The Benefits Of Using Limestone Paving

Limestone is a naturally formed sedimentary stone, comprised mainly of calcite. Limestone takes many years to form underneath the surface of the earth by means of remarkable pressure. There is no any other stone that exhibits the unique features of Limestone, which makes it a popular option for all kinds of construction and landscaping projects.

Limestone paving is a great option for outdoor fixtures such as pool surroundings, terraces and more. It’s also ideal for indoor environments such as corridors and bathrooms in offices and homes. Limestone tiles are a perfect option for wet areas because they are non-slip and dry quickly due to their absorption of water. Limestone pavers vary slightly in appearance, giving each application an exceptional look.

Benefits of Using Limestone Paving

Limestone is a heavy, durable natural stone that has been used in the building industry for many years. Limestone is also common in landscaping and architectural applications.

For the exterior of your property Limestone pavers can be applied in areas like:

  • Pool area
  • Driveway
  • Patio
  • Walkway
  • Courtyard
  • Pathway
  • Landscaping
  • Stepping stones
  • Verandas

For the interior of your home limestone paving can be applied in areas like:

  • Countertops
  • Fireplace stones
  • Mantels
  • Tables
  • Flooring

Color Benefits

This naturally occurring stone offer a wide selection of colors. Their colors range from light beiges to dark greens. These colors are known to be more casual and are most suitable for the interior of your house especially places such as kitchens, laundry’s bathrooms and dining rooms.

This is an added advantage because these neutral shades of color will compliment all of your furniture and interior surroundings.

Add Property Value And Curb Appeal

Whether you are installing limestone pavers at a commercial property or a private residence, there is no doubt that your curb appeal will improve when you use natural occurring stones as opposed to concrete. Limestone landscaping is a far better investment than concrete equivalents. Using limestone will add greater value to your home vs. concrete every time.

Sustainable and Renewable

Limestone pavers are more sustainable and environmentally friendly than concrete options. Of course in order to shape, package and transport limestone, there are usually manufacturing costs, as well as shipping and aspects to consider, but in general these will pale in significance to the pollution, energy and carbon footprint of manufactured concrete products.

Natural occurring stone is one of the most sustainable building materials on earth, as resources of stone on the planet are vast, plentiful and date back millions of years. As a natural occurring product, limestone is recyclable and can be used as reclaimed paving.

Naturally Safe

A very important benefit of natural occurring stones such as limestone is that they generally have a non-slip surface. Limestone pavers are a great choice for patios and around swimming pools. Limestone pavers are also a durable frost resistance paving, meaning they are not susceptible to frost damage in the same way as manufactured concrete products.


Limestone is ideally suited for a variety of vehicle traffic and pedestrian applications. Provided installation instructions are followed and the correct substrate is put down to support the intended load, limestone pavers can be installed around paths, patios, driveways and pool sides in a variety of commercial and residential contexts.

Learn How to Adjust a Guitar Bridge

Like a bridge connects two paths, simply in a guitar a bridge connects the strings from the body to the neck of the instrument. The bridge is one of the most essential parts of a guitar, as it is responsible for the tone, action and intonation. Bridges are of two kinds, one is known as the 'tremolo' which has an arm stretched below the string's anchor point. It looks like a lever which is used to manipulate the pitch of the instrument. The other type of bridge is 'non-tremolo', or more commonly known as the 'whammy bar'; this bridge comes without the lever and since it does not play a vital role in adjusting the pitch and is famously used for jazz music. Now that you know what is a bridge and its types, the next step is to learn how to adjust the guitar bridge.

The first step is to check the tuning of the instrument and the buzzing on the frets; check if the strings are breaking or the intonation maybe poor. The action must be checked, which is generally at the 12th fret. If it is high and therefore not buzzing properly, then you will have to have a look at the saddle. In case the string action is too high then the saddles must be lowered, as the strings will be over the fret board. If high string action is desired then the saddle has to be lowered. The saddles usually have two small screws which help in raising or lowering the saddle; it is advisable to use an Allen key for this action, avoiding the usage of your fingers. After completing this procedure, check the tuning of the guitar at the 12th fret again.

In case you have an acoustic guitar, then the bridge may be loose; usually due to heat, insufficient glue or a cracked bridge plate. In this case, you will have to completely remove the bridge from the instrument and then adjust the saddles. While adjusting the saddles, remember that turning the screws clockwise will raise the saddle and counter clockwise will lower it. Also always keep in mind that we are adjusting the saddles for up and down movement in the instrument; we can not adjust the back and forth movement.

If you want to avoid the tedious work of adjust or repairing, then ensure that you keep the saddle piece clean and check periodically for excessive wear or tear. Also avoid keeping the instrument in a hot environment, as it may lead to softening of the glue in the bridge, since it affects the location of the bridge on the body. If the strings at the saddle keep breaking more often, then the bridge certainly has some sharp edges.

Even though you have learnt the basic or amateur ways of adjusting, there might be instances when the guitar will be beyond your ability or understanding to repair or adjust. In such a scenario, immediately take your instrument to a professional who knows exactly how to adjust guitar bridge.

Product Assembly

Whatever the industry, there is a tendency today to try to find a cost-effective solution to final product assembly by cutting out all of the unnecessary double-handing of goods and component parts.

Having found a viable sub-contract sheet metal engineering company to make up the parts and housings say it looks like waste to then have the expense of having it all shipped back to you to be put together, finally inspected, labeled and boxed ready for despatch etc.

With some of the more advanced sheet metal engineering companies offering an extensive range of "additional" services inclusive of powder coating and even, in some cases, plastic vacuum forming, it may not be too surprising to also find that there are those who have taken the extra step to offer a full one-stop shop service.

For many years now there have been plenty of companies offering the Printed Circuit Board type final assemblies, but what we are talking about here is the much bigger picture:

  • Mechanical Assemblies
  • Electromechanical Assemblies
  • Electronics Assemblies – PCB's / Wiring Looms / Security Systems

Why ship large bulky items back to have the "innards" located, or all the electronics fitted etc – why not have it fully assembled in the same place where the majority of the components and sub-assemblies have been manufactured?

Yes – of course no company that I know of is going to offer this service purely for the joy of working, and they will make a charge for the service, BUT if it is faster and easier and cost-effective in terms of not shipping bulky parts back, risking transit damage, employing assembly staff (this way you only pay when you are using them) and having to maintain your own QA and despatch / warehousing systems then the Complete Service option may well suit you.

As a complete service there are companies that have taken the service all the way to the final conclusion in that once they have built and assembled the final product they will:

  • Final Test on your behalf
  • Inspect on your behalf
  • Pack on your behalf
  • Label on your behalf
  • Store on your behalf
  • Take orders on your behalf
  • Offer sales administration and Sales support on your behalf
  • Despatch on your behalf

Not everyone is going to be able to offer this level of service of course, but it does indicate a willingness on the part of the supplier to go that extra mile to offer a fully inclusive service – but you must check for yourself that they have the resources, the systems and expertise, the warehousing space to accommodate your goods and the distribution network capable of meeting your customers requirements to your satisfaction.

Does the Quality of HDMI Cables Matter?

HDMI cables have created quite a stir in the AV world. It's a new digital format which has incredible capabilities both in the speed in which it can transmit data and the way it transmits data. Gone are the days when you need to ask your technical guru about which cables to use. With HDMI, it's one cable and you're ready to go for just about anything.

However, debt has also sprung up amid enthusiasts and purists with regards to whether or not high end HDMI cables make a difference. The argument is simple: if HDMI is digital, what advantages would high quality HDMI cables bring? Besides, is there any point at all spending money on anything other than the cheapest and most basic cable?

Unfortunately there is no simple answer to this question. Firstly, not all HDMI cables may be compatible or capable for the application. HDMI has only been around a reliably short time, yet at the time of writing we've already had 3 major updates post the initial release: V1.1-1.3. The latest standard alone, V1.3, has already had 3 versions: V1.3 a, b and c. Inevitably, the latest version will cost more than the earlier versions by the very fact that it's newer and up to date. While the version differences in the latter releases may be minimal, it is worth checking if the appliance requires a particular standard. Using a version lower than that required may be detrimental to quality or functionality.

Another consideration is the quality and design of the cable itself. The HDMI signal is in fact, extremely demanding on the cable. With any cable, the longer the run, the better the cable needs to be. In other words, the longer the cable, the more interference and noise is induced into the cable. Cables are manufactured and tested only on the length they are designed. If a short run of cable were to be extended, there is no guarantee that the cable would keep its performance, or in extreme cases, if it would work at all. This means that if a poorly controlled manufacturing / testing process were to be used to produce the cable (eg from low quality brand), then the quality of a cable would certainly make a difference.

The last point to consider is HDMI's built in ability for error correction. It is true that there is some capability for error correction in HDMI's design. However, this does not apply to video or audio. When used with a compatible appliance, the error correction will simply attempt to guess what the signal could have been. This means that errors will still occur if not transmitted correctly. While the probability of errors is certainly reduced with superior design of the HDMI signal, it is by no means error free. A better quality cable would there reduce the chance of this occurring.

In an ideal world, there would be no difference between a quality HDMI cable and an ordinary one. Unfortunately in the real world this is not the case. There are always bad products, good products and better products. The good news is that the difference between the performance of these products is becoming more and more marginal. If you are looking to buy a cable to connect your flat-screen TV, it's definitely worth getting a quality cable. However, there is also no longer any need to go overboard.

Hammer Throwing Basics

The hammer and weight throw are enjoying a resurgence in American Track and Field. The USATF recently added the hammer to its youth schedule, and there is more and more interest among high school programs to include the hammer. Hal Connolly, the 1956 Olympic gold medalist in the hammer, is making major strides in promoting a grass roots effort to popularize the event in this country once again.

There was a time when American hammer throwers were the envy of the world. There were few others in the world that could compete with US hammer throwers at the early Olympic Games. As the event shifted from a strength event to more of a technical event, American throwers have slipped from their dominant standing. In fact, Hal Connolly (1956) and Lance Deal (1992), are the only two Americans to medal at the Olympic Games in the past 50 years.

Anatoli Bondarchunk of the former Soviet Union, has revolutionized the event with his technical philosophy and training methods. Even though he has been coaching for over 30 years now, his methods are still neglected in this country. The primary tenets of his technical philosophy include maintaining good posture, and pushing the ball. Too many beginning hammer throwers are still taught the old "grip it and rip it" method of hammer throwing, which can offer them short term gains, only leads to long term frustration and even injury.

In order for hammer throwers to develop the best of their potential, it is important for them to focus on the winds and entry of the throw above all else. The drawer must set up a properly balanced drawer-implement system. If the system is not set up properly from the entry, it is impossible to correct through the course of the throw. Classic illustrations of setting the system up correctly can be seen by Bondarchunk's star pupils, Sergi Litvinov and Yuri Sedych. Some of the top hammer throwers of today have refined the entry even further as can be seen by Ivan Tikhan of Belarus (now coached by Sergi Litvinov).

If the drawer sets the system up correctly from the entry, it is then a matter of "pushing the ball" and maintaining proper posture. Throughout each successful turn, the thrower should aggressively drive and turn the right foot, knee, and hand through each double support phase. As the tangential force of the ball increases due to its speed, the thrower must continue to lift his chin, or the crown of his head to maintain proper posture and prevent "breaking at the waist," or crashing down on the right side.

The time has come for American hammer throwers to regain their prominence on the Olympic medal stands. Continue developing your coaching knowledge and actively working with young athletes to advance our sport.

3 Reasons to Consider Mosaics in the Home

Many people when considering interior design overlook the possibility of using mosaics in the home. Considering all the alternatives available, why would someone choose mosaics to spruce up their interior designs?

The motivations and the rationale vary from cost to the ability of fads to come and go. Plenty of people think about using something different, something unique in their home designs, but put it off and do not ever actually commit themselves to a mosaic art piece.

If you an individual that has considered using stone mosaics before but not taken the decision to find out more about them then here’s 3 good reasons to consider, that you should take into consideration:

Firstly, mosaics have been around since the early 8th century and designs range from the simple inlaid stone designs to masterpieces adorning churches and cathedrals. The point here is they never go out of fashion and will always reflect the owners passions and inspirations particularly if you consider a custom mosaic..

Secondly, genuine mosaics are made from natural stone which does not crack of fade in the sunlight. This makes them ideal for areas of them home that are subjected to mother natures elements such as swimming pools and outdoor patio areas.. Furthermore, Once your mosaic art piece has been installed you can forget about upkeep and maintenance. Mosaics are in it for the long term and require little upkeep other than a quick brush down every now and then.

Thirdly, Many people are put off having a customised mosaic art piece commissioned for fear of a high cost burden. This couldn’t be further from the truth since the cost of a traditional genuine mosaic is much more competitively priced than you may think.

This means that almost anyone whom is looking to enhance the areas of the home such as kitchens, bathrooms, pools and outdoor areas can look at mosaics in order to find a cost efficient way to enhance the beauty of their home surroundings.

Let history decide

As I mentioned in the early part of this article, our rich history has been embellished with mosaics for many centuries and frankly, that is a good enough reason to bring this rich history into your home. Don’t be one of the crowd, many people when considering interior design overlook the possibility of using mosaics in the home and miss out on something quite special and unique to your tastes – don’t let that be you.

Organic Weed Control Options for Your Yard

Organic weed control has a primary goal of avoiding chemicals for taking out the nuisance plants in your yard. You can make a big difference in the weeds by taking some straightforward steps. Let us look at some options for keeping the weeds down without chemicals.

1. Tilling the soil

By tilling the soil, your break up the ground and expose the roots of weeds to the sun and air. Eventually, the plant will die due to lack of water. This works best for new lawns which have not yet been planted.

2. Using a sod cutter

For an established yard that is infested with weeds, your best bet may be to scrape off the vegetation to stop further weed encroachment. Using a sod cutter will enable you to scrape the top layer of plant growth while leaving valuable topsoil. Be sure and dispose of the weeds in plastic trash bags to prevent weed seeds from getting started again in the yard.

3. Mulch with black plastic

Another way to stop weeds is to block sunlight from the dirt. Using black plastic as a mulch covering will keep the sun away from the weeds, thus killing them by preventing photosynthesis.

4. Plowing/raking

Another way to turn up the roots is by plowing or raking. The size of your yard or flower bed will determine the amount of work you can do to root out weeds. The key is to get the roots to the surface, away from the protection of the soil.

5. Pull the weeds

Depending on the timing of the weed growth, you may be able to use hand tools or trowels to pull the weeds from your garden or yard. The key is to get as much of the roots out of the ground, so that the weed does not grow back.

6. Healthy lawn care

The best defense against weeds encroaching in your yard is to promote the health of your grass. This can be done through proper watering, fertilizing and aeration. By keeping your grass healthy, it crowds out potential weeds and avoids a major problem before it gets started.

Keeping weeds under control is one of the biggest tasks facing a homeowner or gardener. Chemicals are not the only option available to you. By using proper cultivation and mulching, your organic weed control task can be managed with a reasonable effort. Get started today, and you will be pleased with the results!

Carl Larsson, The Swedish Painter – His Early Years

Carl Larsson is known the world over for his beautiful paintings, showing his loving family and the idyllic Swedish country life he and his family lived. The color palette and the light that gives this artist his unique and charming style, made his paintings stand out from the other dark and over-opulence Victorian era that rule at that time. When looking at the light and the joyful colors Carl Larsson used in his paintings, it is quite remarkable to find out he had such a dark and unhappy childhood.

Carl Larsson's Difficult Childhood

The painter was born in 1853, into a family of poverty and misery with a father that drank and showed no sympathy or love toward his son, and a mother that worked endlessly long hours as laundress to support the family. As a boy, Carl had to listen to his fathers constant outburst "I curse the day you were born" towards him, that greeted lifelong anger in Carl towards his father.

After some years the parents split up, and the mother with her two children, moved into a slum housing district in Stockholm. The family had to share a small room with two other families. The living quarters were extremely poverty-stricken and the environment was filthy and a breeding ground for cholera and other diseases.

The Academy of Fine Arts

Carl's talent as an artist showed very early in his life. At the age of thirteen, his teacher, recommended him to apply to the Academy of Fine Arts in Stockholm. The boy got admitted, but he did not adjust well and felt both awkward and socially inferior. It was not until some years later, at the age of sixteen, he gained confidence when he got promoted to the "antique school" of the same academy. During his years as a student he also worked hard to support the family with its everyday needs. Carl worked as a graphic artist for the newspaper Ny illustrurad tidning, as well as a caricaturist for the humorous paper Kasper.

Follow the Path to Paris

At the age of twenty-four, Carl left Sweden to follow the same path as so many other aspiring Swedish artists at that time and moved to Paris. However, Carl did not live an easy life. Days, weeks and years of hard work and constant struggle filled the young artist's life without any fortune, luck or recognition.

It was not until 1882, at the age of twenty-nine, Carl Larsson's life should finally take a turn to the better when he met the six-year younger Swedish artist Karin Berg. This was the beginning of a life filled with love, happiness and sheer bliss, that we are so familiar with in Carl Larssons wonderful paintings.

To read more of Sannel's articles, please visit her blog:

Guide on Expensive Antique Chandeliers Collections

The look and feel of antique chandeliers cast off a certain type of nostalgia, able to instantly transport us back to a simpler time and place. If you have ever seen or purchased an antique chandelier, there is no doubt that you can relate to that feeling. If you are interested in antique chandeliers, it is important to know that they can represent a major investment, and should be treated as such. Because of the delicate nature of antique chandeliers, as well as the care needed to maintain these remarkable items, we are offering this guide on expensive antique chandeliers collections. By following these simple precautions, you will be able to wisely purchase and enjoy these wonderful vintage pieces.

The most important step you can take in building a beautiful antique chandelier collection is to find a reputable dealer. Unfortunately, there are dishonest people out there who will not think twice about taking your money in exchange for a cheap and fraudulent chandelier. So, how can you protect yourself against making a poor purchase? The best advice would be to contact a reputable antiques dealer in your home town (or state), and they should be able to put you in contact with someone who deals in antique chandeliers. Another important fact regarding reputable antique dealers: They will possess the knowledge and information to answer all of your questions regarding any antique chandelier. If they can only give vague answers, or use general terminology, it may be best to take your money and interest elsewhere.

It is also a good idea to enlist the services of an appraiser when considering a purchase. As mentioned earlier, these expensive antique chandeliers should have looked at carefully before you actually make a purchase. An appraiser will be able to make an honest determination as to the value and authenticity of the piece you are considering.

What are some characteristics of expensive antique chandeliers? Naturally, the term "antique" implies that the chandelier is more than 100 years old, and they go as far back as the 17th century. However, most antique chandeliers that were preserved until today come from the Victorian Age as well as the Renaissance and the Gothic and Rococo Revival periods. A good number of these chandeliers will be gas, electric, or kerosene, and many of them will contain intricate and elaborate aesthetic characteristics (both on the arms as well as on the globes surrounding the candles). And though it may sound obvious, it is also worth mentioning that many of these antique chandeliers were made of brass, bronze, and crystal, and should certainly have an aged appearance.

It is also important to properly care for your antique chandelier. While it may be fine to use regular soap and water on modern chandeliers, antiques require more involved attention, and it is recommended that you seek the assistance of a restoration specialist. There are several quality services available in this field, and any reputable antiques dealer should be able to properly refer you.

Hopefully, this guide on expensive antique chandeliers collections will help you to better enjoy the wonderful beauty that antique chandeliers have to offer. It is our hope that you will always make smart choices before purchasing any antique chandeliers, and in doing so you will take great satisfaction from your collection for many years to come.

Made in China – Designer Handbag Fashion Totally Misunderstood

Wow! What’s all this garble about “everything” made in China being counterfeit or fake? Do people understand the design and manufacturing process? Or, are they just determined to squabble about one of the manufacturing industry’s greatest resources?

True, there’s been a lot of media about children’s toys being manufactured poorly. Shame on China for the mess they’ve created. They’ll fix the problem, or they’ll lose business. We all learn from our mistakes, right? Or, at least the smart folks learn. And, let’s face it, China is no dummy!

China has been manufacturing most of the clothing, shoes, handbags, and accessories stocked in all the major department stores throughout the world for many, many years. And, this is not going to fade or go away. China offers low-cost labor for low-end to high-end designer handbags, clothing and just about anything around the house.

Most people don’t understand the truth about the Made in China label. China has been producing most of the Designer Merchandise sold in the USA for very long time. Why? Because the price to manufacture in China keeps prices as low as possible for consumers. People complain about the high price tags on designer handbags, clothing, shoes, and accessories. If the same item made in China was made in the USA or Europe the prices would be doubled or tripled.

If the Hermes Birkin bag was assembled by hand in China instead of France, the price would not be $7,000.00 each. If Italian leather was sent to China for the assembly of Prada handbags, the prices would not be $3,000.00 each. Please put things into perspective.

Burberry’s new management decided to use China for some of its assembled manufacturing needs and people went crazy. The thought of using a designer handbag made in China is misunderstood, misinterpreted, and misguided. The product made in China consists of the same quality of fabric as if it were made in the USA, France, England or Italy. The only difference is the designer item was assembled in China, or any other country offering a cheaper assembly manufacturing process.

Most of the high-end Designers buy fabrics, leathers, and materials from the USA or Europe, pay a premium price for the high-quality fabrication, and then negotiate manufacturing in China. The materials and specifications are sent to China and made. Representatives from each of the Design Houses travel to China or other manufacturing countries to supervise the process. The finished products are shipped to the USA and other parts of the world for sale. It’s a process kept sweet and as simple as possible. It creates jobs and produces a global economy.

Most consumers don’t know the designer manufacturing process or understand the details. They see a Made in China label and assume it’s a counterfeit item or fake. In reality, it’s not. It’s a moderately priced item made in a country which has been stereo-typed. And, we can’t blame the consumer because most of the junk, counterfeit and fake merchandise bearing the trademarks of others are made in China. Hopefully, the USA Customs Department working closely with the fashion industry will help end importing counterfeit goods.

There are many countries available the fashion designers use to outsource labor. The high-end leather designer handbags with high-ticket price tags are made in the USA, Italy, London and France. The lower cost designer products are made elsewhere. Most designers offer collections every season which provide both high-end and lower priced products. For example, Ralph Lauren has five price and fabrication determined collections: RL Classics, Collection, Black Label, Blue Label and Lauren. Plus, many of the designers produce a separate collection for outlet stores and discount stores like Marshalls, TJ Max, Target, Walmart, etc.

Some of the countries are more commonly used than others, and nonetheless they are countries with capabilities and low-cost labor. Some of these countries include, and are not limited to China, Turkey, Mexico, Romania, India and Portugal.

Fashion designers who make designer handbags, designer wallets, designer scarves, designer clothing, hats, shoes, etc. use these countries because they can sell their products at affordable prices. Some of the fashion designers include, and are not limited to Coach, Burberry, Liz Claiborne, Robert Rodriquez, Max Studio, Tommy Hilfiger, Ralph Lauren, Marc Jacobs, Michael Kors, Kate Spade, Dooney & Bourke, Juicy Couture, Donna Karan, Anne Klein, Brighton, and many, many others.

Just because an item is Made in China, it does not constitute fake or counterfeit. Let’s get this straight and communicated clearly. The reason the item was made in China is because at that point in time, the designer’s manufacturing team decided it was the best business decision to make for a cost-effective distribution of its product and collection.

The next time you see a Made in China label on a designer handbag or accessory, and you purchased it from a reputable source, thank your lucky stars for the bargain price you paid. If you have any doubt, take the item to the designer’s boutique for authentication and peace of mind. Don’t assume just because it’s Made in China it’s a fake. You know what assuming does, right?

How To Choose The Right Shovel For Your Gardening Project

If you've been working in the garden for any amount of time, you have more than probably worked with a shovel or you've needed the services of a shovel at one time or another. There is nothing more frustrating about working with a shovel than to not know exactly which kind to use for any particular job. In this article you will learn information that pertains to all the different types of shovels available, and how to choose the right one for any specific job you may have. Depending on the specific job you're working on, this will determine the type of tool you'll need for the job and how effective it will be at solving your problem.

* What is a shovel?

A shovel is used for lifting, digging, and moving different types of material that can be scooped or shoveled from one location to the next. These tools can be used for dirt, gravel, sand, snow, and garden soil. These types of tools are common to every household and are used on a frequent basis. You will find that many of these tools are made with steel blades and wooden handles; however, they can be found with hardened plastic blades and fiber glass handles.

* What is the difference between a shovel and a spade?

Many people call a spade a shovel and vice-verse, but the truth of the matter is a spade is pointed or sharp edged, and is used for breaking up hard ground so it can be shoveled out in a proper manner. The square head with a flat front is the design for a basic shovel. They are meant for shoveling all types of materials that simply need to be moved from one location to the next.

* How many different shovels are available?

There are many different styles and types available for about every kind of job you can think of. There are long handles, short handles, fiberglass, steel, hardened wood, and aluminum. Some are made for snow, coal, dirt and gravel, and others are made for gardening, sand, and horse barns. If you need a specific type, there is a shovel for every type of job imaginable.

* Why choose a short handle over a long handle?

When using the right tool for the right job this will help you get the work done a lot quicker and without hurting yourself. So choosing a long handle over a short handle really amounts to leverage, or the area in which you have to work in. The long handle will give you all the leverage you need, but you have to be careful not to put too much pressure on the handle for fear it might break. The short handle will allow you to get in to tight spots and get the work done much quicker, and without too much difficulty.

Choosing the right tool for any job is important, but knowing the type of shovel you'll need will help to save your back and prevent an unforeseen injury. Working in the garden will require having both a spade and a flat head which will help you with any job you may have in the garden.

Plastic Surgery for the Face

Plastic surgery is an option for those who want to turn back the hands of time, at least in terms of the way they look. As people get older, their skin will change. They find themselves with more sagging and wrinkles than they ever had. When you couple this with the frustrations from sunspots and weight gain and loss, you may not even recognize yourself any longer. If you want to improve the way your face looks, a few procedures can help with that.

Improving the Entire Area

One of the plastic surgery options for those who are dealing with all over concerns on their face is the facelift. This procedure works very effectively to tighten up the wrinkles located throughout the structure of the face. It can help with those lines around your mouth and eyes. It can help with mid-face sagging. It can even give you a tighter chin. It is more invasive than other options, but it can be the best solution for those who have concerns through their face.

Dealing with the Eyes

For some, the only problem is with the eyes. In some situations, the skin of the eyelid or above the eye can lose its shape and become droopy. When this happens, it can impair a person's vision. It is also possible to remove some of the puffiness located under the eye or to minimize the lower eyelid's presence. These conditions are all made through specialized and specialized eyelid surgeries.

Dealing with the Neck

As you get older, even if you maintain a healthy way, you may notice what appears to be a double chin forming. The jowls can begin to hang, due to the loss of collagen in the skin. It is possible to fix this problem, though. A neck lift is less invasive than a total facelift, but it will pull up the skin and tighten it significantly. This can take years off your profile.

Battling the Nose

If you do not like the way your nose looks, there are many ways to change this. From changing the bridge to adjusting the size of the nostrils, that is something you can have done. You can also have it tightened to avoid any sagging that occurs around it. Many people find that nose procedures are the most important to them because they do not like the overall shape of their profile.

Which type of plastic surgery is right for you and your situation? If you are not sure, consider seeking out a surgeon. Having a consultation is the first step to determining what type of treatment is right for your situation.

Advantages of Stairway Elevators

Stairway elevators are used in a home where there are handicapped or disabled people who need to be moved up and down. These modified lift machines have been around for centuries. The versions that are currently available in the market are a result of improvements and innovations over the years.

Reduced risk of accidents

Perhaps the most important advantage of having a stairway elevator in a home that has a handicapped or a disabled person in it is that it reduces the risk of accidents. If you were to manually move a person like this from floor to floor in your home you would have to do it by carrying them on their wheelchair. This would require two or more people and can be a very risky affair as fatal accidents can occur. Elevators for the stairways eliminate such possibilities, so making it easier and safer to move disabled people around the house.

Easy to install

Stairway elevators are add on mechanisms to an already existing staircase and since they are very easy to install and can be done at any point in time. You do not need to have it done when you are building your house. The amount of time that is taken to install these elevators depends on the kind of staircase that you have. A straight staircase usually takes a few days while a curved staircase may take a couple of weeks. Curved staircases take a bit longer as there are a bit more complicated.

Cheaper options than elevators

If the only reason you are considering an elevator in your home is because of an elderly or disabled person in a wheelchair then you can consider installing just an elevator for the stairways. These elevators are significantly cheaper than regular elevators and they give you the same benefit. There is also another option that you can explore. If you have a staircase that is wide enough you can also consider installing wheelchair elevators. These elevators have a platform the wheelchair can be mounted on so that the person does not have to be moved around while traveling from one floor to another.

Wood Fireplaces and Stoves

Traditional wood fireplaces and stoves have been used for centuries. Traditional fireplaces are very inefficient in heating a room, as they primarily use radiant energy to provide warmth. Traditional fireplaces and stoves use the air from the room to provide oxygen for combustion. Wood fireplaces are available in a wide variety of styles and building materials. Wood burning stoves also are available in a multitude of styles colors and features, based on your heating needs. Wood burning appliances require a class A chimney. The chimney may be built of masonry or of double lined steel. There are options to consider for both wood burning fires and wood burning stoves.

Wood Fireplace Options

Traditional fireplaces, constructed of firebrick and mortar, are designed to burn logs. The styles and sizes of fireplaces are as varied as the architects who have designed them. Traditional fireplaces are usually built onsite utilizing brick masons, cinder blocks, fire brick and ceramic flues. The chimney of the fireplace needs to extend above the highest point of the roof to avoid downdrafts. The size and weight of a traditional fireplace requires a substantial and stable foundation. Usually traditional fireplaces are built during new construction.

Fireplace inserts have gained in popularity, as they are much cheaper and lighter than traditional fireplaces. Fireplace inserts are built in factories and shipped pre-assembled to the home, resulting in less labor costs for installation. Wood fireplace inserts also are designed to be installed next to wood materials, with close clearances, allowing wood framing to be used in chimney construction. Many metal fireplace inserts have air ducts and fans to increase the amount of heat transferred from the fire.

Both fireplace inserts and traditional fireplaces require the installation of flame proof hearth on the floor. The hearth is required to prevent logs that may roll out of the fireplace from setting the floor on fire.

Wood Stove Options

Traditional wood burning stoves are made of cast iron. Antique stoves are not air tight, preventing accurate regulation of the fire. Because the flame is hard to regulate, more heat is lost in the flue gases, reducing the stove's overall heating efficiency. The thick cast iron used in construction of older stoves allows an extremely long useful life. Stoves built in the early 1800's are still in use with little restorative work. An ornate antique stove from the Victorian era could have been a main architectural feature of a house.

Airtight stoves became popular during the 1970's because of their greater efficiency. One load of wood could be set to burn all night. The advantage of the airtight stove is in the long burning time and greater fuel efficiency. Less heat is lost up the chimney. Also, modern airtight stoves have catalytic converter options that help reduce the amount of creosote and other unburned gases going up the flu.

Both types of wood stoves need to be placed on fireproof surfaces. Because of the radiant heat emitted, adequate clearance of the stove from flammable walls, floor materials and fabrics needs to be maintained.

Both wood burning fireplaces and stoves provide an impressive architectural feature for a room. A well built fireplace or stove could be an added source of heat for your house.

Precast Concrete Walls

Precast concrete walls come in many different designs and cover a variety of uses. Units can be made from precast or prestressed elements, and how they are installed and constructed will generally be determined by the purpose for which they were made.

The most simple form of a concrete wall would be a prestressed or precast concrete panel which is placed between steel supports. In this scenario a prestressed panel will perform a lot more effectively than a simple precast panel (because of the strength gained during the prestressing process). If the wall is being designed to retain, then the panel will normally be 150mm thick or more, and can span up to 6000mm between the steels. Depending on what pressures are being placed on the wall, will determine; the types of steels, the foundation required, the thickness of the panel, and the span between the steels.

Prestressed concrete panels can also be used for creating cantilever walls. This requires the panel to be used vertically and sunk into a concrete foundation. The panel will generally be embedded by 500mm into a foundation foundation and tied in with reinforcement. Again the panels will typically be 150mm thick or more.

Another option for precast concrete walls is to use L shape units which can be bolted down or cast into a concrete foundation. Depending on the design, these units can be used for many different applications and specialist walls can be made to offer retention up to 6000 mm and higher.

Precast concrete blocks offer a variety of solutions for constructing concrete walls. Interlocking units allow 'gravity' type retaining walls to be constructed. There are many different units in the market but the basic principle is that the units lock together and the mass of the combined units gives the wall its retaining ability.

Precast concrete walls come in many different guises. The main thing to consider is the purpose of the wall and the environment surrounding it. Make sure you have a good look around the market at the different products and consider which one will suit your needs most effectively. It is also advisable to consult a structural engineer if you are in any doubt about the requirements for a retaining wall.