What Is a Jib Crane?

Cranes form an important part of most civil engineering projects. Different kinds of cranes are utilized depending on the weight to be lifted and available area for movement. One type of such cranes is the jib crane.

A jib crane is a kind of crane that utilizes a mounted arm in lifting, moving and lowering materials. The arm, which is mounted at an acute-angle upwards from or perpendicular to a wall or pillar, can rotate along the central axis for a full circle or a limited arc. These cranes are usually used in industrial sectors, such as docks and warehouses, in loading and unloading shipping containers.

The history of a jib crane goes back to the ancient Greece, when the idea of lifting objects with a mechanical arm was commonly used. On the same note, the Romans later adopted the concept and used it in the construction of aqueducts, roads and other engineering structures. Cranes were advanced, but remained identical in designs to the classical ones till the invention of the steam engine and the industrial revolution in the nineteenth century. With the ever growing construction on both sea and land, as well as the increasing demands of shipping companies and complex factories, cranes also developed in intricacy and size during this period.

The working principle of jib crane

The fundamental idea of a crane stems from the mechanical advantage concept. Mechanical advantage refers to the principle that a machine, like a pulley, is capable of multiplying the force exerted on it by a given factor. This explains why it’s possible, for example, for one man to use a pulley to lift a heavy thing that would require a combined force of many men to lift the same load directly. A crane incorporates a wide range of pulleys with simple machines, like levers and gears, to significantly increase lifting capacity.

In the modern jib cranes, robust metal cable is wrapped around the jib strut ends, with the end of the hoist often connected to an electromagnet or hook, while the other end is connected to a metallic winch. When you activate the winch, the pulley delivers a lifting force that’s equal to the force applied by the metallic winch. The hoist can move inwards or outwards along the jib length, providing even better flexibility of motion.

A jib crane is not restricted to a fixed location and can be mounted on a movable chassis for use in military operation or other temporary work sites. Such cranes often focus more on mobility rather than lifting capacity. Outriggers are often used in mobile jib cranes to keep them stable under load. On the other hand, the stationary cranes are generally anchored in place.

Types of jib cranes

Free standing

This kind of cranes requires no support to make it stable while placed on the floor. They come with a large foundation base to keep them stable. The base and height of the foundation largely depend on the load to be lifted. The notable advantage of this crane over its counterparts is that it doesn’t require a solid structure or wall to support itself. Furthermore, it provides maximum coverage and span.

Wall mounted

Just as the name suggests, wall mounted cranes are mounted on the walls. It offers optimal lift when fitted closer to the roofs. The coverage of this jib crane is similar to that of other types of crane. It has a circular shape. It is quite effective in moving materials when the floor is jam-packed with other things.

Wall bracket

This crane is similar to its wall mounted counterpart in terms of structure and installation requirement but it’s incorporated with a bracket. This machine offers maximum hoist coverage, making it an efficient tool in warehouses and factories. It is capable of swinging loads all around regardless of obstructions and obstacles on the floor.

Mast style

This kind of jib crane is almost similar to the free standing type. The only difference is that the latter does not require any support to keep it stable. On the other hand, a mast style crane is mounted at the bottom and top but it’s one of the most efficient mobile cranes. It offers maximum lift with a 360-degree rotation.

Perfect Rain Coat – Full Length Trench Coat

The Spring season brings with it sunshine and much more warmth. Unfortunately, it also brings a lot of rain. For those lucky enough to live in a dryer climate, any simple umbrella will be fine to protect you from the rain. However, for those that live in places where rain is pretty frequent, even in the late winter and early summer, a full length trench coat is the perfect solution to protect yourself and your clothes.

Why are these coats so great and what benefits do they offer that other coats do not? Read on for a list of the benefits and reasons to buy these trench coats to protect you from the rain.

Length: First, the long length of the full length coat is perfect to protect all of your clothes from the rain. Since the rain will come down in all directions and the wind may blow it further, a long coat is much better than a shorter coat. The full length trench goes from top to bottom and some will even hit up to the top of your shoes. These trenches are perfect to protect your pants and socks and even your legs if you are wearing a dress. Having something with this type of long length is much better and will keep your entire outfit dry.

Timeless Style: The full length trench is still very stylish and classy. The belt at the waist helps to keep it more form fitted, but can also be forgiving for those who have more of a mid-section. Women can belt these coats fashionably and even tie them in a nice knot. Men can wear the coats unbelted and open or closed. Either way, the classic and timeless style of the coat means that you can wear it again and again throughout multiple seasons.

Unisex: The full length coat is perfect for men and women. There are different styles and men’s trench coats are very different from women’s. However, the style is made for both and oftentimes, a woman can grab a man’s trench and wear that if she needs to. The trench style is pretty unisex with both men and women having double breasted fronts and long lengths. Therefore, if you are in a rush and don’t have a coat, try the full length trench coat in the closet. Although this works better for women, it will sometimes work for men as well.

Durability: The trench coat is made to be extra durable, especially in the rain. It is usually made of a heavy duty cotton drill or poplin, both of which are waterproof. This makes these coats very durable, especially when worn in the rain and harsh weather. A normal leather coat or cotton coat will get wet very easily, but the trench will keep you dry for a longer period of time.

Warmth: The trenches usually have an insulated lining that helps to protect the person wearing the coat. This extra lining will keep out the wind and rain, but will also keep the wearer of the coat very warm.

If you are looking for rain coats to protect you from the rain, definitely consider the full length trench coats.

Ditch The Diet! Lose Weight?

The word diet scares a lot of people, yet losing weight does not have to be a horrific experience. If you do not want to diet and want to lose weight, read on.

If you are looking to shed a few pounds, you do not have to go on a diet. Well not a full blown diet anyway.

The key to losing a few pounds is making little changes in your everyday lifestyle. Use the stairs and not the lift. Add walking into your daily routine. If you can do 10,000 steps per day you will be burning a few calories more. Burning calories equates to burning fat which equates to losing weight. 10,000 steps sounds a lot but you do not need to do them all at once. Go for a walk on the morning, maybe a stroll at dinnertime and then on the evening. If you live close enough cycle to work or walk. You won’t believe how easy 10,000 steps becomes. Start of doing 2 to 3,000 if need be and slowly increase it.

Many people diet in the hope of losing weight but many fail in the first week! Those that do complete their diet and meet their target weight pile it back on as soon as they stop dieting and return to their ‘Old Lifestyle’. If this is you, you need to ditch the diet approach unless you are going to keep to it for life this time!

Make a few little adjustments, cut the calories, keep busy even find a hobby that involves movement. Then stick to it. You will soon find that this becomes your lifestyle and you will not want the old lifestyle, the old you back. You will lose weight and become more healthy slowly but surely. You will find that you become more active and want to be active. You will probably find that if you sit down for too long you will become restless and have to do something, anything.

The sooner that you admit to yourself that you have got to take responsibility for your life the better you will feel. “Try it you will like it”, make that decision and take that leap. You will land in a better life. Healthier, fitter, confident knowing that you will be able to face life with a smile on your face.

A few little changes can make a lot of difference in your life. Imagine waking up to a new happier you. A few little changes in your daily routine. Just a slightly smaller portion. Cut out a snack and be a bit more active is all that it might take to make it a reality. Yes that dream can come true. You just have to want it enough to go out and do it.

Make it your goal to live a healthier and happier lifestyle not just go on a diet that will only help you in the short term. Change your future, do it now and “Live the Dream” as they say.

You can do it…

International Contracts

Culture and Contracts for International Lawyers

Lawyers working in international law oftentimes interpret, review, and advise their clients on contracts written by other international lawyers in foreign countries. Considering the great possibility for legal, linguistic, and cultural misinterpretations, it is important for international lawyers to become familiar with the types of contractual clauses that they see in such diverse contexts.

In understanding the commonly used clauses in contracts drafted by lawyers in other countries, international lawyers will be better prepared to explain to their clients the consequences and implications of contract language written according to the laws and customs of other countries. International lawyers may do work with clients and their legal representatives across the world. However, the purpose of this article is to help guide those lawyers practicing outside of the U.S. toward understanding the common clauses used in contracts written by U.S. lawyers.

Common situation

The international-contract scenario is easy to identify. It begins with a party in Mexico, for example, who contracts with another party in Germany. Or it starts with a Spanish company wishing to employ a French agent to work in Spain. While the parties negotiate the contract terms, one party’s lawyer may, in the end, write most of the contract due to the difference in the bargaining positions of the parties. The party whose lawyer drafts most of the contract has the advantage of including certain clauses with legal concepts that may be unknown to lawyers not practicing in that country. To avoid this situation of allowing unfavorable contract terms into a business deal, international lawyers should become familiar with – to the extent time and circumstances permit – the country’s laws and customs where the other contracting party resides.

An understanding of the typical contractual clauses used in the U.S. legal system is beneficial to those international lawyers whose clients contract with parties represented by U.S. lawyers. Because the U.S. legal system is based on the common law (judge-made law), typical contractual clauses encompass legal concepts of well-developed case law of which international lawyers may not be aware. The following paragraph and examples provide the basic background about the standard terms and conditions clauses normally included in many contracts drafted by U.S. lawyers.

Standard terms and conditions

A contract contains the standard contractual clauses and performance deliverables to which both parties agree. While the performance deliverables section of a contract provides the parties with general ideas of expectations, the standard terms and conditions section of a contract is just as important. Signing the contract binds a party to the common contractual clauses as much as it does to the performance deliverables clauses. In summary, the standard terms and conditions section may contain just as many or more calls to action as the performance expectations. Therefore, while a French agent contracted to do work in Spain may be more aware of his or her duties to carry out performance, the standard terms and conditions that also bind the agent are critical to the agent’s understanding of how to perform. This is because standard terms and conditions clauses in U.S. contracts generally lay the legal framework for how to interpret the contract, which law applies, dispute resolution options, etc.

The clauses contained in the standard terms and conditions section consist primarily of those clauses the parties include to protect themselves in case of breach of contract or potential litigation over contract terms or circumstances. A breach of contract may result, for example, from a breakdown in the parties’ relationship or a misunderstanding about performance or enforceable promises. To assist international lawyers with identifying and understanding common contract clauses to prevent a breach of contract for their clients, listed below are some of the typical contract clauses normally contained in a standard terms and conditions section of contracts. This list is not exhaustive, but it does contain some of the more commonly included contract clauses in the U.S. legal system.

Commonly called: Merger/entire agreement/complete agreement clause

Effect: This clause indicates to the reader that the parties have no agreement other than the agreement containing the merger clause. A merger clause pronounces an agreement’s completeness and restricts other prior agreements from consideration when determining the contract’s terms. The function of the merger clause is to keep out any “side conversations” when determining the parties’ intent captured in the contract at issue. The effect of this clause is that one agreement only governs the parties’ relationship.

Example: “This agreement represents the parties’ entire agreement.”

Commonly called: Modification clause

Effect: This clause generally requests that two contracting parties memorialize their modification in a writing that both sign. Important to the modification clause and its effect is the general rule that contract modifications typically require new consideration. Consideration is a common-law concept that refers to a bargained-for exchange. However, some types of contracts may not require new consideration for modification, so it is important to check (1) the type of contract and (2) the laws in the jurisdiction governing the contract. While the consideration issue may be more complex, a modification clause simply requests that amendments to the contract be in a signed writing. This writing requirement of the clause encourages the parties to negotiate any modifications before reducing their changes to writing and obtain a similar and clear understanding of what will be modified before any change occurs. However, oral modifications – despite what a contract says – may be effective depending on the U.S. jurisdiction.

Example: “The parties may modify the contract only by an agreement in writing signed by both parties.”

Commonly called: Employee or independent contractor clause

Effect: In a contract for services, this clause identifies whether one of the parties will be considered an employee or independent contractor. The greatest difference is that employers are responsible for certain financial and liability matters for employees, where those who hire independent contractors are not responsible for the same matters. In summary, an employee means more employer control but also more employer liability.

Example: “Mr. X will act only as an independent contractor for the ABC corporation. Mr. X is NOT considered an employee of the ABC corporation for the purpose of this contract for services.”

Commonly called:Confidentiality clause

Effect: A confidentiality clause or agreement defines what confidential information is, who must keep it private, and what the consequences of disclosure are. Confidentiality clauses may have exceptions relating to publicly known information or where the other contracting party consents to the disclosure of otherwise confidential information.

Example: “Mr. X, independent contractor, will not disclose confidential information obtained through Mr. X’s scope of services for ABC corporation.”

Commonly called: Conflict of interest clause

Effect: A conflict of interest clause restricts a contracting party from engaging in relationships, transactions, or circumstances external to the contract at issue. The purpose of the clause is to prevent a conflict of interest from arising between the contracting parties. A conflict of interest issue may arise due to a party’s personal situation or position.

Example: “Contractor has disclosed any interest that presents or may present a conflict of interest. Contractor will disclose any actual, apparent, or potential conflict of interest that arises throughout the term of the parties’ contractual relationship.”

Commonly called: Choice of law clause

Effect: A choice of law clause identifies where the contracting parties prefer to litigate issues arising from the contract. Usually, the party who drafts the contract chooses the applicable law. Other jurisdictional issues may become relevant in the future if litigation arises.

Example: “The laws of the State of Delaware will govern this contract.”

Commonly called: Dispute resolution clause (commonly involving arbitration and waiver of jury trial)

Effect: These clauses tell the reader whether either party has waived some type of dispute resolution option. A contracting party may want the other party to opt out of certain dispute resolution options in light of likely costs and inconveniences.

Example: “ABC corporation agrees to resolve all matters arising from this contract through arbitration.”

Commonly called: Severance clause

Effect: This clause refers to the situation where a court determines that part of the contract is illegal or unenforceable. The clause states that in this case, the validity of the remaining portions of the contract is unaffected.

Example: “If any of the provisions of this agreement contravene or are invalid under state or federal laws, this finding will not invalidate the whole agreement.”

Commonly called: Indemnification clause

Effect: This clause states that one contracting party will indemnify (reimburse) the other for failure to meet a contractual obligation or other illegal or damage-causing action.

Example: “ABC corporation shall indemnify, defend, and hold DEF corporation harmless from any and all liabilities, damages, penalties, claims and expenses (including defense and settlement costs) resulting from any breach of this agreement.”


This article clarifies some of the most common clauses found in the standard terms and conditions section of a contract drafted by a U.S. lawyer. While the explanations and examples of the clauses are generally consistent across a wide variety of U.S. contracts, these clauses vary depending on the U.S. jurisdiction in which the drafting lawyer is licensed or the interests of the party drafting the clause. As a result, international lawyers should carefully read and assess the standard terms and conditions of the contracts that guide their clients’ contractual obligations. Even if U.S. law does not govern the contract at issue, understanding and recognizing common U.S. contract clauses will allow international lawyers to better help clients to perform on contracts in a way that does not offend U.S. cultural notions of compliance and fairness.

In understanding contractual clauses common to any particular legal system, both international lawyers and clients will be more prepared to fulfill contractual obligations and maintain healthy international business interests and relations.

Melanie Glover & Marina Bugallal

Growing Strawberries – Container Gardening

Strawberry Planters: Container Gardening

Strawberries are one of the most beautiful and tastiest container plants. Growing strawberries in a container can be done in any number of conveniently easy ways. Your choice of strawberry plant, container, and area of placement are all important to growing a healthy and strong strawberry harvest.

However, strawberries can be susceptible to disease. Choosing a healthy plant from healthy stock is a key aspect in future growth. Some of the most common strawberry diseases include root knot from nematode activity, gray mold which can form on the fruit itself and injury due to temperature fluctuation. These should be fairly obvious when viewed and should be avoided if possible. Healthy plants and seeds will produce healthy fruit bearing plants later on.

Choose clean soil, organic fungicides, pest control and fertilizers for sustainment of healthy, organic growth. Some of these can include any neem-based product, cinnamon sprinkled throughout the soil prior to planting to control fungal growth and diseases, hay or straw mulches for temperature and moisture control and kelp for a natural layer of organic fertilizer.

Choosing correct strawberry planters is also important. Strawberries need room to grow in loose, well drained soil which will not compact. Choose a container which will provide space for plant growth and or aeration needs throughout the season. The typical strawberry container is urn-shaped with protruding ledges located on all sides. Depending upon size, 6-8 plants can comfortably fit into most standard strawberry planters.

Strawberry planters are usually made from plastic, ceramic or terracotta. Often less expensive and lighter in weight than ceramic or terracotta, plastic containers offer easy transferability between spaces during seasonal changes while affording the same amount of growth area. However, plastic does not offer the same temperature control as the terracotta or ceramic. Terracotta pots offer more stability and are preferred among those who desire a more natural look to their strawberry planting. Ceramic also offers a more stable foundation than plastic while affording good temperature control and provides for less moisture loss as the terracotta tends to be more porous. Choosing your type of container will depend upon your personal needs and tastes but all are reliable for strawberry planting.

Begin by choosing the proper plant for your region. While many varieties exist, there are three types in which they all are categorized and they are day neutral, June bearing and everbearing or ever-bearing.

June bearing provides fruit mostly during the month of June in large batches. Day neutral strawberries will bear fruit generally between June and September while the ever-bearing variety will produce twice in a year during the spring and fall seasons. Choice should depend upon the weather patterns and temperatures in your area.

Begin in early spring by filling the bottom of your container with drainage rock. As you reach each ledge, add soil, kelp fertilizer and a sprinkling of cinnamon powder. Rinse roots and apply loosely into the cavity leading the roots into the core of the pot. Layer more soil into the center of the pot and repeat these steps until all ledges are filled. At the top of the strawberry planter, add cinnamon and kelp, and apply two to three plants if desired.

Apply straw mulch to each ledge and around the center plants. Place the pot in a spot which provides 4-6 hours of sunlight a day, turning the pot every other day to ensure proper and even sunlight application.

Fertilize with kelp tea once every two weeks to ensure the soil remains fresh with nutrients and water as needed making sure all moisture is evenly dispersed to each plant. Enjoy your strawberry harvest.

Air Conditioners – How to Cut Running Costs in Half

In today’s world, most people have invested in one form of an air conditioner or another. We have either window air conditioners in our homes or central air conditioners. They keep us cool in the extreme summer heat without fail; however, have you ever set back and looked at the costs of running an air conditioner? When compared to the common household fan the amount of electricity required to run an air conditioner is phenomenal.

When using an air conditioner there are many different factors that can directly affect the cost of running it. These factors include the geographical location of your home, where you live and the amount of work the air conditioner has to do greatly influence the cost. If you live in an area that has mild summers and extremely cold winters, obviously your air conditioner will not have to work as hard. However, if you live in an area, that has warm winters and boiling summers the air conditioner will have to work double time to maintain comfort.

The difference in weather conditions from year to year will affect the costs as well. This is basically geared towards the difference in costs per year. One summer might be cooler than the next, which will lead to a greater bill.

The efficiency rating of your air conditioner plays an important role in the amount of electricity used. Most all appliances in today’s world are rated, when you purchase an air conditioner it will have a tag telling you the amount of electricity that appliance uses. Look for air conditioners that use minimal electricity, which will save you money each year. If you have a model that is 10 years or older, it is definitely time to consider a new one.

Another important factor is the size of the air conditioner versus the house-cooling load. All air conditioners come in different sizes, and each will state the amount of space it is designed to cool. For example, an apartment could do with just one or two window air conditioners, while a three-bedroom house could not. Closely consider the amount of space you need to cool when considering an air conditioner. While larger air conditioners will cost more money, it will typically save you money in the long run on usage.

The setting on your thermostat greatly effects the cost. A higher setting will result in the air conditioner running less, while lowering the setting will cause it to run more often. One electric company suggests keeping the thermostat above 78 degrees. This can save you 10 to 20% on cooling costs.

Finally, the local cost of electricity influences the general cost of running your air conditioner. This is something you have no control over, however, you can control your own cost by saving energy.

Here is a general look at the difference of running an air conditioner vs. running a Ceiling or oscillating fan, at medium speed.

Running a central air conditioner that is three ton (and of average efficiency) for 8 hours per day for 15 days per month, with the average rate per kWh (kilowatt per hour) being 0.17, the average cost per month for the air conditioner alone will be $97.92. Amazing isn’t it? This does not even include washer, dryer, lights, refrigerator, or stove, only the air conditioner.

On the other hand, running a ceiling fan or oscillating fan at medium speed, for 8 hours per day, for a full 30 days, at an average rate per kWh of 0.035 is only $1.43. With this comparison you could run 68 ½ fans for a full month before you would reach the cost of the central air conditioning unit.

There are many other things you can do to lower you electric bill. Things such as, inspect, clean, or replace your air conditioner filters monthly. When you are not in your home, raise the temperature on your thermostat, keeping in mind pets when you do. Lower the temperature of your water heater to 120 degrees, wash only full loads in your dishwasher or clothes washer, and use the energy saving cycle on the dryer.

Other steps you can take include, replacing incandescent bulbs with fluorescent lamps, this could save up to 75% on lighting costs. You should also caulk all windows, doors, and pipes to prevent air leaks in or out, use weather stripping around windows, doors and pipes as well. Have your ducts tested for air leaks; leaking ducts can reduce the efficiency of your air conditioner by up to 20%.

Air Compressors and Their Uses

Air compressors have a lot of different uses the main 5 types seen by the public are as follows:

1. To supply clean high pressured air for breathing apparatus cylinders.

2. Submerged Surface Divers can be supplied with clean moderate pressure air.

3. Pneumatic Tools use them to receive large amounts of moderate pressure air.

4. Pneumatic Tyres use compressors to fill them with air.

5. Industrial process uses like macroscopic (oxidation for petroleum coking) these require moderate pressure in large volumes.

Compressed Air should always be used safely and controlled; it does come with certain dangers:

o It can rupture lungs if directed at the mouth.

o Brain damage can be caused if a blast of air under 40 pounds per square inch (PSI) is blasted towards the head from as little as 4 inches away

o It can also cause the eardrum to rupture

Air Compressor Systems have various uses and some that you may not think of like:

o Paintball guns use these to propel the ammunition through the air, as canister is fastened to the back of the gun and filled up to a certain pressure, the gauges have a range of 1 to 6, in the UK it is against the law to fill a paintball gun with a pressure of over 3. If overfilled the gun can become extremely dangerous.

o Road Vehicles use a similar device for their braking systems; these are called Air Brakes.

o Gas Dusters are another uncommon use and are used for situations when water cannot clean the component. Labeled as Clean Air this is very misleading as they are in fact filled with Hydrofluorocarbon (if inhaled can cause health risks).

The Four Pillars of Parenting – The Foundation of All Great Parents

The Four What?

So, you are probably wondering what I mean by pillars. A pillar is a vital part of a structure – or, in our case, a person – that provides support and stability. Missing or weak pillars cause you to become unstable and eventually lead to a collapse.

In each area of life, there are pillars available to help you succeed if you commit to them and work hard to strengthen and balance each one.

Let me give you a few examples:

Think back to when you were in school. What did the best students always have in common? They usually sat in the front row of class, spent hours after school in the library and studied for tests a week in advance.

They didn’t try to just “get by”. Instead, they decided to be the best student they could be, were always the hardest workers and never took the easy way out.

How about the pillars of sports? You must practice and become extremely skilled physically, emotionally, and mentally. If an athlete has great physical skills but withers under the pressure they will never be great at their sport.

What makes Tiger Woods and Michael Jordan so good? It’s not just their physical talents. Instead, it’s the way they handle themselves mentally and emotionally in the tough situations. They have trained themselves for years because they decided to be the best athlete they could be, always worked the hardest and never took the easy way out.

The pillars of weight loss? Anyone who has tried a special diet knows that it won’t work long term – as much as all those “Diet and Fitness Experts” want you to believe otherwise. To permanently lose weight you must eat right, do cardiovascular exercise and strength training.

Missing any of these will cause you to fail. You can work out 8 hours a day, but if you are eating more calories than you burn you will not lose any weight. So you must make a decision once and for all that you will get and stay healthy, work hard and never take the easy way out.

Are you starting to see a pattern here? To be great at anything you must:

o Decide you want to be great

o Dedicate yourself to put in the time and effort

o Never cut corners or look for the easy way out

What Does This Have To Do With Parenting?

Parenting requires just as much work as anything else – and sometimes more. You have to work just as hard as the best golfer or smartest student would. You can’t expect it to be easy. You must continually learn and put in the time to strengthen and balance The Four Pillars of Parenting. Only then will you understand what great parenting really is.

So have I beat this into the ground enough? Have I made it clear that being great takes time and effort? That it won’t be easy?

Let me explain each of The Four Pillars so you know exactly what you need to be doing. All of these are equally important and it’s not until you have become balanced in all four areas that you will realize your potential because leaning too hard on one will cause you to collapse.

Pillar 1: Prevent the Pattern

This Pillar, also known as your “Family of Origin”, includes your family history, family traditions you want to carry on (or those that you don’t) and most importantly how your parents parented you.

In every aspect of life, you can only do the things that you know. You cannot be expected to do something that you’ve never learned, and this can be very dangerous if you had parents who were negative, didn’t love you or abandoned you. If most of what they taught you was negative, most of what you teach your kids will be negative as well – unless you make a change.

But don’t be too hard on your parents because odds are their parents acted the same way towards them and so did their parents’ parents and so on. This is the negative Pattern of Parenting that you must prevent from continuing. You do not want your children to have the same negative experiences that you did.

Divorce, alcoholism and different types of abuse are extreme examples of negative patterns that pass down through the generations. Yours may not be as extreme. Instead, maybe it was a lack of compassion, affection or love. It may be that your parents always expected too much out of you and nothing you ever did was good enough. Whatever it is – if it’s hurtful or negative – it needs to be stopped.

Most family issues I deal with on a daily basis are not problems with the children. Instead, the parents have unmet needs from their past that they project onto their kids either consciously (they know they are doing it) or unconsciously (they don’t realize they are doing it). So, how your parents parented you is something you must address because once you begin to make peace with your past you are then able to become emotionally available to your kids.

Most parents I’ve encountered skip this entirely. Why? Because these can be hard and sometimes very painful issues. If your parents hurt you physically or emotionally, if they got divorced when you were young or if you have different beliefs than them it may be very hard for you to go back and face that. That’s normal, but can also be very dangerous. So you must learn to accept your past and stop the negative parenting patterns before they damage your children.

Pillar 2: Conquer the Culture

Times continue to change rapidly and you need to understand what it is you are facing as a parent. There are more distractions, temptations and influences now than there were when you were a child and you need to be aware of them.

Here are a few easy questions for you about the culture your children live in right now to see how “in-the-know” you really are. (See the bottom of this section for the answers.)

1. Who is a normal teenager by day and a Pop Star by night?

2. What are you doing if someone “Pokes” you?

3. Who is Troy Bolton?

4. Who is Tom? And are you friends with him?

So how did you do? Did you get all or most of them right? Hopefully you did because these are questions you should be able to answer if your children are old enough to go to school, have access to a TV or a computer. Because I guarantee that even if you don’t know these answers – they do.

Children have so many influences in today’s culture. Sex, drugs and violence are everywhere – on the Internet, TV, movies and video games – and they all are incredibly influential on young minds.

Do you allow your children on the Internet without supervision? When should they be allowed to start watching PG-13 or R-rated movies? What TV channels are OK and which ones need to be monitored or banned? These are a few of the issues that you need to address.

There will always be a new influence out there – so you need to keep up with the culture so you can stay prepared.


1. Miley Cyrus/Hannah Montana 2. You are on Facebook. (What is Facebook? You need more help than I thought.) 3. He is the star of Disney’s High School Musical. 4. Tom is one of the founders of Myspace.com and he currently has 225,916,857 online friends – yes that is more than 225 Million people and counting.

Pillar 3: Teach the Tools

This is what you are constantly searching for – something that you can use to fix your parenting problems. These tools are important and you need to learn as many as you can so that you’re prepared for any situation you may face. But more importantly, you need to learn WHEN and HOW to use these tools properly because good parenting tools are worthless if used incorrectly.

For instance, different actions work in different situations. Timeouts may work for a specific child in a specific situation but not for other children or situations. Taking privileges away can work great for one child but not the other. And how long do you take them away? A day? A week? All these actions have been shown to work if used correctly.

So you need to learn WHEN to use WHAT to get the best response from your child. You need a whole bag of parenting tricks. You can’t just be a one-trick pony parent. Sometimes you need to know whether to trick or treat your children. Too much? Yeah, I thought so, but you get my point.

These tools should center around three key areas: Empowerment, Discipline and Punishment. (Discipline and punishment are NOT the same thing)

Empowerment: Tools to raise children that can take care of themselves – physically, spiritually, emotionally, mentally, sexually, economically, socially and any other word ending in -ally.

Discipline: Tools to reinforce good behaviors, stop bad behaviors and teach your child how to be honest and respectful.

Punishment: This is part of discipline, but it is an area that can be extremely confusing. So extra detail on effective punishment techniques used to stop bad behaviors is essential. Pay attention to the word “effective” because many of the punishment techniques you may use can be ineffective and even reinforce the bad behavior.

Pillar 4: Cultivate the Character

You have an obligation to your children and society in general to raise kids with good character and values. It’s your responsibility to raise them to be positive, happy and caring. The world is filled with so much anger, hate and negativity now that this will be hard, but you must do it. Because, as cliché as this may sound, we need to make the world a better place – one generation at a time.

So how do you do this? You must set a good example and teach your children how to act properly. Some examples are:

o Teach your boys how to respect girls.

o Teach your girls how to value their bodies.

o Volunteer time and money to the less fortunate.

o Grow spiritually or religiously.

Creating a child of character is more important now than ever before. The good news, though, is that if you lead they will follow.

Why Aren’t You A Great Parent?

“I would be better but I just don’t have the time.”

“I would learn everything to do but I don’t have the money to buy all those books.”

“I would try harder, but my kids won’t listen to me anyways.”

You can come up with every excuse you want, but the only reason why you’re not the parent you have always dreamed of being is that:

You’ve chosen not to be.

It’s that simple. It doesn’t matter what the people around you are doing or the situation you are in – you can become a great parent if you want to be. It’s completely up to you.

You must commit to building and balancing The Four Pillars of Parenting so that you can grow as a parent. Don’t keep searching for new “revolutionary” ideas because without solid supports around you the “amazing” new tool or technique will never succeed long term.

They may not be as fancy or interesting as some of the ideas out there, but they work. You should never feel “lost” as a parent. You should always have an option and these pillars give you that.

So Are You Ready?

It’s time that you make a change – a real, lasting change in your parenting. You need to decide right now that you will never again look for an easy way out and dedicate yourself to working hard, learning and perfecting The Four Pillars of Parenting.

You must be 100% committed because it will take time and effort. It won’t be easy – but nothing worthwhile ever is. This is not a quick fix for your problems, but it is the only way to make a lasting change.

Using VBA To Create Your Own Text To Columns Function in Excel

When using Excel it’s useful to have a VBA alternative to some of the standard tools that sometimes don’t quite do the job. A good example is the text to columns tool which converts delimited data into rows and columns.

This article will look at some of the alternatives to using the text to columns function.

Using The Text To Columns Function In VBA

For example, perhaps you’ve imported a list of names and countries that are in the following format:

Name, Country

Andrew Wilson, Canada
Peter Johnson, New Zealand
Maria Scopeno, Italy

To convert the data into rows and columns you can either use the Excel standard tool or apply the following code:


Selection.TextToColumns Destination:=Range("A1"), DataType:=xlDelimited, Comma:=True

The problem with this approach is that it’s likely you’ll need to record a macro and then tweak the resulting code to suit your needs. Not only is that approach time-consuming, ultimately it doesn’t advance your VBA knowledge as next time you convert similar data you might need to repeat the process.

A VBA Alternative For Text To Columns

While the Excel tool or the VBA function is fast and easy to use, you might need to convert the data with more flexibility and control. To achieve the same result using raw VBA code you could do something like this:

First, select the data and loop through each item in the selection.


For x = 1 To Selection.Rows.Count

Now, turn each cell value into a comma delimited array and write each item to adjacent cells.

tmp = Split(Selection(x), ",")

ActiveCell.Value = tmp(0)
For y = 1 To UBound(tmp)
ActiveCell.Offset(0, 1).Value = tmp(y)

Go to the next cell and repeat the process.

ActiveCell.Offset(1, 0).Activate


Applying the VBA function is definitely easier, but sometimes you’ll find it quicker with VBA methods you’re already familiar with.

Another approach, if it’s likely you’ll need the code again or throughout an application is to save the code in your own function library so you can call it up when needed.

So, instead of writing out the full function, you can call it like this:

textToCols (myRange)


While many Excel and VBA functions are useful, it’s important to know how to achieve the same result using direct code. Not only can it be quicker to work with methods you use every day, it gives you more control and flexibility in your coding.

Wireless Charging Pads and Mats for Phones, Pads, and Tablets

You likely have many wireless devices that need charging including mobile phones, laptops, pads, or tablets. Thus you probably also have a clutter of wires connected to chargers somewhere in your home. This set-up has probably always felt like a necessary part of the new world of technology.

Enter wireless chargers, including stylish pads and mats that reduce the clutter down to just one wire. And these wireless charging pads and mats are so simple that all you have to do is place your device on top and wait for the beep that sounds to say your device is charging. And on many models a light comes on when your device is charged – a convenience you don’t have with wired chargers.

Most wireless chargers can charge up to three devices at one time using a simple technology called inductive charging. Basically the charging pad or mat creates an electromagnetic field that travels a defined path to your device through the use of a small attachment you put in the battery compartment of the device. The charging pad or mat can create three of these transformers at once, allowing it to charge three devices.

The technology behind these wireless chargers is so simple that these products have been perfected quickly. You can expect that your pad will:

– Be highly convenient, always on without wasting electricity. This way you do not even have to flip a switch to use the charger – just place your phone or other device on the pad.

– Be easily portable – in fact there are travel versions of wireless chargers that roll up

and fit in small spaces, but even the standard chargers can easily be packed up.

– Be built to last since they are so simple and durable. Look for a generous warranty.

– Allow you to avoid common problems people face with wired chargers including mistakenly not fully plugging them or damaging the phone.

In the near future wireless chargers may crop up in hotels and other places where you travel, so if your phone, pad, or tablet is set up correctly you may be able to benefit from a new convenience that will allow you to leave all those wired chargers at home. We may also see this technology perfected to the point that you don’ t need any attachments on your phoned

Charging pads and mats are simple and elegant, and of course very functional and handy!

How Outdoor Carpet Reviews Can Help in Choosing the Best Outdoor Carpeting

Outdoor carpet reviews look at the types of outdoor carpeting available and which is best suited for your project. First we need to consider a few things before choosing the best outdoor carpet for your project. Where will it be used? Will it be exposed to moisture, sun or chemicals? How much traffic will it endure?

You also have different qualities, weaves and colors to choose from. Outdoor carpet can be purchased in rolls like regular carpet or tiles. In order to pick the best quality carpet for your project, first consider where it will be used. This will determine if the best outdoor carpet needs to be stain, fade or moisture resistant carpet.

If the area you want to cover is patios decks or pool sides then grass outdoor carpeting would be a better solution, because it is stain and moisture resistant. It’s also protected from fading in the sun. If it will be exposed to moisture it should have a marine backing. This will prevent mold and mildew problems. Astro turf is also used for golf courses, play grounds and athletic fields.

Plush carpets are often discussed in outdoor carpet reviews. If your project is in an area that won’t be exposed to direct sun or weather then you can choose plush carpet. Plush carpet is good for high traffic areas and is softer than the other types of outdoor carpeting.

Outdoor carpeting comes in either rolls or tile. Both work well in high traffic areas. You will need to use a thicker carpet in these areas. The thickness will also make it last longer.

The good thing about tiles is you can replace just the damaged tiles instead of the entire carpet. Tiles can be installed on cement, stone, ceramic and wood floors. Interlocking kind is best on patios and decks because it allows for moisture to drain.

Laying carpet is relatively easy, cost effective way to improve your homes value. Before purchasing carpet figure out where you plan to use it, and what treatment it will have to withstand.

Next decide on quality. Usually the thicker carpets are the higher quality and the longer it will last. Next decide between tiles and roll. Be sure to check for its durability and required maintenance and how it withstands weather. All these factors combined in quality outdoor carpet reviews will help you choose the best outdoor carpet.

Wool Rug Repair and Restoration: What Are Your Options?

There are two solutions for a wool carpet that has damage and discoloration: replace it with a new carpet, or repair and restore it. If the carpet is inexpensive, it may be best to replace it. But if it has value, it should be repaired and restored. Below, we list six wool rug repair and restoration techniques that can change your carpet from drab to fabulous for a fraction of what it would cost to buy a new one.


Fringe can become damaged for several reasons, including: vacuuming, foot traffic, and being clawed by pets. Despite serving as an accent, fringe plays a crucial role in a rug’s appearance, making it look old and worn when pieces of fringe are frayed or missing. Fringe is repaired by being removed and replaced with new fringe, which is sewn in by hand.

Stain removal

Most rugs eventually become stained by accidental spills or pet accidents. Depending on a rug’s color scheme, such stains could make it an eyesore. But it doesn’t have to stay that way. Factory rug cleaning services that apply gentle, thorough washing techniques according to a rug’s age and composition can remove the toughest stains.

Moth damage repair

Wool rugs that are stored in the dark for long periods of time are at risk for moth damage. Unlike other types of damage, moth damage results in the carpet pile being eaten away down to its foundation, resulting in bare spots or holes. Rug repair services fix moth damage by (a) making a new foundation for the damaged area and (b) applying knots of colored wool that perfectly match a carpet’s original design and color scheme.

Spot dying

Spot dying colors a carpet’s faded portions back to their original color. For wool rugs whose original aesthetic is inherent to their value, re-dying faded spots that result from foot traffic and scrubbing is a wise investment. Rug repair services perform spot dying by hand painting new dye onto the faded portions of a rug, ensuring the dye’s precise application.

Water damage repair

Water doesn’t stain, but the mold and bacteria that develop when moisture remains trapped in a rug’s pile do produce stains. A special drying-washing-drying process that removes mold and bacteria can eliminate water damage. If necessary, water damaged rugs can also undergo spot dying to remove permanent damage.


Serging is the wrapping of the carpet edge to give it a finished look and prevent it from fraying. Over time, a rug’s serge can become loose or broken due to foot traffic and vacuuming. Serge is repaired by being removed and replaced with new serge, making the rug edge look new.

Repairing and restoring your wool rug can preserve its value and improve its appearance. But you shouldn’t trust its repair and restoration to just anyone. Instead of hiring a company that cleans house carpet and also services rugs, it is best to hire a factory rug service that specializes in rugs, and has experience repairing and restoring your type of rug.

Researching Through a Carpet Review – See What the Experts Have to Say

Each and every carpet retailer and dealer wants you to buy their carpet, each brand wants you to believe that they have the best product…reading a quality objective carpet review can help you find the perfect carpet. Reading carpet reviews for carpet care products is another excellent resource for potential carpet owners.

Consumer Reports will give very factual and broad reviews of not only the carpet itself but the dealers, stores and warehouses and manufacturers as well. For example, carpet giants such as Carpet One and Carpet World not only sell famous brand named carpets, but their own lines as well where as big box chains like Home Depot and Lowes tend to sell brand name carpets only.

If you have children or pets, reading reviews about how specific carpets take on dirt, handle high volume and show dirt will make your search for the right carpet a successful one. The rug the salesperson thinks you should have may not be the one that best meets your needs.

If you are running a child care facility not only do you want the facts on durability, stain removal and texture, but also on the chemicals that may be used in the manufacturing process which could be harmful to the little ones who will be crawling around on it.

Once you have figured out what color you want and what your needs might be the question of material will come up. Do you want natural fibers such as wool or cotton, or will a synthetic material such as nylon better suit your needs? Once you have selected your material choice, there is usually a price range and specific differences between top of the line and bottom of the line choices. If you need the top priced selection, be sure that the reasons make sense. If you can get away with a cheaper brand, then that should be an option you feel good about.

Finally, do you want a Berber loop or the cut pile of a Saxony carpet? Tufted, sheared or multi length? Carpets are made in a number of different weaves, loops, tufts and braids. Getting feedback from not only the people who make and sell these products, but also from people who have used them and from people who want to give you honest information will insure that you get the carpet you want for your home. Carpet review is the way to go if you want accurate information about your carpets.

Dental Cleaning Using Prophy Paste

Prophy paste is one of the best dental supplies online that you can use for cleaning your teeth. By using this you will be able to avoid going to the dentist for the purpose of getting your teeth cleaned. You might not have the time or the financial resources to meet the dentist on a regular basis. You should also clean your teeth regularly in order to prevent the onset of dental decay and mouth infection. The paste is an excellent alternative to a visit to the dentist as it will help to remove the surface stains as well as excess plaque from your teeth.

Steps For Cleaning Teeth Using Prophy Paste

If you wish to clean your teeth with prophy paste then you will first have to make sure that all the various dental equipment that you are using are clean. You could sterilize your dental equipment by placing the dental instruments in boiling water. You could also clean them by putting them inside the dishwasher. You must take care to ensure that the instruments that you use for cleaning you teeth are not used by other members of your family. You should also examine your mouth very thoroughly with the dental instruments in order to determine whether you experience any kind of pain. If you do feel even a slight amount of pain then you should not hesitate to call the dentist. This is because even the slightest pain could lead to a severe dental infection later on.

Scrape Your Teeth And Floss Them

You must make it a point to scrape out the insides of your teeth before you start brushing them using prophy paste. You could purchase supplies such as a dental mirror or bathroom mirror for this purpose. By using such mirrors you will be able to ensure whether or not there are any food particles that are still stuck in your teeth. After you have scraped out your teeth very well you can start using the paste for brushing them. When using this substance however, you must take care that you do not use it for longer than six months. This is because it is quite a powerful abrasive and prolonged use could damage your teeth. Once you have finished brushing your teeth using the paste you can start flossing your teeth. You need to be very careful while you do so as too much flossing could result in your gums bleeding excessively. You must therefore take care to insert the floss gently in between your teeth areas and then rinse your mouth thoroughly.

Thus, if you wish to clean out your teeth using professional dental substances like prophy paste you need to keep these important steps in mind. The paste is one of the dental supplies that is inexpensive to purchase and is also highly effective for cleaning your teeth.

The Best Dentures Glue

If you are wearing dentures for the first time right now, or have been a denture wearer for many months or years, I’m sure you have struggled many times to find the answer to the question often asked: “Which is the best denture glue?’ Let me say this at the very start, I have worn a denture ever since I was nine years old and I am now in my eighties. Therefore I’ve had a few years to ponder and search for an answer to that perplexing question.

I would like to give you a short, quick answer, and say: “Do this, or use that” – but I’ve found there is more to the problem than most people realize. The more I think about it the more complicated the answer seems to get. At one time I was so frustrated with denture “glues,” I went directly to my dentist and said point-blank, to him: “Doc, what kind of denture cream or glue do you use with your dentures? What do you think I should use?” He thought for a couple of minutes and replied: “Terry, as a matter of fact, I don’t have dentures, I still have all of my “natural” teeth, so I can’t tell which “glue” is best for you or anyone else to use. My advice is for you to try them all until you find one that meets your needs to make your denture feel: stable, secure and as immovable as possible while you are chewing, talking drinking and sneezing.”

Well, I thought to myself, that was an answer, but not one that helped me at all. I still had the same problem I had before I asked my “expert” dentist for his help.

Of course, my dentist did go on to explain to me, at length, why it was that I might need a “glue” to hold my denture in place. He began by giving me a brief history of dentures and their use from ‘way back in the 1500s to the present time. He told me the first dentures were believed to have been made by the early Etruscans, before the Romans captured them. Those dentures, then called: false teeth were only made for rich people and they were made only for “show” not for eating! Why? Because, back then, there was no good way to hold those false teeth in place while the wearer was eating, chewing, drinking and trying to talk normally with a mouth full of fake teeth.

Much later in history dentists who were then called “tooth barbers” figured out ways to keep false teeth in place using such things as: thread, catgut, and even gold wire. Those wires had to be very carefully put in place. Once the false teeth were wired in place they were not easily taken out. The result was the wearers of those dentures often left them in place too long and the teeth began to smell bad. Another process was to “wedge” the false teeth in and around any remaining natural teeth. Then, because those artificial teeth were only good for “show” and still too loose for chewing, the wearer always went alone into a private room, took his false teeth out, and proceeded to drink or chew his meal as best he could while there in the private place where no one could watch him “gum” his food.

Skipping ahead a few hundred years to today, people who must wear dentures are still struggling with the same old problem of wearing dentures that are too loose for comfort, too loose for chewing, and too loose for talking and sneezing!

However, help is on the way! Recently there has been a surge of activity by modern dentists to use what are called “dental implants.” In short, implants are a series of metal pins drilled into the jawbone in such a way that the denture is snapped into place and held there quite securely. Dental implants seem to be the best way yet devised to keep dentures comfortably in place at all times. The problem, of course, is that they are very expensive. One of my customers told me his initial cost for dental implants was $30,000. “Of course”, he told me, ” the procedure also required many visits back to the dentist’s office and several extensive adjustments to get a comfortable fit.”

Here are three less expensive kinds of denture “glues” that you may want to try:

1. Pastes: There are a number of glue-like products you can buy in tubes in supermarkets and chain drug stores. You squeeze the paste-like product onto your denture, spread it around with your fingers, then put the denture in your mouth. The glue never hardens, and it holds the denture in place fairly well. However, when it comes time to remove the glue from the denture (to renew the application), you may have some trouble removing all of the glue from your denture because it is a messy and time-consuming process.

2. Pads: Another product you may consider is one that is in the form of a treated fabric pad. It is made in the shape of your choice of upper and/or lower dentures. You moisten it with water before putting it on your denture and then put it into your mouth. The moistening process transforms the treated fabric into a sticky adhesive that will adhere well to both the denture and your gums. It works quite well for a day or two but if your denture is loose, you will find that particles of food can become lodged between your gums and your denture. When that happens you have to discard the fabric material and start over with a new (replacement) pad. These are available in places like Wal-Mart and Target.

3. Liners: You could also test the benefits of a product I think is the “best.” It is a new denture liner or re-liner. It is a putty-like compound that is pre-shaped in your choice of either uppers or lowers. To use, you first peel off a protective pink covering, then you place the 1/8″ thick translucent (tasteless, odorless) denture liner compound on the top of your dry upper denture (or on the bottom of lower denture). Next, you put the denture(s) in your mouth bite gently to “seat” the putty-like liner for a comfortable fit. Then, remove the denture(s), sprinkle a small amount of dry adhesive powder (included) onto the surface of the liner. Finally, put the denture(s) back in your mouth. Later, at bedtime for example, you use your fingers to remove the liner and wash it clean with running water, and put it back onto the dry denture. Do this cleaning process once a day. and the liner can be re-used several times..

I think the best denture “glue” is a denture liner that is made to meet the needs of most denture wearers of both upper and lower dentures. A denture liner “glue” or compound is made to stay always soft and mold-able, no mixing is needed, it is easily shaped – like putty – to fill all annoying gaps in the denture and it can be easily adjusted by the wearer to achieve maximum comfort while chewing and talking. Removal of the denture liner is just a matter of peeling it off of the denture in one piece. Then it can be rinsed clean under a water faucet, dried and put back on the dry denture and reused many times. No mess, no fuss and it gives you the best denture “glue” available today!