Tips on Choosing New Staircase Parts

Stairs are a dominant feature of most homes, so getting the design right is important. A beautiful staircase can make a fantastic centrepiece to impress your guests, as well as serving a practical purpose.

But looks are only part of the story – safety is another vital issue. Many older staircases fall short of modern standards, so replacing your stair banisters can help bring your home up to scratch. Here are a few decisions you will need to make:

Which materials?

Most household staircases are manufactured from wood, but metal and glass are becoming more popular. Timber will probably still be part of your stairs, at least as far as the treads and supporting structure are concerned, but you may decide to combine wooden staircase components with glass panels or steel spindles (also known as balusters) for a more contemporary look.

Wood is a beautifully warm, versatile material that will suit any setting. It is ideal for a wide range of designs, including curved stairs, turned newels and different styles of handrail. Wooden stair spindles, in particular, can be readily worked into all sorts of decorative shapes – or left plain for a minimalist look.

Which timber is best? Pine, hemlock and sapele are worth considering if you're on a tight budget, especially if you are intending to paint or stain the staircase. At the other end of the scale, ash, walnut, southern yellow pine and oak stair parts offer premium looks and durability, but come at prices to match.

Metal stair balusters shaped to resemble wrought iron are extremely popular nowdays, with a wide choice of both traditional and contemporary designs on the market. Durable and decorative, they can easily be painted to match the rest of the decor if required. You can also get chrome or brushed nickel effect stair spindles for an ultra-modern feel.

Glass panels can look stunning on a banister rail, and are ideal for poorly lit spaces as they allow light to flow freely around the room. They can be combined with wood or metal handrails and newels – and even glass treads, for anyone keen to add a touch of contemporary glamor.

Which handrail design?

There are two main types of handrail system: post-to-post and over-the-post . The strongest, most popular and economic design is post-to-post. In this system, the handrail runs between the newels and is fitted into the sides of the newel posts with traditional mortise and tenon joints.

In an over-the-post configuration, also known as a continuous handrail system, the rail runs over the top of the newel posts, often ending in a decorative swirl called a volute. This design is more eye-catching and elaborate, but a little less sturdy than the post-to-post system. However, it can look stunning and is considered as a sign of quality by home buyers.

Staircase safety

When revamping your stairs, you can take the opportunity to bring them up to date in terms of safety as well as style. The most important modern regulation, brought in to prevent small children becoming trapped, is that no gap anywhere on a staircase should be large enough for a 100mm sphere to pass through. This applies to every stair part, but the main thing to look out for when replacing the banisters is the amount of space between spindles. In order to comply with the 100mm rule, the distance between the spindles (or glass panels if applicable) must not exceed 99mm.

The measurement is taken from the smallest part of the baluster, so if you buy turned balusters you will probably need to order more of these than the square or stop-chamfered varieties. Staircase manufacturers will be able to help you calculate the number required to meet the regulations (usually two spindles per tread).

The rule also applies to the space between steps on open-tread stairs. If it is greater than 99mm, you'll need to install riser bars at the rear of each tread to reduce the size of the opening.


Choosing new stair banisters, or indeed a whole new staircase, can present an array of challenges, with potentially tricky decisions to be made about design, materials and costs. However, the process will also give you the opportunity to improve a key part of your home – and, of course, increase its overall value.

Terracotta Balustrade and Railing – Typical Assembly and Restoration Methods

At one time, balustrade and railing systems were frequently fashioned using terracotta. Not unexpectedly, then, the goal of many terra cotta renovation projects is to restore these elements to optimal condition. Terracotta balustrade and railing systems can be assembled in a number of different ways, which can make terracotta restoration extremely complex or reliably straightforward. This article outlines some of these configurations and the corresponding terra cotta renovation method for each.

Balustrade Systems

Like balustrade systems crafted from modern materials, those made from architectural terracotta are compressed of balusters or spindles, the top rail or coping, the base rail or plinth, and several piers. The main difference is that terracotta balustrade usually consist of many different segments. The following description of a terra cotta balustrade system represents a typical configuration. Each individual baluster is a two-piece unit, and the straps are composed of many short pieces attached with steel pins and mortar. In addition, the top rail of the balustrade is supported by a steel bar and anchored inside the terra cotta piers.

Terracotta restoration for this type of balustrade system involves producing single-piece balusters and rails composed of 12 to 14-feet units instead of many tiny segments.

Caps and Coping

Coping is another word for the top rail of a balustrade system, while caps are used to cover piers. Although terracotta coping and caps can be assembled in many different ways, most configurations require the use of numerous joints. The reason for this is simple: the manufacturing processes for architectural terracotta did not allow large pieces to be produced.

Terra cotta renovation for deteriorated ceilings and coping usually involves replacing several individual terracotta units with a single piece, which reduces the possibility of water infiltration.

Architectural Terracotta Railing: Threaded Rod Assembly

Unlike terracotta railroads that are assembled using mortar, this method involves using threaded rod to attach sections of the railing to the structure below.

Terracotta restoration for threaded rod systems involves unbolting the damaged sections of the terra cotta element, removing them, and then replacing them with a terracotta substitute and (if necessary) stainless steel or galvanized steel supports. The terra cotta renovation process for this type of architectural terracotta railing system is more straightforward than for fully-mortared systems.

These are far from the only assembly methods for architectural terracotta railing and balustrade systems, and a company specializing in terracotta restoration will be able to work with most configurations.

Crepe Paper Streamers – Awesome Ways to Decorate With Crepe Paper

Looking for ways to decorate you next party with streamers? Well you're in luck because there are loads of different ideas and ways to decorate with paper streamers. This little article is going to show you different techniques and ways to decorate as well as elaborate on the colors and types you can choose from.

Ways to Decorate Using Streamers

Crepe paper streamers are great to add a lot of color and vibrancy to any room without spending a lot of money to do it. By simply adding a few twists and ties you will have yourself a party room that will glow. One of the most popular ways to use it is putting two colors together and twisting the streamers before you hang them. This will add another brilliant color and give your party a three dimensional appearance which will allow you to see more than one color from every angle of the room.

Before you get started you will need to choose a central point in the room, then take your streamers and attach them to that point. You can even make the birthday chair the center of the party if you desire. Just take the ends of each streamer and connect them to random corners or random places in your room and this will automatically draw attention to that special someone on their special day.

You can hang party streamers anywhere you would like, though there are a few places that are exceptionally fun and brilliant. For example: the banister, chandelier, wall-to-wall, from the special guests chair, over the door way, around light fixtures, and from doorways. The list could go on and on because when it comes to party streamers you can not go wrong.

Colors of Party Streamers to Choose From

Trying to decide on the colors or theme of the party? Maybe you already know the theme and colors you want to decorate with but you would like to coordinate other colors with the one's you already have chosen. Either way you'll find there is a long list of regular to unique colors to choose from when it comes to party streams. Some of these colors include blue, purple, pink, red, peach, yellow, green, metallic and more. To help widen the depiction on how many colors there are to choose from, you can also choose hot colors, bright colors, flat colors, shiny, and even foil crepe paper, the list can go on and on. So by simply buying party streamers your party is already starting to come to life.

Commissioning An Abstract Painting By Brad Bannister

Art buyers and collectors have many ways to acquire contemporary works of art, especially by living artists. In addition to buying at galleries and auctions there is the internet and art fairs.

The array of art that is available is truly fantastic. There are numerous websites for any single genre, style, or medium. In recent years artists, art galleries, auctions and art fairs all have their own websites.

There are times when collectors or interior designers need art for a specific space or effect, or for a unique taste. Commissioning a work of art specifically addresses these concerns. Commissions are not welcomed by every artist. Some submissions are a dubious undertaking even for artists do commissions.

I recently decided to decorate a corporate office in which I am a partner after seeing the abstract paintings owned by our neighboring law firm. Because we shared some common structural issues with the modern architecture of our building I decided the best solution was to commission the art.

I listed with several like-minded associates and we decided to commission two large paintings instead of a single huge painting. We also rule out the possibility of a divided divided diptych. The two large paintings would have some common color and movements that would denote energy, authority and elegance.

After making some calls and surfing the web, I narrowed the artists to three. I would contact each about their portfolios, commissioning prices and various details. To make a long story short I negotiated the commission with a well known Abstract Expressionist, Brad Bannister.

  • Abstract Paintings by Brad Bannister
  • We had to agree on several issues regarding dimensions, size, frame-or-not-to-frame, completion dates, pricing and incremental payment, shipping and insurance. We decided the dimensions of each paintings would be 32 "high and 44" wide. The paintings would be oil and mixed-media on canvas. The canvases would have been shipped to my office, rolled into a tube. The stretching would be done in Los Angeles at a friend's gallery with a 2-inch wide bar for gallery wrap presentation.

    The artworks were agreed to contain several colors, with two predominating. The agreed upon price is not for disclosure, but the work began when one half of the commission was paid by corporate check. There were no stipulations as to composition but a loosely agreed upon idea that they would convey "energy, authority, and elegance."

    The two commissioned abstract paintings arrived about one week ago and were stretched here, as specified. They are absolutely beautiful in my opinion, and the opinions of my associates – who are all happy this worked out well.

    The artworks will be hung and shown at our officewarming party. The media will be there and these paintings will be directly behind and on either side of our podium for the event. After our opening and photographing the paintings I will publish the images. Did these paintings fulfill the particular needs of our offices, business and building? Really very well. I can only recommend the commissioning process and product.

    How to Prevent Pimples – Quick Solutions to Stop Pimples

    Acne is individual of the hardest skin conditions to plant up with and I know this for the reason that I was time was an acne sufferer myself. I hated to wake up all single morning just to look into a mirror and date a facade full with red blemishes and whiteheads staring back on me. This is after I realized to we are not being told the fact all but getting sunny skin and bogus acne products organize not masterpiece.

    If you aim sunny skin next you need to ensue a concentrated strategy of attack and a every day facet washing ritual is your first option. Principal of all you are available to need a cream based disinfectant to you can pick up from your restricted drugstore pro a economic outlay.

    1. Wet your face with about hose and next masterpiece the cream based disinfectant into panic and distribute against your face. Many relatives construct the misapprehend of being too aggressive and you need to realize to acne is very with no trouble irritated. Be real gentle after dispersal it above your skin and take your period.

    2. Bathe away the disinfectant and thump dry your face very gently and you require construct dependable this process is gentle. Leave your face pro 20 minutes and accede to it dry next verve back and apply an lubricated liberated moisturiser to command help to rehydrate your skin and leave it limber devoid of cracks.

    Getting exonerate of acne starts with a advantageous facet washing ritual but you need to construct dependable to you just bathe your face time was appearing in the morning and time was again on night for the reason that sooner just cause your skin to crack and therefore creating supplementary breakouts.

    Soldering Iron Safety Tips

    For many of us, soldering irons are ordinary, everyday tools used for a variety of applications. These indispensable little irons, which allow users to meld different metals together by heating them to the point of melting and applying a filler metal, can be used for tasks including metalwork, crafts projects, home improvement, car repair, electronics repair, and more. But make no mistake about it: Soldering irons can be very dangerous if the proper safety precautions are not taken. When in use, the tip of a soldering iron will exceed 700 degrees Fahrenheit in temperature – more than enough heat to seriously injure someone or inflict damage on property and surroundings. Here are some soldering safety tips to keep in mind at all times:

    • Always solder in a well-ventilated area, as the smoke given off by the iron can be extremely irritating to lungs and mucus membranes. Avoid breathing in the smoke by placing your head to the side, rather than directly over your work, and wear a protective mask if necessary.
    • Use a fire-resistance surface such as plasterboard, or invest in a special mat intended for soldering. This will help you avoid mishaps that could burn carpeting, melt plastic or mar woodwork.
    • When plugging in your iron, make sure not to overload the outlet. If there are too many appliances plugged into a particular outlet, unplug some of them first, or choose a different location altogether.
    • Never set your soldering iron down on anything other than a specially made iron stand! This could damage your iron as well as the surface you're setting it down one.
    • Replace your iron immediately if the electrical cord becomes frayed, worn or otherwise compromised.
    • Take care to wear heat-resistance gloves or use needle nose pliers to grip objects that you're soldering, particularly small pieces. This will help you avoid incidentally touching the tip of the iron with your fingers and sustaining a potentially serious – and very painful – burn.
    • Do not leave your iron plugged in after you're finished using it, and never leave a hot iron unattended.
    • Always wash your hands after you finish using your soldering iron. One of the components of solder is lead, which can be toxic if ingested or absorbed into the skin.

    What is Error Number 0x800CCC0E and How to Fix It?

    Error Number 0x800CCC0E happens when there is a problem with Microsoft Outlook, Outlook Express or Windows Mail. Error 0x800ccc0e is usually caused by a conflict with Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) servers while using your E-mail program. The exact error messages may look like:

    SMTP, Port: 25, Secure(SSL): No, Socket Error: 10051, Error Number: 0x800CCC0E

    SMTP, Port: 25, Secure(SSL): No, Socket Error: 10060, Error Number: 0x800CCC0E

    SMTP, Port: 25, Secure(SSL): No, Socket Error: 10061, Error Number: 0x800CCC0E

    What causes Error Code 0x800ccc0e?

    Error code 0x800CCC0E is triggered because Microsoft Outlook, Outlook Express or Windows Mail is not able to make a proper connection with the SMTP server and therefore you are not able to send E-mail messages. Fortunately, error number 0x800CCC0E is quite easy to fix.

    How To Fix Error Number 0x800ccc0e ?

    In order to fix error number 0x800ccc0e, you will need to make sure that your e-mail account settings are correct and that PORT 25 is the port used in the SMTP area – unless specifically told to use another port by your Internet Service Provider (ISP). It’s possible your ISP has started to block the standard Outgoing Mail Port (25). You may need to consult your ISP’s support pages to get the SMTP e-mail settings.

    You can also get error 0x800ccc0e messages when you have anti-virus or firewall software enabled on your pc. Turn the anti-virus or firewall off for a moment and try to send your email again. If it works then the security software is the problem and you will need to contact your ISP for help.

    Other Solutions to Windows Errors and Slow PC Performance

    Many computer errors are usually caused by corrupt or missing Windows Registry data after removing or installing programs. The Windows Registry is the engine of the Windows operating system. Without it, Windows would not be able to run.

    When you install and uninstall software the Windows Registry gets overloaded with “junk” information, which can cause errors and slow down your PC performance.

    The best thing you can do, to stop your computer from getting more error messages or further registry corruption, is to repair and clean your Windows Registry.

    3 Small Penis Sex Techniques Guaranteed to Give Her Pleasure!

    If you carry a smaller than average penis is important for you to learn some techniques that will help you gain the extra as you need to get by. Having complete confidence in bed can be the number one way to overcome a lack in size. Learn these 3 small penis sex techniques to give her absolute pleasure:

    1. Unique oral trick – when you’re down there stimulating her orally, try using an electric tooth brush (not the bristles) to stimulate her clitoris right at the moment of maximum arousal. The vibration will create more friction resulting in a powerful orgasm. You can also use your hand to stimulate the inner opening of her vagina simultaneously.

    2. Simulate a tighter fit – there’s a couple ways this can be done. First, if you’re in a regular missionary position, place her legs on one side of your body and have her cross her legs and ankles. Secondly, in rear entry position also have her cross her legs. The sensations will create a tight fit so that you can fill her vaginal canal to the Max.

    3. Use both your PCs – I’m talking about your PC muscles not your computer. You both have them and if the man flexes his PC muscle it will create a harder and firmer erection. Plus, if the woman flexes her PC muscle, preferably at the same time, she will tighten up her vaginal canal. If you both do this at the same time you could really simulate a much larger penis.

    IMPORTANT: based on a major survey, around 50% of women have either refused to have sex with a partner or left their partner due to small penis size. To avoid the possibility of this happening to you you should seriously consider making your penis bigger. There’s no reason why you should not especially with all of the proven methods available to you.

    How to Make Beef Jerky in Your Smoker

    When you learn how to make beef jerky in your smoker you can bypass all the beef jerky recipes that call for liquid smoke. Smoker beef jerky is about as authentic as jerky gets.

    Making jerky outdoors on a smoker is closer to the old pioneer method. That's when beef was cured and dried to preserve for eating on the long trails.

    By using this method not only do you get some great eating but also it's just doggone fun!

    Selecting Beef For Smoker Jerky

    Selecting the beef you use for jerky is the same regardless of the method you use to create the jerky.

    You must select a lean cut of beef and then trim any fat you see. Fat will not dry out and it will cause your jerky to go rancid quickly.

    Most cuts from the round section of the beast animal do just fine. My personal choice is eye of round. It's a single muscle cut with no connective tissue and has very little internal fat and any external fat is easily trimmed.

    You can buy round steak for easy slicing into strips but I usually buy an eye of round roast and have my butcher slice it 1/2 inch thick. Then I trim the fat and cut the slices into strips.

    For this recipe you will need two pounds of beef.

    Smoked Beef Jerky Marinade

    Caution: This smoked beef jerky recipe calls for a lot of black pepper. If you're not a black pepper fan you might want to cut back a bit for your first try.

    1 cup soy sauce
    4 tablespoons ground black pepper
    1 tablespoon cider vinegar
    1 dash hot pepper sauce
    1 dash Worcestershire sauce


    Combine the soy sauce, ground black pepper, cider vinegar, pepper sauce and Worcestershire sauce in a non-reactive bowl. Mix the ingredients well and add the beef strips.

    Pour the strips and marinade in a resealable plastic bag. Place the bag in the refrigerator overnight. Turn the bag over once in a while when you think about it.

    Smoking Beef Jerky

    Fill the fire pan of your smoker with charcoal and light it. Wrap some wood chunks of your choice in heavy-duty foil and punch a few holes in the foil.

    Remove your marinated beef strips from the refrigerator and dry them as well as you can with paper towels. The dryer the better!

    When your charcoal is ready for smoking add the foil wrapped wood chunks to the coals.

    Try to maintain a 140-degree temperature in your smoker with the use of the vents. You only want the meat to smoke and not cook.

    Lay the marinated meat strips out on the grill so that they do not overlap. Alternately you can drape the strips over the rods of the grill grate. You can smoke a lot of jerky this way.

    Kick back and relax as you smoke the jerky over low heat. Pop a top or two!

    Your smoked beef jerky will be done when the edges appear dry with just a slight hint of moisture in the center of the slices, about 6 to 8 hours.

    For a lighter smoke flavor you might consider removing the meat from the smoker after two hours and finish drying in the oven.

    This is one of my favorite beef jerky recipes. So now you have it. How to make beef jerky in your smoker!

    LED Light Bulbs: Innovations in Lighting Technology

    The discussion of Thomas Edison is virtually inseparable from any conversation about the development of practical electric lighting. For most people Thomas Edison is the inventor figure who conceived and implemented the entire concept of the light bulbs we still use today. This isn’t exactly how it happened but Edison did have major contributions to the field of electric lighting and we can probably credit him with first developing a long lasting -and thus practical- filament for use in incandescent light bulbs around the year 1879 when he conducted a successful test with one of his designs which lasted 13.5 hours.

    Today work continues on developing new and improved light bulbs that last even longer and have increased efficiency characteristics. One foray into this arena is the Light emitting Diode light bulb. LEDs have been around for sometime but only recently have started to be produced at a price that make them feasible for some people to use for normal, everyday home illumination. They are still quite pricey but often use considerably less energy for the amount of light they produce and thus are attractive when the life cycle cost is taken into account.

    One challenge which designers and makers of LED light bulbs face is the need to keep the temperature level of the light emitting diode units at an acceptable level otherwise efficiency is greatly diminished. Since these types of lights have a different thermal profile compared to traditional light bulbs the ways they can be utilized differ somewhat in order to keep temperatures in acceptable ranges. Some light emitting diode bulbs feature some form of heat-sink to help dissipate excess thermal energy.

    Some of the most common current applications of LED lighting technology is in the automotive sector as well as flashlights, flood lights, emergency lights and numerous other applications. A big pioneer of LED style lighting in the automotive industry has been the German car manufacturer Audi. The 2011 Audi A8 model was the first to feature all light emitting diode illumination for night driving as well as daytime running lamps.

    As LED technology improves and new breakthroughs are made you can count on seeing more of these unique products making their way into the market place in various forms. You can already find all kinds of products for the home that use light emitting diode technology however you should see increases in quality and reductions in purchase price as the market matures.

    LED High Bay Light – The Benefits

    An LED high bay light is becoming more common in commercial businesses. Businesses are employing these lights for warehouses, freezers, gymnasiums, and offices. Many businesses are making the change from traditional incandescent bulbs or fluorescent lights to the LED (light emitting diode) lights due to their increase in efficiency, and their low energy usage. Although these are new to the market, compared to their competitors, they are rapidly sweeping it and making moves to capitalize on and monopolize the lighting industry.

    LED lights are different from conventional lighting in many ways, and the first and most obvious way in which they are different comes from the name: light emitting diode. Obviously all kind of lighting puts off some kind of light, otherwise it would be entirely useless, but the difference between LEDs is that they’re capable of throwing off light in one targeted direction. This is as compared to traditional lighting which scatters, and results in a loss of energy overall. Due to the fact that LEDs are able to target their light, they tend to use seventy-five percent less energy than typical incandescent bulbs, and twenty-five percent less than compact fluorescent lighting. In addition to this, LEDs give off less heat when remaining lit while incandescent light bulbs will release ninety percent of their energy as heat and compact fluorescent light bulbs.

    An LED high bay light is the one commonly seen in large buildings, where they’re placed in the roof and resemble big, long rectangles. They are usually seen in the roofs of gymnasiums and warehouses, where large scale lighting is required, without giving off much heat. Obviously, it is important to not have a buildup of heat in these kinds of settings, otherwise it would become unbearable for workers and clients. This is the reason that an LED high bay light would be preferred in this kind of setting – due to the low amount of energy it gives off as heat.

    Although LED lights are typically thought as the large ones, illuminating entire buildings, embedded in the rooftops, they are now becoming more mainstream. Kitchen lights, desk lamps, and even flash lights are becoming equipped with LEDs. LED lights were previously only available in a high bay fashion, as something that had to be placed within a roof, but they now come in all shapes and sizes, and are being used to phase out other types of lighting.

    The immediate concern with LED lighting is the fact that it has a higher initial cost than all other forms of lighting, and can be daunting for anyone setting it up. This is compounded when business or home owners need to purchase several light fixtures. Fortunately, this is made easier by the fact that not only do it has an extensive amount of rebates available to them but they also result in lower maintenance and upkeep fees as well as a decreased energy bill due to the reduction in energy that they utilize as compared to traditional lighting.

    Matching Groups of Wallpaper and Borders

    When you want to redecorate a house, you always want to think holistically, meaning that you have to look at every aspect of the room and not just the walls. When it comes to your walls, though, you will want to pay the most attention, especially when you are looking into wallpaper and not plain ol 'paint. You have to spend large amounts of time on the design of the wallpaper as it relates to the border. Wallpaper without a border will give you an unfinished, plain look in a room.

    Basics of matching colors will tell you that you do not want your wall paper and border to clash. Choose complimentary colors. Many shops and internet stores will help you if you are color blind: literally, or figuratively. A simple tip would be to search for a color wheel using Google or another search engine if you can not use your eye. If your a man, there is an excuse because men have less cones in their eyes.

    Now, if you want to go deeper into style with pictures and other art, then you must again look at color. In addition, you must choose a border that matches your room as well as the wallpaper. Choosing a border that has a house on it standing in a winter scene should be placed in a room with very earthy colors. The wallpaper would also have to be dark and earthy as well. It is really simple to match groups of wallpaper and borders, it just takes a little practice.

    Another example would be, if you wanted a tropical room. You could choose a nice light blue color for your walls. Perhaps choosing a texture that makes it look like clear blue water. Then for your border you could choose one with flowers going all the way around the room. In addition, you should place a flower in that room on a corner table to complete the look, both on the walls, and in the space.

    I think you understand the basic idea of ​​matching wallpaper borders with wallpaper. Now the rest is up to you. If you still need help, you could always ask a professional who you plan to buy from. They will be more that helpful since they want your business.

    The Use Of Steel Building Components In Construction

    More and more construction nowdays is being transported with the help of steel components all over the world. In this ezine we take a look at the essence of steel buildings parts, their advantages and disadvantages if there are any and touch upon the modern approach to construction – prefabricated steel buildings.

    Steel building parts are the most solid and reliable type of all building materials that can stand the test of time. Should we take this statement for granted or is it necessary to compare them with PVC building components, silicate, fibreboard, lumber, wood, masonry and other building types that have always been principal building materials for any kind of buildings wherever storages, commercial buildings, barns or detached houses?

    The reason of metal and steel components' wide distribution is simple: they are firm, more or less cheap, aesthetic, non-combustible, do not require further treatment and are environmentally friendly. This is not the whole list of their advantages but even these qualities are enough to draw attention to metal and steel components. One issue needs even more elaboration: their elasticity and reliability. Time when hundreds of fibreboard-buildings and pvc-homes have been swept away by storms, tornados and other natural disasters have actually gone into non-existence – people do not want to be scared anymore. This especially applies to the states that always experience unfavorable weather conditions, like, for instance, Texas and Kansas. Reliable, solid and firm steel components enjoy high popularity there. At the same time metal structures are made of metal and can often corrode. Corrosion is one of the biggest disadvantages of metal parts used for construction though nowdays Most of the manufacturers heat-treat metal parts in order that they become stainless and stone-like. Heat conductivity is another problem of metal structures that is why houses are not equipped with them in full scale.

    Somehow or other metal parts are indispensable in building and construction. For civil engineering and industrial engineering they help to build long bays without any kind of column or buttersses. Even outdoor construction is not stripped of using steel building components : fines, grilles, grates and sheds are made of steel as well.

    No one denies the fact that lumber has been the only building material that could stand all kinds of damages except fire for centuries. Amsterdam, Venice and other European cities have most of the buildings that are situated on wood poling and will remain there for centuries. But we live in the 21st century that requires firmness, reliability and simplicity of construction. That is why prefabricated steel buildings are so popular nowdays.

    Anyways, prefab buildings suborn by their universality: you do not need to be a builder or engineer – you just buy steel building parts and construction becomes the sphere you should not fear. With prefab-building components you can easily assemble a shed, a barn, a small warehouse and a lot of different things. Prefabricated steel components are widely used in industrial engineering as well as they save time, money and labor: warehouses, plants, ice palaces, riding-halls and hangars are usually made of separate prefabricated metal building components.

    Finally what needs to be stated here is the fact that prefabricated elements can be dismantled easily and transported anywhere.

    The Pros and Cons of Using Velvet Curtains

    Obviously, the first advantage of using velvet curtains is the aesthetic value it gives to any room. It gives any room an air of class and exclusivity. This is in itself a very positive thing for the people staying in the room. We adapt ourselves to the environment we live in. People who habitually live in messy and disorganized rooms are more than likely to develop undesirable patterns of thinking and behavior. On the other hand, people who stay surrounded by order and elegance stand to improve their outlook in that direction too.

    Velvet curtains are clearly very conducive accessories to use in cold weather. The thickness and dense fibers of the cloth insulate the room against moisture and cold. Additionally, these curtains prevent dust and harmful microscopic organisms from entering and propagating in the room. This way, they provide protection for people who have allergies to these substances. If you have curtains on the walls as well, they also provide a degree of sound proofing in the room in conjunction with carpets and rugs. It would not be possible to listen through walls which are draped with velvet curtains.

    One disadvantage of using velvet curtains is that they tend to accumulate the dust and microscopic particles present in the air. For this reason, frequent vacuuming may be necessary to keep the room clean and dust free. This shouldn’t be a difficult thing to do because it is easy to just remove them from their supporting bars, lay then flat on some surface and gently run the vacuum cleaner in the direction of the fibers of the velvet curtain. After that they should be ready for putting back in place.

    One more thing you have to attend to is the removal of stains. You will have to know how to do this in a way that would not damage the velvet drapes or ruin their texture. You should apply cloth which has been immersed in the froth of a detergent solution, not directly in the solution itself. Gently squeeze the stain out with hand movements directed the same way as the fibers of the cloth. Repeat until the stain is gone then allow the fabric to dry. When completely dried, gently comb the fibers against the grain of nap of the cloth to regain its original texture.

    As you can see, the cons of using velvet curtains are minimal compared to the benefits you can get by using them.