The Different Types of Flooring Options Explained

There are just too many types of flooring options around and many people are not sure what to buy when they need either to replace their old floors with something new and modern. Deciding between the different types of timber, vinyl, laminates, glass floors, cork, concrete and tiles it can be seriously overwhelming.

Vinyl flooring is something that a lot of people who are on a budget will go for. It is quite a durable and popular flooring type. It is made of various vinyl resigns and additives including pigments, fillers, stabilizers and plasticizers. It also contains some PVC, this is why sometimes you hear it by the name of PVC flooring. You can find vinyl either in sheet or in tile form and one of the nice things about it is that you can practically create an unlimited number of looks due to the many colors, styles and textures that it can recreate. With a good noise insulation it is quite comfortable and if any damages happen to it, it is quite easy and cheap to repair.

Timber flooring contains quite a few types and many of them are known all by themselves. Floating floorsare simply laid over existing flooring. They are made of soft or hardwood glued to fiber board. They are either pre-coated or can be covered during the installation process. One type of this is laminate flooring, which is quite common to many people. One problem with this floor type is that it can not be used in wet areas such as bathrooms or verandas in case of rain.

Another timber floor type is the palmwood flooring which is made of coconut palms. It has flooring boards of real wood. There is no lamination involved. This is quite a stable and sturdy option when you are looking into getting hardwood floors.

Cork flooring is quite an environmentally friendly type and if you are into saving the environment, this one is for you. There are many cork tile designs available including a country look, a patterned look or a simple, natural look. You can safely use this floor in dry as well as in wet areas and it is not only environmentally friendly but also hygienic as it does not cause allergies at all. As cork is insulating, it is great to use both in winter and in summer as during winter it builds heat back and in summer it does not absorb it in at all. Due to its insulation properties it is a perfect acoustic insulator.

Glass flooring is a new, modern flooring type which is quite versatile to use all over the place, from interior floors to pathways, decks, driveways, practically anywhere. If it is installed outdoors, it needs to be customized to be able to hold the weight of the car. An additional benefit with using this type of floor is the fact that it seems to actually increase the light in the house, making your room or space much brighter.

These are just some of the options that are available to people who want to re-floor their homes. There are many more out there, but these are quite popular and have made many homeowners happy having them in their house and around it.

Hartke HA2000 Bass Amp

The Hartke HA2000 is a great amp especially for the value. Even though the HA2000 is a bit older, its still a great buy. Another benefit of Hartke amps is the customer service. The customer service department has always been great in my experience and does factor in when deciding to buy any product.

The HA is full of features, not as many as the 3500 but the price is much easier on the wallet. Having a 10 band EQ allows for vast amounts of adjustment which can suit any playing style and ability. Pumping out 200 watts is sufficient for any player. The two preamps are great and sound decent but at high volumes they do tend to distort a bit.

Where the amp shines is at mid volumes. High volumes will definitely cause a distortion but depending on the style of music that you are trying to achieve this can be a good thing. Sometimes I prefer a little grit when I'm playing. If I do not want that gritty slightly distorted sound I can just bring it down a notch and problem solved. Another thing to note is the cooling fan can be a bit noisy but that's a small price to pay for such a good sounding piece of equipment.

As far as the controls are concerned, there are just so many. This can serve in your favor or against you depending on your experience level. Just keep in mind that every little knob that you play with will definitely alter the sound. If you are one of those people that must have control over every little aspect of the sound and know what your doing, then have at it. If you want to get even more particular, go for the 3500, that thing will keep fidgeting for days.

Overall a great amp, do consider that everything was used and reviewed using a Rickenbacker 4003 and VX 115 cabinets. You can pick the Hartke HA2000 second hand for a decent price so they are definitely worth checking out.

'Clear Out' and Be Rich

Last month I wrote about the power of vision. If the first step to getting to where you're going in your personal life and career is visualizing that place, what's the next step?

Take action!

Taking action is a logical next step. But what if you do not know which action to take? Do you consider yourself stuck? No. There is an action that we can take whenever we feel unsure about what to do next. It is a step that I call 'clearing out', a process that makes space for what you are wanting to receive.

Here are several personal and professional examples of this technique:

1. My children have learned to keep a lean closet of clothes and toys. If they no longer wear or use an item, they donate it to someone who will find use for it. This makes space in my children's closet. Because of our belief in the 'Give and Be Rich' philosophy, this practice always returns something desirable to claim the space left by the discarded items.

2. My college Laurie always treated her administrative positions as if they were rungs on a ladder of success. She regularly cleared out her workload and workspace so that nothing was left undone. When she turned her positions over to others, she could easily train them and receive her new position with clear focus.

3. Say no, or let go. We do not benefit by taking on so much that we begin to look like Atlas, the Greek God who transported the world on his shoulders. Doing so only creates a façade of strength and power, when the real power comes from being true to ourselves. When we say no, we earn back from others the respect that we give to ourselves by honoring our own boundaries.

4. Sometimes there is something on your mind that's bothering you. Taking the time to clear it out is worth the tremendous effort. With a clear mind and a clear heart, you can think clean and loving thoughts, and give and receive just that. Difficult conversations that must be had are like neon signs of opportunity that will lead you closer to your vision of the good life. Make them happen. Take responsibility for making relationships work. Clear your heart.

5. Leave the past behind. You can not change the past. You can only make amends, apologize, forgive, learn and go forward. Write out your feelings of hurt or anger about a situation, and then write your visualization of the way that you would intend for it to be different if it was to happen in your future. Let it go. Free yourself. Clear your mind.

6. Play! Have you noticed that children do not get stuck like adults do? They can always put down something that is bothering them and play with something else. It's in our human nature to want to feel good. Putting things down for a while can give us the rest we need to return to our prime.

7. Re-oxygenate your entitlement vascular system with fitness. You can change your entire state of mind with just 15 to 30 minutes of physical exercise. Clear out the old, stagnant state and replenish your body with brand new energy. 'Walking meetings' are becoming a popular way for people to socialize and exercise at the same time.

8. Connect with your higher power, a mentor, or a positive influence to flush out your thinking and take in a different perspective. Sometimes when we are so close to something on an emotional level, a rational opinion helps us move through it – not around it, but through it. Clear out your challenges by grabbing hold of someone who can help bridge your journey towards your vision.

As we shift in our mind to give things up, grow and change, we need to maintain the larger vision. Daily details can cloud our view of the goals we hold in our minds and in our hearts, or dampen our spirits, but a strong vision provides unwavering strength, and 'clearing out' to receive what we expect to manifest creates the space for new.


Blog post – My new book "Give and Be Rich" is generating a lot of excitement and it goes to the publishing phase ….

GMC Sierra Pickup Truck – Aftermarket Protection Accessories

Protecting the interior and exterior of your new or pre-owned pickup truck with aftermarket accessories is the right thing to do, considering the cost of the truck. It is essential to keep your GMC Sierra pickup truck in excellent state; This includes maintaining the internal and external components of your pickup truck to circumvent scratches, dents, paint wear and exposure to other elements. Spend some money now to preserve long term investment. Below are aftermarket protection accessories for you to consider.

Backup Camera / Sensor: A backup camera will protect you when backing up while a sensor will warn you when you are too close to an object. Installing a backup camera will offer you a clear view when backing up your truck, which in turn can help you avoid costly collision.

Bed Protection: Avoid scratches to your bed with aftermarket bed protection accessories. The bed of your truck takes a lot of pounding from day to day loading and un-loading. Shield the bed with aftermarket offers including rugged bed mats, drop-in bed liners or spray on bed liners.

Bull Bar / Grille Guard: Beside enhancing the exterior appearance of your pickup truck, installing a bull bar or grille guard will help protect your front end from incidental accidents.

Driving / Fog Light: If you are lucky to have a driving light installed on your vehicle from factory, happy motoring to you. If your vehicle does not have a fog or driving light, consider having one installed. This auxiliary light fixture will help your driving experience during adverse weather conditions.

Fender Protection: The fenders of your pickup take a lot of dings and knacks all day. Add fender trims, fender flares to protect the wheel opening of truck fenders.

Floor Protection: Whether you drive your truck for family function or for work, you will agree with me that the factory takes dramatic beats daily. Safeguard the interior floor carpet with aftermarket floor mats and molded floor liners.

Hood Protection: Paint protection film and molded hood deflectors or protectors offer maximum protection for the hood of your vehicle. Additionally, a mold hood deflector can fend off stones, bugs and other road debris to your windshield.

Mud Flaps / Splash Guards: Keep debris off of your vehicle and contained in your wheel locale. Paint finishes and body panels end exterior damage over time from water, mud, tar and other road debris due to harsh driving conditions.

Paint Protection: Protecting your truck is almost incomplete without a regimen of accessories like car wash detergents and car wax to protect the paint from oxidation. Also, it is recommended that you scotch-guard all interior fabrics for long term defense.

Seat Protection: With seat savers and seat covers, you can maximize protection to your factory seat from daily driving, kids and pets.

Sunshade: Do not have a garage for your pickup at home or work? Do not worry! A sunshade will help keep your vehicle cool.

Tail Light Guard: Safeguard your factory tail light with tail light guards. ABS plastic and stainless steel style is available to protect and enhance your pickup truck.

Theft: If you are lucky to have factory alarm installed on your vehicle, you are definitely in good hands. If you do not have alarm, secure it now! Even if you have alarm, adding tracking devices or pager alarm system, in addition to your stock alarm, are some of the latest accessories to consider in protecting your truck.

Tonneau Cover: Soft top, Tri-fold or Solid hard Tonneau covers are the top 3 styles crafted to protect your valuables.

Wheel Locks: Whether you have factory stock wheels or aftermarket wheels, considering adding wheel locks to protect your wheels and tires from theft.

Window Visor: Reduce sunlight glare and allow fresh air to enter your Sierra during inclement weather. With side window deflectors you can leave your windows partially open to let fresh air in, while keeping rain, sleet and snow out.

Window Tint: A legal window tint will help keep your pickup truck and help protect your valuables from unwanted onlookers. If you are not comfortable tinting the windows or if you are driving a leased truck, perhaps you might consider a window blind.

There are additional ways to protecting the interior and exterior of your vehicles. Keep your vehicle looking new and enhance its resale value. Do not wait for accident or incident to happen before you embark on protecting it. The GMC Sierra aftermarket accessories outlined above are just some of the simple, installer friendly and affordable ways to protect your pickup truck. Remember, spend wisely now to protect your vehicles inside and outside or you will pay a lot later.

Gospel Flavor of "Bridge Over Troubled Water"

There is a song that makes me feel small, but in a very good way. It commences very but assertively with a trickling piano then booms at the end in an eerily cool and comforting sort of way. The crescendo of the third verse is what brings goose pimples to the skin as I'm taken to the inner sanctum of God's court; his Presence. In this way it has 'oaks' of the 23rd Psalm. It is the safety of the Shepherd who fills us with the feeling 'we shall not want.'

At his 92nd birthday celebration a son fulfils his elders father's wish – the reading of the 23rd Psalm. It's an amazing cogent dirge of faithful assurance, read slowly and strongly; so much like the song …

Of course the song I'm referring to is the 1970 classic, Bridge Over Troubled Water by Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel. Many an artist (including more than one Christian artist) has recorded their own rendition of this universal favorite that lived atop the billboard top 100 for a couple of months. It was Simon and Garfunkel's swansong.

The song is colossal. There is an eternal shrill to it. It builds upon the images of the overwhelmed. Whether we're feeling small, '' friends can not be found, 'or we're simply' down and out 'he is a bridge over that troubled water – he's on our side. Who is this person? Have you 'met' him yet? He comforts and dries the tears. He'll surround us with safety and answers when 'pain is all around.'

The first and second versions are melodies for the melancholy – an elixir for desperates. Then the divine ballad lifts up in gear and suddenly lifts us … first musically, then spiritually. The theme of loneliness and sorrow ends suddenly and a new era of victorious hope emerging; again the overtones of the 23rd Psalm.

'Silver girl's time has come.' She is about to live her dream; there is a sure pillion of hope as he shows her how she's to shine. He will 'ease her mind.'

Sail on silver girl
Sail on by
Your time has come to shine
All your dreams are on their way
See how they shine
Oh when you need a friend
I'm sailing right behind
Like a bridge over troubled water
I will ease your mind
Like a bridge over troubled water
I will ease your mind

Imagine in your pain and desolation, the bridge that carries you safely over the dark and treacherous torrent below, and through that dark period, mentally, emotionally, spiritually, psychologically.

Bridge Over Troubled Water is a wonderfully inspirational yet expansive song for the downcast complete with music and feeling of epic proportions. It's a creative touch of God for humankind; a miracle of creation and modern day art. In the spiritual sense, it's a 'saving' work that must have saved thousands upon thousands of lives. Praise God.

Copyright © 2008, Steven J. Wickham. All Rights Reserved Worldwide.

How to Assemble a Metal Carport Fast and Accurately

Installing metal carport kits can be easy and a sturdy structure can be fully constructed in just a few hours. You do not even have to be skilled or experienced in using fancy tools to install a carport. In most cases, you can install the carport on your own with the help of a friend or two in just a few hours time. Most metal carports for sale today contain step by step instructions designed specifically to make the process simple and fast for the average consumer. Following these instructions will help you assemble the carport smoothly without the extra time of trial and error or the extra work of cutting and drilling holes on the materials.

Just like any other assembly procedure or project, preparing the materials needed is always the first step. Carport manufacturers typically provide a checklist of the things you need to have in order to install the carport. The list is helpful because you can also place the materials in the order that they will be needed during the assembly process. There may be cases where the materials provided by the manufacturer are incomplete or there is something broken, but there's nothing to worry about because most companies can assist you quickly and easily with replacement parts. Remember that preparing the materials is a time-saving step and will help you install the carport much more smoothly especially if you are tackling this large project by yourself.

Most manufacturers recommend that you start assembling a metal carport from the center pieces and then connect them to the side pieces. Meaning, you should first assemble the frame, then the legs or posts of the carport. Always complete each step of the process and avoid skipping steps. Anchoring may sometimes be required, especially in areas with extreme weather. Anchoring from the ground to each post of the carport is definitely needed in areas of extreme weather. It is advisable to anchor your carport even if you are not required just in case because you never know when unpredicted extreme weather will hit your area.

Making the Most of the Space in Your Studio Apartment

City dwellers are adept at making the most of small spaces. If you're an urbanite you likely live in a space that's as big as your suburban friend's garage. But you do not need to live in a mansion to have a comfortable and stylish home. Here are some ideas for making your studio apartment into your own minimalist palace.

Invest in Some Dual-Purpose Furniture.
If you are moving from a larger space into a studio you'll likely find that storage is your biggest challenge. Studio apartments might have one closet or none. If you are planning to buy some new furniture, consider pieces that can double as storage space, like an ottoman that hides storage for blankets or a bed with built in drawers along the platform for all your bulky sweaters. If you have any questions or need any questions, please contact us if you would like to book a room at the hotel.

Think Vertical.
If you're looking for more storage options, just look up. You may not have a lot of floor space, but you have walls, and it's far more practical to mount small shelving or hooks than it is to hang all your framed posters or art. Try mounting baskets vertically along one wall in the bathroom for your towels and toiletry storage, or install a series of pretty hooks in the bedroom for hanging clothing and accessories.

Lighten Up.
Paint color, mirrors and choice of window dressing can trick the eye into thinking a space is bigger, airier, and lighter than it actually is. Limit your use of dark paint colors-especially on the ceiling-because they can make a small room seem more claustrophobic. Painting the walls in soft neutrals also creates a more expansive look than wallpaper with a busy print. Keep window dressing to a minimum: try sheer or translucent curtains that allow for maximum light. Mirrors mounted on an entry wall can also open up the space.

Divide and Conquer.
Consider how you want to divide up your studio space, then create the illusion of division with the strategic use of freestanding bookshelves, screens, area rugs, even placement of furniture. Think of each area you create as own own cozy nook. For example, placing furniture in a circular display around an area rug creates an intimate sitting area for talking and entertaining. A corner desk with stool and a bulletin board hanging above becomes your office space. A screen around your bed eliminates the awkwardness of having it be the first thing someone sees when he or she enters your studio and also creates a peaceful sleeping area for you.

Keep it Simple.
Take stock of your marriages and ask yourself, what do I use regularly and what do I only use a couple of times a year? What do I NEVER use? Anything that is redundant (there's no reason you should have two toasters on hand at any given time) or that you can not remember why you bought should be sold, donated, or discarded. Living in a studio will make you a lot more judicious when shopping, too. Not only will you ask yourself, do I need it? but, do I have room for it? If the answer to either question is no, pat yourself on the back. You just saved yourself some money and spared yourself the unnecessary clutter.

Neurological Reflex Hammer

With roots dating back to the late 1800's, the neurological reflex hammer is definitely one of the oldest diagnostic tools used by doctors and doctors. It is still used today, and its most common use is to check the "knee jerk" reaction during regular annual examinations. It can also be used on other areas of the body to check reflexes. It was actually a design created from another common tool at the time, a percussion hammer.

The idea of ​​the reflex hammer came about in 1875. Back then, there were no x-rays and other diagnostic imaging tools. Doctors were left to find out what was wrong with the patient by examining the outside of the body. The idea of ​​deep tendon reflexes was mentioned in documents published by Heinrich Erb and Carl Westphal, two doctors studying the idea. Marshall Hall expanded on this idea and found that there are a number of uncontrolled reflexes within the body. To test the reflexes of the knee and other tendons, the first instrument used was the percussion hammer.

The percussion hammer was originally used to check the chest. Physicians quickly realized that these tools were not exactly what were needed to do the job for tendon reflexes. The device was redesigned and the neurological reflex hammer came into existence. The style most commonly used by doctors today was designed in 1888 by John Madison Taylor, a personal assistant to a doctor in Philadelphia. It featured the triangular shaped head that is still most widely used today, although several other designs have been introduced to do a check a variety of other areas of the body.

Another such design for a reflex hammer was done by Williams Christopher Krauss. This hammer is primarily used on the kneecap and elbow. Ernst LO Tromner created yet another design, made to test the reflexes of other areas of the body. Overall, all of the reflex hammers that have been created since the 19th century were done for the same reason: to test and diagnose neurological disorders and problems. Other designs are known as the Queen Square, Berliner, and Buck.

As you can see, the simple tool known as the neurological reflux hammer has quite a history. It was particularly beneficial when it was created because doctors in the 1800's did not have a way to see on the inside of a patient's body. Instead, they relied on the results of a reflex hammer and other diagnostic tools. Rather than create a tool from scratch, the idea of ​​the percussion hammer was used for years. It was later altered to build a better tool that was more suitable for checking tendon reflexes. Many variations have been made sense then to test various tendon reflexes through the body.

How to Make a Magazine Mosaic

So most mosaics are used with cement and tile but in this case its used with pieces of magazines. This is great for kids. Very child proof, easy and fun!

The things you will need for this craft are:

Paper plate

Magazine pages


White glue


Small brush


1. Before you design your mosaic, think of what you want to do. You can look online or if you happen to have a book of mosaics laying around your house, look through and get inspiration. You can do anything you want with this project, you can even do an original piece on your own without any research!

2. Now get your paper plate and flip it over, using the back side. Sketch, lightly, the design on the back of a paper plate with a pencil.

3. Get your magazine and start cutting out magazine pages printed with shades of the colors you'd like to use. Cut strips of the pages into small squares about 3/8 inch. You do not have to make all the shapes the same size or perfect. Having the shapes a little different will make it seem more interesting. You can even cut out triangles when needed.

If you do not want your kids using scissors, your kids can easily tear pieces of the magazine instead.

4. Now you have to make the glue. Simply mix together some glue and water together equally. Meaning if you want to use 1/2 cup of glue then you add in 1/2 cup of water with the glue. So 1 cup glue – 1 cup water.

5. before adding glue, just make sure you have all your pieces cut and your design is ready and you know pretty much where to put your pieces.

6. Now you can get your glue mixture and with your brush, simply apply it all over the back of the plate.

7. Quickly and calmly add the pieces of magazine on the plate to make design.

8. Once the squares are in place, seal them with a top coat of the glue mixture.

9. When you are finished, let the project dry completely.

10. Hang your mosaic on the wall for friends and family to see!

Home Style and Faux Painting

Painting is one of the effective way of enhancing the aesthetics and atmosphere of a house. Through a decorative painting technique such as Faux painting, a certain house may become even more stylish and classy. Surely a house decorated with faux painting will stand out from the rest of its neighborhood.

Faux painting utilizes several techniques to achieve the desired effect and decoration. One effect is painting stripes. It is one of the most popular faux techniques that can add the visual appeal to any space. Stripes are created with the use of masking tapes or painter's tape. The width of the stripes can be adjusted by setting the distance between the tapes. Although taping itself requires reasonable time and effort, the resulting effects once the painting job I completed will certainly be worth the effort.

Sponge painting is recommended for those who are allergic to painter 'tape or for those with limited patience in taping. By sponging, a porous surface may have additional surface texture and depth. This is achieved by first applying a single color onto the surface then sponging another paint of different color over the first layer of paint. The sponge effect can have variants depending on the type of sponge utilized, how wet the sponge is with paint and how well the paint blends with the sponge. Two techniques are actually used in sponge painting. Sponging on, as in applying the glaze to the walls with the sponge which creates a more porous and mottled look. Sponging off, applying the glaze to the surface with a roller and removing the desired amount with the sponge, creates a more subtle and textured appearance. Paint products which may be used for both techniques are latex semi-gloss paint (the base color) and faux technique glaze (the complimenting color).

Color Washing is one of the easiest decorative painting technique which provides an alluring worn look. A weathered stucco look is resembled by the visibly overlapping brush strokes of color washing. Different color wash effects may be attained by use of different materials such as a brush, a sponge, a rag or a cloth. Imperfect or slightly damaged walls are ideally applied on with color washing to give it a tile texture finish which not only hides the flaws but also catches the attention. Yellow, orange, red and other bright colors are best for use in color washing.

Rag painting is done in a similar way as sponge painting, the only difference is that a rag is utilized instead of a sponge. Like sponging, rag painting is also done either by ragging on where the glaze is applied to the wall with a rag, or by ragging off with the glaze is applied to the wall by a roller then removed from the wall with a rag. The base color is allowed to be shown through and then create a textured and speckled surface by ragging on. Whereas a slightly more finished finished look is achieved by ragging off.

In Rag Rolling, which is a by-product of rag painting, a special application roller is used to create a distinct surface with textured appearance and additional depth. This effect is perfect on flawed walls. Metallic and pearlescent glazes may be experimentally utilized in rag rolling.

How to Use Shabby Chic Chandeliers

Chandeliers are beautiful lighting fixtures that can be used in almost any room because they come in so many different styles. Finding the right fixture for a room's decor is the trickiest part, but it does not have to be difficult. Many rooms today are done in a shabby chic style, and lend themselves perfectly to a special type of chandelier that you can purchase or you can make yourself.

One of the most fun aspects of a shabby chic chandelier is that it can really reflect who you are and how you view decorating and design. Because you can choose a basic chandelier and make it fit the shabby chic design, or you can make one almost from scratch, your design can be all about you and your sense of style.

If you plan on putting a chandelier in because you need the extra lighting, then you'll want to shop for the basic fixture carefully to be sure it will offer enough light. You do not want to put time in on decorating a fixture only to hang it and find that you did not get enough light from it. If you're doing it primarily for the decor then this is obviously less an issue, but you'll still want one that offers the amount of light you want when you choose to use it.

For shabby chic chandeliers, the more interesting the shape, the better, so look for quirky and unusual. If you're making it completely on your own, you can find almost anything you like and wire it for light with a kit. If you're starting with something ready-made, then you'll be a little bit more limited as to the shape and style, but you can add enough elements to make it unique and shabby chic.

A chandelier that has little lampshades surrounding each light is easy to switch up to something more interesting by using a fabric of your choice on the light shades. Using different fabric for each one is a good option. You can paint the fixture and sand it in spots to give it a worn look, which is perfect in this style of decorating. And do not forget that hanging small objects from the fixture is what will set it apart. Use brightly colored gems, little novelty items, costume jewelry, feathers or whatever else fits your room's decor and you'll end up with a perfectly unique and interesting lighting fixture.

Top 10 Abs Exercises – How to Perform and What Are the Benefits

Tired of doing crunches without any visible effect on your abs? Well, there is no need to feel guilty because a lot of people can relate to that. These people would also give anything just to have a perfectly toned body and great abs just like the models on TV or at the billboards. Well, such wistful thinking is actually attainable, even by those who are not fond of bodybuilding and the gym. Forget the simple crunches and learn the Top 10 Abs Exercises to maximize the development of your Abs.

# 10 Abs Exercise – Ab Roller Crunch

An Ab Roller is an important tool for toning the abs – it is especially useful for beginners, as to prevent injuries and neglected muscles. What is so great about the Ab Roller is that it allows the user to have great abs without having to work too hard. The entire rectus abdominis is put to work here. The roller also provides support to the neck and arms so that the user can feel comfortable while working out.

First, the user sits on the Ab Roller and holds the support bars firmly. Then, by contracting the abs, the user rocks the roller back and forth. By allowing the abs muscles to contract, the user slowly goes back to starting position.

# 9 Abs Exercise – Exercise Ball Crunch

The Exercise Ball Crunch is another effective tool in exercising the abs. It is much better than doing crunches on the floor because the upper and lower muscles are directly targeted and must do a lot of work.

The user must recline slightly on the exercise ball, carefully positioned under the lower back. While crossing the arms either over the chest or at the back of the head, the user slowly contracts the abs until the torso is lifted from the ball and the chest crunching down to the hips. Then, slowly and carefully, the user curls up while ensuring that the exercise ball does not roll off.

# 8 Abs Exercise – Full Vertical Crunch

Aside from toning the lower abs, upper abs, and obliques, the full vertical crunch also targets the upper and lower body; thus, ensuring an effective abs workout exercise.

The exercise is performed by lying on the back with the legs fully extended upwards. Then, the exerciser must hold the head light and contract the abs so that the shoulder blades are lifted off the floor while pressing the heels together to reach the ceiling. The body is slowly lowered down and the cycle repeated.

# 7 Abs Exercise – Twist and crunch

Adding a twist to the simple crunch makes it more effective. Like the simple crunch, this exercise also targets the upper and lower abs but adds work on the obliques.

This exercise is done on a mat, with both hands behind the ears and the legs perpendicular to the floor. Then, the left oblique muscles are contracted so that the hips begin to twist. While in this position, the abs are contracted so that the right elbow moves across the body towards the outside of the left knee, then back to starting position. These are then repeated for the right side of the body.

# 6 Abs Exercise – Long Arm Crunch

The long arm crunch which is almost identical to the simple floor crunch but performed with the arms fully extended behind the head. This exercise is much harder and challenging than the simple crunch. It targets the upper muscles of the abs.

First, the exerciser must stretch out on the mat with the knees bended and the arms fully extended over the head. Using the abs muscle, the upper body is lifted until the chest reaches the knees, then, back to starting position.

# 5 Abs Exercise – Jackknife

The Jackknife is also related to the simple crunch; however, this time, the body jackknifes into position. In the crunch, the lower body is steady while the upper body moves. With the jackknife, it is the whole body moves into position. This exercise works on all the abdominal muscles as well as leg and arm muscles.

At the starting position, the whole body is stretched out on the floor, with the arms fully extended above the head. Then, the arms and legs are lifetimes simultaniously so that, ideally, the fingertips will reach the toes. The abdominal muscles are contracted to initiate the movement; then, these are relaxed to allow the body to return to the starting position.

# 4 Abs Exercise. Reverse crunch

Just as its name suggests, the reverse crunch is the opposite of the usual crunch. This is especially good on the lower abs. It ranks better than the usual crunches because of the added challenge of lifting one's body against gravity using the abs muscles only.

It is done by, first, lying on the floor with the arms relaxed at the sides, on the floor. Then, with the feet crossed, the knees are brought to the chest until it is bent at 90 degrees. Then, using only the ab muscles, the hips are lifted off the floor while the legs reach for the ceiling. Slowly, the body is lowered down.

# 3 Abs Exercise – Front plank on ball

For this exercise, an exercise ball and a flat bench are necessary. The flat bench act as the main support for the upper body while the exercise ball is the movable support for the bottom part. The exercise targets the abdominal muscles as well as the lower body for great washboard abs.

The elbows are folded on a flat bench while the balls of the feet are resting on top of the ball. The abs are contracted to make the body parallel to the floor. Then, the user goes back to starting position using the abs muscle only, as much as possible.

# 2 Abs Exercise – Captain's Chair Exercise

The Captain's Chair Exercise involves a special equipment called a Captain's Chair which looks like an elevated arm chair with no seat; it has padded parts for comfort. It is important for toning the abs muscles and the obliques. It also keeps the upper body fit.

The exerciser grips the hands to keep the upper part of the body stabilized. Then, while pressing the back against the pad, the abs are contracted the legs are raised. The knees are then lifted towards the chest without swinging them up. Slowly, the user goes back to starting position.

# 1 Abs Exercise – Bicycle Crunch Exercise

The Bicycle Crunch Exercise is considered to be among the best abs workout exercises. It directly targets the abs muscles and the obliques. This exercise keeps the whole body moving so that it also tones the muscles of the upper and lower body.

While lying on the floor with the fingers lacerated together behind the head, the knees are brought to the chest and the shoulder blades lifted off the floor. One leg is straightened out while the upper body is twisted to the opposite side so that the elbow reaches the opposite knee. While performing the exercise, it is important to create a "pedaling" motion just like that used for a real bicycle. The exercise is repeated for the other side.

In conclusion, there are plenty of exercises and workout routines that people can try with some being more effective than the others. Abs Workout Equipment have come up with their top 10 Abs Exercises. Some of these exercises also target other parts of the body for a better toned body to match the beautiful washboard abs. Despite difficult at first, a lot of people can master these exercises in no time at all to ensure great abs muscles within weeks of exercise. Moreover, to prevent injuries, it is important to follow the steps correctly and to breathe slowly and evenly.

Why Elevator Pads Are Needed In Elevators?

While riding numerous elevators in your life, you may not notice that not all elevators are using protective pads. The buildings that do not protect their elevators walls will end up paying more for repairing the interior cabins. Money is hard to come by nowdays and it will be helpful for a company to make smarter decisions when it comes to protecting their assets.

Wall pads are needed in commercial and residential elevators. These lifts transport freight and passengers through the day. There is a high chance that the cab walls will be scratched or damaged. Protective wall pads should be installed to prevent this problem before it occurs. Often, a building will have a separate lift for passengers and freight. This is to ensure that passengers are safe from cargo that needs to be transported. It is important to note that elevator wall pads are to be used in both freight elevators as well as passenger elevators.

Freight elevators are more prone to damages because of the different goods that are transported. With the heavy weight and frequency of transportation of cargo, interior cab walls should be protected with thick pads. Such pads will absorb impact between the elevator wall and the freight. In the case of passenger lifts, installing protective wall pads will less the chance of scratching interior walls. Elevator walls are costly to repair which is why investing in protective products, like wall pads, are a more cost-effective option.

Elevator pads are important for several reasons. First, elevator pads are needed in buildings where passengers and freight share the same elevator. The single elevator will be used to transport equipment, supplies, and furniture up and down the building. Because of this, the risk of damaging the elevator walls is high. Second, elevators are designed to be visually appealing for passengers. This gives passengers a comfortable ride. However, if the walls are scratched, it will immediately leave a bad impression with the passenger and may ever damage the reputation of the building. Lastly, elevator pads give round-the-clock protection from accidental or unintentional dents and scratches.

Elevator pads have cushion inside to absorb impact. Aside from this, elevator pads are very easy to install. These elevator pads are not stuck to the elevator walls. They are attached with the use of clamps. This makes it easier to install and remove elevator pads when it is time for cleaning. Protective pads for elevators also conform to standard fire safety codes by maintaining 4 inches between the bottom of the pad and the floor of the elevator cab. The building is also benefited because they can switch elevator pad designs to keep the lift visually appealing.

For the most part, the importance of elevator pads needs to be recognized by all building owners. When stainless steel elevator walls become deferred, it will be hard to bring it back to its original state and can be an eyesore for many. The building owner will have to spend a lot of money just by repairing this. If he chooses to ignore this, the residents and tenants will not sit well with riding an elevator that is full of scratches and dents. Elevators are not cheap and it is best that building owners take protective measures immediately.

A Short History of Sports Photography

The history of sports photography is tightly related to the trends of sport gaining popularity throughout human history. The technology of photography from the early 1800s onward leaped forward in bounds and aided an emerging media, sporting journalism.

The inspiration of athletics and sport in art can certainly be seen in the work of the ancient Greek masters of sculpture, however this type of expression was not as prevalent in modern sporting venues until the invention of wet-collodion and dry-plate photographic processes. These processes allowed for posed studio images on glass plates and tin-types, but were just not ‘fast’ enough for the ‘stop-action’ images we are used to seeing today.

As the 19th Century was coming to a close, in the 1880s scientific motion studies of athletes in action were produced in the United States and Germany, the technology was still not considered on the sporting field. This all changed with the advancement of photography and sports journals in the last part of the century. As the first sports journals began to appear around 1900, the public became more and more interested in the sports image, which often would include images of players on the tennis green, golfling or on the hunt for wild game.

In the history of sports photography the earliest of contributors were more concerned with the activities of the country elite, but by the end of World War I, readers of sporting journals were becoming interested in the professional athletes of American baseball and tennis. The majority of these early images were of prominent players in posed situations, giving te sense of action. Baseball players were posed with bat in hand at the plate, teams were lined up for group shots and so forth, however the ‘action’ shot was still not widely seen.

With the 1930s more and more images of athletes in action were appearing in magazines, assisted in their growth through camera systems allowing photographers shutter speeds up to 1/1000th of a second. This gave way to styles highlighting blurred subjects suggesting movement and ‘stop-action’ images of the athlete in activity. Photographers began adopting signature styles and the popularity of the genre began to grow rapidly as the public began to expect the excitement of seeing their favored athletes in ‘action.’

In 1954, Sports Illustrated – the vaunted digest of sports and athletics – premiered and suddenly the position of being a sports photographer became even more engrained in the public eye. The magazine highlighted the exploits and professional and amateur athletes the world over, increasing the need for the art form and those who practiced it. By this point, technology had more or less caught up with demand, with the advent of small, compact single lens reflex (SLR) cameras and the fast shutter speeds offered in the models. The history of sports photography is strongly tied to lens technology, as well, had advanced to offer the photographer a wide choice of methods to compress perspective and using depth of field for dramatic effect.

Wood Burning Fireplaces – How They Work

Wood burning fireplaces with their glowing warmth have been the gathering place in homes for centuries. Christmas Holidays are always remembered with a photograph in front of the fireplace. Wood burning fireplaces are a great source of heat.

As a sole heating source (heating an entire home) a fireplace has a difficult time. Centuries ago before the invention of the wood stove, homes had several fireplaces; Many had a fireplace in every room. When a fireplace burns wood it produces heat, heat rises up the chimney and out into the cold air. The hotter the fire the more heat is pushed up the chimney. A wood burning fireplace pulls hot air from the other rooms in your home and the hot air masses in the fireplace room before it goes up the chimney. This leaves the rooms farthest from the fireplace cold. Having a wood burning fireplace at either end of the home tends to pull the heat from fireplace to fireplace spreading the warmth through out the entire home. A fireplace in every room created a very warm home.

Today most homes only have one wood burning fireplace. The best way to heat an entire home with wood is called an insert. This is a wood burning stove that is inserted into the fireplace. A wood stove is a slow burn. You are able to control the burn with dampers and air controls. By allowing a little air in and closing down the damper heat is generated back into your room where it will spread through out your own home.

Wood stove inserts have increased in prices over the years. The demand for alternative heat has been fueled by higher natural gas and heating oil costs. Wood stove inserts are running from $ 750 to a high of $ 3,000. Shop around for the best prices and do not be afraid to ask when the next sale is.