How to Arrange Living Room Furniture

Many people initially arrange their living room furniture the day they move to their new home or apartment. Since there are so many other things to consider in a move, the furniture ends up where it ends up, with little thought about how it should be arranged.

Unfortunately, it may just never feel right, even months later. But before you decide to start all over again, it's a good idea to have a game plan, one that is born out of solid design principles rather than the need to get everything out of the moving truck.

It's best to start with measurements. You want to measure the entire room, including the dimensions of the floor, the space between windows and doors and any feature that is going to be a natural focal point, such as a fireplace.

Next you'll want to measure all your furniture. Once you have all the dimensions in hand, you can draw the room out on a piece of graph paper or use a 3-D floor plan tool available online.

Designing virtual allows you to play with different layouts without ever having to lift a stick of heavy furniture. Try different layouts, keeping in mind some basic design strategies:

• Create comfortable conversation. You do not want people to have to shout or twist constantly to talk. Create intimate groupings of seating whenever possible.
• Every room has a focal point, whether it's a fireplace, big screen TV or picture window with breathtaking view. Your seating should be arranged so it can always be in sight.
• Watch traffic patterns. You want people to easily move through the room without it feeling cramped. There should be a clear main path from the entry point of the room.
• Leave plenty of space between pieces. For example, there should be at least 18 "between the sofa and a coffee table.
• Everything does not have to be jammed up against a wall. Unless you have a bunch of fiberboard cabinets, it's OK for people to see the back of a piece of furniture.
• If the room is large, consider breaking it up into different niches.

If your room does not have a primary focal point, your sofa grouping can do the trick. This is especially true if you have a lovely matched set, consisting of a sofa, loveseat and chairs or a large sectional. It can define the room and you can build around it instead of a fireplace or view.

If you want to add a rug to a tile or wood floor, make sure it's big enough. All the furniture placed on a rug should fit inside its confines. That said, be sure you leave bare floor around your rug. Six to 12 inches should be fine. Area rugs need breathing room.

Scale is an important design consideration. For example, a coffee table or end tables should not overwhelm the sofa, sectional or chairs you have. They should complement rather than dominate. Ideally, a coffee table is one half to two thirds the size of the sofa and the end tables should be the same height as the arms. Lower is OK, but never higher.

Once the layout is working for you, then you can add lighting. Remember that the room should be even lit. There should be no dark spots if all the lights were turned on at once. Obviously, you can use different lights to set the mood of the room. A combination of table lamps, floor lamps and ceiling fixtures should work in harmony to create drama and set the tone of the room. Dimmer switches are ideal for this.

Lastly, it's time to add art. Choose pieces that fit the walls that they put on. In other words, do not put a small piece of art on a large wall or try to cram a large piece onto a small wall. Paintings, illustrations and photos should capture the attention of visitors for their beauty and artistry, not because they were placed in an odd location.

Remember that the room should reflect your unique personality. While you want the room to feel comfortable and in harmony to visitors, you're the one who is living in the space day in and day out. It should absolutely fit your needs, not those of your visitors.

From A to B in a Straight Line

There are actions that will move you directly to your intended target and those actions that will give the appearance of producing results.

Do you even know the results produced by the actions you take? Do you have a clear sense of moving closer to the target? Do you feel empowered by the activities that you undertake each day? Are you left feeling exhausted from much activity yet feel like they're a drop in the bucket compared to what you know is possible?

Once during a personal development program in which I was participating, the head coach asked me to sit down with her at breakfast on one of our training weekends.

I was asked how everything was going and if I was producing great results in the area to which I was committed. I was nowhere near my intended target!

My coach then asked me to move a vase of flowers in the middle of the table. After I did this, she replied. "See how easy and simple that was? However, that's not what you do, Thea. You spend a lot of time shuffling the cutlery, moving the plates and cups and rearranging placemats on the table. the vase of flowers will move! "

That conversation was a wake up call and it's one that I've never forgotten.

Today, when I see that not much is moving or the results that I want is not being produced, I take a look at the activities that fill my days and then get honest with myself.

This is what integrity is all about. Declare one thing and align everything in your environment to match it. Actions is just one of those to align; structures, systems, people, conversations, thoughts and habits are a few of the others.

If things are not going quite the way that you intended, stop and check in with yourself. Go for the straight line from point A to point B. The squiggly path is so costly and painful. Or else – drop the goal. Perhaps it's not one for which you personally have an interest in pursuing. It may simply be that you've included it in your life because someone else thinks it'd be a good idea for you.

How To Protect A Laptop From Fluid Damage

This article teaches you how to prevent your laptop from sustaining damage immediately after spilling a liquid on it. Keep in mind that although the following information is the best way to handle a spill yourself, there is no guarantee that your laptop will be stored safely; similarly, seeking professional help is a far better solution.

Short summary:

  1. Unplug the laptop and turn it off.

  2. Take the laptop out of the liquid.

  3. Turn the laptop over and remove the battery.

  4. Disconnect the external equipment.

  5. Open the laptop and place it on a towel.

  6. Wipe off any remaining liquid.

  7. Remove all the material you can.

  8. Dry internal components and remove any residue.

  9. Allow drying for at least 24 hours before turning it on.


1. Turn off the laptop and disconnect it from its power source immediately –

To do so, just hold down the laptop’s power button. If the liquid touches the circuits on the laptop while they are active, your laptop will most likely shorten, so the time is very important.

To disconnect the laptop from a power source, simply remove the charging cable from the laptop. It is usually on the left or right side of the laptop.

2. Remove the laptop from the residual liquid –

This will both minimize your laptop’s exposure to more liquid and decrease the risk of electrical shock.

3. Turn the laptop upside down and remove the battery if possible –

You can usually do this by flipping your laptop over, sliding a panel from the bottom of the laptop and gently pulling on the battery.

This step is not possible on a MacBook without first unscrewing the bottom of the laptop from the rest of the housing.

4. Unplug all external hardware –

This includes the following items:

  • USB devices (flash drives, wireless adapters, chargers, etc.)

  • Memory cards

  • Controllers (e.g., your mouse)

  • The laptop charger

5. Place a towel on a flat surface –

Here, you will configure your laptop for the next few days, so choose a hot, dry and unobtrusive area.

6. Open your laptop as much as possible and place it on the briefcase –

Depending on the flexibility of your laptop, everything from a laptop under the tent to a completely flat laptop will be possible. To speed up the process of drying the liquid, you can get a quick fix on the liquid to help.

7. Wipe all visible liquids –

To clean are the front and back of the screen, the case of the laptop and the keyboard.

Make sure your laptop is always with you while you do this.

8. Ground yourself before touching the internal components of your computer –

Grounding eliminates static electricity from your clothes or your body. Static electricity can easily destroy the circuit, so it is important to do this step before touching the RAM card or hard drive.

9. Remove all the material you can –

If you are not familiar with removing RAM, your computer’s hard drive, and other internal removable components, you should bring your laptop to a professional repair service instead.

You can not find anything else for your specific material. Just search the factory and model number of your computer followed by “RAM Removal” (or the component you want to delete).

For a MacBook, you are one of the most successful builders in the world.

10. Dry all wet internal components –

To do this, you will need a microfiber cloth (or other lint-free cloth).

If there is too much water in your laptop, you must first empty it. Be extremely sweet.

11. Remove dry residues –

Use a lint-free cloth to gently remove all non-water stains, chippings, and other non-liquid residues.

12. Let your laptop dry –

You’ll want to leave it alone for at least one day.

Remember to store your laptop in a dry, warm place. For example, a dehumidifier can improve the drying time.

Never use a hair dryer to speed up the drying process of your laptop because the heat concentration of a hair dryer is strong enough to damage the internal parts of your laptop.

13. Reassemble the laptop and turn it on –

If it does not start or if you notice a distortion in the sound or the display, you must entrust your laptop to a professional laptop repair service (for example, a Best Buy technical service).

14. Remove all residues if necessary –

Even if your laptop is up and running, you may have to deal with a sticky or oily substance. You can remove this debris by gently rubbing the affected area with a damp, lint-free cloth as you did when the laptop was drying.

Mortgage Size Is All Location, Location, Location

Across the country many factors influence the price of a house and subsequently the mortgage of the house, but nothing is more important than its location. Over recent years house prices have sky rocketed in some areas leaving huge gaps in the property market. This inequality of house prices is especially seen in the North – South division. The South, and especially London, has seen a 9% + rise in house prices which means the average house price is near the £ 300,000 mark, whereas in Scotland the average house price is at an average of £ 140,000, with a 3.4% rise . Another factor affecting house prices is the increase in the amount of stamp duty levied on all UK property transfers, however, once again Scotland get the better deal as areas of Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dundee and Dumfries are exempt from stamp duty as they are labeled as disadvantaged areas.

Even though house prices are significantly lower in Scotland (even in the city center of Edinburgh where house prices average over £ 200,000), Edinburgh mortgage advice often errs on the side of caution about buying in the city center as devolution has meant that city has experienced a recent increase in the number of people looking to buy in the city center. Due to the rise in the popularity of the city as a place to live, Edinburgh has recently been voted one of the best places to live by Channel 4's program 'Location, Location, Location'.

In actual fact, Scotland seems to have the best house market, especially for first time buyers. With UK mortgage rates being competitive, the lower house prices are a definite plus for first time buyers and those on lower wages. Not only are the house prices cheap but the house purchase system which they employ uses processes which make the housing market more stable and less stressful for the buyer. The property purchase process removes the possibility of a buyer being 'gazumped' by another buyer in the final stages of the buying process.

In Scotland properties are only advertised by the minimum amount the seller is willing to accept for the property. Also, before a buyer begins to make offers on property they must first agree a mortgage with a lender. This is based upon income and credit history, so the buyer can only bid on property for which they can afford the mortgage repayments. This is particularly important as houses are bought through sealed bids. However, it does have some very import downsides as the buyer can not back out of the offer of the house so the buyer may need to have several expensive surveys done on the property, which, if their offer is not the winning bid, may leave the buyer out of pocket. It is also important to remember that solicitors play an important and more active role in Scottish property buying which may increase the fees involved in buying property. Additionally, as the mortgages are the implement with which to buy a property, you will need to consult a whole of market mortgage advisor.

Divorce As A Socio-Legal Process

The family is a complex and dynamic institution in India. Families in India are undergoing vast changes like increasing divorce and separation rates, domestic violence, inter-generational conflicts, and social problems of the aged parents.

In contemporary research, divorce and re-marriage are viewed not as single, static events, but as part of a series of transitions, modifying the lives of children. In addition to the trauma of divorce itself, the transition related to divorce often involves geographic moves, the addition of step-siblings and a new set of extended family members.

Definition of divorce:

Divorce -partial or total – is the dissolution of a marriage by the judgment of a court. Partial dissolution is a divorce "from bed and board", a decision of judicial separation, leaving the parties officially married while forbidding cohabitation. Total dissolution of the bonds of a valid marriage is what is now generally meant by divorce. It will be distinguished from a decree of nullity of marriage, or annulment, which is a judicial finding that there was never a valid marriage.

According to the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, 'any marriage solemnized, whether before or after the commemance of this Act, may, on a petition presented by either the husband or the wife, be dissolved by a decision of divorce'1 on the grounds mentioned therein.

Among the Hindus, who form a major religious group in India, marriage is considered as a permanent, life-long and sacred union. For a Hindu in general, a Hindu woman in particular, marriage is a sacrament and hence unbreakable. Divorce was fairly unknown unknown among the Hindus before the passing of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and the Special Marriage Act 1954. The amendment to the Hindu Marriage Act in 1976 is an improvement on the previous legislation relating to marriage and makes divorce easier. There are certain matrimonial offs, which entitle the aggrieved spouse to file for a divorce, available under the matrimonial laws. These are cruelty, adultery, and bigamy. Divorce by mutual consent is available under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955.

The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 differentiates the concept of 'divorce' from such other concepts as separation2, desertion3 and annulment4. A divorce is that process by which a marriage, recognized as valid, can be revoked in the lifetime of the partners who then revert to single and is free to remarry.

But in reality, divorce is a major life transition that has far-reaching social, psychological, legal, personal, economic, and parental equivalences. The nature of divorce as a socio-legal phenomenon is very interesting and enigmatic. The present study is an attempt to learn the persuasive power of the social factors in determining the status of a divorcee.

Literature Survey:

Numerous studies in the sociological literature in the west have examined and analyzed the phenomenon of divorce and its implications. In India, consider research on divorce has been documented, albeit on lesser scale compared to the west. The main reasons for the limited number of empirical studies on divorce in India, are the lower divorce rates, and lack of adequate data [Amato, 1994]. It has been found that various studies related to marriage, family and divorce have been conducted at various periods of time. These studies, respectively offering vital insights into the subject, circumscribed their scope to the demographic and causative factors of divorce; the "pre-dispute" stage, which is a crucial determinant is of "dispute process", has not received adequate attention.

Demographic data on divorce

As per Census 2001, eight per cent of the total married population [Two per cent of the total population] in Andhra Pradesh is divorced. Four per cent of female population in Hyderabad city is divorced. Beside, there is an increase in the number of divorced also. Total number of divorced population in the city of Hyderabad increased to 7433 in 2001 from 2850 in 1991. Nearly half of the total divorced population in the city of Hyderabad and also Andhra Pradesh belong to the age group of 25-39 years.

Research Questions:

The present study is an attempt to scrutinize the influence of social factors on the process of divorce. The present study proposals to consider the following research question:

It is generally assumed that there will be adverse and far reaching social and legal consequences of divorce, especially among the Hindu women, because the Hindus have been traditional in their outlook and marriage is considered as a sacred union among the Hindus. Is this statement relevant for the contemporary, urban, modern and westernized outlook about the status of women?

The Location Of The Study- Twin Cities Of Hyderabad And Secunderabad:

Greater Hyderabad Urban Agglomeration, including the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad alone accounts for 24 per cent of urban population in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The population of Hyderabad district has gone up from 3145939 in 1991 to 3829753 in 2001. Hyderabad, now nicknamed as "Cyberabad", the capital city of the state of Andhra Pradesh is moving at a fast pace in the development of information technology and infrastructure.

Information technologies are drastically changing the way one conducts one's activities. Yet, the social atmosphere in the state appears to be still feudal in outlook and practice. The median age at marriage at Hyderabad District, however, for female population is 15.3 years which is the fifth lowest in India and about 69% of females are married below 18 years.

Universe and Sampling:

The present study focused on dispute cases under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 decided and disposed of by the Legal Services Authority [Lok Adalats], and Family Court of Hyderabad as its universe.

A multi-stage sampling method is followed to select the sample. To begin with, the cases referred for divorce to the Family Court of Hyderabad by the City Civil Court Legal Services Authority are selected where the decision of divorce is granted by the Family Court of Hyderabad. A sample of 57 cases was selected by following the purposive sampling method. Once the cases are selected, the residence of the women-divorceses is taken into consideration to select the sample at the second stage. Data is collected from the women- divorceses residing at twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad and the peri-urban zone surrounding the two cities. A pre-tested interview schedule is used to elicit information from the respondents. Data on age, education, occupation, caste status, monthly income, details of marriage, details of marrial disharmony, introduction of legal aspects of divorce and the personal experiences in this regard, post-divorce consequences as determined by the courts, life of the divorcee after divorce, and remarriage are collected by using the schedule. In-depth interviews also were made with selected responses, family counselors, lawyers and the members of Judiciary dealing with divorce cases.

Socio-Economic Profile Of The Divorcee-Respondents:

The data is collected from 57 women respondents. Information relating to the socio-economic and cultural background of the spouses is important in as much as it could have related to their behavior relating to maritime dissolution. In the analysis of data some of the socio-economic characteristics were taken as important variables in the process of divorce.

Age of the respondents is an important variable in the analysis of divorce. The largest group of the respondents (52.3%) belongs to the 26-35 years age group, followed by 42.3 per cent of the respondents falling in the 16-25 years age group. The data suggest that a majority of the marriages ends at young age.

Education is another important variable associated with divorce. In tune with the general perception that more number of divorces companies higher level of education of women, it is reported that women with higher education took recourse to divorce to end maritime incompatibility. In Becker's theory of the union formation process it is argued that highly educated men tend to marry highly educated women and less educated men tend to marry less educated women [Becker 1977]. Although a number of studies link high rates of divorce to higher level of education, the proposition in the-Indian context, is not irrefutable. Pothen [1986] was not certain whether education hinders or promoters the incidence of divorce among Hindus. She agreed that it is hard to predict the restraining or corrective influence of education on divorce. The present study shows that, even though the percentage of those with college education is sizeable [55.8%] the analysis of data implies that higher level of education is not always accommodated by divorce.

There is much relationship between occupation and maritime and familial life. Burgess and Locke [1950; 634] observed that 'various studies seem to show that divorce is reliably high among persons engaged in occupations necessitating frequent absence from home, involving intimate contacts with the opposite se, and controlled relatively little by the community'. The percentage of women respondents working at the time of marriage and after is very low. The most important factors hindering women to seek employment are community customs and traditions. In spite of giving importance to education of the girls, many parents, husbands and other male relatives will not decide their women to work.

Most of the respondents are housewives. Their sources of income include rents accrued from their land property or interest on the fixed deposits deposited by them at Banks or Chit Funds and Private financial institutions. The number of correspondents having monthly income more than Rs. 20,000 is negligible [8 per cent].

The present study is relating divorce among the Hindus. Among the Hindus, there are innumerable castes and sub-castes with marginal restrictions and varied cultural traditions. It is seen that the highest number [42.3%] of divorces is from Brahmin caste. The Brahmin correspondents are from the sub-castes of Niyogi Brahmins [23], Vaidiki Brahmins [9], Kannada-Madhwa Brahmin [2], and Srivaishnava Brahmin [4]. Urban residences, higher educational qualifications, detachment from their ethnic groups are some of the facilitating factors of social mobility among them. Nearly sixty per cent of the divorces among them took place for incompatibility ,ability to adjust and lack of understanding on the part of the other spouse. Naidu, Kamma, Viswa Brahmin, Mera, Kapu castes, which are described as middle level castes, come next [36.9%]. The lowest per cent [4.5%] of the divorceses are Kshatriyas.

Each caste follows different traditions and values ​​in the Indian cultural milieu. Some castes permit divorce while others do not, irresponsive of the fact that it is legally sanctioned under the marriage laws. Here, in view of the cultural heterogeneity, the rate of divorce is likely to differ from one caste to the other. Sample of the present study shows that divorce is now permitted by all castes and the highest rate is found among Brahmins. But, in many cases couples may have separated from each other and may not have approached the courts for legal divorce. In this context, it can not be hypothesized that divorce is reserved to more by higher caste members than by lower caste members.


How Marriage Alliance Took Place?

In most of the families in India matrimonial alliances are formalized by the parents and their criteria in weighing the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed marriages are drastically different from that of the marriage partners themselves. Presently, 'arranged by the parents- marriages' can be considered as arranged-cum-love marriages. Matrimonial classifieds in newspapers or help of matrimonial associations are thought in arranged marriage when the family fails to find "suitable" spouses for their children.

Seventy three per cent of the marriage alliances in the present study were arranged. In majority of the cases, relatives are used as intermediaries. This shows the prevalence of arranged marriages. Taking help form the matrimonial associations seemed to be another popular method for the arrangement of marriage. Parents of the respondents approach matrimonial associations in 18.9 per cent cases in order to search for a good match. The role of matrimonial advertisements in bringing marriage alliance is very nominal [6.3%].

The legal validity of marriage among the Hindus is determined by the performance of marriage rituals. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 has secularized the Hindu law of marriage in all respects except in one aspect. However, there need not be any doubt about one ceremony, viz., The saptapadi which is absolutely indispensable for the performance of a Hindu marriage by the shastric rites.

Under Section 8 of the Hindu Marriage Act 1955, there exists a provision for registration of marriages. The state of Andhra Pradesh passed the Compulsory Registration of Marriage Act, 2002. The Supreme Court of India on February 15, 2006 ordered compulsory registration of marriages irrespective of religion. Despite the Compulsory Registration of Marriage Act, 2002, most of the marriages are not registered. Only 12 per cent of the marriages are registered. The registration of marriage was done in most of the cases when there emerged a need to have a proper certificate of marriage, particularly to apply for Visa.

Duration of marriage:

The first one or two years of marriage are extremely important in the life of any couple. Some marriages survive for a longer life but some are dissected in the early years of maritime life. The data clearly shows that mostly the happily-married time has been too short and those who had some years of happily-married life are very small in number.

Age At Marriage:

Researchers consistently find age at marriage to be one of the strongest predictors of maritime disruption and divorce. The present study reveals that young age at marriage in conjunction with lack of the capacity to avoid bickering in the tangible life governed in divorce.

Causes Of Divorce:

As legal dissolution of marriage, divorce is primarily a legal phenomenon. Family laws of any country formulate law for divorce in which grounds are stipulated under which divorce may be availed of. These legal grounds are not just isolated legal causes, but they do signify the socio-cultural view point also. Therefore, when we deal with the causes of divorce, we have to keep in mind the legal and sociological perspectives.

A major factor likely to affect the level of divorce in a society is the commitment that others outside the marriage have to its continuity. If marriage is defined as private, of concern principally to the married couple and having little external impact, divorce is likely to be more readily available.

The present study analyzes the causes of divorce at the individual level. Here is data on how disharmony in the tangible life of the respondents began is collected. The data reveals that majority of the respondents consider marriage as an intense, personal and private relationship. In a sense maritime life of the respondents' caught in something of a pincer movement. On the one side, the more that is expected of marriage and the heavier the burden of hopes and emotions it has to carry, the less likely it is to be found satisfactory. On the other side, again because marriage is essentially concerned with personal happiness and fulfillment, the 'support' it receives from outside diminishes. There is less pressure for a couple, large in urban society, to stay together because their break-up has little impact outside the domestic sphere and causes fewer ripples than it would in a traditional Hindu society.

Further important 'structural' factor related to the increasing divorce rate is the changed social position of married women in our society. Although men's and women's lives continue to be structured unequally, the social and economic opportunities now open to women are certainly greater than they were five decades ago. To this extent marriage 'traps' women rather less than it once did. In particular, the opportunities there are for employment or failure, the availability of supplementary benefit makes separation and divorce a more realistic option than previously.

One further factor affects the level of divorce is the legitimated it in a society. As more and more people have some experience of divorce, either at first hand or through someone close to them being divorced, the less opprobrium it carries. In this way, divorce has become a more normal and less remarkable life event-one to regret rather than condemn. As a result, there is now less pressure put on couples who are having marital problems to stay together. They are likely to see divorce as a reasonable solution if the marriage is in sufficient trouble rather than something to be resisted at any cost. The point here, of course, is that what is defined as 'sufficient trouble' to warrant divorce itself changes as divorce becomes more common. Although divorce is still traumatic and not entered into lightly, what was once held to be tolerable within a marriage may now be seen as sufficient reason for divorce.

The way in which divorce is thought to affect children provides an interesting indication of our social imagery of divorce. Currently divorce is still seen as harmful to children; however popular wisdom accepts that living with parents who are in continual conflict with each other can be even more damaging. Far better, it is now believed, for the parents to separate so that the child can be provided with a less tempestuous and more emotionally stable home life.

Basing on the complaints of divorced women, Goode [1956] formulated twelve themes that include non-support, drinking, incongruent values, and disagreement over authority, extra maritime sex and neglect of home. The most frequently mentioned maritime problems are communication difficulties, general incompatibility, not spending enough time at home, infidelity and disagreement over money matters [Cleek & Pearson, 1985; Kitson, 1992]. Attribution theory [Fiske and Taylor, 1992] suggests that people because of self-serving biases attribute problems to external rather than internal causes. Going by this theory the spouse is less likely to report marital problems caused by herself or himself. Amato and Rogers [1997] categorized the causes of maritime dissolution as distal and proximal. Distal causes include age at marriage, education, race, wife's employment, income etc. whereas proximal causes are anger, jealousy, dominance, infidelity, extravagance, substance use etc.

The present study collected data on factors which lead to marital disharmony. These factors are grouped into:
o Lack of understanding between the spouses
o Demand for dowry from the husband, and his parents
o Incompatibility
o Overwork [where both the spouses are involved, not necessarily finding time to spend together]
o Involvement of parents of the spouses in all and sunday matters of the maritime life of the spouses.
o Domestic violence.

The cause 'lack of understanding' describes the contractual bickering due due to many factors. One such factor is change in the wife's income and her educational attainment after marriage. Further education may be a stressor in maritime life itself, but the relationship may also be due to reverse causation: Anticipating divorce in a low quality marriage may provide an incentive to obtain further education as a preparation for single life. Three of the wife-responders felt that their insistence on continuing education even after marriage created friction in their maritime life.

Gender role Attitudes and Division of Household work:

The women's movement and increased numbers of dual-career couples have led to gifts in gender role attitudes – in other words, what a husband and wife expect from themselves and each other in their marital relationship roles. Traditional notions that a wife is expected to remain at home and take care of the house, children, and family, while the husband is expected to be the breadwinner and "head of the household," have begon to decrease and more egalitarian notions (men and women are equal in all domains) have increased among men and women Not only have gender role attitudes changed, but, concurrently, division of household work has also shifted. Although marble behaviors today are more egalitarian, wives are not satisfied. Why are women less happy in their marriages? One explanation may stem from the fact that an ideology of marginal equality does not necessarily translate into an outcome of marginal equality.

Sex-Role Perceptions of the Spouses:

Sex-role perceptions and attitudes towards working women are influenced by the cultural norms of gender equality which determine the position of women in society and their educational and economic status. In India, cultural norms favor women mainly in their domestic and maritime roles [Rao and Rao, 1988]. If they work, they are certainly satisfied as secondary or supporting earners. Women's employment does not alter sex – role perceptions primarily because of the evolving culturally defined gender based norms. The present study reveals that sex-role perceptions of the respondents are mostly dependent on cultural norms.

Husband -Wife Interactions:

There is variation in cultural ideas about proper husband-wife relations among the respondents. Moving from village to city is an important experience that allows people to assess cultural beliefs. The migration of the respondents after their marriage has created some confusion regarding husband-wife interactions.


One of the more puzzling aspects of maritime crisis involves the issues of compatibility. At individual level, marriage is the bonding of man and woman on the deepest levels of life; and compatibility is vital for the union to succeed. One fourth of the respondents took incompatibility as a cause for their divorce.

Demands For Dowry:

Although dowry claims have been outlawed by the Indian government, these laws are seldom enforced and the practice of dowry is still widespread [VazL, Kanekar S., 1990]. Despite their condemnation of dowry, most women responders seemed resigned to it, as they believed it affords young women an important degree of social legitimacy and security. For most respondents, managing a daughter's marriage negotiations was an agonizing process fraught with tension and fear.13 per cent of the respondents said that the reason for the maritime disharmony is demand for more dowries.


Five per cent of the respondents felt that there was hardly any time available for them to spend together with their spouse prior to their divorce. Where both spouses are working in BPO sector, because of the timings of their work they find that they overworked and do not have any strength to share communication regarding their marrial life.

Involvement Of The Parents Of The Spouses:

Educated couples insist that they would like to have their privacy particularly in their marrial life. They feel that interference of even their parents is not acceptable. When parents or parents-in-law try to convince them in marrial matters they decide to break the relationship rather than coping with it. 11 per cent of the respondents said that they could not resolve their maritime discord due to the involvement of their parents.

Domestic Violence:

Traditional rigid gender roles are one such cultural norm within various areas of India that may increase the likelihood of violence against women. These roles are defined in such a manner that sons are more likely than daughters to be of benefit to their parents, both financially and in other ways. Most of the respondents suffered domestic violence during their married life and expressed that domestic violence determined their decision to go for a divorce.

Causes of divorce can be quite complex and complicated. There is usually not one simple factor that causes the dissolution of a marriage. Family legal experts cite the following factors as major causes of divorce: poor communication, financial problems, lack of commitment, dramatic changes in priorities, and infidelity. Causes of divorce may also include physical, mental or emotional abuse, substance abuse, and lack of conflict resolution skills, unmet needs, failed expectations, and significant discrepancies in parenting.

Divorce As Legal Process:

The present study found that, divorce by mutual consent is mostly used ground for seeking divorce.

Sometimes a trivial cause may lead to divorce. One of the respondents filed a case for divorce when her mother-in-law stated her wish to stay along with the couple. Another responder refused to meet her husband as her consent for the marriage was not accepted by the elders before fixing the marriage. Since such trivial causes may not stand legal scrutiny, lawyers advise their client to file a case on mutual consent.

Considering Divorce As A Possibility:

Once it is decided by the respondent that he / she can no longer continue their marrial life, they usually take the final decision. The process of divorce moves at a pace commensurate to each person's ability to adapt to the physical, financial and emotional changes that divorce demands. Some people move quickly through these stages, others need more time to accomplish the tasks involved in a stage and to assimilate the information and the emotional experiences the stage encompasses.

Making the decision to divorce is the first step in the divorce process, and it is a complicated step. Once a person has made the decision to end their relationship, their next task is to tell their spouse they want to end the marriage. Most of the respondents took help from either their parents or friends to tell their spouse that they want to end the marriage. These discussions were not limited to the disclosure of their decision to end their marriage but also include a collaborative effort to redistribute the property, custody of children, prospects of remarriage and other related matters. All the correspondents took an advice before seeking legal advice from the lawyers and filing a petition for divorce. More than half of the respondents took advice from their family members before filming a petition for divorce. Nearly twenty two per cent of the respondents shared their moral life-experiences with their friends and followed their counsel. 20.7 per cent of the respondents approach the caste elders seeking advice. Caste elders are still playing an important role in resolving matters related to family. The present study observed that some of the middle level castes are giving importance to the caste elders. Caste elders usually act as a quasi- judicial body in determining domestic matters. Sometimes, they take the initiative to approach the court of record on behalf of a person.

Nonetheless, the present study found that empowered women are initiating the new wave of divorce petitions. They are not keen to fight the battle as victims of marriage under statutes; rather they prefer to settle things mutually on the basis of equality. The reasons are temperamental differences, financial issues and family interferences.

The present study indicates that in vast majority of the cases, it took up to two years to get the case finally decided. The prolongation of the case of some respondents was mainly due to the fact the spouses concerned were inderent. The period of trial of divorce case was difficult for most of the respondents, especially women. Some of the typical situations experienced by the responders include: anxiety about the future, disturbance in the home set-up, training, education and discipline of children, social stigma, non-satisfaction of sexual needs, economic non-support. The incidence of cohabitation during the pendency of the case was asked into. It was found that majority of the responses were already separated then the trial started. In few cases correspondents had already gotten remarried and started cohabiting with the new spouse although it was illegal.

Custody Of Children:

One of the most pressing concerns in regards to divorce is the custody of children. The question of custody of children has been dealt with in Section 26 of the Hindu Marriage Act. In making an order in respect of the custody of children, the welfare of the children is the paramount consideration, not the rights of the parents. The respondents having children are not many. 28 percent of the respondents are having children. Of these most of the responses are having only one child. Majority of the children are living with either with their mothers or parents of mother. It is found that not having children makes divorce easier.


The present analysis observed that majority of the respondents went to their parents and trying to fill the gap in their lives by taking work more seriously or going in for higher studies. It is found that previously divorce is viewed by the divorceses as a mechanism which provides freedom from tensions and opportunities for career development.


Conceptually it is useful to think of marital dissolution and remarriage as the component parts of a process that takes people back and forth between being married and not being married. There are two states [married and unmarried], and dissolution is the process or event that transfers people from being married to being unmarried while remarriage takes people in the opposite direction. Marriages end at the time of divorce.


'Divorce', according to Lipman-Blumen [1977] is a life crisis which society does not promote, as a result of which social rituals marking divorce are largely absent. Blumen [1977] attributed the painful experience of divorcing to lack of institutionalized support for divorce, in the form of social rituals. Therefore it is recommended that some kind of mechanism in the form of social ritual to mark the transition from married to divorced status has to be evolved, in order to make the experience of divorce bearable for both the spouses, especially wife.

It is also recommended to start divorce counsel on a large scale to help the divorcing and the divorced overcrow the stress and cope with the future situation.

Since the study is specific to the population, the findings can not be generalized. The small size of the sample may not succeed in relating the study to the larger context. In view of globalization process of which disinvestment and privatization are corollaries, large scale retrenchments, cuts in subsidies, and shrinking social security are foreseen. In this backdrop the alienation process will gain momentum which will result in family life disruption. Therefore, it is suggested that further studies on divorce should take cognizance of the changed situation.

Spray Foam Insulation is the Best Solution

Recently, many homeowners have been emphasizing energy conservation which means there has been an emphasis on using reusable products. Many contractors and home improvement businesses are offering spray foam insulation, which is green, fairly cost effective and safe to install in your home or office.

The spray foam insulation protects the environment by minimizing the use of harmful chemicals. Traditional insulating materials are usually made from fiberglass or cellulose that insulate the house but can create a lot of waste and may also damage the environment. Many foam industries have decided to create a quality product with the highest renewable resource content to encourage homeowners to purchase this product as it protects the environment. It emits a few harmful chemicals into the environment. Most of the insulation is applied as a liquid and when it is sprayed, it can expand 100 times its original. It is sprayed and conforms to each cavity to create a thermal envelop which protects the house. It helps protect energy loss by sealing against air infiltration. Spray foam sticks to any clean surface and will not shrink or disintegrate. Some insulation can help eliminate moisture problems in a wall cavity by creating an air tight seal. It is ideal for climates where building are both heated and air conditioned.

Spray Foam has a sealed thermal envelop and when applied, it fills each cavity and void. It can improve the overall comfort and health of the residents because there are few loose fibers moving around. By reducing air infiltration, this product can eliminate dust and harmful, household mold and mildew. Spray Foam Insulation provides the family with a healthier, indoor environment. The benefits will eventually decrease the cost. This material will adhere to almost every material such as wood and steel.

It is fairly easy for water to leak into foundations and form permanent puddles on the ground, which will cause mold and mildew thrive. Spray foam insulation works well against water and moisture because it expands to fit the space. It does not chip and crack over time. This is the leading cause of mold in basics; it is not that the insulation was improperly installed or inadequate, but that it cracked over time. These cracks are responsible for moisture getting in.

Spray Foam insulation also helps control moisture condensation because it does not shrink or settle. It is fire resistant and reduces heating and cooling costs significantly and its thermal seal keeps cold air in and unwanted air out. It has also been known to improve indoor air quality, thereby reducing the likelihood of allergies. It also has high quality sound control, and significantly reduces dust, mold and mildew accumulation. Most importantly, the spray foam has been known to help the economy and the environment by using recycled materials in the foam. The containers are usually recycled. Those who use spray insulation are committed to providing quality renewable resource based building materials. The foam can help families save on their energy bills. Some people have claimed to save from 20 per cent to 40 per cent of their utility bill every month, depending on where they live. So it saves money and can help protect the planet too.

Quick and Easy Soup Recipes For Your Crockpot Cooking

Soup can be can serve as a delicious appetizer to any kind of meal. Depending on the ingredients used, it can also be a quick, go-to meal on its own. While there are plenty of instant soups that you can make within a few minutes, nothing beats the homemade variety – especially when cooked using a crockpot. So whether you like your soup light or thick and creamy, here are easy soup recipes you can make for your crockpot cooking:

Crockpot Healthy Taco Soup

What you need:

  • 1 kilogram ground beef
  • 4 bell peppers, diced
  • 1 large onion, diced
  • 3 1/2 cups diced tomatoes
  • 3 cups bone broth
  • 1 cup diced green chiles
  • 3/4 cup culinary coconut milk
  • 3 tablespoons chili powder
  • 2 tablespoons cumin
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons coconut oil
  • 2 teaspoons sea salt
  • 2 teaspoons black pepper
  • 1 teaspoon cinnamon
  • 1 teaspoon paprika
  • 1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • 1/2 teaspoon garlic powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon onion powder
  • Jalapeno slices, for topping
  • Green onion slices, for topping
  • Lime wedges, for topping
  • Avocado slice, for topping
  • Cilantro, for topping

In a pan over medium heat, melt the coconut oil then cook bell peppers and onion for 5 to 7 minutes or until tender. Add the ground beef to the pan and stir until cooked through. Drain and transfer mixture to a slow cooker. Season with chili powder, cumin, sea salt, pepper, cinnamon, paprika, cayenne pepper, garlic powder and onion powder and stir to combine ingredients well. Add dried tomatoes, bone broth, green chiles and coconut milk. Cover and cook for 8 hours on low. Add desired toppings before serving.

Creamy Slow Cooker Mushroom and Spinach Soup

What you need:

  • 3 cloves garlic, minced
  • 5 cups chicken broth
  • 3 cups sliced ​​white button mushrooms
  • 2 cups baby spinach
  • 2 cups frozen cheese tortellini
  • 1 1/2 cups half and half
  • 1 cup milk
  • 2/3 cup chopped onion
  • 1/2 cup grated parmesan cheese
  • 3 tablespoons butter
  • 2 teaspoons garlic powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon Italian seasoning
  • 1/2 teaspoon white pepper
  • 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
  • 1/4 teaspoon thyme
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt

Melt the butter in a pan over medium heat then cook the garlic, mushrooms and onion for 2 to 3 minutes. Stir in the spinach then season with salt and black pepper. Transfer mixture to a crockpot. Add chicken broth, half and half, parmesan cheese, garlic powder, Italian seasoning, white pepper and thyme to the pot. Stir lightly. Cover and cook for 3 hours on low. Add the cheese tortellini and milk 30 minutes before cooking time is done.

Both of these delicious soups for your crockpot cooking are hearty, sure to satisfy your craving!

Cold and Flu Season – How Citric Acid Can Help

Right now the Christmas lights are down (hopefully) and we have officially entered cold and flu season. As the store aisles replace trees and stockings with tissues and cough drops, it’s important for everyone to be the smartest consumer possible. Don’t be fooled by fancy products that offer miracles. The fact is, everyone will end up with a cold or flu at some point in their life. When this happens, be prepared to fight the bacteria in the most economical way possible.

First and foremost, sleep and hydration is the best defense against the common cold. No one will argue that. However, everyone wants a quick fix, a way to decrease the symptoms and continue on with your life while your immune system suffers. A runny nose can be helped with tissue. Once upon a time there were only a few brands of tissue on the market, all offering the same basic thing. Nowadays, you will see that there are countless options. Tissue with menthol, tissue promising ‘anti-viral’ effects, tissue for sensitive noses. What is the best tissue to fight your cold or flu? What exactly does ‘anti-viral’ tissue mean?

Anti-viral tissue refers to tissue that has citric acid in the material. Bulk citric acid, as noted in a previous article, can be used to great affect to fight off harmful bacteria. This tissue that promises anti-viral, makes this promise because of the citric acid used. While it isn’t necessarily going to kill the bacteria inside the person infected, the tissue will help kill much of the harmful residue leftover after the tissue has been used. This makes the product perfect for parents who have sick kids at home and want to reduce the chances of themselves getting ill. The citric acid will kill the germs within about 15 minutes of contact, so when the parent goes to pickup the tissues while the child is sleeping, they can do so without a gas mask and tongs.

Citric acid can be sensitive on the skin, so be careful when using on children with sensitive skin. Also, keep in mind that it doesn’t protect against all germs, but does have a strong effect on Rhinovirus Type 1A and 2 (common cold), Influenza A and B, as well as Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV).

While it is still important to wash your hands, the cost of anti-viral tissues is not much more than the regular brand, so it can be a great option for people wanting the extra protection. It also helps reinforce the nature of citric acid. Many people don’t realize how great the product can be for so many different uses. It can be used on furniture, door handles and other surfaces that may have gotten infected during cold and flu season. It’s anti-viral properties can help disinfect a house in an economical way. Bulk Citric Acid can be purchased wholesale, and on-line, in it’s purest form, and it much less expensive than the leading cleaning products that you see during the winter-time. So during this time of year, research the products you buy and always remember that if you can by an ingredient in it’s pure form and have the same results, do that. Avoid extra harmful chemicals that can cause other issues. Most importantly, be smart and be safe!

Avoid Thyroid Gland Deficiency – Use Herbal Remedies

It is disheartening to know how one body part when out of sync can affect the functions of related bodily organs. This close-in relationship is perfectly shown in the function of the thyroid gland. Being a part of the endocrine system, the organ is responsible for the production of hormones responsible for body development, metabolism and sustained organ health. As such the endocrine system releases the thyroid hormones T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine) that help stabilize the central body system. Calcium absorption is also made possible through the support of the thyroid gland.

The endocrine system is properly nourished by maintaining a balanced diet and practicing a healthy lifestyle; particularly through the absorption of the right amount of iodine from food consumed. Iodine and its compounds are essential in the production of T3 and T4 hormones. The thyroid glands exhibit sever sensitivity where a minor dysfunction can trigger organ malfunction; to thus affect the function of related bodily systems. Nonethealth diseases arising from endocrine system disorders can now be found through specifically formulated herbal supplements.

Herbal formulas intended to support the health of the endocrine system as well as promotive balance balance were concocted from an expert mix of different herbal extracts. Fucus Vesiculosus or commonly referred to as Bladderwrack is a primary herbal component of herbal supplements formulated to support critical thyroid functions. Research reveals how the herb can rejuvenate inactive thyroid glands and the goiter to that make it a sound alternative to regular hypothyroid medications. Moreover, treatment with its herbal extracts can help resolve excess weight gain and rheumatism, on the sidelines. The medicinal benefits of this herb are extensive; particularly sustaining long term glandular health and kidney functions.

The herb Coleus Forskohlii (or Makandi) is used extensively in Ayurvedic medicine as it contains the compound forskolin that works with the thyroid gland to support hormone build-up. Supplementary medicinal benefits derived from the herb include the treatment of hypertension; stimulation of fat metabolism and support of platelet formation Meanwhile, Avena Sativa (or Wild Oats) is another popular component of thyroid herbal supplements. The herb's extracts contain avenacosides, proteins, flavones and Vitamin E or substances that effectively treat nervous system disorders.

Since the thyroid gland is vital to systemic functions, standardized herbal supplements such as Thyroid Assist have been specifically formulated to support the health of the endocrine system. The medicinal benefits of herbal supplements involve the maintenance of routine physiological functions; particularly metabolism, weight and body temperature. In conclusion, herbal supplements provide a complete remedy designed to support the health of the thyroid gland and raise the production of thyroid hormones.

Building and Starting Your Own Passive Income

One of the discussions we had is that we would need to be able to find a way in order to get out of the rat race or what we often call as employment. Most of the financial gurus and experts would say that in order for us to get out of the rat race is when we explore and build multiple streams of passive income.

How can you determine if the opportunity that is being presented to you is something that can be classified as passive income? What are the key features of a passive income opportunity? How can one build and start off earning their first passive income? These may just be some of the questions lurking in your mind as you continue to read this article or post. Here are some tips on how you can start and build your source or sources of passive income.

We have been able to identify and define passive income as money that we receive with little or no effort at all. It is not like the salary that we get from our jobs where we would have to work for 8 hours in a 5-day work week or render at least 40 hours of total work hours in order for us to get paid. With this being said about passive income, it is also for us to note that building and starting up with your first passive income source would not be that easy. It would initially require focus and attention and once that passive income stream starts generating money, then you can simply let it work for you with just minimal supervision and effort.

If we ask people who have found it easy to start off building their first source of passive income, the first and common advice they will give you is to start off your first source of passive income by knowing what your talent is. Since the start-up of any passive income would require effort, and attention, financial gurus and financial teachers would say that focusing on your skills and talents would slash down the effort because you are simply working on your God-given skills and talents.

The first tip that we would be giving out in this sense is that if you would like to build and start up with your source of passive income, you would have to first find out what your skills and talents are and then start off with that. If you’re good at writing articles, then you can start off with creating a blog of your own, choose your topic and find out ways and means on how to make your blog be the top search result in Google and other search engines.

If you are a person who is good at cooking, then you can start off by exploring food recipes and maybe try to create your unique food recipe and sell it out to the public. Filipinos are often known for their ingenuity when it comes to this and often than not, you would see them start off by selling packed meals to their colleagues in the office.

In both cases that we have cited, the initial effort would not be as huge as those who would focus on other possible income opportunity but we can say that is would be not as big or as huge as starting off with something that is not based on your skills and talents. Let’s take the first example. If you are good at writing articles, the effort you would exert on would be on: finding out blog hosts, how and what SEO is, etc.? You don’t need to focus on how to be able to write good articles with the rules of English grammar all set and in place. For the second cited example, the only effort I would need to do is to advertise myself and preparing my daily menu. Since I am good in cooking, I can impress my initial clients or customers by just cooking which would just be second nature to me because it is my skill, it is my talent.

A Journey to Experience the Natural Beauty of Peruvian Amazon

Occupying almost two-thirds of Peru, the Amazon Basin is home to a mystifying mosaic of people, birds, wildlife and plants. Approximately 8,000 distinctive animal species, 280 species of exotic birds, 700 classes of butterflies and 64 indigenous tribes live in harmony within this fascinating region. In fact, there’s so much to discover, that some people embark on Peru Amazon tours at least once every few years. From catamaran sails, to canopy tours and visits to parrot clay licks, there’s so much to learn, see and do!

Welcome to the Lungs of the Planet

Close to 20 percent of the world’s plant species grow within the Peruvian Amazon rainforest. Some of these plants even have medicinal properties, which you will learn about on your tour. By coincidence, the rainforest also produces 20 percent of the world’s oxygen. Here’s why. The vast array of green plants within this region triggers a significant amount of photosynthesis activity. Photosynthesis, in turn, allows the plants to continuously recycle carbon dioxide into oxygen. Now you know why people refer to the Peruvian Amazon as the “lungs of the planet.” This is just one of the many intriguing facts you will learn on the Peru Amazon tours.

The Divided Jungle

Two distinct eco-regions – the high selva and the low selva — divide the Peruvian Amazon Jungle. The high Selva also called the ceja de Selva or fringe of the mountain, sits at the eastern foothills of the Andes Mountains. The varying climates and temperatures within this region produce a colorful diversity of flora and fauna.

The vegetation increases its density in the low selva. Here lies the iconic Amazon rainforest. Monkeys, colorful birds, snakes and butterflies live within this region. Since the density of vegetation makes parts of this region difficult to explore, some anthropologists speculate that tribes of indigenous people live within these jungles, and make no contact with the outside world.

Fruits of the Forest

All of Peru offers an unparalleled culinary odyssey, but the Peruvian Amazon produces some extraordinary fruits. When you sit down for a meal, the cook might have added some of these indigenous fruits to the recipe.

  • The Camu Camu has an acidic taste, similar to a blend of a sour cherry and lime. Some cooks add it to juices, jams, ice creams and yogurts. Its high Vitamin C content will help you stay healthy during your Amazon tour.
  • Cocona, sometimes called the “Amazon Tomato” is often prepared with aji and mixed with salads. Rich in iron and niacin, they taste like a cross between a lime and a tomato. Refugio Amazonas, our lodging venue, serves Pork Chops in Cocona Sauce. You will see it live in the field when you visit the farms that work with the lodge.
  • Moriche palm trees produce fruits called Aguaje, which have a reddish-purple-brown tough skin with a texture. Enjoy it raw, or experience its use in desserts, juices, jams, ice-cream and alcoholic beverages. Refugio Amazonas uses this fruit in a luscious desert called Aguaymanto Bavaroise.

Learn How to Tig Weld – Aluminum is Your Teacher

The Accepted methods for a TIG welding training curriculum go kind of like this:

  • Begin tig welding on Mild Steel running beads without filler metal.
  • Run Weld beads on mild steel with filler metal.
  • Then weld corner joints, edge welds, lap joints, tee joints, butt joints in all different positions.

After all joints are welded successfully in all positions, the welding student moves on to stainless steel.

In conventional welding curriculum, Tig Welding Aluminum is only attempted after mastering steel because it is considered much harder to weld than either mild steel or stainless steel.

But what if we think outside the box a little bit? What if a new trainee is introduced to aluminum after having just one day of mild steel welding under his belt and is then required to alternate between tig welding steel and aluminum from day to day? Would he learn slower? Would he or she become frustrated and quit?

Here is my experience with this unconventional method: (And I am not guessing here because I have had the opportunity to test this theory) What happens is this:

  • The new Tig welding trainee learns to feed the filler rod faster (because you just plain have to when you tig weld aluminum.)
  • The trainee learners to adapt different metal and weld puddle characteristics and understands the common denominators between the two.
  • The new trainee is never bored and learning plateaus are fewer than with old conventional curriculum.
  • The trainees knowledge of the effects of equipment adjustments on the arc are reinforced daily
  • The trainee develops more heat control and an understanding of the thermal conductivity of metals.

So why is this training method not used more?

Because on the front end, it is very labor intensive on the part of the instructor. There is no hanging out in the office surfing the net. The instructor has to be completely available for the first week to make sure things get started out right.

The other side of the coin is that the benefits to the Tig welding student can be huge.

How to Clean Your House Systematically and Methodically

Nobody likes to clean their house – well, maybe one or two strange souls do – but most of us view house cleaning as a necessary evil. Fortunately, you can reduce the amount of time you spend cleaning each week with a little planning and forethought.

First, find a good solid apron, vest or similar piece of clothing so that you can keep all of your cleaning tools on your body while cleaning. This reduces the amount of time you spend tracking items down and keeps you “in the groove”. Keep your tools in the same spot on the apron so you are able to reach for a tool without looking or stopping to think where it is. Each tool or cleaner change will go just a bit faster and these small time savings adds up over the course of entire house cleaning. Plus, it allows you to mentally stay focused on the task at hand which will increase your cleaning effectiveness.

Related to this is keeping all of your cleaning supplies in one place when you are not using them. Spending ten minutes looking for the Windex before you actually begin to clean is not fun.

Second, clean from top to bottom. Dust and dirt falls to lower levels as you clean and wipe surfaces. If you don’t start at the top, you will simply be re-cleaning surfaces as the higher level debris falls onto them.

Third, only clean dirty surfaces. This seems obvious but how much time do you spend wiping down candle stick holders or similar items in an infrequently used room? Of course they need to be cleaned from periodically but from week to week there is very little change in their level of cleanliness. Focus your time on surfaces that are used frequently. In general, this means that vertical surfaces need less attention than horizontal ones.

Fourth, use the right product for the job. Switch tools if the cleaner or tool you are using isn’t getting the job done. Sure you might be able to “force” an under powered cleaner to do the job by rubbing harder and longer but this defeats the purpose of cleaning systematically since you are trying to work smarter and in a shorter period of time.

In fact, by having the apron, you encourage yourself to change tools or cleaners. Often people don’t want to switch cleaners since it would require effort to stop and journey across the house, find the needed product and walk back. If the needed cleaner is on your hip you won’t hesitate to switch and save time by staying on task and by shortening the task’s time by using the proper tool.

Finally, get in a routine. Always follow the same path when cleaning so that you develop habits and spend less time thinking about how to clean and more time “doing”.

Of course, you can always call in the pros at a cleaning service too! They can free up all of your cleaning time and do an excellent job as well. Following these simple tips can help you free up more of your time for pleasurable pursuits. And everybody likes that!

Use of Animation in Uplifting of Mobile App UI/UX Design

Motion explains the concept of some story in the most interesting style. Motion is not about to represent long or complicated stories but motion explains how to use animations to make short stories more engaging and easy to understand. When people start enjoying the concept, story becomes more popular and full of concepts.

Today, display trends have been changed completely. People are not interested in designing or browsing static screens but motion-based screens are more popular that attract or engage the users the most. They guide the users how to use apps in best way and what is the meaning of different tabs included inside the application.

Some of the important highlights of animation include – better engagement, interaction, intuitive in nature, more interesting, and striking. When your application has small or large number of animation elements, your app can explain more interesting things with great ease.

For a while consider one example, reading one document or looking the same thing on to TV screen. Obviously, videos are given more preferences and easy to understand as well. Animation effects can be used in multiple ways with different contexts and scales.

Animation effects have immense capability to grab user attention and influencing communication behavior too. Here, we will discuss how to use popular animation effects for overall upliftment of mobile app UI/UX design.

Application loading should be interesting

Application loading takes lots of time and it should be interesting in nature. People get frustrated and bore soon when they have to wait for longer time interval. At the same time, something relevant to the application makes loading really interesting. The concept is really meaningful when users are searching for useful information related to the application.

It will display multiple screens during application loading and information will be discussed one by one in detail. When application loading is pleasant then people get confident at least something is happening. Most of the websites have already started working on the same trends and now mobile apps have also switched to the same concept.

Transitions should be extra smooth

Transitions between different graphic elements on display screen should be smooth like multiple screens, menus, buttons, labels etc. Transitions should be planned so beautifully that users’ attention can be grabbed quickly. Transition between app elements should be automatic like you are also moving along. Every time when you click on a link, users should feel real time experience as you actually want it.

At the same time, smooth transitions are just next to impossible without animation. Just think for a while about one UI where you can play between menus or options with ease. They are like carrot for eyes to give special charm to users with fewer efforts only.

Relationship between elements of an app can be enhanced

Animation is the excellent choice to enhance relationship between different components of an application. For example, menu icon transforms into playback option and vice versa. Further, there is one single button to operate in dual mode – Play and Pause. Here, both options are connected to each other and one is dependent over other.

Other popular example is floating action button and so many other options on the screen. Here, every time you browse some option, it will display one message and user can perform the same action as expected.

Animation feedback to depict wrong actions

Animation has capability to depict wrong actions as performed by the users. For example, if user enters wrong data then animation depicts the same positively. Here, users can understand the situation in best way and they always perform the things accordingly. Most importantly, animation feedback allow users to perform consistently and they can do right things in interactive manner.

Responses for certain actions should be animated

Animation can provide visual responses for each and every action performed by the users. Animation makes you sure that particular process is complete or it is into progress. Till the time, responses were planned in the form of text. Think for a while when same action will be performed by the animation, it would have really good impact on users.

We have discussed the most important facts that can be executed either for some website or your application as well. You might have your own interesting ideas for your app to enhance overall graphic effects. You just have to make sure that animations have been used at the right place in the right amount only. When you are sure on all important facts, it will surely uplift entire mobile UI/UX design.

If you have some interesting ideas to use animation for app then please share with us. Also, we are always in best practice to share latest updates with users that are really amazing and workable too.

What is Distressed Wood Finishing?

There are many different ways that you can change the appearance of the furniture that you have, or of any other object. One of the ways is to do disturbed wood finishing. When you do disturbed wood finishing, you are really giving yourself a chance to have an amazing piece of furniture come to life before your very eyes. Distressing is a way of making something that is made out of wood, or out of almost any other material, look like it is older and more aged. It is usually considered to be a decorative art, because you are changing the way that the item looks, in order to make it more pleasing to your own eye. Also, distressed wood finishing is looked at as a finishing technique, because it is something that you do that leads to the final design of the piece of furniture. Even though it is called distressed wood finishing, it is really the opposite of finishing, because you are taking a final product that looks brand new, and doing things to it to make it look older and more bothered.

When you distress a piece of wood, you are certainly making it look older. This might mean that you destroy or manipulate the current finishing on the object, in order to make it look less than perfect. You can do this with wallpaper, and also with something like a paint stripper. Sometimes, you might take off some of the layers of paint, but not all of it, so there might still be layers of paint that are visible over a wood grain that is underneath. After you have bothered the item, you will have a finished product.

In many ways, distressing has become an art form, and a way to decorate furniture and other items in a popular and stylish way. Distressing is meant to give an item a vintage or one-of-a-kind look, which is usually supposed to be old and rustic.

Antiquing is another type of disturbing for wood furniture. When someone does antiquing, they are not only trying to make a piece look older, but they are also trying to make the piece look like it is an antique. There are several different ways that this can be done. First of all, the finish is often distracted, meaning that sanders are used to take off some of the paint and to make the entire thing look like it is older. Secondly, the artisan often applies historically accurate paint colors, and puts on an antique-like faux finish. Sometimes, crackle varnishes are used. Sometimes, in order to complete the antiquing method of disturbing, the artisan applies accent details that were only found in that particular period of time, like knobs on dresser drawers, or other details that would make the piece appear to be an antique. Sometimes, glazes are used. With glazing, after distracting, the colors blend into the crevices, and give it an older or antique appearance. Many times, if a person wants to continue the distracting in order to achieve the antique look, it is a process that is going to take a long time, and one that might end up being a lot of work.

Another aspect of disturbing is putting in things that are made to look natural. For instance, disturbing often includes putting in fake woodworm holes. These are holes in the piece that look like they were made by woodworms.

There are many ways to actually distress an item, either the artisan is doing antiquing or just disturbing. First of all, they may sand the finish off of the actual wood item. They might do this by hand or with an electric sander. Also, they might purposefully dent and scrape the object, in order to make it look like it has a lengthy history and has been moved around a lot.

Sometimes, wood is hammered in order to make it softer, and sometimes it is hammered to give it a dimpled appearance. It can also be bleached, stained, pickled, or repainted with paintings and varnishes that crackle. These will then crack after drying, making it appear that the paint or varnish has cracked due to age.

Sometimes, antique paints and varnishes are used, which also add to the appearance of an older, wooden item. Another technique includes watering down regular paint, so that it looks to be faded and thinner than it would new. This allows other layers of paint, or the wood itself, to show through the paint layer. Another distressing technique calls for the pain or varnish to be layered on using sponges, which will create an uneven pattern. When an area is painted, the corners and edges are often painted lighter, or sanded down, so that the item appears to be worn.

The goal of all of these different methods of distressing is the same – for the object to appear as if it is older than it is, and for the object to appear as if it has been worn down and is not in as great of shape as a newer item. Distressed wood furniture is often preferred because it appears to have more character and to look like it has a story and history behind it. Therefore, troubled wood furniture is actually quite popular – even if it is something that a person makes for themselves. One can take a regular piece of furniture and distress it so that it looks even better.