Laminate Flooring History and Timeline in the US Market

Laminate Flooring has made the most significant change to the flooring industry in the last 25 years and continues to make tremendous changes and improvements over is hard surface counter parts.

In Europe they have been enjoying its features and benefits for several decades but not as laminate flooring as we know today. Decorative laminate was really the origins and the beginning of what now is known as laminate flooring. The decorative laminate was widely used in kitchen counter tops and furniture. As the technology evolved in the counter top laminate industry it was clearly made invisible that with the endless number of decors that could have been created, could also be created and used on the floor.

The idea of ​​laminate flooring was born. There have been many technical challenges the first of which was how can you take a simple counter top laminate and create a flooring product, the flooring product will take far more abuse by being walked on and a wear layer was created.

There has really been no stopping the technical tidal wave of improvements and ideas that followed. Led mainly by the European countries laminate flooring gained more market share year after year, no market experienced such rapid growth as North America. Massive marketing campaigns led by such brands as Pergo who are now synonymous with laminate flooring introduced laminate flooring to the American Public in the early 1990s.

The actual history of laminate flooring is quite short in North America, because Pergo had achieved household recognition with the new flooring products Laminate flooring in North America was broadly referred to as "Pergo" floors again the synonymous status and the 'holy grail' of all brands.

In 2000 laminate flooring was a glue product; even so the market share within the flooring industry in North America continued to grow at a double digit pace. Many of the other US traditional floor covering manufacturers of carpet and vinyl added laminate flooring to their portfolio of products.

Then so was born the private label laminate. Laminate flooring was easy to private label you simply changed the insert or the packaging and then that created another brand or line of flooring. This was especially useful for the hardwood and carpet manufacturer's to get on board with this new product. The traditional manufacturers of carpet and hardwood have huge distribution networks and with their own branded line of flooring were able to place thousands of new flooring displays in a matter of months and new brands started appearing everywhere. This continued to drive the growth in the USA.

As traditional US manufacturers of carpet and vinyl presented themselves as laminate flooring manufacturers, advertised the products, placed laminate flooring displays and drove sales.

Time Line in the US Market The next stages of growth were equally fast and I will break them down chronologically:

2000 was particularly painful for the Carpet Manufactures in Dalton, Georgia they were completely blindsided by the aggressive marketing of laminate flooring against their carpet and that is where the laminate took most of their market share from touting the Laminate Flooring product as hypo allergenic and showing close ups of carpet mites and bugs did nothing to help the domestic carpet manufacturers.

All hard surface flooring companies benefited. It was an exciting year for laminate flooring salesmen, even with terrible installation demonstrations and glue together flooring.

2001 Every year that preceded 2000 involved new, exciting and innovative changes to the laminate flooring market. The first change really started in 2001 glue free laminate. This was first introduced with metal clips on the back and during sales presentations as you tried to put it together you almost needed a sledge hammer, it was more difficult than the glue together method. Not very popular but the concept was created all we needed was the design and solution.

2002 A year later the technology of glue-less laminate flooring arrived, introductions of glue-less laminates began again revolutionizing the floor covering industry. Unilin Industries of Belgium introduced Quick-Step into the US market. Quick-Step utilizes the patented Uniclic joint system. Several other manufacturers bought licenses to use the Uniclic joint technology thereby acknowledging Uniclic as the industry standard for Glue-less technology.

Still 95% of the USA market was using glue together laminate, it took yet more aggressive marketing and this time mainly led by the home centers with names like 'Easy-Lock', 'Quick-Lock', 'Speedy-Lock', etc , to drive the consumer towards the exceptionally friendly DIY glue-less laminate flooring ranges.

It was predicted in 2002 that buy 2004 100% of the laminate flooring industry will be glue-less.

2003 This again provided to be a dynamic year within the laminate flooring industry, sales of the product per square foot continued to climb, but lawsuits with regards to patents over the locking system and who created and who could use it surfaced and would continue on for many years. Aside from the lawsuits the technology now happy with the glue-less free install and now a specially DIY friendly product focused on creating the product to be as realistic as hardwood as possible.

2004 This saw some dramatic changes in the quality of the laminate product itself. The standard glue-free laminate flooring product was 7 "wide by 54" long and it had a light 'tapping' effect, the panels went together with glue-less free locking system. Mostly all of the products were imports and mainly from Europe.

Towards the end of 2004 laminate flooring factories (although not fully integrated and small in comparison to the European counterparts) started appearing across the USA. The larger US manufacturers of carpets invested in laminate flooring facilities although they were not fully integrated (we can explore the importance of vertical integration later). But this show the US retailer and distributor that the product was here to and it was time to start backing a horse.

This led to more innovation from overseas, the first was a wood grain texture – the laminate itself had heavier wood texture but it was random and not too realistic in effect a modest upgrade, at first all manufacturers tried to sell this improvement for $ 0.20SF to distribution but the reality was their was no manufacturer cost increase to produce this texture – it was just a different pressure plate.

2005 The lawsuits over the locking system continued, incidentally the locking system lawsuit is not about the easy angle long joint of the laminate flooring, all the law suits focus on the end locking joint.

The chase to create an exact wood replicate of hardwood flooring continued and this led to a technology called 'Register and Emboss' or 'Embossed and Registered'. The idea of ​​this was for the pattern of the oak for example to be perfectly indented into the wood panel, so the grain of the Oak or Cherry was realistic to the touch.

All the manufacturers soon chased this technology, it required a relatively simple process, create the correct paper (décor pattern) and then have a press plate and the end of the manufacturing process to match that paper décor and then you have the grain embossed.

Legal arguments over who came up with that technology all ensued.

2006 The year of branding, distributors with 'own brand' tried to position themselves as manufacturers – one of the largest being a vinyl manufacturer tried to position themselves as market leaders. Acquisitions also followed, Mohawk Industries bought Unilin 'Quick-Step' in 2006. This also became the year of the home business business, where having your labeled product in one of the three main US home centers was the ultimate goal.

One of the major carpet manufacturers and distributors with there factory in Dalton gained the business with Home Depot. Pergo was well positioned with a vinyl manufacturer you had private labeled their laminate line into Lowes Home Improvement Stores. Being a vinyl manufacturer and not a laminate manufacturer create a major problem and a critical weakness as Lowes Home Improvement shifted their purchasing policy to 'only' buy factory direct.

A major Swiss group and manufacturer of laminate flooring also with the world's largest factory in Heiligengrabe, Germany had been quietly building a factory in Barnwell, SC and at the right time were able to replace the vinyl manufacturer as supplier to Lowes Home Improvement.

2007 This really saw the legal issue on the locking system end as two legal systems emerged, one under Valinge Innovation and Uniclic Licensees each with approximately 100 partners paying royalties of roughly $ 0.04SF to $ 0.07SF. Licensees were granted all over the world and this led way to the re-emergence of Chinese laminate flooring.

In the mid 1990 China was one of the fastest growing laminate flooring markets in the world and most of this was supplied by shipping in container from Europe, there were huge distributors in China 100 containers a month in size – or 2,400 pallets a month. It did not take long for Chinese ingenuity to copy the process and buy 2001, China had a slew of factories (with large Government subsidies), some of this product came back as imports in to the USA, but the legal issues with locking systems and potential freezes of stock, cease and desist letter flying about scared off most distributors.

2008 China was back, this time the large factories had license agreements and were legal, the machines that made the laminate flooring were from Europe and the product quality was excellent.

There market tactics were equally excellent, instead off going after the low end dog fighting market of the 7mm and 8mm, they created a new look. A narrow plank and beveled the edges, this new narrow plank was approximately 5 "wide compared to the standard 8" from Europe, the 5 "wide was a one plank look and combined with the bevel, register and embossing they had created the ultimate flooring .

This was it, everything over the last 25 years culminated to this point a floor that had a narrow board look 5 inches wide, beveled or micro beveled on all four side, realistic textured surface and a lifetime warranty.

The European's adjusted, but they were for once on the back foot, China instead of going after the low end market aimed high with a high quality, the highest quality laminate you could make and make it affordable to the US market .

2009 It is not clear where we can go from here, but the same was probably said in 2005, laminate flooring is now so good in appearance that you can not tell it apart from real hardwood, the only clue is the price laminate flooring is far less expensive than real wood with more color choices. 2009 will be a difficult economic year and so will 2010. Consumers will focus on quality and price. Brand will become less important as the consumer becomes more educated. The huge price fluctuations four sided beveled and narrow plank from one distributor priced at $ 5SF and from another $ 0.89SF and yet absolutely no technical difference in the product. Consumer will research and the gap will close.

Laminate flooring in the US market is a remarkable story of growth and ingenuity. I do not think that a couple of tough economic years will have much impact on its future survival. It is an excellent product and with some effort and research by the consumer you can get incredible value.

Avoid Frozen Pipes in Your Home

If you are renting an apartment or you have just moved into a new home, there are things that you need to check. Sometimes, when just settling into a new home, many people forget to check and inspect the piping system. Well, it is easy to assume that everything is working well as long as there is water coming out from the faucets and the shower, right? Unfortunately it’s only when problems arise that people begin to think about their piping and plumbing systems To make things worse, problems with piping and plumbing are usually triggered during the winter season when you need it most.

One common plumbing problem that people have to deal with especially during the winter months is frozen pipes. In some condominium buildings and apartments, the pipes are not properly insulated. This is bad especially for the apartments that are more exposed to cold weather like the ones on the top floor or those that are in the exterior wall.

This is an error on the side of the building contractors but really, it’s you who will have to deal with this. It is best not to wait for a malfunction to happen before you call for your local plumber. Why? Well, the most likely scenario when your pipes become frozen the slowly moving water freezes too. This can cause your pipes to burst. Since the water inside is frozen, you won’t immediately notice that there is a busted pipe because there will be no leaks. You only notice it when, as the frozen water starts to melt during the day, it starts dripping. Even worse, if you are out of the house the entire day, you won’t even know that your pipes are leaking and everything in your house will be soaked.

To avoid such scenarios, it is best to call the local plumber to check on the pipes once you have moved in your house. Even if the winter months are not yet near, you should have the plumber check your plumbing and piping system so that you won’t encounter major problems.

Beating the Summer Heat!

Summer is full of exciting adventures and miles for children such as their first visit to the beach, learning to swim at the local pool, and making friends at the mall fountain! However some of these events can be overshadowed by the excess heat that keeps most of us locked in doors with the air conditioning running full blast! Be ahead of your game this summer with some sun and heat protection that will make battling the summer rays no sweat!


It is always best to get a sunshade for your rear windows even if they are tinted, this will help to reduce the light that enters the car and can warm car seats and small metal buckles that children can get burnt on. Additionally, for infant seats we recommend the Uppababy Bubble which is an additional sun shade the covers the infant car seat. This is also ideal for when the seat is attached to the stroller, the mesh helps to eliminate light as well as pollen and dander in the air! (It's also great for keeping invasive strangers from trying to touch your baby!) For toddler car seats, the Car Seat Sunshade reflects light and heat from any car seat or boost seat that's left in the car. This will help reduce the risk of children being burnt by overheated metal on seat buckles.


If you stroller does not provide sufficient sun protection, you may want to consider adding a a canopy extension. The Compact and Classic Sunshades attach to any stroller, including umbrella strollers, and are an easy way to extend the sun coverage on your stroller. A drink bottle tether can be attached to your stroller to hold a stainless steel sippy cup to help keep your little one hydrated in the warm weather! Thermos even makes children's sippy cups that are insulated to help keep water, milk, or juice cool.


Some carrier brands design products specific for use in hotter climates to help make baby wearing more comfortable. The Ergo Sport Carrier has lighter, more breathable fabric to help keep baby and parent cooler. Moby Wrap designed a special UV protected carrier with the Rayosan processed fabric which does not alter the breathability of the fabric but deflects any harmful UVA and UVB rays off of the fabric.


You can help to keep your tot cool just by choosing clothing that are breathable and allow for maximum sun protection. A sun hat is a great way to keep sun off of your child's face and also add a little accessory to his / her outfit. Summer shoes and sandals will protect your baby's feet from the hot summer ground but allow for maximum breathability. Quality shoes will withstand exposure to water for playful summer days at the local fountain or front yard sprinkler. Baby Legs also offers a small collection of UV protected legwarmers that will reflect summer rays.

Tips to stay cool without breaking the bank

-Visit the local fountain to play in the water and meet other local children

-Get out of the house during the mid-day heat peak and walk around the air conditioned mall

-Get a summer pass to the local swimming pool and / or sign your kids up for swimming lessons

-Purchase black out curtains to put on windows, this not only reduces the light and heat that enters your home but also blocks many outside noises!

-Open windows at night to allow for the cool breeze to cool down your home naturally. Just be sure to close them up in the morning!

-Set up a sprinkler in the front yard for kids to run in and cool down

-Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and help keep your body cool

Trailer Awnings

Trailer awnings are usually stand alone type lightweight aluminum alloy units, with fabric or canvas roof. The awning may either be fixed or retractable type. Properly designed mobile home awnings will stay taut and strong in all weather conditions. Supporting ribs provide extra strength to the structure and prevent the roof and sides from collecting water and sagging.

A trailer is a small motorized van, in which people can live and travel simultaneously. In the US, travel trailers have had a long and diverse history that can be traced as far back as the 1920s. Those early trailers were little better than tin cans and were called exactly that. Trailers later became more comfortable and were called? House Trailers ?. During the 1950s and 1960s, the industry evolved into two separate industries, rarely recreational vehicle industry and the mobile home industry.

Smaller sized trailers generally are less than 18? long and contain only basic amenities. By design, they are lightweight, weighing less than 3000 lbs and are easy to set up for camping or to prepare for travel. Due to their compact design and light weight, they are usually towed with a large car. Mid-range travel trails are spacious and contain more amenities. They are 18? to 25? long, can weigh in excess of 5000 lbs, and generally have to be towed with a powerful pick up truck or an SUV. Large sized travel trailers are designed for the seasonal or full-time user. These are between 25? and 40? long and contain all the comforts of a luxury condominium such as multiple TVs, washing machine, a dishwasher, refrigerators and air conditioners as well as an in house power generator.

When mobile home awnings act as canopies, they provide shade to a small porch, patio, or deck to enable people to enjoy the outdoors without the fear of sun burns. Some awnings even come with wiring fixed into the skeleton, so the travelers can connect the power supply and stay outside at night. Small and medium trailer owners may choose manually retractable mobile home awnings, while large trailer owners may find the deluxe motorized versions more suitable.

How to Get Cold Patch Asphalt to Cure Faster

One of the most affordable and convenient methods for small-scale asphalt mending projects is to use a cold patch mix. Many property owners will tell you that this approach saves money, and can reduce the amount of labor required for the job, making it a great solution for small holes in parking lots, walkways, streets, and driveways. However, the process of cold asphalt patching can be accelerated with the right application techniques, saving property owners some time too! Customers, clients, guests, and occupants can use the pavement in the same day!

Continue reading to learn some great tips on how you can shorten the amount of time it takes for the cold patch asphalt mix to harden, and drastically cut down on turnaround time, from project start to finish.

Ease of Use

The primary reason why this product is the go-to choice for small hole repairs in asphalt pavements is the ease of installation. There is no long, extended process of preparing or mixing materials. Instead, the air does most of the work. You simply pour the mix directly into the hole, compact it with simple manual tools (metal tamper or piece of lumber), and leave it to air dry. The mix turns into a permanent surface patch after extended contact with air.

The drying process, also known as curing , is very important to establishing a solid, stable surface that lasts a long time. If you want a permanent repair for your asphalt, you need to make sure the entire process is done correctly. If you want to speed up the curing stage of your pavement repair project, you can try a few recommended tips.

Use Gravel

You can use gravel to create a more dense space within the hole, which may help to establish lasting strength. Just fill the hole with gravel, little by little, while using your compacting tools to compress the gravel with each layer. Do not fill the hole all the way to the top; be sure to leave 2 inches of space below the surface line for your cold patch mix.

Pouring Your Mix

As you pour your mix, exceed the surface line by half an inch. This means that your mix should go over the top of the hole by a inch inch. Then use your compacting tools to compress your material down until it is properly flattened. You may need to repeat this step two or three times to get a proper fill.

Expedited Drying

Asphalt cold patch mix cures by having contact with air. You can speed up the drying process by using hair dryers or commercial paint dryers. If you are going to use a hair dryer, you will need to manually operate it in a steady, sweeping motion to ensure even curing. The material is near dry when you can not easily press into the surface with your hand.

Large-Scale Pavement Repair

For large-scale pavement repair jobs, you need a professional paving company. They have the training, equipment, and resources to provide dependable work in a convenient time frame. Be sure to choose a company that is licensed, bonded, and insured, and retains decades of experience in the road construction industry.

What is a Bridge Rectifier and What Does it Do?

A bridge rectifier is a device used to transform alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC). Additionally, a bridge rectifier is used in model rockets to provide the correct direct current to run the motors and other accessories. Placed in the decoder, the bridge rectifier has many functions. Let's describe the functions of a bridge rectifier:

  • Provide many N-channels which implies that the power inputs and the negative output of the rectifier are well connected.
  • Provide a multiplicity of P-channel which means that there is a connection between both power inputs and the positive output of the rectifier.
  • Facilitate third quadrant operation gate voltage control which means that for said multiplicity of said N-channel MOSFET means and said multiplicity of said P-channel means that includes at least a component to assure fast MOSFET turn off.

In order to operate the railroad, generate the minimum heat required and get the highest current capacity, you need to configure the bridge rectifier. By means of a diode, the said component turns off the fast MOSFET.

There is also the need for a certain component that can protect the gate terminals of the proposed multiplicity of the N-channel MOSFET means and said multiplicity of said P-channel MOSFET means from damaging voltages.

There is also the need for inclusion of a voltage division to establish optimum operating voltages to the gate ports of said multiplicity of said N-channel MOSFET means and said multiplicity of said P-channel means.

The method needs to also have a component to protect the gates of said multiplicity of said N-channel MOSFET means and said multiplicity of said P-channel MOSFET means from false conduct because of some unauthentic noise impulse voltages channeled to said fill bridge rectifier.

The said third quadrant operation gate voltage control calls for a component to reduce the turn-on time required for the said multiplicity of said N- MOSFET means and said multiplicity of said P MOSFET means to reduce the chances of construction crossover short circuit current.

When input voltage detection is added it needs to allow the control module to measure the load of the current of the rectifier so as to provide the facility of monitoring the current capability.

However, if you want to create bridge rectifier for a railroad model that is not a decoder, then it needs to do the following:

  • Provide many N- MOSFET which implies that the power inputs and the negative output of the rectifier are well connected.
  • Provide a multiplicity of P- MOSFET which means that there is a connection between both power inputs and the positive output of the rectifier.
  • Facilitate third quadrant operation gate voltage control which means that for said multiplicity of said N- MOSFET means and said multiplicity of said P-channel MOSFET means that includes at least a component to assure fast MOSFET turn off.

From the above explanation it is easier to understand the working of a bridge rectifier. So, you can get a clearer idea of ​​what it is and how it works.

Seven Applications For Mast Cable Assemblies

Mast cable assemblies are present in just about every facet of modern life. From the personal technology you use in your own household to the business tools you utilize in your workplace, these important structures provide the signal and communicative abilities we need for every day life. That is why it is so very important to utilize well-built, well-supported, functioning assemblies. Take a look at the following common uses for this special type of technological formation:

1. Constructing a military outpost.

Whenever you see or hear about a new military post being constructed, you can rest assured mast cable assemblies will play a part. With a good communication system key to the inner working of the military, especially in a combat zone, mast assemblies play host to communicative signals. From hand-held radio systems to the Internet computer centers where troops Skype and write emails back home, these cables are vital to the functioning of the US Military.

2. Building a personal radio kit.

Many people today have, at some point in their lives, assembled a personal radio. These small-scale operations require the use of tall communication devices that can capture and transmit signals in the air. That is where these antennas come into play. So even the most minor of household tools can employ the use of mast cable assemblies.

3. Establishing communications from an oil rig.

If you have ever had the pleasure of viewing an oil rig, onshore or offshore in the ocean, you will almost always notice large mast-like structures. These are mast cable assemblies, and they help transmit signals to other oil rigs or standard headquarters. This is vital to the operations of a pipeline or site of oil collection.

4. Sending signals from a ship.

Masts originated aboard ships, as large poles, carrying sails. Now, mast cable assemblies are built with inner conductors to help these sea-faring vessels communicate with each other and with receiving centers. The cables themselves retain the name of "mast" since they are generally sphere-like in nature and they are similar to tall towers.

5. Broadcasting a news report.

You may have noticed local television news stations out and about with their equipment. Some of this may include mast cable assemblies. The structure of the cable helps send radio wave signals to different homes with satellite reception. All television utilizes mast assemblies at some point.

6. Providing an internet signal.

Many Americans have access to the Internet at their personal homes. It is hard to imagine an office without internet access. Mast cables allow signals to transmit, providing online access to many computers and their users. Certainly, the boom in Internet led to an increase in mast cable assembly.

7. Maintaining that cell phone coverage.

Whenever a cell phone tower is broken, everyone knows it, as their telephones are inoperable. Cell phone reception, in fact, hinges upon the successful maintenance of the mast cable assemblies that combine the cell phone towers. Without those masts, you would not see towers, and you certainly would not have coverage.

Wall Brackets – Secure Your Television

A flat screen plasma television is really a nice item to have in the home, they are space savers and are very fashionable right now. Mounting a TV on the wall is really an exceptional place to put one, it frees up floor space and clearly opens up some design options for the room. Wall brackets are required to mount a television television to the wall.

There is a kit that can be purchased through any home goods store or home improvement store that will contain the wall brackets that are needed to mount a flat panel television to the wall. They are weight rated and can hold up to a different number of pounds depending on the rating. It is very important to make sure that the brackets contained in the wall mount kit are rated to hold the weight of the television that will be mounted, this can not be skimped on, or the TV will be at risk of bending them and winding up on the floor in many pieces. They will come with a safety plate that they will be mounted to; the safety plate will be mounted directly to the studs in the wall. Installation instructions will contain information on how to locate the wall studs. Once the studies have been located than using a power drill the safety plate and the specials screws that come with the kit should be mounted directly to the studies, they will slide into the safety plate and will be secured with fasteners.

There are two types of wall brackets, swivel and stationary styles. The swivel varieties move from side to side the stationary styles do not move at all. The swivel ones cost more but are the favored type, because they do move from side to side and this makes it easier to move the television television around for better viewing. Either type is going to be made from some type of tempered steel, to ensure that they will not bend under the weight of the television.

Wall brackets are an integral component of mounting any television. Spending a little extra money on wall brackets that are rated for more weight than what it weighs is like paying for an insurance policy.

Why Choose a Local Painter?

If you go to a local art gallery, you are sure to find plenty of paintings created by local artisans. This will give you a chance to evaluate the quality of the canvas, as well as the workmanship that goes into each painting. This is just one of many reasons why you will be well served by choosing a local painter for your canvas art needs.

Visiting the Studio

When you choose a local painter, you will usually have an opportunity to visit his / her studio. Even though you may not be allowed to view paintings as they are being created, you can learn more about a studio setting. This will help you find out if the artist is using good quality paints, as well as if the final painting will be durable and keep its original colors.

Commissioning a Custom Painting

Individuals that are planning to order a custom painting will always want to discuss various details that will affect the final image. While you may provide photos of various subjects that will be in the painting, you may also have some other ideas about how they should be arranged. Being able to contact a local artist and share your ideas will work out much better than simply expecting that an artist in a remote location will arrive at the same aesthetic conclusions.

Supporting a Local Artist

It is very hard to make a living as an artist. Therefore, when you commission a painting from an artisan in your local community, you will be helping him / her follow a chosen and valued career path. Needless to say, if others see the painting and like the style of it, you can always refer them to the original artist.

There will always be occasions when you will want to commission a canvas painting. No matter whether you want to offer one as a special gift, or decorate a room in your home, choosing a local artist may be more practical than looking for an artist online. Aside from the opportunity to learn more about painting techniques, you can also enjoy knowing that you are giving a boost to someone in your local community that typically has a hard time breaking into the market.

Vintage Chandeliers Are Classical and Filled With Elegance

Are you a homeowner looking to add a vintage look of complete elegance to
your home? Then what better way to do this than to have vintage chandeliers
hanging from the ceiling which will make you be the envy of the whole
neighborhood? You can create any atmosphere you like by adding a chandelier to a
room. You can create the look that you are after whenever you want to create:

o A Romantic Mood

o Calm

o Elegance

o Warmth

Why should you go for Vintage Chandeliers?

Do you think that chandeliers are something that really would add some great
character and personality to your home? The great news is that there will be a
vintage chandelier to suit everyone's differenting tastes. The benefits from having vintage chandeliers are easy to see and it is not hard
to see why these types of chandeliers are a popular choice. However, why do
people love to have these in their homes? There is not much out there that can
ooze elegance like it and there is just something about them
that increases the mood of the house.

The choice that is available is staggering and if you delve back into time, you
will notice that a lot of famous people have had them in their homes. They have
always been a popular choice and they still remain as a popular choice for many
people today. If you are searching for antique vintage chandeliers, you may be interested in
finding out about the history and the period from where the type light
originated from. You may be able to find books or to ask an antique dealer and
when all else fails, search on the internet for it.

Are you looking for:

o Victorian chandeliers

o French antique chandeliers

o Or any other vintage chandeliers

The chandeliers mentioned above will have a lot of history attached to them and
because of this, coupled with the time frame, then you could end up spending a
fortune on getting them for your home. For a lot of people, they are fascinated
about vintage chandeliers and it gets to the stage for them where money is no
object and that they must have them in their homes.

You do not have to spend a fortune on purchasing them because
there is a large range of chandeliers that are not as expensive, but which are
still high in quality. You can find the chandeliers anywhere, whether you:

o Search on the internet for them

o Go into your local department store

o Mail order catalog

If you are stuck for inspiration or if you want to find a great vintage chandelier, you can browse in a store or online to find what suits you. There is a great range in many places, so if you want to add instant elegance to your home, you will be able to do it easily.

Go-To-Heaven Card

When I was a child, Monopoly was one of my most favourite board games. We could play for hours to acquire the most property. The main objective was to own a couple of hotels on Eloff Street. With hard work, good planning and a bit of luck here and there you could eventually become a property mogul. Some of us colluded to have another player declared bankrupt. Some crooked and borrowed money from the bank and “forgot” to pay it back. Yes, not every player’s strategy smelt so fresh.

I was totally afraid of going to jail because it would be fatal to have to sit out a couple of rounds. The best of all for me was to land on the “chance” space and, best of all, to get a “Get out of jail free” card. This card could give me that extra little push to eventually win the game.

Monopoly is just a smaller version of life. We all start life on an equal footing. We arrive with nothing.

Some people play nicely according to the rules and become very successful. Others don’t and also become very successful. Some often take a turn in jail because of the choices they make.

But eventually, after our life on earth, we’re all on the way to the eternal jail, or as the Bible calls it, eternal damnation. Those who call a spade a spade simply calls it hell. This final destination is what we all deserved as a result of the many, many sins we commit. We deserved it 100%.

But God could not bear this happening to each of His creatures. 9God didn’t set us up for an angry rejection but for salvation by our Master, Jesus Christ. 10He died for us, a death that triggered life. Whether we’re awake with the living or asleep with the dead, we’re alive with him!

In real life, there is a “Go to heaven” card for each of us. You don’t deserve it but you receive it, because you see, Jesus paid for it. He paid dearly with His blood and life. Yes, heaven is free, but it cost so very much. The life of our King God’s Son.

Most wonderful of all is that everyone can have it. You don’t have to have luck on your side, like in Monopoly, to end on the “chance” block by chance. No, everybody can receive this “Go to heaven” card.

Go and live a life of joy and unending peace and show every Tom, Dick and Harry your “Go to heaven” card.


Have you picked up your card?

Have you shown it to others?

Who do you have to show it to today or tomorrow?


Thank you, Jesus, that I have a place in heaven because You were prepared to bear the punishment for my sins. I want to show my gratitude by living a life of obedience to You. My heart overflows with joy. Amen.

Low Back Pain – 7 Tips For Shoveling Snow

You use your lower back for everything. And when you injure it, you really find out just how much you rely on a strong and healthy back. You use your back for sitting at the computer, brushing your teeth, washing dishes, driving a car, and even holding up a cup of water. It is your main support system for your whole upper body (the lumbar region and core muscles).

As this winter rolls in, beware of injuring or training your back from shoveling snow. If you have a snow blower or somebody else to do it for you, you can stop reading this article right now. But for the select few of us who still shovel, here are several ways to help less or even do away with the pain, simply by making some changes.

I need to preface the below with some facts about our body. First, the main muscle systems used while shoveling snow are the lower back / core, arms, and legs. If you were to order those muscle groups from strongest to weakest, it would be: 1) Lower back / core, 2) Arms, 3) Back. The majority of the following tips and tricks to lessen lower back pain is simply to take advantage of your stronger muscle systems. Remember, the first link to break in a chain is the weakest one.

1. Warming Up

Before performing any type of physical activity, our body needs to prepare for what we're about to do to it. At rest, most of the blood in our bodies is not in our muscles, but flowing very slowly in our insides, keeping our internals oxygenated. If we were to jump into shoveling (or any demanding activity), we increase the chances of using a poorly prepares muscle, which may lead to muscle tears and or soreness for days to come. Warm up simply by doing a few torso twists, body weight squats, and even some jumping jacks. By incorporating your whole body into a warm up, you start pumping blood faster, get the blood out to your muscles, and warm them up. Remember what happens to a cold rubber band when you stretch it …

2. Stretching

In conjunction with warm up, stretching is key. Just like in a golf swing, you use a full range of motion during the swing, and so you have to warm up by doing light resistance stretching. By having an increased range of motion, you are less likely to use weaker parts of the body and more more on your stronger ones (legs and arms). Start out by thoroughly stretching out your legs, torso (side bends and twists), and shoulder rotations.

3. Favor the Legs

As mentioned in the preface, our legs are the strongest in our body. If a person can bench press 300 pounds, he can typically leg press 500 lbs or more. It's a fact that our legs are stronger. Now compare this strength range to our lower backs. Imagine trying to lift even half the weight of a leg press … ouch! Now why in the world would we rely on our lower back when we have huge pistons below us, able to lower our bodies to pick up some snow, and then raise our bodies to pick up the snow. Through your shoveling, make sure you are lowering yourself with your legs. This may look goofy and feel awkward, but you'll be thankful that you took advantage of your strongest muscles.

4. Straight Forward Motion

Your legs are generally positioned to go in a straight up and down motion. Your back can rotate, swivel, turn, and bend. If you rely on your back to do all the above, you're asking for trouble. Instead, here are two tips you can use to less the workload of the lower back and core. 1) Once you have picked up the snow, turn your whole body and face the direction you want to toss the snow. In this manner, you are tossing the snow in a straight forward way, completely taking out the torso rotation and hence saving your back. 2) Use more arms. Your arms have a large range of motion of tossing snow. With the help of pushing with your legs and the range you have available with your arms, you are free to toss snow with minimum lower back involved.

5. Static Arms

Using arms is better than using the lower back, but I caution you with the workload you may be placing on your arms. Let me explain what a rower does. When rowing, there are three motions involved: the stress with the legs, the lower back extension to straighten the body, and the arms pulling the ores at the end. Beginner rowers often start the arm pull motion at the beginning, which leads to arm soreness before anything else. It becomes their bottleneck. This is because they are not relying on their strong leg power to do the first and hardest part of the job. Same ting goes for shoveling snow. When squatting down to get some snow, do not stop half way and rely on your arms to do the rest. Keep your arms flexed in a static (not moving) position, squat down, push the shovel to pick up some snow, then using your legs, pick up the snow. Again, this might look goofy and awkward, but believe me, your legs are much better suited for such a job as this.

6. Alternating Sides

Any repetitive motion for a long period of time is bound to cause soreness (ie tennis elbow). Well, to less lower back pain due to a repetitive tossing motion to your left, for example, why not try tossing to your right every other toss. Also, try changing hand grips so that if your shovel was to your right, leading with the left arm, change it to the left side, leading with your right arm. This makes sense if you are facing the snow on one side of the driveway / sidewalk, and then switching sides and shovel position.

7. Smaller Portions of Snow

This should be a no-brainer. In order to move 1000 pounds of snow, we could lift massive amounts of 50 pound-fulls of snow in the shovel with each toss and get it done it 20 tosses, with the added bonus of low back pain for days ahead. OR, surprise surprise, you can decrease the load, increase the tosses involved, and avoid the dreaded low back bonus. I'm much more be tossing 20 pounds at a time, making my work easier, quicker, less strain, less pain, walk away without a limp, and have no need for an ice bag or massage. However, the massage could still be a good bonus if you ask me.

I wish you all the best this winter season in shoveling snow. With the above seven tips, you should be well on your way to a lot less back pain, if any. Thank you, and God bless!

Sex Positions – Ananga Ranga Positions for Great Orgasms

Did you know that in the ancient Eastern cultures, sexual intercourse was believed to be a spiritual exercise on the way to enlightenment? Experiencing orgasms was essential to lifting the mind to a higher sense of being.

Here are two more Ananga Ranga Positions to try out.

The Standing Swing

For this position to work, the man needs a strong back. If you have back problems, please do not attempt this position.

An easy way to try this is by having the woman stand on a chair or bed. The man then places his arms under the woman’s knees, and lifts her while supporting her legs on his inner elbows. Once she is at waist level, the woman will guide him into her, and then wraps her arms around his neck. The man locks his hands together and starts rocking or swinging the woman. This is a great position for G-Spot stimulation.

The opening Blossom

Here the woman lies on her back. She keeps her legs closed and straight as she lifts them up. The man then holds her legs up and enters her while sitting on his haunches. Penetration is deep and targets the G-Spot. The man can then press and release the woman’s thighs rhythmically for a tighter fit.

It is important to keep in mind that no matter what sex position you wish to try out, always be certain that your partner is comfortable with it too. It is important that both partners are having fun with these sex positions. The only way to ensure this is by always keeping the communication lines open between yourself and your partner.

Lula Elevators For Convenience in Commercial Buildings

Installing LULA elevators for convenience in commercial buildings is a mandatory requirement according to the Americans with Disability Act (ADA). The Act states that no individual, on account of his disability, should be discriminated or be able to enjoy the benefits experienced by other able individuals. LULA elevators enable individuals with disabilities to move around independently in commercial buildings such as hospitals, department stores, schools, hospitals, churches, lodges, and other places.

Cost-effective Elevators with Useful Features

LULA elevators are cost-effective as their main application is utility. Most LULA elevators are easy to install, requiring less space and pit area. They have plenty of space to accommodate wheelchairs. Automatic power sliding doors further add to the convenience as do the host of safety features such as:

• Emergency light and alarm
• Handrails
• Electromechanical interlocks that keep the elevator from moving when its doors are open
• Emergency battery powered descent during a power failure

Safety is guaranteed as LULA elevators in commercial buildings are required to maintain the safety standards set by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

Safety and Convenience Ensured

The Evolution from National Wheel O Vator, a ThyssenKrupp Company, offers a host of safety features as well as optional equipment including ADA phone, fire service, wood and stainless steel interiors and suspended ceiling with translucent panels. Orion's LULA elevators feature power doors, plastic laminate cab panels, car top inspection station, illuminated call buttons, emergency battery backup for descent and cab lighting, emergency alarm, overspeed governor, instantaneous safety device, remote control locking option, and more.

With LULA elevators installed for convenience in commercial buildings the disabled can carry on with their life and work normally like other citizens. Installing these elevators is a positive step to take for any commercial establishment, and one that also plays a part in ensuring its legal compliance with the ADA.

Car Number Plate Accessories

Car number plate accessories have long been popular among some drivers as a way to enhance the individuality and look of their prize car. Of course, there are always official rules and regulations to consider before a car can be fitted out with such an accessory. In the UK, cars have to have registration plates both on the front and back of the vehicle, with a white plate on the front and a yellow plate at the back. In addition, there are strict rules regarding the font size and type that is to be used, determined by the need for clarity, visibility and uniformity. The height, width and thickness of the numbers and letters have to be of a specific type, which is determined by the Driving and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA).

The types of accessories that are less strictly regulated include surrounds and plate fixings. Plate surrounds are types of frame that embody the number plate on the bumper of the car. They can be of different colours, with gold and silver shades being particular favourites; different thickness, either sleek or chunky and they can have lettering, symbols or pictures on them. Typical pictures and symbols include flags, national country indicators (GB for Great Britain) or pictures of people.

Car number plate fixings include such objects as personalised screws, fitting caps and stickers. Screws and caps can be highly colourful and designed according to particular specifications. There are multiple shops and online outlets specialising in number plate accessories so look around for the best deal and get personalising today.