Fireproof Storage Cabinets – One of Two Essential Parts of Any Industrial Fire Prevention Plan

Where do you store your flammable liquids? Read on to discover the two key parts to any industrial fire prevention plan.

As you know, improper storage is the leading cause of fire in industrial facilities. And that knowledge makes fire easy to prevent.

Put simply, flammable liquids need to be stored properly, and that requires two crucial ingredients:

1) They must be stored in approved safety cans.

2) The cans need to be stored in approved safety cabinets.

For the purposes of this article, we’ll focus on the second of the two. Hopefully, the liquids were already delivered in approved safety cans. If in doubt, you should check in with your safety equipment advisor to make sure, or remedy the situation.

But the next step must be to store the cans in a fireproof storage cabinet.

Why fireproof? Because the flammable liquids will feed a fire and can easily lead to explosions. In order to prevent that, they need to be safely kept away from any source of fire.

But once you’re shopping for your fireproof storage cabinets, be sure to check that they actually meet OSHA requirements and the applicable regulations of the Uniform Fire code.

If you shop with a reputable safety equipment supplier, you can be pretty much assured that all their equipment will comply with any of those regulations.

Here are some of the features to look for:

Any fireproof storage cabinet must be made out of 18 gauge steel at least.

The doors, as well as the sides, and also top and bottom need to be double-walled, and there must be 1 ½” air space between walls for extra insulation.

There must also be vents, which in turns should have 2″ threaded fittings, along with fire baffles and caps.

And of course, they should have an easy-to-clean safety yellow high gloss powder finish with big red warning labels. A grounding attachment should be included as well, along with a raised leak-proof door seal.

Why are Major Franchise Restaurants Turning to Metal Stud Framing Construction?

Over the years, I have estimated and project managed a number of franchise restaurant construction jobs. This type of construction has seen an evolution in the way these projects are being constructed. Today, many franchise designers are turning to metal stud framing as the construction method of choice.

In previous years, these projects were being designed and built as ‘one-off’ type of construction. Although the concepts were being standardized, each project was looked at as a new construction concept. Each had new details that changed the way the project was looked at and built.

Some of the older buildings were built from wood stud framing and wood trussed roofs. Others were constructed of ‘stick-framed’ structural steel with mainly wood framing infill.

As design concepts became more standardized, the facades and parapets leant themselves to being panelized. Here again, the material of choice a few years ago was wood framing for the pre-built panels.

Today, steel has become the material of choice for panelizing. Building codes have been a big influence on this change. Of course the cost of metal stud framing has made this type of panelization more palatable.

Building codes are becoming more strict in the use of flammable materials in assembly buildings – including restaurants. Some have even dictated that all framing materials must be non-flammable. Enter Metal stud framing to accommodate this mandate.

The cost of metal studs versus wood studs was a deterrent a few years ago. That gap in equity has closed considerably. And once most contractors become familiar with the use of metal studs, they are reluctant to return to the use of wood framing.

Why metal stud framing?

Metal studs provide a wide array of advantages over wood framing. First and foremost for commercial buildings is the fact that metal studs are non-combustible. Metal studs do not twist, crack, warp, shrink, or rot as wood can. More-over, metal studs do not promote the growth of mould and are impermeable to termites and other insects and rodents.

Why PANELIZED metal stud framing?

Having your construction project panelized – in a quality controlled environment – gives the owner the peace of mind in knowing that the framing has been completed in superior workman-like manner. Panelized metal stud systems speed the construction process as well. Even the sub-sheathing can be installed in the metal stud panels prior to erection. All load bearing walls (and interior partition walls as well if desired) are pre-built in panels ready for shipment and erection of site. Metal trusses are pre-fabricated as well. This work can be completed while the construction is has the civil work being done – footing, foundations etc. The metal work can then be quickly set into place minimizing the on-site erection time.

Other Features and Benefits

Steel is 100% recyclable. In fact, about 67% of steel framing materials are from recycled resources. Metal stud panelized construction reduces land-fill use and cost by as much as 18 – 20% when compared to wood framing. In many cases, structures fabricated from metal stud framing have reduced insurance costs.

With so many advantages, it’s no wonder that the franchise restaurant market is turning to panelized metal stud framing.

Answers to Your Questions About Drop Ceiling Light Panels

Drop ceilings are some of the most challenging to make warm and inviting, but are also some of the easiest types of ceilings to install lighting panels into. Since ceilings are created on a grid system with space above them, there is plenty of work room to install the new lighting fixtures without much hassle. Drop ceiling light panels can help customize your room and can provide you with various lighting effects that add warmth and detailing to your home. Here are some answers to your common questions above these types of panels.

What Are Drop Ceiling Light Panels?

One of the most common questions that are asked by home owners is what this type of panel is. Many consumers move into a home with existing light fixtures and never think about customizing them or changing them out. Drop ceiling light panels are ceiling tiles that can easily be slipped into the place of an existing panel in your drop ceiling in order to install a type of lighting fixture.

There are a wide range of different types of panels and fixtures available and each can create its own effect and look in a specific room within your house. Installation is simple and allows you to have a variety of different fixtures in a single room. These panels will cover the light fixture instead of leaving it exposed and will allow the light to filter through.

What Are They Made Out Of?

Since drop ceilings hang from a grid system, the panels need to be relatively light weight in design. Because of this, many drop ceiling light panels are made of plastic and sometimes acrylic. The panel has to be light enough to not put stress on the grid or surrounding panels and to not fall to the ground over time.

How Big Are They?

Drop ceiling light panels are available in a wide range of sizes. The size of the panel can be customized, but they are also available in standard tile size in order to be slipped in as a replacement for a general use tile or panel. There are panels that are several feet wide and others which are only matter of inches, it all depends on what the consumer desires or needs.

What Type of Lights Are Compatible With Them?

In most cases the lights used with the clear light panels are fluorescent. Other types of lights can be used however and within a residential home, regular halogen bulbs are often used to give a softer and more natural glow to the room.

How Do You Install Drop Ceiling Light Panels?

These are among the easiest of all lighting panels to install. Since they are extremely lightweight by design, they are easy to lift into place. After you have them in place, it is a simple matter of slipping them into the grid that is already in place.

Drop ceiling light panels are a simple way to install light fixtures throughout your home for warmth and a glow that ads a homey feeling to the room. These panels are lightweight, easy to install and can be used with a variety of different types of bulbs to create unique effects.

Engineered Oak Flooring – The Essential Guide

What Is Engineered Oak Flooring?

Traditionally, oak flooring is made by processing an oak tree into wide slices approximately 100mm thick.

These layered planks are allowed to season over a number of months or years and are, in some cases, then kiln dried.

The layers are sliced again to form thinner board blanks (around 25mm thick) which are then planned, cut and grooved to form finished solid oak floor boards.

Engineered flooring follows the same process but instead of the finished floor boards being 20mm thick, a thinner veneer is cut, between 4mm and 6mm thick.

This oak veneer is then bonded to a softwood ply board, taking the thickness of the finished board back up to around 20mm.

This process is great from an environmental point of view, as more floor boards are created from the same tree, and the bulk of the board is made up of wood from fast growing, sustainable softwood trees.

Where & Why To Use Engineered Oak Flooring

The inherent advantages of engineered oak flooring stem from the marrying of a hardwood wear layer to a softwood ply backing board.

Solid oak has a natural tendency to change shape when its moisture content changes – shrinking when it dries and swelling when it gets damp.

Ply board is made by bonding strips of softwood in layers with each layer being perpendicular to the previous layer.

This gives incredible strength and torsional rigidity i.e. it does not change shape as readily as a solid wood plank.

By bonding the hard wearing and attractive oak veneer or wear layer to the dimensionally stable plywood base, the resulting board is strong, stable and looks great.

Engineered flooring is then ideal for use where moisture may present problems such as in kitchens and bathrooms, but is also ideal for where a constant drying may take place such as over underfloor heating systems.

The negligible expansion and contraction of this flooring also lends it to being glued to a subfloor rather than nailed and allows for wider boards to be glued than possible with solid oak flooring.

What To Look For When Buying Engineered Oak Flooring

In most cases, an oak floor is selected based on its appearance.

If you are aspiring to a traditional looking oak floor, you will need the oak boards to display the character of a classic solid oak floor.

For this reason, it is important that any knots, shakes, or cracks in the oak are left unfilled.

Sadly, much engineered oak on the market is ruined by the filling of naturally occurring features with plastic polymers and resins, which although they smooth out the floor, render it unattractive and unnatural.

They key elements to consider when choosing an engineered oak floor are:

Is the softwood ply board backing of good quality – is it even and dense with few splinters, dents and missing strips?

Is the oak wear layer thick enough (it should be at least 6mm thick) to allow sanding at least three times in the future, should fashions change and the floor colour need to change with them?

Are the boards grain end matched to allow for longer runs of board?

Are the boards available in lengths over 1800mm?

Is the flooring supplied with a polyurethane coating or left unfinished for you to decide on the colour and finish?

Choosing an oak floor is an investment and buying the cheapest available is not necessarily the best way to go.

How To Lay Engineered Oak Flooring

Engineered oak flooring can be laid in one of two ways: traditional hidden nail/screw or by gluing using a wood floor adhesive.

The decision as to which method to employ tends to be based on factors such as room heights, levels of adjacent floors and the nature and state of the subfloor.

Engineered boards lend themselves very well to gluing because of their inherent stability and where a floor is required to be laid over under floor heating, a glue based system is essential.

The engineered boards should be tongue and grooved and so, if fixing to battens or a wooden sub-floor, the boards can be secret nailed or screwed through the tongues.


Engineered oak is an increasingly popular choice when it comes to flooring and offers a range of advantages over solid oak both form an environmental and practical point of view.

Are Penis Pumps Dangerous? The Truth Just May Shock You

In this article we are going to take another look at some of the dangers in using a penis pump. You may feel you are doing something that is going to benefit your anatomy, but my hope is, after reading a little bit more about the hazards they can create, you will have a change of heart and use a different approach! (Much like I did) So read on as we look a little bit closer at why using mechanical or manual suction to enlarge your manhood is a mistake NOT worth making..:-)

Respect and Reward

I’m a big believer in the idea of respecting the natural anatomy you are gifted with – and that extends FAR beyond some esoteric idea of health and happiness. What I mean is this: Your body is built to do certain things, be moved certain ways, and improved, enhanced and developed through easy to follow processes. When you deviate from these “norms”, for lack of a better word, you run the risk of creating far more risk than reward. In other words, when you RESPECT the holistic gift of a working anatomy, you work with your body, not against it to make it better.

The Proof, and the pudding.

I truly don’t believe that using a penis pump will lead to long term beneficial results. It may give you a short term gain in blood flow and appearance, but there is no hard evidence that there is a long term benefit. There is, however, plenty of evidence that it can hurt! Common side effects reported include burst blood vessels, scarring, pinched skin, BLISTERS (ouch!) and even what can loosely be termed an “addiction” to the pump. Did you know that a Oklahoma judge was sentenced to prison a year ago after obsessively using his pump WHILE presiding over a trial? Strange…but very true!

And of course, most importantly there are far better ways that do NOT pose a risk, a danger, or a societal stigma just in case you feel the strange need to enhance your anatomy in public..:-)

How to Become Lean – 3 Easy Steps to Becoming Lean Now!

If you’d like to know how to become lean in an effortless and extremely quick fashion, keep reading. I’ll share with you the 3 easy steps I personally followed to become lean, losing 65 pounds in under 4 months! This is so easy that even the most undisciplined of us can do it!

It’s all about getting your metabolism to work for you, not against you. To do this, you need to feed it, not starve it. Low calorie dieting is tough because not only do you constantly feel deprived, but your metabolism goes into starvation mode, nearly shutting itself off so that your body can hold on to as much of its fat as possible. Sounds pretty counter-productive, right?

Low calorie diets are NOT how to become lean fast. The following 3 steps, however, are! The average weight loss enjoyed by people who follow these steps is 9 pounds every 11 to 14 days. That’s some serious fat loss! I’m sure you, too, will achieve similar results by following these steps…

How To Become Lean – 3 Easy Steps To Becoming Lean NOW:

  1. Create your own custom 11 day, 4-meals-per-day diet menu. This menu will consist of many of your favorite healthy foods and will have you eating delicious meals that keep you satisfied. Most importantly, you will get your metabolism burning white hot! Toward the end of this 11 day stretch, however, your metabolism will begin to plateau. At this point, you’re ready to move to step two…
  2. Take 3 days off your diet! That’s right, eat what and when you want! Your metabolism will still be high enough to keep you from packing the pounds back on, so indulge. What you’re really doing during this step is resetting your metabolism. This will ensure that your next 11 days on the diet plan will yield the same powerful results as your previous 11. At the end of these 3 “lag” days, advance to step three…
  3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 until you look and feel exactly the way you’ve always wanted to!

That’s all there is to it. It’s almost too easy, but speaking from experience, this is perhaps the most effective “how to become lean” program available today! There is no doubt this diet plan will work for you. I have nothing but confidence in your weight loss success. You’re going to do great!

VideoSecu Adjustable Tilt Wall Mount Review

The VideoSecu Adjustable Tilt Wall Mount can be used to hang your plasma television or LCD monitor on your wall. This product is very sturdy, and can handle up to 174 pounds of weight. Your screen must also be between 32 and 60 inches, or else it will not fit properly on the wall.

This wall mount also enables you to move your screen slightly from side-to-side, so don’t necessarily have to install in right in the middle of your wall. Nevertheless, its black powder coating makes allows it to be matched with any other wall color, and it gives it a nice aesthetic visual appeal.

If you want to install this on your wall, be sure to have one or two extra people to help you as the wall mount is a bit heavy. Also, you might want to buy a few extra screws just in case you lose some of them.

The best way to get movie theater television watching experience is by hanging your television on the wall. By doing this, you also free up a lot of table space where you can put other stuff. The adjustability of the wall mount is great because it will prevent you from getting back or neck pains from stretching to see the screen when moving around the room.

So many of my friends have bought this product and are more than satisfied with your purchase. What’s more, this wall mount is much cheaper than those of other competing brands. Plus, it is even better looking and of better quality than these products.

If you want a television wall mount that is both cheap and dependable, then you should definitely buy the VideoSecu Adjustable Tilt Wall Mount.

Designing The Finest Fairy Garden Room for Infants and Juniors

I just adore folklore, storytelling and encouraging imagination so creating a special garden room where children can lose themselves in their own play is most rewarding. Far from the draw of the dreaded games console and the idiot-box TV, this neglected kind of inventive play can flourish.

They say the future will need creative thinkers to develop new medicines, new technology, solve problems and lead our industries so developing creative thinking abilities at a young age is an investment for time to come.

Gardens which are modest in size often appear more spacious when screened off or divided up into different rooms. The typical European fairy garden needs areas of deep shade which can be gained from mature trees, fencing or awning type structures, the modern application of which comes in large sunshade calico triangles for suspending between posts, trees or fences.

Ferns, foxgloves, fairy grass, lily of the valley, primroses and wild violets thrive in shade and with other additions like cyclamen, miniature daffodils, aquilegia, crocuses, mosses, hostas and ivy, the season of interest may be extended. Fairies certainly need places to play and old tree stumps are perfect. If you can devise a small pool or water feature, perhaps a water lily or lotus could survive.

Children who have a garden space to play naturally benefit from exploring nature, noticing the changes of the seasons and the various patters and forms of plant life. I remember my excitement playing ‘helicopters’ with my older brother (sycamore seeds), seemingly for hours at a time, striving to fly the perfect flight. Of course, the seasonal conker hunt and resulting competitions in the school playground brought together different children we did not usually see or play with. No bad thing for community relations.

Once established, the fairy garden room will attract magical dragonflies, frogs, beetles, snails and spiders which amplify the attraction for children. Safely within hearing distance but concealed from direct view, a garden room represents the ideal ground for children’s imaginations. In that empty-headed state of grace, which is such fertile soil, is the ground from which the biggest dreams and ideas burst forth.

4 Tools to Use For RV Awning Fabric Replacement

Awnings take all the abuse coming from climatic conditions whether it is installed at home or RVs. The alternating extreme sun, rain and even snow will weaken the fabric in the long run and may need replacement RV awning fabric.

The good thing about replacing the fabric of these awnings is that they will help save people money since they don’t have the buy the whole structure again. If you have an awning that needs RV awning fabric replacement, you have to know the tools that you need to use to remove and reattach the new fabric.


These will be helpful for you if you need to drill out the excess rivets on your awning. There are some models, especially those that have been recently released in the market, which may have extra rivets so you will need a drill to remove them.

Vise grips

You may ask why this is important in replacing RV awning fabric on your awning. Vise grips will be used in clamping the roller assembly. It has the ability to reach or extend up to the shaft cap to make clamping easier.


The screws that you have to get are the self-tapping screws. If you are not familiar with these, these are the types of pointed screws usually used by people for homes. You will need to use these in replacing the rivets that removed before.

Socket wrenches

You will use a socket wrench in removing the attachment plate and roller. These items are attached by a bolt in order replace the RV awning fabric. You will use two socket wrenches for both the head and the nut.

These are just some of the equipments or tools that you will need in order to get the fabric replaced on the awning. They are generally the tools that can be used but it is still better for you to consult your manual since there are models that may require additional tools. As you know, awnings have now taken a different style so there might be other tools needed to make replacement an easy task.

As long as you know these tools and follow the guide, you will be able to replace the RV awning fabric in no time. Now you will not only be able to bring the look of your home back to its previous look but also help you save money from buying new awnings.

Bridge Fuels and the Perfect Plan

“Bridge fuels” refers to fuels that could be used in the short term until non fossil fuels can be developed for use on a broad scale. Oklahoma, it is now believed, has enough natural gas under the surface to supply the energy needs of the entire United States for at least one hundred years. There are also enormous amounts of natural gas in Colorado and other locations in the country. The oil reserves of the United States are of similar huge dimensions.

Congress and the media will be debating energy plans for some time to come, so energy policy will be a big conversation topic each time people start discussing the economy or the environment. No one person’s plan will prevail. There are too many considerations involved for any one plan to be the perfect plan. There are factors beyond human control such as volcanic activity. The world’s energy needs are of mammoth proportions. But so are the resources.

We should all be able to talk about these matters with some degree of intelligence, shouldn’t we? One easy way to discuss rather than argue these matters would be to suggest a plan of your own. That way everybody has a point of reference that helps to organize the conversation. Of course it also makes you appear to be well read, knowledgeable and thoughtful about current environmental issues. So here is the plan.

o One: drill, drill, drill. This is Boone Pickens’ war cry and he is right!

o Two: go after natural gas with a vengeance and plan on extensive use of natural gas for the next 25 years with all the policy ramification that entails. Why 25 years? Because without long term assurances of a market there would be little incentive to incur the expense of recovering this fuel and modifying the delivery system to get it from under the ground to the consumer.

o Three: use solar panels wherever feasible.

o Four: utilize wind power wherever feasible. Wind power has two severe limitations. First, it can only be created when the wind blows. There is no easy, practical or economical way to store large amounts of electricity generated by wind farms. Use it or lose it. Secondly, the cost of delivering electricity from wind farms to users is affordable only for short distances. Building the towers and lines to get it delivered for more than a few miles becomes cost prohibitive. And, of course, wind farms need to be located far out from population centers.

Five: conservation and carbon reduction. Some obvious strategies for accomplishing this would include the following:

o increase the mileage (fuel efficiency) for cars and trucks

o find ways to stop the cutting down of rain forests

o plant more trees – way more trees.

o reduce the prices by increasing supply. Subsidize the energy industries as needed.

o keep going with the R and D focused on developing affordable alternative non-fossil fuel sources.

Important: energy and economies worldwide are tied together. Cheap and plentiful energy reduces the causes of war, promotes development, diminishes poverty and could help nations become more interdependent. National defense is costly and wasteful. So is health care. Let’s not add energy to that list.

How to Assemble a Metal Carport Fast and Accurately

Installing metal carport kits can be easy and a sturdy structure can be fully constructed in just a few hours. You don’t even have to be skilled or experienced in using fancy tools to install a carport. In most cases, you can install the carport on your own with the help of a friend or two in just a few hours time. Most metal carports for sale today contain step by step instructions designed specifically to make the process simple and fast for the average consumer. Following these instructions will help you assemble the carport smoothly without the extra time of trial and error or the extra work of cutting and drilling holes on the materials.

Just like any other assembly procedure or project, preparing the materials needed is always the first step. Carport manufacturers usually provide a checklist of the things you need to have in order to install the carport. The list is helpful because you can also place the materials in the order that they will be needed during the assembly process. There may be cases where the materials provided by the manufacturer are incomplete or there is something broken, but there’s nothing to worry about because most companies can assist you quickly and easily with replacement parts. Remember that preparing the materials is a time-saving step and will help you install the carport much more smoothly especially if you are tackling this large project by yourself.

Most manufacturers recommend that you start assembling a metal carport from the center pieces and then connect them to the side pieces. Meaning, you should first assemble the frame, then the legs or posts of the carport. Always complete each step of the process and avoid skipping steps. Anchoring may sometimes be required, especially in areas with extreme weather. Anchoring from the ground to each post of the carport is definitely needed in areas of extreme weather. It is advisable to anchor your carport even if you are not required just in case because you never know when unpredicted extreme weather will hit your area.

LCD TV Mounting on a Plaster Wall

Putting your LCD TV on a plaster wall is something that could be completed by several people who could prove that they are handy around the house. Installation kits mostly come with instructions that are step by step and easy to follow. But for someone who does not know the difference between wrenches and screwdrivers, a professional installer could be your best option. For just a small amount of money, the installer could be trusted to properly, securely, and safely hang your LCD television on your plaster wall.

After choosing and buying an LCD TV, your next step should be to buy a mounting kit that would fit the TV’s specific model and size. If your TV is just new, the store where you bought it most probably has mounting kits for sale too. The store’s employees could be able to assist you in choosing which would fit your TV. However, it is always a nice idea to research a bit prior to your purchase. Example, some wall mounts have the ability to tilt, while others do not. Before buying a mount, it is important to determine its features that would be best suited for your TV’s permanent location.

After buying a mounting kit, it is now ready to be installed. It is the best time to figure out the perfect spot to hang it. Several factors must be considered in determining the right place. It is easier to hang TVs on interior walls so that you could hide the wiring at the back of the TV. Power source becomes less complex than if the TV is hung on exterior walls. The television placement should complement the room, if you have a sofa in a specific location, then the TV should be mounted facing the sofa. If there is a used fireplace in your room, do not hang your TV above it. There are several tools required to successfully and correctly mount your plasma TV. But if the tools are not easily found, it might be best to hire a professional to install your television. However, anyone is up to the challenge.

Travian Tips For Building a Hammer

A hammer is your offensive strike force in Travian. You mainly use it to destroy and capture enemy villages, but you can use it for raiding too. A proper hammer is a mix of different offensive units; infantry, cavalry, rams and catapults. It’s important to have the right amount of the right ingredients in order to have the most efficient hammer. But the first thing we need to do is to choose which village we build it in…

Capital vs. a Regular Village

These are the two choices we have. Both of them have pros and cons.

Capital hammer in Travian is maybe the easier choice. Your capital can not be captured, so you don’t have to be afraid of your hammer vanishing without a fight. Capitals and hammer villages are prime targets for your enemies. When you have your hammer in the capital you have one important village less to defend. Your capital also produces most of your crops, so your crop production won’t suddenly drop heavily to the negative side when you decide to move your troops. This saves you from the headache of moving tons of food from other villages.

However, you can’t build great barracks or great stable in your capital. This increases your efforts considerably, if you plan to have a huge army. Training a hammer also requires a few building slots, slots that you desperately need in your capital for warehouses and granaries in order to build high level croplands.

The more popular choice among top players in Travian is to have a specific village in which to build the hammer; the hammer village or an offensive village. Unlike the capital, this village can be captured and feeding your troops will become a pain in the ass later on. However, building the hammer to a designated offensive village gives you more flexibility. You can build great barracks and great stable which enable you to have a bigger army. Building slots are now more plenty also. Remember that moving rams and catapults takes a lot of time, so your offensive village should be as close as possible to your capital. This increases the readiness of your troops.

Infantry and Cavalry

These obviously are the muscles in your army. Infantry is cheap and fast to train so it should be the bulk of your army. However, for balance we need to train cavalry also. There is no exact relation on how many units of infantry you need for one unit of cavalry. A good guide line is 1:1 in terms of crop use, in example, four Imperians for one Equites Caesaris. There is no upper limit for these so train, train and train, but remember that you have to feed them too.

In order to save resources in weapons upgrades, you should train only one infantry and one cavalry units.


The importance of rams is often underestimated in Travian. Whether your target village has a wall or not makes a huge difference for the success of your attack. You can check this at the battle simulator found in game. 500+ rams is almost always enough to break a level 20 wall, depending on circumstances. Less than that, try at your own peril. Of course if you have very few infantry and cavalry units to go with them, it’s not worth it to have 500 rams. But eventually 500 is the target.


Catapults are used to destroy buildings. The more you have, the more damage you can inflict. Catapults are very expensive so you shouldn’t build too much. Again, 500 units is a good number to target, enough to make some meaningful damage. 500 units is by no means an upper limit, produce as much as you need.

To give you some idea, it takes about 20 (lvl 20) catapults to destroy a lvl 10 building completely and about 50 for a lvl 20 building. You need lvl 20 rally point in order to do double targeting which is highly recommended because it halves the amount of attack waves you need.

Installing Travertine Mosaic Tiles For A Back Splash

Travertine mosaic tiles can be utilized in a lot of different ways but one of the options that it is most popularly used is as a back splash in the kitchen. This is a good utilization of these tiles to create a great and beautiful design for your kitchen. Most people spend a lot of time and effort to make a kitchen look inviting since, next to the living room, it is the area where people frequent the most.

Usually, your visitors and guests prefer to have a sit in the kitchen and enjoy a cup of coffee while conversing with you as you prepare the meal. In fact, open floor plan kitchens are becoming very popular for just this reason.. Because of this, you want to make your kitchen presentable to any one. There are some things that you should know if you are going to use travertine as back splash in your kitchen area.

You should decide first what color of tiles you are going to install. There are several available colors like ivory, beige, and gold which will all make your kitchen look great. Be sure to have your cabinets and worktops chosen first before you choose a back splash. Of course if you are going to install the splash in an existing kitchen you already know the colors, but if it is a new remodel or a new construction be sure everything matches. You can also opt to combine different colors of travertine so you can achieve a very unique style. And, using more than one size or shape also adds a lot of character.

After you have decided what color you will have for the tiles, you should get the tiles cut into the size as you need them. Generally, tiles can be ordered in several standard sizes or you can special order a size to fit your application perfectly. Then you proceed with the installation of back splash in your kitchen.

If you have no experience with the installation of travertine mosaic tiles and you don’t want to mess things up, your best option is to get the service of a professional. But, the tiles are actually easy to set up if this is going to be done by someone who likes doing these kinds of home improvement projects. Any basic tile installation book can give you step by step instructions with pictures. The first few times I laid tiles I used a how to guide but after that it comes pretty naturally.

How To Install Ceramic Tile

How to install ceramic tile is simple if you have good instructions. There are so many applications that are great for tile. Some are trickier than others. But whether you’re installing ceramic tile on a backsplash or a shower floor in a tile shower, many of the processes are the same. The basic steps of ceramic tile installation could be described as: layout, cutting the tile, applying thinset, laying tile and grouting. The same steps apply for installing marble tile or granite tile also.


After measuring your tile project area and gathering the materials, you are ready to start. Make sure you have a solid surface as a foundation for your tile. Pros often use Hardibaker cement board. Cement board is rigid and not damaged by water. After your base is ready, get your measure, chalk line, square and level and construct your guide lines. Based on the type of job, decide where the cut tiles will look best. If the room is out-of-square by quite a bit, make sure any odd angles of the tile to existing surfaces are in less noticeable areas. Sometimes you may choose to run tile at a 45 degree angle to adjoining surfaces to eliminate mismatching joints. Make plenty of guide lines.

Cutting Ceramic Tile

Tile is cut with a cutter board, with nippers or with a wet saw. The cutter board scores the tile and then the tile can be easily broken. This is for straight cuts. A poor score will equal a ruined tile. Nippers are like pliers that score the tile and let you break the tile in small pieces. Nippers are used for smaller areas. The wet saw is a table saw with a table that moves to the blade. The saw is for straight cuts. Also the saw is used for cuts that must be finished with the nippers, such as in large curves.


Thinset is the adhesive used to stick tile in place. There are actually several types of popular adhesives including various latex blends, both ready-mixed and dry powder to be mixed with water. For larger jobs, the wettable powder is the way to go. Thinset is mixed to the consistency of peanut butter using a drill driven mixer. Thinset is applied with a tile trowel having notched edges. The notches determine how much thinset is on the surface…bigger notches equal more adhesive. You want just enough thinset to cover the surface, but not so much that the adhesive oozes up out of the spacing between tiles.

Laying Tile

Laying tile is an art. Tile size varies and the more variation the harder it is to keep the tile in an eye-pleasing manner. The edges should be aligned in each direction as much as possible. Also the edges of the tile should not be higher or lower than adjoining tile. Unevenness up and down is lippage. It takes time and practice to set tile evenly. Regular plastic tile spacers can help less experienced tile setters make good looking, evenly spaced joints.


Apply grout after the thinset is dry. Grout can be colored and comes sanded or unsanded depending on the width of the joint. Grout is a masonry product but also can include epoxy. Epoxy grout is waterproof and stainproof but is tough to apply because of the smell. Apply grout with a rubber faced trowel. Clean the grout from the tile surfaces before it dries using a regular tile sponge.

Let your grout dry and then apply a regular grout sealer to help resist water and staining.

Those are the basics for installing ceramic tile but the details are what get you, right?