Seeing the Light: Why Lighting Matters in Interior Design

Light has intrigued man since the dawn of time. Without light, there is no color. In his quest for the control of light, man supplemented daylight with an array of artificial devices. What started out as tallow candles and gas lamps in the early centuries evolved into to a plethora of light sources powered by electricity, chemicals or combustion in the modern day. While the physical attributes of light fixtures contribute to the design of a space, the intangible aspects of the light they emit are more far reaching.

In order to understand light and how it affects color, one needs to know that color perception is the result of the eye seeing a specific reflected ray of color. A carpet appears red only when all other colors of the light spectrum, with the exception of red, are absorbed by the flooring, allowing the eye’s sensors to receive the reflected red light.

Lighting essentially determines color. Different types of light accentuate different areas of the spectrum: the red carpet viewed under cool fluorescent light with a heavy blue-green spectral distribution will look dull and lifeless, while it will look warm and vibrant under an incandescent fixture. Color selections by remote often lead to surprises because of the project site’s specific orientation to the sun and lighting conditions. To minimize the problem of color shifts, it is imperative to view materials on site, under the lighting expected for the installation.

The lighting design concept which advocates creating “pools of light” in a space is especially germane amidst our current focus on energy conservation. By accentuating key areas through a combination of brighter colors and higher illumination levels in a relatively dark space, the eye is drawn only to areas deemed important to the design solution. Another approach, stemming from a more practical standpoint, is to create “layers of light”. In this instance, lighting in a space is controlled by separate switches and dimmers so it can be lit either in sections, segregated by task, or in its entirety. This avoids over-lighting and allows for flexible lighting control. Carefully deployed, one can create a sense of drama, ceremony and cadence through these lighting techniques.

Darkness, the antithesis of light, is an important element in lighting design. Shadows not only help define a space, but through contrast, expand the sense of scale and emphasize the sculptural quality of any object being illuminated. Thoughtfully applied, they can be an effective remedy for awkwardly shaped spaces. Alternatively, should the perimeter of a room be illuminated, the space psychologically appears to be bigger and more relaxing to the occupants.

Additionally, good interior design should provide adequate lighting. The amount of light needed must be determined in conjunction with the task and visual acuity of the user. As human vision starts deteriorating after age 40, the baby boomers will be driving the need for more efficient lighting as they require increasingly brighter environments.

Regardless of the lighting source, the general trend is towards eco-friendly lighting fixtures that are energy efficient and sustainable. Despite improvements in LED lighting technology, fluorescent and incandescent lamps remain the dominant choices for interior lighting applications. LED lights are still primarily used in landscape lighting as issues of cost, lamp quality and color rendering have prevented mass adoption. However they are poised to become a significant part of the market in a few years when innovation and demand create light bulbs that are cheaper and brighter with more color choices.

Improvements in the color rendering of standard cold white fluorescent lamps have given rise to a wide range of products such as full spectrum, deluxe warm white and cool white light bulbs. Additionally electronic ballasts now allow easy dimming while alleviating the issues of lamp flicker, making fluorescents a more attractive lighting option. With their efficient light output and low cost, they remain the most economical way of providing uniform, shadow frees lighting over an extended period of time.

On the incandescent front, low voltage tungsten halogen lamps remain popular as they produce a brighter, whiter, more efficient light than conventional incandescent bulbs. The halogen lamp’s compact lighting source makes objects like glassware, mirrors, and gems sparkle and come alive. Although light from a halogen lamp warms noticeably when dimmed, the lamp life is extended significantly, thereby delaying its inevitable trip to the landfill.

Advances in lighting products have enabled designers to create more dramatic interiors that are responsive to the functional needs of the user. A successful design can modulate the quality and quantity of light to address the users’ psychological and physiological needs. Indeed, lighting is one of the most powerful elements of interior design. It is the Rosetta Stone that allows our eyes to see and interpret the world around us: without which will be a built environment devoid of color, contrast, and interest.

Teams – The Five Common Barriers to Effective Teamwork

Successful teams produce extraordinary results in all areas of business, in sport, in communities and in voluntary bodies to name a few. Teams often fail to realise their potential because barriers get in the way of success. What are those barriers and how can you overcome them?

Barrier 1: Individual agendas

People are use to looking after themselves. We have all probably been told or heard someone say that you need to look after number one. In other words focus all of your attention on your agenda rather than the team agenda.

Solution: When on a team, focus on the unique contribution that you make to the overall team results and put the team results at the forefront.

Barrier 2: Silo thinking

In organisations, the attainment of a result will depend on all those in the process working together. Take for example a hospital. Someone needs to make the initial appointment for the patient to see a doctor. If the doctor identifies that the patient needs an operation, they will have to go on to a waiting list, be notified of when their operation will be, have the necessary pre-operation assessments done. Once they are admitted, arrangements need to be made to get them to the theatre on time, plans made for their discharge, including home support and medication.

Each of these tasks will require contributions from different departments and it is all too easy, especially when people are busy and stretched to fall into silo thinking. In other words, viewing challenges in isolation without considering the impact on other parts of the process and most importantly the customer (in this case the patient).

Solution: Make the time for teams to understand the impact of their actions or inaction on others and in particular the customer.

Barrier 3: Lack of trust

Most people need to be confident that others will deliver to fully embrace team working. In other words they need to have trust. Building trust takes time, effort, commitment and belief. There is no magic formula but actions speak louder than words.

Solution: Commit and follow through on actions that you have agreed to carry out and show that you can be trusted to deliver.

Barrier 4: Vagueness about what is to be achieved

Teams need to know what they have to achieve. In other words they need specific and measurable outcomes. Teams are often formed with vague goals like improve retention, reduce errors or reduce the reporting cycle to name just a few. This vagueness is a guaranteed recipe for a dish called disappointment.

Solution: Set specific and measurable outcomes for teams to address like, for example, reduce sickness levels by 2% by 30 June.

Barrier 5: Absence of conflict

In teams, particularly in organisations who are performing well, conflict is often missing. We are doing well, so we can rest on our laurels and not rock the boat might be the motto. Conflict should not be seen as a something negative but a constructive way of getting the best from everyone.

Solution: Encourage debate and constructive challenge in the interests of achieving the best for everyone.

Successful teams will make a real difference to results achieved. So what barriers do you need to address to get the best results from your teams?

Fireproof Chest – Protect Your Valuables From Fire Accidents With Reliable Fireproof Security Chest

If you are desperately searching for the way to protect your valuable personal and business documents then your search ends here. A fireproof security chest is the best source to protect your paper valuables and other assets from the water and fire breakout.

Instead of investing into expensive fire prevention systems like fire hoses, fire alarms and sprinklers, you can just buy a new reliable and highly secure fireproof safe. Read further to know how these security safes can help you to provide a strong protection for your precious documents and other related assets.

Most businesses suffer great losses every year because of the sudden fire breakouts and flood incidents. If you have a weak security system then you can face a real danger of losing your extremely important business files forever. During these emergency situations, many people forget to bring back these important documents along with them. Once the fire gets out of control then it becomes very difficult to retrieve your files safely.

This is when a strong fireproof security chest plays a very important role of protecting your business assets without a single damage. The latest models come with high fire temperature ratings which gives them high endurance and safety up to 1 hour. These safes can withstand the temperature up to 843 degrees Centigrade. These safes also have strong lids on every angle. This makes them highly waterproof and protects your documents from high flood.

We can secure all types of personal as well business documents like birth records, marriage and divorce records, employment background details, insurance policies and other financial documents related to your business. We can also store optical media and electronic media like cameras, digital prints, photos, CDs and DVDs, etc. These safes undergo hard impact testing which test their strength and endurance under different temperature and water levels.

Thus fireproof security chest is surely the best investment of your life if you are really worried about the safety and security of your precious documents. These safes also come with a full lifetime warranty which gives us the opportunity to replace any damaged components without any problems.

Cheap Wallpaper

Cheap Wallpaper can be found from absolutely anywhere. There are many places that allow you search among many different types of wallpaper, without even moving from your chair. The wallpapers you can find are cheap. The wallpapers that aren’t cheap even give you special rates, discounts and deals. For example I was recently look for some, I was totally sure on the colour I wanted but I knew I was working with a small budget, so having cheap wallpaper was an important factor. The items in my room were white and I wanted to keep the rest of the room also light, so I thought the wallpaper would look cream. I didn’t want the cheap wallpaper to have any patterns on it (because patterns constantly change and outdate) so I wanted it to be very plain. I set out to look for some and found a few places that were good for this.

I found about 8 of them, all in my desired colour. The cream that I wanted was there, not a shade out of what I wanted. I was very impressed. They were selling the wallpaper for cheap, which was almost half prices from what I had seen elsewhere. Also they gave me the chance to get the same again for free, so I got enough to do my whole house. I was very shocked but happy with the offer that was going and didn’t hesitate at all, I immediately purchased the cheap wallpaper. However my mistake came when I found another wallpaper. Now, although this seemed good at the time, it really wasn’t good; I found better wallpaper for cheaper, that also was better material.

So let this be a lesson to you all who are looking for cheap wallpaper, do not allow yourself to buy it until you have the perfect piece. Do not stop until you have cheap wallpaper that you wouldn’t change for anything else in the world. Look hard and your rewards will be paid off. Oh yes, and if you do make my mistake, then you cannot take the wallpaper back. There is no guarantee on many types because many people do what I have done. Unfortunately the best you can do is try to sell it to someone on eBay, may they will buy it back off you to regain some of the money you would have lost. Otherwise save it until next time.

Raised Floor for Computer Room

The raised floor of computer room is elevated flooring upon the typical marble or concrete or any other flooring. It is also termed as raised computer floor, raised access floor or computer room floor. The flooring comprises of raised access floor panels of metric size 600 x 600 mm or US Imperial size of 24″ x 24″. These panels are made of steel sheets and welded construction stuffed with wood or lightweight cement. They are supported by adjustable support pedestals under them. The space between the raised computer floor and the normal floor allows you to run other services such as electricity, data, telecom, air conditioning ducts, fire detection, environmental control, suppression, security, etc. The panels of the floor are removable and allow access to the systems under the floor.

Wood core raised access floors are the most popular choice for most of the people. Such surfaces are covered with PVC or HPL tile, thus making to resistant to any wear or tear. If you want to opt for water resistance, you can opt for carpet covered RA flooring instead of Wood core raised floor. You can even go for perforated raised floors if you want ventilated flooring.

Raised floor access is very useful. Some of the key benefits are:

Cooling: The temperature of the computer room is generally higher than the rest of the building. It is very important to maintain the optimum temperature for the proper functioning of servers and other devices. Such floors have unique cooling capability that brings down the temperature of the computer room. The floor offers space to distribute the conditioned air beneath the equipment. Diffuser ducts and tiles are carefully laid under the floor to circulate conditioned air and have a cooling effect.

Fire Suppression: All the data of all organizations is stored on computers in data centers these days. This data is indispensable and highly valuable. The data centers constantly require a huge amount of power to operate. They even contain high density of circuits and cables. Thus, the risk of fire in these centers is perpetually high. You cannot depend on just smoke detectors, sprinkler heads and fire extinguishers for fighting fire.

Computer room floor helps fighting fire as it is incombustible. Thus, it acts as a fire barrier between the equipments and cables lying underneath. You can also install automatic fire shut-offs to prevent the fire from spreading.

Flexibility: The floor consists of removable panels that offer great flexibility and adaptability. The tiles are lightweight and interchangeable. They can be taken out to install cables or undertake repairs. This feature is quite useful as new equipments are added or modified in the computer rooms. You can even modify the design of your computer room without disrupting operational activities.

Professionalism: Such floors provide a contemporary, elegant and professional look. They conceal the huge mass of cords and cables that may give a cluttered look to your data center. They can be cleaned easily. You can even go for options that are wear resistant, water-resistant or ventilated.

FDA – Approved Food Processing Facility Coating Materials

Painting contractors know that the food processing industry have some of the most difficult requirements when it comes to food safe floor coatings applications. Food products, after all, require special care in processing and handling, and the environment where these products are processed, specifically the floor coatings system, must guarantee a food-safe facility.

Foremost of these requirements are the environmental conditions in most food processing facilities, which is not like just any ordinary production plant. Food preparation areas are filled with constant human and mechanical activities, such as loading, packing, cleaning, food assembly, storing, and the like. Then there are the ingredients — oils, acids, and chemicals — that are commonly handled or spilled on facility floors. Any of these environmental conditions require for food safe floor coatings systems resistant to this kind of daily abuse.

The second consideration is that food processing plants naturally fall under the influence of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which requires food manufacturers and processors to comply with its safety and health regulations. Food safe floor coatings systems should be able to support the regulated standards on sanitation and safety set by the FDA.

FDA Flooring Systems Regulations for Food Processing Plants

The FDA has safety and hygiene regulations that require strict compliance from the food processing industry. Food processors will not be able to operate without certification from the FDA. Even existing plants are still in danger of being fined or shut down if the FDA finds evidences of non-compliance. There is also the possibility of forcible product recalls, urged by the FDA, should a quality inspection reveal violations of the standards. Any of these situations could cost the plant significant business losses.

The FDA has stringent quality guidelines for food processing facilities because it is protecting the populace against health-threatening pathogens such as e. coli, listeria or salmonella. These pathogens thrive in poorly-processed food and unsanitary environments, and can be transmitted to the food-consuming community.

Food processing plants are required to maintain clean areas at all times. This includes floorings that should be easy to clean and sanitize. This means that these products are durable and tough against sanitizing chemicals and the frequent cleaning process.

FDA Food Safe Floor Coatings and Finishes

Section III of the Food Establishment Plan Review Guide covers the FDA’s design, installation and construction recommendations for food facilities. Part 10 of this section covers specific guidelines on floor finishes.

Quarry or commercial grade vinyl composition tile, as well as seamlessly-poured and sealed concrete are the approved finishes for kitchens, food preparation and storage rooms, and the waste disposal and washing areas in food manufacturing facilities. This is also true for walk-in refrigeration and freezer areas, with the addition of stainless steel and poured synthetic materials. The use of any materials aside from these must be submitted to the FDA for evaluation and approval.

The reason why these finishes are acceptable is that they make for smooth, non-absorbent and easy-to-clean floorings. Additionally, food safe floor coatings of epoxy-, silicone- or polyurethane-based materials are required to maintain the flooring performance and provide long-lasting performance.

FDA regulations do not cover any specific floor coating formulation, per se. The material composition of the coatings is what is considered in determining food safe floor coatings. Non-toxic materials are preferred, as well as materials that would not provide an environment for harmful pathogens or food contaminants to proliferate.

Suspended Ceilings – A Few Tips

You can do so much with your ceilings but you really should take your time when deciding. It is a task that can take a while as there are so many different systems, materials and designs to choose from and also you need to know what you want from your ceiling.

You will want to decide what system you are going to have first before you start choosing anything else, now these systems do usually depend on where you are having them installed. Because different systems fit different building styles means that certain systems can be a lot more effective than others depending on the situation. For example the AMF Free Span Ceiling System is ideal for corridors as it is built up of ceiling planks that fit down usual size corridors.

Suspended ceilings are drop down ceilings that are attached to the original ceiling by cables, they are made up of a metal grid which is hung onto the original ceiling joints. They are used so that you can cover up anything that is on the existing ceiling i.e. air vents. They can also be used so that you can insert ventilation or to provide more acoustic protection to the room. There are many different reasons why you might install suspended ceilings. Another brilliant part to suspended ceilings is that you can use the void in the ceiling below the original ceiling to carry out maintenance, but then again you can also get suspended ceilings that are not demountable. If you opt for these then you can’t remove them and use the void for maintenance.

You may notice that suspended ceilings have come a long way since they first started being produced, you can now get ceiling tiles of practically any material and design to bring your ceiling to life. Also you can use special acoustic tiles which reduce the noise through absorbing it, these tiles can be very handy in places such as a studio or somewhere where a lot of noise may be created. These tiles contain sound insulation as well as sound insulation therefore making your room a lot quieter. Another also very useful tile type is the heating ones, you can get tiles which carry insulation which greatly helps the rooms heat, these are ideal especially if you have a room that is always cold or gets drafts from elsewhere.

As I said before there are many different materials and designs that you can have implemented including different patterns, different insulation materials and lights can also be added to the tiles, these tiles can offer light as well as heat from insulation.

Also if you didn’t know already suspended ceilings are going with the times and keeping up with new technology, AMF have created a system called the AMF Beamex System. This system has built in a LCD projector which is built into one of the ceiling tiles; the system means that no cabling is required in the room. The tile is remote control operated and pulls down automatically for you by a touch of a button. Once the projector has come down you are ready to go and one of the best bits is that you do not have to find storage for the projector as everything is hidden away into the ceiling void.

I hope this article has given you some insight into the world of suspended ceilings and may even help you in you search for the right suspended ceiling for you.

Karndean Flooring Exposed – Information About This Type of Flooring

To most people Karndean Flooring is this beautiful looking designer flooring and you would be right, however people also associate Karndean flooring as an individual type of flooring – this is definitely not the case!

Karndean is a brand name of the flooring product Luxury Vinyl Tiles, there are 100’s of brands out there selling luxury vinyl tiles, the well known brands such as Amtico, Polyflor, Marley, Project-Floors and obviously Karndean.

Karndean claim to be the manufacturer, however this is not the case as nearly all luxury vinyl tiles in the UK are manufactured in China, Taiwan etc. and are re-branded and brought into the UK. Therefore Karndean spend over £1 million each year on establishing their brand so that people become aware of the products they sell. So this is why Karndean is more expensive, as a lot of what you are paying for, is the brand awareness, which has been costed into the product.

If you are reading this article and are interested in buying Karndean, think again, here is a good tip for you, go to Google, or any other search engine facility and search for luxury vinyl tiles (LVT’s), you will find suppliers selling LVT’s very similar to Karndean for a fraction of the price. You can still create borders and features in these floors, the only difference is, you guessed it – the brand name. Like when you go to the supermarket and they have branded peas and unbranded peas, they both look the same when you take the packaging away and taste the same, because they are the same thing! this is the same with Karndean and LVT’s if you market it well and make it look nice it sells better – typical evaluation of marketing. However save yourself a small fortune and find an LVT with a cheaper price tag, odds are they are still top quality just cheaper due to the company selling them having a low marketing budget.

The quality of an LVT is measured in the wear layer, most have a wear layer of between 0.3mm and 0.7mm, the thicker the wear layer the better the quality, however a 0.3mm wear layer is a domestic wear layer and is suitable for all domestic areas, a 0.5mm wear layer and above can be used for commercial installations.

So now i have explained that Karndean is a luxury vinyl tile, lets discuss the possibilities and strengths of this type of flooring compared to alternative flooring products:

1. Durable – unlike ceramic tiles or solid wood, luxury vinyl tiles (LVT’s) will not split, chip, crack or splinter and will stand up to most things being dropped onto them. Most LVT’s come with gurantees between 8 and 20 years.

2 Realistic – they are designed to replicate natural products and are designed to a very high realistic standard.

3 Designer – luxury vinyl tiles (LVT’s) are one of the most bespoke, designer looking flooring available, using borders and strips you can create a floor that fits in perfectly with your interior needs.

4 Easily Maintained – cleaning LVT’s is very easy, unlike natural wood floors, you wont need to sand and seal every couple of years, instead you can just mop the floor with hot water and a splash of LVT routine cleaning solution.

5 Waterproof – To a certain degree luxury vinyl tiles can with stand water a lot better than a laminate or wooden floor can, it can be mopped and cleaned a lot easier.

6 Quiet and Warm Underfoot – unlike ceramic or stone tiles or laminate flooring, luxury vinyl tiles are quiet and warm underfoot.

These are just a few benefits of using luxury vinyl tiles opposed to natural flooring products. So when you hear about Karndean remember that it is an LVT and to always look for a luxury vinyl tile first so you can see the price comparison. Luxury vinyl tiles like Karndean are a great product to use as they have more benefits than any other type of floor covering, however for them to look good and perform how they should, you also need to prepare the floor as per the installation instructions given by the manufacturer. As a perfect sub floor is one of the most important aspects of the job.

Penis Pumps – How to Use Them Safely and Effectively

Penis pumps are devices used to increase the size of the penis. A typical penis pump consists of a cylinder that fits over the penis and has a motorized or manual pump that creates suction. This apparatus helps in creating a partial vacuum around your penis and enhancing the flow of blood into it. This process results into an engorged and significantly bigger penis.


  1. Vacuum pumps are a variant of the conventional penis pump but come with a translucent cylinder. Generally used in the treatment of impotence, vacuum pumps generally adhere to higher quality standards than ordinary penis enlargement pumps.
  2. The increase in the vacuum is accompanied by a difference in the pump pressure as well as the inner blood pressure of the penis. Too much pressure, however, is likely to cause vascular damage rather than an enlarged penis.
  3. You will have to add flexible cock rings (also known as compression rings) to the open end of the cylinder. This enables you to get an erection by pumping the rings into the base of your penis before the vacuum is released. This prevents blood from flowing out of your penis and allows the erection to be maintained even if there are vascular problems or disorders in the nervous system.
  4. The erection created with the help of a penis pump can be retained for a long time but users are advised to remove the cock rings after about 30 minutes for safety reasons.
  5. Manually operated penis enlargement pumps are recommended to be used with a gentle pumping motion and interrupted by pauses at regular intervals. It is essential to remember that penis pumps do help in enlarging your penis so that you get harder and long lasting erections. However, these devices are only used for temporary sexual gratification and cannot and do not increase penis size permanently.
  6. Penis enlarger pumps work most effectively when used in a tub filled with warm water. Immerse your penis in warm water in order to relax the penile tissues and then apply some lubricant to your penis and groin. Once you achieve partial erection, fill the tube with warm water and enter it. The use of any kind of electric pump is strictly prohibited when you are using a penis pump inside a tub of warm water. Also, make sure your pump is waterproof.

Tips & Warnings

  • The penis pump needs to be used carefully in order to prevent penile injury. Pumping too hard or too much can cause your blood vessels to burst and come out in blisters. The abuse or over-use of penis pumps can sometimes cause testicular pain and injury.
  • Stop using the pump immediately if you experience pain or any unusual symptoms.
  • There is a chance that the cylinder’s rim might cut into your skin and damage the ligaments that surround your penis. It is essential to read the instructions carefully and avoid impatient or over-enthusiastic pumping.
  • Do not try to substitute penis pumps with vacuum cleaners since the vacuum cleaner produces too much suction and are unsuitable for the purpose of penis enlargement.

How to Get Lean For Women

Why is it important to learn how to get lean for women? First, women are prone to different forms of illnesses, especially when they are obese and growing old. These include cancer of the colon and post-menopausal breast cancer. Women, moreover, have the tendency to become resistant to insulin and may develop polycystic ovarian syndrome. This would make them unable to conceive. Girls do not have to fret, though. There are ways on how to get lean for women:

Take up a sport. If you think that sports are just for men, then you are definitely wrong. There are already a lot of women that are conquering the sports scene. What’s more, with the kind of discipline you get from sports, you will definitely lose a lot of weight and build up muscle.

If you do not want contact sports, you can always engage in swimming, running, or thriathlon. You can also compete in biking competitions.

Know the ideal BMI. This stands for body mass index. It is the ratio between the total amount of body fat you have with your height and weight. Ideally, women should have a BMI of 19 to 24.

There are BMI calculators that you can find in the World Wide Web. You just need to enter your height and weight. If you do not trust the system, you can see a physician.

Reduce your food intake. To learn how to get lean for women, it is essential that you go on a diet when you are already obese. This means that you have to definitely cut down on certain types of food, especially those that have high calories or sugar. However, if it is hard for you to accomplish this, you can start by reducing your food or eat less.

Avoid stress. Women are very prone to stress, because they have so many roles to play. Nevertheless, if you want to lose weight, you need to get rid of stress as much as possible. Otherwise, it will slow down your metabolism, preventing you from burning calories properly. This also means that you need to get the right amount of sleep.

Cook your meals. One of the biggest things that you can do to lose weight is to simply prepare your own meals. This way, you will be more conscious of the food that you prepare. You can also exercise your arms and legs as you go around the kitchen.

These are simple steps to learn how to get lean for women, yet they offer sure-fire methods of getting rid of excess pounds.

The 4 Key Muscles Involved in Posterior Pelvic Tilt

Posterior pelvic tilt is by far a less common postural imbalance than its opposite, excessive anterior pelvic tilt. Correcting it can be quite a challenge since the reasons for this imbalance are many. The first step to correcting posterior pelvic tilt is to identify the muscles that are involved in sustaining the imbalance.

There are two muscles that are frequently facilitated or tight:

1. Gluteals

The main function of the gluteal muscles includes hip extension and posteriorly tilt the pelvis.

2. Hamstrings

This muscle group assists the gluteals in performing hip extension, and they also bend the knee.

The two muscle groups that are frequently weak or inhibited:

1. Hip Flexors

This muscle group includes the psoas and also one of the quadricep muscles called the rectus femoris.

2. Lumbar Spine Extensors

There are quite a few muscles involved here, but in particular, the lumbar erectors, the quadratus lumborum, and multifidi.

The abdominal muscles may contribute to posterior pelvic movement through their ability to flex the spine, however, in most cases, this muscle group is weak, but there can be a variety of scenarios, particularly when back pain is present.

The focus of correcting these imbalances should first always be to lengthen the tight, facilitated muscles through modalities such as stretching or massage techniques, and strengthening the weak, inhibited muscles through proper strength and endurance training.

The order of correction methods is vital, and if not followed, challenges can result and make it much more challenging in attempting the correction of posterior pelvic tilt.

His Most Famous Painting (The Kiss) – Gustav Klimt

Austrian ‘Symbolist’ visual artist Gustav Klimt was born on July 14, 1862, in Baumgarten, near Vienna. Trained for an architectural painter at the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts, he primarily produced stunning murals, paintings, and sketches, with the female body being his favorite subject in most of his works. “The Kiss (Der Kuss)” (1907-08) is one such masterpiece by him, belonging to his professionally high, ‘golden phase,’ reflecting an ultimate blend of ‘Symbolism’ and ‘Art Nouveau.’

“The Kiss” shows a couple all involved in their own world, ignorant of their environment, kissing against a bronze backdrop. The man is wearing a crown of vines and is leaning over the woman, who wears flowers in her hair. To enthuse the viewers’ imagination, Klimt has illustrated only the hands and the head of the couple. The artist has draped them neck down in a sheet like swirl in the shades of gold, adorned with several colored rectangular motifs & tangent circles, accentuated by a multicolored flowerbed beneath them. All this well gives the feel of the voluptuous erotica. Therefore, Gustav Klimt’s “The Kiss” effortlessly brings out the eroticism & sensitivity, captivity, and the deliverance of the kissing couple, all at the same time. It is rumored that Klimt and his beloved Emilie Floge, modeled for this 180cm x 180 cm magnificent piece of art.

Gustav’s work was characterized by forthright eroticism that uncovered his purely sexual interest towards the female body. He once stated, “I have never painted a self-portrait. I am less interested in myself as a subject for a painting than I am in other people, above all women…There is nothing special about me. I am a painter who paints day after day from morning to night…Who ever wants to know something about me… ought to look carefully at my pictures.” In November 2003, oil and gold on canvass, “The Kiss” was chosen to be patterned on the 100 euro gold collector’s coin, ‘The Painting Coin.’ One side of the coin portrays Klimt in his studio and the other side of the coin shows “The Kiss.”

“The Kiss” currently graces the Osterreichische Galerie Belvedere Museum in the Belvedere Palace, Vienna, Austria. Being a leading member of the Vienna Art Nouveau movement, Gustav’s several pieces are displayed at the Vienna Secession gallery. Leaving several painting unfinished, he passed away on February 6, 1918, due to a stroke and pneumonia. He was interred at the Hietzing Cemetery in Vienna.

Top 10 Uses For Your Car Sun Shade

Car sun shades are more than what meets the eye. This decorative car accessory helps maintain the value of your vehicle? How? It offers protection for you, your passengers, your interior and the contents of your vehicle. If you take another look at your car sun shield you could discover some practical uses that may surprise you. Now let’s get to the ten things your sun shade can do:

1. Add color or charm to your car’s interior decor. Take for instance the standard auto sun shade. They come in a range of colors, including silver. Some are even reversible, with big eyes and charming expressions that make your car come alive. The days of the boring car sun shades are over. Your car will have so much charm and charisma it could star in its own reality show.

2. Lower the temperature inside your vehicle. If your car windshield isn’t covered every time you get into your car your face gets hit with the blast of a sauna.

3. Save your hands from a nasty steering wheel burn. If the heat were not enough, next you burn your rear end and then your hands, all because you don’t have a car sun shade.

4. Stop the fading of upholstery in its tracks. Without the benefit of a car shade, in all likelihood your upholstery will fade as a result of prolonged exposure to UV rays.

5. Prevent the cracking and destruction of your dashboard. Extreme heat from UV rays can cause your dashboard could disintegrate before your very eyes. So with a simple item so low tech it could be considered no-tech it’s an easy fix.

6. Protect car electronics and gadgets from heat damage. Without a car sun shade the heat inside your vehicle can increase to levels not suitable for humans or gadgets.

7. Shelter from the rain. So you forgot your umbrella in the office or department store and of course you are stuck in the car with the rain pouring outside. Just dash out with your car sun shade over your head. At the very least you might be able to protect a perfectly good hairdo.

8. Becomes handy activity corner for the kids – great for coloring time. Keeping kids busy is the antidote to bickering and whining. If you’re a parent you just did a happy dance.

9. Great as a no-mess feeding tray at snack time. Your backseat just breathed a resounding sigh of relief.

10. Increase your level of “badassness”. (Results may vary*)

RV Awnings – Before Girard There Was Zip-Dee

In recent articles about RV Awnings I have talked about Carefree of Colorado, Dometic by A&E Systems, Girard Systems Awnings… I’ve talked about personal experiences with these awnings from Junction City, OR. To Brunswick, ME.

I felt that I should mention Zip-Dee Awnings as well.

Before Girard… Zip-Dee awnings were the leader elite in RV application awnings. The Airstream trailers were all equipped with Zip-Dee. So being an expensive and very high-end product it only made since to use the most elite awning in the business.

The operation of these awnings was absolutely unique to their style. It was a challenge but very gratifying when you could show someone else how to correctly and effectively operate this unique style of awning.

These awnings, like Girard awnings, were extremely durable and in the day when there was no such thing as automatic, retractable awnings… the Zip-Dee took the punishment of the wind like none other. They were very tough.

They had no struts to give to the wind. They had no retractable feature. And they were not an awning you could put away quickly to dodge the wind. They were just Tough!

Only the highest end and most expensive products would utilize the this type of awnings. As mentioned above, Airstream – – – but also every Prevost Bus Converter would mount these awnings on the most expensive Bus in the business.

Nowadays – – – these awnings are a very modern and technically advanced, durable and rugged awning that will take the wind and heat. They are probably the most custom fitting awning that is being offered today. They fit an RV like a glove. I think they have the best look of all the awnings you could choose from.

They have an extremely Low maintenance don’t have to do anything to it except spray it off every now and then. The colors are bright and vibrant and they are just gorgeous to the eye.

The hardware used is the strongest in the business. Incident with hardware is low to nil.

One problem you do not want with an rv is a leak issue. Every time you drill a hole into an rv you open up an avenue for water to get in and cause problems. Zip-Dee uses a leak resistant slatted aluminum cover to greatly reduce the chance of leakage developing.

They manufacture a series of six or so window awnings that I believe are sized better than most of its competitors and shaped to make a sharper and more custom fit to the side of any RV whether it be travel trailer, fifth wheel or motor home.

The thing I like most about Zip-Dee is that they are a very warm and personal company. You don’t have to go through a b-zillion prompts on a telephone answering system to talk to a warm-blooded human being. They are wonderful people who Really, Really CARE about YOU!


If you want to SQUASH the Little Guy – – Buy at Camping World!

I Recommend You Buy From The Little Guy… You’ll Get a Better Job, Personal Care at a Personal Level and You Will Be Supporting Goodness!!!

Happy Trails…

Asphalt Paving Versus Concrete

Whenever asphalt paving is considered, the use of asphalt VS concrete always produces a bit of conflict. The most typical modern-day paving techniques nonetheless are asphalt and concrete.

Because of the assortment of ways the products can be used, both asphalt and concrete have a long history in the building sector. In regard to paving vs concrete the biggest disagreement has actually been regarding preliminary price.

Now comes the unavoidable question, "Which is the much better product for parking areas and/or garage surfaces?" The answer may shock nearly everybody. And if you are a residential property or business, the outcomes reported by industry professionals in addition to scientific research are very revealing.

Many online resource list the benefits and pitfalls of concrete paving:

– Concrete is more susceptible to splitting and twisting due to the fact that it’s heavy and firm layout. Tree Roots, Ground Movements, Freeze Thaw Cycles and dirt movement are huge contributors to concretes damage.

– Based on the Ohio Motorway Percentage, concrete prices of $70-100 each cubic backyard were more than double the expenses of asphalt paving. All Ohio freeway paving is now finished with asphalt.

– Concrete paving of parking lots and garage areas calls for more time and initial price than asphalt paving. This hold specifically true the larger a projects.

– Fixes to concrete paving surfaces are more expensive to repair than asphalt. They also do not blend as asphalt paving does. Especially after asphalt gets freshly sealed.

+ Concrete paving can last far longer than asphalt paving areas (environmental factors not withstanding).

+ Concrete paving maintenance costs over time are typically less expensive than asphalt paving.

+ Concrete paving needs far less on-going maintenance to keep its toughness.

The pros and cons of asphalt paving:

– Asphalt needs upkeep consisting of seal coating, crack filling, and other forgotten expenses.

+ Asphalt Paving offers better environmental adaptability over concrete in regards to managing tension and fracturing.

+ Asphalt is the best for easy pothole repair. It can be used as a cool spot, warm spot, and become a long-lasting answer for fixing potholes in a much shorter quantity of time than concrete and various other even more pricey hybrid combinations. BUT: Potholes are far much less likely in concrete.

+ In addition to pothole repair, asphalt is most often appropriate for use in maintaining and repairing parking areas, drives, and streets. The preparation for paving with asphalt is relatively simple. Asphalt paving can be done directly over today sidewalk, walkways, driveways and parking lots in most cases.

+ Asphalt is really durable, resilient and climate resistant along with being immune to chemical damage.

– If Asphalt is not maintained, the costs and damages can escalate.

+ Asphalt sets much faster compared to concrete offering it a strong advantage in both expense and comfort for parking area and garage paving.

In short

Asphalt: Asphalt is a more environmentally friendly and recyclable paving product that provides many benefits for roadway, garage, and auto parking location applications. With its expenses spread over time. Initial costs for new pavement are far cheaper with asphalt than with concrete. Asphalt paving is by far the more preferred option for car parking circumstances and garage paving. Nonetheless, those initial savings are mitigated over the first 5 years of installment via expensive and continuous asphalt maintenance requirements (if properly maintained).


Concrete paving is a long lasting, reasonable maintenance expense item which looks terrific over time. Over the life period of 20-30 years or more. The long term maintenance costs of concrete are typically less but the initial outlay is more. That said, repair costs for concrete areas are a lot more costly to repair compared to asphalt. Asphalt paving can easily be done straight over the current pavement in many situations.

For any given project, life-cycle costs should be considered however it’s rare that you can amortize your investment in equal payments over time. So even if life cycle costs of concrete were less expensive (that’s a questionable assumption), the initial cost for new pavement, the cost to repair and the maintainability of the property favor asphalt.