Best Sump Pump – Submersible Or Pedestal?

What are the differences between the submersible and pedestal sump pumps?

Placement: A submersible is designed to be placed in a sump pit and submerged in water. The pedestal is designed so the pump sits in the sump pit, but the motor sits outside the pit. The motor should not get wet.

Stability: The submersible pump is placed on the bottom of the sump pit so it is very stable. On the other hand the other type has the pump on the bottom of the pit, but the motor is outside the pit. A brace attached to the motor is required to make it stable.

Float-switch: The submersible sump has one of four types of float/switches: Tether floats hang freely from the side of the pump and float when the water around the pump raises. Vertical floats have a ball that moves up and down on a vertical rod with only a slight movement. A diaphragm, which is a membrane located on a drum shaped mechanism, becomes concave with increased water pressure which activates the pump. A probe controlled by a microprocessor which senses water pressure and activates the pump. The pedestal has a tether float

Sentry light signal: A submersible sump pump operating with a probe is the only float-switch mechanism that lets the owner know if it is operating properly when not running. The pedestal pump has a visible sentry light that indicates if it is operating.

Ease of replacing faulty float-switch: A submersible with a failed float, vertical switch attached to the pump or a diaphragm requires removal of the pump from the pit for replacement. A pedestal float mechanism is attached to the motor which is outside the pit so does not require removal of the pump from the pit.

Noise level and safety: A submersible sump is quieter because it sits in the pit. The pit and water reduce the noise. A submersible pump is also safer because it is in the pit. Children cannot touch any part of the pump unless the sump pit cover is not in place. The occurrence of an electrical problem is more likely to happen to the submersible pump since it is in the water, however such problems rarely occur.

Life span and cost: The pedestal pump has a longer life span. Water does take its toll on a submersible pump. Pedestals are known to last 2 to 5 times longer and are cheaper than submersible pumps.

Handling of debris: The submersible is built to handle small solids since it comes with a screen over the face of the pump preventing debris to be sucked up into the impeller. The pedestal style has a hose or pipe that reaches down into the bottom of the pit and sucks up anything in its surroundings.

Which of the two types is best for you? The following questions are designed to help you in your decision process to select the pump that is best for you.

Are you concerned about pumping capacity and stability? A submersible handles greater volumes of water and is more stable.

Are you concerned about cost? A pedestal is cheaper.

Are you concerned about safety and the noise level? A pedestal is noisy and is not recommended for use where children or pets exist and for basements that are used for family living.

Are there small particles in your sump pit water? A pedestal pump is not built to handle solids or particles.

Are you looking for a pump where you can replace the float-switch without having to remove the pump from the sump pit? Few submersible pumps have a float cage that is external to the pump. The pedestal sump pump float-switch maintenance is outside the pit.

What are your concerns? The above information has been provided to help you make the right decision for your situation.

Flirting Body Language

If you want to succeed at attracting women, lose the pick-up lines are out and learn how to use flirting body language. Communication experts tell us that most meaning is conveyed by body language, not words. Here are some reasons why this seduction tool is so powerful.

To begin, you can flirt with a woman from the other side of a room with little risk just by showing her you’re interested. Second, a woman will feel more comfortable talking to a guy who’s already showing signs of being interested. Third, if you get a positive response to your flirting you know you can proceed with less chance of rejection. So how can you use flirting body language signals to communicate to women that you’re a single guy who’s out to interact and have fun? Here are three tips.

Maintain an Available Stance

While it’s true that women are more aware of body language, even guys can interpret some signals intuitively. For example, if a guy is sitting at a bar focusing on his drink, you don’t need to be a body language expert to sense that this guy wants to be left alone. Most of us would decide that someone siting like that isn’t interested in socializing. if you’re interested in meeting woman, that’s a posture to avoid.

You have to face the crowd even if you’re alone.

An upright posture gives off the most positive message. Make brief eye contact with women who happen to look your way. There’s a bit of timing with this. Lock eyes for a moment or two then look away.

Also maintain a friendly and open demeanor if a woman happens to walk past. Just smile and say hello but don’t try to strike up a conversation. Using this type of open and friendly body language is a solid flirting foundation.

Use a Flirting Classic

Winking may sound a little old fashioned, but there’s a reason it’s a classic flirting move – it works. However you have to do it right or you can come off a little bit creepy. It’s simple to do it right, but a lot of guys mess up. Here’s the tip: make eye contact,smile before you wink, wink, then break eye contact. If you are with a group of friends you can simply return to their conversation.

This works well where it would be awkward to approach a woman more directly. This could happen if she’s engaged in a conversation already or sitting with a group. By winking, you’ve made her curious and more likely to be interested in meeting you later. For that matter, some women will come over to chat with you almost immediately

Use Head Tilt

Let’s face it: most people’s favorite subject is themselves and they respond positively to someone who is interested in them. You can use body language to create this strong non-verbal message by tilting your head as a woman speaks to you. A head tilt is a posture of interest.

Of course, it’s also useful to note if she tilts her head as you talk.

All these body language cues help when you want to establish rapport with women.

There is another very important use of body language. As you may have heard, women are attracted to “Alpha” males. That is, men who radiate leadership and confidence. This is very powerful knowledge because this attraction is biologic in origin. It stems from our genetic history when a woman needed a strong male to protect her in a physically dangerous world. As much as culture and society has changed, the basic biology has not. Women are still attracted to Alpha males whether they admit it or not.

The good news for you is that any man can learn to radiate alpha characteristics that women find irresistible.

Toyota Celica: Focusing on Details

The 2006 Toyota Celica has been created with a design that provides its passengers space and comfort. Its design has a flowing kind of effect that makes you feel at ease and comfortable. This new vehicle has racy lines that are very detailed. These lines provide and exude an aura of a performance that would be high technology. And yes, the 2006 Toyota Celica does not fail this perception. It does deliver superbly. In the automobile market, it is said that this vehicle’s competitors include the Acura RSX, the Honda Civic Si, and the Volkswagen New Beetle.

Upon its introduction, the 2006 Toyota Celica has been made available in several trim levels. These trim levels comprise of the GT and the GT-S. The GT trim level comes equipped with a standard 1.8 liter I4 engine that has the capacity to produce some 140 units of horsepower. It can also achieve 27 mpg for driving in the city and some 33 mpg for highway travails. Made standard for this vehicle is a five speed manual transmission system with overdrive. Given as an option is a four speed automatic transmission system with overdrive.

Upgrades for the 2006 Toyota Celica GT trim level include power windows and door locks as well as a cruise control. You could also add in aggressively styled front and rear bumpers as well as rocker panels and a rear spoiler. There also is an option for having a heavy duty battery and starter motor plus intermittent rear window wipers. Made standard are 15 inch aluminum alloy wheels with five spokes. There also is the anti lock brake system, a power tilt and slide moonroof with retained power and sunshade, integrated fog lamps, as well as the remote keyless entry system.

As per the GT-S trim level, this comes equipped with a standard 1.8 liter I4 engine which can produce some 180 units of horsepower. It has the capability to achieve 23 mpg in the city and 32 mpg for driving on the highway. Made standard for this vehicle is a six speed manual transmission system with overdrive. Given as an option is a four speed automatic transmission system. If it is time to spruce up the 2006 Toyota Celica GTS, the options include aggressively styled front and rear bumpers, rocker panels, rear spoilers, 16 inch aluminum alloy wheels with five spokes, high intensity discharge headlamps, a power and tilt slide moonroof with retained power and sunshade, a rear spoiler, leather trimmed sport seats, as well as a remote keyless entry system.

Retractable Awnings – Several Different Shade Positions

Retractable awnings add the perfect ambiance to the deck on your home. With an awning that you can roll up when necessary, you don’t have to worry about the material ripping in the wind or tearing under the weight of the snow. With the motorized retractable models of awnings, you have the convenience of being able to roll up the retractible awning with just the touch of a button. You install the switch for the retractable awnings outside the home, but these are completely weatherproof. You won’t have any worries about it not functioning in heavy rain or wind.

Even if you lose the power during a storm, you can still roll up a retractible awning. Retractable awning manufacturers are very careful to install a manual override so that you can winch in the awning by hand if you need to. Most retractable awnings do not have any poles, which might cause you to wonder what holds them in place. These awnings are designed to be self-supporting. Each retractible awning has a secure mounting with heavy-duty arms for support. There are internal springs that create the arm tension and large radius elbows help to keep the awning fabric taut at all times.

When you have a retractable awning over your patio, rolling it up will help to store it for winter. Therefore, you don’t have to disassemble the awning in the fall and reinstall it in the spring. You can remove the loose hangings from the retractable awnings during the winter, but many homeowners don’t do anything. It really depends on where you live. In some climates, it is possible to leave the retractible awnings up all year long.

The main purpose of retractable awnings is to provide shade from the sun. There will be times when you don’t need to use the retractible awning when you are sitting outside, so you can leave it in the rolled up position. However, awnings are not designed to handle a high wind velocity. For this reason, you can get a retractable awning that contains a wind sensor. When the wind speed picks up, the sensor automatically activates the switch, retracting the awning for you. Experts on retractible models of awnings recommend that if you can comfortably read the newspaper outdoors, then it is safe to have the awning extended.

There is nothing as convenient as retractable awnings, whether you have the manual or automatic models. Even the manual models only take a few cranks of the hand mechanism to have the awning rolled back out of the way. The lightweight fabrics used in retractible awnings are guaranteed against rot and mildew and the warranty covers all defects for up to five years. When you take care of the retractable awnings according to the manufacturer’s instructions, you should be able to have an awning that lasts for 8 to 12 years.

Lines and Squares – A A Milne Chronicles the Children’s Game

Most of us, if you say ‘bear’ and ‘A. A. Milne’ would come up with Winnie the Pooh, otherwise known as Edward Bear who seems to be fond of honey and sitting halfway down the stairs, along with Christopher Robin. But a particularly poem, Lines and Squares doesn’t seem to be about teddy bears, it is about real grizzly bears, who seem to wander the street.

But how can you conjure up this bears? Simple, just stand in the cracks in the pavement. (Ok, in America they are known as sidewalks, but this is an English superstition, ok?) They are called ‘sillies’ who stand on the corners, and understandably so, after all no one wants to be eaten by bears.

The bears seem to act all innocent, as if they aren’t about to gobble children up. But of course they are…

This poem seems to preempt the viciousness of Roald Dahl’s stories where adults get eaten up, but of course there was the famous poem recited by Stanley Holloway of a lion who ate up a boy called Albert. Earlier the Queen of Hearts ordered people’s heads to be cut off in Alice in Wonderland

The actual game goes back a long way, it seems to go back to an ancient belief of not breaking the square-which possibly represented the Earth (which was also believed to have four corners). There is a rhyme which goes:

Step on a crack, break your mother’s back. Step on a line, break your mother’s spine.

Recently the British cartoon programme, Charlie and Lola featured this game.

A Christian Perspective – Building Bridges Not Barriers

Life today is full of ups and downs and as Christians we should strive to building bridges in our relationships and lives and not barriers. What a bridge is – A bridge is a strong structure spanning a barrier that allows passage over an obstacle. It enables you to cross over from one side to another. Some positive qualities for successful bridge in our Christian life, building includes love, warmth, friendliness, co-operation, understanding, forgiveness and a willingness to accept people as they are rather than how we want them to be. Eight Top Tips That Encourages Bridge-building

  1. Providing Support and encouragement – Build people up, believe in them and be there for them
  2. Communication:- actively listening and understanding; being receptive
  3. Involvement – encourage contribution of their suggestions and ideas. Interest – take a ‘genuine’ interest in people – show you care and approve
  4. Acceptance – accept and value people as they are and not what you want them to be. Belonging – everyone likes to belong. Aim to be warm, friendly and welcoming – make them feel important, wanted – (honesty is essential)
  5. Building Relationships – not just with people we know, but more importantly with those on the fringe
  6. Love – The Bible tells us to love one another (John 13:34&35). Often it is hard to love someone who has hurt, misjudged or discriminated against you.
  7. Value -We are all different. Each one brings a variety of gifts and talents. As Christians, we need to embrace and encourage everyone as being ‘special’.
  8. Praise -acknowledge people in a “genuine” way – a “well done” goes a long way, Thanks and Reward – A warm ‘thank you,’ will encourage good behaviour and motivate positively.

These are some thoughts to keep in mind as valuable ‘stones’ for strong bridge-building. We can’t build bridges with one another, if we are not right (or at peace) in ourselves. Barriers Barriers on the other hand are an obstacle or person that impedes free movement. The negative qualities we sometimes choose to adopt and live by are unfavourable, and could be discouraging or even destructive. If these qualities gain prominence, they will result in loss of understanding, forgiveness and peace. Some of the barriers we erect prevent others from getting involved, and may exclude them from belonging to a group or organization.

  • Intolerance is a barrier, Cliques (i.e. forming closed groups). Assuming a stance of being ‘elite or superior’
  • Hunger for Power and Control for selfish purposes, Domineering, Negative criticism, Being judgmental
  • Backbiting and abrasiveness, Pride and being haughty
  • Discrimination, prejudice and Racism We should take action, deal with and consciously work towards eliminating these barriers as they are not helpful in our Christian walk.

The Christian Example – A good example of a lasting bridge is: Jesus the Bridge between death and life and between condemnation and acceptance. He made crossing over possible by dying on a cross; by loving and forgiving those who hated and rejected Him. For us Christian’s to live ‘positive and victorious’ lives, we must follow Jesus’s example and remove the barriers in our lives that hinder, limit and restrict us and build bridges of forgiveness love and peace. Jesus the Bridge between death and life and between condemnation and acceptance. He made crossing over possible by dying on a cross; by loving and forgiving those who hated and rejected Him. For us to live ‘positive and victorious’ lives, we must follow Jesus’s example and remove the barriers in our lives that hinder, limit and restrict us and build bridges of forgiveness love and peace in our Christian walk.

Bedroom Furniture – How to Assemble It

How to Assemble Bedroom Furniture

What could possibly bring more happiness than the purchase of a brand new set of bedroom furniture? What could put more of a damper on that happiness than realizing that you have to assemble your furniture piece by piece? Not to worry, as there are a few steps you can take to eliminate many of the hassles commonly associated with putting together furniture. Many items come with all of the necessary materials and full assembly instructions. By making preparations, though, you can ensure that not only will you be able to effectively assemble your bedroom furniture, but you will have fun doing it.

Tools are probably the most important aspect to bedroom furniture assembly preparation. Many pieces of furniture arrive with small tools you can use, but having your own streamlines the entire process. The higher the quality of the tools, the easier it is to use them. The ones included with the furniture are typically very small and difficult to wield. A hammer or screwdriver with a solid grip, on the other hand, will make the entire job much less stressful. In terms of specific tools to have, the essentials should do. Phillips head and slotted screwdrivers are the standards, while a hammer and drill may also be useful. Again, it depends largely on the actual type of bedroom furniture you are assembling.

Another thing to remember is to have a clear workspace. Before your furniture arrives, try to make space in your bedroom. Move away anything that is not necessary so that you can lay all pieces flat on the ground. This will make it much easier to get an idea of what you have to work with. Essentially, you want to inventory all of the pieces of your new furniture. Then, when it comes time to assemble piece by piece, you will be able to easily locate what you need. Follow these steps to assembling your new bedroom furniture and you’ll be in good shape.

VESA Wall Mount Specifications – Why Does it Matter and What Is It?

A VESA wall mount is a popular choice when it comes to mounting your plasma or LCD television. VESA is a term that is widely used in the electronics industry, and is an acronym for the Video Electronics Standards Association. VESA is the international body that was founded during the 80s that establishes industry wide interfaces for different electronics, including televisions. One of these mounts is not manufactured by this body – but rather meets their installation standards.

The biggest advantage of the VESA wall mount has been mentioned above. Mounting your television on the wall allows you to increase your floor space; instead of having a bulky entertainment center or television taking up an entire wall in your den, living room, recreation room or bedroom, you can have the television mounted out of the way on the wall. You will also be able to hide most of the cords, cables and wires either in the wall behind the television, or behind the television itself, depending upon how you install your TV. Either way, a mounted television just looks better aesthetically than those that are taking up room on the floor.

A VESA wall mount will get your plasma or LCD television up off the floor and mounted onto the wall – which frees up floor space in the room where the television is going to be installed. VESA configurations are usually groups of four holes in varying layouts and are classified as VESA MIS-D, VESA MIS-E, or VESA MIS-F in square or rectangular patterns.

When you purchase your plasma or LCD wall mount, you will need to note on the package whether the mount is conforming with one or several of the different dimensions that are listed above, or whether it has hole patterns that fit non-VESA televisions. You can find the exact specifications for your particular model of plasma or LCD television mount in the instruction/owner manual that was packaged in with your television. You can also find out which VESA wall mount works with your television before you purchase it, or you can return to or call the dealer to find out this information after the sale. A quick check on the back of the screen can also help you determine which mounting configuration works with your set.

Competitive Opportunities in the Hammer Throw

Traditionally, the hammer has always been an older man’s event. It was thrown at college and international track meets. From 1900-1940, it was occasionally thrown at the high school level. Rhode Island is currently the only state that sponsors high school hammer throwing; however, there are strong movements underway in California, Washington, and Nevada.

Women’s hammer was added to the Olympic schedule in 2000. Since then the female version of the event has exploded in popularity and has seen steady and dramatic improvements in technique and performance. While the American and collegiate national records are very seldom broken for the men, the women have been consistently breaking their records for the last four years.

In 2003, the USATF (USA Track and Field) Youth Committee voted to include the youth hammer throw in the Junior Olympics. At the 2005 USATF Convention, it was decided that the youth hammer throw would be offered at all regional meets beginning in 2006. This will drastically improve the public view of the event. It is the goal of the USATF to expose more athletes to the event at a younger age to increase the talent pool of the nation’s hammer throwers. Hopefully this will lead to American hammer throwers consistently making it to the podium in major international competitions once again.

Currently, there are some outstanding up and coming young hammer throwers who are rewriting the record books for each age class they progress through. Thanks to Hal Connolly’s dedicated efforts of creating scholarship funds to send young athletes to train and compete overseas, and getting the hammer added to the Junior Olympics and youth events, the future is looking brighter for US Hammer Throwing.

Mosaic Tiles – How to Lay Mosaic Tiles

If you want to add a feature to your ceramic tile project consider using mosaic tiles. They look great and are easy to fit especially in those tricky areas. Mosaic tiles normally come with a backing sheet made out of a fabric or mesh. In this article we are going to look at how you can fit them quickly, neatly and with that professional finish.

Because they are sheeted fitting is actually a lot quicker than most people imagine. It is always a good idea to begin by using a batten and spirit level to mark out in pencil the area you want to tile.

The next step is to apply your tile adhesive, simply spread it on using the notched edge of your tile adhesive spreader held at an angle of 45 degrees in order to create really deep ridges of an even depth.

Once your adhesive is applied it is time to place on your first sheet of tiles. Making sure you stay with in the area you marked out with your pencil press the sheet into position with your hand. Then use a wooden batten or off cut to tamp the tiles level including the ones at the edge of the sheet (these can raise up when you apply pressure to the centre of your mosaic tile sheet).

Mosaic tiles are commonly used for borders and splash backs. With this in mind it is not uncommon to come up against obstacles such as electric sockets and light switches. In this instance you simply trim out the appropriate section of tiles by laying them on a flat surface and using a Stanley knife.

Allow 24 hours for your tile adhesive to dry once all your tiles are in place. Then grout between the gaps of your tiles as required.

I recently used matching mosaic tiles as part of my bathroom ceramic tile theme creating a border around the centre of the room. The end result looks really amazing with the border adding a really vibrant feel to the room.

Tips For New Gardeners Part 1 – Essential Tools

Getting out into the garden is increasingly popular once more, many people find that it helps them to relax and there is a sense of satisfaction as you see your plants grow and your garden develop into something special. In this series of articles I will introduce new gardeners to the art of gardening. It is not something that can be learnt overnight, but that is part of the appeal. There is always something new to learn, no matter how old, young or experienced you are!

Clearly, you are going to need some tools to get started. When you go to the Garden Centre or the hardware shop to buy your first set of garden tools, you will be faced with a bewildering array. So what do you really need? The first question to ask is “am I a vegetable gardener, an ornamental gardener or both?” For most people, the answer will probably be both, a lot depends on the size of your garden and why you want to garden. So this set of tools should cover both needs and assumes that you are starting a garden from scratch – just a bare patch of ground, no hedges, shrubs, lawn etc.

Garden Fork – essential tool for breaking the ground

Garden Spade – needed for turning over the soil and digging holes for larger plants

Hand Trowel – great as a mini-spade for planting bulbs, bedding and small plants

Hoe – quick weeding tool, but don’t let the weeds get too large or you will need the trowel!

Rake – for preparing seedbeds and can also be used to gather up leaves etc.

Trug – gardening basket for collecting and moving weeds, stones etc (if your garden is large, get a wheelbarrow instead)

If you have a neglected and overgrown garden you would need to consider buying these tools …

Secateurs – sharp hand tool used for trimming shrubs, roses and similar woody plants

Loppers – similar to secateurs but with stronger and larger jaws, longer (often extendible) handles for trimming thicker branches

Shears – for trimming foliage and cutting down large weeds prior to digging them out

OK, so what about the quality? Beware of the very cheapest tools as they will not last long, especially if they are used a lot but there is no need to buy the most expensive either, unless your garden is large or your soil is heavy clay. When you buy, check that the handles are firmly fixed and don’t feel flimsy, that the metal parts look to be well machined and the shafts are not warped. Consider also how light the tools are, turning over the soil can be hard work, you can reduce the effort needed by choosing lighter garden implements. The down side is that they may be light because the manufacturer has compromised on quality. Take time to consider the options and don’t rush into your first tool purchases.

So, setting up as a new gardener need not cost a fortune, but you will need to spend some money on gardeners tools, however, if you spend your tool budget wisely, it will leave more for the hard and soft landscaping of your garden.

Painting Jobs – Going Rate, Hourly Rate Or Selling Price

What hourly rate should I price my paint work at? Or, what is the going rate for a paint job? I wish I had $5.00 for every time I have heard someone ask that question of another painter.

I wish I had $5.00 for every time I have heard someone ask that question of another painter.

Calculating overhead – Secrets of knowing what hourly rate to charge for your work.

Here are two more examples:

1 – I am a 35 year old married man with 3 kids, a big mortgage, and my wife is a stay at home mom. I pay all my medical expenses out of pocket. I have two painters and two tucks with all their bills and expenses. I pay for workers comp and liability insurance on our combined payroll. And of course if I get hurt my government won’t allow me to collect disability; because, I am the owner.

2 – I am a 45 year old man living with my wife who is tenured teacher in a big upper class public school. Her job pays all medical expenses and insurance. We bought our home 20 years ago, and the mortgage is small for today’s standards. We are childless and have no major expenses.

Different needs, both business and personal, so what do they charge?

The “going rate”, or whatever that is. The problem with selling our services for the “going rate” is that the “going rate” is someone else’s rate, not your rate. So to ask anyone what the “going rate” is a sure fire way to work for an hourly rate lower than you need.

You should ask yourself what your “going rate” is. That is, what do you need to sell your jobs at in order to do the best job you are capable of and make what you need plus profit. The way to know is to add all your costs including what you need to earn and diving that by the amount of hours worked.

Just add all your costs, for the year and divide by your historical hours worked. That will be your “going rate” not some number thrown out in order to be the lowest bidder. And that is usually what someone else’s going rate is.

The problem with most people in our business when calculating overhead is not including everything.

For example, do you pay yourself to do an estimate? We all advertise “free estimates”, they may be free to our clients; but, they are not free to us. Leaving out things like this will give you a lower number than what is needed. And the greatest challenge of painter/craftsman/ business owner is to learn to think like a businessman before thinking of himself as a painter.

How to Clean Iron Fixtures and Chandeliers

Chandeliers are a gorgeous focal point in various rooms. However, they can become unappealing when they get dirty. You can restore the beauty of your chandelier whether it is wrought iron or any other type, when it looses its shine. More than likely all it requires is a good cleaning. Because of the complex designs, if you don’t know how to clean iron fixtures it could become a difficult task.

Equipment & Tools

– 2 or 3 basins, depending upon the size of your chandelier as well as how dirty it is before you clean the fixture

– A commercial cleaning agent or dish-washing liquid

– Glass cleaner

– Soft, non-abrasive washrags

– Rubber gloves

– A step ladder, in order to reach your chandelier, this is essential when you are cleaning the arms and frame

– A large sheet or towel, depending upon the size of your chandelier, as this will catch any drippings from cleaning the various sections attached to the ceiling. You can also us a large piece of plastic. Place it on the floor at the base of the ladder and then lay a sheet or towel for cushioning, on top of the plastic, if you worry that you may knock some of your crystals loose, to prevent damage to them if they should fall to the floor.

The Cleaning Process

1. Remember to turn off the breaker when you are working on any item that has an electrical current, especially when you are cleaning your chandelier.

2. Remove the light covers and light bulbs from the fixture carefully. Never expose the light bulbs to any liquid, as they will burst while hot. Rather you should gently wipe then with a clean soft dry cloth while they are cool and then place the clean bulbs on a soft towel until you are ready to put them back into place. Micro-fiber clothes work well for task.

3. Fill your sink or one of the basins with warm soapy water and then wipe the frame and decorative arms down with this soapy water.

4. In another basin, add clean water and a small portion of dishwashing liquid or the commercial cleaning agent. Use this water to clean the light covers and the crystal droplets of the chandelier. In another basin, you will rinse these items in warm water. You may add approximately ½ cup of ammonia to the rinse water, as this will cause your crystals to sparkle.

5. Remove only a few crystals at a time in order to remember where exactly they came from, since most likely they all look alike. Doing this makes it much easier to put them back in the exact place they belong. Whisk each piece in the soapy water and then rinse. Carefully dry them with a soft rag before you replace them.

6. Turn the breaker back on and survey your handiwork. There should be no cobwebs or dirt remaining and your crystals should sparkle magnificently.

While you are cleaning, check for raw or loose wiring as well as damage or rust. If they need professional attention, make sure this is taken care of as soon as you can.


Cleaning is only one aspect of keeping your wrought iron chandelier light fixtures looking their best. You should maintain them between cleanings. It does not have to take a lot of your time to do a few basic things. During your weekly vacuuming, you should ever so gently touch up the chandeliers. This helps to eliminate any minor coating of airborne particles such as dust adhering itself to the fixture. Keep in mind you can lengthen the lifetime of your wrought iron chandelier, by not having them installed in moist damp rooms. The wrought iron portion of a chandelier can easily rust when exposed to moisture.


If you are unable to take your chandelier apart for cleaning as described above, simply do a wet cleaning. Turn off the breaker and then cover the bulbs with plastic, such as small sandwich bags for protection. Mix a solution of ammonia and some distilled water and then spray it onto your crystals. Allow the run off to drip to the protective covering on the floor. To reduce leaving any water spots, rinse by spraying with distilled water.

Tinnitus and Its Relationship With Stress And Depression

Research and studies by respected institutions have shown there is a strong relationship between tinnitus and a whole range of psychological conditions – commonly known by the acronym SPADE.

The presence of one or more of these factors – Stress… Panic disorder… Anxiety… Depression… or, Emotional disorder – have been shown to play a significant role in;

a) whether a person will be affected by tinnitus,

b) how severe their condition will be, and,

c) how effectively they will respond to treatment for it.

And now we have come to understand that most forms of tinnitus actually stem from the brain – rather than the ear – I think this is easier for most of us to accept why this would be.

If you are someone who is more susceptible to stress, anxiety or depression – your brain will process information in a different way – and draw different conclusions – to someone who is not.

Michael gets so anxious about taking his driving test that he is physically sick while waiting at the test centre for the examiner to arrive. Frank, who is taking the same test, with the same examiner… immediately after Michael – is totally relaxed about it.

Sue is so stressed because she has just been made redundant from her job – and she worries everyday about what the future will bring. Tracy has also been made redundant from the same factory as Sue, but is confident she will get another job after she has enjoyed an extra couple of months off work – funded by her payout.

These people are in exactly in the same position as each other, but their mind interprets the same information – a very different way. Some may see it as a massive difference in our internal “fight or flight” mechanism – which probably evolved as far back as caveman times.

So is stress, anxiety and depression a major cause of tinnitus?

Stress and depression doesn’t directly cause tinnitus – but it has been shown to predispose a large percentage of sufferers to the condition – and also that they are much more likely to be affected more severely by the symptoms ie, higher levels of noise and distress.

It seems clear that the “emotional” part of our brain is critical in the experience, suffering and relief from tinnitus.

The fact that some anti-anxiety drugs and anti-depressants are some of the most effective medications to reduce volume of noise – backs up these findings even further.

It is actually “good news” that Stress, Panic Attacks, Anxiety, Depression and Emotional disorders are major contributing factors to many peoples tinnitus – because these are all very treatable conditions. If your tinnitus has been brought on or exaggerated by SPADE – then your recovery may be easier to achieve.

Just as people are able to overcome their addiction to smoking, their phobia of spiders, or their fear of public speaking – you can retrain your brain to reduce or even eliminate the controlling effect that tinnitus has on your life.

The Shovel by Baker Fore and Tom Massey

Lessons on Personal Transformation

Imagine rookie architect Jason Clark reporting for his first day on a new job with the Lincoln Construction Company. He is awed by the prospect as he tours the massive building prior to a planned luncheon meeting with his new boss, A. B. Lincoln, president and founder of the company. Jason’s becomes curious by a single gold shovel displayed prominently on a wall of the complex.

“The Shovel” is a first person narrative. Jason Clark relates the story behind the laws of “The Shovel” as told him by the successful A. B. Lincoln. During their first lunch Mr. Lincoln initiates Jason to the laws of the shovel by telling his life story. He tells of past hurt and personal grief. He explains to Jason how he turned these obstacles into opportunities.

Tom Massey and Baker Fore masterfully crafted a story of mystical meetings with an old prospector into a springboard for presenting universal truths and self actualization principles for personal transformation and satisfying success.

“The Shovel” models the concept of mentoring throughout. A. B. Lincoln, as a young man, learned the practical principles of a work ethic, and job knowledge and how these translate into building character. His mentors were men like Jeff Howell, Mr. Stevens, Andy Rodriquez, and others.

This imaginative combination of highly developed story telling technique with the potential of coupling adversity and determination, provide practical action steps for establishing and realizing personal goals. “The Shovel” is destined to become another best selling book for authors Baker Fore and Tom Massey.

Robert D. Reed Publishers, 978-1934759349

As Reviewed for Midwest Book Review