How to Design a Roof – The Best Rafter Tail Detail

If you’re looking for information on “how to design a roof”, you probably know that a “rafter tail” is the end of the rafter that overhangs the wall. What you may not know is that the design you choose can determine whether you have a leaky roof edge or not. If you’re going to attach a fascia board, you basically have two choices…

How to Design a Roof — Plumb Cut Rafter Tails

Plumb cut rafter tails have a vertical fascia board. That’s handy for installing gutters because the back side of most gutters is also vertical. But without gutters, much of the water coming off the roof runs down the fascia, where it can rot the wood over time, especially at the joints.

But a far bigger problem is the angle of the fascia to the sloped roof. It varies with the slope of course, but standard drip edge comes with just one angle, which is 90 degrees. Of course the roofer could have custom drip edge fabricated, but more often than not, he “makes do” with the standard stuff, trying to bend it by hand on site to accommodate the angle.

The typical result is a drip edge that not only sticks out at an unsightly angle, but creates a little “dip” at the very edge of the roof. Water lays in the dip, coming in at the seams in the roofing. With the leaks coming through vinyl or aluminum soffits outside the house, they can go undetected for years, resulting in a significant amount of rotted wood.

How to Design a Roof — Square Cut Rafter Tails

Square cut rafter tails are perpendicular to the rafter. That slopes them down and away from the drip edge. I’m not a big gutter fan, but if you want them, brackets are available to provide a plumb mounting surface. And when gutters aren’t used, water can run off the drip edge without ever touching the fascia board.

But the biggest advantage with square cut rafter tails is they accommodate standard 90 degree drip edge perfectly. The face of the metal is flush up against the fascia board and the flange lies flat on the roof, just like it should. That makes it easier for the tradesman to do a good job, which is an important principle when learning how to design a roof or anything else.

Watercolour Painting Tips for Beginners

Watercolour painting for a beginner can be a bit difficult. It requires only the medium of water. It is a complicated painting technique to master – right from the amount of water to mix, to knowing when to stop. How the painting will eventually turn out is seldom predictable for amateur painters, as the appearance changes as paint dries up. So is watercolour painting a maze of calculations – guesswork and hiring the best turns out? The following tips should help throw some of the unpredictability out of the way.

Art Supplies Needed

To begin with, you need the right art supplies before you start painting. These include watercolour paper, brushes – the round, flat wash and oval wash brushes, stretching paper and primary colors – red (purple biased and orange biased), yellow (green biased and orange biased) and blue (purple biased and green biased) .

Mixing these primary colors can produce virtually all the other shades you might need for your work. You also need cleaning materials such as sponge or paper towels and two containers – for clean water and for mixing. Eraser, drawing pencil and sketchbook are also handy.

Know Your Colors

The second stage is having a basic understanding of colors, which will be vital in mixing them. Knowledge of the color wheel is a bonus. There are warm and cool colors of which reds, oranges and yellows are warm and greens, blues and purples are cool. The purest mixtures can be attained by mixing colors with the same bias, as indicated in the paint list above. Colors that are biased to the same secondary color produce the deepest shades.

Mixing opposite colors in the color wheel results in duller shades that are either grayish or brownish. As the watercolour dries it becomes lighter, so when you mix ensure that your shade is quite intense and tailored. As far as possible, ensure that you do not use more than 3 colors for a particular mix.

First Steps to Professionalism – Adding Value and Tone

One of the most important aspects of professional painting is establishing value and tone. These factors ensure the painting has a three-dimensional feel, making it much more realistic and part of life. For this, the principle to keep in mind for watercolour painting is to move from the light to the dark areas unlike in oil painting on canvas where you move from the dark to the light.

Establishing Light and Dark Areas

Observing or imagining the object and the way light falls on it will determine the light and dark areas. Moving from the lighter to the darker areas can be achieved by painting successfully without waiting for the adjacent layers to dry. This achieves a smoother and more blended effect and is ideal for backgrounds or depictions not requiring much detailing. For more detailed depictions of images in the foreground you can move from color to color after waiting for the previous application to dry. This gives a more chiselled appearance instead of a blend as there is no color blending.

With these basic watercolour painting tips a beginner will be half way to mastering this elaborate art method. The right art materials, knowledge about color and establishing light and dark areas should put you on the right footing to start watercolour painting.

Day Trading Tips to Turn Amateurs Into Pros

Day trading can be a thrilling way to make money. But it’s more challenging than most beginners think. Here are some day trading tips that can help the new trader as well as the more advanced trader to achieve your goals faster.

First: Be careful not to over trade. The majority of the time the market is a random walk – meaning that it’s moving without any rhyme or reason. Amateur traders taking small positions in the market are behind these unpredictable movements.

These amateurs do not affect the long-term movement of the market. The professionals, with their large volume and their willingness to hold positions longer, are the ones who create sustainable moves in the market that can provide meaningful profits.

Many people are drawn to day trading because of the excitement of the business and the potential for big, fast profits. This attitude sets up the trader for failure. Day trading does not have the frantic energy of a video game. Most successful day traders sit by the sidelines for long periods of time simply waiting for a high-probability setup to occur. The pros trade much less frequently than the amateurs think.

Second: The trend is your friend … sometimes.

The truth is that the trend is a fair weather friend!

It is your friend early on. But trends get run out of steam.

Therefore there are 2 times to trade when you can put statistics on your side:

When a new trend is just starting.

When a trend has run its course.

Trading only at these 2 times allows you to put the statistics of the “edge” of the bell curve on your side. Trading in the middle of a trend, puts you solidly in the middle of the bell curve where anything can happen.

Third: Join free trading rooms for day trading tips but do exactly the opposite of what you hear!

I’ve participated in many chat rooms over the years, and have received a tremendous benefit from them. But the benefit did not come from listening to the teacher. It came from watching the comments of the participants as they shared what they were doing at any given time in the market.

The vast majority of the time they were dead wrong in their approach.

They reveal the mind of the unprofitable retail traders. It’s almost eerie how the amateurs think alike when it comes to trading the markets. If you listen to them long enough in the trading rooms you’ll start to notice the patterns of the things they do consistently. Do the opposite and win.

As an example, one of the most common problems amateur traders have, is resisting the urge to fight the trend. You’ll often hear comments such as: “The market can’t go any higher than this.” “This market just has to turn around at this point.” “The market is definitely way over-extended now.”

It is absolutely amazing to see how amateurs habitually trade against the trend in an effort to find tops and bottoms. They are constantly looking for the market to turn around. As is always the case, you can profit tremendously by taking the other side of their trades.

Day trading can be extremely rewarding, but to be successful you must stand aside from the masses and avoid the herd instinct that drives so many. These 3 day trading tips can help you be among the minority who succeeds.

Ditch The Junk – Your House Is Making You Fat!

When you're trying to lose weight, the last thing you need is your house pulling against you!

Let's start with the obvious: your house is not trying to make you put on weight!

So what do I mean when I say that your house may be making you fat? Well, let me describe something to you and see if it sounds familiar.

You get home from work, pooped out, and collapse onto your couch, which is soft and inviting. It's hard to get up out of it, so you pick up the remote and channel hop, looking for something to watch. Chances are high that you'll see a ton of adverts while you're channel hopping. Chances are excellent that a lot of those ads will be for processed foods. Makes you feel hungry just watching, does not it?

So you pop a snack into the microwave, or dial a take-out. You scarf it down and then later, while you're still watching the tv, you go to the fridge and get a cold one and maybe a handful of snacks to go with it. Back to the couch and tv – more ads.

Let me ask you: does anything like that happen in your home? Yes, I thought it might.

So why is it such a bad thing? Well, first of all you should realize that if you're like most people you probably go for the convenient option – when it's right in front of you. Who can resist? I mean after all, if you did not have a microwave and a telephone you might end up cooking something fresh. Right?

Take your couch. It encourages you to slouch about watching tv. For most people their couch is placed in the best position to watch tv. While you're sitting on it you almost automatically watch tv. And it's that state of mind, when you're doing things on auto-pilot, that the advertisers use to get inside your head and cause you to crave their stuff. And when they spend millions of dollars to make sure the ads work, you're better believe they're going to get inside your head!

How about the cookie jar on your kitchen counter? If it was not there, or it was empty, would you really go out late at night to get some snacks just to watch a tv show? My guess is most people probably would not. But when it's in front of you it's hard to resist – even if you're not overweight.

You see the thing is we all relax in our own homes and let down our mental guard. After a hard day at work it's a nice thing to do. BUT while your guard is down all those little conveniences we take for granted start adding up to pile on the pounds.

Is there a solution? Well, nobody's going to recommend that you scrap the tv, fridge, microwave and phone! But if you're aware of the dangers lurking in your own home, you might just be able to avoid them a little.

Here's a specific tip for you: put your tv remote as far away from your couch as you can. Every time you get up to change the channel, volume or whatever, it will disconnect you from your couch.

Here's another: when you go shopping, make sure you've had a good meal before you go. You'll buy way too much if you're hungry. That way, when you get home, you will not have tons of cookies, or trips to find a home for.

One final tip: turn off the tv sometimes. An hour or two away from that advertiser's paradise may do you more good than you think. If you can not bear to miss your favorite shows, why not tape them and have a catch-up Sunday?

A lot of people think it's a willpower problem when you're overweight. Sometimes it may just be that everything is just a little too convenient.

Tips for Choosing the Best Building Contractor

Hiring a building contractor is no mean task. A bad contractor will not only ruin your dream home but can land you in legal problems. Read on to know the tips for hiring the best building contractor.


While hiring a house contractor it is vital to do some research. Find out the track record of the contractor by talking with his previous clients. Today most contractors have their official web ports where you can get all the required information. Read reviews online and find out whether the builder possesses all the required documents from concerned authorities or not.

Ask for recommendations

One of the best ways to hire a reliable contractor is to ask for recommendations. Start with your friends and family initially and note down the names suggested by them. You can also search the Internet to find names of established contractors and real estate developers.

View work samples

This allows you to see a contractor's handiwork and you may get a sparkling idea for your project. You should also look at the contractor's past projects to know about the quality of work.

Check licenses and other certificates

Before hiring a contractor, it is vital to check whether he has a valid license and other required certificates or not. These documents stand a testimony that the builder abides by all the codes as specified by the Government. You must discard a builder who can not produce the required documents.

Ask for a fixed price quote

Before concluding a project, you need to know its total cost. Therefore, it is essential to ask for a fixed price quote from the contractor. It is better to ask for a written quote for specified items and see whether you are comfortable with it or not.

Select a contractor who specializes in your project

Every project is different in its own way. Constructing a luxury apartment or condominium is quite different from building an affordable home. Here, it is essential to select a contractor who specializes in your project type.

Have a detailed contract

Before handing over your project have a detailed contract in place. The contract must mention costs, start and finish dates and the items to be installed. The contract is an essential document and must be prepared with extreme caution. Keep it safely for future reference.

The beauty of your apartment depends a lot on your contractor. Keep in mind the above points and get the best contractor for building your home.

Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Weight Loss Plan

Do you want to lose weight? If you do, you may have already heard about how nice it is to create or develop your own weight loss plan. These plans have been a great help for many individuals to succeed in their weight loss goals. Although there are a lot of options when it comes to your weight loss plans such as joining a local or online weight loss program or buying a ready-made plan, a lot of people still prefer creating their own personalized DIY weight loss plans.

If this is your first time to develop your own plan for losing weight, you may not be confident as to how to go about it. If this is your case, then this article is for you because this article outlines the many components of a good weight loss plan.

Probably, healthy eating is the most important component of a good weight loss plan and is very important if you want to lose weight. When you say healthy eating, you don’t really have to get rid of junk foods like chocolates; however, you should control and limit your consumption. If you think you’re having a hard time eliminating junk foods from your diet, you may plan a schedule of eating these foods for yourself. Your schedule could incorporate meals or perhaps days where you don’t restrict yourself to have a good treat. Partly, this can be considered as a reward for a job well done.

Aside from generalizing your schedule, it is also a good idea to create your eating schedule more detailed. To start, you can research for healthy recipes from the Internet or you can also purchase a healthy eating cookbook from the local bookstore near toy. Once you have a guide for the healthy foods to make or prepare, you can make a plan for all your meals. Of course, you don’t want to get bored or sick and tired with the foods you will be eating so it’s a good idea to add a little spice and incorporate different varieties of healthy food in your DIY weight loss plan.

Regular exercise is another important component to incorporate in your DIY plan. Like planning a schedule for healthy eating, you should also create a schedule for your exercise and workout. When adding exercise or workout in your exercise plan, you can choose from plenty of options. For example, you can join a local gym near you or purchase an exercise DVD for home use or a piece of exercise equipment. If you don’t want to spend on these, you can try walking instead.

If you have decided to come up with a DIY exercise plan, you may be missing something – support! If you decide to join either a local or online weight loss program, it is expected that you will be a part of a group or team, with members giving support to each other. You should be aware that with a DIY exercise plan, you cannot have the same support. With this in mind, you may consider meeting with your family members, friends, co-workers, colleagues, or neighbors and ask them or offer them to be your exercise buddy. Having an exercise buddy is a great way to get the support you need. Your buddy can also be a motivating factor for you to do your best and push through with the plan.

When developing a DIY weight loss plan, it is a good idea to write everything. You can also use your computer and take advantage of the computer programs to make your schedule readable and easier to understand. Writing everything ensures that you will not forget anything from your DIY weight loss plan. You can also post the schedule in areas in your home that you will always see. One example is the refrigerator.

In simple term, weight loss plans are your guide and your motivator. The points given above are just some of the points that you should always remember, especially when you are developing your own weight loss plan.

More Carpet Cleaning Tips, Lesser Health Issues

There is no doubt the carpet inhibit dust and a myriad of indoor allergens like house dust mites, mould, and fungi. That’s why carpet is not popular among homes with children as parents are afraid their children will breathe in dirty air particles and lead to respiratory illness like asthma.

Although the carpet can be a potential health hazard, it doesn’t mean you cannot have in your office or home at all. It can after all beautify the interior design with its colourful design and texture.

Clean carpet lessen allergies

A regularly cleaned and maintained carpet or rug not only looks more presentable, smells better, most importantly, a clean carpet is considered healthier than poorly cared carpet. This is because a well-maintained carpet contains less dust, less airborne dirt particles and definitely less micro organism that are feared to trigger allergy ailments.

So who says that you shouldn’t have one in your home or office?

Nowadays, there are hundreds of carpet cleaning D-I-Y kits and carpet cleaning service providers in the market. While we are spoilt for choice, it is very important to choose the right cleaning method / product to clean your carpet to avoid damaging it after cleaning.

Some of the common problems faced with carpet cleaning:

  • It seems to get dirty again soon after cleaning was just completed.
  • It smells musky after carpet dries from cleaning treatment.
  • Carpet colour runs during cleaning process.
  • Long down time as carpet needs to take hours or days to dry after cleaning.

Why dry carpet cleaning over wet cleaning?

Development of dry carpet cleaning technology or should be more appropriately known as “very low moisture” carpet cleaning – has been initiated to provide another cleaning solution from the existing wet carpet cleaning methods – promises to give more effective cleaning performance, minus the inconvenience of long drying time and potential risk of damaging the carpet.

There are 2 processes in dry carpet cleaning:

Dry compound carpet cleaning

Biodegradable cleaning compound, or moistured micro sponges, will be spread evenly over the carpet and brushed into carpet piles using machines that has inbuilt counter rotating brushes. These sponges will absorb dirt in the carpet and the soiled compounds will be removed by the machine or vacuumed at the end of the process.


Polymers in the cleaning product used in this process encapsulate or “crystalise” dirt particles into dry residue after which will be removed at the end of the process.

Putting all the technical jargons aside, in layman expectation, you should expect the following benefits when you get your carpet cleaned by a well carried out dry carpet cleaning service provider:

  • A thoroughly deep cleaned carpet will result in less occurrence of carpet resoiling, normally accomplished by machine that use contra rotating brush to lift up and remove the embedded dirt particles in the carpet pile.
  • Carpet remains dry or slightly damp during the whole treatment as minimal liquid is used in the process. No drying time leads to no down time and minimize inconvenience caused due to cleaning process.
  • No down time equals to more productivity, which results in saving time and money.
  • Promise not to shrink the carpet or cause the carpet colour to decolourise.
  • Minimal application of fluid and chemical in the carpet would not lead to excessive exposure to chemical residue after cleaning and having bad smell due to insufficient drying after a wet cleaning treatment.
  • For those who prefer using environmental friendly products, you would be pleased to know that most dry carpet cleaning technologies use biodegradable compound as the main cleaning product.

However, dry carpet cleaning has often been misunderstood as a cleaning method suitable only for light soiling carpet condition or for periodic maintenance purpose as dry cleaning system was known to clean only the carpet surface and not deep carpet cleaning.

Over recent years, with further developments and research, dry carpet cleaning systems has now come with a range of stain removal products that will be applied on heavily soiled carpet or stubborn stains during pre-cleaning treatment. These stain removal products effectively break down different types of stains like food, beverage, grease, glue, etc, before the application of dry compound or encapsulating crystals on the carpet.

While dry carpet cleaning is gaining more popularity because of its technological advantages and benefits, it is always better to check with your carpet manufacturer or retailer for their recommended cleaning method or product, just to be on the safe side.

How to Remove Skin Tags at Home Naturally

Many people are looking at how to remove skin tags without having to have surgery. Doctors consider these ailments to be harmless tumors, and they can develop on any area of ​​the body. They are commonly found on the eyelid, inside the elbow, and on the neck. These skin flaws can be quite disturbing for those that are suffering from them. Fortunately, a few different methods can be used to remove skin tags within the comfort of your own home.

One way in which you can learn how to remove skin tags without having to schedule a doctor's appointment involves cutting the tag off on your own. To do this, you should first tie a thin string or dental floss around the base of the tag. Using scissors with sterilized blades, cut the skin tag off right above the string. After the mole removal, be sure to keep the area clean and free of infection. Clean the area with peroxide or alcohol two to three times a day. Also, apply Neosporin or a similar ointment to the area after each cleaning. A bandage should be worn within the first few days following the removal to prevent bleeding and keeping the area free from bacteria.

Another technique that isaught to those wondering how to remove the tags is less abrasive to the skin but also takes longer to work. It involves a making a paste out of castor oil and baking soda. Apply the concoction to the area twice daily. This remedy typically takes about two weeks to work, but has been proven to be effective for mole removal.

There are also some wart and mole removal products available on the market that can also be used to remove skin tags. These may not be as effective as the other, more natural remedies since they are not directly designed to remove the tags. However, some people do not wish to cut the tags off themselves, nor do they want to visit the doctor to allow them to do it.

In conclusion, learning how to remove skin tags is not rocket science. There are some safe and effective strategies that you can use at home to remove these blemishes. They will allow you to get rid of the tag without having to see a physician. Cutting them off is probably the most beneficial method, but you should be careful to keep the area well sanitized to prevent infection. Other methods can also help but they may take much longer to work than removing the skin tag by cutting it off. No matter the method you choose, be sure to be consistent with it so that you will be skin tag free as soon as possible.

Fortnite Basics

Fortnite is the name of a hit new game that was released back in September of 2017. When it was first released there was very little hype about it and did not receive much attention at its initial release. Due to that simple fact, the company that created it decided to offer a portion of the game for free and since the game has become probably the most popular in the world now. There are many aspects that make the game unique.

First off, it is a third person shooter but very animated in its positioning so not very serious in a manner of terms. Along with being a shooter game you are able to harvest materials such as wood, brick and metal and craft different building structures like ramps, walls, floors, and really anything imaginable. The point of the game is to be the last player or squad standing. The game starts out with one hundred players all dropping in from a school bus held in the air by a hot air balloon to a giant island with different little towns and places marked on the map. Each person drops off of the bus and once they land they loot for weapons and shield before someone else finds the loot first. There are many different types of weapons like shotguns, rifles, rocket launchers and many other different weaponry to find. Players open up golden chests that give you multiple items usable in game like potions and weapons as mentioned above. Once a player has the loot they want they must move into the storm circle as the outside storm closes in slowly and forces players together. The storm will slowly decrease your health if you are caught in it till eventually your health runs out. Once your health runs out there is no respawning into the same game as you must start over from the beginning.

The ultimate goal is to be the last one standing and achieve a “Victory Royale”. It is a difficult feat as there are many highly skilled players out there that play and compete viciously on a regular basis. The key that has been found by most of these highly skilled gamers is to be able to build more efficiently and quickly in the heat of a gun fight. These builders are usually the most skilled of players and tend to win more of the games they play. Inexperienced players that are still learning the overall flow of the game do not usually find their first win till many games played. As time has gone on the developers of the game have added special limited time game modes to the mix as well to keep the game interesting and their die-hard players entertained and not becoming bored after so long. The mode that has become a favorite of many is the high explosive mode which takes away all normal weapons and leaves players wandering around the map finding grenade launchers and rocket launchers and a few other specialty weapons to win the game with. These additional modes provide a skill change and allow newer players to become more accustomed to items that are less prevalent in the normal mode and allows them to experiment more freely so they are not unprepared in the regular mode.

Overall, the game is fun for all ages and provides a very good challenge for the competitive person in all of us. Fortnite is a fad for now but look for it to stick around for a while longer as more and more players continue to join the ranks as each day goes by.

Have Enjoyable Experiences in the Serviced Apartments

At present, traveling has become an utmost passion of most of the people. A successful trip not only consists of enchanting locations, but it also includes comfortable and convenient places of accommodation. As hotels are quite expensive, most of the people are looking forward to stay in customized serviced or short-stay living options. These residences are fully furnished and readily available on short and long-term basis. They are increasingly becoming popular because they offer all sorts of hotel-like facilities to the guests. Most of the leading travel destinations in the world have such exemplary residences for the benefit of the travelers. Now let us delve into some positive aspects of these exceptional places of stay.

9 Advantages of Serviced Apartments

Although these well-furnished places have a series of benefits, seven such aspects, which make them desirable among the customers are as follows:

1. They offer more space to its guests. They have separate living and dining areas. Thus, staying here would be an agreeable experience.

2. Staying in these apartments would be a convenient option if you are traveling with larger groups. Unlike hotels, you do not need to book separate rooms but could enjoy staying together.

3. Food is a major issue while you are traveling. These living areas have a kitchen, where you are given the full freedom to cook whatever you wish.

4. They also have an in-room washer and dryer, which give you the privilege of washing your own clothes.

5. They offer extra facilities such as pool, restaurants, gym, and concierge just like in the hotels.

6. Travelers could have the privilege of choosing as these short-stay locations are of different types and each kind offers exceptional features.

7. They are flexible with cancellations and last-minute reservations. They offer you a hassle-free stay.

8. They give you a secured and comfortable environment. Moreover, frequent services such as housekeeping do not invade your privacy.

9. Finally yet importantly, they are readily accessible at a lower cost.

Rising Popularity of Serviced Apartments

These residential options are a new addition to the hospitality industry and it has managed to gain wide recognition throughout the world. Occupancy as well as optimism is continuously enhancing with the rapid growth of this residential sector. These apartments have accepted acceptance among significant number of business buyers and travelers. Many leading organizations are now allowing their guests to stay here. Studies have shown that while check-ins in hotels have dropped to a significant level, reservations at these alternative places of accommodation could not have been ignored.

Electrofishing Is a Standard Lake Management Tool

Electrofishing is a standard process lake management professionals and biologists use to obtain data on the current fish population of a lake. Electrofishing lets everyone involved with a lake's management know what is happening benefit the water's surface. Data relating abundance, density, growth rates and health of the various species is obtained. That data is used by biologists to create recommendations tailor to the needs of the lake's owner.

Electrofishing does not harm fish. A special boat with electrofishing equipment is taken out on the lake and the fish are temporarily stunned. As they float to the surface, they are then are netted with soft nets, placed into live wells which contain water where the fish can remain healthy and alive while they are being measured and weighed. They are released unharmed back to the lake. It may look like it harms the fish, but it does not. Within moments of being stunned they are released back into their natural habitat.

Electrofishing is a tool used in lake management. Through electrofishing, problems can be diagnosed and resolved before they become major issues. An imbalance in species in a pond can be corrected. When fish are removed and studied and counted, a good understanding of the relationship between the various fish populations is gained. Stunted fish can be removed. Invasive species that may destroy the ecosystem of a lake can also be removed. Sometimes fish are not growing as large as a lake owner would like. This is because there are too many predator fish and not enough food. By culling some of the fish, it allows those that remain to grow larger.

When a fishery has a problem, just adding more fish is not necessarily the answer. Better management of what you have can be the answer. That can involve harvest harvesting undersized bass, improving water quality, and removing invasive species. Rather than simply spending money on more fish, the electrofishing data becomes a tool to effectively manage the current fish population. It becomes a tool to help bring the ecosystem back in order to serve the owner's needs.

A lake management company that does electrofishing can obtain the raw data, create a comprehensive management report, and offer corrective suggestions that are tailor to the goals of the pond or lake owner. By finding out what is currently in the lake or pond, the biologists and management team can determine what it will take to correct the lake to bring it in line with the owner's dreams and objectives. Electrofishing is a tool to help create the lake of your dreams.

Re-Engineer Your Life

The middle-aged gentleman had a ghastly look on his face. All his efforts had come to naught. After so many years, he had nothing to show, for a life, that otherwise could have turned out better. Wrinkles were etched on his face, like lines across a map to nowhere.

He decided; Enough was Enough. The next twenty years would not look similar to the twenty years gone by. As he took in the massive collection of books in the Public Library, a hard bound leather book which seemed to have seen generations pass by, fall out. He lifted the book, and took in the life-changing information, within its yellow pages, line by line.

The message read:
1. Focus on the present moment.
2. Take yourself, and your needs, in the areas of Finance, Work, Education, Relationships and Health more seriously.
3. Do not be bothered by things, and events, that do not matter in the long run.
4. Do not seek approval from others. You have only one chance at life.
5. Do what works for you, and repeat it consistently.

For him, it was a life changing moment, the moment that would go on to change his destiny. By the fire-place in the old Victorian Bungalow, thoughts came to him initially like the trickle from a tap, to torrents of gushing water. He decided to capture the thoughts, lest they vanish from fickle memory.

The thoughts he documented on paper, went like this: "In the Soviet Union, they had 5-year plans to develop their economy, and monitor the progress made. the start date and the end date, and the year of completion.

The project will cover the five areas of life mentioned in the book. Next, you would have a file for each of the five years, for evaluation, with the start date and the end date. The year you are focussing on, that is, the 12 months starting today, would further have a progress assessment for each of the 12 months, in all the areas mentioned. At the end of 90 days, that is 4 times a year, you would enter in the file, the progress you have made every 90 days, towards your life re-engineering.

It does not stop with the above.Have a sheet of paper for each month, divided into 30 days, for each goal in the 5 areas mentioned. Restrict yourself to 1 or 2 goals at a time, in each of the 5 areas, for success. Draw rows and columns on the monthly chart, and put a tick in the boxes, if the task you have decided to do, which moves you toward your goals, has been done for the day. This would help you, in filling in your monthly achievement evaluation, later. "

The gentleman thought, for example, he would improve his finances, by having separate compartments for Savings, Investments, and Expenses, and build on them. For health, possibly, he would eat less portions, eat right, exercise more regularly, and meditate. Each activity would be recorded in his 5 year re-engineering file. Every task to be completed in the 5 years, would be documented on paper, to see the progress made, or where more attention needed to be given.

The thoughts sped through his mind so fast; the man was drained, yet satisfied. He knew, the next 5 years would not look similar to the previous 5 years.

With gratitude in his eyes, he envisioned himself enjoying the best years of his life, the wrinkles and etched on his face disappearing, to be replaced by a smooth brow, caressed by the elixir of youth.

The pen fell from his hand, and he dosed away towards a peaceful deep slumber of a 1000 years; the peace he had never before enjoyed, before he came upon that book of destiny, one fine day in a library, not so long ago.

How to Apply Spray Foam Insulation

If you are a homeowner who is looking for a way to save some money, it may help if you take a look at the amount of money it is costing you to heat your home. To find out how much heat your home is losing, you may want to perform an energy loss assessment. If you find that your home is losing heat, this means that you are spending more money trying to heat your home and are also paying for the loss of energy. There is a way you can stop thermal energy from escaping and bringing your heating costs down. Learning how to apply spray foam insulation can insulate your home against heat loss. It is very simple to apply spray foam insulation yourself.

First, you must determine where your home is losing energy. Chances are there are some gaps in your insulation that allows heat to escape your home. Once you have used a thermal energy detector to show you where those lost heat pockets are, you can mark the areas for foam insulation. It is important to apply spray foam insulation in between the studies that are located in the attic and walls. Spray foam often comes with a lifetime warranty and is also nontoxic. You do not have to use much, because a little goes a long way. Once you apply a little, it will start to expand. Spray foam is able to fill air pockets by expanding up to 90 times its original mass and volume. As your home gets older, and starts to shift by expanding and contracting, so will the foam. So there is no need for you to reapply any foam insulation.

The general rule of thumb when applying spray foam insulation is that if you are only going to do a small area, you can avoid the expense of hiring a contractor and do it yourself but if the area that needs insulation is fairly large, you will need a professional company since large insulation tasks will require the use of some different tools that are especially designed for larger jobs.

Remember if you decide to start applying foam insulation yourself, before you start on the area that needs the extra insulation; test a small and inconspicuous spot first. You want to make sure that you are not applying too much. You want to get a feel for the insulation gun before you do the real work.

Here's how to insulate a large space with spray foam insulation: When you do apply the foam to the location where it is needed, make sure you spread it evenly and allow it to expand completely. It will fill up all of the gaps and holes. After you allow the foam to completely dry, you will want to use some sort of blade or saw to remove any foam that protrudes above and beyond the studies in the walls. This will help to create a good surface for any drywall.

Licorice: Good And Plenty

Licorice is a member of the legume family and although similar in taste, not related to anise.The licorice plant is a perennial herbaceous plant native to southern Europe and parts of Asia and India and has been used in candies and sweeteners for centuries. Countries that currently produce licorice include India, Iran, Italy, Afghanistan, China, Pakistan and Iraq. In the Netherlands, licorice drops are one of the most popular forms of sweets and have been valued for thousands of years for dozens of purposes, including a remedy for a leaky gut, coughs and colds. Its uses date as far back as ancient Egypt, where it was made into a drink to cure digestive problems, after boiling the root and adding liquid. It is still frequently worldwide in herbal teas.

Naturally sweet and easy to grow, it has been recognized for its therapeutic value to help with pain relief, irritable bowels, joint pain, sore throat, heartburn and even an antioxidant. Although excessive use of licorice can be harmful, it is highly unlikely that someone would ingest enough to be a problem. It made its way to America via Great Britain, and since licorice has been a long standing favorite worldwide, it did not go unnoticed by early candymakers, who began introducing it to satisfy America's growing sweet tooth in the late 1800s:

Good & Plenty – the oldest branded candy, introduced in 1893 in its distinct box with pink and white candies, identified with its trademark character "Choo-Choo Charlie" on early television, and a favorite movie theater candy; kids deluted in rattling those boxes and annoying other movie goers;

Black Crows gum drops also date back to the late 1890s;

Chuckles jellied candies – five flavors to a package which included one licorice piece, introduced in 1921;

Assorted licorice mix and swizzle sticks – fun to chew and stretch, chewing on licorice root was used in African countries for centuries as a means of cleaning teeth;

Black jelly beans – everyone has a favorite flavor, and many reach for those black ones first;

Smith Bros. cough drops – first brand introduced in 1847 and a hit with its distinctive package featuring two bearded gentlemen, sadly out of business now; (wild cherry flavor came later)

Black Jack gum – 1884 a chewing gum maker named Thomas Adams began adding licorice flavoring to his chicle gum, and called his creation Adams' Black Jack, the first flavored gum in the US It was also the first gum to be offered in sticks; (not popular anymore, but still available)

Not as popular as it was a century ago, licorice still draws a loyal following, especially among the hard and chewy candy aficionados. Aside from the fact that is can make your teeth and gums gray, it continues to have a definite following. It's one of those flavors which you either like or dislike, and pretty much confines itself to candies. Licorice ice cream and cookies do not seem to pop up anywhere, but that's just fine with those who love it. And Choo-Choo Charlie may be gone, but his legend lives on. It's good and plentiful to be sure.

Holy Guacamole

Often called an alligator pear (due to its shape and the rough green skin of some cultivars) it’s actually a fruit and appears more often in the form of guacamole and is loved the world over. Botanically a large berry containing a single large seed known as a “pit” or a “stone” it can be dated all the way back to Peru, sometime between 8,000 to 15,000 years ago. It was first introduced in the United States, specifically Florida and Hawaii in 1833 and in California in 1856.

Before 1915, the avocado was commonly known as ahuacate due to its Spanish origins. Mexico is the world’s largest avocado grower, clocking in at 415,520 acres, which yields a harvest of 1.47 million tons. And in the U.S. 95% of production is located in Southern California, with 60% in San Diego County, where one of its most northern cities, Fallbrook, claims the title of “Avocado Capital of the World.” Most Americans purchase the “Hass” variety, which has a firmer meat and mixes and slices well. First cultivated in the mid-1930s by Rudolph Hass, of La Habra Heights, California, he named it after himself and patented the productive tree in 1935 (good thing his name wasn’t Przbyszewski or Butts).

Here are some of the ways we enjoy our avocados:

guacamole with lots of salsa, chips and lime wedges;

currently “avocado toast” is the newest craze, smashing it on toast with lemon juice, chili flakes, and some fresh herbs;

in Mexico and Central America, avocados are served mixed with white rice, in soups, salads, or on the side of chicken and meat;

a non-dairy or mayo substitute;

popular accompaniment to Mexican foods;

added to smoothies and sandwiches;

included in a dip or salad dressing for raw veggies;

slathered on a sunburn or used as a facial mask;

Considering we all need “healthy fats” as opposed to unhealthy trans and saturated fats, the avocado provides omega 3 fat, is not only highly nutritious but can also be soothing in skin preparations. Unlike other fruits, they are low in sugar and can be enjoyed daily as a healthy fat and welcome addition to so many foods.

With America’s love of Mexican food, the avocado is a necessity and consumption has risen dramatically over the last two decades. It has soared to a record high of nearly 1.9 billion pounds (or some 4.25 billion avocados) last year, more than double the amount consumed in 2005, and nearly four times as many as sold in 2000. Residents of Los Angeles consume more than twice as many as any other city (no surprise there) with NY second, Dallas third and Phoenix fourth. For Boomers who grew up without them, especially east of the Mississippi, they may have been slow to arrive at the party, but with the availability of avocados both from Mexico and California, they have become plentiful albeit pricey in some areas of the country.

If you are lucky enough to live in the Southwest, where they grow most abundantly, they can be had at a farmers market for fifty cents apiece and sometimes less. So enjoy this delicious fruit, and don’t spare the fresh lime juice.