My Battle With Sheet Music

Learning to play the piano was an experience that I sort of fell into. My mother was one of the few piano teachers in the small town where I grew up and she instilled in me a passion for music from an early age. I remember being about four years old watching student after student come to our home for a lesson as I peered around the banister of our stair case, eyes wide with amazement.

Naturally, when I got a little older I also wanted to be one of mom's students and learn how to play all of those memorable songs I'd hear while watching my Saturday morning cartoons.

I remember the first time I laid my fingers on those keys (unable to reach the pedals), I took to it slow at first, but then playing came more and more easily. The problem? Sheet music.

While I had a keen memory and a good sense of timing, I had little interest in learning or understanding the notes of the scale. I remember thinking to myself that if I could play the song from memory, then why bother?

As much as my mom loved me, she could not shake that music teacher instinct and forced me to go over flash cards repeatedly to make sure I knew the scales back to front. I had no idea there would be so much studying involved!

While we often bickered about its importance, over time, it became a little easier and while I shudder to think about how many times I heard 'Every Good Boy Does Fine', something started to click. Not only could I now READ sheet music, but I was actually ENJOYING it, as if it were some magical, secret language that only I could understand.

With varying degrees of success, I began to write my own short songs to play on the piano and my mother was always there nodding, approvingly (even if it WAS written in crayon).

All in all, growing up with a music teacher certainly had its moments of frustration, but mom knew a thing or two about the piano and made sure that I was learning all of the intricacies of the music along the way.

She approached music teaching the same way she approached teaching me anything; with an emphasis on learning it all the way and appreciating even the elements, I did not understand. Mom's still teaching students around the community to this day and is now looking into starting her own music teacher website or community group for like-minded instructors in the area.

As for me? Well, now I'm all grown up, but I'll be making sure that my children learn music the way that I did (even if I have to cheat off a website here and there).

Bodybuilding Hypnosis – Mind Over Muscle

Those rugged individuals who pursue bodybuilding and other strength related sports are known to be a group bordering on the fanatical-and they often cross over that boundary. Whether it is a new diet or exercise regimen, they are always on the lookout for whatever will give them the extra edge. Bodybuilding hypnosis is another tool that can have considerable potency.

Contrary to the image of hypnotism in funny stage shows or scary movies, a hypnotized person does not become unconscious or out of control. Rather it is a relaxed state of awareness where an individual learns to better activate his full mental and physical potential.

Clinical hypnosis is often used to help people successfully overcome fear, pain, lack of confidence, stress and unwanted habits. There are also three primary areas where hypnosis can help the bodybuilder as well, these being relaxation, breaking past barriers and maintaining focus.


As every strength athlete knows, muscle is actually built during the resting phase. Exercise that progressively increases in intensity places stress on the muscle fibers. During rest the body adapts by making them larger and stronger in preparation for future challenges. Although regular exercise is a great stress-buster, it is a rare individual who can relax deeply and completely at will. A lack of sleep and rest interferees with the hormonal system's ability to respond to stress; dampening energy, immunity and yes, muscular development. Hypnosis has a well deserved reputation for helping people to develop deep relaxation skills.

Breaking past barriers.

Are the limits on your potential purely physical or is there a mental aspect involved as well? Sports history tells us the story of Sir Roger Bannister, the first human to run a mile in under four minutes. Prior to that, many "experts" claimed that this feat was impossible and possibly life-threatening. What is most interesting is that after Bannister smashed that barrier, several other runners followed suit soon after. Nothing had changed about them physically. Rather the collective belief system of those athletes had undergone a transformation for the better. Hypnosis enables you to overcome self-imposed limits. Maybe your potential is greater than you have suspected?

Increasing focus.

It has been noted that successful people are usually both confident and intentionally focused on what they really want. The word "confident" itself is derived from the Latin for "with faith." If you can persistently focus on a qualifying goal image, your behaviors will unconsciously change in order to turn that picture into reality. Most people lack focus and are vague as to what they want out of life or from their training routine for that matter. As a result their efforts tend to be scattered and inconsistent. Is it that you want greater size, strength or definition? A few minutes spend every day relaxing and focusing on your desired outcomes will pay handsome dividends.

If mind over matter is possible, surely mind over muscle is as well and should be considered when putting together a well-rounded training program.

The Simplification Of Personal Computers

Once upon a time, anyone who knew how to do anything with a personal computer away from switching it on would have consistently been called a "geek". Definitely, if you spend more than one hour each day using a computer for anything at all together work, you would have been thought to be uncool. Neverheless, recently the usage of computers has become something that more people do than not.

The very idea of ​​something like Facebook 10 or 15 years ago may have set alarm bells buzzing among the awesome youngsters. Computer users socializing were similar to dogs rollerblading – not usual, unsettling to look at and something to be discouraged. But as personal computers have got cheaper and simpler to use, social networking is now very popular.

The boundary between "geek" and "chic" has been refined in many cases to a point in which it does not exist. In fact, the idea of ​​"geek chic" has really taken off, and it's not even an issue for many youngsters who have matured in an age in which the Internet is pretty widespread. Now it's people who do not use personal computers that are regarded as a bit weird.

Like every social change, there can be discussion as to whether or not this has had overall appealing results. Undoubtedly, someone who works in computers or just considers them a pastime do not need to cringe every time they are asked what they're into. With any kind of mass use, a sensation can appeal to undesirable activity and promotion, but on balance most people seem to be satisfied with the diversity it has bought.

Computing And Language – A Marriage Made In Hell?

Around two decades ago, "computing language" meant a single thing, and was something simply understandable to educated programmers. Yet today, it is more likely to refer to a form of slang that is used among online communities. This has introduced combined results, many of which may be very good and others very, very bad.

Some people will probably be aware of "Leetspeak", which is really a specific term made op from characters other than letters – and therefore can not actually be "spoken". It's most commonly used among cyber-terrorist, gamers, or people seeking to be seen as related to those areas, and to the untrained eye is nonsensical and irritating.

The use of "text speak", or more frequently "txt spk" is also partly a result of the introduction of the Internet. Generally attained by dropping vowels from words (although not unnecessarily every vowel) along with the introduction of numbers and emoticons made from punctuation marks, it results in phrases like, "Gr8! So ur in2 txt spk? Me 2!" Those who desire to be taken seriously avoid it.

Lolspeak, most commonly viewed on the Lolcats website, is a mutation of text speak and took its name partly from the text speak abbreviation "lol" (laughing out loud). It combines text speak with the deliberate usage of an infantile form of speech – indeed, the Lolcats site is alternately referred to as, "I Can Has Cheezburgr?" To novices, these kinds of dialects are all very difficult.

Kitchen Design Tips & Updates – Space Requirements & Recommendations

Kitchen design can be as simple as a straight countertop with minimalist appliances, or as renovated as multiple sinks, dishwashers, cooktops & ovens in islands, under islands, over islands and more. Wine coolers can fit in the space of a dishwasher or be as tall as a pantry. Sinks can be troughs to be filled with ice to cool bottles, little for an entertainment center, double or triple bowls and an infinite variety of materials. Materials vary dramatically, you can go green with countertops made of compressed recyclable paper, clear glass, concrete, granite, limestone or the old standbys. Even within materials, such as granite, prices vary heavily depending on the exact stone chosen, and you can find some very reasonable and beautiful stone if you look around. There's an infinite world of possibilities in the kitchen.

First we can start with some design basics. How much room do I need for a kitchen? Well, that depends on what you want in it. At it's most mini, you could fit a kitchen into a space 5'-4 "x 7'-5", but there would not be much beyond some very small appliances without a dishwasher. Let's look at some standard appliance and fixtures size ranges.

  • Sinks : sinks come in many sizes, depths, materials and prices. You can get them as narrow as 11 "wide, but you probably want to plan at least a 30" – 36 "cabinet, which can accommodate a wide range of standard size kitchen sinks from 25" to 33 "in a variety of styles drop-in, undercounter, or exposed front cut out.) You will also need to decide if you like a single, double or triple basin sink, as that will affect available sizes. , or putting an entertainment sink or trough sink in a secondary location.
  • Dishwashers : dishwashers are pretty easy because they are pretty standard at 24 ".
  • Cooking : again we have multiple choices, but sizes are a little easier. You have a choice of a free-standing or slide-in, which which the unit fits in between two cabinets, which is generally 30 "wide; a cooktop with separate ovens, (either below or in a separate cabinet), which comes standard in 30 "or 36" sizes and fit into that size cabinet (although you can get professional style rangetops up to 48 "); or a professional style range made by companies such as Viking, Wolfe or GE Monogram which range from 24 "all the way up to 60", and require significant ventilation. If you choose a separate oven in some kind of wall oven arrangement, standard oven widths are generally 27 "and 30", although they can be found up to 36 ".
  • Refrigerators: Choices, choices! Refrigerators are kind of two basic style decisions. Do you want one which is shallow (around 2 ') and is known as built-in or counter-depth, or do you want the slightly deeper traditional style where some of the sides are exposed. The shallower built-in's generally come in 36 ", 42" & 48 ", while the deer styles can be found just below 30" wide and up.
  • Faucets: Kitchen faucets, along an almost infinite variety of styles, materials and colors, also have evolved. Faucets are now available just to fill the pots on your stove, have a choice of pull-out sprayer heads or separate sprayer, single or multiple handles, they are available with remote two button controls for a prep sink which allows for a quick sink rinse or a more complete cleaning flow, and can fit any decor from ultra modern to renaissance.

How much countertop is enough? According to the National Kitchen and Bath Association (NKBA) a total of 158 inches (13'-2 ") of countertop frontage (not in corners) is needed to accommodate all kitchen uses. 36 inches wide by 24 inches deep next to your primary work area.

When talking about storage, the NKBA recommends a total shelf / drawer frontage of 1400 inches for a small kitchen (less then 150sf), 1700 inches for a medium kitchen (151 to 350sf) and 2000 inches for a large kitchen (over 350sf). What does this mean? Does this mean that I need over 100 'of shelves for a little kitchen? Well, yes, but, each drawer or each individual shelf should be count towards the total. So if you have a 24 "wide cabinet, 30" high with 3 shelves, you already have 6 'of shelving. And if there were a 24 "base cabinet with 4 drawers, there's another 8 ', so this one 24" area of ​​your kitchen already has 14' of shelving.

What is "the work triangle"? The work triangle represents the three major work stations of the kitchen: the cooking area, the refrigerator and the sink. Measuring from the center of each, the maximum total length of the triangle should not be greater then 26 feet with the maximum leg no greater then 9 feet and the minimum not less then 4 feet. At 3D Home Decorator, there are actually 9ft and 4ft arrows that you can place in your floor plans to test distances.

Eating areas are not limited to tables! Islands can accommodateate eating areas, cooking areas, washing up areas, or just prep areas. A typical kitchen counter is 34 inches to 36 inches high. A table is typically 30 inches high. So in planning kitchen eating areas, part of an island eating area can be dropped to table height or a table can be built as an extension of an island, left at counter height with 42 inches for a high counter dining area , which is often used to hide the work surface of the counter behind it when viewed from the rest of the room.

How much space is ideal between a table and the wall? The NKBA (National Kitchen & Bath Assoc.) Recommends a minimum of 32 inches if no traffic needs to pass. 36 inches will let someone squeeze by, and 44 inches will let a person walk by. If a wheelchair needs to pass, allow 60 inches.

But it is recirculating fans which will draw odors from the air if outside venting is not available. If you are lucky enough to have an operable window above countertop height in your kitchen, place your sink under it instead of your stove. You can put a microwave with a fan combination over your stove, either exhausting to the outside, or recirculating the air.

Do not waste your kitchen corners. Upper cabinets can be decorative open shelving or have a two part door which opens both sides of the cabinets. Blind base cabinets can have lazy susans, which rotate for access, or base cabinets can have shelves which pull out, swing to the side and allow deer shelves to be rolled out into accessible locations. While it is the hardest to access, the least expensive solution is just to have deep shelves or a simple lazy-susan (the rotating shelves). If you have an L shaped kitchen or island with a peninsula setup, doors can be placed on both sides for accessibility.

Do not forget the space between the upper and lower cabinets. If you have more then enough countertop, the space between the upper and lower cabinets (even in the corners) can have tambour doors (rollup doors) which can hide appliances or the space can be filled with open wine racks, leaving half the countertop exposed for the usual purposes.

Cabinets come in all sizes. Base cabinets come in every width from 3 inches up, and depths from 12 inches to 24 inches and larger, so they can fill all kinds of needs. 9 inch and 12 inch base pullouts for soda bottles and cans are wonderful and efficient for filling in narrower spaces. There are base cabinets with pullouts for garbage and / or recycling, or with shelves that lift up for a Kitchenaid Mixmaster type of appliance. A 12 inch deep cabinet at the end of an island can be used for cookbooks or designed for wine storage. Do not forget full height pantries, which can have shelves, roll-out drawers, door attachments for spices or other specialty storage. Both lower and upper cabinets can be decoratively open for wine, books, glassware, and more. An 18 "or 24" base could have a small wine or soda refrigerator built in. There are 6 "high drawer cabinets or open shelves which can fit under your upper cabinets to provide storage for smaller items. kitchen cabinets have become very clever about offering maximum efficiency in minimal space.

Does The Film ‘Ingrid Goes West’ Show What Can Happen When Someone Feels Worthless?

A little while ago a friend mentioned a few films and as he was going through them, he said that one of them sounded good. This was a film called ‘Ingrid Goes West’, with this being the film that we ended up watching.

Overall, I thought it was a very interesting and entertaining film; one of those films that’s a bit different. A little while after I had watched it, I thought that it would be the ideal film for me to write about.

From The Beginning

It kicks off with Ingrid looking through her friend’s social media profile, and this is a friend who is getting married. Before long, Ingrid turns up at the wedding and spays something harmful into her friend’s eye.

As he wasn’t invited to her friend’s wedding, she decides to destroy her eye sight. From this act alone, it is clear that something is not quite right about her – she appears to be a bit unhinged.

A Dark Side

It could be said that she has the tendency to experience a fair amount of envy as opposed to merely feeling jealous. The reason for this is that if she simply felt jealous, she would want to have what another person has; but in her case, she doesn’t want to another person to have something if she can’t have it.

Shortly after this event, Ingrid ends up in a mental hospital, only to come out a little while later to find out that her mother has died. Unsurprisingly, it doesn’t seem as though she is that bothered.

A New Mission

Her mother leaves her a bag full of money, but instead of using this money to start a new life for herself, she decides to use it to become friends with someone she has found on a social media site. From Taylor’s photos, it appears as though she lives the perfect life.

Ultimately, Ingrid wants what Taylor appears to have and she ends up moving into an apartment that is near to where she lives. First though, she does what she can to make herself look like her.

Their Paths Cross

Thanks to Ingrid’s online stalking, she is able to come into contact with Taylor. Not a lot happen this time but she soon comes into contact with her again when she brings Taylor her dog that had gone missing.

Taylor ends up embracing Ingrid and bringing her into her world. What pushes their bond to the next level is when Taylor says that something needs to be picked up or dropped off (I can’t remember precisely what is was for) and Ingrid says that she can help.

Cold and Calculated

Ingrid ends up asking Dan (Ice Cubes son) if she can use his truck and she says that she will do anything to borrow it. What is clear from her behaviour here and in other parts of the film before this moment, is that she is not exactly someone who lives in the moment and goes with the flow.

She is someone who generally has a hidden agenda, and she is prepared to do just about anything to get what she wants. If that means lying, she will do it, and, if that means causing harm, she will do that too.

A Lack of Empathy

Consequently, it is as though the people around her only have one purpose – to serve her needs. And, when they can no longer do this, she will simply toss them aside as if they were empty bottles.

After she has been on a little road trip with Taylor, she ends up bringing the truck back damaged. She is not really sorry abut what has taken place, with it being hard for her to understand why Dan is so annoyed and she doesn’t offer to pay for the damage either.

A Fake Relationship

Dan appears to be the complete opposite of Ingrid, displaying empathy, kindness and compassion. They end up going out for a meal together and when Dan starts talking to the waitress at the restaurant, Ingrid loses it and says that she is his girlfriend.

Dan sees this as a sign of how much she likes him; in reality, it most likely shows how controlling she is and sees Dan as her possession. They end up having sex at the end of the night and, although Dan sees this as a good sign, it is likely to be something that Ingrid took part in because of the leverage that it would give her.

The Party

At this point, it could be said that Dan is an empath and Ingrid is a narcissist with sociopathic tendencies. To use an analogy: Dan is like a trusting rabbit, while Ingrid is like a fox that would eat the rabbit alive.

Dan was then pulled in by Ingrid so that she had someone to go to the party with, that’s all. It is at this party that Ingrid finds out that all is not as it seems, and that Taylor doesn’t live the perfect life.

A Big Problem

Ingrid’s made-up world soon starts to crumble, though, as Taylor’s brother ends up going through her phone. Taylor’s response to this is to pay someone to punch her in the face so that it seems as though she was attacked by Nicky, with this being a way for her to try to make Dan attack Nicky.

The image that she has created is so important, that she would rather have Taylor’s brother killed than for the truth to come out. Nicky ends up surviving the ordeal and telling Taylor everything.

The Facade Has Fallen

As a last throw of the dice, Ingrid ends up buying the house next door to Taylor’s house. Her money is just about gone after this and she ends up going to Taylor’s party in order to charge her phone.

Ingrid’s Halloween disguise comes off and this is when they both end up having a conversation. It doesn’t go very well and this is when Ingrid says that Taylor is also living a lie, along with the rest of them.

What is also interesting about this part is that Ingrid ends up acting like the victim, even though she has caused a lot of harm and is anything but a victim. Playing the victim is then another role that she plays to try to avoid taking responsibility and to get what she wants.

A Matter of Degree

Ingrid is then the lunatic and the rest of them are normal, which is nothing more than an illusion. If anything, the rest of them have issues but they are in denial and their issues are not as bad as Ingrid’s.

These people can then sit on their high horse and make out that they are fine, simply because most of their issues are more socially acceptable. For example, Nicky is in denial about his drug problem and Taylor is not willing to acknowledge her own addiction to making out that she lives the perfect life or the fact that she needs a constant stream of approval and attention from others.

The End

Ingrid leaves a message on a social media site and soon wakes up in hospital. But, her dream becomes a reality, as she soon finds out that her message has made her famous online.

Dan also turns up and acts as though they are still together, even though she moved out and left him. It is hard to say what is in store for Ingrid after this, but it is likely that it will be more of the same.

Final Thoughts

Taylor most likely had the need to create the perfect life online because she felt worthless, and this would then have been the reason she needed approval and attention from endless strangers to be able to feel good about herself. Her true feelings were simply being covered up by all the ‘likes’ and comments she received, with this being why she needed constant positive reinforcement.

As for Ingrid, well, she no doubt also feels worthless deep down and she is likely to have something wrong with her brain. Perhaps she experienced a fair amount of abuse when she was younger, with her personality (and what’s going on in her brain) being a reaction to growing up in a very traumatic environment.

5 Steps to a Perfect Solder Joint

While working for a new construction plumbing company in 2006, out of ten employees there were only three of us that knew how to sold copper tubing.

The other plumbers never soldered before because they were trained in using plastic tubing; here's an example: Pvc, Cpvc and pex tubing's.

Did this make them bad numbers?

Not by a long shot.They were really good at there job.

As a mater of fact, they showed me how to install pex tubing with out putting a kink in the tubing.

In return I showed them how to solder copper pipe.

The result, one of them used knowledge I taught 'em, while another forgot a few important steps and caused a major leak.

In order to avoid any leaks that could cause damage to your home, welcome to 5 steps to a perfect solder joint.

With copper it is important not to miss a step or there could be disastrous results. Remember these steps and you will be on your way to a perfect weld joint every time.

Here are the 5 steps you need to take to get a Perfect Solder Joint every time.

  1. Cut the pipe to size
  2. Clean & debur the pipe
  3. Clean the inside of the fitting
  4. flux the outside of the pipe and the inside of the fitting
  5. Time 2 solder

Cut the pipe to size : measure the length of pipe that you will need to join your piping system together. Using a tubing cutter, cut your pipe to size (remember to measure twice and cut once).

Clean the pipe: With some sand cloth or paper, sand each end of the pipe until shiny. Make sure the manufactures oils are off of the pipe. Wipe with a cloth to remove any sand or copper residue.

The deburring tool on the end of the tubing cutter, helps in removing the rough edges which could cause leaks down the road. Using your pipe reamer on the tubing cutter, ream the inside edges of the copper tubing removing any burr's. You want a smooth edge.

Clean your fittings using a tubing brush properly sized for your pipe. To speed the process along I cut the cleaning brush at the top of the handle and insert inside of my drill.

Turn your drill speed on high and clean the inside hub of the fitting. If you see any dark spots inside of the fitting keep cleaning the area until it has been removed.

The dark spot is oil left over from the cutting and forming process at the manufacture. If this oil is left on you will burn your fitting and it will not take the solder.

Flux the pipe and fittings: Using your flux past brush each end of the pipe and fittings. This will ensure a clean and tinned joint.

Time to solder: Whatever size your pipe, that is how much solder you will need to use to sweat your joints together. So, if you are soldering 1 "one inch copper pipe you will need one inch of solder to sweat your joints together.

Using a torch heat your pipe and fitting evenly. Start two inches behind the fitting and slowly heat your pipe and fitting by using a back and forth sweeping motion. Make sure your flame is close enough to cover the entire diameter of the pipe.

When your flame turns green apply the solder to the hub of the fitting, making sure that the solder flows all the way around the hub. Wait! There is one more "Secret" step to a perfect weld joint, that means the difference between an amateur glob of a mess on your fittings or a professional looking sold joint every time.

Even if this is your first time soldering copper plumbing, I am going to let you in on a secret step that most plumbers will not tell you about.

Why? Good question and here is the answer.

Most numbers believe that if there sold joints look better than their collections they are a better plumber. Believe me when I tell you, most plumbers are very condescend and competitive and in reality a good looking weld joint takes time and practice.

Secret 6th Step That Will Improve Your Solder Finishes .

After you have filled your hub with solder you're going to see the solder form and start to dry around the hub and may even overflow and run over the fitting. Here is what you will need to do and have on hand.

You will need a damp cloth towel called a wiping towel or any old rag will do.

You also need a spray bottle filled with water.

While the solder is still in its molten form take your damp cloth and wipe the solder around the hub. At the same time as you wipe your objective is to try and push as much of the solder into the hub of the fitting. Be careful because the solder, fitting and pipe are very hot.

Once you have completed that part of the task, spray a mist of water onto the pipe and fitting. Then wipe the fitting and pipe down again. This last step will remove any excess flux and dirt from your perfect solder joint.

Pretty simple, huh?

Believe it or not it may take an apprentice few months in order to figure out this secret 6th step that will improve your solder finish. Give it a whirl and remember practice makes perfect.

Now you know the 5 steps to a perfect solder joint and the special bonus secret 6th step that will improve your solder finishes. In order to retain this new knowledge and make it your own it is time to take action.

Critique Of Ira M Freeman’s Book: All About The Atom

Ira M. Freeman assists understanding (at the least, stirs curiosity) about the intelligence created in a single molecule and explains the atoms’ propensity to selectively join or bond into mutually beneficial substrates. The author relates a most fundamental attempt to explain the Atom and its particles to those who might know least about the very start of life and recognizable phenomena. For those desiring an easy introduction into the substance and workability of atoms and about the intelligence created in a single molecule, this is the book for the curious, for both young and old, and for those with abiding interest in physics or metaphysics. Without the atom, even religion could not exist.

As we stretch hypothesis, so might atom intelligence stretch imagination to its utmost; in the grasp of speculation, we consider the possibility of intelligence for anything having predilection to improvement acting upon this compulsion, the elements can manifest change by either attraction, decision, or benefit intent. To gather some perception of size and substance in the free-wheeling, single atom, Freeman suggests, “… it would take about 3 million billion carbon atoms to create the period ink at this sentence end (when printed) – and this entire molecule complement, regardless its perceived state, is never still – continuously moved – never at rest – average speed about 1700 feet per second. A molecule in the air bumps into other molecules about five billion times a second.”

In a chemical and biological review of matter, Freeman explains how Atoms create energy and energy causes element atoms to behave in different ways. About 100 elements, give or take a few, have been discovered; importantly, each element is composed of its own peculiar atom construction, with specific proton, neutron, and electron components – plus even more elusive to define components. Regardless atom appearance, albeit in water, trees, humans, or copper wire, the atom comprises mostly space. Its nucleus constitutes only about 1/10000th total atom volume. Swinging around the atom’s outer circumference (energy shell [sic]) are electron orbitals (a quantum concept encompassing the potential track whole around each atom. We might also consider: an electron, speeding around the Hydrogen single proton core, weighs only 1/1836th as much as the core it orbits.

Freeman, rather simply, explains the appearance of perceivable atom masses. In our world, element atoms comprise all forms of solids, liquids, and gas (Iron becomes gas at 10000°). Mixtures of elements (matter) are called compounds. And, compound mixtures create energy! Light furnishes energy. Energy changes matter! Matter creates energy! E = mc2 proves in experiment and the following statement, in essence: the relativity theory adds something new; wherewith, matter can be changed into energy, and energy into matter. Electrons, by changing orbitals, directly or indirectly create every conceivable convenience, tool, or device from the quantum within and outside its proton or proton-neutron nuclei’s induced energy shell [sic].

How wonderful to simplify life itself! Without directing our propensity to evolve, we might still be chipping flint tools and arrowheads, striking sparks in the processes but never realizing the great potential in particles flying from abraded rocks; for these are energy particles-which might just as easily have fueled a human cell. An unwritten law governs atom combination into compounds, evolved to substrates, into advanced substrates, into super-substrates, on and on, and finally into ADP and ATP workhorses in cellular construction and maintenance. But this is advanced and not a part of Freeman’s simplistic presentation. We include cellular propensity merely to illustrate the atom’s importance to human welfare and development. Computer programs and memory, too, are only atom particles potential awaiting instigation. Absolutely amazing!

In Freeman’s simplistic account, he remarks how Man first learned to use fire, make tools, instill metaphysics, utilize the power of steam, and later electricity. Today he stands at the door of a new age – the Age of Atoms. The things to come we can only imagine.

In addition to this brief study on physics, you are invited to further study, into more physics, and into metaphysics, another fascinating study and as full of surprises as the physics world. Discover why ‘Ten Ages’ are the least understood but the most important contribution to Bible eschatology. Physics and metaphysics are related, inasmuch as both investigate our relation to invisible worlds.

How to Avoid Dry Socket After Extraction

Dry socket after tooth extraction is very painful. This complication occurs when the blood clot that formed after tooth removal becomes dislodged from the extraction site. The blood clot will later turn into gum tissue and bone. If the blood clot is prematurely disrupted, the bone that supports the teeth is left uncoovered or out in the open. This is sooner to infection plus it becomes very painful. You can easily tell that you have a dry socket if the bone is very visible, it's painful, and you may notice a foul odor. These are the common signs and symptoms.

Dry Socket Prevention Tips

Before you even suffer from this complication, why do not you prevent it? Here is a list of the tips to avoid it.

• Observe a good oral hygiene before and during the healing period.
• Routine dental checkup for cleaning and x-ray. This will help so problems will be treated when they are small.
• For women, the best time to have tooth extraction is during the last week of menstrual cycles because estrogen levels are lowest.
• Rinse with warm saltwater a day after tooth extraction.
• Do not drink alcohol 4 days before your appointment or schedule for extraction. Drinking alcohol changes bleeding patterns after the extraction.
• As much as possible soft food should be taken a day after the extraction. Avoid hard food items. Chew on the opposite side carefully.
• Do not drink using a straw.
• Do not smoke days before the extraction and even during the healing period.

It's always best to prevent a thing from happening than treating or curing it.

The Vagina – Know Your (Or Your Partner's) Anatomy

The Vagina and even the word seems mystical.

Most of a woman's sexual organs are internal, rather than external, but we shall examine the vagina, and what leads to it, and what it leads to. This is a really then an examination of a woman's sexual organs.

The External Areas

Leading to the vagina, one must begin with the "mons pubis" or mound of Venus. This is some fatty tissue that is just benefit the woman's pubic hair, and this pillow cushions the area during intercourse.

Next is the clitoris, and although considered an external element of the woman's sex organs, the greater part of it is internal.

The clitoris could have considered a miniature penis, as it contains as many nerve endings as penis does. It is very sensitive to stimulation, and during sexual excitation, the clitoris swells (as does a penis), and becomes even more sensitive.

Constant stimulation to a clitoris will generally result in an orgasm. Strangely, the clitoris when stimulated can retract internally even more than it is when un-stimulated. The actual clitoris extends all the way to the vagina.

There are two sets of "lips" called Labia Majora and Labia Minora. The Labia Majora (larger lips) act to protect the opening of the vagina and the urethra opening.

The Labia Minora again cover the opening of the vagina, but these secret a lubricating liquid called 'sebum' to facilitate the entry of the penal. Also these lips tend to shelter the clitoris.

The last external area is call the perineum, and this is the area (also sensitive) between the opening of the vagina (called the vulva) and the anus.

The Internal Components of a Woman's Sexual Organs

The vagina itself is the connecting area from the vuva to the cervix.

The vagina itself is where the penal is placed at intercourse, and it has its own very sensitive area called the g-spot (about 2 to 3 inches inside and on the top side of the vagina).

The vagina is smaller than a penal, but is very flexible and can accommodate sanctions of very large sizes. The penis itself though can not travel further than the opening of the cervix.

The Cervix is ​​the connecting area to the uterus.

The uterus is the area where fertilized eggs will lodge themselves and grow into the fetus (the immature child).

The last part of the woman's sexual organs are the ovaries (which correspond to a man's testicles) as they make eggs, and the female hormone estrogen (along with progesterone and even small amounts of testosterone!). Connected to the ovaries are the fallopian tubes.
The Fallopian Tubes receive fertilized eggs and sperm (if present) where the eggs become fertilized.

Care of the Vagina

This is a very large subject, but generally, there are some rules which apply to "partners" and will tend to keep the vagina and the partner's penis healthy.

1. Use condoms if you can, and always with new partners.

2. Should your partner wish to insert fingers into the vagina, it would be well advised to keep their hands very clean, trim their fingernails very low and be careful not to have any sharp areas on the fingernails.

3. Before a sexual encounter, a shower or bidet wash is advised, and certainly after the sexual encounter.

4. Be very careful of bacterial and yeast infections. To prevent them, one should not allow vaginal and anal penetration with the same condom. After any anal penetration (either with a penis, finger or toy), it must be thoroughly washed before being placed in a vagina.

5. Women must take a great care in their personal hygiene, and after defecation, wipe themselves in a single direction motion only, always away from the vagina towards the anus.

For additional care, each woman is well advised to consult their gynecologist, and establish a hygienic care program.

Commonly Used Heavy Construction Equipments and Tools

There is a variety of heavy construction equipments and tools used for building and construction purposes. Some of the most commonly used ones include road roller, crane, concrete mixer, forklift, excavator, backhoe, radial drilling machine etc. Most of these equipments are used for moving construction materials and making the construction job easier for construction workers. For example, cranes are frequently used to demolish huge structures and buildings. It can also be used for transporting materials while erecting buildings.

Let us know about some of the heavy construction equipments and tools in detail:

Road Roller: This equipment compresses the surface to be rolled by using its own weight. With flexible tires, it can operate smoothly on uneven ground too. After that, the metal drum roller is used for ensuring a smooth and even surface. A road roller can also be used for landfill compaction. Such road rollers have sprag wheels which do not try to give a smooth finish to the surface. Also known as just "roller" or "roller-compactor", the road roller is used for compacting concrete, asphalt, dirt and gravel being laid on the road, while road construction.

Bull Dozer: It is primarily used for moving earth over some space and for pulling down trees or breaking huge stones. This powerful machine can also be used for loosing and moving dirt or other hard materials.

Excavator: This machine is used for lifting material into a truck. It has hooks and long arms which can transport heavy material during the construction processes. Compact excavators are tracked or wheeled vehicles with a swing boom and backfill blade. Also known as mini-excavator, it carries out its functions by transferring the hydraulic fluid. A dragline excavator is used in the industries of civil engineering and surface mining, used for construction of roads and ports. Larger types of such excavators are used for coal extraction in strip-mining operations.

Backhoe: It is used to dig and lift materials at a construction site. Usually mounted on a tractor or a front loader, it is mainly useful in digging ditches or trenches.

Concrete Mixer: Used in almost every construction site, its primary purpose is to mix cement, water and sand to make concrete.

Backhoe Loader: This equipment has a bucket / shovel in the front and a backhoe in the rear, combined with a tractor. It is commonly used for fixing city roads.

Cultivator: This equipment has a rotating blade which works in the soil. It can be self-propelled or can be drawn behind a tractor.

Crane: It is a tower or derrick equipped with cables and pulleys to lower and lift materials. In other words, these are temporary structures used on construction sites.

Radial Drilling Machine: It is a heavy-duty machine used for boring, tapping, reaming, spot facing and counter boring purposes. Radial drilling machine is generally used in pop holing, foundations, quarry work, boulder splitting, levelling work etc. There are several versions of this machine or equipment, including core, horizontal direction, all-geared, magnetic, rock and pillar drilling machine etc.

With all these heavy construction equipments and tools, your construction job can become easier and faster, so increasing your workers' productivity.

History Of The Lighting Tower

Who invented the first portable lighting tower?

This depends heavily on your definition of a lighting tower. A broad definition could include something as simple as a candle or primitive torch placed on a tall mast to cast light over a large area, such a device has probably been in use since the Stone Age.

In more recent history it's un-clear as to when the modern lighting tower was invented. Researching patent applications indicates that machines not dissimilar to today's lighting towers were being designed in the 1930s.

A patent from 1932 shows what might be the first machine of its kind filed in US patent 1934576 and is named as a "Portable floodlighting unit for airports".

The patent describes a chassis with 4 wheels at each corner (allowing the machine to be towed), a generator powered by an engine and one large electric lamp at each end of the vehicle. The machine is designed to be used to provide on-demand lighting of alternative landing sites at airports on occasions when the main landing areas are out of use because of adverse weather conditions.

More recently in 1980 a US patent 4181929 was filed for a Portable illuminating tower that illustrates a much closer resemblance to modern day lighting towers.

The US patent 4181929 describes a portable lighting tower consisting of a base frame (which contains an engine and generator) and a vertical, extending, hydraulic mast with two electric lamps at the upper end. The unit does not permit towing but instead is lightweight and compact enough to be easily transported. The design also includes jack legs that are now common place on all lighting towers to ensure stability in high winds.

This is quite a significant development in the history of the lighting tower as this patent largely forms the basis of most modern daylight lighting towers which contain similar elements such as a base that stores the engine and generator along with an extending hydraulic mast that supports the luminaries .

The next patent was filed later in the same year of 1980 but was for a solution to provide more extensive illumination. The US patent 4220981 describes a chassis with 4 wheels to hold the generator and engine and two folding telescopic masts at opposite corners of the chassis that each hold a cluster of electric lamps. The design also allows for the masts to be rotated enabling finer control of the area of ​​illumination. By offering two masts the light tower also allows for illumination over nearly all sides of the machine. This is unlike previous light towers which generally offer illumination on only one side of the machine.

Since 1980 considering progress has been made by lighting tower manufacturers. Although the overall design has varied little from those seen in the 1980s many improvements have been made to make lighting towers easier to use and more environmentally friendly.

The Hylite lighting tower from Taylor Construction Plant includes Adjustabeam © technology which allows the user to adjust the direction of each lamp from the ground. The TCP Hylite also has a flexible chassis design which allows almost any generator to be used to power the light heads.

The TCP Ecolite lighting tower has also broken new ground by utilizing extremely economical lamps to reduce fuel consumption dramatically, which is particularly timely seeing as global warming is becoming a more and more prevalent concern.

Add Wallpaper to Your Interior Design Project

Open any interior design magazine these days and you are sure to spot wallpaper as the latest trend in home design. Decorating today is all about the layering of texture with wallpaper and is replacing the painted feature wall, and it's not expected to go away anytime soon.

Some of this is partly due to the recent revival of Florence Broadhurst designs, the eccentric and talented Australian designer for her hand-printed wallpapers. Her designs can currently be found in the Glamor, Flora, Blueprints, and Concepts Collections, and are matched by no other designer. Her furnishings and wallpapers are also in high demand worldwide at the moment due to their unique and luxurious patterns.

Broadhurst combined fuscia pinks, lemon yellows, lime greens, vivid oranges, turquoise, blacks, metallic silvers and gold – all perfectly matching her own flamboyant personality. She was also well known for printing onto transparent Mylars, foils and metallic papers. She called her revolutionary hand-printed creations; vigorous designs for modern living '.

Adding wallpaper to your home is a great way to create atmosphere in a room, often all it takes is one wall of an interesting and vivid design and it will prove to be a talking point for anyone visiting your home.

Wallpaper also has the added advantage that if your walls are far from perfect then a thicker textured paper can be a cheaper option of covering up the bumps and cracks that normal paint just can not hide.

There are some particularly interesting wallpaper patterns and textures at the moment. Retro prints have made a comeback but in a classier and subtler style than the first time around, whilst for the more adventures amongst you then how about fake fur? Oriental prints, metallic geometrics, flocked wallpapers are available, and for the natural look there are papers that mimic the look of natural grasses and botanical prints. Some totally new ideas feature metal sheeting and wood veneer.

You can add wallpaper to a room to lift an outdated look or give it a splash of color. Decide for yourself whether to use it as a feature, or on all the walls to create a theme within your home. It can even be hung as you would a piece of art. It is all down to your own personal taste and likes.

Metallics have made a return for winter 2009, try teaming them with cream, black and silver for wall finishes such as wallpaper, as well as upholstery and bed linens. Greens and browns are firmly established but watery hues will be the colors to watch for, having made their mark on the fashion scene. For a chic take, try down gray with powder blue and crisp glossy white.

If you have scoured the shops and searched online but can not find anything you really like then it's always possible to get wallpaper custom made to your own design. Just look online for wallpaper companies that will work with you on your design idea and transform it into wallpaper; you can be creative and combine latest trends and arriving design with your own personal ideas.

You can always buy plain wallpaper that simply needs painting. This is easy to fit with your present décor and furnishings and can be painted over again and again as often as you like. Paintable wallpaper comes in a range of patterns and textured finishes.

Some people like to hang wallpaper for themselves. However if you are not very skilled in the do-it-yourself department and do not have a lot of patience then it can be a lot easier to hire a professional to do the job for you. Wallpaper has to be hung correctly and lined up correctly otherwise it will look a total mess and will have to be stripped and started all over again. Professionals will hang the wallpaper using a liner underneath which prevails the paper from curling at the edges. When hung correctly, your wallpaper should keep its condition condition at least ten to fifteen years.

NFPA 13 Occupancies for Sprinkler Design

An assortment of building occupancy examples are classified in Sec. A.5.2 of the NFPA 13 Appendix. The following are noted as light hazard occupancies: offices, churches, schools, museums, auditoriums, library seating areas, restaurant seating areas, and unused attics. The maximum sprinkler spacing (protection area) for these is noted in Table if standard sprinklers are used. Usually, the maximum limit is 225 square feet for light hazard on a hydraulically calculated system. However, when exposed construction is combustible, with structural members spaced less than 3 ft. apart, the maximum coverage limit shrinks to 130 square feet.

Ordinary hazard Group 1 occupancies include laundries, restaurant service areas, and automobile parking garages. Ordinary hazard Group 2 occupancies include the aforementioned dry cleaners, automobile repair and services areas, auditorium stages, woodworking plants, post offices, and stack room areas of libraries. Standard sprinklers protecting all ordinary hazard occupancies shall not cover an excess of 130 square feet per head (Table

Extra hazard occupancy examples include printing plants, paint and varnish dipping operations, plywood manufacturing, solvent cleaning, and plastics processing. Maximum sprinkler spacing for these occupancies is limited to 100 square feet. However, where the required design density is less than 0.25 gpm/sf (and this goes for high-piled storage as well), a protection area of up to 130 square feet per sprinkler is allowable (Table It should be noted that commercial insurance carriers and consultants develop their own literature containing more extensive listings of occupancy examples and classifications than does the NFPA 13 standard, data which often comes in handy when making an occupancy classification determination.

Design Density Criteria

The NFPA 13 Density / Area Curves are found in Fig. When hydraulically calculating a light hazard sprinkler system, the design density utilized is typically 0.10 gpm/sf over a 1500 square foot (the most hydraulically demanding) area of operation. To begin a calculation, the designer starts with the end-sprinkler and works “backwards” to the water supply source. Suppose that the sprinklers are spaced 14 ft. apart on branch-lines that are 12 ft. apart. Our square foot coverage then, is (12 x 14) 168 square feet.

Q (in gpm) is determined by multiplying the density by the square foot coverage (.10 x 168), so we know that we’ll need 16.8 gallons per minute (Q) discharging out of the end sprinkler.

The square root of the required end-head pressure is determined by “Q” divided by “K”. If the design density is 0.10 and the K-factor of the sprinkler head is 5.5, we can ascertain our end-head pressure by dividing 16.8 by 5.5, and squaring the sum to obtain a 9.33 psi figure. 9.33 psi is the required end-head pressure. To double-check, we can simply plug in the numbers while performing the following equations to ensure that they match: Q= K times the square root of the pressure, K= Q divided by the square root of the pressure, and the design density equals Q divided by the square foot coverage. If our area of operation remains 1500 square feet, our design density will change to 0.15 for Ordinary hazard Group 1 occupancies and 0.20 for Ordinary hazard Group 2 occupancies.

Everything changes when extended-coverage sprinklers are employed. Let’s suppose that we decide to extend our coverage to 324 square feet in a light hazard office, spacing sprinklers 18′ x 18′ apart. Now we must refer to the sprinkler manufacturer’s data sheets for direction. If we choose to install Tyco EC-11 pendent sprinklers, the data sheets dictate that our end-sprinkler must discharge a minimum of 33 gpm at 8.7 psi. This means that our design density (Q divided by the square foot coverage) is still 0.10 gpm/sf. The K-factor of this particular sprinkler is 11.2, which we can validate by the equation K= Q divided by the square root of the pressure.

Extended-coverage sprinklers for ordinary hazard occupancies work the same way. For example, we could use the Tyco EC-14 extended-coverage pendent sprinkler (K=14.0) in a (Ordinary hazard group 1) restaurant service area to protect an 18′ x 18′ area, but here the data sheet parameters require a 49 gpm minimum discharge at 12.3 psi for the end-sprinkler. In other words, Q= 49, K= 14.0, the square root of the pressure is 3.51, and the coverage is 324 square feet. All the equations match, including the required design density (0.15) which is obtained by dividing Q by the 324 sq. feet. Of course, the local water supply must still be able to satisfy the resulting overall sprinkler system demand. In order for that to be accomplished, larger system piping is installed to deliver the additional gpm necessitated by the extended-coverage heads.

Sprinkler discharge characteristics are outlined in cogent form in Table these outline the differing K-factors for sprinkler identification. One other handy table to reference for sprinklers in NFPA 13 is Table, which deals with classifications and temperature ratings.

To be absolutely certain of code compliance with respect to sprinkler elevations, we refer to Sec. in NFPA 13. The allowable distances noted beneath roofs, beams, or ceilings are always measured to the sprinkler deflector. It is acceptable for designers to consult data sheets for appropriate distances below ceilings for specific sprinkler types, although the safe bet is to call for a distance between 1″ and 12″ beneath the underside of the roof deck. The closer sprinklers are to the ceiling, the faster they will operate. But caution must be exercised because often serious interferences to lateral water distribution can result from very close sprinkler placement to the ceiling. For all instances, the minimum of 1 inch (in the code) is to allow for the installation and removal of upright sprinklers. When sprinklers are installed beneath pitched roofs, the highest sprinkler deflector (Sec. may extend 3 ft. down from the highest peak.

Acoustic Ceiling Removal – Popcorn or Texture?

The decision to attempt acoustic ceiling removal is not something most people jump into without a bit of forethought. There are both pros and cons to consider before making a choice to either keep that popcorn ceiling or scrape it off and replace it with some type of wall texture. I have tried to cover the most important issues in this article to help you make the choice best for your situation.

The Pros of Acoustic Ceiling Removal

  • The money: Acoustic removal usually increases the value and marketability of your home, sometimes dramatically. A textured ceiling is by most opinions far more appealing and buyers will pay for what they like.
  • Removal reduces the nesting places for bugs such as dust mites and spiders. In my experience, it is more likely than not to see spider webs on close examination of an older acoustic ceiling.
  • Because the rough acoustic ceiling texture tends to trap light and create a shadowing effect replacing with modern knockdown or similar texture can make the room appear much brighter and more open.
  • The new ceiling can be painted the same color as the walls or a different color if you desire. You are not stuck with an “acoustic white” or one of the shades of yellow acoustic tends to turn over the years.
  • Cleaning the dust and dirt that accumulates around ceiling vents and ceiling fans is next to impossible with out damaging and/or creating a mess of acoustic kernels on an acoustic ceiling.

The Cons of Acoustic Ceiling Removal

  • The money: Removing a popcorn ceiling, repairing the drywall, applying texture, priming and finally painting can be very expensive if done by a contractor.
  • Sometimes acoustic is applied because that gnarly texture hides damage. Hidden drywall damage usually means more time needed from the crew’s drywall patch masters, along with additional material which of course equals more money out of your pocket.
  • The removal process can be a lot of work if done yourself. There is a lot of information out there on the web to help guide you through the process. In fact, our site,, has a systematic manual on the process. Removal is hard work that requires a certain level of skill, skill that only comes with experience. Before taking on the removal of an entire home, I highly suggest you get started by doing a small bedroom or office to size up what you are getting into. Many errors in coating the drywall or applying the texture will not be seen until the paint is applied and has dried.
  • Some popcorn/acoustic ceilings contain asbestos. If your ceiling contains asbestos above the threshold level you must follow your state and local laws regarding removal and disposal of this hazardous waste product. This will include multiple air samples, protective clothing and respiration gear, specialized sealers, portable showers, heppa air filtration, etc. Can you see the dollars piling up yet? Asbestos removal is very expensive.

Popcorn or Texture

As you consider these issues and come to a decision do not overlook one of the most important factors: You. Is looking at those ugly ceilings something you want to do for the rest of the time you own your home? Ultimately optional home improvement projects such as removing your popcorn ceiling come down to what your desire is for the home you live in.

Coleman Camping Chairs


For over 100 years Coleman has been providing America with great camping equipment. Their line of camping chairs is one of the most popular. When searching for a new camping chair, you may want to include Coleman in the list of brands up for consideration.

Types of Available Chairs

o Oversize Quad Chair with Cooler

Benefits of this chair include a built-in cooler, adjustable arm rests, high back and accessory pouch. The carry weight is 10 pounds, which makes it a bit heafty for backpacking trips or long hikes on the beach. It has an extended weight limit of up to 300lbs, which does make it ideal for larger campers. Available in blue or gold. This folding camping chair comes with a carrying bag with strap.

o Portable Deck Chair

This small, portable deck chair folds for transport or storage, has washable armrest covers, has an ergonomic padded seatback, weighs 5.6 pounds and can hold 225lbs. This chair does not fold up as small as a collapsible camping chair and does not have as many features as the Quad chair or Broadband chair. This chair is better suited for a deck as the name impressions.

o Broadband Camping Chairs

The standard Broadband camping chair includes durable diamond ripstop fabric, reinforced steel frame, included carrying bag, mesh cup holder, and a 1 year warranty. Its carry weight is 9 lbs.

There are many optional features of the Broadband chair. It is available with security pockets and a footrest, a sunshade and cooler, and in a lightweight version.

o Coleman Stools

There are two stools Coleman makes – the Rambler and the Exponent. Both are folding stools but the Exponent will likely suit car campers more as it has a pack weight of only 20 ounces and folds up in a more compact package. Neither stool has the comfort of a traditional camping chair, but when space is at a premium, these stools may fit the bill.


All Coleman products come with a limited warranty. The length of the warranty varies by product, but in general for camping chairs, it is one year. Keep your original sales receipt – Coleman requires proof of purchase for all warranty claims. Keep in mind the warranty is valid only for the original purchaser and is not transferrable.

About Coleman

Over 100 years ago, WC Coleman started manufacturing lanterns in Wichita, Kansas. 1n 1923, Coleman invented the fold-up camp stove and soon after other car camping equipment followed. In decades following, Coleman dominated the industry and bought many new products to market, including their comfortable camping chairs – and the rest is car-camping history.


No matter what you plan on using your camp chair for, Coleman probably has a recommended solution. Readily available and equipped with many features, a Coleman camp chair will last for many seasons. With the added security of their limited warranty, Coleman is a good brand to consider.