Water Softener Use In Mobile Auto Detailing

What is considered hard water and what are the degrees of hardness? Well very hard water would be 10.5 grains per gallon and 180 parts per million and above. But you need to realize that even moderately hard water of 3.5 to 7 grains per gallon and 60-120 parts per million will leave hard water spots. Slightly hard water such as 1 to 3.5 grains per gallon and 17.1 to 60 part per million will not leave noticeably hard water spots that you cannot cure with a chamois. But really as a professional auto detailer you are really looking for soft water of less than 1 grain per gallon and 17 parts per million.

What Makes The Water Hard?

Hardness in water is caused calcium and magnesium ions that form insoluble compounds; sometimes iron and even aluminum. There are many ways to soften water. Some are more complicated than others; Aeration, De-Ionization or ion-exchange, Distillation, Reverse Osmosis or Softening.

Softening by use of a water softener is the simplest concept used today; water softeners replace hardness ions like calcium and magnesium with sodium or non-scaling ions. The ion exchange resin used in the process is recharged periodically with salt drawn from a storage tank. Many water treatment experts agree and Lance Winslow concurs that softening can be most cost effective when the water has as few as one to five grains per gallon of hardness. Most mobile operators will be happy with one to three grains per gallon of hardness and probably won’t even purchase a softening unit until the hardness is five plus grains per gallon. Their theory is well taken because, if the total dissolved solids (TDS) is that low, there will be little water spotting on cars anyway.

One reason to put in a water softener even if your water is 5 gpg or less is because you wish to prevent scaling in the coils of your steam cleaner or save your pressure washing pump on your auto detailing rig. On a cold water machine, this is not as important because 5 gpg or less won’t ruin a pump. More than five can over time.

Hardness also hinders soap from doing its job. You may notice that your soaps are not cleaning properly. That’s because they are cleaning the water first and combining with the compounds in the water rather than the dirt on the car. You see, the hardness in the water has a tendency to neutralize those cleaning compounds and you have to actually use more soap to offset the neutralizing effect of the hardness minerals.

With hard water, you will use more soap and the cars still aren’t clean. I encourage you to talk to your soap vendors for helpful advice on water chemistry and treatment requirements. Your soap strategy should be custom tailored to your city and the hardness of the water you put in your tank.

Most independent auto detailing professionals agree that areas with hard water will also cause a film on cars that are washed when no softener is used. They also agreed at the annual conference that the decision to purchase a softener should be based on a real water test. You might wish to contact a water treatment dealer such as: Rain Soft, Culligan, Apollo, Calgon, Rayne water Systems or the Water Man in your area. They can help you by having the local water tested or ask city water authority for information on their supply. Once your decision is made to purchase a softener, selecting the proper equipment is easy. Softener sizes should be based upon two factors: Flow Rate (GPM) and Grains Per Gallon (GPG).

Flow rate would typically be six to eight gpm (gallons per minute) with your hose at your residence. We recommend you change your pressure regulator to 90-110 PSI (Pounds Per Square Inch). This would give you approximately ten gpm. So you need a water softener that is a little bigger than the basic model.

Water softeners are basically like refrigerators; says Car Wash Guys Founder Lance Winslow;

“They could last two years or twenty years…and a lot depends on how much goes in and how often it comes out.”

This is why you should monitor softening equipment. You can test the hardness with a testing kit or just pay attention when you’re washing cars. Steel softening tanks last for years. Fiberglass units last well also. Plastic units crack. You may need to change resin every couple of years.

Chances are you will choose to rent softeners for $30 per month and let the exchange company recharge them for you. Be careful when hiring water softener vendors. Ask us for help. You may even be able to trade services for water softening rental plus make money on the account because water softener rental companies have lots of delivery trucks. In any case think on these issues when considering a water softening strategy for your mobile car wash or auto detailing business.

Analysis of a Collection of Short Stories

At the end of the Mechanical Age by Donald Barthelme

The protagonists of the story are Ralph and Ms Davis. The story portrays the contemporary age as being dull and boring. But the mechanical age has got its comfort zones. Ms Davis a widow gets married to Ralph. The marriage ceremony is witnessed by God who makes them take an oath: ‘you wedded husband and life promise to make whatever mutually satisfactory accommodations necessary to reduce tensions and arrive at previously agreed upon goals both parties have harmoniously set in the appropriate planning sessions’. The story is vague and lacks depth and form. It resembles an incongruous abstract painting.

Petition by John Barth

John Barth in the Petition writes an epistle to a renowned person from Thailand who is visiting America for a surgery. Barth is very much drawn to Eastern Mysticism and Eastern religions. He extols the virtues of the foreigner’s history. He also describes the contemporary culture of America in ironic terms. One can’t find the essence of a story in the petition by Barth.

Balthazar’s Marvelous Afternoon by Marquez

The Cage made by Balthazar is a fascinating and mysterious story about Balthazar who makes a cage and sells it for sixty pesos. As soon as he collects the money, he buys booze for his friends and gets inebriated. His wife waits patiently for him to come home. The story carries a moral about a person who doesn’t know to handle large sums of money.

The Shore by Grillet

The shore by Grillet describes the movement of three children on the beach. Grillet describes the motion of the waves, the flying sea gulls and the movement of the wind. The author has a lurking fascination for the three children, a strange eerie aura of attraction.

Like a Bad Dream by Heinrich Boll

In Like a Bad Dream, the protagonist invites the Zumpens for dinner. He was thinking of the prized contract that the Zumpen would make. But the Zumpens left without saying anything. Bertha the wife of the protagonist told her husband to visit the Zumpens. Mrs. Zumpen gives him an envelope and told him to raise the price as the price quoted by the next bidder was much higher. The story ends with a happy note with the protagonist being awarded the contract.

Axolotl by Cortazar

Axolotl describes a morbid fascination for them by the author. The author becomes ruminative about them. The story is Quixotic and has no meat of a plot.

In Dreams begin responsibilities by Schwartz

In Dreams Begin Responsibilities the author describes about the relationship of the father with the mother. The relationship is a long lasting and pleasing one.

Solipsist by Brown

In the story the Solipsist Walter Jehovah has an imaginary conversation with God. Solipsism is a philosophy that an individual alone exists. In the conversation Jehovah becomes seduced by the grandeur of thought-he alone exists as God.

Gogol’s Wife by Tomanso

In the story Nicolo’s wife is described as a balloon. As years pass by, Nicolo’s disgust for his wife increases.

The End by Beckett

In the End is a story that describes the solitary life of an unknown person. The description portrays his angst. The story has no proper beginning and end and the narrative is haphazard.

The Waiting by Borges

We find Vilari the protagonist settling down in his new lodgings. In the end of the story, a surprising one we find that Vilari is killed by a stranger.

Borges and I

The author differentiates the fictional Borges from the real Borges. The fictional Borges is acclaimed in the news and has a marvel for hourglasses, sixteenth century maps and labyrinths.

Everything and Nothing by Borges

Everything and Nothing by Borges is a fictional rendition of the biography of Shakespeare. He mentions Shakespeare having been initiated into the rite of sexuality by Ann Hathaway. In an imaginary conversation with God, Shakespeare is revealed by God that he is a theater, he is a mask, and he is everything and nothing.

The History of Elephants

Elephants are the largest land mammal and can be found in both Asia and Africa. African elephants live in areas that are south of the Sahara Desert while Asian elephants are found in India and other countries in Southeast Asia. Elephants are interesting animals because of the way they travel together and care for their young. They're also interesting to many people living in Asia and Africa because of their size and the way they can contribute to the economy. Learning about elephants can be fun for people of any age, so starting off with the basic facts is the best way to start learning about these huge creatures.

Environment & Nutrition

The natural environment of the elephant depends on the type of elephant. African forest elephants typically roam the forests while African savannah elephants roam open African plains. The Asian elephant also lives in forests. Elephants need a large range of land to roam so that they can find enough food and water to survive. They often follow elephant trails to get from one area to another to look for more food. Elephants eat bark, grasses, twigs, and leaves and they drop seeds in their dung, making them act as gardeners as they go about their travels.

Elephant Adaptations

The elephant has several adaptations that help it survive in its natural habitat. To stay comfortable in the heat, an elephant can flap its ears and create a cooling effect. The large molars in the elephant's mouth are used for chewing and grinding very fibrous plant materials. An elephant's trunk has many uses including picking up food, drinking water, and communicating with other elephants. Elephants also have very low-pitched sounds that allow them to communicate with each other.

Elephants & the Ecosystem

Elephants are a very important part of the ecosystems that inhabit. By dropping seeds with their dung, they are helping to create new plant life. Their large bodies can also knock down small trees and other obstacles so that smaller animals can get through to find food. If there is some kind of water drought, elephants will dig to find water deep beneath the ground surface.

Elephant Family Life

Elephants are very family-centered animals. They travel together under the supervision of a female called a matriarch. The matriarch of a herd has knowledge of food and water sources and is responsible for helping her sisters, cousins, and other family members to stay safe and healthy. When it's time to reproduce, the female elephants mate with bull elephants after a period of courtship. The female stays pregnant for 22 months while her baby elephant grows and develops inside of her. During labor, the pregnant elephant is given help by another female elephant. Once a baby elephant is born, it may drink its mother's milk for up to four years and will be cared for by everyone in its herd.

Elephants & Society

Elephants have had a number of key places in society. Asian elephants have been used as work animals for many years and often haul heavy loads from one place to another. They have been also used as a method of transportation in Asian and African countries. Some elephants are taken out of Asia and Africa to travel with the circus and provide entertainment. Still others are used for their tusks so that ivory products can be made. Other members of society have revered elephants and worked to protect them from harm.

Landscaping Benefits and Lawn Maintenance Issues

Property value benefits of landscaping

According to a Clemson University study, “Homeowners wanting to increase the value of their property will do well to consider the cost-effective, return potential of quality landscaping, and to safeguard their investments by hiring licensed, professional landscape contractors to perform the work.” This study found that quality landscaping can result in more than a 100% return on the investment. Statistics compiled by The Florida Nursery Growers and Landscape Association are helpful:

  • Landscaping can increase the resale value of a property by as much as 14%
  • The sale of a property can increase by as much as six weeks
  • A landscaped patio can increase property value by 12.4%
  • A landscaped curb can raise property value by 4.4% and hedges can add 3.6%

For those who are not yet thinking of resale value, there are numerous non-monetary benefits to enjoy from landscaping your commercial or residential property. Landscaping can block unpleasant views, reduce noise levels and decrease crime, in addition to improving and optimizing the appearance and use of the property. Workers that have a view of trees and flowers feel less job stress and more job satisfaction and fear and anger is reduced when views of plants are possible. Additionally, when properly selected and placed, plants can lower heating and cooling costs by as much as 20%.

All of these benefits are dependent, of course, on designs and installations being done in a professional, competent manner. Poor construction, improper installation and low quality plants can turn your property into a liability. Furthermore, unskilled maintenance can quickly ruin your investment.

Why hire a landscape maintenance company?

Improper installation and maintenance of landscaping projects actually decreases and detracts from a property’s value. Maintaining the trees, shrubs, plants and grass on your property requires more than sufficient watering and occasional weeding and pruning. Soil must be monitored for proper pH levels, compaction, nutrient content, water drainage, and grub control. Trees must be trimmed for maximum growth, as well as safety, and sprinkler systems must be maintained to protect the investment. With so many factors influencing the health of your lawn, maintenance can quickly become overwhelming. By hiring a landscape maintenance company, you eliminate all hassles associated with property upkeep. Qualified professionals will often know, just by looking at your lawn, where grubs are likely infested, whether a certain tree will thrive in a certain area and if your yard could benefit from a lime treatment to balance the soil pH levels. They will know when to aerate, when to plant and when to prune. Meanwhile, you won’t damage your turf through over-aeration or waste money on improperly applied lime treatments. Hiring professionals with the knowledge and experience will not only eliminate hassles for you, it will safeguard your investment by keeping it healthy, ensuring you the maximum amount of return.

How to hire a landscape company

Once you have made the decision to hand over your land care to someone else, you have to make a selection on which company to hire. No matter what area you live in, you undoubtedly have many, many options. It seems everyone with a truck and a mower has opened a lawn care business and choosing a legitimate, respectable company that is knowledgeable, but will not take advantage of you can be a daunting task. While jobs such as mowing and leaf removal require little expertise, other tasks, such as fertilizing and pest control, require knowledgeable practitioners and, in some states, licenses. Just as you can damage your plants, trees and turf with improper land care, so, too, can the company you hire. While it is tempting to hire the cheapest company, cheaper is not always better. As the saying goes, you get what you pay for. Quality workmanship from a company with a solid reputation goes a lot farther in the long run than the cheaper alternative, if the alternative ends up killing your vegetation.

Part time vs. full time operation While part timers that mow grass on their off days from regular jobs may be convenient, they often are not insured and have no training. In addition to being unable to provide you with services such as fertilization or aeration should you desire it, they will not recognize signs of distress in your yard in order to recommend those services should you need it. By hiring a full time landscape company, you can generally be assured that they have the expertise to notify you of any problems, educate you on potential solutions and develop a maintenance regimen with you for your property. Furthermore, they will be insured so you will not be held liable for any accidents on your property that occur to their workers and they will have the necessary governmental licenses to spread the chemicals your property needs.

National vs. local Hiring a national lawn care company may seem like a safe decision – they must , after all, know what they are doing to operate such a large business! But while they may be known in several states, are they familiar with your state? Do they have the training relevant to your location, such as soil conditions, weather trends and regional insect and bacteria problems? Local companies will most assuredly understand YOUR locale as it is THEIR locale. Their properties will be susceptible to the same problems and they will most definitely know the best solutions. Additionally, they will not take their profits, your hard-earned money, out of state. Supporting local companies always benefits your city, but in the case of land care, it can also be a protection for you. Local companies have more at stake in the way of your satisfaction, as word in a city travels much more quickly than it does across a nation.

Whichever company you choose to hire, be sure to ask for a portfolio and, if possible, drive by some of their client’s properties. Check their reputation with the Better Business Bureau and get testimonials from other clients. Nothing is more important than doing research before you hire any type of contractor – if problems arise and you have not done your homework, you will have no one to blame but yourself.

Liability concerns

You want to be sure any company you hire has experience and a solid reputation. More importantly, you need to make sure they are insured. If your land care company does not carry general liability insurance, the property owner could be held responsible for accidents which occur while work is being done. To protect yourself, ask for proof of insurance and workman’s comp before anything is done to your property! Reputable contractors will understand that you are just doing your homework and will gladly offer documentation. Be wary of any that try to convince you this is unnecessary – they may have something to hide.

Mowing practices

Property owners take great care in watering, fertilizing, weeding and protecting their lawns but few realize that improper mowing practices can undo the care they so diligently show to their lawns. Mowing has an immediate impact on your lawn and by observing proper practices you can ensure you are contributing to the development of a high quality lawn. The two most common mistakes are cutting grass too short and mowing too infrequently. When mowing, you should never remove more than 1/3 of the grass blade’s height. By removing more, you can cut into the crown of the blade and damage it. Furthermore, mowing grasses too low leaves limited leaf area for the grass to sustain photosynthesis, which reduces grass vigor. Lawns that are too short also have shallow root systems, which become apparent during summer stress periods: as soil moisture drops, these lawns will begin to die. By leaving the height longer, you keep grass healthy and reduce the number of weeds by providing shade and competition to weed seedlings. If you miss a mowing and your grass is longer than usual, cutting at your regular height is, therefore, detrimental to the grass. You should reset the mower to its highest cutting level and then three or four days later cut again at the normal height. This ensures maximum protection for your lawn.

Knowing when to mow is also important. Mowing during the heat of the day causes undue stress on the lawn and mowing when the grass is wet leaves it susceptible to disease. The best time to mow is in the evening when the sun is less intense and morning moisture has long burned off. You should also vary your mowing patterns. Retracing the same lines every time you mow can harm the grass that is constantly run over. Mowing at right angles to the previous direction will prevent grass from repeatedly being pushed to one side and minimize stress on those areas.


Aeration is a process which introduces air into the soil, an important ingredient in maintaining the health of soil. Plant and grass roots need sufficient air, as well as water and nutrients, to grow but different soils have different air qualities. Clay and silt soil particles are tightly packed and allow less air to penetrate grass roots whereas sandy soil particles allow for more air penetration. Because all soils are not the same, those that contain a large amount of silt or clay need aeration to increase the air supply to plants. Aeration also allows for better water drainage, an important benefit as too much water in the root zone is detrimental to growing plants. But plants are not the only organisms that need air in the soil: microbes that decompose organic matter and supply nutrients to plants need this basic resource, as well as earthworms, insects and other arthropods which help maintain healthy soil.

Aeration in lawns can be accomplished by dethatching, plugging or spiking. Dethatching requires removing grass thatches, plugging involves removing plugs of grass and soil and spiking entails punching holes into the soil. All three allow air, water and nutrients to penetrate into the soil to the roots of grass and plants. Generally, the best time to aerate is when grass is actually growing, as it allows for quick recovery and the best exploitation of the newly loosened root zone. Therefore, spring and fall are appropriate times but the weather should be the number one determinate when aerating: the soil should be warm and not too wet. Lawns that have been properly maintained should only require one aeration per year but lawns that have been neglected may require more treatments or more passes in an effort to get it properly balanced. As aeration injures turf, you want to be sure not to over-aerate and to institute the practice at the prime time for your turf. By the same token, not aerating enough or at improper times will likely do nothing at all.

Grub and insect Control

Grubs are the larval stage of beetles and live in dirt under grass. White in color, they are C-shaped, have a brown head, six legs and a dark rear section. They eat plant roots, killing grass and flowers, and unsuspecting property owners often are not aware of an infestation until their grass starts to die. Furthermore, grubs attract other pests, such as moles, skunks, opossums, rats, mice and birds, which will tear lawns apart to get these tasty treats. Grub damage is by far the most common cause of damage to grass, as these insect pests are quite common and can occur anywhere in the US. In Missouri, the two main types of grubs are the Southern Masked Chafer (annual grub) and the May/June Beetle (three year grub). Lawns with grub damage exhibit grass that can easily be pulled up and reduced grass vigor. The damage usually appears in late summer, as the eggs become larvae and begin to feed. This is not, however, the time to treat. Insecticide must be spread before the eggs are laid in order to be effective. June and July are the best times to apply insecticide, with the month determined by the product you choose. In the case of May/June beetles, you will need to treat for several years in order to kill grubs at various stages of development. Granule products are designed to work slowly and are appropriate for those wishing to prevent grub infestations. For those who already have a grub problem, apply liquid chemicals first to act quickly followed by granules for longer-term protection. In any case, make sure there is good soil moisture either from rainfall or irrigation before application. While grubs, and their accompanying pests, can be a tremendous aggravation, treatment and prevention are relatively simple if chemical instructions are followed.


Mulching is one of the most beneficial practices you can use to keep your garden healthy. It also one of the simplest. Mulch refers to a protective layer of organic or inorganic material spread on top of the soil. Properly used, mulch limits weed growth, conserves soil moisture, regulates soil temperature, reduces compaction and protects the soil against erosion. It may also reduce the spread of some soil-borne diseases. Organic mulches, such as bark chips, grass clippings or straw, improve the condition of the soil, as they release organic nutrients during decomposition. The organic matter helps keep soil loose, which improves root growth, increases water drainage and allows the soil to better retain water. The result is a less frequent need for watering, thereby conserving it. Both types of mulch retain heat from the day and release it into the soil during the night, moderating soil temperature. This is extremely beneficial during the winter, as plants undergo much less stress during freeze-thaw cycles. In summer, mulch keeps soil cooler by blocking direct sunlight. Limiting sunlight also controls the growth of weeds, as they are smothered under the layers of material. Lastly, mulch provides a “finished” look to your flower beds, tree rings and gardens.

The best time to spread organic mulch is dependent on what you are hoping to achieve. When adding mulch to flower beds, it is best to wait until the soil has warmed completely in the spring as the mulch will slow soil warming due to its insulating properties. The same is true for vegetable gardens. If you are applying mulch to moderate winter temperatures, the best time to apply is in late winter after the ground has frozen but before the coldest temperatures set in. This delayed application helps prevent rodents from nesting in your mulch over the winter. When spreading mulch, be sure not to apply it directly in contact with tree trunks and plant stems so as not to promote attacks by insects and diseases. Finally, remove weeds before spreading mulch to help stop their proliferation.

Sprinkler system maintenance

Sprinkler systems should be inspected yearly to keep them running efficiently and also to prevent unnecessary water usage. The system controller should be checked at the beginning of spring, before running the system for the first time that year. Open the box and check batteries, wiring, clocks and the irrigation cycle that is set. This is the time to make any necessary repairs, replacements and resets needed. Once you have inspected the controller box, you should check the sprinkler heads, valves and emitters. Before running the system for the first time, remove the last sprinkler head in each line and allow water to run for a few minutes to flush out any debris and dirt. Then replace the sprinkler head and run one valve at a time. For each valve, check position and spray pattern. Look for heads that are clogged, misaligned, tilted or buried which prevents efficient application of the water. Look for leaks and misting which would indicate high water pressure problems. Lastly, if your sprinkler has filter screens, check to see if they need to be cleaned or replaced. When making any adjustments, the goal is to have the water be applied as evenly as possible. This ensures the most efficient use of the water.

Steps for winterization are simple: turn the water supply to the system off at the main valve and set the system to “off.” Turn on each valve to release any pressure built up along the pipes and drain any water in the pipes to prevent freezing damage. If your system does not have drain valves, you will need to blow out the system using compressed air, a practice best performed by professionals. By following these steps for sprinkler system maintenance, you will protect your system for years to come and create the most efficient irrigation system possible.


Pruning is the act of removing or reducing certain plant parts that are not required, are no longer effective or are of no use to the plant. Proper pruning enhances the aesthetics of a landscape but it also serves functional purposes of training a plant, restricting growth, maintaining plant health and improving the quality of flowers, fruit, foliage or stems. Pruning, when done incorrectly, can ruin trees and landscapes so it is important that it be carried out by someone with knowledge and experience. The idea that anyone with a chainsaw can be a landscape pruner is incorrect and every year, more trees are killed or ruined from improper pruning than from pests. As with anything, the more you understand the vegetation on your property, the better you will be able to maintain it and keep it healthy for years to come.

Trees Diseased tree limbs and branches that protrude into walkways are removed for safety but selective removal of branches throughout the canopy of a tree is sometimes performed to increase light, reduce wind resistance and strengthen a tree against adverse weather conditions. The best time to prune trees without showy flowers is generally late winter or early spring, before new growth develops and when the structure of the tree is easily visible. This also maximizes healing during the growing season. Flowering trees should be pruned during the dormant season to preserve the current year’s flowers; i.e. trees that flower in spring, such as dogwood and redbud, should be pruned immediately after flowering. The exception to this is in the case of dead limbs which should be removed right away to prevent insect infestation and diseases.

Shrubs For flowering shrubs, it is important to understand how the plant grows and blooms so as not to decrease the flowering potential. Shrubs that flower in the spring do so on last season’s growth and should be pruned soon after they bloom to encourage vigorous summertime growth and plenty of flower buds the next year. Shrubs that bloom after June usually do so on growth from that same spring and should be pruned in late winter to encourage vigorous growth in the spring.

Technique Pruning cuts should always be located where general growth will occur so that the plant will form a callous over the cut. Cuts should be clean and smooth to promote rapid healing, prevent bark tearing and reduce the chance of disease transmission. Before you begin, make sure your tools are sharp so they can cut the branches cleanly, without ripping. Proper pruning cuts are made where one branch or limb attaches to another, called the node, and are made so that only branch tissue is removed. Stem tissue should always be preserved in order for the wound to seal effectively. The cut should begin just outside the branch bark ridge and angle down away from the stem, preserving the branch collar. Cutting flush with the stem of the plant injures stem tissue and can result in decay. Similarly, cutting too far away from the stem leaves a branch stub which delays wound closure. Cutting just outside the branch collar at an angle leaves your tree or shrub in the best position to heal itself and continue growing for years. (For trees needing a large branch removed it is best to consult an arborist, as a three-cut approach needs to be used to ensure the health of the tree and the safety of the person removing it.)

Shrubs should be pruned in the same manner as trees, as topping (cutting off the tops) and tipping (cutting off the tips) are harmful to the plant and will weaken and reduce its growth. By properly pruning the plants and trees on your property you will exploit their growth potential, which will provide beautiful returns for many, many years.

Lime treatments

Turf grasses need a near neutral environment in which to flourish. Sour soils, which are acidic, and sweet soils, which are alkaline, are both detrimental to grass growth. Highly acidic soils can occur from misuse of high nitrogen fertilizer, excessive amounts of organic soil conditioner such as peat moss or compost, and from dropped evergreen needles. Acidic soils are a sign that calcium and magnesium levels need replenishing and, together, these two chemicals are lime. Therefore, adding lime is an effective way to balance acidic soils and furnish plants with important nutrients. Lime is not a fertilizer product but, rather, a type of soil conditioner. Additionally, it increases bacterial activity in the soil which promotes air exchange and aerates the root zone. Lime is best applied in the fall and spring, as temperatures are cooler and moisture is more readily available. You want to be sure to test your lawn’s pH before treatment, though, as too much lime can be just as damaging as not enough. You want to test several areas of the property, as the pH may differ depending on surrounding plants and runoff from sidewalks and streets. Though not a cure-all for lawn problems, lime treatments are an essential building block for balancing and maintaining the health of your soil and turf.

Cheap Timberland Boots for Men: How To Find The Best Deal Possible

When shopping for boots, especially for boots, most individuals will find that obtaining less expensive yet high quality boots is ideal. Some may have heard that there are ways to obtain cheap Timberland boots but are unsure as to the exact ways to do so.

The following will offer some different benefits of inexpensive men’s boots and will also show you how to find them cheap online. Read on to learn about these benefits and online aspects which make buying Timberland boots for men a great thing to do.

Benefits of Men’s Timberland Boots:

• They offer great ankle support to those who wear them, whether on a trail or the sidewalk.

• The boots are high quality items which are fashionable in style.

• Boots made by Timberland come in different colors, fabrics and styles.

• Their boots are offered in a wide variety of sizes.

• Discounts on boots for men are widely available, especially online. Online Purchases of Boots for Men Yield Great Deals. Tips for obtaining discounts are something which Timberland boot wearers are sure to love as these boots can be expensive if you don’t know where to look.

Cheap Timberland boots men styles are widely available online and if you purchase these shoes through the Internet, the result will be a high quality boot which also has a favorable price tag.

As you look for the best deals online:

With regard to men’s boots, you should look at more than one website to get the best discount on the shoes. Retailers will offer the men’s boots at different prices and you may find a pair of boots through one online retailer which is less expensive than the same boot at another retailer online.

Online retailers can offer web-only sales and also place added discounts on the Timberland boots as they have the freedom to make their own pricing. This means that you will reap the benefits by getting a great deal on boots for men. Timberland boots purchased online can be acquired quickly and cheaply. Start your search today for the perfect pair of men’s Timberland boots and have it delivered to your home within a few days time.

What Is Software As A Service (SaaS) And How Does It Pertain To Intermodal Software?

With the ubiquity of high-speed broadband Internet access across the world, and North America in particular, new software models are able to flourish.

The old software delivery methods had many problems. Before the Internet, or in some cases even with slow Internet connections, you had to go to a brick and mortar store or have the software delivered to you on some type of physical media. It was just easier and quicker than letting your computer download huge files. In the very old school days, if your Internet connection was via the phone lines, you could be disconnected and you’d have to start your download all over again. Some “smarter” download programs could resume where the download left off, but even so the frustration level was just not worth it.

Now software updates are applied over the Internet. For instance your Operating System will get patches as needed and install in only a few steps, and typically in only a matter of minutes or perhaps a couple of hours.

Software as a Service (SaaS) takes advantage of high-speed Internet connections and there are many advantages to this software delivery model. In SaaS, software isn’t downloaded and installed on each client machine, but rather the software exists in “the cloud”.

Now, “the cloud” is a term that’s thrown around a lot but still seems to mystify some people. It’s really very simple. The cloud is, in essence, the Internet. Think Google Apps. You don’t have to download anything to use Google’s word processing app. Any computer connected to the net with a modern browser can access Google Apps. You can log in and access your files from anywhere in the world (although perhaps not China or other countries where the Internet if filtered by the government).

This is a wonderful thing for both Google and for consumers. Google can roll out patches and features whenever they’re ready and the entire user base will have access to them immediately.

Not only can users access their Google App files from anywhere, but they don’t need to install anything or manage any sort of updates. Sure, they need to update their OS, but updates to Google Apps will keep happening behind the scenes. Google keeps a blog of new features that get added that you can check out if you like. http://googleappsupdates.blogspot.com/

This is SaaS in a nutshell and it’s an increasingly prevalent software delivery model – especially in our industry as an intermodal software solution. It’s also a great use case for a container management system. The Google App example is very similar to how SaaS would be used in the world of supply-chain management software (SMS). As a side note, SaaS is growing by leaps and bounds in the realm of Intermodal software and it’s the main method of software delivery.

There are some drawbacks to SaaS, to be sure. It’s not a pie in the sky panacea of software delivery that solves everything without throwing it’s own issues into the mix – but overall, SMS delivered in this fashion promises to change the industry as we know it for the better.

Find Out How to Start a Soap Business Fast

Ever wondered how to start a soap business so you could really make money from your hobby? I'm here to tell you it's possible. My family started a little soap business a few years back and were profitable almost right from the start. Here are a few tricks you can use in your own business.

You really need a product that's unique to you.

Why? Look homemade soap is everywhere. Why should anyone buy yours? That's the question you must be ready for and your answer must make sense. See, you really can make a unique product and you can make it better because of this difference.

Who cares?

Well, soap is a potential repeat purchase. If your customers truly believe yours is the best they've used, guess who gets the repeat business? That's right. But, it sure helps if your product really is different. Luckily making it better is not that hard to do if you know a few tricks. But, what about selling it?

Marketing soap is the real challenge.

The hardest part is getting that customer to start with. You can try all kinds of ways to move soap. Ideally you can find a way to move a lot in a hurry. Sounds good, huh? Well, funny thing is, that really is fairly easy. It's just a matter of putting yourself in the right place. And, you can learn how to do that.

The easy part of selling soap comes after the first sale to a customer. That's because repeat sales are the key to a real business. Just the very simplest follow-up with your customer is the ticket to more sales. Those are the sales you can make right from home.

Learn how to start a soap business the right way and you can make money. Now the money you make may be small at first, but it's a low risk project and it will work.

Touchscreen Gloves Make an Ideal Gift

As cold weather is approaching, it is time for people to start thinking about and preparing gifts for Christmas, 2011. Have you ever found it difficult to choose the ideal gift for loved ones? Not only because many new products have been created each year, but there are also a lot of new ways to discover and purchase gifts. How about some ideas that allow you to choose a wonderful gift which is not expensive but thoughtful, functional and easy to get your hands on?

Today it seems to be an unstoppable trend that people are embrocing new high-tech gadgets such as smart phones, tablet computers and other touch screen devices which make our life easier and more convenient. However during the cold, snowy days, would you feel reluctant to get your hands out of your warm pockets and use the phone while staying outdoors? Is it possible that you can take good care of yourself, keep your hands toasty but still play with your touch screen gadgets when out and about in cold weather?

So the gift idea I am suggesting is about touch screen gloves, which are a new concept but have started to become more popular in the last few years. As the capacitive touch screen on many modern devices works by detecting the electrical conductivity that is produced by our fingers, wearing normal gloves acts as an insulator and blocks the electricity generated from your hands. This makes it impossible to use touch screen gadgets with gloves on. So the concept of touch screen gloves is to integrate the conductive woven material into gloves, and then the electrical conductivity can be passed between a finger and the screen, so your device can recognize the point at which the screen was touched.

There are several manufacturers and various styles to choose from. But overall, no matter which style or type you get, you will find out that when wearing those kind of gloves, you can still stay in fashion as most gloves have been stylishly designed. In addition, your friends will be amazed about your ability to make phone calls and send messages so easily when you are wearing touchscreen gloves. The most important thing is that those gloves will look after you and let you enjoy the winter outside!

Depending on where you want to use your touch screen devices, there are a number of options available. If you want to use your phone when exercising outside, you may feel very comfortable to wear touch screen running gloves, which are designed for daily exercise use and made from thin, light and stretchy fabric. If you just want a more general glove to keep you warm outside, many other types of touchscreen glove are available. Some have special features like rubber grips on the palm which can help you keep a firm grip on your handset and there before prevent your devices dropping accidentally, and some even feature a little pocket on one of the gloves to store earphones. But if you live in a very cold climate, you will require thick, fluffy, and soft gloves to provide even warmer feelings for your hands, and there are several types touchscreen gloves available on the market that could meet your requirements. Overall, there are lots of manufacturers and various designs with different colors, made from a variety of different materials including cotton, acrylic or leather.

In most touchscreen gloves , the conductive material is only built into 2 fingers, mainly the thumb and index finder. However, if you need the flexibility to be able to use all fingers of both hands, look for 10 finger touchscreen gloves, which not only keep your hands warm but also provide unique features that make all of your 10 fingers usable with touchscreen devices. These are especially suitable for people who can not live without their touchscreen gadgets. Whether they like to play games, keep in touch with friends, or catch up with work whilst on the move, it will be the best and ideal gift.

Those gloves are designed with many features and can be purchased online with surprisingly reasonable prices. So what are you waiting for? It is time for you to choose the coolest and warmest gifts now!

Tooth Color Restorations Help You Get Your Confidence Back

Do you hesitate to smile because you are embarrassed about the silver-colored fillings in your teeth? While you may have had no choice earlier as silver fillings were the only option available, with today's tooth color restoration, you do not have to be embarrassed to smile anymore!

What are Tooth Color Restorations?

Tooth color restoration are usually naturally colored materials that are used to replace lost tooth structure or as fillings in dental cavities. These materials are available in a wide range of colors to match the variations in different individuals teeth.

Different Types of Tooth Color Restorations

There are 3 types of commonly used restorations:

• Composite
• Glass Ionomer
• Resin Ionomer

While all three are made up of a mix of powdered glass-like particles and acrylic resin, each of them has different applications.

Composite : Composite can be used for either the front or back teeth for veneers, fillings and inlays and can also be used to replace a chipped tooth or potion of a broken tooth. It is a reliably strong material and provides considerable durability in small to medium-sized fills that need to end moderate pressure. It is moderately resistant to breakage or any further decay.

Glass Ionomer : Glass Ionomer is primarily used for small-sized fills in areas that do not need to end heavy chewing pressure such as the root surfaces of teeth. It is also used to cement dental crowns and requires minimal removal of tooth structure.

Resin Ionomer : Resin Ionomer is usually used in non-chewing surfaces and for short-term fillings in baby's primary or milk teeth. It is not usually used for biting or chewing surfaces in adult teeth. This material has a higher translucency as compared to glass ionomer. It is not as durable as composite but will last longer than glass ionomer.

How long do They Last?
Introduced in the 1960s, these composites or resins have continuously improved over the years and today's restorations are stronger, more stable and more capable of withstanding moderate to heavy chewing pressure. They could last a lifetime depending upon their size and location. Smaller sized fills are more durable and can last longer than a larger filling. Restorations to non-chewing surfaces are more durable than restorations to chewing surfaces. How teeth are cleaned and maintained plays a huge role in how long the fillings will last. Daily brushing and flossing will help prolong the life of your tooth color restoration.

7 Tips For Choosing A Rocking Chair

Do you sometimes find yourself wishing that your favorite TV chair can also be a rocking chair? Is there a new baby in the family that you wish you can sing to sleep in your arms while sitting comfortably yourself? Does your idea of ​​unwinding after a long day's work include reading a book by the fire in the winter or just contemplating the outside scenery in the summer?

American fondness for rocking chairs

If you answer yes to any one of these questions, then you are not alone. A growing number of Americans either own a rocking chair which has become a member of the family or think of buying one.

Rocking chairs began to appear in the late 1700s when someone ingeniously thought of adding skates or rockers to the bottoms of adult furniture, similar to a child's rocking cradle or rocking horse.

Since then, owning a rocking chair has become a distinct American proccupation, with most Americans, including some of America's famous presidents, showing great fondness for their rocking chairs – whether they are the elegant American designer Sam Maloof creations with the elongated curved runners or the homely white wicker rocking chair that usually has been with the family for more than 30 years.

But how do you choose a good rocking chair. Below are some tips on how to choose a rocking chair that is right for you.

Tips on how to choose a rocking chair

1. The first thing to ask yourself is where are you going to put your rocking chair? If indoors by the fireplace or the family room, you can choose a cushioned or timber rocking chair made of light maple or yellowish oak. Or if outdoors in your garden or front porch, you can choose a sweetly-spotted cedar, a painted brazilian cherry wood or teakwood durable enough to withstand the elements.

2. A very important priority in rocking chairs is comfort. Rocking chairs have been used for therapeutic purposes – John F Kennedy's rocking chair being a famous example. It is said that President Kennedy found hours and hours of relief for his bad back from this Appalachian oak rocker which has a steam-bent curved backrest and woven seat made of Malaysian rattan.

Answering the following questions may help you to judge whether the rocking chair you are choosing will give you the level of comfort that you need.

– Does the rocking chair provide seating comfort and support?

– Is the chair set low enough for comfortable elbow support?

– Are the armrests wide enough to rest your arms and provide the right balance?

– Do the seat and back offer both firmness and flexibility?

– Do the seats slant downwards to fit the whole back while supporting the lower back?

3. Is the rocker pitched correctly? In layman's terms, does the rocking chair provide a smooth and even rocking motion without tipping, even when you are in the reclining position? Or does it feel like you are about to flip back when you're rocking? Does a single push keep the rocking chair rocking for a few minutes or does it stop after only a few seconds?

4. Was the rocking chair manufactured using techniques that have been proven to result in stronger and more durable rocking chairs that can withstand everyday use? Some of these techniques include construction without glue, interlocking joinery and the famous Maloof technique of using seven laminated strips of wood to strengthen each of the long, elegant skis that are used in his rocking chair designs.

5. What style of rocking chair will fit your decor? Do you want an upholstered rocking chair or do you want to see the timber's natural woodgrain enlivened by an oil finish? Do you want charming white wicker chair or casual rattan? How do you want your back of your rocking chair – traditional ladder back horizontal slats, vertical slats or woven cane? Do you want it stained, oiled, varnished or painted?

6. How much do you want to spend for your rocking chair? Whatever your budget, there seems to be a rocking chair for everyone's fancy – whether its the $ 20,000 Sam Maloof with a two-year waitng list for the ultimate in rocking chair experience or the vintage white wicker rocking chair you've just bid successfully on eBay for $ 20, or somewhere in between.

7. And last but not least, do you want your rocking chair shipped to you assembled or are you handy with tools and do not mind assembling it yourself if you can save some money?

I hope these tips will make it easier to find the rocking chair that's just right for you – whether you're the couch potato looking for a more comfortable seat in front of your favorite TV sitcom, the neglected parent of a newly-born baby or the urban worker trying to relax in the evening after dinner with a book or the quietness of the night by the front porch.

How Do You Hang Posters in a Display Booth?

When you own a business, setting up a trade show booth at a convention or a trade show can be a great way to sell and showcase your products. Why would you want to set up a trade show booth? Well, it’s because doing so is a great way for you to get new customers. You create leads and you get your company’s name out there for people to see and recognize. In the meantime, you’re doing something that they remember such as giving away free items, conducting contests, and playing games. But you have to bring attention to your display booth before people will take the time to stop by. Hanging posters in your display booth is one way to do that.

Hanging posters

There are several ways in which you can hang posters in a display booth. First of all, you can get a screen to place in the background. These screens allow you to hang signs posters, and other types of media. However, you do have to have something such as a snap frame to keep the poster from curling up. This also keeps you from having to attach the poster at all corners. A snap frame allows you to attach the poster in one or two places.

You an also look into easels. You can place your posters in frames and set them up on easels in front of your display booth. Then again, you can get tabletop easels and let them sit on top of your table. The only downfall to that is the fact that they may be too large. When they are too large, they can cover up your product or place a barrier between you and the customer.

If it is allowed, you may be able to hang your posters from the rafters of the building you are in. That is if you are in a building. Some trade shows are held outside, so that can make this a bit difficult. However, inside it can be quite beneficial, especially if your posters are large enough to see from across the arena. If they are not large enough to see from across the arena, you may find that hanging them from the ceiling is something that will not work out too well.

Whatever you do, make sure that you keep them as close to eye level as possible. Now hanging from the ceiling is not eye level, but people will see them from far away. It has something to do with how we look at things from a distance, which is why there are many who will take advantage of the ceiling if they can.

Placement is key

Just know that placement is key when it comes to hanging posters on and around your trade show display. You have to make sure your posters are seen, but you need to ensure they are not covering up anything important. You have to make sure they are attractive enough to get your trade show display the attention that it deserves. Something that is dull and dingy is not going to get the attention that you wish to have. You want something that represents you and will leave a lasting impression. Nevertheless, you don’t want to be annoyingly loud.

So if you’re looking for a great way to bring attention to your trade show display, posters are a great way to do that. How the posters are displayed will make an impact because people respond to placement and display method. Never hang a poster without some sort of framing because it can roll, wrinkle, and so much more.

Basics of Inland Marine Insurance

The concept of marine insurances also originates with the insurance itself. Businesses realized that ocean marine insurance only covers for the losses of merchandises and goods when are being transported by water-bound vessels and that the goods still need to be protected financially after being offloaded until they reach their ultimate destination.

Thus, the process of “inland marine insurance” was initiated to protect the goods while they are temporarily stored in warehouses and are in transit on land. The main idea is to protect the shipment from all sorts of transportation perils and not just when over the ocean.

Inland marine insurance covers transportation losses for businesses in the supply chain sector and anyone in general who needs to transport the goods from one destination to another.

The inland marine insurance covers any property that is in transit which includes the following:

1. Shipments from manufacturer or supplier to the purchaser

2. Consignments from warehouse to the retailers and sellers

3. Assets that is on its route for exhibition or convention

4. Specialized equipment of various industries such as medical equipment, oil & gas equipment, construction, etc.

Properties that are somehow involved in communication and transportation such as bridges, wharves, transmission lines and towers, are insured using inland marine insurance.

Movable Property and Equipment

All such equipment that is transferred from one location to another (except for licensed vehicles) lie in the category of moveable property. It covers for such losses regardless of the location at the time when damages were sustained. A commercial inland policy will be required for properties used in businesses that are located far from the premises since standard commercial policies offer only limited coverage in this regard.

Commercial Property Floater

This covers for the damages sustained by the equipment and other objects of importance to the business that are not present at one location. There are numerous commercial operations which offer mobile services in various locations. If you run such a business, then you may require commercial property floater insurance. The nature of such policies varies from one business to another.

Bailee’s Coverage

Inland marine insurance also covers for the damages sustained by another person’s objects in your possession. Anybody who has the temporary possession of someone else’s property is called a bailee. Bailees may procure a policy to cover for losses in their possession to overcome the legal liabilities to the original owners if the property is harmed, missing or stolen.

Personal Inland Marine Insurance

This type of insurance provides protection to your personal belongings regardless of the fact that they are in transit or not. Your homeowner’s policy can be expanded to include inland marine coverage to protect your investments in items such as silverware, jewelry, computers and peripherals, cameras etc. In order for these objects to qualify, they have to be portable and should have a high value.

Inland marine insurance is a great way to provide security to the property that lies outside the range of fixed location because it follows the insured belongings as they move to another location.

The Thin Line Between Fan Boy and Obsessed

Being a fan of our favorite team is not a crime in fact it is all but too common. There is just such a love and hate relationship between having support for your favorite team. It is great win your team wins and you feel great inside almost as if you yourself have actually accomplished something great. Not to mention doing a victory dance in front of your friends who for some reason or other always seem to support your most hated team ever. But, there is always the flip side when your team starts to do horribly game after game after game they do nothing but horrible plays, and make such stupid mistakes that it makes you yell at the television. Yet, there is something almost thrilling about not only the victories but the struggle for if one team was always superior than the others then there would be no joy in it. The most thrilling part of sports is not watching that great monster player dominate the field but, how the opposing team works together to overcome great obstacles, yes sometimes they may loose but they always give it there all.

These thrilling and passionate acts can make people really get into the heart of the game but, when it is that people confuse the support of their favorite team and an unhealthy border line of obsession that can destroy their relationships with their families and friends. We all have those people that take watching the game too far. To the point that you can not even bring them over to your house on super bowl Sunday because of fear that they may get too out of hand and start singing your house apart because someone missed the game winning goal. Now there is nothing wrong with being passionate about your favorite team and showing your support by maybe going to every game or even showing your support by having a sports bedding set of your favorite team.Admittedly there was a point in my life when I was one of those people who did not know when I was taking them game too far. Because of obsession major consequence's where to follow like the lost of many of my good friends, it got to the point where I could not even pay people to come over to my house on Sunday nights and that's why it is so important to remember that thin line between fan boy and obsessed.

Choosing Between Selling Your Home and Refinancing Your Mortgage

Homeowners might be concerned with difficult housing market to take advantage of low mortgage refinance rates. Refinancing a home loan might lower monthly mortgage payments substantially. It might consolidate high interest mortgage loans, credit card balances and personal loans in to one low monthly payment. People might have an opportunity to sort their financial difficulties. With so many benefits of refinancing a home mortgage loan, it would be a shame to miss on these low rates.

Most people buy a house with the intention of setting up a family home and see home buying as an investment for the future. Although House prices may be down at the moment, investing in your home is still one of the safest outlet for your money. Many homeowners love to refinance their home mortgage loan, but they can not qualify for home loans. They were late in entering housing market in the last boom and caught house prices just before it started its downfall. Nevertheless, there are still a few homeowners with good equity and in an enviable position. Refinance home mortgage loan is an instrument to reduce household expenses to affordable levels for the eligible homeowners. Mortgage refinancing decisions should be taken based on the advantages and savings afforded by it. The value of a home would affect possibility of refinancing home loans. Nonetheless, homeowners should not hold back from a saving opportunity, because the value of their home might be falling.

In reality, declining house prices should make homeowners more determined to get a mortgage refinance. When the housing market is stalling, it would be difficult to sell a home and get out of mortgage. Moreover, this challenging environment might last for a long time. It would make sense to prepare the ship for tough waters. Reducing monthly home loan payments and other expenses would make more money available for spending. Instead, the savings could be used to pay the mortgage faster, too.

A likely problem is that the further the house prices go down the more it becomes difficult to get a refinance mortgage. Then, homeowners would be stuck with high mortgage interest rates as well as the homes they can not sell. In addition, lenders might set higher loan requirements as a result of bad loan books the lenders carry at these times. By increasing the quality of new borrowings lenders would want to improve their overall credit risk. Another factor is that appraisers might start getting conservative with their valuations and drive down house prices artificially.

Current trend is that homeowners reduce their mortgages with money from their savings to qualify for the great mortgage refinance rates. Most people would not sell their home even the prices were very tempting. So why should they be excessively concerned when the house prices are down temporarily. Rather than worrying about house prices, they do what they can to lower their monthly mortgage payments.

Spray Foam Insulation In A Nutshell

Spray foam insulation works for any home, be it a newly constructed one or an old one. It helps keep allergens and pollutants out of the house while also lessening the stress on the heating and cooling system of the structure. Even though the insulation is perfect for providing overall effect across the house, there are specific areas that might need it the most, for instance the walls, the basement and the attic. Applying it in these areas allows you to experience up to 50% better energy conservation as well as better moisture control in your house.

The spray foam insulation is usually generalized into three categories. The first type is retrofit whereby it is used for nothing else other than renovating and insulating the home. The second type is addition which is used as an extension to the existing system as its name suggests. Then there is the custom type that is used for insulating a newly constructed home. The foam is sprayed on the insulation in order to fill the gaps and provide an airtight barrier that allows your home to stay as it should.

The spray foam insulation has many advantages compared to other insulation methods such as cellulose and fiberglass insulation. Fiberglass insulation is quite dated and therefore a lot of people prefer using spray foam insulation that has been tested and proven to work effectively and has been around since the last decade or two. People also consider the level of difficulty for installation, and spray foam is much easier compared to other insulation methods such as fiberglass.

Another advantage of using spray foam insulation is that it is not prone to attack by termites, pests and other rodents as it is the case for other methods such as cellulose insulation. It also provides good sound proofing capabilities, it is cool and energy efficient and as a result your monthly utility bills will be dramatically lowered when you are using it. It is usually applied in liquid form, and then it expands hundred times its original liquid size in just a few seconds. It conforms and fills every tiny gap as it expands to create a sealed thermal envelope. This in turn creates a protective wall against wind as well as a safeguard against leakage.

This insulation is subdivided into two types, namely the closed and the open cells. This subdivision is based on the different places in the home as well as the climatic conditions. Every system has its advantages depending on some aspects. Open cells are quite advantageous when it comes to providing better sound rejection while the closed cells are poor when it comes to sound rejection. Open cells cost moderate compared to the closed cells. The open cells are also more flexible in nature while the closed cells are more rigid and therefore moving them around is quite hard. The closed cells will however be the better option in a flood prone area since they do not let water in.