How to Open a Mail Parcel Shipping Store

Consulting services for opening a mail parcel packing and shipping store can be expensive. That’s why we wrote the book in 2002 and of which many have taken advantage.

What’s the best way to open a mail packing and parcel shipping store? Should you be independent, hire a developer, or go with a franchise? We veterans suggest that you know about Cost, Pricing, Location, Shipping Accounts, Equipment, POS Shipping Software, Inventory, Supplies, Profit Centers, Store Layout, and then make your decision.

Store Opening Expense

Expect a minimum of $35,000 to open a professional store if you are able to do a lot of the physical upfit yourself. Most stores now open for at least $75,000. This includes POS (Point of Sale) equipment and computers, retail displays, and inventory. Of course, this all depends on your “hands-on” abilities, business background, strategy, and where you are located. Yes, there are many variables.

Pricing Strategy

Check your competition on all types of shipments, and then decide on your pricing strategy. Pricing strategy depends upon your target market and your profit centers.


“Location, location, location!” It is important. Make certain that you have dedicated parking spaces for your store since your customers are bringing packages to you. Take heed when looking at what we call a “Power Center.” In general, your target market is the person or company that needs convenience and is not going to a major shopping center on their way home.

Shipping Accounts

Contact FedEx to become a FASC (FedEx Authorized Ship Center). Your representative may tell you conditions that apply. UPS ASO’s (UPS Authorized Shipping Outlets) are “grandfathered,” which means that you may be able to obtain an ASO account if you buy an existing store which has ASO status. Contact Retail Shipping Associates at for a DHL account, the world leader for international shipping. Also visit RSA to inquire about USPS programs.

POS/Cash Register Systems

The current major POS (Point of Sale) software (cash register) programs for packing and shipping stores are PostalMate, ShipRite, and ReSource. Each has their great points and flaws. Call each for a demo and ask questions. For example, can the POS support you if you are located in Hawaii?

Box Inventory

Of course, buy a general box inventory that works great for most shipments. When buying your corrugated box inventory, keep in mind that box makers normally state the inner dimension of a box. What do the outer dimensions mean when shipping by a carrier both dometically and internationally? Buy boxes by knowing what outer dimensions can normally be shipped under certain carrier dimensional, oversized, or international size rules. Consider stronger (double-wall) corrugated for your larger boxes and flat sheets to reduce your possibility of damage.

Profit Centers

Know what your community needs with services and products. We have had stores that did a great business with snacks and mailings while another mostly did large freight. Other profit centers that bring the big income now are custom packing and large freight. Know how to price right and give great customer service to stay in business now!

How Holes in Roof Can Spell Disaster for a Home

If you have any holes in your roof, even if they’re really small, your home is vulnerable to a pest infestation. Common attic pests like mice, rats and bats are bad enough, but when you get larger ones in there, like squirrels or raccoons, they’re more like unwelcome guests than mere pests.

What to do? Let’s take a look at some common pests, how to get rid of them, and more importantly, how to stop them from getting in in the first place.


Your first clue that rodents or animals have taken up residence in your attic is the noise. Do you hear scurrying when you’re trying to fall asleep at night? If so, you likely have mice in your attic. Set some traps baited with peanut butter – a mousy favorite! Place the traps near walls – mice prefer to scurry along walls, brushing their whiskers against the edges, rather than venturing out in the open. Don’t forget to check the traps every few days – if you get one and don’t remove it quickly, an odor will begin to permeate your attic and then your living quarters.


Rats are worse than mice. Why? They’re just like mice. But they’re bigger, so they’re scarier, and grosser. You’re not going to want a rat making its way into your living quarters. The method for getting rid of rats is basically the same as mice, except you need bigger traps.


Some people think squirrels are cute, but they’re not so cute to live with. A single squirrel can do hundreds of dollars’ worth of damage to a home. If you think squirrels might have gained access to your attic, you may need professional help. Squirrels are tenacious little buggers. If you block up the hole they came through, they might make another one, so if you start spending every weekend repairing squirrel damage, it might be time to call in the experts.


Raccoons are the worst, because they’re huge, they make tons of noise and they do extensive damage. Unless you’re an experienced woodsman, you’re going to need help trapping these squatters and getting rid of them for good.

Of course the best offense against critters in your attic is a good defense – ensuring that they have no ingress to begin with. Holes as small as a dime can allow access to rodents as big as squirrels.

Size Up Your Situation

Before the real cold weather hits, go up into your attic and check for any holes or cracks, which commonly can be found in flashing, near gutters or in rotting roof boards or fascia. Rips or holes in vent screens are also a popular entry method.

While homeowners can safely tackle many home improvement jobs themselves, repairing holes in a roof can be particularly dangerous, due to the potential hazard of falling off. If you see any holes or damage to your roof, it’s best to call an experienced roofer to do the job. A roofing company can also inspect the rest of your roof when they come out, checking for areas that may be rotting or have suffered damage from water or falling tree branches.

Never ignore holes in your roof – always call a professional to make repairs before critters start calling your attic home.

Archangel Jophiel – Angel of Illumination

Although there are few references to this archangel in traditional scripture and literature, Archangel Jophiel is known as the Angel of Illumination. His mission is to enlighten mankind to the teachings of the Christ, Mohammed and other prophets and angels. This archangel is also known to some as the Angel of Beauty, the Hebrew meaning of the name being “beauty of God”.

Archangel Jophiel’s Colors: Yellow and Gold

Archangel Jophiel is said to bring the wisdom of God to man along a ray of yellow or gold. It is noted that in Christian literature or art, the golden halo surrounding the angels or prophets represents this wisdom. For Hindus, the crown chakra is understood to be the divine yellow center of illumination and higher knowledge. The ray of yellow is said not only to bring wisdom, but also to present a fresh approach to life and a return to enchantment.

Developing Intuition and Inspiration with Archangel Jophiel

Many credit Jophiel with bringing those sudden flashes of inspiration and the development of intuition, creativity, insight and inner wisdom. This archangel is said to be a resource for help along the spiritual pathway, for a deeper understanding of one’s true nature, for clearer insight and awareness, for wisdom and knowledge, and for the education of the heart. Jophiel’s influence is said to bring new thoughts and ideas, especially in the areas of art, writing and creative projects.

A Patron Archangel of Education

Although the emphasis of an archangel is often focused on spiritual wisdom, Jophiel is also said to be present in the areas of education, inspiring those attending schools and colleges and other places of education. He is said to place his presence in these institutions in order to combat ignorance, mediocrity, pride and narrow-mindedness and impress instructors with more divinely inspired presentations of lessons and more advanced systems of teaching.

Experience Jophiel’s Joy and Laughter

Sometimes in solving problems, Jophiel is credited with presenting us with creative solutions and bringing joy, light and laughter to the process. This might include studying for exams, concentration or meeting with co-workers or bosses. Jophiel can be applied to for assistance with absorbing information, passing tests and dissolving blocks to our own clear seeing and knowing. Sometimes the introduction of joy and laughter frees our minds to experience inner light, inner knowledge, happiness and the very creative power of God.

Archangel Jophiel Speaks to Spiritual Seekers Today

Archangel Jophiel continues to inspire and uplift spiritual seekers through his messages of light in the modern world. Jophiel’s heartstream on May 21, 2005:

I am a servant of the fount of the Father’s wisdom manifest through its practical ingenuity in you. This practicality is the intuitive gift that is the end result of the use of illumination to serve life, to raise mankind out of a lowly life of simply surviving in an animal consciousness. For wisdom does spark that inner knowledge of the soul that discerns the need to know the light and power of the Father manifest through the love of the Mother combined in the offspring of perfect wisdom through the Son/Daughter Spirit of God.

Thus, you must know the birthing within of greater wisdom if you are to be carried higher in spiritual understanding and thereby teach others the way. Meeting a people who have borne this fount of inner wisdom for centuries will assist you in discerning a new paradigm of thinking, of intuiting and of cloaking all that you perceive in the golden-yellow color of our gift to you.

Learn more about Archangel Jophiel and other ascended masters and their teachings through our website listed below.

Eight Barriers to Critical Thinking

All too often we fall prey to patterns of thought that are comfortable to us without analyzing their effectiveness. When this happens we may not get the desired results because we haven’t asked the right questions or asked enough of them to arrive at the best response to a problem.

Researchers and management specialists have identified more than 100 different barriers that prevent effective critical thinking, but there are eight roadblocks that all executives should burn into their memory. To help remember these eight, here is an acronym for them – CAT MAGIC.

1. Confirmation bias –

bending evidence to fit one’s beliefs. How many times do executives look for information that supports their point of view as opposed to seeking evidence that is individually or group “neutral?” “The best way to fight this natural temptation of confirmation bias is to actively seek information that disproves your beliefs.

2. Attribution (or self-serving) bias –

the belief that good things happen to us because of internal factors and bad things happen to us because of external factors, while the reverse is true with others. This bias causes us to pigeonhole the actions of others, especially bad behavior, as strictly the fault of the individual and not circumstances.

3. Trusting testimonial evidence –

the fallacy of believing information from someone else, even if there is no evidence to support their statements. Studies have consistently shown individuals are more likely to buy something on the recommendation of others than the strength of advertising or some other marketing effort, yet how many of those same people actually know the veracity of those recommendations?

4. Memory lapses –

while this barrier seems on the surface to be fairly self-explanatory (everybody has gaps in memory), its danger lies in the common human trait of filling in the memory gaps with information that may or may not be true. In other words, we make things up as we go along, which often prevents us from arriving at more fact-based decisions.

5. Accepting authority without question –

a behavior documented by the famous experiments of researcher Stanley Milgram in which many people were willing to administer increasingly more powerful shocks to other people on the orders of an authority figure, even though they weren’t sure it was the right thing to do. This critical thinking failure continues to manifest itself today in the blind acceptance to people with questionable degrees or expertise.

6. Generalizing from too few observations –

a common practice in consumer marketing where a small group of people in a focus group determine the direction of multi-million dollar ad campaigns, even though the opinions of those people cannot be projected onto a larger population. The same occurrence happens when a small group of executives or board members discuss an issue. We must constantly resist the temptation to take these informational shortcuts. For example, one way to counter the built-in bias of small groups is to seek out the unvarnished input from employees lower on the organizational chart.

7. Ignorance and the failure to admit it –

a trait that leads to fabricated information and wild speculation. Nobody wants to look foolish, so instead of admitting his or her lack of knowledge a person may fake it and then explain the fakery in a way that makes it seem true. Beware of those who are quick with answers or slow to admit they don’t know something.

8. Coincidence (or the Law of Truly Large Numbers) –

the mistaken belief that pieces of information have causality when, in fact, they are the result of a pure coincidence or the law of large numbers. Any large block of data will show connections, but those connections most likely have no other meaning. For example, some hospital CEOs will likely have red hair, but no other link can be made between being a CEO and red hair. Yet, we often attach causal links to events or date where no links exist.

Like any other behavior in life worth doing, good critical thinking is all about turning ideas into habitual behavior. You first have to recognize that their critical thinking skills might not be up to par and then you must go about improving them. Only when you start applying those news skills again and again to a variety of circumstances will the skills stick and generate results. Critical thinking must become a force of habit for top leaders, much like their breathing. It must become part of your leadership core.

Wallpaper Paste – How to Make Wallpaper Paste That Works Like a Charm

How to make wallpaper paste? It is easy. Making homemade wallpaper paste has its advantages. First, it only takes a couple of minutes. Second, it is cheaper. Third, you can prepare your own paste that is environment friendly.

Learn how to make wallpaper paste with the following. Using the following ingredients, the preparation itself and gathering of the following is easy because they can be bought at any local stores.

1. Wheat flour or rye (250 grams)

2. Warm water (2 liters)

3. Turpentine essence or environmental friendly solvent (2 deciliters)

4. Sugar (2 tablespoons)

The following are guides in how to make wallpaper paste.

1. Mix the wheat flour or rye with one liter of warm water. Mix these two using a whisk. Start with enough amount of water to dissolve the flour or rye. Make sure the mixture becomes free of lump and smooth. Little by little, add more water until the mixture consistency becomes thin and easy to pour into the pot.

2. Put over low heat, with constant stirring for at most 10 minutes, at least 5 minutes. It will be noticed that the paste will thicken. Gradually add the remaining one liter of warm water. As the mixtures heats up, it will continue to thicken. Regularly stir. Cover it every once in a while, this will speed up the heating of the mixture. You will know if the paste is ready when the mixture becomes thick enough to stick on the whisk. Pour the paste into another container.

3. Add 2 deciliters of turpentine essence or any solvent that is environment friendly. This is to keep the paste from spoiling since it is made of flour. The paste will also gain pesticidal properties. This will help in keeping you wallpapers last longer. Since wallpapers, as the name suggests, are made of paper, there is high possibility that some pests will get attracted to your walls.

4. However, the solvent will speed up the drying process of the paste. Add two tablespoons of sugar to make it dry more slowly. Sugar also strengthens the solution. This step in how to make wallpaper paste allows you to make sure you will be using a wallpaper paste that is of good quality.

The two liters of wallpaper paste are just enough for 3 rolls of small to medium sized wallpaper. It will be better if you have a bigger pot that can accommodate more volume of mixture. It will allow you to make more in lesser time. It will also help you save. While making your own wallpaper paste is indeed easy, it will still take time for you to prepare the whole lot of paste needed for one room. So if you can use a bigger pot, it will be of great help.

Happy Wallpapering!

Some Facts About Asbestos

While tracing the history of asbestos it was found that its usage dates back to 2000 years. The name ‘asbestos’ was first used by the Greeks, which meant ‘inextinguishable’. Though the Greeks also noted the harmful effect of asbestos, yet they did not pay any heed to its dangers because according to them it had magical powers that had to be used to fulfill the daily purposes of life.

The Roman naturalist Pliny and the Greek geographer Strabo also noted the devastating effect of asbestos on human beings but they did not arise any questions considering its several magical uses in their regular life.

Some Facts about Asbestos What is Asbestos? Asbestos is the term given to a collection of six naturally occurring minerals that are incombustible and separable into filaments. These six minerals are chrysotile, amosite, crocidolite, anthophyllite, termolite and actinolite. Among these six asbestos minerals, the first three are abundantly used in manufacturing of industrial and commercial products.

Uses of Asbestos Asbestos was being used since ancient Greek times and its usage continued till 1700, but it was popularized after the Industrial Revolution. It was used in construction mainly in steel pipes, industries, steam pipes, hand held hair dryers to prevent over heating, household items and in several other industries for various purposes.

Versatility of Asbestos The reason for the popularity of asbestos was its power of resistance to electricity and its fire and heat proofing capacities. Being a fireproof or incombustible material, asbestos is impervious to every weather effect. This high tensile strength and flexibility makes asbestos very versatile for usage in various products and industries.

Diseases caused by Asbestos One of the deadliest diseases caused by asbestos is mesothelioma cancer. It has become a threat to human civilization causing pain, suffering and loss of thousands of lives. The mortality rate is so high that eight out of ten mesothelioma patients pass away even before the treatment starts. It is a deadly cancer caused mainly to those who are exposed to asbestos in some way.

The other deadly disease caused by asbestos is asbestosis, a serious form of lung illness. The main symptoms of asbestosis are short breath after exercise or exertion, dry prolonged cough, general malaise or feeling tired and wheezing.

Treatment of Diseases caused by Asbestos Being a form of cancer, all the traditional cancer treatments are applied to treat mesothelioma. Surgery for cutting out the affected part of the lungs, chemotherapy to attack the cancer cells; or radiation to kill the cancerous cells are the only treatments for mesothelioma cancer. However, newer and better modes of treatments are being worked out to help mesothelioma patients.

Diagnosis for asbestosis is necessary in its early stage as prolonged asbestosis can turn into mesothelioma cancer later in life. Regular intake of the prescribed medicine and check-up can help a lot. But the life span decreases on its own as the disease is diagnosed a long time after exposure to asbestos.

Legal Claims for Asbestosis and Mesothelioma

An asbestosis or mesothelioma legal claim can be filed on your behalf if your disease is caused by exposure to asbestos. An attorney will investigate how much asbestos containing material you were exposed to, who were the employers and what proper safety measures were taken for your health. This claim can be made against the construction company, the asbestos suppliers and even the individuals who were responsible to look after your health safety.

Hearth Fireplace Rugs, Safety First and Beauty Second

A few hundred years in the past, hearth fireplace rugs were non-existent. The floors were dirt and sparks from the open hearth did no more damage then leave a few burn marks on some folk’s shins. Well in our world today, things have changed and we need to be as safe as possible.

Fire Resistant Hearth Rug: The most basic rug is a nylon hearth rug. These rugs are tough and hold up well under everyday conditions. Kids, the family dog or cat can give this rug as much abuse as they can. The way in which this type of rug works to protect a home is from separating the spark or ember from the burnable surface. They will melt if the ember is large enough. This however is preferable to burning a hole in your carpet or wood floor. These come in an array of solid colors and also attractive heathers and designs.

Wool Hearth Rugs: These rugs are the first ever made for the hearth. Wool rugs were common in the home for hundreds of years. They protect the home in a different way. The rug self smothers the errant ember. It does not melt but the ember can leave a char spot. This can be brushed away and show no sign of ever having a problem. These rugs are more expensive for the fact that they are a natural fiber and do cost more to produce. However, many different patterns and colors are available for your choice.

Hearth Rugs Fiberglass: This interesting hearth rug is in the way it is constructed. Fiberglass is, well, fiber glass. The material is non-combustible. Fiberglass is used in many differing ways for fire protection, from heat protection for professionals in industry to automobile racing. Fireproof blankets and other protection gear are routinely made with fiberglass. This type of hearth rug is 100% made from fiberglass. These rugs have proven to be the most effective in stopping damage from fireplace sparks. These most commonly come in solid colors for decorative purposes.

Hearth rugs are just one part in fireplace safety. When buying a rug check the tag for a rating. Ask the rug professional for help in determining proper size.

Have a warm and happy home this winter.

Choosing Floors For Elderly People

Special flooring is advisable for the elderly for a number of good reasons. First, seniors are prone to stumbling and falling, so they need floors that reduce slipping to help prevent these accidents.

The elderly can also have problem backs, knees and hips that will benefit from flooring that reduces impact to the skeletal system when walking. Older people can also have incontinence problems, so the flooring should be easy to clean in order to maintain healthy hygienic conditions in the home.

Flooring to help prevent falls

Elderly people can suffer from problems with balance and depth perception. Weak knees, back and hips can often lead to some very serious falls. In addition, seniors can suffer from stroke and other sudden attacks that can lead to falls.

Falls that result in serious injuries to the hips and back can have devastating consequences. In some cases, the person never fully recovers and there is a high mortality rate for such individuals in the years following such accidents due to complications from the injury.

For this reason, it is a great idea to install special flooring for your elderly parents, relatives or clients. One possibility is to use non-slip tiles specially designed to provide an extra degree of traction. Modular rubber flooring is another great option. You do not have to remove your current floor with some of the rubber flooring options.

These rubber floors come in modular tile form that you attach together and simply lay over your current floor. Rubber provides an excellent non-slip surface, and it also helps cushion impact to the body while walking. You can choose rubber flooring of extra thickness for elderly people who have particularly painful conditions like osteoporosis and arthritis, or for those recovering from hip or knee surgery. Thick rubber can also help reduce the severity of an injury in case of a fall.

Many people already use rubber mats in the shower or bath to prevent slipping on the wet surface. Rubber and other types of non-slip tiles can fit together seamlessly, which is an important safety feature. Seniors often slide or shuffle their feet as they walk, so you want as smooth a surface as possible to prevent tripping.

Benefits of a soft floor

For elderly people who fall frequently, a hardwood or ceramic tile floor offers no cushioning. Even if the older person is able to break their fall, they can still suffer hand and wrist injuries.

Rubber flooring provides a softer landing, and you can add additional padding under the floor tiles for extra cushioning. Seniors often have porous bones that can break with just minor impact so every bit of protection can mean the difference between a serious and minor injury.

Do not think of the rubber mats you have in your showers when visualizing rubber floor tiles. They come in varieties that look similar to regular carpeted, hardwood or ceramic tile floors.

In addition to providing protection from hard impacts during falls, soft floors are also great for seniors who suffer from sore joints and similar ailments. You can select padding of various thicknesses depending on the severity of the condition. The soft surface helps ease pain caused by simply walking down the hallway, especially during periods of cold weather when rheumatism can be at its worst.

Modular floors are easy to clean

Older people have trouble with incontinence and this can lead to messy accidents. To help ease the process of cleaning and maintenance, modular tile floors are simple to install and remove.

You can easily detach any number of the tiles to wash and dry separately. Once cleaned, they are just as easy to reinstall. By removing the tiles, you can also thoroughly clean the surface below to ensure that no growth of bacteria, mold or mildew occurs.

Modular carpet, vinyl and rubber tile are relatively easy to clean and dry. For urine stains in fabric, you can apply vinegar before soap and water to breakdown the odor-causing urea. Some floors have stable color fabrics so that you can wash them using bleach to completely remove all stains and odors.

Bleach and vinegar are also excellent in destroying unhealthy microbes that can grow on both soft and hard surfaces.

Low or no VOC flooring

Many people may not have heard of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). However, studies show that these compounds can lead to a number of health conditions from asthma to headaches and pneumonia. Some VOCs may even cause cancer.

According the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), VOC levels in the home can be substantially higher that they are in the outdoor environment.

Since elderly people already have enough to deal with in terms of health issues, lowering the VOC concentration in the home can be of great benefit to them. In particular, you want to avoid the more harmful VOCs like formaldehyde, which can have immediate effects on the health.

Flooring materials can differ significantly n the amount of VOCs, if any, that they contain:

  • Bamboo – One of the best choices for attractive wood flooring, adhesives used to connect bamboo panels and tiles can contain VOCs. In order to ensure that there are low or no VOCs, you should only use bamboo or other materials that meet the E1 standard.
  • Carpet – Many carpet types contain VOCs, so you will need to be careful in choosing the right product. Again, you can check for the E1 standard to be on the safe side. The Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI) issues a Green Label for carpets with low or no VOC content.
  • Cork – Cork uses toxic binders during manufacturing, but these are mostly removed during processing. Choose cork and cork adhesives displaying the E1 standard on the label to ensure low VOCs.
  • Hardwood – The finish and adhesives used for hardwood flooring can contain VOCs. You can check for the E1 standard or ask the retailer or manufacturer for information on VOC content.
  • Vinyl and linoleum – All-natural linoleum can smell strongly after installation due to the presence of linseed oil. However, it has low VOC content. Similar-looking vinyl, on the other hand, is another matter. The synthetic plastics used in vinyl manufacturing can emit harmful chemicals for years after installation. You must be very careful when selecting vinyl to ensure that it is safe for the elderly.


Choosing appropriate flooring for seniors will help prevent falls and lead to overall improved health and well-being. Soft floors will provide cushioning when even walking can be difficult. Additionally, modular floors are easy to clean and many are bleach-safe so that you can deal with the toughest stains and odors.

Penis Pumping Tips – How to Use a Penis Enlarger Pump

So there’s a lot of controversy around penis pumping and whether it actually works. Well, personally, I know it works… it can be an effective form of penis enlargement.

However, using a penis enlarger pump tends not to result in permanent penis enlargement on its own. For whatever reason, penis pumping must be combined with some sort of manual penis enlargement exercise (i.e. jelqing) for the enlargement gains to be permanent. I’ve known of people gaining quite a bit of length and girth over time with penis pumping, only to have it all completely disappear eventually. However, those who include jelqing into their pumping routines do experience permanent gains.

So how do you use your penis enlarger pump to actually gain some length or girth? First, you’ll need a good quality penis pump with a pressure gauge on it. I would personally recommend products from Boston Pump, as their pumps and their cylinders are very high quality.

Before you start pumping, I would recommend doing about 5 minutes of jelqing to warm yourself up (if you don’t know what jelqing is, check out my article on jelqing). Take a couple minutes break, get yourself erect, and put your penis in the tube. To create the best seal possible at the base, you should ideally be shaved in the whole area, or else the tube won’t have any suction on your body. It is also recommended you use some lube around the tube base to create a better seal.

Once you’re in the penis enlarger pump tube, give your penis a few small pumps, and see the pressure gage go up. For the first few minutes I would not go above around 2 Hg (this is the unit your pressure gage will be in). Over time, you can work your way up to a higher pressure, but do NOT go over 5 Hg as you could potentially damage your penis.

People have the tendency to overdo these things… they see their penis grow and they want more… so they increase the pressure, or increase the time they spend in the pump, or both. The thing is, in doing so, you’re overstressing your penis and it won’t grow.

I would recommend 10 minutes in the pump between 2 Hg and 5 Hg, and then take a break. Jelq for 10 minutes or so, and then another break… pump, break… jelq, break.

As a starter I would not go over two sessions of each. Once you have more experience, feel free to experiment a little bit and see what works best for you. Some people swear on using very low pressure for extended periods of time, while some people prefer short sessions of only 10 minutes (again below 5 Hg).

Anyway, those are the basics to using your penis enlarger pump. Be sure to include some jelqing, and hopefully some enlargement gains will come your way!

Lean Methodology FAQs

1. What is the history of Lean Manufacturing?

After the Second World War, Japanese manufacturers were facing diminished human, material, and financial resources. These circumstances led to the development of new, lower cost, manufacturing practices. Early Japanese manufacturers such as the Toyota Motor developed a disciplined, process-focused production system now known as the Lean production (also known as Toyota Production System). The objective of this system was to minimise the consumption of resources that added no value to a product.

The Lean manufacturing concept was popularized in large part by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology study of the movement from mass production toward Lean production as described in the book: The Machine That Changed the World, (Womack, Jones & Roos, 1990). This book described the important elements accounting for superior performance as Lean production. The term Lean was used because such business methods used less human effort, capital investment, floor space, materials, and time in all aspects of operations.

2. What are the other names of Lean?

Lean is also known as:

– Toyota Production System

– World Class Manufacturing System

– Just In Time System

3. What are the 5 Key Principles of Lean Thinking?

The key to Lean Thinking is driven by the following 5 key principles. In adopting a holistic approach to Lean which encompasses the 5 Principles and deploying Lean tools and techniques to gradually eliminate waste, an organisation gets progressively Lean.

Principle 1 – Value

Identify and create products or services that add value to a client’s objectives, ensuring full customer satisfaction and beyond.

Principle 2 – Value Stream

Identify the vital steps that facilitate an efficient production or service line workflow, and also the unnecessary steps that result in waste. Optimise workflow through eliminating the non-value steps and create a value stream.

Principle 3 – Flow

Eliminate steps in the workflow that potentially cause interruption, bottlenecks, delay or destruction. Create efficient steps without these negative effects to form a value flow.

Principle 4 – Pull

Supply only upon demand. Produce only when the customer pulls, so that no resources are wasted.

Principle 5 – Perfection

Strive for perfection by continually removing successive layers of waste as they are uncovered.

4. How to summarize Lean in one sentence?

A systematic approach to identifying and eliminating waste (non-value-added activities) through continual improvement by flowing value at the pull of the customer in pursuit of perfection.

5. Is Lean applicable only to manufacturers?

Although Lean originated from the manufacturing sectors, Lean solutions and tools can be customised to cater to any potential situation in an organisation, be it manufacturing or service. Lean can be applied in a flexible manner to achieve effective results regardless of the type of industries, or size of a company. To date Lean has been implemented by manufacturing and service organizations, public sectors throughout the world.

His Most Famous Painting (The Sunblind) – Juan Gris

Juan Gris, originally Jose Victoriano Gonzalez-Perez (March 23, 1887 – May 11, 1927), was a Spanish sculptor and painter, who operated from France for the most of his life. Gris was a student of Mechanical Drawing (1902-1904) at the Escuela de Artes y Manufacturas, Madrid. During this period, he drew humorous illustrations for local journals. During 1904-1905, he learnt painting from José Maria Carbonero, an ‘Academic’ artist. While he continued to paint for local periodicals, it was only in 1910 that he started taking his painting seriously, and had developed his own unique style of ‘Synthetic Cubism’ by 1912. Two of his works in this period include ‘Guitar and Flowers’ (1912) and the ‘Portrait of Picasso’ (1912), while “The Sunblind” marked 1914.

Though Gris was associated with Pablo Picasso and the other artists following ‘Cubism,’ his creations were however, distinct from the other Cubist artists. Strict geometric patterns characterized most of Juan’s works. He also used paper collage in his works, as evident in his “The Sunblind.” Exacting and explicit are the words that can come close to describing Gris’ artworks. In contrast to Picasso’s and Braque’s ‘Cubist’ works, which were monochromatic, the use of vivid colors, done in a harmonious tone, characterized Gris’ style. One of his most famous works is “The Sunblind” (1914), a ‘Synthetic Cubist’ gouache, collage, chalk, and charcoal on canvas work, measuring 92.1 cm x 72.7 cm. Juan Gris used crayons generously to create this piece of art.

The beginning of ‘Synthetic Cubism’ is marked by the usage of collage or ‘papier colle,’ along with other materials, on a multicolored surface. In this style of creative art, the canvas surface is treated as opaque, which is accentuated by other materials applied to make the imagery stand out from the surface. “The Sunblind” is a beautiful piece of art depicting light slipping through a venetian blind. The creation also shows the shadow of a wine glass being cast on the table lying nearby. This beautiful collage depicts painted blinds along with a real newspaper. The newspaper named Le Socialiste des Pyrénées-Orientales was a local newspaper from Collioure, a place where Gris stayed in 1914. The depiction of the newspaper may possibly be reflective of his political preferences.

Juan Gris created only one sculpture in his life, which was a painted plaster named ‘Harlequin,’ in 1917. During 1917 to 1920, Gris played with objects and shadows in his work and used complex textures and bright colors in his paintings, which included ‘the Fruit Bowl on Checkered Cloth’ (1917). His works therefore became more and more complicated. His paintings showed that Juan was more interested in maintaining ‘Realism’ in his ‘Cubist’ art works, more than both, Picasso and Braque did. The Spanish painter died in 1927, in Boulogne-sur-Seine (Paris), when he was just forty years of age, but not before creating a niche for himself in the ‘Cubist’ genre and creating a masterpiece like “The Sunblind.” “The Sunblind” is presently displayed at Tate Gallery, London.

Prescription Sunglasses Vs Clip on Sun Shades

Thousands of people around the world rely on spectacles or contact lenses on a daily basis to help them with their eyesight. The one problem with specs is when you go outside on a sunny day and have to deal with the sun’s glare.

Anyone who wears specs knows that there are a few options available. You can choose contacts and wear every day sun shades in the hope that it helps, you can purchase prescription sunglasses or you can go with clip-ons. Out of the three options available, there is only one that is a good choice and will provide your eyes with the necessary protection against the dangerous rays of the sun.

Many people ask the question of prescription sunglasses vs. clip on sun shades and there are a few things you should know about both before making any decisions. Prescription sunglasses are made to your specific eye tests, they are made for you. They come in a wide choice of frame designs, including modern options, making it possible to be fashionable and still get the protection you need.

The disadvantage with these is that if you are out in the sun and you go indoors, you will have to swap them for your regular specs.

Clip on options have been around for many years and are still very common today. These are convenient and can be easily put on or taken off in a moment’s notice. What these don’t provide that you will find with sun shades made for you is that these still allow a glare from your peripheral vision.

The disadvantages of these is that they can be easily misplaced and easily forgotten at home, unless you are a woman and carry them with you in your handbag at all times.

One of the most popular choices is transition lenses. When choosing your regular spectacles and placing your order, you can choose to include these lenses which work on UV light to change from normal lenses to a darkened and protective lens. This means one pair of specs whether you are indoors or outdoors, which is what makes them so popular.

The only disadvantage to these specs is when driving. Many of the newer vehicles on the road today have a UV protection in their windscreen, the same UV that the transition lenses rely on to change from plain to dark. This means that your transition lenses may not work when driving your vehicle and the sun is glaring in your eyes.

The best way to decide on prescription sunglasses vs. clip on sun shades is to take your lifestyle into consideration. Do you do a lot of driving to and from work? Do you spend a lot of time outdoors? Do you carry a handbag?

The answer to these can help you make the right decision based on your requirements. Those that spend a lot of time in the car will benefit from prescription sunglasses, as will those that spend large amounts of time outdoors. If you carry a handbag with you at all times, either will work as you can have them with you at all times, prepared for those unexpected weather changes.

Remember if you wear contacts and are thinking of purchasing regular sunglasses, you may find that contacts are uncomfortable at the beach or at the pool. Weather can play a large role in the comfort of your contacts, making you wish you had some specs with you when they dry out due to the wind or sea air and leave you with blurry vision.

Patio Design Ideas – Creative Shade Awnings

Patios are generally designed to catch the sun. Not necessarily, in warmer areas, the heat of the midday sun, but enough sun to give you that good sense of relaxation and well being that we get when exposed to lots of vitamin D.

Patios are also a hub for family-centered activities: a place for meals; for children to play; for lengthy conversations that lead to important decisions; and for friends to gather outside around the barbecue.

However, it is possible to have too much sun. Patio awnings allow you to enjoy the sun’s warmth without becoming burned by the sun, and provide protection against passing showers too. Patio awnings, canopies or shades are a very useful addition to your outdoor comfort.

An awning can be either fixed or retractable. A fixed awning, as its name suggests, stays in the same position all the time. It is usually some type of shade cloth fixed to a permanent frame of steel or aluminium. Retractable awnings can be swiftly stowed away, and are available in either powered or manually operated versions. In climates where permanent awnings must be dismantled at the approach of winter and erected again in spring, retractable awnings, which can be left in their cassette all year round, are especially useful.

An alternative to a complete awning is a shade sail. Shade sails can be custom made to any size you require, or you can combine a number of smaller ones to cover a larger area (the solution you choose will depend partly on your site, and partly on your budget). Shade sails work by a tension system – the sails, often triangular in shape, are anchored to tension points which may be attached to the walls of the dwelling or to the tops of poles sunk into the ground. They have the advantage of being portable: if you sell your home, you can move the sail to your new home and reinstall it for the price of new tension points.

Shade structures were once all made from canvas. However, today there are many colourful acrylic fibres that are woven together to make shade cloths. The cloths are long lasting and tough, making damage from wind or storm unlikely. The closeness of the weave creates different levels of protection against the sun, giving the consumer yet more choice about the amount of protection desired – and cost, too.

Shade protection given by patio awnings and shade sails keeps the sun-lover safe from painful overexposure to the sun. They can also reduce glare, and can be found in colors to suit any existing color scheme.

Who Parks on Pavement?

We’ve all heard of the term parking on pavement but so few of us actually know what the true definition is. The only frame of reference most people have is when they are offered this conspicuous charge when faced with a speeding ticket or some other moving violation. Section 1201 of the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law defines Parking on pavement as the following:

Stopping, standing, or parking outside of business or residence districts. (a) Upon any highway outside of a business or residence district no person shall stop, park, or leave standing any vehicle, whether attended or unattended, upon the paved or main-traveled part of the highway when it is practicable to stop, park, or so leave such vehicle off such part of said highway, but in every event anunobstructed width of the highway opposite a standing vehicle shall be left for the free passage of other vehicles and a clear view of such stopped vehicles shall be available from a distance of two hundred feet in each direction upon such highway.

A typical example would be pulling your car off to the side of the Northway or other major highway and leaving it there to go sight-seeing.

A 1201(a) is the charge that most people wish to plead to when they receive a traffic ticket, especially when they are facing a charge that involves numerous points to their otherwise “spotless” drivers license.

A charge of parking on pavement is equivalent to a traditional parking ticket, such as parking on the wrong side of the street. The penalty comes with a fine and does not add any points to ones license. Another reason why this charge is so popular to plead to is because this violation does not appear on an individual’s driving record. Hence, when authorities look at person’s drivers abstract, which is basically a “rap sheet” of their driving history, nothing will appear pertaining to the charge.

Typically if a person has a clean driving record and the charge pending is not too extreme, an attorney can often negotiate a plea to parking on pavement. Some courts will offer a 1201(a), second offense if a driver has some recent infractions on their license or if the charge is a bit more severe. Parking on payment, second offense comes with a larger fine amount. It is still considered a non-moving violation and carries no points.

So if anyone has ever received a traffic ticket for speeding or some other moving violation and ultimately pled to a lesser charge, chances are “You parked on pavement.”

How to Play Bridge – An Introduction for Beginners

How to play bridge

Bridge is a game for 4 players. It is played using a standard pack of playing cards.

The players play as two pairs or partners – generally referred to as North & South and East & West. Partners sit opposite each other.

At the start of a game all the cards are dealt, so that each player holds 13 cards. Each player then sorts their cards into the four suits (spades, hearts, diamonds, clubs). The cards are valued in descending order, with Ace being high.

Each player counts up the total number of “high card points” in their hand. Count 4 points for each ace, 3 points for each king, 2 points for each queen and 1 point for each jack. There are a total of 40 points.

Example: You are dealt – A,10,7,6 of spades, K, 3, 2 of hearts, J,8,6 of diamonds, 9,5,4 clubs. Add up your points, counting four for the ace of spades, 3 for the kind of hearts and 1 for the jack of diamonds. A total of 8 points.

Starting with the player to the left of the dealer, each person in turn decides whether they have enough points to “open” the bidding. The general rule is that you should hold at least 12 points to open the bidding. If you have less than 12 points you simply say “pass”.

Move anti-clockwise around the table until a player has enough points to open the bidding. If all four players pass then the cards are reshuffled and re-dealt.

When a player has opened the bidding the next player has the option of bidding or passing. The decision is based not only on the number of points, but also on the make-up of their hand. They might decide to pass, even if they have 12+ points and wait to see how the bidding develops.

The opening bid can be one of 2 basic things. A suit bid (spades, hearts, diamonds or clubs) or a No Trumps bid. The exact bid (for example 1 spade, 2 diamonds, 1 No Trumps) will depend on the number of points in the hand and the distribution of the cards.

The openers partner (the responder) makes their bid based on the number of points in their hand, the distribution of cards in their hand and the bid made by their opening partner.

One of the main purposes of the bidding is to interact with your partner and tell each other something about the content of your hands to see if you can agree on the contract. The contract is the final bid.

A contract of 1 NT or 1 of a suit means you think you can win 7 tricks. (6 tricks plus the number in your bid). A contract of, say, 3 No Trumps or 3 Hearts means you think you can win 9 of the 13 available tricks.

The person who first bid the suit (or NT) that finishes up as the contract becomes the declarer. The declarer’s partner becomes the “dummy” and takes no further part in the play. The Dummy’s hand is laid out on the table and the declarer plays both their own hand and that of the dummy.

Each round starts with a player leading a card. Each player must follow suit if they can. The winning partnership win the trick (each round of 4 cards is called a trick) and the winning player leads the first card for the next trick. If the game is being played in a trump suit and a player has no cards in the suit that has been led s/he can trump (or ruff) the trick by playing a card from the trump suit. If the game is being played in No Trumps then there is no opportunity to win a trick by ruffing.

When all 13 tricks have been played, the declaring side have won the contract if they make or exceed the number of tricks their bid said they should make. The declaring side lost the contract if they make fewer tricks.