snags when you come to going round the corner. Like they always say, buy cheap, buy twice, and this is especially true when you are talking about something that is going to carry you up and down your stairs every single day.

There are special cases when you can install two straight stairlift railing instead of one curved one. This is an option when your stairs make a full 180 degree bend or a full 90 degree turn half way up. In this case, you would in fact have to transfer from one chair to another on the landing so even though it is possible, it is usually safer to just plump for a curved stairlift and be done with it. If you are going for this option, however, it is advisable to get the installer to occasionally scrutinize your landing and give you an opinion on whether you need the landing to be changed slightly to allow a safer platform for transferring from one chair to the other .

The last thing you need to consider with curved stairway chair lifts is how the railings are attached because after all, if your stairs are positioned so that they have a wall half way up and then go around a corner and end up with a banister, people get worried that the banister will not hold the weight of the chair. Luckily, most stairlift chairs these days rely on railings that are embedded in the actual stairs so there is no weight placed on your wall or banister.

Mobile Scaffolding

Using scaffolding provides an additional efficiency scales that will never be enough to produce. Erection of scaffolding on a construction site, whether residential or commercial, has created effective workspace that improves access and mobility of workers on a scale can provide.

When mobility is necessary

Suspended scaffolds are mobile units in themselves because they are attached to the top of a building and are either raised or lowered by a pulley mechanism operated by workers on the suspended platform. However, when holding up high on a scaffold or mobile there are some considerations to observe.

Tip 1: Do not move, a hanging, fixed or mobile scaffolding authentically horizontally with people on the platform of work without, of course, the design allows.

Tip 2: Fix a scaffold that is anchored to a base plate may need to be a complete dismantling or at least removal of the base if the structure can be lifted and repositioned horizontally.

Tip 3: Fixed scaffolding requires a plan to upgrade to allow safe operation. Please keep all gates and the base 2 in 10 blocks of wood when the repositioning of the structure. Scaffolds without wheels, it will take extra time at the structure after it is repositioned.

Tip 4: Never leave tools or materials on platforms where the work of repositioning the structure. Make sure that someone inspects all areas of surface platform before a movement is initiated.

Tip 5: Plan ahead for what and how much structure moves are necessary to complete the project. Preparation of the surface at several predetermined moves can help reduce downtime between movements.

Tip 6: If the scaffolding is based on wheels or roller wheels, leveling screws will be attached. Also, braces or roulette wheel lock must be activated when the structure is in place. Make sure that the leveling screws and locking mechanisms operate freely so that both the repositioning and securing a new position are properly executed. It is important to periodically check these mechanisms during the time the project unfolds. Check your rental center around providing back-up blocking and upgrade equipment and how to properly maintain these.

Tip 7: Cut the need for maintaining a scaffold by repositioning the acquisition of several structures. Many rental stores offer discounts for renting multiple structure. In the long term, using multiple structures may be profitably compared to the time needed to prepare each individual position, if you move the scaffolding.

Tip 8: Check also with your rental center relocation assistance on the scaffolds. These leasing professionals have most likely seen a variety of scenarios on scaffolding repositioning and can advise on the best plan using scaffolding for your project.

Tip 9: Always follow all local laws regarding the use of scaffolding. Local laws vary. Some places require specifically designed for scaffolding needs repositioning. Others make suggestions. Again, the professionals in your rental center anticipates this information and can best advise you on the proper way to select the correct scaffolding for your project.

Tip 10: The security personnel should always keep in mind repositioning scaffolding for your work project needs.

Taipei Taiwan Travel Guide for First Timers

If you are planning a trip to Taiwan for the first time, there are several areas worth visiting to make the most of your trip. While there are multiple beautiful, historic areas, the following are my personal favorites for Taipei travel. Please feel free to use this as a sort of personal Taipei travel guide when planning your Taipei vacation.

  • Taipei 101

We start our Taipei tour at Taipei 101. This is a skyscraper located in the Xinyi District. In 2004, it was listed as the world’s tallest building at 1,671 feet. It held that title for 6 years until the Burj Khalifa in Dubai eclipsed Taipei 101 in 2010. The tower boasts 101 stories and features an outdoor observation deck on the 91st floor like the Empire State Building in New York City where you can see beautiful views of the surrounding areas.

The bottom five floors of Taipei 101 feature a luxury shopping mall with upscale shops such as Burberry and Louis Vuitton. On the 88th floor indoor observatory, you can see the 730-ton mass damper, basically a giant ball that acts like a pendulum to counteract the buildings sway during high winds. Without this damper, people on high floors can actually suffer from motion sickness from the constant swaying of the building! Taipei 101 is a city icon that is visible for miles across the city. Every New Year’s, Taipei 101 attracts tens of thousands of visitors to see its spectacular fireworks display.

  • Ximending Shopping

If you are into shopping, you can’t go wrong with Ximending. This is the shopping area in the Wanhua district of Taipei and is considered to be the fashion capital of Taiwan. On weekends, Ximending streets are closed to traffic and becomes a pedestrian shopping mall. The area is popular with street performers of all types and, because it is a hotspot, you can catch celebrities hosting small outdoor concerts, album launches, and other events.

Ximending is also famous for its “Theater Street” where there is a concentration of several movie along Wuchang Street. For history buffs, though, the most famous theater in the district is the Red House Theater which was built in 1908 during Japanese occupation and is still an operational theater with regular performances.

  • Yangmingshan National Park

If beautiful sights are what you look forward to when travelling, then I can’t recommend Yangmingshan enough. It is the largest natural park in Taipei. Yangmingshan is great for hiking and has numerous trails that can last an entire day or just a couple of hours. Popular trails include Seven Stars Peak which will take you to the highest peak in Taipei at 1120 meters (3600 feet) or see the stunning waterfall of the Juansi Waterfall Trail.

Each February through March, Yangmingshan is the site of the Yangmingshan Flower Festival when several varieties of flowers such as azaleas, camellias, and especially cherry blossoms reach their peak bloom. Every evening of the festival, cherry blossom trees are illuminated for a particularly romantic sight. Visitors can also have lunch and dinner at one of many restaurants such as The Top or Grass Mountain Chateau for spectacular vistas of Taipei below.

Between the beauty of the cherry blossoms and the views of the city, Yangmingshan is a well-known romantic spot for lovers all over Taipei. From April to May, when calla lilies reach full bloom, you can pick your own lily flowers for only a few dollars at one of several flower farms.

Lastly, don’t miss out on Yangming Shuwu, also known as Yangming Villa, the beautiful summer retreat of the late president Chiang Kai-shek. Yangming Villa house and gardens are maintained as they were when occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Chiang. The house is a two-story traditional Chinese home, with reception rooms and offices on the first floor and the Chiang’s personal residence on the second floor where their paintings and personal photographs are still displayed. The gardens are especially beautiful in the Spring when the flowers are in bloom. As a bit of trivia, it’s been noted that several bushes are planted in bunches of five – to symbolize the “5-star” rank of General Chiang.

  • National Palace Museum

Next, we find ourselves at the National Palace Museum which opened in 1965. If you love history, this is the place to be! National Palace Museum has a humongous collection of 700,000 permanent exhibits of Chinese Imperial history and artwork that spans over 2000 years plus prehistoric Chinese artifacts and artwork that dates to the Neolithic era, or better known as the “Stone Age”.

The most popular item in its collection is the Jadeite Cabbage. Carved during the 19th century, it is a piece of jadeite that has been shaped to resemble a head of Chinese cabbage and has a locust and a grasshopper camouflaged in its leaves. Legend says the sculpture is a metaphor for female fertility, with the white cabbage stalk representing purity, the green leaves of the cabbage representing fertility, and the insects representing children.

  • Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall

Another historically significant landmark on our trek to learn about the history of Taiwan is the Chiang Kia-shek Memorial Hall. This is a national monument that was built in honor of former Republic of China President Chiang Kia-shek. The memorial marks the geographic and cultural center of Taipei. It is the most visited attraction by foreign tourists. The pagoda style memorial hall has a presidential library and museum on the ground level.

The main hall features a large, seated statue of Chiang Kai-shek, much like the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. The memorial hall and its surrounding Liberty Square plaza encompasses 60 acres and includes many ponds and garden spaces. The plaza also houses two of Taipei’s performance art buildings, the National Theater and the National Concert Hall.

  • Beitou Hot Springs and Public Library

My favorite place to visit while in Taiwan is an area called Beitou. Beitou is a mountainous district north of Taipei City and is most known for its hot springs and its magnificent public library. The mineral waters from the many natural geothermal vents in Beitou are famous for their healing and therapeutic properties. An entire industry of hot springs bathhouses and hotels have sprung up in Beitou offering aroma therapy, massages, and hydrotherapy. There are a lot of places where tourists can soak their feet in the hot springs stream. Be sure to visit the Hot Springs Museum. When it was built in 1913, it was the largest public bathhouse in Asia at that time. Today, the museum offers a glimpse at its bathhouse facilities and Beitou’s history.

Next, visit the Beitou public library. Its wooden structure that fits seamlessly into its Beitou Park setting. Through use of eco-friendly features and design, the library is Taiwan’s first “green” building. The library opened in 2006 and was built to reduce the usage of water and electricity. To do this, architects used large windows to allowing in natural light and a solar panel roof to provide the electricity needed for operation. Also, the library collects rain water to be stored and used to flush its toilets.

  • Tamsui Fisherman’s Wharf

Our final stopping point is Tamsui. Tamsui is located on the western tip of Taipei and our favorite place was the Fisherman’s Wharf. We learned that not only do the restaurants that dot the Fisherman’s Wharf boardwalk provide the freshest seafood available, it also provides breathtaking sunset views. Fisherman’s Wharf still functions as a harbor for local fishermen and they proudly provide harbor for 150 vessels! Our favorite walk is across the “Lover’s Bridge” pedestrian bridge, named as such because it opened on Valentine’s Day 2003.

Its architecture resembles a sailing ship’s masts. It was about a 3-minute walk across the bridge, which at sunset is magnificent. Lover’s Bridge is also a great place to catch the yearly fireworks show and concert that the city hosts each year to celebrate Chinese Valentine’s Day (which occurs in August and not February 14th). Another way to experience Tamsui is to take a ferry from the Tamsui Ferry Pier and disembark at the Fisherman’s Wharf. The ferry is a cheap way to see terrific views of the Tamsui waterfront. A one-way fare costs only $2 USD and takes only about 15 minutes.

Though our Taiwan vacation seems to have been over in the blink of an eye, it was amazing! While there is so much more to see, we feel we made the most of our travels in Taipei. I hope that your trip proves to be just as educational and encompassing as ours.

Different Laundry Options to Consider

Laundry supplies can be a real pain to keep buying over and over. That's not the only annoying part about it, though. Do not forget how much money they cost over a year's time. However, you can save yourself some money by simply looking for coupons online and in the paper. But there is still a better way to save money. Have you ever thought about making your own liquid detergent? It's actually not that difficult and your dollar will go farther.

If you want to save money elsewhere, have you ever thought about ditching the drying machine alike? Sure, it's true that having your own personal one is more convenient than the other options, but you can save a lot of money with them too. For example, a retractable clothes line can be set up automatically anywhere you have something to attach it to, even as simple as an umbrella. It's extremely easy to set up and even easier to take down. It will save you time, energy, the headaches of trying to match the plugs and take care of the flimsy vents, and money. Or you could get the efficient collapsible wooden rack, which can fold up in any decently open spot.

Unfortunately, the only way to save many over a traditional washing machine is to use coin operated ones or go to the nearest lake and start scrubbing. But do not worry, if you want to save money up front get a used appliance. You can get one with confidence by simply choosing from reliable brands like Miele, Maytag, Whirlpool, Kenmoore, Samsung, LG, GE, and Electrolux. These companies make their machines with care and design them to last (usually an astounding 15 to 30 years). So if you decide to buy used (whether you want front loading, top loading, or stackable), just make sure it's in working order when you pick it up. You'll save money, and if you got rid of your dryer, you'll have tons of free space. Laundry is not looking like such an expensive chore anymore now, is it?

The History of Pest Control

The application of pest control ranges from do-it-yourself arrangements to
scientific and very precise deployment of chemicals and predatory insects by
highly skilled practitioners. Despite the fact that pest control is a world-wide
industry it is still dominated by family or 1-person businesses. Those that need
to control pests range from households to
large scale agri-conglomerates who need to maximize their yield. In between
these two restaurants, bars, food production facilities, farmers – in fact,
anyone that routinely deals with food. Pest control can make us more
comfortable – but can also save lives.

The word pest is subjective as one man's pest may be another man's
helper. For instance, pest A may be a threat to crop A, and pest B a threat to
crop B. However, if pest B is a natural predator to pest A, then the farmer who
wishes to protect crop A may cultivate and release pest B amidst his crops.
There is a theory that without man's intervention in the food chain through
agriculture, hunting and long distance travel there would be no pests. The
theory continues that man's intervention (for instance, in cultivating and
releasing pest B, or in carrying creatures long distances) has upset the balance
of the food chain, producing instability in insect and other animal numbers and
distorting their evolution. This instability has led to over-population of a
people with the result that they have become pests. Having said this, if we assume that the very first fly swat was the first
instance of pest control – and we know that large animals swat flies – it could be
asserted that pest control dates back way before humans came on the scene.

The first recorded instance of pest control takes us back to 2500BC when the Sumerians
used sulphur to control insects. Then around 1200BC the Chinese, in their great
age of discovery towards the end of the Shang Dynasty, were using chemicals to
control insects. The Chinese continued to develop ever more sophisticated
chemicals and methods of controlling insects for crops and for people's comfort.
No doubt the spread of pest control know-how was helped by the advanced state of
Chinese writing ability. Although progress in pest control methods undoubledly
continued, the next significant scrap of evidence does not come until around
750BC when Homer described the Greek use of wood ash spread on land as a form of
pest control.

Around 500BC the Chinese were using mercury and arsenic compounds as a means
to control body lice, a common problem through history. In 440BC the Ancient
Egyptian's used fishing nets to cover their beds or their homes at night as a
protection from mosquitoes

From 300BC
there is evidence of the use of use of predatory insects to control pests,
although this method was almost certainly developed before this date. The Romans
developed pest control methods and these ideas were spread through the
empire. In
200BC, Roman censor Cato encouraged the use of oils as a means of pest control
and in 70AD Pliny the Elder wrote that galbanum resin (from the fennel plant)
should be added to sulphur in order to discourage mosquitoes. In 13BC the first recorded rat-proof grain store was built by the Romans.

The first known instance where predatory insects were transported from one area to another coming from around around 1000AD where date growers moved cultures of ants from neighboring mountains to their oasis plantations in order
to prey on phytophagous ants which attacked date palm.

After the enlightenment provided by the ancient Chinese, Arabs and Romans,
many of their teachings did not pass down though time. Certainly in Europe
During the dark ages, methods of pest control were just as likely to be based on
superstition and local spiritual rituals as any proven method. Pests were often
seen as workers of evil – especially those that ruined food, crops or livestock.
Although there were undetected studies of pests during the dark ages, we do not
have any recorded evidence of this.

It is not until the European Renaissance when more evidence of pest control
emerges. In 1758 the great Swedish botanist and taxonomist Carolus Linnaeus
cataloged and named many pests. His writings were (and remain) the root and
source of future study into pests (as well as plants and animals generally). At
the same time, the agricultural revolution began in Europe and heralded a more widespread application of pest control. With the work of Linnaeus and other
schools and the commercial needs to ensure crops and livestock were protected,
pest control became more systemized and spread through the world. As global
trade increased, new pesticides were discovered.

At this point pest control was carried out by farmers and some householders
as an everyday activity. By the early nineteenth century however, this changed
as studies and writings started to appear that treated pest control as a
separate discipline. Increasing use of intensive and large scale farming brought
matching increases in the intensity and scale of pest scares such as the
disastrous potato famine in Ireland in 1840. Pest control management was scaled
up to meet these demands, to the point that dedicated pest controllers began to
emerge through the 20th century.

In 1921 the first crop-spraying aeroplane was employed and in 1962 flying insect control was revolutionized when Insect-o-cutor started selling fly killer
machines using ultra violet lamps.

Pest control is still carried out by farmers and households to this day.
There are also pest control specialists (sometimes called pesties ); many
They are one-person businesses and others working for large companies. In most countries
the pest control industry has been dogged by a few bad practitioners who have
tarnished the reputation for the highly professional and responsible majority.

One thing is for sure, from way before the Sumerians of 2500BC to us in modern times, there have always been – and probably always will be – pests (including some human ones!). Thank goodness, therefore, that we have pest controllers.

Alternatives to Liebenzeller Gold I Rosin

Liebenzeller rosin has been around a long time. In fact, I still have a cake of it from the 1980s. This brand took rosin "upscale," by adding trace amounts of gold, copper, silver, and other metals (along with lots of dollars) to the price of rosin.

After all these years, Liebenzeller has finally been discontinued. From what I understand, it is illegally that it will ever be available again, unless it is produced and sold by a different company.

Liebenzeller's "flagship" entry was its "Gold I" rosin. Designed to be exceptionally smooth and fine, this rosin contained trace amounts of pure gold and a high price tag. Violinists in search of a smooth, sweet, refined tone often cooked out this extremely fine, light, rosin.

Although it may still be (temporarily) possible to find Gold II, I do believe that Gold I may be nearly impossible to find. I performed a thorough search of shops with an Internet presence both in the United States and abroad, as well as looking on eBay and craigslist, and I could not come up with any gold I. A couple of stores that still sold it about a year ago (one in Australia and one in England) are now out of stock too.

But not every shop advertises its products on the internet, and I suspect that if you called a few excellent string shops that do not do the majority of their business online (such as Moenning in Philadelphia, Reuning in Boston, House of Note in Minneapolis , or John Waddle in St. Paul) you might find that somebody still has some supply left.

However, many different brands of rosin have come out since Liebenzeller first appeared on the market that are, in my opinion, just as good; and some (such as Andrea Paganini) have qualities similar to the refined nature of the Liebenzeller. I'd highly recommend looking into these options for fine and light (rather than coarse and dark) rosins that you might like just as much or even better. In my experience, Liebenzeller Gold I had a tendency to apply rather lightly and come off quickly. Because of this, even within a rehearsal or performance, one might feel that the bow already needs more rosin. In sum, a lot of new brands of rosin have entered the market that are excellent and worth trying that might perform even better than Liebenzeller.

Bricklaying for the DIY Enthusiast

DIY enthusiasts will usually 'have a go' at most things. However, more and more, the DIY enthusiast is being regulated in the same way as the professional tradesmen. This is not to say that they have not previously been bound by regulations applying to construction trades, but that a more consistent application of the rules is being applied.

One area which seems to be avoiding the strictest of regulation is the art of bricklaying, which is not always given the esteem it perhaps describes.
Whilst a building or structure will remain standing under most circumstances, irrespective of the quality of workmanship, the aesthetic qualities of good brickwork will never be able to be appreciated without the workmanship is of the highest quality.
Quality of workmanship of will always be a determining factor as to whether or not the finished project will gain the esteem it should deserve.
The choice of brick or masonry block will have a large bearing on the aesthetics of projects ranging from a common garden wall to large housing complex or mall but all will depend on the quality of the workmanship. In the right hands, poor or low quality bricks can be made to look much better than they really are. In the wrong hands, the quality of the brick will not make any difference at all – you will not be able to hide poor workmanship.

If you do feel up to having a go, there are some basics that you will need to be aware of. Future articles will cover some of the more practical aspects of Do it Yourself bricklaying.

Do it Yourself bricklaying is not for the faint hearted. Be prepared for some hard graft – hard work.

Here are some basics for the determined!

Firstly, you will need to work out how many bricks or blocks are needed. Once you have done this and your bricks are due to be delivered, you will need to plan your site so that, wherever possible, the brick storage areas are sited as close to the point of work as possible. This will reduce any unnecessary handling which will minimize your effort and possible damage to the bricks reducing waste. The bricks will need to be stored on sound, level ground and raised clear of wet, muddy areas in order to prevent contamination and staining.

The stored bricks must be protected from the weather. So must any brickwork under construction, which should include the covering of any completed uncapped work. Always protect newly built brickwork from rain. Remember – maintain an airspace between the brick face and any waterproof covering.
Wet bricks will effervesce and these precautions will help to reduce any likelihood of efflorescence and consequent lime blooming. (this is the 'white staining' often seen on newer buildings).

When using scaffolding, the boards adjacent to the brickwork should be turned back which will avoid any unsightly splashing of the brickwork. Keep the boards clean, not only for safety's sake, but this will also prevent mortar staining from any rain splashes.
You will also need to take care to prevent mortar smearing the surface of newly laid bricks. Cleaning at a later stage is rarely satisfactory, often difficult and can lead to expensive and time consuming remedial treatments.
Also cleaning will almost certainly have a detrimental effect on the face of the bricks as many cleaning agents will be abrasive.

Remember – Prevention is better than the cure.

One of the biggest failures of the average Do it Yourself bricklayer is getting the mortar mix too wet or, conversely, too dry. Either way this will have a detrimental effect upon the structural properties of the brickwork, weakening the wall. Also if the mix is ​​too sloppy, it is certain that when using the trowel to clean the excess mortar, it will be dragged across the face of the bricks, leaving an almost impossible to clean, unsightly smear of mortar.
This is a similar problem when underlining the pointing the mortar joints. Again, if the mix is ​​too sloppy you will have similar problems. If the mix is ​​too dry, the pointing is probably too fall out in a fairly short period of time. It is important that all mortar joints are fully filled to help prevent weeding. Any gaps will allow moisture to be retained in the joints and the bricks and mortar becoming subject to frost damage.
When building a cavity wall, it is essential that the cavities are kept absolutely clean. Mortar 'snots' on the wall ties will act as a bridge for moisture and cold between the inner and outer skin of the wall. Be scrupulous when installing cavity insulation bats at this stage as dirty cavities increase the risk of damp and cold bridging.

Do not lay bricks when the temperature is at or below 4 ° C or when freezing may occur before the mortar has hardened. Be careful when using 'admixes' – always carefully follow the instructions on the container.
Remember – temperatures should be rising – not falling. Do not lay bricks if the temperature of the mortar may fall to freezing point before it sets or if the bricks are frozen, or the sand contains ice particles.
If a frost is likely to occur before the mortar in newly built brickwork has set, protect it with Hessian and protect the Hessian from rain with plastic sheeting. (Do not forget to keep the airspace).

If however, the mortar becomes damaged by frost take the brickwork down and rebuild.

If in you are in any doubt take the brickwork down and start again.

More practical advice is covered in the following article – Do It Yourself Bricklaying # 2

Will Nucerity International Get a Boost by Expanding Its Product Line With Lucerity Natural Facelift

NuCERITY International is in the business of developing and distributing unique non-prescription health products meeting the demanding testing standards of the medical community. Giving them the ability to serve the needs of a population that is getting progressively older.

Skincerity Nightly Breathable Barrier is the company's first product line that is the only patented breathable masque. It helps to improve the skin without changing a person's current skincare routine. it goes right over the top of your current favorite skin care products, allowing oxygen to reach the skin, it's like the perfect mask. Skincerity Works great to help heal sun damage, acne, rashes, itching, and even insect bites. It's not a cover-up cosmetic it's an actual healthcare product that has no odor or greasy feel.

LuCERITY Natural Facelift will be this company's second product line, and its soon-to-be released. It will be a revolutionary innovation with a super antioxidant called Lutein. Which was developed to help increase skin hydration and elasticity. It's designed to reverse the destructive effects of oxidation, enhancing the cells that produce a smoother skin, while filtering out fluorescent light that can also be damaging to the skin.

With the development of this new product line, it's obvious that Nucerity International definitely has an innovative vision for the future. This will be very beneficial to anyone that's looking for a company as a new business opportunity. Because of the unique selling position, with their first to market skin and healthcare products backed by a professional management team working together to develop innovative medical products, which will be able to grow the ever expanding the product line of Nucerity.

Of course, if you're interested in Nucerity as a business, it's going to take more than just a innovative and progressive product line to to market this company. First you will need to develop good lead generation skills, and have an understanding of how to be progressive in the multilevel marketplace to benefit from their lucrative compensation plan. If you implement these strategies Nucerity International definitely has good potential for profit in the healthcare industry by being innovative, and developing new product lines as they move ahead into the future.

Healing Yourself With Protein Rich Plasma

Platelet rich plasma (PRP) therapy is a cutting-edge non-surgical technique that is now available for use as an in-office procedure. Years ago, it was thought that platelets functioned solely to form blood clots – or, more specifically, to bind to each other at the sight of bleeding in order to form a "plug" to stop the flow of blood. Recent research has shown, however, that the platelet has a far greater role in the healing process than initially thought. When platelets aggregate at the sight of an injury, they not only form the plug to stem the boring but they also release growth factors. These growth factors, also known as cytokines, aid in the healing of injured tissues.

PRP Therapy: The Process

PRP therapy requires only a small amount of normal blood from the patient (approximately 20 cc's). This blood sample is placed into a centrifuge in the office and is spun for approximately fifteen minutes. The final product is a highly concentrated platelet rich gel, which, when applied to injured tissue, accelerates the normal healing process.

On the day of the treatment, the patient is imprisoned in the exam chair and blood is taken from his or her arm. Once the PRP gel is ready for implantation, the area being treated is infected with local anesthesia after which there is no further discomfort from the procedure.

To insure the accuracy of the placement of the platelet rich gel a diagnostic ultrasound is used. Then a needle attached to a syringe containing the gel is guided by the ultrasound into the areas of injury. After the procedure, a simple Band-Aid is applied. Because there is no surgical incision involved there is little or no post procedural pain.

The Science

When the PRP gel is applied to the area of ​​injury, the platelets are activated to produce proteins capable of stimulating cellular growth, proliferation and cellular differential called growth factors. By concentrating the number of platelets found in normal blood by 10 times, the concentration of growth factors in the area is equally enhanced. This is significant in terms of the healing process because growth factors are responsible for attracting stem cells that will eventually become new tendon, bone or fascia.

The procedure is very safe. Since the blood is drawn and processed immediately in the same facility there is no chance of contamination or blood from another patient. Also since the injection consist of blood from the same patient begin treated there is no chance of allergy or drug reactions. Additionally, platelets have a natural antibiotic quality so there is very little chance of infection.


In my practice, by far the most common ailment treated with PRP is the painful heel condition known as plantar fasciitis. However, I have also successfully treated tendonitis, partial tendon ruptures and inflammatory bone conditions.

PRP versus Cortisone Injections

When PRP is compared to cortisone injections for inflammatory conditions there are many striking differences. Cortisone injections result in immediate pain relief. PRP injections do not act as quickly. PRP procedures take longer to deliver results because the growth factors take time to grow the new tissue. However, the platelets release the growth factors that attract the stem cells and then produce repaired "new" tissue. The cortisone reduces the inflammation immediately but actually causes tissue weakening and damage.

So the choice between cortisone and PRP comes down to fast relieve with potential tissue damage or actual new and repaired tissue that takes longer to treat pain. This new innovative and cutting-edge technique is just the beginning of the new branch of science known as "orthobiologics". The day is fast approaching when medical science will be able to create new parts to cure the ailments and injuries that plague our bodies. "Protein Rich Plasma" is one of the modalities that are currently available to help the body accelerate the healing process and create new, repaired, healthy tissue.

PRP in the news:

The following articles on PRP are sited for your further reading on this subject:

4 Super Charged Cancer Fighting Foods

Cancer is one of the most dangerous diseases around. It is estimated that around a third of the UK population will suffer from this disease at some point in their lives. The good news is that there are a number of cancer fighting foods you can incorporate into your diet right now. In this article I will be looking at 4 of these in greater detail.


Apples are a popular fruit that many people eat daily as a health boosting snack. If you are not currently eating them, make sure you pick up a bag next time you do your grocery shopping. They contain a long list of cancer fighting nutrients which include dietary fibre, vitamin C and the phytonutrients caffeic acid, catechin, chlorogenic acid, cyanidin, kaempferol and rutin.


Chilli peppers are potent cancer fighting foods that can be used to spice up your favourite dish. They are a brilliant source of dietary fibre and vitamin C and also an exclusive source of the anti cancer phytonutrient capsaicin. If you find regular chilli peppers too spicy, give the milder peppers (such as coronado peppers and pimento peppers) a try. These less spicy options can still keep you safe from this harmful disease.


Green tea’s anti cancer effects are well publicised. The main reason this health boosting drink is so effective at preventing this disease is because it contains lots of flavan-3-ols. Green tea is 1 of the easiest foods on this list to add to your diet. Simply drink a few cups throughout the day and you are sorted. The taste does take a bit of getting used to but the benefits are definitely worth it.


Soybeans are extremely powerful cancer fighting foods. They contain high levels of dietary fibre but their most important ingredient is isoflavones. Isoflavones are a group of phytonutrients that are highly protective against cancer. It has been suggested that these phytonutrients are 1 of the main reasons for the lower rates of cancer in Japan (a country where soybean consumption is very high). Soybeans can now be purchased from most supermarkets so including them in your diet is not difficult. Simply mix them in with the other vegetables in your diet and you are good to go.


Eating the right foods can significantly lower your cancer risk. So make sure you fill up on the fruits, vegetables and teas listed in this article. Consuming these cancer fighting foods will boost your overall health and minimise your chances of contracting this nasty disease.

Home Projects With Wood Dowels

Woodworking is a really fun hobby to get into. Your creations can be used for years or even generations to come. Many people find serenity in working with natural materials, like wood. Whether you're an expert or just starting out, there is a woodworking project that will fit your skill level.

Wood dowels, or dowel rods, are an inexpensive tool for making some improvements around the home and can make for some really quick and easy projects. There are so many things that you can make using dowels. Most dowel projects do not require a lot of skill or experience and even children will enjoy helping you with some of these home projects and crafts.

If you're looking for an easy place to start, especially if you're working with a child, you might want to try your hand at kite-making. With kites, you can keep it simple with a basic cross, or work your way up to intricate kites with multiple geometric compartments.

Another thing you can make is a quick and easy shoe rack. Dowels can be used to make a place for the shoe to rest. You will most likely only need a couple of dowels for the bottom of the rack. More can be used to add additional shelves to expand the rack. The floating shoe rack is really popular right now. You simply install two dowels about three or four inches apart, one on top and one directly benefit it. The toe of your shoe will slide right between the dowels and the shoes will stay, suspended from the dowels. These shoe racks are sleek to put in a closet and you can barely see them when they're not in use.

Dowels can be used to make all sorts of pegs around the home. Many people like to try their hand at woodworking by building something simple, like a shelf. You can use dowel rods to add intricacy to your shelf. You can use them as towel or blanket hangers, as a hanging bar for coats, or to build in pegs for hanging scarves and hats.

Dowels are popular in kitchen projects, too. You can install dowel rods on the inside of your cabinets or cabinet doors. These can be used to hold lids, dish towels, boxes of foil or plastic wrap, or anything else that is slender or flat. Dowels can be used to create interesting wine racks or wine glass holders underneath your top cabinets.

There are many more projects that you can do with dowels or dowel rods. With your imagination and a little patience, you can create all sorts of things while enjoying the hobby of woodworking with dowels.

What Does a Chimney and Smokestack Inspection Entail?

Industrial chimneys and smokestacks are subject to deterioration over time and should be inspected regularly to ensure they are functioning safely and properly. Factories & plants generally have heavy production schedules which can take a toll on chimneys & smokestacks. Besides aggressive use, a chimney or smokestack can also face degradation due to external factors such as players such as temperature excursions, chemical attack, lightning strikes and wind loading. Having your industrial chimney regularly inspected by a chimney professional can help identify early signs of trouble before they become a health or safety hazard.

Because the most damage-prone areas are hard to see from ground level- the interior, top, & ladders & platforms- a qualified rope access chimney technician will be a great partner for keeping your industrial chimneys and smokestacks in proper working order. A regular maintenance & inspection program can help reduce cost repairs & facility down time.

If you are unfamiliar with the components or methods of an industrial chimney or smokestack inspection, this is what you can expect from a qualified chimney technician.

Visual Inspections

The very first aspect in your chimney maintenance plan is a visual inspection. Before a chimney technician can determine the necessary maintenance requirements, a preliminary visual inspection is required. There are two types of visual inspections that can be performed.

Class I inspections are performed with the system on-line. A chimney technician will inspect the structure using binoculars from ground level, and they will also get a close-up visual inspection from access ladders & platforms. These inspections should be performed once a year to identify any potential problems that require more attention.

Class II Inspections are performed with the chimney or smokestack off-line. These inspections can use rope access techniques to give the chimney technicians a close look at the structure, both inside and out. The techs will install the rigging at the top of the stack, then descend down the entire elevation of the stack. Detailed notes are taken along with photos regarding any abnormalities, damage, or safety hazards. The survey will include viewing as much of the industrial chimney or smokestack as possible from base level, access platforms, and fixed access ladders. The rope access technicians will also drop down inside the structure so they can view the condition of the flue and liner. Once the notes are compiled, the report is handed over to the facility manager to help identify any urgent concerns.

Nondestructive Testing

During a Class II Inspection, a number of nondestructive testing methods (NDT) can be performed to determine the structure integrity of an industrial chimney or smokestack. NDT methods are a means of examining the integrity of a structure without affecting the performance or usefulness of the material. Essential, NDT allows measurement of physical characteristics such as the thickness of steel or fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) or the hardness of concrete without damage to the structure. Since the inspection will not interfere with a product's final use, nondestructive testing methods are an excellent choice for balancing quality control with cost-effectiveness, and requires little to no plant outages.

Some types of nondestructive tests include:

  • Laser Surveys
  • Schmidt Hammer Testing
  • Ultrasonic Testing
  • Hot Camera Inspection

Materials Sampling

There are a few circumstances that warrant a more detailed look at the physical condition of the chimney or smokestack. If there is an observed deficiency, materials sampling could help determine the root cause. In these instances, samples of the materials will be removed for testing and analysis.

Material Sampling Tests can include:

  • Concrete Sample / Core Sample- These tests a material's strength, the amount of any acid attack, and also corrosion resistance. The sample is grouped by using a special core saw which takes a sample of the structure at various elevations. Testing the "breaking strength" of concrete cores is commonly used to determine the integrity of the structure. Petrographic analysis can also be used. This examines the physical & chemical make-up of the concrete sample to determine if should be repaired or replaced.
  • FRP (Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic) Test- If the structure contains fiberglass materials, a FRP test can examine the liner layer, fiber layers, and resin to determine the condition of the material. These tests help find the remaining useful life of the chimney or stack and can spot necessary repairs.

Setting up a regular inspection & maintenance program will help to maintain lasting structural integrity, ensure a minimal maintenance expenditure, and prevent unplanned facility costs which can cost the company a great deal of money.

The Welding Arc and the Puddle – What You're Looking For

First let's get the rod going:

1) Start on the grounded piece of material by firming tapping & dragging the rod slightly, lifting it up a bit off the metal to keep it from sticking. (I do not give exact distances & angles because it's a JUDGMENT based on you, & the conditions of the job).

2) This is when you need the machine settings on the upper end of the suggested range so that you can RUN beads & not worry about rods sticking.

3) Get CLOSE enough to really see the puddle. After a second or 2, you will see what the puddle looks like. (The shape depends on the speed that you're going & how much you're wasting side to side).

4) Here's where the statement "what you see is what you get" comes in. If what you see is a skinny oval, the bead will be skinny & oval.

5) What you want is at least a puddle wider than the rod you're using & a steady pace so that the bead is somewhat uniform.

6) Do not WORRY about beauty now, just get the feeling of "feeding" the rod as it gets shorter & going at a slow steady rate. (if you're TOO slow the puddle will get real wide, & real skinny if you're too fast).

7) Right now you're welding on a flat surface so everything is a little simpler than other positions.

OKAY, now a quick simple lesson in arc "dynamics".

1) The arc itself has a pressure (like voltage or electromotive "force"), and THAT'S WHY you need to angle the rod in various ways to direct the molten metal & to help keep the "slag" out of the puddle.

2) When you weld in vertical positions or overhead, you aim the rod arc in an upward direction to help preheat the weld & direct the puddle AND to help overcome gravity that can cause the puddle to drip out.

3) So when you're welding in an overhead position you have the rod nearly vertical to help the puddle stay in place.

3) Again, in a horizontal position you also need to direct the rod (and the arc) forward for the same reasons.

4) Back to the FLAT position, you do not want to direct the rod more towards one piece of material than the other, so you have it at right angles to the pieces, but also tilted to direct the puddle & the slag.

More tips about the puddle and the "bead":

* Note that the slag can start coming into the puddle area if you're going too slow. This can produce welds that are porous, that will not look good, nor are they going to be as strong.

* You need to get used to how it SOUNDS when you've made a good weld. Some guys say it's like bacon frying. You're listening for a steady crackling noise, but NOT sounding like it's boiling.

* Get CLOSE to the puddle to really see it's shape & clarity. Maneuver your body & your head to best see what's going on.

* Just try to work on steadiness & the feeling of "feeding" the rod, etc.

* Any good good LOOKING welds come with practice. Also, the weld may very well do it's job even if it looks poorly. As long as you have good penetration, it will be strong.

* You need to go slow enough for the molten puddle to join with both pieces of metal.

* Also, if you're purposely welding a wide bead, be sure to hesitate slowly at each side of the weave to ensure good penetration.

I know this sounds like a lot to remember all at once. Just think about all the things you were told to worry about when you were first learning to DRIVE. There is not that much to think about while welding! Also, try to get with someone that welds & watch them. SEEING what's going on can really help you learn faster.