The Most Important Types of Wood Used in Wide Plank Flooring

When your house demands a brand new look, you should offer it the best. There are various types of plank flooring: antique flooring, exotic flooring, domestic flooring etc. over a dozen of variety of grades, widths and lengths are offered by many producers of plank flooring. This is how you get the warm and the special atmosphere in your home, with a unique, natural and fashionable floor.

Firstly, before you order any kind of floor, take into account that the planks may contents very infrequent know swirls and may have minor color and grain variation. All floorings are guaranteed against manufacturing defects: unsound material, defective milling, improper moisture content.

Secondly, next you have a small description of some types of flooring.

The antique wood flooring provides a unique patina and character that only years of use can provide. This type of flooring is made from different species. The antique American chestnut is the dominant species in the American hardwood forests; it is very rare. The antique white pine is typically found in New England homes as wide plank flooring; the tree is tall and strong. Another one is the antique yellow pine which is typically found in agriculture buildings in New England, it is primarily composed of Northern hard pine species and it makes a durable floor.

Another type of flooring is the domestic flooring. This wide plank flooring product is one of the most popular and economical products. Hard maple makes for a beautiful, strong floor. It has been used in bowling alleys and basketball courts. Cherry is a fine grained wood as it displays a deep lustrous look. Walnut has a heartwood that ranges in color from light to chocolate brown. It is a fine grained wood, with curly and burly figure.

The last type of wood we present you is the exotic one. Most of the exotic hardwood floors offered are extremely hard and durable. Santos Mahogany is a consistent dark reddish brown color, the rich deep dark red color adds warmth and glow to your floor. Peruvian walnut is a relative of the black walnut found in the United States. The Brazilian Oak is found in Costa Rica, Panama, Brazil and Venezuela. It has color and grain qualities similar to domestic oak.

Of course, this are not the entire list of types of wood the producers offer you, however these are the most important. Choose carefully, and keep in mind the exact look and feel you are going for.

Creating A Written Employee Coaching Plan

I’m often asked to help companies create individual employee coaching plans. As we begin to think about creating this type of document, HR professionals need to fully understand the landscape that they are being asked to traverse. We need to ask three critical questions:

  1. Is this a coaching plan or a performance improvement plan?
  2. Are we targeting this person for the next level?
  3. How will we measure our success?

Once we have the answer to these three questions, we can begin to craft our Employee Coaching Plan. The first question, “Is this a coaching plan or a performance improvement plan?” is the fundamental piece of knowledge we need before we can move forward. If you are asking “What is the difference between the two?” let me explain.

A Coaching Plan is a document that outlines skill gaps that need to be closed. It is generally an outline for improvement for someone who is already successful in the job. We’re working with them to grow their skills-maybe we want to move them around laterally or we’ve gotten some complaints on an area or two that need improvement.

On the other hand, a Performance Improvement Plan, often referred to as a “PIP”, is a document that is designed for someone who is not performing up to expectations in their current role and it generally means if sustained performance doesn’t occur right away, we’ll be asking the employee to leave the organization. Often, we give the person who is going on a PIP the option to resign with severance or go on the PIP. Most employees, unfortunately, tend to choose the PIP when it would have been a much better choice to take the severance. Usually, when a manager is at the PIP stage, the employee is in an unrecoverable state and will ultimately fail. The second question, “Are we targeting this person for the next level?” will help us craft our plan. If we are looking to move this person up in the ranks, a coaching plan might include some interesting development areas. For example, if we have a manager that we are looking to move into the executive ranks, perhaps we need to put some professional polish on them. In that case, the plan might include consulting with an etiquette professional or a wardrobe consultant. If it is presentation skills, we might have them work with an acting coach or another executive in our organization to hone those skills.

Finally, the question “How will we measure our success?” needs to be answered. If we are putting someone on a PIP, our success might be as simple as getting the person to leave the organization voluntarily or it might be that the PIP served as a wake-up call that their performance needed to improve. For a manager, success might be that the person didn’t succeed in the PIP and they now have solid ground to terminate their employment. If on the other hand we’re looking at a coaching plan, success there will be measured by the change in behavior that will allow us to move and grow this individual. It will show determination and willingness to change in order to succeed.

Whatever you do, think back to basic goal development. If you use the SMART methodology in goal setting, making your goals:

  • SPECIFIC (the who, what, where, how and when)
  • MEASURABLE (how will I know when the goal is achieved)
  • ATTAINABLE (the goal is possible to achieve-the person isn’t set up for failure)
  • REALISTIC (it is an objective that you are both willing and able to work towards)
  • TIME BOUND (there is a beginning, a middle, and an end)

You’ll be able to answer the question “How do I create a writing employee coaching plan”.

Learn more at Talent Insight Group

Wrought Iron Railings – Tips on How to Repair Them

Wrought iron is made of sturdy and durable material. Like any other material that can last a lifetime, it still has the tendency to become dull and rusty. With wrought iron railings specifically, there is always a possibility for it to get tarnished or even cracked.

The good thing about it though, there are easy minor repairs that can be done to restore the beauty back to your railings. This would definitely save a lot of money as well all know how expensive new iron railings can get.

Old iron railings tend to become brittle over time that they might just snap out all of a sudden when pressure is applied on it. Before this happens, it is really best to prioritize repairing old and worn out railings that are inside the home as it could be a potential hazard, especially for children.

Repairing Tips for Wrought Iron Railings

With a bit of caution and a little knowledge, repairing wrought iron railings can easy as 1-2-3.

Tools such as metal cement, saw, drill, and a tool to smooth and basic woodworking tools will be needed to do minor repairs on your railings.

In most cases, welding the railing can effectively correct the problem. If the problem though, is a broken piece of iron, supporting the metal’s interior may be the preferred solution than re-welding. This is especially true for a support rail or staircase. Also, while metal cement can be used to solve this problem, sometimes it is also better to stabilize the whole pole or post for a more effective and lasting solution. Still, if you are uncertain, it is best recommended to call a wrought iron professional.

More often than not, metal professionals or craftsmen would advise you to bring a sample piece of the railing that needs to be repaired. There are also repair procedures that involve steel or wooden inserts into the problematic post or pipe. In most cases, this repair solution works, also making your broken railings look like new again. The rationale behind the repair-support process of is ultimately for safety purposes. As long as the repair ensures stability, then the newly-repaired railing will do fine.

Bring a Distinctive Look to Your Deck by Installing Starburst Railings

If you are bored by looking at the same pattern of design for your deck, then you can install star burst railings and bring about a whole new look to the deck. With star burst railings, the deck will have a trendy look and to add to this, it also gives you more privacy while having a relaxing time on the deck. These railings are designed by playing with the balusters in such a way that it gives out the appearance of spindles that start as a cluster from the bottom rail and thin out as they reach the rail at the top.

If you use star burst railing designs that are made out of wood as the material for construction, then the whole process becomes relatively simple and the final result is beautiful and elegant. All you need to make sure is that you adhere very strictly to the building code requirements that are relevant to your area. For star burst railings, the specified space between the bottom rail and the deck floor is 4″. Of course, depending on the area the building code requirements may alter to a certain extent, but not radically.

The benefit of the star burst design is that there is no rigidity about using them in isolation. This means that they can be used very effectively by combining them with various other railing designs. This is one reason why star burst railings are so much in vogue today. In fact, when star burst railings are used as the definitive feature in combination designs, it appears very classy and trendy. In other words, by incorporating this railing into your overall deck design, your deck will have a very modern look that will give you a lot of joy and pride. If you are skeptical about the number of star burst patterns that you should include in your deck design, a good idea would be to look at the size of the deck and then arrive at a rational decision so that the ultimate result looks apt and definitely not overdone.

The materials that are normally used for constructing star burst railings are wrought iron and wood. Aluminum which has wonderful qualities like light weight and durability and is relatively easy to maintain is also a good alternative for constructing star burst railings. If these railings are made out of wood or wrought iron they can blend easily with different styles of railings. However, if these railings are made from wood they cannot be kept outdoors as it may lead to the material being damaged due to the rain and harsh rays of the sun. So, for outdoor settings, star burst railings made from wrought iron and aluminum are preferable.

Metaphysical Travel, Higher Knowledge For Upcoming 2012 Events

Metaphysical travel-also called sacred travel-is a burgeoning branch of today’s tourist industry. Popular destinations tend to be mysterious places, especially those many of us have difficulty believing could have been constructed by an ordinary human labor force. Egypt’s pyramids, Stonehenge, and Machu Picchu all come to mind. “Whoever constructed them, did so on places that were already places of power on the earth – the acupuncture points of mother Earth, that hold powerful energies,” notes the proprietor of Body and Mind Spirit Journey, a travel outfit based in Sedona, Arizona.

People who sign up for these journeys of recreational self discovery say they do it to connect with the unique spiritual energy or higher knowledge they believe they will find at these universal sacred places. For example, metaphysical travelers seek the accumulated wisdom of the advanced civilization of Atlantis, thought by some to have been secretly deposited on the site of the Great Pyramid of Khufu.

To be effective, metaphysical appointments need to be kept on time-and you must be in the right place. Historians of religion call them hierophanies, or manifestations of the sacred. They can be good, such as the Virgin Mary appearing on the wrinkles of a plate glass window or a weeping statue, or evil, such as the plume of smoke in the shape of a devil that many saw issuing from the destruction of the World Trade Center. Hierophanies can be great crowd pleasers. They invite participation; they evoke a feeling of being connected. Some witnesses feel as if their participation actually helps bring about the event.

One of Mexico’s most popular destinations for acquiring a transcendent fix via hierophany is the Maya Pyramid of Kukulcan (the feathered-serpent god), also known as El Castillo, at Chichen Itza in Yucatan. If you are there on the afternoon of the spring equinox, you can witness, as I have, the shadow of the “descending serpent” cast on the northern balustrade by the northwest corner of the stepped pyramid. A sculpted serpent head at the stairway’s base adds to the drama of the imagery. Every year on March 20 crowds numbering in the tens of thousands fill the vast plaza surrounding the pyramid to witness the spectacle, today presided over by government officials. There are dancers, musicians, groups of meditators, and hosts of sacro-tourists, many of them North Americans and Europeans.

Kukulcan was the Maya god of rejuvenation and his effigy symbolizes the renewal of life. Mircea Eliade, the historian of religion who invented the term hierophany, once wrote that spring is a resurrection of all life. In that cosmic act, all the forces of creation return to their first vigor. Life is wholly reconstituted; everything begins afresh; in short, the primeval act of the creation of the cosmos is repeated, for every regeneration is a new birth, a return to that mythical moment when for the first time a form appeared that was destined to be constantly regenerated.

Long a part of Western history, Gnosticism embraces the idea that higher knowledge, not faith, is the key to salvation and that it can be acquired by ordinary mortals. Between the first and sixth centuries AD, for example, Gnosticism served as a middle ground between paganism and newly emergent Christianity. The Gnostics were a class of sects who believed, unlike their mainstream Christian counterparts, that it was ignorance rather than sin that cut us off from union with the creator. They devoted themselves to what they termed the “search for true knowledge.” Instantly revealed truth, they said, could be found among all civilizations and every faith contained a germ of truth that culminated in Christ.

Contemporary Gnosticism straddles the boundary between science and religion. Often laced with scientific language, this new brand of Gnosticism is built around the basic idea that all existences originate in a higher power that manifests itself by successive emotions that take the form of temporal turning points, or turnovers, of eons. Ecstasy or catastrophe? The prognosis for these stressful times is usually doom, hopefully accompanied by salvation or selfrealization, provided we do the right thing, be in the right place at the right time-connect.

Samsung PN50B550 50 Inch 1080p Plasma HDTV – Is This Plasma TV Better Than It’s LCD TV Counterpart?

It’s becoming increasingly well known that high-definition plasma TV sets such as the Samsung PN50B550 50-Inch 1080p Plasma HDTV are more capable of providing a greater viewing experience when compared to their LCD TV counterparts. Such superior qualities of a plasma TV over an LCD TV is often sharper images, stronger contrast, more vibrant colors, a significantly faster refresh rate, and a virtually lossless picture regardless of viewing angle. The downside to most modern high-definition plasma televisions would likely be the amount of energy they consume. Fortunately for you, the Samsung PN50B550 50-Inch 1080p Plasma HDTV is ENERGY STAR certified, meaning that it only consumes an estimated 50% of the amount of energy that’s spent on most high-definition plasma televisions, and more impressively, doing so without sacrificing any of the impressively fluid and sharp picture quality that plasma TV units are known for.

Though the Samsung PN50B550 50-Inch 1080p Plasma HDTV may not have the same image definition as the most expensive high-definition plasma TV units on the market, it’s contrast and color are definitely an impressive thing to behold. Colors are more vivid and vibrant, accentuating the picture and bringing it to a state of realism that’s not seen in many high-definition televisions to date. As if the vast array of healthily saturated colors weren’t enough, Mega Dynamic Contrast steps into the picture to provide even deeper, more rich blacks that take high-definition content to the next level.

If you know high-definition, then you know what 1080p is all about. As suggested in the full title of the Samsung PN50B550 50-Inch 1080p Plasma HDTV, this plasma TV supports 1080p resolution. Not only that, but it goes a step beyond to offer what’s known as 1080p Full HD Motion, which is designed to ensure that your screen always maintains a 1080p resolution and silky smooth framerate, even during fast-paced action sequences and high-speed sports plays. Because of this advanced technology, the Samsung PN50B550 50-Inch 1080p Plasma HDTV can produce a far more natural picture, all while maintaining the amazing image sharpness and vibrant array of colors that’s often lost in lesser quality HDTV units. To top it all off, lack of input ports won’t be an issue at all, as the Samsung PN50B550 50-Inch 1080p Plasma HDTV comes loaded with an old-school A / V input, two component cable ports, and an impressive four available HDMI jacks.

If you’re considering investing in your own Samsung PN50B550 50-Inch 1080p Plasma HDTV, know that at select sources, you can receive a discount of up to 24% off the standard retail price, bringing this television down to an average of $1,050. When comparing the massive 50-inch screen size, crystal clear picture quality, outstanding color range, and abundance of enhancing features to the overall price of the model, the value of this plasma TV is unbeatable.

Let’s Think About the Core and Its Innumerable Attributes

“There is a need to discover that we are capable of solitary joy and having experienced it, know that we have touched the core of self.” – Barbara Lazear Ascher

How about that almost overused word, “core?” It pops up in an incredible number of ways. And yet, they all do relate in fundamental strength and meaning. In this article, I am discuss the core of our careers, our physical cores and mental cores.

Last week I was being interviewed about my “Portfolio Career” (many careers at the same time) and I shared that a well-known marketing guru had suggested that I pick one (career) to be the “best in the world at” and keep the others as hobbies.

Just as those of us who pursue a variety of avocations experience similar advice, I found myself on the defensive. We have been told that generalists are not valued. We should specialize, specialize, specialize and focus, focus, focus.

The refreshing part of last week’s interview was that my interviewer suggested that my core approach is portfolio careering and I answered that I plan to be the “best Portfolio Careerist in the world.” Yes, I am excellent at focusing on the career or task I am pursuing at the time. And, I have a heck of a lot of fun doing it, too!

“Human beings crave freedom at their core.” – John Ensign

“The turning point in the process of growing up is when you discover the core of strength within you that survives all hurt.” – Max Lerner

And then, there’s the physical core. If you have been involved with any kind of physical fitness, you know that one of the latest trends is to build and establish “core strength and stability.” I teach a class called Resist-A-Ball where we work on our cores – our “powerhouses” – to build strength, stability and proper alignment. Yoga and Pilates classes also stress and work on these goals.

“My athleticism was really the core to social acceptance, because in those days the overwhelming number of students came from more of a public school background than I did.” – Roger Bannister

“1. Optimize potential. 2. Facilitate empowerment. 3. Implement visioning. 4. Strategize priorities. 5. Augment core structures.” – Connie Willis

Finally, our mental core. We have been told over and over again that attitude is everything. As you may have gathered by now, I am a self improvement junkie, so own and consume a plethora of self improvement programs. They may state it in different ways, but they all agree that our core mindset determines the outcome of every goal, project, task and relationship.

I believe right down to my core that optimism and a positive mental outlook prove to work in our favor. Yes, we do need to couple them with action. But, I submit to you that even with action, if we have a bad attitude, we won’t get very far.

Here are two more quotations for you to chew on and think about:

“Above and beyond having the social life, to have a core group of people that you work with and spend time with and learn how to work with is a nice thing.” – Shawn Ashmore

“You have to be able to look yourself in the mirror and be true to your core values.” – Alastair Wood

I urge you to consider your career core, physical core, and mental core. You may surprise yourself!

Four Ways to Fight a Receding Hairline

A receding hairline is usually the first sign of male pattern baldness. A large percentage of males suffer from this over time as they begin to age. Luckily, there are a number of treatments and ways you can cover up this issue. Here are four treatment options for a receding hairline.

1. Hair transplants in the long run, end up being the most cost effective way to eliminate your receding hairline. In addition, they are also the most permanent method that you will find. The hair that is implanted to the affected area is usually from a specific area on the back of the head which is not affected by the androgen that attaches to our hair follicles to cause hair loss.

It is important to find a physician with a good track record performing this type of procedure. After careful examination of the back of the scalp the doctor will then be able to determine the specific area on the back of the head which is not affected by the androgen dihydrotestosterone. As soon as the new hair grafts are implanted, they typically have a 99 percent survival rate.

2. Unlike what was thought in the past of minoxidil, a 2003 study revealed that it can work at treating frontal hair loss. It is a requirement to use minoxidil twice a day and consistency is important.

Any improvement that has been made will disappear if you discontinue using the product. The downside to this, is that you need to continue using it the rest of your life if you want to maintain your hair.

3. Low level laser therapy has been used to treat many different things. It has been used with good results as a remedy for irritations, scars, inflammations, and wounds. Low level lasers energize our cells to work efficiently. Our hair follicles are cells and they are also energized when exposed to low level lasers.

Low level laser therapy can be found at hair loss clinics and it is usually provided by placing the clients head under a hood which transmits laser to the scalp. Hair salons and clinics charge thousands of dollars to provide low level laser therapy. The most affordable way of receiving low level laser therapy is by purchasing a laser comb. The Hairmax laser comb has been cleared by the FDA to promote hair growth in men who have androgenetic alopecia.

4. Propecia is a medication that has been cleared by the FDA to fight male pattern hair loss. It is only available by prescription from a doctor and it is intended to be taken once a day. This medication functions by inhibiting an enzyme in the body that mixes with testosterone to create dihydrotestosterone. The result is less dihydrotestosterone produced by the body.

Propecia is one of the most effective drugs to stop or slow down hair loss but it does have a downside. Many men experience serious side effects. Some of the side effects that have been reported by some are loss of libido, erectile dysfunction, tender breasts, and even breast enlargement. Frontal hair loss does not seem as such a bad thing when you compare it to these side effects. It is important to talk to a doctor that you trust before taking this drug and if you don’t feel comfortable with the drug, use some of the alternatives available.

Insight to 2009-2010 Honda Odyssey

In Europe, the Honda Odyssey is identified as Honda Shuttle, minivan, or “Big MPV”. It was manufactured by the Japanese automobile makers in 1994 for the first time. In 1999, Odyssey was sold under different labels. It is currently sold as bigger Odyssey in North American marketplaces and smaller Odyssey in Japan and other markets around the globe. The non North American and 1st generation Odyssey models were mostly compact MPV size.

As a result of advancement in the new Odyssey vehicles, the 2009 Odyssey EX-L was rated as the most excellent value in this inspiring lineup. In EX-L, the letter “L” stands for standard leather upholstery. The EX-L trim comes with grubby shoes, fruit-drink packs, onion rings. For elders, it has power sunroof, heated frontage seats, high petroleum financial system version of Honda Odyssey’s standard V-6 steam engine. Honda Odyssey basic price is 33,727 dollars. It fits smartly between 26,925 dollars with entry level car and $41,675 with high-line touring edition

Honda launched the ACE engineered body in 3rd generation Odyssey. Later it was also used in 8th generation Civic. Side-screen airbags and electronic constancy control are integrated in all the current Honda models. These features were not available in earlier generation models.

Only the external color differentiates the 2009 Odyssey model from 2008 model. The 2009 Odyssey was designed based on 2005 model, but now it is now being fully redesigned for the year 2010. Redesign includes updated internal features, new external styling and most probable beginning of soaring mileage V-6 diesel steam engine to move along with modified gasoline V-6.

Renovation Works in France – The Rules to Comply With

Thus, for light renovation works (repairs, internal repainting, laying of new floor etc) no particular authorisation is required. This extends to heavy renovation but not exceeding a surface area of two square meters.

For heavy renovations, namely works carried out with a view to change the use of a construction (e.g. turning a barn into habitation or an office into a dwelling, changing the external aspect of a building, its volume or number of floors, the addition of a balcony or terrace, etc.) all require some form of authorisation, as they fall within the scope of the rules of the Town Planning Code ‘code de l’urbanisme’, the local plan of land occupation (“plan d’occupation des sols” (POS) or “plan local d’urbanisme” (PLU), and in the case of co-ownerships, the co-owners’ regulations (“réglement de copropriété”).

The authorisation required may either be a declaration of works (“déclaration de travaux”) or a planning permission (“permis de construire”).

Declaration of works: A declaration of works will be required for works of a lesser importance such as:

– Constructions or extensions creating a gross surface not exceeding 20 m² (garden sheds, conservatories etc);

– Transformation of over 10 m² of gross surface into net surface (e.g. turning a garage into habitation);

– The change of use of an existing construction without doing any works;

– Works modifying the external aspect of an existing building (re-doing the rendering of the outside walls, changing of woodworks, replacing or enlarging windows and doors, roof repairs, changes on shop windows etc.

In certain cases, such as if the property is in the vicinity of a listed building or a historical monument (i.e. such as a Church), additional formalities will apply (such as notification to the “Architecte des Bâtiments de France”.

The file which needs to be put together in order to file a declaration of works must contain the following documents:

A declaration form, filled in and signed, accompanying with a situation plan showing access roads etc, a volume plan, a description of the works, pictures, indication of where the works will take place (e.g. indication of the location of the future garden shed). Additional documents may be needed depending on the type of work involved:

– for the modification of a front elevation: a plan of the current façade and a plan of the façade after the works;

– for the creation of a fence: an elevation plan of the fence; – for the re-rendering of a front elevation or roof repairs: a quote with a description of the works;

– all the plans of the construction for constructions of less than 20 m² gross surface;

– for the transformation of an attic: plan of the current façade and future façade, section plan of the building currently and after the works.

The services of an architect are not required for a declaration of works.

The file must be sent to the local division of the Direction de l’Urbanisme, du Développement et de l’Habitat, and it must be supplied in three copies minimum. The file is then examined for up to one month (two months if the Architecte des Batiments de France has to be consulted).

If the works are not started within two years or if, after such period, they are interrupted for a period of over a year, the declaration is lapsed and the process has to be started again.

Planning permission: a planning permission is compulsory for:

– Any construction creating a gross surface of over 20 m²; – Including those without foundations; – Changes of destination, accompanied with the works modifying supporting walls or front elevations; – Modifications of the volume of a construction, or the opening or widening of apertures on external walls in certain cases.

It is to be noted that a planning permission is also necessary for constructions with no foundations, buried constructions (such as cellars etc) or unusual structures (such as inflatable structures etc).

The planning permission file must containing a number of documents in four original copies (plus an additional one where the “Architecte des Bâtiments de France” must be consulted). The file must be sent to the Direction de l’Urbanisme, du Développement et de l’Habitat. The documents necessary will be obtained by an architect, the use of which is compulsory.

The time frame for the examination of the file is 3 months from the time the file is complete. The administration has a period of 1 month from the filing of the application to inform you that:

– Additional documents must be supplied;

– And/or that the basic 3 months instruction period must be extended, such as in the following cases:

– It is extended to six months where the project is situated within the perimeter of protection of historical monuments or if it involves a construction receiving members of the public;

– It is extended by one month for works situated within the perimeter of the plan for the preservation and the enhancement of the town.

The permission is deemed granted if the administration fails to respond within the time allocated. The permission will be lapsed if the works are not undertaken within the period of two years from the last date of notification of the decision or from the date of the implied decision (in case of failure to respond), or after that if the works are interrupted for over 1 year.

Both the start of the works and their end must be declared to the administration.

In case the planning permission is denied or if it was contested by a third party, it is highly recommended to use the services of a French lawyer knowledgeable in the area of construction law.

Dog Health – Why Are My Dog’s Eyes Red?

If you’re wondering why your dog’s eyes are red, we are going to provide details here about some of the common reasons for red eyes in dogs which will help you in proper diagnosis as well as treatment of the problem.

Generally, red eyes are signs of infection or inflammation and commonly seen in diseases which effect third eyelid, cornea, external eyelids, sclera or conjunctiva. Other reasons could be inflammation occurring inside a dog’s eye, build up of pressure inside the eye known as glaucoma and diseases affecting the eye socket. The eyes turn red when sclera, conjunctiva or cornea blood vessels enlarge due to above mentioned problems.

Let’s look at some of the common causes which result in red eyes in dogs and their symptoms.

1. Anterior Uveitis: It is inflammation taking place in iris and caused by bacteria, cancer, trauma and viruses. The symptoms are swollen iris, squinting, cloudiness in cornea, dog avoids facing light, constricted pupil and a lot of tearing.

2. Blepharitis: In blepharitis inflammation occurs in eyelids because of allergies, infection and sometimes due to irritants. Swollen as well as red eyelids are common symptoms in this condition.

3. Corneal Ulcer: In this condition cornea’s surface breaks down and is accompanied by excessive tearing, squinting and dog tries to avoid light.

4. Dry Eye: It refers to insufficient production of tear in the eyes and discharge of white or green liquid from eyes in large quantities is a common symptom.

5. Cherry Eye: This condition is recognized by protruding gland which is present on third eyelid’s inside part. As a symptom you will notice a shape similar to a small cherry protruding from the back of third eyelid.

6. Conjunctivitis: Allergies or infection can sometimes result in conjunctiva’s inflammation and this condition can be recognized by excessive discharge and redness of conjunctiva.

7. Foreign Bodies: Red eyes can occur in case plant or mineral particles get embedded on eye surface. These objects are visible and cause a lot of tearing.

8. Glaucoma: It is caused by increase in pressure inside the eye and pupil looks dilated, eyes are swollen in addition to enlargement of blood vessels in eye’s white section.

9. Hyphema: Trauma as well as clotting disorders could result in appearance of blood in interior eye chamber and symptoms would be visible emergence of blood and if blood covers some part of pupil then it can affect vision as well.

10. Lens Luxation: Eye lens displaces from usual position due to hereditary or congenital reasons but can also result because of trauma. As symptoms you will find abnormal appearance of iris and sometimes displacement of lens.

11. Proptosed Globe: Eye comes out from socket as a result of some type of trauma.

12. Superficial Keratitis: In this condition cornea inflammation occurs due to constant irritation, allergy or virus infection. Some symptoms are squinting, excessive discharge or cloudy appearance of cornea.

13. Tumor: Red eye is also sometimes caused by tumors around the eye and the signs largely vary based on location as well as size of the tumor.


The above are common reasons dogs suffer with irritated eyes. Understanding the symptoms for your dog’s conditions can help determine the exact case and treatment. You can then consult a vet for proper treatment of the problem and prevent recurrences.

Opening An Airsoft Field

So you have the airsoft gun, ammo, the tactical gear, and most importantly you convinced some friends to hop on board, what is left? Now you just need a place to utilize all your new equipment. If you are lucky enough to live in one of the airsoft hot spots, there is no lack of places to play. However for the other ninety percent, we usually have to rely on the generosity of private property owners.

Some of my fondest airsoft memories are of a small group playing on a private wooded lot or friend’s farm. As our group grew and more and more new faces arrived, it became apparent the need for a legitimate field was necessary. Your neighbor may be fine with you and a dozen of your friends and co-workers using his overgrown acreage to play airsoft, but when that number grows to a couple dozen private property owners begin to get nervous.

Whether you choose to lease space or use your personal property, airsoft field insurance is your next step. Insurance for airsoft usually runs a couple thousand dollars a year and covers the big three: property damage, liability, and medical. The insurance company may require copies of lease agreements, field diagrams, field rules, and a legal waiver.

Lease agreements and field diagrams I will touch on briefly. Make sure the person you are leasing from is fully aware of what you intend to do with the property, and make sure your airsoft field is legal under your lease and abides all local laws. You do not want to find out later that your time and money are wasted because of a technicality. Field diagrams need not be detailed, a simple outline will suffice, and the insurance companies appear to be most concerned with entrances and exits.

You will need to supply field rules before most insurance companies will even supply you with a quote. Whether good or bad, the insurance company will dictate most of the rules you will need. The remaining field rules usually entail the administrative and management of the field, and will be dependent on your field layout and the types of games you will be hosting. A lot of fields have rules posted on the internet and can be a good jumping off point.

The legal waiver should be drawn up by a local attorney. Hosting an event of this type is nothing out of the norm; most will charge a nominal fee to draft one for you. You may have to take a little time to acquaint your attorney with airsoft, and it may not be a bad idea to let them review your lease agreement will you are there.

Opening an airsoft field does not require a great deal money beyond the property lease. Once you have all of the legal aspects taken care of, the real work begins. How are you going to construct, manage, and operate your new field? Now the hard work begins.

Solar Path Lights – Effective Outdoor Illumination

If you have a house which has a detached garage as well as a path that leads to the entrance door, you could have difficulty seeing the pathway at night. It may also be difficult to see a path leading from a curb or driveway to the door of the house. Placing lights along the pathway can help you to be safe while you walk from a vehicle to the home. Regular lights need to be wired in and must be turned off and on manually unless you want them illuminated night and day. Using solar path lights takes away the drawbacks from outdoor lighting.

Because solar units are powered by the sun, you do not need electrical wiring or switches to use them. They absorb the rays from the sun daily during daylight hours and release the light at night through the dark hours. What this means is you are not using electrical power and that you have the light at night. The lights store up energy throughout the sunlit hours and it is released as light in the evening. The lights are not turned on and off. When it gets dark, the lights are activated. When the sun rises and daylight brightens, the lamps start collecting energy again.

Pathways which are illuminated by solar lights are much safer than dark paths. If you often have to cross rough ground or pavement where it is often dark or shadowed, it is always best to place path lights along where you must walk. Lighted paths will help avoid the risk of stumbling and falling.

Solar powered lights may be very attractive and also a very effective safety feature for your home. The landscape design of your home may be enhanced with the addition of lights to outline paths. Designs that lead to a patio, a garden segment or to a gazebo make your home more attractive and safer too. You won’t need to trip over an uneven stepping stone or other landscape feature when walking after sunset.

You can use one or two lights or as many as you need to illuminate the dark paths around your house. Solar lights are usually a little less bright than electric units. In order to get a similar illumination along a path, you will need to supply more lights.

Solar path lights point your attention to architectural features such as a gate post. They may mark a flower bed perimeter. You have to place the lights where they are touched by sunlight throughout the day or they don’t absorb the energy. They look great when it’s daylight and give off illumination during the evening.

National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Lighting Requirements

Before any stadium or arena can play host to collegiate tournament games in the United States, there are standards set by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) that must be met. Part of the standards includes the lighting of games on the basis of the venue and the sport that is being telecast. Some requirements for some games are treated below.


According to NCAA, all lamps for basketball games must have a standard color temperature of 3,600 degrees Kelvin and a lowest color rendering index of 65. But since the venues used for the NCAA Division I tournament are different, where field houses, NBA arenas and domed football stadiums are used, the lighting requirements are not the same. Field houses with the capacity of seating about 10,000 spectators require 125 foot-candles per square foot. NBA arenas with seating capacities of between 15,000 and 20,000 require 200 while domed stadiums that can seat about 70,000 spectators require 250.


The major determinant of lighting requirements for NCAA football games is television coverage. Non-televised games require 50 foot-candles of light while games for regional broadcast require 75. If a game will be broadcast for national audience, the lighting requirement is 100 while 125 is required for championship games.


Televised standard college hockey games are lit up by 100 foot-candles but Division I’s Frozen Four and championships of lower divisions require 125.

Lacrosse and Soccer

Since lacrosse matches are commonly played on soccer fields, the lighting conditions are the same. For a standard game, 50 foot-candles of lighting is required, 75 for a regional broadcast, 100 for a national broadcast and 125 for championship games.

Baseball and Softball

These two games also use the same field which makes their lighting requirements to be the same. For standard games, the infield must be lit by 70 foot-candles and 50 for the outfield. Games that will be broadcast regionally and nationally require 100 for the base paths and 70 for the outfield grass. For the duration of championship rounds, the field requires 125 in the infield and 100 in the outfield.

Wrestling, Boxing and Volleyball

These three games use 80 foot-candles for every standard and regional broadcast, 100 for national broadcast and 125 for championships.

Swimming and Water Polo

These two games require 50 foot-candles for standard matches or meets, 75 for regional broadcasts, 100 for national broadcasts and 125 for championships.

Choosing the Best Residential Safe

Choosing the correct residential safe for your needs can be quite a daunting task if you do not know what you are looking to protect your valuables from.

There are a large variety of safe manufacturers out there today and a larger amount of safe types to choose from. The choices are limitless but instead of making things easier this sometimes only serves to confuse the buyer. Before you start looking for your safe it is thus best that you know what type of valuables you are looking to protect as well as what you are looking to protect your valuables from.

Generally there are two types of safes you can buy. One is burglar resistant and the other is fire resistant. You can get a combination of the two but these are very costly. All the safes, whether burglar resistant or fire resistant, are tested and rated by Underwriter Laboratories (UL) and this will determine their functionality as well as their price.

Safes that are burglar resistant are rated for the different levels of protection they offer. The safes are put through a rigorous sequence of tests performed by professional safe crackers. The crackers use a variety of tools and methods to break into the safe, and the amount of time it takes to do so will determine the level of protection the safe offers. These safes all have heavy doors and are made of solid metal that can withstand drilling. The safes need to be resistant to tools that apply pressure, picking tools, drills and other mechanical instruments including torches.

Fire resistant safes are rated based on the length time it can keep its contents below 350 degrees Fahrenheit. These safes are constructed from two thin walls of metal that can resist heat for a certain amount of time. Insulating material is also placed in between the walls of metal and this releases a moisturizing substance that protects your documents as well as keeps the interior of the safe at a minimum temperature.

These safes are great at protecting against fire but do little to protect against burglars. In urban areas where most fires are put out within an hour means you can look at safes that protect against fire for the minimum time period. However, if you live in the country you may want to consider spending a little extra money on a safe that is rated to protect for a little longer.

You will also find a few types of safes that are labeled as “impact rated”. To rate these safes they are heated to 1550 degrees Fahrenheit in a furnace, dropped from three stories onto a pile of bricks and then taken back to the furnace and reheated. To earn this title, the temperature inside the safe should not have reached higher than 350 degrees Fahrenheit and the documents inside the safe still need to be readable.

These are the high priority features you need to take into consideration when buying a residential safe. If you follow these guidelines you are sure to find a safe that meets all of your requirements.