Constructing A Retaining Wall

There are many circumstances in a construction project where retaining walls may be required. One of the most common is to retain an earth bank, either to prevent the earth from sliding or to protect an object or building. There are many ways and materials that can be used to construct a wall including; wood, metal and concrete. Wooden crib walls and sleepers are commonly used for domestic purposes as they are affordable and easier to handle. The domestic uses also tend to be small and have less loads placed on them, there is also an aesthetical requirement specifically for garden wall purposes.

Metal sheet piling is a fast and efficient method of creating a retaining wall. Large sheets of corrugated steel are forced deep into the ground and the material is backfilled against this. One of the main drawbacks of using Wood and Metal for the construction of a wall is their corrosive nature. Wood will rot and metal will rust, this gives them a short life span. Concrete is an excellent product for building a retaining wall as it has excellent structural properties and it also repels the elements. The concrete products are made with steel reinforcement is encased in the concrete which results rust occurring and once cured the concrete provides excellent protection for the steel and a very strong structure. The reinforced concrete retaining wall can be either constructed onsite using steel cages for the reinforcement and wood shuttering to form the structure. The other alternative is to use precast concrete sections manufacturer off-site and then install them on-site which will help reduce the construction time.

There are other types of precast blocks that can be used. These generally interlock to create gravity retaining walls which will sometimes require a gradient sloping back. These are useful where the end product needs to fit into the environment. It may be that plants can be used in order to help the wall blend it into the surroundings. These types of walls may be used near bridges, on the side of roads, or on residential developments. An example of this would be crib walling. These are reliably large precast blocks that interlock and build up to create the wall. They need a granular infill and then plants and other vegetation can be put on the wall so that over time will blend the wall into its surroundings.

There are many options out there so have a look around and work out which products is most suitable for your job.

How to Build a Raft

Who can forget Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn's raft? Is not it amazing that two young kids know how to build a raft? Is building a raft really easy that even children like Tom and Huck can do it?

Here are the instructions on how to build a simple raft:

1. Collect all the materials needed in building a raft.

Gather seven to eight logs. As much as possible the logs should be of the same size in length and thickness. The more they look alike the better the output of the raft would be. The base logs should at least be 12 feet in length and with diameter of 12 inches. Two or three support logs would be necessary for support in the locking system of the raft. The supporting logs should be at least seven to eight feet long and have a diameter of at least four to six inches.

A rope is also needed in order to tie the logs together.

2. Bring all materials near the shore before construction.

Create an outline on how to build the raft and arrange all the materials near the shore. Begin by cutting out the dove-tail notch on each end of the base logs. The notches at the bottom should be wider than the notches at the top. The depth of the notches should at least be two inches and the width should be at least four to six inches at the bottom. Make sure that the notches would suit the dimensions of the support log.

Afterwards, cut and shape the support logs with three sides that would match the notches. Carefully measure the cutting and be precise.

3. Find a place where it is easy to launch the raft.

For raft launching, place the constructed raft in a location where it would be easy to push the raft to the water. Once that matter is figured out, bringing the logs together (side to side). Arrange in a straight line the notches. After this, lock the notches with the support logs.

Then, tie down the supports of the raft. Glue can be used to add strength to the raft. A niche could be added to act as a controlling wheel and this can be placed on the raft's rear end.

To create a dry footing for the raft's floor, add some bush. Also, hooks can be added on the raft's surface to tie down possible luggage during long trips. After these finishing touches, building a raft is already done.

In building a raft, the cost is not an issue. Logs can be found lying about in one's area. Rope and other materials are sometimes available in the house and can be bought at reasonable price. That's why Huck and Tom were able to sail with a raft. All they have is the skill on how to build a raft and the materials they got for free.

What Are Laminate Floors?

So, be honest: how often do you walk in to someone's home that just got a laminate floor installed, stop, and say "Oh my god what is that !?". Okay, so no one does that, but I bet you're wondering now! Not many people think about flooring and laminate is not exactly new, so most really do not give a lot of thought as to what they're made of. However, there are always those of us that are curious so, if you are one of them, keep reading.

What's The Difference Between Laminate Floor And Pergo?

Let's get this out of the way: Pergo and laminate flooring is the same thing. You have to respect a brand that is a household name in an industry so competitive as flooring, but Pergo really is nothing more than a laminate floor brand. People tend to start calling things by their brand name, since that's what's mostly advertised, but calling laminate floors Pergo is akin to calling all sodas Coke or Pepsi. So, when someone says they have Pergo, you know that what they are really saying is laminate flooring, but I would not point that out since some people will just argue the matter.

Laminate Floors Are Not Real Hard Wood

But, at the same time, they kind of are. Although they are not hard wood, and there are ways to tell as much, there are some higher quality floors that you really must get down there with a magnifying glass to really be able to tell. There is, to be sure, real wood mixed in there as laminate flooring is based on a wood chip composite material, but that does not really tell you the whole story. If you can not tell if the floor is real wood or laminate, use your knuckles to knock on it. Laminate will give off a plastic sound tick, and wooden ones are more of a thunk or thud.

Laminate Floors Are Designed To Look Like Hard Wood Floors

In essence, a laminate floor is a picture of a hardwood floor, only pasted on to a much more hardy material. Laminated flooring excels at surviving the same conditions that make owners of hardwood floor hiss through their teeth in consternation. Scrapes, scratches, and scuffs are still possible, but much less likely, and a lot easier to repair if needed. In homes where there is a lot of kid or pet traffic, real wood floors are really becoming outdated and cumbersome by comparison.

Laminate Floors And Traditional Lamination

Yes, they are both derivatives of the same process, called lamination. Most people think that lamination is basically the act of putting some paper in some plastic, but that's a very watered down definition. If you were to put plastic around your cell phone and either glue the plastic or seal it with heat, you would have laminated your cell phone, which would be either ridiculous or hilarious, depending on the circumstances. In the case of laminate floors, the plastic surrounds and protects a photograph of wood which then sets, amusingly enough, on a base of wood chips. The result is almost all of the benefits of hard wood floors with few of the drawbacks.

Bonnet Carpet Cleaning

While there are many methods of commercial carpet cleaning for your San Jose office or office building one of the most widely used techniques for professional carpet cleaning is the bonnet cleaning method.

As is well-known, you experience much more traffic in a commercial environment than you see in homes or apartments and there the cleaning must be equal to the needs, since many people will be viewing your carpets on a daily and weekly basis. Deep cleaning at the frequency with which commercial carpets need to be taken care of can ruin the carpet. Using the bonnet process, which is the use of absorbent pads, is the best and safest method to use in this environment.

The bonnet cleaning system is great when it comes to surface cleaning and will most likely be the answer to your San Jose's carpet cleaning needs since it is cost effective and rather simple and easy to do. It is also a very quick drying carpet cleaning process and that makes it even more beneficial for your business as you will have people coming and going at all times and in order to avoid any slips or falls from wet carpeting, this is the way to go .

If you have your own cleaning crew or company they can do this with ease purely by purchasing the equipment, unless you have very expensive, top of the line carpeting. If this is the case be sure to consult a professional carpeting cleaning company as they have the experience and can back up their work and performance with a guarantee.

While you will not be able to get all of the benefits of a deep cleaning, such as removal of organizations, soiling and dirt that is sunk deep in your carpets, you will have consistently clean and healthy looking carpets. Typical carpets do require that you have them deep cleaned once every twelve to fourteen months and it is wise to have this done, as well, and your carpets should keep their cleanliness much better with the regular bonnet cleaning you have done. Make sure to consult with your preferred San Jose carpet cleaning company in order to get the best advice on carpet cleaning and the right type of care for you and your carpeting. By keeping up with your carpets and helping them remain in as good shape as possible with regular maintenance you will be able to save money from repeated cleanings, repair of the carpet or any replacements you will have to pay for from the entire areas of carpeting or the padding below.

Make sure that the person who performs the bonnet carpet cleaning for you knows what they are doing and never over-wets the carpeting. The worry is not only the slips or accidents that can come about, but also the fact that mold and mildew love to grow in these wet and moist environments and if they take over you stand the chance of needing to replace both the carpet and padding for any and all affected areas.

How to Build a Brick Grill

Are you contemplating the possibility of constructing an outdoor grill made of bricks? It is not as difficult as you may believe. All you need to do is some careful preparation like making sure that you have all the bricks that you need and cement mixture and an adequate amount of time. An outdoor made of grill is a good choice compared to the standard grill made out of metal that most individuals are using. It costs a little more but you will not have to worry about the lifespan of your grill.

How to Construct Your Very Own Brick Grill

Once you have decided how big the grill that you will construct, request a substantial quantity of bricks from your local hardware and have delivered near the location of your outdoor grill. It is advisable to build it on a flat surface like a cement slab. This will ensure that your project will not be affected by any changes in an uneven surface. A good option to save cash is to construct a cooking area with legs.

Make a square exactly the size of a standard grill and install four brick in each of the square's corners. Then place bricks and cement up the four posts until you have four sturdy legs about three feet high. Install a level across each support to make sure that they are all the same height.

Use a saw to make a rectangular shape wood the width of columns of the square but thirty-six inches longer. Place the wood on the upper part of the four columns that possess an overhang of eighteen inches on both sides. This makes an excellent preparation area for a minimum amount of money. For additional support, utilize cement anchors to lock the wood to the bricks.

Place bricks into two rows across the base of the brick grill up to the four corners. Make sure that you will use a fire resistant mortar to close any openings or cracks in your project. You do not want any fire from the coals destroying the wood. Use a mortar mix to install bricks into two rows around the outside area of ​​the bottom of the brick grill.

Repeat the process on the back and both sides until the bricks are eighteen inches high. Utilize a level to make sure that it is straight.After determining the dimensions for your grill you can now look for its grate. Look for the grate that you will need it in your local barbecue store. If you have a substantial budget, buy a brick that is ceramic covered because they are more resistant to rust.

Now that you know the basics of constructing an outdoor grill, you are one hundred percent sure that it will be successful and all you need to do is beginning cooking your favorite foods.

Gel Fireplaces Vs Wood Burning Fireplaces

Traditionally, when people consider the available options for real burning fireplaces, they consider either a wood burning or gas fueled fireplace. I'd like to explore the third option; gel fireplaces. To highlight the characteristics of gel fueled fireplaces, I'll compare them to their wood burning counterpart. Most gas fueled fireplaces are used with the addition of wooden logs, so indirect comparisons could also be made in the following text. To make the comparison, I'll examine the topics of maintenance, versatility and style.

Maintenance and cleanliness are very important to homeowners. Gel fireplaces create either smoke nor ash, which are the primary concerns of ordinary fireplaces. This makes maintenance and cleaning very easy. Depending on the type of gel fireplace, you may only have to clean glass and wood components, like any other piece of furniture. Consult the manufacturer's literature or the many how-to sites available online for tips on caring for these materials. Gel fireplaces have fuel that comes in metallic cans, which are easy to replace. Wood burning fireplaces require the log to fully burn into ash, which can occasionally extend to the area immediately surrounding the fireplace. Ash usually spreads when logs are added and repositioned, or when fireplace tools are inserted and withdrawn from the fireplace. This leads to additional sweeping and vacuuming. Also, chimneys may require cleaning, as they become a fire hazard if a blockage occurs.

Wood burning fireplaces require ventilation, usually a chimney, and surrounding masonry. The masonry insulated the rest of the structure from the fire and provides a safe area for embers to fall and smoke to rise. Unfortunately, this requires them to be fixed in one spot of the home. Gel fuel is a very popular choice for both fixed and portable fireplaces. Portable fireplaces can be used indoors and outdoors. Also, they are virtual installation free. This makes gel fireplaces ideal for apartment residents looking to have the warmth of a real flame without going through any construction.

Personally, I love the look of a traditional red brick or darkly stained wooden mantel around a roaring flame. No one could claim that traditional fireplaces lack style or charm. Gel fireplaces have even been designed to imitate the look of regular fireplaces. This includes artificial logs and beautifully crafted mantles. However, gel fireplaces do allow for modern, even futuristic styles, to be implemented. Without a log and the resulting ash, the space inside the fireplace can be used in new ways to produce surprisingly new looks in home heating. This includes using more glass and less bulky fixtures, which creates a clean, minimalist look.

Flat Roof Insulation – Is it Really Worth the Cost?

Flat roof insulation may seem like a nuisance. After all, why would a flat roof need insulation? There is only a small level of space involved. Just how much heat and dampness can possibly be trapped in such a small area. Furthermore, is it really necessary to insulate a flat roof? Well, you might like to know that the spaces inside a flat roof are just as important as the spaces between any other roof area, including sloped roofs. Anadequate amount of insulation can do a large amount of long-term damage, just like any other structure that requires insulation.

Why is insulation actually needed for a flat?

In fact, the need for proper FRI far outweighs the need for insulation for sloped roofs. Why? Because flat roofs have an extreme exposure to the elements of extreme heat and cold. And they are FLAT. Unlike shingled roofs, water, ice, and heat seriously play havoc. There is no release of pressure or run-off.

Look out for the damage!

Because of the design, the no-slope, the flatness of it all, damage is more likely to occur. And because many homes and commercial buildings have large amounts of square footage benefit the flat it can easily become a serious trap for major (and often unseen) damage. All the moisture from the kitchens and bathrooms and laundry rooms usually get stuck. Unless the insulation is really up to par and the ventilation is also where it bought to be, the odds of reckless flat roof damage is almost inevitable.

Bottom line – Is flat roof insulation worth your time?

Most professional insulators agree that is most definitely worth the time. But it needs to be done right. Insulation goes hand-in-hand with ventilation. Both insulation and ventilation need to work in unison. Think of this as a symbiotic relationship both working together as one. It is actually a very beautiful working relationship. The insulation protectors and shields while the ventilation releases and provides much needed new air for the flat roof to breath. When this relationship is designed to work at a 50% by 50% ratio the conditions can become extremely optimized for amazing results.

The results show in the form of longering roof materials, big savings in energy cost during the summer and winter months, and much better conditions for you as a human while existing and living your life in your house or building. And over the years this added comfort and energy cost savings is certainly worth the investment and time of properly acquiring good FRI and ventilation.

In conclusion, insulation (and proper ventilation) can make the difference between a happy, comfortable living space or a very unhealthy, uncontrollable atmosphere that will always results in constant damage and ongoing repair and maintenance costs, years after year. Do yourself a huge good turn by hiring a professional to thoroughly check the conditions of your flat roof. It will pay big dividends for you and your peace of mind.

The Carbon Footprint Of Log Homes And Timber Frame Homes

Log Homes and Timber Frame Homes may have the lowest carbon footprint of any other type of construction. A carbon footprint is the measurement of carbon dioxide released as a result of using a particular product or other human activity. Carbon dioxide is the main greenhouse gas released into the atmosphere and major contributor to global warming.

A report prepared by the Edinburgh Center for Carbon Management (ECCM) compared the carbon dioxide footprints of three structures and the benefits when more timber was introduced into the construction. The results were astounding. ECCM estimated that there could be up to an 88% reduction of greenhouse gases by using log or timber structural elements wherever possible rather than other conventional building materials. The reduction of greenhouse gases was achieved by replacing materials high energy, high CO2 production values, such as steel and concrete, with solid wood. The report states that the production of steel and concrete materials accounts for 10% of the total global emissions of greenhouse gases. These materials have a high CO2 output created during the extraction of raw materials, refining, processing and manufacturing of the finished product. As reported in a study published by the Royal Australian Institute of Architects, the energy consumed to process a tree into a finished sawn timber is about one-tenth of steel production.

In another report prepared by The Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials (CORRIM) compared four different structure using different wall systems – two woods, one concrete and one steel. The report found that the steel wall system generated 33% more greenhouses gases than wood and the concrete wall generated 80% more greenhouse gases than wood. The study also reported that the wood structures out-performed the steel and concrete houses in energy use and the impact on air and water quality.

Wood walls are typically framed or solid. Conventionally framed walls use a combination a several materials including processed wood products such as plywood or other laminated wood products, fiberglass insulation, exterior siding, interior sheetrock and some type of wall covering. Solid wood walls using logs or timbers have basically one product – the log or timber. The energy consumed and the CO2 produced in the production of logs and timbers is a fraction compared to the production of all the various materials in a conventionally framed wall.

Consumers are much more aware the environmental impact of using different materials and are being increasing sensitive to the hazards of exposure to chemically processed materials. Logs and timbers are 100% natural. As a natural product, they do not emit VOCs or other pollutants into the outdoor or indoor space. Trees are produced from soil, water and air combined with the energy from the sun, in a miraculous process of photosynthesis. Ecologically and environmentally, solid wood is the only building product that is renewable, biodegradable, recyclable, energy efficient and extremely beautiful.

Sustained and plantation forest growth actually reduces greenhouse gases by consuming CO2 out of the atmosphere while the trees are growing. Political pressure to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, such as the Kyoto Protocol, is sure to continue and it will become increasingly important to find solution. The use of solid wood construction such as log homes and timber homes can make a positive contribution.

Building in Toolbox Features With a Lumber Rack

Making sure that you are fully equipped with your pickup truck not only include a basic toolbox, but should also add in a lumber rack. This can help you to carry the larger items and can provide you with a different set of options for your tools. Knowing the different types of lumber racks for easier hauling on your pickup up truck and adding in the specific components that can help you to get a custom fit for carrying can then lead you to different options for hauling, carrying and enjoying the most out of a mobile toolbox.

The first set of characteristics to look for in a lumber rack is based on specific builds that are divided according to where you want to place your toolbox. For instance, a top mounted option is available for those that want to have the placement in the back carrying area. With this, you will be able to carry larger tools and can combine this with larger areas that are able to provide compartments for different tools. You can also mount a lumber rack on the side or as a crossover. The side option will usually be smaller for your tools and the crossover is used specifically for pickup trucks that come with a cover, meaning you will not have to bolt or screw in the rack to the side of the truck.

Along with these components of a lumber rack are different materials that are used for the best use. Plastic is one of the most popular options, especially with thicker and more durable options. You can also find aluminum, which can provide more durability and a stronger option for carrying devices. You can also look into steel, which will provide options for heavy use for your tools and are often available specifically for professionals.

Insurance For Coach Houses

Coach Houses are built over 3 floors; similar to town houses, except the ground floor is a single garage. This is a popular and space-saving option for house builders to incorporate all the facilities a modern family needs using smaller plots of land to provide it. It is therefore considered financially economic house building. Economical house building means economic house prices! Everyone is a winner with this new space-saving concept!

This design of property is typically smaller, reflecting just 1 or 2 bedrooms – 3 bedroom coach houses are unusual, but we are seeing them being built more so laately.

The Coach houses are typically 3 connected properties (although in some cases can be more), one property owner will be responsible for insuring all of the garages upon which the block of coach houses are built, and can request that the other home owners – who will have access to their garage with a 999 year leasehold, pay a contribution to the insurance costs, even though the policy is not exclusive to the garages and will include their house too !. It is deemed reasonable however, that the policy holder can request around 25% of each of the other coach house owners towards his buildings insurance costs.

This is an effective way of sharing the cost of insurance and protecting every body's legal liability. The other house owners will also have to have their own Coach House buildings insurance policy however, to insure their own home (excluding the garage of course which is on leasehold through their neighbor) Tricky to follow? It can be without you have been given good advice! You will need to clarify detail of how everyone should protect themselves and their property against being uninsured in the event of a claim! This tend to be when policy holders realize that they are uninsured, in the event they make a claim!

There are usually significant areas of shared driveway space with these plots too, and this liability has to be included in the policy of the coach house owner who is insuring the garages also.

There are policies available to cover these risks, although they can be difficult to find! There are not many available on the market so it can take time to find the right policy for you. The most important thing is to ensure that the insurance policy you choose includes all of these risks and the insurance provider is fully aware of the build, set up of lease holdings, and the shared liabilities involved. Without investing the right time, ensuring that you purchase the right buildings insurance policy, could result in you finding out that you are, in fact, uninsured in the event you come to make a claim!

5 Instructional Design Fundamentals – Simplified

Instructional Design (ID), simply stated, focuses on enhancing learning. From this short yet straightforward explanation, it follows that ID fundamentals are based on the way learning occurs. Derived from these fundamentals are strategies and teaching methods that trigger the most effective learning in the most efficient manner.

Here are the 5 ID fundamentals that budding instructional designers can use –

1. Understand learner's needs – Before beginning to prepare any instructional material, identifying the learner's requirements is of utmost importance. It is difficult to proceed if you do not have any information about what is to be achieved. Knowing about your audience background and learning outcomes sets the path for developing the training material. Most importantly, it helps outline the topics that need to be addressed.

2. Capture audience attention – People learn about new things for various reasons, be it a new found interest, seeking solution to a tricky situation or purely enhancing skills for personal and / or professional gains. The bottom line is, new learning does not begin until there is a pressing need to learn. This means, when you begin developing instructional material, first bring out the need and you will never fail to grab your audience's attention.

3. Move from simple to complex – Spare a thought for how humans learn about new things. Novel learning starts when one became interested in a topic. To know more about this new topic, one generally reads about its basics before moving to its complexities. People relate new information to what they already know and build upon existing knowledge base.

Knowing about the way people learn clearly points to the way you as an instructional designer should put forth information. Once you know the learners' current level of understanding and the objectives that they want to achieve, develop training material that moves from simple to complex ideas. Present easy-to-recall information such as definitions, examples, and non-examples before graduating to further details.

4. Move gradually – When was the last time you actually learnt something by zipping through its basics? Probably never … Speed ​​at initial stages of learning takes learners only so far.

A sound instructional design typically eases learners into complex ideas. It steadily builds on the basic conceptual knowledge, taking them ahead with sufficient hands on practice, and then finally to a stage where they can apply newly acquainted knowledge to assess a given situation and come up with solutions.

5. Solidify – "Practice makes one perfect." That's because practice solidifies the learning process. Same holds true for an effective instructional design as well. When developing training, in addition to presenting necessary information, include a healthy mix of practices and tests. Provide relevant feedback, summarize and give tips. All this helps solidify new learning so the learners retain it for a really long time.

Why You Should Use Proven Wood Furniture Plans To Make You Next Furniture Project A Success

Starting any wood furniture project requires the use of good plans. You will want to be able to reference these plans as you go step by step through the project. This is true for both the beginner or journeyman wood worker. Using easy to follow wood furniture plans will help you avoid many of the pitfalls that you would otherwise encounter. Some of the problems you could encounter if you choose to avoid using a reliable or no furniture plan at all are as follows:

1. Wasting valuable material because you are not sure the proper step by step procedure to complete a certain process. This is critical because not following the proper step by step building process could lead to building a part of the furniture structure that is not necessary yet. This piece would there before have to be trashed.

2. Not getting the project completed because you end up finding it almost impossible to get to end product you originally had in mind. Having a picture of the end product combined with simple step by step instructions, will help guide you in a logical way, to achieve the desired end result.

3. Spending more time than you anticipated . Lets face it, if you have a busy schedule, you want to get your wood furniture project completed in a reasonable amount of time. Using an inferior wood furniture plan or none at all will most certainly cause you spend way more time than you are able to afford.

4. Wasting Money. Encountering any of the previous three pitfalls will waste money.

5. Using wood furniture plans that are incomplete and difficult to follow . You will need plans that give you easy to follow step by step instructions so you can get your furniture project completed in a timely and cost-effective manner.

6. Out-of-date plans. Your wood furniture plans should discuss the latest and most modern materials and tools you can use. Modern materials and tools are designed to save you time and money.

7. Low quality blueprints and schematics. Having easy to read schematics and blueprints that are in color will make the step by step construction of your furniture project much easier. These diagrams have to be clear and concise, so making them easy to read and therefore easy to understand.

In summary using quality wood furniture plans will help make your project an enjoyable one. These plans will help you avoid the above pitfalls. Of course you will have access to access to these plans. The internet is a great source for these, but remember you get what you pay for. Choose wisely.

How To Maintain Steel Doors And Roller Shutters

Roller doors and shutters provide a robust and secure barrier against intruders and destructive weather elements. They're made according to specifications, including great fit, smooth operation, and utmost security. More importantly, their low maintenance factor makes them an economic choice. Neverheless, these shutters and doors require regular checks to ensure they're in good working condition.

Checking for balance should be done each month by a skilled technician, preferably someone licensed and insured. The doors should be balanced, being smooth to roll up and down the roller tracks and able to stay stationary at any point along the tracks. Otherwise, the steel doors are out of balance and need to be adjusted.

Jammed and stiff doors should not be forcibly raised or lowered. Check individual parts such as springs and rollers for damage and have them repaired immediately. At times, all that is needed is some cleaning and removal of accumulated debris and dirt.

All moving components, save for roller tracks, should be lubricated each month. Lubricant facilitates smooth, safe and sufficient operation, but when placed in the tracks, it joins more grime and dirt that disruptions operation. Lubricant likewise increases the life of the moving parts, and the entire security shutter device. Among the important parts that need lubrication are bearings, hinges, rollers, and springs.

To prolong the life of the roller tracks and to encourage smooth and quite operation, occasionally apply silicon spray. The spray gives the tracks a slippery finish, enabling the doors slide properly. If you want to lubricate the tracks, use petroleum lubricant, but brush away dirt and grime before application and wipe away excess lubricant after.

Automatic doors and shutters should be set in manual mode annually or semi-annually. Manual operation should then be predetermined and done according to manufacturer instructions to prevent damage. The support brackets should be checked if they need servicing. If so, it's always advisable to contact a qualified technician right away.

Springs should be re-tensioned periodically, and each time the roller shutter gets abnormally heavy or difficult to lift or roll. Avoid operating doors with damaged tension springs because this causes damage to the motor and the opener.

Steel cables on the sides of the doors should be checked as well if they are in ideal shape and position or not. Replace protruding and broken cables right away to avoid accidents and worse damage to your doors.

All bolts and fixings should be tight in place. Loose ones can easily snap out of their holes and make the doors unstable and dangerous to operate. When there are loose bolts, do not operate the doors automatically rather, operate in manual mode in order to control the speed at which the roller doors are moving up or down.

Romantic Spanish Phrases – How to Say Romantic Phrases in Spanish

They say a rose by any other name is still a rose. But somehow saying a “rose” as “rosa” makes it all that much more exotic. When it comes to romance, the exotic spices things up. One way to infuse some spice into your romance is to learn these romantic Spanish phrases.

Here’s how to say romantic phrases in Spanish.

I love you – Te quiero

Do you have a girlfriend? – ¿Tienes novia?

Do you have a boyfriend? – ¿Tienes novio?

My love – amor mío

To kiss you is like seeing stars – Besarte es como ver las estrellas.

I’ve been thinking about you – He estado pensando en ti.

Love song – canción de amor

Love story – historia de amor

Since I met you I do nothing else but think of you – Desde que te conocí no hago

nada más que pensar en ti.

Your love inspires me, your tenderness touches me, and your kisses drive me crazy – Tu amor me inspira, tu ternura me conmueve y tus besos me enloquecen.

My first love – mi primer amor

I’m very lucky to know you – Soy muy afortunado(a) de conocerte.

You are very pretty – Eres muy linda.

You are very sexy – Eres muy sexy.

I like you a lot – Me gustas mucho

You drive me crazy – Me vuelves loco(a).

I can’t wait till we can make sweet love again. – No puedo esperar a volver a hacerte el amor otra vez

It took me an hour to know you and only a day to fall in love. But it will take me a lifetime to be able to forget you – Tardé una hora en conocerte y sólo un día en enamorarme. Pero me llevará toda una vida poder olvidarte.

I adore you – Te adoro.

I want you – Te deseo.

Sweetheart – amado

You are divine – Eres divina(o).

You are spectacular – Eres espectacular.

You have the prettiest eyes in the world – Tienes los ojos más bonitos del mundo.

You have a lovely smile – Tienes una sonrisa muy hermosa.

Shall we dance? – ¿Bailamos?

You are the most wonderful person in the world – Eres la persona más

maravillosa del mundo.

I love to know that you’re with me – Me encanta saber que estás conmigo.

Each hour that passes seems like a second – Cada hora que paso

contigo me parece un segundo.

I can’t wait to see you – No puedo esperar a verte.

I miss you – Te echo de menos

My princess – Mi princesa

My prince – Mi príncipe

Honey – Cariño

Hugs and Kisses – Abrazos y Besos

I love you with all of my heart – Te quiero con todo mi corazón

I’m happy to spend each moment of my life by your side – Soy feliz de compartir cada

instante de mi vida a tu lado.

Will you marry me? – ¿Te casarás conmigo?

And isn’t that the most romantic Spanish phrase of all?

Allergies And Sinus Support – Allergies Can Also Speed ​​Up Your Heart Rate

The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology reports that allergic disorders affect at least 50 million people in the US. Type 1 Allergies and symptoms include asthma, eczema, hay fever, headaches, swellings, fatigue, chills, sensitivity to light and loss of appetite. Type 2 Allergies could start in infancy or during childhood due to inherited tendencies and exposure to pollen, dust and environmental toxins, including all the chemicals we breathe and eat. It all starts with your immune system not handling whatever comes along!

Nature's Way has the popular Sambucol Immune System, which is a combination of liquid Elderberry, Echinacea, zinc, vitamin C and propolis (comes from the bee – a natural antibiotic). Elderberry was used by the Gypsies in Europe to make their wine. Many of the severe allergy symptoms are triggered by one's inhalation of certain functions of both T and B immune cells, important to all Cell-Mediated Immunity. Astra 8 Defense Builder by Health Concerns is a Chinese herbology formula, which has been designed as a response for what's happening within. It contains (Astragalus for throat and cough), Ganoderma (Reishi) Ginseng, Codonopsis (for breathing), Schizandra (for liver) and Licorice (anti-inflammatory calming Lungs, Spleen and Kidney). Our clever Immune System is designed to differentiate between healthy compounds and harmful substances.

However, when it encounters the bad guys, it changes into an Allergic reaction. Chinese medicine calls it a pattern of imbalance and stagnation. Planetary Formulas with Mullein Lung Complex, (formerly known as Breeze Free), is an ancient botanical support for the Lungs, stuffy breathing, and other such conditions. It is a combo of Chinese Herbs (non-stimulant). Uncomfortable and unpleasant as these symptoms are, bloating and mood swings, of which any food can be allergenic, Wheat, Milk, Eggs, Corn, Soy, Yeast, and Food Additives, are some of the culprits. Type 2 is usually triggered by foods and environmental factors including hyperactivity and memory loss. Natures Herbs has an Old Fashioned Remedy CL-7 Formula with respiratory support herbs including Mullein (glands), Slippery Elm Bark (stomach), Elecampane (cough) and Hyssop.

Type 1 allergies are most commonly caused by Histamines, best known for chemicals that cause the action of an enzyme on Mast Cells. Histamines are released by specialized cells, the Mast Cells which causes small Blood Cells to become more adaptable to fluid (no wonder we get bloated!). Results are Swellings, Hives, nasal congestion and Eye Tearing. Simufix Caps and Sinumist by Natural Care are 2 helpers that will soothe Dry Irritated Nasal Passages promoting a Healthy Immune Response for Sinus and Allergy Symptoms. They contain Oregano Extract 4 to 1, Nettle, Quercetin (which strengthens the walls of the Blood Vessels), Goldenseal (a natural Antibiotic) and Grapefruit Seed Extract (also a powerful Antibiotic). The Mist is to spray in your Nasal Passages. I introduced this to some Fireman, who had worked on the mountain fires is Southern California that year.

They had been completely overwhelmed by the devilless smoke in their lungs and it also played havoc with their Sinuses. Dr. John W Tintera, MD. found that deficient function of the Adrenal Glands accounted for various kinds of Allergies. Cited in his book "The Adrenal Syndrome", a deficiency of Adrenal response can account for many types of allergens that have their beginnings in Adrenal Gland Failures, part of your Endocrine Glands located near the Kidneys. Now Foods has Adrenal Support containing Cayenne, Ginseng (an adaptogenic herb), Astragalus, Gota Kola (Ayurvedic) and Licorice. Now Foods also has Air Defense with its patented Extract of Paractin with Andrographis (excellent for the tummy and Immune), Elderberry, Echinacea, Astragalus and Olive Leaf (for immunity and infections). You can certainly combine this with Herb Pharm's Adrenal Support Tonic Tincture. Throw in a little Proplis Drops from Herb Pharm for Allergies, Respiratory-Big Time Fighters.

Histamine also causes a contracting of the smooth muscles and walls of the Lungs, Blood Vessels and Intestinal Tract and Bladder, itchy, Painful Ear and Stuffed Up Nasal Congestion (no fun). Clear Products has Clear Sinus And Ear, formulated by Stash Oz, (Masters In Traditional Oriental Medicine). Go to my Web Site to read all about our seminar. It has no stimulants, reduces swellings, ear Pressure and Moisture with Magnolia Flower (Xin Yi Hua), Scutellaris (Huang Quin), Perilla Leaf (Zi Su Ye) and Angelica Root (Bai Zhi). Another TCM is DR. Shen's Min Kan Wan for Dust, Pollen, and Animal Hair Allergens. Now for some Allergic Relief for those Peepers (eyes) subjected to all environmental toxins and chemicals. King Bio has Allergy / Red Eye Relief for Inflamed Watery Conjunctivitis and Swollen Shut Eyes with Granules stuck in the morning, when one awakes. Bioforce USA, the famous Dr. Vogel's Homeopathic Formulas has options for Swollen Watery Eyes and Inflamed Sinuses with Congestion. Similar to the Old Remedy Mustard Plaster, Dr. Singhas Mustard Bath opens all your portals, especially soothing for Stuffed Up Head, and doing away with toxic accumulations.

Allergies can also speed up your Heart Rate. Using a watch with a second hand, count your heartbeats for 60 seconds to find your average pulse. This is the number of times your heart beats per minute. Take this Pulse Test to find out which food you could be Allergic to. Take your Pulse 5 minutes before eating, after you have finished eating, if your pulse counts as much as 12 to 20 beats after, a suspected food may be the answer. To give your Digestive Tract more ammunishment Food Science Of Vermont has the Mega-Probiotic Nd with FOS (what's that? Fructo oligo saccharides-this Promotes the good Bacteria from Veggies and helps break down Protein from undigested foods, another cause for Allergies). Another work in Progress for foods that are holding and causing dysfunction is the Planetary Formulas Three Spices Sinus Support. Hit this one with lots of Vitamin C. Now Foods has Pantothenic Acid which took through the day could cater to those dreadful Sinus Headaches. You have to take enough, but it works! Or you might try.

More American Indian Herbs for clearing. Bio-Allers- Natra Bio Homeopathics has the year Round and Seasonal Relief Formulas. Great options for all ages, stimulating the body's natural defenses and inherited resistance to Allergies. For Air Borne Allergies, Tree Pollen. Mold Yeast & Dust Dairy Allergies, Grain Allergies, Animal Hair & Dander, Pet Allergies can be taken on a continuous basis. In addition, it is also good for the relief from down or clothing containing Allergens from Sheep or Wool. Conventional Medicine answers disease with powerful drugs never getting to the roots.

Over the counter Anti-histamines create undesirable side effects and toxicity. It may be true sometimes we need them for the short term. Heel has the Euphorbium Nasal Sinus Relief Spray for Viral, Bacterial Rhinitis. Natra-Bio has Cold And Sinus Spray. Some of the Herbal Teas can help. Health King with Head And Throat Soother (you can image what that does!) Longjiang River Teas has some unusual herbs in the teas, but good tasting. Handy Packs for travel-just in case Nelson Homeopatics has the Sinus Packs. Food additives include antibiotics, food colorings, sulfites, MSG. All these increase Allergic Response. Stress, excessive intake of processed refined foods and nutritional deficiencies all are contributors. Allergies are now showing up in children of all ages. Hebron Naturals USA has Kids Goodypops Berry Buddies with Echinacea and Vitamin C. Allergy Shots are not always the panacea. Finding the right program that works for you, whether it be Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Chinese Herbology, it still comes down to finding the Wellness Within.