How to Hang a Hammock – Use Proper Hardware

Relaxing in a hammock ranks as one of the all-time great pleasures in life. Being gently cradled in a hammock is a great excuse for playing hooky for an hour or two and just letting the rest of the world go by.

Hammocks can be anchored between two trees, wooden poles embedded in concrete, or from a specially constructed stand. But in order to make sure that the person lying in the hammock does not plummet unexpectedly to earth, breaking a few bones in the process, it is important to follow several steps to ensure the hammock you hang has been securely fastened into place to support the weight of a human body while it is suspended.

If you are planning to hang your hammock between two trees in the backyard, lay out the hammock on the ground first and measure its length from the circular suspension ring on one side to the other. Then add one foot to this measurement as the correct distance you will need between the trees to properly hang the hammock.

Make sure you use the proper hardware to hang a hammock securely. Purchase eye bolts at least half an inch in diameter with washers and nuts. At a height of at least five feet above the ground, drill a hole in each tree completely through the tree. This is where you will insert the bolt on each side of the hammock, attaching the washer and nut on the other side in order to secure the bolt to the tree. Avoid using eye screws for hanging a hammock from a tree, as the threads on these screws can give out over time and cause the hammock to fall to the ground. Use a strong connecting-link chain connector (at least 1/4 inch thick) to hook up the round loop at both ends of the hammock to the bolt you have placed in the tree.

If your trees are not positioned correctly to accommodate the length of your hammock, you can still enjoy the outdoors by creating two wooden hammock posts. Dig a hole at either end of your hammock site, insert a six-inch by six-inch wooden pole in each hole and anchor the hole with concrete. Do not attempt to hang your hammock until the concrete has completely discharged. Each post should be buried at least two feet deep into the ground to anchor it securely and prevent it from tipping over once the weight of the hammock is added. Insert bolts, washers and nuts into the poles the same way you would for using a tree as a post and connect each end of the hammock using a chain connector.

Hanging a hammock between two trees or two posts does not allow you any flexibility in moving the hammock should you decide to change locations. If you want your hammock to be portable, you can find beautiful eucalyptus wood stands. It is essential that you purchase a hammock stand built to carry the amount of weight you intend to place in the hammock while it's in use so that the frame does not break, bend or collapse causing injury.

Everything You Need to Know About Flush Mount Ceiling Fans

Flush mounted ceiling fans are perfect for areas with low ceilings that do not allow for other types of ceiling fans to be installed. These fans are mounted right to the ceiling and have no need for the center rods that other ceiling fans need in order to operate. The blades of the fan will be 6-10 inches from the ceiling. If you have a low ceiling in your home then this could be the perfect choice for your needs.

One of the most important things to remember about using these types of fans is make sure they are at least 18 inches from the wall for the air to circulate properly. This might make it a bit more difficult to install the fan, but it's essential to ensure that the air circulates around the room effectively.

These types of fans are extremely economic making them a very affordable choice for many people today. They will provide you with sufficient ventilation to keep the area moderately cool while in use. Before you decide on which fan is right for your needs make sure that you get a good quality fan that will last and give you the best performance.

Since these fans are typically smaller than other types they can be the perfect choice for hallways or bedrooms. These fans also do a better job of circulating the air in your home. This is due to them being installed so close to the ceiling. There are also several models available today that include different types of light fixtures. This makes the fan look nicer and can help you save space since you no longer need other light fixtures in the space.

There is a wide selection of ceiling fans available on the market today. They also come in a wide variety of finishes and designs making it easy for you to find the perfect model for your home that will match your décor. Whether you want a style with modern flare or prefer something more traditional you can be assured that you will find the perfect fan to fit your style.

Bathmate Review

The fact that you are reading this means that you are looking for facts about Bathmate. In all probability, you have heard about this penis pump, and wish to know how it works, if it works. Well, this is going to brief you on everything you need to know about Bathmate pumps. If you wish to buy Bathmate, it is a good idea indeed to know everything about it. This product has found very high recommendation on the internet, but it is still proper to conduct a little bit of your own research.

The Bathmate Experience

The first good thing about Bathmate is that it comes with a money back guarantee. Thus, you can try out the product in the safe confines that you can get your money back if it does not work for you. The working principle of Bathmate is as follows: it helps people to enlarge their penis by working on the tissue that surrounds the penis. It also works on the chambers of the penis. When the tissue and the chamber have become enlarged, there will be better blood flow to the penis resulting in a bigger erection when there is need for it.

Bathmate: features

The first thing you will discover about Bathmate is that it is quite different from the regular, common penis enlarger pumps lying around. For one thing, it manipulates the vacuum created by the spongy tissue that surrounds your penis head. It works using the principle of the various qualities of the universal liquid, water. Bathmate has been certified safe. Although it uses pressure to achieve the enlargement of the penis, the pressure on the penile chambers is safely patterned after it has been applied by water, which of course is an ideal pressure.

Furthermore on this review, to ensure that every part of the penis grows in proportion to the whole length, there is a uniform distribution of pressure in the Bathmate pump. Another benefit of it being water-based is that your penis is constantly lubricated and moisturized while you are using the pump. This helps to reduce dryness of the skin of the penis, and also ensures that you can have all the penis enlargement benefits without unnecessary exposure to hazards from friction.

Description of the Bathmate Hydro Pump

Here are the benefits you stand to gain from the use of Bathmate hydro pump:

– You can grow your penis length by up to one to three inches from the pump alone.

– Furthermore, you may also use the product to achieve a thicker penis girth

– After the results gotten from the above two points, you would have a greater confidence in yourself, both in public around women, and in the bedroom.

– Your sexual stamina would experience a lift, and you will be able to go on and on longer than you were accustomed to.

– Using the pump will be marked by stronger and more intense orgasms.

– Bathmate is very useful for people who want their penis to be further enlarged

– Bathmate can and will end the problems of premature ejaculation.

– Erectile dysfunction is sufficiently controlled by Bathmate.

– People suffering from Peyronie’s disease have recorded considerable help from the use of this product.

If you are looking for a method of enlarging your penis without resorting to surgery or anything artificial, the Bathmate is ideal for you. It is unlike the other pumps, it works using water instead of air. It has been proven to be gentle and comfortable around the shafts of the penis. Finally in the review, you can use it and experience comfort from its use as well.

Lose 30 Pounds in 5 Weeks – Most Effective Way to Get a Lean Body Very Quickly

Who can deny the love of thin and slim body? The desire to get slim flat stomach erupts in every individual having excess body body. However, it is not far from your reach now. By following these simple tips, elucidated in this article, you can get you desire fulfilled. Through these eating habits and specific consuming pattern, you can get those results which you expected from costly diet plans. The key to get thin body is consistency in the consumption of appropriate nutrients.

  • First, you just have to understand the worth of using proper nutrient. Our body demands for appropriate nutrient in the shape of food. All the food elements contain fiber, vitamins, proteins and minerals which are essential for a healthy body. You just need to make a balance between all these nutrients and their consumption. A proper pattern and accurate quantity give you a healthy fat free body only in some weeks and absolutely you Lose 30 Pounds in 5 Weeks.
  • Second thing is that you must avoid fad diets. These diet plans only starves the individual and in the end, the dieter get a thin body with a bad health. In these diets, there is put a stop on these nutrients which surprisingly shake the fitness of metabolism. The main organ of the body which consume the food and cause fat burning is metabolism and these fad diets affects its working. So if you want to Lose 30 Pounds in 5 weeks you need to ignore these diet plans based on fad patterns.
  • Third key to get thin body and to Lose 30 Pounds in 5 Weeks is that you should keep a balance in you eating routine as well. When you eat constantly and whole heartedly, the food appears in the shape of fat on your body. In order to avoid this fat, you need to plan properly in your eating habits. Eat daily but with several pauses. It means you should take 6-7 meals daily but containing little food. Along with these meals, you can also use green tea which actually works as an agent to increase metabolism and reduce fat on the body.

By applying these tips on your daily routine eating habits, you can easily get a thin body in minimum time. However the need of consistency is also emphasized. You need to apply these rules on your life permanently. Only by getting consistent attitude, you can have flat stomach in some weeks.

Enjoying Summer In Denver

During the beautiful summer season in Denver, days do not pass by without fun because of some festivals that are scattered in the summer calendar. All of these occur in one amazing place from Memorial Day up to the Labor Day, the weekends are jam-packed with arts, entertainment, food, and the distinctive Denver twist.

The Downtown Denver Arts Festival is held at Memorial Day weekend, and it features the best of all the visual artists in Colorado. More than a hundred of artists around the state exhibits and sells their works all weekend long. People are invited to come and meet the artists and join hundreds of thousands of people that partake in the festival.

The Capitol Hill People's Fair is a celebration of the diverse urban community of Denver. The distinctiveness and allure of Capitol Hill People's Fair is created by the blending of great family fun, sensitively chosen crafts and works, sumptuous delicacies, lively entertainment and the commitment of raising funds for promoting the missions of non-profit organizations.

If you want to have a taste of Italy, then you can have it right at Denver. The annual Denver Chalk Art Festival takes you to Italy without crossing the ocean. The art that you will encounter during the festival is not in the galleries, but it is on the pavement. As one of Denver summer events, it features more than a hundred of both professional and amateur artists who spend hours on creating their masterpiece on the streets with vivid pastel chalks.

Another Denver summer events is the Colorado Black Arts Festival, on the other hand, is a three-day festival that presents a wide array of exciting African-American arts and its cultural contributions to the American culture. Art pieces adorn the grounds and live music including jazz, hip hop, RnB, and others from the African culture will make the festival more enchanting.

Jazz Fest Denver turns up the heat and makes the heart of Denver beat vigorously. The newly built City Hall Events Center Amphitheater was designed for jazz concerts, with great seats and acoustics. This is a such great event center in Denver Colorado for summer festivals.

3 Tips To Reaching Your Health and Fitness Goals With A Busy Lifestyle

Life has this sneaky way of creeping in and throwing curve balls left and right. Life will always happen. There will always be a busy day at work or family problems or relationship highs and lows or sick children. Once conflict arises, it seems like health and fitness routines go haywire. We seek comfort food or we just don’t feel like moving. These are the things that help us stay clear and balanced in both body and mind though! So what do we do when conflict smacks us in the face (and it happens to everyone so if you’re reading this – you’re not alone)? Avoiding the conflict is not reasonable because we can’t always control what comes at us. Figurine out how to navigate through any issues is what needs to happen to stay on track.

I think so many times we approach health and fitness goals with an “all or nothing” mindset. For example, you might think your day is ruined because you veered off of your diet with an unhealthy meal or snack. Or, you decided not to workout today because you couldn’t do the allotted 60 minutes that you had planned for. Instead of doing something, you may have chosen nothing at all. You gave up on day two of 30 days of clean eating. Do any of those sound familiar? It doesn’t have to be all or nothing and something is better than nothing. My tips below might give you some perspective on how to reach your health and fitness goals even when life throws you a curve ball.

My philosophy is nourish, movement, mindset. If we can work on nourishing our bodies, moving them mindfully and maintaining a healthy attitude, we can function a little better day by day, week by week, month by month and eventually get into the healthy habits on a regular basis that we need to achieve total body balance.

1. Nourish.

Focus on one small thing at a time. Start simple and work from there. Don’t expect to change your eating habits overnight. Small changes executed day after day, week after week and so on can lead to really big change. So pick one small nutrition action and practice it for one to two weeks before adding in a new change.

Examples: Work on portion control (without regard to food quality), add one colorful food in at each meal, take 15 minutes to meal prep tomorrow’s healthy food or omit your sugary after dinner snack (swap it out with a healthy alternative). You could eat slowly and chew your food completely or focus on balancing your meals so that you have protein, carbohydrate and fat at each meal. Omitting processed foods at one to two meals per day is also another great option. These are just some examples but it’s up to you to figure out which little step you can take to improve your nutrition.

2. Movement.

Take advantage of the time that you DO have. Carve out space in the small pockets of your time. We get fixated on time so often that we don’t realize that a little is always better than nothing. For example, it’s so easy to think that you have to do a workout for 30 minutes to 1 hour. Wouldn’t 15 minutes of that workout be better than nothing though? The answer is yes! So squeeze in what you can, when you can.

Get unconventional. Maybe you don’t have time to get in a “workout”. Do what you can with what you’ve got. Maybe you take the stairs that day instead of the elevator. Park in the parking space furthest away from the building (gasp!) to get some extra steps in. Stand up from your desk and walk around for a minute every 15 or 20 minutes. Run around at the playground with your kids. Movement doesn’t always have to be in the form of a straight up 30 minute HIIT workout. It can be moving and active – outside or inside. What are the ways that you could get in some more movement?

Move mindfully. Pay close attention to your body and what it’s trying to tell you. Your body and energy levels will fluctuate day by day so take advantage of more vigorous workouts when you can and also add in active recovery, lighter workouts or even yoga or stretching when necessary.

3. Mindset.

Don’t give up. Don’t throw in the towel on eating right and moving your body. It’s seems easy to take the “all or nothing” approach but that’s not necessary. Something is always better than nothing.Don’t beat yourself up! Life ebbs and flows for everyone. Take a look at where you’re at right now and what you can make work right now.

The most important thing is to honor where you’re at. Only you know what you’re capable of at this point in your life. Make sure the small steps you take are 100% doable for you and your lifestyle. Small steps over time can add up to big change.

How To Build A Deck Step By Step The Easy Way

Once you have a solid set of instructions and sound decking plans to work with, building a deck need not be a difficult process, even for an inexperienced carpenter.

The technique I explain in this article is a professional deck installation method which can be used for deck heights between 350mm to 1.8m above ground level.

Inserting timber posts

1. Draw up your deck plan on paper first. (If you are stuck for ideas, there are plenty of resources online that supply deck plans) To be able to properly draw your deck design you will need to work out exactly where to position your posts and your purlin structure and joists.

2. Lay out the perimeter of your deck with string or line. If you are building a square deck, be sure to check diagonal measurements.

3. Mark the positions of your posts using an ink marker or chalk. Your posts should be approximately 1.5 – 1.8m apart.

4. Now dig the holes for your posts going approximately 400mm deep. Insert your posts into the holes, lining them up and bracing them, making sure that the bracing will hold them in place while the concrete sets. The post will be cut later so it doesn’t matter how high they extend out of the ground.

5. Ensure your posts are plumb (level in the vertical plane.)

6. Pour some ready made concrete into the holes, filling them to the top.

7. Allow the concrete to set for 48 hours before pulling the timber bracing off and cleaning any concrete off the posts.

Purlin Stage

Purlins are horizontal beams running along the length of your deck to support the decking boards. The purlins are supported along their lengths by posts.

The purlin structure will run the same direction as the finished deck boards, which is normally parallel to the house / patio doors.

Decide what level you want your finished decking to be, then work out your post heights from this – calculate backwards.

Use a self-levelling laser level on a tripod to set levels over a large deck. Ensure any laser-level you use has been calibrated within the last 6 months.

Bolt 6″ x 2″ planks on their edge to either side of the posts, stagger your joists so that you don’t end up with two joints on the same post. (Timber locks can be used instead of bolts as they are just as strong and much faster to use. Pre-drill the 6″ x 2″ timber first, insert at least two bolts or timber locks.

As an extra reinforcement insert a 4″ x 2″ dwarf leg between the 6″ x 2″ and the concrete base and attach it to the post with screws or timber locks. This will ensure that your substructure will last 20 years plus. This will transfer the load to the ground.

Water Run-Off

To create a water run-off you must create a slight slope on your decking. We will aim for a slope of about 1 in a 100. To achieve this we will set our levels using builders line. 50mm in 4.8m will create a 1 in 100 slope.

Dwarf legs can be used to reinforce the purlins. Once the purlins are positioned and bolted / timberlocked the purlin structure is now complete.

Joist Stage

Setting out the joists is now straight forward (ensure that the joists 4″ x 2″ (or 5 6″ x 2″) are regularised (that the joists are actually of same dimensions) – this is very important otherwise the deck could be uneven.)

Lay your joists out on top of the purlins at 90° to the purlin structure. The joists must be spaced at 250mm (10″) apart. The joists can be fixed to the purlin structure using 80mm stainless steel screws or 3″ galvinised nails. This should ensure the strength and durability for your decking to last two decades of use.

Now all that remains to be done is to insert bridging pieces between the joists to strengthen the joist structure. Use 10″ (250mm) pieces to do this.

Bridging pieces 250mm (10″) should be inserted between the joists to ensure a rigid, strong joist structure.

How Should Leaders PLAN?

After more than four decades of involvement, in nearly every aspect of leadership, from identifying, qualifying, training, developing, and consulting to thousands of actual, and/ or, potential leaders, I have come to believe, strongly, the single, most important aspect, of effectively, leading others, is the willingness, and ability, to effectively PLAN. Quality planning requires a combination of true commitment, effectively being trained, and using what one learns properly, and identifying, and focusing on the goals, perceptions, needs, and priorities, of one’s organization, and stakeholders. With that in mind, this article will attempt to briefly consider, identify, and discuss, using the mnemonic approach, some of the key components, and considerations, and why it matters.

1. Planning; perceptions; priorities; purpose; presentations: It’s simplistic to state, leadership planning, is important and essential, without discussing what it means, and some of the essentials. A true leaders, considers numerous factors and variables, and creates a relevant, sustainable, set of priorities, based on the best purposes, and addressing both, facts, and perceptions! A great leader focuses on the purposes, to be served and represented, articulating their presentations, in a realistic, focused, relevant, and sustainable manner!

2. Listen; learn; leadership; lessons: One can’t become the best – possible, leader, unless/ until he learns essential, important lessons, from every conversation, and experience. It’s important to listen, far more than one speaks, and learn, in a focused, service – oriented, manner!

3. Attitude; aptitude; attention; articulate: While certain aspects of leading, can be taught, and/ or trained, and/ or learned, until/ unless, one possesses and proceeds, with a positive, can – do, attitude, he won’t become the finest leader! When a quality attitude, is combined, with a professionally, thoroughly trained, skill – set, and aptitude, he becomes more capable of paying keen attention, to the priorities, perceptions, and needs/ goals, of, both the particular organization, he serves, and the constituents, he represents. This must be combined with, the willingness and ability to clearly, honestly, articulate an inspiring, motivating message, and call – to – action!

4. Needs; nuances; niceties; nerve: It’s normal to be nervous, but a true leader transforms it, to proceeding, with the nerve, to serve, based on needs, relevance, and sustainability, rather than any personal/ political agenda, and self – interest! Each group has some unique characteristics, and quality leaders, proceed, with a set of nuances, combined with using the niceties, to serve effectively!

Before you seek to become a leader, it’s important to learn, to PLAN, in a priorities- based, relevant, sustainable, quality manner! Are you up to the task of being a true leader?

Advantages and Disadvantages of Alternative Medicine

There are reasons why people chose alternative medicine and reasons why they avoid it, preferring conventional medicine. Alternative medicine is safer than standard health treatments and usually works. It’s true that it can’t be used in severe conditions like car accidents or other severe emergencies, but be that as it may, there are enough situations in which alternative medicine is recommended. When it comes to emotional and spiritual needs, non-conventional medicine may come up with the solution. Furthermore, it’s better for preventing illnesses than standard medicine. More and more physicians nowadays agree upon the benefits of alternative medicine and also even advise their clients to choose the best natural treatment for them.

One of the advantages of alternative medicine is that it encompasses a broad range of therapies, treatments and products, thus the search for obtaining positive results doesn’t flow on a narrow path at all.

A pretty important disadvantage states the idea that, even though the expenses of using acupuncture or chiropractic are sometimes covered by health insurances, the majority of alternative treatments are not reimbursed.

There are certain risks that come along with the usage of natural remedies. Despite the use of herbs throughout the years and even ancient times, not all of them have been studied regarding their safety and efficiency. There are issues concerning their purity and their possible interaction with other substances related to conventional therapies. The majority of information regarding herbs have been perpetuated throughout history and with the help of tradition. Many people assume that herbal medicines are better than synthetic drugs simply because, well, they are natural and not synthetic, therefore present no risk. But they are not risk free; they can do more harm than good if taken without having the details of their effects over the body.

People might abuse of natural medicines the same way as they do it in the case of synthetic drugs. They have the misconception that if unconventional medicine consists of herbal products which are natural, then there is no harm done if they triple the dosage or more. This is totally wrong and can have serious consequences. Take vitamins for example. They are just vitamins, right? They can’t possibly do any damage inside the body. But they do. Vitamin overdosing or vitamin toxicity can lead to unpleasant effects depending on the vitamin that has been taken one too many times. Vitamin A over dosage can cause liver problems, osteoporosis, hair loss and other dangerous effects and Hypervitaminosis D leads to dehydration, vomiting, anorexia and even kidney stones.

An advantage of using herbal remedies concerns the effectiveness related with chronic health issues that don’t respond well or even at all to traditional medicines. If long term medication is needed, then herbs are pretty much safer than conventional drugs. The alternative medicine industry takes advantage from this and keeps evolving and developing due to the constant need for natural remedies.

Another advantage is the low cost of herbal products compared to synthetic drugs which are highly priced for the simple reason that researching and testing the products is expensive. Furthermore, herbal products can be bought without a prescription and are easy to procure. The availability of natural remedies is outstanding; chamomile for example can be easily picked out from a nearby field.

The advantages of using herbal medicines are numerous, but so are the disadvantages. The best idea would be to consider modern medicine according to the severity of the illness, to consult a physician upon the proper medication and dosage and if you do chose the alternative medicine, try to gather enough information upon both kinds of treatments, natural or synthetic, so you may reassure yourself that you took the right decision to balance your health situation.

Calling All Q's: Four James Bond-Esque App Wishes From a Security Professional

Behind an intentionally understated and unmarked office facade at a secret location in San Jose, Troy Coleman conducts his business of protecting some of California's most beloved VIPs and celebs. Troy, an ex Alameda County sheriff and Military Policeman, has been involved in security details for such notables as Bill Clinton, Michael Jackson, and Apple Incorporated. His security firm, Coleman Security and Investigations, is contracted of ex-military personnel and police officers, and he graciously revealed the true location of his office in order for me to come in and ask him about how technology has changed the private security and surveillance industry.

The conversation ranged from the use of infrared goggles for night assignments to the increasing threat to privacy that modern technology poses to individuals, and what was directed was a highly entertaining list of app wishes by Troy that he would like to see as part of future security teams .

Let's get started then.

App # 1: "An app that could help a security team track clients with a tracking device reflected in some sort of ring, pendant, or other object"

Well Troy, this one exists, kind of. The next two apps come from the realm of super-concerned parenthood. You've got to have a pendant that looks like this:

"The eZoom is a small device that can be placed into your child's backpack or permanently mounted in the car. and even monitor the speed of the car your child in which your child is riding. " Price $ 99 Source: Mashable

There is also the PocketFinder, another GPS tracking option that offers the same features, and works with a complementary iOS or android app. The unit is customizable to turn on the tracking function at certain times of the day to conserve valuable battery life. Price: $ 150.

App # 2: "An app that could have been used to sweep a room for bugs"

One concern that Troy raised is that it is increasingly difficult to keep trade secrets and remain completely private as a celebrity or executive in today's world, with all sorts of crazy hidden camera and listening devices available on the market. I could not find an app that was not getting awful reviews, and it looks that the few apps that claim to be able to detect bugs are just toys, kind of like "babe detector" or sobriety test apps. I did find an informative wikiHow article on the several ways in which you can detect bugs. One of the methods is buying a professional radio frequency detector, which range from $ 200- $ 3000, but there were also a couple of interesting manual techniques. Take a look at this gem:

A disadvantage to this method of manually detecting the glint in a pinhole camera's lens is that, if there is indeed a pinhole camera, it will capture you looking like a raving lunatic.

Another method of bug detection described in the article did involve a cellphone, whereby the person wishing to detect a bug waves a cellphone that is connected to a call near the suspect area. A series of clicking sounds will indicate radio interference to the call and could possibly indicate an actively transmitting bug.

App # 3: "An app that would improve communication between members of a security team"

I've actually used Apple's Facetime app combined with a dashboard iPhone mount (the #iOttie) to provide a live video feed of what I was seeing out of my windshield to my dad, as I drve around showing him the neighborhood that I just moved into. I felt pretty cool, but be warned: This racks up cellular data pretty quickly.

App # 4: A facial recognition app linked to a private database.

The scenario (privacy advocates, take a deep breath): VIP guests are mingling at an event. Tragedy strikes. One of the guests is down. A security team member runs up to the fallen, snaps a photo of the person's face, and is presented with an ID of the victim from the firm's own database, including important medical information that can be passed on to the emergency services crew.

Facial recognition is a touchy area for consumers and developers. Google announced in June that it would be banning facial recognition apps due to privacy concerns, but that has not stopped hackers from giving Google Glass this capability. has developed an app for iOS and android that recognizes the user's Facebook friends, so theoretically one could use that app for the above scenario as long as the customer agreed to become Facebook friends with the protective services company.

How to Turn Your Special Event Ridiculously Entertaining With Jumbo Foil Balloons

One word that makes everyone scream in affirmative is Party. The small and big, the young and old, healthy and fragile; all in one way or another want to cherish a party. Party could be any special event that one wishes to share with the loved and near ones. Be it a birthday, a housewarming or celebrating the opening of a restaurant, people leave no stone unturned to make these special moments even more memorable.

A lot spoken but when it comes to actual party, more often than not, people settle for the same monotonous stuff. Assort some balloons, some party food items and games and you feel your job is done. But in most cases, the party turns out to be pretty predictive rather than entertaining.

Kids name it and you have it!

Throwing a party for kids is never easy. Balloons no longer charm kids as much as they did before. But things can be different when it comes to foil balloons in different shapes, sizes and patterns. The idea is not to just put a large balloon and a cake as the center piece with all surrounding it. The idea is to transform the place into the wonderland which the kids have always dreamt of.

From fairy-tale characters to super-heroes and from super cars to cute little clowns, these Jumbo Foil Balloons have it all to make your party venue a special one. The success of the much loved movie Frozen has lead to the making beautiful foil balloons in the shape of Olaf, Elsa and Anna. Let the entire kingdom descend at the venue when you have a princess theme party for your princess. Now you know what you princess wants for her next birthday party! Why should only girls have all the goodies? Let your little hero pose with super-man shaped balloon and save this planet earth from vandals.

Say it with balloons!

When hosting a wedding celebration outdoors, keep an inventory of foil balloons wholesale ready and handy. You can use them effectively to cover a big space, create artistic center pieces and send out messages. Forget the usual way of sending out invitations. Instead make it big using these balloons to announce the date of the wedding or emboss initials of the couple getting engaged. If you wish to keep it simple, even a message that reads 'Love' or 'Family' would do the trick!

Change the way you do it

Celebrating the success of your eatery? Completing 1st year with your love? Opening a new casino? Rejoicing the win of your favorite team in the racing event? Whatever be the occasion, party it with balloons. Be it foil letter balloons, ice-cream shaped, balloons as roulette wheel design for your casino, Ferrari shaped balloon or a simple lovable heart; buy them and take your event to the next level. Now you know how you want your Halloween party. Many sellers offer these products online so you do not have to scout for a theme based foam air balloon. Rather you easily find one on the internet which will reach you at your convenience. Next Halloween, all you need do to is to locate a Foil Balloons Wholesale seller and your party is set to scare the hell!

Pesky Pond Moss Solutions

Spring has sprung! Anglers are getting in their boats, hitting their secret honey holes, and the plants are coming back to life. Unfortunately, there is no exception for the pesky pond plants. Here, we will cover removing said pest plants, but remember not all aquatic vegetation is bad. In fact, there are plants, including the American Pond Weed that can be quite beneficial for your pond or lake. Nuisance plants are typically invasive and quickly reduce access to the pond and can over time cause problems with fish population dynamics. There are three different ways to help control vegetation in your pond, biological, mechanical, and chemical, here we take a look at each.

Biological: The biological method to controlling aquatic vegetation is using nature against nature. Under the right conditions using fertilizer can actually reduce the submerged vegetation in your pond. Now this may seem a little counter intuitive, but when you fertilize a pond you are inducing a plankton bloom. A plankton bloom will turn your water a greenish color because the large amount of plankton reduces the clarity of the pond. With water clarity of 18 "-24" the sunlight will not be able to penetrate to the bottom of your pond to increase your submerged vegetation. The added benefit to fertilization is that your baitfish are now going to have an excellent boost to their food chain, and you should see a size increase in your baitfish. However, it is best to fertilize your pond proactively, when established vegetation is just along the edges or at least 24 "below the water surface, and not when you have overgrown vegetation. You also want your water temperature to be over 65 degrees. Lake fertilization is a good, cost effective way to get a dual benefit for your pond.

Another biological control would be the addition of grass carp and tilapia. In some states, grass carp require a permit, and must be triploid (sterile) to avoid overpopulating and preventing all vegetated growth for the life of the pond. Grass carp are able to eat their body weight in vegetation each day. They can reach sizes of 3-4 "in length and weigh 30-40lbs. Their diet is mainly composed of submerged vegetation, which makes them a good solution for plants like bushy pondweed and other invasive plants. your floating mats of filamentous algae. This is the stringy, green moss that covers your lures and takes away some of the beauty of the pond. . They convert unwanted vegetation to ponds on your bass. One downside to tilapia is that they die when the water temperature drops, however you can harvest the larger ones with a dip net, and put them on the table for dinner. care of the smaller ones and beef up for the winter.

Mechanical: Mechanical methods of controlling aquatic vegetation equal hard work. Dredging, raking, and seining are means of mechanical removal. All of these equate to pulling the plants out and dragging them ashore. This is an instant gratification means of removal, but can be problematic since many aquatic plants can grow from fragments of the parent plant. Mechanical removal is a useful short-term control method, and can be used in tandem with other methods.

Chemical: Spraying herbicides is a popular method used to remove unwanted plants. When using chemical methods to control your pest plants, be sure you are educated on the chemicals you use and the amounts you are putting into the pond, because you can inadvertently harm desirable plants, and even kill your fish. Herbicide treatment is typically applied, as needed depending on the amount of vegetation, and the environment of the pond. There are two types of chemical treatment, contact and systematic. Contact will immediately kill the plants, while systematic will slowly kill the vegetation over a longer period of time.

If your pond has vegetation issues or a history of unwanted aquatic plants, it is important to keep it under control. A fishing pond is useless if you have no room to fish without getting covered up in the weeds on each retrieve.

Pond Pumps For The Koi Pond

The pond pump is the life blood of any koi pond or koi watergarden. Whether building a new pond or replacing an existing pump, there are many choices when it comes to buying a pump. There are also many things to consider when choosing the type and size of pump to purchase. Most koi ponds have a skimmer for handling mechanical and some biological filtration. This is where the main pump is usually located and provides most if not all the water movement for the entire pond. The pond can have more than one skimmer or the skimmer may have more than one pump depending on the size and shape of the pond. There can be a stream or water fall or a combination. An external filter or protein skimmer may also be involved.

Water Flow

The first thing to consider is how much water flow is needed for the koi pond or koi watergarden. Ideally the entire volume of the pond water needs to be turned over once every two hours. For example a 5,000 gallon pond would require 2,500 gallons per hour flow rate. To calculate the volume of water multiply the average length times the average width times the average depth to get the cubic feet of water. Multiply the cubic feet times 7.5 to get the volume in gallons. For example a pond 12 feet long, 8 feet wide and 2.5 feet deep would have 240 cubic feet of water (12 x 8 x 2.5 = 240). 240 x 7.5 = 1,800 gallons of water. This would require at least 900 gallons per hour of water movement. The next thing to consider is how high the water has to be pumped. This is called head pressure, which most high quality pumps will list in their specifications. For instance, a 1,200 gph pump may only pump 900 gph at 3 ft. of head pressure. The size of pipe will also make a difference in the pump flow rate. For best flow rates the pipe inside diameter should be 1/2 inch larger than the pump outlet size. If a pump has 1 1/2 inch outlet the pipe inside diameter should be 2 inches for best flow rates. The piping will still cause some restriction and 100 gph for every 10 feet of piping should be added to the pump size. Now lets put it all together. The pond is 12 x 8 x 2.5 and has a waterfall that is 3 feet above the water line and the total length of pipe used is 20 feet. 12 'x 8' x 2.5 '= 240 cubic feet. 240 x 7.5 = 1,800 gallons. 1,800 / 2 = 900 gph. 900 + 200 = 1,100. The pump size needs to be at least 1,100 gph @ 3 'head pressure.

Types of Pond Pumps

There are 2 main types of pond pumps. The most common type is the submersible pump which is usually submerged in the pond skimmer. There are also 2 types of submersible pumps. The first type is the magnetic drive pump, producing lower flow rates and maximum head pressure than other types of pumps. It typically uses less electricity and is very cost efficient to run. The most popular magnetic drive pump is the Pondmaster Mag Pump. These pumps range in sizes of 200 – 2400 gph. The drawbacks are that they do not pass solids of any size and must be used with a pre filter. They are great for running small fountains, UV sterilizers, and small waterfalls. The next type of submersible pump is the direct drive pump. They have more power than the magnetic drive pumps and much higher flow rates. They also are able to pass solids up to 10 mm in diameter. This type of pump uses more electricity than the magnetic drive pumps. ShinMaywa pumps are rated the most durable and cost efficient direct drive submersible pumps on the market. These pumps range is sizes of 3,300 – 31,800 gph with maximum head pressure of 49 feet. The Pondmaster Hy-Drive utilizes both technologies of magnetic drive and direct drive pumps. Hy-Drive pumps are very cost efficient to run and range in sizes of 1,600 – 6,000 gph. They do not pass solids as well as the direct drive pumps which is not a factor if used in a skimmer that has a mechanical filter. They are great for medium size koi ponds or koi watergardens. The Pondmaster Hy-Drive 4800, rated at 250 watts with a max head pressure of 18.5 feet is the most cost efficient pump on the market.

The second type of pond pump is the external pump. They are mounted outside the water and can not be submerged. The benefits if this type of pump are higher flow rates, durability, and cost efficiency. External pumps are typically used in larger pond applications, and last twice as long as a submersible pump at half the cost of electricity. The market leader in external pond pumps is Sequence Pumps. Sequence pumps range in sizes from 3,300 – 7,800 gph with a maximum head pressure of 24 feet.

Cost of Ownership

Cost of ownership has to be considered when purchasing a pump. A koi pond or koi watergarden pump has to run 24 hours a day and in many zones 365 days a year. The cost of ownership is the price of the pump, how long it is expected to last, and how much it cost to run. There are many types and brands of pumps on the market with a wide array of prices. The cost of the pump is only one factor. A cheaper pump that has to be replaced every year and burns twice the electricity is not a good value. The warranty period and wattage rating of the pump must be compared along with the price of the pump. The lower the wattage, the cheaper the cost to run the pump. The longer the warranty period means the longer the pump is expected to last. Keeping the pump and pre filter clean makes the pump more efficient and last longer.

4 Things You Should Know About Cremation Services When Planning Ahead for Your Funeral Arrangements

Estate planning can be complicated. If you can lay out a clear plan, including a document with your wishes about your final arrangements, your loved ones will have much less to worry about in the emotional days following your death. Cremation services are one option to consider as you make your final arrangements. Here are four things to think about as you determine whether cremation is right for you.

1. You Can Still Have a Traditional Funeral

You can choose to have a traditional religious or secular funeral before or after your cremation. If you choose to have funeral services before, many mortuaries offer casket rentals for your body to be temporarily housed during funeral services. Your funeral can take place when and where you’ve planned, at the cemetery or elsewhere. Afterward, your body will be transported to the crematorium. If your funeral services take place after cremation, your urn can take the place of the casket.

Some religions incorporate cremation into their final services, and many crematoriums allow immediate family members entry to watch the cremation take place. You can make arrangements with the funeral home to plan for your family to conduct a small service inside the crematorium if you wish.

2. You Can Still Have a Traditional Burial

While the common perception is that cremains are usually displayed in urns on the mantle, or scattered in a meaningful place, roughly one third of them are buried. You can choose for your cremains to be buried underground or interred above ground at a cemetery.

One undeniable benefit of cremation is the portability of the remains. The urn containing your ashes may be carried with your family as they move from place to place. Your ashes could also be released in a favorite place. You can even pay to have your remains sent to space! Other options include “huggable urn” teddy bears, having your ashes put into fireworks, and having them pressed into vinyl records. Before you make your plans, be aware that many places restrict where human remains can be released, so check local laws to learn if your wishes are legally possible.

3. You Can Save Money

Cremation services can be a good way to save your family additional financial stress after your death. They generally cost about a quarter of the expense of a traditional burial. Very simple services can start at $600, though more elaborate funerals and burials can raise the cost to $4000 or more.

4. You Can Go Green

Cremation services provide environmentally friendly options. Though fossil fuels are generally burned in the process, advanced filtering systems can help reduced the pollution that is released. Choosing a crematorium where you don’t have to be embalmed, and where you can use a casket made of natural materials can also reduce the pollutants involved. You can choose a biodegradable urn to store your ashes for burial, or choose to have your ashes scattered, which has even less environmental impact.

Cremation is just one option to take into account as you plan your final arrangements. Work with your loved ones to develop a plan that will allow them to feel peace and give you peace of mind.

How to Prevent Pre-Diabetes From Getting Worse

Diabetes is a very serious chronic disease suffered by millions of people worldwide.

If you are diabetic and fail to control your blood glucose levels you are likely to end up with one or more serious medical conditions, such as heart disease, kidney failure and damaged nerves among many others.

Pre-diabetes is a condition in which your blood glucose levels are higher than they should be but not so high that you are diagnosed as diabetic. Research suggests that up to 70% of persons with pre-diabetes go on to develop full type 2 diabetes.

But this means that 30% manage to halt the development of diabetes before it becomes a chronic disease. So, if you have been diagnosed as pre-diabetic, developing full-blown diabetes is not inevitable.

You can’t change your past behaviour, your age or your genes but you can change your lifestyle… how you disport yourself and what you eat and drink.

How your digestive system works

The foods you eat are mostly a combination of carbohydrates, proteins and fats in various proportions. A piece of meat, for example, contains mostly protein and fats. Vegetables such as potatoes contain lots of carbohydrates.

When you digest a bit of food, it is broken down into it main components… carbs, proteins and fats. These components are then broken down further in your digestive system and released into to your blood-stream which delivers them around your body.

Your energy comes from glucose. Glucose is just a simple sugar. But it is your body’s primary source of energy.

Most glucose comes from digesting the sugar and starch in carbohydrates which you get from food such as rice, pasta, grains, breads, potatoes, fruits and some vegetables. The glucose produced by digestion in your stomach is absorbed into your bloodstream which delivers it to your body’s cells.

Glucose is the fuel for your cells… it powers your movements, thoughts and just about everything else you do.

In order to power your cells, glucose has to get into them. It can only do this with the help of insulin.

Insulin is a hormone (a type of chemical). It is produced by your pancreas. The pancreas releases insulin into your bloodstream where it travels around your body and meets up with glucose on the same trip. The purpose of insulin is to enable glucose to enter your cells.

To do this, insulin attaches itself to a receptor in the surface of the cell. This causes the cell membrane to allow glucose to enter the cell. The cell can then use the glucose as its fuel.

This glucose-insulin system has to work properly if you are to be healthy.

If the insulin does not do its job of ‘opening the cell door’ for glucose, the glucose will not be able to get into the cell… and the cell will run out of fuel.

Diabetes is a condition in which the glucose-insulin system does not function correctly.

There are two major types of diabetes: (a) type 1 and (b) type 2. More than 90% of diabetics have type 2 diabetes.

In type 1 diabetes the pancreas does not produce any insulin or, at best, very little. Type 1 cannot be cured. The only way these diabetics can survive is by taking regular shots of insulin.

In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does produce insulin which is released into the bloodstream. But when the insulin arrives at a cell it has trouble attaching itself to a receptor. So it cannot induce the cell membrane to open and allow glucose to enter the cell.

Insulin resistance is the condition in which insulin is unable to attach itself to cell receptors.

Imagine a key trying to slide into a lock in a door. If the lock is jammed… say, with a bit of chewing gum… the key cannot get in. There is nothing wrong with the key and nothing wrong with the lock. But before the key can get in, the lock has to be cleaned out.

One of the main reasons for insulin resistance is having cell ‘doors’ that are jammed with fat. The only way to ‘unjam’ them is to eliminate all fat as far as possible from your diet for four to six weeks (at least) until the cell receptors are free of fat.

So what do you have to do to prevent type 2 diabetes developing from pre-diabetes to the full-blown chronic condition… with its elevated risks of heart attacks, strokes, blindness, kidney transplants, leg amputations, and other dreadful conditions?

Change your lifestyle using:

  • Exercise, and
  • Diet

Here are 12 things you can do:

[1] Avoid sedentary behaviour

A sedentary lifestyle is one in which you sit most of the day and undertake little physical activity. The link between sedentary behaviour and the risk of diabetes is well proven.

An analysis of the results of 47 studies found that people who spent most of the day engaged in sedentary behaviour (eg, office workers) have a 91% risk of developing diabetes.

If you work in an office, there are several ways you can change your sedentary habits:

  • Stand up from your desk and walk around for a few minutes every hour.
  • Stand instead of sitting when talking on the phone.
  • Take the stairs instead of the elevator.
  • Park far away from the supermarket so you have to walk a good distance to get inside.
  • Go for long walks in the evening (easy if you have a dog).

The best way to reverse sedentary tendencies is to commit to specific actions you can do every day.

[2] Get plenty of exercise

Research indicates that physical exercise increases the insulin sensitivity of cells… when you exercise, less insulin is required to enable your blood glucose to enter your cells.

Many types of physical activity reduce blood glucose levels in pre-diabetic adults who are obese or overweight… including aerobic exercise, strength training and high-intensity interval training.

One study of pre-diabetics indicated that high-intensity exercise increased insulin sensitivity by 85%… while moderately intense exercise increased it my more than 50%. But this effect only happened on the days that they actually worked out.

Another study found that to improve insulin response in pre-diabetics, they needed to burn at least 2,000 calories a week through exercise… but that is not too hard to do if you set your mind to it.

The trick is to find a physical activity you enjoy and can undertake regularly, and then stick to it for the long-term.

[3] Quit smoking

Besides cancers of the lung, breast, prostate, colon, oesophagus and digestive tract, as well as emphysema and heart disease, research indicates that there are strong links between smoking (and exposure to second-hand smoke) and type 2 diabetes.

Smoking increases the risk of diabetes by 44% in average smokers and 61% in heavy smokers (more than 20 cigarettes a day), compared to non-smokers according to a meta-analysis of several studies that together covered more than one million smokers.

But quitting reduces this risk over time, not immediately.

A study of middle-aged male smokers indicates that five years after quitting their risk of developing diabetes was reduced by 13% and after 20 years it was the same as people who had never smoked.

[4] Lose weight

The majority of people who develop type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. In addition, people with pre-diabetes tend to have visceral fat … ie they carry their excess weight around their middle and abdominal organs such as the liver.

Studies have shown that excess visceral fat promotes insulin resistance, increasing the risk of diabetes significantly. This risk can be reduced by losing weight, especially around the middle.

One study of more than 1,000 people found that for every kilogram (2.2 lbs) they lost, their risk of diabetes was reduced by 16%. This study also found that the maximum reduction of risk was 96%, ie a loss of 6 kilogram (13.2 lbs).

There are many healthy ways for losing weight… exercise… dieting.

You have many dietary options to choose from: Mediterranean, paleo, low-carb, vegetarian. The best, perhaps, is the Beating-Diabetes diet.

[5] Reduce the fat in your diet

As you already know, the main cause of type 2 diabetes is fat gumming up the receptors in your muscle cells, so the insulin cannot open the cell membranes to allow glucose to enter. The “cure” is to unblock the receptors.

As you are pre-diabetic it is likely that fat is already beginning to gum up the receptors. You can unblock the receptors by minimising the fat you ingest in your diet.

To minimise the fat you eat:

  • make sure that less than 10% of the energy in any food you eat comes from fat (read the labels), and
  • reduce your consumption of meat, eggs and dairy products as much as possible, and focus on foods based on plants (fruit and vegetables).

It’s that simple.

[6] Reduce the refined carbs you eat

Refined carbohydrates are refined sugar and grain products that have been milled. The process removes dietary fibre, vitamins, and minerals from the grains.

Examples of refined carbs include white sugar, granulated sugar, high fructose corn syrup and so on, as well as white flour, white rice, white pasta etc. These are digested more rapidly than unrefined carbohydrates.

Many studies have shown a link between the frequent consumption of sugar or other refined carbs and the risk of diabetes.

For example, an analysis that looked at a total of 37 studies found that persons with the highest intakes of refined carbs are 40% more likely to develop diabetes than those with the lowest intakes.

This is because simple sugars and refined carbs are digested very quickly and are absorbed rapidly in the bloodstream. This results in a spike in the level of glucose in your blood.

But, as you are pre-diabetic, your body’s cells are resistant to the action of insulin. As a result the glucose spike stimulates your pancreas to produce more insulin.

Over time this leads to higher and higher blood glucose and insulin levels in your blood until you develop full-blown diabetes.

To avoid this you need to stop putting sugar in you tea and coffee, and stop drinking sodas and other sugary drinks.

You also need to start eating natural foods such as whole grains, legumes, fruits, and uncooked vegetables, all of which are top sources for unrefined carbohydrates.

[7] Eat a high fibre diet

Dietary fibre is the indigestible portion of plant foods. There are two types of fibre and eating plenty of both types is crucial for preventing pre-diabetes turning into the full-blown variety.

Soluble fibre is fibre that dissolves in water to form a viscous gel-like material that slows the rate at which food is absorbed, reducing the likelihood of sudden spikes in blood glucose.

Insoluble fibre cannot dissolve in water but does absorb water which makes your stool more bulky, easing its passage. It too is linked to reductions in blood glucose but how it works is not clear.

The main sources of soluble fibre are… legumes (beans, peas, etc)… grains (oats, rye and barley)… vegetables such as broccoli, carrot and artichokes… root vegetables such as sweet potatoes and onions… and the insides of some fruits such as prunes, plums, berries, bananas, apples and pears.

Insoluble fibre is mostly found in… whole grains… wheat and corn bran… nuts and seeds… potato skins… flax seeds… fruit such as avocados and bananas… some skins such as on tomatoes… and vegetables such as green beans, cauliflower, courgettes (zucchini) and celery.

Some plants contain significant amounts of both soluble and insoluble fibre. Eat plenty of vegetables and fruit and you will get enough fibre to prevent your pre-diabetes developing into diabetes.

[8] Minimise your intake of processed foods

Processed foods, such as bacon, sausage, paté, salami, breakfast cereals, cheese, tinned vegetables, bread, savoury snacks (crisps, sausage rolls, pies and pasties), cakes and biscuits, microwave meals and so on, are full of oils, added fats, added sugar, refined grains and all sorts of additives.

Processed foods are linked to all sorts of health problems, including diabetes. One study found that poor-quality diets that are high in processed foods increase the risk of diabetes by 30%.

So to prevent your diabetes developing into chronic diabetes, you need to cut back on processed foods. Eat vegetables, fruits, nuts and other plant foods instead.

[9] Restrict portion sizes

Once food hits your stomach, it all starts to be digested at once.

Thus, unsurprisingly, eating too much at one sitting has been shown to cause higher blood sugar and insulin levels in people who are pre-diabetic.

A two-year study of pre-diabetic men found that those who reduced the amount of food they ate in one meal had a 46% lower risk of developing diabetes compared to those who continued to eat large amounts.

Another study of people with re-diabetes concluded that those who practiced portion control lowered their blood glucose and insulin levels significantly after 12 weeks.

So, to prevent the onset of diabetes, you need to practice portion control.

[10] Drink lots of water, coffee and tea

Water… lots of it… should be your primary beverage.

Sticking with water most of the time means you will be avoiding beverages that are high in sugar, preservatives and other questionable ingredients.

A large observational study of 2,800 people found that those who consumed more than two servings of sugar-sweetened beverages a day had a 99% increased risk of developing LADA and a 20% higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

LADA, latent autoimmune diabetes of adults, is a form of type 1 diabetes that occurs in people over 18 years of age.

Some studies have found that increased water consumption (as oppose to upping the quantity of sodas or fruit juices you consume) leads to better blood glucose control and insulin response.

One 24-week study, for example, showed that overweight adults who replaced diet sodas with water as part of a weight-loss programme experienced a decrease in insulin resistance and lower levels of blood glucose and insulin after fasting.

So drink plenty of water, at least 2 to 4 litres, a day to stop diabetes developing.

Make sure you avoid the sugar-filled sodas and energy drinks. Instead, when you need a pick up or energy booster, go for coffee or tea.

Coffee and tea contain polyphenols, antioxidants that may protect against diabetes. Green tea also contains epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a unique antioxidant that has been shown to reduce the release of blood sugar from the liver and to increase insulin sensitivity.

Several studies have shown that drinking coffee on a daily basis reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes by anywhere from 8 to 54%. The greatest reduction in risk is seen in those who drink the most.

An analysis of several studies, that included tea as well as coffee, found similar results. This review also showed that the risk of developing diabetes was reduced the most in women (of all sizes) and overweight men.

So it’s plenty of water, tea and coffee for pre-diabetics who wish to avoid developing diabetes.

[11] Take a daily nutritional supplement

The term nutritional supplement covers micro-nutrients such as vitamins, dietary minerals and fatty acids.

Vitamins are vital for health. All vitamins fall into one of two main groups… water-soluble or fat-soluble.

Water-soluble … are all the B vitamins plus vitamin C. These vitamins are not stored in your body and you get rid of excess quantities in your urine. Thus they cannot build up to toxic levels in your body.

Fat-soluble … are vitamins A, D, E and K. To absorb these vitamins, you need a little fat in your diet. Any excess amounts are stored in your body fat so they could, theoretically, build up to toxic levels. But this is extremely rare.

Minerals are divided into two groups… major minerals and trace minerals.

Major minerals are the minerals you need in amounts of 100 milligrams (mg) or more each day. These minerals are calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulphur, potassium, sodium, and chloride.

Trace minerals are needed in amounts of less than 100mg each day. Trace minerals include iron, iodine, zinc, fluoride, selenium, copper, chromium, manganese, and molybdenum.

Minerals are used in a variety of processes. For example, your body uses calcium to make bones and teeth, and iron to make the haemoglobin in your red blood cells.

Although the functions of all vitamins and dietary minerals are not yet fully understood by scientists, and even though the results of clinical tests often contradict each other, a daily dietary supplement should help prevent your pre-diabetes developing into diabetes.

Here’s what you need to take on a daily basis:

  • Multivitamin • to make sure all your nutritional needs are covered
  • Vitamin B12 (4mcg) in a separate tablet • for the health of your nervous system as your pre-diabetes is likely to be affecting your nerves already
  • Calcium (400mg) plus vitamin D (2.5mcg) together in a separate tablet • to ensure the health of your bones
  • High-strength cod-liver oil capsule with vitamins D and E, in a separate capsule • to make sure you ingest adequate amounts of the essential fatty acids omega 3 and omega 6

There is an emphasis on vitamin D because this vitamin is important for good control over your blood glucose.

A variety of studies show that persons who have too little vitamin D in their bloodstream are at a greater risk of all type of diabetes. One study found that persons with the highest levels of vitamin D in their blood were 43% less likely to develop diabetes compared to persons with the lowest levels.

Most health organisations recommend maintaining a vitamin D blood level of at least 75nmol/l (30ng/ml).

Controlled studies have shown that when people who are deficient in vitamin D take supplements, their blood glucose levels normalise and their risk of developing diabetes is reduced significantly.

[12] Add natural herbs to your diet

The internet is full of claims, mostly spurious, that certain herbs can prevent your pre-diabetes from developing into the full-blown version of the disease. Here are a few of the more credible claims:

Cinnamon … is a highly-aromatic spice with a very distinctive flavour. It is used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of medical conditions, apparently with some success.

Reports on the internet suggest that cinnamon can cut fasting glucose levels by up to 30%, so I began sprinkling one large teaspoon on my porridge (oatmeal) in the morning. Within a few days, my average glucose levels on awaking had dropped by nearly 0.5mmol/l (9mg/l) or about 8%, quite a bit short of 30%… a significant reduction nonetheless.

So it seems to me that this spice, in the form of ground powder you can buy from your local supermarket, can help you improve your blood glucose levels and thus help prevent your pre-diabetes developing into diabetes.

Bitter melon… aka bitter gourd or karela (in India), is a unique vegetable-fruit that can be used as a food or medicine. It is often recommended for the control of diabetes.

A number of clinical studies have shown that bitter melon is effective in improving blood glucose levels, increasing the secretion of insulin and decreasing insulin resistance.

In January 2011, for example, the results of a four-week clinical trial were published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, which showed that a 2,000 mg daily dose of bitter melon significantly reduced blood glucose levels among patients with type 2 diabetes. However the hypoglycemic effect was less than that of a 1,000 mg per day dose of metformin, a popular diabetes medication.

Although it may be of some help in preventing your pre-diabetes getting worse, bitter melon needs to be treated with care as it has been associated with miscarriages and induced abortions in animals… it should be avoided if you are pregnant or want to get pregnant.

Curcumin … is a component of turmeric, one of the main ingredients in curries. It has strong anti-inflammatory properties and has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries.

Research shows that curcumin can help reduce inflammatory markers in persons with pre-diabetes.

In a controlled 9-month study of 240 pre-diabetic adults, none of those who took 750mg of curcumin per day developed diabetes, but over 16% of the control group did. The study also noted that insulin sensitivity amongst those who took curcumin increased, as did the functioning of their insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

Thus the benefits of curcumin in decreasing insulin resistance and reducing the risk that pre-diabetics will develop full blown diabetes appear to be well proven.

Berberine … is an alkaloid extracted from various plants used in traditional Chinese medicine. It is proven to have anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects. It works by reducing the production of glucose in the liver and increasing insulin sensitivity.

An amalgamation of 14 studies of human and animal research has shown that 1,500mg of berberine, taken in three doses of 500mg each, is equally effective as taking 1,500mg of metformin or 4mg glibenclamide, two popular pharmaceuticals for treating type 2 diabetes. Berberine is one of the few supplements shown to be as effective as conventional diabetes drugs.

Berberine, however, can interact with other medications and caution needs to be exercised… ask your doctor before you try to use it to prevent your pre-diabetes getting worse.

Caveat (1): Spurious claims that certain supplements can cure or prevent diseases abound on the internet. However there are a few reliable sites that contain research-tested information. These are mainly connected to reputable universities, medical schools and teaching hospitals.

Caveat (2): Some herbs and supplements may interact with your diabetes medication (including insulin) and cause excessively low blood glucose. So check with your doctor before using them.


Pre-diabetes can develop into full-blown diabetes very quickly if you do nothing about it. And the medical consequences of diabetes are very serious indeed.

So take your pre-diabetes seriously and deal with it as outlined above… this will enable you to live a pleasant and fruitful life.