Evolution of Commercial Interior Design

What is Commercial Interior Design

Commercial design, sometimes known as contract or non-residential interior design, can be described as a challenging and complex process of creating and managing the construction or renovation of the commercial spaces.

Even though some people use the “commercial” interior design term interchangeably with the “office” interior design. However, the work encompasses a much larger variety then the office spaces. The commercial design projects also involves the design and specification of public spaces, such as hotels, restaurants, and similar buildings beyond the “office” space. In other words, designing commercial design involves designing the interior of any facility that serves business purposes.

It usually demands a significant amount of attention to detail and it involves much more than just the decoration of the interior of the spaces. The design projects address much wider issues including:

  • design and maximisation of space,
  • eco friendly build and renovation,
  • ceiling and lighting options,
  • power and plumbing systems,
  • and even commissioning data and voice communications systems to meet demand.

This work requires the experts to have a good grasp of architecture, as well as an artistic sense for creating attractive settings within the space.

In today’s extremely commercialised world, we take a lot of things for granted. Compare today’s TV advertising to that of 50 years ago. Think of the current visual merchandising with the visual merchandising in the early 20th Century.

How about the commercial interior design? As you think cast your mind over the evolution of the commercial public spaces, you will realise the enormous amount of change it has gone through. In the following section, I will take you through a brief history of commercial interior design.

Evolution of Commercial Interiors

Many historians agree that the profession of commercial interior design is said to have its roots in 19th Century. It used to be known as the interior decoration initially. One of the key influences was the development of new techniques and technologies that were born out of the Industrial Revolution. They made the mass produced furnishings and materials much cheaper and accessible for all.

Initially most of the early commercial interior work was carried out by the architects. The start of the 20th Century saw the emergence of decorators and designers that were focusing on the commercial interiors.

In Conclusion

The commercial design work has lots of fascinating aspects; not least due to its variety of the projects. And, it will continue to evolve as the businesses aim to maximise the commercial space while reducing the cost.

Never Kiss A Parrot

Beware pets that can become health pests!

Because if you give him an unwanted peck, he might give you Psittacosis. Whazzat? That's another way of spelling 'fatal attraction' … And while you're about it, you might as well watch out for (Ouch!) Pussy's claws, (Scratch, scratch!) Leaping fleas, and (Eeeagh!) Hairy -scary caterpillars …

If you are suddenly besieged by high fever, chills and a splitting headache, you'll probably think you have malaria. Or even pneumonia. So may your doctor. Then he might embark upon a whole lot of anti-malaria drugs – even those for resistant malaria. You will not get better, so he'll switch over to strong antibiotics. Again, no go. Then you'll both beat your foreheads in frustration. But, finally, if your physicist is perceptive enough, he'll ask you if you've got a bird. You'll answer in the affirmative. Suddenly, his face will light up with a 'Eureka' expression. He'll have just realized you're suffering from Psittacosis.

Come again, you say, Psittacosis. It's a disease that is passed on to man by birds. When parrots and parakeets are the culprits, sorry, carries, Ornithosis, is the word used. Other birds that carry this disease are pigeons and poultry (although it's quite rare to get the disease from hens). Apart from the symptoms already mentioned, you could get a harsh, dry, intermittent cough and occasionally bring up a little sputum and even blood. There is generalized bodyache and the back and neck muscles could become stiff and painful, so the condition could even be mistaken by doctors for meningitis. Some patients feel tired, listless and depressed and complain of insomnia as well. With such a wide range of possible symptoms it's easy to see how doctors can be misled. Especially when you consider that there could be even further complications of this illness – including pleurisy with effusion or water in the lungs, inflammation of the heart muscles or myocarditis membran or pericarditis. The malady could even prove fatal. Actually kissing parrots, not washing your hands after handling birds (and their feeding dishes) before you sit down to lunch, and staying in extremely close proximate to them could make you a victim of psittacosis a week or two after contact, that's how long the incubation period is. Occidentally, however, you could just get a mild 'flu-like indisposition which might pass off by itself.

But why take chances? The disease can be diagnosed by getting an x-ray done; this shows a pneumonia-like picture. There is also protein in the urine. But the confirmatory test is a blood culture which reveals the causative bacteria. Otherwise, the overall picture of the disease can be confusing, since Psittacosis could have been mistaken for Tuberculosis and Infectious mononucleosis as well as the other conditions listed above. Tetracycline is the best drug for this disease.


Chances are you've heard of an ailment called cat Scratch disease, but is there really such a thing? Yes, there is, rare though it may be. All you need is a cat, sharp claws, some provocation and – OUCH! She's raked her nails into you! What happens next? A tiny, pimple-like swapping may appear at the site of the scratch, approximately three to ten days later. Two weeks after this, the lymph glands in the neck (or armpits or groin) become swollen and painful. Very often, this is all that happens. But in some patients there may also be high fever, headache, nausea and exhaustion. Only five per cent develop a body rash that resembles measles.

A skin test confirms the diagnosis. A biopsy of the swollen gland may also be done as additional confirmation.

This ailment can not be transmitted from one person to another, so there's no need to isolate the sufferer. Usually, no treatment is needed, apart from giving medicines for the fever. The outlet is excellent. The swollen glands disappear spontaneously in two to six months. The consequent immunity to this disease lasts a lifetime. On the whole, this is a very rare disease, so you need not throw out your poor feline.


One can get a skin irritation from the fleas of dogs, cats and rats. Several people show no response to a flea bite, but in those who are sensitive, the flea's saliva causes a tiny, raised, reddish swelling. There is intense itching, so they scratch the affected area again and again, introducing infection into the skin, which ulcerates or developments pustules. This condition is known as Flea Dermatitis. One can control the fleas by keeping the house and all pets scrupulously clean (oneself too!), Regularly delousing one's pets and their beds with powders or by using flea collars. The dermatitis is treated with soothing creams and anti-allergy pills.


Caterpillars do seem to appear in the most unexpected places – like the chair in which you're just about to sit, or on your sweater hanging out on the clothesline! Before you can say 'hairy horror', one has brushed against you. And left its stinging bristles deeply embedded in your skin. You feel a terrifying burning pain in the area. Redness and urticaria (hives) develop. And the more you scratch, the deer you push the hairs in. some engaging victims employ dough, which is rolled in a to-and-fro motion over the area. Let me tell you an even better method, a sure-fire one – using sticking plaster. Just fix a strip of it to the skin where the hairs are embedded, press, lift off one end and pull sharply – presto, all the bristles come out and the itching soon subsides.

If left alone, the infection usually subsides in 24 hours, but in some people a certain allergy develops which may have to be treated with IV Calcium Gluconate. In less serious cases, anti-allergy pills and soothing creams help after the hairs have been pulled out.

Luxury Spas – Ayurveda Resorts in India

India is a beautiful holiday retreat. Tourists do not only come here for business purpose, but also unwind at the luxury resorts India to rejuvenate their senses. You can find a wide choice of luxury Spa Ayurveda Resorts in India. All you need to do is choose the one which suites your preference and budget the best and enjoy your stay there.

Whether you are traveling to the northern part of India or interested in visiting the southern India, the spa package takes you to the world class spas resorts of India. You can find an Ayurvedic resort in almost every part of India. The luxury resorts in India not only provide you with a luxurious accommodation, but also offer a wide range of Ayurvedic massages, spa therapies, sauna and other treatments.

Located near the Ganges, the Ananda in the Himalayas, Rishikesh offers a spiritual pathway to attain peace of body, mind and soul. It features enchanting traditional Indian wellness regimes of Ayurveda, Yoga and Vedanta. You can also experience the best of International Wellness Experiences here. Usha Kiran Palace in Gwalior is a heritage hotel which is well known for its Jiva Spa. Other popular spa resorts in the northern part of India include Umayyad Bhawan Palace in Jodhpur, Taj Gandhi Palace in Udaipur, Taji Palace in Udaipur, Hotel Palace in Jaipur, Oberoi Udaivilas in Udaipur, Oberoi Vilaavilas in Ranthambore, Oberoi Rajvilas Hotel in Jaipur and Devigarh Fort Palace in Udaipur. These Rajasthan luxury hotel or heritage resorts offer excellent spa therapies for their guests.

Other tourist destination sin India like Mumbai, Goa and Mysore also boast some chain hotels which include world class spa treatments. The Indus Valley Aurvedic Center in Mysore is a perfect place to unwind during your trip to the city. The Goa tourists can also spend their day relaxing near the beach and enjoying several spa or Ayurvdic massages. The Pousada Tauma Hotel, Park Hyatt Goa Resort & Spa, Taj Exotica, Fort Aguada Beach Resort and Taj Holiday Village are known for their spa treatments.

South India is also dotted with such Luxury Spas Ayurveda Resorts that include Taj Wellington Mews Luxury Residences in Mumbai, Taj Mahal Palace & Tower in Mumbai, Angsana Oasis Spa and Resort in Bangalore, Taj Malabar in Cochin, Le Meridien Hotel in Cochin, Fisherman's Cove in Chennai, Coconut Lagoon Resrot in Kumarakom, Kumarakom Lake Resort in Kumarakom, Marai Beach Resort in Mararikulam, etc, the list is endless.

10th House – Astrology – 10th House of Status

The Mid heaven or southern angle, the cusp or line of which is touched by the Sun at midday during noontime everyday at all the places on Earth, is known as the 10th House or Medium Coeli. This is why it is known as the principal or supreme angle of the heaven, according to heavenly calculations. The 10th House is an important feature as all the arcs of the directions to the angles are calculated from the Right Ascension of the Mid heavens. The astrological predictions make it the most important aspects related to the all arcs of directions. It is the most important aspect as it is related to matters like fame, name, recognition and honor.

Western as well as Hindu astrologers maintain that planets are powerful when they occupy any house between 1 and 4 or 7 and 10. The four houses are called Kendra or angular houses in the horoscope and considered having great yield. The planets which occupy any of the houses said to rule power, of doing what they indicate by nature and by lordship. The Houses 2, 5, 8 and 11 are known as succeeding or panaphara houses and these planets are not powerful enough like the Kendra or angular houses, but have moderate strength.

The 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th houses have the weakest influence – known as the apoklima or cadent houses. For example, a person may lack suitable opportunities, depending on their merit or skills. The angular, succeeding and cadent houses correspond to fixed, mutable and common signs of the zodiac according to their power and influence.

Effects of the 10th House

The 10th House is the House of Lordship, dignity and esteem. It is known as the apex of the horoscope, as it indicates man’s earthly achievements that are attained through name, fame, power, credit, success, conduct, status, rank, repute, authority and ambition. The standing of a person in his professional life and society should be determined in terms of his material responsibilities, and his contacts in the higher circles. This is what is indicated by the 10th House, the occupants of the 10th House and its constellations. Questions related to worldly actions and moral responsibilities are determined by this House.

It presides over inclinations, preferences, permanence, professional growth etc. It demonstrates how one achieves affluence or superiority by occupying an exalted appointment or elective office.

The principal influence on the 10th House is occupation, or business, although the 10th House is not the sole indicator of these aspects, but includes the 2nd and 6th Houses – the Material Trinity – which represent material gains. Hence, in everyday life, we often come across people who pursue ends or vocations that they do not have the aptitude or qualifications for. Others swap careers often, while there are people who carry out several activities simultaneously.

In maximum cases, people choose their vocations not because of liking, but for financial profits. Hence, the 10th House represents Pravritti, representing respect for improvement.

The 6th House represents service, routine, monotony and drudgery that a person is forced to continue whether he likes it or not.

The 2nd House indicates the consequences of self-acquisition, which is monetary advantage through labor.

Influence of the Planets on the 10th House

Neptuneon your 10th House indicates occupations involving inspiration, mystery and secrecy like secret services, music, singing, art etc. One may also be connected with the marine industries. Dignified aspects of Neptuneindicate inspiration, position, honor and achievement. It may threaten danger to parents. Unfavorable positioning indicates disgrace, scandals etc.

Uranusbrings about an erratic, unconventional, eccentric, but original aspect. With a well-aspected placement, Uranus harbors creativity, novel plans, originality and success. Mercury may stand for talent, but Uranus is all for genius. A lot of reformers, astrologers and scientists are born under its influence. Sudden changes in occupation are indicated.

The slow and sluggish aspect of Saturn, if favorably placed, makes the person rise through industry, patience and perseverance, although there might be delays and interruptions. Saturn is generally subordinate and an affliction often leads to public discredit. The native may be talented, but lacks suitable avenues and opportunities.

If the benevolence of Jupiter is well-connected to the 10th House, it definitely indicates honor and high position. As the ruler of justice and good morals, Jupiter ensures that the morality level of the person is high. The person will make money through just methods and make a good testimony for financial, social and political success.

The militant nature of Mars when well-placed, allows a person energy, enterprise, force, will, courage and executive abilities. One can therefore lead any industry, or conduct a business successfully, especially with Mars placed in a mutable sign. Occupations using fire, iron or sharp tools are ideal. Affliction causes arrogance and aggression.

Mutable Mercury brings in business success and entrepreneurship. This leads to mental and occult success as well. Mercury indicates plurality where one may be involved in more than a single occupation. Mercury is usually successful in its subordinate capacity and professions like engineering, export, import, international trade and post are ideal.

Venusis peaceful and passive and indicates patronage from ladies in social, musical and artistic pursuits. Popularity is good humored and acquired in an affable manner, instead of by merit. Venus influences jobs which require refinement, artistic natures, and entertainment, as well as jobs where women’s needs should be met for attaining success.

The Sun is dignified and stands for honor, success, authority, power, distinction, prosperity, public support and patronage. It ensures success in government spheres, where credit is definite and success is steady, irrespective of what profession a person is in. the favor of superiors helps one to rise through responsibility and success.

The mutable Moon rules the general public. This is why her placement in the 10th House indicates a successful public life. However, with the Moon being mutable, changes and alterations in public life are also indicated. The person might thus be popular in public life, although the popularity may not be longstanding.

Indications of the 10th House

The 10th House is known as the karmasthana which involves performing the last rites of the parents, attending religious rituals and yajnas, and work and make money. As a coincidence, they also lose either parent while they are flying in success. Indicating the father and the mother, the 10th House implies makarasthana or death-inflicting houses.

The reference of the House is also to the employers or superior in profession and trade, the judge and the government.

The native should govern the wealth inherited from the patrimony. This hereditary income stems from the ancestors.

Representing Agya, the 10th House also rules commissions and orders.

While the 9th House governs long journeys, the 10th House looks after pilgrimages.

The 10th House rules aspects like prosperity, honor, trade, permanence, preeminence, authority, sports, sacrifice, agriculture, medicine, morality, teaching, intellect, adoption and command over the mantras. One needs to discover their position in the world through the 10th Bhava.

Applications of the 10th Bhava



Jeevana – livelihood

Rajaspadada – kingdom

Sat – good

Mana – honor

Kriyam – sacrifice

Vyapara – commerce, business or trade

Aspada – position or rank

Artha – wealth

Pravrithi – inclination

Karma – occupation

Guna – quality

Jaya – success

Stop Procrastination Today and Start Getting More Done – Here's How

You know you really should get down and do that job, yet something stops you. That something is procrastination. And unless you recognize it and tackle it head on, it's going to be a permanent drain on your efficiency and keep you from the success you know you're capable of. So before you read any further, make up your mind that today is the day you're finally going to do something about this debilitating problem. By the end of this article you'll have no excuse, and every reason to stop procrastination.

One of the main reasons procrastinators do not get things done is that they give themselves excuses. Here are some of the most common excuses and what you can do to defuse them.

I have not got the energy – Yeah, but you get a call to go out for the evening and suddenly you've got energy for that, right? The fact is, you have all the energy you need. You're just resisting getting started. But guess what? Once you get the job underway, you'll soon pick up momentum and find energy you did not know you had.

I do not need to start today, I've got stacks of time – Even if the deadline is some way off, the sooner you start, the better. First, there may be less time that you think. Second, who knows what problems you might run into? Third, if you manage to get the job done ahead of schedule, you'll feel a real sense of achievement.

I do my best work under pressure – What this really means is "I only get on with what I need to do when I have no choice." The work may get done under pressure, but it's definitely to be your best work. Get started sooner and you never know what gems your mind will come up with. Leave it to the last minute and there'll be little room for new ideas or for polishing up your work.

I'll do it after I've done … [insert simple non-urgent task here] – Sure, you can sort out the stationery cupboard or update your mobile phone directory, but at the end of the day, you'll be no nearer to getting today's task done. And that's your priority. Filling your time with lots of little jobs that do not need doing creates the illusion you're doing something. But actually you've achieved nothing.

I need time to think about it – Maybe you do, but more likely you're stalling. The real thinking will come once you get stuck into the job. If you really need thinking time, then set yourself a limit. Say, right, I'm going to brainstorm this for the next hour and then get started. Do not let yourself go over that deadline. Stop on the dot and start the task at once.

I do not know where to begin – Yes, you do. By killing that little lie at birth. There is no 'where' to begin other than where you are. Just get started on the task. It may seem hard or even impossible at first, but telling yourself it's beyond your capacity will not help. Just do what anyone else in your position would do. Do what you can. You'll invariably find that once you get your brain into gear, the fog starts to clear. And if not, at least you'll get a better idea of ​​what kind of help you need.

The Perforated Cylinder and You!

Modern technology continues to fascinate the world with its quick and efficient improvements to our daily lives. The perforated cylinder, for instance, is an important part of our present and future that you probably did not even know was there.


Almost all automobiles on the road today utilize a noise-damping technology known as the muffler, which disperses the exhaust out of the back of the car to quiet the noises emitting from the engine. Inside of the muffler, a set of tubes direct the gases and sound waves through openings to various chambers, in the middle of which is a perforated cylinder set that works to interrupt the flow of exhaust. This effectively diffuses the sound, canceling out the noise created by the combustion engine.

Resource Gathering

Offshore drilling is responsible for a significant amount of the oil that fuels our modern world. The process of removing crude oil from benefit the ocean floor requires a filtration process that is only possible with the use of a perforated cylinder system. Without this system, the crude oil could not be separated from the salt, water, and other impurities from the surrounding environment.


The perforated cylinder has even played a role in the exploration of space. Thanks to its applications in heat dispersal and structural integrity, this technology lends itself to the cutting-edge needs of space exploration. The wiring needed to carry complex information can be directed through a ported tube that also provides a strong frame for the spacecraft. The perforations release the massive amounts of potentially heat heating created by the circuitry. This method has been used on multiple space missions, including the robotic rover on the surface of Mars.

Audio Applications

Similar to the concept behind the muffler, diffusing sound can dampen audio waves. The perforated cylinder can provide effective sound proofing in both studio and car settings, allowing for higher quality recordings. The most recent uses, however, are the more impressive. Newer speaker models are taking the shape of tubes that can project sound in multiple directions. This round shape, when constructed from strong materials, makes for sturdier speakers that can support wireless connectivity with modern smart phones and laptops. This design is changing the way our modern world looks, as we move away from monitors and PA systems that rely on unidirectional projection.

Many of the foundational technologies of the modern world are out of sight. Although we may not always be aware of them, advances like the perforated cylinder make many of our modern wonders possible.

Why Checkers Is A Great Game For Children To Play

Checkers is a popular game for good reason. It's simplicity makes it easy for children to learn the game and its attention to strategy make it an attractive game. But there are other good reasons why children would benefit from playing checkers that I will discuss in this article.

# 1: Checkers Teachers Children To Be Patient

If you have played checkers a lot, you might be the kind of player who tends to move pieces fast. Since checkers is not as strategy driven as chess and since the non-king pieces can only move in one of two spots, players may tend to make their moves rather quickly. This can be costously as the game progresses because the player may not realize that he / she is putting his / her pieces in a position where they can be captured.

Checkers is a great way for children to realize that they must be patient with every move that they make. While it should not take as much time as in chess to make a move, it is important for children to learn never to be rash when making moves. Even when their pieces become kings, it is important that they understand to be careful with every move they make. When a rash opponent plays an opponent who is careful with their moves, the rash opponent often loses.

# 2: Checkers Also Teachers Children The Importance Of Piece Teamwork

Piece teamwork in the context of this article means that one piece moves right behind the other so that the opposition piece is unable to jump it. Often times, it is a good idea to have one piece right behind the other especially as you reach your opponent's side of the board as it will allow you to utilize the corners more effectively.

It is important to children to learn that each piece operates as part of a team. If they set out each of the pieces individually, they all can end up being captured one by one. If they go as a group, it could help the player to reach the top of their opponent's line. Of course, the player has to be careful not to put their pieces in a position where they can be double-jumped. But if the pieces go together as a team, chances are really good that the player will reach the top.

A History of Landscaping

Landscaping or landscape architecture is no new art. It can be traced back to 600 BC where landscape design was used in the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and which is considered today as one of the seven wonders of the world. The famous Mayans used landscaping principles without even knowing it when they created walkways to and around their temps, surrounding them with intricate, carefully constructed flowerbeds and bushhes. Romans used landscaping in courtyards and created borders around their land. Good landscaping was seen as a sign of wealth in the 17th and 18th century and in Jamaica, plantation owners lined walkways with palm trees. People would even ship in different rocks and stones to build walls in their gardens. The Great Wall of China was not built for aesthetic reasons, but was a necessity to keep enemies at bay. Landscaping through the ages has been magical, especially when you look at wonders like Stonehenge in England. These stones were transported from Wales, which means them being there is something of a miracle.

The words "landscape architecture" however, was first used in Gilbert Laing Meason's book, On The Landscape Architecture of the Great Painters of Italy in 1828. This was the first time someone realized there was a correlation between landscaping and architecture and that designing a landscape could in fact be an art all on its own. The Italians painted landscapes in carefully constructed ways, incorporating design in both painting and gardening. Later, Frederick Olmstead and Calvert Vaux defined "landscape architecture" as a professional task of designing a composition using plants, landform, water, paving and other natural, as well as man-made structures. These men went on to design Central Park in New York and officially named themselves "landscape architects" in 1863. Soon after, Europe adopted the term and landscape architects started practicing all over the globe.

Landscaping is a worldwide profession today and is even represented by organizations like the International Federation of Landscape Architects. Landscaping, however, has expanded and not only applies to public spaces and world wonders: almost every home can have a well-designed landscape. Even fine arts and landscape architecture became interwoven through the ages, because people slowly realized how designing a landscape also required the professional and technical components that fine arts made use of: creative concepts, design, theories and aesthetic principles and guidelines. The introduction of computers in the 20th century changed both fine art and landscaping and today, it is possible for landscape architects to see and experience their full design in 3-D before applying it. Since the late 20th century, many formatting uses for scanning and printing, the wide array of options with digital technology for drawing, images and site videos; and the near infinite reach of the internet has transformed the exploration and interaction when sharing creative objectives. This has also developed effective communication and collaboration within the project team, clients, and involved people the world. Landscaping has always and especially today improves the quality of peoples' physical surroundings given them a sense of nature in an increasingly material world.

The Most Expensive Homes In The World

If a lifestyle change is in your cards, there is nothing better to kick it off than by purchasing a new home. But just like everything else, it has to be done with style and inspiration. And nothing beats buying an opulent residence, capable of making your in laws green with envy and, above all, darn expensive.

There is 103 such a place, a 103-room mansion spreading out over 58 acres of gardens and woodlands called UPDOWN Court located in Windlesham, Surrey, England. Now, this is quite a home for the extrovert purchaser who is into sports and does not mind carrying a little extra mortgage. This particular property offers several ballrooms, an indoor squash court, a two-lane bowling alley and a poolroom just as well. If the wife likes gardening, she will find her pleasures in the 11-acre landscaped and manicured garden, and chatting with fine neighbors the likes of the Duchess of York, Elton John, and, at near Windsor Castle, the Queen of England has never been easier.

To impress your friends, the entrance hall features a sweeping dual staircase modeled after one in the late fashion designer Gianni Versace's Miami home. Behind the staircase, a great hall supported by marble columns looks onto an ornamental pond, which holds a fountain that, at the flick of a switch, sprays water 200 feet in the air.

Marble abounds. Five acres of more than 30 different types of imported stone line the floors, driveway, and expansive terraces. One indoor swimming pool is styled as a Roman bath, while another is set off by a two-story stone mosaic depicting a snow-capped Mount Fuji (that would be in Japan …).

This 50,000 square foot house may be just what you need to escape your daily routine, with its heated marble driveway, 24-carat gold leafing on the mosaic floor of the study, a helipad for your flying trips to the store, the 50-seat indoor movie theater and the underground garage that has sufficient room to harbor eight limousines. Guests can be lodged in anyone of the 23 bedrooms but really – and in my professional view this is despite the most important bonus – the cost of keeping is a modest USD 2 million per year.

Conveniently priced at USD 138 million (that's right, million with a "m" as in Mary), this is no doubt Luigi's hand-picked bargain of the year. And the added plus is that it can be paid for also in Sterlings – now, who could ask for anything more. Just the perfect place to drop your darn Yankee accent … yeah.

If, on the other hand, you do not wish to leave North America and like horses, may I suggest the Hala Ranch to your other awkward inquisition attention. The Hala Ranch – as one can intuitively deduct from the name – is the property of Prince Bandar bin Sultan bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (but make an offer and you can call him Al). The Prince, who used to be the Saudi ambassador to the United States, is selling as he has taken up the position of National Security Counselor back in Saudi Arabia. This 56,000 square feet home is just what you need if you are looking for a little country décor, peace and tranquility. The estate has its own wastewater treatment plant that allowing you to save on sewer charges, and a mechanical shop with its own gasoline pumps and carwash. Cross-country ski trails are maintained throughout the property. The centerpiece lodge of the estate is larger than the White House, so if Hillary wins you are going to make her green with envy too. It is built in a rustic style, with massive timber beams and stone columns, and contains 15 bedrooms, all with patios, and 16 bathrooms, just in case one gets all clogged up.

Conservatively priced at USD 134 million, this is an opportunity one can hardly afford to pass. Trust me on this one, or my name is not Luigi …

Have you ever considered relocating to Turkey? I'm asking because, as you know, despite still in Asia (Asia Minor, to be exact) Turkey is poised to become Europe in the not too distant future. The perfect Europe, one might add – without the Europeans … But really, if you wish to cultivate your talent for archaeology and ancient history there is nothing better than this 30,000 square foot residence overlooking the Bosphorus in Istanbul, Turkey, (Europe) . Sited on three-quarters of an acre, the Waterfront Estate offers opulent living with its 64 rooms, which feature large windows looking to the water. You can even fish from your bedroom. This mansion boasts not only gilded moldings and crystal chandeliers, but it even has a rare quay that is nearly 200-feet long (as I said, you can fish from the bedroom). If you need a boat, the Turks can rent you one for about 1 Euro an hour.

Presented for sale for USD 100 million, there is a little room for negotiations here. Sorry, only American Dollars accepted by way of cash, Visa or Mastercard or, of course, debit card.

How about a pied-a-terre in none other than New York City for your week-end leisurely trips? Or for your next New Years Eve in the Big Apple, close to Time Square? Think about it, you would not have to watch it on CNN anymore. If this is the case, may I recommend The Pierre Penthouse , a chateau in the sky that occupies the top three floors of one of the poshest hotels in New York City, right abutting Central Park. Guess the price, just guess it – USD 70 million! Now, this is what I call cheap, cheap, cheap! The original 3,500-square foot ballroom boasts a 23-foot high ceiling, and on each of the two west-facing corners, soaring French doors open up onto terraces offering breathtaking views of Central Park and beyond. The master bedroom suite has two additional corner terraces so that, all in all, the balconies and windows have 360 ​​degree views of Manhattan, Central Park, the East River and the Hudson River. And, with an annual maintenance fee of USD 464,600 which includes the services of a uniformed housekeeper and houseman (yes, I know, I did not believe it myself), this is a true deal in the making. Hurry, it will not last.

Luigi Frascati

Protection Requirements From Roof Anchors

There are a number of protection requirements for roof maintenance and construction works. These protective measures have been the focus of many contractors everywhere around the world. The innovations as to the products and systems have been very beneficial to professional contractors in terms of providing the necessary protection when climbing atop a roof to perform various tasks.

There are several regulations and protection requirements in place as to roof anchors and related materials. Protection harness should be worn at all times when working on a roof. This safety requirement helps avert the chances of a fall. The harness to be used should be the full-body harness type. This harness should be attached to a retractable cable or a lanyard. This material is then secured to an immovable object like the truss or floor joints. These two materials should be used together to provide maximize protection to a contractor.

Another, protection requirement is the installation of temporary rails. These railing systems meet safety standards and increase the protection to the contractor. The temporary railroads, which are essentially made of metal posts, should be able to end at least 200 hundred pounds of pressure. They are quite easy to install and disassemble.

The roof anchor points , which could either be permanent or temporary, are installed into the roof to hold the roof anchors and make them more stable. This supports the weight of the person who does the roof repairs. They are suitable for use on almost any roof type.

Roof anchor makes it easier for repairs to be done of the roof. It offers protection to the repairman especially when working on fragile glass roof or when doing repairs on the roof's edge. The repairman can stay up in the roof to finish the repairs in no time.

When it's time to install a satellite dish or a solar hot water system, be sure that there are roof anchors and roof anchor points installed on the roof to prevent accidents from occurring at heights. Take the advice of the roof experts and you contractors. Along these equipment would only cost you a few bucks, so no cause to worry about breaking the bank.

Vinyl Stickers Look Splendid

Stickers can be created in many ways. They are very flexible in their choice of material from which they can be made. Paper, card, wood, metal, plastic and vinyl all can be used to create these products. But the most common and long lasting are the ones that are produced by using vinyl stickers printing. They have many advantages over the others.

There are many roles that stickers have been performing. They can be used for advertising and campaigns which is by far the heaviest use of stickers, for educational and informational purposes. They are also highly suitable for decoration and product brief or product specification pasted on the packaging of the products. They are also customizable as in the shape of die cut vinyl stickers which offers this great opportunity to businesses.

The basic components of these useful items are designs, shapes, colors, concept and printing. There are every chance that each of these aspects can be customized in one way or the other. Many online companies offer these services. They let their customers modify every aspect of their product to make them more functional and appealing. For example, such services as vinyl stickers UK have gained momentum in the recent past.

Creating wonderful designs for stickers is not that easy. It requires a great skill and artistic imagination on the part of the designers. Then they have to be approved by the customer before going to the stickers printing process. Even in the printing process, they can be customized in their colors, printing quality, paper quality and paper material.

The process of printing is very tough and requires consistent efforts. The use of high quality printing techniques like full color CMYK printing process and glossy finish are certainly advantageous to the output of the vinyl stickers printing process. They help increase the worth of the product.

How to Ship Your Car Overseas

When shipping your car overseas from the UK, whether it is to Australia or to Spain, the major of car shipping companies will give you the option of how to ship your car, this will most likely come down to two main options for you to choose from, these are Roll on / Roll off (RoRo) or container shipping. While the two of these options offer relatively the same result of shipping your car from location A to location B they are in fact quite different and understanding which choice you should make plays a very large roll in terms of the price you will pay to deliver your car.

Roll on / Roll off shipping vessels are specifically designed for the transportation of cars and trucks and are usually the main choice of most customers as well as car manufacturers when transporting their vehicles all around the world.

Due to the sheer size of the modern RoRo vessels they are capable of holding up to a staggering 6,000 cars per sailing, and coinciding with how easy the vessels are to load due to them just having the cars drive up a ramp into the vessels and then having them park up and be secured for the rest of the journey, they are very much like a floating car park. The speed with which the vessel is able to be loaded and with the amount of vehicles that it can hold this usually makes RoRo shipping the cheaper option when deciding to ship your car overseas, the one major downfall to RoRo shipping is that you are not always allowed to ship personal items in your car when it is being shipped, this is due to the fact that the shipping company is not insured to ship your personal belongings just the vehicle itself, and with your vehicle having to be unlocked for the entire journey to Ensure that if anything does go wrong the shipping company is able to move your vehicle if it is required.

Container shipping may be able to provide you with a better solution if you have certain shipping requirements that just can not be met by RoRo shipping, this can be one of many different reasons like the type of vehicle you are shipping is not suited for RoRo shipping, or your intended destination does not allow RoRo services to be docked at the port.

Standard containers come in two sizes when shipping they are 20 'and 40' in length. While you are quite easily able to shipping one car or 4×4 into a 20 'container, you can have sufficient space within a 40' container to ship two average size vehicles so it may even prove to be more cost effective than that of RoRo in this circumstance. In addition to being able to ship multiple vehicles within large enough containers you are also allowed to ship personal items within the vehicles that you are shipping because saving yourself further charges again.

So when deciding how you want to ship your vehicle you need to look at what you are going to be shipping and whether or not you want to ship personal items with your vehicle as well, for your average Joe shipping their vehicle overseas they are going to ship their vehicle with RoRo giving them an easier time with shipping, but for somebody who is maybe shipping multiple cars or has personal items to ship along with their vehicle they are going to want to ship their vehicle within containers allowing them to save money since they are shipping in bulk.

If you would like to find out more about how you can go about shipping your vehicle overseas, then you can head over to http://www.firstbasefreight.co.uk , and you will be able to find out the majority of the information you require.

Save Your Money With Effective Air Conditioning Service Tips

In a 2011 study, The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) found that about 89% of homeowners experience heating, air conditioning and ventilation problems annually.

In another study of over 3,460 homes, the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI) found that 60% of HVAC problems are caused by ineffective air conditioning services. In addition, the US EPA reports that these systems determine around 46% of your home's energy consumption.

Leveraging Effective HVAC Services

While these studies had different objectives, it was a proven cause and effect that regularly costs breakdowns in your HVAC system are caused by poor servicing. What's more, these ineffective services lead to higher energy consumption.

Air Conditioning Money Saving Tips

In these economic times, every opportunity to save a buck is a valuable. It is imperative to find ways to save money when servicing your system through expert services. Here are some ideas:

1. Shop for an Air Conditioning System Wisely

The air conditioning industry is coordinated with brands and models of units to choose from. If you choose a very large unit, it will short cycle easily.

On the other hand, a very small one will be sentenced to too much wear and tear to meet your heating and cooling requirement. Service experts will audit all your property's needs, recommend and install a unit which is energy efficient to save money, time & efficiency.

2. Leveraging Professional HVAC Services

Before hiring any professional contractor to work on your system, make sure they are licensed and certified. Moreover, they must be insured to protect you against any liability. More importantly, ensure your contractor belongs to professional bodies such as North American Technician Excellence (NATE), Air Movement and Control Association (AMCA), among others.

You also need to verify their training, experience and reputation in the industry. Such a contractor will offer efficient servicing for your air conditioner and this will reduce your repair and maintenance costs in the long run.

3. Regular Servicing

To appreciate how you can save money on your HVAC system, you need to understand that your AC system is multipurpose. It not only cools, but also dehumidifies, heats and ventilates your home through air circulation. All these tasks are exhaustive since this system is acceptable to wear and tear which makes it sustainable

What's more, clogging of filters reduces efficiency and this is where regular serving by a professional comes in handy.