Designing With Balustrades

So you want a fence for your home, but you are not quite sure what you want to go with. That situation is perfectly normal, especially when there are many options on balustrades. The balustrade itself is the main component of a fence because it consumes most of it. Therefore, you want to make sure you choose wisely. It's time to get creative.

Balustrade Shapes

What kind of look would you enjoy best in between your top rails and bottom rails? You could opt for a standard square-shaped balustrade and run them four to eight inches apart. You can also pick rounded ones and spread them out the same distance. Or you can even choose a flat-styled model to present a flatter look. Other than those options, you can also go with a bent style that conforms to a specific shape.

In any case, the choice is yours, but you want to make sure it will blend well with the things around it, as well as create a stylistic look that fits the theme and mood of the area. For example, a happy joy-joy design does not work for a luxurious patio nor does a high-class appearance fit a play area with kid toys, although that one is a possibility depending on circumstances. For good ideas, you can look at other balustrades to see what is being used.

Bent Balustrade Designs

If you decide to go with a bent-styled balustrade, there are numerous options. This opens up the creativity window, as well as your imagination. Some styles feature wavy balustrades while others present a curved appearance. Aside from that, maybe you'd like a specific pattern, such as circular balustrade designs, right angled designs, or even staircase appearance. Balustrades do not have to be one direction either, which means that you can have vertical designs with pieces branching off, which is where a staircase design would come into play … or even a squared design. If you have already checked out other balustrades, you might have seen some of these examples, depending on where you have looked.

The Materials

Balustrades usually are the same material as the top and bottom rails, but there are some exceptions. Glass balustrades can be installed, as well as metal ones on a wooden frame. However, the most common material used is metal. You will mainly see wrought iron styles, but can also find aluminum and stainless steel.

In closing, balustrades vary from one location to the next. Drive around and see what you can find that you like and begin to build your own work of art. With so many options, it often helps to see what is out there in the real world so you can make better decisions and get what you really want.

Wooden Handrails for Your Home!

Tackling wooden handrails and other parts of a staircase can be one of the more complicated projects for finish carpentry. It involves exact measurements and some knowledge of staircase parts.

Replacing or adding wood handrails can add a touch of class to any home. If the original staircase has no handrail, then this improves the safety by a 100 percent. Safety concerns aside, handrails are also a great way to showcase skill and add another dimension to any house. There are required heights that you can find in ebooks and websites that address hand railings to meet safety standards.

It is up to the finish carpenter to decide how elaborate the staircase would have to be. Now, in order to really get to the quick, you have to know the different parts of the wooden handrail. Most handrails are composed of balusters (fillers), banisters and newel posts.

Balusters are the vertical posts that usually meet the tread and provide support for the banister-which is the part that most people hold on to when going down the stairs. Newels mark the area where the handrails meet the stair landing. Now you have to decide what size you want for the balusters. Most balusters come in 1 to to 1 inch inch sizes, turned or square. Pick any design you want, it all depends on the budget at hand and the look you want.

Balusters are designed to fit into the wooden banister for the handrail part of the stairs. This will then connect to the newel posts to complete your wooden handrails.

Banisters for wooden handrails come in different designs and widths that are easy to customize for any existing staircase. They are usually 1¼ to 2 5/8 inches wide to maximize comfort and about 36-38 inches from the top of the rail to the stair nosing (or the edge of the staircase).

Finally, we have the newel post. This part supports the handrail but can also be decorative. Finish carpenters often carve and decorate this part of the handrail for maximum effect. The important thing to remember is that it connects the landings of the staircase.

If the basic parts are all in, you can then consider the decorative parts of the staircase. Are you thinking about running your rail straight into a wall or should it finish at newel posts per landing? You can also choose to add roses or trim along the rail and molding. Bull nose trim is particularly eye catching due to its rounded edge. No matter what you choose, the wooden handrail is definitely something you should not do without.

One option is to order these parts at your local lumberyard or hardware store. Another option to choose from is to build it yourself by following the steps in the downloadable eBooks online. If you are looking to cut costs then these ebooks are great step by step guides to building your own handrail from scratch without hiring an expensive contractor who could charge you hundreds of dollars for a simple wooden handrail.

If you have never built anything before, then an eBook is a great guide that can show you how to build a wooden handrail in no time. Get easy to follow steps straight from a veterinarian carpenter and get that wooden handrail started now!

How To Overcome Stinking Thinking?

"For as he thinks within himself, so he is …" Proverbs 23: 7

Has your negative thinking kept you moving in your vision? Does negative thinking keep ignoring you of the failures and mistakes of yesterday? Negative thinking can convince you that you can not live an effective life because you have been in a negative situation for too long. Negative thinking can make you feel that you can not be successful, you can not do anything right, you can not live pass yesterday's problems, today's circumstances or tomorrow's challenges.

You can not afford to let negative, stinking thinking cause you to live life below what you are capable of living. God has a purpose and vision for you to live that will not only change your life but will help change the lives of those connected to you.

Several years ago, I read a powerful inspirational story about Roger Bannister. Roger Bannister was the first runner to break the four-minute mile. Before he broke the record it was widely believed to be impossible for a human to run a mile in under four minutes. It was believed that the four-minute mile was a physical barrier that could not be broken because of the significant damage it could cause to a runners health. The achievement of a four-minute mile seemed impossible to break.

On a spring day, May 6, 1954, Roger Bannister did what others thought was impossible; he crossed the finish line with a time of 3 minutes and 59. 4 seconds and broke what others thought was an impossible record. The barrier that everyone thought could not be broken physically turned out to be something larger- a psychological barrier that could not be broken in the mind. Until Roger Bannister decided to break through the mental barriers, he could have never achieved the incredible record setting feat.

So what happened to the physical barrier that had stifled runners for years from breaking the four-minute-mile? Was there a sudden transformation in the human make up? No! Did Roger receive some kind of super power that enhanced his ability? No! It was the change in thinking that propelled Roger to break what others thought was an insurmountable record.

When he broke through his four minute psychological barrier it released hundreds of male runners to break through their negative mindsets and realize that it was possible for them to achieve the same. I believe the same can be true in your life that when you break the barriers in your own thinking it leads to others breaking the barriers in their own thinking.

What artificial barriers have you placed in your life? What negative inner conversations have you been speaking to yourself? Have you told yourself that you are not smart enough to get the promotion or you do not have enough experience to start the business? Have you succumb to thoughts that tell you constantly you do not deserve a better life or that you will never make enough money to live debt free? Have you convinced yourself with your own negativity that achieving your vision is impossible or out of your reach? Have you personally talked yourself out of going after what God has specifically promised you?

If you have convinced yourself of this, today is the day to change your thinking. If God promised that you can achieve beyond your current situation then it is possible. Your responsibility is to trust what God has promised you, believe it and go after it. You may have to go it alone. You may have to let go of some people or give up some possessions. You may have to stay up late and get up early. The only way that you are going to obtain victory is to keep thinking forward.

I imagine that Roger Bannister heard an earful of negative and discouraging talk. He heard the media say that breaking the four minute-mile was inconceivable. He heard the doctor reports that said it is beyond human possibility. He heard the analysts say the record would never be broken. At times, he may have even asked "What am I doing?" But, Roger decreed that he was going to fight through all the obstacles and accept the challenge. He had a hunger and drive deep inside that kept pushing him to his ultimate goal of breaking the four minute mile.

His vision of breaking the record was so powerful that it would not allow him to quit or give in to the naysayers. His mind was made up and his will could not be broken. The moment when he broke through his psychological barriers, the once impossible record became possible. No negative reports. No discouraging opinions. No false barriers were going to stop him from achieving what he knew was attainable.

The best step that you can take in the pursuit of your vision is to change how you think. If Roger Bannister had accepted that the four-minute mile was impossible, he would never have attempted to break through his mental barrier. He would have allowed the negativity to dissuade him. He would have complied with the naysayers' voice. He would have consented to the dream killing experts. Instead, he decided to go after his dream.

Just think of all the things in your life God has shown you is possible. If He said it then you can believe He can bring it to pass through you. However, Roger Bannister had to not only believe he could break the four minute mile record, he had to exercise his belief. To finally break your four minute mile you are going to have to believe the impossible and in the famous words of Nike®, "Just do it®."

Digital X-Rays – The Wave of the Future

X-Rays offer valuable insight into your dental health, giving your dentist the ability to accurately pinpoint and treat the root cause of toothaches and pains, as well as detect problems before they become more serious. They can help your dentist find cavities in your teeth, determine whether or not certain teeth are affected, view the alignment of the jawbone in order to combat TMJ symptoms, and more. Having X-Rays taken should be a regular part of your visit to the dentist's office, but if you're still relying on conventional X-Rays rather than digital radiography, you may be missing out! Here are five reasons why digital X-Rays are the wave of the future:

1) If you're concerned about the amount of radiation that you may be exposed to during a conventional X-Ray session, you'll be pleased to learn that digital radiography reduces the amount of radiation by more than 80 percent!

2) While the traditional X-Ray process evolves developing film, digital X-Rays can provide you with instant results, since there is no film to develop. Instead, the images can be viewed directly on a computer screen within seconds.

3) Digital X-Rays are easy to send and share. Within moments of their creation, these images can be emailed anywhere in the world. This makes it possible to have your X-Rays forwarded immediately to a specialist or surgeon, or switch dentists without the hassle of having to pick up your files in person.

4) With traditional X-Rays, little could be done to enhance the quality of the image after the film had been developed. But with digital X-Rays, you or your dentist can zoom in, crop, adjust the color or contrast, and generally enhance the image for clarity, making it easier to effectively examine the images.

5) Finally, digital radiography is better for the environment, since no toxic chemicals are needed to develop or process the film.

Frontal Baldness – Can Be Treated With Medication

The first impression of any person hugely depends on his or her personality. The looks of a person also play a big role in creating an impression. There is no doubt that a young person really scores over a middle-aged person as far as looks are concerned. Thus everyone just doesn’t want to let the young age pass by quickly. For many years men and women have tried various formulas to look young. But if you lose hair at a younger age then all of a sudden you look like an older person and this creates loss of self-esteem in many. There are a lot of treatments available to fight this problem, which is known as frontal baldness. Propecia is one such medication that has been successful. Hence, frontal baldness and Propecia are spoken in the same breath today.

People who are balding feel reluctant to socialize. There are two types of losing hair, normal and abnormal hair loss. Daily as a natural process we lose some hair. We don’t have to worry much about this hair loss. If we lose a lot of hair daily then we should be concerned and take proper care of it. When you are around 20 years of age the hairline takes shape. In this period some start losing hair rapidly and this is termed as baldness. This balding in many cases can be seen in the frontal portion of the head. The front head looks bald and you look much older. To prevent this there are treatments and surgeries. There is a medicine called Propecia that is very good in treating frontal balding. The track record of Propecia is impressive and many have experienced good results. It starts to work within a week and you can see this as hair loss decreases. In some cases Propecia has successfully re-grown hair.

First Time Waterfront Property Owners

Many people dream of buying waterfront property. Options are becoming more abundant in waterfront property and first-time waterfront Buyers have many more factors to consider versa a traditional home. This brief guide is intended to help answer some of the questions you may have before your purchase.

In addition to the traditional first-time buyer knowledge necessary, waterfront property is more than just choosing the right home. It's about the total package of home, land, and water. By this we mean the amount of water frontage, options for docks or boathouses, boat slips, type of soil, changes in water levels, wildlife, etc.

Soil, Terrains, andshorelines:
It is advised that you check the type of soil present and determine if the soil drainage is good, sewer systems and performance, landscaping, etc. It would be advised to have the soil tested by a professional lab or environmental group. Also check if the shoreline is rocky, sandy, or clay. A rocky and some types of sandy soil shoreline generally will yield clearer water than clay soil types. But if you have children or grandchildren, a rocky shoreline could be dangerous due to the fact that the rocks tend to be slippery. Also check county records and determine what types of industries are in the area. If you find that there are industries using the water, it would not hurt to have the water tested for safety.

Docks, Boathouses, and Boat Slips:
If there is waterfront property you are looking at does not currently have a dock or boathouse and if this is something you may want to install, be sure to check with county offices that govern the lake, river, or channel to determine if a right has been applied for allowing you to build a dock or boathouse. Some lakes and municipalities do not allow but a certain number of docks and boathouses to preserve the integrity of the water. Many properties that are in waterfront communities that are not on the water have deeded boat slips.

Wildlife:
Check with the community homeowners association or local wildlife officials concerning what type of wildlife call the area home. Depending on where you are looking for property, animals like alligators, snakes, deer, bears, and others love water because it serves as both a food and water source allowing them to survive. Just be knowledgeable of what is in your area.

Water Frontage:
Water frontage is the amount of land that fronts the water. How many sides of the property is fronted by water. The more water frontage, the more you can expect to pay based on land value.

In closing, it is also recommended that you seek out the services of a professional home inspector before closing on your waterfront home to verify the home is structurally sound and that there are no unknown electrical, plumbing, mechanical, or structural problems present.

My Top 5 Solutions to Protect the Brighton i360 Facade

The i360 vertical pier is a revolutionary structure, design and attraction for Brighton & Hove. A 162m vertical façade constructed around a 980 tonne steel frame and finished externally with an anodised aluminum cladding façade. It's thought (or should I say hoped) that the anodised element will withstand the sea salts and wind.

The pier was designed by architects David Marks & Julia Barfield, designers and architects of the London Eye, and the most popular paid attraction in the UK.

From a façade design perspective it's an amazing feat, the engineering solutions and approach to its construction is set to create a new icon for one of England's most popular seaside towns. The i360 vertical pier will house the world's tallest moving observation tower at 138m, it will be the tallest and slimmest vertical façade tower in the world.

With such an iconic structure and investment, I wonder how much time or energy has been applied to proactively protecting the façade skin and to enhancing its predicted lifespan and condition beyond the architects 'and investors' expectations?

So how can the i360 façade be protected to enhance the ROI and lifespan of the building?

Here are my top 5 solutions:

1) Do not take for granted that the anodised cladding will withstand the weather conditions. Real exposure and localized conditions will deliver varied weather patterns throughout. Previous test trials should only be used a guideline of façade and curtain wall weathering.

2) Façade performance can only be optimized within a proactive and façade condition inspection framework. Manage the building envelope holistically, do not just clean the glass so that 'looks' clean. Regular façade inspection activity will help build a real catalog of information related to the weather weathering or corrosion. Proactive maintenance will out-perform any ad hoc inspections and limit expensive repairs. This can be achieved through specific routes of access, drones or rope access.

3) Regularly wash down the anodised cladding façade to remove the accumulation of salts within a proactive facade management program. Do not allow the salts to build, it's likely they could break the coating over a period of time, especially during summer months under the heat of the sun.

4) Apply a specialist hydrophobic protective coating to the anodised aluminum cladding façade which will form a robust barrier and reduce the rate at which the salts can adhere to the façade skin. The coating will also protect the aluminum cladding from salts, sea spray, organic build up and UV damage. Any protective coating applied during the construction phase is likely to weather, so a regular application will help protect the façade performance and aesthetic condition.

5) This is about the context of façade protection rather than the content . By considering the context it generally helps give more value and meaning to a wider variety of people involved within the project and helps create a common ground for façade investment protection. The context for i360 could be "visitor experience, safety, façade performance & ROI".

How to Solder Stained Glass

You have created your stained glass pattern. Now you need to transfer it to the glass and then join the different pieces together. The most frequently used method for joining the different pieces is achieved by soldering. For you to do this on your own, you must at the minimum, have a soldering iron, adequate quantity of copper solder and flux. You would also need pre-cut adhesive copper strips.

If you can not obtain pre-cut strips of the required dimensions, you can buy one or two copper sheets which size should roughly match the length and width measurements of your glass pieces. Order a little extra to factor in waste.

Prior to doing the actual soldering, all edges must be cleaned thoroughly. Dust particles trapped within the solder would weaken the joints over time and even lead to a distorted and uneven window surface in extreme cases.

Next thing you do is to plug the soldering iron into the power supply to give it time to heat up to the appropriate temperature. As you do this, set out the copper strips on the glass edges. If you did not succeed to obtain strips from the hardware store, then take time to cut the copper sheet into strips that slightly exceeded the length, width and thickness of the glass. The copper sheet is very thin and a set of tailoring scissors should be able to cut through cleanly.

After preparing the copper strips for the glass, pull away the paper back to expose the side with the glue or other bonding agent. Append the copper strip all round the glass edge making sure that the excess ends flow onto the face of the glass. Use a pointed object such as a bread knife or spoon to push in any irregular sections.

If you do not correct these sections, they will be visible after the soldering is complete and will give an untidy look to the final product. Brush the flux on either side of the copper foil. The flux is very important before soldering as it serves as a second level of surface cleaning. Flux removes oxides from the surfaces of the metal pieces being joined to ensure a strong final bond is achieved.

From here, you now get into the actual soldering process. Different experts recommend varied methods to achieve the best finish. The underlining principle is that you must be careful when doing the soldering because undoing a poorly soldered can leave the glass looking messy especially if addressed long after the solder has discharged.

One of the best ways to do it yourself is by first moving the end of the heated copper solder as close as possible to the copper strip. You must be careful not to touch it though. Once you have done this, use the soldering iron to touch the copper solder piece so that the molten metal drops onto the gaps between the strips.

Move gently all around but do not be too slow as cracks may appear on the joints due to large variance in temperature at the joints. Once you are done, make sure you move the soldering iron away from the solder piece. Allow for cooling and there you have your joint.

How to Make a Printed Circuit Board Or 'PCB'

Many people have already built a 'PCB' (printed circuit board). However, many still do not have the proper knowledge or skills to do so. Here, methods and techniques on building a 'PCB' will be covered.

You need to be patient. That is the key. Are you ready?

Buy a copper board. What is copper you ask? Copper works to conduct electricity. Think of it as a big piece of wires. You do know that wires conduct electricity, do not you? These boards come in 'A4' paper size or its variant. Then, you need to cut them according to your desired 'PCB' size. They can be costly, these copper boards.

Next, decide on your 'PCB' technique. There are two widely used methods. The tone transfer, and the photo resist. But, I will discuss the toner transfer technique, since it is the most popular and cost effective.

Buy a gloss paper. Or cut out a magazine page (does not matter if the page contains images or text on them, it still can be used). Print your circuit design (black color) using the laser printer. That is where it gets its name. Toner is the 'ink' for laser printer.

Then cut out the designed area of ​​the gloss paper or magazine page, to match with the copper board (also cut to the same size). Apply heat by using a hot iron. Set the maximum temperature. Most people use the cotton setting though. Iron for at least 10 minutes. Yes, it is that long. After you are done, let it dry.

Next, rinse off the gloss paper (stuck onto the copper board) with water. Do this by soaking it in water. You can tear out or pluck the stuck paper on the board. No harm will be done to the newly transferred toner. Touch it. Let it dry.

Now soak it in an etching solution. Most people will use the 'Fric Chloride', available in any electronic or hardware stores. Soak for at least 10 minutes again. A word of caution here; do not touch the etching solution with your hands! They will easily corrode your skin. Use a glove or newspaper. The rule is not to come into direct contact with your skin, this solution. Soak and shake or agitate until you can see through the board. That is because the solution eats away (etches) the copper. You will see that the black tracks (toner) protects the copper underneath. Rinse with water rigorously.

Finally, apply thinner on piece of toilet paper or old cloth and wipe off the toner. Yes, thinner 'etches' the toner. There you have it, you have a newly made 'DIY' printed circuit board. Be proud of it.

Prevent Dry Socket

Dry sockets are known as alveolar osteitis by dentists and it is quite common to have a drysocket after tooth extraction. Typically, a blood clot is expected to protect the underlying bones and nerves in the hole, created due to tooth extraction. But, if the blood clot is not formed or it is dislodged or dissolved due to fibrinolysis, then the socket becomes dry. The socket appears dry and you can see the exposed bone. There is no formation of pus in the socket. The blood clot formation is required for heeling the wound or the socket.

A dry socket leads to severe pain and the heeling process is delayed. Drysocket pain intensifies, 3-4 days after the extraction of the tooth. The pain can be unbearable and can not be shortened until and until it is properly treated. Before knowing about how to prevent dry socket, let us first have a look at the drysocket symptoms, which can be very irritating.

Dry Socket Symptoms

* Severe pain is the main symptom of drysocket after tooth extraction.
* Bad breath or bad taste in the mouth, as gaping wound is an open invitation to microorganisms
* Difficulty in eating
* Loss of appetite
* Swollen lymph nodes in neck
* Swollen gum or adjent teeth
* Jaw pain
* Fever

After reading the symptoms only, one can imagine how a dry socket must be leading to restless days and sleepless nights. So it is better to prevent drysocket formation.

Prevent Dry Socket

To prevent drysocket, we need to know what causes dry socket. There are conflicting results from the studies organized to identify the factors that appear to be associated with increasing incidences of experiencing dry sockets. But, if these factors are taken into consideration while planning for and proceeding with a tooth extraction, then the risk for drysocket can be minimized.

Follow Dentist's Instructions: You should follow the dentist's postoperative instructions specifically to avoid dry socket. The dentist places a gauze packing and the patient has to bite it to place it firmly in the socket. The dentist advises the patients that they should not disturb the gauze packing that the dentist has placed over their extraction site for the next 30, and probably preferably, 60 minutes. This is the time when the blood clot is formed in the socket. After the formation of the blood clot also, at least for the first 24 hours, patient should avoid vigorous rinsing, refrain from actions like sucking on a straw or cigarette, avoid alcohol and tobacco use in general, minimize physical stress and exercise, and avoid hot liquids such as coffee or soup. The dentist may provide you with some more specific instructions, if required. You should sincerely follow all those instructions.

Traumatic Tooth Extractions: The chances of drysocket formation are more in cases of traumatic tooth extracts. It is believed that the traumatized bone in the area of ​​the extraction site releases compounds or the tissue activators, that then diffuse into the blood clot that has formed in the tooth socket. These tissue activists are responsible for the disintegration of the blood clot. Therefore, the heeling process of the dry socket is delayed. During the process of disintegration of the blood clot, some compounds like kinins are released which stimulate the pain receptors, resulting in severe pain. So more care should be taken to prevent drysocket, in case of traumatic tooth extracts.

Dental Care: As you know, tooth decay is the main reason behind most of the tooth extracts. With proper dental care, you can avoid tooth decay and the related further complications. So you can prevent dry socket after tooth extraction. Even after tooth extraction, the cleaner you keep the extraction site, the quicker it will heal. 24 hours after your tooth extraction, you can gently rinse the socket with warm salt water (1/2 teaspoon of salt in a cup of water) after meals and before bed. This offers great toothache relief. Commercial mouth rinses are not recommended as they may irritate the extraction site.

Stitches: The dentist sometimes may place sutures (stitches) in the extraction site which are either re-absorbs which disintegrate and dissolve away on their own or non-re-absorbs which will be removed by him. You should not feel afraid of the stitches as the process of removing stitches is usually very easy and quite painless. If the question 'do stitches prevent drysocket' is haunting you, the answer is that the stitches are not placed to prevent dry socket. You should follow the instructions of the dentist religiously, regarding the stitches. Do not disturb the extraction site with your tongue or finger.

History of Dry Socket: If you have already experienced a dry socket with any of the past tooth extracts, then the chances of having a drysocket are more. Keeping this in mind, you should follow the instructions carefully. You should be diligent in your efforts not to disrupt the blood clot.

Wisdom Tooth Extractions: Wisdom tooth extraction is considered as traumatic tooth extraction, so there are more chances of formation of wisdom teeth dry socket. You should take proper care and follow the instructions of your dentist, to avoid drysocket.

Developing Self-Discipline For Starting Your Own Business

The American Dream

More than 50% of all Americans dream of starting their own business some day, but only 3% ever do, in their entire lifetimes. In our free market economy, where it is extremely easy to start and build your own business, and where there have never been more opportunities in all of human history than exist today, why is it that so few people follow their dreams into entrepreneurship and business building?

I have studied the subject of entrepreneurship, business and management for many years. I have started and built several successful multi-million dollar companies from scratch. I have read literally hundreds of books and thousands of articles over the years, and taken a masters degree in business and administration on the subject. I have worked with many thousands of entrepreneurs and business people in large and small organizations all over the country and all over the world. I have trained many tens of thousands of entrepreneurs, managers and executives on subjects ranging from sales and marketing through to strategic planning and finance.

Even today, with all of this experience, I really don’t consider myself to be an expert. However, I am a little bit more knowledgeable than the average person and I have some very definite ideas on what you can do to start and build a successful business.

You May Not Get Rich

First of all, why would you want to start a business in the first place? Most people think that the reason for starting your own business is so that you can make a lot of money and retire rich. This is a great idea but it is not the real reason that people take the risks of entrepreneurship.

The number one reason, ahead of all the others, is for the personal freedom offered by owning your own business. There is a little joke that says that when you start your own business, you only have to work half days; and you get to decide whichever 12 hour period you prefer.

In my work with entrepreneurs over the years, I have found that, although they do not necessarily become rich, they do become happier, more self-confident and more self-reliant. Very few entrepreneurs would ever go back to a salaried job. Even though they don’t make an enormous amount of money, they love the freedom so much that they could not imagine turning their destiny over to anyone else.

You Can Do It Too

Someone once said that you can only be a successful author if you cannot not write. You can only be a successful entrepreneur under the same conditions. You can only be successful starting and building your own business if you cannot not do it. The starting point of success as an independent business person is a burning desire for independence, freedom and opportunity. It is the desire to be your own boss and not be controlled or dictated to by anyone else.

But let’s go back to the first question. Why is it that so few people actually start their own businesses? And the primary reasons are fear and ignorance. Fear and ignorance are and always have been the greatest enemies of human success.

Don’t Be Ignorant

Fear blows even the slightest risks out of proportion and paralyzes the person, holding him or her back from ever taking that giant leap of faith into the uncertainty of entrepreneurial business activity. And fear thrives on ignorance. The less you know about anything important or risky, the greater is your level of fear and the lower is your likelihood that you will ever take any action at all.

The good news is that when you begin to chip away at your ignorance, your levels of fear and hesitancy decline at the same rate. When you become thoroughly knowledgeable about what it is that you want to do, you will find yourself with far more confidence and courage than you have fear and doubt. And from that point on, you can begin to make some real progress.

Three Types of Businesses

More than one million men and women start their own businesses every year in America. More people are starting more businesses, selling more products and services today, than at any other time in human history. Remember, there are three types of businesses that you can form. They are corporations, a sole proprietorship and a partnership. Only corporations are registered and the registration is running at over 850,000 per year. The number of sole proprietorships are in the hundreds of thousands. Nobody really knows., You can start one by simply deciding to, this very minute as you listen to this tape, without even registering it, The number of partnerships is also in the hundreds of thousands, maybe even millions every year.

Because so many hundreds of thousands of men and women are starting various business organizations each year, this means that you can as well. Maybe one or two of these people are smarter or better than you, but you can be sure that hundreds of thousands of them have far more problems and obstacles in their lives than you could ever dream of. In other words, there is no reason whatsoever for you to be afraid of starting your own business.

The key is to make your business a low-risk operation at the beginning with a high possibility for success later on. And these are what you will learn here.

You are the President

By the way, you are already the president of your own company, whether you know it or not. You are the president of an entrepreneurial company with only one employee, yourself. Your company has only one product to sell on the marketplace, your personal services. So, you are the head of your own personal services corporation. And if you name your company after yourself, you don’t even have to register it to protect the name. You can go out and print business cards with your name, John Jones Enterprises or John Jones and Associates, and your title, “John Jones – President” with your home and address phone number. The next time you are out with someone and they ask you what you do, you can tell them that you are the president of your own company. When they say that they thought you worked for such and such a company, you can reply by saying that, “Yes, I do work there. They are my best clients right now.”

As the President of your own company, you decide how much you earn. Maybe not in the short term, but over the long term, by the things that you do, or fail to do, you determine your own income. If you want to earn more money, go to the nearest mirror and negotiate with your “boss.” Your raise will become effective when you do.

Two Categories of Business Owners

You have heard it said that most businesses fail in the first two years. But this is not entirely accurate. If you divide businesses into two categories, those started by people with extensive knowledge and experience and those started by people with no knowledge or experience at all, you get two totally different failure rates.

Businesses started by people who have done what I will tell you about in this session have a success rate in excess of 90%. Businesses started by inexperienced people who have not done their homework have a failure rate of more than 90%. And even if your business fails initially, it is only by failing in business that you eventually learn to succeed greatly. As Phil Knight of Nike once said, “You only have to succeed the last time.”

On the David Susskind show many years ago, they interviewed four young entrepreneurs, each of whom was a self-made millionaire by the age of 30. David asked them to calculate how many different business start-ups they had been involved in before they found the business that enabled them to make more than a million dollars. The average was 17 businesses per person! But they had not been failing while their businesses had been failing. They had been becoming smarter and smarter as time passed until finally they were so knowledgeable and experienced that the very next business opportunity put them over the top. And this can happen to you as well.

Special Disciplines

To start and build your own successful business you need special disciplines; disciplines that are practiced by all successful entrepreneurs and self-made business millionaires. You can either learn and practice these disciplines early in your entrepreneurial career or you can learn and practice them later. Sooner or later you must become knowledgeable and skilled in each of these seven areas if you are going to build a successful enterprise. And the longer it takes you to master these seven areas, the longer it will take and the more it will cost, before you eventually achieve your financial and business goals.

The first discipline is the discipline of market analysis. This is where most entrepreneurs fail. They start off with a great idea, and often don’t want to tell anybody about it; for fear that someone will steal their idea. So they go off half-cocked into the marketplace with a product or service that has not been thought through properly and they are amazed when it fails.

The fact is that people are far too busy to steal your idea. 99 out of 100 new business ideas fail anyway. People who are operating their own businesses are far, far too busy to have even a minute of time to “steal” your idea, whatever it is.

Ask People’s Opinion

In fact, if you have an idea for a product or service in a particular industry, you should go to someone who is already in that industry and ask for their opinion. If you are really smart, you will get in touch with as many people in that industry as possible and lay out your idea to them in full and ask for their candid comments.

What you are looking for is “negative thinking.” A negative thinker is someone who will point out the holes and flaws in your plan. If you cannot patch the holes or fix the flaws in your plan for a new business, that is probably a pretty good indicator that your business is not going to succeed.

Beware of “Positive Thinkers”

The most dangerous people you can talk to are “positive thinkers.” These are people who will tell you that your business idea is wonderful and that you should “go for it!” They will tell you that this is a great time to start a business and that you will be a great success. Often these are your friends and relatives. But don’t get carried away. The only advice that is of any value to you is advice from people who are thoroughly knowledgeable and experienced in the area that you wish to start a business. Anyone else may be well-meaning but their advice is not worth much.

If you had a sore stomach, you wouldn’t ask your coworker if you should have surgery or whether or not he thinks that you have cancer. This is not the right person to talk to. For something as important as this, you need a specialist.

The discipline of market analysis requires that you thoroughly examine every detail of your market segment before you commit your time and money to offering your product or service there.

The Law of Three

Every new business starts with an idea to serve customers with a product or service that is faster, newer or better in some way. In fact there is a Law of Three that applies to a new business start up. Whatever you are offering, it must be better by a factor of three than anything else currently being offered to the same customers.

It must be a little faster, a little cheaper and a little bit more effective. It must have at least three benefits that competing products do not offer. If it has only one or two, you will probably fail in the long run.

Market analysis means that you find out if there is a real market for your product or service. How big is the market? Where is the market concentrated? Is the market concentrated sufficiently so that you can reach it effectively with advertising and sales? Who are your competitors in the marketplace? Why are your prospective customers buying from your competitors today?

Give People a Reason to Buy

And here’s the most important question: “Why should someone switch from their existing supplier of a similar product or service and buy from you?” The failure to ask and accurately answer this question has been the downfall of many small businesses. You have no idea how hard it is to get a customer to switch from a known supplier to an unknown supplier.

When I started one of my businesses, I thought that people would buy from me because it was me! I thought that because I was so positive, enthusiastic and convinced in the value and quality of my product, that customers would find my enthusiasm contagious and would buy it and use it in high quantities. What I found was that customers were not interested in switching at all. I had to call on customers over and over again before I could even get them to test my new product.

Eventually, I had to give my product away free, and give guarantees before people would even test it. Once I had given away free products with absolute guarantees of satisfaction, and people tested and used my product, I finally began to sell it. And I began to sell it just in time to avoid going broke completely.

What inducements will you have to give to your prospective customers to get them to switch from what they are doing to buy from you? How will you be able to describe your product or service in such a way that customers will be willing to give up the “devil they know,” for the devil they don’t?

Plan, Plan, Plan

The second discipline that you must become very good at is the discipline of planning. What this means, at the bare minimum, is that you must take the time to prepare a complete business plan before you start operations. Most entrepreneurs fail to do this, for a variety of reasons. And this is the reason that most entrepreneurs go broke.

The purpose of a business plan is not to acts as a road map or as a precise guide to the future. The purpose of creating a business plan is that the preparation of the plan forces you to think through every single critical issue that you will deal with in the future.

The very best and smartest business people are those who have already given a lot of thought to the various things that could happen and to the various things they might have to do, should those things happen. The least successful business people are those who have given no thought at all.

When you prepare a business plan, you are forced to sit down and carefully analyze and justify every single penny in it, first of all to yourself and then second of all to anyone from whom you are trying to raise money.

Three Parts to a Business Plan

A business plan consists of three main parts. The first part is the top line. This is the quantity of your product that you intend to sell on a monthly basis, projected forward 12to 18 months. Your ability to accurately project your sales is a key measure of your intelligence and your business ability. Once you have conservatively estimated your likely sales, you should cut that number in half to get the number that will turn out to be closer to reality once you begin business activities.

Remember the great rule of entrepreneurship is that everything costs twice as much and takes three times as long. I have shared this idea with thousands of entrepreneurs who have then told me that they were going to violate this principle and prove that it was too conservative. They came back shattered, like survivors of a battle, with their tails between their legs, finally admitting that the two times, three times rule was extremely realistic.

The middle line of your business plan includes every single expense that you can possibly imagine incurring in order to achieve your top line. You must deduct the total costs of the goods or services you plan to sell. You must deduct expenses like rent, telephone, utilities, printing, stationery, stamps, photo copiers, fax and Federal Express, staff costs, furniture costs and every other single detailed cost that you can imagine. These are called the “Costs of doing business.”

Once you have added up all the costs, you then take the total and add another 20% as a fudge factor to get a more realistic estimate of your final costs. Your ability to budget and project your sales and your costs accurately is the true measure of your business acumen. Leave nothing to chance. Go over every detail again and again.

When I prepare business statements, I will go through and estimate every number. I will then do a complete assessment, with documents, research, estimates, and actual proposals to justify every number in the business plan.

For example, if a person says to you, how did you estimate these costs for postage? You should be able to say that you estimated a certain number of letters of a certain weight going out on a daily basis over a one month, two month, three month and 12 month period to come up with an average postage cost of the amount that is in your business plan. Don’t ever let yourself be caught flat footed.

The Bottom Line

The bottom line is the amount of profit or loss that you expect to experience on a monthly basis. You then accumulate this amount along the bottom of the page so that you know how far ahead or behind you are on a monthly basis according to your projections.

You should probably expect to lose money for the first three, six or nine months. The minimum rule is that you should have six months of operating expenses set aside before you launch your new enterprise. You should assume that you will not make a single sale for six months. This may be conservative, but it is much better than the alternative of finding yourself broke and wiped out because you did not plan well enough.

The Discipline of Money

The third discipline you need for starting your own business is that of money. As I just mentioned, you need six full months of operating costs, in the bank, before you go into business. If you are thinking of starting a second income business, you can usually start with a small capital investment and use “sweat equity” instead of actual financial capital. Many people have become extremely successful in life starting from a low base and growing based on cash flow and profits from selling a product or service.

There are an enormous number of successful multi-level marketing businesses nationwide and throughout the world. If you start a multilevel marketing business, your first consideration should be an extremely low up-front cash investment in inventory and sales materials. After that, all your expenditure should be for products that you have already sold at a mark-up from the price at which you are buying them.

Many multi-level marketing companies allow you to start up as an independent wholesale distributor for as little as sixty dollars. In a case like this, you invest your time and your energy rather than your cash, and you keep your full time job while you are getting your feet solidly under you.

If you need money to start your own business, you should be aware that 99% of all start-up money is called “love money.” This is money that people give you because they love you, or money that you provide yourself by taking out a second mortgage on your home, selling everything that you have that you don’t need, and even borrowing cash against your credit cards.

Don’t Count On Banks

Banks simply do not lend money to new business start-ups. The failure rate is too high. Banks are not in the business of taking risks. Banks are in the business of making good, solid loans that they know will be paid back on a timely basis. Banks then make the margin between what they can borrow the money for and what they can lend it to you at.

Banks typically require three times, four times or five times collateralization to lend you any money at all. This means that no matter who you are or what your background, a bank will want proof that you have five dollars in liquid assets that they can seize and sell for every dollar you want to borrow from them. They will look at your business plan and listen attentively to your business ideas. But they won’t lend you any money.

Be an Outstanding Salesperson

The fourth discipline you require is the discipline of selling. You must be an absolutely outstanding salesperson for your product or service before you open your doors or you should not bother opening your doors at all.

The fact is that all successful businesses are started and built by someone who has a remarkable capacity to sell the product in a competitive market. The biggest mistake you can ever make is to think that someone else is going to do your selling for you.

The second biggest mistake you can make is to think that advertising or direct mail is going to sell your product or service for you. The only way that you are going to sell your product or service is by going out and getting face-to-face with critical, skeptical, cautious customers who can buy it if you can convince them of its value. Don’t waste a cent on advertising when you start up. That is one of the fastest ways to go broke sooner rather than later.

Listen to every audio program on selling that you can get a hold of. Read the books on selling written by people in your same industry. Attend sales training seminars and courses and then see as many customers as you can, all day, every day until you begin to bring in sales in excess of your costs of operation. The discipline of selling is the heartbeat of your business and the way you deal with this discipline will determine your success or failure.

The discipline of managing is something that you learn as your business begins to grow. There are thousands of books and hundreds of university degrees on management, including entrepreneurial management. Your ability to plan, organize, staff, delegate, supervise, measure and report is absolutely essential to being a good manager. Fortunately, you can learn these skills by study and practice. And always remember, your weakest important skill in management will set the limit on your success in your business. Whenever you are having problems of any kind, resolve to learn what you need to learn to become very competent in that area.

e Secrets of Power Negotiating

The sixth discipline is the discipline of negotiating. There is perhaps no better program to teach you negotiating than Roger Dawson’s The Secrets of Power Negotiating.

You learn how to negotiate by first of all studying the process of negotiating, and then second, practicing negotiating at every opportunity. You negotiate for better prices for your products and services when you are buying. You negotiate for higher prices and earlier payments for your products and services when you are selling. You negotiate for extended payment terms from your suppliers. You negotiate for better loan terms and interest rates from your bankers.

With regard to money and negotiating, the rule is that you preserve cash at all costs. You never buy when you can lease and never lease when you can rent. You never rent when you can borrow and you never get anything new if you can get it second hand. Negotiating for and protecting your sources of cash flow is the most important thing that you can do for a small business. If you run out of cash, you’re dead. Cash is to a small business as blood and oxygen is to the brain. You must fight, scramble, negotiate and do everything possible to assure that you always have cash reserves.

It has been said that every new business start-up is a race against time. It is a race to find a way to generate cash in excess of your costs before your cash runs out altogether. You stay in business to the degree to which you bring in enough money to pay for your mistakes until you are finally generating excess cash.

Become Resilient

The final discipline is the discipline of resilience. It is the ability to bounce back from the inevitable setbacks and disappointments that you will experience virtually every single day in starting and building your own business.

One of the marks of the superior entrepreneur is that he or she is always looking into the future and considering the worst possible thing that could happen in every area of the business. This is the mark of the superior leader as well.

I call this “Crisis Anticipation.” There are many books and articles on it. What it means is that you are constantly scanning the horizon and asking yourself, “What is the worst possible thing that could happen?” In your sales; with your staff; with your cash; and with your business? And then you think through and decide what you would do if that were to occur.

And finally, once you have determined the worst possible outcome and decided what you would do, you focus all of your energies on making sure that the worst possible thing does not happen, under any circumstances. You become resilient to the degree to which you have thought through what might happen and prepared yourself against any eventuality

Sometimes, a small setback can seem almost overwhelming if you’ve allowed yourself to get tired and run down. You become resilient to the degree to which you get lots of rest when you are starting and building your own business. As Vince Lombardi once said, “Fatigue doth make cowards of us all.”

You develop resilience by resolving to persist in the face of any difficulties, no matter what happens. Be clear about your goals but be flexible about the means of attaining those goals. If one thing doesn’t work, try something else. Be willing to be flexible and adaptable in the face of a changing market.

Remember, as they say in the military, no plans survives first contact with the enemy. No business plan survives first contact with the marketplace. Be willing to chop, change and try something else. Just make a decision in advance, that no matter what happens, you will keep on keeping on.

You have within you, right now, the ability to start and build a successful business. Millions of people have done it in the past, and millions more people will do it in the future. These people are not smarter or better than you are. They have simply learned what they needed to learn and then practiced it, over and over until it became second nature. And so can you. And when you learn how to start and build a successful business within our economic system, your future will be unlimited.

Video Marketing No Longer Just A Trend

The job of an internet marketer in 2011 is a daunting one. You must allocate your time between researching the changing trends, implementing new techniques, and counting the mountains of cash in your closet … right. One can easily get overwhelmed with all the avenues beckoning your attention, and for most of us, we hardly have enough time to keep up with the next best thing.

If this sounds like you, then it's time to peel yourself out of your computer throw and hop in front of the camera. Slap on some makeup, drop a few charisma bombs on the audience, and watch your profits soar. Well, kind of.

Making videos to advertise your online business can be extremely effective, especially for an audience accustomed to 3 second frame changes and commercials loud enough to blow out your eardrums. The simple truth is, your audience's attention span is fading every year, and if you want your message to be heard you better make your advertising as entertaining and effortless for them as possible.

I do not know about you, but when I land on a website I would much rather have someone present me their business than read through poor sales copy. Of course, I am not suggesting you should have a video on every page, but for us visual people, is one or two too much to ask for?

This is the mentality you need to bring in 2011. Videos that entertain while they sell are the most effective. The key is to not just inform, but to also engage the heart and mind while telling your story.
A recent study reported that 75% of all internet users actively use videos while online. If I had to guess, I'd say it's even higher than that. Especially with sites like Megavideo and Hulu biting at the heels of Google for the most visits per day.

Perhaps the best part of video marketing is that there is endless opportunity to advertise to your target audience. Similar to other forms of advertising your videos can be targeted geographically, and the content itself can be an advertisement disguised as entertainment. And for those lucky enough to have their videos go viral, their ROI could potentially explode.

Lastly, it would be wise to give due attention to the quality of your video content. Poor lighting, Grainy picture, and choppy transitions are not going to do you any favors. Granted, hiring a production agency to make you a video which might only generate 100 views on YouTube might be a poor use of your advertising budget. If, on the other hand, you have a great personality, a video camera, and are handy with editing software (I suggest iMovie) then you may have found your advertising niche.

Whether or not you have these skills it's worth your time to try your hand at video production. If you can project honesty, sincerity and some enthusiasm for your product or service you will go a long way. With a little effort it can prove to be one of the most effective means of advertising for your online business.

The Art Of A Deal: Not Just Winning, But Quality Negotiating

Although, America's President, seems to believe, he is the best negotiator, because he has perfected, the art, of the deal, true, quality negotations only are successful, when the focus is on win – win negotiating! This means, both sides, must feel, they benefit, and can justify their position / status, to their constituents and supporters, not necessarily, winning everything, but rather, finding common ground, by emphasizing perceiving a meeting, of the minds! President Trump's, similar method, is to make demands, politically posture, play to his constituents / base / core supporters, and insist, it has to be, my way, or the highway . The demands for his Southern Wall, appears to clearly demonstrate, both his method, as well as the folly / faults, of proceeding in that manner. With that in mind, this article will attempt to briefly, consider, examine, review, and discuss, how the recent, partial government shutdown, based on its existence on its way / position, indications, the weaknesses, and its perceived / perceived, strengths, from proceeding in this manner, and, why, there should be a better way / approach.

1. Central campaign promise / inspire his base: Mr. Trump, constantly, when he campaigned, excited his core supporters, by saying, both, there was a need for a Southern Wall, and, Mexico would pay for it! He apparently promoted this idea, by making it a central component, of his immigration policy, which many believed was a masked – attempt, to equate some American's fears about immigrants, and safety, into the symbol (his wall). Although, the vast majority of security experts, have stated, this barrier, is an ineffective, expensive, approach, and, many others, appear appalled by what they believe it symbolizes, he has been savvy enough, politically, to maintain his base, by demanding it! President Trump declares, repeatedly, his opponents are weak on securing our borders, rather than, simply, he differs with their approach, etc. Although it appears, the Wall will never be approved, by Congress, Mr. Trump realizes, he must continue his rhetorical and promises, or risk, losing his core supporters.

2. Government shutdown: Experts claim, the cost of the recent, partial government shutdown, is about, twice, the proposed, $ 5.7 billion, Trump demanded for his wall. Opponents have questioned the priorities of a nation, which states, we must pay for this barrier, while declaring, we can not afford many social, domestic necessities, such as health care improvements, cleaner air and safer water, etc. By demanding, any agreement over border security, must include the entire, demanded amount for the symbol, the President has appeared to position himself, into a corner, while making effective negotiations, nearly impossible!

Effective negotiating means achieving a compromise, that opposing sides, can, both agree to. It's not winning, if you only focus on your personal / political agenda, and self – interest, if it does not make things better, for the nation, as a whole!

Fireproof Safes

When a person is thinking about purchasing a safe or filing equipment, this person knows pretty much on what they want to store. Sometimes especially in the home people do not realize all what they would want to put away and save in case of a disaster.

Disasters meaning fire, tornado, and burglary, or whatever the case may be. There are when talking about safes there are 5 different classes of safes. These classes are as follows.

Class A Safes (this is used in a business, and also a home environment) = To qualify for the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. "A" label, the safe must pass these tests. Fire Exposure Test, Drop or Impact Test, and Explosion Hazard Test.

Fire exposure test: A sp Fireecimen safe containing papers, records, etc., placed in a specially constructed testing furnace, must withstand four-hour exposure to heat reaching 2,000 degrees F. During this four-hour test the temperature within the safe can not exceed 350 degrees F.

Another test takes place at the conclusion of the four-hour period. The fire is extinguished, and with the furnace still closed, the safe is allowed to absorb the intense heat of the refractory lining of the furnace until the mass mass often cools. The inside temperature of the safe is observed and recorded through the test by use of temperature-measuring devices. During this period the temperature inside the safe can not exceed 350 degrees F. When the safe is opened, after cooling to normal temperature, the contents must not be charred, and must be absolutely legitimate. This additional test – in which a safe may fail, due to improper quality or quantity of insulation, or to structural weakness – simulates a safe lying in the intense heat of the debris of a fire.

Drop or impact and explosion hazard test: A second safe of the same model is then subjected to sudden and intense heat for 30 minutes in a furnace preheated to 2,000 degrees F. If hazardous gases accumulate from the insulation during this period, they will explode, destroying the safe and its contents. If no explosion occurs, the furnace temperature is reduced to 1,550 degrees F. The safe remains in the furnace for an additional 30 minutes, during which time the furnace temperature is gradually increased to 1,700 degrees F. At the end of this one-hour period , the safe is removed, and, while red hot, is dropped 30 feet on a bed of broken rock, etc. Two minutes elapse between the time the safe is removed from the furnace and the time it is dropped. The safe is placed back in the furnace, regardless of its condition, bottom side up, and reheated for one hour at temperatures reaching 1,700 degrees F. The fire is then cut off, and the safe allowed to cool to normal temperature in the closed furnace , after which it is removed, opened and inspected. To pass the test, all papers inside the safe must be absolutely legitimate and uncharred.

Class B Safes (this is used in a business, and also a home environment) = To qualify for the Underwrites' Laboratories, Inc. "B" label, the safe must pass these tests: Fire Exposure Test, Drop or Impact Test, and Explosion Hazard Test.

Fire exposure test: A specimen safe containing papers, records, etc., placed in a specially constructed testing furnace, must withstand two-hour exposure to heat reaching 1,850 degrees F. During this two-hour test the temperature within the safe can not exceed 350 degrees F.

Another test takes place at the conclusion of the two-hour period. The fire is extinguished, and with the furnace still closed, the safe is allowed to absorb the intense heat of the refractory lining of the furnace until the mass mass often cools. The inside temperature of the safe is observed and recorded through the test by use of temperature-measuring devices. During this period the temperature inside the safe can not exceed 350 degrees F. When the safe is opened, after cooling to normal temperature, the contents must not be charred, and must be absolutely legitimate. This additional test – in which a safe may fail, due to improper quality or quantity of insulation, or to structural weakness – simulates a safe lying in the intense heat of the debris of a fire.

Drop or impact and explosion hazard test: A second safe of the same model is then subjected to sudden and intense heat for 30 minutes in a furnace preheated to 2,000 degrees F. If hazardous gases accumulate from the insulation during this period, they will explode, destroying the safe and its contents. If no explosion occurs, the furnace temperature is reduced to 1,550 degrees F. The safe remains in the furnace for an additional 15 minutes, during which time the furnace temperature is gradually increases to 1,640 degrees F. At the end of this 3 / 4- hour period, the safe is removed, and, while red hot, is dropped 30 feet on a bed of broken rock, etc. Two minutes elapse between the time the safe is removed from the furnace and the time it is dropped. The safe is placed back in the furnace regardless of its condition, bottom side up, and reheated for on hour at temperatures reaching 1,700 degrees F. The fire is then cut off, and the safe allowed to cool to normal temperature in the closed furnace, after which it is removed, opened and inspected. To pass the test, all papers inside the safe must be absolutely legitimate and uncharred.

Class C Safes (this is used in a business, and also a home environment) = To qualify for the Underwriters' Laboratories Inc., "C" label, the safe must pass these tests: Fire Exposure Test, Drop or Impact Test, and Explosion Hazard Test.

Fire exposure test: A specimen safe containing papers, records, etc., placed in a specially constructed testing furnace, must successfully withstand one-hour exposure to heat reaching 1,700 degrees F. During this one-hour test, the temperature inside the safe must remain within the limit of 350 degrees F.

A further sever test takes place at the conclusion of the one-hour period, when the fire is extinguished, andwith the furnace still closed, the safe is allowed to absorb the intense heat from the refractory lining of the furnace until the mass mass often cools . Inside temperatures of the safe must remain within the limit of 350 degrees F. When the safe is opened, after cooling to normal temperature, the contents must not be charred, and must be absolutely legitimate. This additional test – in which a safe may fail, due to improper quality or quantity of insulation, or to structural weakness – simulates a safe lying in the intense heat of the debris of a fire.

Drop or impact and explosion hazard test: A second safe of the same model is then subjected to sudden and intense heat for 30 minutes in a furnace preheated for 30 minutes in a furnace preheated to 2,000 degrees F. If hazardous gases accumulate from the insulation during this period, they will explode, wrecking the safe. If no explosion occurs, the safe is removed, and, while red hot, is dropped 30 feet on a bed of broken rock, etc. Two minutes elapse between the time the safe is removed from the furnace and the time it is dropped. Regardless of its condition, the safe is placed back in the furnace, bottom side up, and reheated for one-hour at temperatures reaching 1,550 degrees F. The fire is then cut off, and the safe allowed to cool to normal temperature in the closed furnace, after which it is removed and opened. The papers inside the safe must be absolutely legitimate and uncharred.

Class D Safes (this is used in a business, and also a home environment) = Insulated safes bearing the class "D" label are capable of withstanding (1) a separate fire test for one-hour with temperatures reaching 1,700 degrees F while the interior temperature does not exceed 350 degrees F during or after exposure; (2) A sudden heating without producing and explosion.

Class 125 (this is used in a business, and also a home environment) = This is to store data, computer software, microfilm, and old home movies on reel to reel. You take the class "A" rating and add the 125 rating. The 125 rating is a safe that lasts an interior temperature less than 125 degrees F and an interior relative humidity less than 80%, when exposed to fire as per the Standard Time Temperature Curve for 2 hours to 1,850 degrees F. Successfully undergo all other requirements for the Fire Endurance Test, the Explosion Hazard Test, the Humidity Test and the Fire and Impact Test.

Window Cleaning Tips – Beautiful Windows Every Time, Every Time

A clean house does not just look pretty and organized. On the contradiction – a clean house fills us with peace and hope for the future. When we're surrounded by clutter, we often find ourselves having a struggle to think clearly. The same line of thinking applies to clean windows as well. The idea of ​​cleaning the windows of our home seems to be less common, but it's just as important to clean the glass windows as it is to clean the interior of your home. A window free of dirt and debris allows for more light to shine through and brighten up the rooms of the house. If you've never cleaned your windows before, do not worry – many people have reported finding it hard to get started. Fortunately, cleaning windows is not as hard as it sounds. In fact, with just a few window cleaning tips, you'll be on your way to beautiful windows in no time!

First, you'll want to get the right tools. All you really need is a squeegee, a window cleaning solution, and a good lint-free towel. It is important that the towel is truly lint free or it will leave behind residual and lint, taking away from the wonderful job you've done. Making a window cleaning solution is also simple – a little hot water and soap is really all you need.

There are window cleaning products available, but if you're looking for a more straightforward cleaner you can make from home, you may want to try that. If that list sounds simple, it's meant to: window cleaning is more about time and a little bit of effort than a long list of tools.

Next, keep in mind that the time of day that you choose to clean your windows is absolutely critical. For best results, you will want to avoid cleaning your windows in direct sunlight. The reason why is simple: the sun is not only bright but its heat is very strong. Therefore, it will dry your cleaning solution and cause cracks to form on your windows.

Finally, you'll want to have a good technique for cleaning the window itself. Before you begin wet-cleaning the window, make sure to remove any stuck on dirt or particles on the window. Scrape it off with a plastic scraper gently, so you do not scratch the glass. When it comes time to actually clean the window, make sure to start at one edge of the window and use light but firm downwards strokes. Move slowly from one edge of the window to the other – take your time.

All things considered, cleaning windows really is not the hard task that most people make it out to be. Spring cleaning is not the only time you can clean the windows – anytime you're looking to improve the look of your home is a great time to clean the windows. With the tips in this guide, you'll have everything you need to reveal the simple beauty and clarity of your windows with virtually no effort at all!