Glass Pool Fencing – "Bringing a Luxurious Look to Your Pool"

Still having second thoughts on switching over to Glass Pool Fencing?

After reading this, you’ll definitely be saying, why not!

Glass Pool Fencing has become more and more popular in recent times. When it comes to choosing the best security appliance for your pool, nothing can be more ideal and perfect option than installing a glass pool fence as it is considered the perfect strategy for safeguarding your pool. These fences are used for maintaining safety & privacy of your pool. They not only act as a shield for your pool, as it also adds a sublime touch to your pool beauty. If you’re looking forward to install the best, affordable and durable fencing for your pool, Glass Pool Fencing would be the best option. As the name suggests, these fences are made of glass & are put up around the swimming pool to avoid unfortunate accidents, crack-ups & drenching. Today, most of the pool owners around the world adopt this fencing technique because of its affordable and reliable nature.

Glass pool fencing can either be framed, semi framed or frameless based upon the design selected. The glass used in this fencing is mixed with natural products like graphite, marble or stone for setting up the last touches & making it more beautiful and stunning. It provides a classy look to your property that you have always dreamt of. It looks more glamorous than those antique wooden & steel bar fencing techniques. Among all the materials, glass is the best and most trusted material, adapted by the majority of the pool owners all around the world for partitioning and railing.

Plus point of Glass Pool Fencing:

• It is an artistic and creative way of preserving your pool & providing a clear view of nature around the pool.

• Glass Pool Fencing enhances the appearance of your home along with the poolside area, & giving a new, elegant and stunning look to your premises.

• Another advantage is, durability, because of which, this glass can last for decades, depending upon proper care and maintenance.

• It can withstand extreme weather, as these glasses are made up of aluminium and titanium, which ensures that it will not corrode even in severe circumstances.

• These glasses can resist even salt water & is not prone to decaying and rusting like steel does.

• Its main advantage is that it can adapt wet conditions & does not need any repairing, or routine maintenance.

• Glass railings are much strong, cost-effective, and not easily damaged as compared to wood, iron or steel.

• These glass fences are much taller to prevent children enter the pool.

• The different choices available: Now days, many alternatives are available for comparing the tone of these eyeglasses online, through various supplier’s websites and web logs. One must check the quality of the glass panels used by the supplier & must confirm that the panels used are high-grade and having greater transparency.

• The glasses used in this fencing, are not affected by moisture, wind, rainfall, or debris. And, the glasses must be cleaned with a dry and fresh cloth for more serious and long-lasting effects.

Then, before running short for a particular fencing company, one must look up various suppliers online, come in touch with the most genuine company and then should break for leasing.

Glass Pool Fencing is considered as the best option for ensuring the safety of your swimming pool. The process of fencing involves various things like, deciding the proper height of fencing, ensuring the quality of the glass, selecting a suitable design, opting for self-closing & auto locking systems, and finally comes the installation process.

Introducing BDSM to Your Partner

So you are into BDSM or you think that you may be into and have a problem with introducing your desires to your partner. What if BDSM is not acceptable for her or him? What if you turn your partner away? A lot of questions arise and many people stop at that point. I would like to encourage you to go ahead and give it a try, some stats may give you more confidence.

Some interesting stats on BDSM

Unlike you could think bondage and pain are very common in bedrooms all other the world, several researches show that up to 15% of population use BDSM practices on regular basis and almost 50% of people have a positive erotical reaction on pain. So the chances are your partner is craving for spanking and bondage even more than you do, but is hesitating just like you.

But how?

Ok, many people like it, but how do I ask my partner to try BDSM for the first time? The answer is as short as it’s hard. Just talk to your partner. You should be prepared for the discussion. If you don’t usually talk about sex and the things that turn you on, make it your habit.

Make a list of fantasies that you would like to try, keep it simple for the first time, and let your partner choose the things that may turn both of you on. Maybe you will have an additional list of you partner’s fantasies that you also would like to try. Sometimes people we think we know surprise us.

Don’t try it all at once. Yes, that latex whipping scene in metal bondage on a spaceship was very hot, but try to concentrate on one or two things that you desire most. You can try the sex on spaceship later anyway.

Safe words

Safe words are the other topic you should discuss before the BDSM session. Safe words in BDSM practice are used to stop or slow down the action. Sometimes the shouts “stop” and “no” can mean quite the opposite, especially during flogging or roleplaying, so you should choose the words that will not be commonly used during your sessions, something like “Japan” or “plum”.


First option is to try some light bondage. Forget about huge metal constructions and St. Andrew’s cross you’ve seen in a movies on those sites. You don’t want you partner to run away in fear, do you? Although handcuffs from an adult online store are a good idea but I personally recommend trying something like a scarf or piece of cotton rope. Do not use pantyhose or silk scarf. They are too thin and can cut the blood circulation, so don’t use them until you got some expertise.

Tie your partner to a bedpost, a chair, a banister if you have one or just tie the hands behind the back. Bear in mind that in case of hands behind you can’t lay the partner on the back, it’s uncomfortable. Tease your partner with pain or pleasure, that’s your choice, surprise is a part of fun, but don’t forget the set limits.


Most of pairs practicing BDSM use spanking at least as part of foreplay and it’s accepted as a common practice even by those who are not into BDSM, so why don’t you try it first. Bend you partner other the knees, or tie the partner to the bed to add tension and give a slap. Don’t rush, spank slow and easy at first, pay attention to partner’s reaction. Don’t push your partner too hard, in best case you should slow down before you hear the safe word.

In fact some people can wait and endure the pain just because they want your approval. Don’t abuse these good feelings, you need to find the pain limits of your partner based both on verbal and nonverbal reactions.


Whipping is a more complicated matter than spanking as it involves using the tools like floggers, belts, whips and so on. Adult stores nowadays offer a wide variety of devices that can look hot for you, but don’t forget that they can scare off your partner. Try a soft flogger at first.

Choose the flogger with many wide tails, the wider the better. Make sure it’s made of soft leather or suede and try it on your own hand. Remember, this is all to make your partner feel comfortable and get him used to the BDSM techniques. Show the device to your partner before the session, let him or her get used to it.

As with spanking start slow and easy as you are not professional yet, be careful. Try to focus on buttocks as they are less vulnerable to an accidental damage. Be sure to read some additional literature on whipping technique as it is very important for your partners health.

Go on and try!

To sum it all up starting practicing BDSM with your partner is rather simple, so go ahead and try. I’ve prepared a short list to show you how easy every step is.

  • Make a list of fantasies that you would like to try with your partner.
  • Discuss the list and choose the things that turn both of you on.
  • Set the safe words that will stop or slow down the session.
  • Choose and buy the equipment that clicks with both of you (if you need it).
  • Turn off the phones and try some BDSM action!
  • Discuss the session with you partner.

I recommend you write a list of desires right now, open Notepad, MS Word, OpenOffice or whatever you have and do it, don’t waste your time. After that you can read some additional articles right here on EzineArticles. And do talk to you partner this week.

Wireless Light Switch – 3 Ways You Can Use A Remote Light Switch

A wireless light switch can be a very useful device to have in your house and if you do not have it you should consider getting one. It offers convenience and flexibility. It gives you the ability to control several lights in your house from one spot.There are many reasons to have a wireless light switch and here is a few;

Since a wireless switch is also a remote on/off device, you can operate several appliances like lamps and ceiling lights in one position. Say you are sleeping on the bed and instead of moving from the bed to the wall switch on the wall you can use your remote switch to turn off the lights and continue with your sleep.

In situations where you want to restructure your house and move things around, a wireless gadgets like this one can be very helpful especially when wiring is considered complex or may require additional labor. Having a wireless on/off device will not only save you the hassle of figuring out which wiring goes where but will also give you the liberty to move things around with ease of mind.

Say you have a log home! What would be more ideal than a wireless switch?! A log home requires a lot of drilling cumbersome routing but with wireless devices you simply avoid this nightmare.

There a lot more reasons why you can or should use wireless light switches. They will surely make your life easier and comfortable, and the best part is wireless light switches are not expensive to buy. You can also just type “wireless light switch” to perform a search on the internet and purchase one online.

How To Clean Gel Flux Residue From a Circuit Board After Hand Soldering a Quad Flat Pack

This article describes how to clean gel flux residue from a circuit board after hand soldering a quad flat pack component. The process involves full immersion cleaning, which means fully submersing the board into solvent while brushing in order to dislodge and dissolve as much of the flux residue as possible.

Start by putting on some “powder free latex gloves” to protect your hands. Also make sure that you are wearing safety glasses and that your work area is reasonably well ventilated.

Place the board on the bench. No solvents are used at this stage. I call this step “dry wiping”. Get a small brush, such as a horse hair or small parts cleaning brush and simply run the brush along each edge to remove the bulk of the flux residue.

Wipe the brush on a tissue to get the flux residue off of the brush. The objective is just to remove the bulk of the flux residue before the full immersion cleaning process.

Next, place your circuit board into a plastic container with some methylated spirits (or “metho”).

The plastic container can be a lunch box, a food container or an empty ice cream container. Choose the size of the container depending on how big your circuit boards are and how many you want to put in to wash or soak at one time.

Ensure that there is enough metho in the container to fully immerse the board, including the components.

Then simply brush around the edge of the chip where the flux residue is. Continue to brush around until it looks like most of the flux residue has come off.

Take the board out of the metho to get an idea of how you are going.

Blow off the metho with compressed air (a nozzle, moisture separator, air hose and air compressor). The compressed air also helps to dislodge the residue, especially some of the residue sitting behind the chip legs.

At this stage you will be able to see how much of the flux residue is left on the board. Put the board back into the metho and do some more brushing.

Take the board out again and blow off the metho and residue with the compressed air. Again, you will be able to see how much residue is left. The residue will look like a think sticky film. Put the board back in and give it another go.

Keep going until you are satisfied that you have removed as much of the flux residue as possible. You don’t have to worry is there is a little bit of flux residue left on the board because the gel flux used is “no-clean” type, which is inert and non-corrosive.

That completes this article. We covered how to clean gel flux residue from a circuit board, including “dry brushing”, full immersion cleaning, using compressed air to blow off solvent and dislodge residue, and inspection.

Alternative to Traditional Wood Burning Tools

Wood burning tools are rare. Let’s face it. However, if you know where to look, you can find them everywhere. This article will take a look at what types of wood burning tools are necessary to complete even the most basic of sets and how to find alternatives and replacements that work just as good at half the cost.

Wood burning was developed at the dawn of time as a means to communicate. The technique is essentially just burning, or etching, images – later languages – into a type of material. That material was usually leather, but later became wood. As such, wood burning was developed. And that’s it. There really isn’t much to it beyond the basic idea of etching something into wood using fire.

With that in mind, it should come as no surprise that the basic tools necessary to complete a successful wood burning project is something hot – for example a soldering iron, and wood, for example, a block of wood. However, there are kits for those so inclined. These kits include a few more items which help get you off to a good start. This kit may also include a book of instruction on how-to get your first wood burning experiment off to good start.

So, what if you don’t have or can’t get access to a soldering iron? Well, don’t worry. Instead of using a soldering iron, why not use what our ancestors used? Fire. That’s right, fire. Simply light a fire, hold a piece of wood to it, char it a little, and use the charred tip of that piece of wood to engrave words, symbols or images into your canvas. Of course, using a charred stick will get you no where near the exacting precision of a soldering iron, however, you will at least make a mark.

Now, what if you haven’t got a block of wood or leather canvas? Easy! Cut down a tree or kill an animal with skin. Sure, this may sound a bit barbaric – after all, trees are sacred, but I assure you, no one will be hurt, except possibly yourself if you don’t cut it properly, when you cut down a tree. Skinning an animal is fine and shouldn’t bother a thing. However, this is what our ancestors did. They cut down trees and killed animals for their skin – granted, what they were doing wasn’t for fun as a hobby, but rather as a means to stay alive…. but think of what you’ll be doing as keeping their spirit alive!

Or you could save yourself the trouble and not get into wood burning at all.

Shoulder Pain Side Sleeping – How to Relieve Your Pain and Finally Get a Good Night’s Sleep

If you are suffering from shoulder pain, side sleeping can be difficult. It hurts to lay on your side. You may experience a constant deep ache or sharp pain. It is difficult to roll over, change positions, or find a comfortable way to fall asleep. Shoulder pain can lead to long, uncomfortable, sleepless nights.

The most common source of shoulder pain is an injury to the muscles and tendons of the rotator cuff. You may be diagnosed with conditions such as bursitis, rotator cuff tendinitis, impingement, and tears.

The rotator cuff is a group of small muscles located around the ball-and-socket joint of the shoulder. They are important for circular arm movements. This area is also a fragile area prone to overuse and injury. When these muscles are injured, it is often difficult to raise your arm over your head, reach behind your back, or even to get dressed on your own. It also makes sleeping difficult if you like to lay on your side.

There are a few simple things you can do to help relieve the pain and get some much needed rest. These include taking pain medicine such as aspirin or ibuprofen. You can also pile up pillows around the affected area to help shift some of your weight off of the injured shoulder.

However, you will receive the most benefit from a series of exercises that specifically target the shoulder and the rotator cuff in particular. There are a number of specially designed exercises, developed by physical therapists to aid in rotator cuff injuries. These include targeted exercises to help speed recovery, re-build strength, relieve pain, and prevent loss of range and mobility.

While it is always a good idea to consult with a physician first, there are many exercises that you can do on your own, in the comfort of your own home.

One easy exercise to begin with is a door press. This exercise will stretch out the muscles in your shoulders and upper chest. To begin, stand facing an open doorway. Place your hands and forearms on the door frame with your fingers pointing straight up towards the ceiling. Your upper arms should be level with your shoulders. Leaving your arms in place on the door frame, slowly press yourself through the doorway. You’ll feel tightness in both the front and back of your shoulders. Hold this position for several seconds then use your arms to slowly push yourself back out to your original position. Repeat this exercise several more times. But always remember to move slowly and stop before there is any pain.

How and Why to Open a Bank Account in Hong Kong

Hong Kong today remains one of the best offshore banking jurisdictions. It offers a great combination of bank secrecy, corporate secrecy, a financially and politically stable environment, and strong banks. But perhaps most importantly, it’s a secure offshore investment haven for those who want to diversify out of sinking western currencies into booming Asian markets, and China in particular.

So how can you go about opening an offshore bank account in Hong Kong? Do you have to travel there? This article will answer these questions and give you some practical hints and tips. But first some background.

A Successful Free Market Experiment For East and West Alike

Hong Kong, in my opinion, is the only practical example in the world of a major city that has been developed from scratch and run as something of an offshore, free market experiment – first by the British, then by the Chinese.

The main Island (and later Kowloon and the New Territories, parts of the mainland) was a British colony for most of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. During this time it grew from a fishing village and opium trading hub, into a city-state of seven million people. It became known as a free-wheeling, free market paradise for capitalists, with an economy characterized by low taxation, free trade and no government interference in business.

In 1997 the British returned sovereignty over Hong Kong to China. The former colony became one of China’s two Special Administrative Regions (SARs), the other being Macau. Many people were initially doubtful about one of the world’s capitalist bastions being run by a communist power, and at the time a lot of investors pulled out, many taking their dynamic business acumen heading to places like Singapore and Vancouver.

However, the “one country, two systems” model adopted by Beijing to coincide with free market reforms and the growth of China into an economic superpower has proven very successful. The Basic Law of Hong Kong, the equivalent of the constitution, stipulates that the SAR maintains a “high degree of autonomy” in all matters except foreign relations and defence. The SAR today operates as a major offshore finance center, discreetly oiling the wheels of commerce between East and West.

These days, rather than being put off by the Chinese influence, most international investors who are attracted to Hong Kong are coming precisely because of this Chinese connection. Hong Kong is the point of access to Chinese trade, without the legal and cultural difficulties of doing business in mainland China.

Those who do not trust their own governments are reassured by the fact that under the Basic Law, Hong Kong’s foreign relations are run from Beijing. While most offshore jurisdictions humbly submit to demands from the USA and other western countries, in the case of China, the relationship is definitely reversed. Hong Kong does have a number of Tax Information Exchange Agreements (see below) but these are sensibly policed and do not allow for fishing expeditions.

Offshore Banking in Hong Kong

The region’s population is 95 percent ethnic Chinese and 5 percent from other groups, but English is very widely spoken and is the main language in businesses like banking.

One thing I like about using Hong Kong for offshore bank accounts is the same argument I have used for Panama and Singapore: it’s a ‘real’ country with real trade going on. The Hong Kong dollar is the ninth most traded currency in the world. Compare this to doing business on a small island or other remote banking jurisdiction, where everybody knows your only reason for doing business there is offshore banking. It also means that there is no problem doing your banking in cash, if you so wish.

For now the HKD, the local dollar, still tracks very closely the US dollar, but this appears to be changing as the Chinese Yuan circulates freely in Hong Kong, both in cash and in bank deposits. We think this represents an excellent opportunity to diversify funds out of the US dollar now, gaining exposure to Chinese growth in the meantime. (Of course, you can also hold HKD in banks in other parts of the world too)

Bank accounts in Hong Kong are almost all multi-currency by default, allowing all major local and international currencies to be held under one account number and exchanged freely and instantly within the account at the click of a mouse.

There is no capital gains tax, no tax on bank interest or stock market investments, and no tax on offshore sourced income. This, combined with a welcoming attitude to non-resident clients in the banks (including US citizens by the way, who are generally unwelcome in traditional offshore banking havens like Switzerland), and strong cultural and legal respect for financial privacy, makes Hong Kong one of Asia’s best offshore banking jurisdictions.

For those who want to establish a small offshore account under reporting limits, or simply to have the bank account established in view of future business, Hong Kong is also attractive given the low minimum deposits demanded by the major banks there. The minimum bank account balance can be as low as HK$ 3,000. Of course, you can’t expect red carpet, VIP private banking at this level – but you get a perfectly good functioning bank account with all the technological trimmings.

Offshore Corporate Bank Accounts in Hong Kong – Do’s and Don’ts

Typically, offshore clients choose to open accounts using corporations, as opposed to personal accounts. This not only offers greater privacy, but also flexibility and can – depending of course on how things are structured – offer significant tax and asset protection advantages.

Accounts can easily be opened both for pure offshore companies like Panama, BVI, Nevis or Marshall Islands, or for local Hong Kong companies that are set up using nominee directors and shareholders.

When contacting local corporate service providers in Hong Kong, you’ll find that most of these corporate service providers will recommend you use a Hong Kong company to open the account. The reason they do this is that it’s simpler and more profitable for them. They can incorporate a local company at low cost, opening the bank account is smoother and faster with a local company, and they can carry on billing nominee director fees every year. But it may not be the right thing for you.

Whilst it is true that Hong Kong companies do not have to pay any tax provided they do not make any local source income, administering such a company is not so simple. For example, Hong Kong companies are required to file audited accounts every year. They must file pages and pages of documents to convince the Inland Revenue Department (HKIRD) that they don’t have any local business, and, from practical experience, the HKIRD is getting much stickier about this. Long-established companies are normally left unmolested but newly established companies can expect a lot of compliance work in their first few years. Again, this suits the Hong Kong corporate service providers who charge handsomely for such services.

Another factor to consider is Controlled Foreign Corporation (CFC) legislation in your home country. (For an explanation see Wikipedia ) Many clients choose to set up LLCs as they can be treated as passthrough entities, vastly simplifying reporting requirements in some countries like the USA. Hong Kong corporations are not LLCs and cannot be treated as passthroughs for tax purposes.

My advice – assuming you don’t intend to do any business in Hong Kong besides banking and perhaps the occasional trip to visit your money – would be to open the account in the name of a company from a foreign offshore tax haven. It’s a little more work and expense at the beginning, and the bank might ask you more questions, but it will save you a lot of money and headaches in the long term. If you want a local look and feel for your company, numerous virtual office services are available.

Hong Kong Tax Information Exchange Agreements

Contrary to what you will read on some out-of-date websites, Hong Kong has signed a number of Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs). However, the HKIRD is at pains to point out that fishing expeditions are not going to be tolerated.

The HKIRD has issued Practice Note 47, available on the internet, which usefully explains how the HKIRD seek to achieve a balance between the requirements of compliance with the OECD requirements, whilst providing checks and balances to protect the rights of businesspeople.

The HKIRD are professionals and should be well positioned to deal with TIEA requests properly and justly in accordance with the treaties and guidelines. I am confident not going to allow their ‘clients’ rights to be trampled on.

Regulation of Banks in Hong Kong

Hong Kong’s Banking Ordinance was revamped in 1986. It has since undergone several amendments to improve prudential supervision. The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) was formed in 1993 as a one-stop financial regulator, responsible for everything from banks to stored value anonymous debit cards.

The SAR maintains a three-tier system of deposit-taking institutions, comprising licensed banks, restricted license banks, and deposit-taking companies. Only licensed banks may operate current and savings accounts, and accept deposits of any size and maturity. RLBs are only allowed to accept deposits of HK$500,000 and above, while DTCs are only permitted to accept deposits of a minimum of HK$100,000 with original maturity of not less than three months.

Both these latter categories provide an opportunity for overseas banks to conduct wholesale, investment or private banking activities in Hong Kong without having to jump through the hoops of applying for a full banking license. In addition, some foreign banks have chosen to open representative offices in Hong Kong, which are not allowed to take deposits but can assist in opening accounts at other offices within their groups.

As Hong Kong is an international financial centre, it is an explicit policy of the HKMA that the regulatory framework in Hong Kong should conform as much as possible with international standards, in particular those recommended by the Basel Committee.

Hong Kong’s five largest banks, in terms of total assets, are as follows:

– Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC)

– Bank of China (Hong Kong)

– Hang Seng Bank Ltd

– Standard Chartered Bank

– Bank of East Asia Ltd.

A full list of updated Hong Kong banks can be found on Wikipedia.

Visiting Hong Kong to Open a Bank Account

If you are visiting Hong Kong to open your account, it can normally be opened the same day provided you have made some arrangements with a local service provider, or directly with the bank, in advance. This is assuming you use one of the major banks, that nearly everybody does. You can then simply visit the bank, sign documents and receive the bank account number immediately. This will be a full multi-currency account and you will typically receive a digital token for internet banking, a password and a debit card.

The documents required for opening offshore bank account are:

1) Formation documents (in the case of corporate accounts. Apostilles are required in the case of foreign corporate accounts – your offshore provider will know how to obtain these.)

2) Bank forms and business plan/expected activity (a corporate service provider will normally supply these as part of the service)

3) Passport copies of each director, signatory and shareholder (take special note of this requirement if you are using nominee directors – if the persons are not present, copies will have to be notarized.)

4) Proof of address (such as updated bill statement which shows up your name and address) and signed (of each director and shareholder)

A bank reference is generally required if you are dealing direct with the bank. If you go through a corporate service provider, they normally write a reference so you do not need to supply a bank reference. However, if you can obtain a bank reference it is better.

Opening an account without visiting Hong Kong

It is also perfectly possible to open accounts without visiting Hong Kong (known as ‘remote account opening’) though this process tends to take substantially longer as banks will ask a lot more questions. In this case, your bank or service provider will generally e-mail you the forms, that you will need to print out and sign.

Depending on the bank, there may well be certain special instructions about how and where to sign – for example, HSBC in Hong Kong will typically request that you have your signature witnessed in the HSBC Bank nearest to you. As with all foreign bank accounts, you should be sure to use the same signature that appears in your passport, otherwise the documents will be rejected.

In the case of remote account opening the bank will normally courier the password, debit card, and token direct to your address in your home country. Then you need to activate them via the bank’s website.


Hong Kong competes very favorably with Singapore, the other Asian banking jurisdiction we favor. If you have not yet diversified your offshore holdings into Asia, you should seriously consider doing so. I hope this article will be helpful in this regard.

What is a Wormhole As it Relates to Black Holes

What is a wormhole as it relates to black holes? Well, wormholes are a presumed means, within the universal theory of relativity, of moving from one area in space to another without traversing the space between. Wormholes are linked to black holes in that they, like black holes, curve space around them into a funnel vortex shaped form. They are also known as Schwarzschild wormholes and Einstein-Rosen bridges and it is important to remember that given our current understanding of the universe, the purpose of these mystical space objects continues to be unknown. It is hypothesised however to contain bridges between areas of space that are thought to be located in the centre of a black hole and white hole, linking two universes.

Einstein’s general theory of relativity indicates that space can be curved by enormous bodies, and that time and space are inescapably joined to each other. Einstein showed that time can appear to travel at dissimilar speeds, the speed at which the time appears to travel all hinges on upon the state of motion of the observer. An example used by Einstein was a collection of clocks in a moving laboratory would appear to tick slower than a group of clocks in a stationary reference lab.

Worm holes and indeed Black holes, are the outcome of a failures of massive stars which has such an excessive gravitational strength that it keeps light particles from departing its surface, rendering the star virtually invisible. They act very much akin to a one way street, only permitting objects to plunge into the black hole however, nothing can escape from its gravitational drag. For instance, Black holes circling the centre of the galaxy at a interval of many light years will tug on adjacent stars, which in turn, pull backward upon the black holes.

It is believed that Black holes are at least 10 to 15 times larger than our Sun and due to a black hole’s suggested funnel like structure, matter travelling via a black hole and departing through a white hole would be compressed to an enormously compact but tiny size, this would go against the potential to use these tunnels as a transportation gateway considering that it is highly unlikely that a white hole would have the capacity to recompose the material to its primary state prior to going into the black hole. HTML clipboardWhite holes are virtually identical to Black holes in terms of their formation however, in white holes objects are thrust away from the midpoint, different to black holes which immerse objects not permitting them to flee their gravitational force.

Given the understood nature of the black hole’s funnel like structure, matter travelling via a black hole and departing through a white hole would be compressed to an enormously compact but tiny size, this would go against the potential to use these tunnels as a transportation gateway considering that it is highly unlikely that a white hole would have the capacity to recompose the material to its primary state prior to going into the black hole. If this is true, the way that this method would work is that the object would be dragged in through the black hole and passing through the wormhole at a speed close to that of light the end result being the object exiting the white hole in another area in space.

Wormholes are thought over possible founded on Einstein’s theory of relativity, wormholes are a strange outcome of Einstein’s theory of general relativity in light of the fact that wormholes are permitted to survive in the math of “General Relativity”, which is our leading portrayal of the Universe. Wormholes as they relate to black holes are both a marginal and very hypothetical concept, although from what we comprehend of the nature of gravity when integrated with quantum physics, it looks like in principle, such an entities would be conceivable.

Operating Room Lighting

Effective and successful performance within the operating room is enhanced by having lighting which does not cause visual, operational and environmental difficulties such as: glare, shadowing or visual stress.

The operating room environment requires a combination of satisfactory ambient lighting and effective direct and indirect task lighting. The ability to adjust these lighting levels and change their characteristics enables room staff to be more effective. Incorrect or poor lighting can impact on the patient, through poor performance and impaired effectiveness which may cause lengthened procedures through uncertainty, or even errors.

The wellbeing of the surgeon, the anesthetist and surgical team may also be adversely affected, while the quality and safety of the working environment will be impaired by poor ambient lighting.

According to studies, a very long time is usually spent for proper light adjustment. The lighting requirements for particular surgical specialties are so diverse that the individual requirements for each specialty must be taken into account when selecting room lighting.

The following points should be kept in mind during the design of the operating rooms and selecting the lighting system for the operating room:

Adjustability – the design of the lighting unit and how it can adapt to meet individual requirements.

Brightness – the amount of light delivered by a source in order to illuminate a specific surgical area.

Control – selection of a good design and an appropriate light source will help the systems integrate into the operating room environment. However, flexibility and adjustability in the lighting system (amount of light or spread of light, for example) will accommodate a wider range of tasks and activities.

Good color rendition is important in the operating rooms, intensive care rooms, examination rooms and in the treatments rooms.

In the operating rooms, a backup electric system should be available in the case of power failure.

There are typically three basic types of lamp used within an operating room environment: incandescent, gas discharge and Light Emitting Diodes (LED).

Incandescent and gas discharge lamps have traditionally been the main lamp type, utilizing halogen, tungsten, xenon and quartz. However, other types of lighting are now emerging onto the market in several forms, particularly LEDs.

1. Technical parameters.

The following parameters should be considered:

2. Central illuminance: This is the value of illuminance (LUX) at 1meter in the center of the light field.

3. Depth of illumination: The distance under the light-emitting area where the illumination reaches 20% of the central illuminance.

4. Light field diameter (50%): Diameter of light field where the illumination reaches 50% of the central iluminance.

5. Light field diameter (10%): Diameter of light field where the illumination reaches 10% of the central illuminance.

6. Color rendition index: The measure of the color spectrum of the light, made up from 9 measurements of each visible color.

7. Color temperature: Perceived coolness or warmth of light (measured in degrees Kelvin). Some LED lamps permit the ability to adjust the color temperature, which allows a surgical team to manipulate the light characteristics, and therefore facilitate tissue differentiation.

8. Radiant energy (Watt): Heat is produced from the light source in the form of infra-red radiation, which is felt by any person in the field of the radiation. This can provide an uncomfortable working environment not only for the surgeon, but the whole surgical team, as well as the patient. It may also hamper the operation by causing the wound tissue to dry out, especially during longer procedures.

The standard for operating room lighting:

IEC -60601-2-41

Home Lighting – Will Modern Technology Advances Help LED Lighting Take Over?

Scientists and engineers are working to improve led lighting. The US government is pushing them to get rid of the ordinary light bulb. The normal light bulb is an energy waster. It turns a mere five percent of the electricity it uses into actual light. Ninety-five percent is wasted as heat.

Currently the Department of Energy is working to replace light bulbs with solid-state lighting. Led lighting attains a fifty percent efficiency versus five percent for light bulbs. Solid state lighting emits diodes like the ones in digital clocks, phones, dashboards and large outdoor uses such as stadium displays.

These devices are made of silicon crystals used in computer chips. They are non-hazardous and last thousands of hours. Some are rated to last for years. Since they are so efficient, they can greatly reduce the amount of electricity used for lighting purposes while reducing pollution.

As the technology develops, the cost will be reduced. This must happen for the lighting to move ahead. Solid-state lighting is four times more expensive to install at this time. You can install traditional light sources for a fraction of the cost.

Congress authorized $50 million a year for a Next Generation Lighting Initiative. The government is pushing to improve the quality of the technology to make it more efficient than it is and more affordable for the average American family.

How a Boom Barrier Can Help You for Efficient Security of a Building

According to your purpose of Operation an Automatic Security Gate or Boom Barrier varies in Size, Shape and Operation. If you want to Protect your Home or Business an Automatic Security Gate is an added Security. A Gate makes much harder to get in and out easily. Automatic Security Gates include various Mechanical Components such as Door Barriers, Electronic Locks and Boom Barriers which will restrict access to People whose Identity should be Verified by a Smart Card, RFID Card Reader or Biometric Sensor.

The Capabilities of an Access Control System Automatic Gates varies greatly. Boom Barrier Security Gates have been designed to handle Single Door, Multiple Doors, Film Theater Security Electronic Door Lock or a Hospital Security Block System to control the entry and the exit of Vehicles. Nowadays a complete Automatic Security Boom Barrier Security Gate System is inefficient and incomplete due to lack of efficient Software. Basically these Software controls every movement with the help of integrated Hardware and Mechanical Components.

It is better and advisable to use a Security Automatic Barrier System instead of using a Security Guard since the Boom Barrier Security Gates are Automatic and Fast. An Access Control Boom Barrier Gate is an Automated Access Control through highly efficient Security System for Builders and Flats to Confirm their Security from the outside World. Boom Barrier Security Gates Secure your Homes and Buildings from unauthorized entry of Vehicles or men into your Compound.

Home Surveillance Systems and Access Control Security Devices such as CCTV Cameras, Theft Control Devices, Biometric Door Locks, Fingerprint Automatic Security Locks and more. But the Automatic Door Security Gate System is the most Popular and Efficient among all these Security Devices. Multiple Buildings have Boom Barrier Security System as Parking Gates. A CCTV Surveillance System attached to a DVR Security Device can be attached to an Automatic Security Boom Barrier for Proper Record management of Entry and Exit Security into a Building.

So do not be afraid of applying for an Automatic Security Gate for your new Building or Apartment far better than putting a CCTV or Theft Control Device for stopping employee theft and providing a safer workplace. An Automatic Security Gate is keeping your Family, Business Solutions and Assets with Safety, Security and Comfort. A Car Parking Gate is an efficient Device which has useful Properties such as

It prevents the unauthorized entry of vehicles into a particular property.

It prevents the entry of unrecognized vehicles into a property. (This can be done through attaching mechanisms like card swipe or license plate recognition to the barrier.)

It monitors the entry and exit of vehicles.

It records the registration number of vehicles parked in the locality.

Automatic Door Opener Car Parking Boom Barriers can be applied to:

– Shopping malls

– Residential buildings

– Public buildings like hotels, colleges and hospitals

– Parking areas for staff in commercial buildings

An Automatic Security Barrier has an advanced Control System for Personal Security and Vehicle Security Automation inside a Building or an Apartment.

Fire Proof File Cabinets – Should You Settle For the New Or the Used?

In any business office, you will find rows of filing cabinets, especially when the business is very paper based. Even scanning all your required paperwork will need safe storage. As the business owner, the onus lies on you to ensure that you keep proper documentation of your operations, from billing, customer contacts to mailing lists. Once these important documentation go down in an accidental fire, the survival rate of your business as an ongoing concern will be largely impacted. Indeed, you need to give your business the rightful protection it needs, that is, fireproof file cabinets.

Not only does your business continuity planning require you to protect your documents with fire proof filing cabinets, some insurance companies too require that you have them in order to be insured. Under such circumstances, regardless if you are strapped by a tight budget, you should still be protecting your business but with a potentially viable alternative. You need not spend a fortune on new ones as you can opt of used or refurbished ones. They come at a fraction of the cost compared to the new ones.

While it is not a bad idea to buy used fire proof filing cabinets, there are, however, precautions that you should take when buying them. Check out with a reputed used office furniture dealer to prevent substandard products. The key is to find used ones that have never been through a fire. Otherwise there will be not much use in fire prevention. The main reason being that there is a special type of liquid that manufacturers use which keeps the interior temperature low. This liquid will oxidize and disappear in a fire and even if the cabinet is refurbished the fire resistant effect is greatly affected.

Hence, you may opt for used fireproof file cabinets but only if you are convinced and satisfied with the reputed dealer being able to provide you evidence that the cabinets are still robust and authentic.

Download Free Desktop Wallpaper

Wallpapers should not be confused with a screensaver. These are computer backgrounds that you can make use of to make your computer screens look attractive. These are very popular nowadays as they come in different varieties and also at free of cost. Unlike screensavers, which are animations or images that run across the screen when your computer is inactive for some time, these are still images.

A wall paper can be of any type. It can be the image of natural beauty or any other scenery. Most popular free wallpapers are the images of cine actors or sports persons. They are considered to be icons of most of our younger generation and this is the reason why most of us do prefer their images as our wall papers. If you have a favorite actor, then by placing his wall paper in your computer you can show to your friends how dear is he to you.

The main reason why we prefer wallpapers are because they are available at free of cost. There are a plenty of websites from which we can download free wallpapers. These websites do not charge any fees for the wallpapers. There are a plenty of options available that you can choose from. You can choose an image of a natural beauty or any image of the cine stars or sports persons. Downloading a wall paper from the internet is very easy. You can make use of the different search engines like Google or yahoo which would help you to find different varieties of wallpapers from the internet.

You would have to just type in the keyword “computer wallpaper” into these search engines. These search engines would now display all the available wall papers which you can choose from. If you are in need of any specific wall paper, then you can mention it in your search. For e.g., you need the wall paper of any sports personality, you can just type in the name of this sports person as keyword.

If you give in the keyword, “computer sports wallpaper” a list of all those sports wallpaper would be available before you from which you can choose that best matches your taste and preferences. Most of us would be interested in a particular game, for e.g., football. There would be a plenty football wallpapers that you can select from. Once you identify the wallpaper of your choice, you can double click on them and save it to your computers.

Fireproof Safe – Security, Protection, and Efficiency in One Box

If only we could predict when a fire is going to strike our place of business, then we probably would not worry too much about it. But since this type of tragedy strikes when you least expect it, the best thing you can do is to be prepared for it at all times. This includes securing your most precious belongings inside a fireproof box that can offer you security, protection and efficiency, all at the same time. One good example of such box is the Honeywell safe, which is one of the most well known names in the industry today.

Fireproof safes can protect various kinds of important documents such as birth certificates, identification cards, last will and testament, insurance policies, marriage certificates, office files, bank accounts, property titles, and so on. You can also use these to store valuable items like cash, checkbook, jewelry, and family memorabilia such as photographs. Moreover, some safes now come with USB ports, which you can use to back-up vital digital media files. Fire can instantly eat up all of these things and because of these are either irreplaceable or have high monetary value, you would want to keep them safe from the damage that a fire can cause.

When choosing a fireproof safe, it is essential that you consider various factors so you can make the right purchase. For one, you have to think about the size of the box. For now, you may see that a small fireproof safe is sufficient to contain your office documents. But how about for the days and weeks to come? If you know that these important documents will accumulate over time, it would be best to get a large fireproof box to be sure. Yes, one large safe is less expensive than several small ones.

Aside from the size, you should also look at the features. Some safes are also waterproof while others can hold digital media. Some have digital locks and others are designed to hold specific devices like laptops. Some are even bulletproof. Features vary greatly so you need to look at different products, compare the features, and decide which one will suit you best. Lastly, of course, you cannot forget about the price. Unless you have a bottomless source of money, you have to consider the cost and set a budget so that you would not have to spend beyond what you can afford.

Buying online would be a good route for business owners who want to save money because there are many excellent deals in the cyber market. Some fire protection stores even offer a low price guarantee, which ensures that the store has the lowest price in the market. But just because you want to save money does not mean you can overlook quality. See to it that you only buy products that uphold the highest standards in materials and manufacture. Also, it is important to remember that fire safety in your business does not end in securing your office documents and valuables. You should also practice fire preventive measures, install other safety devices, and provide fire training to your employees.

What About a Hydrogen Powered Vehicles

A string of questions vehicle owners contemplating converting their vehicle to a water car may include: Are you serious? How can you run your car on water? How much does it cost to convert your car run on water? Is a water power car safe? If I drive a hydrogen powered vehicle, what kind of mileage will I achieve, and what are the specifications?

It is shocking, but, you can set a water power car up for under $100. If you plan on doing the conversion as a do-it yourselfproject, you will need a conversion kit as well as detailed instuctions. A hardware store or auto supply store will have the fittings you need if you don’t already have these in your home garage. Covering a vehicle to run on water could be a project you undertake on your own with hiring a professional. It will take only a couple of hours to complete the kit if you havae the right conversion kit and detailed instructions.

An interesting question car owners wonder is how can a car run on water and does it really work? Is it legit? Yes! In easy to understand terms, the water conversion kit is a reliable, well researched technology that dates back as far as stainless steel. Water can be separated into a gas with capabilities obtained from the electricity of a car battery. (HHO or Hydroxy) burns effectively and also supplies plenty of energy; water is also produced as a result. The atomic powers of hydrogen stabilize the water. The excellent news is that you simply require one quart of water to make no less than 1800 gallons of HHO gas which must sufficiently give you adequate fuel for months!

Though you might find it difficult to believe, a car powered by water is safer than those powered by the usual gasoline. In automobile accidents gas powered vehicles present the dangerous possibility of bursting into flames fed by the fuel used in their combustion engines. However, as water is non-combustible, water-powered vehicles are much safer. Additionally, conversations kit may be removed from vehicles without voiding the manufactures warranty.