Crystal Chandeliers – Purchase, Installation, and Maintenance

Crystal chandelier makes for a very good addition to your home. Not only does it provide adequate lighting to any room for any type of occasion or activity, but the beauty it exudes also adds a new ambiance to the home that can only be described as elegant and luxurious.

But before turning your vision of a home equipped with crystal chandelier a reality, you need to pay attention to some of the details concerning this home fixture, specifically its purchase, installation, and of course, its maintenance.

Purchasing A Crystal Chandelier

This home décor can never be purchased cheap. The best ones in the market have a huge price tag attached to it; so you need to make sure that your first purchase is your last — ensuring that you got the best the market has to offer and a crystal chandelier that will fit perfectly with your home, as well as your taste.

Your first order of business should be to look for one with a design that compliments your home theme, as well as a price tag that will not strain your wallet. It is advisable that you check out all the available selection in your local furniture and lighting shop, as well as those on the Internet. Compare all the crystal chandeliers you can find and take some time to review each one on how it would look when installed in your residence.

It is advisable that you avoid basing your purchase according to the price of crystal chandeliers. Those sold at lower prices tends to have some storage damage, or the quality might not be enough to last long when used.

Installing Your Crystal Chandelier

Experts would advice against installing crystal chandelier without the help of a professional. To avoid accidents, it is essential for the item to be firmly mounted on the ceiling following precise instructions. The braces should have a firm foundation underneath to withstand any vibrations; and the light bulbs and crystals must be screwed properly or firmly attached to the frame to avoid accidental fall out.

Also, each of the parts of crystal chandeliers; namely the braces or frame, light bulbs, and crystal should be firmly attached to ensure that it won’t be falling down on your head during its use.

Ask the store where you purchased the item if they have an extra service for installation. Most of furniture and lighting shops offer free service in installing it for you. If they don’t have one, then inquire if they can refer you to a professional for the job.

Crystal Chandelier Maintenance

Maintenance plays an important role in ensuring that your crystal chandelier will last for a very long time. Remove the light bulbs and crystals before cleaning the frame. Avoid any electrical wiring when you clean up the brass structure or getting the sockets soaked. Only use soft cotton cloth free from any solid minuscule objects to avoid damaging the frame. Use warm water or pH-balanced cleaning agents only.

For cleaning up the crystals, avoid using heated or cold water since that will only fog it up — which takes a lot of time and effort to remove. Running water is perfect for cleaning crystals. Let them sit to dry and wipe them free of moisture before installing. Again, use only soft cloth to avoid scratching the crystals.

http://goldenageusa.com/ — Crystal Chandelier

Summary Of Mine Boy Chapters 1-6

OVERVIEW OF THE STORY

The story sets in South Africa. In this story, Peter Abraham portrays apartheid through following the life of Xuma, a villager in search of a better life. Xuma first lived in Malay camp where he was offered accommodation by Leah on his first night in the city. After getting a job, he moves to his own house in Vrededorp.

Leah earned her living through selling illicit brew. There was also Dladla who was bitter about Leah controlling him and betrays her to the police. Leah found out about it but before she could deal with Dladla, he was found dead in the bush stabbed in the back. Johannes, a strong well built miner, was a timid person who became bold and loud only when drunk.

Daddy was never sober and died after being hit by a car. Xuma falls in love with Eliza. He constantly rejects Maisy who loves him.

However, in the end he accepts her and promises to marry her as soon as he gets out of jail as Eliza left him.

Leah gets sent to jail after being caught red handed with the illicit brew by the crafty policeman nicknamed the Fox who had been trying to catch her for a long time. She had managed to escape the police dragnet by bribing some policemen who kept her informed.

Johannes and his white boss Chris died under the mine as they tried to prevent it from collapsing. Paddy, Xuma’s boss sides with the blacks and is arrested when a riot breaks out in the mine. Xuma flees but later surrenders himself at the police station.

CHAPTER BY CHAPTER SUMMARY OF THE BOOK

CHAPTER ONE

It was three o’clock in the morning when a man arrives in a town on a narrow street. The whole town was in darkness. He wondered where he was. Suddenly, he saw a woman at a door standing in the darkness.

He moved closer and asked her if he could get a place to rest and have a drink.

The woman asked him if he had but the man said he had none. She further enquired to know his name. The man identified himself as Xuma, form the north. After speaking for sometime the woman left to bring light. She returned without him noticing.

From the door, a beam of powerful torch struck on Xuma with a voice calling him to come. He followed the beam of light and the woman into a room where he met three men and an old woman. The woman introduced Xuma to the people and asked Ma Plank to give him food. Xuma got to know Dladla, a man fond of playing with knife. Xuma saw a knife in Dladla’s hand. Xuma however carefully placed his bundle on the table and went round a long bench.

Dladla raised his knife and showed his teeth. Leah commanded Dladla to give her the knife but he refused with a plea in his voice. He later lowered his eyes and gave her the knife.

Daddy showed displeasure towards Leah. Xuma’s food was brought to him by Ma Plank.

Whilst Dladla and Ma Plank went out, the man who had remained silent expressed his suspicion and asked “How do we know if he’s not from the police?” Leah was however optimistic about Xuma’s identity.

She identified the man as her man’s brother. Leah’s man was in jail for killing a man who tried to kiss her.

There was no work at the north. This was what brought Xuma into the town, to work. He however expressed interest in working in the mines.

Leah took her time to tell him about the dangers involved in working in the mines and tried to convince him to work with her but Xuma refused.

Xuma was finally given a place to sleep but he found it hard to sleep because he was tired.

CHAPTER 2

When Xuma woke up the next day, he met the house empty. However he found himself among a crowd forming a ring outside, and Daddy hopping and shouting at the top of his voice. Two women, Lena and Drunk Liz, were also on the ground engaged in a fight.

Xuma pushed his way through the roaring crowd wanting to get away. But he heard a voice shout “stop it”. He turned and it was Leah. When she arrived at the scene, Lena (the thin dark woman) was on top of

Drunk Liz who was fat and pale. Leah walked through the crowd and picked up the thin woman and flung her away from the fat one. The crowd grumbled yet no one was able to speak to her hearing. Leah challenged the crowd to fight but they broke up in silence and walked away.

Leah picked up the thin woman, who was woefully injured, into the yard. She was followed by Xuma and Daddy. Upon entering the house, Daddy brought a sack and spread it in the shade for Leah to place the woman on.

Leah prepared food and they ate. She saw Daddy in the yard and called him to come and tell Xuma about the custom the city. Daddy spoke drunkenly about the custom and the city. After he had finished, he picked a sack and spread it a little distance away, stretched himself and slept. Soon it began to rain. Xuma went into the yard and watched the three sleeping people.

In the house, Leah sang a guy song full of happiness and laughter. Xuma went back into the house and saw Joseph, the brother of Leah’s man. Leah asked Joseph to take Xuma to see the market. At the market, Joseph and Xuma saw many people on the street. One street was crowded as another. The people were in their colourful clothes with a lot of money to spend. The big men among them wore singlet and sometimes fought among themselves to determine who is the strongest.

Joseph and Xuma stopped on a corner and watched the crowd across. A little further up the road, they saw two coloured men fighting. Still further, there were two “swankies” on their way down the road. A crowd of cheering and laughing people followed them.

Suddenly, a pick-up van swerved round a corner. Policemen jumped out and run down the street. The crowd scattered except the coloured people who claimed they have done nothing. However, Joseph warned them that the police would not ask them.

A policeman who was ten yards away came straight ahead to Xuma. But Xuma waited because he had done nothing. The policeman came nearer, raised his stick but it missed Xuma’s head and struck his left shoulder. Xuma whispered and struck the policeman in the face repeatedly till the policeman collapsed.

Xuma looked around and saw the police van still a distance away but two policemen were closing in on him so he decided to ran.

The two coloured men stepped into the road. Xuma felt afraid, to run and knock two men at the same time was impossible. But an unbelievable thing happened, the second coloured man knocked the first one down and ran down the street waving to Xuma to follow him. Xuma followed him into a house. The coloured man locked the door and flopped down into a chair breathing heavily.

The man’s woman came into the room and Xuma noted with surprise that she was black. She expressed her disappointment at Xuma for striking the policeman.

Finally, when Xuma requested to leave, the man’s woman cautioned that it was not safe he left.

CHAPTER 3

Xuma came out and found the street free of trouble but it was difficult for him to find his house. He saw the fat Drunk Liz and touched her shoulder to ask her for direction to Leah’s house. The woman looked at him with bleary eyes and shook her head barely refusing to help him.

Xuma met Daddy who thought he was in jail. Daddy was drunk but he agreed to take Xuma to the Leah’s house if only he (Xuma) would buy him a drink again. At the house, old Ma Plank sat over a huge vat in the yard and in the kitchen was Joseph who was busy. Joseph was happy to see Xuma. Leah entered the house; she grabbed Xuma and hugged him.

They stood on the corner and waited. Leah kept looking up the street that cut across the one where they stood. After ten minutes a black policeman on a cycle came down and stopped. Leah smiled and counted five pound notes from her leather bag and gave them to the policeman.

Leah led the way through the yard to the door at the far end of the yard. She introduced Xuma to a girl they met in the house. Xuma asked the girl’s name, who said she was called Eliza.

Eliza asked Xuma to help her lift a machine. Xuma jumped up and grabbed the sewing machine but he felt a sharp pain stab in his shoulder. Eliza found a bottle of ointment and rubbed it on where Xuma’s pain was.

She gave him a cigarette and looked at his face and laughed. Xuma turned and saw huge towering shapes almost in the sky. He pointed and asked what they were. Eliza replied and said “those are the mine-dumps”. Xuma shifted his eyes from the mine-dump to Eliza and longed for her.

All that night people drank at Leah’s place. Xuma and Eliza returned and saw more people crowded at Leah’s place.

Dladla attacked Xuma with a knife accusing him of stealing his woman and gave him a cut on his face. Eliza took Xuma into a room and washed his bloody face. They returned and found a doctor who fixed Xuma’s face.

CHAPTER 4

The streets were empty after being crowded on Saturday. Xuma and Johannes walked up and down the empty street. They left Johannesburg behind them and in front of them were the towering peaks of the min-damp. They eventually found themselves at the mines.

For Xuma, the day was strange. Stranger than any day he had ever known. There was the rumbling noise and the shouting and explosions and the trembling of the earth. Xuma was frightened.

When the whistle blew for the workers to stop work for food, one of the men called Nana asked Xuma to eat with him. He divided his food and gave Xuma half. When they had finished Nana stretched himself full-length on the ground and slept.

The men who had gone underground that morning came up. Xuma watched them coming and shading their eyes against the light. Xuma asked Nana if it is dark underground. But Nana laughed at Xuma.

Xuma looked up quickly when he heard Johannes voice. Johannes had a confrontation with one of the white men. He called Xuma who flung his spade and followed him. Johannes took Xuma to the shed of the mine doctor.

Xuma stripped and lay on the long table. The doctor examined him while Chris and Paddy watched. Johannes led the way to the washing place for the mine boys. He pushed a few men out of the way and the men made place for them.

They went in and washed and set off for Malay Camp.

CHAPTER 5

When they got to Leah’s place, a group of women were just leaving and Leah was at the gate watching them go. Leah welcomed them. Johannes went inside the house leaving Xuma and Leah outside to talk.

Leah told Xuma about life in the city. She said “to live in the city you must be hard. And money must be your friend. With money you can buy the policeman, you can even buy someone to go to jail for you”.

There was a long silence between them. Rosita who lived across the way had turned on her gramophone and came on her veranda. She called Leah from across.

Leah and Xuma got startled. They got up and went inside the house.

Xuma was offered food, finished eating and left the room. He felt dissatisfied and unhappy. He went on the veranda and watched the street. Maisy came out and joined him. On the corner of the street, under the light of the lamp, a group of men and women formed a ring. And in the centre of the ring a couple danced and made signs to each other as they mimed.

Xuma and Maisy joined the ring. When they got home, Xuma sat on his bed and held his hands. He thought about Eliza for a while. He blew out the candle and sat in the dark. As soon as he lit his cigarette, there was a knock at the door. He responded and it was Eliza’s voice.

CHAPTER 6

Xuma had left Leah’s place and lived in a room in Malay Camp for three months now. Eliza is now like a devil in Xuma’s blood and he did not want to go to Leah’s place again to see Leah for the fear that he should meet Eliza. As he sat alone he longed to see all the people he left at Leah’s place but for the fear of Eliza he would not go.

It was Saturday night and in spite of the cold the streets were crowded. But it was not as it had been that first Saturday when he had gone walking with Joseph. He went up the street and walked in the direction of the heart of Johannesburg. He neared the heart of Johannesburg and the people grew fewer. There were more white people now and they were different. They were not his people so he did not give attention to what they did or said.

Xuma saw some cakes in a window and stopped to look at them. He felt a tap on his shoulder and when he turned it was a policeman. Without a word Xuma gave his pass to the policeman for inspection. As the policeman goes, Xuma carried on up the street. The crowd on the street was thick that it was difficult for Xuma to move among them. The only place that Xuma could be free was underground in the mines. There he was a master and knew the way.

Xuma met his white man, Paddy, who was with a woman. Paddy led Xuma a little way down the street and showed him where he lived. Xuma looked around Paddy’s house. He had never seen a place like that before. Paddy and Xuma sat down while the woman came in with three glasses. They raised their glasses and cheered Xuma. However, Xuma kept on thinking about Paddy’s woman.

The atmosphere at Paddy’s house made Xuma thought he knows what Eliza wants. Paddy came in with food and when they had finished eating they drank more wine. Xuma and Paddy talked about the mines. Paddy took the things away. And Xuma forgot that they were white and even spoke to the woman.

On his return, Paddy asked his woman what she thinks about Xuma. The woman replied “he is just a mine boy”. The man and his woman argued extensively about Xuma as the woman spoke favourably about Xuma. Paddy looked at her. His face clouded. And Di got up and went into the kitchen but the argument continued.

Xuma was glad to be away from the two white people. It had been uncomfortable there. Only when he had been with the woman had he felt all right. He crossed the street and went his way back to Malay Camp.

Gradually he left the heart of the city behind him.

He turned down Jeppe Street where he came across people standing at the lower down the street. A man being chased by the police has climbed a rooftop. The roof sloped steeply. One wrong move and the man would be plunged down, either to death or a broken body. Fear rose from the crowd. The man had lost his hold and was slowly sliding down. For a minute the man was in space. Then with a dull thud, he fell to the ground. But the doctor was there to administer help.

The doctor tried to lift the man up but could not. Xuma however stepped forward but the policeman tightened his grip on his club and waved it from side to side. Xuma lifted the man. The first policeman prodded Xuma with his club. Xuma got up. His body trembled and bunched his fist into hard ball.

Xuma picked up the wounded man to the doctor’s car. The doctor pleaded with Xuma to go with him to help him.

At the other end of Malay Camp the doctor pulled up. Between them they carried the man into a house. A coloured woman met them at the door. They carried the man into the surgery where the doctor worked on the man. Xuma sat on a little chair and watched.

The wounded man was revived. The man expressed fear that the police would arrest him.

The doctor and Xuma left him behind as they went for some tea. The two men entered a room where Xuma felt as he had felt in the place of the Red One.

Emily reported that the wounded man had escaped through the window. The doctor got up and went to the surgery while the others followed. The doctor spoke harshly to Xuma. This made Xuma felt hurt. He was angry but more the anger he felt hurt. He turned abruptly and walked to the door.

The Toro Power Shovel is the Best Way to Remove Snow

The Toro Power Shovel is unmatched, a best seller in snow shovels across the world. Toro is the most legendary name in the power snow shovels industry. These guys know their snow. Models from Toro are known to be superior to those of other companies. The company has been producing quality snow equipment since one day, nearly a century ago. It is no wonder the Toro Power Shovel is a trusted name in snow equipment.

The Toro Power Shovel comes with a 7.5 amp electric engine. They are incredibly compact and easy to handle, even for those who do not know how to properly clear snow or do not have a lot of body power. Electric snow blowers are ideal equipment for light jobs such as clearing away snow on sidewalks, stairs and decks, as they are very careful and easy to handle. Toro sells models that are able to clear snow down to the pavement in just one go. Also available is a type of broom / shovel type piece of snow equipment that can simply be plugged in. It can take up to 6 inches deep and 12 inches wide per pass of snow. When it is used as a shovel, it can clear up to 300 pounds of snow in just a minute.

You can clear steps, walkways, decks, and even small driveways with ease and amazing efficiency with this snow thrower. This machine is very small and extremely light weight, but surprisingly powerful. It can toss snow up to 20 feet, and it requires little to no maintenance. You do not need to use gas or oil, so it is very practical for just anyone to use and it is safe for the environment. You can clear up to three hundred pounds of snow a minute. It has the power to move four inches of snow from a 50 by 20 foot driveway in just under twenty minutes. This machine has a clear width of 12 inches and a snow cut depth of six inches per pass. You can clear up the walkways with just a few easy passes. This light weight snow thrower weighs in at only 13 pounds, making it easy to move around.

The Toro Power Shovel Electric Snow Thrower is compact and easy to maintain with electricity. You do not have to burn through gas or oil, you will not have to change any spark plugs, and you will never have to worry about time consuming tune ups. Anyone can afford this electric snow thrower, and it is better for the environment as well. This small size makes it easy to store, easy to handle, and precise to work with. The Toro Power Shovel can do anything!

3-Day Workout Routine

In a previous article, I suggested a 5-day workout routine, which is mainly focused on training each body-part separately every day. For example: Monday-Chest, Tuesday-Arms, Wednesday-Shoulders, Thursday-Back, Friday-Legs and Weekend-Rest. Although I believe that the ideal workout is the one that you devoted a single workout to a single body-part, most of us do not have the available time to execute such an overloaded weekly training schedule.

So, what is the best alternative? Your goal still remains to train each body-part at least once a week. In order to achieve that without having to go to the gym every day, you must combine training a major body-part along with a minor at the same day. Here is a typical example of a 3-day workout routine:

Monday: Chest-Biceps

Chest Exercises

1) Bench Press 4 sets x 12,10,8,6

2) Incline Bench Press 3 sets x 12,10,8

3) Cable Crossover 3 sets x 12,10,8

4) Peck-Dec (Butterfly) or Dumbbell flies 3 sets x 12,10,8

Biceps Exercises

1) Barbell or Cable Curl 3 sets x 12,10,8

2) Alternate Hammer Curl 3 sets x 12,10,8

3) Concentration Curls or Preacher Curls (machine) 3 sets x 12,10,8

Wednesday: Back-Triceps

Back Exercises

1) V-Bar Pull-Down 4 sets x 12,10,8,6

2) Wide Grip Pull-Down (machine or cable) 3 sets x 12,10,8

3) Bent-Over Barbell Row 3 sets x 12,10,8

4) One Arm Dumbbell Row (leaning on a bench) 3 sets x 12,10,8

Triceps Exercises

1) Cable Extension (kneeling or standing) 3 sets x 12,10,8

2) Lying Close Grip Barbell Extension (Forehead) 3 sets x 12,10,8

3) One Arm Dumbbell Extension 3 sets x 12,10,8

Friday: Legs-Shoulders

Legs Exercises

1) Leg Extensions (machine) 4 sets x 12,10,8,8

2) Squats Barbell or Machine 4 sets x 12,10,8,8

3) Dumbbell Lunges 3 sets x 12,10,10

4) Leg Curls (Lying-machine) 3 sets x 12,10,10

Shoulder Exercises

1) Barbell or Dumbbell Shoulder Press 4 sets x 12,10,8,8

2) Arnold Dumbbell Press 3 sets x 12,10,8

3) Dumbbell Raise (Front or side) 3 sets x 12,10,8

4) Cable Chin Rows (Standing) 3 sets x 12,10,8

Always train the major body-part first: Chest, Back, Legs and continue with the minors: Biceps, Triceps, Shoulders (Shoulders are considered as a medium size body-part, so whenever you have the chance train them separately). You can shuffle the exercises of each body part the way you like, but keep in mind that main exercises like bench press for chest, squat for legs or shoulder presses should be executed first.

If you are currently on a mass or volume workout routine, then lift maximum weight and decrease your reps. I call this training schedule "3-day workout routine". However, if you have some extra time you can perform it four or even five times a week. Just keep in mind to rotate the workouts. For example, if you add training session on Thursday, then work on your legs and shoulders on Thursday and on Friday train your chest and biceps. Never break the sequence of the above-mentioned workout routine so that all body-parts are being trained the same.

Whether you are on the 3-day or the 5-day workout routine , remember that muscle build is a result of three different factors: Training, nutrition and resting. Each one of these factors is equally important.
Keep those muscles pumping!

Elevator Etiquette – The 20 Basics

Whether you work in a hotel, hospital or any other type of high-rise building, elevator etiquette should be followed with the same rigor as any other customer service standard. Why? Because so often a brief elevator encounter initiates the first impression made of your organization by visiting customers, guests, patients, vendors, and co-workers.

Most organizations do not teach elevator etiquette, so I thought this would be a great opportunity to provide a few simple basics that everyone can adhere to. These basics cover three elements of the elevator experience: boarding, riding, and existing or disembarking.

  1. When boarding, always acknowledge individuals who are already on the elevator with a warm and friendly greeting like good morning, good afternoon, or good evening.
  2. If you are rushing to catch the elevator, politely ask that someone "hold the elevator please".
  3. If you are carrying large objects or are traveling with a large group, wait for an empty elevator. Likewise, if someone boards and needs assistance – politely offer to help them.
  4. Do not re-push the elevator call button after someone has already pushed it, as this could implying that you do not trust the person that has already pushed the button.
  5. If you arrive as a door is closing, regardless of how many people are in the elevator, do not press the button. Patently wait for the door to close completely, then press the button to call the next elevator.
  6. If you accidental press an elevator button and the door opens on the wrong floor, do not ignore it – politely apologize for the mistake.
  7. Once in the elevator, be mindful to stand as close to the wall or corner as possible, to make room for additional riders.
  8. If you are standing in front of the elevator panel, ask on-boarding riders which floor they would like and press the button for them.
  9. Many people prefer to ride an elevator in silence; therefore when in the elevator, be mindful of your conversations with co-workers, especially in the presence of external customers (ie, clients, patients, family members, vendors, or guests).
  10. Step as for people exiting the elevator, and be sure not to block the door when the elevator stops.
  11. Never attempt to hold the elevator door with your body or hand; always use the HOLD button.
  12. If you are sick, carry a handkerchief or tissues to cover your mouth and nose in case you need to sneeze or cough.
  13. Reframe from using your Cell Phone while riding in the elevator, except in an emergency.
  14. When exiting the elevator, out of court always always allow customers, patients, vendors and guests to disembark first. Gentlemen, always allow ladies to exit first without you are blocking the door.
  15. If you are trapped in the back of a crowded elevator and you need to get off, call out "my floor" to alert other riders that you wish to get off, and move slowly but firmly through the crowd.
  16. If you see someone struggling to get off an elevator, politely step out to make room, and then step back in.
  17. To save yourself from embarrassment, always check the direction of the elevator (up or down) before boarding. If you can not see an indicator lamp, politely ask the riders which direction the elevator is traveling. DO NOT stop the doors from closing to do this.
  18. If you are going up or down one floor, use the stairs, especially during peak traffic times like the morning or afternoon rush.
  19. Exceptions are when you have a cart or large package (s); when the elevator is empty; or if you are disabled or injured.
  20. If you see a person alone on the elevator that you do not feel comfortable / safe being alone with in close quarters, wait for the next elevator.

What Are The Advantages Of Cadmium Plated Bolts?

There are plate anchor bolts available with different metal platings and among them cadmium plated bolts are considered ideal for a wide range of industrial applications. This is an option that is used in a number of industries and this particular process of cadmium plating brings a wide range of advantages, thereby making the fasteners ideal for electronics, automotive and aviation industries.

Application: Generally, companies engaged in the manufacture of plate anchor bolts, apply the cadmium plating on the fasteners manufactured by them in thin layers. The coating may vary in thickness and based on this thickness, they are chosen for different industrial applications like automotive, aviation, etc… To get the wear protection, only bolts with a minimal amount of coating is needed for some industries.

Corrosion resistance: Generally, cadmium plating done on any object makes it resistant to corrosion. This is why cadmium plated bolts can be highly suitable for machineries that are to be installed in harsh environmental conditions. This is why aviation, aerospace and military defense industries opt for fasteners with this coating.

Adhesion: When cadmium coating is done on any object, the adhesive properties of the object get improved. This means that when an object is coated with this substance, the surface becomes more bondable to adhesives that are commonly used in such applications like aircraft manufacturing.

Lubricity: This coating can effectively improve the lubricity and this is why it is recommended that people looking for eye bolt anchor can go for the one with this type of coating. This can be the ideal choice for moving parts of machines, which in turn work towards prevention of galling and it will also bring down friction, which will be of high importance in the functioning of machinery, where metal surfaces commonly touch each other.

Due to the above-mentioned benefits, cadmium plated fasteners are widely used in a number of industries. Even, purchasers can opt for eye bolt anchor with this coating, if they are planning to use this type of bolt outdoors, where it will be exposed to different climatic conditions.

There are professional companies dealing with different types of bolts useful for house and industrial applications like U bend bolts. This type will be of high importance for some industries engaged in the manufacture of machineries and supplies. All it takes is the selection of the best company dealing with U bend bolts, so that the quality of the product can be assured by the purchasers.

Soapstone Wood Stoves

Woodstoves have always been popular with a certain segment of the population, but these days there has been an upsurge wood stove used for a variety of reasons. Chief among the reasons are increased concern with our environmental impact and the current economic realities. These are great reasons, but if you do go this route, you also want something that fits you home and lifestyle. One of the most popular style these days is a soapstone stove, which has distinct advantages in both style and efficiency.

So, what is soapstone wood stove anyway? It is basically a traditional iron stove with a outside shell of soapstone. The reason for doing this is to take advantage of the heat retaining and radiating qualities of soapstone. A soapstone stove will stay hot, and heating your home consistently, even hours after the fire has out. So, the more soapstone the better. You will want a nice thick layer of soapstone on your stove, say 2 inches or more. While this will cost you more, you will see the advantages in the performance of the stove.

Given the popularity of soapstone woodstoves, you will have no problem in finding a number of quality brands and models to choose from. Of course you will need to do your homework and check out the specifications every stove. There are lots of resources of impartial reviews, but make sure they really are impartial and not written by someone who has a financial interest in your buying a particular stove. Some great sources for real life customer feedback are sites like Amazon. Of course not all the reviews on any site are trustworthy, so buyer beware.

Once you choose the stove that it right for you, it's time to think about installation. With any type of home heating equipment, not just woodstoves, it pays to get professional help. There are many health, safety, and efficiency concerns that can not be ignored. If you do decide to do the installation yourself, make sure you read up on all the building codes and safety regulations before you start. They are there to keep you and your family safe.

Slow Cooker Recipe for Healthy Lentil Stew

If you have not tried lentils in your new plan of healthy eating, crock pot stew is a good place to begin. Lentils readily absorb the flavors around them. They are quick and easy to prepare, always available, and as you will see, filled with healthy nutrients.

Lentils provide six minerals, two B vitamins, and protein. They supply generous amounts of folate and magnesium and iron. Lentils are a good cholesterol-lowering legume; rich in fiber and nutrients, and no fat. All these nutrients go far in helping manage blood-sugar levels.

Lentils are harvested in many colors; choose brown or green ones to hold shape in dishes requiring long cooking times. Yellow, red, or orange varieties tend to soften easier and get mushy when cooked too long. For that reason, colored varieties lend themselves well to salads and vegetable dishes. The color does not seem to vary the minority nutty flavor

Unlike beans, lentils do not need pre-soaking. They do, however, need washed thoroughly and inspected carefully for small stones or debris. Because they are so small, spread them out evenly on a lightly colored plate to sort. Then wash them in a sieve.
If you are planning to cook lentils on the stove top, add three cups of water to each cup of lentils. Follow the directions on the bag and check often to get the needed firmness.

For our Crock Pot recipe, we will use raw, washed lentils.
Lentil Stew
3 cups lentils (1 lb.)
3 cups water
1 can dried tomatoes with liquid
1 can chicken broth
Chop and add the following vegetables: 4 stalks celery, 1 large onion, 1 green bell pepper, 1 large carrot, and 2 cloves garlic.
Add t tsp black pepper and 1 tsp dried marjoram leaves.
Combine above ingredients and cook covered on Low 8 to 9 hours.

After cooked, stir in 2 Tablespoons cider vinegar and 2 tablespoons olive oil (adjust according to taste).

Lentil stew is good served over rice or couscous and will keep in the refrigerator up to one week. The stew can be frozen in an airtight container and kept up to three months.
This is a good stew to freeze in small portions for those nights when you are too tired to cook and tend to grab a less nutritious snack.

Soon you will be finding lentils a favorite item to stock in your cabinets. The variety of uses is endless; cold in salads and vegetable dishes; added to casseroles and main dishes, and tossed into soups and chilis.

You will soon find the added nutrition and protein lentils provide will give you a real perk-me-up on those tiring evenings when you are done and your day is not! Personally, I am wondering where they have been all my life?

The Future of Solar Energy Technologies

Solar energy technologies has significantly advanced in this century.Many buildings are now incorporated with passive solar in their designs.The cost of using solar hot water systems is very close to conventional systems in some areas. And as the cost of solar panel continues to decrease, these systems will be more widely used. The aim of solar industry in future is to provide half of the electricity of U.S. by 2025.

Germany and Japan have been leading in solar deployment for years.But the United States is catching up.Let us take California as an example.During 2000 and 2001,California experienced the rolling blackouts and soaring energy prices.This have motivated its leaders to diversify energy sources. In 2006,  California Solar Initiative was established, which dedicates $3.2 billion over 11 years to develop 3,000 megawatts of new solar electricity, equal to placing solar power systems on a million rooftops.

Other states in US are following California. Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Colorado and Arizona have specific requirements for solar energy as part of their renewable electricity standards. Many more states offer production incentives, rebates, tax incentives, loan and grant programs for solar industry. Even the federal government is offering a 30 percent tax credit (up to $2,000) for the purchase and installation of residential solar power systems and solar water heaters.

As the solar industry continues to expand, there will be occasional bumps in the road. For example, growing demand for manufacturing-quality silicon from the solar industries has raised the cost of PV(photovoltaic ) cell which is used to make solar panel.In addition, some utilities continue to put up roadblocks for grid-connected solar power systems. But these problems will be overcome, and in future solar energy will play an increasingly integral role in ending our national dependence on fossil fuels, combating the threat of global warming, and securing a future based on clean and sustainable energy.

Summary Of Mine Boy Chapters 1-6

OVERVIEW OF THE STORY

The story sets in South Africa. In this story, Peter Abraham portrays apartheid through following the life of Xuma, a villager in search of a better life. Xuma first lived in Malay camp where he was offered accommodation by Leah on his first night in the city. After getting a job, he moves to his own house in Vrededorp.

Leah earned her living through selling illicit brew. There was also Dladla who was bitter about Leah controlling him and betrays her to the police. Leah found out about it but before she could deal with Dladla, he was found dead in the bush stabbed in the back. Johannes, a strong well built miner, was a timid person who became bold and loud only when drunk.

Daddy was never sober and died after being hit by a car. Xuma falls in love with Eliza. He constantly rejects Maisy who loves him.

However, in the end he accepts her and promises to marry her as soon as he gets out of jail as Eliza left him.

Leah gets sent to jail after being caught red handed with the illicit brew by the crafty policeman nicknamed the Fox who had been trying to catch her for a long time. She had managed to escape the police dragnet by bribing some policemen who kept her informed.

Johannes and his white boss Chris died under the mine as they tried to prevent it from collapsing. Paddy, Xuma’s boss sides with the blacks and is arrested when a riot breaks out in the mine. Xuma flees but later surrenders himself at the police station.

CHAPTER BY CHAPTER SUMMARY OF THE BOOK

CHAPTER ONE

It was three o’clock in the morning when a man arrives in a town on a narrow street. The whole town was in darkness. He wondered where he was. Suddenly, he saw a woman at a door standing in the darkness.

He moved closer and asked her if he could get a place to rest and have a drink.

The woman asked him if he had but the man said he had none. She further enquired to know his name. The man identified himself as Xuma, form the north. After speaking for sometime the woman left to bring light. She returned without him noticing.

From the door, a beam of powerful torch struck on Xuma with a voice calling him to come. He followed the beam of light and the woman into a room where he met three men and an old woman. The woman introduced Xuma to the people and asked Ma Plank to give him food. Xuma got to know Dladla, a man fond of playing with knife. Xuma saw a knife in Dladla’s hand. Xuma however carefully placed his bundle on the table and went round a long bench.

Dladla raised his knife and showed his teeth. Leah commanded Dladla to give her the knife but he refused with a plea in his voice. He later lowered his eyes and gave her the knife.

Daddy showed displeasure towards Leah. Xuma’s food was brought to him by Ma Plank.

Whilst Dladla and Ma Plank went out, the man who had remained silent expressed his suspicion and asked “How do we know if he’s not from the police?” Leah was however optimistic about Xuma’s identity.

She identified the man as her man’s brother. Leah’s man was in jail for killing a man who tried to kiss her.

There was no work at the north. This was what brought Xuma into the town, to work. He however expressed interest in working in the mines.

Leah took her time to tell him about the dangers involved in working in the mines and tried to convince him to work with her but Xuma refused.

Xuma was finally given a place to sleep but he found it hard to sleep because he was tired.

CHAPTER 2

When Xuma woke up the next day, he met the house empty. However he found himself among a crowd forming a ring outside, and Daddy hopping and shouting at the top of his voice. Two women, Lena and Drunk Liz, were also on the ground engaged in a fight.

Xuma pushed his way through the roaring crowd wanting to get away. But he heard a voice shout “stop it”. He turned and it was Leah. When she arrived at the scene, Lena (the thin dark woman) was on top of

Drunk Liz who was fat and pale. Leah walked through the crowd and picked up the thin woman and flung her away from the fat one. The crowd grumbled yet no one was able to speak to her hearing. Leah challenged the crowd to fight but they broke up in silence and walked away.

Leah picked up the thin woman, who was woefully injured, into the yard. She was followed by Xuma and Daddy. Upon entering the house, Daddy brought a sack and spread it in the shade for Leah to place the woman on.

Leah prepared food and they ate. She saw Daddy in the yard and called him to come and tell Xuma about the custom the city. Daddy spoke drunkenly about the custom and the city. After he had finished, he picked a sack and spread it a little distance away, stretched himself and slept. Soon it began to rain. Xuma went into the yard and watched the three sleeping people.

In the house, Leah sang a guy song full of happiness and laughter. Xuma went back into the house and saw Joseph, the brother of Leah’s man. Leah asked Joseph to take Xuma to see the market. At the market, Joseph and Xuma saw many people on the street. One street was crowded as another. The people were in their colourful clothes with a lot of money to spend. The big men among them wore singlet and sometimes fought among themselves to determine who is the strongest.

Joseph and Xuma stopped on a corner and watched the crowd across. A little further up the road, they saw two coloured men fighting. Still further, there were two “swankies” on their way down the road. A crowd of cheering and laughing people followed them.

Suddenly, a pick-up van swerved round a corner. Policemen jumped out and run down the street. The crowd scattered except the coloured people who claimed they have done nothing. However, Joseph warned them that the police would not ask them.

A policeman who was ten yards away came straight ahead to Xuma. But Xuma waited because he had done nothing. The policeman came nearer, raised his stick but it missed Xuma’s head and struck his left shoulder. Xuma whispered and struck the policeman in the face repeatedly till the policeman collapsed.

Xuma looked around and saw the police van still a distance away but two policemen were closing in on him so he decided to ran.

The two coloured men stepped into the road. Xuma felt afraid, to run and knock two men at the same time was impossible. But an unbelievable thing happened, the second coloured man knocked the first one down and ran down the street waving to Xuma to follow him. Xuma followed him into a house. The coloured man locked the door and flopped down into a chair breathing heavily.

The man’s woman came into the room and Xuma noted with surprise that she was black. She expressed her disappointment at Xuma for striking the policeman.

Finally, when Xuma requested to leave, the man’s woman cautioned that it was not safe he left.

CHAPTER 3

Xuma came out and found the street free of trouble but it was difficult for him to find his house. He saw the fat Drunk Liz and touched her shoulder to ask her for direction to Leah’s house. The woman looked at him with bleary eyes and shook her head barely refusing to help him.

Xuma met Daddy who thought he was in jail. Daddy was drunk but he agreed to take Xuma to the Leah’s house if only he (Xuma) would buy him a drink again. At the house, old Ma Plank sat over a huge vat in the yard and in the kitchen was Joseph who was busy. Joseph was happy to see Xuma. Leah entered the house; she grabbed Xuma and hugged him.

They stood on the corner and waited. Leah kept looking up the street that cut across the one where they stood. After ten minutes a black policeman on a cycle came down and stopped. Leah smiled and counted five pound notes from her leather bag and gave them to the policeman.

Leah led the way through the yard to the door at the far end of the yard. She introduced Xuma to a girl they met in the house. Xuma asked the girl’s name, who said she was called Eliza.

Eliza asked Xuma to help her lift a machine. Xuma jumped up and grabbed the sewing machine but he felt a sharp pain stab in his shoulder. Eliza found a bottle of ointment and rubbed it on where Xuma’s pain was.

She gave him a cigarette and looked at his face and laughed. Xuma turned and saw huge towering shapes almost in the sky. He pointed and asked what they were. Eliza replied and said “those are the mine-dumps”. Xuma shifted his eyes from the mine-dump to Eliza and longed for her.

All that night people drank at Leah’s place. Xuma and Eliza returned and saw more people crowded at Leah’s place.

Dladla attacked Xuma with a knife accusing him of stealing his woman and gave him a cut on his face. Eliza took Xuma into a room and washed his bloody face. They returned and found a doctor who fixed Xuma’s face.

CHAPTER 4

The streets were empty after being crowded on Saturday. Xuma and Johannes walked up and down the empty street. They left Johannesburg behind them and in front of them were the towering peaks of the min-damp. They eventually found themselves at the mines.

For Xuma, the day was strange. Stranger than any day he had ever known. There was the rumbling noise and the shouting and explosions and the trembling of the earth. Xuma was frightened.

When the whistle blew for the workers to stop work for food, one of the men called Nana asked Xuma to eat with him. He divided his food and gave Xuma half. When they had finished Nana stretched himself full-length on the ground and slept.

The men who had gone underground that morning came up. Xuma watched them coming and shading their eyes against the light. Xuma asked Nana if it is dark underground. But Nana laughed at Xuma.

Xuma looked up quickly when he heard Johannes voice. Johannes had a confrontation with one of the white men. He called Xuma who flung his spade and followed him. Johannes took Xuma to the shed of the mine doctor.

Xuma stripped and lay on the long table. The doctor examined him while Chris and Paddy watched. Johannes led the way to the washing place for the mine boys. He pushed a few men out of the way and the men made place for them.

They went in and washed and set off for Malay Camp.

CHAPTER 5

When they got to Leah’s place, a group of women were just leaving and Leah was at the gate watching them go. Leah welcomed them. Johannes went inside the house leaving Xuma and Leah outside to talk.

Leah told Xuma about life in the city. She said “to live in the city you must be hard. And money must be your friend. With money you can buy the policeman, you can even buy someone to go to jail for you”.

There was a long silence between them. Rosita who lived across the way had turned on her gramophone and came on her veranda. She called Leah from across.

Leah and Xuma got startled. They got up and went inside the house.

Xuma was offered food, finished eating and left the room. He felt dissatisfied and unhappy. He went on the veranda and watched the street. Maisy came out and joined him. On the corner of the street, under the light of the lamp, a group of men and women formed a ring. And in the centre of the ring a couple danced and made signs to each other as they mimed.

Xuma and Maisy joined the ring. When they got home, Xuma sat on his bed and held his hands. He thought about Eliza for a while. He blew out the candle and sat in the dark. As soon as he lit his cigarette, there was a knock at the door. He responded and it was Eliza’s voice.

CHAPTER 6

Xuma had left Leah’s place and lived in a room in Malay Camp for three months now. Eliza is now like a devil in Xuma’s blood and he did not want to go to Leah’s place again to see Leah for the fear that he should meet Eliza. As he sat alone he longed to see all the people he left at Leah’s place but for the fear of Eliza he would not go.

It was Saturday night and in spite of the cold the streets were crowded. But it was not as it had been that first Saturday when he had gone walking with Joseph. He went up the street and walked in the direction of the heart of Johannesburg. He neared the heart of Johannesburg and the people grew fewer. There were more white people now and they were different. They were not his people so he did not give attention to what they did or said.

Xuma saw some cakes in a window and stopped to look at them. He felt a tap on his shoulder and when he turned it was a policeman. Without a word Xuma gave his pass to the policeman for inspection. As the policeman goes, Xuma carried on up the street. The crowd on the street was thick that it was difficult for Xuma to move among them. The only place that Xuma could be free was underground in the mines. There he was a master and knew the way.

Xuma met his white man, Paddy, who was with a woman. Paddy led Xuma a little way down the street and showed him where he lived. Xuma looked around Paddy’s house. He had never seen a place like that before. Paddy and Xuma sat down while the woman came in with three glasses. They raised their glasses and cheered Xuma. However, Xuma kept on thinking about Paddy’s woman.

The atmosphere at Paddy’s house made Xuma thought he knows what Eliza wants. Paddy came in with food and when they had finished eating they drank more wine. Xuma and Paddy talked about the mines. Paddy took the things away. And Xuma forgot that they were white and even spoke to the woman.

On his return, Paddy asked his woman what she thinks about Xuma. The woman replied “he is just a mine boy”. The man and his woman argued extensively about Xuma as the woman spoke favourably about Xuma. Paddy looked at her. His face clouded. And Di got up and went into the kitchen but the argument continued.

Xuma was glad to be away from the two white people. It had been uncomfortable there. Only when he had been with the woman had he felt all right. He crossed the street and went his way back to Malay Camp.

Gradually he left the heart of the city behind him.

He turned down Jeppe Street where he came across people standing at the lower down the street. A man being chased by the police has climbed a rooftop. The roof sloped steeply. One wrong move and the man would be plunged down, either to death or a broken body. Fear rose from the crowd. The man had lost his hold and was slowly sliding down. For a minute the man was in space. Then with a dull thud, he fell to the ground. But the doctor was there to administer help.

The doctor tried to lift the man up but could not. Xuma however stepped forward but the policeman tightened his grip on his club and waved it from side to side. Xuma lifted the man. The first policeman prodded Xuma with his club. Xuma got up. His body trembled and bunched his fist into hard ball.

Xuma picked up the wounded man to the doctor’s car. The doctor pleaded with Xuma to go with him to help him.

At the other end of Malay Camp the doctor pulled up. Between them they carried the man into a house. A coloured woman met them at the door. They carried the man into the surgery where the doctor worked on the man. Xuma sat on a little chair and watched.

The wounded man was revived. The man expressed fear that the police would arrest him.

The doctor and Xuma left him behind as they went for some tea. The two men entered a room where Xuma felt as he had felt in the place of the Red One.

Emily reported that the wounded man had escaped through the window. The doctor got up and went to the surgery while the others followed. The doctor spoke harshly to Xuma. This made Xuma felt hurt. He was angry but more the anger he felt hurt. He turned abruptly and walked to the door.

The Lack of Integration Between Strategic Planning and Crisis Management

An era of crises

Business crises occur every day, from serious accidents to the infamous coffee spill at McDonalds. In the introductory chapter of his book “The crisis manager: Facing risk and responsibility”, Otto Lerbinger writes about the present as an era of crises, reflecting the increasing size and complexity of modern technology and industrial organizations. In the 1980s, indications of the rising frequency of corporate crises were found by the dramatically increase in product-injury lawsuits since the 1970s. Later on, in the 2000s, crises were occurring more frequently, and a general agreement among corporate customers, media and communications professionals, risk and insurance management practitioners, academics and government officials supported the contention that crisis frequency was increasing in an increasingly volatile world.

Without doubt, the globalized economy has intensified the competition and shortened the product life cycle, with the increased risk of failure. There is also the increased focus on corporate social responsibility as a competitive advantage, vouching for companies to address social issues and act responsible with respect to the environment, labour standards, and human rights.

Another aspect of crisis management has also emerged over the last years; the constant media coverage through Internet news sites and social media. Companies are constantly confronted and battered with new information resulting in a crisis to evolve from hour to hour, necessitating that the crisis must be managed through rapid response.

Crisis awareness

Living in an era of crises makes the likelihood of managers facing a crisis at some time ever more present. Thus, any company that relies on public opinion and reputation should therefore, at least in some sense, be prepared if a crisis occurs. Being prepared implies the development of a management regime that assesses potential threats and handles any crises that may emerge. Thus, crisis management deals with not only the reactive behaviour after the outburst of a crisis, but also the proactive precautions made to prevent the crisis from emerging. Prevention, where possible, is always better than response after things have gone wrong.

Nevertheless, although crises could challenge the reputation and survival of a company, there seem to be reluctance to adopt crisis management plans. Moreover, being proactive in order to prevent a crisis is usually skipped altogether, even though it is the least costly and easiest way of control. One of the characteristics of crises today is lack of recognition and understanding of numerous warning signs. They are often detected but not collectively identified and analysed at appropriate management level.

Planning in order to prevent crises requires a strategic approach and mind set. Managers, when developing corporate strategies, should be aware of potential events that may lead to crises. In their book, “Crisis management in the new strategy landscape”, Crandall et al argue that there is a reciprocal relationship between the various strategies organizations follow and their relation to crisis planning. At the same time as crisis management should be part of the strategic management process, the strategies that a firm chooses to implement can be a factor with respect to the frequency and types of crises that are faced.

Other experts in the field have also identified the common long-term property of the two management fields and how they deal with emergent situations and are concerned with organisational survival in the future. The strategic plan of an organisation or a nation is incomplete unless it includes the integration of crisis management.

Crisis management steps can be related to different processes of strategic management such as strategy formulation, implementation and evaluation. The extent to which organisations can shift from being crisis-prone to being crisis-prepared may well relate to the extent to which they are able to integrate crisis management and strategic management processes. Further, strategic assessment does not fully address problems that could be encountered in the long-term in executing and maintaining the chosen strategy, caused by changes in the business environment. Consequently, common aspect of strategic and crisis management when analysing the organization’s environment, indicate that some strategies are more crisis prone than others.

Still, there are indications of this relationship not being utilized and taken into account when developing and implementing strategies. Strategic management and crisis management evolve separately, despite their potential for synergistic integration. Strategic management pays inadequate attention to defensive actions that could act to prevent unwanted, undesirable and unexpected crises from happening. And the academic world still takes an uncritical view of strategic management. It is taught using a variety of techniques that rely on a stable internal and external environment.

Although the situation has improved over the last years, traditional crisis management is still viewed as a separate planning process and not intertwined with strategy. And despite the growing interest in the strategic importance of crises, our understanding of the area is quite limited. One key issue is that the precise relationship between a firm’s strategic environment and its crisis management decisions remains to be completely specified. Moreover, the few articles discussing crisis and strategic integration focus mostly on coordination of activities within two separate management fields.

To conclude, the indicative lack of focus on the crisis aspect in strategic management could be a problem in future crisis handling, and should be addressed more thoroughly by business managers.

Six Ways Stairs Can Boost Your Health

Did you know that regularly using stairs could save your life? Studies show that climbing just eight flights of stairs a day can improve your health and lower your risk of early death by as much as a third. So popular has this form of exercise become that you can even get free smartphone apps to count the number of steps you climb and record how many calories have been burned off.

Here are six ways that climbing stairs on a regular basis can benefit you:

1. Builds bone and muscle strength

Stair climbing is basically a more strenuous form of walking. Because you have to pull against gravity, it demands greater effort, so you get more of a workout. The exercise is great for your body, increasing your bone density, strength and muscle tone – so the likelihood of developing osteoporosis is considerably reduced.

2. Helps your heart

By raising your heart rate, stair climbing helps prevent blocked arteries and high blood pressure. This boost to your cardiovascular system lowers the risk of succumbing to serious conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and vascular dementia.

3. Aids weight loss

This surprisingly vigorous form of exercise actually burns more calories per minute than jogging. And the good news is that the heavier you are, the more calories you will expend. Even when you go upstairs at a normal pace, you’ll use at least double the amount of energy than if you were walking briskly on level ground – so you may soon find your waistline shrinking if you use the stairs regularly.

4. Relieves stress

Going up stairs will also improve your mental state, as the physical exertion releases pain-killing endorphins – the feel-good hormones that release tension and give your spirits a lift. The regular exercise will raise your energy levels, making you generally feel better about the world.

5. Fits in with busy lifestyles

Unlike going to the gym, climbing stairs is convenient, flexible and time-efficient. You can begin with just one or two flights if you like, and increase gradually. Even if you’re a busy commuter, you can use staircases in public places such as train stations, office buildings and multi-storey car parks. Of course, unless you live in a bungalow or ground-floor flat you will also be able to practise in the comfort of your own home.

You don’t have to be a fresh-air fiend to enjoy climbing stairs. No special skills, sporting ability or training is required – and you won’t have to share a sweaty changing room with strangers.

Because stair climbing is relatively easy to build into your life, you should be able to incorporate it into your routine without too many problems. Regular exercise can make a real difference to people’s long-term health, so finding an activity that you are able to sustain over the years will be invaluable for your fitness levels.

6. Costs nothing

One of the best things about stair climbing is that it’s free. No sports club fees or gym subscription, no equipment or special clothing to buy… it’s just you, and as many steps as you feel able to tackle.

A few tips…

So, which types of stairs are best for climbing? Any long flight of stairs provides the opportunity for a good workout, although some are better than others. Wooden stairs are more comfortable than metal or concrete ones as their treads provide more shock absorption, and carpeted staircases are better still. Curved stairs are just as good as straight ones for providing exercise. Even loft stairs and space saver staircases have their uses, as long as you hold on to the handrail and don’t try to go too fast. If you have to use an escalator, walk all the way up it. As the steps are deeper than those in an average staircase, it will still do you good.

Aim for between three and five stair-climbing sessions a week to get the most from your new regime. If you’re not used to exercise you should start slowly, perhaps just climbing for five or 10 minutes at first. You can work up to 30 minutes or even an hour eventually, if you feel confident.

Can anyone exercise this way?

People with knee or hip problems are not advised to climb stairs unnecessarily as the stepping action can aggravate their condition. This is particularly true when going down, as the joints come under extra strain. Anyone concerned about their health should have a word with their doctor before going ahead.

Which Deck Railing Designs Will You Choose?

When it comes to creating the perfect home deck railings, there are hundreds of designs to choose from. The Railings are generally the most important part of the deck and so you really need to ensure that in order to create that perfect look, you choose the perfect design.

Getting the Design Just Right

When it comes to choosing the design of the railings, it is important to realize that you do not have to match the design of the deck with the railings. For example, you could choose a base which is made of wood due to the fact that it is durable. However, you may wish to have an iron railing. As long as it looks OK it should not really matter but a lot of the time people feel it looks too odd sot hey do choose a matching design and material.

Usually deck railings go well on the porch and before you install anything you need a porch railing plan. You need to take measures, figure out which style you would like to achieve. Do you want a particular pattern for example flowers or an animal of some samples? Try and find something which matches your personality.

Sometimes the best material to go for and a good deck railing design include the stainless steel cable railing. For this type of a railing a stainless steel top is used but instead of using balusters like most railings do, cables are used instead. Glass balusters are also quite commonly used and they tend to add a touch of sophistication to the railroads.

If you really want to add something a little more special, flower boxes may be a good idea. They make the hills more welcoming and they also add a touch of elegance too. There are various different accessories to choose from and some can add a classic look to the railroads while others look a little more modern.

Overall it is always better to create a plan of action beforehand. So, if you are choosing the railroads for the porch create a porch railing plan. It is important to write down everything that you need to know before going on a search for the perfect materials and accessories. Include all measurements, what theme you are going for ie modern, contemporary, and what material you would prefer.

It may take a little shopping around but you should find something to suit your deck railing needs eventually.

Are Newel Posts Necessary?

Most people probably have no idea what a newel post is. This is quite ironic because almost everyone has used a staircase at some time or other in their lives.

Basically, a newel post, sometimes called a central pole, is the large post at the bottom, top, or center of the staircase that helps to support a handrail. Most people probably think that these large posts are mainly cosmetic in nature. While this is also true, a central pole primarily serves as a functional piece rather than a decorative piece.

However, a post does not need to be unattractive simply because it is functional. Newels are often ornate and decorative. In fact, the central pole can be decorated in a style that matches the decor in the rest of the home. Such posts can also be made from a variety of materials including wood or metal. The wood or metal can be left unfinished or the surface can be painted.

Very rarely, a staircase may be created that does not have a newel post. Typically, such staircases are featured in homes with a modern design. These staircases are almost always spiral staircases like the staircase which is located in the Loretto Chapel.

Now that you know what a newel post is, you may also be wondering if there are names for the other parts of a staircase. The answer to that question is yes! The tread of a staircase is the part of the case where you walk while the riser is a name for the piece of the staircase that is vertically connected to each of the treads. The height of the risers is what determines how steep the staircase will be. Usually, risers are between five to seven inches tall.

The vertical posts that connect the treads of the staircase to the handrail are called spindles. Spindles can be decorative and they may be made from metal or from wood. Spindles can also be called balusters depending upon the region of the country where you live. In some cases, several spindles are grouped together at the bottom of the staircase around the newel post. These posts are known as a balustrade.

The cost of a central pole can vary broadly depending upon the type of post as well as the amount of time it takes for the post to be made. For example, if you buy a newel post from a traditional craftsman, you probably will spend quite a bit of money. However, you will also have a very unique and well made central pole to place at the bottom of your staircase.

Caring for your newel post can be very simple or somewhat difficult depending upon how it is crafted. If your post is very ornate, it can take quite a while to properly dust in the nooks and crevices of the post. For this reason, many people opt for a simple but well crafted post. Usually, it is easy to maintain such posts. All that is necessary is to dust the post every so often.

Before purchasing a newel post, it is important to consider your decor and also the amount of time you want to spend dusting or cleaning your staircase. Then, choose the post that best fits your needs and your lifestyle.

Aging in Place

When we think of home safety, there are many obvious precautions that come to mind: smoke detectors, fire extinguishers and strategically placed hand rails, just to name a few. However, there are many more eminent dangers that elderly parents face every day, dangers that can be easily remedied or removed from their home all together.

Falls are the number one cause of injury to seniors in their homes. Most falls are preventable! With just a few safety precautions you can decrease your parents chance of injuring themselves. Remove all phone cords that stretch or drape across a room, floor or walkway. If necessary purchase a cordless phone.

Do NOT store anything on a stair case, in the stair well or on the stair-treads. Never drape items over a stair banister that would prevent it being used as a safety bar or hand rail. Keep hallways and staircases well lit. Avoid slippery rugs and runners. Make sure all rugs have a non-slip backing and are flush to the floor. Keep a clearly marked emergency phone chart near the phone. Do not store heavy objects high in the closet or above waist level- handling a heavy object over head is sure way to lose balance.

Bathrooms are the most dangerous room in your parent's home. Water, soap and a slippery floor can be a fatal mixture. More falls occurring in the bathroom than any other room. A walk in tub is one way of making your parents home a safer environment for your parents. A walk in tub will not only reduce their step over the side of the tub, but will also provide a seat to sit on during the bath. Walk in tubs greatly reduce the risk of falling while trying to bathe.

Another way to assist your parents in maintaining their independence and guaranteeing their safety is to replace their standard toilet with a higher commode seat. This eliminates the stress on the lower back when sitting down, and reduces the struggle to stand back up. The higher seat also helps your parents maintain their balance.

We strongly suggest adding safety bars and hand rails around the toilet area and the bathtub area. Safety bars not only give stability and strength to your parents as they stand or sit, but it also gives them peace of mind.

Planning Is Key.

"Aging In Place" is a new catch phrase to an old concept- living at home in comfort for as long as possible. There are many aspects that one should consider when intending to "age in place". The key goal is to be proactive with your preparation so that you're not making decisions in a "reactive" mind set during an already difficult time- should a crisis arise.

One key element to keep in mind when retrofitting or adapting your home or a loved one's home is "accessibility". Make sure their doors can be widened, sinks are low enough to be accessible from a wheelchair, kitchen counters are a comfortable height and that at least one bedroom is on the main floor of your home.

The aging baby boomer population has a host of new options to assist them in their transition into the winter of life. It is important to understand the options so that you make the best decision for you or your loved one. Many factors need to be considered when planning changes to your home. We hope that these