In Today’s Commercialized World, Money Is Everything – The Rich Can Even Afford To Buy Better Genes

One afternoon, after a grueling math exam, Ayomah’s math teacher, the old and lean Mr. Jacksotto Tobacco, smoking a thin hand-rolled cigarette, sat them together to recount a news story he’d read from a newspaper. It was a heart-warming piece of news. Between puffs on his cigarette, he narrated to the class how, a thirty year-old woman gave birth to a baby free of her family’s curse of Alzheimer’s disease – thanks to the wonders of medical science. To his young mind, it was hard not to feel the joy of the baby’s family, or the hope of the many others who feel helpless by their genetic inheritance.

The breakthrough, according to Mr. Tobacco, occurred when doctors in Chicago, in the US, applied genetic tests to batches of human eggs, helping the woman to have a baby free of her family’s early Alzheimer’s disease. According to him, without such intervention, the baby would have had a 50-50 odds of becoming senile by the time she was 40. But he had a terrible feeling as he thought about the implication of this seemingly wonderful evolution of medical engineering. Before long, the rich will be able to buy not only better education for their kids but also better genes! This thought was especially troubling for someone who didn’t know his father’s whereabouts, and who was being raised by a struggling single parent.

As a child, Ayomah was taught this in school: given a chance between being rich and being smart one should always choose the latter, for smart people will always be able to find a way to get rich and foolish people could easily lose the wealth someone else had worked so hard to accumulate on their behalf. This simple proposition was powerful for those of us growing up with less and whose hopes were derived from the knowledge that if even poor, talented individuals will have a shot in an otherwise unequal world. But after listening to Mr. Tobacco’s story, it turned out that money will buy smarts, too! After the class was over, Ayomah left home thinking that, the prospects for his family, which was already daunting, will, in the future, become almost hopeless. He couldn’t have narrated what he heard from Mr. Tobacco to his Mama. She would be crestfallen.

Ayomah had a great story to tell, he decided to put it in the form of a book. He failed to publish it because he was restricted by money. Later on, he managed to get some money, published the book but yet another challenge – he is unable to advertise it. He is again restricted by money. He thinks of abandoning the whole idea of writing altogether and start a business. Here too, he was restricted by money. He finally decided to go back to school to acquire marketable skills. Hoping that after his graduation he will be able to find a good job. Here too, he was required to first pay some tuition in order to be accepted into that institution. He got restricted again by money.

He failed to get enrolment. He then came to a very powerful conclusion: In Today’s Commercialized World, Money Is Everything!

The New Trends: Tensile Membrane Structures

Tensile membrane structures are thrilling, feasible and economic options to roof or provide shade and shelter to an area. They are pliable and light weight structures and can be formed in any shape and size to fit in the particular surroundings. Tensile membrane structures are generally used as roofs because it is cost-effective and it draw attention from a distance. It can also be used as canopies, skylight, covered walk-ways, sunshade roofing or membrane roofing and motorized retractable roofing.

Tensile fabric structure is not an advanced technology or concept but it is one of the ancient practices used to provide shelter and security from an unfriendly weather conditions. Documentation and data provided that people have been making tent for at least 15,000 years, although originally they were using animal skins. Occasionally, man learned to use woven fabrics for survival purposes. The military for example has been commonly known for using tent as most treasured structures in the battlefields. Tents are easy to assemble or build and dismountle or deconstruct, somewhat weather tight, and you can bring it anywhere because of its lightweight.

Ancient Egypt was one of the most influential civilizations throughout history and their architecture was diverse structures. Ancient Egyptians were the first civilization to use pieces of fabric structure for shade. They also discovered navigation effective for controlling the wind power by sailing in boats, way back in 3,500 BC. Greens and Romans also adopted Egypt architecture and used large pieces of fabric in their architectures and buildings. Romans used large canvas "cruise" to provide shade to spectators at the arena in Rome.

Today's modern technology has dramatically transformed the fashion these tensile fabric structures are built. It is more weather-proof and lighter than sticks and animal skins and, in addition, modern fabrics are coated with materials that resist UV degradation and they offer more benefits such as protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation and strong wind resistance.

A tensile tent membrane structure can be thought as an umbrella and construct tension in many ways, depended on the area that needs architectural roofing. In a fundamental tent, tension is built by the poles which the body of the tent established or dependent. Furthermore, in larger structures; industrial-strength materials such as fiberglass-coated polyurethane are used to have an indestructible and everlasting structure. Some tensile fabric structures do not need a supporting framework or pillar. Using that, pressurized air is applied to create the needed tension.

Membrane material is treated as the fifth construction element after metal, stone, glass, and concrete. At present the popularity of this material is increasing rapidly worldwide. Modern fabric structure materials in modern architecture can shape space, allowing architects to sculpt 3-dimensional space that is not possible with any other types of material. Selecting a roofing membrane system material is always to find a balance of design criteria, performance requirements and costs. Membrane roofing Philippines is now a new trend in the country.

Different Types of Window Anwnings and Their Benefits

Retractable Awning

As the name suggests, retractable window awning is ones that can be rolled up or extended so as to get shelter from the sun. This one type of owning is suitable for outdoor coverage and is preferred over another type of awning due to its flexibility. The most satisfying about retractable awning is that they can be wall mounted or can be installed on the roof. The awning equipment comes equipped with a hand crank that can be used to operate the awning manually.

Additionally, the awning can be equipped with a motor to facilitate extending and retracting of the awning. Retractable canopies are also used for the purpose of restricting the flow of dust and dirt entering the house from outside.

Further, they can be utilized to soak up the harmful rays coming from the sun. The canopy type is suited for application with decks and patios as they can uninstall with ease during bad weather. One of the most popular awning models, retractable type of sunshade arrangement can be programmed to function as per the weather conditions. They can be programmed to extend to required distance during windy conditions.

Freestanding awning

Freestanding awnings are the ones that do not require the support of the wall to stand. Mounted on the free standing structural framework, this one type of sunshade arrangement is specifically preferred or opted for at open spaces such as resorts, grounds and at poolside. Since they are designed to provide shade for large areas, they are designed using the best quality material to give them a high amount of strength.

Due to the fact that freestanding awnings do not require too many accessories for installation, they look simple and aesthetically pleasing. Available in different sizes, the awning arrangement can be selected in different sizes as per the requirement.

Easy to install, the canopy arrangement offers a cost-effective solution to provide shade at a certain place. Since they are freestanding, the awning type can easily be moved from one place to another to achieve functionality in plenty.

Vertical Awnings

One of the most sophisticated types of awning arrangement, vertical awning combine the technique of retractable as they can be rolled up and extended as and when required. Due to the fact that they are installed vertically, they are designed using quality fabrics to give better durability.

The benefit of installing vertical awnings with windows is they provide complete shading from sunshine by staying at a perfect angle from the wall. Basically used to add privacy to a place, they can be selected in a variety of designs. Apart from providing shade from sunlight, it adds up to the look of the place and assist in giving value satisfaction.

Easy to extend and roll, vertical window coverings provide all-weather protection from sunlight and cold winds. Helpful in transforming the look of the place, they are preferred at domestic and commercial setup. The type of awning is fitted vertically to the wall and extend outwards horizontally making them quite suitable and compatible as well.

What Causes Potholes to Form in Pavement?

Potholes are one of the top barrier defect concerns for commercial and industrial property owners. Not only do potholes jeopardize the safety and performance of pavement, they also reduce aesthetic appeal and overall property value. To better understand how to protect your pavement from potholes, it is helpful to learn what causes them to form and which strategies work best for repair and prevention. Continue reading to do just that!

Winter Pothole Formation

It is no secret that the rate of pothole formation tends to increase in the winter. After the freezing temperatures and snow appear, more potholes do as well. This is due to seasonal freeze-thaw cycles, which cause custody to contract and expand with the changing conditions. These conditions can cause surface defects to form very quickly, which is why it looks like so many pot holes and pavement depressions suddenly appear around this time of year.

Where and Why They Appear

The two factors that contribute to surface blemishes are the most cold temperatures and water. When these two factors are present, it is highly likely that barrier defects will occur. Both asphalt and concrete surfaces are vulnerable to these effects, including sidewalls, parking lots, roads, streets, pool decks, and more.

It starts with water seeing into existing cracks and depressions in pavement that have been caused by a combination of inclement, weather, traffic, and natural wear and tear. Water then reacts with the cold temperatures by freezing and subsequently expanding. Then, when temperatures become milder, the water thaws, causing the existing cracks to contract and extremely worsen. This is due to water draining and evaporating into the surface, causing a gap to form between the ground and the pavement. The more this cycle occurs, the larger the surface blemishes get, and often form what we frustratingly know as potholes.

Methods of Prevention

The best method of prevention when it comes to concrete and asphalt pavements is to repair surface blemishes while they are still in their early stages. This usually involves crack overbanding, crack filling, and pothole filling, using materials such as thermoplastic preformed tape, MMA cold plastic infills, cold lay material, hot work patch material, and more.

Another common preventive method is routine maintenance, which may include periodic resurfacing, overlays, reinforcement, cleaning, and incorporating an efficient water drainage system. If you are having new pavement installed, it is vital to hire a professionalaving company that has a reputation for providing reliable work and outstanding results. Many pavement problems start with poor installation, so be sure you hire wisely to avoid making a poor investment.

10 Travel Adventures That Will not Break the Bank

Dreaming of taking a Big Trip in 2010? Finances a bit tight? Well, take a look at the following destinations. Magic, thrills and adventure, yes. But for the budget-conscious globe-trotter, what's equally important is that these are places where your dollars will stretch a long, long way. As a travel writer, I'm lucky enough to have experienced all 10 – but I'd love to revisit every single one as a vacationer.


Vietnam packs a lot into its borders. Highlights include misty Halong Bay with its fairytale seascapes of limestone outcrops and islands; the Mekong delta with its floating markets; the old Vietcong tunnels at Cu-Chi near Saigon – now officially known as Ho Chi Minh City. (Do not worry about getting stuck: one tunnel has been particularly widened for westerners.) Backpacker beds are exceptionally cheap, but decent hotels often cost less than $ 40. A filling bowl of pho bo beef noodle soup or six seafood spring rolls is less than a dollar. In local hangouts, Saigon Export beer costs 40 cents a bottle.

For the ultimate traffic tale to tell the folks back home, head for Hanoi's old quarter. Any attempt to cross the road turns into a heart-racing adventure. Not only are you contending with psycho-cyclos (rickshaw bikes), there are thousands of motorbikes and scooters who riders regard a red traffic signal as a suggestion rather than an instruction. Best place to experience the utter chaos is from within a cyclo rickshaw.

Eastern Europe, Lithuania

The southernmost of the Baltic States, visitors usually couple Lithuania together with Latvia and Estonia. However, you can easily spend a week in Lithuania alone. Quirky cities like Vilnius and Kaunas are steeped in art, music and historical curiosities … mushroom-spotted woods and farmers riding on haycarts … mysterious sites steeped in pagan traditions … the windswept sands where the can can beach -comb for amber.

Mid-June would be a great time to go. A national holiday in Lithuania, the old pagan festival of Rasos marks the summer solstice. It's an all-night affair with singing, dancing, bonfire-leaping, hunting for "magic" ferns, and floating garlands down rivers. After some serious alcoholic party, most people manage to stay wake to greet the sunrise. As for prices, how about $ 2.54 for three potato pancakes with smoked salmon and sour cream and $ 1 for a glass of Svyturnys beer?

Granada, Nicaragua

From the laid-back colonial city of Granada, you can do a lot in a week in Nicaragua: tackle volcanoes … take Spanish lessons … visit Masaya craft market and also the villages where rocking chairs, hammocks, and pottery are made … explore the Selva Negra's cloud forests and coffee plantations … chat with expats in the beach surfing town of San Juan del Sur … go to colonial Leon, where you might get to meet indigenous Indians.

Settling into a rocking chair with a cold Victoria beer is a pleasure that generally costs under $ 1 and spending more than $ 7 on a meal is difficult. The Alhambra Hotel on Granada's main square costs a mere $ 30 a night.

Goa, Southern India

India is beyond fascinating, beyond anything you'll ever experience elsewhere. The easiest introduction to this teeming country is the seaside state of Goa. Baking below a tropical canopy of banana, coconut and mango trees, this drowsy world of Arabian Sea beaches, backwaters, and spice-laden breezes is stamped with more than a few reminders of Old Portugal. You'll find sunrise yoga on the beach, full massages for $ 8, dolphin trips for about $ 6, and colorful hippie markets.

Including four beers, two people can eat in a beach shack for under $ 10. And if you want to cut your expenses to the bone, there's accommodation in simple beach chalets for as little as $ 8 a night.

Porto and Northern Portugal

Famed for its port wine lodges (yes, they do offer free samples), Porto is Portugal's second city. An historic Atlantic trading port, its warren of laundry-hung alleys plunges down to a waterfront of boats, nets and fish restaurants. Sheets of cod (bacalhau) hang outside grocery stores with original art nouveau tiled facades; the church of Sao Francisco has a gold leaf interior that would make King Midas salivate. Do not miss the Bolhau food market or the Torre dos Clerigos, Portugal's highest belfry tower. From the top, you'll get great views over the jumbled cityscape of churches, bridges and red-roofed houses.

By EU standards, the price of dining, accommodation, and public transport through the region is astounding. Trains and buses are an affordable way to make exploratory day-trips along the coast and into the interior of terraced vineyards and green river valleys. Do not miss Braga and the thousand-stepped stairway of Bom Jesus church. On holy days, some pilgrims tackle these steps on their knees.


After its split from Serbia, Montenegro is Europe's latest holiday hot spot – and also the world's newest independent nation. Along with three-course meals for $ 7 and rooms in private houses for $ 10, you'll find a land of craggy mountains with a switch-backed Adriatic coastline of bays, beaches and villas of pale gray stone. The sea sparkles like blue topaz and medieval walled towns with crumbling fortresses and palaces are often emblazoned with the winged lion emblem of the Venetian Republic.

Now paint in monasteries slotted into mountain crevices and fishing villages of red-tiled roofs and deep-green shutters. Roman mosaics … olive groves … water-lilied lakes … deep canyons and the mighty Boka Kotorska, Europe's southernmost fjord … the border town of Ulcinj with its minarets and tales of pirate slave-trading.


The Alps? There's no denying that Switzerland is one of the most scenic gorgeous countries on earth. But unless you're armed with an expense account, I can promise you that exploring its mountains, lakes and medieval towns will wreak havoc on your finances.

Winter or summer, neighboring Austria has just as much of the alpine wow factor … plus the city splendors of Vienna and Salzburg. And it's a lot less expensive than you may think. For example, in the Tyrolean village of Fendels, you could rent a furnished apartment for two in a chalet next spring for as little as 175 euro ($ 230) per week. Surrounded by hiking trails, Fendels village makes an excellent base – the Tyrolean Oberland is close to the borders of Switzerland and Italy. (Go to the Austrian Tourist Board's web site at and you'll find plenty more self-catering accommodation at similar prices.)

Penang, Malaysia

A melting-pot of Malay, Chinese and Indian culture, Malaysia offers up powder white beaches and virgin rainforest teeming with wildlife; the bustling capital of Kuala Lumpur and the historic port city of Malacca; inexpensive seafood and inexpensive spa pampering; sailing, snorkeling, diving, fishing, golf and island-hopping.

With a distinct Chinese flavor, one of Malaysia's star turns is Georgetown, capital of Penang island. You come across snake temples, arcaded shophouses and tiny workshops specializing in mahjong tiles and dice; kong-teik craftsmen who make funerary paper artifacts; fish getting washed like laundry in the open air. On the Weld Quay waterfront, around 2,000 fishing families live in rickety wooden dwellings on the Clan Quay jetties.

Chania, Crete

On the Greek island of Crete, Chania is one town that it would be criminal to miss. Crete's former capital, its history goes back 5,000 years. In the Old Town's skinny alleyways you'll find icon workshops … lyres hanging in dusty musical instrument repair-shops … bursts of white jasmine cascading from archways … cats snoozing on balconies … the unlikelihoods of a pencil -thin minaret above church towers and a mosque squatting on the waterfront.

Strung with garlands of colored light-bulbs, Chania's old Venetian harbor at dusk truly is the stuff of romance. The water shimmers in waves of crimson, sapphire and emerald, the Venetian lighthouse sends out its beady wink, and stalls do a steady trade in pistachio nuts. Alleys that were afternoon-silent became thronged with locals taking the volta – the evening stroll. Even in July and August, you'll find studio apartments here for under $ 40 a night … plus you can eat well for $ 10.

Bohemia, the Czech Republic

Prague teems with tourists but few people realize what the rest of the Czech Republic offers. One of its regions is Bohemia, blessed with a spellbinding mosaic of castles, frescoed houses and Rapunzel-style turrets straight from a sword-and-sorcery tale. At Cesky Krumlov you can peer into a medieval bear pit complete with bears. Sedlec, a suburb of Kutna Hora has a chapel entirely decorated with human bones, right down to its chandelier.

Many towns have stoupas … lofty "plague pillows" adorned with chained devils. They commemorate deliverance from the plagues, which swept Europe during the Middle Ages. Then there's Karlovy Vary, the oldest of Bohemia's grand spa towns. With spa water bubbling up all over town which visitors can collect for free, it's a gorgeous place of baroque buildings in sugar-plum colors, flowery parks, and shops glittering with Bohemian crystal.

The Art of Skateboard Assembly

For this, you will need a skateboard deck, some skateboard griptape, some skateboard wheels, some skateboard trucks, some skate bearings, some skate hardware (nuts and bolts) and some tools that you probably have laying around the house or in the garage.

Before you put your skateboard together, you will have to think about the parts that are going into it. You will want to think about the type of trucks you want, the shape of the deck that you want, and also the hardness of the wheels.

If you are not sure what these things are for, you can head to your local skateboard shop and ask the knowledgeable people there. Skateboarders are happy to help you figure things out if you're new to the sport.

Once you've purchased the pieces for your new skateboard deck, it's time to put it together. Many people begin by putting on the grip tape. This is easy to do, simply peel off the backing and lay it down firmly with your hands. Flatten out the bubbles as you go. If there is a bubble that you can not get rid of, cut it with a sharp knife and it should flatten out easily.

Once the tape has been applied, you'll want to grind down the grit on the edge of the board using something metal like the side of a screwdriver. Once you've removed some of the grit, you should be able to easily cut away the excess grip tape.

Now that grip tape has been installed, it's time to install the trucks. Take your skate hardware, and poke it through the 4 holes on the underside of the board. Poking the holes from the underside of the board is easier than doing it from the top, because you can see where the screw should go through.

With holes in the tape, it's time to install the screws. Simply poke them through the tape, and try to make sure that they're flush with the top of the deck. If they're not, do not worry too much, that can be fixed later. If you want risers on your deck, put them on now.

Now that the hardware is poking through the board, and you've installed your risers (if you're using them) it's time to install the trucks. The trucks should slip right over the screws. Now that the trucks are on the board, screw them in.

Do not forget that the trucks should be oriented so that the kingpins point toward the center of the deck. If the screws are not flush with top of the deck, you can overtighten them and they should sink down. Do not overtighten them too much, or you risk cracking the board.

With the trucks on the board, it's time to install the wheels. First, slip the bearings into the wheels. An easy way to do this is to put the bearing on one of the truck axles, and then slide the wheel down the axle until the bearing is firmly inside it. Do this for all four wheels.

When you have bearings in all four wheels, it's time to put the wheels onto the trucks. Usually, the picture on the wheel goes out and faces away from the center of the deck. This step might seem silly, but you would not want to install your wheels backwards!

Another thing you'll want to remember is that the order of washers and wheels on the axle goes like this: washer, wheel, washer, nut. It's OK if you do not have any washers, the wheels should still spin fine. Washers prevent the bearings from scrapping against the inside of the truck, but they're optional.

Tighten up the wheels and you're ready to skate! Do not forget that when you're putting a skateboard deck together, it's going to take some time. Also remember that no skateboarder is perfect, and your first assembly might be a little funky looking. It will still skate well, though!

Caravan TV Brackets – Tips To Install a Caravan TV Bracket

It’s fun to use TV brackets in a motor-home or caravan. It may be little different to mount a TV in a motor-home or caravan. Because they are made of different materials as those of our normal homes.

Motor-homes needs more care to install a mounting bracket. Although all manufacturers provide an installation kit with caravan or motor-home TV mounts, but as a user, following information may be helpful to successfully mount a TV in your caravan.

Motor-homes are manufactured with wooden or polymer walls. So it will become difficult to mount a bracket on these walls with ordinary screws.

Check the surface or place where you want to fix the TV bracket. Using normal screws to mount it will not be safe. A better solution is to mount your TV with nut and bolts. Install a metal plate to hold the nut bolts on either side of the wall.

Another good location to mount your TV bracket in a caravan could be the cupboard. You can use an “under cupboard TV bracket” or “Stowaway TV bracket” to get rid of wall surface/material problems. Under cupboard brackets will enable you to mount and fix the bracket firmly, avoiding any damage or breakage due to vibrations.

There are two types of caravan brackets available in the market. One with a thin fixing plate and other with a thick fixing plate. You can decide either of these fixing plates which better suits your needs.

Caravan or motor-home brackets generally manufactured with high profiles. They can swivel and rotate, have arms which can be extended and folded back to wall. These features will give you more flexibility and entertainment as well as a choice to arrange your TV with other furniture in the caravan.

Check the VESA standard of your TV and choose the right bracket accordingly. Check that a best TV for a caravan, should be, not more then 15 kg of weight. Some manufacturers claim a weight up to 20 kg. Heavy TV sets needs more secure fixtures. So carefully check the maximum weight a caravan TV bracket can hold.

A Do-it-Yourself Roofing Hammer

If you're looking for "do-it-yourself roofing" information, you've come to the right place. One tool you will definitely need is a good hammer. Almost any hammer will suffice for one job, but if you're going to buy one, why not get one well suited to roofing?

At one time a roofing "hatchet" was the tool of choice. It's a multi-purpose tool designed to split wood shingles and has a built-in gauge for setting the exposure of each course.

But now days, most roofing is installed with a pneumatic nailer and wood shingles are on the decline due to cost and fire concerns. However, a hammer is still needed for general use on every roofing job.

Here are three basic factors in choosing one …

A Do-it-Yourself Roofing Hammer: Factor # 1 – Material

Basically your handle choices include wood, fiberglass, graphite or steel. Each has its advantages, but a steel shank hammer is tough to beat for roofing. It's the only one that can take all the abuse you can give without breaking.

A Do-it-Yourself Roofing Hammer: Factor # 2 – Head Style

The two most common head styles are the curved claw and the straight claw. For roofing you want a straight claw for digging out old fasteners that need to be removed.

A Do-it-Yourself Roofing Hammer: Factor # 3 – Weight

Head weights typically run from 16-ounce (which is too light) to 28-ounce (which is too heavy). A 20-ounce head is heavy enough to seat roofing nails with one smack, yet light enough to use all day without wearing you out.

My favorite all-around roofing hammer is an Estwing Model E3-20S. That's their 20 oz. Rip Hammer. It's actually indestructible and carries a lifetime guarantee.

Mosaic Tabletops: How to Create One

One of the most colorful forms of art around today is that of the mosaic. You can take the most ordinary item – a glass, a clock, a mirror, a birdbath, and by the application of tile or glass or small stones, turn it into an eye-catching piece of art.

Do not be too ambitious to start with!
If you are new to the world of the mosaic, you do not want to start out with a somewhat advanced project like making a table top. Start out with small projects. You can purchase kits to make coasters, mirrors, votivs and more. By doing so, you'll become accustomed to how to use your applicator tools – the trowel, the spreader, the grout sponge, and the craft sticks. You'll be working both with an adhesive and a grout, so you'll want to get practice in that before you move on to more advanced projects.

And after you've had a bit of practice, it's time to make a tabletop for fit into your table base. (You do not need to stop there, of course.) You can also apply the tile or glass to the base and create an all-in-one piece!)

Step One
First, you'll need to purchase a table base and backing specifically designed for a mosaic tabletop, with an inlay into which you can set the mosaic.

Your choice of the backing will depend on where you will keep this table. If it is outside, you'll need to choose a backing that will not warp in the rain or snow. Home improvement stores carry such materials as Hardibacker or Wonderboard, which are recommended. The sturdier the backing the better, as mosaic does get heavy.

Step Two
Take a sheet of plain paper, as large as your tabletop, and on it draw the design that you want to use. Create your design on this piece of paper. Work from the middle toward the edges, and of course place the piece of tile or glass with about 1/8 to 1/2 inch space between them, for the grout. Once you've finished your design – let it "sit" for a few hours. Come back to it when you're fresh, and if you still like it, it's time to do the real thing.

Step Three
Trace your design with a pencil on the tabletop backing. Then, slowly, transfer your design, piece-by-piece, from the piece of paper to the tabletop backing, using the adhesive to fix it into place. Depending on the size of your pieces and the design that you're creating, this process can take a long time, so be patient, and careful. Again, work from the middle outwards. Remember to leave those spaces between the tesserae for the grout!

Step Four
Once you've finished the design, allow everything to dry. (Read the directions on the adhesive to see how long it takes to do so.

Now you're ready to apply the grout. Mix your grout according to the directions and apply it with your trowel. Use your sponge to wipe the grout off the tops of the mosaic pieces. If you wait until the grout dries to do so, it will be much for difficult to remove it, so do not wait!

Do not start using your table right away! Again, read the directions on the container of grout to know how long you should let the tabletop "set" before you start using it. And if it's an outside table, spray it with a sealer to further protect it.

Then sit back with a cold drink set on a mosaic coaster on your mosaic tabletop, and relax!

Garden Tools to Transform Your Garden This Spring and Summer

We have worked with lots of gardeners, including everyone from the guy who just wants to cut the grass, and do some light tidying in the garden to keep the peace with the wife, to aspirational gardeners who have the time and patience to seek to create something beautiful.

Getting down to basics, we always recommend starting with a simple three piece garden tool set, composing a strong garden trowel, a transplantor / cultivator type tool, particularly useful if it has been marked with measurements for replanting, and a garden fork or rake for breaking up and separating the soil around your plants.

Now, in case you've not gathered, what we're getting into here is planting flowerbeds, and as we have witnessed first hand many times, a few hours every now and then really can turn into something beautiful for you and the rest of your family, neighbors and friends to enjoy, and can really brighten up a dull day, or bring a smile to the face of a grumpy neighbor.

The garden trowel is the classic gardener's tool, and features functions like digging up and redistributing the soil in your flowerbed, planting bushhes and plants and basically any other type of activity where a small hand spade type tool is required.

The cultivator or transplantor tool is a more specialized piece of equipment. It is typically narrower than a garden trowel, and is usually notched with measurements to make it easy to create the correct hole size when planting and replanting shrubs and flowers in your garden.

A small hand garden fork, or small garden hand rake is another essential tool that we recommend to all gardeners and is perfect for weaving around your plants, and in your flowerbeds. The tools that we are discussing are all small garden hand tools that make them perfect for accurate, close up work in and around your flower beds.

Gardening is experiencing a transition back to cool, as people are once again learning to appreciate that spending time in nature in your garden, is not something to be avoided at all costs, but rather something to be enjoyed.

A few hours in your garden will get some fresh air into your lungs, burn some calories, increase your range of motion, get your off the couch, sofa or the laptop, and give you greater energy, and a sense of achievement, as you stuff gets done that you may have turning a blind eye to.

How To Teach Yourself How To Paint

Okay, so you want to paint and you have some artistic talent. You do not know how to begin pursuing your artistic painting dreams, but would love to see your paintings on canvas and making you money. The first thing you need to do to be a quality painter is to draw. You can go to your local bookstore or order some books online that can teach you how to draw like a professional. With much practice and a few dollars spent on quality pencils and drawing tablets, you can learn shading, perspective, vanishing points, angles etc that will help you in your painting.

You have mastered drawing well enough to become a painter. The reason you need to be able to draw well before putting paint to canvas is that if you draw well enough on a canvas, you can simply color in your drawings with paint, like you used to color in coloring books with crayons. Alright, so you are now ready to begin painting. Quality brushes and paints are important. There are some things you will need to buy. You need a few different size brushes, various acrylic paints, especially the primary colors from which you can mix and make all the other colors. A large tube of white is also important as is black, but you can make your own black by mixing red, green, blue, all together. Acrylic paints are the easiest paints to work with and that is why a beginning painter needs to master acrylic before learning watercolor or oils. Acrylic paints are easily mixed with water and you will need either a glass or a small bucket to hold water in for cleaning your brushes and keeping your acrylic paints wet because acrylic paints dry quickly. You will also need a pallet, but a paper plate with aluminum foil over it works fantastically.

All you need to do to paint your first painting is to draw on your canvas with your pencils whatever you want to paint, then color in your sketch with your acrylic paints. You can try mixing your paints together with water to acquire the desired color and thickness on your canvas. It is also a good idea, to do an under-painting, which is a painting below another layer of painting which you can apply with glaze or simply a lighter shade of acrylic. The under-painting will give your paintings more of a professional look. It is also good to outline your paintings either with the opposite color on the color wheel for extra artistic effect or to simply outline your paintings in a darker color such as black. That choice is up to you. You may also order acrylic painting books or buy them from your local bookstore. These books will give you the rest of the necessary information to be a good acrylic painter and once you have mastered acrylic you can do the same with watercolor and oils in the future. Also, always be on the lookout for local artists who are willing to share their expertise or conduct classes to teach you.

In conclusion, you can learn to paint well without spending much money on courses or a bachelor's degree. Learn to draw and learn to paint with acrylic paints and you will be well on your way towards achieving your artistic dreams. All you need to do to make money from your paintings is to place them on online art auctions. Then people can bid on your work and you can have some extra income, and who knows, if you are very talented, maybe it can be the only income you need.

Is Your Chandelier Really Crystal? How To Tell

Crystals chandeliers are some of the more sought after ornate lighting fixtures for homes mainly due to its elegance and exquisiteness while still maintaining its functionality as a lighting fixture. They can engender feelings of warmth and wealth to its owners, allowing them to embellish and foster a rather stylish ambiance for whichever room they may choose to hang it in the house, making it an essential ingredient to any household in terms of having an aesthetically pleasing interior lighting.

There are a lot of different types of crystal chandeliers, varying in size, shape, design and lights, giving you the opportunity to find one that best fits your style and home décor. You also need to take a few factors into consideration, such as the size of the room where you intend to put your crystal chandelier, the design of the room and its color, as well as the lighting needs of that room, before you can choose which type of crystal chandeliers is best for your room’s aesthetic and functional needs.

Although some crystals chandeliers are more expensive than others, especially since some are made from different crystals, and others have a more ornate and elaborate design patterns and more expensive construction materials, buying a low-costing crystal chandelier does not necessarily mean that you have gotten the better end of the deal. There are some crystal chandeliers out there that are not made from actual crystals, which means that some crystal chandelier manufacturers use fake crystals in their creation, making you actually spend more on something that isn’t what you think it is. Keep in mind that the main aspect of crystal chandeliers that makes them so appealing is their crystals, and having fake crystals is far less rewarding and has a lot less visual impact as compared to having the real ones.

There are ways that you can determine the authenticity and quality of the crystals that the crystal chandelier that you are eying has, one of which is through the use of light. Keep in mind that crystals have the ability to reflect prisms of light, which means that when light passes through the crystals, there should be a full spectrum of colors that would emanate from it, energizing the entire room while dazzling the eyes of those who may gaze upon it.

Ordinary glass chandeliers will not be able to duplicate the spectrum of light that crystal chandeliers are able to produce, so be sure to test them out before making the decision to buy one. Don’t forget that the atoms of the crystals are ordered in a way that they can perfectly reflect light and color, so the crystal chandelier that you are eying should be able to interact with light if it is real.

Although most crystal chandeliers are expensive, it isn’t always the best way to determine if a particular crystal chandelier has real crystals or not, especially since there exists cheaper versions of these crystals in the form of lead crystals. But nonetheless, real crystal chandeliers should still cost you a considerable amount of money, especially if it is brand new, and more so if it is manufactured by a well-known crystal chandelier-producing company. You can actually check with the manufacturers and inquire what kinds of crystals are being used in their creation in order to ensure that you are getting the real thing.

Golden Age USA –

Shovel: We Are All Diggers!

We all use tools in our daily life, from carpentry tools to automated tools we always make sure that they are all well taken care of because we know that these tools make our chores light and easy. Regular inspections done to make sure safety in the next use. Tools are just like human body that needs special attention so they can do better and give us quality output. They are already part of our lives especially the shovel that had long before we exist. It said that during the Neolithic times humans are using animal scapula for digging. Maybe it's hard for them to use the bone but it was certainly very productive during their times. As humans evolved in longer periods of time so were the tools. Today shovels are more solid to with the laborious work. They may have changed in appearance and composition but the main purpose is not lost – to dig.

Shovels have different types depending on what to use on; for construction use, agricultural use, gardening use and even construction use. Different types of shovels do different task just imagine using a spade shovel for gardening, right? So always pick the right shovel for your chosen odd jobs. Most manual shovels have upgraded for heavy digging of materials commonly seen in constructions (like loaders and backhoes) they may have installed engines in shovels but they are the same in function – to excavate or transferring materials. Manual labors are lessening because of this power shovel. Manual shovels developed but are not gone. In fact, they categorized as per task involved.

The commonly used shovel in our household is the spade or the square shovel. The spade shovel has a sharp tip to dig hard ground, the square shovel has square tip used for transferring soils, or materials. Gardening shovel is useful in breaking clumps of dirt in the garden they are easily manoeuvred since they are a small version of spade shovel. Trenching shovel is for digging trenches. The scoop shovel is for scooping materials that does not need force to execute. Fireplace shovel, taken from its name it is purposely used in fireplaces to tend ashes. These are just some of the manual shovels that helped us in our responsibilities.

The shovels are helping us and with proper handling and cleaning will make your shovel last for a longer period. There are mainly two parts of the shovel and these are the handle and the head. Taking good care of the handle will prevent them from breaking easily; because the handle is wood it would certainly get rotten and ever will break apart. It is advisable to store the shovel in a dry place it would be better to hang your shovel. The head steel so it will rust if neglected after using, if this will happen your shovel can not do its task so. It is best to regularly sharpen your shovel.

Snow Shoveling Tips

It is Winter time again and snow is falling in many areas for the northern hemisphere. Shoveling snow is one of the most dangerous exercise one can do. There is no real training you can do to prepare for it and every year a large number of people either get hurt while shoveling snow or even die from the heavy exercise (heart attack, etc). Experts want to warn people to take it easy as they sling that snow over their shoulders.

There is a high danger of injuring your back or even training your heart when shoveling snow. Medical experts say you should take the work slow and listen to your body carefully. If your body tells you to take a break, you should immediately stop and rest for a while. Not all snow is created equal. Wet snow is very heavy, so as an example medical experts say you should bend at your knees to avoid straining your muscles. Make sure to do some minor warm up exercise before starting the heavy work. If you do experience some back pain, a few days rest may be needed to help, but if the problem is serious or persists for a long period of time, you should see your doctor.

The heavy snow could also weigh down tree branches, causing them to break, and it could even cause damage to the roofs of some buildings. Be safe when in areas where heavy snow could cause damage described. Do not stay in such areas or remove snow from roofs or trees with a long stick or shovel. Make sure somebody is assisting you in case you get buried under heavy snow. You would be surprised how heavy snow can be and how difficult it can be to dig yourself out from snow that fall down on you from a roof. If you see a tree slowly giving up on the heavy snow, take a broom and remove the snow from branches where possible before working underneath the tree. Winter times with snow can be fun, but they can also be dangerous to your health. Prepare appropriately and you will be able to enjoy the white Winter Wonderland when mother nature decides to put some 'powder' down.

Forklift Rental Services Offer Forklifts of Various Shapes, Sizes and Load Capacities

Forklifts are powered industrial trucks which are used to lift and transport materials from one place to another. Right from itsceptions from the 1920s to date forklifts have undergone a number of changes in its design and performance. Today a new trend in forklift services market is the automated forklifts, which are also called as the automated guided vehicles. These forklifts are freely available from a large number of suppliers and dealers for rent and sale. The markets for these forklifts are increasing by leaps and bounds and the forklift has become the most critical and needed element in the warehouses, construction sites and distribution centers all over the world.

Forklifts are either sold by the manufacturers or through the suppliers. Global companies are also in the fray and they have to often face stiff competition from the local manufacturers. As buying a forklift involves a substantial investment, care should be taken to buy it from reputed manufacturers such as the Toyota Industries and the KION Group (Brand name Linde and Still). These two companies occupy the number one and number two positions in terms of manufacturer's worldwide rankings for forklift services.

If the requirement of a forklift if only for a short period or for a number of days only, renting a forklift for the required number of days may be less expensive and cost effective for the company because buying a new forklift would mean a lot of investment . There are many forklift rental services which offer forklifts of various shapes, sizes and load capacities ranging from one ton to five tons including forklift truck rental services . There are heavier and larger machines which can lift a load up to 50 tons at a time but these are used only for lifting heavy objects and shipping containers.

Most forklift services guarantee a service response within four hours for their customers who are covered under the Planned Service Maintenance Contract with a free labor charge for the first hour by professionally trained and certified technicians who have the knowledge and experience on different types of equipment. Most of these forklift services offer the following services:

  • Emergency Parts and Service – 24 hours a day, 365 days a year
  • Planned Maintenance Programs
  • Total Maintenance and Repair Contracts
  • Mobile Industrial Tire Service
  • Safety Training Classes
  • Technical Training Support
  • Extended Warranty – Most of the parts are sold by the service centers are 100% guaranteed and any part which is defective due to material or workmanship are replaced without charge.