How to Layout Recessed Lighting

One of the most important principles to understand when designing a recessed lighting layout is beam angle. In recessed cans, the light is produced in the shape of a cone. You picture the light starting as a point at the light fixture and forming a circle on the floor. The beam angle is the angle…

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The Barriers to Effective Communication

D.E. McFarland has defined Communication as the process of meaningful interaction among human beings. More specifically, it is the process by which meanings are perceived and understandings are reached among human being. But there may be some faults /barriers in the communication system that prevents the message from reaching the receiver, these barriers are as…

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Building a Surround for a Wood Burning Stove

A surround for your wood burning stove has a functional purpose as it protects non-combustible surfaces from the heat of the fire. However, it also serves a decorative purpose, with a range of ready-to-fit surrounds available in a variety of styles. A fireplace is generally comprised of the hearth, the surround and the mantel piece…

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How To Install A Suspended Drywall Ceiling

Tools Needed: Basic hand tools Measuring tape Water level 4 foot level Resilient metal channels Hanger ties Screw Gun Aviation snips Screws (self-tapping) 1. Install the track. Using a water level, mark the desired elevation where you want the drywall to go, (remember that the drywall will be 1/2 to 5/8 inch below the suspension…

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Submersible Well Pump How to Replace

Replacing a submersible well pump is not a complicated task and relatively simple if you understand the basics about a well system – like the placement of the pump, how the submersible pump operates and how it is installed in a well casing. An advanced do it yourselfer with knowledge of electrical wiring and some…

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Duplicate Bridge Scoring

Learning how to score at bridge makes it easier to understand the bridge bidding system. Once you know how to score you will understand why it is better to play in hearts/spades/NT than diamonds or clubs and why players will continue bidding to the 4, 5, 6 or even 7 level instead of stopping at…

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Christmas Assembly Ideas

What are your options? 1) Trawl the net. Its hard work and over and over you find things that you have done before or are unsuitable, 2) Ask colleagues. Decide to put some PPA time over to coming up with a few ideas between you. 3) Buy a book! 4) Ask the kids to come…

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Hammer Toes and Foot Pain

When the toe of a foot gets bent on the middle of the digit, there arises a condition that is commonly referred to as Hammer toe. This condition targets the second, third and fifth toe of the foot most often. However, it should clearly not be confused with another condition known as “mallet toe”, which…

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