The Facts About Air Bags

Myth: I almost always wear my seat belt, so an air bag is unnecessary expense. Beside, they only protect you against frontal collisions.

Fact: Frontal and front-angle crashes account for more than half of all accident deaths. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, "To argue that airbags are a poor idea because they do not provide protection from all types of crash injuries is like arguing that polio vaccine should not be used because it does not cure cancer." Also, in serious frontal collisions, if you neglect, or forget to wear your seat belt, the air bag will still provide significant protection.

Myth: Air bags themselves are a real health hazard and cause serious injuries.

Fact: They do inflate immediately upon impact and at a great speed. According to a recent study, about one in three air-bag inflations left a driver or passenger with burns, bruises, and neck sprains. But with few exceptions, the injuries were minor. The odds of sustaining an injury do, however, go up if you sit too close to the steering wheel (3 inches or less). Nonetheless, numerous federal and auto industry studies attest to the fact that air bags save lives and prevent serious injuries.

Myth: Air bags will not work unless they are properly maintained and that's expensive.

Fact: Air bags last through the life of the car and require no maintenance. A few car manufacturers, however, suggest that you have them inspected at intervals ranging from three to 10 years.

Myth: Air bags do not work all the time, and they also go off accidentally, causing the driver to lose control of the car.

Fact: According to some studies, air bags work 99 percent of the time. Some consumers, however, have complained to federal agencies that air bags failed to deploy when they were in an accident. What is important to remember is that air bags are designed to inflate when a car hits and object head-on and at speeds of 12mph or more; customers who complained usually were not aware of those facts. Air bags rarely inflate accidentally. They will not be activated when you hit a bump or a porthole or when you stop suddenly. And air bags are designed so that you will not lose control of your car.

How to Design Your Photo Galleries Using Wall Graphics

Photographers usually have their own gallery to showcase their collection or a venue where photo shoots are done. It is also a good venue so clients know where to go if they need to buy photographs. Wall graphics are great mediums to highlight your photography. Most online printers use high quality adhesive fabrics for printing wall graphics. They can print on a standard 16 x 20 or you can request for customized sizes. Online printers accept printing wall graphics even for one piece and is printed digitally. To make your gallery more enticing to your clients, take a look at the different ways you can use wall graphics to design your photo galleries.

Tips on How to Use Wall Graphics in Photo Galleries

1. As wall papers. You can use printed graphics instead of paintings for your gallery. It's a great way of expressing your creative juices. Online printing companies offer assistance for your designs and customize it for you. They can make a panel printing to accommodate the size of your wall.

2. As floors. You can also use papers graphics on floors in corners of your gallery to highlight a collection.

3. As a collage. Printing wall papers can highlight your selected photos in a form of a collage. You can display it in a corner of your gallery with a spotlight. Visitors can easily see the accomplishments you have had through the photos your camera lens captured over time.

4. As murals. Wall papers are great as murals. Highlighting special events like receiving an award from prestigious award-giving bodies for photography would be a great mural.

5. As glass window shade. If your gallery's frontage is made of glass, you can use different graphics as sun shade. It will give by-passers the idea on what genre of photography you have. You can also choose to design your paper graphics with a welcome message or name of your gallery.

These are just some of the many ways you can design your gallery using printed graphics. Printing wall paper digitally are affordable through reliable online printing companies. They are fade resistant, reusable and repositionable in any area of ​​your gallery.

Crane Hire Services Can Help a Small Construction Company Immensely

Every nook and corner of the globe is witnessing large developments when it comes to the infrastructure facade and in such milieus crane hire service providers are making a killing out there in terms of fiscal benefits. Hiring crane service providers with their hydraulic crane, all terrain crane, mobile cranes and an assortment of other heavy lifting machines are emerging as a hot favorite construction construction companies and contractors which rightly deem that this is a cost effective way in contrast to actually buying these heavy duty machinery.

The flexibility and resourcefulness of the hydraulic crane have made them all the rage among contractors. Especially small construction companies will find hire services to be of optimum usefulness. Apart from profering resourceful hydraulic crane, all terrain crane, mobile crane and tower crane services; these crane hire service providers can save you loads of time and resources which would have otherwise gone into maintenance bills, staffing problems and other dilemmas relating to back up and support.

The fact that these cranes need to be handled by trained professionals and crane hire services have their own drivers taking the load off construction firms to staff and re staff human resource. This also means additional value added benefits as the construction firms can save their backs from costly insurance claims in case of any misfortunes on site. You will also be amazed to know the fact that crane hire companies carry with them essential maintenance parts and spare parts in case there is some minor maintenance work which crops up at the most unsuitable of time.

The best place to search for crane hire services is of course the World Wide Web with its vast accessibility and the potential to proffer you with intricate details relating to various facades associated with it. There is an assortment of rules and guidelines governing the construction facade and hiring crane services that can make you focus on core business activities without taking any hassles associated with such stringent aspects.

The hydraulic crane is a very green and nature friendly machinery which is noise free and produces less pollution. So hiring it can also give you the leverage of doing your bit for nature. But before you plunge into any process involving decision making as to which crane service provider to choose; it is imperative to do a back check on the firm's profile, its history, testimonials of satisfied clients and their inventory.

Free Energy From Home Made Solar Panels

As the entire world turns more to green energy sources such as wind and solar power, environmentally conscious homeowners are turning in ever increasing numbers to producing energy from solar panels. Many have already discovered that home made solar panels are not only a cost effective option, but can be built and installed by the homeowner and save thousands of dollars compared to systems installed by contractors.

Solar panels can easily be put together and installed by anyone using only simple hand tools. There are numerous guides and manuals available that will walk you through the building and installation process. The key to a successful installation is having a proven blueprint to follow that will take you step by step through the entire process.

Many people are pleasantly surprised to learn that there are no special tools or complicated technical procedures involved. The whole process is really a lot less involved and demanding that most people think.

With the ever unstable conditions surrounding the traditional energy sources such as fossil fuels, many people are finding that it is more practical to employ the free and renewable energy from solar and wind power.

While it is true that having a contractor install a solar power system in your home is a very expensive matter, building and installing home made solar panels is actually a very inexpensive alternative. You can easily source solar panels that will provide sufficient power for your home at a cost far less than you think. Efficient solar panel systems can be built for about $ 200.

By knowing what type of panels are best suited for producing your own energy and the proper methods of actually building the system, you can produce enough free energy to power only a few small appliances or your own home. Some people have even been able to produce enough power that they are completely energy independent.

Building home made solar panels and other renewable energy systems is a great way to save on your utility bills, and also a terrific family project that everyone can be involved in. With the proper knowledge, you can begin to utilize the power from solar or wind energy in as little as one weekend.

Aerospace Inconel Metal

Inconel is Special Metals Corporation registered trademark which refers to an extensive product line of superalloys made from nickel, chromium and austenite. Inconel alloys are usually utilized in high temperature applications. In English, these alloys are sometimes called ìnconel or simply inconel. The common trade names of these super alloys include Nicrofer 6020, Nickelvac 625, Haynes 625, Altemp 625, Chronin 625 and Inconel 625.

Inconel Properties

Inconel superalloys are known for their outstanding resistance against corrosion and oxidation. They are frequently used in applications that run in harsh environments, especially those who work in high temperatures.

When heated, this highly specialized alloy forms a thick and passivating oxide layer that protects its surface from extreme heat. Regardless of the temperature, Inconel can still retain its strength. This capability allows it to be used in high temperature applications where steel and aluminum canít withstand. It’s remarkable high temperature strength is due to precipitation strengthening or solid solution strengthening. In precipitation hardening and age hardening, nickel and niobium are combined to form Ni3Nb or gamma prime, an intermetallic compound. Gamma prime is responsible for forming small crystals that prevent the alloy from slipping at high temperatures.

Shaping and Machining

Inconel is difficult to shape and machine because of rapid work hardening. After it underwent the first machining process, work hardening plastically deforms either the tool or workpiece on the next processes. As a result, age-hardened Inconels are machined with the use of a hard tool. Using this kind of tool eliminates the need for the Inconels to undergo several processes.

On the other hand, most of the machining may be performed after age-hardening. The external threads are machined using a lathe or by using a screw machine to roll the threads. The holes that have external threads are made by means of brazing or welding stainless steel threaded inserts. Cutting of plate is usually done by using a water jet cutter. Also, internal threads may also be cut by threadmilling. Ceramic cutters are also used to machine Inconel alloys. These tools remove material faster than the carbide cutters.

Due to the microstructural segregation and cracking of alloying components in the heat-affected area, welding Inconel alloys is not an easy task. However, some alloys have been purposely designed to address this problem. The most common welding technique used is gas tungsten arc welding. Moreover, new methods such as the pulsed micro laser welding were used to join alloys.


Inconel alloys are widely used in applications that work in high temperature environment. They are primarily used in gas seals, turbine blades and combustors, as well as turbocharger seals and rotors, high temperature fasteners, motor shafts, pressure and chemical processing vessels, steam generators heat exchanger tubing, and exhaust systems. These alloys are also used in boilers found in waste incinerators.

The Joint European Torus (JET) vessel also makes use of Inconel alloys. Inside this vessel, plasma is heated to a temperature much higher than the heat generated by the sun. A very strong magnetic field protects the vessel from the extreme heat of the plasma.

In aviation, the X-15 rocket aircraft was designed using an Inconel alloy; the X-15 is an experimental aircraft made for the USN, NASA and USAF.

Socket Sets – Essential For DIY Auto Repair & Home Projects

Taking on projects yourself instead of hiring someone to do them comes with a lot of benefits. It feels good to be able to take care of things yourself and it gives you a sense of pride, plus with some projects you can get creative and make something better than it would be if it was hired out as a standard job (I've seen some pretty innovative ideas in friends homes). Fixing things yourself can be a big relief if you have a problem after normal working hours when you can not get a hold of anyone. The other important benefit is that it costs a lot less to do it yourself.

Having The Right Tools
You can see there is a lot of incentive to do projects yourself, but to make them a little easier and to get the job done right it is important to have the right tools. Not having the right tools can cause a lot of frustration and it can make it harder to tighten, fasten, connect things etc correctly. One of those essential tools, especially if you do a lot of work on cars, is a good socket set.

The Importance Of A Socket Set
Socket sets help you loosen and tighten nuts and bolts more quickly and easily. Because you do not have to remove the socket wrench from the bolt you are loosening / tightening as you are using it, this tool is perfect for hard to reach places or for working in tight places like under the hood of your car. The ratchet mechanism makes this possible and is the key to the socket wrench, which is sometimes referred to as simply a ratchet.

If you are going to be using your socket set frequently you'll want to invest in a nice one. The point of this tool is to make jobs a little easier but if you get a cheap set and you use it regularly you have a greater chance of the wrench not fitting well or breaking. However if you're not going to use it very often, but want to have one on hand a cheaper set may work OK for you.

Types Of Socket Sets
Socket sets come in both metric and standard. Foreign cars and other products will typically require metric socket sets, while American products will require standard socket sets with measurements in inches. Depending on what you are working on you may need a set for each unit of measurement. Before buying your socket set make sure you know which one you will need.

The Problem With Applying For 2 Job Openings at a Pharmacy

The dilemma of your wanting to apply for two job positions is a simple one. While you may have a genuine interest in two positions available within a company, my advice to you is: Decide on one job to apply for & put your full effort there.

You may have extreme resistance to my answer because you (… fill in the blank with your reason …), but let me ask you this – why do you want to apply for 2 positions with the same pharmacy / hospital? I have seen pharmacists come to me with this dilemma, and usually they tell me that they want to apply for both jobs because they want to make sure that if they do not get one job, they get the other.

Here's the truth you do not want to hear: You dilute the strength of your application by coming across that 1) you do not really know what you want, 2) even if you really know what you want, it's harder to point out everything about you that aligns with the position are applying for, when you have to do it for two separate pharmacist positions. You do not want to hear this, because you want to believe the illusion that more is better. Two applications for two separate positions equals two chances at a job, right? Wrong. 1 + 1 does not equal 2 here.

If you do not wish to listen to my advice & want to apply for 2 jobs anyway, I suggest you apply for one job first, then if you do not get a response or get rejected for it, apply for the second job. And in that second job application, re-write your resume and definitely include a cover letter that explains why you also have an interest in this other role, along with why you would be good for that particular role, citing specific highlights that support it.

If you want some help with this, there are 3 options you can choose from:

1) Find out how to do stand out from your competition by doing it yourself, with access to secrets of what works & what does not,
2) Get your resume done professionally by a marketing expert so that it gets noticed in this competitive job market
3) Do it yourself without having the edge over your competition.

The pharmacist job market is scheduled with competition for the desired positions right now. I am seeing perfectly qualified pharmacists being headstrong about doing what they've always done before with applying for jobs. They apply on their own without getting advice or access to the inside secrets of what hiring managers are looking for, and then they come to me when the damage is already done. When they do not hear back from the employer, or they hear "sorry, we filled the position already", it's too late. They blew it. Do not be the one who blows it. You have one chance to stand out-all you have to do is do it right the first time.

Interesting Information About Parrots and Their Allies

The 315 parrots, parakeets, cockatoos, Lories, lorikeets, macaws, lovebirds, budgerigars, are a diverse group; yet they are so uniform in their diagnostic features that all are recognizable at a glance as members of the parrot order and family. They range in size from the little 3.5 inch pygmy parrots of the Papua region to the gaudy, long-tailed, 40-inch macaws of the Amazon jungles. They vary in shape from plump African lovebirds and South American Amazons to the slender Lories and wildly crested cockatoos of the AustraloMalayan region. The coloring defies summing up in a sentence, but their bodies are usually a solid green, yellow, red, white, or black, with contrasting patches of red, yellow, or blue on the head, wings, or tail.

Identifying characteristics are the large head and short neck, and particularly the strongly down-curved, hooked bill. An equally important structural feature is the parrot’s strong, grasping feet with two toes in front and two behind. Parrots also have a broad cere at the base of the bill through which the nostrils open and which is feathered in many species. Their smallish eyes are often bordered by patches of bare skin, particularly in the larger species. Their rather sparse plumage had powder-downs scattered all through it.

The parrots are a distinctive ancient group well warranting their ordinal rank. They show some affinities in anatomy and in habits to both the pigeons and to the cuckoos. Being essentially arboreal birds, their fossil record is poor. The earliest so far unearthed are of Miocene age, less than 15 million years ago. These show parrots were formerly more widespread in temperate latitude than they are today, spreading north almost to Canada in North America and to France and in Europe.

The parrots’ present distribution is pan-tropical. They occur on all lands in the Southern Hemisphere except the southern tip of Africa and the more remote Pacific islands. In the Northern Hemisphere they now reach northern Mexico (central United States, until recently) in the New World and southeastern Asia in the Old. Parrots fall into six major groups, which are sometimes given family rank, but the structural difference between them are so slight that most students today accord them subfamily rank at best.

While they have never been domesticated in the sense that chickens, ducks, and pigeons have, probably more species of parrots have been tamed and raised in captivity than any other group of birds. Primitive tribes have kept them as pets since time immemorial. The talking ability of the African grey Parrot is mentioned in ancient Greek and Roman writings. The parrot’s appeal is partly aesthetic, partly anthropomorphic. Coupled with their attractive hues and the ease with which they are tamed and maintained in captivity are their intensely human traits of imitating the human voice, of showing affection to each other, of reacting to flattery, and of using their feet almost as hands. No other bird holds food in one foot and bites pieces off, much as one eats a sandwich. Parrots are extremely long-lived. How long the birds live in the wild, where natural enemies take their toll, is unknown, but individuals have lived upwards of 50 years in captivity, and one is reported to have reached 80.

Parrot’s Attributes

Parrots develop their ability as mimics only in captivity. In the wild they are raucous-voiced birds that shriek or squawk or Twitter, depending on their size, and have a poor range of vocal expression. Yet in captivity they learn to imitate all sorts of sounds, some species better than others. The African Grey Parrot is considered one of the best mimics, closely followed by the green amazons of Central and South America. The larger and the smaller species do not do so well. Cockatoos and macaws can learn a phrase or two, and the little budgerigars and parakeets can be taught to whistle a tune if one has patience enough.

Though parrot-lovers will cite examples to prove the contrary, talking parrots haven’t the slightest idea of what they saying. Often it takes a bit of imagination to put the proper words to the syllables they utter. Parrots learn best when young and repeat the simpler sounds they hear most often with little choice or selectivity. A friend kept a young Yellow-headed Amazon on her pouch while a house was being built on the next site. Intriguing by the zipping sound of hand saws, the bird made this the favorite item if its vocabulary. My friend soon tired of hearing carpenters sawing all day every day and gave the bird to the zoo.

Parrot fanciers had a severe blow in the 1930s when it was discovered that parrots suffer from a virus disease, originally called psittacosis, which they can transmit to humans, sometimes in a virulent form. To combat this disease, the importation of wild plants was prohibited, and the traffic in caged parrots suffered from a severe setback. Later researchers revealed that “parrot fever” occurs in almost all birds, including domestic fowls and pigeons, and the disease is now more appropriately called ornithosis. Antitoxins and antibiotics have been developed that greatly reduce the severity of the virulent strains, and fear of the disease has now been largely overcome. Parrots are again gaining favor as cage birds, particularly the little budgerigars, which are now bred in whites and yellows, far removed from the blues and greens of their wild Australian progenitors.

Gaudy Macaws

The kings of the parrot family are the 15 gaudy macaws that live in the tropical rainforests from Mexico south through Central and South America. One of the largest and handsomest is the red-and-green macaw found from Panama to Bolivia. When fully developed its tail alone is more than two feet long. The slightly smaller Hyacinth Macaw, highly prized by parrot fanciers for its lovely coloring, lives only in the jungle vastnesses of interior Brazil. The commonest macaws seen in zoos are the Scarlet Macaw and the Gold-and-blue Macaw. Another species widespread from Mexico southward is the Military Macaw, the all-green one with a red forehead. Macaws usually travel in pairs. As these magnificent birds fly screeching on strong and rapid wings over the high panoply of their native jungles, they are a far more stirring sight than their tamed counterparts on a zoo perch, and one never forgotten. Other members of the group are smaller; all have long graduated tails.

New World Parrots

Perhaps best known of the New World parrots are the 25 or so species of amazons, often kept as cage birds. These are the stout-bodied green parrots with short square or rounded tails, most of them marked with yellow, red, or blue. One of the largest, the Yellow-headed Amazon, is among the best talkers of the American parrots. Other commonly caged amazons are the Yellow-faced and the Red-fronted, one with a yellow and the other with a reddish forehead. One of the smallest is the 10-inch White-fronted Amazon, with a white forehead, bright red lores, and a red wing patch in the male.

Among the less familiar groups of New World parrots are conures, which are smaller and more slender-bodied than the amazons and have longer, pointed tails. Most striking of this group is the Golden Conure of Brazil. Also classified here is the only parrot native to the United States, the recently extinct Carolina Parakeet, a pretty little parrot about 12 inches long with a yellowish green body, a long pointed tail, and an orange-yellow head.

In the early 19th century Carolina Parakeets ranged from North Dakota and central New York south to eastern Texas and Florida, and were abundant in the heavily forested bottom lands of the Mississippi Valley and the Atlantic seaboard. Slaughtered for sport and to control their depredations to fruit and grain crops, flocking parakeets had an unfortunate habit of hovering in curiosity and concern over a fallen bird, so that the hunter could often kill them all. They had become exceedingly rare by 1900. The last ones were seen in the Florida Everglades in the early 1920s. Though kept commonly as cage birds in the 19th century, they were never raised successfully in captivity and the species vanished before any determined effort could be made to save it.

Similar in size and form to the amazons is the African Grey Parrot, which commands the highest price of all parrots among bird dealers because of its excellence as a mimic. This grey, red-tailed bird is at home in the rainforests of the Congo from the Gold Coast to Kenya and Tangayika. Like so many of the smaller parrots in the wild, it is generally seen in screaming, chattering flocks flying bullet-like over the tops of the trees. In western Africa it does considerable damage to grain.


The lovebirds are a group of small, heavy-bodied, pointed-tailed Old World parrots best developed in Africa and Madagascar. They are highly prized as cage birds, partly for their attractive colors, partly for their human trait of liking each other’ company. Caged birds sit huddled together by the hour, giving every evidence of fondness for each other. In the wild, lovebirds usually travel in large flocks and often damage crops. In most the sexes are alike, but in the gaudy Electus, of the South Pacific islands, the sexes are so different in color (the male bright green, the female soft maroon) that they were once believed to be different species.


The true Parakeets are a widespread Old World group centered in the Indo-Malayan region. Most of these small parrots have long pointed tails. Many live in cultivated areas and eat grain as well as fruit. They travel in large chattering flocks and often feed on the ground. Best known of the group is the Budgerigar of Australia, now popular as a cage bird. A weird group is the hanging parakeets, tiny green birds found from India to the Philippines that sleep at night hanging upside down from their perches like bats.

Another distinct group of Australo-Malayan parrots consists of the 16 cockatoos, which differ from other parrots in having a crest of long, pointed feathers they can raise and lower at will. Most are fair-sized white birds, frequently washed or tinged with pinks or yellows, and in some the crest color varies. Wild cockatoos are noisy, gregarious birds that travel in small loose flocks through the treetops and perch on exposed limbs, where they stand out conspicuously against the dark foliage. The Solomon Islands White Cockatoos was a familiar bird to Americans there during World War II, and men got live ones from the natives as pets. A Seabee outfit taught one bird to repeat monotonously “Bledsoe said so,” to the delight of the troops and the annoyance of their imperial executive officer, Mr. Bledsoe. Among the commoner white cockatoos are seen in zoos are the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo with its bright yellow crown, and the pink-shaded Leadbeater’s Cockatoo.

Black Cockatoo

The largest is the 31 inch Black Cockatoo of New Guinea, whose tremendous curved bill ends in a long, sharp point. With it the Black Cockatoo cracks and digs the meat out of hard-shelled nuts that a man has trouble breaking with a rock. Unlike the White Cockatoos, the Black Cockatoo is a solitary bird, usually seen alone or in small groups of two or three in the tops of tall jungle trees. Also unlike other cockatoos, the Black Cockatoo has a bare face, and its cheeks change from pink to red with the bird’s emotion.

Lories and Lorikeets

The Lories and lorikeets of the Australasian region, 6 to 15 inches long, brilliantly colored in greens, blues, reds, and yellows, have their tongues edged with a brushy fringe for lapping up nectar and fruit juices. Unlike other nectar-eating birds that siphon flower nectar with thin, tube-like bills, the lorikeets crush flowers with their beaks and lap up the extruded juices with their tongues. A common bird in the coconut plantations throughout the South Sea islands is the painted, or Rainbow, Lorikeet, a slender, long-tailed bird that breaks into many geographical races, each island population vary slightly in color and size. Large flocks of these birds dash twittering and chattering through the treetops and alight in the palm fronds like to many bright flowers. Just as suddenly they take flight again with a great rushing of wings, still chattering.

Pygmy Parrots

Smallest of the family are the tiny pygmy parrots, only 3 to 5 inches in length, whose six species range from New Guinea eastward through New Britain and the Solomons. These midgets act more like small woodpeckers than parrots. They creep about the trunks and large limbs of forest trees prying insects out of bark crevices. They have stiff woodpecker-like tails with spiny tips, and long claws for clinging to bark. They are not so common or gregarious as most other parrots, and are quiet and hard to find in their jungle haunts. They have never been kept successfully in captivity.


Strangest and most aberrant of all the parrots is the Kakapo, or Owl Parrot, of New Zealand. This very rare bird is threatened with extinction by New Zealand’s introduced predators, for it has lost the power of flight. A large parrot about 20 inches long, its soft feather is cryptically streaked with greens, yellows, browns, and blacks. Largely nocturnal, it hides during the day in holes in rocks and under tree roots, and comes forth at evening to feed. It runs rapidly on the ground and when in a hurry often spreads its wings. It climbs trees for fruit and nectar and then glides down to the ground. Its longest glide recorded is about 90 yards. In the forest habitat it frequents its keeps path and trails open by snipping off roots and vegetation in its way as it walks along. The Kakapo is believed extinct on North Island but a few have recently been reported still surviving in the extensive beech forests of South Island.

Kea and Kaka

Equally distinct and abnormal are the two other New Zealand parrots, the Kea and the Kaka, both fairly large birds about the size of a crow, brownish-green in color, variously marked with reds and yellows. The Kea is a highland form living above the tree line in alpine regions of South Island, where it nests in crannies and fissures under rocks. In summer, it lives on a normal parrot diet of fruit and buds, supplemented with insects, grubs, and worms. In winter, it descends to lower levels where it becomes a scavenger, and it has acquired the obnoxious habit of pecking into the backs of living sheep for their kidney fat. To curb their sheep killing, a bounty was put on Keas, and paid on almost 30,000 during an 8-yeard period. This had little effect on their numbers, which apparently increased because of the plentiful food supply. Removing all sheep refuse after butchering was found a more effective way of controlling them.

The Kea’s close relative, the Kaka, lives in low-level forests on both islands. It is a noisy bird usually seen in flocks. It lives on fruits and nectar, and on grubs it digs out of rotten wood with its powerful beak.

Parrots Breeding

Parrots are remarkably uniform in their nesting habits. Parrot eggs are quite white, round, always white, and fairly glossy. The number per clutch varies from 1 in some of the larger species to 9 or 10 in some smaller ones, and averages 3 to 5. Most parrots are cavity nesters and they usually lay in an unlined hole in a tree. Some nest in burrows on the ground, some in rock crevices. The pygmy parrots and several other small Australasian species dig their nests in termite houses. Incubation is normally by both sexes; in a few species by the female alone. The young usually hatch naked but soon sprout a down coat which makes them look remarkably like fledging owls. Little is known of their incubation periods, but in the smaller parakeets they run from about 17 to 20 days. Both sexes feed the young by regurgitation, much as pigeons do.

The Grey-breasted Parakeet of Argentina nests colonially in huge structures built of twigs high in trees in which each pair of birds has its own private compartment. The birds use these huge nests as sleeping quarters the year round and add to them from year to year until the wagonload or more of twigs breaks down the supporting branches. Other birds, such as tree ducks, sometimes occupy vacant nests in these colonies with the parakeets, and once in a while opossums move in and apparently live at peace with them.

Floor Lamps For Reading – The Perfect Choice For Good Task Illumination

Good lighting is critical for when you are reading a lot or you are doing something that needs strong focused lighting. Such activities may include sewing, doing needlework or other crafts and hobbies. The reason why you need good lighting is because you need good eyes to see in detail what you're undertaking.

And not having proper lighting might cause fatigue, strain, blurring of vision and other problems related to the eyes and head in general. So finding the best lamp that can give you a proper lighting is essential. One of these lamps that I was looking at the other day are the floor lamps for reading. I really liked what I saw and here is why.

Most of these light fixtures use natural light which is important to our eyes. Using lamps with artificial light does not do us any favors. Having an energy saving lightbulb is a major plus in my book. Also you can get them at some good prices, particularly if you buy them online at places such as Amazon, where they heavily discount all of their quality prices. Also they have some beautiful designs and finishes. I usually like ones with brushed nickel finish as they look so elegant when placed in the room.

However you can also buy them at other places such as large shopping malls, various antique stores or lamp-fixtures stores. Make sure though that you check for prices are they usually vary from place to place. Also you need to check for how long they offer guarantee. They should give you at least one year so if anything happens with the piece you are safe to bring it back within that time period.

Some lights have a glare reduction feature that is very handy since the light does not shine constantly in our eyes. Having an accessory such as a utility tray that allows us to put things on it is a great addition that is well worth, in my opinion. You can put things like pencils, pens, bookmarks and your reading glasses in them. Once I even put my keys in there, luckily I remember later on where they were.

One of the best types of such sources of illumination for your reading needs is the antique lamp. It is also placed directly on the floor and it looks like a piece coming from a long forgotten bygone era. This particular type truly enhances the ambient of any living room or bedroom.

One of the disadvantages of having floor lamps is that you can not adjust their heads, so they are stuck in one position and at the same height all the time.

Do not Use GU10 LED With Your 12V Transformer

My grandmother came home the other day with a nice new low voltage transformer and a handy of GU10 LED's. Cheerfully, he told me of the plans he had to set up some LED's lights in the kitchen – to update things a bit, and save on the electricity bill too, of course. Unfortunately, I had to tell him he might as well just return that 12v transformer right away, since he would not be needing it for his project. Why?

A GU10 LED is intended for mains voltage! My grandmother did not know that, but he could probably have read it on the box, had he not forgotten to wear his glasses. I felt sorry for the old man who now had to take the trip back to the store (the store that should have stopped him before he bought something he did not need – shame on them!), So I decided to try to set things straight for him about low voltage lighting, LED's and bulb types.

Typically, you come across three types of information when looking at LED bulbs – information about the type of base – GU, G, E and so on – information about the voltage rating, and lastly, info on the type of bulb or reflector. It is easy enough to sometimes get the three mixed up, so let me explain: A bulb that is described as a GU10, MR16 – is a bulb with the MR16 type reflector, intended for mains voltage. If it had been a GU5.3, it would have been for low voltage use. GU bases have two pins that are inserted into the corresponding socket – but GU10 pins are larger than GU5.3, so as not to accidently mix them up. An E-base is the well-known threaded base that has been used on incandescent bulbs for decades. You can get an E27, MR16 bulb too – just to confuse matters more. My grandmother looked a bit tired after all this, but he later said it was helpful to him. I hope you can use it too.

What Is a Barrier Free Bathroom?

A barrier free bathroom is essentially a bathroom that is built or remodeled without the typical barriers to accessibility that is common in a standard home bathroom. Those who are handicapped or contend with mobility or dexterity issues often need barrier free bathrooms in order to retain as much independence and dignity as possible while performing personal hygiene functions. This type of design makes a bathroom totally accessible to those in wheelchairs or who must use some type of mobility aid for walking.

There are several areas in a bathroom that the barrier free design significantly affects. Generally, the shower, bathtub area, toilet, sink or vanity area, flooring, doorways and safety features are elements that are affected by this particular design.


The shower is one of the most affected areas in the whole design, since making it accessible requires several different variations from a traditional shower area. Features such as the drain, type of shower head, faucet controls, entrance area, and seating, require careful thought when configuring a shower for the handicapped. For instance, providing a shower without an entrance curve and with a low threshold, is key in a barrier free bathroom. This makes it accessible for wheelchair use as well as easily usable by those who have less mobility.

Another interesting aspect of creating an open shower is to choose the correct drain feature that wll allow quick water run-off after shower use, which enhances safety and keeps water from flowing into other parts of the barrier free floor.


Many bathrooms that are barrier just simply do not have bathtubs, because of the obvious design that creates a blocked off space in the room. Bathtubs are harder in which to maneuver and can cause a variety of problems for many disabled people. Even those that are specially designed, such as walk in units, can be problematic. So, many barrier free designs do not include a bathtub.

Sinks and Vanities

In order to create a sink and vanity area without barriers, often wall-hung ADA fixtures are used to provide easier access. Cabinetry is built with recessive features to allow for wheelchair use.


Again, a wall-hung toilet is often placed in a barrier free space because of easier access. There are also ADA approved toilets that are perfect for this type of bathroom design. Other areas that are affected are the flooring and safety features. The correct type of flooring is generally smooth, water proof and nonslip.

For extra safety and support, railing is generally placed at strategic spots around the bathroom. A barrier free bathroom is becoming more and more popular among homeowners, as well as the bathroom of choice for those who need to remodel an existing room.

A Fire Proof File Cabinet Can Save Your Business

Do you have files that are of extreme importance to your business? Do you have personal files at home that are very valuable but you do not want a safety deposit box at the bank? A fire proof file cabinet is the answer to your prayers! These units are found in homes and offices around the world.

A fire proof file cabinet can come in a variety of sizes, colors, and styles. These devices should last for several years, so it is important to take some time when researching the various models available. Make sure you decide on a size that meets your needs. Will you need more file storing space as time goes by? You may not be able to determine how much space you will need in the future but if you ever need a larger unit, you can always buy a new one later on.

As far as shapes go, you pretty much have just vertical and lateral to choose. Determine what your space requirements are and then use a tape measure to determine what shape will fit in your allotted space.

Protecting your company's documents is vital to the success of your business. However, do not store valuable CD's or computer backups in your fire proof file cabinet. These items need to be stored in a secure offsite location.

The width of the fire proof file cabinet is usually determined by the size of the paper used, such as legal size or standard letter size. Many important personal documents are on legal size paper, so keep that in mind when searching for the right cabinet.

How can you tell whether you have a good fire proof file cabinet or not? One important aspect of a good cabinet is that it has full suspension drawers. This style of drawer rolls on ball bearings and the drawers are designed to pull all the way out so that everything in the drawer is accessible. A good quality cabinet will allow you to pull out one drawer at a time for better stability.

A standard metal file cabinet will not protect your important files; many people believe that it will. Unfortunately, they find out the hard way. To properly protect your files, you need a fire proof file cabinet. By installing one of these devices, you could save your business a tremendous amount of time and money in getting your business off the ground after a fire. In addition, it is very important to protect your personal files at home in case of a fire as well. Too many important documents could be lost.

Home Decor – What Colors Look Best in a North Facing Room

Selecting colors and decorating a room that is facing North can prove to be tricky. The room does not see any direct sunlight, so using bright colors becomes an essential design element so that you don’t end up with a dark and dingy space.

Using light and bright colors in a North facing room, helps to instantly transform any room that facing lighting challenges.

Some of the best base colors to bring new life into North facing rooms are:

Crystal Blue: This color gives you the look of a fresh summer sky or an aquatic setting. It allows more light into the room and gives the decor a fresh and airy quality.

Heather Gray: This color works best to set the stage for a cool and modern environment. By selecting a gray with a heather cast, it provides the lightness that you need without becoming drab and cold and too modernized.

Rose Pink: This color is beautiful and flattering no matter what room you use it in but especially North facing rooms. The key to finding the right shade of pink is to choose one that is a lighter shade so that it doesn’t come off looking like bubble gum on the wall.

Goldtone Neutrals: The golden tones are some of the easiest to use and match accessories A beautiful warm golden yellow would be brilliant in a North facing room. It would provide a warm and welcoming atmosphere while lightening the room against dark casts.

Moss Green: North facing rooms benefit from colors with strong pigments such as a smoky moss green. It is fresh and vibrant and makes the room decor seem energetic.

Once you have selected your base color for your walls, remember to keep your furniture and accessories in light coordinating colors. If you use dark colors in your accents or furniture, it will make your room seem darker and more closed in.

Computer Backups


Computer backup is so important to your computer that to ignore it is to risk its damnation.

Computers require care and feeding. They require that you attend to their needs. If you do not, then they will most likely be sent to Hell.

Halloween means Hell. What! What do you mean that Halloween means Hell?

Well, if your computer is given the option of trick or treat , which will it accept? Will it accept the trick or the treat? What do you think?

Halloween is the time that computers are subject to tricks or tricks. Did you know that more computers fail on Halloween than any other day of the year? That's right. It's true (smile). Your computer is in danger! Protect it. Do your computer backups.

Back to the Hell thing. Hell you say? Yep. Well, what do you mean by Hell?

Computer hell is the place for computers without computer backup. The failure to perform hard drive backup means that you are playing Russian Roulette with your data. Data needs your protection. Failure to protect your data may cause your home or business records to be sent to Hell.

Hell in this instance is for the records and files that can not be resurrected. Resurrected you say, what does that mean?

It means that without computer backup as a source of salvation then the files can safely enjoy eternal oblivion. Oblivion you say, what does that mean? That means they are eternally lost from computer resurrection.

Is there any mercy for my precious files, you ask?

Why yes there is. Would like to know what the mercy for your files is? Yes! Yes! You say.

OK boys and girls listen carefully. The salvation, mercy, resurrection and redemption of your files lies in regular and consistent and persistent computer backup.

If you backup your computer consistently and persistently your files will be resurrected and saved from accidental deletion, hard drive failure and those nasty things like fire, flood, theft, earthquake, hurricanes, tornados and the like!

Computer backup is the key to your data's salvation!

Do your computer backups boys and girls.

Milk and cookies will be served in the pantry.

Trick or treat for your computer backup?

Installing Vinyl Replacement Windows on the Second Floor

If you have a two story house, and you are going to replace the windows on both the first and second floor, there are little tricks that you can use to make the upper floor job a bit safer and easier. If the windows are replacement style frames, you install them from inside the house, so the only thing that you will do different than the first floor windows is to use an extension ladder to caulk the exterior. So, let’s talk about doing retrofit style windows on the second floor. You can usually remove the old window from inside the house, but if you have a picture window, you have to use the extension ladder to remove the stops holding the glass in place. Then, you can go inside the house and cut the glass free from the frame using a utility knife. Put a tarp on the ground below the window, to catch any glass pieces that may fall during the removal. Also, don’t forget to keep people and animals away from the area below the window.

Once you are ready to install the new window, you can do it from inside the house. Remember, when installing retrofit style frames, you install them from outside and raise them into place. Instead, carry the window upstairs. If it’s a slider, remove the screen and sliding panel. Then, using a helper, you can angle the window frame through the opening, extending the retrofit lip completely outside of the opening before pulling the window back toward you, and installing the window as if you were outside. Have your helper hold the center bar while you put a screw into the top center to hold the frame in place. You can do the entire installation from inside. The only time you will need to go on the extension ladder is when you’re ready to caulk the exterior. Make sure you put a generous amount of caulk where the top of the frame meets the stucco or exterior material. You don’t want any water getting past the new frame, otherwise it can work it’s way through the wall and down through the ceiling or the walls. You would be surprised how easily two people can install an 8′ wide by 5′ tall sliding window on the second floor if you remove the sliding panels and screens. In fact, my helper and I did one 10′ wide and 5′ high. That was the biggest one I ever did on the second floor. You can run a bead of caulk on the outside face of the old frame before installing the new frame right from inside the room.

Now, if you are installing a picture window, it’s a little tougher. You can’t remove any panels to lighten the load, and it’s tougher to get as firm a grip on the frame. But, on the positive side, picture windows aren’t usually much larger than 3′ by 5′ on the second floor. If you have a large picture window, or if you have several to install, I have access to suction cups that are used in the glass industry. You can attach them to the glass and use them as handles when extending the frame outside through the opening. Contact me on my website at How to install windows if you want to get pricing on suction cups. You can get the smaller, inexpensive models for around $40 each.

So, if you are hesitating to replace your old windows yourself because you didn’t think you could do the upstairs windows, now you know you can. Next week’s topic is going to be about replacing the rollers on your patio door. If you can’t hardly open your sliding glass door anymore, a couple of new rollers can make all the difference in the world.