Scarcity Vs Abundance

The phone rings. It’s a friend of yours who just booked a recurring role on a big television series. She is ecstatic; her voice sings and screams in a high pitched excitement. She is so grateful to share her moment with you. Despite your genuine desire to be happy for your friend’s good news, a pang of anxiety erupts in the pit of your stomach. Your heart begins to race, your breath becomes shallow, your face burns red, you even feel like crying. Worst of all you feel shame at your inability to enjoy your friend’s success.

When you have a visceral, full bodied response to hearing of another’s achievement, it can be indicative of a deep psycho-spiritual conditioning known as the scarcity mentality. The scarcity mentality is a worldview rooted in the belief that there is not enough. There is not enough success, not enough wealth, not enough love for everyone. The dictum of the scarcity mentality is that someone must lose in order for you to win.

This mentality is often encoded early in life. If we experienced childhoods where there was in fact “not enough”, where our physical, emotional, or spiritual needs went unmet, scarcity can easily become the lens through which we see the world. This worldview often motivates tremendous drive, but also leaves us hyper vigilant, incessantly comparing and competing with those around us, and rendering us fundamentally distrustful of life.

The opposite of a scarcity mentality is an abundance mentality. An abundance paradigm views the world in terms of boundless potential, where there is the possibility of enough for everyone. If you identify with a scarcity mentality you may view the previous sentence with skepticism and dismissal, or equate an abundance perspective with a deluded utopian vision. Yet rather than a Pollyannaish denial of injustice, an abundance mentality views the inequities of the world as stemming from scarcity consciousness on an individual and collective level. World hunger is not a result from a dearth of food, it’s a product of national and global policies rooted in greed and scarcity. While there may be a finite amount of oil on earth, there is an abundance of alternative energy available.

An abundance mentality rests on the spiritual principle of interconnectedness. Abundance allows us to experience ourselves as more than separate animals at war with one another for the last scrap of food, but as part of a collective where everyone has a vital role to fill, and we are in this together. While competition still plays a natural role in daily life, when an expectation is disappointed— when someone else gets the job, the sting is not so immense that your core is shaken. It does not become a herculean task to wish someone well because you have an innate trust that you too will be taken care of.

What is so pernicious about a scarcity mentality is it’s a self-fulfilling prophecy. When you see the world as scarce and perceive the success of others as threatening, you project an air of desperation that is off-putting towards opportunity. The old adage of “don’t network, make friends” comes to mind. When you enter a situation from a scarcity mentality, all you see is what others can do for you. This agenda is transparent and usually makes people run! When you can rest in a place of abundance you open yourself to be of service. You are able to authentically connect with others and you radiate an attractive, positive energy. Wisdom traditions throughout the ages reiterate that you only get what you give away. This does not mean martyrdom, nor does it mean feigning philanthropy, or repressing jealousy or shadow. It means doing the internal work of dismantling scarcity conditioning, and re- aligning yourself with an abundance mentality which can foster inspiration and generosity for yourself and others. Ultimately, it’s a much easier way to live.

Copyright Meredith Hines MA 2011

Residential Garage Door: Glam Up The Overall Decor Of Your Home

You can easily ignore a residential garage door but do it at your risk. Besides accentuating the overall decor of your home, trendy garage doors also provides safety and security for you and your family. Nowadays, there are myriad options and designs available for garage doors. Various online websites are also there to offer you great deals and discounts, time to time. When you need to choose a particular door, you can be lost and utterly confused. Going through various websites will help you understand your needs better.

Finding the ideal door

There are many different types of garage doors available, with most of them designed so that they can be tailored to meet a customer’s specific needs. They are available in different materials including wood, fiberglass, steel, aluminum and much more.

Rolling doors: It comprises of ribbed steel curtain that moves vertically. They are suitable for such garages where there is plenty of room above the opening and where a traditional look is required.

Sectional doors:

They are generally made from a number of rigid panels that are hinged together. They move vertically in the opening and then horizontally along the ceiling.


It is a perfect alternative when you have restricted headroom. These are made from a strong roll-a-door curtain. It slides from a vertical position up into horizontal position, close to the ceiling.

As these are available in different materials, you can always try on something new and sturdy for a unique look. The wooden carriage doors are perfect for homes that want a traditional outlook. This kind of doors can accentuate the overall appeal of the home; along with that, it also makes your home appear elegant and sophisticated. The residential garage doors designs and color should also match with the street style. If you are living in an uptown area, there are certain codes and regulations that you must observe too. After all, your choice reflects your personality.

When your garage door is not in a good condition, it is advisable to replace it as soon as possible. While garage door replacement, materials, workmanship and location should be on high priority. You need to choose from a wide variety of material, style, shape and size. Moreover, replacing the door as a DIY project can lead to extensive repairs and maintenance down the line, so it is suitable to hire a professional instead. So, whenever you are in need of changing the garage doors, think well and pick the best door for your home.

How to Sand and Seal Floorboards

We have been sanding and sealing , staining and restoring floors for over 10 years, although we would recommend that you use a professional to sand and seal your floor, if you can follow it simple guide:


It is the key to every job we do, if your prep is bad the finished job will be terrible, if prep is excellent the finished job will be outstanding.

The whole point of sanding and sealing is that you should be able to recreate a factory applied finish on site (at least that is what we aim to do).

Firstly you need to prepare your floor for sanding, you need to remove all nails from any gripper rods that were in-situe before, also any bits of carpet underlay that have become stuck to the floor. Once you have fully cleaned the area you need to check for any loose boards, if you find any lift them up fully to check for pipes underneath, then, using cut nails 1 to to 2 inch, nail them back down carefully. Then set all the nails in by at least 3mm using a center punch and hammer, this will increase the life of the sanding belt, and limit and damage to the drum.


You are now ready to start sanding; you should start with a 36 grit belt or 40 Grit (depending on the state of the boards). Sand in the direction of the boards, never work diagonally or across them as this will put scores marks in that will take forever to remove. If you are using a Hiretech HT8 then you will need to be very careful, as these machines are really light and they tend to jump and skip over the boards rather than sand them. When sanding never leave the machine in one place for more than 2 seconds as it will create burn marks in the board that are impossible to remove. Rather keep the sander moving at all times and let the roller gently coast on the floor.

We use (and hire out) a Bona Flexidrum, this has a continuous belt on a rubber drum, the belt just slides on, no need for metal bars and screws as on the HT8. It weighs around 60kg (very heavy) and has a 2.2kw motor, it is incredibly fast at removing material and is 98% dust free; it always leaves a beautiful finish.

The 36 or 40 grit should be used until all of the boards are sanded back to bare wood, if the boards are particularly curved you could use a small sander to get the very edges of the boards cleaned up. Once you are back to bare wood you can start working through the other grades, do not be tempted to skip grades you must work through them all – 60, 80, 100, 120 grit. Once you have sanded to 100 grit you should start sanding the edges, again keep the sander moving at all times, start with the most coarse disc and work to the finest (80 grit). After the edges are done, do the corners and around any pipes with a detail sander 40 to 60 grit (no need to go any finer it's a very small area). After all this is done its time to do the final pass with the 120 grit belt, before running a random orbital sander around the edges (60 working to 100 grit). The final pass should be no more than twice in each direction, you're not trying to remove material but just giving a final light sand. With this part done now your on the final stage (at last) …. go around the whole room with a random orbital sander, sand out any score marks or swirls that are in the boards, start at 60 grit, then 80 and finish with 100 or 120.

I know this all sounds very long winded, but trust me if you put the preparation in you will be rewarded when it comes to applying the finish.


If you are going to stain the floor you obviously need to do it before the seal is applied. We recommend the use of a solvent based stain that can be lacquered over. We use Bona D├ęcor. We apply this stain with a rag in a circular motion, working the stain into the boards; you must make sure that all the stain is fully rubbed in with no 'wet looking patches'. Once you have done this the stain needs to dry for 24-48hrs before applying your primer coat.

Most stains that are oil based can not be lacquered over; instead a top coat of oil is applied after the stain. We have in the past used spirit based stains; however these can be notoriously difficult to apply evenly, especially on woods that are porous like beech. If you are using a spirit based stain you have to work very quickly and always keep a 'wet edge', on porous woods the stain should be diluted with white spirit so that it can be applied more evenly.


You're now ready to seal the floor, so firstly fully vacuum it off ensuring that there is no dust of any kind on the floor. We always recommend the use of a base coat primer such as Bona Prime Intense or Prime Classic. A primer stops any side bonding, this is when the floor expends and rather than each block moving individually, they more as a section creating a shear line in the pattern (herringbone block). A primer enables the floor to move under the lacquer (the primer has elastic type qualities) avoiding any cracks from side bonding. This is obviously very important on any parcel or herringbone floors, not so important for floor boards but it is still good practice, as it is an extra layer of protection and aids adhesion of the top coat.

Firstly shake the bottle of lacquer well for one minute, then using the filter provided, decant it into your roller tray. Brush all the edges of the floor first using a fine bristled paint brush, making sure to cover all corners and come about 4 inches of the wall. There is no need to wait for this to dry you can carry straight on with covering the rest of the floor.

We apply the lacquer with a roller, again from Bona, do not be tempted to use a paint roller, the lacquer roller that Bona make is guaranteed to give an orange peel free finish without dropping any pile.

When you have covered the entire floor, and checked that you have not over applied in any areas (this can be seen by a blue looking film on the surface) leave it to dry for 2 to 3 hours. You have a choice now, you can either nib the lacquer back with a buffing machine or not, if you do not you will get a rougher grippier finish than if you nibbed it back.

If you go down the buffing route then you need to use the buffer on the slowest speed with a maroon pad and a scrad wing (a small sanding sheet that sticks to the maroon pad). Work over the floor quickly keeping the sander moving all the time, if you stay in one place to long you will rip through the primer.

After this, vacuum the floor again to ensures a dust free surface, then apply the lacquer in exactly the same way as you applied the primer, leave to dry for 3-4 hours then repeat for the final coat. The floor will need two top coats, making three in total, if you buffed the primer the first time round then you need to do the same with the first coat of lacquer. Do not buff the top coat; it should be pretty smooth if you stuffed the two previous coats.

So that's it! All done!

NB – Make sure you put felt pads on any furniture in the room as this will stop any scratches when moving furniture about.

Need to rent a floor sander in Farnborough ?

Sheet Metal Fabricators – 5 Questions to Ask Sheet Metal Fabricators Before Hiring Them

When looking for specialty professional services, you have to ensure that they meet your requirements fully and offer excellent quality at a competitive price. The same applies when seeking the services of sheet metal fabricators. It is best to do some research in advance and to compare three or more companies. Conduct a personal interview with their representatives, preferably in person, and ask a number of important questions.

What kinds of projects have you worked on?

All sheet metal fabricators have portfolios and can present all recent projects they have worked on. Your task is to see whether they have made the products and performed the services which you are looking for. You should certainly evaluate their work as well. Do not miss to request references from previous clients of the different companies. This will give you an even better idea about the quality of their work.

What kinds of materials and techniques do you use?

Most sheet metal fabricators work with all kinds of metals with the main ones being aluminium, stainless steel, mild steel, brass and copper as well as with silver and gold whenever necessary. They should have the necessary expertise, equipment and tools to work with various alloys such as aluminium and chromium ones.

The fabricators should be able to use all available techniques to create the product that you need. Check what kind of cutting they provide. Saw, torch or plasma cutting may be required for different projects. Compare the punching and rolling capabilities of the different companies as well. It is best if the company which you pick can provide both MIG (metal inert gas) welding and TIG (tungsten inert gas) welding.

Do you offer custom solutions and engineering services?

Most projects are different and readymade solutions are rarely the right match. That is why you need to find sheet metal fabricators that can design a product which meets all your requirements and industry safety and functionality standards. Only expert engineers with the proper training and considerable experience can deliver high quality solutions. It is a good idea to get further details about the design and engineering team of a company as well as about their production department before you decide to work with them.

Do you provide assistance with installation?

This additional service is particularly valuable to those customers that order units which have to be fitted and complex systems. It is true that the service will cost you extra, but you will be certain that the product will work exactly as required.

Can you provide a price estimate?

Experienced sheet metal fabricators should be able to produce a price estimate based on the material and labour they will use for the project.

Tips For Cooking With Real Firewood

I love to cook over real fire! Whether on a gas grill, charcoal grill, smoker grill, fire pit or even in my fireplace, cooking with fire is fun and creates unique and delicious aromas and flavors that enhance many foods veryly. But by far my very favorite way to cook is over a real hardwood firewood fire. While good charcoal and smoker cooking can certainly give you some nice char-broiled wood flavors, there is nothing quite like a real wood fire. There is something very primitive and romantic about it, harking back to pre-modern times when food was all cooked over an open wood fire.

Most people do not take advantage of real wood to cook anymore because technology has made things easier for us. Between gas stoves and grills and easy to light charcoal, cooking with fire is quick, easy and pretty much hassle free nowdays. However, there is something to be said for a leisurely afternoon, building a real fire and then using that fire to perfectly cook your grilled meal. Sometimes I do not want "quick", "easy" or the bare minimum.

So for all those like-minded grillers out there, those who want to get a little more primitive and a lot more delicious, here are some tips for how to cook with real firewood on your grill, fire pit or even in your fireplace. It takes some time and it take some practice to get right, but I think you will love the results!

Choose Good Hardwoods

At the heart of great wood cooking is good firewood which burns long, hot and gives off savory aromas. Do not skimp in this department! All of the smoky, grilled flavor that you get in your food comes from your wood so if you use bad wood, your results will be bad. So what is bad? First of all, avoid softwoods in general.

Softwoods burn easily and hot but do not burn as long and do not tend to develop long-lasting hot embers at their core. Softwoods, like pine for example, also tend to be fairly resinous and many give off piney or other sharp smells which, while not satisfactory, do not pair well with food. You can use softwoods to help get your fire started, but what you really want for the majority of your firewood is good, seasoned hardwoods.

Hardwoods are denser and will burn longer and hotter. They take longer to get started, but the extra work is worth it. There are tons of hardwoods that make great fuel for cooking, some of which have very distinct and delicious aromas and flavors. Oak is very common, which gives off a rich, smokey aroma. I prefer fruit and nut woods as they tend to have a milder, almost sweet, aroma. Some excellent choices are almond wood, apple wood, pear wood, and pecan wood, if you can find them. Most people know about mesquite and hickory for smoking, but they are also hardwoods which make excellent fuel. If you happen to live on a vineyard, old grape vine cuttings make great wood for quick fires!

Build Your Fire Ahead

As I mentioned above, starting a hardwood fire can take some time to really get going. In addition, because you want to cook with embers as much as possible, you want to give your fire a chance to burn down as much as possible before you throw food on top. This can take quite a long time and depending on how much you are planning to cook and how big your fire pit or grill is, this can take literally several hours to build the fire, keep feeding it to build up a core of embers, and then let the large flames die down before starting to cook. Of note, while I generally prefer to do this type of wood fire cooking on an outdoor fire pit with a grill grate, most people do not realize that you can burn a wood fire in most heavy duty charcoal grills as long as it is big enough. I have used the large Weber 22-1 / 2 "charcoal kettle grills to good effect as well as some Char-Broil charcoal grills.

Cook with Embers

As mentioned above, when cooking with real firewood, cooking over the hot embers is ideal. Why? A new fire, which has just started started does not give off much heat. Additionally, there are large flames coming up from the wood. If you lay a grill grate across this young fire, you will not get much radiant heat and instead will have big open flames lopping up around your food. This spells disaster for grill cooking! Your food will not cook on the inside very fast and the outside will catch fire and get burned to a crisp in no time!

To avoid this and to get the most of your firewood, take your time and start early. Red glowing embers give off tons of heat and do not have big flames. If cooking in a fire pit or large grill, start your fire early and keep adding wood for a while to build up a deep core of hot, glowing red embers at the bottom. Then let the top wood burn down until you barely have any flames left, just a big, deep pile of red embers. These embers give off a lot of heat and because they do not have large flames, they are less likely to char your food to a crisp. Only then should you lay your grill grate across and add your food. If you are cooking a lot and the heat starts to die down, stirring the embers with a poker helps to get more oxygen to the wood and will increase the heat for a while. If you really need more fuel, you can add firewood to the side and only push it over, under the cooking area, when it has burned down and no longer has large flames.

Rotisserie Cooking

One way to get a lot out of your wood fire cooking is to use a rotisserie. There are various rotisserie contraptions that can be purchased at grilling and camping supply stores. These are basically a large motorized or hand-turned spit that rotates over your fire pit. This is advantages for several reasons. First of all, for large roasts, such as whole poultry, pigs, and other large roasts, it gives you a very even, consistent cooking heat throughout the meat so that your food holds succulent and even done.

Also, for these larger roasts, laying them directly directly hot embers can burn the surface long before the interior is even warm. Finally, the rotisserie can hold your food a reasonable distance above your wood fire so that you can even cook over open flames without your food burning. If high enough, only the rising heat, not the actual flames, reaches your food, which is perfectly rotated in the aromatic smoke. Therefore, prep time is reduced as you do not have to burn your wood down to embers first, although some embers help to supply adequate heat. For grilled leg of lamb and whole chicken and game birds, rotisserie cooking over a fire pit is one of my favorites!

Fireplace Cooking

In the winter it is often too cold outside to cook outdoors. However, many of us have a wonderful real wood cooking area right in our homes, although some of us do not realize it. Most fireplaces are used exclusively for heat and ambiance these days, but years ago it was the primary cooking area in many houses. I love hearth cooking and it is not as difficult as most people think. For most types of fireplace cooking, special equipment is needed. There are fireplace cranes available which hold a handled Dutch oven pot or kettle over your fire to cook stews, soups or coffee. Fireplace grills are available which is basically a grill grate that sets over your firewood grate in the fireplace and allows you to grill any number of foods.

Even fireplace rotisseries are available which sit just in front of the fireplace and slowly turn your roast meats. But if you do not want to invest in any extra equipment, there is always string-turned fireplace cooking. Traditionally a way to roast a leg of lamb in front of the fire, I have adapted string-turning to roast a number of different types of roasts, from whole poultry to tri-tip. All you need is a long piece of kitchen twine and a screw or hook installed in your mantle above your fireplace. The weight of the roast slowly spins it on the string so that you have a poor man's rotisserie without a lot of extra equipment!

An Alternative

Finally, if all of the above looks like too much work and too much hassle there are easier alternatives to infuse wood smoke flavor into your food. Using smoking wood chips or chunks in either a barbecue or dedicated smoker grill is an option. Smoker cooking can really give you rich, aromatic smoke flavors in your foods. However, because you are using standard charcoal or gas as a fuel source, you avoid much of the hassle of cooking with real firewood.

I hope these tips help to get you started cooking with real firewood to bring your grill cooking to a new level of fun and flavor. Remember to always be safe when using fire of any type! Follow all basic fire safety rules so that only your food gets cooked!

Toxic Plants For Dogs – The Things You Should Know

Perhaps this article should have been called “Garden Etiquette for your Dog”. This article is about what dogs get up to in the garden! No one knows exactly why “does a dog eat plants” and everything else that smells and tastes good. Perhaps it is to amuse themselves, cannot resist something that smells or tastes good or even boredem but it will always be the destruction of your most prized plants invariably! There are the things in your garden though that can kill your beloved dog which they seem attracted to. Wandering Jew, ground cover, is one example. If your dog eats Wandering Jew, it can make your dog sick. Eat enough of this and it could kill your dog. Other toxic plants that are harmful to your dog are Hippeastrum bulbs, rhubarb leaves, Jasmine, Lantana to mention a few but there are others. Some symptoms to look out for may be nausea, breathing difficulties, weakness, restlessness and convulsions. In any case if you think your dog has ingested any toxic plants, get your dog to the vet straight away.

Mulch, fertilizers, herbicides, insecticides and fungicides can be another thing your dog loves to eat in your garden. Eating fresh blood and bone fertilizer and chicken manure will attract your dog but in most cases it will be harmless. Dogs are exposed by digging up your garden, chewing on pellets and sniffing around just after insecticides, herbicides and fungicides have been applied. Needless to say, keep all of these well stored out of reach of pets and children. Vets see cases every year of dogs that have eaten snail pellets and treatment is not pleasant, so be mindful.

One of our favourite indulgences, chocolate can actually be fatal to your dog. That’s why Cocoa Mulch can be lethal to dogs (and cats) if it contains an ingredient called ‘The Obromine’. It smells like chocolate and it really attracts dogs. If they ingest this mulch, again it can be fatal.

It is alright, however, for your dog to eat nut grass and other long blades of grass to aid digestion or to throw up. It’s the natural way they have to deal with a stomach upset.

It doesn’t matter how well fed your pooch is, beware, pups, bitzers and pure breeds cannot distinguish a toxic good smell or taste as they forage around the yard.

So keep your dog safe and away from toxic plants in your yard.

Astral Projection Time Travel – Advanced Technique

Astral projection time travel is an advanced technique that practitioners say is possible. But its important to recognize that one cannot simply start projecting on day one and expect to be able to time travel. It does take some time and practice.

Their are many different realms to travel to. The astral planes are a vast beyond imagination, however it seems possible to more or less categorize the astral planes into five realms. These are in no particular order, the realm of time(time travel), the realm of the cosmos(space), the realm of guidance(intellect and wisdom) and the realm of spirituality. It’s also believed that each realm has many levels and as the levels are dispersed upward throughout each realm

One should recognize that the need or attempt to think of the astral planes as organized or categorized is purely for the purposes of our physical mind. How and what the astral planes are we will never truly know. And neither does it matter, it’s there to be explored. It is a skill we are born with each and everyone one of us, whether or not we consciously choose to exercise it.

Having said that, it would also appear that their are gateway like areas that lead us from the initial astral plane to other realms. As you might imagine, they are more or less organized by realm. There is the gate of time, the gate of the cosmos, the gate of the spiritual plane and the catchall gate of the other realms.

If you wish to travel to other times, advance practitioners suggest its definitely possible to visit these other realms as passive observers. Of course this is the case with all astral travel. We can observe, learn about the universe and the world around us, but never affect any physical change.

Essentially once astral projection is achieved you are in the realm of the present. This is where most traveler’s explore and expand their journeys. However if you wish to journey to other times one must do so through the gate of time after passing through the original astral gateway. Everything is essentially locked in these planes. It’s also important to understand that the future you explore may not be the only possible course of events, you are visiting one possibility.

Their are far too many individual decisions and events that occur in the present to be sure you are visiting all possible future timeframes. However, it can still be quite enlightening to explore.

All travels by default start in the realm of the present. That is where you are now and where you return. But the other realms are open for you to explore. Focus on the basics to start with meditation and reaching the astral gateway. From there travel into the different realms if you wish as you become more proficient.

Can a Turbo Be Installed to a Superbike?

Around half of the world’s entire population, including both males and females and even the ones in between, are already hooked up on bikes, and mind you, these bikes are not the ones most people used to know way back in kindergarten or grade school.

What they dig are superbikes – bikes that are real flashy monsters when it comes to hitting the racetracks. And for anyone who loves to race and is dying for the rush racing gives, superbikes, with their powerful engines capable of speed that can raise hell, are no doubt a dream to have under one’s roof.

There is just one problem, however. Superbike enthusiasts just cannot get enough, and are constantly in need of more speed; and as of late, the most tempting solution to this is the turbo. Installing turbochargers seems to be a promising way of enabling superbikes to achieve speeds that do not only raise hell, but also do blow it away. Or is it really?

It will be good to remember first what superbikes basically are. Superbikes were developed as an improvement of super sport bikes. Both are especially engineered for race track performance, the only difference is that superbikes are equipped with larger engines with sizes that vary from 800 cc to 1,200 cc. A usual superbike can bear a maximum of 480 lb, and can produce around 180 bhp. Superbikes are perhaps well-known because of the Superbike Racing, a category under motorcycle racing joined by modified production motorcycles. One thing should be remembered: superbikes belong to the racetracks. This explains why there is always a need for more speed.

Now, the crucial question: Can superbikes be fitted with a turbo? The answer is yes. Turbochargers do increase the performance of a motorbike’s engine, resulting in around 40 percent more horsepower, minus the much additional weight. The turbo produces more power by escalating the density of air that passes trough the engine. Another interesting is that turbo systems can either be carbureted or fuel-injected, so anyone really has a choice.

In fact, motorbike turbocharger is making remarkable developments in the motor industry. The new Suzuki Hayabusa GSX1300R released this year boasts of digital fuel injection that works with its 1, 340 cc DOHC engine, and with a technology such as this, no wonder the new darling is getting praises here and there. Larry James, of James Racing, even said that turbo systems work well with that model.

No matter how reliable turbo systems are, there are still some things about turbochargers that anyone must be wary of. There is such a thing called turbo lag, a delay between the twisting the throttle and the turbo finally kicking in that can easily be noticed by most riders. This happens because the exhaust system takes time to drive the turbine to high pressure and for the rotor to beat its rotational inertia and attain the speed required for supplying the boost pressure. The lag can be reduced anyway, so there really is no reason to not go for turbochargers. To do so, all that should be done is to use lighter parts that will make the spin-up happen sooner. Another option is to change the turbine’s aspect ratio which will decrease the diameter and increase the width.

As long as the right steps are followed, turbochargers can really help conquer that extra mile and grant anyone an incomparable racing experience

Why Is The Sport of Bowling So Popular?

Pretty much everyone asked will admit that they enjoy a game or two of bowling from time to time. It’s a sport that’s relatively new, it’s only been around forty years or so, but it is one of the most popular sports around. Why is that? Well, for starters, it’s a game for anybody. It is fun for everyone, from people who play once every few years to people who play competitively.

Bowling is a relatively inexpensive sport to play, and is hard to beat in terms of fun per dollar invested. There are many ways to play, from family games to tournaments. For a family or a group of friends there are multiple ways that they can play. Depending on the skill level of bowler, the number of people, or if the bowlers like to take their time, there are multiple ways to pay. Bowlers can rent lanes by time, paying for blocks of time. This can be good for fast bowlers or larger groups, especially useful if a large group of people are scheduling a bowling outing. In addition to renting lanes based on time, people can also pay per game bowled. Also, if children come bowling with parents, most alleys feature bumpers that rise out of the lanes, causing gutter balls to be a thing of the past. Some alleys even have a feature now where the bumpers will come up based on the bowler selected, so adults and children can play on the same lane.

In addition to being an individual / small group sport, league play is a huge part of bowling. Bowling leagues are a great way for large groups of people to meet each other and play competitively. Some leagues meet once a week, some once a month, and any variation in between. Leagues are usually based around a common interest, from church leagues, to beer leagues, to charity leagues. Competitive leagues often have large numbers of teams competing for trophies / prizes / etc. Leagues are also a way to get a lot of bowling in for a relatively cheap price. Some leagues can be as cheap as $10 per person, including a pitcher of beer / soda, and a pizza for each individual team. Most league games pit one team against another for three competitive games, with the winner determined by average score.

Whether an individual looking to blow off steam or a group of people looking to get involved in some serious competition, bowling is a sport that should be looked into. With so many options and such a low price point, bowling is a great way to spend an afternoon with a family or a night with the guys from work. Bowling is game that anyone can pick up, few can master, but everyone can have fun.

What Are the Differences Between Extruded Acrylic and Cast Acrylic Sheets?

Acrylic is an extremely versatile material which is used in a wide range of environments. Acrylic sheeting is available in a huge range of variations, including; clear, coloured, mirrored, frosted and even with a brushed aluminium effect.

Extruded acrylic and cast acrylic are the two main types of sheet acrylic you will come across. Although they may initially look similar, the two have quite different properties and one is also much more expensive than the other.

It is important to be aware of the differences between the two so you can pick the type most suitable for your needs.

Extruded and cast acrylic sheets differ mainly in their thermal and chemical properties which are caused by the manufacturing process. There are also several other differences as outlined below which you may wish to consider when choosing acrylic sheet for your home DIY project.

Key differences you should be aware of when working with acrylic sheets:

Thickness differences

Due to the way the sheets are made cast acrylic tend to have slight variations in the thickness of the sheet whereas extruded sheets are much more uniform, with next to no variation. This makes extruded acrylic ideal for vacuum forming or situations where more detailed precise shapes are needed.

Temperature response

Cast acrylic has an isotropic response to temperature meaning there is a maximum shrinkage of 2% in all directions. It may be important to note that acrylic expands and contracts at a much greater rate than glass. Extruded acrylic, on the other hand, shows differences in shrinkage depending on the thickness and direction of extrusion.

Benefits of Extruded sheets

  • Reduced mechanical properties mean process advantages over cast acrylic when bending, heating and vacuum forming
  • Better thickness tolerances
  • Lower viscosity when hot means it is more ductile than cast acrylic

Benefits of Cast acrylic sheets

  • Better thermal stability
  • Higher resistance to crazing (when a network of very small cracks form) when exposed to solvents
  • Wider thermoforming range than extruded acrylic
  • Better ability to be reworked hot
  • Superior surface finish and optical properties

Both types of acrylic benefit from being durable and long lasting, showing excellent resistance to natural aging. Most manufactures will guarantee against noticeable yellowing for approximately 10 years.

Often it may not be made obvious which type of acrylic you are buying, especially online. Cast acrylic can be as much as double the price of extruded acrylic so if nothing is mentioned and it seems cheap, the chances are it is extruded acrylic.

The Basic Functions of Furniture

In every age, furniture is made for the same basic purposes. Tables, desks and workbenches provide space for work or dining. Cabinets, cases, and chests are built for storage. Beds, lounges, sofas, chairs and benches are made for resting. Today we have furniture for every imaginable situation, from a baby’s high chair to a steel office desk. They ranges from soft, pillow-like upholstered sofas to sleek tables of metal and glass.

Furniture are built to make people’s lives easier and more comfortable. The furniture industry divides them into various broad groups. One way of grouping furniture is according to where and how it is used. Furniture that is used at home makes up another large group. And also it can be classified by its style.

Case goods are pieces that provide interior storage, such as desks, drawers, cabinets, and bookshelves. This term is originally applied to wooden furniture but now includes furniture made from metal, plastic and other materials. Although the primary function of case goods is to organize various home items, these pieces of furniture are also installed inside homes as an added décor. It contributes greatly to the overall ambiance of the house.

Upholstered furniture is padded and covered with fabric, leather, or vinyl. It usually has four basic parts: the frame, the supporting foundation, the cushion or padding, and the outer covering. Fabrics range from basket weaves to plush velvets and corduroys.

Institutional furniture is designed and built for public buildings, hospitals, hotels, motels, nursing homes, and theaters. Such items look more basic, far from intrinsic designs seen at homes. These pieces of furniture look plainer yet clean. Examples are semi-reclining seats seen in movie theaters, reclining beds in hospitals, and beds in hotels and hospitals.

Meanwhile, business furniture includes desks, filing cabinets, storage units, and even to hold computers and other data-processing equipment. These are obviously seen inside buildings housing many offices, and in other business establishments like a restaurant, shopping mall or other stores. Some business furniture can be customized to bear the name of the company.

Home furniture is used for bedrooms, living rooms, and dining rooms. These pieces are smaller than business furniture, more for personal use only. Home furniture is probably the most varied set of furniture. The range of designs is endless to match specific houses.

Occasional furniture applies to a wide range of tables, cabinets, room dividers, shelving units, grandfather clocks, and other accessories. These are most often used during festivities, parties or other social events. Such tables and chairs are made of lightweight materials to be easily carried around.

Juvenile furniture includes all the baby items, such as cribs, and high chairs, as well as furniture designed and built in smaller sizes for children of various ages. These are commonly distinguished easily from the very bright colors, the animated designs and their smaller sizes compared to regular items.

Casual furniture is any other chairs, tables, and other pieces that can be used either indoors or outdoors, on patios and lawns. Most casual furniture are made of plastic (monoblocs) or wood. They weigh relatively lighter than others in comparison, and thus, are easier to move and carry around. These are also the pieces of furniture brought during outdoor trips.

Armband Tattoo Tribal Designs – Why Isn’t the Armband Circle Closed?

Armband tattoo tribal designs are very original. This type of design blends different cultures together. Armband tattoos generally make a good tattoo. Depending on where you place it, you can easily cover it with a long sleeve or even short sleeve shirt.

Suggestions for an armband tattoo are flowers, snakes or Celtic knots. Both men and women are getting armband tattoos. You may find many tattoos that do not go all the way around the arm. Some people say this is a superstition. Most likely the tattoo does not connect because it can be very hard to match up the sides as the tattoo goes around your arm. The arm changes position as it moves and the skin stretches.

To create an armband tattoo tribal, you want to add some kind of tribal design. Polynesians are famous for their armband tattoo tribal designs. As in our current military, a tattoo around the arm signified your rank in your tribe.

Tribal imagery can include dark bold intertwining lines. An armband tattoo can be small like with a ring of flowers or larger as with a snake.

The best way to find a good armband tattoo tribal design is to go online and browse through a tattoo gallery. Have patience, finding the right tattoo may take some time. A unique tattoo design can incorporate several aspects of different tattoo designs. When you’re a member in a tattoo gallery, you can shop with no pressure. You don’t have to pay by the download for tattoo designs so you can print out and cut and past several different designs into the one for you.

You should have no problem getting a unique armband tattoo tribal design. Just make sure it is the one you want. If you are getting some type of tribal design, make sure you research the design so you know what you are putting on your body. You don’t want to make the wrong statement with your tattoo.

Analysis of Philip Levine’s Poem – "Starlight"

In introduction, I will identify and analyze various components of Philip Levine’s “starlight,” such as, speaker; situation; diction; imagery; figures of speech, and other elements of poetry. Throughout this article the preceding elements will be meticulously expounded upon.

The speaker of the poem I will termed as a ‘he’ because the poet is a male. The progression of the poem is vey climactic. In other words, it signifies a turning point like most works. For example, line # 21, which illustrates where ‘father and son’ meet eye to eye (thus, allowing the son to bask in the glow of the starlight with his ‘head up in the air’). In addition, he proceeded to ask his father the question that his father asked him earlier in the poem: “Are you happy?” The speaker’s point of view points to the reflections of himself as been an image of his father; growing up to be like his father, and ‘the father like son’ syndrome which, in a subtle way, is illustrated by the following lines: “I am four years old and growing tired (line 3) – in comparison to – … but I can smell the tiredness that hangs on his breath.” (lines 16-17) Moreover, the latter part of the poem corroborates this point, as well.

Of course, the point of view – as pointed out above – introduces the implied attitude of the speaker toward his view of the poem, thus setting the tone of the poem which is very somber and gray (which is in direct irony with its title, “Starlight”) with the use of keywords, such as, “growing tired; cigarette; moon riding low over the old neighborhood; alone; thick and choked; the tiredness that hangs on his breath; autumn, and boy slept never to waken in that world again.”

The structure of the poem is very interesting. Well, it seems to be written in a closed form upon viewing it, initially. Howbeit, when it’s viewed closer it can be noted that the initial letters of the lines are not capitalized; only where a new sentence begins. Therefore, I surmised that its structure is presented in an open form. Furthermore, there are neither visible breaks nor stanzas in the poem. I ponder, does the form represents “a tall, gaunt child (line 28) or a somber, gray tower of Babel (in its aborted attempt) to proclaim itself to be there among the stars (line 21)?”

The theme of this poem is one of comparison (both emotionally and physically) between speaker and his father as was illustrated in the above paragraphs – framed by it’s content – for instance, lines 8 and 22. In these lines, the same question was asked by both parties (which give a subliminal reference to their emotional state). Plus, lines 3 and 17 (‘tiredness’) give a subliminal reference to their physical well-being. In interpretation, these instances represent the speaker (a boy) ‘growing’ into his father.

The situation seems to be set in a small town. This assertion can be asserted by line 7 – “…low over the old neighborhood….” In addition, the site of this poem is assumed to be in Northeast America because of key words, such as, autumn; summer moon, and porch (usually, veranda – outside of the United States). Moreover, I deducted this particular setting because of the stimulation that I received from reading the poem which, of course, is very subjective. Furthermore, the experiences that is reflected in this poem allows me to draw on my own experiences as I draw a mental picture of what’s taking place in this poem. Thus, my response to the poem is very subjective to its classical sense of writing. Plus, my reaction to the dynamics is somewhat subdued although the dynamics of the poem has an evenly paced up – tempo style.

In regard to the poem’s style of writing/choice of words, specifically its diction – the diction used in this poem is very concrete. Excluding, of course, the poem’s last six lines and the quote, “Are you happy?” These quotes are abstract and are basically the engine that drives the poem. For example, these quotes are located in the beginning and ending of the poem. Likewise, the poem is detonation oriented except for the above quotes which are cloaked in connotation. The meanings I construed in reference to the above quotes (respectively) are expounded upon in the following sentences. The first quote deals with the speaker’s happiness in his state of being in comparison to his father’s happiness in his state of being (for example, the father said “yes” to the question while the speaker hesitated to answer). The last six lines deal with the transition (reflection) of the son growing up to be like his father in the future (“autumn…until the boy slept never to waken in that world again”).

Besides the ‘father-son relationship’ been the centerpiece of this poem. This literary work is very rich in imagery which captures my imagination. As I pointed out before, keywords such as: “the glow of his cigarette, redder than the summer moon riding” – lines # 5 – 6 – places me in the active scenery of the poem. It suffers me to see the poem as seeing it as a movie reel. I must say that his poem is visual (lines # 5 – 6), auditory (line # 22), olfactory (line # 25), gustatory (line # 16 – 17) and synaesthetic (line # 16 – 17).

Moreover, the figures of speech (specifically the metaphors) add to this poem, as well. For example, “…smell the tiredness that hangs on his breath.” – lines # 5 – 6. On the other hand, there is a limited use of similes and other figures of speech in this poem.

On the other hand, several elements of poetry are well represented. For example, “autumn” – line # 30 – symbolizes adulthood going onto old age. The syntax does not contain many rhymes (sounds) although rhythm and meter are maintained throughout the poem. Also, the whole irony of the poem projects the gloominess of the experience into the background of the ‘starry night’ – hence, the title: “Starlight.”

In conclusion, this poem was superbly written. The 1st person skillfully places me in the poem, thus making me an active participant of the poem. The poem makes an interesting reading. I’ve been exposed to new insights from the speaker’s point of view.

Inspirational Quotes For Graduation Announcements

Instead of buying mass produced graduation announcements and graduation invitations that look exactly like everyone else’s, go online and add family photographs, personal style, and unique messages to create mementos of this year’s graduate. Of course, high school and college aren’t the only institutions people graduate from: beauty school, law school, police academy, kindergarten, boot camp, and several other occasions warrant recognition from family and friends. Graduation announcements and invitations help ensure that everyone hears the good news, gets to attend the ceremony itself, or is invited to the graduation party.

Certainly, the photographs selected to create memorable graduation announcements and invitations will have a big impact on their appearance. The words used to create the messages can also make or break custom correspondence. Luckily, there are more inspirational quotes available than could be used up in a lifetime. Some are humorous, some are somber, but all of them share the pride and celebration inherent in accomplishing something this big. Recognition is deserved and friends and family will be delighted to share in the good news.

School Pride

Schools nearly always have a special song and a unique slogan used to summarize the dreams and goals held for the students. Portions of these verses can easily be integrated into a graduation announcement. One advantage to using the graduate’s school slogan in the graduation announcement is that the school colors can also be used as the overall color scheme. In the same way as school songs and slogans, popular cheers, books, and even songs can be looked to for inspiration. If the graduate has a special accomplishment, such as sports, academics, or a school club, that fact can also provide inspiration.

Words Of Wisdom

There are countless websites dedicated to famous quotes and words of wisdom. These are just a few ideas that could easily be integrated into a unique graduation announcement:

1. Do not follow where the path may lead. Go, instead, where there is no path and leave a trail. – Ralph Waldo Emerson

2. If opportunity doesn’t knock, build a door. – Milton Berle

3. The fireworks begin today. Each diploma is a lighted match. Each one of us is a fuse. -Edward Koch

4. Wherever you go, no matter what the weather, always bring your own sunshine. – Anthony J. D’Angelo

5. Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. – William Butler Yeats

6. All our dreams can come true…if we have the courage to pursue them. – Walt Disney

In each case, the quote reminds both the grad and others that this grand accomplishment is really just a beginning, a starting place, from which all things are possible.

Humorous Quips

Using humor to entertain does not necessarily detract from the seriousness of the accomplishment. Unique graduation invitations and announcements can use humor to share this exciting news while still maintaining the academic persona with inspirational, somewhat silly quotes such as these:

1. Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember from time to time that nothing worth knowing can be taught. – Oscar Wilde

2. Your families are extremely proud of you. You can’t imagine the sense of relief they are experiencing. This would be a most opportune time to ask for money. – Gary Bolding

3. The trouble with learning from experience is that you never graduate. – Doug Larson

4. The tassel’s worth the hassle! – Anonymous

Motivation And Advice

Nearly everyone has advice for new grads. These inspirational quotes, and others like them, can remind us all of the sage wisdom we have been offered.

1. The direction in which education starts a man will determine his future. – Plato

2. Make the most of yourself, for that is all there is of you. – Ralph Waldo Emerson

3. There are no shortcuts to any place worth going. – Beverly Sills

4. You cannot get to the top by sitting on your bottom. – Proverb

5. Don’t judge each day by the harvest you reap but by the seeds that you plant. – Robert Louis Stevenson

6. Nothing happens unless first a dream. – Carl Sandburg

7. Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. – Nelson Mandela

8. Always be a first-rate version of yourself, instead of a second-rate version of somebody else. – Judy Garland

9. Don’t live down to expectations. Go out there and do something remarkable. – Wendy Wasserstein

Whatever words you choose to integrate into your custom graduation announcements and graduation invitations, your grad is sure to appreciate your efforts and to reap the acclaim they so richly deserve from the family and friends who supported them along the way.

The Intrapreneurial Environment – The Top 10 Steps to Create It

1. Understand what you mean by intrapreneurialism in your corporation.

Before setting out to create this environment you had better know exactly what is sought. What are you looking for from your staff and what are the desired results?

2. Revisit your corporate vision, mission and values (or develop them!).

Appropriately chosen and fully understood, these help staff understand where your company is going and which opportunities might represent the stepping-stones. Your values define the behaviours and standards expected to be demonstrated in everything done in the corporation’s name. Are your corporate vision, mission and values appropriate for developing an intrapreneurial environment or do they need amending?

3. Is your workplace free of interdepartmental and interdisciplinary turf-protection?

If your people are to be continually alert to opportunities for all departments of your corporation, opportunities which they ensure are followed up, there is no room for action to be compromised by petty jealousies. Think of the way in which teamwork too will benefit following elimination of these toxic emotions.

4. Review your staff retention figures and do what is necessary.

Why would you develop the nation’s most intrapreneurial staff only to have them hired away by the competition as soon as they become effective? Compare your staff turnover with similar corporations, practices, businesses and strive to be the continental leader in staff retention. Look at the quantity of work and number of staff. Are the figures compatible? Consider wages, salaries, working conditions, staff training and development, the degree to which your people are acknowledged and encouraged to stretch in terms of personal and professional development. Do what is necessary to make your corporation a Sustainable Workplace(tm).

5. Develop descriptions of your target markets, target clients for today, tomorrow and the era beyond.

Continually collect information about your target markets. Not only who, what, where and expected developments but what do its representatives read, where do they go and what can you contribute to help them reach their goals? Who are your most profitable clients or accounts today? How do you see this changing in future? Who do you enjoy working with? What new markets are you anticipating? Is there a client sector which creates so much friction you will not serve it? Who do you want to add to your client list? Who do you want to delete?

6. Do all staff understand the range of services and products offered by your corporation?

How can opportunities be maximised unless everyone understands what the corporation produces and wants to produce? What sort of problems does your business solve? Ensure that all staff, regardless of their positions, can describe these characteristics of the corporation and more importantly, their benefits for customers. Give everyone in the company the language of your industry regardless of their primary responsibility and why not include some of your suppliers and customers/clients to enable them to make referrals with more confidence?

7. What guidelines will you give staff on the time to be spent on intrapreneurial activities?

Your staff are already fully committed during the working day applying the primary skills for which you employed them. How much time may they devote to intrapreneurialism and when? Will each person follow up the opportunities they recognise or alternatively refer them to a designated person or department?

8. Collect stories supporting your corporation’s expertise.

Ensure that extraordinary achievements during each campaign, project, contract, start-up are recorded: the ‘firsts,’ unique approaches, innovations, incredibly fast deliveries, techniques which significantly reduced costs or increased quality. This information adds zest to promotional and networking conversations and is also great ammunition for brochures and responses to Requests For Proposals.

9. Install systems to support the intrapreneurial effort and avoid duplication.

Ensure there is a model for ensuring that each lead is followed by one person only. Arrange a referral model for people able to recognise opportunities but less comfortable in pursuing them. What else do you need to have in place? Do it!

10. Reward intrapreneurialism.

How can you encourage an intrapreneurial attitude among your staff without the rewards of successful entrepreneurialism? Alternatives are not limited to financial incentives. Options might include involvement with the project, recognition before peers, a celebratory dinner for staffer and partner complete with limo service, donations to staffer’s favourite charity, a leader’s jersey/T-shirt/jacket based on the idea of the Tour de France’s ‘maillot jeune.’ Are there reward alternatives uniquely right for your business?