Suspended Timber Floors

The majority of older houses in Britain have suspended timber floors (also known as hollow floors) in the ground-floor rooms. However, during and after the Second World War, timber became scarce and restrictions were placed on its use and availability, so other forms of construction were employed. The solid floor was introduced as a suitable and economic alternative at ground level.

Suspended timber ground floors

A suspended timber ground floor consists of a number of boards sometimes tongued-and-grooved – or sheets of man-made boards such as chipboard or plywood, laid over and supported by timber joists. The joists are 400mm to 600mm apart and are supported by 100mm x 50mm timber wallplates which are in turn supported by the main walls of the building, or by sleeper walls built up from a layer of concrete beneath the house, or by a combination of the two. To prevent the timber floor from absorbing any moisture, the wallplates are bedded on top of a suitable damp-proof course.

Suspended timber upper floors

Like suspended ground floors, upper floors consist of timber boards or sheets of man-made board laid over and supported by timber joists. Suspended timber floors which are not at ground level are often called single floors because the joists bridge a single span they run from wall to wall.

As it is not possible to give additional support to upper floors by using sleeper walls, the joists of single floors are bigger than those of hollow ground floors and usually bridge the narrowest span – often across the narrowest part of the room. If the joists bridge spans greater than 4.0m, timber or steel cross-members (called binders) may be used to give intermediate support. Joists in a single floor tend to flex, so rows of struts may be laid across the floor between the joists to make the floor stiffer.

The ends of the joists may be built into the walls, or supported by joist hangers built into or fixed on to the face of the wall. If the joist end is built into the wall, this part should be treated with preservative to protect it from decay.

The ceiling of the room underneath the floor is usually lath-and-plaster or plasterboard fixed to the underside of the joists. Plasterboard may have a plaster ‘skim’ finish.

Solid ground floors

The cross-section of a solid floor consists of a number of layers of different materials.

The first layer is 100 to 150mm of consolidated hardcore com¬posed of crushed stone and clean broken bricks. This is to level out any unevenness in the ground caused by the excavation and to provide a firm and level base for the floor slab.

A 50mm-thick layer of fine ash, sand or weak mix concrete is laid over the hardcore to bind the surface. This blinding will also give a smooth even surface for laying the damp-proof membrane on. The damp-proof membrane should never be laid directly on to the hardcore – it may puncture.

The damp-proof membrane may be placed above or below the floor slab. In the latter case, the DPM will keep the floor slab free from moisture. A wide range of materials are suitable as DPMs: hot and cold poured bitumen, asphalt, epoxy pitch compounds and 1000-gauge polythene sheeting.

The floor slab (concrete) can vary in thickness from 100 to 150mm and have one or two layers of mesh reinforcement, depending on the area of the floor and its intended use. The concrete slab may have a cement screed laid over its surface, depending on what type of floor finish is to be used.

To provide extra insulation, 50mm sheets of expanded polystyrene can be added between the slab and the screed.

Taking a Look at the Arched Back Lumbar Stretcher Extender

According to Medline Plus, back pain affects 8/10 Americans at some point during their lifetimes. The National Institute of Health reports that a number of factors can increase one's risk of developing back problems, such as being overweight or out of shape, aging, having a job that requires lifting, smoking, poor posture or disease.

Back pain can also come as a result of kidney stones, cancer, tumors, stress, infections, arthritis or pregnancy. To minimize the risk, it's important that we remain flexible and neatly stretched. One of the products people are using the $ 14 Arched Back Lumbar Stretcher Extender Model # 83-4866V by Trademark Global.

To use the Arched Back Lumbar Stretcher Extender Model # 83-4866V, you position the product at your shoulder blades and lie down on your back, allowing the arch to follow the natural curvature of your back. Keep your knees bent with your feet flat on the floor and stretch your arms out over your head for the optimal stretch. You may move the product slowly up or down to provide added pressure where you need it. Amazon recommends that you purchase a pillow like the REAL-EaSE Neck Support (Brookstone) to give yourself a pillowy head and neck support while stretching. Some people find it works best if you slowly pull your knees up to your chest and rock gently to crack your back.

The Arched Back Lumbar Stretcher Extender Model # 83-4866V has received a number of five-star reviews at Amazon. One man says he uses the product after golfing to stretch out. Other people use the stretcher extender following surgery or to treat the pain of bulging disks. This product is used by patients with sciatica, injured rotator cuffs and dull aches from working at a computer all day long. Lisa W. from Ohio says, "Since I started using the stretcher at least twice a day, I have noticed an improved range of motion, and an ease of motion in my shoulders with less pain."

Many consumers note that the Arched Back Lumbar Stretcher Extender Model # 83-4866V is much easier to use than an inversion table and much cheaper than paying a chiropractor. However, they also find that stretching over an exercise ball can often do the same job – if not better.

Not everyone reports the enjoyable "spell cracking" experience that the most ardent reviewers report, but everyone notes that it is at least comfortable and relaxing to lay on. As with any back pain relief product, you're likely to be disappointed if you're looking for a magical cure-all. Yet if you're looking for a product that promotes greater flexibility, stretching, relaxation and relief of tension, then you will enjoy this product.

The In House Separation: Tips On Making It Work When You're Separated But Still Living Together

I sometimes hear from wives who husband is pushing for a marital separation. Because today's economy is a tough one, I'm hearing a lot about "in house" separations. What this means is that no one moves out of the house. The couple typically agreements to try a trial separation in which one of them moves out of the master bedroom. They give one another the space to live separately. But no one is having to pay additional rent until they figure things out. Some wives see this as prefer to the husband actually moving out and some get pretty panicked at this scenario.

I recently heard from a wife who said "our marriage has been on the rocks for the past eight months. I have two kids to think about, so separating or divorcing is just not a viable option for me. . ' What this means is that he would move into our basement while I keep the master bedroom. We would both let each other be and he would have that space that he thinks he can not live without. t want me questioning him or making demands of him. I suppose this is preferable to him filing for divorce. And it's clear that neither of us can really afford to pay for someone else to have an apartment or another house. wondering is should I agree to this in house separation? Do these ever work to save marriages or do they just delay the inevitable which is a "real" or legal separation, or worse, a divorce? " I have a definite opinion on in house separations, which I will share with you below.

When Done Correctly, I Think An In House Separation Is Preferable To A "Real" Separation, Especially If You Might Want To Save Your Marriage: I actually sometimes encourage wives who want to save their salaries to suggest an in house separation. I know that there can be a lot of anxiety and awkwardness about the boundaries of the separation when you are living under the same roof. But frankly I find this so much preferable to trying to figure out a way to get a husband who has already packed up his things and left the house to change his mind and come back that same house.

Please believe me when I say that it is often easier to reform the marriage that you still hold under one roof than to save the one that is now living somewhere else. Will you have hard work to do during the in house separation? Absolutely. Will things be awkward and weird? Most probably. But is this easier than trying to lure your husband back to the house? Most of the time, there is not even a question about this.

If you have the choice between an in house separation or allowing your spouse to "try" moving out, I almost always encourage you to keep your spouse in the same home as you. It will make your saving your marriage easier, though none of this is easy. Many people worry about the circumstances. They will tell me that since it's only finances keeping their husband under the same roof, that they really consider this to be a "real" separation. You can call it what you want, but there is nothing wrong with taking advantage of the circumstances that just might work out in your favor. With that said, in order to give your in house separation the best chance of being successful, it's important to set boundaries and to set things up correctly, which I will discuss now.

Making The In House Separation Work Well Enough To Save Your Marriage: I want for you to be very clear about what your husband wants right now. Most husbands will tell you that they want space. This is their way of asking you for uninterrupted time alone to clear their head and determine what they really want. I know that sounds easier than it actually is in real life. But please understand that if your husband does not perceive that he is getting that time, he may possibly think he needs to divorce you or distance himself from you more in order to get it.

Often, your best bet is to respect the boundaries. Give him that time alone. You know where he is more of the time anyway. I know that it's very tempting to want to know what it is thinking and feeling all of the time, but sometimes a little time apart and mystery can be a good thing for your marriage. I often tell wives that you need to give your husband the time to miss you. As best as you can, give him that space but make sure that when he does see and interact with you, that you make the encounter as positive and as easy as you can possibly make it. You do not want for this process to be difficult. In fact, you want for it to go so well that he ever does not need the space anymore and he wants to move back into the master bedroom.

Do not Think You Need To Solve Every Problem That You Have During The Separation: Many wives feel a sense of panic when they are in this situation. So they will try to figure out what needs to happen in order to get their husband invested in the marriage again. As a result, they will figure that they need to resolve all of their problems before they can ask him to end the separation. Although I understand this, I know from inexhaustible experience that it is not the best call. Doing this will often make things more awkward between you so that your husband will want to avoid you. The goal is to make things better and easier between you, not more awkward and forced. I suggest working on reconnecting before you even vent into the territory of your problems. Couples often can not really successfully solve their problems until they are both committed and connected once again.

Aim For The Best Layout Design And Atmosphere For Your Nightclub

Everyone loves a nightclub where the songs are pumping, the beverages are flowing, and there are lovely people smiling and dancing on a fantastic dance floor. A great nightclub has the perfect atmosphere where you can go and release all the troubles and worries away for the night in dancing and absorbing the energy from the other people. So how do you open a nightclub that has the most effective layout design conducive to create this atmosphere? Well let's hope this could help respond to that question.

The layout of the design can make or break a nightclub. Once a patron walks into the club it has to have a sense of flow to it and the original impression can have a long-term impact on the people determining in their mind if they will ever return.

Right here are two questions you want to ask yourself initially, what is the main direction you wish the patrons to be aimed at when getting inside and how the layout make that easy. Well naturally you need the patrons to reach where you generate the profits from, the bar. By establishing the layout design so when a patron enters the club they can see the bar clearly and also must go past it to get to various regions of the nightclub helps increasing the profits.

The first impact a patron has once gotten inside the nightclub may be enhanced by the employees. Although it is imperative to have a bit of an overwhelming big man standing at the entryway, a strong positive public relations can go a long way. Believe it or not, this is favorable in the layout design. A friendly doorman / bouncer who greets everyone using a smile and wishes them to have a great time while entering can manipulate the people's view even before stepping into the nightclub. From there it depends on the wait personnel to stick to using that very same friendly and live attitude. To help keep the employees in a positive attitude the layout has to be developed to give them enough room to serve beverages while at the same time enabling a good circulation of traffic. Some various key elements you need to memorize if considering how to open up a night club using an effective layout design other than the location of the bar, employees attitude and room to work are:

– Sq. Footage you have to work with compared to what capacity the health department allots in patronage.

– What types of features do you want to incorporate into the nightclub such as VIP room, lifted dance floor, more than one dance area, more bars, lounge area, etc.?

– Where do you wish all the features of the nightclub located such as restrooms, coat checks, staff break room, and the above-mentioned that should enable ease in circulation of traffic while at the same time point traffic to where the profits are made?

– All of the functions agree with each other for example; are the bathrooms very easily accessible from the VIP place or just near the bar? Is the staff break room off set from the activities to avert patrons from having easy access?

All these issues should be taken into consideration once looking into how to open up a nightclub using the most effective layout design. A great way to get started in the design is to check out popular nightclubs. Explore their layout design as you ask yourself the aforementioned questions. Right after you get a good idea for what you are searching for talk to a designer to assist you with the layout of the nightclub decor and furniture.

How To Buy Replacement Wood Shed Doors For Your Back Yard Storage Shed

Generally speaking, shed doors are the first problem you'll have with your shed (other than Mother Nature). It makes sense as your shed doors are the only moving part of your shed and are opened and closed many times through their use.

If you purchased your shed from one of the big box stores, you will have shed door problems sooner than later because of the way their doors are built.

The sheds the big box home improvement stores sell are shipped by the manufacture on tractor trailers and all the parts and pieces of the shed must fit into a nice box so they are lighter and take up less room to cut down on shipping costs and make them easy to load and unload.

Quality wise, the item that suffers the most are the doors. They need them to be as light as possible and fit flat into the box; so many shortcomings are taken giving the shed buyer a weak set of doors that will fail sooner than later.

The shortcuts include; using weak trim pieces as the actual frame structure of the door, only using staples to fasten the door sheeting to the trim and not using a complete 2×2 "or 2×4" frame on the inside of the doors for strength.

As your shed ages and settlements into its footprint in the backyard, the shed floor becomes un-level resulting in hard to open doors. The shed owner must use more force to open and close the doors which loosens the staples and nails that hold the doors together. Note: the shed builder is trained to add screws to the factory built door for added strength but seldom is this actually done and if it is, they use too much force and spin the screws which result in no holding power at all.

As the staples and nails loosen, the seams and trim in the door start pulling farther apart making it even harder to open and close the doors. Even more force is needed and before you know it, the doors are falling apart.

Most big box sheds come with a warranty and you can get the doors replaced. Most warranty claims are not scheduled appropriatively and it will take many calls to get your new doors. The squeaky wheel will get the grease in this case so be diligent in your complaining.

The bad news; the replacement doors will be the exact replica of the existing doors and the same problems you're having will happen again. There is no warranty on the replacement doors so be prepared to spend around $ 500.00 for doors from the original manufacture.

The good news; you can buy replacement doors on the Internet that are better than the doors that came with the shed and are easy to get and install yourself.

The first step is to measure the vertical and horizontal door opening (also called rough opening) of your shed. Use your measuring tape and measure from the bottom of the header to the floor. This is your vertical measurement. The header is the piece of wood (usually a 2×4) that is above the door opening. It could be a 2×6 if you have a larger shed. Then measure your horizontal width from the stud (usually a 2×4, also called a jack stud) on one side of the opening to the stud on the other side. This is your horizontal measurement.

On cheaper sheds, the jack stud could be a 2×3 (which is okay) or the door opening may not have 2×4 studs on both sides. If this is the case, you can easily add a stud (s). Measure the length needed cut to fit and toenail the new stud in.

Once you have your measurements, you can shop online and find the best deal. As of this writing, there are only 2 companies that build and ship wooden replacement shed doors. Both companies are reputable, make a superior shed door to the one you'll replace and both ship UPS. All you have to do is find the best deal.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Automatic Garage Doors

Automatic garage doors are becoming popular, and more people are planning to install these doors in their garages. They are preferred, but there are advantages and disadvantages of using this technology, and may not be a good idea for all home and garage owners. If you are wondering whether you should go ahead with the traditional doors or motorized doors, read on to know more about these doors, which will enable you to make a better-informed decision.

Automatic garage doors are expensive, and the expenses do not stop at just buying these doors. Depending on the type of garage and the product you buy, you would need to spend money on the installation and adding some props and accessories. So, you should think about installing the automatic garage doors only when you have the proper budget. It would be a good idea to get a detailed quotation of the installation process.

The other disadvantage of installing garage doors is the maintenance needed. Unlike the manual garage doors, if they do not work, you have no option but to call the service center of the manufacturer or retailer, as maintaining and repairing these doors is not a simple do-it-yourself project.

As for the expensive nature of these doors, you might even need to check all the features and services that these doors offer. This is new technology, and will have many features that you do not need, and there should not be paying for. Anything with added features and services will cost you money, and when it comes to technology, you will be paying a reasonable amount. Therefore, you should research the product that you are planning to buy and decide whether you should be buying the particular product or something else.

This is not to say that motorized or automatic garage doors are a waste of money. They are highly efficient when it comes to security, and are compulsory if you have something very expensive in the garage and want additional security. When they work – which they do all the time – they are very efficient and simple to use, and are definitely a boon for someone who does not have the muscle or the patience to not wind down a garage door manually.

These are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using a mechanized garage door. Several manufacturers offer a wide variety of doors, and you would need to visit the various shops to find out what fits in your budget and are the best for your requirements. If you are looking for something specific, have not found it in the brick, and mortar shops, you can even look for them online. Several garage door manufacturers and retailers have their websites, which provide you all the information you would need. These websites also have a detailed list of their inventory, and some even offer online buying options. You can order these online, after you contact their sales and technical representatives and find out which is the best option for you.

Rain-X Vs Bosch Wiper Blades

Talking about windshield wipers and comparing them may seem boring, that is, until that unexpected winter storm comes along while driving alone on a curvy highway. Sometimes we get so caught up with the major things going on with our cars that we forget about the little things.

Rain-X and Bosch are the number one and number two windshield wipers sold on the market. Although they both may look the same, the two companies manufacture distinct products that may interest consumers.

Traditional Wiper Blades

A traditional blade has plastic or metal brackets connecting the rubber part of the blade to the vehicle's wiper arm. The problem is that snow and ice usually build up on these parts, reducing the blade's wiping efficiency. Older cars use these traditional wipers and both Bosh and Rain X still produce them.

Bracketless Blades

Both companies manufacture bracketless wiper blades (beam blades). Bracketless blades have no joints or hinges, which prevents snow and ice from collecting on the blade. They are sleek in style. Bosch and Rain X design their bracketless blades to resist heavy rain, snow and ice through a beading process, which improves the driver's visibility during heavy storms. There is also a wind spoiler on both Bosch's and Rain X's bracketless products that help blades cling to windshields better and reduce wiper noises.

Okay, now let's compare Bosch and Rain X!

Rain X Latitude and Repel Blades (Bracketless)

Rain X markets their next-generation Latitude and Repel bracketless wiper blades by claiming they are easy to install, they give drivers a high-performance wipe and their frame is ice resistant. Latitudes and Repels are graphite-coated wipers with a uniform pressure design. These blades fit all vehicles and are now number one in the wiper blade market. Rain X places a wind spoiler on them to reduce wiper noise.

There is only one difference between Latitude and Repel blades. Repel blades come with Rain X's patented water beading technology, which is a chemical treatment that is placed on the windshield during installation and activates when using the wiper in wet weather.

Rain X Bracket Blades

Rain X adds galvanized steel to their Weatherbeater bracket wiper blades from to prevent rusting. The experts at Rain X claim that the Weatherbeater is "Consumer Rated best in wet weather driving visibility."

Bosch Evolution (Bracketless)

Bosch has made wiper blades for over 75 years. Their top of the line wiper blade, Evolution, is a bracketless blade made with a special blend of steel and graphite. Bosch puts two steel tension springs on the Evolution used for hugging a vehicle's windshield. This wiper has a multi-functioning aerodynamic wind spoiler that blocks snow and ice for reaching the wiper's tensions springs and uses outside air to push the blade closer to the windshield.

Bosch DirectConnect Wiper Blades

This precision cut blade uses natural rubber, and it has an aerodynamic steel frame that Bosch coats with zinc primer to resist rusting. Consumers install the blade using Bosch's trademark DirectConnect feature that gives them a one-step process when replacing the blades on their vehicles.

Bosch MicroEdge Wiper Blades

MicroEdge has all the features of the DirectConnect and includes fully enclosed tension springs for better weather protection. The blade also incorporates Bosch's trademark Quiet-Glide technology, which reduces the blade's noise when in use.

Bosch Excel + Wiper Blades

This blade has all the features of the MicroEdge and includes a dual rubber compound on the blade for harder wiping. The wiper also lasts twice as long as Bosch's other bracket blades.

Bosch ICON Wiper Blades

This blade has all the features of the Excel + and includes a pre-installed weather shield connector that protects wiper arms from rusting.

12 Cancer-Causing 'Elements' Found In Our Home!

When I jokingly told my friend about 12 common categorized 'cancer causing elements' found in some homes, my friend was in disbelief! She could not accept these facts that there are cancer-causing elements found in our own home … Let's have a look at all those cancer-causing elements basically found in our home!

[1] Vanishes, Industrial coatings, Paints and their solvents and Glues

These are generally found in newly completed or renovated homes where most of them are freshly applied to walls, floors, ceilings in bedrooms, sitting rooms, kitchens and even our bathroom.

A very distinct sign of all these home finishing coatings will be the unbearable odor when applied inside or outside the house. Decaying plasters after decades will also be cancerous. The worst is that we spend more time at home, so increasing certain risks.

[2] Electrical appliances

Most electrical appliances produce small or slight radiation and is never healthy towards those who are constantly exposed to them. What are these electrical appliances? Television sets, video players, computers, hand phones and the main switch just to mention a few.

[3] Water-borne cancer-causing elements that comes from our water taps

Tap water is always chlorinated to kill germs and bacteria. We need chlorine but we need not drink the chlorine inside the water. Moreover, there are heavy metals, other contaminants, possible
toxins that one is not aware of. In the process of washing, cleansing, cooking and drinking, many have unknowingly consumed dirtied water that may be cancer-causing in the long run.

[4] In your kitchen, in your bathroom ..

Some toothpaste, shampoos, soaps, body shampoos, washing powder do contain unexplainable cancer-causing elements. Most of these are manufactured without scientific backup and lack of quality control. So, take great care to buy only reputed branded quality products which are backed up with scientific proofs. Read the labels outside the products, its expiry date and know the basic ingredients it is made. .

[5] Insecticides to keep away mosquitoes, cockroaches and other insects

If they can kill small insects, it can also poison people very slowly when exposed for a long period of usage of the said chemicals. Moreover, it is not safe for young kids and the aged.

[6] In your bedroom

Poor ventilation in enclosed bedrooms, lacking of sunlight and fresh air will create poor quality air. Contaminated air will cause a lot of health problems. Great care should be taken as to maintain clean and fresh air in the bedroom.

There are certain contaminants in the air that will cause cancer. Free radicals from polluted air will attack our body DNA and immune system unmercifully.

[7] Improper cooking utensils

Aluminum pots, non-stick pans that gets worn out and gets thinner after constant use can cause havoc in our body when these metals and unknown chemicals are consumed with our foods cooked using them. Sad to say, it can not be easily excreted from our body. The worst fear is that it goes into our blood streams. Cooking gas when inhaled will also cause health problems.

[8] Unsafe food containers, food storage compartment

Some housewives are ignorant about using safe food containers, when microwaving and cooking. Some food containers are not suitable for storing hot foods, especially plastic and rubber.

[9] Your supplies of canned foods, preserved foods, sauces and stale foods kept too long,

Some canned foods are full of cancer-causing elements. Moldy foods are never advisable for consumption too. Foods rich in fats that become stale is cancer-causing too. Beware of stale groundnuts! It is the fat that cause it to be cancer-causing.

[10] In your wardrobe

Dark deep colored lingerie and underwear ….. Those underwear that are day day and night, close to our sensitive body parts … dyed by certain dyes can be cancer-causing. A word of advice, do not buy or wear dark colored lingerie or underwear, especially black.

[11] In your cardboard

You might keep some medicines, pills, cough solution in your cardboard. You may also be in some form of medication. Some drugs are only found to contain carcinogens after a period of trial and error. What a big guinea pig we have become!

[12] In your dressing room

Some skin care products and cosmetics may also contain cancer-causing elements too. Beware of some skin care products who never emphasized on safety and quality control. Be smart to opt for preventive measures which are still the best!

What all of us fear is pollution and contamination. Polluted air, water, environment and food or drinks will cause cancer in the long run when the free radicals create havoc in our body system. Too much toxemia and acidosis will rupture our normal cells. From there, cancer is born ….

3 Franchise Opportunities For Health Nuts

For those who are passionate about health, there are plenty of franchise opportunities for health nuts that can make it possible to pass on that passion to others and to create a healthy community. Franchise opportunities for health nuts include gyms and spas, weight loss centers, nutritional supplement retails stores and more. These businesses are constantly in demand by customers because they are always needed. Everyone needs better health, and most people are actively seeking out ways to get it.

The Zoo Health Club is a small, personal health club that gives its members personal attention and training. The small size of the gyms not only ensure that there is personal attention paid to each customer- it also keeps business costs low. Each Zoo Health Club is a family-friendly business that has a kids area and a variety of strength and fitness equipment. The Zoo gyms are popular because there are no contracts- members pay on a month-to-month basis instead. This immediately makes an impact on any are that is full of people who want to join a gym but who are afraid of getting locked into long contracts. With these health clubs, owners can spread their love of health and fitness to other members of the community, teach healthy habits and watch customers get into better shape over time.

Jenny Craig International is a well-known weight loss company that helps members to lose weight with a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle. Like other franchise opportunities for health nuts, Jenny Craig International is a business that is rewarding to anyone who is passionate about improving the health of others. With a Jenny Craig franchise, business owners offer food items as well as training for members to eat a balanced diet and to stay active. With the personalized training that the company is known for, health nuts can spread their enthusiasm about good health and create lots of other health nuts in the community.

Massageluxe is a massage franchise that is taking advantage of the growing massage industry to create big results for both owners and clients. For owners, an influx of people who need to relax and pay more attention to their health can make a business grow quickly. For clients, the chance to spend time relaxed and in tune with the body can be a valuable health remedy for a number of stresses and strains. It can relive pain, calm anxiety and treat problem areas. Franchise opportunities for health nuts often give the owner the satisfaction of making a difference in the health of consumers, and this one is no different.

With franchise opportunities for health nuts, it's easy to never forget your own health goals. Some entrepreneurs go into health-focused businesses simply because it makes it easier to keep their own health in mind. Others choose them because they want to see a healthier community. No matter what the reason for choosing them, business owners who choose a business that centers on health find it a rewarding experience.

Mind Power Seduction Techniques – 2 Tips to Seduce & Attract Girls

Before I go into detail about the seduction techniques, I would first like to explain why they work (other than the fact they are time tested). A woman's mentality is completely different from a males perspective. They look at life and situations through how they feel, not their rational thought. Now all people do this to an ample but woman are hardwired by them, it is their ruling emotion.

1 * The First Mind Power Seduction Technique is called Fractionation, also known as Positive-Negative Theory

The basis for this seduction technique to attract girls is as you might have guessed, saying something extremely positive immediately followed by something negative in conversation. This will subconsciously create an emotional roller coaster for the woman. Assuming that you are able to hold a conversation, this technique is one of the most effective.

For Example, If you are trying to seduce and attract woman or just that special girl.

"Do you remember that time when your best friend was next to you, and it makes you feel tremendously happy, you feel important, loved, appreciated. then one day my friend got sick and died almost immediately. (Pause) She was gone. "

Now, obviously that is a very extreme example, but that is the basis for that seduction technique, which works like gangbusters.

2 * The Second Mind Power Seduction Technique is called Strawberry Fields (Replace with fruit of your choosing …)

This tactic is to be used only when you have built up sufficient rapport with the woman. At this point you will be able to seduce and attract her easily using this tactic.

"Imagine that you are standing at the gate to a strawberry field. You look in and see ripe and delicious strawberries.

(Yes)

"How high are the gates surrounding the field?"

(This answer will generally determine her mindset towards sex, higher the gate, the higher her guard)
"Imagine you are inside the field, how many strawberries would you pick and eat?"

(This answer will determine how many sex partners she desires)

"After you finished eating the strawberries, you realized you were observed from a farmer from afar, how do you feel about him?"

(Her response will show how she feels about her partner after sex)

This strong subconscious stimuli will compare her mindset to something pleasurable and give you a better understanding of her sexual attraction.

Again, I would like to stress to use this techniques with extreme caution. Remember, just focus on making the woman feel pleasant and all of your dreams to attract and seduce woman will come true.

Many Aspects of Modern Travel Was Pioneered by the Ancient Romans

Modern travelers take the open road for granted. We can hop into exquisitely engineered modern vehicles, pop onto smooth, straight freeways, well lit, with excellent signage and many roadside conveniences. We can cover as much ground as we might like in any direction, in relative comfort and safety.

Much that we love about modern road travel was actually available 2500 years ago to the ancient Romans. They created the template for a system of interconnected roads and conveniences that we have simply adapted during the 20th century as the vehicle became the mass method of conveyance. The road system that they built to connect to their far-flung empire is still in use in many places.

As the Roman Empire flourished, conquered and consolidated new lands and needed to efficiently manage these territories the necessity for a durable network of roads became obvious to the ruling class. Prior to Roman ascendancy roads around the world were simple unpaved paths cut into the landscape by pack animals, carts and people moving goods to trade, barter and local markets.

The Romans prospered by trading in the lands that they conquered, but they also needed to move great armies, control supply lines and have the ability to quickly transport edicts, orders and news to the far corners of the empire in a timely manner. To build this essential intra-state network of highways the Romans utilized the manpower always available in their army legions.

The quality and durability of Roman roads still amazes. Hanging on topography Roman roads were famously straight for as far as the eye could see. This engineering feat was accomplished without any of the modern surveying equipment used by road builders today. The Romans invented a simple device called the gromma and this became the principal tool utilized for accurately surveying roads and thoroughfares.

The gromma ingeniously uses two strings with a weight tide to the end of each. The strings are attached to the ends of a length of wood. The surveyor would simply line up the strings until they appeared as one, and would have assistants plant stakes approximately every 100 yards apart. The surveyor, using the gromma as a guide, would have the assistants slightly adjust the posture placement until the strings of the gromma and the line of stakes appeared as one. The result was a roadbed that was true, accurate and easily utilized by the construction crews.

The Romans laid rock above the roadbed so the surface was higher than the land next to the road. This enabled water to drain off to the side and mean that roads did not wash out in inclement weather. Gravel was placed on both sides of the roadway to act as a sort of gutter to carry away runoff.

This system, when viewed on a modern map, appears much as the present day system of interstate highways is constructed. Spain, Gaul (modern France), Italy, Germany, the British Isles, Greece and Northern Africa all were tied closely together by this amazing transport network. Modern roadways parallel this grid in most countries where the Romans built their highways.

The Romans built over 2000 bridges. Many are in use, carrying traffic to this day. The arches they crafted were amazingly strong, with strategically placed keystones supporting the massive weight and pressure of these utilitarian edifices. In addition, these bridges are some of the most beautiful structures ever built. The Roman word for bridge was "pontificat". Today we apply the descriptive name "Pontiff" to the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, as the Pope acts as the bridge between heaven and earth.

Hundreds of tunnels had to be built through the rugged topography of central Europe in order to move traffic to the most expeditious routes. The Romans had no power tools to gouge through rock. They had no dynamite. The technology to construct these tunnels was primitive, but most effective. Engineers would build massive bonfires right against the rock face of the surveyed tunnel. Then they would boil vinegar and have this splashed against the burnt rock face. While the effect of the heat and vinegar was greatest sappers would begin to chip at the weakened surface with chisels and hammers. Some of the tunnels took 20 years to complete.

As the road system grow, the need for roadside services become acute. Travel was typically undertaken in approximately 20-mile daily chunks. As a result every 20 miles or so, along the breadth of the massive Roman network of roads, there were roads inns, workshops to repair transit vehicles, and stables to care for livestock. Maps were prevalent and indicated not only place names, but distances, accommodations, levels of luxury, services, and military garrisons.

As distance was crucial in planning itineraries the Romans perfected the odometer 2000 years ago. They utilized a 42-inch diameter wheel and a series of gears that engaged each time the wheel made a full turn. The interlocking gear system was calibrated so each gear turned as it was activated until a Roman mile (approximately 5000 modern feet) was covered. Then a gravel pellet would fall into a container as holes in the gears came into alignment. This amazingly accurate measuring system enabled the Romans to mark their maps, and place stones along the roadsides marked with precise distances covered and to the next town or service stop.

Today, travel has become a hugely popular experience enjoyed by millions of people around the world. Whether a brief weekend road trip, a cruise or an international vacation, people love to go. So did the Romans. The Romans were the richest people in the history of the world to that time. The system of roads that built were heavily utilized for recreational travel, the first time in history that people had the wherewithal to move freely about for strictly leisure purposes.

Travel guidebooks were omnipresent in ancient Rome. The travel guide for the many attractions of Greece, for example, was 20 full papyrus pages long. Inns and eating establishments were rated for economy, luxury, cleanliness and safety. The modern Michelin and Fodor guidebooks are simply the successors of the Roman travel guides.

At most major crossroads on Roman roads there was a sign offering directions, distances and recommended stops for repairs, refreshments or relaxation. Many also included a news board with recent proclamations, travel warnings and local notices. These were the world's first billboards.

As travel grew in popularity so did the menu of services available to the traveler. Chariots, sedan chairs, carts, wagons and covered wagons with swivel seats and dice tables (for the rich) were available for rent. Accommodations varied broadly in cost and quality. Hostels, servants quarters, private sleeping rooms, luxury quarters with fire, bathing and mattresses were on offer depending on one's pocketbook. Food was offered in similar variety.

The world's first fast food was also available from some purveyors. The cart simply dropped to a door or opening, the menu card was reviewed and the order placed and delivered to the vehicle to be consumed as the journey continued.

The Roman Empire began to consume itself around the 5th century. The pursuit of luxury, greed and laziness made the Empire corpulent, vainglorious and decadent. The same roads that had been so crucial in their military, recreational and commercial enterprises came to haunt the Romans. Their many enemies used this road network to attack their former masters. The Visigoths, the Franks and the Mongols used the Roman roads to carve back lands formerly taken from them and to attack Rome mercilessly. By the end of the 6th Century Roman hegemony was long a thing of the past.

The demise of the Roman Empire meant that the maintenance and continued construction of the roads came to a halt. This had the unintended consequence of leaving huge swaths of the system in areas where there was no effective government. Trade came to a halt. The roads were deserted. In many areas, especially North Africa, Britain, Spain and France the Roman highways disappeared beneath weeds and fauna.

The result was the banquetment of the Dark Ages. People stopped traveling for almost any reason. Until the Crusades there was almost no interaction between peoples and cultures. The insularity of tribes and fiefdoms lead to a reawakening of ignorance, disease, superstition and hate.

For six centuries the Romans ruled the known world. Their ability to create, invent and improvise has served mancind ever since. The vast Roman network of interlocking roads, tunnels, bridges, mapmaking, services, commercial enterprises and exploration is the guide we utilize to this day in communication, logistics and locomotion. We have much to thank these brilliant Romans for as we utilize so many of theirventions to this very day.

Curing Bacterial Vaginal Infection at Home With Proven Bacterial Vaginosis Treatments

Don’t get lured by the big advertisements and billboards making tall claims about curing bacterial vaginal infection with over the counter creams and lotions. If you want, you can have bacterial vaginosis treatment at home itself. Unfortunately not many women think about home remedies due to lack of information about these remedies. There are some remedies that even the doctors fear talking about because it could take away a lot of business for them.

Can you imagine that a simple saline solution can do wonders for your bacterial vaginal infection? Take a teaspoon of salt and mix it in a glass of water. Stir the salt well to get a saline solution. Use this solution to wash your vagina. If you regularly use this technique the balance between acid level and alkali level in the vagina will be restored. This will cure BV very quickly. Remember to dry your vagina properly after a wash like this.

Another simple technique that can keep bacterial vaginal infection in control is by controlling the moisture level in the vagina. Moisture helps bacteria to breed and expand rapidly. If you can keep your vagina dry by wearing cotton undergarments and cloths that are loose, this will help in proper air circulation. Air circulation will help in evaporating moisture and prevent the infection from multiplying.

Yet another bacterial vaginosis treatment that works like a charm is buttermilk. Drinking buttermilk made from pure goat milk is an excellent remedy. You can even apply buttermilk to the vagina using a tampon. Both the techniques will help in controlling the bacterial vagina infection. Make sure that buttermilk does not have preservatives and chemicals.

Meaning of a Tribal Dragon Tattoo

For years we have seen the popularity of a tribal dragon tattoo grow and it does not look like slowing down either. Dragons are mythical creatures that can have many different meanings, depending on which dragon you decide for your tattoo. Being a mythical creature gives the tattoo artists a wide range to work with when designing your tattoo and it also gives people the opportunity to have a unique tattoo, increasing their popularity dramatically. A tribal dragon tattoo is very often associated with strength and power, which has made it very dominant in the art of tribal tattoos.

The more common tribal dragon tattoos are of the eastern, the western and the imperial dragons. The meaning of an eastern dragon is the nicest of all, they represent kindheartedness, good fortune and they are believed to be a protector. While the meaning of a western dragon is quite the opposite, being seen as an evil, greedy, fire breathing creature. Neither the western nor the eastern dragon have wings, the only one believed to have had wings is the imperial dragon or lung. The meaning of an imperial dragon is quite unique, it believed to have unrivaled wisdom and power which has made it the primary of the four benevolent spiritual animals in Chinese culture. The other 3 of the 4 benevolent creatures are the phoenix, the unicorn and the tortoise.

So, if you're thinking about getting a tribal dragon tattoo, it's a good idea to take these meanings into consideration. Whatever you see yourself as being kindhearted and a protector, as wise and powerful or a little more on the evil side, there are tribal dragon tattoo ideas and meanings for everyone.

8 Head Games the Narcissist Plays – Ping-Pong, Anyone?

Narcopath Manipulation Characterized as Games

Narcopaths (malignant narcissists, narcissistic sociopath) are masters at playing mind games. They play to win and take no prisoners. They are sore losers and if they don’t win they will often react in a fit of rage and stomp away like a little child.

I have to say upfront, I am not comfortable calling what a narcopath does to us as games, but I can’t think of a better alternative. I used manipulation characterized as games, but that’s a mouthful. Anyway, every therapist I’ve talked with uses the term, so I will, too. When I think of games, I think of fun, laughter and enjoying myself. Nothing about my experience with the narcopath comes even close, so it’s hard for me to think of the narcopath and games in the same setting. Polar opposites in my mind.

I don’t want to play games with a narcopath anymore. The rules are not written down and change according to her whim. I’ve lost before the game even begins. However, I am not a pacifist by any stretch of the imagination. I won’t walk away when I’ve been challenged very often, so when I urge you not to play the narcopath’s games, it’s not because I don’t like a good challenge. I just want a fair playing field or at the very least be playing by the same rules. The narcopath is too skilled and had far more experience playing these games than we ever will. If we are going to triumph against the narcopath, and we are going to, we have to play by OUR rules, not theirs. Oh, you may win a skirmish here and there, but remember, they don’t think like we think. This article reminds me a story a friend of mine, Dale, told recently. He and his young five-year-old son had a marathon checkers match one evening, and after several hours of winning game after game, Dale told his son he was calling it a night, but his son looked perplexed and exclaimed “But, the game’s not over yet!” Dale said he told him they played about a hundred games already, and what did he mean “the game’s not over?” His son looked at him with the most serious look a five-year-old could muster, and said, “the game’s not over until I win”. This mentality is what we face with the narcopath.

The most important thing you must remember about all these game is that no one can know the rules except the narcopath. Here are some of the more common “games” that narcopaths play:

  1. Ping-Pong: When a person begins to understand how a narcissist works, he or she realizes that it’s a bit like playing ping-pong. Anytime a narcissist has to self-reflect about anything, they will immediately throw the ball back to the person they consider their opponent. Narcissists will always throw the ball back to the other person. They do this in the expectation that they won’t have to take responsibility for their behavior. Narcissists hope that by not taking responsibility for their own actions (by using blaming, shaming, projection, denial, etc.) their partner will do what they have always done-forgive the narcissist, make excuses for the narcissist’s behavior, claim the narcissist couldn’t help himself because he was having a bad day, and so on. The narcissist is a moving target and you are always on the firing line. To get away from them (or expose them), you always have to keep an eye on the ball i.e., their actions and motives for playing their games with you. You have to stop wanting to play. You can stop catching the ball and put it back in the narcissist’s court by setting boundaries and making him aware of his actions. He then realizes he has no one to play with anymore. He will either drop the person like a hot potato, try to punish the person, or run away.
  2. Crazy Eights: This is a favorite game of narcissists. YOU are called crazy anytime you confront them, bring up past issues or behaviors, or expose them when they’re doing something appalling. The game goes like this: he/she tells you that you have an overly active imagination, you don’t know what you’re talking about, they have no idea what you’re talking about, or that you’re simply making things up to cause problems. They’ll tell you that it’s obvious that you are the one who is crazy (and tell you that everyone around you agrees with them about you being crazy). They will claim not to remember even unforgettable events, flatly deny they ever happened, and will never entertain the possibility that they might have forgotten. This is an extremely aggressive and infuriating tactic called “gaslighting”, a common technique used by abusers of all kinds. Your perceptions of reality are continually undermined so that you end up without any confidence in your own intuition, memory, or reasoning.
  3. Liars Poker: Individuals with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) play this game fantastically. They lie better than anyone I’ve ever been around. Unless you know them well, they don’t show any of the tells experts look for in exposing deception. My guess is this is how they are able to con so many therapists. I know first hand what that look is on a narcopath. When she was here, the things she didn’t tell us, most with tears in her eyes. I felt so much sympathy for the horrible things that her ex and her parents did to her trying to control her. The stories she told us were outrageous and I bought every one of them, hook, line and sinker. Their persona and their entire world are totally based in lies. Their positive attributes and alleged actions are all made up to trick and seduce others into giving them their fix of narcissistic-supply: praise, adulation and accolades.
  4. Gotcha! The narcopath is a master of phony empathy. He/She appears to take you in, appears to understand what you are experiencing, and appears to genuinely be able to put himself in your shoes. These acts cause you to let your guard down; just when you think there is a genuine give-and-take in your relationship, he pulls a fast one on you-a “gotcha”- most often when you’re at a low point. He will suddenly tell you about his extraordinary new career move, a luxurious trip that he’s taking, or a huge shift in financial status that will make you feel even more diminished. Narcissists perfectly execute an unexpected psychological pounce; their purpose is to grind you down, to humiliate you, and make you feel small and inferior.
  5. Death by a Thousand Cuts: This is a really fun game that all narcissists like to play! Some of your strongest trauma bonds are created with this sadistic game. It involves destroying your soul, your ego, your accomplishments and any belief system you have that does not agree with their beliefs. You both start with empty buckets. The first one to fill his/her bucket wins. They win the game if they are successful at turning everything about you and everything you do into a complete failure. They earn extra points when they successfully take all the credit for everything good that has ever happened in your life, and you thank them. They earn double points when they manage to put all blame for everything bad in your bucket.
  6. King/Queen Game: Either the king narcopath or the queen narcopath gets to make up the rules as they go along; they don’t have to tell the you the new rules, and they change the rules when it suits them. They are the king/queen and, as your superior, entitled to win this game, always. You suffer the consequences for breaking the rules, even those you didn’t know existed.
  7. Cat and Mouse: This is a kind of competitive patience (solitaire) game for two players. It is also known as Spite and Malice. You start this game by arranging the cards from low to high with the Kings/Queens being wild. Suits (the normal order of things and/or common societal rules) are irrelevant in the game. The game ends when someone wins by playing the last card of their “pay-off” pile. The game can also end if the players run out of cards, in which case the result is a draw. Cat and Mouse (or Spite and Malice) is a perfect game for a narcissist because it is actually a form of solitaire, it requires “one-upmanship”, and involves pulling out “better” cards to beat the opponent. It involves a “payoff” and for the narcopath, that usually means hurting you somehow. They keep track of real and imaginary things you do, have done, or might do. This is their “pile” and they will pull a card from it and use it against you when they feel like it.
  8. Guess Who?: This is a pretty simple game, and quite popular. The rules are few. Basically, you must summon all your psychic skills for this game. It is your job to read the narcopath’s sick mind, then decide what kind of mood he/she is in, and respond to her without her saying a word. Your options include, but are not limited to, two-year-old throwing a temper tantrum; Guilt-tripping puppeteer; Poor unappreciated Cinderella; Cock of the Walk; Coy tease; Inquisitor; Keeper of the Gate; add your favorites to the list. If you get it right, then you win the right to change your behavior to mirror his/hers, and your day will be a good one. Get it wrong and you lose. You get to listen to what a loser you are all day long. Either way, they win. OR, you don’t guess at all this time. Instead, you pack up and leave crazy narcopath and win you back.

The only way for the you to win any of the narcopath’s games to not play. If you are in a relationship, you can walk away from the toxic narcissist in your life. If your boss is an abusive narcissist, you can find another job. You can walk away from your parents, too, if they are abusive. If it’s a family member, move away, go no contact or low contact.

Keep Away Game for You: Keep Away is a game the narcopath doesn’t play, but if you must stay in near the narcopath, it’s one you need to master, and the rules of this game are not to respond the any of the narcopath’s attempt to pull you into one of her no-win games. You are not allowed to respond to jabs, barbs, promises, put-downs, etc. It will take focus and determination to break old habits and create new ones. It only takes 21 days of consistent behavior modification to create a new habit. This is not going to be easy, but you’ll get the hang of it pretty quick. Think of it like this: if you’re playing a game of catch, the only way to stop the game is to not catch the ball when someone throws it to you. It’s possible to stop playing games with a narcissist, as long as you mentally prepare for the challenge, and prepare yourself for the onslaught of negativity, accusations and histrionics. Ignore inciting words, don’t respond to inciting words, hang up the phone politely or leave. Take a drive, go for a long walk, anything. Just get away. There are many ways you can refuse to catch the ball and not throw it back. This is the game of “Keep Away”. You stay away, walk away, and refuse to play. This is a game that you, yourself, must learn to play. It is important to recognize that the narcopath will never acknowledge that he/she is now, or has ever played mind games. It’s up to you to stop playing. Don’t try to get them to acknowledge or take responsibility for their words or actions because they will always say they didn’t do it or it never happened or it was your fault.

Scanning DVD Covers – Hints and Tips

Ever lost a DVD, had your DVD collection stolen or damaged in an unforeseen accident? Strange things happen, which is why more people are backing up their precious DVD collection, which can potentially be worth thousands of dollars. While people are creating back-ups of their movies, many forget to create back-ups of the DVD covers inside the cases. If you want your DVD collection to look brilliant on display then they must have covers. This is why it is good practice to scan your DVD covers collection, especially those rare covers that may be difficult to find on the Internet at a later stage.

Scanning a DVD cover is simple however requires that you have some basic Photoshop knowledge/ skills. We need to make some basic image edits to ensure our covers are just right if we ever need to print them to serve as replacements. Here are some tips to help you get the most from your scans.

– The first tip doesn’t require any computer. Instead I recommend that you remove your DVD cover from its case and place it under a stack of heavy books. It is recommended that you leave it there for approximately a week, however even one day makes a difference. This step helps flatten the spine of your cover and will make the editing process much easier.

– When scanning, ensure you set your dpi(dots per inch) to 600. This will give you a large image with a great amount of picture information and detail. This setting will help to better edit the cover.

– It is recommended that you switch off any filters, such as sharpness, brightness, contrast etc. You will achieve better results editing these settings once the cover is scanned in Photoshop.

– Select the de-screen option. This setting helps remove the moiré pattern(crosshatched effect) which haunts so many scanned images.

– Once the scan is complete you must immediately open the levels tool (image > adjustments > levels) to repair the DVD cover’s black, mid and white tones. For a more detailed explanation on how to use the levels tool, check the link below.

– Fix any dust or rip spots on your cover by using the clone tool. If you are working on a solid color you can use the brush tool, which can be much quicker and highly effective at times. Remember to play around with the opacity settings of these tools to ensure your repairs look authentic.

– Use the gaussian blur tool to remove the remaining effects of moiré patterns (not always necessary.

– Reduce your DVD Cover to 300 DPI prior to saving. We do not require 600 DPI for print and also saves on storage.

These are the basic steps to creating high quality back-ups. Please remember that some DVD covers may require more work than others depending on the age, quality and color of the DVD Cover.