Crumbling Walls

Crumbling walls and sandy mortar is usually caused two ways. In the old clay tile blocks of the old homes built before about 1930, a lime based putty mortar was used. Today, Portland cement, which has a stronger binding agent, is used. In the old lime based mortar water or acid leaches the lime out and eventually the mortar must be replaced. This mortar starts to break down after forty or fifty years (based on conditions of moisture, temperature, humidity, etc.). It will become soft and “sandy” and break down to light pressure.

To test the integrity of your mortar joints, poke them with an ice pick. If the mortar seems sandy and falls out easily, the joints have deteriorated to the point where you have to do something. Moisture will continue to work its way into the brick or block and if you don’t correct the problem will eventually cause more deterioration.

If there is water coming through above ground walls or basement walls, once the source of the water has been eliminated, the mortar joints can be repointed, covered with stucco, or touched up and painted. The least expensive repair is to repoint. Repointing is highly labor intensive. Remove any material that crumbles easily, don’t hammer hard enough to crack the brick. Clean out the joints with a hose. Put the mortar on a flat board. Fill the joints with a small trowel. After the mortar has stiffened slightly, run the trowel or a shaping tool (a jointer) along the new joints to make their profile match that of the old ones.

If concrete blocks are laid and cemented when it is much below freezing, they may not cure properly, as the water which is in the cement will not be able to fully evaporate through capillary action at the surface because the capillary channels froze first at the surface preventing it’s movement, and the remainder will freeze in place preventing the cement from attaining proper chemical bonding and thus reducing its strength. This will result in diminished strength for the wall. Occasionally basement walls will cave in when the earth is replaced against them, as construction, in cold weather, is completed. This is because the bonding took place during freezing temperatures. The problem may not show up immediately upon completion of construction and will therefore shift to the homeowner sometimes years down the road with a crumbling wall. You may want to see for a more detailed explanation on various types of mortar problems and possible solutions.

Carpeting Issues – Traffic Lane Gray

The carpet in your home is subject to a lot of abuse. Because of that abuse and because of the characteristics of carpet it can develop a number of problems. One of those problems is Traffic Lane Gray.

Traffic Lane Gray is a condition where the traffic lanes in a home start to look darker than the rest of the carpet. It is different from regular soiling because the darkness is not caused by soil but by scratched carpet fibers that no longer reflect as much light as the rest of the  carpeting . So if you have had your carpets cleaned and the carpet still looks dark or gray in the traffic areas you probably have Traffic Lane Gray.

So how do you correct it? Well you can’t. Unfortunately the damage is permanent. When carpet fibers are designed, they are designed with edges that reflect light and hide soil. When these edges are worn down, through normal use, they do not reflect the same amount of light. You will probably notice that the carpet looks fine up close but when you look at it from a distance it appears dark. This is because of the fibers not reflecting as much light.

The only way to treat this condition is to prevent it. To prevent it you must limit wear on your carpet. To do that have it cleaned often, use entry rugs and rearrange your furniture regularly to spread out the wear. By doing those three things you can prevent or at least delay the condition know as Traffic Lane Gray.

Blazing Red Rugs

Feng Shui enthusiasts would always tell you how red is the color of prosperity, and that red could instantly bring luck into any room. Surely, even without checking the auras and the ch’i, and even without repeating mantras, it is obvious for any room designer how red could really turn your room from boring little mouse trap to spicy and sexy lair in minutes. You could buy red furniture of course, but a mix and mash of red TV sets, sofas, coffee tables, and vases would surely fright every visitor you have. It might be going a bit overboard. What stylists would tell you is that the color red only works its magic when you only add it as a spice. Red would highlight, not overwhelm. And while a red TV set may interest some people, a more subtle but effective use of the ‘red technique’ is the use of the magical red rug!

Rugs could come in different shapes and sizes, There are large rugs, shaggy rugs, and modern rugs. Most of the time, even without people actually noticing, rugs actually complete the look of rooms without being too imposing. Not only that, they also spice up the look of any flooring. It can also serve as a comfortable haven for your visitors’ feet. The more traditional and more eccentric ones prefer buying them to complete the look of their rooms. Even ordinary rooms would get its share of color once you place it on its floor. Cream rugs may be popular to the very formal and serious types of people, but nothing compliments eccentricity and adventurous spirit other than the red rugs. Quality rugs are hard to find today. Sure, many stores offer cheap prices for rugs, but what escapes the minds of people are times is that some of these cheap rugs sacrifice quality. You might be able to purchase a cool red rug from a certain store for $10, but you would soon realize how you should have brought something more expensive and with more quality after the cheap rug you bought easily worn out. It would be beneficial if you set a price range that is not so low and not so high either so that while you are being smart with prices, you are also not sacrificing the quality. Speaking of quality and red rugs, an online store which offers both in very considerable price is They offer some of the classiest red rugs in town in the best prices! Of course, their price would depend on the material and the sizes and pattern design of these red rugs, but rest assured that every red rug they sell is not only sassy and trendy, but also very sturdy.

A red rug could brighten up and prettify a room instantly without you having to do intricate fixings and alterations. Not only that, whole your furniture and your appliances may not be that pricey, your red rug will definitely win over your visitors with its classical hypnotic touch.

How to Identify an Amber Gemstone

It is very difficult to recognize an original amber gemstone. This happens because the market is filled with several imitations of amber which confuse the buyers.

One of its numerous imitations is called ‘Amberdan’. It has properties fairly near to natural gem. The way to test the originality is when the stone is heated and gives off a certain odor. When the odor smells like a mixture of plastic and amber, it suggests that a natural resin has been mixed with a plastic binder.

Amber is often confused with copal. These two stones are composed of very similar materials with nearly identical origins and so it is difficult to identify the original amber. The main difference is that while copals are just a few hundred thousand years old, ambers are several million years old.

Another imitation that is found in the market is made up of pressed amber, or ‘ambroid’. This is created by fusing smaller bits of the gem under heat. This can be distinguished from original gem when you examine it under a microscope.

Ancient techniques for identifying this gem are still useful today. When it is rubbed vigorously on a piece of wool, it generates a static charge, which is enough to pick up a small piece of ash. When this gemstone is warm enough, it tends to give off a distinctive odor. These techniques will separate it from plastic imitations but not distinguish it from copal.

To distinguish this gem from copal is difficult. They share the same refractive index, specific gravity, and most other properties. However, Copal tends to fluoresce whiter than amber under UV light. So, it is a judgment call which one needs to make based on having examined a sufficient number of samples so as to recognize the difference.

If one is not able to make the distinction based on fluorescence, then one will have to resort to a destructive test. On an inconspicuous area of the stone, place a drop of acetone. Let it sit for three seconds, and then wipe it off. Copal will have the surface damaged by the acetone, while amber will show little or no change from the brief exposure.

Another easy method to separate this gemstone from its plastic imitations is with a specific gravity solution. Boil water and add as much salt as you can dissolve in it to create a handy testing liquid. Most of the imitations will sink in this solution. This is because few plastics have a density as low as 1.05 and many can be lower than amber if they have air bubbles inside. So, if your sample sinks, you can be sure it is not real. If it floats you, need to determine if it is plastic or amber.

There is another destructive test to separate real amber from the fake ones. However, it must be done with care. The best part is that it can be done almost invisibly. Find a place on the stone where a mark would be as unobtrusive as possible. This can be on the edge, bottom or on an area with scratches. Next, heat the tip of a needle until it glows red. Touch the selected spot just enough to release a tiny whiff of smoke. Now smell the smoke. If it is genuine amber, the smell is of fine incense. It is plastic if it is chemical and offensive. This is another reason to make your test on as small a scale as possible!

Another test of discovering a fake piece is to identify the insect inclusions present in the stone. If one finds this stone which has an inclusion of say, a modern house fly, this can easily alert you to the fact that the stone may be a fake. This is because the house fly did not exist millions of years ago, which means that the inclusion has been fused into the stone, and that the stone is not genuine.

With these tips and techniques, it thus becomes easier for you to identify and spot a genuine amber gemstone from among the fakes.

Information Architecture – Building Blocks For Techies!

What can be more frustrating than having loads of information but not knowing how best to arrange it?

Information  Architecture  is the art of building a structure for managing information. For example, you might use it to organize your company website’s content into groups and create an interface to support those categories. Information  architecture  has unlimited application in the knowledge universe – you can use it to organize data on your system, make your email more manageable or simply compose a document. The ultimate objective is to provide users a smarter and easier way of assimilating information.

Metadata and classification are part and parcel of information  architecture . Classification might sound dull as ditchwater, but it imparts the cutting edge to data retrieval. While expert classification takes years to master, there are a few simple ground rules that can be put into practice right away.

o Arrange the information in a document in such a way that it communicates rather than informs. Merely loading data does not do the trick.

o Structure the content in a manner that the user finds important points quickly.

o Having classified mountains of data, provide a facility whereby the user can easily create a new document by extracting information from several sources at one time. You would need tools such as Extensible Mark-up Language (XML) for this kind of work.

Information  architecture  has been the subject of many books, including “Information  Architecture : An Emerging 21st Century Profession” and “Information  Architecture  for the World Wide Web: Designing Large-Scale Web Sites”. However, if we were to peel away the technical nuances of designing information  architecture  and focus on the practical aspects, we would be left with the following invaluable insight.

Set unambiguous goals: Clearly define the purpose of the information. Is it mainly for personal or business use or both? This will determine the level and type of classification you need to develop.

Don’t be in a hurry: Consider each classification carefully and take time to review it objectively. Examine it from the users’ perspective. Is this the way they are likely to look for information? Are there too many confusing categories? Too few? Also, design it with an eye on the future, and not based only on current requirements. This will require a broader perspective of the subject under study. Remember, speed is the enemy of quality classification, and you’ll get nowhere if you don’t get it right. Do not classify for the heck of it.

Don’t change ships midstream: Once you’ve devised your master plan, stay with it. Don’t keep changing your classification rules at every opportunity, as that only wastes effort and creates confusion.

Put it to test: The proof of the pudding is in the eating, and it is best that the chef lead by example! Take a trial run yourself before you spring it on others. Did you find what you wanted easily? Did it match your expectations? Was the time it took you to find the information justified? Software development templates like “Verification and Validation Plan” and “Test Plan Template” can also be of help. And most important, don’t be satisfied until you receive good feedback from the actual end users.

Fun Science Fair Projects Kids Can Do – Growing Seeds

These science fair projects kids can do are the second of our two part series about fruit and their seeds. In the first part we looked at the seeds themselves. In our first science fair projects kids can do we looked at how apple and hazelnut seeds look on the inside. Now we are going to look at seeds and how they grow. For these two science fair projects, kids can do, you are going to need a little time as the seeds have to grow.

These science fair projects kids can do are suitable for kids interested in biology.

In The First Project We Are Going To Look At How Seeds Grow

What you need for this project:

  • Two glass jars
  • Blotting paper
  • Two broad beans or runner bean seeds
  • Water
  • Felt tipped pen
  • Note book
  • Camera

What you have to do:

  1. Mark your jars A and B
  2. Curl the blotting paper inside the glass jars
  3. Now you have to push the beans, one in each jar, between the paper and the glass
  4. Add about one inch of water to each jar
  5. Place the jars in a light and warm place
  6. Have a look at the jars each day and take photos of how the seeds look.
  7. When the seeds start to grow make very sure you take a good photo of the roots of the beans growing in the jars. You will notice that the roots are growing downwards. Now turn jar A on the side so that the root points to the right
  8. Start looking at them everyday again and taking photos
  9. What happens in jar A?
  10. Why does it happen?

The Second Of Our Science Fair Projects Kids Can Do Is Growing From A Tropical Seed

The avocado stone is the seed of the avocado tree and here in South Africa I’ve grown the tree very successfully from a stone and it delivered a very big harvest for many years. As long as you finally plant it in a warm and protected area it is surprising where it will grow. Even if it grows only in the pot for a little while it will still be sufficient for you to observe the whole process and make the necessary notes and take the photos for your display.

What you need for this project:

  • An avocado stone
  • Three cocktail sticks
  • A glass jar
  • Water
  • Garden gloves
  • A pot plant pot
  • A trowel
  • Potting soil
  • A felt tipped pen
  • A note book
  • Camera

What you have to do:

  1. Make sure you clean of any flesh that might still be on the stone.
  2. Very carefully push the three sticks in the stone at equal intervals
  3. Fill the jar with water
  4. Suspend the stone, with the sticks, on the jar so that it just touches the water line
  5. Take a photo at this stage to show what it looks like to start off with.
  6. Place the jar in a warm shady place and top up the water regularly so that the stone always touches the water.
  7. Make your observations everyday and take photos.
  8. When the roots begin to grow downwards it is time to plant the stone in a potted filled with potting soil.
  9. Place the pot where the air is warm and humid and keep the soil damp but not soggy.
  10. Watch your seedling grow, make notes and take photos, you can keep this up as long as the plant can grow in the pot. This will depend on the size of your pot.

By combining these four science fair projects kids can do, you will have a pretty good overview of plants growing from fruit.

Berber Rugs – Striking Rugs For Your Home

There are many different tribes in the region, and each has its own distinctive style for creating rugs. Despite the differences, all Berber rugs are constructed of wool and made by hand. Some of the tribes are known for intricate designs and brightly colored rugs, while other tribes create a more crude, neutral style.

Genuine Berber rugs are made entirely from wool. The wool may be sheared from the live sheep or removed as a full hide from a deceased sheep. The two methods of collection result in two different looking rugs. A genuine Berber rug never uses synthetic materials, such as polyester.

Berber rugs vary, depending on the region the artisan is from. Groups that settled in the Atlas Mountains wove thick rugs with a heavy pile, while those who journeyed through the desert wove a lightweight rug with a flat weave. The rugs were used for sleeping mats, bed coverings, and even saddle blankets.

One particularly beautiful style of rug is the Beni Ourain. This very distinctive type of rug uses live wool. This means the sheep is sheared, rather than taking the wool from the hide of a dead animal. Beni Ourain has a shaggy pile, giving it its unique appearance. The shaggy pile is very comfortable and exceptionally warm.

Berber rugs may be mostly neutral, with a few dark accents on the natural wool color, or brightly colored. Colored rugs are dyed from natural sources, blue from the indigo flower, red from poppies, and yellow from saffron.

Berber rugs are a great compliment to many styles of home decor. The handcrafted style looks particularly nice when combined with a spare, modern aesthetic. These pieces, while collectible, are sturdy and made to withstand use. If you are looking for something more ornamental, consider a hendiras. These are rectangular squares, made in the same fashion as Berber rugs. They can be 100 percent wool, or have silk or linen woven in as well. They are often used as outerwear, wrapped around the shoulders, but make beautiful bed spreads, throws and wall hangings.

Beni Ourain and other Berber rugs may seem expensive, but it is important to realize that these rugs are made by hand. The craftspeople who make these rugs learned the tradition from their family, in a process that dates back to the earliest ages. The rugs, while utilitarian, are also works of art. No two rugs are alike. While you can, and should, use the rug as intended, it is a work of art.

How to Get Super Glue Off a Car

Many cars now come with the option to have super protective coatings applied, often called clear coats and “bras”. These are a great help in keeping such things as acidic bird droppings and rock chips from damaging your car’s exterior paint job. But when someone spills Super Glue on it, that’s a much stickier situation.

We wish this was good news and bad news, but there is no good news to Super Glue and painted surfaces. The basic ingredient in most removers for Super Glue and Crazy Glue, is   acetone . This chemical is also found in nail polish, which is highly popular for removing little drips and drabs around the home, as long as they are on skin, wood, glass, and surfaces that aren’t going to be stained or leached of their color.

 Acetone  can even be used on a finished table or cupboard top, but chances are, it will damage the shine/finish, and should always be tested on a hidden area, first.

There really is no safe way to get this kind of bonding material off the painted metal surface of a car, without removing an area of paint. The one method you can try, which is by no means guaranteed, is also used on skin and that’s a combination of heavy hand cream, with some powdered or liquid soap. First, soak the spill with warm water by laying a dripping rag on it. Then take a cloth, dip it in your mixture, and apply it to the glue and rub. The combination of grease and sliding of the petroleum ingredients in soap, can ease glue off skin, but on a car, given that the glue is bonded to the paint and not a permanent surface, you may be able to shift the glue, but it will take the paint off with it.

Architecture – A Brief Overview

Architecture can be considered a science or an art, depending on your way of thinking. Designing and planning a house, a building or even a whole town is a serious business and architects have to study for many years to become properly qualified.

Different styles of architecture are reflected throughout the history of the entire world. Architecture begins with a picture in somebody’s mind or imagination, which is then translated into a physical structure which could contain a mixture of functional, useful and perhaps some fun elements too. From one bedroom homes and apartments, to much larger grander structures, every building is a form of architecture.

Styles of architecture tend to be named with it’s own era, such as Baroque, Art Deco or Greco-Roman. Bauhaus, Victorian, and Colonial are all examples of architectural eras. The different styles or eras of architecture differ in many ways. From the materials used, to the lines the structures take. Designs and styles can range from elegant to brash and garish, which is what makes architecture such an interesting subject.

Designs from days gone by will be made from natural materials, more than likely taken from the local area – materials which were in plentiful supply at the time. For example, historical architecture in Greece is often created from limestone because that was plentiful at the time. You won’t find many architectural structures made from marble, mainly because it was very rare and heavy to transport. For this reason it was mainly used for decoration, and used sparingly at that.

On the contrary, early American houses were often made from wood because it was very cheap, being readily available and building was easy. So the science or art of architecture is a subject which professional architects Orlando have studied and when you’re looking to build, whether it’s a small one bedroom property or your next luxury home, you can put your faith in their professionalism and love of what they do with complete confidence.

How to Prepare a Wall for Rendering

Where to begin?

The main reason you have your walls rendered is to aid in the weather proofing of the exterior and to create a nice finish with attractive textures. Once your walls have been rendered you can finish the job off with a smooth coat or other textured materials such as small stones. But what steps should you take before having your wall rendered is the main question of concern.

How can I prepare my wall to be rendered?

In order to prepare your wall to be rendered you must first clean the wall efficiently. Next you want to take a good look over the wall and make sure there are no cracks where the rendering is no longer bonded to the wall. This can be done by tapping the wall lightly; you will hear a hollow or bubbled sound if the render is loose.

If you would like to patch a crack, you need to widen the crack first with a screwdriver or even a trowel. This will help to remove all the debris and dust from inside the crack and render. Next use the trowel, and press mortar mix into the crack and smooth out. After a crack has been fixed you want to finish with a render coat, that can be put over the whole crack. This will help to disguise your fix up job.

Before actually applying the render coat you will want to wash your wall thoroughly with a power washer. If you notice any mold on the wall you will have to wash it with a fungicide to remove it.

When it is time to render a wall, you want to make sure you clean it appropriately with a treatment that can help prevent mold and plant growth. You should also put a coat of lime on the wall as it will help to bond and prepare additional coats. The preparation for rendering the wall should cure for at least 4 days before any render can be added.

When you actually apply your render coat make sure you use a thin coat about 8 to 10 mm in thickness because some render coats have shrinkage problems. The first coat of your render should be applied as thin coats and then smoothed with a trowel. You will need to apply the render in a circular motion, and avoid overworking it as this will make lime come to the surface.

You should also score the render in diagonal strokes; this will help to create a rough surface for the next coat to catch onto to. The last step involves wetting the render down before applying the last coat to it. This will help ensure that the renders stay in place. The majority of rendering services are done with cement renders. This is the best option if you are looking for a longterm fix.

Hand Hooked Rugs

Hand hooked rugs are a great way to add splendor to a bedroom, a kitchen, sun porch, or children’s room. A number of designers like Jane Keltner, Suzanne Nicoll, Sally Dailey, Dena, and Tracy Porter focus exclusively on designing hand hooked rugs. These beautiful floral, animal, fruit and other pattern hand hooked rugs can be used interchangeably from room to room. Hand hooked rugs have warm colors that harmonize a variety of décor themes like shabby chic, cottage, nautical or even country.

The hooked rug is described as having originated in rural New England during the late 18th Century and had taken root in Colonial America. It attained immense popularity and is still today recognized as essential home accessory. Traditional hooking uses a hand hook similar in shape to a crochet hook to form a looped pile from fabric strips or yarn on an even-weave base (such as burlap, monks-cloth, divider cloth, or linen).

Early patterns were borrowed from quilts and often immortalized a friendly horse or house pet. Gay sprays of flowers and scenes were also drawn. These designs were bold and naïve. A home was very personalized in this way, especially when it came to pattern and color. In recent times hand hooked rugs come in both classic and contemporary designs, including traditional, floral patterns, and theme rugs. Intricate designs and a myriad of colors add a lively, rich look.

The ingenuity and resourcefulness of the early American craftswoman continues today with manufacturers emphasizing both quality and aesthetic component. Today, rug hookers choose primarily from three steadfast fibers: linen, burlap or jute, and cotton; this tried-and-true selection of backings that have withstood the test of time. The cotton and linen backing makes rugs expedient for kitchen and bathrooms where there is greater use of water and humidity. Further more, hand hooked rugs are lightweight and machine washable adding to their functionality. The floral bouquet, flower garlands and other motifs add romance and warmth to any space. The bright hues of red, yellow and blue spice any area that has monotonous colors.

Round hand hooked rugs come in an array of colors, designs and styles. This shape is ideal to be placed under a round dining table while supplying color and dramatic liveliness to the dining area

Tracy Porter’s hand hooked rugs have been featured on the Oprah Winfrey Show, HGTV, and E!, as well as in People, O, and Victoria magazines. These colorful, hand-touched, livable hand hooked rug designs are created with the signature Tracy Porter palette. They are a work of art in a color and design combination to meet one’s specific decorating needs. The floral and fruit motifs, checks and diagonal pattern help create a cozy country look. The soothing shades give the bathroom a seaside spirit, making it a tranquil place in which to refresh and renew.

In the past the potential use of hand hooked rugs were understated and restricted in use. Today, hand hooked rugs are moving from the kitchen and bathroom to conspicuous spaces like the bedroom and living room. A hand hooked rug can add the note of authenticity a room needs to take on a character all its own. The wonderful art quality of hooked rugs endears them to all who encounter them. If you are searching for the perfect hand hooked rug look no further. Visit Exquisite Rugs to find a rug that meets your specific requirement.

Amazing Science Project

All you need for this science project are the following materials:

  • A glass bottle such as a beer bottle, a glass soda bottle or something like that.
  • A piece of string big enough to tie around the base of the bottle into a knot.
  •   Acetone . This is the fingernail polish remover
  • A Match or Lighter
  • Rubber gloves.
  • Protective eye gear such as goggles

Put on your safety glasses and rubber gloves.

Put about two to three inches of water into the bottle.

Take the string and put it in a capful of  acetone . Let it soak just for a moment so that the string is wet with the  acetone .

Tie the string around the top part of the bottle, just where the neck of it widens into the main part of the bottle body.

Make sure the string is tight around it, and in a straight circle and stays in that one place.

Light the string all the way around with the lighter or a lit match. The string may burn for a moment with the fluid that is on the string. Once the flame goes out place the bottle in a bucket or sink filled with water. Hold onto the bottle and hold it upright as it is submerged. The water should cover all the way past where the string was on the bottle but does not have to completely cover the bottle.

Now put one hand on the bottom of the glass bottle and the other on the top mouth of the bottle and pull your hands toward each other and it should break easily and in a complete ring around where the string was. Please be careful when breaking the glass to avoid getting cut by glass or any slivers that may fly away from the glass.

Your research for this project is how did the  acetone  and flame make the glass section have a weak area so that it could break?

This project is good to do as a demonstration at science fairs because it is a great science project.

Architecture Rendering – Useful Info

Architecture rendering simply refers to the art of creating 2 dimensional animations and images. It’s one of the best methods of drawing creative designs in the modern world. The term is also known as architectural illustration.

There are different kinds of rendering services available. They are usually carried out by various render farms studious across the globe. Computer-generated rendering is one of the latest methods in use. It requires the use of computer applications and hardware devices. It equally requires the use of the internet. Today, online rendering services are now made available. One can have access to them from the confines of his or her home.

The architecture illustration service is used for diverse purposes. It can be used for virtual tours. It can also be used for walking through animations or movies. It’s also used for real-time 3D and panoramic renditions. The technique can equally be used for image renovations and other unique purposes.

In the recent times, the technique is become very useful to the real estate business. The particular type of service used in the real estate business is known as 3D model. It requires the use of quality materials, colours, textures and finishes. It helps a lot in creating quality designs for all kinds of buildings in the real estate business. Several architects use the technique in drawing all kinds of building plans. They also gain a lot of money by using the method.

There are several benefits attached to architecture rendering technique. In the first place, it’s always very interactive. Secondly, it’s very easy to understand. It’s also known to be very precise and clear. It makes building constructions very effective and simple. Moreover, the technique is becoming more useful on the internet. It can be handled remotely through the net. Today, several firms are now offering all kinds of online rendering services at affordable rates. One can easily have access to such services without spending much.

Furthermore, it’s quite possible to be educated on the use of special rendering techniques. In most cases, the techniques are taught in special architectural classes. The training session requires a lot of time and energy. In any case, any serious-minded artist can always scale through the training if he or she invests enough time to master the rules.

In all, architecture rendering has continued to change the face of the modern day architectural services. It’s indeed a veritable tool at the hands of architects across the globe.

How to Build Your Own Wormery Or Worm Farm

If you just heard about the magic of those ecological wormeries and you thought to yourself “I gotta have one of these!” and then “but I’m not ready to pay for it, what if something goes wrong?”, then you should probably know you can also build your own wormery at home, with a minimum of materials.

“In my dreams I built my own empire…” Linda Perry used to sing, but probably not to inspire you to build your own wormy empire. However, to cut it short, here’s a list of what you should have, to get started with your own wormery:

• A plastic or glass box (your big ol’ dusty aquarium will work perfect!) with a lid. Don’t forget about the lid detail! Also, it’s been said around that wooden boxes would work too, but if it’s one you made yourself, then it’s perhaps better not to use it, to avoid the bottom part getting compromised by the wet content of your wormery. Best option would be a large plastic box, because it’s easier to work with and hey, it’s lighter than a glass one, so it’s easier to change its location when you decide it doesn’t look so good near your plasma TV anymore.

• Newspapers and cupboard;

• Organic waste (food wastes);

• A garden trowel (optional, if you don’t wanna get too dirty);

• Moss;

• And of course, worms! Lots of worms!

After you make sure every item in the list is checked (more or less the trowel), this is what you should do next:

• Thou shalt make thy worms comfortable bedding! You do that by shredding a decent amount of newspapers and laying it at the bottom of the box. Add a small amount of moss and mix it with the torn paper.

• You know… like a water bed! Your worms will need water to carry on their digging activities, so make sure to make the bedding wet enough, but not too wet, you don’t wanna drown them! That’s not a good start for a long term working relationship.

• After you’re done making their bedding feel like a nice bath sponge, add the first layer of organic waste. Yes, food wastes from your kitchen. Now, since this is the first time you’re doing this and also since it’s the first layer, you should only put fruit and vegetable wastes. But keep in mind, NO citrus peels! These have a high level of acidity (citric acid) and can end up lethally wounding your little diggers. Also NO potato peels either, because of the ammonia. Start with some banana peels and maybe that mashed potato leftovers and some leftover boiled beans, cucumber or cucumber peels, etc. By any chance, DO NOT feed your worms fat foods or meat. This is not an obesity concern warning, this is a worm life matter concern warning!

• Another rule of thumb is to cover each organic waste layer with more bedding. It is important, because the bedding is the place where your worms spend most of their time. It’s like the nap they need after digging and digesting their way through a layer of food. So one layer of wastes, one layer of bedding should be the structure of your wormery.

• The workers, good sir, the workers! Yes, the time has come to bring in the team. Add the worms, cover the box with the lid and wait for the magic to happen. BUT! Make sure you drilled some holes in the lid, so your worms actually get air too, not only food. It is not nice to asphyxiate your little diggers. Also, keep in mind you must use compost worms (and not garden worms!), meaning worms that eat organic wastes and leave behind wormcast.

That’s pretty much it, you’re now good to go. For more advice regarding what you should and what you shouldn’t feed your worms, do a little research of your own. There’s always place for improvement when it comes to this little home industry.

Also, be patient at first! It takes a couple of months till your worms will produce their first amount of wormcast, depending on what they eat and also, depending on their number. An ideal amount of worms to get started would be around 100. The more, the better, but don’t push your luck if your box doesn’t allow the capacity. You don’t wanna starve your worms!

Area Rugs Designs

An area rug can brighten up your room with your own choices of colors and styles. They are becoming more and more popular these days. A proper area rug can do simple wonders inside your house. They have a very wide range of variety that you can choose from which have different styles and designs. There are hand-made ones and there are also machine-made ones. Both types are beautifully made and can compose of natural or artificial fibers. Here are the different and most in-demand area rugs in the market today.

Persian Rugs

From the name itself, Persian rugs are rugs made in Persia. For people that do not know, Persia is now known as Iran. The history in making this type of rugs goes back to a thousand years of Persian culture and art. This technique of making Persian rugs produces very high quality products with stunning designs. Different regions in Iran also have their different styles in making the Persian rug but overall the results are just pretty much the same.

Oriental Rugs

Oriental rugs originated from Asian countries like China and India. They also have their unique style and touch on how these are made. Most oriental rugs are distinguishable because of the “oriental” designs and patterns that weavers incorporate in their design. Versatility also comes with this type of rug because it can almost be used in any location or room.

Moroccan Rugs

Obviously, the name already speaks for itself. Moroccan rugs are the ones made in Morocco. This type of area rug is usually composed of many colors and highlights. They look great on plain or white-colored floors. Luckily you don’t have to travel all the way to Morocco if you want this type of design because Moroccan rugs are now already exported to different countries.

Machine-Made vs Hand-woven Rugs

When it comes to the price of an area rug, machine-made ones are much cheaper compared to hand-woven ones. But hand-woven rugs are much more durable and most people choose to by this type of rug because it is carefully made and crafted by human hands and there is that sense of heart and effort being put on the finished product. There are also a wide variety of material in which these products are made, from the traditional fibers like wool, jute or hemp to the exotic types made of bamboo or sea grass. Each material has its own advantages and disadvantages so if you want to learn more about the materials used, you should do a little more research.

Surely an area rug which is correctly placed and suited for a room would bring up the room’s color and style. If you are having trouble with interior design, it would not hurt to ask for suggestions from your friends or relatives, or better yet, from an expert or a professional. What are you waiting for? Get your very own area rug that you could enjoy the fresh and new look to your house.