10 Popular Website Design Trends for 2018

Comfort and Minimalism

Keep it simple: Minimalism goes on as a popular trend with more white spaces that give a clean, versatile design.

Slow yet detailed animations can achieve comfort. Content should be short but focused. This is to make sure that your message is conveyed to visitors at first glance.

Keep in mind that… First impression lasts.

Futuristic Designs

When it comes to futuristic design, designers outpace movies.

When going over leading designs, you will usually see a highly technological work or huge data visualization. Data points have increased to 20X in the last 3 years, which makes them difficult to understand.

Custom Illustrations, Videos

An image speaks louder than words. In addition, they save space and capture the interest of users.

A study reveals that the time spent on a website increases by 100% when a page includes at least one image or video.

Videos never fail to impress since 85% of shoppers would most likely make a purchase after viewing a demonstration.

Shadows to Create an Illusion of Depth

Shadows are popular in the designers world since they create more depth. They allow you to turn your flat design to semi-flat. Shadows, as well as slight variation of colors, can be used for the following:

  • making CTA’s seem raised when they are about to be clicked
  • establishing a visual order among elements

Note: Refrain from using too many shadows.

Responsive Web Design and Logos

Since Google became the leader in search engines, web developers have become comfortable using Responsive web design. This is also seen in logos as well. All these can be attributed to Google.

At present, brands need a responsive website and logo design to maintain their presence before their target audience – no matter what device they use.

Minimalist Images

To effectively draw a user’s attention on a particular item, it is best to use a plain background to focus more on a specific detail. This strategy is always used in e-commerce. Web designers are now applying it to boost CTA.

More Blank Spaces

Web designers use blank spaces now more than ever. This is since a negative space makes a user focus on something valuable. This is, for example, the product you are selling with optimized CTA.

Animations, Cinegraphs, Gifs

Users would rather watch stories than read text. Motion could easily capture a user’s interest more than anything else. This is the reason why Instagram is successful.

Animations, cinegraphs and Gifs can be used to create striking web pages, news letters and banners, among others. These terms are familiar to users of social media.

Add animations to let users go smoothly throughout navigation and loading screens, to name a few.


Micro-interactions can be seen everywhere. They differ from animations in a way that is difficult to explain. Just refer to the example that follows.

They are used in creating highly interactive user interfaces so the users do not have to visit and scroll down the pages.

Bright Gradients and Vivid Colors

After a long period of absence, gradients are back online. Gradients 2.0, with their distinct colors, are fast becoming popular.

Choosing an Online Website Builder

There are so many website builders out there today that it can be rather difficult to choose the best one for your website. However, there are some key factors that you should look at when choosing an online builder. These key elements are important for building and maintaining a professional website.

The first thing you want to look for in an online website builder is ease of use. Not all web builders are easy to use. In fact, some of them can be rather complicated. The site builder should have an easy to use point and click interface. In addition, it should have a WYSWYG editor that allows you to make changes to the code if you are so inclined.

The next thing you want to look for in an online builder is hosting. Generally a website builder will have various hosting packages based on your use, the number of pages of your site, and features that you want to include in your site. These web builders can look like a good deal until you start adding all of these elements, then they can get very expensive. However, some website builders have only one package that includes all features of the online site builder as well as a good hosting package for a very reasonable rate. These are the types of site builders you should be looking for.

In addition, you should be looking at the features that are available with a builder. Some site builders are very simple and do not have advanced features such as shopping carts and contact forms. However, other site builders have a great many features, including widgets that allow you to embed videos and other documents into your site. You may be thinking that the more features that you have for your site the more expensive the online website builder will be, but that is not always the case. You can find the occasional feature rich site builder that is available for a very reasonable monthly subscription.

Finally, when choosing an online site builder you want to be certain that the service is reliable and that you do not have to worry about the service being discontinued during your use of it. The service should be one that is well established, and is stable. It should have few technical problems in both the builder and the hosting that it offers. This way you can be certain that you will not lose your website or that your website will not have problems for your site visitors. This is of the utmost importance. Many site builders are available today that are brand new and not established, and could very easily be gone in a year or less. However, other site builders were around for decades and simply went under because they did not stay up to date on their software and could not compete. Find an online website builder that is well established and uses the best and newest technology to make sure that you do not have to worry about these issues.

Good Eats – Restaurants With Truck Parking

When you are a trucker, you often find the only place you can count on a sit-down meal is at one of the many truck stops out there. Petro has the Iron Skillet, TA has the Country Pride, Flying J has the Country Market. But the same-old, same-old leaves you longing for more every now and then.

The problem is that a big rig can be 75 feet long or longer. We can’t just pull into a Chili’s parking lot, toot our horns, and say “We’re here.” Our choices are often limited by the size of our vehicles. Over the years, though, I have found quite a few places to park my rig that make my tummy glad.

The Beef House

In Covington, Indiana, on I 74 at exit 4, there is a Pilot truck stop. Right across the street, is one of the best restaurants I have ever been to. It’s called The Beef House. They are open for lunch or dinner. A good steak dinner for two will set you back about $40 or $50 depending on what you order. I go for the petite filet mignon- and I promise you, it’s worth every penny. There’s not a bit of fat on it, it’s wrapped in bacon and aged. I’ve never tried it but I imagine you could cut it with your fork, it’s so tender. They have a meat counter and you can buy from them and take it with you to grill later, too. They have a fresh salad bar that comes with your meal and wonderful soups (also included). Their service is top rate. Plenty of folks dine wearing suits and dresses, but you can wear a pair of jeans and a sweatshirt if you so choose, and you won’t feel out of place. There are two buildings- a banquet hall and the restaurant. Be sure to go to the restaurant (not the banquet hall)- it’s the building further west. They have room for several trucks to park in the gravel areas of their lot, but, for the less adventurous, you can park at the Pilot. It’s within walking distance.

(765) 793-3947

Nick’s Catfish and BBQ

In Carlisle, Arkansas, on I 40 at exit 183, there is a little restaurant that doesn’t look like much on the outside. Come to think of it, it doesn’t look like much on the inside either, but what comes out of the kitchen is worth stopping for. I’ve never had the BBQ but I have friends who have ordered it and been very happy with it. The catfish is some of the best stuff I’ve ever had. It’s not a place to dine if you’re on a diet, but if you’re looking for a good meal, it’s a sure bet. They have limited truck and rv parking on their dirt lot. They are just a little ways south of I 40 on state route 13.

(870) 552-3887 or (870) 552-7845


In Carson, California, on the 405 freeway at the Wilmington Ave exit, there is a diner with food that will rival your favorite “chain” restaurant. There is only legal parking for 2 or 3 trucks on the street (unless you’re bobtail- then you can fit in the lot). The spots are marked 1-hour truck parking and are just long enough for a big rig. I can’t even begin to delve into their menu offerings- meatloaf, pot roast, stir fry, salads… I’ve never heard of anyone being dissatisfied with their choice. The wait staff has been top notch anytime I’ve eaten there. I know of drivers’ who have parked their rigs a mile away in no parking zones and walked to Spires to get a good meal. It’s definitely worth a trip around the block to get a truck parking spot.

(310) 830-8170

Casa De Fruta

Just outside of Hollister, California, on route 152 (between Gilroy and Santa Nella) thre is a diner with a twist. The food isn’t the main attraction here, though it’s a very pleasant change from a truck stop restaurant. This place is an entire casa de EVENTS- there is a wine shop and wine tastings (not before you drive, please), a sweet shop, and a fruit and nut shop. I had never stopped there other than for a quick meal or a place to sleep until recently when a friend of mine told me about the train. I had no idea there was more than fruit and food there. From the map of the place you can see they have a little train, a zoo, and a gaggle of peacocks walking around. The restaurant is 24-hours and has a variety of options. I’ve only had breakfast there, but it was very good.


In Fairfield, Texas, on I 45 at exit 197, there is a restaurant good enough to make Sam Houston proud. Another driver suggested dinner at Sam’s, and, to be honest, at first glance I didn’t expect much. The outside of the building looks like any truck stop along the I 45 corridor, but what’s inside those walls will surprise you. This place has a little gift shop with all kinds of cute nick-knacks to browse- though I’ve never had to wait for a table. It’s not too fancy but it’s very nice. They have a nice salad bar, fantastic catfish and great BBQ. They are located just east of I 45 and have a dirt lot for truck parking. Don’t mistake it for the truck stop on the west side of the freeway.

(903) 389-SAMS


(currently truck parking/truck stop is closed for construction of Cabella’s and a new truck facility)

In Verdi, Nevada, at exit 3, there is a Casino and truck stop called Boomtown. Truckers can park at the truck stop and take the free shuttle to the main casino. On Friday, Saturday, and Sunday nights, the buffet’s main attraction is the all-you-can-eat lobster. It’s not like what you might expect up in Maine, but it is a nice change from your typical truck stop fare. It will set you back $24 per person ($19.99 each if you show your Player’s Club card). The lobsters are on the small side, but it is, after all, all-you-can-eat, so who’s complaining? Other than that, it is a typical casino buffet.

(775) 345-8699


In Oregon on I 5 at exit 307 (don’t miss the exit because you can’t just flip around at the next exit (the two overlap and there is no ramp when you get back on the freeway) is a poorly marked truck stop called the Jubitz- follow the small signs along the route marked “Jubitz.” I wanted to stay away from truck stops, but this is one that deserves mention. The Cascade Grill restaurant inside the main building is top rate and they also have a bar that boasts live entertainment. It’s a nice change from the traditional truck stop with all the services a truck stop provides (diesel, tires, showers, laundry, etc.). Definitely worth stopping by.

(503) 283-1111 or (800) 523-1193

Other places I have had recommended to me but have not tried:

The Farmhouse

In Wendell, Idaho. The Farmhouse has truck parking available (unconfirmed), large portions, friendly service… and sure beats the regular fare at truck stops, if you know what I mean!

The Big Texan

In Amarillo, Texas. This place is known for the 72 oz steak you get free if you eat it in one hour. Other than that, I hear their “regular” steaks are out of this world.

(800) 657-7177

Rainbow Casino Steak House

In Wendover, Nevada. Reservations are recommended. There is plenty of truck parking and a free shuttle (although, the casino is right across the street and safe to walk to). I have heard that their filet mignon and jumbo prawns combo is better than hitting a jackpot.

(800) 537-0207

Hotels in Chennai Near Railway Station

Chennai is one of the largest metropolises of India and is also the capital city of Tamil Nadu. Read on to find out more about the city and also check out some quality hotels in Chennai.

Chennai formerly known as Madras is the largest city in Tamil Nadu that also serves as its administrative capital. The former site of Fort St. Louis George, Chennai was one of the first cities to come under the British who then built it extensively. You will find many colonial structures and buildings which speak of their influence and one two of the best examples are the Chennai Corporation Building and the Fort. George. Chennai is also an important cultural center in South India and is said to be the birthplace of the Bharatanatyam dance form and Carnatic music. The city is known for its unique culture that should be tried out in person such as the famous filter kaapi (coffee), the authentic Tamil cuisine and the numerous festivals held every year.

Chennai is well connected with the rest of the country by roads, railway and airways. The city even has its own international airport- the Chennai International Airport. The city has two railway stations actually the Chennai Central station that connects the cities outside Tamil Nadu while the Egmore station connects interceptively mostly. Chennai Central is located on the GH road near the Nehru Stadium while the Egmore railway station is located more centrally near the Ponamalle High Road. You can find many quality hotels that provides all major amenities. Staying in the hotels in Chennai close to railway station provides easy accessibility and also reduces your transportation costs drastically. You do not have to pay for private cabs to travel to / from your hotel and you can also save your time as you do not have to travel much if you stay in hotels in Chennai. Below are some quality hotels that you can check out.

Hotels in Chennai near Railway Station

Hotel Pandian is located in Chennai making it one of the best hotels to stay at while in town. It is one of the highly recommended hotels in Chennai and has received almost 77% customer recommendation which means 8 out of 10 people would like to visit again. The hotel has been praised for its location and its facilities. It offers well furnished rooms that are equipped with all major amenities. It also offers a fine multi cuisine restaurant, bar and 24 hr room service. The rooms cost Rs.1400.

Hotel Raj Residency is a 2 star hotel in Chennai. Hotel is just 1 km from the Chennai Central railway station. It is one of the popular hotels in Chennai and has been widely recommended for its location, facilities and its service. It offers well furnished and fully air conditioned rooms that are equipped with all major amenities. It also offers a pure veg restaurant, free parking, safe locker and a travel desk. The rooms cost Rs.1100.

Are Ground Moles Harmful to Humans?

Moles have no direct harm to human beings, rarely when a mole bites a person that is when we can say it has directly no harm someone. Moles are also known to cause rabies, so if a mole infected with rabies bites a person, it infects, the other harmful effects moles have on human beings are not direct.

Moles harm human beings by the destruction they cause to the land and the soil. By burrowing and digging out the earthworms and other insects in the soils, the moles are interfering with the erosion of the soil. When the moles burrow, they dig and leave the soils open and when it rains the soils are easily eroded by the rain water. When they eat up all these small insects, chances are that the soil will have no air and crops will not do well in these soils because they are insufficient.

Mounds and molehills caused by the moles can be dangerous to human being because walking and playing on unleveled grounds one can get an accident if they fell down.

However it is fair to give credit where deserved, as much as the moles have many negative effects, they also have something positive to talk about. Moles eat pests that are harmful to the plant roots such as cutworms, wireworms and leatherjacket, these pests need very expensive pesticides to control. Also when the moles burrow as they make the tunnels, they are aerating that soil.

As much as moles area nuisance and bother to humans, people are not allowed to kill them. In some states in the US it is illegal to kill a mole! It is therefore advisable that you get the best methods to control the mole and get rid of them. You can put up barriers to your lawns and flower gardens such that the moles cannot get over to your lawn. A well kempt lawn attracts moles as it is proof that there are many worms, which are food to the moles.

You can also keep some pets which do not get along with the moles. Cats specifically are an enemy to the moles. The fact is that moles dislike cat waste and cat litter. Make sure to keep a cat as a pet and you will have no moles on your lawn. Pour the cat litter at the opening of the tunnels and the moles will be a thing of the past.

Moles are afraid of scents. If you spray castor oil on the lawn and at the tunnels, the moles will run away.You will have to water the lawn before spraying with the castor oil. Castor oil will remain on the lawn until it is swept away by rains and you will have no moles on your lawn. You can also plant chocolate lilies around your yard; these lilies have a strong odor that is distasteful to the moles. Therefore it is good to plant bulbs all round your garden. One more rather weird way of keeping moles way from your lawn is by putting human hair at the mole tunnels, moles hate the feel of hair and human scent so they will run away.

How to Choose and Buy Flush Ceiling Lights

A fan is very important for homes. People can place a fan in the bedroom while they can put in the air fixture in the bathroom so that they can get cool air inside. The development of ceiling fan technology allows it to have its own additional lighting feature. People can add the beauty of their living rooms, dining areas and kitchens by exuding with amazing recessed ceiling lights. These modern flush ceiling lights are the form of modern light fixtures providing additional light that commonly used at the parlor or dining. Here is an advice on how to choose and buy it.

For air circulation outdoors, people can choose to surround flush ceiling fans for the air circulation. Just because they are on the wall does not mean they are less efficient than other fans. The ceiling fans are very available in many designs, materials and styles. You can learn about lighting effects to get the effects that you want before buying.

If you have plans to buy some of the outdoor fixtures, be sure to pick out a retailer offering discounted or wholesale flush ceiling lights. All ceiling lights contemporary need maintenance. Therefore, you need to choose those that are simple to install and easy to clean. If it is the first time for you to clean them while they require cleaning, you can simply ask someone to tell you how to dismantle it. You need to think about the areas or spaces where you want to install pendant light so that it can create style. You can choose the one that fulfills those areas to avoid undesirable contrast. It is true that flush ceiling lights are the commonest types of lighting fixtures in restaurants, homes and retail applications. They are very suitable for ambient lighting that depends on the room or space's size. There is a model such as flush mount lights to choose. There is also another option of semi flush ceiling lights.

In short, flush ceiling lights are more beneficial because of their light fixtures. Flush wall lights are available to give balanced lighting for your favorite rooms at home. You can order them from online dealers by contacting a toll free number or making contact by email. You can request a quote of the product catalog along with special package pricing. Do not hesitate to ask for discount because sometimes the dealers have promotions that mean chance for you to enjoy the lowest prices. The choices are in your hands.

Appropriate Things To Look Out For In Your Commercial HVAC Service Provider

An efficiently working air conditioning and ventilation system can assist the staff to perform work in a great way. With approaching summers, it becomes difficult to work proficiently at the workplace where an HVAC system is not operating well. Thus, it becomes important to take the services of a professional and technologically sound service provider.

The experts can help with any kind of wear and tear in the commercial HVAC system. Moreover, they will be able to guide the business, whether HVAC needs repair, light maintenance, or full replacement. Here are a few significant pointers to choose an experienced company for fixing the HVAC system.

Carry out Thorough Research Online

Before taking heating, ventilation and air conditioning services of any company, it is necessary to do a background check on a relative company. Check for –

  • Certification
  • Licenses
  • Experience of professionals
  • Handling of varied models of HVAC
  • Look out for the services needed according to the HVAC equipment
  • Service pricing
  • Time taken to accomplish work

Check Customer Reviews or Refer Accomplices

To know a service provider in a better way, it is necessary to check out with the referrals or testimonials provided for each commercial HVAC service provider online. The customers can only share their experiences and guide other people about the services of any company. One can also refer the family, relatives or friends before taking HVAC services of any company.

Comparison of Various Companies

The business owners can make a list of companies after doing a thorough research online. They can ask about varied service providers from their friends and family. This also helps in knowing about the company’s background, their relation with customers, working style, the time taken and much more. One can even reach out to their customer care departments just to know about their responsiveness, and the knowledge about different HVAC equipment used in offices. This can lead a business owner in selecting the right company.

Provision of After Replacement or Installation Services

The work of a commercial HVAC service provider does not end only by repairing or replacing the HVAC system. However, it is necessary to take the services of a company that provides after-installation support too.

This service is required to keep a check on the working of a new system, and one can get it mentioned in the written agreement. Moreover, the business owner must take the services of a company that has insured employees. Therefore, in case of an accident, the bill does not fall upon the business owner.

To sum up, quality service providers can provide the best commercial HVAC services. It becomes important to select the right company.

What to Consider When Buying a Conference Phone

For a high-quality conference call experience it makes sense to use the specialist equipment that is intended for the purpose. The conference phone is built with special components that help to provide the reliable sound quality for everyone involved to easily hear the conversation. Most of these phones have different design features and performance factors to provide a reliable service.

Here are several things to consider in the process of buying the conference phone:

Multiple features

The conference phone is built to include the standard functions of a normal phone, such as call transfer, mute redial and hold, as well as having the ability to adjust the sound settings to match the environment.

A great feature for sound clarity is the option to use multi directional microphones which can also help minimize echoes and excess noise inside the boardroom. The inclusion of duplex technology makes it possible to have a free-flowing conversation without the risk of dropouts at either end. Also, the wireless type of phone has greater flexibility for all participants.

Match the location

The conference phone has built-in microphones that are designed to work with different sized rooms, so it is essential to match the phone to the available space. Plus, there are other issues that can impact sound quality such as the amount of glass, wall paneling and hard surfaces. A typical office can use the phone that has a coverage area of 5 to 7 feet, while this will need to increase in the larger boardrooms that have multiple participants.

VoIP Functionality

A conference setup with VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) technology is appreciated for being a lot more cost-effective than the regular phone setup, as well as the ability to provide messaging and video functionality. Plus the phone with Internet connectivity makes it a lot easier to get setup for providing webinar services and video conferencing.

Bluetooth Connectivity

The phones with Bluetooth connectivity make it easier for the participants in the call to connect and share data using their own digital devices. Also the phone that has USB sockets is easier to connect to Internet VOIP networks, which is also useful as a means to link the conference phone to a video screen.


A useful solution to block common signal noises in the office environment, such as devices connected to wireless printers, is to use the type of phone that has the ability to resist all types of radio and electrical interference.

A Wide Open Mountain West Conference

Picking the Mountain West Conference Champion for the 2006 season could be riskier than riding shotgun with Mel Gibson on a Friday night. Whatever team does finish first in the Mountain West this year, they very well should expand the respect the conference has gained with the success of Utah in 2004 and last year with Texas Christian University.

TCU’s 8-0 conference record, 11-1 overall, was definitely a shocker considering the Horned Frogs were picked to finish fifth by most prognosticators. Ya’ think the MWC teams should have noticed something when TCU knocked off Oklahoma in Norman in their opening game last year?

I am looking at the MWC as a three-team race this year between the afore-mentioned reptiles along with Joe Pesci’s favorite team, the Utah Utes, and Donny Osmond’s preferred school, BYU. San Diego State is the Rip Van Winkle of the league.

I believe Utah is going to win the race to the top of the MWC. First, they play both TCU & BYU at home. The Utes have a very efficient quarterback in Brian Johnson, who was fourth in the nation last year in total offense. This will be the second year under head coach Kyle Whittingham after Urban Meyer went south to work on his tan. Whittingham should be more comfortable in the head role this year.

Utah had the best recruiting class in the MWC and could have some real beasts in the defensive line with JUCO transfer Aaron Tonga and freshman Joe Faifili. The defense will be led by all-MWC cornerback Eric Weddle in a strong secondary. The biggest question mark is at running back, where there are a lot of young candidates.

BYU has the quarterback with the best chance of moving to the next level, John Beck. BYU ranked sixth in the nation last year in passing offense scoring 33 points per game. This year, with eight starters returning on the offensive side, the Cougars are going to be even more explosive, especially after getting a year under their belt with offensive coordinator Robert Anae’s spread system. Yep, BYU lost star WR Todd Watkins, but they have true frosh speedster McKay Jacobson for Beck to hit deep. The running attack should improve with a quality veteran offensive line.

BYU has a strong revenge motive as they lost to TCU last year after leading 41-29 but suffered 9 defensive starter injuries during the game. An unlikely Frog late comeback spelled defeat for the men from Salt Lake. If the Cougars can survive their first three non-conference games against Arizona in Tucson, Tulsa, and a long trip to Boston College, they should have the fortitude and confidence to battle for the championship.

I don’t think 2006 is going to be the “Year of the Lizard” in the Mountain West. Even though the pigskin is an oblong shape, it sure bounced in the right direction for TCU last year. Luck was definitely TCU’s lady last year as they had four regular season wins of seven-points or less along with a net gain of 21 turnovers. It will be hard to maintain those numbers again this year.

TCU has one of the best coaches in the nation nobody knows about except his wife and Frog fans, Gary Patterson. Last year TCU was an unknown team, this year they have a bullseye on them bigger than a Target store sign.

TCU has inexperience at the offensive line and has two new starting cornerbacks. They also have to replace WR playmaker Cory Rodgers. Strong special teams and excellent pass rushing defensive ends will help keep TCU a threat to win it all in the Mountain West.

San Diego State hired the former Oklahoma offensive coordinator and Iowa University quarterback, Chuck Long, as their new head coach. There is even more of a Big 12 look to the Aztecs this year with new DC Bob Elliott and OC Del Miller, both from Kansas State. Yes, having a new coaching staff is strike one against them for over-achieving this year. But, it could be time for this historical under-achieving team to do a flip-flop. A new ball-control offense should help.

Even though the offense lost high-quality WR Jeff Webb to graduation (yes, they do have some graduates at SDS), they have a quality QB in Kevin O’Connell and somebody to handle Long’s desired run-first offense in future NFL’er RB Lynell Hamilton. Eight returning starters on the defensive side of the ball, including a stalwart secondary, should show strong improvement from their middle of the road quality last year.

Okay, who are the guys treading water in the Mountain West? Start with Sonny Lubick’s Colorado State who have a new quarterback coming in to lead the power-running offense. The Rams have the back, Kyle Bell, to hand off to, but should take a step down in passing efficiency from last year’s Justin Holland.

While CSU should be greatly improved on defense with seven returning starters, they still have the scarlet letter of being 115th in the nation in rushing defense last year. I believe this to be a “play-on” team, but they just don’t have the playmakers to make it a special team. A tough non-conference schedule with their traditional Colorado game and trips to WAC powers Nevada and Fresno State will help spell out the Ram’s MWC fate.

Next, we have the crowd of teams wanting to move up to conference respectability. So many questions exist for each of the teams that any of them could finish sixth or ninth. The proud New Mexico Lobos led by coach Rocky Long should finish at the top of the second-division heap.

The Lobos have tradition and a new offensive coordinator, Bob Toledo, former HC of the UCLA Bruins. Expect a different style offense to be put in by Toledo, normally not a good sign for success. However, New Mexico does have the type of QB Toledo needs to run his offense, Kole McCamey. He can run and he can pass. Unfortunately, he no longer will be passing to star WR Hank Baskett nor handing off to primo conference back Dontrell Moore.

New Mexico has a good schedule with no back to back conference road games. However, the Lobos have a lot of unproven players and a lack of playmakers in an offense needing them.

I must confess, I have been a season-ticket holder for UNLV football for six years straight. It is not that I am into punishing myself, you just don’t get the chance to see much “big-league” sports in Las Vegas. Plus, we have really good seats and you don’t have to worry about getting a good parking space!

UNLV has a coach from a winning Utah program who appears to be a good recruiter. Well, at least he is landing the “problem cases” from some major Pac-10 schools. I don’t know if the UNLV athletic department needs a good counselor or a good probation officer. Regardless, UNLV has some players who could be All-MWC with the most important one being QB Rocky Hinds, a transfer from USC.

Not only was the UNLV defense last in the Mountain West last year by a huge margin there is again a significant lack of depth which could bury the Rebels if the injury bug hits them again. A secondary is bolstered by a number of Pac-10 transfers, but is still thinner than Kate Moss during her “wild days”.

Air Force is not flying high and it is not due to high fuel costs. There is a lot of talk that head coach Fisher DeBerry’s time has come, regardless of 23 years of being in charge of a very proud program. However, just as in TCU’s case where they won a number of very close games, the Falcons lost four games by a total of ten points. While they were blown out by BYU & TCU, in all fairness they had a number of injuries, especially in their mind-numbing loss to Army.

While back-to-back losing seasons should not portend a gloomy Air Force future, it does raise dark clouds. To keep his job, DeBerry needs to beat Navy and Army at the minimum. A four-win conference season would then equate to a bowl for the hard-working Falcons.

Okay, Wyoming coach Joe Glenn made the cover of a national sports magazine last year (I believe it was the Sporting News). So did Cowboy hoops player, Fennis Dembo, who scored 41 points in a victory over the UCLA Bruins in the NCAA 1987 Tournament, but that was Sports Illustrated.

The point being, anybody from Wyoming making the cover of any national magazine should not create more excitement than some good fly fishing in the Cowboy State. The Pokes started well last year at 4-1, but fell off their horse in an 0-6 spin. Wyoming has a very good RB in Wynel Seldon with four returning offensive linemen, but questions at QB, the secondary, and on special teams mean the Cowboys are fighting to stay out of the cellar with UNLV, Air Force, and New Mexico.

The Mountain West Conference champion might slip into a BCS Bowl game this year. TCU joining the MWC last year was the best thing that could have happened to this mid-level group as the Horned Frogs showed that a great defense can overcome any gimmick or pass-heavy offense out there. It is a fun conference to watch and one that I do believe is on the rise. They are scheduling against major conferences and have had good success recently against more “name schools”.

It should be an exciting race in the young Mountain West Conference this year, one that is wide-open.

Importance of Plantation Shutters As Window Anwnings

Plantation shutters are one of the best-selling blinds due to the contemporary and neat look. These window canopies can regulate natural light as well as provide adequate ventilation and privacy for homeowners. Here, shutters are said to be more adaptable compared to traditional drapes. The slats can be inclined to shield expensive furnishings from rays of the sun. The sheets also serve as sturdy impediments making it difficult for people from the outside to see through your house. Plantation shutters are also effective in reducing the effects of noise pollution and retention of warm temperature.

This type of window treatments may be more expensive than other varieties but it can be a valuable investment since the material is comparatively durable. Maintenance is easy since all you have to do is to wipe the shutters with a clean and soft cloth. Plantation shutters installed in all areas can give your house a more coherent appearance provided you get the right colors.

The shades should make the room look more spacious, enhance the level of illumination and reduce costs of decorating. In case you opt to resell the house, such awnings make your home look more attractive and push the value higher. In fact, a lot of real estate agents say that the appraisal goes up when you choose these shutters over the customary awnings.

An additional benefit other than the exquisite look and higher value is that plantation shutters facilitate energy savings. These horizontal blinds are arranged in such a keep your home cool during the hot months and warm in the winter season. This means lower electric bills and more savings for you. The price is quite high but you save money in the long-term because of its durability.

You avoid buying replacements every now and then as against cheaper wood blinds that deteriorate fast due to weather exposure and handling. There are different designs, surfaces and shades to choose from so you do not have to worry about variety when it comes to visual effects. There is no doubt that many of your neighbors and friends will be fascinated with your new set of plantations shutters because of the stylish and enticing look. Start checking websites of furniture and home accessories suppliers and manufacturers. You can also visit the home outlets and department stores in your locality to look for good stocks. Close friends can also provide you with referrals for the best brands of plantation shutters.

Choosing a Top Online Casino

Choosing a top online casino is not easy because of the overwhelming number of casinos that are found on the internet. A player should first do a Google search by typing “top online casinos” and read the many reviews that have been written on such casinos. A top online casino would have a government approved license to run the casino as well as a 24/7 customer support department that you can contact incase of an emergency. It would also have an Interactive Gaming Council (IGC) logo on its site.

Protecting a player’s personal information should be one of the main concerns of an online casino. Top online casinos will always have the 128-Bit Secure Socket Layer (SSL) in their banking section to protect a player’s credit card information as well as other personal information. A top online casino should have reputable gaming software for its players to download. The best gaming software a casino has will also confirm that it offers its players good bonuses. Microgaming is the leaders in gaming software for online casinos. Top online casinos are usually the Microgaming online casinos because they offer amazing graphic and sounds in their games which makes a player feel that he is playing in a real casino.

The bonuses offered by these casinos are usually better than other virtual casinos on the internet. But Microgaming online casinos do not accept U.S. players. A top online casino will also offer a person free games to play to improve his skills at a game without having to wager any gambling money. A player should also take time to check the terms and conditions of the online casino. By doing so he will be aware of what are the restrictions on the bonuses offered and the wagering requirements of the bonuses, payout percentage of a game, etc.

It’s not difficult to find a top online casino if one remembers to take the time to check whether it has reliable software, has a government approved licensed and is also licensed and monitored by an accounting company, offers a 24 hour 7 day customer support system, and gives information of the companies financial background and payment structures.

But just as it is important in choosing a top online casino, it is also important that a player knows the rules of the game he plans to play. This will increase his chances of winning. One plus point of online casinos is that a lot of them will offer its players to play a few games for free to improve their skills before wagering any real money. A player new to online gambling will benefit greatly by playing free games.

Opening Up a Distribution Center in Europe – Your First Steps to European Domination

If you are already selling in Europe, or you are considering exporting to Europe, at some point you need to consider having your own Distribution Center/Warehouse based there. There are pros and cons to making this move and it is really important to be aware of the benefits and pitfalls. The wrong decision can cost you $millions. The right decision can jump start your export sales in a big way.

For the purposes of this article the question of whether the Distribution Center you are considering is owned by you or whether you are using external fulfillment is not addressed. Once the decision to have a warehouse in Europe is made (for all the right reasons) we strongly recommend you spend some time deciding on whether to utilize a third party fulfillment company or whether to have complete ownership of your Distribution Center. Third party advice can help you here.

So what are some of the positives of having a Distribution Center in Europe? Here are some of the biggest benefits that you should be looking for:

· Lead times for your customers will be significantly reduced. This will make them happier because they can operate a more efficient supply chain.

· You will have greater flexibility over the quantity you can supply your customers. Without a European Distribution Center, in order to make shipping economic the customer is often pressured to buy more product than they want or need (container loads for example). Local availability in your warehouse enables smaller more frequent orders to be placed and fulfilled and may well bring you more customers who previously were not prepared or able to buy large quantities at a time.

· By consolidating the order needs of many countries you should be able to produce longer run orders (hence more economic) and ship efficiently with lower “freight in” costs

· You can expect your “freight out to customer” prices to be lower. It is usually easier to negotiate contract pricing with a fixed address warehouse than it is to negotiate periodic deliveries from a port to the customer.

· You will have more flexibility to handle returns and servicing. Your Distribution Center can be used as a service centre. Customers can send returns back to you more easily. All these activities bring you closer to your customer, and should help build business.

· Expect easier localization and customization. The EU consists of a collection of countries that are grouped together through common trading goals, and in some cases a common currency. The EU government makes product /company related regulations that can become law in the member countries. Where a new regulation is adopted by all countries, this can make life easier. Unfortunately there are still many country specific regulations, some of which may affect your product in a way that could make it unsaleable. Having your own Distribution Center can allow you to make necessary modifications and changes to your products to comply with local requirements.

· Just as in the US, larger Euro customers are becoming more demanding. EDI, special packaging, special labeling are all part of the cost of doing business. Having your own Distribution Center enables you to get to grips with this and to handle the requirements locally.

· A Distribution Center can be your stepping stone to European domination! Sometimes setting up a subsidiary in Europe with HQ, sales offices etc., is too big a first step. A Distribution Center can help move you towards this goal without risking everything.

So it would seem that the benefits of having a European Distribution Center are many. However there are things that also need to be considered before you press the button:

· Deciding where to put your Distribution Center is not easy. 500 million people in 27 countries are your target market, but you will need to decide where to locate. Remember if your Distribution Center is in, say Holland, you must take into account that you will still have to ship to places as far apart at Denmark and Spain. Take advice on where to locate.

· Like it or not you will incur another layer of costs. Expect to have administration costs in the US associated with support of the Distribution Center plus of course the administration costs actually at the Distribution Center. This can be quite considerable especially if you plan to handle A/R from the Distribution Center as well.

· There is a flip side to giving your customers the convenience and flexibility to order from you locally. Expect them to order more frequently but with smaller quantities. Your Distribution Center becomes the customer’s warehouse and you will be faced with more complex supply chain issues. Forecasting becomes crucial to make sure that you do load up with too much inventory. Your pricing model also needs to be adjusted to take into account your extra costs of holding inventory.

· Shipping goods from one European country to many European countries is fairly straightforward, but language issues need to be considered. More frequent orders will mean more customer calls and customer emails requesting information, giving instructions, disputing issues and more. These communications will be happening in many different languages (although most companies do conduct or have the capability to conduct business in English). You therefore need to consider how much local language knowledge and capability you need for your particular product. Generally the less complex the product the less language capability you need. However a more complex product with high back end service requirements is likely to need a substantial local language capability at your Distribution Center.

· Once you make the decision to move to open a Distribution Center you will have to clarify your intentions to any Distribution Partners you already have in Europe. Perhaps they already stock your product in their country. How will this affect them? Will they see it as you trying to “cut them out”?

· Labor laws in Europe are very different to the USA. Generally expect employees to have much greater rights than in the USA. Hiring is easy, firing can very difficult and expensive, so proceed with caution and do not overstaff your Distribution Center

Having your own Distribution Center in Europe can be a huge benefit to your business but proceed with care. It can be a great first step towards your domination of Europe. But if done for the wrong reasons or done without planning, advice and thought it can be one of your most costly mistakes.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure (HBP) is common among senior citizens in the United States and is a serious condition that can significantly increase the probability of having coronary heart disease, a heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, and other health problems and risks. In literal terms, “blood pressure” is the force of blood pushing against arterial walls while the heart pumps out blood. A large force over a long period of time is called HBP and it can cause extensive damage to the body. It is very important that senior citizens understand what their blood pressure means and how they can effectively prevent and, if necessary, treat HBP. People who participate in the elder care of senior citizens should also be familiar with HBP and how they can encourage behaviors that facilitate healthy blood movement. 


In the United States, about one in three adults have HBP. By itself, HBP has no apparent symptoms; it could be damaging the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of the body for years without any obvious signs. Because of this, knowing your blood pressure is important regardless of how you physically feel. That way, you can take the necessary steps if your pressure is too high. Senior citizens and those involved in their elder care should monitor blood pressure regardless of what range it is in. If it is normal, you should work to keep it in that range. If it is high, you should seek treatment to minimize and prevent damage to your body. 

Blood Pressure Numbers

The numbers that make up the pressure reading include systolic pressure, which is the pressure when the heart is pumping blood, and diastolic pressure, which is the pressure when the heart is resting between beats. Often, your blood pressure will be written and stated as systolic over diastolic. For example, you might see 120/80 mmHg, which someone would say aloud as “120 over 80.”

The following table presents normal numbers for adults and shows you which numbers place you at a greater risk for health problems. BP may fluctuate, but if your numbers are consistently above normal, you are at risk for developing high blood pressure.

*These ranges apply to adults without short-term serious illnesses, which could temporarily change blood pressure.

Levels above 120/80 mmHg raise your risk, which continues to rise as the numbers increase. “Prehypertension” implies that you are prone to developing high BP if steps are not taken to prevent it. If you have been treating HBP and your numbers have been in the normal range, your BP is under control, but you still have the condition. Therefore, it is important to continue the treatment to maintain normal levels even if you attain a healthy blood pressure at some point.


High blood pressure is common in senior citizens because blood pressure tends to rise with age unless you take steps to prevent or control it. For this reason, it is important that senior citizens and those involved in their elder care monitor blood pressure to ensure that it remain in or return to the normal range.

There are certain medical problems that may raise blood pressure levels, such as chronic kidney disease, thyroid disease, and sleep apnea. Some medicines may also raise blood pressure. These include medications for asthma (corticosteroids) and even over-the-counter cold-relief products.

Some women experience a raise in blood pressure if they use birth control pills, become pregnant, or use hormone replacement therapy. For women going through menopause, taking hormones to reduce symptoms can cause a small rise in systolic blood pressure. If you already have HBP and would like to begin taking hormones, you should discuss the risks and benefits with your physician. If you decide to follow through with taking hormones, it is important to find out how to control your blood pressure and how often you should get it checked to prevent more serious health problems.

Risk Factors

Many risk factors for HBP exist, including certain traits, conditions, and habits. The major risk factors for HBP are described below.


Since blood pressure rises with age, senior citizens have a higher risk of developing HBP. In the United States, over half of the senior citizens have HBP. The most common form of HBP in senior citizens is isolated systolic hypertension (ISH), which is defined as having high systolic pressure (top number) only. About two-thirds of senior citizens with HBP have ISH. Although many senior citizens have HBP, it is not necessarily a normal part of aging. There are many ways to stay healthy and maintain blood pressure at a normal level as we age.

Race and Ethnicity

Anyone of any background can develop HBP, but it is more prevalent in African American adults than it is in Caucasian or Hispanic American adults. In relation to these groups, African Americans: 

  • Tend to get HBP earlier in life
  • Often have more severe HBP
  • Are more likely to be aware that they have HBP and to get treatment
  • Are less likely than Caucasians and about as likely as Hispanic Americans to achieve target control levels with HBP treatment
  • Have higher rates than Caucasians of premature death from HBP-related complications, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure

HBP risks vary among different groups of Hispanic American adults. For instance, Puerto Rican American adults have higher rates of HBP-related death than all other Hispanic groups and Caucasians. But, Cuban Americans have lower rates than Caucasians.

Overweight or Obesity

If you are overweight or obese, you are at a higher risk for developing HBP. Being overweight is defined as having extra body weight from muscle, bone, fat, and/or water; obesity is defined as having a high amount of extra body fat.


More adult men than women have HBP, yet younger women aged 18-59 are more likely than men to be aware of and seek treatment for BP. Women over 60 have the same likelihood as men of being aware of and seeking treatment for HBP, but among the group of women over 60 who are being treated, control of blood pressure is lower than it is in men of the same age group.

Unhealthy Lifestyle Habits

Certain lifestyle habits can be risk factors for HBP. Senior citizens and their caregivers should minimize and discourage the following unhealthy behaviors:

  • Consuming too much sodium in salty foods or drinks
  • Drinking an excess of alcohol
  • Insufficient potassium intake
  • Insufficient exercise or physical activity
  • Smoking

Other Risk Factors

A history of HBP in your family may increase your susceptibility to developing HBP. Long periods of stress may also contribute to your risk.

Signs and Symptoms

In general, high blood pressure by itself is not accompanied by any noticeable symptoms. Infrequently, you may experience headaches if you have HBP. It is possible to have HBP for years without realizing it. This does not mean that it is not doing harm to your body at this time; on the contrary, HBP can damage the heart, kidneys, blood vessels, and other parts of your body without your knowledge.

Often, people learn that they have HBP only after they experience a heart attack or stroke or develop coronary heart disease. Having your blood pressure checked regularly and knowing your numbers is very important in preventing damage as well as more serious health problems. Maintaining a normal blood pressure or working to lower a high blood pressure can significantly lower your risk of developing more serious health problems.


Over time, high blood pressure can cause:

  • Enlarging or weakening of the heart, which can lead to heart failure – a condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood throughout the body
  • The formation of aneurysms-abnormal bulges or “ballooning” in the arterial wall-in blood vessels (Aneurysms commonly form in the in the main artery that transfers blood from the heart to the body; arteries in the brain, legs, and intestines; and the artery that leads to the spleen)
  • Narrowing of blood vessels in the kidneys, which may cause kidney failure
  • Narrowing of arteries throughout the body (especially in the heart, brain, kidneys, and legs), which limits blood flow and may lead to a heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, or amputation of part of the leg
  • Bursting or bleeding of blood vessels in the eyes, possibly leading to blindness or changes in vision


Treatments for HBP include lifestyle changes and medication. The goal for treatment is to attain and maintain a blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg.

Lifestyle Changes

One way senior citizens can control blood pressure levels is to develop healthy habits, including:

  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Getting enough exercise
  • Maintaining a healthy body weight
  • Quitting smoking
  • Managing and learning to deal with stress

A combination of these measures works better than any one habit alone. It can be hard to change your lifestyle, but if you take it slowly and change one thing at a time, changing your habits can be more manageable. Those involved in senior citizen elder care should encourage and help facilitate these healthy changes. 

Sometimes it is possible to control blood pressure levels with lifestyle changes alone, but some senior citizens may need to take prescribed medicine on top of maintaining the lifestyle changes they have adopted to help lower blood pressure. The goal for people with HBP is to control blood pressure as much as possible, so it is important to keep up a healthy lifestyle even after beginning to take medication.

Follow a Healthy Eating Plan

Your doctor may recommend the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan if you have HBP. The DASH eating plan focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other foods that are heart healthy and lower in sodium (salt). 

This eating plan is low in fat and cholesterol. It also features fat-free or low-fat milk and dairy products, fish, poultry, and nuts. The DASH eating plan suggests less red meat (even lean red meat), sweets, added sugars, and sugar-containing beverages. The plan is rich in nutrients, protein, and fiber. 

To help control HBP, you should limit the amount of salt that you eat. This means choosing low-salt and “no added salt” foods and seasonings for the table and when cooking. The Nutrition Facts label on food packaging shows the amount of sodium in the item. You should eat no more than about 1 teaspoon of salt a day. 

You also should try to limit alcoholic drinks. Too much alcohol will raise your blood pressure. Men should have no more than two alcoholic drinks a day. Women should have no more than one alcoholic drink a day. 

Do Enough Physical Activity 

Regular physical activity can lower HBP and also reduce your risk for other health problems. Senior citizens often feel anxious about beginning an exercise routine. It is helpful to check with your doctor about how much and what kinds of activity are safe for you. Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, try to get at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most or all days of the week. You can do it all at once or break it up into shorter periods of at least 10 minutes each. 

Moderate-intensity activities include brisk walking, dancing, bowling, riding a bike, working in a garden, and cleaning the house. If your doctor agrees, you also may want to do more intense activities, such as jogging, swimming, and playing sports. Those involved in the elder care of senior citizens should help facilitate and encourage appropriate physical activity for the senior. 

Maintain a Healthy Weight

Staying at a healthy weight can help control blood pressure and also reduce your risk for other health problems. If you are overweight or obese, aim to reduce your weight by 7 to 10 percent during your first year of treatment. This amount of weight loss can lower your risk for health problems related to HBP.  After the first year, you may have to continue to lose weight so you can lower your body mass index (BMI) to less than 25. 

BMI measures your weight in relation to your height and gives an estimate of your total body fat. A BMI between 25 and 29 is considered overweight. A BMI of 30 or more is considered obese. A BMI of less than 25 is the goal for keeping blood pressure under control. 

Quit Smoking 

Smoking can damage your blood vessels and raise your risk for HBP. It can also worsen health problems related to HBP. Smoking is bad for everyone, especially those who have HBP.

If you smoke or use tobacco, quit. Talk to your doctor about programs and products that can help you quit. 

Managing Stress 

Learning how to manage stress, relax, and cope with problems can improve your emotional and physical health.  Physical activity helps some people cope with stress. Other people listen to music or focus on something calm or peaceful to reduce stress. Some people pray, learn yoga, or mediate. 


It is very important to take all the blood pressure medications your physician prescribes. Know the names and doses of all your medications, and ask your doctor or pharmacist questions if you have any. Order refills of your prescriptions before they run out, and take your medicines just as they were prescribed (do not skip days or take more or less than the suggested dose). If you experience side effects, talk to your doctor about them. There may be a better medication or dosage for you. Trust your doctor-it is not a good idea to stop taking medications without consulting with a health-care professional.


If you have normal blood pressure, you can make changes or maintain healthy habits to prevent high blood pressure. These habits include:

  • Eating a healthy diet, which includes limiting sodium and alcohol intake
  • Losing weight if you are overweight or obese
  • Getting enough exercise or physical activity
  • Quitting smoking
  • Managing and learning to deal with stress

These steps, whether done individually or collectively, can help reduce the risk of developing HBP. To be most effective in delaying or preventing HBP, following most or all of the steps is suggested.

If you have high blood pressure, you can still make changes to prevent more serious effects of HBP. The healthy habits listed above, along with medication, can improve your quality of life. It is important to closely follow the treatment plan suggested by your physician-this will delay or prevent serious health problems including kidney disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke.

Living with High Blood Pressure

A diagnosis of HBP means that you will have to treat and control it for life-even if treatment successfully lowers your blood pressure, you still have the condition. Making lifestyle changes, taking medicines as prescribed, and getting ongoing medical care will become a part of your life.

Although treatment helps to control blood pressure, it is not a cure. Stopping treatment will raise your blood pressure again, which raises your risk for other health problems. Working toward a healthy future means closely following your treatment plan and working with your health-care team to gain lifelong control of your blood pressure.

Ongoing Care

See your doctor for checkups or tests as often as he or she recommends. Your treatment plan as prescribed by your doctor may change over time, and regular checkups allow you and your doctor to know whether your blood pressure is rising so that your treatment plan can be quickly altered as necessary. During checkups, you can ask your doctor or health care team any questions you have about your lifestyle or medicine treatments.

Keeping track of your blood pressure is vital. Have your blood pressure checked on the schedule your doctor advises. You may want to learn how to check your blood pressure at home. Your doctor can help you with this. Each time you check your own blood pressure, you should write down your numbers and the date. 

How to Replace a Power Window Regulator and Motor Assembly

When one of the power windows in your vehicle fails to function, it may be the result of a broken window regulator. If you have identified the motor as the issue, then replacing a power window motor is simple. We recommended that you review a service manual specific to the make and model of your vehicle when replacing the motor, as the methods used to disassemble car doors may vary from vehicle to vehicle.

The list of tools recommended to replace a power window regulator are as follows: Drilling tool and bits, painters tape, silicone spray, hex key magnetic, wrench, screwdriver, razor knife, white lithium grease, zip tie, magnet, plastic pry tool, socket wrench and sockets, gloves, and safety glasses.

We will review some general information before we get started on the installation directions. The first thing you will want to do is to ensure your working with a clean and dust free area. To begin, use silicone spray to clean the window run channels before installation. You’ll want to use a plastic pry tool rather than a screwdriver to remove the door panel to prevent damage. To avoid damage surface of residue, use painters tape to affix the window. Last, use a magnetic wrench and screwdriver to loosen or tighten the screws, nuts, and bolts.

There are essentially eight steps to replace a window regulator and motor assembly:

  1. Remove door trim
  2. Disconnect wiring
  3. Release connecting hardware
  4. Disconnect harness plug
  5. Install new window regulator
  6. Reconnect power supply
  7. Attach the window glass
  8. Test the window

Let’s go ahead and get started on the fitting. First, remove the interior door trim panel. Be sure to retain the hardware. Gently disconnect the wiring from the components inside the door. If a protective covering exists, remove it by hand when possible. Next, raise or lower the window glass to expose the hardware that connects the window regulator to the window glass. Then, release the connecting hardware, slide the glass up and affix the window in place. Next, disconnect the harness plug for the motor and release the screws to remove the window regulator assembly. Then, install the new window regulator assembly and secure the screws. Reconnect the power supply, raise or lower the window glass to expose the hardware. Attach the window glass in place with the hardware. And lastly, run the window up and down to verify the correct range of movement and operation.