Wall Sconce Lighting – Versatile Illumination

It’s been a hectic and stressful day! I rise early and from the moment I awaken there doesn’t seem to be one minute of me time. I work full time at my job and at home my work is never ending. You’re probably thinking that this sounds just like you. Do not despair. I have found a place to unwind from the day and I do not have go anywhere.

You see, with a little creativity you too can be blessed with a relaxing atmosphere to let your troubles and worries melt around you. This wonderful place that lets me mellow out is my luxurious bathroom. It did not always provide me with this magical feeling. I had to use my imagination and do a little research to make it into my special place or sanctuary.

It was always in my immediate reach. I was just unaware how lighting can change your mood and make your entire self relax. By placing wall sconce lighting in certain areas around my vanity and a hypnotic sconce on the wall overlooking my bath, this room has developed into a spa like atmosphere. It gives off a halo or shadow that surrounds me with a comforting and pleasing feeling. These special effects have given me the energy that is well deserved and needed at the end of the day.

Wall sconce lighting is a functional and decorative piece that attaches to a wall and holds either a candle or a bulb. We can track its history to before the 1400s. It was just a half circle made out of wood or metal and held a small candle. It was only used during these times for functional purposes. Today they are much more complex and decorative.

It can be an elegant addition to any room of your home. It is also a perfect solution for any dark areas in your lighting scheme. Wall sconce lighting looks beautiful wherever they are placed, since they do not have cumbersome cords attached to them. It manufactures versatile illumination with a decorative flair. It bounces its beams of light off the walls and ceilings which provides a subtle glow through translucent covers.

These fixtures are ideal for rooms where floor space is limited and scarce. If placed properly your room will look larger than it is. It can provide a soft background of illumination, highlight focal areas of interest or as a directional track lighting system.

The style that you choose will depend on your personal preference and decor. You should coordinate the fixture with the other furnishings in the room. This is all possible with the many designs, patterns and sizes that are available.

Wall sconce lighting comes in an abundance of styles like art deco, casual, classic, contemporary, traditional, tiffany and rustic. You will also find these wall sconces are constructed in a large variety of materials. Some examples are wrought iron, crystal, glass, ceramic, wood, brass, pewter, copper and stainless steel.

Some wall sconce lighting fixtures can also boost safety. Placing them in dark hallways or along staircases and over your front door gives you protection from injury and potential intruders. They are also safe to have in homes where there are children. These are normally hung out of reach so accidents do not occur.

The light source inside your wall sconce fixture can be either incandescent or fluorescent. You may want to experiment with the different bulbs to judge which is the most effective for the particular location you wish to hang your wall sconce. Most people today are choosing the fluorescent bulbs for its eco friendly nature. Initially they may be more expensive to purchase, but in the long run these light bulbs will last longer and actually save you money on your electric bill. You can also purchase an LED wireless wall sconces. This design is battery operated and is so easy to install a child could do it. You just push a single button to activate and instantly you have light. Other fixtures may need a professional to make certain it is installed securely and properly.

For an inexpensive way to transform an entire look and feel to a room, this is an excellent option that awaits you. You will be able to create a passionate, romantic, relaxing and casual ambience by hanging this dramatic addition.

Realize with wall sconce lighting that in just a matter of moments my end of the day ritual can be yours too!

Interior Lighting

Interior lighting is crucial to the overall transmission and functional comfort of any room. The decisions about lighting in this respect are unlimited because of the wide variety of offered lighting fixtures in comparison to previous years. Lighting bodies at any home are used for both functional and decorative purposes. That is why their design is very important. More powerful lighting should be used in rooms with high ceilings or in rooms where the walls and ceilings are painted in dark colors. Good lighting is required in areas where people are operating and their work requires better lighting and increased visual activity.

Desktop lamps are used for illuminating specific working places. In cases when tables or desks do not have enough space, the lights can be mounted on the wall. Wall lighting is used mainly in stairways, corridors, and service-places for further illumination of specific areas or where the ceiling lighting is inappropriate. For decorative lighting for kitchen cabinets, ceilings of wardrobes or paintings is used mainly primarily aimed halogen lighting in most cases with low-voltage power supply of 12V.

There are some specific requirements and recommendations for the bath lightning. Due to the increased moisture, the lighting in these areas should be moisture-resistant and resistant to any sudden changes of temperature and humidity as well. It is recommended to have additional lighting around the mirror and sink, possibly on both sides of the mirror in order to avoid the shadows on the face.

Except convenience, the outdoor security lighting provides also security and safety. For better energy efficiency and exterior stair lighting can be controlled by timer, digital clock, photocell or motion sensor. For lighting of trees, monuments and fountains, lighting fixtures are placed low and they usually are pointed up to the object.

The modern lighting fixtures are using variety of light sources – from incandescent bulbs to fluorescent and halogen lamps and LEDs. The main indicators of light bodies are the electrical power measured in watts (W) and measuring light intensity in lumens. A 100 watt incandescent bulb produces light with intensity of 1600 lumens. The modernization of home interior LED interior lighting is relatively easy and affordable solution. Modern LED lighting has many advantages over conventional lights. This type of lighting does not require regular maintenance due to the long LED life of approximately 30-40 years. All LEDs are supplied with low voltage for human safety. They are low cost and stable plastic housing in comparison with the glass housing of the normal / ordinary lighting. LEDs are highly efficient light sources, turning 90% of their energy to light, while ordinary light bulbs ratio is only 10% light and 90% heat.

LEDs are semiconductors, light emitting (LED – light-emitting diodes) in the visible or invisible light spectrum. In home decor emitting diodes are now used in the visible spectrum of light. LED lighting is powered by lowering voltage or adapter, or batteries. The LED light can be in different colors depending on the elements and compounds that are used for its producing. There are also LEDs that can emit different colors of light depending on the polarity, size or frequency of the supply voltage. The most commonly used for the interior LEDs emit green, red, green, yellow and blue light.

Fireproof Wall Safes – Unaffected by the Blaze

Safes are basically designed to safeguard its contents from burglary and theft. However with small additions they can be transformed into fireproof wall safes and can help you protect the contents from fire.

Fireproof safes are not only more secure but the difference comes at a small price. Fireproofing between sheets of folded steel lend them an ability to keep out fire. Imagine what would happen if you keep your valuables in form of cash and a fire broke out? What about all the paperwork and documentation which might have to do with various investments? All of it can be gutted in a blaze and opting for a fireproof safe to prevent this from happening seems a reasonable bargain.

When buying a fireproof wall safe make sure that you are buying the genuine thing. Many safes marketed today by companies of very less reputation, are not fireproof at all! Ask your retailer for test results and genuine certified documentation about the qualities of the safe. If possible ask them for test results and even demonstrations. Choosing a known brand keeps you from these troubles, albeit a costlier option. However considering the value of the contents it is going to guard, it’s hardly a price to pay.

Its fireproof capabilities should not be the only deciding factor for you. When buying fireproof wall safes, you must also ensure that its basic function as just a safe is also fulfilled. Choose secure locking systems based on biometric technology. These can be accessed only by you, since it opens on the detection of your face, fingerprints, or retina scans. These ensure that forced entry is not possible into the safe, and the tumbler can’t be adjusted from the outside to pop it open. With keyless entry and no combination locks even the most experienced code breakers can do nothing.

However for a less pricey pick, you can opt for digitally locked safes. These need a character combination to open and though they can be bypassed by experts and through computerized hacking of the code, they can serve as the basic security and keep out common burglars.

Wallpaper VS. Painting


Paint is one of the most common forms of decorating walls. It is simple and comes in a wide spectrum of colors. Every shade you can think of is possible. The variety is truly astounding with shades within shades and subtly different hues. Perhaps, this can become a problem: too much choice. Even among the whites, there are various shades: pearl, off-white, cream, eggshell, chalk, Queen Anne’s lace. One book listed some fifty different shades of white for a would-be decorator to choose from.

In addition to the shades or hues, painters are allowed a selection of types. This applies beyond interior and exterior paint and extends to glossy, matte and flat and anything in between. Glossy captures the light and reflects it, enhancing the color; matte is dull, neutral, letting the color speak for itself.

All these characteristics of paint must be factored in. You need to decide the purpose of painting a room, the colors required to best present your theme or intention and whether painting is a practical means of accomplishing your decorating task.

When considering painting a room, do not forget the tools needed. Rollers, trays and brushes are the very basic means of getting a room done. Step ladders and/or scaffolding (in rooms with high ceilings) are also part of the necessary equipment. Preparatory work requires sponges, putty knives (to fill in holes), scrapers and sanding blocks (to smooth down the putty-filled holes). You can sanely do anything without a drop cloth or two or three. The cost of these items can add up, but, except for some expensive brushes for fine work, you can always purchase the rest at dollar stores.

The cost of paint can very. Sales and end-of-lines can reduce costs and, for a small area, you might be able to pick up paint at disposal sites.

Besides price, paint is easy to apply, durable and not difficult to clean.


Wallpapering used to be a very messy and frustrating job. Sheets of easily torn paper had to be pasted and then held up to the wall. If the paste was applied to thickly, there were lumps under the surface; apply the paste to lightly and the paper would slide off the wall.

Today, much has changed and it is all for the better. Wallpaper, now referred to as wall coverings is made of a variety of different substances. It is vinyl, fabric, grass cloth and foil as well as paper.

The new paper does not tear or rend as easily it did in the past. A plastic coating ensures it is both durable and easy to clean. As with paint, there is a myriad of different choices. You can decide what to pick based on suitability, both to the location and you and your family’s preferences.

Like paint, the quality will vary according to price and manufacturer. Unlike with painting, however, wallpapering is really not a solitary chore. You do need that extra pair of hands and eyes, the latter to inform you whether you are hanging the piece straight.

Wall preparations for papering are similar to painting. Flaws must be removed. The walls must be sanded and all holes filled. If the wall is already covered, strip it. And do not forget in either papering or painting to remove or protect the wall plates.

In the end, whether you choose to paint or paper depends on a number of factors – including preference. In today’s retail world, there are a multitude of stores offering advice related to each of these and handling a wide-range of products. Before you decide, examine the work to be done and consider what will be the best suited method. And do not ignore the possibility of combining the two methods. Painting and wallpapering are not exclusive methods of decorating but can be very complementary.

Small Fireproof Safes

Buying a small fireproof safe for your home or business is a great investment. Having your own safe means you don’t have to pay for a box at the bank and you don’t have to travel to the bank every time you need something. Besides keeping cash, it’s a perfect place for passports, social security cards, jewelry, important documents such as titles to a vehicle, etc.

Safes are available in many sizes, shapes, and colors. Some weigh as little at 14 pounds and others weigh over 100. The smaller ones are useful for cash, small items, a coin box for an event, etc. A safe to hold documents, jewelry, etc. should be a little bit larger.

Things to look for when buying are , size, weight, convenience of use. Some safes are easier to open. This is good for you, but also easier if stolen to open so may not be a good point. It should be a little bit difficult to open so even if someone walks off with it, chances are they won’t get into it. It should be fire proof and water proof and not fire resistant and water resistant. If you do have a fire, most likely it will be put out with water so it should be both.

The larger safes come with an anchoring hole so you can bolt the safe to a wall or floor and no one will be able to remove it. This is great for putting in your basement or closet and keeping all your papers and valuables in. The small fireproof safes are great for keeping things safe and dry. They should have a handle on them so you can move them around. If there is a combination lock, make sure it has a key backup in case you forget the combination.

How to Make Candles – Gel Candles

Gel candles are a fun thing to construct. Not only are they attractive, but really easy to ignite. They also burn slow, resulting in your candles having a lasting life for you to appreciate. Learning how to make candles especially gel candles is easy, they are easily constructed in addition to being cheap. You are able to add your preferred aromas to them also. The provisions you require to get started include gel, zinc wicks, perfumed oils if you want, and dye to add coloration. Many people enjoy the appearance of a translucent gel candle and choose not to apply any dye. It’s crucial that you just use zinc wicks for gel candles as cotton wicks soak up the gel, making them not light or burn easily. You are able to buy these supplies from a craft store or on the net.

Gel candles can be constructed in a assortment of containers. Using those constructed of glass will afford you the most effective results. Nevertheless, as long as the container is noncombustible you’ll be all right. To impart uniqueness to gel candles, a lot of manufacturers prefer to build them in decorated glasses, wine glasses, and vases. To add coloration and themes to candles, think about applying embeds. This could be glitter, marbles, colored rocks, sea shells, crystals, or anything additional that will not burn up.

You’ll require a hot glue gun to adhere the wick to the bottom of the container you chose to utilize. Hold securely in place till the wick binds. To make centering less complicated, mark the bottom of the container with a red or black marker directly in the center. The wick should then be located on top of the mark. Leave the wick long enough to extend out of the container. You’ll clip it afterwards. To melt the gel, cut it into small strips. For most effective results melt them in a double boiler at average heat. The gel should be heated up to two hundred degrees Fahrenheit. A quality thermometer is a outstanding investment as the gel will not congeal the right way if you do not get it warm enough and it will lose the lustrous coloring if you get the temperature excessively high.

If you want to add color to your gel candles, add them in slowly. The colors render more vibrantly in gel candles than wax candles and so you’ll call for a great deal less than what you use whenever you construct wax candles. Add your coloring to the liquefied wax slowly. If you aren’t pleased with the coloring you can slowly add more. Whenever you chose to apply embedded objects in the candle, it’s advised that you keep the gel candle coloring very faint. Next, add aromas if you want. 1/3 teaspoonful is all you require for each glassful of melted gel.

For most effective outcomes when learning how to make candles, heat your container in the microwave oven for approximately one minute. This will do away with those ugly bubbles that can form on gel candles. At once after taking out the container from the microwave oven, begin adding your embeds. You’ll need to dip them in the hot gel to cause them to stick in the container. You are able to arrange embeds any way you want. For most skillful effects push them toward the edges of the container so that they can easily be seen. You can create embed designs or add them loosely.

It’s crucial to keep the gel very hot while finishing the embed procedure. Once you have that finished, pour the gel into the container. If you permit the gel to cool down before pouring it in the container you’ll wind up with chunks of gel throughout the candle. Ensure the wick is hanging across the top of the container prior to pouring in the gel. Once the gel gets congealed, cut it to the size you want.

Learning how to make candles and building gel candles is easy, entertaining, and affordable. It is a fun way to construct your own gorgeous candles for, giving as presents, or selling. There is fantastic books with a great deal of pictures of gel candle projects you will be able to try, or merely produce your own.

Choosing the Perfect Design Elements to Go With Suspended Ceilings

The majority of the duration of our daily routine is spent at work. And if we get positive vibes at our workplace, it can do wonders to our efficiency. It is for this reason that offices and workplaces have to be conducive to freedom of thought and expression. The inception of new ideas is made easier if the office space is simple yet professional. Now this professionalism is only possible if the focus is on efficient office partitioning and without letting go of other interior aspects as well.

The Lighting has to Accent the Design

The way lighting is integrated into the suspended ceilings, can add to the overall accent. It looks sleek and streamlined at the same time. The various lighting equipment are integrated into the ceiling in such a way that the wires are concealed as well. Due to this, there is no mesh of wires, and the enhancements go way beyond just being ‘cosmetic’. This brings us to the next point.

Include Cooling Air Vents at Proper Places

The ceiling also needs ducts at proper places for the cooling system. You can choose to ignore these completely and rather get the vents in the walls, but preemptive thinking should dictate the inclusion of the ducts into the ceiling. If your office has a central cooling system, you never know when an overhaul might be needed. To ensure that such procedures are carried out without any hassles, it is obviously a better idea to opt for a ceiling design which has functional vents for the cooling system.

Pair Suspended Ceilings with Glass Doors for that Professional Look

There are several traits that go into making the perfect workplace. Vapourised glass doors can add a much more professional feel to the interiors of any workplace. An office needs to look accessible and yet give a personal space to the employees wherein they can work without hassles. Once the installation of the suspended ceilings is complete, the focus has to be shifted to complete the accent so that it doesn’t look out of place.

Office Partitioning should be Taken Into Account as Well

Office partitioning is a great way to solve your space issues. Employees in any office prefer having personal spaces for their work. Maintaining the same level of efficiency in an office is not as easy as it sounds. Throughout the day, there are times when the employees need to give time to themselves. Another issue that office partitioning solves, is that of space management.

The above are just a few of the options that are significant when considering the possibility of installing a specific type of suspended ceiling. Your office after all, has to be conducive to the creation of new ideas, and fresh plans.

Kitchen Flooring Options

For many families the most used room in the house is the kitchen. It is the focus of many activities. More than any other room, it reflects your lifestyle and values. Inevitably flooring in kitchens takes a beating and has to look good doing it. Whether you go with inexpensive vinyl flooring, or the best marble if it doesn’t stand up to the beating and fit in with your lifestyle you will want to change it faster than anything else in your home.

The most popular and common kitchen flooring is vinyl. It isn’t the best at anything but it really doesn’t have many glaring weaknesses either. It is durable, resilient and inexpensive; and you can get it in an almost infinite variety of patterns and colors. It has a nice cushy feel that you don’t always find in some of the other hard flooring choices. You can get it in tiles or sheets. Vinyl tile flooring tends to be more attractive because of the variety of patterns and colors available. But be careful, the self-adhesive variety doesn’t always stay down for long. Spilled water is more likely to get underneath the tiles and potentially cause a variety of problems. Because of the resilience of vinyl flooring, it requires a totally flat surface. Use a good underlayment before you put the vinyl down. If you put new vinyl over old vinyl tile, the pattern underneath will eventually show through in the new vinyl. If you go with vinyl flooring for your kitchen, make sure it is done right or you might regret it later.

Linoleum and vinyl are often confused with each other. They both look about the same once installed. But vinyl is made from all synthetic materials, whereas linoleum is made from all natural materials. Usually linoleum has a felt, canvas or burlap base with a combination of linseed oil, cork and wood powder mixed in natural resins on top of the base. The popularity of vinyl flooring has overshadowed linoleum. But the truth of the matter is linoleum is much more durable compared to vinyl. It is not uncommon for a linoleum floor with a good underlayment to last 35 to 40 years; even in heavy traffic areas. If durability and practicality are high priorities, don’t dismiss sheet linoleum as too old fashioned or out of date.

Laminate flooring is a relatively new option that may be the perfect compromise for your kitchen. It is intended to give the low cost, resilience and low maintenance durability advantages of vinyl and linoleum flooring. At the same time it can give the look of more expensive flooring such as hardwood, ceramic and marble. It is a compromise and won’t look as beautiful as a real hardwood or marble floor. But for many people, it is an excellent all around choice.

For many, the ultimate floor for a kitchen is a hardwood floor. Hardwood flooring is usually high maintenance, expensive, slippery and not as durable or scratch resistant as other flooring options. But despite these drawbacks, you cannot argue with the timeless warmth and beauty of a real hardwood floor.

If cost is not an obstacle there are many marble, travertine, granite and other stone flooring options available for kitchen use. They are all expensive, but no other kitchen flooring option will last as long or look as refined and beautiful.

What is the Stack and Tilt Golf Swing?

You are probably wondering what the Stack and Tilt Golf Swing is. You have heard people talking about this new golf swing but you do not have any idea what it’s all about. So now you have searched the internet to learn more about this new swing

The Stack and Tilt Golf Swing is a technique being promoted by Mike Bennett and Andy Plummer, who are both golf coaches. It encourages golf players to put most of their weight on their front foot, resulting to maximum control once the golf club makes contact with the ground.

This swing differs from the basic golf swing in terms of set up as well as with the parts. The Stack and Tilt Golf Swing has a different backswing, downswing, impact, and lastly, follow through. If you are going to examine the difference between a player who is using this swing and a player who is doing a conventional swing you will notice that the former is over his golf ball, while the latter is behind the ball, his spine tilted. During a game, the player maintains a certain level. The player’s right hand, though, is lower than the grip. In doing so, the player’s right shoulder is also lower than his left shoulder.

Whether you choose to try the Stack and Tilt golf swing is entirely up to you. Most professional players have developed their own unique swing because everyone has a different physique. So each swing will be different and the body position will vary depending on the height of the golfer. The best tip we can share with you is to practice as much and as often as you can. This is the only real way to improve your swing and for you to become a better player.

Shade Sails – Turn Your Backyard Into a Summer Resort

Available in multiple colors and sizes, the sunshade sail can be installed using various design options including installation at various heights for an offset look that is visually stimulating. The colorful fabric and unique shapes provide a cool and relaxing atmosphere and a feeling of being on vacation without leaving the home. Shade sails are comprised of commercial grade knitted fabrics and can be easily cleaned using soap and water. The durable mesh tarp fabric is designed for years of enjoyment and is naturally resistant to mold, rot and mildew.

Selecting The Position Of Your Shade Sail:

Prior to purchasing a sail it is important to select and measure the installation areas. Consider what design element you are trying to achieve and pick the most suitable location. Some of the key factors you want to consider before purchasing a sail include

  • The desired size.
  • The desired shape.
  • The strength of existing structures that may be used as anchor points.
  • The direction of the sun at sunrise and sunset.

Once you have decided on the location for your sail it is important to consider and determine the fixing points. The fixing points where the sail will be attached can be and existing structure such as an attached patio, overhead deck or even the eaves on your house. If there is no existing structures for installation then consider using galvanized steel poles or wooden posts as anchor points. Post and pole lengths should be calculated with the consideration of both the desired height of the shade sail plus the depth of your footings. Properly designed footings should be a minimum of 32″ deep and 16″ square. Each footing should be filled using a concrete mixture.

Installing Your Shade Sail:

Once you have purchased your shade sail and it has arrived to your location, installation can begin. The sail can either be purchased with the fixing accessories included or they can be purchased separately. However, in order to properly secure any shade sail it is recommended that the manufacturers hardware be used to prevent any unforeseeable problems. The sail will be connected to the mounting points using the fixing accessories. It is important to ensure that all connections are secure and face towards the center point of the sail before attaching them to the anchor points. The shade sails use a ratchet tensioning system that can be adjusted until the desired look is achieved.

Installing a sunshade sail is the perfect do it yourself project for summer. Aside from the added benefits of shade and protection, the shade sail will instantly transform your backyard from ordinary to extraordinary. The elegant and modern looks of the shade sail will not only make everyday outdoor activities such as swimming and barbecuing more relaxing but will turn your home environment into a beachside resort like atmosphere.

Retractable Awnings – The Long-Standing Question of Cotton and Solution – Dyed Acrylic

The fabric is the first visual element in a retractable awning. It’s both the most dramatic and most fragile element in retractable awnings. Any wear, tearing, fading, or rot on the fabric immediately diminishes the overall suitability of a retractable awning, even if the frame and accessories of the awning are sound.

Because the fabric of the awning is so important, a lot of research and technology is geared toward improving retractable awning fabrics. There are basically two major camps for fabrics: natural cotton and solution-dyed acrylic. The key to understanding the best retractable awning fabrics lies in knowing both the history of awning fabrics and the technology of modern fabrics.

The Demand of Outdoor Fabrics

Fabrics on retractable awnings have to withstand a lot of environmental abuse. Outdoor fabrics of every type – cotton duck to vinyl to acrylic – face significant wear and demanding conditions. Mechanical damage, such as tearing and fraying, can come from heavy winds or the weight from rain, snow, ice, or debris. (This is one advantage of retractable awnings; closing the awning protects it from those kinds of loads.)

The true grinding wear on awning fabrics, though, comes from standard weather:

Sun and UV damage

Heat and cool



Debris and dust

This causes fading, tearing, and discoloring. Outdoor fabrics, then, have to find a way to resist these environmental factors.

Cotton and Early Awnings

Awnings are an old architectural convention, dating back to the Greeks and Egyptians. In the beginning, awnings were made with woven leaves, which segued into linen. In the 19th century, awnings had a bit of a renaissance in Europe as both a stylish and practical window dressing. At that time, awning fabrics were usually cotton duck, an oiled canvas that was heavy and somewhat water repellent and used for ships’ sails.

Cotton canvas remained popular well into the mid-20th century. Even now, canvas is still a common (though decreasingly popular) awning fabric. It has a few advantages as a retractable awning fabric, namely that it is breathable and has a pleasing visual texture. New scientific advances in the latter 20th century introduced additional treatments to both cotton plants and processed cotton to make it more durable and mildew-resistant.

Another advantage for cotton is piece dyeing. Piece-dyeing cotton – the most common method for outdoor uses – creates vibrant color, some of the most beautiful in fabrics. In piece-dyeing, the cotton is immersed in hot liquid dyes, then forced through rollers to even out the color and remove the excess.

Piece dyeing isn’t without drawbacks. It is done on full bolts of cloth, not individual threads, so it is only good for solid colors. To get stripes or other patterns, the contrasting colors have to be painted on, which is not particularly durable and creates a flat, one-sided visual effect. Piece-dyeing is also susceptible to environmental wear from sun, UV rays, and even humidity and salt water.

Despite the breeding enhancements, cotton has significant weaknesses for outdoor use. Despite the treatments, it is still prone to mildew and rot. According to one cotton mill site, after only two weeks in the sun, cotton is less than half as strong and increasingly brittle, losing its elasticity and becoming prone to tear or fray.

The Evolution to Solution-Dyed Acrylic

Acrylic fabric was born in 1944, as part of the flurry of research for World War II because of the military demand for quick, cheap, and highly durable materials. Acrylics are much better for outdoor uses than their manmade cousins like vinyl because acrylic is a fiber rather than a sheet; it can be woven, it’s lightweight, and it’s breathable. Acrylic fabrics dry quickly, have flexibility and elasticity, and have the pleasing texture and softness of natural fibers like cotton. Unlike cotton and linen, acrylics cannot support mildew growth, so they are innately mildew resistant.

From a color standpoint, acrylics have another advantage over natural fibers. Acrylics are made in a lab. All of the components to make the acrylic yarn is mixed in that lab – including the color. This is called solution-dyeing, which means that the pigments are added to the acrylic solution. The color is part of the fabric. This leads acrylic fabrics to have very long-lived colors, better pattern quality, and both stain and fade resistance.

Because solution-dyed acrylics are so good in rough conditions – like tangy salt air and water and prolonged sun exposure – acrylics were quickly adopted for maritime fabrics like sails. From there, it was a smooth transition for acrylics to be used for retractable awnings and other outdoor applications.

Contemporary Choices

Most retractable awning lines now depend exclusively on solution-dyed acrylics for five reasons:

Simple care (just an occasional rinse with the hose)

Durability(with some manufacturers offering a 10-year warranty)

Amazing color and pattern selection

Effective fade resistance

Innate mildew resistance

Natural fabrics like heavy cotton duck and chunky linens have a nostalgic panache for awnings. The technology behind solution-dyed acrylics enables acrylic fabrics to have the best virtues of natural fibers – softness, texture, breathability – combined with the durability, vibrancy, and resistance of manmade materials.

Beautify That Pavement With Edging Stones

Have you just recently moved into a brand-new house that is bare and is just asking for you to decorate it? Then you are in for an exciting few months ahead – home decorating is probably one of the best outlets for creativity. Of course, one of the more important things to decorate is the inside of your home, which can be done with the help of the interior designer. But of course, you must never forget to match the beauty of your home inside to the way it looks outside. One way in which you can do this is to outline your pavement or walkway with edging stones.

These stones are a great and simple way to get creative with your paths and walkways. Oftentimes walkways are simply that – places to walk on. However, you can be decorative and make your walkways and paths more attractive by decorating them with stone edges.

Now what exactly is decorative about a stone? Edging stones are not simply plain pebbles or rocks, but they are stones that have been redesigned and tweaked specifically for decorative purposes. It also serves a practical purpose by creating a visible and distinct outline of your walkway, making it look more clear and defined.

There are many different kinds of stone edges to choose from – some of them are quite big, while others are smaller, simpler and more clustered together. You can choose any which way of designing your walkways and paths with them. The simplest way is to just follow the outline of their edges and lace them with the stone edges. Other times, you can get more creative and use different types of stone edges and create a pattern with them as you outline the paths.

The most important thing to remember when it comes to stone edges is balance. You can get as creative with your stone edge choices as you want, but remember, balance is everything – if you decide to do a pattern-based stone edge design for your walkway or path, remember that the stones must never be bigger than the path, nor should they be so small that you won’t even notice them as you walk along. Never overpower the actual walkway with stone edges that don’t match them in size. Choose well-proportioned stone edges that will help accentuate the beauty of your walkway and draw more attention to them.

How to Build a Bridge

Learning how to build a bridge may be quite intimidating. Keep in mind that it takes serious engineers to make bridges work. But of course, it does not really need a license to be able to build a bridge in your home or in your garden if you need a quick fix to get you from one place to another. All you need is a well thought of plan and safety measures to make this home project work.

There are lots of things you can read up on how to build a bridge. But the most important thing that you need to remember is that it involves a step by step procedure. You can’t start elsewhere and just go ahead with the entire process. You might also need the help of a carpenter or a construction professional if only to guide you on how to build a bridge. Their expert opinion will prove to be very valuable especially as you make measurements and purchase your materials.

Step 1: Know if building a bridge is necessary in the first place.

Do you really need a bridge or a simple block of wood will do? Most of the time, the reason why people build simple bridges is because they wanted a sturdy and safer way to cross specific gaps especially if there are kids who would likely get to the said area. But sometimes, simple solutions like having a block connector may already do the trick. At least this will save you the money, time, and effort otherwise needed on how to build a bridge.

Step 2: Create your bridge design

Before you even begin buying your materials or hammering the start of your foot bridge, you should first create a plan of what you will build. It does not take an architect to create one. A simple sketch will do and this will also be an integral aspect if you will do some consultation with bridge experts. At least you will have something solid to show them so they can also specifically pinpoint the important parts crucial in building your bridge. Creating the design also allows you to specifically focus on safety as you start to understand how to build a bridge.

Step 3: Allot some budget for foundation materials

You can definitely choose to make your bridge simple, but you cannot choose to make it unstable by buying low quality materials. Spend on the foundations of your bridge. After all, it also has its own wear and tear although this will depend greatly on the materials that were used.

Waterbed Assembly – How To

Waterbed Frame Assembly

There are two types of waterbeds that we’ll be addressing in these instructions: Box Type and Bookcase Type. Lay out your frame and hardware. Note that the backboard and footboard have a 3/4″ groove and they should be facing one another with all boards finished side down.

Box Frame with Flat Headboard: Attach your headboard to your backboard with the hardware provided (Make sure the groove is facing the inner part of the bed). Attach your “L” braces on the backboard at each end. Make sure and leave about an 1/8″ inset from the end of the board and your “L” brace.

This ensures a tight fit later. Now come down to the end of your side rails and attach your “L” braces to the end of each side rail. Again leave your brace about 1/8″ inset. Now attach your footboard to each side rail. Ensure you have a flush fit. Here’s where the slight differences come in. On your Box Frame simply attach your backboard flush to the end of the side rail. Tip: Six screws total go in each corner. Most Waterbed “L” brace hardware has a locking hole. Use one screw in each corner in your locking hole. This insures your frames stability

Bookcase Frame: With a Bookcase style frame the side rails are roughly 8″ longer than a Box style frame. This is the extension for your headboard to rest on. The mounting of your backboard can be accomplished by taking one of your deck boards as a measuring tool. Slide your deck board in the groove of the footboard. Then bring your backboard forward until it fits tight in its groove. Attach your backboard with three screws on each side. This insures a near perfect fit when you place your frame back on your deck. Remove the deck board and proceed to the next step.

Riser & Drawer Assembly

You will have one of two situations. Either a Standard Riser or an Under Drawer Dresser. Both provide the same function of bringing your bed up off the floor to a more acceptable height. An Under Drawer Dresser is nice to have so as not to waste the space under your bed. There are several manufactures of Under Drawer Dressers and while most are very similar there are slight differences in their center support assembly. We’ll address some of those differences.

Standard Riser: Standard Riser is basically building a box. There are four extrusions to attach your corners. There are two types that are common. The first is called a pressure extrusion (metal) in which a rubber mallet is needed to tap the extrusion down onto the corner. The other is a Slot Extrusion in which the is an 1/8″ groove cut in the Riser board vertically for the (plastic) Extrusion to slide down into. Once you have your outer box built assemble your center “X” pieces. Center your riser on all four sides.

Under Drawer Dressers: Under Drawer Dressers come in a variety of heights and types of wood. Their assembly is generally very simple. There is a left and right hand side that is placed inside your frame. Spacers connect the halves and provide center support for your waterbed. A solid spacer is generally used, however some manufactures use 2″ x 2″ spacers that slide into a groove on each half. This allows for a door at the foot for center storage. Once your Under Drawer Dresser is in place, refrain from moving it around. Now you’re ready to install your deck.

Waterbed Deck Assembly

Your decking is the flat support for your water mattress and what your frame rests on. King takes (3) boards 24″ x 851/2″. Queen takes (2) 24″ x 85 1/2″ and (1) boards 12″ x 85 1/2″. Super Single takes (2) boards 24″ x 85 1/2″. Some older waterbeds you might find a variety of different combinations of sizes. The bottom line is the outside dimension is the same.

Lay your deck boards down on top off your Riser or Under Drawer Dresser. Center as best as possible on your Riser or Under Drawer Dresser. Carefully bring you frame down on your decking fitting it in the grooves that are cut in the footboard and the backboard. Install four “L” braces on each rail. If you have addition “L” braces install at least two well centered on the side rails. These “L” braces prevent your frame from bowing.

Neurological Reflex Hammer

With roots dating back to the late 1800’s, the neurological reflex hammer is definitely one of the oldest diagnostic tools used by doctors and physicians. It is still used today, and its most common use is to check the “knee jerk” reaction during regular yearly examinations. It can also be used on other areas of the body to check reflexes. It was actually a design created from another common tool at the time, a percussion hammer.

The idea of the reflex hammer came about in 1875. Back then, there were no x-rays and other diagnostic imaging tools. Doctors were left to find out what was wrong with the patient by examining the outside of the body. The idea of deep tendon reflexes was mentioned in documents published by Heinrich Erb and Carl Westphal, two physicians studying the idea. Marshall Hall expanded on this idea and found that there are a number of uncontrolled reflexes within the body. To test the reflexes of the knee and other tendons, the first instrument used was the percussion hammer.

The percussion hammer was originally used to check the chest. Physicians quickly realized that these tools were not exactly what were needed to do the job for tendon reflexes. The device was redesigned and the neurological reflex hammer came into existence. The style most commonly used by doctors today was designed in 1888 by John Madison Taylor, a personal assistant to a doctor in Philadelphia. It featured the triangular shaped head that is still most widely used today, though several other designs have been introduced to do a check a variety of other areas of the body.

Another such design for a reflex hammer was done by Williams Christopher Krauss. This hammer is primarily used on the kneecap and elbow. Ernst L.O. Tromner created yet another design, made to test the reflexes of other areas of the body. Overall, all of the reflex hammers that have been created since the 19th century were done for the same reason: to test and diagnose neurological disorders and problems. Other designs are known as the Queen Square, Berliner, and Buck.

As you can see, the simple tool known as the neurological reflux hammer has quite a history. It was particularly beneficial when it was created because doctors in the 1800’s did not have a way to see on the inside of a patient’s body. Instead, they relied on the results of a reflex hammer and other diagnostic tools. Rather than create a tool from scratch, the idea of the percussion hammer was used for years. It was later altered to build a better tool that was more suitable for checking tendon reflexes. Many variations have been made sense then to test various tendon reflexes throughout the body.