ADA-Compliant Small Elevators For Commercial Buildings

ADA compliant small elevators for commercial buildings are great accessibility options for mobility challenged individuals who find it difficult to climb stairs. These devices ensure safe and reliable vertical transportation of the physical challenged or mobility impaired in a commercial setup.

Features of ADA Compliant Elevators

An ADA compliant elevator will maintain all the safety standards that the ADA (Americans with Disability Act) insists on. Such elevators feature automatic operation, emergency call buttons and a number of other value added features. You can also find automated door opening and closing facility in such accessibility devices. The floor area will be such that there will be enough room for wheelchair users to enter these elevators.

A Variety of Options to Choose From

Elevators are very much in demand these days with increase in high rise buildings, as well as improved life standards. Consequently, elevator manufacturers have started coming up with different models and types of elevators suitable for any sort of commercial environment. Savaria Concord, Federal Elevators and ThyssenKrupp are well-known manufacturers in the industry. Some of the popular models they supply include Orion LU/LA, Prolift SCL and Prolift Voyager. Most of these are available in a wide variety of sizes, colors and finishes.

A Perfect Solution for the Mobility Impaired

For the safe transportation of the mobility impaired, ADA compliant elevators are advisable. These are ideal for hospitals, schools, lodges or any kind of commercial enterprise. Most of them are built with strong materials with good weightlifting capacity. Durable design, variable speed as well as, noise free operation are some other notable features of these devices. Backup lighting, inter locking facility and emergency battery that provides flawless power supply ensure complete safety of the users.

An ADA-compliant small elevator is not only a convenient accessibility device but also a luxurious addition to your commercial building.

What is HIC Resistant Steel?

An HIC steel plate is a carbon steel plate which is tested specifically to assess the susceptibility of the material to hydrogen induced cracking, a problem which is commonly found in the oil, gas and chemical industries in what are known as wet h2s and sour service environments.

The build up of hydrogen sulfide in pressure vessel tanks found in these industries is a major concern as it leads to a condition known as hydrogen induced cracking or HIC, where the inner wall of the pressure vessel suffers from the effects of hydrogen corrosion. As pressure vessels and steel boilers operate at a different internal pressure/temperature to the ambient pressure/temperature, such cracking can cause a reduction in load bearing capacity which could cause a potentially catastrophic failure. It is therefore vitally important that procurers in the oil and gas industry have confidence in the longevity of the steel supplied for this purpose.

HIC corrosion in a steel pressure vessel should be considered a risk at hydrogen sulphide levels in excess of 3.5mbar. Where this scenario exists, the steel should therefore be tested for its resistance to the onset of hydrogen induced cracking – the performance of the steel is directly related to the quality of the material and for this reason, greater emphasis is being placed on the quality of the steel at the processing stage. Controlling the amount of hydrogen that is picked up in the processing cycle of the material will increase the longevity of the plate in situ. Ultimately, engineers in the oil and gas industry need to have a realistic view of how long the material will last.

HIC resistant steel can undergo a variety of tests which are normally specified by the customer. Commonly, an unstressed sample is exposed to a solution at ambient temperature and pressure. After a predefined period the sample is withdrawn and assessed. Such a test can provide a clear indication of the materials suitability for purpose. Tests can be carried out at the mill itself or by an independent testing house. Certification is issued with the plate to confirm the result of any test, offering full traceability.

Another variant of the HIC problem is SOHIC or stress orientated hydrogen induced cracking. This is where exposure to hydrogen sulphide can effect the stress load around the heat affected zone of welds since this is the weak point in the tank. Whether HIC or SOHIC, the need for steel to be tested for resistance to hydrogen induced cracking is critical.

Wood Stoves Are A Great Secondary Heat Source

Checking the authenticity and usability of the wood stoves needs to be checked before making any purchase. Wood stoves were used in ancient America for many household and general purposes. A wood stove is a device, which is normally used in the kitchens for the heating of food, keeping it warm and making it palatable. A wood stove is often used for heating rooms or cooking food. Purchasing a free standing wood stove is a great way for anyone who doesn’t want the hassle of building in the stove, this makes it easier if you decide to remove. A pellet-stove is very efficient because the pellets that are used are made from scraps of wood and compressed together.

Many wood stove that insert into the fireplace have fans that can blow the warm air and not the smoke into the rooms, this is a great way of getting more heat into the house. The primary reason for installing a wood stove insert rather than a stand alone stove is to utilize an existing fireplace, however there are additional benefits. A stove insert which is installed into an existing brick or stone fireplace will certainly be more efficient than a stand alone unit located within the room. Using glass doors that covers the front of a fireplace is a great way of stopping the heat from escaping, this reduces the heat from escaping but does not stop it completely.

An outdoor wood burning furnace is most well known for its ability to heat on a low budget. This low-cost heating is often most beneficial to homeowners. Wood heat is a comfortable way of heating your home but it does take some safety knowledge and precautions to do so safely. Heat is something that every home needs; unfortunately, it is sometimes difficult to afford.

Buying a certified stove completely reduces the chances of your chimney catching fire. Try to keep the chimney clean, over the years the chimney will accumulate creosote and this can cause a fire if not cleaned frequently. The chimney must be checked for an excess of soot deposited on its inside. The most convenient and preferable location for the installation of the chimney is the center of the house. Every pot belly stove has a chimney that is attached to let the smoke out.

The cost of heating with wood is relatively inexpensive. Many wood stoves come with a lot of accessories but you will need to purchase them because they are not given in the package when the stove is purchased. This adds a personal touch to the customers’ wood stove as they can use the leg piece of their choice. Wood stoves come with a nice feature that catches the ashes it is called the ash drawer. Check the manufacturers warranty on all stoves and make sure this is sufficient for your use, many manufactures have a limited warranty period. With its fine design and elegance, a contemporary wood stove is sure to add style and class to any room. Wood stoves were used in ancient America for many household and general purposes.

Understanding Electric Pressure Cookers – Pros and Cons

When thinking of ways to prepare food faster, while not sacrificing quality and nutrition, investing in a pressure canner or cooker is one obvious choice.

Now you may also be wondering if you should get a standard or electric model. This article will help you understand and avoid the pitfalls and appreciate the convenience an electric pressure cooker has to offer vs a traditional model.

CONS:

Lets start with the “Cons” since they are a bit more subtle, but understanding those will help you better contextualize the “Pros”.

1) Less durability: Typically electric models do not last as long as their non-electric counterparts. You can see this reflected in the shorter warranties on an electric vs. traditional model. The reason for this? With more complicated parts and electronics on an electric pressure cooker there is more possibility for failure. Many newer models come with extra electronics, press button displays, and other convenient features. Generally electronics do not like the excessive heat with which these appliances operate. Durability varies by brand and quality, some are better than others, but as a rule it is true electric models may not last as long.

2) Lower PSI: To operate a pressure cooker it needs high pressure, measured in pounds per square inch (PSI). Higher pressure makes steam hotter than normal and allows food to cook faster. Often times electric pressure cookers, especially the older ones, cannot achieve the 15 PSI that is standard for traditional models. I’m sure It has something to do with the heating units, as well as safety concerns and costs factors. Whatever the reason, you have to be cautious when getting an Electric model, they often top out at 9-12 PSI. Lower PSI means lower temperature and thus slower cooking. Moreover, it is an annoyance since most pressure cooker recipes assume 15 PSI, so adjusting can be a pain. Basically, get one that goes to 15 PSI if you can.

3) Historical Safety issues: This is more of a problem with older models, and I think honestly, the lax attitude of users resulting in user error. Because electric pressure cookers are so easy, people often push limits unintentionally or leave it unattended for long periods on ill advised settings. Some have noted that electric pressure cookers tend to have less redundant safety valves than the traditional designs do. This is true, you may want to stay away from those models. But some of the horror stories can be explained by misuse. If you accidentally over fill with liquid (a big no-no) it increases the likelihood of clogging and overflow. Compounded that with not being in the room to see the overflow occurring, and you can see how big disasters might occur, generating bad rap through user error. Don’t worry, If you follow the manual, especially on new models, you will likely never have an issue.

PROS:

The Pros are much more straightforward:

1) Ease of use and Convenience: This is huge, with all the automatic timers, food specific cooking settings, PSI adjustment and other features that can be loaded onto an electric model, they save a bunch of time. Also, some will argue this cancels out the lower PSI issues, since if the cooker can be started with the touch of a button and walked away from, who cares if it takes a bit longer to cook?

2) Consistent heating: Electric designs have the heating source inside them. A traditional cooker may have to deal with various cooking surfaces such as gas range, electrical coil or glass top. When it comes to a gas range, traditional pressure cookers perform masterfully, but some people report problems with electric ranges. The reason is that pressure cookers want an even, steady heat. If temperature bounces around too much then pressure is inconstant which makes calculating cooking time difficult, risking over or under cooking. Often people over-correct with glass top and coil ranges due to the nature of how they heat. I’ve never found a problem cooking on a glass top, but even If you do run into this problem you should be able to overcome it with a little trial and error. But that’s part of the argument for electric pressure cookers, why go through the trouble? Just get an electric pressure cooker to begin with.

So there you have it. You now know some of the not so obvious considerations when choosing between an electric and a traditional stove top pressure canners and cookers. Don’t agonize over it too much. If nothing above jumps out at you then go with whatever model you find that offers the best quality at your price point. Remember: if you stick to good quality brands, and follow the manual, you should not encounter any difficulties, whether you go traditional or electric.

5 Ways to Deal With the Dreaded Vinyl Wall Panels in Mobile Homes

The biggest complaint for most mobile home owners is usually about the notorious vinyl wall panels in their homes. Every model and make seemed to have used them between 1980-2000. Each company used their own special brand and some have that plastic looking coating and some don’t. Colors and patterns vary drastically. All have the seams with the strips or battens that “connect” the panels and nobody really knows how to update them, until now. Here is the 5 best ways to handle those pesky walls:

Just Paint Them. Easy enough for anyone. Always clean them first with TSP (or equivalent). Paint doesn’t stick to grease or smoke or dirt and there’s more on your walls than any of us care to think about. Use a really good primer. If your walls are more paper like than plastic make sure to use an oil based primer. That will keep the paper from soaking in all the moisture and raising in odd shapes that look like Abe Lincoln’s hat. If they are more plastic like, you may want to use a Grip type primer. It grips paint and it works.

Texture It All. Not so easy but fun! Just remove the strips (battens) and then throw some mud up. Texture by using whatever tool you have handy. There’s endless types of mud and spackling so do your homework or ask the home improvement employee unless they are younger than you. In that case, go find anyone that looks like they would know. You will get a better answer.

Remove the strips, mud the seams, sand and paint. This is not easy and not fun. If you are a perfectionist do not even try it. You will never match your mud texture to the walls but you can get really close. If your walls have a texture, you don’t have to work so hard. If your walls are smooth your gonna have to work at it. It will look great when you do match closely though.

Strip the paper. Not easy nor fun and not highly recommended. This is for the walls that have the very fine layer of paper attached. If it is easily pulled down in small strips and you see a smooth wall underneath this is a great option for you. If your lucky enough to have this type, just start peeling. You could always rent a steamer to help. Simply prime and paint afterward.

Wallpaper. Remove the strips (battens) and hang. Wallpaper is not easy so get a pattern that can be quickly matched. Get some good tips and tricks before you start. The more knowledge you have the better you can fight the paper, and fight you will.

There’s plenty more ways to update vinyl walls in mobile homes. Painting the walls one color and adding white 1×3 molding over the seams can create a cute cottage look. You could also paint the panels in vertical stripes and use the strips as the divider between colors. It all depends on how much work your willing to do and how much help you have. Use your common sense and ask the pro’s if your in doubt. Don’t take on too much at once, limit yourself to one wall at a time and complete the first before starting the next. Otherwise, have fun with it. If your ready for a new look I’m sure your walls are, too.

Wide Plank Flooring – An Authentic Look

There are many advantages to choosing wide plank flooring for your home when you are deciding which type of flooring will be best for you, your family and your overall decor. Wide plank flooring has become longer and wider and this reduces the amount of seams in your floor to create a more authentic look.

In order for your home to look its best, look for wide plank flooring that is made of old growth planks that have been newly sawn. Craftsmen of times long past, used newly sawn old growth wood to install in America’s oldest homes and they still look beautiful 200 years later. When you use this material for your wide plank flooring, you can be assured you will have finest, most authentic look for your home, no matter which room in your home you decide to install it.

Look for wide plank flooring that has been cured for at least twelve months to ensure the durability and stability no matter what the climate is where you live. When you are shopping for wide plank flooring, you want the assurance that the product you choose will last a long time and stay looking beautiful throughout the years.

If you choose wide plank flooring that has been milled precisely, you may eliminate any need for you to sand your new wide plank flooring after it is installed. When you buy your wide plank flooring, it will come complete with installation instructions for you to put down your new floor simply and easily. You can install wide plank flooring over a number of surfaces such as a radiate heat system, plywood on concrete slabs, a screed system, etc.

To keep your wide plank flooring looking and feeling its best, many manufacturers recommend using a Tung Oil finish. This type of finish will be absorbed into the wood instead of merely coating it. This helps give your wide plank flooring the nourishment that is needed deep in the flooring in order for a long and healthy life for your new floor. It will also eliminate the need to wax and it can be cleaned with a mild wood cleaner for your convenience and ease.

How to Write an Excellent Business Plan

There are many techniques that entrepreneurs have when writing a business plan that can help to map out the business model, create a strategy road-map and be used to seek investment. Developing an effective business plan can take some effort, but done correctly, can be rewarding for the entrepreneur. The first step in preparing for a business plan is to think about the ‘big picture’ by mapping out the business model. This framework can help to get you thinking about how the pieces fit together to make your business achieve its objectives. The business model is generally broken into:

1. Other companies or people than yourself and why you need them to build your company.

2. What activities your business does to fulfill a market need and customer demand.

3. What resources you need to start-up and continue your business operations.

4. The key value proposition that your company offers, ideally unique and better than competitors.

5. Who your customers are specifically and how your will build/maintain relationships with them.

6. The financial structure of your business, where you will get your money and how you spent it.

Once you have a solid idea based on your research around speaking with potential customers through focus groups, calling and interviews you are ready to begin your plan. The length and complexity of the business plan depends on the objectives it is fulfilling. If you are seeking a simple concept road map, a 10-15 page should suffice. However, venture capitalists usually have requirements that business plans must meet in order to be funded that can make them run 20 pages or more.

When writing the plan, keep in mind where you want the business to go and think small to begin. Many new businesses will try to scale-up too quickly or focus on the end result, but skip how they will get there and the necessary steps to achieve the end result. While it is important to think about the big picture to include everything with the business model, remember that you need to grow and the business plan is often a road-map how-to. Like a good road-map, it helps to be detailed and specific, but not to the extent that the directions are rendered a waste because they fail to communicate main points.

It is also important to write the plan for the audience you are communicating it to. Do not fall victim to expecting your audience has the same background knowledge as you. We often find that someone’s business plans can be unclear and in many cases, writers place an unequal emphasis on subjects of their backgrounds (e.g. technology) and neglect other parts that are important. In order to test this, try providing your business plan to a friend that is not familiar with the business and test how clear the person’s understanding of your business is.

Remember to use accurate and verifiable research to support main points, communicate identified trends, market growth and the customer base. Focus groups, government data and industry reports are perfect for this and are generally low-cost. There is a lot of free information on the Internet, but ensure that the source is reputable, or it could doubt the validity of your business in consequence. Writing an effective business plan takes time and effort, but focusing on the points outlined in this article can help guide you towards a more successful end-result. Stay motivated and be conservative when possible, starting small and thinking big.

For more information on how to write a great business plan, contact business plan writers for help.

Cleaning Your Stainless Steel Handrails and Guardrails?

With the trend in architecture leaning towards steel, glass, and concrete, it is no wonder why many homes now have stainless steel handrails and guardrails. Handrails are necessary in areas with staircases, while guardrails are mainly useful for outdoor purposes. If you have both these structures in your home, it’s probably time to think about cleaning them. Doing some preventive maintenance is necessary if you want these structures to last longer. The following are some tips on how to go about the cleaning process.

Schedule the cleaning process

Cleaning stainless steel handrails and guardrails can be tough especially if you have young children or pets in your home. If possible, have someone to care for your children or pets so you can focus on the chore. This will save you from possible delays and slipping incidents especially when you have children and pets that tend to run around your household.

If your handrails and guardrails are outdoors, then you might want to check the weather forecast. The last thing anyone wants is to end up ready with the cleaning chore but have to re-schedule because of rain.

Prepare the necessary materials

If your handrails and guardrails are relatively new, then you probably just need a microfiber cloth and vinegar. If you own an older handrail or guardrail and rust has begun to show, then you might need other materials. You will need a foam brush, spray bottle, anti-rust agents, dishwashing liquid, and some clear coat paint along with the microfiber cloth. The said materials will not only help clean the surfaces but will also help in removing and preventing rust. You should also think about preparing some cotton rags to help wipe some liquids that may spill.

Get your needed gear in order

Usual gear may include gloves and a facemask so you will not inhale the liquids involved in the cleaning process. You may also want to include a hat and a stool especially if you are cleaning stainless steel handrails and guardrails outdoors. The additional equipment could be necessary for your convenience especially when you need to clean a long line of railings.

Clean away

For owners with rust-free stainless steel handrails and guardrails, dampen a microfiber cloth with some vinegar to wipe clean the entire surface. When you are already satisfied with the job, you can now apply the clear coat paint as protection against fingerprint marks.

For those with rust problems, you may want to place the vinegar in the spray bottle to spray the rusted areas and loosen some of the rust. Scrub these areas later with a foam brush to remove the corrosion. Wipe the surface with the microfiber cloth afterwards to keep it dry. Place some anti-rust agents on the areas where rust occurred to protect it. You can then apply the clear coat paint as added protection.

The said tips are here to help you in cleaning your stainless steel handrails and guardrails. If you want more tips especially on removing rust, then read on more resources about the subject. Some online resources and published works focus solely on this area to help you get the job done faster.

The Pain of Change: Excuses or Roadblocks

No two organizations doing project-based work are exactly the same. Depending upon the maturity of the organization, project teams might use spreadsheets and sticky-notes or sophisticated project and portfolio management software. Managing change is an almost daily requirement as an organization’s project management needs change and evolve.

Benjamin Franklin said, “In this world nothing is certain but death and taxes.” Although Franklin wasn’t talking about project-based work, he could have been. As an organization’s project management processes mature, change happens. Whether unintentional or by design, it’s never easy implementing new work management methodologies.

Sometimes it’s necessary to overcome what will someday be considered the irrational fear of a particular change.

For years, it was considered impossible for a man to run a mile in four minutes. In fact, physiologists even thought it was dangerous to the health of any athlete foolish enough to make the attempt. On May 6, 1954, a 6’1″, 25-year old medical student at Oxford, Roger Bannister, was foolish enough.

On the Oxford track at Iffley Road, Bannister ran before a meager crowd of about 1,000 people (most of them students). Running against what the New York Times described as a 15 mph crosswind, Bannister was the first man to run the mile in under four minutes, 3:59.4.

When the time was announced, the crowd only heard the first word, “Three…” The rest was drowned out by the roar of the crowd.

Bannister is a great example of overcoming what we might now consider an irrational fear; he changed the way we think about how far we can push the human body and accomplished something really incredible.

Like the fear that limited Bannister’s competitors, many times the roadblocks to the change we face are sometimes just excuses-at least Bannister treated them that way. When implementing new methodologies or technology, knowing what to expect can make the shock of change a little easier to deal with.

Seldom are the challenges or obstacles we face as difficult to overcome we might believe. In fact, I’ve found that “fear of change” in most cases is really a fear of the unknown. Here are some of the most common fears that organizations face as they try to change or implement new project management methodologies:

• It’s different. Realizing that there are some people who thrive on change, but most people don’t, is important. Some people push back simply because it’s a change.

• Some people are uncomfortable with additional scrutiny. Projects that might be important to one senior manager or team may not be as important to others. This could make some people a little nervous that their project might not stand up to peer review.

• Some projects are more important than others. Implementing a sound work management methodology will mean that only those projects that provide business value will get pushed forward-not the “pet” projects of influential stakeholders. Because this might negatively impact some projects, those stakeholders may try to block the process.

• There are tough decisions to be made. Best practice requires that some projects will get funded and others will not. It’s important that senior managers understand that they have a responsibility to the organization-not just their individual departments. There will be managers who don’t like this fact.

• Implementation takes time. Implementing a new methodology for project-based work takes time. Because it doesn’t happen overnight, there will be those who will say they don’t have time for this-but it’s necessary to take the time to be successful.

Like any organizational culture change, there will be those who embrace the change and others who don’t. Be prepared for both, and your organization’s ability to cope with change will be successful.

Headache Help From the Headache Doctor

Headache types: Headaches can appear in different areas of the head. I have found frontal (forehead) headaches to have four causes.

Neck pain headaches-The first and most common cause is a second cervical subluxation. The second cervical on the left will cause a frontal headache on the left and a second cervical subluxation on the right will cause a frontal headache on the right. These also cause sinus headaches and sinus congestion. The second cervical on the left is usually stuck in extension and the second cervical on the right is either lateral or stuck in rotation and compressed superior to inferior. A second cervical adjustment will usually clear up the sinuses in seconds.

Frontal headaches can also be due to a cranial problem in the frontal bone.

The third cause of frontal headaches is a bad night’s sleep. This causes an imbalance of the pineal gland which can be corrected using TBM or Total Body Modification.

The fourth cause is emotional. These are commonly known as stress headaches or tension headaches. This headache can appear on the frontal eminences. They are called the bad mood points which can be corrected using SET, Spinal Encephalo Technique. Once they are released, the bad mood and headache goes away. The frontal lobe of the brain is a common place for emotional armoring as well. Emotional armoring can occur in any lobe of the brain and can be cleared out using CARE or Chakra Armor Release of Emotions.

Occipital headaches (located in the back of the head) can be due to a subluxation of the occiput, a cranial misalignment of the occiput or due to toxicity or indigestion. An ileocecal valve spasm can cause a headache on the right occiput. A Valve of Houston spasm will cause a headache on the left occiput. These points on the occiput and can be used for correction of the ileocecal valve and the Valve of Houston. They are part of the Spinal Encephalo Technique.

Headaches located in the sphenoid area of the temples are usually referred from the cervicals and can be corrected by adjusting the cervicals indirectly or directly by using Vector Point Cranial technique.

Headaches located in the temporal area can be due to a TMJ subluxation or emotional armoring in the squamous portion of the temporal bone or on the mastoid. The most gentle way to clear TMJ subluxations is to treat it with SET, Spinal Encephalo Technique. Just have the patient touch the reflex point and adjust T2, T4 and T6 with a double activator in three phases of respiration. The armor in the temporal lobe can be cleared out using the CARE technique.

Parietal headaches (on the top of the head) are often due to a bad night’s sleep or stress. They can be corrected by separating the coronal and sagittal sutures or by doing a parietal lift.

Migraine headaches are often due to stress or diet. Migraine headaches may be caused by an allergy to wheat, dairy, eggs, chocolate, sugar, yeast, citrus, red wine, red meat, tea, coffee or corn.

Dallas Lake Front Real Estate

Among the many real estate options that Dallas has to offer, lakefront homes form an important category. There are approximately 3-4 dozen lakes within a 100 mile radius of the greater Dallas metropolitan area. With a size of 22,745 acres, Lake Ray Hubbard is one of the largest lakes in the area, and runs through Dallas County.

Lakefront real estate consists of homes that face a lake or ones that have a water view. This type of real estate is sought after by people who enjoy water sports, boating, fishing, or would just like to live near a large mass of water. Some of these homes enable you to fish from your own dock, which adds to the fun. Most of the lakefront homes include boat slips or are by the harbor. Some of these have boat houses or boat slips that come with decks that are wide open.

Dallas has lakefront real estate featuring lake frontage or lake views. Some of these properties are also found close to the many small and large lakes that cover the Dallas area. The large lakes are found in the suburbs of Rockwall, Flower Mound, and Rowlett. The small lakes, some of which are man-made, are found in the suburban areas of McKinney, Frisco and Plano. Apart from these areas, lakefront real estate is also found in the Dallas city area, and in the suburbs of Arlington, Colleyville, and Southlake. Prices range from $100,000 for a lake front property in Rockwall or Rowlett to over a million dollars in parts of Dallas proper, or Plano.

Within the Dallas city area, two of the most popular lakes are While Rock Lake and Lake Highlands. The latter is situated close to the residential area of Casa Linda. Dallas lakefront real estate offers ample opportunities for families and communities to be near the facilities that a large city offers, yet enjoy the comforts of a lakefront or lake view home that permits boating and fishing.

We Need Fake Building Like Those Fake Rocks to Practice Mountain Climbing

Not long ago, a buddy of mine invited me down to the gym to check out the new mountain climbing façade. It is one of those giant fake rocks with the holes in it, where you strap yourself onto a bungee cord, and start climbing up the side. It’s actually harder than it looks, but it is a lot of fun. In case you fall, all you hurt is your pride as you slam onto the mats below. Indeed, I can totally understand why the owners of that gym put it in, because their customers love it and it increases the number of gym memberships.

After all, working out on free weights all day is more than I can handle, and I don’t need a treadmill to do my walking, the weather around here is pretty good all year round. But this fake rock is fun to climb, no matter what age you are. Nevertheless, after practicing on this fake mountain, I thought to myself wouldn’t it be nice to have a fake building façade, where you can practice climbing up the side of a brick building and pulling yourself up as you go.

Perhaps the building might have slats going vertical where you could put your foot in, and have places to grab hold, and perhaps between the various floors, and window ledges you could grab on as well? It wouldn’t have to be more than about two or three stories, to get a real workout. That’s about all the taller the fake rock is anyway. I can indeed imagine that three or four hours of climbing up and down something like that would be a massively strenuous exercise, not to mention a lot of fun.

It also occurred to me that some entrepreneur that manufacturers these fake rocks, might wish to consider creating a fake building using a similar methodology. After all, people like to pretend that they are into extreme sports, and such a simulation would do just that. It’s not every day that you get to play Spiderman and climb up a building, however these fake rocks, seem to be a dime a dozen these days. They have them at all the County fairs, and they’re going into more and more gyms as well.

Indeed, hope you will please consider this, and think on it. If you have any comments, concerns, questions, or additional innovations and ideas along this concept please feel free to e-mail me. Perhaps we can exchange notes and sketches as well.

Choose the Right Soldering Tools for Your Pendants

When you are familiar in making the jewelry, you are probably also familiar with the solder. For who still does not know the solder, it is the metal alloy which is used to create the jewelry. One of the popular jewelry which is liked by the people is the pendants. If you like the pendant and you want to make it by yourself, you will need the soldering iron.

The tool is used to melt the solder and join the pendant’s component which is separated to each other. It is better for you to choose the right tool to make the pendant. It is because the iron has many different types which provide you the different heat’s amount to melt your solder.

1. The propane torch: it can be said that this tool is the best tool to help you in pendant making process. The fuel of this tool is the propane which is the gas type. The tool is used to solder the copper but it can also work well with the other metals. The propane torch is also able to reach 3,600 degrees Fahrenheit. It is quite temperature if you want to melt the solder.

2. The butane torch: It is another choice for you to use in the pendant jewelry. The fuel which is used to power this torch is the butane gas. You can use this tool to solder various metals. It can reach 2,500 Fahrenheit degrees which is hot enough to melt the metal effectively.

3. The oxy-acetylene torch which is the combination of acetylene and the oxygen: Another good tool to help you in jewelry making you can use. It produces the hotter heat than the propane or butane. By using this torch, you can produce 6,300 Fahrenheit degrees which let you cut, attach, and melt the solder.

4. The soldering pencils or pens: it is suitable for you who are not yet familiar with the torch. It has the lightweight which makes you are able to hold and move it easily. The fuel which powers this tool is the butane and can produce the 2,300 Fahrenheit degrees temperature heat.

5. The soldering irons: it can be said that the iron is not recommended in pendant jewelry making.

The Secret to Perfect Solder Lines

Solder is used to hold the various pieces of stained glass together in a stained glass panel. To achieve a professional quality, solder lines need to be smooth and uniform. This can be achieved by following basic steps and using quality tools and supplies.

The tools and supplies needed for soldering include a soldering iron, solder and flux. The soldering iron should have a ceramic heating element with either a built in temperature controller or plugged into a separate temperature controller unit. The solder used needs to be a 60/40 mixture of alloys for the majority of your soldering. For decorative soldering, an alloy mixture of 60/37 solder is recommended. An odorless non-smoking liquid flux is the preferred flux.

Basic Steps for Soldering

  1. Heat the soldering iron to 68 on the temperature controller
  2. Use an abrasive pad or wet sponge to clean the iron’s tip before you begin and periodically as you work.
  3. Lightly apply flux to a section of the stained glass project you are working on
  4. Using 60/40 solder, unroll it to a manageable length, and then lightly touch the area to be worked on.
  5. Place the solder on the tip of your iron and move both the iron and the solder at a slow constant rate following the fluxed copper foil seams.
  6. When you need to end or stop, do not just move the iron vertically off, but rather slide the iron towards the glass.
  7. Don’t solder out to the perimeter of your stained glass piece, leave approximately ½ inch along the edge. This will allow the zinc came to fit over your glass.
  8. When finished with one side of your stained glass piece, carefully turn it over and repeat the same process on that side.

How to Avoid Common Problems

  • Pits or bubbles in solder lines – Too much flux causes pits and bubbles
  • Portions of copper foil visible – Using too little flux, portions of the copper foil will remain visible
  • Lumpy lines – The iron is not hot enough, turn the temperature up in small increments
  • Glass breaks – Either the iron was too hot or it was held in one place too long
  • Solder spits and sputters – Too much flux was used
  • Lines flat – The iron was moved too quickly or not enough solder was used
  • Solder bulges – The iron was moved too slowly or too much solder was used
  • Peaks in solder – The iron was not hot enough
  • Solder seeps through to the other side – The iron was too hot
  • Copper foil lifts up when soldering – This could be a result from too hot of an iron, moving too slowly, too much flux or a bad foiling job

While patina will mask some inconsistencies in your solder lines, others will still be noticeable and take away from the professional look of your piece. With patience, practice and the correct tools and supplies you can have professional solder lines.

How To Open Your Heart, Mind and Soul

Opening your mind is the first step to unleashing the unlimited power within you. You must learn to identify all the things in your conscious and subconscious mind that stunt the growth of your mind, body, and spirit. Positive changes will be evident in your life when your body and mind are open and receptive to the energy that created you and the energy around you.

We have been given the power to develop ideas and exercise free will. We grow and develop egos that preserve very particular ideas about ourselves in relation to the world around us. It is those ideas; both good and bad, along with free will, that make you feel that you are better than others. The development of these ideas and/or the obsession with these ideas may be what makes some people evil, violent, angry, or sad. They teach us to discriminate, hate, stereotype, and judge unfairly. Those ideas may be good for some, but not for all. From these ideas there are lessons to be learned, but you can freely discard any part of them in order to reconnect with the perfect, peaceful, loving, and kind energy that created you.

To help you further understand how to open your mind, try one or more of these simple steps:

o Get Your Ego In Check: Your ego is your conscious mind, that which controls your behavior and tries to give meaning to your external, material reality. It is powerful and can control your life, if you allow it to. Your external reality is a direct result of your mental and spiritual self. If your mental and spiritual self are not where you want them to be, your external and material self will suffer. The ego cannot improve the quality of your mental and spiritual life.

o Rid your mind of judgment: Our minds are full of ideas instilled in us by countless sources: our parents, culture, friends, history, teachers, loved ones and religious leaders. Judgment tells you that a finite set of ideas are the only correct ideas. All other beliefs are wrong.

o Practice Silence: It sounds unbelievable, but most of us living in modern societies have a very hard time being quiet or enjoying the absence of verbiage. Sometimes we are too darn busy talking, listening to music or trying to relax with special gadgets that we forget about ourselves, and cause undue stress, anxiety and diseases in the process. Understanding that we have the power to soothe and relax our mind, body, and spirit with no outside help is essential to opening yourself to all the possibilities that lie ahead.

o Learn to Meditate: There are many meditation techniques, but the end result is (or should be) always the same: create a relaxed state of mental and physical being by focusing and calming the mind. When you are in silent meditation, there is a balance between the internal and external you that will help heal, empower and create a revitalized you.

Learn To Pray: It sounds somewhat silly since most of use have been taught by our guardians or friends a very specific way of praying. In fact, most of us were taught that praying is something reserved for very particular situations, such as getting something that you want. Yet, prayer should be a conversation with ourselves and the divine energy that created us in order to find common ground and find solutions to our problems.

o Trust Yourself: Always remember that you are a divine creature. There is reason and meaning, not only for the different experiences in your life, but for your life as a whole. We are all here to learn and better our lives for ourselves and those around us. Trust in every experience because every single one of them will bring you closer to your life’s destiny. Never think of them as a distraction or a detour. Recognize the lesson in each positive or negative experience, and try to find the meaning of each one.

o Keep Hope Alive: At some point or another, we all lose hope. Life is full of challenges. While discovering your path or purpose, it is not uncommon to encounter situations or problems that seem too big to handle. When this happens, it is perfectly normal to feel discouraged and lose motivation. You may go back to old habits or engage in new, more distracting habits that lead you away from your path.