Ground Source Heat Pumps

These types of pumps use special pipes that are buried under the ground (in the garden). They work by extracting heat from the ground; This is then used to warm underfloor heating systems and water for radiators. It has some other uses as well like the ability to pre-heat water that is to be transferred to a more conventional boiler.

These pumps can be used all year around even in the middles of winter; This is because the temperature underground places the same at a constant temperature. So how do they work? A ground loop is buried in the garden; the pump is used to circulate a mix of antifreeze and water around the ground loop pipe. Heat is absorbed by the liquid traveling through the pipe; This is what is used to heat water and radiators etc.

The size of the loop can vary depending on a number of things, the amount of heat you require and the size of your home; the longer the pipes underground the more heat can be absorbed. There are a few different way in which the piping can be laid; it is usually laid flat (where possible), sometimes trenches are made about 2 meters deep and the pipe is coiled inside. If you do not have enough space in your garden for this then the pipes can be installed vertically in loops, they can go down as far as 100 meters deep.

If you are looking into ground source heat pumps have a look online to find out more information about them.

Benefits of Overclocking Your Computer

There are many benefits to overclocking your hardware peripherals. It is said to benefit computer owners who have low end models. Overclocking increases the speed of any hardware peripheral more than the limit set by the manufacturer. By overclocking, the low end hardware is made to perform just as its higher end version does. Some computer enthusiasts who have good and new quality models also overclock their computer hardwares in order to push them to perform much better. Besides speed advantages, overclocking gives greater signal strength which helps your hardware perform at a maximum level.

Take the 3.0 gigahertz Pentium 4, its owner can overclock it to 3.4 gigahertz. By doing so, he has on his hands now a computer that works exactly like the actual Pentium 4 3.4 gigahertz without having to shell out more money for an upgrade or a new computer purchase. With overclocking, you are also able to test drive an upcoming model or a newly released model you are contemplating on buying.

You can overclock just about everything on your computer, the graphics, memory, and processors. While still on experimentation, PCI, AGP ( accelerated graphics port), USB and serial ports of older computer models have the possibility of being overclocked. However, a person who owns older models of computers might best exercise caution not to overclock their hardware while no concrete success results are documented and while there is still no accurate information regarding specific instructions and troubleshooting processes .

Remember to overclock your system in increasing levels, starting at minimum speed modification. An abrupt system modification through oveclocking may cause serious damages to your computer. It has been reported that some computers suffered from data loss, frequent boot failure, and even system crashing. By overclocking a step at a time you are more able to assess your computer’s overclocking limit. Increase speed only after you’ve already placed your system through thorough performance system testing and after you ascertain your computer’s stability on the present modification. On the web, you can find sites and companies which offer CPU tests for stability. You can easily scout for a reputable site and product to acquire CPU testing from.

Possible overheating problems (which were reported to be the common problem to overclocking) can be prevented from happening by ensuring enough peripheral cooling to maintain low temperatures. Remember to always keep your CPU cool, and most of the time, everything will be alright.

Gaming computers also benefit much from overclocking. Because of a faster and higher performance level, players experience lesser problems (or even none at all) with game loading (and web page loading for online games), game performance, and others. Owners who like to play computer games, eve online ones, would definitely have an increased level of satisfaction with gaming.

Information on Kitchen Composters

Kitchen composting is an environment friendly task. The first step and the most important step involved in kitchen composting is to acquire an appropriate vessel to store your compost. The vessel should be less than 3 feet by three feet. You can use old trash cans or even buy composting vessels from a hardware store. The purpose of using an appropriate vessel is to build up heat and keep the fruit flies away. Kitchen composting helps you in utilizing your eliminated and wasted food as fertilizers for your backyard.

This will give you extra fertilizer for your garden and help you not only in cutting cost but utilizing and disposing off your wasted food. It takes about 2 weeks for the food to become a fertilizer.

Once you have acquired a bin you need to drill a few holes in your bin so as to give some air supply to the worms. You also need to prepare a bed for the worms. This bed can be made out of newspaper and cardboard, spray some water on them but make sure they are not soaking wet.

There are two types of worms available in the market. They are Red worms and European night crawlers. The reason you can not use any other type of worm is because they will not multiply leaving you with a bin of dead worms.

Now you need to keep adding food in your bin to feed the worms. Worms eat just about anything. The most common things to include are egg shells, fruits, vegetables and their peels, tea bags etc. You should avoid meat and dairy products since they do not decompose so easily.

The average harvesting time is about 12 days to 18 days. The time varies depending on how many worms are there and the size of your bin. The compost will settle on the base of the bin ie the bedding. You need to remove the compost from the base by removing the food from top and the worms. Once your done with that you can put the worms and the food back in the bin.

The bin needs to be kept in a warm atmosphere. If you live in a continental type of climate you need to keep the bin outdoors during summer and indoors during winter. If you maintain your worm factory compost bin with care, it will not smell and not attract flies. The best part and the most important thing of creating a worm factory compost bin is that you are going green and saving the planet!

6 Types of Store Displays

For the small-business owner in the retail sector, there are plenty of options when it comes to store displays. But, it is important to pick the right display to fully showcase the different items of merchandise. Here are a few of the most popular types of store displays:


The gondola displays are very common type in retail stores. They are two-sided shelving units with shelves that easily adjust for the most tailored storage options. This display is a useful option to create the standard aisle layout of a store. It is a freestanding and solid built-in materials like wood or steel. Gondola displays are popular choices in pharmacy and grocery stores because they are great at holding a high volume of products and shelves are easily adjusted to match the different items. Also, there are some displays with a pegboard or slatwall in the middle for ease in hanging items on a metal rod.

The gondola displays paired with a pegboard help to create one of the most flexible options for placing many different items. Pegboards are made of fiberboard and have plenty of holds to accept shelving, bins and hooks.

Garment Rack

The garment racks are a simple solution to display the hanging clothes. They are made in solid materials like heavy-duty metal to avoid falling over once load with different items of clothes. Plus, it comes in plenty of shapes and sizes to match the specific needs.


The gridwall displays are simply wire based panels built to accept different shelving or hook configurations. It is extremely easy to customize the layout, while also being lightweight and versatile. Plus, it is can act as a freestanding fixture or mount to the wall. The basic design means it is easy to clean and maintain.


The table displays can make a quite attractive stand and given a shape that is much like a typical table. The style of the table can vary with a choice of heights and tiers. The most appealing stands are made of wood, but other materials are possible, including plastic and metal.


The slatwall displays are versatile in design with horizontal spaces intended to hold hangers, pegs, hooks and shelves. This display is either freestanding or mounted on walls.


In addition to the standard store stands, there are also a few different stands intended to fit a specific purpose. The specialty displays can include bookcases, gun cases, wine racks, and jewelry display cases.

8 Things You Should Consider When Renovating Your Home

1. Plan your renovation properly and stick to your plans, as changing your mind during a project can be costly and can really slow down your progress.

Ensure you apply for and get permission, if needed, from the correct regulatory bodies for your project before you begin work. You will not want have to undo any hard work you undertake because of a technicality.

Don’t try to take on a whole property at once, you should work on one room at a time ideally. That being said, don’t blow your budget on a single room. New homeowners especially, find this very easy to do. You can initially finish a room and go back to add decoration or other finishing touches later on.

2. Always double, and even triple, check all your measurements and remember that judging perception can be very difficult for an untrained eye.

Whether you are measuring for new stairs, doors, kitchen units, or even just so you can organise your furniture in a different way, accurately measuring is always vital. If measurements are just slightly off it can mean that things don’t fit properly and the finish will not look good. The key to an expensive and professional looking finish, even when working to a tight budget, it accurate measuring and taking note of each dimension. Spending that extra time at the start of the project can save you a lot of time and money later down the line.

Ensure that larger installations will actually suit the space. Overly large units, fireplaces, staircases and other installations can ruin the look and feel of a room, and it can be difficult to judge how they will look before they are fitted.

3. Always have a contingency as well as an estimate for costs and materials.

You will want to have a ballpark figure of what you want to spend at the start of a project, but you should always prepare for overspending. Things can change and things can go wrong for any project and if you run out of money before things are finished it can turn a small problem into a disaster.

You must also allow for breakages and over cuts of materials. It’s advisable to order more than you need and return unused items. Things that can easily be cut short by mistake or broken include moulding strips, such as dado and picture rails, stair spindles and handrails lengths and flooring panels.

4. Remember the unseen details. Skimping on the features that aren’t actually visible can be a big mistake in the long run.

Never ignore structural faults, like cracked walls, as this could create more work in the future. Having things such as adequate drainage, heating and ventilation are absolutely crucial in all properties.

Other details to consider are things such as high-quality underlay for floors or linings for wallpaper can have a real benefit. Opting for underfloor heating rather than a luxury rug will keep your feet warmer for longer. Tackle the mundane first and work on the finished decoration later.

5. Consider all options when looking at materials generally. Cost, longevity and appearance should all be considered.

Hardwood floors are popular and can look stunning, but if you have kids and pets, or even if an area has high traffic, laminates may actually be much more suitable. You may also be surprised by the quality, feel and strength of modern laminate and vinyl flooring options.

Granite worktops can look stunning, but you should look around and consider that cheaper options as well.

Choosing the wrong paint or wood care product can cause problems and might require you to do regular touch-ups. Bathrooms, kitchens, and laundry rooms will need moisture resistant paints. Doors and windows need to be finished correctly at installation and also maintained over time to ensure they last as long as possible.

Remember sometimes it pays to choose the more expensive, longer lasting options, but not always, so do your research.

6. It doesn’t always pay to go for the cheapest options. This goes for materials, furnishings, tools and contractors.

You should shop around and consider all options. Cheaper materials might actually cost more in the long run if they don’t last, and you should always look at references and genuine examples of work with contractors as well as prices.

If you are undertaking any work yourself it will pay to invest in some high-quality tools to ensure high standards are met. These tools will usually come in handy at other times later on.

7. Don’t be afraid of rearranging more permanent fittings and appliances, such as plumbed features. Adapting the layout of your bathroom or kitchen can have some real benefits in the long run that will outweigh the effort it takes initially. You may be surprised how easy it actually is to move a toilet or shower, and it can make a huge difference to the feel of the room.

8. The latest trend may not always suit your home’s style and may not always be practical. You should always consider the heritage and the overall structure of your property and respect it. Some design schemes will just not suit every home.

You will also find that if you follow the latest trends too closely you can shorten the lifespan of a room as trends change quickly and you can find yourself with something that suddenly looks dated not long after it’s finished. Consider choosing a simple base design for a room that you can easily add accessories to when you want to incorporate the latest style choices.

Anal Sex Tips – Your Guide to Entering Through the Rear

You’ve been considering giving anal sex a try, but you weren’t sure if you will enjoy it.

Relax; the anus is full of sensitive nerve endings that feel amazing when stimulated by a tongue, finger, penis, or toy. Before engaging in anal sex, you should be completely prepared – mentally and physically. Foreplay before anal sex is not only fun, but downright necessary.

Here are our top ten tips for enjoying anal sex:

1. Cleanliness is… Important

You want all of your intimate moments to be memorable, especially your anal sex experience. You just don’t want to remember any brown residue after your partner withdraws from your anus. This residue could be fecal matter and/or a combination of fecal matter and mucus membranes. There isn’t much you can do to eliminate your mucus membranes, but you can control your bowels. Prior to engaging in anal sex include a diet high in fiber to keep your colon clean. Short on time? Try using an anal douche or enema about an hour before intercourse. This will allow any remaining fluid from the enema or douche to exit your body making your experience more comfortable. Remember, you can jump into the shower afterward to refresh yourself and your partner.

2. Keep it Wet

By wet, we mean your intestines. Drink plenty of water. This may sound silly but, when you don’t drink enough water, your body becomes dehydrated. Water hydrates your intestines and helps elimination by producing softer stools. If you are dehydrated you may become constipated. Constipation = Uncomfortable sex. No one wants sex to be uncomfortable.


We cannot stress this enough. Use plenty of lube. Unlike the vagina and the mouth, the anus does not provide its own moisture. We recommend using a silicone based lube. Silicone lasts longer than water based lubes and does not dry out or get yucky. If you are using a latex safe condom, and it says “lubricated”, for the purpose of anal sex, the lube isn’t enough, so always add more.

4. Foreplay

Before you and your partner get started, play with your anus. Insert a well lubricated object (just make sure there are no jagged edges ie fingernails, damaged toys) inside of you or have your partner massage the rim of your anus. When you are both ready, consider exploring safe analingus (oral sex of the anus) with your partner – if you do not have any dental dams, you can cut open a condom lengthwise and place it over the opening of the anus to protect yourself from bacteria normally found in the anus.

5. Watch those signs!

The prospect of having anal sex is as exciting for the giver as well as the receiver. Make sure your partner proceeds with caution! When you are ready, your anus will relax to let you know. Your partner should slowly insert a toy or their penis inside of you. A penis, even a toy, is a large object to insert inside of an anus, so be patient. It may seem like it is taking forever to completely enter you, but the rewards are well worth it. After anal foreplay and you are relaxed enough, allow your partner to enter you partially giving your body time to adjust to the size and fit. Breathe slowly until you are relaxed and you feel yourself opening up more. When you do open more, allow your partner to go deeper. If you need a break, have your partner withdraw partially, then attempt re-entry going deeper with each stroke.

6. The Experience

If at any time during anal sex, you feel extreme pain or discomfort, STOP. That is your body telling you that you are at risk for damage. Let your partner know that you need a break. Take some time, and when you are ready, add more lube and go for it.

7. Play Time

Another way of preparing yourself for anal sex is to stretch your muscles yourself. You can use butt plugs. This is a wonderful way to easily welcome your partner inside of you.

8. Move

Anal sex doesn’t have to be performed in one position. It is crucial that you find the position that is most comfortable for you to receive your partner. For anal sex beginners, try starting out flat on your stomach. Once you have accepted your partner and the pleasure takes over, switch positions, you may be surprised to find your anal sex experience is more pleasurable in a position different from the one you started out with.

9. Rest Room

If after enjoying anal sex, you feel like going to the bathroom, Go. Just don’t strain.

10. Back to basics

After you and your partner revel in the pleasure that is anal sex, you see some “leftovers”, don’t panic. This is natural. Just go clean yourself off, better yet, make it a prelude to more. Shower together, clean each other off and go back for more.

The Electronic Component Counterfeiting Battle, Where Will It End?

Fake or counterfeit electronic components continue to flood the US supply chains. Recently the US Senate Armed Services Committee held hearings on this issue, based on investigations that counterfeit electronic components had found their way into Department of Defense supply chains and in turn into devices and components that were installed in military equipment.

The Senate hearing spoken of investigations that have been performed showing that the false electronic parts were coming from China. During the investigation the US Senate contacted the Chinese embassy requesting access to China to investigate its findings and asked for more information from the Chinese government. The Chinese government however denied any access and information, citing that the output could have hurtful to the US – China relationship. Chairman to the Senate of the Armed Services Committee, Senator Levin said "they (the Chinese government) have it backwards, they have the ability to stop this counterfeiting", "They're going to have to stop it or they're going to pay a heavy price if we start inspecting all of their parts that are coming into this country ", Levin saying, that like some imported products in the US, a process could be put in place to inspect every electronic component coming from China and the cost of the inspections would be on the shipping companies.

Through the hearing the senators described some of the processes involved in the creation and manufacturing of counterfeit products, putting an emphasis on that fact that a lot of the production comes from China processing electronic waste (e-waste) that it receives from many countries, the largest supplier of e-waste to China is the US

The fact that the largest producer of counterfeit electronic components (China) is getting its largest supply of electronic waste from the US outlines both the problem and the solution. Rather than the US government putting pressure on the Chinese government to take a stand on counterfeiting production within its borders, the US can look at how it deals with its electronic waste.

One solution could be to stop shipping electronic waste to China equivalent, but this would in turn jeopardize local US jobs and the recycling industry. Another solution could be to process the electronic waste to a point where it is not able to be used in counterfeiting production, rather than shipping raw electronic waste that is still very large. Once the e-waste is processed to a point that makes it useless to the counterfeiters it can then be shipped to China where it could be processed correctly as e-waste and not used for other purposes.

The US, rather than expecting other countries to cooperate by taking measures within their own borders the US can take the initiative and stem the supply of products that are being used in the production of counterfeiting components, by attacking part of the problem at its real source would in turn promote change in other countries.

7 Ways Construction Firms Can Hire and Retain Quality Tradesmen

Whether you are a construction recruitment agency or a construction firm itself looking to hire the best of talent industry has to offer, here are a few important tips to help you in this quest.

Hire in the off season:

Conventional wisdom has it that you must never go grocery shopping while you are hungry. You tend to buy whatever you get at the earliest and that’s almost never a good bargain. The same is true for hiring tradesmen when you need them.

So the best time to look for a tradesman is when you don’t require one. It will help you scan wide range of talents, be more selective, and acquire the kind of worker you exactly want. As an added piece of advice, aim for the off-season when many construction workers are out of work and you might get a bargain.

Pay the market rate:

When you pay peanuts, you get only monkey! Firms who pay below-market wages not only have the least-qualified and least-productive employees, but they are also the ones always in need of new workers. Why? Because competitive tradesmen will leave you the moment they get more lucrative opportunities. Do I need to tell you what a dent it makes to overall productivity?

Provide a safe work environment:

Don’t underestimate the value of a safe and healthy workplace in retaining workforce. Too many workers falling sick on site might force others to look for a safer option. A major accident on site and the resultant bad press might turn away potential hires.

Develop a great work culture:

There is something more than a good salary a qualified and talented tradesman look forward to. Bonuses, paid leaves, company outings, work-life balance, and retirement programs are some of the perks that entice the best of talents. The more people want to work for your company, the easier it will be to attract (and retain) quality people.

Invest in your workforce:

I haven’t met a tradesman who doesn’t like adding on new skills or getting a pat on the back for a job well done. So it’s a good idea to invest in your workforce. When you provide them a chance to learn, grow and develop they can help your company do the same. Training improves the efficiency of the workers and quality of the output. This is also a great way to identify the people with potential to take on bigger roles within the company.

Be in step with time and technology:

Embracing technology not only makes the company more efficient and productive but it also attracts younger and tech-savvy workforce. You can also publicize it as your USP to entice people buying your product or services.

Character can pay more dividend than the skill-set of a hire:

Characters can’t be built, skills can be. People with character can make the most of the training you give them. Such workers are more likely to stick with you in bad times as compared to those with only skills and potential.

Major and Minor Repairs To Do Before Selling Your Home

When you planning to move, it is likely that your current home could use some upgrading; otherwise, you probably would not be moving in the first place. If you are preparing to list your home on the market for sale, it is wise to make some important repairs and renovations so that you can get the most from your asset. Continue reading to learn which major and minor repairs you should consider and address, as well as, how to get started.

Minor Repairs

Before selling your home, there are most certainly a long list of minor repairs that you can do to make your property more appealing to potential buyers. Even a basic deep clean is something you want to seriously consider. Here are some common minor home repairs that property owners will implement before listing their homes for sale:

Paint – New paint is an instant refresher for any room. If your interior has not been painted in a few years, a fresh coat will instantly give your home a new feel and cleaner ambience. Just be careful choosing paint colors. Avoid colors that are bold and bright, and lean toward more modest colors, like shades of tan, beige, taupe, gray, ivory, and even a soft olive green.

Flooring – Flooring is one of the top selling points for potential home buyers. New or newly renovated flooring can instantly upgrade the look of a room, including kitchens, bathrooms, living rooms, bedrooms, and even garages. This includes carpeting. In fact, many homeowners choose to replace carpeting with hardwood or laminate flooring since many modern home buyers are interesting in modern designs. Furthermore, carpeting begins to look old and worn out shortly after installation. This means that your carpet will most certainly require a deep cleaning and shampoo, or even replacement, before selling your house on the real estate market.

Lighting – Another detail that really impressed and influences potential home buyers is lighting and light fixtures. Outdated light fixtures are not appealing, so they will stick out like a sore thumb. Replacing or upgrading your lighting ambience and fixtures is an excellent way to enhance your home.

Major Repairs

Along with minor repairs, there are usually a few major repairs you can do to make your home sell faster on the market, and at the price point you want. For instance, appliances are a huge selling point for potential buyers. Water heaters, water softeners, sump pump systems, boilers, dishwashers, washing machines, and more, should be in good condition if you want to get the most for your home.

Another key factor is roofing and siding. If your roof and siding systems are in bad shape, it would probably be lucrative for you to repair or replace them before listing your home. Otherwise, their condition will affect the offers you receive on the house. The same principle applies to other major repairs, like foundation or water damage issues, mold, pest infestations, and more.

Where To Get Started

Contact a local and trusted home remodeling contractor for help managing all your major and minor repair needs. They have the licensing, qualifications, experience, and resources to efficiently inspect and repair all the areas of your home that concern you.

Misconceptions of MLM Home Based Business

Building a MLM home based business or leveraging on multi-level marketing (MLM) is a very popular type of marketing method in the field of business. However, given dubious practices that were practiced by few people who are in MLM, over the years it has earned a less than attractive status as a marketing strategy during recent years.

Multi-level marketing is one of the marketing strategies that is employed in the area of ​​home based business. With an MLM home based business, an entrepreneur will sell goods and services to the target customers. The beauty in having a MLM home based business is that it enables you to have a luxury of flexibility in work schedule and on what products or service you wish to offer to your potential buyers.

Company goods, which you can sell, will range from the general commodities such as home decorations, storage containers to personalized products like vitamins, food supplements, clothing, beauty and cosmetics items and in recent times the e-learning portals are gaining wide spread popularity where people get education from the comforts of their homes.

Setting up a MLM home based business is straight forward and easy. Ask anyone who are engaged in multi-level marketing and they may refer you to an appropriate leader you can talk to about your business. Probably your friends, relatives, and neighbors are the members of a MLM company since this marketing method is very prevalent.

In addition, you can search companies that are involved in MLM by using Internet. There is a high probability of finding websites where information of how you can be a part of MLM is available. Some personal websites might be setup by people who are MLM company leaders and these platforms are commonly known as blogs.

By employing your skills and abilities in marketing the products or services that are available to you, having a MLM home based business may work to your benefit. This industry contributes millions of dollars to economy even in a middle of crisis. Many people are now realizing its potential & becoming a part of the force.

Three Common Reasons You May Need AC Service

The heating and cooling of your home might not be something you think about every day. As long as the temperature is comfortable and no odd noises or water is coming from the unit, there is no reason to worry. In the event of a malfunction, the most important step to take is to call a professional AC service company. They can diagnose the problem and restore the perfect indoor environment. Air conditioning units are complex machines made up of three basic systems-mechanical, refrigeration, and electrical. HVAC technicians are trained in all of these areas, so it is important to understand the need for a professional.

1. Mechanical Issues

As your system ages, many things can go wrong. Aside from mechanical issues that cause the system to shut down completely, there are smaller problems that can lead to poor temperature control and lack of efficiency. One of the first systems to fail on a unit is usually something mechanical. The blower fan inside the air handler (inside unit) and the fan inside the condensing unit (outside unit) tend to wear out first since they work tirelessly for years on end. Both of these can be replaced by an AC service technician.

2. An Aged Refrigeration System

The refrigeration system works by circulating refrigerant through a series of coils and sending it to a set of coils located in the air handler. The refrigerant has an extremely low boiling temperature-the resulting chemical reaction creates a very cold liquid. This process works in a constant cycle and provides cold air. With a heat pump, the cycle is reversed, and heat is produced by allowing the refrigerant to draw heat from outside air. Over time, coils can erode and create tiny pinholes that cause the system to lose pressure and refrigerant. An AC service tech is equipped with a tool that can find the leak and identify whether the coil can be fixed or needs to be replaced. The most common cause for refrigerant leaks involves older coils that are made up of two or more metals that have corroded by touching each other, particularly when condensation is present. The latest coils are now made with only one type of metal-copper or tin-whereas old coils contained up to three metals-copper, tin, and steel.

3. Electrical Problems

Electrical problems can be very tricky to diagnose. AC units have a complex series of circuit boards and switches that keep the thermostat, condensing unit, and air handler in constant communication. If any one of these connections is broken, the unit may still work but can cause malfunctions that require professional help. Technicians have the necessary tools to diagnose and repair electrical problems.

The most important thing to know about your heating and cooling system is when to call for help. There are plenty of dangerous tasks that should only be addressed by a certified technician. If there is ever any doubt, make the call.

Going Green With Your HVAC Unit – How To Conserve Energy

Did you know that the energy consumption from your HVAC unit enterprises of at least half, if not more, of your energy bill? That is a significant investment in the comfort of your home. For this reason, the purchase of your HVAC units should not be something that is taken lightly. Of course, your bottom line should be to purchase a unit that saves you money on your energy bills, but does its job at the same time. Others may purchase "smarter" units that conserve energy because they honestly care about the environment and would like to reduce their use of resources.

Luckily, whatever your motive may be, there are options for you to conserve energy by "going green". One of the most significant investments in "going green" one can make is to purchase an energy smart HVAC unit. The most widely known energy smart appliances are certified as "Energy Star". What does this mean? Basically, in its simplest terms, this means that the unit passes certain qualifications laid forth by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) that ensures the appliance is using fewer resources, and thus conserving energy. The requirements for each appliance will vary (ie a dishwasher will have different requirements that need to be met in order to be Energy Star qualified than an air conditioning unit).

By purchasing an Energy Star certified unit, you can drastically reduce your energy consumption by 7% -10%. Energy Star units' dual compressors make them one of the quickest and most efficient HVAC appliances in use today. It is considered to be 14% more efficient that a non-Energy Star qualified unit.

There are other options that directly affect your HVAC unit's efficiency, but do not necessarily have anything to do with the unit itself. By using "green" materials and construction methods, you can make your HVAC unit even more efficient in its job. For example, by using high density insulation, you close a lot of "gaps" that exist in your home, which allows the heated or cooled air to escape, and allows the undesirable climate of the outside in. In fact, it has been said that homes that use high density insulation consume 20-40% less energy than homes that use conventional insulation methods. By sealing up these leaks, you absolutely plug up your HVAC leaks. You can imagine what the combination of an Energy Star HVAC unit and high density insulation does to your energy use and savings over a period of time. Many times, the cost of the units and insulation pay for themselves over the course of just a few years.

Outdoor Solar Lights – Tips For Getting the Most Out of Them

Place your outdoor solar lights in a sunny enough location. This may seem obvious, but outdoor solar lights require sufficient hours of sun per day so that they are able to recharge their batteries adequately. The number of hours of sun that an outdoor solar light requires per day depends on the quality and design of the outdoor solar light, the size and type of the solar panel that is a part of the outdoor solar light, the number and strength of the light bulbs that the outdoor solar light has and the number and type of batteries that it has. An outdoor solar light with a larger solar panel relative to the light that it produces may shine for a longer time and require fewer hours of direct sunlight.

Carefully consider the potential location of your outdoor solar lights. Look to see if anything might be shading them from direct sunlight. This could include trees, bushhes, plants ,ills, posts, buildings, house eaves or overhangs, steps, walls, vehicles, or anything else that blocks direct sunlight from shining on the outdoor solar lights. Look at your potential location for the outdoor solar lights during several times of day and see how much shade there is at different times. If there is too much shade in that spot for too long during the day, then it may be better for you to select a different location for your outdoor solar lights.

If possible and if it is adjustable, then make sure that the outdoor solar light panel is facing south. Solar spotlights, for example, have an attached solar panel that can be turned toward the sun. If you can adjust the angle of the mini panel, then the panel should be angled at an ideal angle for your geographical location. The idea is to have the panel facing as flat as possible relative to the angle of the sun for as many of the direct sun hours as possible.

Depending on your geographical location, the angle of the sun and the number of hours of direct sunlight will change during the summer and winter. The sun may be less strong, at a lower angle and shine for fewer hours during the winter. On the other hand, there may be fewer leaves on surrounding trees during the winter, which may mean less that is blocking sunshine onto the outdoor solar lights during the winter.

Take the weather into account. Cloud, rain, falling snow and fog all decrease the strength of the sun that reaches your outdoor solar lights' panels, which affects the ability of your outdoor solar lights to recharge. On a day that has been very cloudy all day, outdoor solar lights will not be able to charge as effectively as they would on a sunny day.

Keep the solar panel on the outdoor solar lights clean. Rain, dust, dirt, ice or snow can accumulate on them. If you check and wipe their solar panel areas off occasionally, then your outdoor solar lights will be able to receive sunshine better and charge more effectively.

If you keep these tips in mind, then you will have a better experience with your outdoor solar lights and you will get more out of them.

The Must Know Accounting Terms for Supervising Fund Using Church Software

The vast increase in non-profits targeting the different sections of the society has adversely affected the churches in the churches. It becomes easier to catch the fancy of the members when they always receive the details of their contributions. The contribution records help the members in preparing the financial statements at the end of the year.

An ideal church management system permits the staff to manage the ledgers and funds associated with the accounts.

Here are the basic terms one should understand for fund systematically organizing the funds –

1. Contribution fund

This is a fund created in the contribution division of the church software. It tracks the giving of the members and illumens them when, where and how their contributions are processed.

As the accounting year ends the fund lists the contributions made in the year year in different areas.

2. Accounting Fund

This fund deals with the monetary transaction; it is the pathway for the inflow and outflow of financial resources. The cash is recorded in the way it is utilized as – unrestricted, restricted for a short term or long term.

This is done according to well-defined accounting rules. The year 1993 introduced some of the key phrases dealing with assets and liabilities which are frequently used in the church management software. Here is a brief prologue-

Net assets – In the balance sheet also called financial statement this comes in the equity column.

These assets are further categorized into: –

i. Unrestricted Net Assets – These are net assets on which there is no restriction from the donors or law. They can be used for any purpose as the donors have not specified how his / her endowment should be used. Example General Funds

ii. Temporarily Restricted Net Assets – These either get obsolese after a limited time or the use is restricted to a particular target. Example of timer restricted net asset is a check from the donor. It is an asset only till the date it can withdraw from the bank.

The target limited assets are employed only to fulfill a certain purpose.

iii. Permanently Restricted Net Assets

These assets are specifically maintained by the churches for a long-term. The donor's contribution is restricted for exploiting and its financial advantage does not reduce with time.

The above taxonomy is based on the parameters are set by the churches but the donors. The three net assets are mentioned in the equity column which signifies if you write them in the liability column the balance sheet is not following the general accounting principles.

3. Ledger

In the ledger numerous accounts are maintained to record the church activities related to funding. Universally these four come into play – asset, liabilities, revenue and expense.

Ideal charity management software gives the admin the opportunity to create a general ledger.

The right accounting approach helps the church to generate accurate reports which are helpful for the donors as well as members. The leaders can analyze the rationale for pitfalls in fundraising and all aspects of the church.

Functions of Different Automobile Parts

Automobiles are commonly can be seen in our daily life. With the development of the economy and the improvement of people’s quality of life, more and more people choose to buy cars for their own usage. Therefore, automobile plays a more and more important role in our society.

There is no doubt that automobiles consist of complex subsystems that work together to provide efficient and reliable transportation. Many different parts have different functions and performance. Some of them are quite familiar to us.

Among all the auto parts, engine is the most important. Its right performance leads to the good condition of the automobiles. It can run on wide variety of fuels such as gasoline, diesel fuel, and ethanol and so on. But do you know how does it work? It takes air from the intake tract and fuel from the carburetor or fuel injectors and compresses it inside the cylinder. Then the spark plugs fire, igniting the air/fuel mixture and forcing the piston down in the cylinder, which turns the crankshaft.

In addition to the engine, the drive axle is also a necessary part as to the whole car. It cooperates well with the transmission to achieve the effects. Generally, the drive axle takes the power from the transmission and channels it to the tires, which in turn propel the vehicle. And the transmission can take the power generated by the engine at the crankshaft and relays it to the drive axle. These parts work together to drive cars.

As to the transmission, it can be further divided into manual or automatic models. The former type is one in which the driver selects gears through the use of a shift lever and clutch pedal in the passenger compartment. While the latter one can shift through forward gears by itself, and the driver only needs to select between drive (forward) and reverse. Obviously, it is more convenient when compared to the former one. Thus, the automatic models are more and more popular among people in recent years.

The parts mentioned above are mainly used to push the automobile forward. However, what part do you need if you want to stop it? The answer is the brake system. It uses the power of hydraulic fluid to transfer the force the driver applies to the brake pedal to a clamping force that slows the vehicle. Then the brake pedal is attached to a master cylinder that pumps brake fluid through steel and rubber lines to each wheel. At each wheel, the caliper forces brake pads to clamp down on the rotor, a large steel disc that is attached to the wheel. This causes the vehicle to slow down.