What Is a Phenolic Foam Duct Panel?

A house or a commercial building is not complete without proper insulation. Nowadays, the effect of global warming is taking toll at both skyscrapers and bungalows that is why it is crucial to take proper measures (even at an additional cost) to reinforce the building. Insulation helps keep warm air out during warm months and in during cold months. The most common insulation materials are sheet metals such as galvanized steel and aluminum. Because these are metals, their price fluctuates from time to time. In addition, they can be heavy and costly when transported in very large amounts. Aside from using galvanized steel and aluminum, fiberglass duct panels are also used.

The insulative properties of fiberglass are far superior to that of aluminum or galvanized metal. However, fiberglass is also more expensive. Galvanized steel, aluminum and fiberglass all have their applications in industry today. However, there are some applications in which the use of these materials would be too costly or inconvenient. This is where architects and engineers use insulative foams.

Polyurethane and phenolic foam are the most commonly used resin foam duct panels. They are lightweight and more affordable than steel, aluminum and fiberglass. These panels can be used to line walls, floors, ceilings and air ducts. They can be made rigid or flexible. Most, if not all phenolic foam duct panels are lined with a thin layer of aluminum (25 micrometers for interior use and 200 micrometers for exterior use) on both sides to reinforce its insulative properties. Phenolic foam is a type of resin (plastic) that is composed of aldehyde and phenol.

What sets this type of foam duct panel apart from other building insulators is its fire performance and moisture resistance. It will not melt when it comes in contact with fire. Flames have zero to very little chance of spreading once they come in contact with this foam. Also, the foam produces very negligible amounts of non-toxic smoke (composed of CO2 and CO only) when burnt.

In order to maintain the quality, the foam comes with several standardized fire certifications. The best variety is closed cell phenolic foam due to its high thermal performance. Very little moisture can penetrate through this kind of foam. If the foam is punctured, the moisture will stay on the punctured area and will not be absorbed by the foam.

Overall, phenolic foam is a dependable material for both industrial and commercial use.

Large Plank Wood Flooring – Cost Effective Alternative

There are myriad of options in home flooring but the same is subject is price difference, looks and durability. The classic type of floor is the best kind of large plank flooring. It is also a cost effective alternative as compared to hardwood flooring. This flooring looks quite similar to the old American style and gives an antique or rustic look which is not possible in other floor types.

The large plank flooring also contains aged properties like wormholes, knots, graining and nail holes. This is difficult to inculcate in new wood and even if its attempted, it will compromise on the durability factor. It is named as large plank due to width of the actual planks. These large planks were extensively used before as the installation was easier as one only had to put fewer planks with lower installation costs. Still one can find lots of homeowners like having antique looking styles.

Planks that are large can be easily milled from any wood type, but it is recommended that it should be produced from the wood type which can handle moisture or other environmental factors which can even lead to shrinkage or swelling. Large plank doors can be easily manufactured from different wood types, so the cost of large plank wood flooring would depend on the size of room and type of wood used. Even specific plank width can put an impact on the price, so if the plank is wider, it will be more expensive.

The approximate cost of the four main kinds of wood are; Oak is $11.50, Cherry $13, pine $12 and Chestnut $17 for 8″ wide planks. This is just the estimate; the prices might vary according to the quality of wood used. The other factors which can impact the cost would be environmental, demand and economical factors. The mahogany wood will cost more. The antique wood is the best solution to your floors. The wood which is used for milling the large planks is typically a combination of the recycled wood from the old furniture, dead trees, old structures and reused wood.

So the owners of the flooring not only benefit for the classic and antique look but also help environment by using the recycled wood. Choosing the green alternative will allow the wood factories to mainly focus on the milling wood for furniture and newer structures. So, the best selling point is that these large plank floors carry with them a character and distinction which is impossible to achieve in the other wood types. The cost of this flooring is affordable, so the bottom line is; these are must buys as they are affordable, functional and stylish.

Building a Team Building Plan – A Business Plan Approach

Team building has actually become a rather ubiquitous term for most any gathering of employees or even vendors. Actually it can pertain to everything from a small Executive Team Meeting, to a meeting of new hires, and suppliers/service providers that will impact your customers. Remember a few years ago when the catch phrase within companies-‘customers’? Customers were defined as anybody within the company that received the fruits of your labor. Team building has included a get acquainted session or even indoctrinations. It seems the one common denominator is a structured activity that may or may not force interaction of a group; its size is immaterial. Whatever the motivation to employee a team building exercise, my approach is a more structured approach to team building planning. Off-sites offer a lot of flexibility.

My personal view is that most people do not like being manipulated, especially when it is done in a manner akin to being ‘out smarted’. Also, we recognize that there are levels (experiential) or progressions of a team’s interaction over time. For example, some teams have been through a series of team building exercises together and one exercise builds upon previous meetings. So, there needs to be a method to what can turn out to be madness, in building teams through interaction. Do it right because: yes, there can be wrong answers and results!

Another approach; look at a team building approach like your would constructing a business plan, only in an abbreviated format. The components of the team building plan would be to define some key elements that can be an aha moment. (Defined by Dictionary.com as, “a sudden understanding, recognition or resolution.”

Components of a formal team building plan are:

•Summary-Half a page of concise information that summarizes the various elements of the planned team building event/exercise. Make it about the positive elements of the: who, what, why, where and keep the detailed analysis in the details highlighted the specific elements/topic. This should be at the end of the plan but nobody reads the last page first.

•Defined Objectives that you want to accomplish and make sure it is not an ‘all things to all people’ statement(s). To keep the exercise interesting, productive, and results oriented, be concise and not overly broad. Also, be specific as to what the desired results are all about. People buy-in more readily when they understand the destination.

•Participant strengths overview. This section is about the participants on the team, why they are part of the team needs to be highlighted. (The facilitator needs this information for purposes of designing an effective exercise.)

•The Product is the definition of a strategy/strategies employed to achieve the desired results from which an ROI can be measured. For example, is it navigating a sail boat from point A to point B, it might be a cooking a complete meal with the team divided to smaller groups to prepare various courses. Remember, this is not about adults playing games.

•I define the Marketing aspects of the team exercise as the preparing the team for the exercise.

•The ROI is not all about financials only. The ROI is ultimately how you measure the results in a concrete way. You define for yourself and the team; what results will matter to the group and company?

•Define what you feel the Competition does better than you and what you like about their strengths. It may be nothing more than perception, but it may be real in your mind’s eye.

Now you can define the best facilitator to achieve your goals. Ultimately your customer is the team!

The Essence of Handrail Brackets

Rail projects are easy to do as long as you have the right tools with you. They can be accomplished within hours if you follow the proper procedures. Do it yourself handrail projects are less tiring physically as you don’t have to bend down when installing them.

Before starting this project, first make sure that you have the necessary materials and tools with you. For your handrail, you will need the tubing, end caps as well as the brackets and screws. The tubing is the pole that serves as the main handrail, the end caps are the covering at the end of the pole while the brackets are the ones that support the rail to keep it balanced and sturdy.

Similar to the rail, the handrail brackets also come in different materials, designs and finishes. They are available in wood, solid brass, cast aluminum, stainless steel, nickel, chrome and bronze. The finishes can either be polished, satin, antique, brushed or oil rubbed, among others.

Compared to the metal and metal alloy materials, wood is lighter and easier to work with. It can be shaped into different styles to fit any stair and to complement your home’s interior space.

There’s a wide variety of designs for the handrail brackets. I’ve seen unique designs such as the horse head, lion head and elephant head. However, the parallel or the double brackets are considered the safest to use. This type has one holder nailed to the wall and the other side mounted on the handrail.

When choosing the brackets, you have to make sure that they fit the shape of your rail and they come with the nuts and bolts. This step you should keep in mind especially if you’re not purchasing a kit but separate parts. For a straight handrail, you will need up to five brackets but if the staircase is spiral, a curved one or has multiple right angle turns, more brackets will be needed.

The handrail brackets are not just used for decorative purposes. They serve to support the handrail to make the entire staircase durable and safe to use. With brackets, the rail is placed farther from the wall or from the baluster of the stair making it more comfortable to hold on to.

When choosing the brackets, it is ideal that they are of the same material as that of the rail. They have to complement each other instead of being in contrast. But you can pick a design other than the plain ones to make your handrail more attractive.

Additionally, consider the overall style of your staircase before purchasing your materials for the rail. If you’re in doubt, you can consult a professional interior designer for advice.

Shopping around is the best thing you can do for this special home project. You can conveniently do this on the internet by searching through the numerous websites that cater to home accessories and fixtures. They normally have photos of these brackets and provide information on their available stocks. You can also check out your local hardware stores or those online if you want.

How To Install A Vinyl Railing

A Vinyl Railing offers the homeowner a maintenance free product plus enhances the beauty of your home. Vinyl Railings come in various styles and colors so you can find that special look for your home. Vinyl Railing can be installed in around concrete patios, directly on concrete, directly on wood decks or balconies.

How to Plan:

Discuss your plans with your local township to see if there are height or style restrictions for the type of railing you would like to install. Traditionally railings are installed to a height of 36 inches for lower levels and 42 inches for balconies.

Visit a reputable vinyl railing distributor and have them provide valuable insight and budget suggestions.

What is Available:

Vinyl Railings come in various styles and colors. They can be used for decoration, security or for safety. The top rail comes in different widths and shapes so that they can be easily held on to by senior citizens. They are usually supplied in a box system that includes the top and bottom rails, balusters or pickets, bracket kits with screws and caps. Post caps are also supplied if needed.

With most manufactures both top and bottom rails have metal reinforcements to add strength and stability.

Railing Terminology:

Top Rail – The top portion of the railing that you can hold on too.

Bottom Rail – The bottom portion of the railing the holds in place the balusters.

Balusters – The pickets in between the top and bottom rails. These pickets can come in various styles such as square, round, and other decorative styles.

Bracket Kits – Allow you to connect the top and bottom rails with the post.

Post – The vertical support that the top and bottom rails will be attached to.

Post Skirt – The post skirt is the bottom molding of the post to hide the connection to the concrete or wood deck.

Post Mount – The aluminum mount that is bolted to the wood deck or concrete. The vinyl post is then placed over the aluminum mount for install.

Site Layout:

Take time to carefully lay out your plan for the railing to be installed. An incorrect measurement could result in problems later. Make provisions for widths of the railing so that you do not end up with odd sized sections that can complicate the installation.

Before You Begin:

Make sure you have the correct post needed to assemble your vinyl railing. In some situations, existing posts may be used, or if needed new posts will need to be installed. Posts for the stairs are typically longer then the posts for non-stair sections. Be sure to carefully follow all of the manufacturer`s instructions. Good luck with the installation.

Getting Started:

Project tools and materials needed: Hacksaw or miter saw, drill, tape measure and level. Check all boxes of material to be sure you ordered everything you need and that everything is accounted for. Distribute the rails to the appropriate location for installation. These are

Measure Rails for Openings:

First you need to measure the distance of the opening. Mark the measurement on the top and bottom rail, verifying that you are trimming equal amounts off of each end of the top and bottom rail in order to maintain a uniform appearance.

Cut each end of the top and bottom rail at the markings. (For example, if your rail is 4 inches longer than your opening, you need to cut 2 inches off of each end.)

Insert the foot peg in the bottom rail for the desired distance for the bottom rail to be off of the floor. If a foot peg is not available, prop up or shim the bottom rail to the desired distance.

Installing the Bottom Rail:

Slide the mounting brackets onto the ends of the top and bottom rails. Install bottom rail first by inserting into the opening. Make sure the rail is level and then fasten the brackets to the post or column with the provided screws.

Inserting the Pickets:

Insert the pickets into the routed holes of the bottom rail.

Installing the Top Rail:

To install the top rail, hold it an angle above the pickets and slide it onto the picket’s one at a time. Check to see if the rail is vertically level and then secure it by screwing the brackets into the post.

Adjust the top rail side to side until the pickets are vertically level. Screw one leveling screw into the top and bottom bracket on one end of the rail.

After assembly install the screw caps (provided) to hide the screw holes.

Post Information:

When a post is needed to be installed, some vinyl posts can go directly into the ground around the cement patio. The post should go down 3 feet into the ground with a 60 lb bag of concrete to hold in place.

Some installations require a 4×4 pressure treated post to be installed, then the vinyl post sleeve goes over the 4×4.

When installing the post directly on the concrete patio or wood deck, a post mount will be required. The post mount is bolted on to the concrete or wood deck, then the vinyl post sleeve will go over the post mount. At the top of the post decorate your post with a vinyl post cap. At the bottom of the post, use a post skirt for cosmetic purpose.

How to Make Your Antique Mirrors and Glass Doors Look Amazing Again

People do not realize that they are sitting in a gold mine when they are walking around in an old house, surrounded by old furniture that their parent or even grandparents own. The value of these furnishings may triple or double if it is kept in good condition. We are not asking you to sell these precious heirlooms because their true value may lie not in its resale price but in the memories it brings forth.

However, we must be realistic. We live in a harsh world that will sometimes test your resolve. Hopefully, you would not need to sell these very valuable furnishings because it has immeasurable sentimental value. When you are left with no other choice but to sell these items, you might as well sell it at the highest value available.

Selling furniture is pertinent because you would want to get back as much for a piece of your past. You cannot get value back that you are looking for if you are not giving the buyer a high quality antiques. You would instead need to get your antiques into amazing quality to get the most out of it.

Through the years, you will see your antique furniture endure punishment as people, animals or even other furniture bang on it. For the most part, these little nicks on the woods and metals can actually add character to the piece. However, the items that take the most irreversible punishment among these are the mirrors and framed glass doors.

When items like mirrors and glass are broken, it is almost certain that you will need to replace these parts if not replace them. Without these repairs, what you have is a wasted sale. Instead, you should look into repairing these materials and get the best value out there.

Before you start repairing the antique mirrors, you must first get an idea of what needs to be repaired. Assess the damage brought about by overuse and time. Look for deep scratches and nicks on the mirror or glass. If you are working with mirrors, check on the condition of the silvering.

Once you now know the extent of the damage, your next step is to remove the glass or mirror from its frame. You should, however, be careful as to how you remove the glass from the frame. The frame must remain intact and free from scratches and other forms of damage.

If there are some small areas in the mirror that no longer has the silvering material, you would need to attach smaller silver tiles on the on the reverse side of the mirror to complete the reflective surface. Make sure that when the tiles are attached, they are attached for good. Putting it on and removing it afterwards may aggravate the damage on the silvering.

If you are working with scratched glass, consider replacing the glass with a newer glass piece. The new glass will add on to the price of the antique as long as it looks and feel like the one you are replacing. It should also help if you can get parts and material that are from the same era.

These are just simple steps that you can take to ensure you have good-looking antique furniture, whether you want to sell it or cherish it in your own home. If you ask me, it would be nice to have an option like that.

Do It Yourself – Repair Of Wrought Iron Railings

The railings made from wrought iron present a traditional look to the porch and the staircases of your house. The look gets tarnished if there is a break in any of the railing and you may have to buy a new set of staircase railing. However if you can spend sometime yourself and follow the points mentioned below, you may carry out repairs yourself.

Upkeep of Hand Railings in Wrought Iron

Use of railings made from wrought iron has been known since the 17th century. During that time, the concept of extracting metals had just started. Only a very few artisans could work with wrought iron railings, hence these were considered to be a special art which could be handled by artists only. The railings made from wrought iron are resistant to rust, but these are not resistant to shock. If anything drops on the railings, these will definitely break.

Any crack in any of the railings would tarnish the appearance of complete staircase and as well as the railing of the hand of the porch. If however, you want to handle the repairs yourself, you could be in a position to restore the original condition of your railings.

Tools required for repair of Wrought Iron Railings

Repairing of railings of wrought iron can be done by yourself provided you carry out this cautiously. After the repairs, railings will regain its original form. You can buy the tools required for repairs from a store dealing in DIY tools.

The following tools are needed:

1.Drill bits of sizes 3/8″ and 1/4″

2.Machine for Drilling

3.Hack saw

4.Riveting set

5.Tools for woodwork

6.Glue Cement


8.Metal Cement

Repair of Railing Pipes

It is quite a tedious task to do welding of railings made of wrought iron and even when welding has been done, you can not be very confident that the mould where welding has been done would remain intact. A pipe, if not welded properly, can result in a dangerous accident. It is not advisable to weld the pipes, if these have broken.

However should you decide to repair pipe, it should be repaired by

reinforcement method internally. Your should take out the pipe out of

the railings and take it to a workshop of DIY. In the workshop, they insert a pipe of steel or a twisted pole made of wood of the inner diameter of pipe inside the pipe.

The internal edges of the pipe made of wrought iron should be smooth, otherwise the pole made of wood will be required to be further twisted to make the pipe get fitted without any force or use of hammer on the wood. If you attempt to push the pipe, the pipe made of wrought iron may not repairable.

By inserting the wooden pole or pipe inside the wrought pipe, the same gains strength. After this, the ends may be connected with metal cement or glue.

It is to be noted that main strength of wrought iron railings depends on the pipe or wooden pole inserted inside it. The glue also gives it a look to some extent, and not much strength. If the railing made from wrought iron has been set with more pieces than two, you need to be very careful while applying riveting or glue. Just ensure that all the pieces are joined properly and the internal pipe or wooden pole are not noticeable from outside.

Mounting Poles or Base of Wrought Iron Railings

If there is a crack in the base of railings, or the eyelet of railing pipe demands repairs, one of the methods is stitch welding. There are many companies which provide this kind of repair service and also provide guarantee. It is not very frequent that eyelets or the base cracks, however if it cracks, it needs to be repaired by experts only.

Goal Setting Success – Flat World Thinking

As we were growing up, most of us were taught WHAT to think, but most of us were never taught HOW to think. Why is that a problem? Consider this:

For every 100 Americans at age 65:

1 will be wealthy

4 will be financially independent

32 will be dead (they never learned how to take care of themselves – or ignored it)

63 will be dead broke (hoping Social Security or their family will bail them out)

In other words, 95% of people never figure it out! As you were growing up, your parents were the first ones that taught you how the world worked. Then your teachers were telling you. Next your bosses on the job were telling you how the world worked. What are the odds that some of what you were taught and what you believe will help you succeed in the world is wrong? – about 95%! We got a lot of bad information, but if we believe that information is true, and behave as though it is true – we will probably end up like the 95%! It is almost a certainty.

Our limiting thoughts are what keep us where we are – keep us from achieving our goals. Let me give you a couple of examples.

What was going on in the world in 1491? We all know what happened in 1492 – but more importantly, what was going on in 1491? Columbus was preparing to sail around the world. His challenge was that he lived in a world of ‘flat world’ thinkers (at least 95% of them! – There is an ancient verse that says, “As a man thinketh in his heart so is he.” – If you think the world is flat, you will act as though the world is flat). The first thing Columbus had to do was raise the money to build the ships. Can you imagine him going to the bankers to get a loan? Would you agree that bankers are by-and-large a rather conservative bunch? So Columbus is trying to sell the bankers on the idea and the bankers are saying, “You want to do WHAT?! You’ll sail off the edge of the earth and I’ll lose my investment. Forget it!”

Columbus finally convinces Queen Isabella to finance the deal. Now he has to raise a crew — from flat-world thinkers. What kind of response do you suppose he got from that? “Are you nuts? I’m not going to go out there and sail off the edge of the earth!” (That was the 95%…..) And you think you have a tough sell in your business? People will only operate within the confines of what they think is possible.


Roger Bannister broke the 4-minute mile barrier on May 6, 1954. It was called the “greatest athletic achievement of all time”. Prior to Roger Bannister breaking the 4-minute barrier it was thought humanly impossible to accomplish such a feat. In fact doctors and physiologists of the day said that it would exceed the capacity of the human heart to perform. They believed the heart would give out and you would die if you ever pushed your body to that level of effort. If you believed that were true and you were the star miler on your college track team, and you had trained to the maximum for an upcoming event, what might happen? Suppose as you finish your first lap you hear your coach yell. “59.8!!!”. After you finish your second lap, you hear your coach yell, “59.9!!!”. After your third lap you hear your coach yell, “59.9!!!!!!”. How long will it take you to run the fourth lap? At least 60.5 seconds. Why? Because you know that if you keep up this pace, your heart is going to give out and you are going to die! So, subconsciously you back off just enough, that when you finish you hear, “4:01!” and you think, “Way to go, you are awesome!” But is there a possibility that you could have broken four minutes? Probably. Was it your legs, your heart or your lungs that kept you from doing it? Maybe not. It more than likely was your thinking, your belief system that held you back – that if you were to run a 4-minute mile, you would die.

But then, Roger Banister had the unmitigated gall to break the 4-minute barrier – and not die. Isn’t it interesting that within six weeks John Landy broke Bannister’s record and within one year 5 other runners broke the 4-minute barrier? Do you think it was just a rather fortuitous alignment of the stars, that in that particular year, seven runners broke the 4-minute barrier? Or could it be that once people thought it was possible (without dying), they could go out and do it. Today the record stands at 3:43. Any middle-distance runner today that can’t run a sub-four-minute mile, might as well not even compete. Today, in world-class competition it is the expectation – the price of entry – the norm.

What limiting thoughts are keeping you from the success that you desire? If we don’t think we can ‘break the barrier’ or sail ‘around the world’ or make that really big deal or have that really terrific relationship – we will continue to sabotage our own behavior and success.

For additional resources on this topic, go to: http://www.godinyourgoals.com

Tips For Learning to Ride Switch on a Snowboard

If you have been snowboarding for a little while and are starting to feel pretty comfortable, chances are you will soon want some extra challenges such as hitting the terrain park and landing some jumps. Learning to ride switch first will give you the extra confidence you will need for landing these jumps and keeping in control.

Riding switch basically just refers to riding the opposite to what you normally would. So if you are goofy, you would ride natural. And if you are natural you would ride goofy.

  1. If you have decided to learn to ride switch, then commit to riding nothing but for at least a couple of days. For a while, it may feel like you are learning to snowboard all over again, but it is the easiest way to get the hang of it.
  2. Also, consider the way your binding settings are set up. The ideal set up for riding switch is duck stance, something like 15 and -15 for example.
  3. Practising flat 360 spins could be a great trick for getting more comfortable riding switch. Start with your dominant side until you feel comfortable, and then start on your “less dominant” side.
  4. Another great tip is practising on only one foot. Find a nice, flat strip with no on around, strap your regular front foot in and ride switch. This will teach you a lot about weight distribution.
  5. Be aware of how your body is moving as you turn. Is it turning the correct way, or is it still going the way it is used to
  6. It sounds lame, but with practice and more practice it will become much easier

Designer Grillz – Full Frontal Bling

If you buy your jewelry at the big box variety store, chances are that you’re not looking for designer jewelry. And you’re also not looking for dental jewelry.

Grillz, fronts, removable grills, gold caps or slugs, whatever you want to call them are not something you will find at your local super center. If you want a nice front you will need to either buy it online or go to one of the designer shops found in select cities.

Hence the question: Is it worth the money to go designer with your grill?

Paul Wall is famous for his music and for his designer grillz. At his website you will find fronts costing more than $5000. Of course the majority of his grillz cost a lot less and you can find a deal at the “Specials” link.

So what do you get if your front is a Wall creation, or another reputable designer? For one you get bragging rights. Another thing you get is the confidence that you are getting what you pay for. Any time you purchase jewelry, dental or not, you should buy from a reputable dealer. There are a lot of unscrupulous merchants out there and many of them are not above using substandard or even fake jewels.

If you buy a designer front that is made of a precious metal and decorated with precious stones you also get a piece of jewelry that has intrinsic value. The gold or sliver and the stones can be sold at a later date if you desire and you can recoup part or all of your investment. If the price of the metal and stones go up enough over time you may even profit from the sale of your jewelry.

Anytime you buy a diamond you should remember the four C’s: cut, color, clarity and carats (weight).

If a diamond is cut too shallow light will be lost out of the bottom of the stone and the brilliance will be reduced. If it is too deep light will escape out of the sides and make the diamond appear darker than it should.

Most diamonds have some color, and except for the fancy colored diamonds, the absence of color is the most desirable trait in diamonds. A truly clear diamond is rare.

Clarity is the absence of blemishes on or in the stone.

Carats are the measure of weight of the stone. You can usually get more carats for your money by buying several smaller stones rather than one larger one.

Last, when you buy your designer grillz, take them to an independent appraiser and have them appraised. That way you can be sure you got what you paid for – truly fine pieces of jewelry.

Why Your House is Worth As Much As Your Garage Doors

It’s a simple matter of fact that the majority of houses face the street and as a result so do their garage doors. So when looking at a house from the street (or a photograph taken from the street) as the vast majority of prospective house purchasers do, the garage doors can occupy as much as a fifth or even a quarter of their field of view of the frontal elevation. That’s an awful lot of eyeball real-estate.

It is equally beyond dispute that as humans we place a huge amount of store on impressions and king of these are first impressions, which are formed in seconds from apparently scant information, but which frequently last as if set in stone. And first impressions apply to houses no differently – that initial brief glance of the front of your house sets an impression in any prospective buyer that is almost impossible to budge, whether it be good or bad.

Obviously then, what any sensible home owner wants is to create a really positive first impression of their property since it will help push past any potential shortcomings that may become apparent on closer inspection, but crucially because reversing a poor first impression is all but impossible. No matter how fabulous your interior décor, if you’ve messed up that basic introduction then you’re sunk.

But making sure your garage doors are doing the best possible job handling the 20% or so of the frontage they’re occupying is only one reason to give them serious attention. Once most home buyers move beyond taking in what is right there in their face, they look for potential in a building and garage remodeling is often top of their list.

Garage remodeling is simply one of the least expensive, fastest and simplest ways to conjure up space in many homes is rivals traditional house extensions as a primary home improvement strategy. Many potential buyers will almost certainly consider the potential that a garage offers beyond simply storing cars and gardening equipment. One of the few factors available to estimate the useful of any garage is, guess what, that bit that takes up one entire side of the space – the garage doors.

And even if a prospective buyer actually intends to keep the garage for its original purpose and park their cars in it, a surprising result from a recent survey of homeowners revealed that for many the garage door is used in preference to the main entrance as the exterior door of choice. The reasons given cited superior security and ease of operation (many modern garage doors are of course equipped with remote control openers).

So your garage doors get in your buyer’s face and thus help create that vital first impression, plus they can help later in the process with a tick in the box for versatility and potential to expand the living space. But what are the best garage doors to go for?

Arguably the most important feature to consider in any door is how good it looks and how well it goes with the rest of the property’s frontage. A solid block of vinyl is hardly visually appealing and metal doors dent and deform all too easily. Wooden garage doors however are a natural material that stays attractive even with age.

Even given today’s choice of cheap, lightweight synthetic materials, wooden doors are still first choice for most architects, builders and homeowners. Not only do they lend a touch of quality, but it’s also considerably easier to match wood types and colors to existing timber features such as entrance doors and windows.

Metal doors by contrast are forever collecting dents and are prone to twist and buckle (even a kid kicking a ball against a metal garage door can damage its appearance), and of course steel will inevitably rust. Fiber-glass and vinyl, though clearly lightweight and fairly robust will degrade due to exposure to ultra-violet light and eventually become brittle and crack and pose an environmentally unfriendly disposal problem.

But look behind any set of garage doors to see the whole story literally from both sides. Only solid timber doors look as good from the inside as well as outside – not just a thin outer shell concealing (not very secure) latch mechanisms on the inside. Wooden garage doors will also take the sort of proven, quality locking mechanisms used for standard solid wood entrance doors. And finally, solid wood offers much greater insulation properties than steel or vinyl. These are points that are vitally important to any potential buyer considering your garage as a secondary living space.

Ideas For Using Stone Veneer in and Around Your Home

If you thought stone veneer was just for front facing a home to add curb appeal then you only know half the story. Real thin stone veneer is a beautiful product that is excellent for retaining walls, fireplaces, interior wall coverings, as well as for facades and exterior wall coverings.

But why limit yourself there? This stone is so easy to install and maintain that you could probably find many other uses for it. How about adding stone veneer at the end of a counter top or around a kitchen island? What about installing stone veneer in the bathroom on the walls? Not only can natural stone enhance the feel of any décor, but it adds value to your home as well.

Four Applications, Many Styles to Choose From

Use Stone Veneer for the interior panels in your home: Either one wall or throughout a whole room. Stone veneer can be an elegant and regal alternative to wallpaper or paint. You won’t have to redo it in a few years either because it is outdated or out of style. Stone veneer adds a timeless beauty to your home that is always updated.

In addition, stone veneer is durable and easy to clean. It adds a sense of old world with a modern touch to nearly any room. Kitchens, bathrooms, living rooms, studies, libraries, and family rooms are just a few ideas which stone veneer could be used for.

You could use Stone Veneer to build a retaining wall in your backyard!

Liven up the garden, add some charm to an existing retaining wall, or elevate a garden or flower bed. Thin stone veneer can be applied to any existing or new retaining wall to make it look like a gorgeous rock wall instead of a plain old flower bed. With the proper applications and installation, your stone veneer wall will last many years and prove to endure even the most severe weather conditions – yet still manage to look beautiful for years to come.

Stone veneer can be used for fireplaces. A stone veneer façade on an indoor or outdoor fireplace can make it look like you’ve spent a fortune! Outdoor patios in need of a touch of class can be transformed simply with the addition of a stone fireplace.

Re-facing or building new indoor fireplaces can be a simple and easy project with the addition of stone veneer. Unlike fake manufactured stone, real stone veneer stands up to the intense heat of the fireplace.

Consider using stone veneer for siding on the exterior of your home. Add a level of sophistication and charm to the exterior of your home. Stone veneer can be applied either on the lower half of a wall or as the whole front or exterior of a home. This will add that touch of elegance, class and distinction that is emulated from the upscale homes of the rich and famous. Give your home the same elegant curb appeal with durable, fade resistant, chip resistant, weather resistant, and warm looking stone veneer.

What To Expect

You can expect to find hundreds of styles, patterns, and colors of stone veneer. You can choose from existing colors and patterns that are available or custom order your veneer to suit your unique taste. Stone veneer installs much more quickly than the fabricated stone since it is lighter in weight. It is also more durable since it is resistant to weather, sun damage, and even chipping.

Upgrade your curb appeal, backyard elegance, or old world style interior with modern and fabulous thin stone veneer. You will save money and have a long lasting product that will be sure to add a touch of class to any home indoors or out. In summary, you can apply stone veneer to indoor or outdoor fireplaces, walls, and facades. You can expect the beauty of natural thin stone veneer to ad charm and class to your home, no matter where you decide to put it within your home.

How to Solder Stained Glass

You have created your stained glass pattern. Now you need to transfer it to the glass and then join the different pieces together. The most frequently used method for joining the different pieces is achieved by soldering.  For you to do this on your own, you must at the minimum, have a soldering iron, adequate quantity of copper solder and flux. You would also need pre-cut adhesive copper strips.

If you cannot obtain pre-cut strips of the required dimensions, you can buy one or two copper sheets whose size should roughly match the length and width measurements of your glass pieces. Order a little extra to factor in waste.

Prior to doing the actual soldering, all edges must be cleaned thoroughly. Dust particles trapped within the solder would weaken the joints over time and even lead to a distorted and uneven window surface in extreme cases.

Next thing you do is to plug the soldering iron into the power supply to give it time to heat up to the appropriate temperature. As you do this, set out the copper strips on the glass edges. If you did not succeed to obtain strips from the hardware store, then take time to cut the copper sheet into strips that slightly exceed the length, width and thickness of the glass. The copper sheet is very thin and a set of tailoring scissors should be able to cut through cleanly.

After preparing the copper strips for the glass, pull away the paper back to expose the side with the glue or other bonding agent. Append the copper strip all round the glass edge making sure that the excess ends flow onto the face of the glass. Use a pointed object such as a bread knife or spoon to push in any irregular sections.

If you do not correct these sections, they will be visible after the soldering is complete and will give an untidy look to the final product. Brush the flux on either side of the copper foil. The flux is very important before soldering as it serves as second level of surface cleaning. Flux removes oxides from the surfaces of the metal pieces being joined to ensure a strong final bond is achieved.

From here, you now get into the actual soldering process. Different experts recommend varied techniques to achieve the best finish. The underlying principle is that you must be careful when doing the soldering because undoing a poorly soldered can leave the glass looking messy especially if addressed long after the solder has dried.

One of the best ways to do it yourself is by first moving the end of the heated copper solder as close as possible to the copper strip. You must be careful not to touch it though. Once you have done this, use the soldering iron to touch the copper solder piece so that the molten metal drops onto the gaps between the strips.

Move gently all around but do not be too slow as cracks may appear on the joints due to large variance in temperature at the joints. Once you are done, make sure you move the soldering iron away from the solder piece. Allow for cooling and there you have your joint.

Post-Extraction Bleeding and Control Measures

Extraction is considered one of the easiest and yet the trickiest of all dental procedures. Done properly and with proper preoperative investigations, an extraction wound heals without any untoward events. But sometimes due to some reasons the wound does not heal as it should and continues bleeding without provocation.

How does a clot form? Whenever there is a cut or an open wound on any tissue there is associated loss of blood which is called bleeding. However, in normal situations, once bleeding starts the body marches its control systems in place to control the loss of blood. Blood when exposed to air forms collagen fibers. These fibers attract platelets which adhere to these fibers. The platelets in turn release a chemical to attract more platelets. A mesh is soon formed containing collagen fibers, RBCs, WBCs and platelets. These signal a host of clot formation processes to commence and soon a compact plug is formed over the bleeding vessel which corks the bleeding.

In an extraction wound there are certain basic difficulties to overcome in order to seal the bleeding. The wound is of the nature of a socket, often without any approximating soft tissues. When tissues approximate over a wound, the clot is maintained within the envelop of such tissues and is prevented from dislodging. No such luck in a tooth extraction socket.

Prolonged post extraction bleeding may be primary or secondary. Primary bleeding is that which doesn’t stop right after the extraction. It may either be frank bleeding or slow oozing. Secondary or reactionary bleeding is one which occurs several hours after the initial clot formation has taken place.

Primary bleeding occurs if there is any deterrent in the clot formation mechanism. Hemophilia and other bleeding disorders cause severe post-operative bleeding. Thrombocytopenia or low platelet count is one of the reasons for continued bleeding. Presence of granulation tissue in the socket, or traumatic extractions are other causes for protracted bleeding.

Secondary bleeding is often due to loss of blood clot due to patient’s ignorance of post-extraction instructions issued by the dentist.

The protracted bleeding in the second event is fairly easy to overcome. Administer a local anesthetic to the patient and curette the socket with a spoon excavator to induce fresh bleeding. Proceed with the normal post-extraction procedure of placing a pressure pack and reiterate the instructions to the patient. Severe bleeding can be controlled with oral tranexamic acid administration.

Bleeding in case of hemophilia or thrombocytopenia may be somewhat more difficult to control than secondary bleeding. For mild bleeding ethamsylate oral administration is enough to arrest the oozing. Where bleeding is not controlled by ethamsylate, an intramuscular injection of botropase or tranexamic acid is often enough to control the bleeding.

Other measures to control the bleeding are gelfoam or bone wax.

Proceed with the pressure pack. Ask the patient to chew hard on the pack and maintain the pressure for about an hour to an hour and a half. Following this the patient should remove the pressure pack and not place any new pack or cotton back in.

The best way to avoid this possibility is to ensure the bleeding time and clotting time of all patients before you do an extraction. The normal range of platelets are 2,00,000 to 450,000. Anything lesser than 150,000 should be investigated, and the extraction should be postponed to after the platelet count is restored.

Roughneck Job Openings on Offshore Oil Rigs!

Roughneck job openings on offshore oil rigs are continually being opened and filled by able-bodied men and women all over the world. If you have an interest in an oil industry career, you couldn’t pick a more stable job in today’s economy. This article will briefly explain oil rig job descriptions, what to consider if you want to get hired and finally…reliable resources you can use to fill a roughneck job opening as soon as this week.

First, a bit about maritime oil rigs and their crews.

The world needs oil, and Roughnecks make oil supplies possible. In return, these hard workers are compensated well, receiving a year’s salary for only six months worth of work. But besides paid vacation and numerous benefits, by getting hired on an offshore oil rig you won’t be forced to do the same job forever…in fact, you’ll most likely advance through the levels of leadership fairly quickly, learning an invaluable trade looked at highly by other future employers. That is, if you ever decide to leave the profession!

Here is a list of job openings you’d see on a maritime operation:

  • Roustabout
  • Roughneck
  • Toolpusher
  • Crane Operator
  • Scaffolder
  • Painter
  • Derrickman
  • Cook
  • Night Baker
  • Steward/ess

Because “roughneck” is a generic term used loosely to describe manual labor positions on a rig, it is helpful to understand the job description breakdown for entry level or semi-experienced oil workers. For example, a Roustabout is a brand new crew member, typically involved in deck maintenance and miscellaneous supportive job duties. A Roughneck is an actual term used to describe key members of the drill crew. They take care of the drill and ensure that it is working properly, along with other drilling related activities.

Generally speaking, roughneck job openings are available regularly…but the competition is immense. On average, one thousand men and women search daily for roughneck job openings on offshore rigs. That’s the bad news.

The good news?

Only a handful of those folks actually figure out how to apply correctly (as rigs are looking for specific format and information)…and get hired within a matter of weeks. Others literally wait for years waiting for a response, assuming no jobs are available. This couldn’t be further from the truth! Because new hires are constantly advancing through the ranks, new spots free-up rapidly.