Devil’s Hole

Devil’s Hole (now properly known as “Devil’s Hole Aquarium”) can be found near the Southeast of Harrington Sound, in Smith’s Parish. It has been one of Bermuda’s most popular attractions since perhaps the 1830s or 1840s (it is sometimes described as Bermuda’s first tourist attraction).

Devil’s Hole was once a subterranean ocean cave fed by the Atlantic Ocean (it is connected to the Ocean, rather than the nearer Harrington Sound). The roof of the cave collapsed, and this resulted in the formation of a sinkhole, still connected to the Atlantic Ocean, which acts as a natural tropical aquarium and a haven for many forms of marine life. Many species of sea life are thus found at Devil’s Hole, including numerous varieties of reef fish, as well as Moray eels, and green turtles.

Devil’s Hole gets its name as a result of the eerie sounds that can be heard at the location. Some people say that these sounds resemble the sound of the devil moaning. The reality is of course somewhat more mundane – these sounds are natural rather than supernatural in origin, and are simply the result of water rising and falling through channels in the rock.

Although originally a natural aquarium, and even though the aquarium remains the main attraction, today a variety of other facilities have been constructed at the location, known as the “The Devil’s Hole Complex”. As well as the aquarium, these include a café with a wonderful view of Harrington Sound, and a gift shop.

Solar Floating Lights Can Bring Illumination to Your Water Paradise

If you have a fountain or pool in your home, you may have considered different ways to go about illuminating them at night. There is no question about the fact that backyard lighting can be pretty pricey, especially on top of the costs that you already pay to light up your home and power the various appliances in it.

If you haven’t yet, consider the fact that solar floating lights can bring illumination to your pool without you having to pay a red cent for the power. If all of this sounds too good to be true to you, read on for more information.

The Benefits of Solar Floating Lights

If you have ever had floating candles before, chances are that you already know of the ambiance that floating lighting can create. You can be the first on your block to have solar lighting for your pool or fountain, and best of all you won’t have to worry about the water causing any damage to the lighting itself.

Solar floating lights require nothing from you in order to power them. During the day, solar panels soak up energy from the sun to be able to power them and emit the light needed to light up your pool or fountain. Once dusk hits, these lights turn themselves on and stay that way until the sun comes up. This means that no matter what time of night you look out onto your pool from your home, you will be able to see clearly.

These lights come in all varieties and sizes. Some of them can even change from one color into the other until they run the gamut, at which time the color spectrum begins again from the beginning. These lights are great for parties, casual use, or whenever you deem their use necessary.

The Drawbacks of Solar Floating Lights

There are not many drawbacks to the amazing technology that is solar floating lights, but the up front costs for such a revolutionary lighting option is a bit higher than it would be for a regular outside light that plugged into an electrical socket.

Solar floating lights are amazing, and they can bring an ambiance to your yard that you probably never thought possible. Imagine being able to swim in your pool at night and being able to see everything because the lights are right there in the pool with you?

Hadco Outdoor Lighting – Technology With Bright Exterior Design

World War II is undoubtedly the most brutal war America has participated. From 1942 to 1945 a total of 405,399 courageous American soldiers died and a staggering 670,846 US servicemen were severely wounded. Those who came back home slightly wounded carried the traumatic burdens of the war with them. Countless veterans hounded by their nightmarish war memories took to the drink. Hordes fell to the vice-like grip of heroin, morphine, opium and other mind-altering drugs they unwittingly embraced in the hopes of deleting gory combat episodes from their minds.

Yet there are many World War II vets who came back home optimistic, despite the tremendous war horrors they have went through. Some even went on to pursue rewarding military careers. Some young vets opted to continue their education and reinvented themselves into fine painters, journalists, novelists, lawyers, and film makers. And some enterprising veterans like Howard A. Daum sought to use the vast life experience that they have learned from the war in order to start their own business.

After returning from his duty, Daum established his own company named Hadco, which is the pioneering decorative, cast aluminum outdoor lighting company in the US. From then on, Hadco grew into one of the most successful lighting company in the US. In fact, Hadco is among the elite lighting companies that have become American household names.

Their dedication to continuously develop new lighting technologies has Hadco a success. Hadco marketed the first ever aluminum outdoor lights when they began their business. In 1960, they sold the first low-voltage lighting in Eastern America. And when the new millennium kicked in, Hadco led the way to making outdoor LED lights available to residential homes.

However, producing new products from time to time would not suffice to ensure success. What can you do with something new if it is not of high quality? In every business, quality is a BIG thing. Hadco knows this business philosophy from the very start. That is why they have invested resources on state-of-the-art engineering labs to ensure that Hadco outdoor lighting would meet the consumer’s high standards of quality.

Hadco lighting products go through intensive testing to make sure that they will withstand several environmental conditions that undermine the well-being of outdoor lighting units. They perform experiments to ensure their outdoor lights would stand up to the rigorous long-term damage presented by harmful UV rays. Their labs are also equipped to perform cutting edge tests on dust and moisture protection. They even have facilities to simulate the effects of rain, sprinkler systems, and various other factors on outdoor lighting units to ensure only high quality and long-lasting products will arrive at the customers’ door steps.

Try Hadco outdoor lighting now and see for yourself why generations of American homeowners have fallen in love with these products.

Overcome Barriers to Success

The first step in how to overcome barriers to success is to identify what is a barrier to success? What is it that stops you achieving what you want?

One of the main barriers to success is fear. In fact the way you handle the fear that you will inevitably feel when stepping out of your comfort zone, pushing out your boundaries, starting new projects, developing will shape the level of your success or lack of it. Many people are put off in the initial stages through a fear of the unknown. For example, not taking a job offer or promotion because it means living in a different part of the country or another country. To ensure success you will need to move out of your comfort zone into the stretch zone and this will involve some emotional challenges. Most people feel some level of fear when starting a new opportunity so it is about learning to manage that fear and use it to your advantage.

Do not want to do what it takes. This is where you want success but are just not prepared to take action. This can be linked to fear or lack of self belief and confidence. It may also mean that the goal you have set is not compelling enough. You have a lack of motivation as the incentive to achieve is not big enough. Your reason why or the what is in it for me is not enough to make you really want to do what it takes. This can lead to an attitude of not understanding why you should take action particularly where the goal is set by someone else e.g. in workplace. Many people give up at the first hurdle and fail to persist in the activity. Often if they had just kept going success was just around the corner waiting patiently for them.

Any form of resistance to action will limit your success. If you are faced with unwanted challenges you may not want to take action and instead focus on how unfair life is and stick your head in the sand hoping that the problem will go away. A lack of flexibility in your approach and not being prepared to change direction when the evidence points to different action. Stubbornly sticking to a course of action. Doing what you have always done and so getting what you have always got.

Lack of certainty about your direction can lead to internal self doubt and uncertainty resulting in poor decisions and mediocre outcomes. A lack of understanding as to what you need to do and fear of asking anyone for help. You could be unclear about the outcome you are hoping to achieve, a lack of clarity about the end and what that will be like. If you do not know what you are aiming for how will you know when you have got there? Also a lack of information and research at the outset will affect the outcome.

A lack of self belief and confidence in your ability to succeed will of course affect the outcome and how quickly you achieve it. Negative self talk and feelings of inadequacy are not a resourceful state to be in. You place limits on yourself and make things harder by having beliefs about your ability that are anything less than positive. A closed mind, pessimistic or negative attitude will lead to missed opportunities and a lack of success. On the flip side of this you can also set yourself up to fail with unrealistic goals and expectations, setting the bar too high. Thinking that you can do more than you are actually capable of.

Believing that you can do everything yourself and then not asking for help when you need it. There are limits to what one person can achieve and if you want success you normally need help from other people. If you do not have a team or network of people to turn to you could end up feeling alone and a lack of support. Equally if you have too much going on at once so you end up with a lack of focus. You are keeping too many plates spinning at once instead of focusing on the priority. Going to too many meetings without a clear aim of what you want to achieve

Making assumptions about a situation by allowing first impressions and your own personal prejudices to affect your decision making. If the first impression or prejudice is totally incorrect you could end up looking foolish and also miss opportunities through dismissing either the person or situation without finding out the truth or reality. A lack of understanding of a person or situation can lead to poor relationships and a break down in communication.

If your working environment is not conducive to effective performance with too many distractions, insufficient resources or poor quality equipment and a lack of relevant skills will limit your success. A lack of honesty with yourself and others too will affect your decision making and results.

These are my experiences of why people are less than successful. In the next article I will cover solutions to the barriers.

Noelyne Jones

Why Fireproof Boxes Are Coveted

Fireproof Boxes are ideal for companies to keep safe or vaults to keep important documents and valuables. Vaults were commonly identified as a protection from burglars. They have specially designed combination locks. However, during leaks, flood or fire, are you still convinced your documents are safe? Instead of using a safe or a vault, put fireproof boxes among your options. Nowadays, it contains all that you wish is in a place where you can keep your documents safely. It isn’t just your ordinary fireproof box.

Here are the latest features of the newer versions of a fireproof box. These are the same reasons why they are being sought after by households and businesses-big or small.

1. With a temperature as high as 927 degrees, there are newer fireproof storage boxes which can stand up to an hour.

2. Some of these heavy storage float in a flood. It doesn’t only guarantee being fireproof, these are waterproof as well.

3. These fireproof boxes aren’t only made to secure documents and valuables. Some are made fit for digital media storage. This includes CDs, DVDs, USB sticks, optical drives and DAT tapes. These storages can keep this media devices cool for up to an hour in the middle of a blaze. And when the fire is then being extinguished, with sprinklers all over the place, still the inside of the box is protected from any water leak

4. Laptops are a necessity for people on the go. Because they constantly carry their laptop with them in the car, there were digital security boxes designed. This fireproof security ensures laptops are safe from any form of stealing. It has a special cord which can connect the laptop’s safe to the rear of the car.

SentrySafe and Honeywell fireproof boxes are leading the market. These are two of the most trusted brands in the fire protection industry. What is good in this is, businesses aren’t hesitant to buy these fire protection boxes because from the start, they have an idea how these brands perform in terms of quality. There are certain product specifications you must need to be aware of before purchasing. The stipulations should be indicated clearly.

Unforeseen events are what you need to be ready for, especially those which may cause harm to you, your family or your business. Fire is something which you can evade, if only you know how to avoid it, and if you know how to protect you and your belongings once on it. With the wide array of fire protection equipments, you certainly have an edge against blaze. There are times the blaze is just so big and it is almost impossible to extinguish, at least those important documents such as stock certificates, insurances and other legal documents are well protected inside a fireproof box. So even if you lost almost everything because of fire, you still have the documents complete and unscathed, which can very well be of help when you later on deal with the after-effects of the fire.

Lower Your Home Insurance Rate With Fireproof Safes

When a homeowner is involved in a burglary and expensive items are stolen, it can cost an insurance company thousands of dollars when they pay for the loss. A homeowner that doesn’t own a safe is more likely to have items stolen from their home in a burglary. Fire and waterproof safes can be hidden behind paintings in the wall or even installed in the floor so they are out of sight. This way, when a burglar breaks into a home the safe is out of sight and less likely to be broken into. Most burglars are in a hurry to grab visible items and get out of the home. They don’t normally bring in tools and have the capabilities to break into burglary fireproof safes quickly. Insurance companies will lower your rate when they know you use a safe to protect expensive items.

Insurance companies also like fire and water proof safes because they protect your things if you have a flood or a fire. Flooding and fires damage legal documents and items that often times cannot be replaced. If you have valuables that are irreplaceable, it is a good idea to own a safe to protect the items. Securing valuables from a home disaster is an excellent idea. Always let your insurance company know your valuables are protected. People receive discounts from home insurance policies when they protect their valuables with fireproof safes.

Fireproof safes are an excellent idea if you are looking for a way to lower your insurance rate on your homeowner’s insurance policy. Insurance companies like to see valuables in a home protected by fire and water proof safes. Flooding, fire, and burglaries often cost an insurance company a large amount of money. When you install a hidden safe in your home be sure to notify your insurance company right away.

Thatch Roofing – Innovations in Fire Protection

‘How very little since things were made, Things have altered in the building trade’ -Rudyard Kipling

If one look at the quote above one can deduct that there has not been a lot of innovations in the thatching industry, there has however been huge advances in the fire protection of the thatching material. Modern laying techniques also eliminate the exaggerated fire risk that many people fear regarding thatch. Nowadays various fire blankets are placed in between the thatch and with the correct compaction the fire risk is virtually eliminated and with the use of lightning conductors, thatch is no longer the hazardous material of the past.

o PREVENTATIVE MEASURES

Lightning protection

Lightning conductors should always be installed to protect the thatched buildings. For single masts the angle of protection is 45° from the highest point downwards and one should make sure that the whole roof is covered by at least one meter above the roof of the building. For a high risk zone of lightning for example on sloping ground or on a hill, the angle of protection is only 30° from the highest point downwards along the pole and naturally the lightning conductor will have to be a lot taller or multiple conductors can be installed. When more than one lightning conductor is installed, the angle of protection between them is 60° from their highest points downwards along the poles.

Binding

For lightning protection purposes, it is strongly recommended that galvanized steel wire should not be used for binding the thatch, and rather a suitable natural material should be used. Poplar and wattle sticks are commonly used and some use cane or thatch strands. Tar treated string should not be used for binding as this can create a fuse-like effect in the event of fire.

Chimneys

Chimney stacks should be constructed in such away that the outer faces in contact with the thatch do not become hot. A full brick thickness (220 mm) is normally sufficient to satisfy this requirement. All mortar joints in the stack must be properly filled. The top of the stack must extend to at least 1m above the highest point of roof and a spark arrestor, (stainless steel wire mesh), fitted close to the top, covering the full width of the flue, must be built into the flue around the edges to prevent sparks flying out and possibly ignite the roof.

Cabling & Services

Electrical power supply and telephone cables should enter the building by means of underground ducts, and all electrical wiring in the roof space should be run in screwed metal conduit, with all junction boxes properly sealed.

Refuse

Combustible material should not be allowed to accumulate near the house. A number of thatched roofs have, in the past, been set on fire as a result of the burning of garden refuse in the vicinity.

Adjacent buildings

Sufficient space must be allowed between buildings to prevent fire spreading to the thatched building from adjacent buildings and vice versa. Some countries’ regulations calls for at least a 15m distance between the building and its plot boundary line.

o REDUCTION OF COMBUSTIBILITY

Fire retardant chemicals

Many fire retardant chemicals are available these days that can be applied to thatch by immersion or spraying, but as these chemicals are generally water soluble they are, in time, largely washed out by rain as they do not penetrate the material but only form a surface coating.

A lot of exposure to the sun will also gradually evaporate the chemicals and might leave the top layer unprotected.

Fire resistant blankets

A protective, noncombustible membrane can be laid under the thatching grass to act as a blanket preventing the spread of fire between the thatch layers. Materials that are generally used for such a purpose is aluminum, building paper or glass fibre. The disadvantage of such a measure in warm, humid or high rainfall areas is that because of the impervious membrane or blanket, air flow between the thatch is restricted and will enhance the growth of destructive fungi. To allow air flow through the thatch to avoid fungi growth the chosen membrane should be sufficiently perforated.

o FIRE FIGHTING FACILITIES

Soaking with water

Perforated horizontal pipes can be provided on each side of and running parallel to the ridge, controlled by stop taps at ground level. The pipes can be of galvanized steel or copper, perforated with holes at sufficient intervals along the length of the pipe to discharge water over the roof surface in the event of fire. Alternatively a horizontal pipe may be run inside the roof at the ridge, with ‘spreaders’ protruding through the thatch at sufficient intervals. Such installations can be used to soak the thatch in the event of a fire risk. A high rate of water discharge is needed for this to be effective and will not be able to run of a domestic water supply. Special arrangement will need to be made with the local council for such an installation.

Other

There are two schools of thought about the value of swimming pools as a source of water supply for fire fighting. Some local authorities consider that a pool can be useful if located near enough to the house and with unrestricted access for the fire brigade.

However, some specialist organizations believe that thatch burns so rapidly that the fire brigade can rarely reach the scene before the fire has got a hold and that initial use of water from the brigade’s unit tanks would be quicker than using a swimming pool supply.

A long-handled metal rake should be provided in an easily accessible place, for pulling down smoldering thatch from the roof. The handle may be fitted with a suitable clip to which the nozzle of the hose pipe may be attached, thus improving the reach of the jet.

Even when all these precautions have been taken, the occupant of a thatched house must always exercise care when handling open fires in or near the house e.g. when preparing for a bbq or burning garden refuse or if fireworks are being discharged in the vicinity.

Install Basement Drop Ceilings Or Drywall Ceilings?

This is an easy one for me to answer, and if you have been following along with this series of videos from the beginning you have never once heard me utter the words drop ceiling. The reason for this is I despise them. Can you say tacky? Can you say ugly? Can you say outdated? I can’t think of any professional reason why anyone would want to have one of these ceilings installed in they’re new finished basement space.

*Top 10 reasons I prefer drywall over drop ceilings or “suspended ceilings” as they are sometimes called:

1.) they sag after time (after all the entire ceiling is “hanging’ on wires.)

2.) your lose no less than 3″-4″ of ceiling height once installed.

3.) the ceiling “tiles” or “panels” that you install get discontinued and can’t replace broken tiles anymore.

4.) drop ceiling tiles chip easily and flake easily when “bumped”

5.) the “grid-work” or metal skeleton that you install will become rusty over time (ugly.)

6.) recessed lighting fixtures do not work well in these ceilings (to much weight) making panels sag.

7.) you can’t paint them if you want to change the color or just “freshen” up the paint color like drywall.

8.) the surface of these ceilings breaks-down over time and ends up as dust all over your furniture.

9.) crown molding and other types of trim look ridiculous when applied to drop ceilings.

10.) they make your basement ” look ” like a basement..

I could go on about my dislike of drop ceilings, but I think you get my point. But I still get the same old questions about drop ceilings at least once a week. The most frequently asked question that my clients ask me about drop ceilings revolves around “accessibility”. An average client believes that they must “always” be able to access what is above the head in the basement (pipes, wires, duct work, etc.). Well these clients are partially correct in assuming this to be true. Some things in the basement ceiling do need to remain accessible, but not everything.

Here’s a list of what needs to be accessible to the client after the drywall ceilings are installed:

1.) water shutoffs (interior and exterior lines)

2.) gas shutoffs, certain types of gas fittings

3.) ice maker water line shutoff

4.) doorbell transformer (should be relocated to storage area or some other unfinished area)

5.) some ductwork “damper” handles (very rarely)

6.) any electrical junction box that can not be easily moved

Aside from these 6 items, everything else in the basement ceiling is considered a non-accessible item, and therefore can and should be covered by a drywall ceiling. All of the other electrical wiring, water lines, sewage drainage lines, insulation, floor joists, ductwork, etc. In the ceiling are non-accessible items and never needs to seen or touched again.

All 6 types of accessible items that we possibly need to “get-to” in the future for what ever reason, will remain accessible through the use of access panels. That’s right. Access panels. We simply install paint-able plastic access panels wherever we need to gain access in the new drywall ceiling areas. These access panels are very thin, open easily, can be painted the color of the new drywall ceiling, and they give us total access to what a lot of folks fear they will lose access-to if they drywall the ceilings instead of using “drop ceilings.

A lot of contractors will use “scare-tactics” when selling basement remodeling jobs, by telling the clients that they can not use drywall ceilings because they will never be able to access the items that we just discussed ever again. Well now you know that this is just not true. Anyone can have drywall ceiling in the basement…..Anyone.

I have been remodeling basements since 1992. I have finished hundreds of basements over these years and have never had 1 call-back related to a client not being able to access something that we covered-up with a drywall ceiling. The reason for this perfect track record with regard to accessibility is simply because we use access panels wherever they are needed in the drywall ceilings….Period.

Need to Buy Cheap Flooring For a Rental Property? Here Are 5 Options

If you own rental property or apartments, cheap flooring is a must. Tenants moving in and out tend to put a lot of wear and tear on the floors. With this frequent turnover, updated décor such as flooring is crucial to keeping units rented out. The trick is to know the options that you have and decide which is best for you, your needs and your budget. There are 5 very good options for cheap flooring for rental properties and each has it’s pros and cons.

Carpet – Carpet is probably the most common cheap floor installed in apartments and rental units. If you know how to look for the right deals it can had be had very inexpensively and installed fairly quickly. You should be able to find entry level, plush carpeting in neutral colors for under $4.50 per yard (maybe even under $4 yard if you look really hard). Cheap carpet padding will usually run you an additional $2.30 to $2.75 per yard for a basic 6 pound density, 7/16″ thick. You can scrimp on the pad by going to a thinner or lower weight pad, but in the long run you will end out replacing pad more frequently than if you went with the basic 6 pound style. If you want to stay a little more current and install frieze carpet or a textured plush you will almost have to double your budget to around the $7.00 per yard and up range. Carpet can be inexpensive as an option for rental property, probably one the cheapest actually but it will also not last as long as many of the other options.

Carpet tile – Carpet tile is a version of carpet but modular. It is manufactured with a built in backing and comes in square pieces designed to fit next to each other. Installation can be very quick and inexpensive and they can be easier to handle than rolls of carpet. An advantage of carpet tiles is that they can be individually replaced if one becomes too soiled or stained to get clean. Using carpet tiles can possibly save you some money over time by not having to replace the entire carpeting in a unit. The commercial rated carpet tiles also handle heavy traffic much better than traditional, cheap plush carpets. Carpet tile can be found for as little as $4.50/yard to $7.00 a square yard range.

Laminate – Laminate floors can be both cheap and very functional in rental properties and apartments. Laminate is virtually stain proof, holds up well against most scratches and handles foot traffic extremely well. Laminate will last much longer than carpet options and can be fairly inexpensive when looking at lower end styles in the 6 mil to 7 mil thickness range. You should be able to buy a entry level laminate floor for under $8 per yard ($.89 a foot). The major drawback with laminate is it’s susceptibility to water. Laminate flooring hates water and moisture. Kitchens and bathrooms are usually not good areas to install laminate flooring.

Luxury Vinyl Plank and Tile – Along with Laminate, a very good choice for economical and longer lasting than other options. Luxury vinyl planks that simulate the look of wood and vinyl tiles that have the appearance of ceramic, slate or marble, can handle spills and constant traffic very well. Furthermore, luxury vinyl planks and tile do well in rental properties due to their ability to resist most scratches. These are not the same as peel and stick vinyl planks and tiles which can be a bad idea for rental units (peel and stick vinyl flooring tends to come back up and can be a maintenance headache). Quality luxury vinyl tile and planks can be found for as little as $1.25 per square foot. This tends to be a touch on the high side compared to some of the other options but will last much longer than most choices.

Traditional sheet vinyl – Sheet vinyl goods actually are fairly rugged and handle abuse pretty well. The knock against traditional vinyl is that it looks cheap. Vinyl roll goods have come a long way and some of the newer patterns look much better than those of the past. The upside to vinyl goods is they do extremely well in wet areas such as bathroom, laundry areas and kitchens. A good way to save money on vinyl for rental property or apartments is to find a source that you can get discounted product that is considered overruns or seconds. If you can find these types of vinyl you should be able to purchase them for under $6 a square yard for a pretty good quality product. You can also find first quality builder grade vinyl for around $6 a yard as well.

Centrifugal Pump

A centrifugal pump is a pump that is rotodynamic in nature that employs the use of a turning impeller to increase a liquids pressure. These are commonly used to move liquids through piping systems. The liquid enters in the pump following a path near its axis which is rotating. After entry, its speed is quickened by the impeller, which leads to the fluid flowing in the outward direction. After entry into the diffuser, it makes an exit into the piping system downstream, and that’s why these pumps prove to be a great help due to the fact that they make larger discharges via smaller head.

The inspiration for the centrifugal pump is believed to have originated from a water lifting machine that was invented by the Italian engineer Francesco di Giorgio Martini, in 1475, that according to a Brazilian historian is thought to be the prototype of a pump that applies centrifugal force. The first true centrifugal pump was invented in 1600, by Denis Papin. However, Papin’s pump had straight vanes instead of curved ones, and they began to have curved vanes no earlier than 1851, introduced by the British inventor John Appold.

A centrifugal pump functions by converting the moving force of kinetic energy, which is often a result of a rotating electric motor or turbine, to an heightened static liquid pressure. Bernoullui’s principle describes this action. As the pump impeller rotates, it imparts kinetic energy to the fluid as it is being drawn in from the impeller eye and is forced outward to the periphery. The fluids kinetic energy changes as it exits the impeller and is converted to static pressure due to the change in area the fluid experiences in the volute section. This static pressure occurs because the area the fluid experiences in the volute section is changed. One of the main factors for this is the volute shape of the pump casing or the vanes that are responsible for this conversion. The main purpose of the diffuse is to slow down the liquid and convert the kinetic energy into flow work and as a result, the pressure on the downstream side of the pump increases, causing flow.

These pumps have their fair share of problems of course, including Erosion, Corrosion, Overheating Due to Low Flow, Leakage, and Surge, and thus they need to me regularly maintained. The Energy Usage of a centrifugal pump can be estimated quite easily, depending on the flow required, the height lifted, and the total length of the pipeline.

Lean Information Systems

It is the information age without any doubt. This is because information is available to everyone faster and easier. But this doesn’t mean all this information is required or useful. We still have to use this information effectively and efficiently in order to create value to the system. Lean manufacturing concepts can be used in streamlining your information flow.

A lean information system is essential for the success of any lean manufacturing system. Without this synchronization it is impossible to have a good lean manufacturing facility. Most of the organizations have very poor information systems. For an example many organizations use email in day to day communication. They use many contacts on their CC lists to keep people informed. But in many instances these people are not directly involved in the process and they do not need this piece of information. Think for a moment. How many valuable man hours are wasted in this? This kind of information handling can also lead to confusions.

Every waste mentioned in manufacturing context can be identified in the context of communication as well. Overloading of information corresponds to over production. Waiting is common for both manufacturing and communication. Avoiding all these wastes can make your information system lean.

Information must be available for required parties when they are required, in other words just in time. This will make your system much more responsive and less complicated. No one should be overloaded with information. Only required information must be passed to the parties relevant. Data accumulation should not be allowed. Data must be directed to the people who use it. Longer channel lengths can create distortion and delays in the process of communication. This will create your lean information system.

What Are The Benefits of the Stack and Tilt Golf Swing

The Stack and Tilt swing pretty much amazed the masses since it’s introduction in June 2007. It was developed by the well-known PGA Tour instructors, Andy Plummer and Mike Bennett. It was a swing designed to maximize the ball’s flight and how straight it will fly into the air.

To give you a clearer understanding of how it works. Just think of what happens if you putt your golf ball. In a putt, the ball actually goes straighter. However, not all swings can do just that, others make the ball drive farther. So, basically, the stack and tilt is meant to be the combination of both at its best. It keeps the ball straight but also helps to gain enough distance to keep the score as low as possible.

So, how does this work? Well, a solid stance is the basis of an effective stack and tilt swing. The goal here is to maximize the golfer’s ability to consistently control where the club hits. Therefore, the golfer must stand centered over the ball. Shoulders must be aligned to the hips while doing this. As the backswing comes, golfer must swing his hands inward and remain packed in throughout the swing. It is a must not to shift the shoulders or hips back.

Then, as the downswing begins, hips must be kept tucked underneath while leaning a little bit on the front leg. The feeling should be like swinging down on the ball and not laterally touching it. Then, spring the ball up as you release your hips and don’t let your head go forward when doing so. To know that you have done the swing properly, the shoulders should be square at the point of impact. Finally, just finish the motion and continue to push your hips forward. It is okay to stretch out your arm in order to complete the swing and release tension.

I know. It’s not that easy to master. But practically everyone is raging about it because a lot of benefits can be seen as compared to the more traditional swing. One benefit is that it keeps your weight on your foot thereby improving consistency. Second, it allows your shoulders to swing in a circular motion, thus, keeping the swing more natural and clean. Third, it also prevents slicing because of sliding the hips for the swing. And lastly, it adds more power to your swing without putting that much force into it.

Upon reading this article you were able to know what a stack and tilt swing is and how it works. You have also been given some of the benefits of the swing as compared to others. However, the process of learning should not stop here. Practice will always be the best teacher to perfect a sport.

Black Out Blinds Versus Room Darkening Shades – How These Window Coverings Differ

When it comes to simulating the look and feel of the night time, nothing beats black out blinds and room darkening shades. However, these two aren’t exactly the same thing, despite being confused over and over again. This is why, if you’re looking for the right window treatment that will help you make your room dark despite the blazing sunshine outside, it would be a great idea to learn the difference of the two before doing any purchasing.

You see, blackouts are generally the window coverings you need to achieve utter darkness indoors. They commonly used in homes of people who work the graveyard shift or in nurseries that receive too much sunlight all throughout the day. On the other hand, room darkening blinds are just your normal blinds that are reinforced to provide more shade to the area it is installed in.

The two are commonly mistaken for one another because there’s really no standard terms for these items in the industry. Normally, it depends on a company how they market their products, so in case a conventional mini-blind can provide a good sunshade due to the material it used, it can already be considered as a room darkening blind, but not exactly a blackout.

So, when you’re buying this kind of product, make sure that it will completely cover your window and will not let a stray light escape its blockage. You can also try comparing a certain make with regular thick drapes and see how well the blinds can protect you from the sunlight better than the curtains. This way, you can be sure that you’ll get the top performance a blackout blind can give you.

To help you further decide whether to go for black out blinds, you must know that remote controlled models are also available. So, in case you’ve forgotten to draw them shut the previous evening and you want to sleep in a little bit more, you don’t have to stand up and roll them down to the bottom yourself, because you can already do that by just punching 2 or 3 buttons.

Hopefully this has helped shed some light on the matter of black out blinds and room darkening shades for you. Just keep the points mentioned above in mind and you’ll surely have an easier time deciding which one to have installed in your home.

Carefree Awning Review

Carefree Awning: Making the Outside of the RV Home

Whether you have a motor home, travel trailer, folding trailer, or truck camper, you know that it is a home away from home. Making it look great and give you maximum comfort is one of your main goals. One of the ways to achieve this is to invest in a Carefree Awning for your trailer. These awnings provide shade from the sun and a spot of out the rain. They also personalize the trailer and add to the outdoor living space.

Awning Types

The type of awning that you purchase will depend on the type of RV that you have. In terms of a motor home, there are 12 different patio awnings to choose from. Some of them are operated manually, while others can be opened and closed with the push of a button. The Paramount is three awnings in one, including a slideout, window, and full patio awning. The fancy Mirage automatically retracts when it detects high winds. Companion awnings are made specifically for windows and doors.

There are nine patio awnings for travel trailers. The Eclipse opens in seconds after pushing a button, unrolling a sturdy, attractive awning. The Freedom Roof Mount awning has legs that unfold at eye level. They also offer slideout and companion awnings for travel trailers.

For pop-up campers, there is a bag awning available. Carefree offers smaller versions for truck campers, but they still come in patio, companion, and slideout options.

Accessories

Carefree Awning offers accessories to improve the look and functionality of your product. There are special lights that can be installed to help you enjoy your outdoor space at night and keep bugs away. You can purchase a shade that hangs from the awning to keep the sun out. If you want to screen in the space or make it into another room, Carefree offers products that do just that. All of these accessories can be removed easily and stored in bags for easy travel.

Some automatic awnings, such as the Eclipse, come with a push-button remote control to help you easily control the awning from anywhere inside or outside of the RV. There are also awning mats to give you a living surface to place tables and chairs on.

Replacement Fabric

If you have an old, worn-out awning, then Carefree can help with plenty of colors to choose from. Replacement fabric types include vinyl, acrylic, and polyweave. The replacements are available for window and door awnings, too. The fabrics come in a variety of solid colors or patterns and can be installed for a reasonable price. Fixing the awning will make the whole RV look better and give you more protection and reliability.

No matter what type of RV you own, Carefree Awning has an awning, accessory, or replacement fabric to improve the look and usability of your camper. If you want shade, privacy, to keep the bugs out, or to expand your outdoor living space, an awning is the perfect way to meet all of these needs. It will help to make your RV a true home away from home.

The Perks of Asphalt Pavement Make It A Solid Driveway Medium

Paving a driveway is generally the last thing on a homeowner or potential homeowner’s mind, but the choices made can make a real difference down the road. Some driveway types will require lots of maintenance and frequent repair or replacement and others, such as asphalt, are meant to stand the test of time. Buying one that will last is generally the best choice

overall.

Typically, the three big picks for driveways that are paved are gravel, concrete and asphalt. Those who want practically maintenance free driveways go with asphalt. Asphalt does require maintenance, but it stands up well to time and maintains its appearance well when it’s treated with care. This is true for a number of reasons.

Asphalt, the stuff roads are made of, is meant to take a serious beating. For paving purposes it’s made of a mixture of concrete and petroleum that’s designed to handle heat, weight and wear and tear when it retains a solid form. Just like a roadway, though, it requires proper laying and care to maintain its usefulness, but when these go into the mix, the advantages over plain concrete are many and include:

* Smoothness. Asphalt generally looks cleaner and smoother than gravel. It’s also a little easier to shape than concrete. A well laid asphalt driveway can look as pretty as a black sheet of glass.

* Property value. A solid driveway that looks great can add value to a property by increasing its eye appeal.

* Appearance. Asphalt that’s well maintained can hold its appearance much longer than typical concrete and especially gravel. Since it’s laid down and hardened, asphalt won’t need to be replaced as often as loose gravel drives will.

* Stain resistant. Asphalt is great for helping a driveway stay in pristine looking condition. Oil spills and other stains that plague gravel and concrete either just don’t stick to asphalt or they are not visible. This makes asphalt the best choice for those who want their driveways to stay in brand new looking condition.

Asphalt drives can cost a little more than the other two alternatives, but since they maintain their appearance and resist stains, they can be the better choice. The cost savings in the long run can be fantastic. When the other two are in need of repair or total replacement, asphalt can stay looking great.

The key to making sure an asphalt drive looks good all the time is to make sure it’s taken care of. Asphalt needs to be properly sealed to resist cracks, breaks and potholes. Grass around the edges needs to be removed on a regular basis to ensure it doesn’t create problems, too. The little bit of maintenance, however, is a lot better than having to deal with ugly stains or premature replacement.

The natural enemies of unsealed asphalt are heat, the sun’s ultraviolet rays, and more. When a driveway’s sealed, it can last a life time. Just make sure to follow proper maintenance routines and an asphalt driveway will prove itself tops over the other choices.