Integrating XML into SAP Business Connector

Corporations are always in search of the most effective mechanism for both acquiring and selling goods as well as services at very minimum total cost over the Internet. The Business Process Connectors for SAP systems supports the dynamic integration between the application processes and server systems so it facilitates faster and efficient functionality of SAP R / 3, SAP Portals and MySAP solutions. In the current model, SAP Business Connector Framework uses XML schemas for generating a JSP that can be assessed from any of the web browsers dynamically, so that one can test and deploy integration tools between the application server environment and SAP systems immediately. For the purpose of adding flexibility, convergence of XML schema approach to the SA Business Connector facilitates to all the SAP standards. Theby the customers can leverage the power and flexibility of XML into their business documents with an improved efficiency and improved cost-effectiveness as well.

Integrating Business Connectors with XML

SAP BC combines both the RFC server and the client. Additionally it supplies an XML layer over R / 3 functionality and also comes with XML automation since it has the ability in converting SAP's RFC format into XML. There is no requirement of SAP R / 3 automation at the receiving end since it supports both synchronous RFC and asynchronous RFC protocols.

Benefits of XML Integration:

End-to-End Web Business Processes

Internet bridges the gap between different businesses, systems and users and facilitates them to do business via web. SAP BC makes communication easier by its XML conversions. By means of integration with XML, it enables the exchange of structured business documents over the Internet by providing common standard for various applications together with IT systems for communicating with each other and for exchanging business data. Open Business Document Exchange over the Internet

SAP Business Connector uses hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) for exchanging XML-based documents over the Internet. Without the need of developing tool, it guarantees the security in replacing of documents in accordance with the help of its SSL (Security Socket Layer) technology. Additionally, SAP BC offers openness and flexibility for complying with emerging semantics of business that keep on changing frequently.

XML Solutions for SAP services

SAP BC makes all solutions to be accessible by means of XML based business documents and with the support of XML-based interface Repository (IFR) and empowers SAP customers to benefit from SAP functionality over the Internet, it helps all major existing interfaces that are being offered by SAP. This particular IFR gives the choice of downloading XML schemas and tenders a uniform XML interface representation specifically different implementation technologies such as RFC, IDOC and BAPI. XML messages are easily translated into equivalent SAP internal call whenever you need and it gets converted back into XML format when received from SAP system thereby enhancing the existing programming model for distributed applications form by ALE along with SAP BC.

Brazing Stainless Steel in Five Steps

Brazing is a procedure that joins pieces of metal together by using a filler metal. The filler metal is placed between the pieces, and the assembly is heated until the filler metal liquefies. When the filler metal cools and hardens, it binds the pieces together. Heat treating companies perform the same, basic brazing procedure for all types of metal. However, due to its high chromium content (at least 10.5% chromium by mass), brazing stainless steel requires special considerations. Below is the five-part process for brazing the metal.

Clean the metal

Step one is to clean the metal of dirt, grease, and permanent coatings such as paint. If these substances remain on the metal, they will oxidize and tarnish its appearance. Dirt and grease can be removed with a non-residue cleaner / degreaser. The removal of permanent coatings may require grinding or sandblasting, although paint is usually removable with a paint remover.

Establish the proper clearance

Step two is to establish the proper clearance between the work pieces. The ideal clearance is.0015. "A clearance that is greater or less than this dimension may create weak assembly joints by allowing too much filler metal to distribute between the work pieces. as the filler metal; and the filler metal is typically weaker than the base metal.

Place the metal in the furnace

Step three is to position the metal in the furnace while maintaining the proper clearance between the work pieces. Brazing stainless steel is typically performed in an atmosphere-controlled continuous furnace, or a vacuum furnace. The atmosphere-controlled continuous furnace holds a pure atmosphere of nitrogen and / or hydrogen, while the vacuum furnace applications a vacuum to the furnace chamber that removes all of the gases. Heat treating companies braze chromium alloys in an oxygen-free atmosphere because chromium oxidizes when it is heated in an oxygen atmosphere.

Cool the assembly

After the assembly is brazed, it may be quenched, or left to cool in the open air. If the former method is used, the metal may require subsequent tempering to remove stresses that develop from quenching. The service provider will decide what method of cooling the assembly needs based on the composition of its metal, and how the assembly will be used.

Clean the assembly

After the assembly has cooled, traces of oxide and debris should be removed from the surface of the metal with a cleaning rag or a wire brush. Some service providers prefer to clean the metal with an acid-pickle solution, although a non-corrosive, non-residue industrial strength cleaner may work just as well. If the metal is brazed in an oxygen-free atmosphere, it should appear bright and lustrous after it is cleaned.


Brazing stainless steel is similar to brazing other types of metals. However, because the former contains a high degree of chromium, it must be brazed in an oxygen-free atmosphere. This is typically accomplished by treating the metal in an atmosphere-controlled continuous furnace or a vacuum furnace. For more information about brazing chromium alloys, contact heat treating companies that braze stainless steel today.

Painting A House Exterior: 5 Tips For Perfection

When guests arrive at a house, the first thing that they notice is the outside appearance of the house. They will notice if a yard is unkempt, or if a home looks like it is leaning. People even notice when a roof looks dirty.

The first thing that most guests notice is the paint job, though. They see the color, and they notice whether it is chipped and unsightly or looks like it was handled by the professionals.

This is why many homeowners take the exterior paint job on their home so seriously. Follow these tips to guarantee that a home looks picture perfect.

  1. Hire Professional Painters

Professional exterior painters are a hassle free way to guarantee that a home looks it’s best. Hiring exterior painters means that a homeowner can enjoy a professional look without having to lift a finger.

These men know the best colors to use, already have the tools for the job, and they are full of useful tips about how to keep a paint job looking new.

  1. Check Out the Company Before Hiring

One of the biggest mistakes that homeowners make is hiring the cheapest company in town. While this might save money at first, it doesn’t mean that it is a good idea. If they do a bad job, a homeowner may wind up spending more money to hire another company to fix the paint job.

They may also use cheap paint, or inexperienced professional that do not know how to properly paint the outside of a house.

Overall, it can lead to homeowners spending thousands of extra dollars to get a high-quality paint job.

Instead of dealing with that, check out the painting company before hiring them. Ask friends and family members for references, and ask the company if they have references that can be contacted.

  1. Pick a Neutral Color

Exterior painters may be full of advice, but color preference is so diverse among clients that this is usually left up to the clients. Most professional exterior painters will recommend going with a neutral color though.

Neutral colors are more socially acceptable, and they are easy on the eyes. This makes this an ideal choice for residential units, especially if the home is being rented out. Tenants will never balk at the thought of living in a home that is painted a bright color, and a nice shade of light brown will not show dirt as easily as a lighter color, like white.

  1. Don’t Forget the Trim and Doors

Most professional exterior painters will paint the trim when they paint the rest of the house, but the door may be something extra. Often, clients think that everything is included. This could mean that the entire house will look brand new, except for the door.

Before hiring a company, make sure to clarify that the trim and doors will be painted as well, and don’t forget to pick coordinating colors for both of them.

  1. Wash the Surface

It is a well-known fact that paint will not stick as well to a dirty surface. This is why professionals usually wash the walls before applying the first coat.

The thing is, not all paint companies wash the surface as well as they should. Some companies have their own powerwashers that they will use, and other companies simply rinse off the house real quick before they get started on the job.

To make sure that the new paint job lasts as long as it should, homeowners might want to give the house a good power wash before the painting crew arrives to get started on the job.

Painting the outside of a house can turn out beautiful or a disaster. Follow these tips to make sure it turns out beautiful.

What Type of Buildings Require Fire Clearance Certificate or FIRE NOC

With the impact of the modernization and changing need of the society, there is a curving trend of the high-rise buildings in India. The objective is not only restricted to the residential purpose but extended to the business, communities, and even services. From the last decade, there is a tremendous growth in the real estate industry and now the fully occupied high-rise or multiplex buildings can be witnessed in urban cities of India.

The buildings above 15 meters are called as high-rise buildings that are in the form of malls, hospital, apartments, and multiplexes. Unfortunately, some major accidents had taken place in such buildings which are whistleblowers to stand for the accident-free environment. To ensure safety, the Government has provided provision to armour with the latest Right to Information rules. There are also amendments in the factories act 1948 that prescribes provisions related to the hazardous process. Accordingly, all types of high-rise buildings should have Fire Clearance Certificate or FIRE NOC.

What Is FIRE NOC or Fire Clarification Certificate?

FIRE NOC or Fire clearance certificate is a No Objection Certificate indicating that the building is designed as per the norms and regulations that a high-rise building must have to avoid any hazardous accidents. It is issued by the Fire department of the respective state before the building construction. The Building authority applies to the FIRE NOC before the construction with enclosing the appropriate building plan. The building plan should have complete details, including structure, a design of the staircase, electrical power supply, lift design, open space, Fire exit, raw material, design and additionally it should have provision for:

1. Fire safety measures, Fire extinguishers and Fire evacuation measures that are going to be incorporated in the building.

2. Minimizing the spread and intensity of Fire within the building and any other building.

3. Controlling the generation or spread of smoke to the possible extent.

4. The implementation of the device that can detect the Fire and can warn the occupants or user.

5. Immediate access to the device to control the rising Fire.

6. The design should be designed by the registered architect.

FIRE NOC for Hospitals:

The government provided complete instruction in ‘part 4’ of the National Building code of India-2005, “Fire and life safety” for the Fire prevention and Fire safety of the hospital building. A hospital building plan should inculcate the following Hospital Engineering Service Provision for the Fire precaution as per the NABH (National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers).

NABH provisions for the Fire precautions in the Hospital:

• There must be an approval for the installation of the Firefighting devices.

• Easy access to the control room location.

• Control panel needs to get connected with Fire detection or alarm system.

• Availability of the Pump rooms including electrical as well as the diesel room.

• Arrangements for filing Fire Tenders.

• In case of emergency, there must be a 4-way Fire inlet.

• Forced Ventilation

• Easy access to Fire Resistant tanks

• Fire Drill should be performed.

• Proper availability of yard hydrants and landing hydrants and should be on strategic location.

• 2 ways Fire heads.

• Hose Reels and Landing Hydrants

• Wet Riser system

• First Aid equipment should be in working condition.

• There should be a provision of an escape route and emergency exit.

• An automatic device for the smoke or heat detectors.

• Fire alarm system and Fire extinguishers

Regulations as per National Building Code 2005:

1. All high- rise building must have Fire NOC as per the zoning regulations of the respective jurisdiction.

2. The Road should be more than 12 meters wide especially hydraulic platform and the turntable ladder.

3. Entrance size should not be less than 6 meters or 5 meters.

4. Minimum 40% of the users or occupants should be trained to perform the proper operations of the Fire safety devices or evacuation system.

5. There should be proper open space and emergency exit stairs on the external wall of the building in addition to the regular stairs.

6. It should be enclosed with smoke-stop-swing-doors of two-hour Fire resistance on the exit to the lobby.

How to Apply for a Fire Clearance Certificate:

The preformatted application form along with the business plan and documents have to submit to the FIRE Service Department of the respective state. The application should be properly sealed and signed by the authorized civil engineer or authority. It should include complete site address and the all above-mentioned provisions in the business plan as well as documents. Nowadays, many states are accepting online application forms but the enclosures will be the same. The process of issuing Fire NOC is exempted from the fees.

Documents Required:

1. 2 sets of building plans authorized by the Building Authority.

2. Model of the building.

3. Complete drawing of the building and surroundings.

4. Complete building plan with the above mentioned mandatory details.

5. The checklist should be certified by the authority.

Time Period Required for Issuing of FIRE NOC:

If the application is properly filled up with the accurate business plan, it normally takes 4 weeks to issue the Fire Clearance Certificate from the Fire Service Department.

Does Fire NOC Have Validity?

Under Rule 35, Fire NOC is valid for 5 years for residential buildings and 3 years for the nonresidential buildings.

It is highly recommended for all users to strictly follow provisions and procedures not only in the paper but practically. Fire safety and precaution is one of the important factors which are concerning everyone in the hospital industry. The main aim of the Fire safety design is to ensure the life safety, continue functioning and proper protection.

Note: List of documents and process may vary as per the state norms.

9 Pro Tips for Selecting a Custom Home Building Contractor

Planning to build your custom home that matches your personal taste in architecture? First, you have to find a contractor you can rely on. Selecting between different residential contractors can be tricky at times, because every other company claims to be the best in business. Here are the 9 pro tips that you need.

1. Ask around. When you are looking for custom home builders, references always count. Talk to your friends, colleagues and neighbors to know about the services that they have tried so far. Ask them about the experience and why they liked or disliked a service.

2. Check if the company is genuine. Don’t be surprised to find that many of the contractors don’t have any experience working with clients. They often offer the best discounts and sell the contracts to smaller subcontractors to make some easy money.

3. Make sure the company is licensed, insured and bonded. You need to check if the contractor has the required permissions to work in your city and area, and they must be insured, as well. These are basic aspects that people often ignore while comparing the options.

4. Are they open to your ideas? A good and reliable general contractor will take the time to understand the needs, expectations and requirements of their clients. They will also discuss the ideas that you may have in mind, and depending on the practical aspects, they may suggest the right things.

5. Will they offer an estimate? As a client, you should be extremely careful about your choice of contractor, especially with regards to the estimate that they provide. Check if their prices are genuine and in sync with the standards. Getting an estimate is also important because you can compare the options.

6. Specialization counts. Always work with a contractor who has worked on and managed projects similar to yours. Not all commercial contractors deal in residential projects, so ask them about their areas of expertise.

7. Check their previous projects. You can never rely on a service that doesn’t have enough clients. Check the work they have done so far, so that you know the kind of experience they have with residential projects.

8. Ask for references. It is not enough to see a few pictures of their previous projects. You need to know the experience of their clients with regards to their services, and for that, nothing is more important than references. A company that has been doing business for more than five years will have enough clients.

9. Ask why you should hire them. As a client, you need to know why a company believes that they are better than others. Know about their highlights and ask them questions about their work. They should be able to convince you about their highlights and the kind of things they do.

Finally, take the time to set up a personal meeting. You may need two to three meetings before you can give a nod for the project.

Finding The Best Office Space

You may prefer a quiet area, or sometimes you are looking for more walk-in clients. Investigate the population density in the area you are interested in. If your business relationships on walk-in clients, and you are located in a remote area, it can be difficult to get people to go to your business. Location research found that foot traffic is important, but landing the perfect customer is far more critical. If you are in the same area as your competitors, it can also help you to benefit from their marketing efforts.

Prime office spaces are usually expensive. Once you determined which town to locate your business in and what kind of space will be appropriate for your business, you have to find an office space you can afford. To find the perfect concessions that you can afford, may be a bit of a challenge. It is important to take the time to search for the space that suits your business best.

Sufficient parking in close proximity to the office space is important. Furthermore, keep in mind that the business should be easy accessible for people in wheelchairs and the elderly may find it difficult to climb stairs in order to reach your office.

An address in an undesirable area may harm your business's reputation and there is usually a good reason for it if an office space comes to be cheap. Employees may not feel comfortable working in an unsafe area, and potential clients may prefer services offered in a less dangerous neighborhood.

Flexible office space offers larger businesses to downsize the office space if needed, and smaller businesses can grow into larger space when required. The demand for office space is growing rapidly.

The option of downsizing or expanding an office is the perfect solution for renting space, which meets the current requirements of your business. Flexible office space is becoming more popular among the private sectors and government businesses.

Flexible Office Space Offers Many Advantages

It often happens that you have to pay for space that you may need in the future. Starting a business can be expensive, and it does not make much sense if you have to pay for space that you do not need for now.

Traditional office space limits your options, and if you are starting a new business, it is advisable to pay for what you use. By saving on space you are not using, you can divert the money towards developing the business.

If you have to make use of space for a trial period, then flexible office space can be the answer, especially when you enter into a new market. Once you tried the market you may want to move to another office space. The contract of the space can be ended if you would like to move your business to another location.

A growing business can benefit from the flexibility offered by this office space, and it is tremendously convenient if you need more space. You only pay for what you use. With traditional office space, you have to pay for all the space and there are no options for expanding or downsizing.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Working at Home

We have to be pleased with what we do and one has to decide what the best is for you. What option will allow you to perform at your greatest and will make you happy? Working at home can be a wonderful solution to some.

The Advantages of Working at Home

One of the great advantages from working at home is you get to spend much more time with your family. With no oversight, you can perform your duties and dress comfortably, attend to house tasks when you are not busy, and you are free to do as you please.

Some of the great advantages of working at home are you do not have to pay office rent; you can enjoy the flexibility of the working hours and will have more time on hand, as you do not have to travel between home and work. Formal clothes are rather expensive, and you can save on maintaining a wardrobe.

Disadvantages of Working at Home

One of the biggest disadvantages of working at home is that one can easily postpon tasks for family matters. Working isolated can also result in a lack of competitive spirit, and it can slow down one's performance. Home tasks may become more time-consuming if you are at home, and it is not so easy to ignore the tasks if you are constantly exposed to it.

Working at home is a wonderful opportunity for someone who can maintain consistency and discipline. It can provide many advantages if you are self-motivated, and if you can keep up with your work schedule. You can work successfully from home if you can act like you are at the office and work consistent hours.

The result of excellence in a business is long lasting.You can experience success in your business once you have created a bond with your clients, by building respect, trust and by staying true to your area. You can remain in a top position by adding excellence and respect to your business.

6 Tips to Keeping Your Garage Safe at All Times

Unfortunately, we too often fail to take the safety of our garage seriously even though it is one of the most dangerous places in our home. Not only do garages serve as storage spots for our vehicles, they serve as a place to hangout for our kids, and so has to be kept safe at all times. Your garage door, being the most dangerous component of your garage has to be safely secured.

To help you avoid unnecessary expenses or potential injuries, here are 6 useful tips to help maintain your garage and garage door safe at all times.

1. Always try to keep your garage as clean as possible. Sort through the items in your garage and have them stored up in shelves or cabinets. Anything that shouldn’t be in there, should be removed. To minimize the chances of a trip fall, ensure no item is kept on the floor.

2. Eliminate all fire hazards. Lots of fire accidents start from the garage. The main reason is your gas and oil containers that you store in there. Keeping away inflammable materials away from electricity, and installing fireproof garage roofs will help reduce fire hazards and potentially save your property.

3. Make sure your garage door is maintained properly. Garage doors pose a great deal of threat, they are mostly operated by electricity and a little malfunctioning component can spell a fatal disaster. In addition to that, any broken component can cause a serious injury, so it is recommended you get a professional to carry out the required maintenance. It was estimated, that about 30 000 people are injured every year as a result of garage door malfunction. Do your best to stay away from that statistics.

4. Don’t let your kids keep their toys or other belongings in a garage. Doing this ensures they have nothing to do in there, thus guaranteeing their safety.

5. Install monitoring devices in your garage. In case something goes wrong, you’ll get notified. To guard against unexpected scenarios, install safety detectors like smoke and heat detectors in your garage.

6. Avoid replacing or fixing your garage door springs. Adjusting, repairing or replacing springs, cables, and other fastened components is extremely dangerous and can lead to death if not done properly. Whenever the need arises, seek the help of professional technicians.

Following these steps can protect your family and your property from terrible loss or injury. Remember, we are responsible for our own safety!

How the Modern Dairy Industry Works

A farmer is an integral part of a dairy industry, irrespective of any country he belongs to. The dairy industry forms a major source of livelihood for about quarter of the population across the world. And that leads us to make a note of the fact, how huge the dairy industry would be that it is able to feed 7.5 billion people around the world. India being the largest milk producer in the world alone contributes to nearly 13% of the total production. India’s annual milk production in the financial year 2015-16 was estimated to be 155.5 MT as compared to 146.3 MT in the year 2014-15 recording a growth of 6.3% approximately. With the constant increase in consumer demand, and to serve the populace, it is necessary for the Indian Dairy Industry to match the pace with adequate supply of milk. To support this, new and advanced dairy technologies are exploited in dairy projects instated at various levels of dairy farm management.

The Dairy Supply Chain or Cow-To-Consumer process as it is generally called is a model for milk procurement and production of assorted products made out of milk like cheese, butter, yogurt, ghee, ice-cream, etc.

Let’s analyze the dairy production procedure and find out the stages where daily procurment goes through until it finally reaches us.

The dairy farming process begins by milking the cattle. A farmer manages a small dairy farm where milking is carried out. Milking is a crucial activity forming the maiden point of business chain contributing to the overall production. The farmer extracts from milch animals, traditionally cows and buffaloes either manually using his hands or mechanically through a dairy farm equipment called milking machine. He milks the cattle two times a day, the first shift takes place in the morning and the latter one in evening. The milk produced during the day is collected into large cans and taken by the farmer to a nearby Village Dairy Cooperative Society (VDCS) for testing and analysis.

VDCS comprises of collection centers that operate at the village level. A center constitutes a panel of villagers that head and operate it and members comprise of farmers who deposit to VDCS. A member who operates the collection center takes a sample of milk brought by the farmer and tests it by means of a dairy milk collection software generally a milk analyzer. The tests are carried out in order to evaluate the quality based on essential parameters like fat content, the amount of Solid Not Fat (SNF) present, the density, and check for any adulteration (determined by the proportion of water residues present in milk). SNF consists of proteins (casein and lactalbumin), carbohydrates (lactose) and minerals (calcium and phosphorus) that altogether maintain the required texture of milk. All the resulting values are noted down corresponding to the respective parameters. A final amount of payment is calculated on the premise of the values obtained which is subsequently paid to the farmer. The members collectively look after the society, thereby maintaining transparency and trust. All the milk that is accumulated by VDCS is stored in a tanker, commonly known as Bulk Milk Cooler (BMC).

BMC is a large storage tank that holds milk at a cold temperature until picked by union tanker vans. These tanks are available in varying capacities of minimum 2 tons. BMC is deployed at all VDCS in order to preserve the quality, eliminating curdling and adulteration, and spillage of milk. A monitoring system is attached to the BMC that logs and tracks quantity, along with a compressor that maintains the temperature of milk inside the tank. Also, an agitator is implanted within the tank which keeps rotating to avoid icing of milk. Power supply through a generator or direct line is also monitored by this system. In addition to this, a BMC helps in cutting down the transportation costs as chilling of milk at primary dairy can be avoided, resulting in better returns to the farmers.

Thus, the collection at VDCS is supplied to the union for further milk processing and also to export markets. The transportation of milk is done by refrigerated or insulated tanker vans. The BMC tanks are emptied into these tankers and transported to the unions. These tankers primarily maintain a suitable temperature to avoid souring while amidst being carried to a union. Once the haulers arrive at the union, they submit the milk in the factory and take on other routes to collect more.

At the dairy plant, the collected milk is processed to produce various products. But before processing, it is tested again to check if the quality qualifies the required standard. If it does, the same is sent for further processing otherwise discarded at the initial stage itself. Here, some part of milk is pasteurized and packed in appropriate packaging, generally called milk pouches. These pouches are distributed to all the places within 24 hours. It is termed as liquid milk and supposed to be consumed within the same time frame. While in some pouches, required preservatives are added to increase the shelf life of milk and retain its quality at the same time. This milk is delivered to those places which are located far away from the dairy industry and it takes comparatively longer time reach there.

The remaining part of milk undergoes various necessary procedures to derive other dairy products like cheese, cream, butter, powdered and condensed milk, yogurt, ice-creams, chocolates, and much more. Each product that is derived from milk follows a unique process. Later, the pasteurized and other milk products are packed in sterilized and durable packaging. Sufficient precautionary measures are taken while packing the products to retain the quality and make them long-lasting. Lastly, these products are marketed and distributed to various retailers and wholesalers who later sell them to consumers.

Weapons of Mass Distraction

Anything that draws one away from the business of living and being worthy – such as drugs, alcohol, distractions of all descriptions, and sleep when the intent is oblivion, not to mention the idea of ​​killing oneself – is a means of escaping, a little death, and death itself is the ultimate escape.

Anything can be a means of avoiding problems. The means is variable; the end is immutable. Escapism is what it is whichever form it assumes and all manner of distractions – including serious occupations that act as diversions – can serve its purpose. Physically, these distractions may be healthier than drugs and alcohol; mentally, however, they are equally unhealthy if abused – that is, used to the point of leaving the problems indefinitely unsolved. In that case, precious time one could spend working towards a solution is persistently wasted or wrongly utilized.

'Indefinitely' and 'persistently' are the operative words here. It is good practice to take one's mind off things now and then. Likewise, an occasional break from work is a sensible interlude of relaxation where one recharges one's batteries in preparation for another period of exertion.

This good practice turns bad when it oversteps the mark and falls into the trap of escapism. Happiness is then nothing but a bitter dream, which bitterness is diluted with various evasions. Dignity and joy are desired, not felt; their absence is a crying shame. We humans have problem-solving abilities that enable us to achieve fulfillment within the confines of our reality, unless these confines are so narrow that they exclude every possibility of contentment. At this rare and wretched extremity, there is only room for a single pleasant emotion: serenity, through acceptance.

Carpet Protection – Four Intriguing Carpet Cleaning Questions Consclusively Answered

It is an unarguable fact that knowledge is power and the following information has been put together in order to allow individuals to feel confident in their approach when looking to clean their carpets. The following questions are conclusively answered in order to empower and inform.

Question one requests what is more important, the carpet cleaning solution or the equipment professionals use?

Both are important, but professional equipment makes a floor treatment company more efficient and thorough than other options. Many of the treatment chemicals available to the home or business owner are available to professionals in a more concentrated form. However, it's the equipment used that makes a difference.

Powerful vacuums, agitators and shampoo applicators are needed for a thorough treatment. Professionals using the hot water extraction method typically use vacuums that are truck mounted. Truck-mounted vacuums are extremely powerful, can reach all parts of the home and have an oversized capacity for heavy-duty treatment. Machines steam the carpet which kills the bacteria and viruses. The high-powered suction removes dust and mites.

Question two questions why should homeowners choose a professional when cleaning their carpets?

In addition to commercial quality equipment and chemicals, professionals have access to training and expertise that makes them the best choice for cleaning carpets. This training is extremely important as carpet cleaning can be a complicated process.

Experts do not just have the best equipment and chemicals; they know how to use them correctly. Do-it-yourselfers have a tendency to either put down too much shampoo or water during treatment, both of which can cause major problems. Too much shampoo will leave a soapy residue behind even after treatment, which will cause the carpet to build up soil at a much faster rate in the future. Too much water is even worse, potentially damaging the carpet beyond repair or enabling mold growth.

A carpet that is wet cleaned should be dry within twelve hours maximum but maybe as little as two hours. Drying times will depend on ventilation, heating, type of carpet / fabric. Carpet that is properly extracted-cleaned should not be wet long enough to mold. You should not let a carpet cleaner convince you that they are the best because they have the latest technologies. While this is an added bonus, it is the person using the equipment that matters.

Question 3 asks whether you should use wet or dry cleaning?

Either can be used depending on the fiber type and degree of soiling. Nothing beats the results of a hot water extraction cleaning in most residences, because of the vast amount of soil removal. There are many methods of cleaning carpets, but almost all of them use some water to suspend and remove soils. Hot water extraction or steam cleaning is generally considered as the best overall method.

Carpet cleaning can even fix those ugly lines around the skirting and under doors. This is called filtration soiling and occurs from air passing through on its way out towards the skirting or under a closed door. It builds up over time and is very difficult to clean. With special cleaning products, effort and repetition, reasonable results can be achieved.

Question four discusses how often carpets should be cleaned?

Carpets are recommended to be cleaned from between twelve and eighteen months. Some high traffic rented areas may need cleaning every six months. It is often part of the manufacturer's warranty requirements that you retain receipt confirming that the carpets have been regularly cleaned by a professional.

The above information provides readers with a well-rounded understanding of how best to approach their carpet cleaning project. As a conclusion, it is evident that the support of a professional carpet cleaner will offer superior results with the added bonus of advice on routine cleaning.

How To Build An Email List Rapidly?

Are you a small business owner and wondering how to build an email list fast? You might be thinking it's a difficult task or not sure exactly what's the right approach to make it happen? Email list building is certainly critical to your business long-term success. And this article is to outline some major tips in order to effectively build your email list quickly.

Firstly, how about regularly providing fresh content or newsletters to your audience? This is an important piece in the jigsaw that's usually lacking why some businesses find it so difficult to build an email list. If you constantly update people with fresh quality information on your site, they will be more inclined in signing up to your list. The more you update your audience with something of value, the better you can develop good rapport with them. And the quicker you acquire subscribers to your mailing list.

Insert your email list 'sign-up form' on more than a single webpage. In fact, place the form on all your webpages. But what's the key reason for this? So your site visitors will repeatedly see it, no matter what page they are viewing. And if you have a blog, make sure you place your form at the end of each blog post or comment box. This way, you give people every possible opportunity or reminder to join your mailing list. The more exposure of your form on your site, the faster your list grows.

Is your sign-up form at the top right or left side of your webpages? If not, make the form visible on one of the two sides. So that your customers do not have to scroll down a page to find it. And add an appealing graphic that will attract the attention of potential subscribers. Paste it close to the sign up form. By doing this, you'll build an email list quickly.

How about offering incentives? As a rule of thumb, give your customers or potential customers irresistible incentives. Customers like free items. For instance, you can give them a quality free e-book or a chance to win a prize in a sweepstakes. It's about making your email subscription appealing to your customers. Make them want to subscribe by offering them something valuable that they need. This is certainly one of the oldest tricks in the book on how to build an email list fast. So, put it into action for great results.

Use email 'forward to a friend' function. Be careful about directly asking your current subscribers to have their family and friends subscribe to your email. Since you run the risk that they may unsubscribe from your newsletter. If your email provider has the forward to a friend function, use that option instead. Now can you imagine how powerful this is? ….

It will simply create a viral marketing effect. This means every single person that receives your email newsletter with 'forward to a friend' option can freely pass it onto others. And before you know it, the words spread around fast about your offer. How effective is that? The important thing is to make sure there is a link to your website placed inside your email newsletters. And if someone clicks the link, they can then be directed to your email subscription form to sign-up.

You can also use message boards or forums to build your email list. It's advisable to register with a few relevant message boards. Then always include your email subscription details in any messages you post. Please ensure that this is acceptable with the relevant board administrator before you start posting. The more message boards you join, the more exposure for your email newsletter subscription and the quicker you grow your list.

Learning how to build an email list effectively will really help your business reach a larger consumer base. So, take appropriate action with this information to grow your business fast and reap huge rewards in the process.

How to Make Rubber Stamps: Comparing Methods of Manufacture

Vulcanized Rubber Stamps

The traditional red rubber stamp that everybody is familiar with will have been manufactured in a vulcanizing press. The first rubber stamp vulcanizing press was patented in 1890 by Charles Schultze in New Orleans USA. Vulcanizing is today one of the most cost effective methods of making rubber stamps for mass produced stamps. Each batch of stamps is produced using a mould. This method of manufacture is more suited to stamp making where the same moulds are used over and over again. Making custom made stamps with a vulcanizing press requiring ‘once only’ moulds will drive the cost of manufacture up significantly.

Making the mould – before a mould can be made you must have a master plate manufactured from metal or polymer, the master plate has the necessary relief (the artwork is raised) to make an impression in the mould. Having a master plate made each time a mould is required is what drives up the cost of manufacture for vulcanized stamps. Pressing the master plate into a Matrix board creates the mould that will accept the rubber. Heat and pressure is applied to the master plate and matrix board inside a Vulcanizing press. The Matrix follows the shape of the relief provided by the master plate, this then hardens on cooling.

Making Rubber Stamps – Creating stamps is a simple process once the mould is made. Raw rubber stamp gum is placed on top of the mould and then placed inside the stamp press. Hydraulic pressure is placed upon the rubber and the mould from within the stamp press causing the rubber to melt into the areas of the mould that contain the images and text, curing and hardening takes about 10 minutes. Once cured the sheet of rubber is pulled away from the mould and cut up into individual stamps to be affixed to mounts.

Cost of a vulcanizing system is approximately $12,000 AUD

Advantages – Low cost of production for mass produced stamps, good ink transfer.

Disadvantages – Cost of producing master plates and moulds for custom made stamps.

Laser Engraved Rubber Stamps

The traditional raw rubber used for vulcanizing stamp dies is quite unacceptable for the production of laser stamp dies, the laser process requires a very even thickness and blemish free surface to produce an acceptable printed image from a stamp die. The rubber must also be subjected to a specific curing process before it can be exposed to the elevated temperature of a laser beam.

The depth of the engraving is determined by the laser speed, its wattage and the density of the rubber. For example, a 50 or 100W engraver will engrave the rubber deeper and faster than a 25W machine, which may require a second pass to achieve a similar result. Usually supplied in an A4 size sheet form, a good quality laser rubber is required for engraving stamp dies and must also have suitable compression strength and ink transfer properties.

To assist the engraving process, it is necessary to remove the excess dust which is constantly created by the laser cutting action with an efficient exhaust filtration system. As very few, if any, CO2 laser engraving machines were initially purpose built for engraving and cutting rubber, installing and maintaining an effective dust extraction system pays long term dividends. Mirrors, lenses and any exposed bearing surfaces should be cleaned thoroughly as part of a regular maintenance program. Any neglect in this area will be detrimental to overall trouble free laser operation, as the build up of dust and residue will affect running efficiency and the quality of the finished stamp die. Lasers are controlled directly from a computer, the software drivers supplied with lasers work with many graphic programs such as CorelDraw.

Approximate cost of a 25 watt Laser suitable for stamp making is $40,000

Advantages – Production is computer controlled, custom made stamps can be made easily

Disadvantages – High capital investment, maintenance costs and running will be much higher than vulcanizing or polymer methods of manufacture.

Liquid Polymer Rubber Stamps

Converting rubber stamp polymer from a liquid into a solid to make stamps is quite fascinating. Polymer stamps are manufactured between two sheets of glass using precision controlled UV light which passes through a negative containing the stamp artwork solidifying the polymer. Negative production has been simplified with the introduction of water based negative technology, photographic chemicals for producing negatives are now a thing of the past.

The first step in making polymer rubber stamps is to print your images, clipart or text onto Vellum, an almost transparent paper like film.

To produce quality stamp artwork you must use a laser printer, inks from bubble jet printers are translucent allowing UV light to pass where it should not. Water based negatives are easily washed out after being exposed for a few minutes in a UV exposure stamp machine.

Polymer contained in a sachet is now replacing the older cumbersome method of using foam tape to create a dam and pouring of rubber stamp polymers, the sachets have also addressed the age old problem of removing air bubbles from the poured polymer.

The negative of your artwork and polymer sachet is sandwiched between two sheets of glass spaced 2-3mm apart which is then exposed in the machine for a few minutes. Once you have completed the exposure it is a simple process of cutting open the sachet and washing away the excess unexposed polymer before returning the stamp die back to the machine for a 10 minute curing. Once the stamps are cured they can be cut up individually. Polymer sachets are available in a range of sizes up to A4 size.

Processing time is about 30 minutes for a batch of polymer stamps.

Cost of polymer stamp making machines range from $3,500 AUD for an Australian made unit designed specifically for stamp making up to high end imported units with computer controlled washout for $15,000 AUD.

Advantages – Lower capital investment, polymers make almost clear stamps making them ideal for scrapbooking and card making. Stamp relief can be easily controlled during exposure.

Disadvantages – Early polymers did not accept inks as well as polymers available today, this along with being new technology caused initial resistance to polymer stamps.


Most large stamp manufacturers have a mix of the above equipment. The unmounted rubber stamp dies produced with any of these manufacturing methods can be cut up and affixed to simple hand stamps, dater stamps or self inking stamps. Craft stamps are usually affixed to wooden blocks or in the case of polymer stamps affixed to clear acrylic blocks with adhesives or InstaGrip mounting mat. Various manufactures produces stamp mounts. Astron Industries in Australia manufacturer the clear hand stamp ‘Vuestamp’ and also distribute the Ideal range of self inking mounts. Other brands of self inking mounts are Trodat, Colop and Shiny.

5 Great Ideas That’ll Help In Wrapping Wine Bottles

The quality wine has been christened as ‘fine’ wine for centuries, where this explains anything which is at par with excellence. Wine is defiantly the most appreciated of gifts, where specialists aren’t the only ones who enjoy this vigorous drink. The elegant curves, svelte design & the calligraphic label of a wine bottle, are a sight to behold when left on its own.

A gift wrap may merely amplify its look, but when done with love, this may significantly change how one looks at it. This is the reason why we love to encase these bottles, is because of the joy & fervency the receiver experiences during unraveling its encasing.

A wine bottle is one of the seductive sculpture of a woman; her curves can carry off any addition with grace. From using a simple paper to expensive-looking fabric, the receiver has made sure to feel nothing short of admiration. We are offering some ideas which involve the use of available products such as, paper, ribbons, wrapping sheets, fabric & other decorative accessories. Some ideas may permit you to get the work done in a jiffy, however, others may take a couple of minutes. Nonetheless, the end result is assuredly worth the time wastage.

1- Satin Bow wrap

This happens to be one of the most attractive yet the simplest ways of adding which ‘oomph’ appeal to your gift. All you require is a big double-faced satin ribbon roll super-strong glue & some patience. Begin from the bottom; take one end of the satin ribbon & stick this to the base of the bottle. Twirl the ribbon around the bottom, stabbing this as you go along. Safe the ribbon at the top, snipping leftover ribbon before assigning the last of it. Take an extra piece of satin ribbon & tie a neat bow around the bottle’s neck, as the last touch.

2- Brown paper wrap

Nothing looks as simplistically appealing as this. All you need is sheets of brown paper, transparent tape & a roll of beige twine. Take the bottle in an upright position on the large sheet; bring the ends together at the top, saving it with twine around the bottle’s neck. Use the tape to conceal any openings which may have formed; try to skip ripping the sheet during folding it. Simple yet classy!

3- Sleeve wrap

This is one of another awesome idea which can be easily done at home using the sleeves of your old puffer jacket or sweater. It can get by snipping the jacket down the front. Cut down the sleeve & add a rounded patch of similar fabric at one end of the sleeve, so that this has only one opening. Slit the sleeve on one side & add the zipper. You may ask a seamstress to do it for you. The wine bottle & makes the alterations accordingly. You may also utilize any old sweater’s sleeve for this idea. This is a nice way of showing wine to someone in the winter time.

4- Nature’s wrap

You can use either lead or natural fibers to create this wrap jute, hemp, bamboo, and straw, are very cool options for usage, to make a wine bottle stand out. As intricate as this may look, this process is a fairly simple one. You need to take the proper amount of rope/straw/twine, where the extra can be snipped accordingly. Put some super-strong glue on the mouth of the bottle to allow the twine to adhere adequately. This is the point from where you’ll start. Take one end of the rope and start wrapping the whole bottle’s surface, all the way to the bottom. Use a small amount of glue at the end, to stick the last bit of twine to the bottle. You may use decorative craft artwork to stick on the packaging to provide it a beautiful ending.

5- Stock and bow wrap

For those of you who don’t have any patience or time to play around with arts-and-crafts material, this idea will offer more than the intended purpose. All you require is a Christmas sock and a satin ribbon. Just place the wine bottle in the sock, and wrap the bow around the base of its neck. Quick, easy, and amazing! You can also knit a bright red sock with Christmas-inspired applique work & include a message as well with the knit-work.

These ready-made options have made life easy for those who really don’t have the time, or the inclination to do anything from scratch. We understand their plight, and therefore, have come up along with a simpler alternative. Despite just placing the bottle in the gift bag, try to increase a touch of style to its presentation by absorption colors in a wonderful display of sorts. Informal the colorful tissue in this way that it ends peek pleasingly over the top of the bag, along with depth to an otherwise mediocre option.

Not only is wine a delicious drink to gift someone, but the bottles can be turned into an appealing piece of art. These are just some of the lots ways in which you can wrap a wine bottle, using a special eye for detail. These ideas weren’t only meant for DIY junkies, but also for those who wish to trial with wonderful household pieces, that were once thought of as impractical. Hope you like this article cheer!

Developing Innovative Products

Phase 0: Feasibility Analysis

The goal of this phase is to identify existing technology to achieve the intended high-level function. If technology can be purchased as opposed to developed, the scope of consequent development forms changes.

Simply put, product development companies research and assess the probability that the current technology can be used to reach the intended functionality of the product. By doing this, the development efforts are reduced, which in financial terms represent a great reduction in development costs.

Moreover, if the technology is not yet available, then the assessment can result in longer development cycles and the focus moves into creating the new technology (if humanly possible) that can accomplish the functionality of the product.

This is an important part of the in any product development process because it is safer and financially responsible to understand the constants that a product can have prior to starting a full development cycle. A feasibility study can cost between 7-15 thousand dollars. It may be sound very expensive for some, but when it is much better than investing $ 100k + to end up with a product that no manufacturer is able to produce.

Phase 1: Specification or PRD (Product Requirements Document) development

If your product is feasible, congratulations! you are a step closer to creating your product and you can move into documenting what is going to go into the product itself, aka the guts (product objective, core components, intended end-user, aesthetics, User interphase, etc).

In this phase, product design and engineering focus on documenting the critical functionality, constitutions, and inputs to the design. This is a critical step to keep development focused, identify the high-risk areas, and ensure that scope creep is minimized later.

This document will help you communicate the key features of your product and how they are provided to work to all members of your team. This will ensure that you keep everyone involved on the same page.

Without one, you are more likely to stay off track and miss deadlines. think about the PRD as your project management breakdown structure (BDS)

Phase 2: Concept Development

Initial shape development work identifies options for form, as well as possible approaches for complex mechanical engineering challenges. Initial flowchart of software / firmware also happens here, as well as concept design level user interface work. Aesthetic prototypes may be included in this Phase, if appropriate. Prototype in this phase will not typically be functional.

Phase 3: Initial Design and Engineering

Based on decisions made at the end a concept development phase, actual product design and engineering programming can start. In this phase, Level 1 prototypes are often used to test approaches to technical challenges.

Phase 4: Design Iteration

This part of the project is where we focus on rapid cycles, quickly developing designs and prototypes, as the depth of engineering work increases. This phase can include Level 2 and 3 prototypes, typically through multiple cycles. Some products require as many as twenty prototype cycles in this phase. Others may only require two or three.

Phase 5: Design Finalization / Optimization

With all claims tested and validated, the design can be finalized and then optimized for production. To properly optimize for production, product design and engineering teams take into account the target production volumes, as well as the requirements of the manufacturer. Regulatory work may start in this phase.

Phase 6: Manufacturing Start and Support

Before production starts, tooling is produced, and initial units are inspected. Final changes are negotiated with the manufacturer. Regulatory work also should wrap up in this phase.

A Basic List of Hand Tools Needed For Kids to Get Started in Woodworking

You can buy the tools that you do not already have as you get to them in the book or you can go ahead and buy them all at once. In the article below I give suggestions as to sizes and styles that can help children get the most out of their use. The advantage in having all your tools ahead of time is that it will save you from having to run around trying to find what you'll need the day before you start a new project just to find out it's sold out. Another advantage is you can often times find all the tools you need online at one site. This can save you time and money.

Here is a list of tools you'll need. Use this to compare what you already have to what you'll need to purchase. You can buy each child their own set (which would be nice since one of the first projects is a tool box) or they can share tools. (But getting kids to do that is an entire book itself.)

A. Measuring Tape (12 ') they make measuring tapes that have the fractions labeled on the tape to make it easier to read especially if your child is just learning about fractions.

B. Ruler (12 ") wooden ones are easier to read than the clear or colored plastic ones.

C. Hammer (7 – 10oz for smaller children, 16oz for older children with better hand eye coordination)

D. Screwdrivers: flathead and Phillips

E. Nail set

F. Handsaw (western or Japanese style)

G. Coping saw

H. Block plane

I. Brace Drill (Hand drill)

J. Rasp

K. Sandpaper (100, 120, 150, 180 grits)

L. Glue (white or yellow) water proof for outdoor projects

M. Screws and nails (a box each of 1 "" and 1 5/8 "drywall screws and a box each of 3d, 4d, and 6d finish nails will get you through most projects in this book).

N. Clamps (See the lesson on building the step stool for information on clamps).

O. Safety glasses (it may take some extra effort, but find a pair that fits your child. child size glasses it just might take some looking around to find them.)

P. Combination square

Q. Speed ​​square

Again, this is not a complete list of the hand tools needed to build any project imaginable, but it's a great start. Armed with the above list of hand tools you can conquer all the projects in our book, "Woodshop 101 for Kids"