Creative Ways to Decorate Your Staircase

Whether indoors or outdoors, a staircase always presents a unique and at times challenging decorating opportunity; and while some people simply choose not to rise to the occasion and leave their staircases bare, the braver among us often choose to use our staircases to make bold decorating statements. Depending on your personal style, there are thousands of different and creative ways that you can express yourself utilizing your staircase as a canvas. In reality, the potential decorating options are essentially limitless, and if you are particularly creative, decorating your staircase can be the perfect way to display your talents.

One of the single most dramatic and creative ways to decorate you indoor staircase is to focus on customizing the banister. There are several effective ways that you can accomplish this; however, one of the least expensive and easiest to customize to your own personal taste is to utilize faux flower garlands. These versatile decorative aids are available in virtually any flower variety that you can imagine, and the prices can be very, very reasonable. However, they also range to the high-end, and therefore you can certainly find not just the variety of flower you are looking for, but you can also get the appropriate quality to mesh seamlessly with your décor. The traditional way to utilize these garlands is to wrap them around your banister, weaving the garland through the rails.

If you are decorating an outside staircase, such as your porch or a gazebo you may want to consider using live, hanging flowers and other plants. Indeed, many people opt to create little flowerpot gardens on their exterior staircases, placing a different type of plant in a pot on each step. In order to make your staircase garden as attractive and decorative as possible, the types of pots that you use are the key. You should take care to match the pots to the exterior of your home, or choose ones that contrast in an attractive way. You may want to splurge on more expensive, high quality, expertly coordinated pots if you really want to make a dramatic impression with your decoration.

In addition, since you are planting this staircase garden to be decorative, you want to choose attractive plants (such as ornamental peppers) and keep them very well maintained for the best effect.

Of course, if you are decorating an exterior staircase, keeping it neat, tidy, and regularly are all key aspects to the overall effect of your decorative foray. For this reason, many successful decorators of exterior staircases choose to get pots, other accessories that are easy to keep clean, and looking new. You may want to keep these desired characteristics in mind when you are looking for and choosing the decorative pots that you will need to utilize when you create your staircase garden. Finally, when you are decorating your staircase (whether it is indoors or outdoors) the number one thing that you need to keep in mind is to have fun, and to ensure that your final décor choices reflect your own personal style and creativity.

How To Protect Your Invention When Pitching To A Manufacturer

A Confidentiality Agreement is a contract signed by two parties, acknowledging that a concept or idea is being disclosed to one party by the other, with the understanding that the party being shown the idea or concept will not use the idea or concept, or disclose the information to anyone else, unless given permission in writing by the party disclosing the idea or concept.

Confidentiality Agreements, also called Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDA) can be very complicated or very simple. We use a simple one-page agreement, which can be found in the Market University Product Marketing Kit.


Use an NDA anytime you are showing your idea or disclosing information about your idea to a potential partner, a manufacturer, a potential licensee, or anyone you feel may benefit from your idea. Many inventors use NDA’s when having a prototype made, which is not a bad idea.

Some people feel that having an NDA with a company offers more protection than a patent, because the NDA says that the person signing is being shown confidential information with the agreement to not use it unless otherwise specified.

You will find that no large company is going to steal your idea, with or without a confidentiality agreement, because it is just bad business. For this very reason, you will find that a lot of companies will not look at your idea unless you sign their NDA. That is fine. As long as there is an NDA involved, and you receive a copy with the company representative’s signature, you are in the safe zone.

Sex Tips – Get Her Hot!

Here are some essential sex tips to get your woman hot and exciting for amazing, mind blowing sex! There's things you need to do to get her going and have the night of your life. Here's how to make it happen:

1. Get her in the mood.

Guys, this is essential and I will not bore you with the usual "romantic dinner" advice. You know what it takes. You know what you have to do or how you have to act to flip the switch to ON. It very well may be a "romantic dinner" or an evening out somewhere special, or it may be just listening and being sweet and all that. Whatever it is, getting her in the initial mood is essential.

2. Stir it up slowly.

You want to have a mind blowing evening, not just a wham bam below average quickie. In order to get things hot, you do not want to just boil the sauce up right away, rather set it to medium low and stir it up slowly. This always works excellent for setting the mood just right and it is always the key to a loud, erotic, pleasure filled evening. Employ some foreplay tactics. Massages, light kissing; just envision that you are stirring it up slowly to reach that hot level without having it boil over too soon!

3. Show her what you got!

Here's where you really turn up the heat. This is going to get her really revved up, but you need to do some work beforehand. What you need to do is to learn some new type of lovemaking techniques which are guaranteed to turn women on like nothing else. Variety and the element of erotic surprise is always the fastest route to turning up the heat and getting a woman to orgasm like never before.

Frontal Lobe Damage Can Make You Lose Your Personality

There is a reason why there are precautionary measures for some sports activities, construction sites and other areas especially for the head because damage to the head could be tragic and sometimes even fatal. That is why a person should always listen to warning signs and wear the necessary protective equipment to keep safe.

Do you know that damage is most done to the frontal lobe during accidents? It is because of where it is situated which is at the frontal area of ​​the brain. When there is an impact, the frontal area of ​​the brain smashes itself in the interior part of the skull. When there is frontal lobe damage there is a drastic change to the personality because it is the control center of each person's emotional and personality. How we react, act to situations, information and to others is primarily because of the frontal lobe. That is why damage to it could be tragic because we might lose who we are.

The truth is diagnosis of frontal lobe damage is not easy. Often the doctors misdiagnose because the symptoms are quite similar to a personality disorder. That is why a person who experiences mild trauma to the head should contact the doctor immediately especially a doctor who specializes in head trauma. You will probably go through several tests such as an MRI, CAT or a PET scan. These tests will provide a detailed picture of the portions of the brain which provides the doctor a better picture.

Waterfront Vs Waterview: A Clarification

Owning an ocean front property is a big dream for many people, especially those who are live in an area often bound in by snow and ice. If looking out your front window and watching the waves crash against the shore is your idea of the perfect place to live then this article is for you.

There is a big difference between a waterfront home and a water view home. A waterfront home is one that is located on a water frontage but does not necessarily have a water view. A water-view home is the opposite, and may have a wonderful view of the ocean without actual ocean frontage.


The biggest advantage to a waterfront property right now is the housing slump. This is an excellent time for a buyer to invest in any kind of property, but for water front you may never find lower prices. Because of this, when the housing market comes back, those who have managed to purchase a nice water front property for well below market value will be very happy.

Another advantage of course is the water itself. Who does not want to live where water sports like surfing, fishing, boating and even skiing and parasailing are right outside your front door?


Waterfront property may have a great many advantages for some people like the fresh ocean breezes and the peaceful crash of waves on the shore, but the cons are a deal breaker for many, storms, beach erosion and high property taxes to name just a few. Before purchasing a waterfront home remember that you will have more maintenance then a home with a water view.

Consider for a moment, if what you really want is a home with a view of the water. A view has most of the same advantages of a waterfront home with fewer of the problems. A water view home can easily give you the spectacular views of the water, sounds of the crashing waves against the shore and easy reach of all of the boating and other activities going on down by the seashore. A water front home may or may not offer a water view, may or may not offer easy access to the water itself and has higher maintenance and property taxes.

Facade Cleaning Systems

Facade cleaning systems are designed for the maintenance of buildings. In the absence of these systems, the building's facade can be badly affected. Buildings that are formed of materials such as wood, glass, brick, plastic etc. Call for proper cleaning as it helps to prevent decay of substrates. Carbon emissions can lead to decay if not cleaned on a regular basis. The exterior of buildings is affected continuously by wind, snow, rain etc. For this reason, it is a must to maintain buildings using facade cleaning systems.

With the help of these cleaning systems, buildings can be maintained in an efficient manner. The best systems take care of all facade cleaning aspects such as external facades to windows, paving, guttering, roofs, structural steel etc. All these parts are cleaned using up to the minute technologies and as a result, the buildings remain safe from decay. With the help of these systems, the life of the buildings is not only enhanced but also the buildings look more beautiful. Not only this, it also helps to prevent further damage taking place on buildings.

If the exteriors of the building are not cleaned on a regular basis, a more abrasive approach is needed to retain them later. It may lead to more expenses and extra time. This is why the best approach is to maintain the building using the best facade cleaning systems on a regular basis.

You should look for the best services that have a wide experience in facade cleaning so that they can offer you the best solutions. The best services employ suspended ladders for safe facade access. Also they employ gantries that can bridge any gap and can maintain work on a cupola or other roof structure without any problem.

They can be used both indoors and outdoors – the best services also offer custom gantries for any situation. They also use other essential equipment such as gondolas for helmet maintenance and a pantograph for maintaining inclined faceted sections as well as monorails for facade maintenance. As every building is unique, these companies have the expertise to provide carpet cleaning solutions that are suitable for each building requirement. With a little research you can find the best facade cleaning systems that can help to maintain your structures in the best possible way. You can use the internet to find the kind of facde cleaning solutions that are available in the market. Compare between your options to know which can be most suitable.

Choosing the Right Soldering Iron

You can choose from wireless soldering tools like Butane Solder Irons, Solder Torches and Rechargeable Solder Irons or maybe an Instant Cool Solder Iron is on you list. Of course do not
forget about the traditional standbys like AC Soldering Guns and Soldering Irons.

Before you make your purchase of your soldering tool there are some things you should take into consideration. What application will you be using your Soldering Tools? What type of heat will your soldering jobs require? Will you need a cordless soldering tool for more portability or will you be working at a repair bench where you will have easy access to a power supply? Also choosing the proper soldering tips should be an important factor you consider before making your purchase.

So let's start off with the type of soldering tool you should choose. If your work is for the most part
performed at a service bench atmosphere then I would suggest choosing a Soldering Station. There are many choices of Solder Stations, but the general rule is to choose one that has an adjustable power (wattage) setting. This gives you many Soldering Irons in one tool. The Solder Station also gives you a place to quickly store your Solder Iron between uses. The biggest downfall of a Solder Station is it's lack of portability because of its size and need for an AC power supply.

If you decide to choose one of today's quick cool Solder Irons you may want to take these important factors into consideration first. They are indeed the best when it comes to portability. They do not require an AC power source, and most batteries in these type Solder Irons in most cases give you up to 10 hours of use before needing to be recharged. The downfall with these types of Solder Irons is the lack of power (wattage). The fast cool solder Irons I had had the pleasure of using had a maximum power of ten watts. This may be ample power for small sold jobs or work with heat sensitive components, but if you are working with wire or larger components that are not heat sensitive this will not provide enough
power for the job.

Solder Irons and Soldering Guns that require an AC power source offer a wide variety of power (wattage) options and some portability in one package. Solder Guns offer a wattage that provide sufficient power for soldering wire and other large components, but do not allow the technician the flexibility to get into small areas. Solder Irons on the other hand give you the flexibility of a wide range of wattages for 6 watts up to 60 watts. They also allow you to change to different styles of soldering tips for almost every imaginable soldering job.

Butane Solder Irons also offer the technician the portability desired of a cordless Solder Iron, the choice of soldering tips and the power (wattage) required for most soldering jobs. Of course they require you to have additional butane on hand for refills, but for the most parts they make an excellent choice.

So now that you are an expert in regards to Soldering Irons go out there and shop with confidence. I'm sure you will find exactly what you are looking for.

Train the Movement Not the Muscle – Isolation Vs Complex Exercise in Strength Training

As a strength training specialist, I get questions from friends and clients all of the time about the best way to train. I find that most of the questions, although genuine in their motivation, miss the most important benefits of strength training – function. One of the most popular questions goes something like this: "Aaron, what is the best exercise to isolate my ___________ (any variety of body parts – biceps, triceps, abs, adductors, etc)?"

No matter what body part they insert into the question my response is usually – "Why is it you want to isolate?" Most of the time the answer is 'I do not know.' "

So the first thing that they need to understand is that our body wants to work with the greatest number of muscles possible. It is more efficient and effective this way. The complex movements that our muscles create are achieved through the contraction of multiple muscles at one time. Some are more dominant than others with certain movements while others serve as joint stabilizers or accessory muscles. This article is meant to show how utilizing complex (multi-joint) movements is more effective and functional for sports claims as well as every day life and activities.

Isolation exercises are meant to train the body to use only one specific muscle group. While there is a time and a place for isolation exercises, building a training routine around isolation creates a body that works in a very non-functional way. In other words, in a way that is not natural. This can lead to both acute injury and overuse injuries because the muscles are not working together to create a movement. Instead, you have a bunch of individual muscles that, instead of a powerful, functional movement, create a jerky motion that does not work well.

I have seen many people over the years suffer an injury that was created because of an isolation exercise. A significant numberer number of injuries, if any, are caused by doing complex movements. Complex movements also create a more lean, muscular, and functional body that is better able to generate power and strength by working together to produce force.

If you look at any sport that requires strength, speed, power and agility you will notice that it requires complex movement patterns. Take a football or soccer player for example. They do not train with isolation exercises. They are performing too many complex movements to waste their time doing bicep curls or leg extensions – neither of which will effectively make them more prepared for their sport.

Some examples of my least favorite isolation, non-functional exercises include:

o crunches,

o leg extensions,

o hamstring curls,

o bicep curls,

o tricep extensions, and

o the worst of all the abduction / adduction machine.

None of these exercises really prepare the body for daily movements or much less athletic demands.

Some complex exercises that I like include:

o Squats and their variations

o Lunges (multidirectional)

o Deadlifts

o Step-Ups

o Push Ups

o Woodchoppers

A variety of different exercise routines can be created around these basic exercises. Upper extremity movements can be added to create a total body workout. Just 3-5 of these exercises in a circuit routine can be a real butt kicker. Basically any exercise that trains more than one muscle group at a time is a great complex exercise. Complex movements like these also train your abdominal muscles the way they were meant to be trained.

When you are considering what exercises are going to be best for you, remember to train movements with complex, multi-joint exercises and leave the isolation to the bodybuilders. You will create a more functional and healthy body. For more ideas about how to create a functional body that not only works well but looks even better, go to the Interval Training Guide website.

Dental Extraction – What is It?

Tooth extraction is a process of removing a tooth from its bone socket.

When is it done?

In case of a breaking tooth or a damaged or declined tooth, a dentist will first try to mend it with certain options such as, crowning, filling or other such treatments. Sometimes, these treatments might not be of great help due to the intensity of the damage caused to the tooth. In such cases, extraction is the last method of treatment.

The reasons are noted herein:

Some people often have an extra tooth that blocks other teeth from getting in.

For people wearing braces, it is often essential to give space to those teeth that needs to be moved into the right position.

People who receive radiation on their neck and head may have to extract the teeth that come in the radiation field.

People under cancer drugs may also develop teeth infection. These drugs are very powerful and they weakened the overall immune system thus, elevating the risk of any infection. Any infected teeth may need an extraction.

People who have undergone an organ transplant may also need teeth extract because the teeth can be a cause of infection post transplantation. People who have had organ transplants are vulnerable to infections because these patients have to take drugs to suppress their immune system.

Wisdom teeth or third molars are also extracted very often.

You will be asked about your past medical health and about your dental history as well. An X-ray will be taken by the dentist of the affected area in order to plan the best method of tooth removal.

Some of the healthcare professionals may prescribe antibiotics that are to be taken pre and post surgery. This practice usually varies as per the dentist or the oral surgeon you are consulting.

If you are prepared for a conscious sedation or a deaf anesthesia, wear short sleeved clothes or sleeveless ones that can easily be rolled up. This allows an easy access to the intravenous (IV) line that needs to be placed in your vein.

You will also be told that you must not eat or even drink anything for at least 6 to 8 hours before the surgery. You should also make sure to have someone by your side, who will drive you back home after the surgical procedure.

How it is done?

Extractions are of two types:

A simple method of extraction can be performed on a tooth and can be seen in your mouth. General dentists prefer to do simple extracts. Most of these cases are done with the help of a local anesthetic injection, with or without any anti-anxiety drug. In case of a simple extraction, a dentist will clutch the damaged tooth with a pair of forceps and will loosen it by moving the pair of forceps backward and forward. After this, the tooth will be pulled out. In some cases, the dentist may also use a dental 'elevator' to slacken the tooth. An elevator is a dental instrument that actually fits between the tooth and gum.

Surgical extraction is needed in case if the teeth can not be easily seen. These teeth may either never have come up yet or may have broken off in such a way that half of the teeth still remains in the gum line. In order to see and to remove such a tooth, the dentist or the oral surgeon will have to cut and then pull the gums back. The gun "flap", when folded back, allows access to extract the bone and / or the piece of tooth that remained inside.

Surgical extraction procedures are usually done by the oral surgeons. These procedures are conducted under local anesthesia (given as injections) and you may also opt for conscious sedation. Patients with medical complications and children are given general anesthesia. In case of a surgical extraction, the dentist must make an incision in the gum in order to locate the tooth. In critical cases, the tooth will be cut into pieces and then removed.

If you are getting a tooth extraction and you are to receive a conscious sedation, you may also be given steroids in the IV line to help in lessening the swelling caused after the surgery.

If you need to remove all of the four wisdom teeth, you have to get it done at the same time. The topmost teeth can be easily removed, but the lower ones may prove to be difficult.

Simple extracts are usually not followed by any other discomfort. You can take over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) like Ibuprofen (Advil, Morton and some more brands) for a couple of days. You might not need to take any pain relief medicines at all.

As surgical extracts are very complicated, they cause severe pain post surgery. The after effect of such a procedure results in discomfort and the duration of teat stage depends on the intensity of the extraction procedure. Your dentist will definitely prescribe pain relief medicines for a couple of days, followed by NSAID. After a couple of days, the pain will be gone.

Incise within the mouth usually bleeds more than any incise on the surface of the skin because the one in the mouth does not get the chance to dry out and results in the formation of a scab. After your extraction, you will have to bite a piece of gauze for as along as 30 minutes in order to put pressure on the wound and allow the clotting of blood. It may still bleed for another 24 hours and then taper off. Do not remove the cloth that covers the wound.

You can use ice packs on the face to lessen sweling post surgery. The bleeding and swapping stops after one or two days of surgery. Initial healing will take about 2 weeks time.

After surgery, you should not spit, use straw or smoke. Such actions can stimulate the blood clot and it might pull out of the socket where the tooth lay. That would cause more bleeding and could even lead to dryness of the socket, which happens to about 3 to 4 percent of the extraction cases. Dry socket happens almost 20 to 30 percent of the times when an affected tooth is removed. It happens mostly with smokers and with women taking contraception pills. It is mostly expected in case of difficult extracts.

Infections can highly set in after the process of extraction but, if you have a healthy immune system, you might not get infected.

A very common complication is observed after an extraction called dry socket. It occurs when a there's no blot clot formation in the hole or the clot breaks down too early.

Incase of a dry socket, the bone that lies under the wound is exposed to food and air. This is very painful and can also cause bad breath and taste. Such cases need immediate treatment and medicated dressing in order to prevent the pain and encourage quick healing.

Other possible problems include:

Accidental cause in which the teeth close to the site of surgery is effected, a fracture etc.

Incomplete extraction, where a part of the tooth still remains inside the jaw. A dentist removes the root so as to prevent it from any infection, but sometimes it is not that risky to leave small tip of the root inside.

Fractured jaw, which is caused due to pressure executed on your jaw during the process of extraction. Elderly people suffering from osteoporosis are most likely to be effected by this.

A hole occurs in your sinus while removing the molar (upper back tooth). A tiny hole that closes up on its own after a couple of weeks. If it does not, another surgery might be needed.

Sore in the jaw joints or muscles. You might not be able to open your mouth wide.This happens due to the injections.

Ongoing numbness caused in the chin and lower lips. Any trauma or injury of the inferior alveolar nerve can be the cause of numbness. This happens during the removal of lower wisdom teeth. It takes about 3 to 6 months for this wound to heal completely. In some rare cases, the numbness might be permanent.

Manage My Files


Well, at least that's what happened to me when I tried and opened for the first time "windows explorer", "This interface sucks" was the first thing that hit my head and I was talking about a decade ago one windows version after another . It was boring non friendly and visibly deceptive at the least.

What I wanted was something appealing to my constantly enduring search for a novel look which at the least would allow me to do a minimum of tweaking, personalizing and bottom of the line just make life easier for me.

After this first visual shock, I obviously Goggled for similar software and started downloading trial software of what was out there and by all means it was quite frustrating.

Trial and error, one after the other, load and uninstall, I could not find anything that would fill my expectations, until "eureka" Power Desk Pro 8 showed up.

I've heard of this software years ago through an acquaintance, but really ignored it until now.

Power Desk is what you would call a shell replacement for Windows Explorer. What this means, is that in a glance it shows you your disc or disks environment in its integrity, that's the shell concept.

But having this option would be useless if we could not interact with the interface doing multiple tasks "and I really mean multiple".

Some of the things most users want to do with their files without major keystrokes are:

• organize and manage your files and folders
• See at a glance the layout of the drives you have installed
• locate a given folder and within it a file
• see the file size
• see the file or folder path
• compare the layout or shell of two or more discs side by side horizontally or vertically
• manage the files you located between the disks — I mean copy and paste immediately between one and the other
• check the file size and properties
• rename files or folders
• and here's a kicker: you can view the contents of a folder without opening the mother program "wow" this pays for it by its self
• Locate files through a built in search engine

These are just some of the things most computer fans want to do with ease and usually crave for on a daily basis.

If you want a fancy description of what a file manager should do, let me quote what I found in cyberspace searching for this category.

"The File Management category includes software programs designed to manage, delete, recover, convert, move, or monitor your computer files. free space on your drives, create a virtual drive, or compare files and directories. "

Well do your due diligence and you'll find magnificent software with positive reviews from specialized magazines and articles, that do all of these things and much, much more. Find a company that's a leader in the industry which has been around for some time and has an unpredictable name.

It's always bewildered me why a multi-billion dollar company likes Microsoft which has literally hundreds of people developing their products keeps windows Explorer unchanged or at least minimally changed year after year and version after version.

I suppose they're giving leeway for private developers.

How to Play Stud Poker

Poker is a family of card games that has more or less the same betting rules and hand rankings. There are different types of poker games. These differentiations are made on the basis of how the cards are dealt. Variations exist on how the hands are formed, whether the highest or the lowest hand wins and on betting specifications like the limit placed on the bet or the number of betting rounds allowed. One such variation of poker that is very popular poker players is stud poker. In this article we will find out more about stud poker.

Stud poker is a variation of the standard game of poker. In this variation each player is deal a mix of cards, some of which are face face up while some are face face down. This means that even though only you are allowed to use the cards dealt to you to form a hand the other player are able to see some of your cards and this allows them to guess at the possible hands you could make.

The cards that are dealt face down are called hole cards. The number of betting rounds depends on the game being played. Some types of stud poker work better with a no limit structure when there are four or five players while a bet limit would work better if there are a lot of players. A common practice is to increase the betting limit as the betting rounds progress. This means that a lot of the time the betting limit for the first round may be $ 5 for the first two rounds of betting but is increased to $ 10 for the next two.

The betting rounds are usually named after the number of cards a player has. For example when the third card is eliminated the betting round that follows is called 'Third Street'. The final betting round regardless of the number of cards being dealt is called the 'river'.

All About Outdoor Lighting – Things You Need to Know

Outdoor lighting has seen its share of breakthroughs with the evolution of the technology of lighting and it is as important as indoor lighting. Outdoor lighting is able to light up he spaces immediately outside or surrounding your living areas which is extremely important for visual orientation, safety while navigating, and security, as well as for balancing out the indoor ambiance.

This kind of lighting is essential to reflect the external persona of a structure and its surrounding area. It sets a particular mood and is able to give a visual treat. Also, it can present an intense scope for experimentation. . It is a virgin canvas waiting to be colored by unique lighting approaches, techniques and ideas.

Outdoor lighting spaces combine the areas surrounding the structure, pathways, swimming pools or fountains, landscape surrounding the structure, patios, balconies, decks, porches, etc. There are wide selections of the lighting which are available one the market, including low-voltage lighting, flood lights, tree lights, post lights, lanterns, string bulbs for festive occasions, recessed lighting, scoops, and pagoda-style louvered faced lights.

In outdoor lighting, a basic thing you need to keep in your mind is that the lighting fixtures are exposed to all the elements outside. In case of the features of lighting water, the light source is sometimes from the inside to create a rippling effect and magical glittering. Thus, appropriate lighting fixtures and lights need to be selected. Self-lighting kits of low voltage are also available for people who would like to try out their talents in creating lighting.

Landscaping Resources For Inspiration

While it would be nice to be able to hire a landscaping company to create the yard of your dreams, sometimes homeowners do not have the money to pay a professional to do all the work. This is why we've gathered some of our favorite resources for the DIY crowd or even other landscaping pro's who want to keep up with the latest and greatest in landscape design.

Google and Google Images
These days, the internet is your best friend. Go to Google and you can find all sorts of articles on landscape design. Visit Google Images for instant visual ideas. Try searching for anything your interested in such fire pits, water features, patio, lighting or retaining walls. Then combine this with words such as 'design,' 'layout,' 'blueprints,' and 'construction' for lots of great ideas.

Open Houses and Model Homes
Even if you are not in the market to buy, that does not mean you can not check out the open houses or model homes through your community. Make sure you bring a notepad with you or even better a camera, such as the one your cell phone. Have a look around and make notes or take pictures of anything that appeals to you.

There are tons of magazines you can buy or even subscribe to. has an entire section devoted to Home & Garden magazines. If you need your magazine right this instant, head to your local Home Depot or Lowes and take a look at their magazine racks. You are sure to find something that appeals to your needs.

Landscaping Software
After doing your research and getting an idea of ​​how you would like to landscape your yard, I would definitely recommend checking out the Plan-a-Garden tool from Better Homes and Gardens. You can drag-and-drop all sorts of items such as trees, shrubs, structures, fencing, ponds and more on your screen and get a good feel for how your design will look. This tool is amazing and it's free.

From the internet and software to magazines and open houses, you should have no problems coming up with ideas for your own yard. I hope these resources have put you on the beautiful stone path to getting started with your own landscaping project. Good luck!

Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy!

Approximately 30 per cent of women who smoke in Britain continue to smoke during pregnancy. Cigarettes affect the mothers' circulation, which in turn will affect the baby. The baby in the womb is totally relying on mother to supply oxygen, nourish and filter out any dangerous chemicals.

"The placenta (afterbirth) is the lifeline between mother and baby. When a pregnant woman smokes, oxygen in her blood is replaced by carbon monoxide. baby's heart work harder. If the baby is deprived of oxygen it will suffer from its effects, which is known as hypoxia.The effect of hypoxia happens over a long period of time. the womb slow down and heart rate speeds up as the baby tries to get more oxygen.

o "The placenta supplies the baby with nutrients; smoking increases the chance that the baby will be born smaller than expected. (Low Birth Weight Baby) Research suggests that some women see a low birth weight baby as an advantage, however there is so Much evidence to the contrary. If the baby is smaller at birth it will continue to be smaller through its subsidiary development. Low birth weight babies are more likely to need intensive care.

o "The placenta acts as a barrier / filter for certain substances. Unfortunately it can not keep all of them away and many get through. Nicotine, carbon monoxide, and other chemicals in tobacco smoke are there in 4000 chemical in Cigarettes of which there are more than 30 known carcinogens. A German study showed traces of NNK, (nicotine-derived nitrosaminoketone) which is one of the strongest cancer causing agents found in tobacco products. smoked during pregnancy.

Effects of Nicotine

Nicotine travels through the bloodstream to the brain, and then is delivered to the rest of the body.
80% of nicotine is broken down to cotinine by enzymes in the liver. A build up of cotinine can act on the womb causing it to contract, or go into labor. Many chemicals, including nicotine, can readily move from the mother's bloodstream into the foetal blood supply. (This is why doctors are so cautious about what over-the-counter or prescription drugs women take in pregnancy.) If you smoke while pregnant, your child will be exposed to almost the same level of nicotine as you. That means that once he or she is born and is no longer getting nicotine intravenously, the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal will likely set in.

Clinical studies have reported that nicotine concentrations in the placenta, amniotic fluid and foetal serum were consistently higher than maternal serum values ​​when measured at various stages through pregnancy

Nicotine alters a smoker's blood pressure, heart rate, and even their metabolism. Nicotine moves right into the lining of small blood vessels causing them to narrow thus reducing the blood flow to the womb and subsequently to the baby. Nicotine can inhibit the production of prostacyclin, a potent vasodilator and inhibitor of platelet aggregation, in treaties. Studies have shown that nicotine increases uterine vascular resistance and reduces uterine blood flow, possibly by an action on catecholamine release. Smoking acutely and chronically reduces placental blood flow, usually through an effect of nicotine.

There is, evidence that nicotine impairs foetal growth and can lead to an increased risk of spontaneous abortion and premature delivery. A likely cause of foetal growth retardation is induction of foetal ischaemia (reduced blood supply) and hypoxia (lack of oxygen) as a result of the effect of nicotine on the plaqueal circulation.

Nicotine from cigarettes or replacement therapy has potential adverse effects on human health.
Over 8 million women smoke in the UK. Research amongstst female smokers shows that 74% would like to stop smoking but despite these attempts most women continue to be dependent on nicotine and experience difficulty in overcoming their addiction to the drug.

Pregnant women who smoke are often highly motivated to quit, especially during early pregnancy, but many continue to smoke. Smoking among expectant mothers in the UK is surprisingly high at 23% and only 3% of people stop smoking successfully when relying solely on willpower.

There are increased risks in pregnancy when the mother smokes. The risk of miscarriage is 27% higher in smokers. Perinatal mortality (defined as still-birth or death of an infant within the first week of life) is increased by about one-third in infants of smokers. The risk of a low birth weight baby (200gramas 7oz) is three times higher. Furthermore, the more cigarettes a woman smokers during pregnancy, the greater the probable reduction in birth weight.

Recent research suggests that cigarettes can reduce the flow of blood in the placenta, which limits the amount of nutrients that reach the toeetus. There is a 35% increase in cot deaths associated with smoking in pregnancy. Maternal smoking is associated with a higher risk of children 's cancers. Infants of parents who smoke are twice as likely to suffer from serious respiratory infection than the children of non-smokers. Smoking during pregnancy can also increase the risk of asthma in young children.

Maternal smoking in pregnancy has been associated with behavior and attention deficit disorders. Mothers who smoked more than a a pack of cigarettes were significantly more likely to have an offspring with conduct disorder. Substance abuse is higher among children of mothers who smoked in pregnancy and also impaired child-rearing behavior. Smoking in pregnancy may also have implications for the long-term physical growth and intellectual development of the child. It has been associated with a reduced height in children of smoking mothers as compared with non-smoking mothers, with lower attainments in reading and mathematics up to age 16 and even with the highest qualification achieved by the age of 23.

On average, smokers have more complications of pregnancy and labor, which can include bleeding during pregnancy, premature detachment of the placenta and premature rupture of the membranes. Some studies have also revealed a link between smoking and ectopic pregnancy and congenital defects in the offspring of smokers. Women are more likely to experience vomiting, urinary infections, thrush, to feel unwell and have more hospital admissions. There is also evidence that smoking interferees with women's hormonal balance during pregnancy and that this may have long-term consequences on the reproductive organs of her children.

In December 1998, the UK government set a target to reduce the percentage of women who smoke during pregnancy from 23% to 15% by the year 2010; with a fall to 18% by the year 2005. This will mean approximately 55,000 fewer women in England who smoke during pregnancy. This target has not yet been achieved.

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7 Smoking Kills (A Government White Paper on Tobacco) [1998]

8 Parrot, S Godfrey G, Raw M et al. A Guidance for Commissioners on the Cost Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation Interventions [Thorax 1998; 53 (Suppl. 5, part 2): SI-S38)]

9 Royal College of Physicians Smoking and the Young [London, 1992]

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11 Larsen, LG et al. Stereologic examination of placentas from mothers who smoke during pregnancy. Am J Obstet & Gynecol. 2002; 186: 531-537

12 Anderson HR, Cook DG. Passive smoking and sudden infant death syndrome: review of the epidemiological evidence [Thorax 1997; 52: 1003-9]

13 Lindsey Jarvis, Office for National Statistics. Smoking among secondary school children in 1996: England [London: The Stationery Office, 1997]

14 Hecht SS, Carmella SG, Chen ML, Salzberger U, Tollner U, Lackmann GM. Metabolites of the tobacco-specific lung carcinogen
4- (methylnitrosoamino) -1- (3-pyridyl) -1-butanone (nnk) in the urine of newborn infants. Abstract Papers Am Chem. Soc 1998

15 Gilliland, FD et al. Effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy and environmental tobacco smoke on asthma and wheezing in children [Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001; 163 (2): 429-436]

16 Landgren et al. (1998)

7 Wakschlag et al. (1997)

18 Fergusson et al. (1998)

19 Naeye RL, Tafari, N. Risk factors in pregnancy and diseases of the newborn [Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1983]

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21 Poswillo, D and Alberman, E. Effects of smoking on the foetus, neonate, and child [OUP 1992]

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23 Golding, J. HEA Smoking and pregnancy conference [1994]

Product Review – Schwab's Latest Fireproof Cabinet

All offices have files to store data. They are mostly magnetic these days. But very important records are still stored on hard paper. Whenever there are papers, there is always the fear of fire eating them up. The best and only solution to this problem would be to keep them in a fireproof filing cabinet. Here is a review on one of the latest fire resistant cabinets.

Generally, these are very similar to the normal filing cabinets but distinct from them because they have materials stuffed into them that resist fire and its heating effects veryly. They can be compared to a big insulator like a hot pot but keeping things inside cooler than the surrounding temperature if set on fire. They have many draws and it depends on the customer's needs. Each draw or a compartment has insulation to fire on all sides. Schwab's latest fireproof cabinets come with the following features:

• It has a 31 "deep cabinet and can be bought in two, three or four stacks models.
• Great suspension system on which the draw roll over, giving great relief for the free flow movement of these draws is a great problem in many other cabinets.
• It uses a thin fire fighting film technology called insulate that is much thinner and claims to be superior to the other films in the market.
• It is much theft and fire resistant as it claims to be made using a technology called single piece manufacturing technology.
• There are all possible varieties of locking facilities to these cabinets that the user can ask for what he / she feels is the best for the purpose.
• Most important of all, it has a UL class 350 certification with one hour tolerance period.
So, if you are looking for such a cabinet, have a look at these Schwab cabinets first and see if suits all that you need for your perfect office.