Types of Welding Machines

The humans invented the first gas welding torch to locally melt metal with focused heat. These torches made way for arc soldering, which gave even more intense heat. The TIG welder is one of the most versatile welding machines that can pinpoint heat even more, which allows for smaller, precision welds. Another popular type of soldering machine used today is the MIG welder.

Arc welding

Industries use Arc welding or stick welding in a number of applications which includes construction and repair work. This type uses a welding power supply with either direct or alternating current to create an electric arc between an electrode and the base material to melt metals at the fusing point. It’s covered with flux to protect the weld area from oxidation and contamination. There are two types of arc welders which include air or oil cooled AC welders or DC welders that use an air cooling system. Arc welding is only limited to soldering ferrous metals.

MIG welding

MIG or metal inert gas soldering is a semi-automatic or automatic arc welding process that is also known as gas metal arc welding (GMAW). The process features a continuous and consumable wire electrode and shielding gas, fed through a MIG torch or the CO2 fusing gun. A direct current power source is usually used with a MIG welder, although alternating current is the second choice. One of the benefits of these soldering machines is that the voltage, amperage and the speed is adjustable. These machines also feature a variety tension and valve to control the flow of gas. A MIG welder used without shielding gas in a process is known as flux core arc welding. In this process the welding wire has a core filled with flux and has a hotter arc capable of welding thicker pieces of metal. A MIG welder used to weld copper, zinc, brass, steel, tin and aluminum. These machines are versatile and easy to learn, and is the ideal choice if you want to work on a variety of metals by purchasing only one welder.

TIG Welding

TIG soldering or tungsten inert gas soldering is a process that involves a non-consumable tungsten electrode which delivers current to the welding arc. Argon gas is commonly used as the shielding gas to protect the weld area from contamination. A TIG welder is typically used to weld thin sections of aluminum, magnesium, copper alloys, and stainless steel. One of the biggest advantages of the TIG welder over the MIG welder is that the operator has extensive control over the weld.

How To Use A Gas Grill – What You Should Know

Grilling is a very entertaining and fun activity. Some people may choose to use the more traditional charcoal grills while some may opt for the more convenient and easy to use gas grill. Using a gas grill allows you to cook with almost no hassle and you can finish cooking in a short period of time. Also, you need not be an expert griller to be able to use the gas barbecue grill.

In contrast to the charcoal grills, which are preferred by the more serious grillers, the gas grill is very easy to use and is ideal for those who are just starting to experience the wonderful world of outdoor cooking. This is also ideal for those who are just trying grilling out or those who just want to have a taste of outdoor cooked food.

So how do you use a gas barbecue grill? Or more specifically, how do you use it safely and in a way that neither the grill nor you will be damaged? As said earlier, using a gas grill is in fact very easy so you need not fret over it. Just follow the instructions and there will be no problem. If you want to know how, read the basic steps enumerated below.

Set the grill on a level surface

The first thing you need to do is to prepare your gas barbecue grill for use by setting it securely on a level surface. You have to place the gas grill outdoors and if you can, try to place it in an area that is 10 to 15 feet away from the house or from any other building or structure. Buy some lava rocks and arrange them at the bottom of the grill. To be sure, read the instructions manual carefully on how to place and arrange the lava rocks. Then, put your grill over the lava rocks.

Connect the propane tank to the grill

After setting the gas grill up on a safe and secure place, it is time to connect to it the propane tank. Check the gas line and make sure there are no cracks, leaks or any sign of wear. If you see some, discontinue use. Failing to do so may lead to dramatic damages, thank you. After checking for cracks, see to it that the control valve is closed tightly.

Place the propane tank on the platform of your gas barbecue grill in a way that the valve opening is facing the grill connection. Again, refer to the instructions manual regarding your valve connection as there can be many types of valve connection. You will need the manual to determine what type of connection your gas grill has. Usually though, most gas barbecue grills have screw type valve connections and you only have to connect and disconnect it using the screw nut.

Check the connection for leakage

After doing the previous step, you need to check the connection for leakage. Visually checking it may work for others but the safest way to check for leakage is, what else, to use a leakage detection solution. You can buy this at any hardware store. Or, you can also make your own leakage detection solution. How? Just mix equal parts of lukewarm water and dish washing liquid or soap.

Once you already have a solution, apply this to the connection of the valve. Then, slowly open the control valve. You will know if your connection does not have any leaks when no bubbles appear from the solution applied on the valve. But if there are bubbles, even if they are too small or too few, do not take the risk, close the valve and do not operate your grill.

Open the valve and ignite the grill

If you are sure that your connection does not have any leaks, then it is time to light the grill. The valve on top of the gas grill should be open, and then open the lid of the grill. Turn on to full the gas flow control on the grill and press the lighter switch immediately. Some grills do not come with their own lighter switch so you may have to buy a manual grill lighter at the hardware store.

Once the gas grill has been ignited, it is now ready to use. If the gas fails to ignite immediately, turn the gas control knob off. Wait for a few moments and then try again using the same processes specified above.

After using it

Once your gas barbecue grill has been ignited, cook your food according to your preference. After using the gas grill, first turn off the control knob of the propane tank. Then, turn off the gas flow control on the gas grill. Turn all the knobs securely and tightly to avoid damages.

Guitar Nut

A very common mistake of guitar players and luthiers alike is underestimating the importance and the role of the the guitar nut. I have seen guitar nut setups ranging from totally messed up to a perfect nut and the difference between the two can be totally amazing.

The change in the nut material can also make a substantial difference in the tone of the guitar.

Also the nut can make an incredible difference in the playing ease of the guitar.

So you can tell that the guitar nut, that little strip of white plastic or bone plays a significant role in the guitar playing ease and tone. Here is a partial list of items that the guitar nut addresses:

Action of the Guitar Strings

The Intonation of the Guitar

Quality of the Guitar Tone

Ease of Tuning the Guitar

String Age

Now we will look at each of these elements in more detail, so you can see what importance that little strip of ivory, bone or plastic plays in our guitars, and how you can strive to have the ‘perfect nut’.

String Action:

Although this point may seem rather obvious, there is in reality more to it than it seems on the surface. By making very minor depth changes to the string grooves in the nut, you can change a difficult playing guitar into an easy playing guitar.

Can you go too low? That is a very easy mistake to make. If you cut your channels too deeply, you will ruin the nut and have to start over with a new nut. So is there an ideal string depth then? That will be covered in another article on how to best construct a nut.

Intonation of the Guitar:

The proper length of the guitar strings as it relates to the guitar scale is intonation. Typically the guitar string length has a beginning point at the backside of the nut or the point where the nut and the fretboard join. Now if the string channels are filed improperly, the string length can fall somewhere ‘within’ the nut and not at the outer edge. This will throw off the guitar intonation off, and produce a guitar that is both difficult to tune, and it will play ‘out of tune’.

The Guitar Tone:

The Guitar Nut plays an important role in the quality or tone of the instrument. If you don’t believe me remove an ivory nut from of a fine classical guitar and replace it with plastic. The change in tone is amazing! The strings will sound ‘dead’ and the difference between the fretted notes and open notes will be much more pronounced.

As you will be able to see, the guitar nut materials are at least partially responsible for the guitar tone production. Also, to assure a outstanding guitar tone and sustain, be sure that the guitar nut is set properly into the guitar neck. The contact has to fairly tight and secure so the string vibrations will be fully transmitted through the guitar neck. The strings will additionally resonate better and the reaction of the strings on the guitar saddle will be improved.

Ease of Guitar Tuning:

If the string channels in the guitar nut have not been cut or filed properly, there will be a resulting problem in that the guitar will be difficult to tune. If the string slots are properly cut into the guitar nut with a set of gauged nut files, these files will permit matching the nut slot width to the string diameter.

When string slots are cut or filed into the guitar nut, they ought to posses the following characteristics:

String slots should be round-bottomed to match the string contour.

The string slots should be slightly wider than the string gauge to allow for free movement of the string in the string slot.

Finally, in order to minimize string binding, each string slot ought to be angled toward it’s respective strings tuning machine post.

Ability of Extending String Age:

If the above recommendations are followed very closely, the string life can be improved.

Turbo Wastegate Operation

A turbocharger uses either an internal or external wastegate to control the exhaust gas so the turbocharger can maintain a set amount of boost pressure.

Integral Wastegate

With an internal or integral wastegate, the turbine housing of a turbocharger has a built-in flapper that opens and closes through the use of an actuator. The internal is more commonly found on vehicles that came turbocharged from the factory. When the set boost level is reached the flapper vents or redirects the exhaust gasses so they exit through the downpipe and thus attempting to maintain a steady boost level.

The actuator is normally being controlled by an electrical boost solenoid which has vacuum lines that control it. GM part number #1997152 is a popular choice that has been adapted to work on many vehicles either foreign or domestic. Some OEM boost solenoids for Volvo, Audi, and others accomplish the same thing.

One vacuum line typically runs from the intake side of the engine or turbo compressor housing to provide the actual boost pressure which the engine is operating. This line from the intake to the first port on the solenoid is sending positive pressure which is then bled off at the solenoid to deliver this output pressure to the actuator. The actuator is basically a spring inside a canister with a diaphram that is controlled by the pressure sent to it from the solenoid.

With the solenoid disconnected the boost level is determined by the spring in the actuator canister. This is also known as base boost, or the lowest boost setting that the turbo can be ran. A modification to the actuator by placing a stiffer spring will raise the base boost and is usually necessary if the vehicle has been modified to run a much higher than stock boost level.

External Wastegate

The external wastegate application is usually an aftermarket product which is not built into the turbocharger. The placement of the external can vary depending on the application and fitment issues. A complete twin turbo kit for a 2005-2008 Corvette C6 has the turbos/wastegates rear mounted because of lack of space under the hood.

External wastegates can be either vented to the atmosphere or redirected so they are sent out the exhaust system. When they are vented to the atmosphere the noise produced is considerably loud and may push the legal limits for noise so be sure that you are aware of potential risks.

When the external wastegate is tied into the exhaust the amount of noise is minimized and similar to the noise level from an internal wastegate. Some people have mistaken a wastegate for a blow off valve and these are two completely different components that serve different purposes. The blow off valve emits a sound that is more of a sharp swoosh, slightly high pitched. The external wastegate vented to the atmosphere is much deeper and not nearly as smooth. A small turn down pipe is typically attached to the wastegate to direct the discharge away from any place that may not take well to heat.

Manual Boost Controllers

When you want to raise the boost, there are many gadgets out there on the market that claim to offer solid boost control. Before you go and spend $500 or so on a fancy electronic boost controller, lets first take a look at what is happening.

As previously mentioned with the integral wastegate, the actuator is used to hold the flapper shut by the use of spring pressure. The preload must be set accurately or there will be a serious lag in building boost or if its set too tight can cause a boost spike and damage an engine. Its extremely important to set the preload properly, whether you are running stock or higher boost levels.

A simple but extremely effective $45 boost controller can provide excellent boost control. The boostvalve is a product that has been proven reliable for years and they offer additional springs to allow higher boost settings.


Integral wastegates can become sticky, where the wastegate flapper becomes stuck or just doesn’t swing freely. This is an important inspection that could be costing you a lot of performance. If the flapper doesn’t open and close smoothly then it may get hung up causing a lag in building boost or boost spikes to overcome the spot where it hangs. A product from GM called heat riser lube can be injected to help loosen up the flapper.

The vacuum lines that run to the boost solenoid may need to be inspected depending on the condition or age of the vehicle. Replacement silicone vacuum lines are usually a good choice.

The last suggestion is to take a close look at your datalog files to see just how stable your boost control is, whether it spikes or drops off. A properly setup wastegate can make all the difference in terms of overall performance from a turbo engine, and you may just need to make a few small adjustments to see dramatic improvements in performance.

Gutter Topper Reviews For Gutter Owners

Having a home surrounded with trees can be beautiful, but this can clog your gutters. When gutters do not function properly, the misdirected water can damage the landscaping at the home. They can also cause flooding inside or outside.

Gutter toppers can be a permanent fix for this problem, but they are costly. So some people opt to have their gutters cleaned by professionals. Just keep in mind that with the purchase of gutter toppers, you can increase the value of your home. Anyone looking to purchase will know the value of the product as it reduces maintenance costs.

You also do not have to worry about procrastinating about getting them cleaned. If you do clean them, then you have to hire someone to clean the leaves and debris. A gutter system save you the hassle of having to worry about clogged gutters.

You might not know how it will work. It uses surface tension to ensure that debris is directed correctly to the ground, not the gutters. By keeping debris out of the gutters, this prevents clogging.

If you want to install a a topper system in your house it can be helpful to know what other options you have. A home improvement store can tell you about the options they offer and other options they have heard of for the gutters.

Like with all guards, the main gutter topper complaints is that it does not stop everything. Although it will stop large debris, small particles will eventually get under the guards. Furthermore, during the winter time, ice will eventually get into you gutters. One of the things which separates this specific product from others is the fact that this product blends into your roof and makes it look even better.

Gutter topper reviews let you know that, like every other gutter cleaner product, they are not perfect. In other words, you are still going to have to clean them. Depending on the area you live in, it could be two years or up to five years.

Still though, gutter toppers eliminate one of the messiest jobs at your home. No more dangerous ladder climbing to clean out clogs in your gutters caused by leaves, pine needles and other debris. The water flows into the gutter and the leaves fall to the ground.

Excess Vaginal Wetness – What are Your Options

Vaginal Wetness during Sex: YOU MAY BE WETTER THAN NECESSARY!

Most of us assume that sex is best when wet, but are you feeling as much as you could be from intercourse? Just like a car engine, there is an upper and lower range that is required for maximum performance.

Too much natural lubrication (wetness) during sex reduces pleasure for both partners. Females lose greater stimulation along the vaginal walls. Men lose out on the corresponding ‘tight’ sensation that they love. We all have an optimum level of friction that is required to enable heightened pleasure for both partners, thus leading to easier climax. This level of stimulation can most easily be obtained by experimenting with your wetness level. Sex could be much more satisfying than what you think it already is.

A woman’s wetness level increases naturally as arousal increases. But for some ladies, even the slightest turn-on is enough to produce an extravagant amount of lubrication. If excess wetness is a problem for you, OR if you wish to simply experiment with different levels of wetness, seeking the most pleasurable ‘tight’ sensation for your man, what can you do?

First, realize that there is more involved in sex than just the intercourse part of it. More women achieve orgasms by clitoral stimulation than by intercourse. However, intercourse is an intimate act & should be satisfying when possible. If it is not enjoyable, then a couple will more than likely become romantically distant. This is the beginning of marriage deterioration.

Secondly, you should see your doctor to be sure there is no infection, abnormalities, or other problem causing your excess wetness, especially if it is something new. Don’t take chances!

Medical Options:

The most radical solution to excess wetness is surgery. This should be your last resort, & is rarely necessary. Other medical procedures include freezing or lasering the cervix to reduce secretions, electrical stimulation, & treatment with magnetic fields. These treatments can variously be painful, costly, & time consuming. There is no guarantee of success or that the problem will not return.

Non-Medical Options:

There are numerous options, but few realistic ones. Here are some common things couples try (including some “old wives tales”) & comments about their effectiveness.

1) Anything that dries up the mouth. In general, if it dries the mouth, then it will also affect the vagina somewhat. Examples would be decongestants, antihistamines, cold formulas, certain antidepressants, alcohol, cigarettes, & marijuana. While these may work to some degree, wetness & corresponding tightness levels are not controllable, not to mention that a dry mouth is not as tasty during kissing & is more conductive to bad breath due to lack of saliva.

2) Try an Alum Douche. We’ve heard of this, but don’t know any doctor recommending it. Alum acts to contract walls of vagina, but can be irritating & cause yeast infections. There’s no way to judge how long it will last nor a way to control the extent of tightening

3) Use a ribbed condom or penis sleeve. Excess wetness remains a problem with or without a condom. Penis sleeves help the man feel more, but tends to numb the woman’s vagina after a few minutes, making her uncomfortable.

4) Douche with plain water. This has some impact by reducing the amount of natural lubrication, but the effect tends to vanish as the woman’s arousal increases, resulting in secretion of even more lubrication.

5) Insert a sponge or cloth. One of the more embarrassing techniques as it must be done intermittently. Couples find this a big turn off. The technique though, is to wrap a thin sheet/towel around a couple of fingers. Insert the fingers to soak up vaginal wetness. Proceed with intercourse. Repeat as necessary. While this method does work, re-entry of vagina is difficult & painful because this method absorbs ALL the lubrication. Within a few minutes however, as arousal increases again, there will once again be too much wetness. With this method, there is no way of controlling the desired level of wetness & tightness.

6) Use of a fan blowing on the genital area. Not a practical solution, as it primarily results in making the couple cold, while having little impact on internal vaginal secretions.

7) Use of birth control pills. An old wives tale without any validity.

8) Repositioning her body. Certain positions, such as closing of the legs, act to tighten the vagina, but unless the man has a longer than average penis, he will find it far less satisfying due to shallower penetration.

9) Insert an ice cube into the vagina to cause muscle contraction. Another old wives tale, not to mention the obvious discomfort.

10) Vaginal Cones. Very similar in concept to kegal exercises. The idea here is to exercise the vaginal muscles by holding an object inside the vagina by flexing the interior muscles. Increasingly heavier weights can be placed inside. The theory is sound, but females have a difficult time staying on this type of program long enough to be of benefit, not to mention that like any muscle, if it is not continually worked, it will lose its strength. The other disadvantage is that to be of benefit during intercourse, the female must consciously flex her interior muscles, thus taking away from her ability to relax & enjoy the act of intercourse itself.

11) Creams. There are a couple of these on the internet now being marketed under many different names. If you already suffer from excess wetness, adding a cream to the existing problem is not going to help. Manufacturers say the creams have a tightening effect on the vagina within 15-30 minutes, but evidence shows that any NOTICEABLE tightening effects is minimal to none. Application of the cream to the interior walls of the vagina is difficult, embarrassing & must be properly timed to correspond with intercourse. Some of the creams contain benzocaine, alum or Vaseline, none of which are recommended for being inserted into the vagina. To check out more on these creams, look on the internet under ‘vaginal tightening.’

12) AbsorbShun natural powder. Is an ‘all-natural’ powder that either the man or woman can apply to the man’s penis. It is simple & quick to use, & has a noticeable moisture absorbing effect within 1-2 minutes. The more powder used, the more absorption, thus allowing the couple to find (and control) their most preferred moisture & tightness level. For more information on this product, go to http://www.absorbshun.com

Whatever option you choose, you should look for a solution that is satisfactory for both partners. Finding the right level of lubrication can lead to greater sexual pleasure, more frequent sex, & a closer relationship between partners.

Removable Skylights

Removable Skylight: Brighten Up your Room in the Easiest Way Possible

Deciding on whether to opt for a fixed or a removable skylight is an important consideration before making the final purchase. These removable home enhancement devices can be opened up to vent heat buildup and allow fresh air into the room. Some of the models can be maneuvered by manual hand cranks, while the other more sophisticated, electronic counterparts can be worked via wall switches or remote controls. The high-end models operate automatically through temperature sensors and moisture-triggered closing mechanisms. Some manufacturers offer this skylight variety for deck-mounted installation, self-flashing and curb-mount models.

Removable Skylight: Different Models

The various models available in the online market include:

Manual controls: This economical option is operated by an extending rod that is designed for use in ceilings that are less than 15ft high. For within-reach applications, a hand-crank is always preferable.

Electronic controls: This has gained popularity in recent times due to the choice it offers for virtually hands-free operations. A double-function model can be used by wiring it to a wall-mounted switch. The more sophisticated models, such as those with built-in shades, can be operated via a wall console or wireless remote control. Some remote controls can be programmed to open and close the device at a preset time.

Automatic operating devices: The high-end models have integrated heat sensors that prompt the device to open when the heat inside the room reaches a preset temperature and the external rain sensors automatically shut the unit on sensing threat of moisture.

Removable Skylight: Facts and Tips

Installing removable skylights is the simplest and most cost-effective way of saving energy. They are also very convenient for home installations since they do not:

* need a mechanized device to move the air (some may use a small device to open and close)

* use electricity

* make noise

The following are three factors to remember about this removable device:

* The best place for installation is at the side of your home, opposite the prevailing winds. This helps ventilate the house.

* A single storey house may need more than one such skylight, since it might not have the height or vertical space to generate a good convection current.

* One must consider installing a removable skylight when new roofing is being installed.

The online market is abuzz with removable skylights made by different companies. However, you must choose a trusted manufacturer to ensure that you get a high quality product.

Garage Workbenches – A Before You Buy or Build Overview

The garage workbench is an indispensable part of any garage. There are many choices to make starting with the decision to purchase a portable workbench for small projects, all the way to building one as an integral part of the garage.

The different kinds of garage workbenches

Workbenches can be purchased in many different sizes and designs, and can be found in most home improvement stores. Below we present a brief review of different workbench designs for the garage that you might find available at your local retailer.

1. The Table Workbench is a very common type, and for the most part looks like an every day table. The materials used in a table workbench are what differentiate it from a normal table. Tough durable materials like steel or hardwood are used to withstand the punishment.

2. Cabinet workbench – as the name implies, combines the utility of a workbench with the convenience of cabinets for storage and organization. These types of workbenches will cost a little more, but the extra cost is perfectly offset by the added value. Cabinet type workbenches provide a compact workspace where tools and chemicals can be safely stored.

3. More of a feature than a workbench type – the power strip workbench provides plenty of outlets for electrical tools needed for most any hobby. Often combined with utility drawers, these can be very compact, handy workbenches for light duty hobbies.

Building a garage workbench yourself.

When store bought solutions don’t fit the need, there’s always the option of building your own workbench. Garage workbench kits can be purchased at most any hardware store. These kits contain everything needed to build a great light duty workbench for the garage or lab.

Then there’s the hardcore method – building your own garage workbench from scratch. You purchase, cut, and shape the lumber materials into the workbench that fits your exact needs. Plans and blueprints are readily available for free download off the internet, or they can be purchased at any good hardware store.

If you go with the hard core workbench method, be sure to purchase the best quality materials you can afford. The workbench top should be at least 3/8 of an inch thick plywood, preferably 1/2 inch. Polyurethane is a good coating to protect the workspace from moisture. Always use screws, not nails, never compromise on quality, and always take pride in your work.

Buy or build, a workbench is an indispensable part of any garage. So clear out the paint cans, the boxes and bags to make some room. Happy cobbling.

The Functions of Art Galleries

When we think of an art gallery, we generally form an image of empty hallways filled with dim light and paintings on the walls. Well, to a certain extent, you may be right, but not in all cases. They can be defined as a single or cluster of rooms that serve the purpose to showcase the work of various artists in many different forms such as paintings, drawings, sculptures, photos or any other form of art. An art gallery can be a place where people share a common interest to promote and appreciate art of aspiring or established artists. Painting is the most common type of art displayed at these places.

Aspiring artists can use art galleries as a platform for them to gain recognition and appreciation for their work. These galleries also encourage aspiring artist to be confident and enthusiastic about displaying their art pieces. Many art enthusiasts visit these places to admire and purchase the work of various artists and this can provide motivation to artists. Examining of art work is most beneficial to young debutant artists as they can get feedback as to how to improve their work and see people’s reaction towards their artworks. If the art piece is good, it would gain recognition amongst the community and even the world. Some artists even visit galleries to acquire new ideas for their projects and people who wish to be one can visit these galleries to learn about the different techniques used by artists, get ideas and inspiration. These galleries also hold art fairs for artists to showcase their skills.

Art galleries can either be exclusive or open to the public. Exclusive galleries only admit people who have been invited to the showcase or people who meet the preset requirements. These galleries can have purposes such as showcasing and selling the works of either an individual or a group of artist. It is at such galleries that budding artists can gain recognition as more professionals would be there who understand art. Art galleries that are open to the public can have many advantages as well. Since the audience to such galleries is usually more, the artist’s work can gain more exposure to the public thus gaining recognition for the artist. An entry fee applies to such galleries sometimes for them to operate.

Nowadays some artists post their work on the internet on online art galleries that allow for easy viewing for anybody across the world. This also exposes the art work to a greater audience thus gaining recognition for the artist. Artists are able to sell their work piece from the comfort of their homes and so are the audiences able to view it without having to step out or traveling to another country.

Art galleries, be it online, public or exclusive, are very important in helping an artist gain the recognition that he deserves. They can even benefit the audience as they can study the different forms of art and a specific artist’s work style.

What Is The Best Size For A Baby Blanket?

Were you given a beautiful velour crib sized baby blanket at your shower? Did you try wrapping that tiny baby in the blanket, only to find you were cuddling lots of blanket and very little baby? Here are some tips to help you decide a good size blanket for the age of your baby.

Usually, a crib blanket is about 36″ x 52″, and will cover a standard crib mattress. While this blanket is wonderful for covering baby’s crib, it’s not quite as wonderful covering for baby. A crib blanket is just too big for swaddling a newborn. And we all know that a swaddled baby is a happier, more content baby.

Many lightweight, cotton receiving blankets are about 30″ square. They’re inexpensive, and can found in almost any department store. While that size is great to place under baby on the changing table to prevent any mishaps, it’s not great for swaddling a newborn–it’s just too small.

A baby blanket that’s about 34″-36″ long in both directions, and is made of a light-to medium weight hypoallergenic fabric, like cotton or baby-weight fleece, is probably the best choice. It’s large enough to swaddle a newborn, and small enough for an older child to sleep with at night. An additional plus is that, if the fabric is lightweight enough, you can roll up the blanket and stow it in a diaper bag without too much trouble.

If your looking for a gift for that next baby shower, or want to give your sister a keepsake for her new baby, consider a personalized baby blanket, about 34″ – 36″, made out of a light or medium weight, hypoallergenic fabric. If you want to find a baby blanket for an older baby or young child, consider buying a larger, crib size blanket. If you or someone you know is a new mother for the first time, a package (or more) of cotton receiving blankets is always a great choice.

Why Won’t My Diesel Start?

What It Takes To Make a Diesel Run

There are only three things that are needed to make a diesel run;.

(1) Heat from compression,

(2) Fuel at the Right time and pressure.

(3) Sufficient crank shaft speed to provide the compression. The engine must also have sufficient air.

A diesel in the purist form is a very simple engine.

What makes a diesel hard to start?

  • If the fuel is not injected into the cylinder at the correct time the engine will be very difficult to start. The fuel needs to be injected before the piston reaches top dead center to create a flame front in the cylinder. The timing is critical for correct engine operation.
  • If the fuel injection pressure is not sufficient the engine will be hard to start. Injection pressure is difficult to test and usually manifest it self in hard starting, lack of power and sometimes smoke from unburned fuel.
  • The engine must crank at sufficient speed to provide the necessary compression, heat in the cylinder to ignite the fuel. Many hard starting problems with diesel engines can be attributed to a poorly functioning starter.

How can I the do it yourselfer check some of these things?

If you own a diesel and are going to work on it, it might be worth while to invest in the tools to set the fuel injection timing. There are many methods of setting the timing of a diesel. Some older diesels use a drip tube. The V.W. diesels us a dial indicator for checking pump plunger travel on the IDI engines (Indirect Injection). Some of the Cummings diesels are timed in the same manner. Some of the new diesels are timed using a scan tool to inter face with the engine management computer.

If you are going to work on your diesel, buy a book, preferably the factory manual.

You can check to see if all fuel filters are clean.

You can check to see if your glow plugs are working. The best method that I have found to check glow plugs is to use a direct current (DC) amp clamp. This is a meter that clamps over a wire and read the amount of current flowing through it. Most glow plugs pull about 9 amps after the initial surge. You can get the correct figure from the manufactures technical data. DC amp clamps are a lot cheaper now than they were in the past. I bought the small hand held unit that our shop uses for Sears for under $50.00. If you use starting fluid in a diesel with glow plugs it nearly always burns out the glow plugs even if they are new ones.

The amp clamp that you bought to check your glow plugs is a good tool to check your starter. Measure the current draw of the starter and compare it to the manufacturers specifications. Any thing beyond these simple things will require specialized tools and knowledge.

What’s New With the Caterpillar D9 Bulldozer?

It has been years since the first caterpillar d9 bulldozer came out on the market, but this still remains one of the most famous dozers ever made today. And there are more reasons to love the d9 now because of its highly innovative and improved modern versions. With its proven track record, the caterpillar d9 bulldozer is definitely worth the investment.

The d9 caterpillar bulldozer first made its appearance in the early 1950’s. It was built with a 286hp engine motor, which is enough to do sufficient amounts of bulldozing works. It weighed about 48,784 kilograms and featured a ripper and a front blade, which was attached to four hydraulic-powered lifting arms. The d9 bulldozer was widely used in many industrial and environmental applications like in quarry operations, forest clearing, and construction projects.

The cab – the portion of a bulldozer that houses the operator – is an important basis of buying a bulldozer. It should let the operator do his job with less trouble and utmost comfort. The older D9 models, however, were not specially blessed with climate-controlled cabs. But that was before their newer dozer models, like the D9T, came out. Now, Caterpillar’s machines are specifically equipped with climate-controlled cabs so that the operator stays comfortable and productive all the time.

The D9T dozer is the latest addition to the D9 Cat Track-Type Tractor Series. It features the latest technology and ergonomic designs, which maximize the machine’s performance and the operator’s productivity. It has a C18 engine with ACERT Technology that produces reduced carbon emissions while combusting the fuel effectively. The C18 is a 410hp engine with 1800rpm.

With the D9T bulldozer, the operator will specifically liked the fact that it features a heating and air conditioning system to ensure that he enjoys the right temperature inside during different weather conditions. The programmable electronic controls, which are strategically placed for easy access, are fully capable of providing perfect and firm support to the blade and ripper despite difficult conditions. The current selling price of a brand new D9T is expected to cost close to $1,000,000. But if you’re going to buy a used model, it would approximately cost $425,000 exclusive of tax.

A bulldozer is an important part of any infrastructure and industrial projects. It’s not really a cheap investment, but there are a lot of ways that you can explore to secure one for your business. It’s a good thing that the Caterpillar Company offers to help their consumers by giving them to the option of buying used CAT machines. They would even entertain any custom build requests. You could also try scouting online for sites that offer rental or used Caterpillar D9 bulldozer and other Caterpillar bulldozer models.

The Top Ten Custom Motorcycle Builders

Since I spend a good portion of my time reviewing and researching the world of custom motorcycles, I thought it might be fun to list my own top ten for the custom motorcycle world. My choices were made strictly on the quality and originality of their work and not how famous they are. Here they are in reverse order.

10. OCC Choppers – Six months ago these guys wouldn’t have even made my short list, let alone my top ten, but since Paul Jr. left, the bikes they’re building have been better than ever. The OCC band bike alone earns them a spot on the list.

9. Bobber Shop – The one in Thousand Oaks, CA. If you want to see how to properly take a stock Harley Davidson and turn it into a true custom you need to see the work these guys do. One of the best customizing shops in the country.

8. Greg’s Custom Cycles – I’m not sure where Greg gets his ideas but I hope they keep coming. One of the most creative bike builders in the country yet smart enough to never over do it. A bike done by Greg’s will truly be one of a kind.

7. Sam Nehme – Roadstar customizer extraordinaire, Sam’s BMS Choppers continually keeps pumping out high quality custom Yamahas. I credit Sam for making customized Metric bikes an acceptable form of transportation.

6. Arlen Ness – The guy’s an artist. He’s a legend. Arlen has pushed the boundaries of custom bike design further than any single individual I can think of. Many of Arlen’s unique ideas have made their way onto stock bikes. A real pioneer.

5. Mondo – After taking over Denver’s Choppers from the late Denver Mullins, Mondo has carved himself a place in motorcycle history, I feel, by being one of the most versatile custom motorcycle builders around. Mondo is one of the few builders that understand every style of bike and what makes it what it is.

4. Cole Foster – I once wrote that Cole’s picture should be put into the dictionary next to the world “cool”. That’s not a joke. This guy epitomizes cool and all that it means. While some may argue that Foster and his Salinas Boys haven’t built enough motorcycles to qualify for a spot this high on the list, my response is that it’s quality, not quantity that matters.

3. Roland Sands – Hello, next generation of custom bike builder. Roland can’t seem to decide if he wants to build a racing bike, a sport bike, a cruiser or and off road bike, so he just builds them all in every bike. Probably the most talented artist in the entire custom motorcycle world, Sands has truly created his own signature style.

2. Wicked Custom Cycles – Who? You may ask are they? Well, do yourself a favor and Google them and you’ll find out. My number two choice was selected for their unique take on the V-star 1100 as a base for a custom motorcycle. They are without a doubt building the finest metric bikes I have seen yet. Look these guys up.

1. Redneck Engineering -. The heart of a custom motorcycle is not in the engine but rather the frame. Redneck has taken frame design to its ultimate perfection. They have developed new frame styles that other bike builders are falling over themselves to use. The Redneck style is instantly recognizable, no matter who has done the finishing work, and I can not wait to see what they develop next.

Like it or not, that’s my top ten list for custom motorcycle builders. Hopefully I’ve given you something to think about and you’ll check out any of the builders that you haven’t heard about before. Thanks for reading.

Fixings 101 – The Basics of Wood Screws

Screws are important through bolts used in carpentry. The use of these through bolts is mainly to join two pieces of wood together to increase the thickness of the wood and so that the strength of these two pieces would be added together.

There are many types of screws and they are classified in four ways: the type of drive, the shape of the head, the shank of the screw, and the size of the screw. Each kind of screw serves its own purpose.

Wood Screw Fixings by Drives

When we talk about screws and classify them by the type of drive that they have, we would be talking of only two things. One is the slotted drive type of screw, whilst the other would be the Philips type of drive.

The slotted drive type has a single hollow bar straight across the head of the screw. The Philips drive, on the other hand, has a cross-shaped slot on its head. Because of the shape of this slot, the Philips drive is also called the crosshead drive.

A variation of the Philips drive is the Pozidrive screw. Like the Philips drive, the Pozidrive also has a crosshead, but on all the angles created by this cross, a tiny corner juts out.

Wood Screw Fixings by Heads

We can also classify screws according to the shape of their head. Under this classification, there are three types of screws – countersunk heads, raised heads and round heads.

screws with countersunk heads are made for concealment. They are screwed tightly into the surface of the wood, where they can appear “invisible.” The raised head screw is also good for concealment but they are not as “invisible” as the countersunk-headed screws. That is because the raised head is slightly domed and can be seen on the wood.

The round-headed screw, on the other hand, is not meant to be invisible. Its large head rests in a dome right on the surface of the wood.

Wood Screw Fixings by Shanks

The shank of the screw refers to its tapering tail. All screws, regardless of their classification, have only one single appearance to their shanks – they are tapered. This tapering shank differentiates screws from screws used on metal. Screws for metal surfaces always have parallel shanks.

Wood Screw Fixings by the Size

screws are also classified according to their sizes. These sizes are determined by the length of the screw and its gauge number. The length of the screw can be measured easily – all you need to do is to apply a ruler and measure its length from head to tip.

Getting the gauge number of a screw is another matter. If you do not know the gauge of the screw through bolts that you need, then you may need to do a bit of math. Put a ruler to the diameter of the screw’s head and convert that measurement to the sixteenth of an inch. Subtract one, and then multiply the remainder by two. Whatever number you will get will yield these fixings’ gauge numbers.

What Size Skateboard Truck Bolts Should I Buy?

You’re buying a new skateboard. You’ve got all the bits in your shopping cart but you’re unsure of what size truck bolts you need to get. 1″, 0.78″, 1 1/4″ too many choices. This article should help you out here.

Why are their different length bolts I hear you ask? Well the answers pretty simple, there are different thickness riser pads available and depending on which thickness pad you use you’ll need a different length truck bolt.

Skateboard trucks can either sit flat on the deck or with a riser pad in between. Here’s a simple rule to follow when choosing skateboard truck bolts. Skateboard bolts are the bolts used to hold the skateboard truck to the skateboard deck. Without them the skateboard would fall apart.

If you’re riding your skateboard trucks flat to the wood then 0.78″ truck bolts will do the job nicely. If you’re using a 1/8″ riser pad then a 1″ truck bolt will cover you nicely ( 0.78″ will be too short and the nuts will quickly fall off when you’re riding your skateboard), If you’re doubling up on your riser pads because you’re riding a larger skateboard wheel then try a 1 1/4″ bolt as the bolts will need to be longer.

Hopefully this little article has helped you somewhat and made your desicion making a little easier the next time you come to buying some bolts for your skateboard.

Always ask the advice of a good Skateboard Shop and you should be fine. A good skater owned shop will have excellent knowledge of the products they sell.