Lead Guitar Tips – How to Practice Hammer Ons and Pull Offs

When you’ve heard of those famous records that have made it to the top it is usually because of the talents of the lead guitar player. When the reference is being made to the guitar that’s in lead this is referring to the ability to be able to play specific melodies. Most often these will include a solo or the instrument only being played by the one individual at the time. All ones has to do is look back at the many famous guitar players to see just how popular playing lead guitar can be.

This is not something that just comes by nature to the majority of these individuals it takes a great deal of time and work and this means dedicating ones self to many many hours of practice. In order for these master guitar players to accomplish what they do there are different categories that they need to learn they have to know how to use the scales in there most detailed forms and then you will also hear terms of licks or rifts that they have to learn as a upcoming guitar player then you will certainly need to learn the terms of what tapping means as well as hammer ons and then of course pull offs.

A term that is often used amongst the guitar world is slurs this is a combination where pull offs and hammer ons are utilized together. What is meant by a hammer is simply that the guitar that is in the lead has the ability to create a sound that is smooth when changing from one note to another. This is the method used to do a solo playing.

If you were to watch a guitar player while they were doing this you would see as they made one motion it created several different notes almost like playing a saxophone for example this is why it is referred to as a slur. When you are thinking about a hammer on it means hitting one string that is open or free this is used for patterns and often you will hear this as being referred to as strumming.

in respect to a pull off it just means that the player is doing a hammer technique first and then reversing it when its reversed this is called the pull off for beginners that are learning how to play this what they should do is on the fifth fret place there index finger this is on the d string and then the ring finger would go on the seventh fret then when the note is played removing the ring finger but not the index finger would give the sound that one is looking for it will sound like a slur.

Tapping is one of the most favourite techniques used by many professional guitar players it is most often seen when a electric guitar is being used but it can be used on almost any type of instrument that contains strings there are two types of tapping which is the one hand or the two hand in either event though both techniques require the use of both hands.

Outdoor Mosaic Tile – Quick Review & Installation Tips!

Outdoor Mosaic Tile can be used in an extensive variety of surface covering installations due to the fact that they are considered as extremely easy to use. One of the reasons that explain the growing popularity of these panels is the fact that they are 100% nature-made. Read the following article in order to learn more about how you can easily remodel any room setting.

Some background

Outdoor Mosaic Tile is about gathering unified flat stones that are glued onto a 12″ x 12″ mesh back. The largest source of these special tiles is undoubtedly the exotic islands of Indonesia, and to be more precise, it is the Island of Bali. Many home-makers use this tiling technique in order to remodel the following: Kitchen walls, bathrooms & showers, flooring, counter tops, patio floors, swimming pools & fireplaces.

Quick advantages

Now that we understand how it works, we need to know this technique’s main benefits:

+ Easily installed over existing surfaces such as old ceramics or plain concrete.

+ Provide unique atmosphere and contemporary look and feel to any room setting.

+ Considered inexpensive compared to other tiling solutions.

Helpful advices!

+ If this is the first time you install these tiles, it is recommended to learn from other’s experience – there are plenty of forums and demonstrational videos on the internet where you can find useful information about first time installation.

+ To appreciate the beauty of these nature-made panels, it is recommended on removing the excess grout with a wet sponge. After all, you want to expose as much of the stones as possible.

+ Upon completion, it is important to wait the adhesive’s recommended drying time before you begin on grouting.

Article summary

Outdoor Mosaic Tile installation can truly enable you to fulfill your creativeness as far as it concerns your own home’s remodeling. If we search a little more, we could easily find other pluses provided by this simple tiling method, simply because most people find it extremely easy to install and maintain. For a simple and enjoyable installation process it is highly recommended to bear in mind the above tips before installation.

Concrete Repairs

Repairing small cracks in Concrete

Clean out the crack with a wire brush to remove dirt and loose stones. Wash the crack with a concrete cleaner. Get commercially available nonacid concrete cleaner made by the same company that makes your patching compound. It is safer and more convenient than the large of muriatic acid masons might use.

Let the surface dry. If the crack is deep and it is in a floor, fill it partially with sand, leaving an opening about 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep. Pour in the crack sealer until it forms a layer 1/4 inch deep. Let it dry overnight and then apply another layer. Repeat until the surface is flush with the floor. Do not overfill, apply enough patch material to bring the surface flush with the floor. If using caulk, smooth with a metal putty knife.

Fixing Large Cracks

With a hammer drill, reshape the crack so the bottom is wider that the top. This helps hold the patch in place. Chisel out any weak or crumbling spots too. If the crack is deeper than 1/2 inch, paint it with a bonding adhesive made by the company that manufactures the patch you are using. Let glue dry thoroughly before applying the patch.

On cracks up to about 1/2 inch deep, Trowel in a vinyl concrete patch. Mix according to the directions on the bag or pail, and trowel a 1/4 inch layer in the the crack. If more layers are necessary, then let the patch dry for several days before applying a new layer. Trowel the final layer flush with the surface and smooth out.

On deeper cracks, mix some sand mix according to the direction on the bag. Trowel it into the cracks, filling it flush with the surface. First, the patch on both deep and shallow cracks will have a watery sheen. When the sheen dries off, se a wooden float to smooth the surface and give it a texture that matches the rest of the concrete. If the existing concrete is very smooth, then smooth the surface with a metal finishing trowel.

13 London Disasters

1. The Fatal Vespers, 1623

In the early part of the seventeenth century, the French ambassador’s residence was Hunsdon House, Blackfriars. On the afternoon of 5 November 1623, more than 300 people were gathered in an upper room of the house to take part in a religious service conducted by two Jesuit priests. The floor beams, not designed to support the weight of so many, gave way and large numbers of the congregation were plunged into the room below. Ninety-five people, including the two priests, were killed and dozens more injured. The disaster, which has been variously called ‘the

Fatal Vespers’, ‘the Blackfriars Downfall’ and ‘the Doleful

Evensong’, was assumed by many Londoners at the time to be the judgement of God on the French Catholics who had offended the Almighty with their idolatrous practices.

2.Execution of Lord Lovat, 1747

The Jacobite Lord Lovat, the last man to be executed by beheading in Britain, faced his death on Tower Hill in 1747. Huge crowds had gathered to see him die and grandstands had been erected to allow spectators a better view of the executioner’s block. One of these stands became so crowded that it collapsed and twenty people were killed. Lovat, waiting to approach the block, witnessed the disaster and appeared to be grimly amused by it. The mair mischief, the mair sport’, he is reported to have said.

3.The London Beer Flood, 1814

On 17 October 1814, in the Horseshoe Brewery in Tottenham Court Road, a huge vat burst its hoops, rupturing other vats, and more than a million litres of beer swept through the brewery walls and into the streets. The sea of beer carried away neighbouring houses and drowned nine people. After the disaster the brewery was brought to court but the judge, deciding that the beer flood qualified as an Act of God, refused to hold it responsible for the deaths. The site of the Horseshoe Brewery is now occupied by the Dominion Theatre.

4.The Sinking of the Princess Alice, 1878

On the evening of 3 September 1878 the pleasure steamer the Princess Alice was returning from a day-trip down the Thames with more than 700 passengers aboard. Near Woolwich, a collier called the Bywell Castle approached the pleasure boat and the captain of the Princess Alice made a tragic mistake in manoeuvring his ship. He ran

directly across the path of the collier. The Princess Alice as almost cut in two and sank in less than five minutes. ^More than 640 people drowned in what was the worst e^ver river disaster in Britain.

5. HHebrew Dramatic Club, 1887

Ifn March 1886 the Hebrew Dramatic Club, the first Ft>urpose-built Yiddish theatre in London, was opened in Princes Street (now Princelet Street), off Brick Lane. Less tthan a year later, disaster struck the theatre. During a performance of an operetta called The Gypsy Princess on 118 January 1887, a fire was mistakenly believed to have tbroken out. As the audience panicked and stampeded for title exits, seventeen people were crushed to death.

6. The Albion Disaster, 1898

On 21 June 1898, the Duchess of York arrived at the Trhames Ironworks dockyard in Canning Town to launch tthe Royal Navy cruiser HMS Albion. Thousands of spectators had gathered to watch the launch and several hiundreds, ignoring danger notices, made their way onto a* temporary bridge that had been erected by the side of smother ship in the dock. As the Albion travelled down tlhe slipway and hit the water, its momentum created a l^arge wave which smashed into the temporary bridge aind plunged many of those standing on it into the water. Trhirty-eight people died. The Scottish ‘poet’ William M4cGonagall, a connoisseur of Victorian disasters, wrote 0)f the Albion tragedy in his own inimitable bad verse: ‘Just ais the vessel entered the water the bridge and staging gave Way/Immersing some three hundred people which caused g>reat dismay/Amongst the thousands of spectators that Were standing there/And in the faces of the bystanders, Were depicted despair.’

7. Trhe Silvertown Explosion, 1917

AV fire broke out at Brunner Mond’s chemical works in Siilvertown on 19 January and ignited 50 tons of TNT that were being stored there. The resulting explosion was devastating, destroying many of the surrounding streets and killing 73 people. A memorial to those who died still stands in North Woolwich Road, El 6, near the site of what was once the factory.

8.Bombing of the Cafe de Paris, 1941

One of the worst disasters of the Blitz took place on the night of 8 March 1941, when a bomb fell on the well- known and fashionable nightspot, the Cafe de Paris in Coventry Street, while the band, led by Ken ‘Snakehips’ Johnson, was playing. Eighty people, including ‘Snakehips’ and several members of his band, were killed.

9.Bethnal Green Tube, 1943

During an air raid warning on 3 March, crowds were making an orderly way into the station when they were panicked, probably by the unfamiliar noise of a new type of anti-aircraft rocket being launched in nearby Victoria Park. A woman carrying a baby lost her footing. Those behind her kept on coming and bodies began to pile up in the stairwell. One hundred and seventy-three people died, mostly from suffocation. Although the government acknowledged immediately that an accident had happened at a tube station, the name of the station was not officially released until two years after the disaster.

10.Ronan Point, 1968

On the morning of 16 May, a gas explosion destroyed much of a twenty-three-storey block of flats called Ronan Point which stood in Clever Road, Newham. Four people died in the disaster (another person died later from injuries sustained in the blast) and Ronan Point had enormous impact on housing policy in the city as those who objected to high-rise blocks found the perfect argument against them.

11.Moorgate Tube Crash, 1975

Just after 8.45 on the morning of 28 February the Northern Line train from Drayton Park, packed with commuters, drew into Moorgate station. Instead of coming to a halt at the platform, it seemed to accelerate and carried on into a dead-end tunnel, crashing into the brick wall at the end of it. The driver and forty-two passengers were killed. Mystery still surrounds the cause of the crash.

12.The King’s Cross Fire, 1987

Thirty-one people died in the devastating fire of 18 November 1987, which began when rubbish and grease under one of the old, wooden escalators were ignited, almost certainly by a discarded match or cigarette end. Full of commuters even at 7.30 p.m., when the fire broke out, the station rapidly became a death trap as a fireball swept up the escalator and into the ticket hall. One of the victims of the fire was not identified until 2004. Alexander Fallon, a homeless, seventy-two-year-old man was so severely burned that it was impossible for forensic scientists to identify his remains until, nearly seventeen years later, new evidence emerged to link him with the fire scene.

13.The Marchioness Disaster, 1989

On 20 August, a collision between the dredger Bowbelle and the pleasure ship the Marchioness just upstream of Cannon Street Bridge resulted in the deaths of fifty-one people. Most of the victims were young people who were attending a party and disco on the Marchioness, and there has been much controversy, still unresolved today, about the exact causes of the disaster, the worst on the Thames since the Princess Alice sinking 111 years earlier.

Rent apartment Buckingham Gardens

Buckingham Gardens

How to Hire a Painter

Think of a superior painting job as a long-term investment in your home, which is likely your biggest asset. Updating your home’s walls is a big job, and while you could finish it yourself, this is one home makeover project important enough to hire a professional for.

You may believe that hiring a painting contractor is a hassle, but that is not how it has to be. If you know the right questions to ask painting contractors before hiring one, the entire project can be a pleasant experience.

Start off on the right foot by knowing who and what you’re really hiring. Use these guidelines to get a reasonable expectation of the job a contractor is going to do on your home – and remember, what you pay for is often what you get. Here’s a personal checklist you should be able to answer before selecting your contractor.

Does the contractor measure up to the competition? Make it easy on yourself and have each painting contractor give you an estimate for the same job (area to be painted, type of paint, number of coats, preparation costs, etc.). Is the contractor’s proposal clear? Does it include a detailed description of the project?

Are you covered? Look for a warranty that covers both materials and labor because labor can make up to 90 percent of the totals costs. Check that the contractor is insured to cover the rest of your home and valuables (furniture, artwork, etc.) and not strictly the room or rooms being worked on. A contractor might nick your doorframe with a ladder, but it is important to be prepared for the possibility of more serious damage. A fire or a flood by contractor negligence could destroy your entire home.

How does the contractor prepare walls? Surface preparation is key to a long-lasting paint job. Ask each painting contractor about his or her preparation process. Listen for terms like scraping, patching, sanding, caulking and priming to gauge how seriously the contractor actually takes your wall preparation.

Does the contractor have credible references? Request a list of previous customers and check out the finished handiwork yourself. Contractors will tell you how high-quality their work is, but you want to see it firsthand. If you can get in contact with previous clients, ask if the contractor lived up to their expectations regarding the quality of work, cleanliness of the workplace and timeline.

Are you safe? Painting jobs require quite a few safety measures. For example, if your home was painted before 1978, you very likely have lead-based paint on your walls. When these walls are scraped or sanded in preparation for repainting, you can be at risk for serious health problems. A high-quality painting contractor handles these unpleasant details and takes the proper precautionary actions for you. Contractors should deal with fumes and dust, handle the elimination of paint residue and dispose of hazardous wastes appropriately. Ask what a contractor’s safety and disposal plan entails to make sure you won’t be at risk or inconvenienced in your own home.

Does the contractor listen? Confirm that the painting contractor is aware of your expectations and knows you won’t be lenient. This is your home, after all. Set your time parameters in advance. There is no need to have the project extend for months because the contractor did not have enough people to cover the job. Establish guidelines and a timeframe you’re comfortable with and don’t be afraid to ask questions.

Are you a priority? Pay attention to each contractor’s accessibility when choosing between them. How long does it take a contractor to get back to you about an estimate? If it takes a quite a few days, don’t expect things will be different once you sign that contract. You need a contractor who will be around if there is a snag in project progress.

Is everything in writing? Once you’ve chosen a painting contractor, make sure everything you’ve agreed upon is in the contract. This includes price, surfaces to be painted, methods and extent of surface preparation, payment procedures and the warranty. Your project is less likely to veer off track if detailed plans are settled and signed in advance.

Remember, this new paint job is an investment in your home. Take the time to really interview painting contractors instead of simply finding the least expensive. A high-quality professional is well worth the money, so don’t settle.

Updating your walls will change the mood of your rooms and your entire home. It should be an uplifting experience – and one with which you are comfortable and in control. Be confident in the changes you are making and choose a contractor who is committed to a safe, timely and gorgeous result.

Crystal Chandeliers – A Luxurious Home Decor For the Elegant Home

You might want to consider installing a crystal chandelier in your home to give it the luxurious and stylish look that any homeowner would want their abode to have. You can always have it remodeled to fit perfectly with your desire to turn it into an elegant piece of property, but the cost might be too overwhelming to suit your taste.

Factors To Consider Before Purchase

People today find it cost-effective to purchase a crystal chandelier rather than going into a stressful home renovation project. There are tons of selections to choose from that will suit any architectural designs of assorted residences today.

But before you start going around furniture shops in your area to purchase a crystal chandelier, you might want to consider the style and theme of your home first to avoid regretting any of your purchase later on.

For starters, you need to decide on where you plan to install your new crystal chandelier. They are perfect in living rooms, hallways, foyers, or even on dining halls to give adequate lighting while giving the room a whole new look. After you have decided where to place the lighting décor, you can now proceed to measuring the area to get the best ones that will suit its size.

Pick A Design

Now that you have all the details for your crystal chandelier purchase, you might want to visit various furniture and lighting shops in your area to check out the designs available. There are different styles to choose from so you need to check them all out first before you decide to guarantee the success of your purchase.

If you think that the selections available in shops in your area don’t fit well with your taste, you might want to check out online furniture Web sites to expand your search. Don’t limit your selection in furniture businesses in your location; you might want to take advantage of the Internet’s coverage to check out other designs in another country to give your home that exotic, yet luxurious look.

Get The Best Price Of Crystal Chandeliers

It is a plain fact that crystal chandeliers are expensive and not all homeowner may find it affordable to purchase. But it’s quite possible to get a good crystal chandelier for your home at a lower price. All it needs is a little patience and a lot of window shopping to achieve.

While you’re comparing crystal chandelier designs, you might want to check out the price tag as well determine whether you can afford it or not. You might want to ask around if these shops will give out discounts for their wares, or wait until they put a red price tag on their products. You might want to check out other shops in the area to compare prices until you find one that will fit perfectly with your home improvement budget.

http://crystal-chandeliers.xon.us/ — Crystal Chandelier

Spaying a Dog – The 5 Biggest Disadvantages

We often hear of the advantages of spaying a dog but what are the disadvantages?

Spaying a dog is an surgical procedure so there will be drawbacks. But to be honest after researching the topic and having my own dogs spayed the small disadvantages are seriously out weight by the advantages.

Not only will your dog receive benefits (which are many) but for the valuable contribution you will make to help ease the burden of millions of unwanted, unloved dogs that are in our Animal Shelters and worse roaming our streets.

Unless you are a licensed committed breeder it makes very little sense not to.

But here are 5 possible drawbacks to spaying a dog

This operation is irreversible

So if you are indecisive whether to breed from your dog or not you can delay her seasons with drugs. these will stop her from becoming pregnant but she could still have “false pregnancies” where your dog will go though the motions of been pregnant.

These drugs can only be issued by a veterinary surgeon as each case has to be treated individually.


Incontinence is occasionally linked with spaying, all though there is researchers who believe this might be more down to the age a dog is spayed or even just old age. Either way there is easily accessible medication in liquid form that you just add to their food. Or there is a simple operation which can be performed to remedy the problem

Coat change

Some breeds coats have a tenancy to become softer after spaying. This is nothing to worry about the fur and skin are perfectly healthy. Some dogs may need a little more brushing than before.

Reaction to the anaesthetic

As with humans there is a slight chance your dog may have a reaction to the anaesthetic that is why it is a good idea to have your pet connect to a heart monitor to pick up any early signs of trouble

Sore and red afterward

Your pooch will probably be a little sore and tender after the operation but this will ware-off after a few days

TIP – Rub vitamin E oil (not cream) around the incision this will moisturise the area and stop any cracking. It also a good time to keep an eye on the stitches.

How to Start Your Own Trenching Service Business

You can be in business for yourself, and be your own boss, if you start your own trenching business service, and work for yourself. Trenching, is basically like digging a long thing hole, maybe 10 inches wide, and 2 feet deep, for 100 yards. That would be a big job, to complete with a shovel.

A trenching machine, is like a big chain saw, a trenching machine digs up the ground to a certain depth, and certain width. Most notable, trenching would be needed for constructing of footings, irrigation lines, cable lines, pipes, underground utilities, water lines, gas lines, pool lines, and more.

Some do it yourself home owners, like to put in their own sprinkler systems. But, when they learn they have to put the lines all underground, it would take forever to use a shovel, and do it by hand. It would be an almost impossible task, so it needs to be trenched. That’s where you come in, and make money with your trenching service. You can offer trenching by the foot, or by the job. You can network with other landscapers, stump grinders, tree cutters, gardeners, tractor service operators, bobcat operators, dump truck drivers, nursery outlets, and more.

You should have a sign on your vehicle, saying the name of your business, and how they can get a hold of you for work. Some trenching machines can be put in the back of a pickup truck or pulled on a trailer. You can also rent a trenching machine from a local equipment rental dealer, until you can get your own.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Powered Lift Chairs

For those individuals that have a problem getting in and out of chair owning a power lift chair can be a real godsend. Chairs with power lift devices may not be the best choice for everyone who has problems with their legs or backs.

We’re going to take a look at both the pros and cons of owning one of these chairs and which individuals will benefit the most.

Okay the first point, in favor of using a powered lift chair is going to be they are extremely safe for individuals that have trouble getting out of their seats but are steady standing on their feet once they are up.

The second positive benefit is all are part of the purchase of the chair may be covered by Medicare.

A 3rd favorable point is the fact that these chairs are made to look like any other quality piece of furniture and are extremely comfortable as well as an asset to anyone that has back or leg problems.

Fourth powered lift chairs can be purchased online at deep discounts.

Last but not least, the 5th point is that many of these chairs are available used as well as new.

And conversely, to help keep this balanced, points against as well such as:

The first down side to powered lift chairs is that they are going to be expensive.

The second negative point is the fact that this type of chair be used only for those that have problems getting up or sitting down. If a person is unsteady on their feet this type of chair would not be the best choice for that type of individual.

A 3rd significant point against power lift chairs is that purchasing a power lift chair without also purchasing a battery backup system will render it useless should you lose power.

So there you have it, the excellent qualities along with the not so excellent ones, the points going for it with the points against.

So, in the final analysis would purchasing a powered lift chair be a good decision or not?

We have a “Yes” response to both questions! Which argument, the good or even the bad, contains the preponderance of weight of opinion as well as the situation of the individual for which the chair is to be used?

Plate Stands – The Proper Way to Display Your Decorative Plates

Plates are a common part of our lives – every house has plates, restaurants have plates, you run into plates everywhere. They’re an integral part of our lives, because as long as we have to eat, we need plates. It’s almost impossible for us to get along without plates in our society. But plates can also be works of art, and many people collect decorative plates, not to eat from them, but to display them in their homes. The problem then is how to display them properly for maximum effect. Just keeping them stacked up in a cupboard or on a counter is certainly not a good way to display plates. The best way to display plates is to use plate stands to display them individually.

By using plate stands, you can spread out and display all the beautiful plates that you’ve collected over the years. You can arrange these stands throughout a room so that they contribute to the decor of the room. When you buy your plate stands, you should consider the appearance of the room or rooms that the plates will be displayed in, and choose stands that will enhance the beauty of the rooms. The stands will become a part of the rooms’ furnishings, so you should choose them carefully. You will find a number of types of plate stands available for sale in your local store, made in different styles and of different materials. There are glass stands, wooden stands, plastic stands, brass stands, and stands that are chrome plated.

Here are some things to take into consideration before you buy your stands. Don’t buy too many stands for the available space, as they will not enhance a room’s appearance if they’re tightly crowded with each other or with other decorations in the room. Keep the colors and style of furnishings in the room in mind and buy stands that will complement them. Don’t buy stands that won’t fit in with the rest of the room. Make sure that the plate stands you buy are stable, will hold the plates securely, and are sturdily made of a material that will last indefinitely without deteriorating. Plan ahead and choose your stands carefully, and your plates will become a valuable and treasured addition to your home’s beauty and charm.

Is Your Crock Pot Really Energy Efficient?

This is a good question. So I figured I would do a little research before I come to any conclusions. To say that I received mixed results is putting it mildly.

According to the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission,” Use Your Crock Pot if you’re preparing a roast, use your slow cooker to cook the meat and any vegetables you will be serving with it. This eliminates the need to use both the oven and the stovetop.” I found this on my first search but I also found a lot of people telling me to do the math. What gives?

So I found another page and someone on the other side of the tracks gives me this. I paraphrased this but math is math. Say you’ve got an oven that uses 220 volts by 10 amps equaling 2200 watts per hour. The thermostat switches the heating element on and off leaving us with about 10 or 15 minutes on time. One quarter of 2200 watts equals 550 watts.

The Crock Pot runs with 120 volts with low amperage. If the Crock Pot runs at 120 volts by 1.5 amps it equals 180 watts. So you run the Slow Cooker at 180 watts by 6 hours and you get 1080 watts.

According to these guys you are much better off cooking your meals in the oven. They were not alone and neither was the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission. So I guess it really boils down to who you’re talking to. Or does it?

As I sat hear thinking it occurred to me that not everyone is not in the same position. Some people are using high energy efficient ovens with new insulating and technology giving their oven an advantage over someone with an older model. People are recognizing the efficiency of gas stoves over electric. This list goes on and on…

Crock Pots emit a lot less heat than an oven saving on air conditioning on hot summer days. Anyone who has had one very long will tell you that a slow cooked inexpensive cut of meat will come out melting in your mouth tender. This is another benefit altogether but I feel should be mentioned with the price of meat these days. Ouch!

For the Crock Pot people there is the issue with the age of the Slow Cooker. Some of the newer models are far more energy efficient than their older counterparts. The size of the slow cooker has a lot to do with energy efficiency. Some people like me tend to remove the lid releasing all the heat forcing the cooker to reheat the area over again.

The bottom line to this issue boils down to the variables. Who has the better oven or maybe the better Crock Pot. The real benefit of using a slow cooker is the way the meal comes out. Some of these dishes are dynamite. They can be big time savers if set to cook in the morning and left until dinner time. It’s so nice not to have to cook after work. So after you remove the old Electric Wok from the cabinet, don’t worry so much- pull out the slow cooker and use it for what it was meant for: cooking great tasting meals! 

How to Restore Door Panels and Carpets – Easy and Quick Guide

The restoration process of automotive door panels and carpets is no hard job at all if you had primarily determined the items or parts that should be detached or removed so as for you to do the job. The fact is, you can do it by yourself and can be done after couple of hours. However, you need to remember that you must obtain first the proper tools or materials needed in this job. If you have then already the tools and materials in restoring door panels and carpets, you can now follow these steps.

1. Lay the carpet under the sun for at least 2 – 3 hours so that the wrinkles or folds will gone and to make the job easier.

2. While waiting for the carpet, remove the cables of the battery in your car so as for you to ensure safety while working.

3. Get now the tools needed in restoring the door panels and carpets such as the torx, drivers, awl and ice pick.

4. Remove the front seats of your car safely, be sure not to damage any electric connections that are attach in the seats. Unfasten the tracks that are bolted to the floor of the car properly. Typically, you need to move first the rear seat so that you can remove the bottom, grab it one point and pull it upwards.

5. After removing the seats, next thing to do is to remove the seat belts. The bolts that attach the seat belts is already exposed, that is why you will easily remove it. In most cars, one side of the belt is attached to the floor and the other side is on the frame rail so you need to remove it both.

6. Now, remove the interior kick panels, trim and sill plates. Then you need also to remove the console and floor shifter.

7. After which, remove the old rug or carpet by grabbing one angle and roll neither pull it to the center and out of the car. Clean the flooring of your car or if you want you can also wash it but be sure that all electrical wirings are properly secured keeping them dry and undamaged.

8. After that, lay the new carpet and trim the edges so as for the new carpet to properly fit in your car.

9. Finally reinstall the parts that you have removed initially following the same procedure as on how you remove it.

Restoring door panels and carpets is very easy that any car owner can do for their car. So the next time you need to restore door panels and carpets you don’t need to visit a car upholstery shop or car repair / restoration shop making you to save money effectively.

Writing Lesson Plan – A Children’s Writing Lesson Plan For Beginners

Since many aspiring children’s book writers are also teachers, it might be a good idea to offer some advice in a familiar format — a writing lesson plan. We’ll develop this plan step-by-step.


Let’s start our adventure with a look at the categories of children’s books:

* Picture books — In its broadest definition, a picture book is a book in which the illustrations play a significant role in telling the story. Under this umbrella are several types of books:

1. Baby Books — For infants and young toddlers, these books are generally lullabies, nursery rhymes, fingerplays, or wordless books. The length and format varies with the content.

2. Toddler books — Very simple stories for ages 1-3 (under 300 words) familiar to a child’s everyday life, or concept books (teaching colors, numbers, shapes, etc.) Books are short (12 pages is average) and the format can be board books (sturdy paper-over board construction), pop-ups, lift-the flaps or novelty books (books that make sounds, have different textures, etc.) See the “Max” series of board books by Rosemary Wells (Dial).

3. Picture books — Traditionally, picture books (also called “picture story books”) are 32-page books for ages 4-8 (this age may vary slightly by publisher). Manuscripts are up to 1500 words, with 1000 words being the average length. Plots are simple (no sub-plots or complicated twists) with one main character who embodies the child’s emotions, concerns and viewpoint. The illustrations (on every page or every other page) play as great a role as the text in telling the story. Occasionally a picture book will exceed 1500 words; this is usually geared toward the upper end of the age spectrum. Picture books cover a wide range of topics and styles. The list of Caldecott Medal winners, available from your library, is a good place to start your research. Nonfiction in the picture book format can go up to age 10, 48 pages in length, or up to about 2000 words of text.

4. Early picture books — A term for picture books geared toward the lower end of the 4-8 age range. These stories are simple and contain under 1000 words. Many early picture books have been reprinted in the board book format, thus widening the audience. The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle (Philomel) is an example.

As we continue our writing lesson plan, we step up to a slighty older age group:

* Easy readers — Also called “easy-to-read”, these books are for children just starting to read on their own (age 6-8). They have color illustrations on every page like a picture book, but the format is more “grown-up” — smaller trim size, sometimes broken into short chapters. The length varies greatly by publisher; the books can be 32-64 pages long, with 200-1500 words of text, occasionally going up to 2000 words. The stories are told mainly through action and dialogue, in grammatically simple sentences (one idea per sentence). Books average 2-5 sentences per page. See the “Amelia Bedelia” books by Peggy Parish or other “I Can Read” books published by Harper Trophy.

* Transition books — Sometimes called “early chapter books” for ages 6-9, they bridge the gap between easy readers and chapter books. Written like easy readers in style, transition books are longer (manuscripts are about 30 pages long, broken into 2-3 page chapters), books have a smaller trim size with black-and-white illustrations every few pages. See “The Kids of the Polk Street School” series by Patricia Reilly Giff (Dell) or the “Stepping Stone Books” published by Random House.

* Chapter books — For ages 7-10, these books are 45-60 manuscript pages long, broken into 3-4 page chapters. Stories are meatier than transition books, though still contain a lot of action. The sentences can be a bit more complex, but paragraphs are still short (2-4 sentences is average). Chapters often end in the middle of a scene to keep the reader turning the pages. Look at the “Herbie Jones” books by Suzy Kline (Puffin) and the “Ramona” books by Beverly Cleary (Morrow).

* Middle grade — This is the golden age of reading for many children, ages 8-12. Manuscripts suddenly get longer (100-150 pages), stories more complex (sub-plots involving secondary characters are woven through the story) and themes more sophisticated. Kids get hooked on characters at this age, which explains the popularity of series with 20 or more books involving the same cast. Fiction genres range from contemporary to historical to science fiction/fantasy; nonfiction includes biographies, science, history and multicultural topics. Check out some middle grade novels from the list of Newberry Medal winners at your library to get you started.

Our final stop for this writing lesson plan is one of the hottest areas of publishing:

* Young adult — For ages 12 and up, these manuscripts are 130 to about 200 pages long. Plots can be complex with several major characters, though one character should emerge as the focus of the book. Themes should be relevant to the problems and struggles of today’s teenagers, regardless of the genre. The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton defined young adult when it was first published in 1967; the Newbery Medal award list also contains many worthy titles. A new age category (10-14) is emerging, especially with young adult nonfiction. These books are slightly shorter than the 12 and up category, and topics (both fiction and nonfiction) are appropriate for children who have outgrown middle grade but aren’t yet ready for the themes (fiction) or who aren’t studying the subjects (nonfiction) of high school readers.

Back with Step 2 of our writing lesson plan soon! In the meantime, visit http://cbiclubhouse.com to learn about the right way to write stories and submit them to children’s book publishers.

The Importance of Using Just the Right Newel Posts and Stair Railing

A properly designed and built flight of stairs is a thing of great beauty. Every part that goes into creating it plays an important role in the final product. The stair railing and the newel posts are not only important for the overall design but also for the issue of safety.

Choosing Newel Posts

Newel posts are those large posts at the beginning, and sometimes in the middle and top of a flight of stairs. In older homes, these were the central point, bearing elaborate designs and adding a bit of flourish. The range of materials used these days has changed a lot, but wood still remains a popular choice.

Oak remains widely used, not only because it is strong and durable, but when finished, it has a beautiful natural honey color. Other wood types such as ash, maple and cherry are also common. Cherry’s dark-brown color can blend in well with many colors used in home decor.

One of the first decisions a buyer will be faced with is whether to use an over the post system or a post-to-post system. With an over the post system, the stair railing runs over the newel posts, while the latter is attached using fixtures from post to post.

Whether or not you are choosing custom designed newel posts, there are some things to keep in mind. Some buyers are satisfied with the options offered by manufacturers. Either way, you should pay attention to:

* The decor of the building or home it will be used in

* The prevailing environmental conditions, since certain finishes are better suited for some climates than others

* The amount of money that is available for upkeep and maintenance

Choosing a Stair Railing

The choice of stair railing used whether on the exterior or interior of a home will rest on various factors. Exposure to the elements demands the use of the most durable material available. Maintenance and upkeep will be more time consuming in these cases.

Wood is still a very popular stair railing choice whether it will be used indoors or outdoors. The same types of wood used for newel posts are also suitable and for the same reasons. Using it in combination with metal or some other material can create a unique look.

Since the main purpose is to keep users safe, the design and size of the stair railing should be suitable for anyone regardless of age. The elderly, children and people with disabilities will find it easier to hold onto simpler types. It does not have to be boring or unattractive, but a less elaborate design may be appropriate.

Caring for Staircases

No staircase will retain its luster without some amount of maintenance. Depending on the material used to make them, the cleaning methods will differ. For external staircases made of wood, there are times when apart from sweeping the treads, a little washing with soap and water and a broom is necessary.

The following steps are helpful in cleaning interior wooden staircases:

* Sweep or vacuum the steps

* Polish or wipe with the recommended solution based on the type of wood and varnish used when making the steps

* Dust or wipe down the stair railing and newel posts, paying particular attention to grooves and carvings where dirt may accumulate

Never use wax or any type of solution that can make the stairs slippery. Check every few months for any signs of damage or decay. Detecting problems early makes it easier and cheaper to effect repairs. Check the stair railing, newel posts, balusters and treads for cracks, warping or holes.

Remember that anything made of wood is tempting to termites, so keep up your annual inspections. Proper maintenance will maintain the look of the stairway, and in effect the value of the home. A beautiful stair railing can improve the resale value of even the most basic building.

The Benefits of Using Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete As a Replacement For Historical Terracotta

When historical terracotta is severely corroded, damaged, and worn, one option is to simply remove it and replace it with a different material. Many people consider this approach a last resort, however, and look for ways to restore the element and the material to its original appearance. Currently, there are several materials that can be used to do just that. One of them is Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete (GFRC). This article will outline why GFRC is a good choice for restoration and renovation projects.

GFRC is an architectural terracotta replacement that is lightweight.

The low weights of GFRC cladding and elements make this material a desirable alternative. Lower weights mean easier hoisting and installation, and replacing terracotta with a lightweight material will also reduce loads on the structure.

GFRC can be used to replicate the colors, details, and textures found in traditional architectural terracotta.

If repairs to terracotta are going to be made, they need to be seamless. Sections that look different from the surrounding architectural terracotta will detract from the appearance of the entire building. Qualified professionals are able to shape and finish GFRC to perfectly match almost any sample.

GFRC is durable, low maintenance, and long lasting when used as a replacement for traditional terracotta.

In many cases, architectural terracotta becomes damaged, cracked, and worn because steel reinforcements rust and swell when exposed to moisture. This causes damage to the surrounding architectural terracotta. GFRC is reinforced with rust-proof glass fibers, so it is more moisture resistant than many terracotta elements. GFRC is also known for its durability and long life span, and requires minimal maintenance.

GFRC is non combustible.

GFRC is a replacement that will not burn, so it can be installed with confidence.

GFRC is an environmentally-friendly material.

GFRC is made from natural materials, so it is a wonderful choice for those who strive to make environmentally-responsible decisions whenever possible.

If your building has historical terracotta cladding or elements that are damaged or worn, it’s important to know that they can probably be renovated and/or restored. By using an architectural terracotta replacement like GFRC, it’s possible to make seamless, long-lasting repairs to historical terracotta.