Flat Wart Removal: How to Treat Your Flat Warts

Flat warts are forms of warts with tiny, flat outgrowths on the skin almost looking like whiteheads. These are fleshy colored bumps that mostly appear on the face. People with this skin problem are not happy to have it on their skin. This is why they resort to different remedies for flat wart removal.

Flat top warts are commonly caused by the Human Papilloma virus. When you have it on the skin, it has a seeding effect all over your body. The most affected parts of the body are the face, neck, back, underarms and genital areas. If you see any sign of irregular formations on your skin, see a physician that can give guidance on the best ways to get rid of flat warts.

Flat top warts may be treated with over the counter products. If you seek medical help, the doctor can perform cauterization or surgery to remove them. You can also choose alternative home treatments for flat wart removal.

Over the counter removal medicine

Checking the local drugstore will give you various options for over the counter medications for getting rid of warts. These will come in different forms such as drugs, creams, lotions and patches. In many cases, the medication may get really acidic and destroy healthy skin. If you treat your skin with these types of medications, you may need a lot of patience before you see positive results. It will take around several days to months before the warts finally disappear.

Seeking professional help

If the wart cannot be removed through over the counter treatments, it may be wiser to visit a skin doctor to help you with your skin problem. He or she may advise on taking prescribed powerful drugs to treat the flat warts.

You may also choose surgery for getting rid of the warts. This will come in three types so you have more options.

1) Cryosurgery

This procedure will require an instrument to freeze the smooth top warts using a very cold substance or liquid nitrogen. This will take around less than a minute to apply for every wart. However, it is painful and may need local anesthetic in some instances. Treatments can be done in up to four sessions depending on the severity.

2) Electro surgery

This procedure burns the warts using a heated needle. People choose this to see immediate results. This is very effective for warts shown on the face and limbs. However, it is not suggested for clusters of warts as it is really painful. This method will need application of local anesthetic. It may treat possible growths of flat warts, but it does not treat the virus itself.

3) Laser therapy

This procedure uses intense beams of light through laser. It will burn and destroy the smooth warts. Local or general anesthetic may be necessary depending on the size of the affected area. However, this is the last resource when all other options are not working.

Alternative home treatments for warts

People may also prefer natural remedies for healing flat warts. Selected fruits such as banana and apple are great home treatment choices. You just have to rub the affected area with the fruit skin. Or you may choose to soak it with vinegar and salt or perhaps castor oil. The results will not be visible instantly, but these make great home remedies to reduce seeding effects or spreading.

The above is helpful information to remove those nasty looking warts off your skin. Flat top wart removal is indeed important to maintain a healthy and glowing skin.

DOT and Snell Motorcycle Helmets: Understanding DOT and Snell Ratings

A number of factors come into play for a rider when considering a new helmet purchase. One factor all riders must consider, and the number one reason to wear a helmet in the first place, remains safety.

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in 2003, when comparing mile for mile, motorcycle riders faced a 32 percent greater likelihood of dying in a wreck compared to drivers in a car. In fact, the simple practice of wearing a helmet can dramatically reduce the number of road fatalities for cycle riders. The NHTSA estimates that between 1984 and 2004, nearly 11,000 motorcyclists would be alive today if they were wearing a helmet while riding.

Snell and Department of Transportation (DOT) ranking remain an industry standard by which customers can judge the safety “effectiveness” of a helmet. But what do the DOT and Snell standards mean for the average rider?

For starters, these ratings were created to offer objective criteria for certifying helmet safety. As a result, instead of relying on what a manufacturer or dealer might tell a buyer, now the buyer can identify real criteria in judging the measure of protection offered by a particular helmet.

But what testing procedures are employed in determining that criteria? Let’s begin with the DOT rating.

DOT Rating

The DOT performs a straight forward impact test. Using a simulated head placed inside a helmet, testers drop the helmet from a height of ten feet. The head cannot receive more than 400 G-force units on impact. A G-force unit measures the force of gravity exerted against an object in motion.

Now here’s the kicker with DOT rated helmets–manufacturers don’t need to test their helmets in order to claim a DOT rating! A helmet manufacturer simply needs to feel that a helmet is meeting the DOT specifications to brand it as “DOT rated.” The DOT might occasionally pull helmets to perform testing, but the majority of helmets sold as DOT certified do not undergo any level of testing.

Snell Rating

The Snell certification stands in rigorous contrast to DOT specifications. Helmet manufacturers voluntarily submit their products to the Snell evaluation service and pay for the testing procedures. These procedures are extensive and include seven test types, from impact to shell penetration tests to flame resistance testing. The type and degree of testing is dependent on the type of helmet and its application.

Snell cites the following areas as critical in helmet safety:

  • Impact management: how well the helmet protects against collisions with large objects;
  • Helmet positional stability: whether the helmet will be in place, on the head, when it’s needed;
  • Retention system strength: whether the chin straps are sufficiently strong enough to hold the helmet throughout a head impact; and
  • Extent of protection: the area of the head protected by the helmet.

Snell Memorial Foundation, Inc. ( 2005). 2005 Standard for Protective Headgear, 4.

In short, Snell offers the highest certification standards regarding helmet safety. But a buyer will pay a higher price for Snell certified helmets, as the added costs of production and testing add to the overall value of the helmet.

Safety Matters

A number of points exist in the mind of a buyer when considering a helmet purchase. Style, color, fit, and comfort are extremely important factors when purchasing a helmet. Price is also a consideration for many buyers. However, safety should be paramount when purchasing a helmet. If you scrimp too much on price, you might get a nice looking helmet that unfortunately doesn’t hold up in those critical moments. So take the time, do your homework, and find a helmet that will keep you alive and allow you to keep riding for years to come.

How to Prevent Barn Swallows From Building Nests on Your House

A swallow lovingly watching you from under the eaves of your barn-style remodelled house might not be such a big problem, quite the contrary, it might just delight your senses. Also, when we gaze upon the agitation of a swallows’ nest built by your neighbour in one of the trees in his orchard, it is not a problem, but a charming sight. Still, what do you do when a family of rapidly multiplying swallows have suddenly made an appearance right on top of the vents under your eaves? The joy of watching such a bird can quickly turn into frustration, the kind that is hard to be rid of. Some might say I am harsh or unloving of nature. I say it is just an opinion.

Swallows are small-sized migratory birds which generally feed on insects. They nest as closely as possible to less forested areas, where they can find an abundance of insects and the moist soil required to build their nests. The places where swallows prefer to build their nests include sheds, roof eaves, vents on the side of walls, beam joints in attics or abandoned hay lofts. At first glance the bird seems harmless. Furthermore, this bird is protected by law in the US and also certain European countries, as it is considered beneficial to society thanks to its high insect consumption levels. This might be for the best, if we consider the increase of insect invasion of our homes, workplaces and leisure areas.

Nevertheless, swallows annually cause great disservice to owners of homes, pole barns, horse stables, grain storage silos or agricultural equipment, even construction material storage spaces. A swallow’s nest is made up of moist soil, gravel, straws and bird down feathers. Building a nest can take up to a week.

The presence of a swallow under the eaves of a house can attract predatory birds that are dangerous to the inhabitants of said house. The materials going into the making of a nest attack the protective layer of the wall, while the faeces produced by the birds become unpleasant and may act as carriers of dangerous disease. Last but not least, a nest fallen on the ground can also be dangerous due to the fact that it can spread ticks, fleas or other perilous creatures among the domesticated animals or inhabitants of the house. Another sensitive issue is the fact that once settled in, the swallow and her family can no longer be easily removed from the premise, one of the reasons behinds this being that we are inclined to be fined by the authorities.

Your old house, remodelled in a barn-style, with a stable and garage at ground level can be a great joy for you and your family. However, if a swallow has settled in under your eaves at the beginning of spring, it is time to make serious plans to keep the bird away, though not by shooting it, as it is a pleasure to watch it and listen to it. There is no need for you to kill it or throw rocks at it, as the action will not solve the problem. Leave it until autumn, when it prepares to travel almost 10 thousand kilometres to reach other locations that will provide it with a climate suitable for its survival. Once gone, remove the nest carefully so as not to cause any damage greater than the previous. Use protective gloves and a scarf tied over your mouth. Do some restoration work and make sure last summer’s swallows will not be able to settle in again, even if you feel badly about it.

There are numerous methods and tools to assist you in your attempt to prevent barn swallows from settling in under the eaves of your house. For instance, there are ultrasound machines created specifically to repel birds. These can be used in urban areas, especially if there are alarm systems which produce loud noises, as well as in industrial environments with storage spaces, where birds trigger volumetric alarm systems or their faeces cause serious damage. These machines keep the birds away from the area you want to protect. The sounds emitted by bird-repellent devices are faintly perceived by humans. Some devices in this category rely on reproducing the hunting song of birds of prey. This method solves the issue of unwanted birds without harming them or any other creatures.

If you have no interest in investing certain amounts of money in modern equipment which can repel damaging birds without direct human involvement, you can use more rudimentary methods, such as: the places preferred for building nests can be fitted with various slippery panels which do not bond with the moist soil; if you have a passion for DIY and enjoy building things, you can apply netting or wrought iron grates, which will serve two purposes – resolving the bird issue and giving your house a rustic feel.

Finally, you should keep in mind that it is easier to prevent swallows from building nests on the walls of your house, rather than fight them off afterwards. Consequently, if you appreciate swallows and truly want to have them around the house, you should put your imagination to work and start building some bird houses for the big families of swallows.

Tips For Cleaning Resin Wicker Outdoor Furniture

PVC wicker and rattan along with poly resin furniture is growing in popularity. It is attractive to many busy home owners for many reasons. One of those reasons is it being a low maintenance product. PVC wicker, as well as poly resin, is plastic and therefore water and dirt resistant. It can become faded in the sun, damaged by animals and pets who get thrills from gnawing, or damaged when weight limits are not respected. That being said, the longevity of furniture made from this material is mostly up to the owner and how the furniture is cared for. If kept in out of constant direct sunlight, while giving it enough light to reduce the chances of it developing mold or mildew, the furniture will need very little care. If the PVC furniture is to be in a place where it will frequently become wet or be consistently in direct sun, it would be very wise to cover it with outdoor furniture covers. This will help the furniture to stay looking newer longer.

Keeping the furniture out of areas prone to cause mildew and direct sun along with covering the furniture or storing inside during winter months and unpleasant weather, will reduce the amount of cleaning and care the furniture requires. However, outdoor furniture is exposed to the elements and will likely need to be cleaned. Most of the time water and a very mild soap will take care of dirt and rain spots. Should your PVC wicker or poly resin furniture become stubbornly dirty and need to be cleaned more intensely, here are some helpful suggestions for cleaning it:

-Spay the furniture with a hose using the “jet” setting on the hose attachment to remove excess dirt and grime.

-A product designed to clean boats, like Greezed Lightning, melts body oils and grime. Just be sure to do it outside and rinse well with water.

-Most general purpose cleaning sprays like 409, or Fantastic will do the trick too, however, it is important not to let them sit on the finish for more than a few minutes.

-On a tough stain, you can sand past the stained finish with fine grit wet-dry sandpaper or abrasive powdered cleaner and polish the surface with paste wax to help re-finish where you have sanded. Be sure to sand in the direction of the grain (if any) of the resin.

-Mildew can be removed with a spray like Tilex, but be sure to wash clean immediately.

-To get tree sap off your PVC furniture or Vinyl, try Goof Off (or a product similar to that), or WD40. Spray the product on the stain, rub, and wash with soap and water. If any stain remains, try scrubbing with non-gel toothpaste.

If there is remaining concern about caring for your outdoor resin or PVC wicker furniture, contact the manufacturer for help in caring for the product properly. Most furniture does come with care instructions. Do consult these before trying any of the suggestions listed above. Caring for your outdoor furniture properly will keep your outdoor living area looking and feeling clean and fresh for years to come.

How to Rosin a Violin Bow

Rosin is a resin collected from pine trees all around the world. It is drawn from the trees in a tapping process in the same way that maple syrup is collected. A small area of the tree’s bark is removed and a drip channel and collection container is fitted, the tree is cut with V-shaped grooves which allow the resin to run out of the tree into the container. The resin is mixed with other tree saps and purified. It is then heated and melted and poured into moulds. After the mixture is set it is smoothed and polished and packed into containers.

The purpose of rosin is to make the hair grip the strings of the violin and cause them to vibrate. Without out rosin the hair would glide smoothly over the strings and no sound would be produced.

Before you can successfully rosin your violin bow you must know about the two kinds of rosin. The first kind is called dark rosin this is also known as winter rosin. Dark rosin is a softer stickier rosin and is suited to dry cool climates. Light rosin is harder than and not as sticky as dark rosin. Both will work fine on any violin you must experiment with different kinds until you find the type that is right for you. 

Applying the rosin is very easy. Simply take the rosin and glide it several times up and down the bow. Remember to use the rosin sparingly most people use far too much this will cause the rosin to drip down of the strings and stain the violin.

You do not need to apply rosin everyday once every four or five times is enough after you have been playing a while you will develop a feel for how much rosin you need.

The Easiest Way to Measure for a Fireplace Grate

Making sure you have the correct measurements is a vital process when purchasing a brand-new fireplace grate. We will walk through the process to obtain the right measurements for a new fireplace grate.

You will need a few things to help you:

Measuring Tape for correct measurements, paper to write those measurements on and a pen or pencil to write with, and depending on the light levels in your room, a flashlight might help. We also recommend that you wear some clothing that you don’t mind getting dirty, because there is a good chance you will get dirty and sometimes that soot is hard to get out of your clothing.

Step 1 – Measuring the Width:

Measure the width of your fireplace opening in the very back of your fireplace and write this measurement down. Make sure to get as far back as possible for the most precise dimensions, this is where the flashlight might be helpful.

Measure the width of your fireplace opening at the front of your fireplace and write this measurement down.

Now that you have both the back width and front width, deduct 6 inches from each dimension. If, for example, your front width is 42 inches, then you would subtract 6 inches, which would offer you a final width of 36 inches. If the rear width is of 38 3/4, you would round to the next whole number then subtract 6 inches for the final 32 inches.

You will need the rear width to make sure you are purchasing the right grate size, as they can be found in numerous various back widths. Some fireplaces have a radical taper and some fireplaces have no taper at all.

NOTE: The most common mistake when ordering a fireplace grate is to only look at the front width and ignore the rear width in a tapered fireplace. This typically ends up in a costly return after paying shipping. Be sure to confirm that all measurements before ordering.

Keep in mind that fireplace grates are categorized by their front width, you may need to look at several sizes before you find one that will fit your fireplace.

Step 2 – Measuring the Depth:

Measure the depth of your fireplace from the fireplace door, or from the beginning of the fireplace opening and write this measurement down.

Now that you have your depth dimension, deduct 6 inches from this measurement.

Ideally, you want to have about 3″ on all sides of the grate to ensure appropriate feature & air flow.

Step 3 – Find your Grate:

With these dimensions, you now have a guide to start searching for a new fireplace grate! We hope this short article was valuable to you.

Transmission Trouble – Fix Your Transmission Fast

Have you been wondering if your transmission will make it to the next stop? I bet it will, but just to make sure, here are some clues that will keep you trucking along. Basic transmission care is so simple, it just takes a few minutes and it will extend your vehicle life by years.

1. Change the Transmission oil and filter at least once every 50K miles.

2. When you start your vehicle let it set in neutral to the count of 20 before you put it in gear every morning.

3. Come to a complete stop before you shift into neutral, reverse, or drive.

4. Check transmission fluid frequently and NEVER over fill it.

5. Never spin your tires on pavement, this causes wear and tear on your transmission.

Taking care of your transmission is not difficult, but it does require serious thought as to drive patterns, behaviors, and habits of the driver. You must consider your vehicle and never expect more than it should be able to provide mechanically. Overextending the simple uses wear on engine and transmission parts.

Keep your tires aired to regulation levels and carefully consider your driving habits. Do they need to change?

Becoming a good driver also means being a safer driver. Extending the life of your vehicle with good driving habits may actually save your life. Consider the alternative to bad driving habits.

* lower gas mileage

* longer tire wear

* better long term performance

* lower costs and repairs

* better maintenance values

* less wear and tear on vehicle

* better resale market values

Are you looking for helpful car care hints? Do you need more information about caring for your transmission?

Ethernet Cables – Red, Yellow, Or Blue?

Ethernet cables come in many colours, it’s common to see red, green, blue, yellow, white and grey leads in every office. A lot of people get confused when they are buying a new lead as they wrongly believe the different colours do different jobs. A coloured Ethernet cable is used for identification. If you have an office network that has many connections, it can be difficult to know which cable goes where. This is why coloured leads are used, you can easily identify that the blue cable is connecting computer A to the network whilst the yell one is connecting computer B and the green goes to computer C. It’s not uncommon to see leads being sold in twenty plus different colours.

Another reason to use coloured leads is to help set up new equipment. Many internet service providers will send a free modem to the customer when they take out a new connection. Not everyone is confident at setting these modems up, they can come with two different types of lead, an RJ11 ADSL lead and an Ethernet cable. Both of these cables look very similar and many people try to connect the RJ11 lead into the Ethernet socket. Internet service providers use coloured leads for this very reason. The instruction book will advise the customer to connect one end of the blue Ethernet cable (or whatever colour is supplied) to socket A on the modem and then to your computer, this avoids any confusion and probably saves them from thousands of technical helpline calls each year.

Whatever the reason for replacing your Ethernet cable, maybe you need a longer length as you have moved the computer, the dog may have chewed your original, you may be trying to increase the speed with a better quality cable (we cover that in another article) or you may simply have lost the lead when you moved house. You can rest assured that you can use any coloured Ethernet cable. The only caveat to add would be to ensure you do not buy a Crossover cable, these are used to connect two computers together without using a router, they are always clearly advertised as Crossover and it would be difficult to buy one in error.

If you are looking to upgrade the speed of your connection, an easy and cheap upgrade is to opt for a Cat6 cable. Cat6 cables are cable of faster Gigabit speeds and are backwards compatible with standard Cat5e systems.

When buying a new lead it’s a good idea to look online, there are big savings to be had. Many online stores can sell at a fraction of the price a high street store as they have less overheads. For a short two meter cable, you should expect to pay around three pounds.

Mortgage Cycling – Brilliant or Risky

With mortgage rates near 20-year lows, competition in the mortgage industry is fierce. It seems like every day a new mortgage loan strategy comes out that is suppose to be the best thing since sliced bread. Whether it’s a mortgage with no closing costs or an interest only mortgage, everyone is claiming they can save you a ton of money. Now someone has come out with something called Mortgage Cycling. Mortgage Cycling could save you thousands of dollars or it could cost you your home.

Mortgage cycling is a program that advertises itself as a method to payoff your mortgage in 10 years or less without making biweekly mortgage payments or changing your current mortgage. Does mortgage cycling work as advertised? The answer is unequivocally yes – with a few caveats. I’m going to let you in on the secret to mortgage cycling.

Mortgage cycling is based on making huge lump sum principal payments every 6-10 months. What this means is mortgage cycling works well for those who have at least a few hundred dollars in extra cash at the end of each month. The problem is most people don’t have that kind of cash available.

Mortgage Cycling relies on using a revolving Home Equity Line of Credit to make huge lump sum payments against their original mortgage principal balance. When you take out a home equity line of credit, you pay for many of the same expenses as when you financed your original mortgage such as an application fee, title search, appraisal, attorney fees, and points. You also may find most loans have large one-time upfront fees, others have closing costs, and some have continuing costs, such as annual fees. You could find yourself paying hundreds of dollars to establish a home equity line of credit. Most home equity lines of credit also carry what is known as interest rate risk.

Home equity line of credit interest rates are typically variable. The Federal Reserve is currently in the process of raising the overnight federal funds rate. As the Fed continues to raise rates, it is all but inevitable that variable interest rates for mortgages will also rise. Your savings may not be as great as anticipated.

While Mortgage Cycling does have some additional costs for most people, that is not what makes this mortgage reduction strategy risky. If you use a Home Equity Line of Credit and money gets tight, you could lose your home and the equity you have built up. Home equity lines of credit require you to use your home as collateral for the loan. This may put your home at risk if you are late or cannot make your monthly payments. And if you sell your home, most lines of credit require you to pay off your credit line at that time.

Mortgage Cycling requires you to make mortgage payments and Home Equity Line of Credit payments for up to 10 years. For most people mortgage cycling is an extremely risky way to payoff a mortgage. Mortgage cycling should be used only after a careful assessment of the risks and benefits. Prepaying your mortgage is smart. You should explore all of the mortgage reduction alternatives before choosing Mortgage Cycling as a mortgage reduction strategy.

What Makes a Baseball Player a 5 Tool Player

What Baseball refers to as a player being a “Five Tool Player” is nearly an extinct aberration. In today’s Baseball world of specialization, the idea of an athlete being capable of performing all five keys of a ball player, minus the pitching position, at a Star level, has all but been forgotten or given up on. I personally do not agree with the experts and believe a “Five Tool Player” can exist.

Let’s briefly look at the Five Keys and arrive at least upon one drill to enhance that Skill.

Arm Strength: The ability to throw a baseball with high velocity, accuracy and distance is one of the primary skills a scout will look for in a prospect. This is particularly important for the positions of right field, center field, third base and shortstop, but has an impact regardless of position.

One drill which will increase arm strength is the Long Toss which essentially is what it says, throwing the baseball greater and greater distances as the arm strength increases. The key to long toss is to have a goal in mind of distance you want to achieve, then slowly build up to that distance.

For instance, your goal is to throw from right field to third base on one hop. You begin by throwing from right field to second base, increasing velocity and accuracy, then proceed to throwing to the shortstop position, then on to third base. This building block method provides you with a method to track your progress, and will help hold you back from throwing too hard too fast, thusly injuring the arm.

Fielding: Theoretically, a normal ground ball is harder to catch than a normal fly ball for two reasons, because of the low position the body must be in in order to field the ball and the unknown and unexpected variables of field conditions which could affect the travel of the baseball. In other words, bad hops.

One drill which would greatly improve your ground ball fielding skills is the Knee Drill. You can perform this drill by yourself, which is a great asset, with the use of a rubber or tennis ball and a flat wall to bounce the ball off of.

Position yourself on your knees, with or without your glove, I suggest using the glove making it a natural part of the hand, and bounce the ball against the wall. By eliminating the use of the legs, moving to the ball, you concentrate solely on eye to hand to ball coordination. This greatly increases the ability to develop soft and quick hands, a fielding must.

Hitting For Power: The ability to tie or win a ball game with one swing of the bat is another tool of a Five Tool player, the Home Run. For whatever reason, baseball has evolved to the point that scouts expect certain positions to be played by power hitters. A right fielder for example, will have a hard time attracting attention without a power bat.

The Tire Drill is a simple method to increase the power of your swing. Simply hang a tire, minus the wheel, from a trim limb or other suitable support at the proper level.

Using a proper batting stance and swing, strike the tire as hard as possible. Initially your swing will quickly and abruptly stop at hitting such a heavy object, but as your power increases and you learn to not only hit the tire, but hit through the tire, the tire will move and your bat will continue through the zone.

Hitting For Average: Hitting for a higher average than a normal power hitter, can be greatly enhanced and achieved with a mental attitude adjustment.

Being a power hitter, unless the situation demands a home run attempt, once a hitter has Two Strikes he should immediately back out of the box, take a deep breath and change his mental purpose from hitting the ball hard to making contact with the ball.

By choking up on the bat, cutting down on his swing and mentally attempting to just make contact, the hitter will greatly reduce strike outs and increase the batting average with base hits.

Running Speed: God gives a player natural running abilities and speed, but whatever natural talents you have, they can be increased with work.

One such method, utilized when attempting to steal bases, is the Keep Low drill. Without going into detail, sprinters begin their race low and as they run, slowly raise their body up to running posture, which increases speed.

Position yourself at first base as a base stealer, approximately 6 to 8 feet to your right, towards second base, have the coach or someone, hold his arm out at chest level. As you begin to steal, if you make contact with the arm, you’re raising up too soon and costing yourself speed. Practice this until you can always get pass the arm before raising, maximizing your quickness.

Relationship Advice for Women Who Love Engineers

Women, you know what happens when you confide your troubles to your girlfriend. She drops everything and listens. She understands exactly what you’re going through, tells you your feelings are completely natural, and you end up having a good laugh. In other words, you get empathy, big time. It’s wonderful! You feel so much better! You might even wonder what the big deal was in the first place.

When you confide in your husband, you can also predict will happen: He’ll tell you how to fix your problem. If you’re one of the many women who, like me, are married to engineers, you can bet on it. This is not wonderful at all. You feel so let down. You’re sorry you brought it up. You both wind up massively frustrated. Since so many of us deal with this problem, I thought I’d give you some ideas for how to get the empathy you want from your engineer.

Let’s start by trying to see what’s going on inside each of you. You probably feel like he doesn’t care about you. And he’s not giving you what you need on purpose. It’s strange, isn’t it? When it comes to ourselves, we know we have habits that drive other people crazy, and that we blunder and hurt people’s feelings when we don’t mean to. But when others hurt us, it feels like they are in complete control and hurting us deliberately.

The moment when you need empathy is very fragile. It’s an emotional turning point. You’ll either feel a lot better or a lot worse very fast. If you feel in need, reach out, and then get THE LOOK, it really stings.

All partners of engineers know what I’m talking about. It’s that blank or frozen look that makes you feel he regards you as an inanimate object toward which he could not be more indifferent. The first time I saw my husband get THE LOOK we were in his car. I brought up something I was upset about and he stared out the windshield as though transfixed. I tried to figure out what was going on. Was he studying a traffic jam only visible to him? Did he suddenly develop an interest in bird watching?

Of course, I can’t say for sure what’s going on in your partner’s head. But from what I’ve learned from my husband, he’s probably not indifferent, he’s drowning. In feelings. Yes, feelings. Intense feelings. His fight or flight response is flooding him with stress hormones. It’s paralyzing his thoughts. It’s hard for him to describe how he feels, especially since he figures he has a good chance of saying the wrong thing and making you more upset.

Another possibility is that he’s steeling himself against feeling flooded because he’s been there before and doesn’t want to go back. That will definitely produce THE LOOK. If emotional conversations are your natural element, it’s hard to imagine how stuck he can feel.

At this point, it’s looking like a rough weekend ahead.

Where does this flooding come from? Ironically, it may come partly from his desire to be a good husband. He feels responsible for making you happy. Note the word responsible. Responsibility and engineers go together like software and bugs, and the thing they feel most responsible for is their families. He very likely feels unsuccessful as a husband if you’re unhappy.

Secondly, he feels useful when he’s solving problems and move things forward. When his friends bring up problems, that’s what they expect. You need him to meet you right where you are in order for your feelings to unfold and resolve. But this ‘stand still to move forward’ paradox goes against the grain for him. In fact, sometimes THE LOOK means he’s trying to think of an answer for you, so he can feel useful.

Thirdly, he’s an optimist. Talking about negative feelings feels, well, negative. Optimism follows naturally from being a problem-solver. His training has taught him a) There’s usually a solution, and b) There are many different ways to solve any given problem. By the way, this is one reason I enjoy working with engineers in general. When my client comes with an open mind and the belief things can get better, half my job is done. Plus, it’s fun to work with smart people. But enough about me.

With these possibilities in mind, it might be easier for you to imagine how “Just listen,” or “Don’t give me advice,” makes him feel blocked. He feels like you’re saying you don’t need him.

Instead, show him you do need him and how his empathy helps you:

“Remember when I got that awful performance review? You really understood how bad I felt. You made me feel like I wasn’t crazy. It helped me relax and calm down. Then I could start to think of a game plan. And once I feel understood, sometimes I do want to hear your ideas.”

It’s true we often want concrete advice-AFTER we get that double shot of empathy.

And don’t forget to tell him that with empathy, you get back to normal much more quickly, so you can enjoy your precious free time together. Now your weekend is looking up! Of course, now you have another problem: 3-D or romantic comedy? When I get that one figured out, I’ll let you know.

Detached Retina Surgery Recovery – 5 Things You Should Know

A detached retina is a condition whereby the retina peels away from the tissue that supports it. People who have only slight retinal detachment can often still see fairly well, but if the detachment progresses it can lead to total loss of vision in the affected eye.

This condition can be expected to occur at least once during the lifetime of about 1 in 300 individuals. However, it is more common in people with severe myopia, who have about a 1 in 20 chance of developing this condition. Retinal detachment can also occur more frequently after cataract surgery.

Detached retina surgery – also called retinal detachment surgery – is often prescribed by a doctor in for people who develop this condition. There are various treatment options for this serious eye condition, including cryotherapy (freezing), scleral buckle surgery, pneumatic retinoplexy, and vitrectomy.

If you have undergone detached retina surgery, here are 5 things you should know during recovery:

1. If you have a gas bubble, it could take 2 – 8 weeks to go away: Developing a small gas bubble in the eye is a common occurrence with this type of surgery. Don’t worry, it will go away on its own after 2 to 8 weeks.

2. You can drive if the doctor gives you permission: People are often concerned about their ability to drive, even after their doctor okays it. Note that, after this type of surgery, reaction times and depth perception may be off a bit for you. Use your best judgment.

3. Generally takes about 3 months for a full recovery: It can take up to 3 months for you to fully recover after this type of surgery.

4. Resume normal work activities for a few hours each day: For any tasks that require extensive use of the eyes, such as working at a computer, take it easy as you resume your previous work activities. A few hours a day to start would be appropriate.

5. Headaches and soreness in other eye are to be expected: Do not be alarmed if you develop frequent headaches or soreness. This is happening because your other eye is “taking over” and compensating for the temporary lack of use of the eye that received surgery. This pain will pass in time.

Understand that with any surgery, there will be a significant adjustment period. This can be frustrating at times, but patience and taking the right actions will lead to a full recovery.

Insulation – The Most Efficient Way to Insulate a House

Prior to the 1980s home insulation was not a big priority; if it got cold you would just turn up the heating. These days with the higher costs of home heating people are finding it more and more difficult to be able to afford their utility bills. In the last year alone prices have risen twenty percent and they are set to increase yearly as our dependence on gas supplies from abroad increases.

Modern homes are insulated and some of the latest new houses are super insulated. Some of these super insulated are so well insulated that they only require a quarter of the amount of heating compared to conventional housing requirements. With low cost traditional forms of home insulation you can expect to be able to reduce your heating bills by about 20 percent.

What to insulate

It is always best to insulate the areas of your home that will make the biggest savings at the lowest cost. For most homes this means loft insulation closely followed by cavity wall insulation. By insulating your loft and walls you are reducing over half of the heat loss from your home. For those into DIY loft insulation is something that you can do yourself but cavity wall insulation has to be done by a specialist company with the correct equipment.

Is your home suitable?

Most homes in the UK are suitable for these types of insulation. If your loft has less than 270mm of insulation roll installed then you can get it done with a government grant. Most homes have cavity walls, you can get a grant to cover most or all of the cost of getting blown insulation fitted in the cavity.

Whilst you can do the loft yourself the walls need to be done by a professional installer. Both can be done at the same time so it usually makes sense to get the installer to do both the walls and loft so as to be able to claim the home insulation grants available.

How much will it cost?

There are government grants available that will cover 100 percent of the cost for many people as long as you meet the criteria. Generally this means that if you are 70 plus or are in receipt of any sort of financial support then you will likely get a 100 percent grant. If you are working and not claiming any income support then you can still get up to 70 percent of the cost towards both loft and cavity wall insulation.

For most people who do not get the full grant the final cost for loft insulation is in the region of 99 – 149 pounds and for cavity wall insulation up to 199 pounds. The costs will vary depending on the size of your property, a mid terraced home will cost a lot less than a large detached property.

What are the benefits?

You will save around 20 percent on your heating bills which for many will be in the hundreds of pounds a year. You initial costs if you have any will be paid back through your savings in under 2 years. Your home will feel warmer and you will be able to turn your thermostat down and enjoy the same level of warmth. In short it will make you home warmer and cosier, help reduce damp and condensation and increase the saleability of your home.

Hydrogen Peroxide Uses

Hydrogen peroxide is commonly available for consumer use. Found in drugstores and supermarkets, it is most often sold in solutions of 1% and 3%. These two choices are virtually interchangeable for household use. In case you are wondering what those inexpensive brown bottles of H2O2 are used for, here are several ways to use over the counter 3% variety.

Bleaching Agent and Stain Remover

Its bleaching ability comes in handy in the laundry room. Instead of using chlorine bleach the next time you’re washing a white load, toss in half a cup of H2O2 (3%) straight out of the bottle along with your usual laundry detergent. You’ll save money each time you do this. In fact, it is one of the main ingredients in the popular laundry product, Oxiclean. H2O2 especially works well when used for treating stains such as grass, blood and red wine. For a more cost-effective carpet stain treatment, fill a spray bottle with hydrogen peroxide. Saturate the stain, wait a few minutes, then blot with a clean white cloth until the stain is lifted and the carpet is dry. On colored carpet, test first in a discreet location to avoid any damage..

Oral Use

Hydrogen peroxide 3% or 1% makes a great mouthwash. It is lot cheaper than commercial mouthwashes on the market. If used regularly, it will inhibit bacterial growth. The oxygenating action helps remove oral debris. It has antimicrobial properties that make it effective on the beginning stages of gingivitis. One early symptom of gingivitis is a receding gum line. To treat, pour a small amount into a disposable cup. Dip one end of a cotton swap in the solution and rub along the gum where it meets the bottom of the tooth. There will be some foaming but let the solution work for a minute before rinsing thoroughly with water. Try not to swallow; but if you do, it’s harmless (but distasteful!) in such a small amount. Over a period of several weeks, you should notice your gum line starting to improve.

For Your Garden

Hydroponic gardeners, who grow plants without soil, mix this into their watering system to enhance the health of the plant’s root system. You can use the same in your own backyard garden to achieve similar results. Make a weak solution by mixing 1 part hydrogen peroxide to 32 parts water. It is convenient to use a garden hose sprayer attachment that holds the solution. Hydrate as usual.

Therapeutic Uses

Hydrogen peroxide therapies, also known as oxidation therapies, are very controversial, as far as main stream medical practitioners are concerned. Although H2O2 has been in use over a century, there are few special doctors, M.D.s and N.D.s who practice this. Doctors have infused diluted amounts of medical grade solution into their patient’s arteries, veins, noses, ears and mouths. It is a miracle food that provides oxygen to our sick cells in the body. It is not recommended to attempt any internal hydrogen peroxide therapy without the supervision of a doctor.

Here is a quote from Dr William Campbell Douglass, M.D.

“Hydrogen peroxide is involved in all of life’s vital processes. It must be present for the immune system to function properly. It is truly a wonder molecule.”

William Campbell Douglass, M.D. Author of “Hydrogen Peroxide Medical Miracle”

GENERAL

Hydrogen peroxide is NOT a synthesized drug created in a laboratory. It is NOT a medicine. It is a naturally occurring substance that is made by Mother Nature. It is interesting to note that our digestive system produces this. The baby gets a dose of hydrogen peroxide from colostrum from the first breastfeeding. The falling raindrops contain H2O2. It has recently been discovered that a systemic build-up of H2O2 is one of the causes of gray hair. Hydrogen peroxide is a natural bleaching agent, so your hair is being bleached from the inside. (“FASB Journal, online edition,” February 23, 2009).

Bartender Job Description: What Does A Bartender Do?

A bartender job is far more than just pouring drinks, engaging with customers and receiving tips. A good summed up job description of a bartender would be a multitasking professional, a mixologist, an entertainer, a listener and a host.

I will focus on all aspects of the bartending job. Keep in mind that the actual bartender responsibilities may differ from place to place. In example, a bartender working in a smaller establishment may have more responsibilities and one working in a bigger bar may have co-workers that can assist behind the bar. Either way, the bartender position can best be summed up as multitasking.

Main responsibilities

Bartenders are salesmen. You are responsible for selling drinks and bringing the profit in for the bar. In order to keep the sales coming, a bartender relies on a mix of factors: great people skills, entertainment value, providing an ambiance for the customers and encouraging more sales through smart product placement.

Keeping an eye on your customers is essential. As a bartender, you will need to identify customers that are getting too intoxicated and take measures to prevent them from further intoxication. Quite often this means refusing to serve drunk customers, having to explain your decision to them and calling them a cab so they arrive home safe.

Depending on the establishment, a bartender may be responsible for checking the ID’s of the customers to ensure they are the right age. This would include being able to spot fake ID’s, as teenagers seeking liquor go to great lengths in order to get what they want. The bartender is held accountable for serving minors with alcoholic beverages, so when in doubt, you need to check on your customers.

Besides pouring drinks, you will need to know how to listen. Interacting and making small talk with people requires good listening skills. It might be a movie cliché, but it is true that bartenders are somewhat psychologists. Many people come to the bars to drink their sorrows away and many times you will happen to hear some amazing life stories.

At last, no bartender can be a good bartender without the proper knowledge. It is your job to know all there is to know about the drinks, spirits, terminology and bar techniques. If a customer orders one Cuarenta Y Tres on the rocks and one Bloody Mary, you will need to know what they want to drink and how they want to drink it. The right way to attain this knowledge is through education: following a bar school or a course is the proper way to go.

Flair bartending and cocktail making

Not all bars require bartenders to know how to entertain, but if you’re interested in the show aspect of bartending you will need a course in flair bartending. Also, making cocktails requires an additional set of skills which you can also acquire through proper education. This investment will surely pay off, as you will be able to work in more sophisticated places.

Once you complete a course in flair bartending or cocktail making, you will be able to entertain your guests by spinning bottles, throwing bottles in the air and setting drinks on fire. As these techniques are highly entertaining to your guests, you can count on happier customers and thus larger tips.

Preparation

The bartender is responsible for setting up the bar for the night. This includes making sure that the bar is well-stocked with ice, liquor, appropriate glasses and bar supplies. Having to stock the bar means you will begin work a few hours before the opening of the establishment.

If you work with cocktails, there’s more to this preparation. Preparing fresh sugar syrup for use in cocktails comes to mind. As does infusing spirits and making fruit purées. During these hours, you will also prepare garnishes for drinks by washing and cutting fresh fruit and storing them for later usage.

During the night

Your job as a bartender is to make sure the bar is running efficiently. During the night, you will need to re-stock items that run out while attending customers in between. Your supplies need to be organized in a logical manner, providing you and your co-bartenders easy access to every ingredient.

Besides that, a bartender is responsible for the overall presentation of the bar area. It’s your duty to wipe the bar counter repeatedly and keep the bar neat, even during happy hours when there’s really no time to do it.

Smart bartenders do these things while taking orders from customers. In example, while leaning in to hear what the customer wants to order, he or she will wipe the bar area on the left or right side of the customer. Just make sure you wipe away from the customers or towards yourself, to ensure the liquids on the bar counter do not land on them.

One mostly overlooked responsibility of the bartender is to keep an eye on the right arrival order of the customers. In other words, you should know which one of the customers got to the bar first and is next to be served. There’s nothing worse for a customer than seeing others who got to bar later get served first.

In my personal opinion, this is the one thing that can make or break your income. Do not expect agitated customers to give you high tips. And trust me, you will agitate them if you follow this “last in, first served” method – whether you do it consciously or unconsciously.

Many times have I witnessed a bartender choosing to serve a good looking female before a male who’s waiting longer. Many times, I was that customer and had to wait because the bartender wanted to impress the girl. Needless to say, the guy working the bar didn’t receive any tip from me.

Closing hours

Part of the bartender job is to close for the night, or what’s often called “close to open”. This term is used to explain the purpose: making the bar operational for the next time it’s open. A bartender will re-stock all alcohol and non-alcoholic beverages and bar supplies. He or she will clean the bar area thoroughly, which includes cleaning the bar itself, washing of the ice-buckets, cleaning of the refrigerators and mopping of the floors.

In addition, a bartender will count the money in the cash register and fill out a profit form used by the management.

Additional tasks

If you’re working in a bigger bar where there are several bartenders operating the bar, you may be required to break the new bartenders in. Every once in a while, a new member of the team will arrive and it will be your responsibility to explain your bar operation. Also, you may be asked to educate junior members of the staff.