Advantages And Disadvantages of Using the Wood Frames

Family photos remind us of our past days and probably for this reason people preserve photos in albums. Some good pictures are framed and hooked on the wall the living room wall. A good picture frame enhances the beauty of a photo and provides it a touch of elegance. Though there are many types of photo frames available in the market, most people go for wood frames. The wood is sturdy, durable and is readily available. It holds the picture perfectly and prevents it from degenerating. These frames come in various shapes and sizes therefore people find them just perfect for different pictures.

Wood has a specialty. It absorbs moisture easily and thus prevents it from attacking the photo. Wood has the capacity to absorb any liquid whether it is water, oil or gel. Therefore wood frames provide best protection to photos, pictures and other decorative items which need framing. This quality is missing in plastic or metal frames. Plastic frames retain the moisture for you to rub the fine drops. Metal frames to do the same. There are chances that the moisture on plastic and metal frames could slip inside and affect the priceless picture. But there is no such risk with a frame that is made up of wood.

Wood frames don’t have edges, hence are good for holding priceless family pictures. However, plastic and metal frames do have edges which could harm the picture either while placing the picture inside the frame or while cleaning the frame. If you are looking for a perfect picture frame for a unique photo then consider the wood frame. Wood will ensure that your photo doesn’t gather dust, moisture or fade. Another quality of wood is this that it mixes with the picture and thus highlights the features of the picture. On the contrary, metal and plastic frames drag attention and thus hide the picture.

Wood comes from nature and for this it has no fixed color. You can find wood frames in green color, rustic color, and pale yellow and even off white color. These frames not only look good but they mix with every photo. Sometimes it seems that the frame is the part of the picture. This feature is not available with plastic or metal frames. A wood frame is available at every retail store and you can also find these frames on online stores. Online retailers give fabulous discounts on bulk purchase.

How to Make a Glass Fan Light in a Timber Door Frame

Fan lights are found on top of a long door frame. They are usually made of glass with a vent of one inch above the glass. They allow light and air movement in and out of a room. They are normally fitted on door ways of all rooms except wash rooms and lavatories. In rooms where the corridor has no adequate light, they assist by allowing it into the passage. This light is from windows in the rooms. The glass is fixed into a rebate using timber beading’s nailed to the door frame.

The fan light can be of made of clear sheet or frosted glass. This will depend on the amount of light intended on the passage and the door location. The vent above the glass can be covered with a gauze wire. This will stop the insects and flies from crossing from the open lobbies into the rooms. The fan light can be introduced on door frame existing in a house. Where door frame heights are greater than ten feet, a fan light can be used. This will also give good door frame aesthetics.

The fixing of the glass fan light starts with measuring the size of the opening above the door. The glass is then cut, leaving a one inch gap at the top. The glass should be cut leaving space at the bottom and side of the frame. This will allow it to slide into the rebate of the frame without getting stuck. The beading’s to be used should also be measured and cut at forty five degrees at the ends. This will allow a smooth joint at the corners. The wire nails to be used should not break the beading when being hammered in.

When the glass is slid into the rebate, panel pins are hammered into three spots round. This are for ensuring the glass does not rattle when the door is closed. Also in the case of wind gushing into the room when windows are opened. The beading is then hammered onto the rebate also using the panel pins. The beading should fit flush with the rebate. After it is fixed, painting of this timber is then carried out. This should match the door frame paint. After apply three coats and it dries, the glass is cleaned to remove any paint marks.

Artwork Analysis: ‘Nude, Green Leaves and Bust’ by Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso’s complete name is Pablo Ruiz Picasso. He was of Spanish origin and was born in 1881 and died in 1972 at the age of 91. Picasso is regarded as one the greats in the field of modern art. He is credited with being the co-founder of the Cubist movement which is an early 20th century avant-garde movement. Picasso shares credit for this movement along with Georges Braque. Later other notable artists like Jean Metzinger, Albert, Robert Delaunay Henri and Juan Gris joined this movement and revolutionised European art.

Love with Marie Therese Walter

Pablo Picasso was an emotional man. In 1927 he met 17-year-old Marie-Thérèse Walter who was then only 17 and fell in love with her, though he was already married. He fathered one daughter from her, but never divorced his wife.

Marie Therese and her Effect “Nude, Green Leaves and Bust”

During the period Picasso had his affair with Marie-Therese, she exerted a deep influence on him, though this did not deter him from having affairs with other women, some of them nearly four decades younger than him. During the period Marie was his muse and love he painted a series of paintings with her as his center piece. The first of these paintings titled ‘Nude, Green Leaves and Bust’ was painted in 1932. Marie was the inspiration behind these paintings. The painting is fairly large and stands over five feet. It is painted in blue and lilac colors and brings out Picasso’s deep passion for Marie who was 29 years younger than him.

The War Years

Around this time Picasso had become friends with a French-Jewish art dealer named Paul Rosenberg. Picasso was staying in France at this time. War clouds were gathering over Europe and Rosenberg took an excuse of exhibiting the work in New York and shipped the painting out of France in 1939. This was a sane step as Picasso was not in favor with the Nazi’s who had occupied France. Picasso remained in France during the war years, while his painting remained in the United States.

History of the Painting after the war

Rosenberg put the painting on display at his gallery on East 57th street. The painting was bought by Francis Brody in 1951 and after that went out of public display. It was displayed only once in 1961 on the 80th birthday of Picasso. Francis Brody died in 2009. After his death the painting was put on auction in 2010 by Christies in New York City. The painting was auctioned for $106 million which was a record price at that time.

Analysis of the Painting

Nude, Green leaves and Bust‘ is Picasso’s deep passion for his blonde mistress Marie. The girl it appears was infatuated with Picasso despite his many affairs. She committed suicide after his death. A tragic end to a tale of love. There is no doubt that the painting which is now displayed on loan at Tate gallery was inspired by the young mistress of Picasso.

Picasso greatly liked philodendron leaves. He represented them in his painting of Marie by showing they emanated from her side.

The painting of Marie is one of Picasso’s finest works and in it he has left an endearing image of a girl who gave everything up for him.

Interesting and Informative Facts About Backhoes

One item that every farmer is familiar with is the backhoes. Many people rely on these get a tough job done, and there are many affordable versions available. They can be used in landscaping, farming, light construction, at nurseries, at golf courses, at cemeteries, and any other location that need a backhoe to get the job done.

What types of jobs can backhoes perform? The pieces of heavy machinery can dig holes, move heavy items, excavate, and much more! These tractors also go by many other names including JCB, rear actor, and back actor. Many companies make this heavy equipment tractor including John Deere, Caterpillar, Case, and New Holland. These really get a tough job done quickly. They typically have a digging bucket on the front of a two-part arm. This part of the vehicle is often referred to as the boom and dipper, or boom and dipper stick. These terms are interchangeable, and farmers and contracting workers referred to them either way. They are typically powered by hydraulics. Some people call the metal bar that is like a hinge attached the scoop the thumb.

This piece of heavy machinery was originally manufactured by the JCB Company. They are in English company, that started manufacturing this piece in 1953. The first American version was created in 1959, by the Hy-Dynamic company. A humorous part of this invention's history is known as the backhoe fade. This term reflects to damage done by backhoes. If a phone line gets dug up or cut, this is the term used to describe this occurrence. It is more of an inside joke between those who work with this equipment.

If you work in construction you are probably familiar with this piece of equipment. If you have never worked with these before, and have no idea what it is, hopefully you have a better understanding of the product now. You have learned and nicknames, the uses, and who uses them. You even read a funny fact. Visit your local contracting site or farmer to try out one of these heavy pieces equipment for yourself. They are fun and easy to use once you learn how to run them.

Bad Pool Caller Error – How to Fix the Bad Pool Caller Blue Screen Error on Windows

The "BAD POOL CALLER" error is actually one of the most damaging errors known to Windows users – as it's renamed for restarting your PC and showing a fatal "blue screen of death". Many people receive this error but do not even know what causes it. This means that if you want to repair this problem, you first need to know why it shows and then how to fix the various parts of your computer that often cause it. Here's what you need to do …

This Bad Pool Caller error is actually shown because of your PC's "data pool". The data pool is a small collection of files & settings which Windows computers use to help them call various settings instantly on your system. It's like having a small pool of information that your computer can "dip into" in order to quickly gain settings / information about your PC. Not many people even know the data pool exists, but the fact is that it's continuously causing errors which often include the "BAD POOL CALLER". This particular error is caused when your system tries to "call" / "load" a certain setting from the data pool, but finds it can not. This sends your computer into a blue-screen crash, making it unable to proceed.

There are various reasons why this error will show, and to be honest, no-one really has a set checklist of exactly what causes it. The best thing to do is to first check the "hardware" of your PC is functioning correctly, then that your programs are working well, and that Windows is running as smoothly as possible.

The initial step you must take to repair this problem is to ensure the hardware of your PC is working well. To do this, you should do this by checking all the cables and connections that your various hardware components require, are all secure and working. This can be done by just looking at the various parts of your computer and taking a mental note to see if everything's okay.

After that, you should then look to reinstall any program which could trigger this error. It's often the case that resource-intensive programs, such as "Photoshop", will often call so many data-pool components that it will trigger this error. To ensure this is not a problem, you should reinstall any programs which trigger the issue.

Finally, and this is probably the most effective way to fix the Bad Pool Caller error, you should look to repair any issues that are inside the "registry" database of your PC. The registry database is a central storage facility which keeps all the files, settings & options that Windows requires to run each day. Unfortunately, this database is used so much by your system that it's continuously being damaged, leading your computer to become unable to read the files it needs to run. To ensure this is not causing the bad pool caller problem, you should look to clean out the registry by using a "registry cleaner" application.

Frankenstein Halloween Costumes – Choose a Classic Scary Costume

A Frankenstein Halloween costume is a classic costume for Halloween that never goes out of style. Frankenstein is the most well known and identifiable classic science fiction character that is as scary and frightening today as it was 50 years ago.

Frankenstein is the monster in the famous Mary Shelley novel. The monster elicits a whole range of feelings from horror, fear and disgust to compassion, curiosity and kindness.

People are probably more familiar with the Frankenstein monster than the timeless Hollywood films than from the book. The Frankenstein monster is the huge creature with the green head, flat skull and bolts in the neck. The Frankenstein costume is an ill fitting t-shirt and jacket with ragged pants and heavy black boots.

If you do not want to wear a mask, you can use a Halloween make up kit to construct a really scary monster. Color your face green. Create the suture line on the forehead and cheek. Color in the dark black circles around the eyes.

The costume comes alive when you add the well known clumsy unsteady gait with the arms held out straight in front. Add some grunting and you will have captured the essence of the Frankenstein monster.

There is also the comical side of the Frankenstein monster personified by Herman Munster in the classic 1960s TV show, The Munsters. The overall look is the same as Frankenstein but with a dose of humor instead of terror.

If you are going to a Halloween party or just out to Trick or Treat with some friends, consider going as the classic trio: Frankenstein, Dracula and Wolfman. Each is a quintessential frightening monster in their own right but together, with the right attitude, they will scare and delight all of your friends.

The Benefits of Using Precast Concrete Steps

Precast concrete steps are best characterized as a flight of stairs manufactured at a plant and then delivered to a site where they will be installed. Manufacturers create these concrete stairs by pouring concrete in molds that are then left hollow inside but are mainly supported by their outside walls. These days, such building methods are widely used in a variety of both residential and commercial projects ranging from landscaping to massive building constructions.

Correspondingly, precast concrete stairs have several advantages over cement steps. To start with, these stairs are easier to design and make. Normally, when a set of stairs is created, it is necessary for an architect to plan the exact proportions of the stones and set these proportions in a digital blueprint. If changes are necessary, requiring the stairs to be moved or totally altered, the architect has to change the general construction of the stairs which can be a time-consuming process. In contrast, precast stairs can be easily designed using a computer program, which in turn allow users to make changes, be it in the size or design, before the stairs are actually developed.

In the case of cement steps, workers are required to set up complicated frameworks in order for the cement to be poured in place. They also have to wait until the weather is at its finest in order for the concrete to be mixed and beloved. All these things are eliminated with the use of precast steps since they can be purchased ready-made, which means they are just installed into position. In addition, because precast stairs are lighter than their cement and wood counterparts due to their hollow features, their installation is fairly easier than the traditional method.

Precast concrete stairs are also acknowledged for their stability and durability. As they are developed as a single component, they feature a stable design that can not be easily dislodged by rain, ice, snow, or frequency of heavy foot traffic, and they do not shift as much as other kinds of concrete stairs. In case, movements or shifts occur in the precast stairs, you can easily adjust the blocks where the stairs rest on in order to return them back to their positions.

One of the main issues with concrete or cement stairs is that overtime they can be subject to cracks and gaps. As moisture easily seeps through these cracks and gaps, cement stairs can fall into a cycle of freeze-and-thaw, which in turn could have impacted the durability of such stairs and can be dangerous to the users. This is not the case with precast stairs as their seamless design ensures their durability that can not be easily penetrated by different elements.

Of course, aesthetic wise, this type of stairs can be molded in a variety of textures that can suffice to a wide array of preferences. They can be made to mimic the appearance of wood or even brick and can be purchased with raised ridges or bumps, permitting consumers to purchase a set of stairs that will complement the current design of their spaces. Another feature worth mentioning about precast stairs is that most of them are already prepared to attach hand rails to them. This assists in the safety of the stairs and also plays an important role in defending the aesthetics of the steps.

What Are Advantages and Disadvantages of Storage Heaters?

The term storage heaters is one that can sometimes cause some confusion as to what they are and how they work. In this article we'll look at these questions and we'll also take a look at some of the main advantages and disadvantages of this invention.

The basic idea behind storage heaters is that they draw electricity from the grid during the day when the cost of base load electricity is much lower – then use it to generate heat in the evening. This avoids the cost of evening electricity, which, because it is in higher demand, costs significantly more.


Under normal circumstances, using electricity for heating is very expensive, but storage heaters turn this on its head; Normally gas or oil fired heating systems are cheaper.

Another big plus is that if storage heaters are incorporated into the overall floor plan of a building (sometimes as actual dividing walls or even under floor) they will take up much less space than gas or oil fired heating systems.

Some people who have gas heating as well as some other systems are known to turn off their heating systems during the night in order to save money. This can result in the house being cold at night or early in the morning; however, as these heaters are on during the night – the abode is warm during those times.

Storage heaters are ideal for homes that are located in areas where there is no gas connection; without coercing such homeowners / residents to pay the higher costs associated with electricity.

It is substantially cheaper to have heaters installed than have gas fired boilers, radiators and piping.

Running storage heaters is also much cheaper than gas central heating systems – which require almost no maintenance. In Britain people actually pay insurance (up to 200 pounds) to allay any gas heating costs; No such insurance is necessary for storage heaters.


You have to choose the right size heater for your home. It is basically a compromise between the longest expected cold period and the price and space needed for the heater to run. Too big and the costs will be higher, with a big impact on the building's space; to too small the cost of daytime electric heating will be very high.

Another disadvantage is that as the heating is on all the time, if the owner has to leave suddenly for a few days, this can mean all this heating is wasted. There are also some issues with people misunderstanding the heating controls.

Overall this technology allows people to heat their homes for less – something that is incrementally important with energy bills increasing.

Various Types of Overhead Cranes

A crane is a mechanical instrument required for heavy duty work. It is used when large, heavy objects are required to be moved from one place to another. It finds its applications mostly at construction sites but can also be used for other purposes such as junkyards, scrap yards, factories and other such areas. Cranes consist of three major parts – hoist, wire and sheaves.

Overhead cranes can be of many types according to their need and usage. Given below are various types of cranes:

Bridge Cranes

Bridge cranes are installed on metal beams that run along the ceiling of the room of the factory or warehouse. It needs two strong beams on the sides, a trolley which travels with it and carries the load as well as a hoist, which is needed to lifting and lowering the objects. These types of cranes can be again of two types.

  • Top running bridge cranes: These cranes run on the top of the beams. This requires quite some space above the beams for the easy movement of the crane. The installation must be planned as the rooms require higher ceilings. These cranes are stronger and can lift very heavy objects. They can be single single girder (which can lift lighter weights, up to 20 tons) or double girders (which can lift weights up to 100 tons).
  • Bottom running bridge cranes: These cranes run at the bottom of the beam. They reduce the available room height. They can even be installed in an already built factory. However, they can not carry very heavy loads and can carry only up to 15 tons.

Monorail cranes

These are simpler types of cranes as compared to the bridge cranes. Unlike the latter, they operate on a single rail mounted on the ceiling. They operate by means of a forklift. They can be run from either a distance or by a car that moves behind the forklift.

The forklift can be used for lifting objects such as boxes, cartons and other similar objects. These cranes can be used in a small unit as well.

Jib cranes

These cranes are very compact and efficient for smaller work places with limited space. One end is fixed on something stationary, such as a wall. Hinges are provided so that the crane can swivel within the room. The distance covered is quite small at about 20 feet. They carry lighter loads.

Gantry cranes

These cranes are the advanced modification of the bridge cranes. The tracks that they run on are mounted on the floor. Due to this, they can carry heavy loads as much as 350 tons. They have deep water access as well. They are mainly used for loading and unloading cargo and hence found at ports and docks.

Wall cranes

Like the rest, these cranes are also mounted on horizontal beams. They remain at an angle of 90 degrees to the floor when they are stationary. But they can go up and down as and when required. They can be used to lift loads in a circular motion.

Laser Epilation, Bio Epilation Or Photo Epilation – What is Your Choice For Hair Removal?

Hair removal is an annoying task and with so many options to choose from, the task becomes even more difficult. This article sheds light on 3 latest methods of hair removal and discusses their pros and cons in detail, so that you can make an informed decision.

Laser epilation – Pros and Cons

Laser epilation or laser hair removal involves the use of a laser beam to remove unwanted hair from a person's body. It's considered to be one of the most effective ways for permanent hair removal. You must be aware of the various advantages and disadvantages of laser hair removal:


– Laser hair removal is long lasting. It brings about a permanent reduction in hair growth
– The hair that re-grows is of lighter color and has a thinner texture

If performed by professional experts, this procedure is very safe

It is generally used on larger areas of the body that have more hair such as the chest, back, arms or legs.

– The right kind of laser hair removal ensures that your skin remains silky smooth over a long period of time
– Many time, people use laser hair removal for the correction of a uni-brow


– There is no clinical proof available that proves beyond any doubt that laser offers permanent removal.
– Experts believe that the safety profile of laser hair removal is exaggerated.
– The procedure is not effective on red, gray or blonde hair.

Extra care should be taken by people who have a darker skin tone

People who have undergone laser hair removal have suffered from skin discolouration, abrasions and even burns

– This procedure is one of the most expensive procedures going around

About photo-epilation

There are people who choose photo-epilation for hair removal. It's a non-invasive, needle free treatment that has a good safety profile, if performed by professionals. Controlled flashes of light are used to destroy the hair follicle. Complete destruction of the hair follicle means that it does not give rise to new hair. In photo-epilation, an intestine beam of light is focused on the hair follicle, through a device. The hair follicle absorbs this intestine beam of light and it's the intense heat that destroys the follicle. The process is such that the nearby tissues are not affected in any way or form.

Both laser and photo-epilation use light to destroy a hair follicle but the difference lies in the fact that lasers use a specific length when it comes to light wave to get rid of body hair. On the other hand the method of photo-epilation uses a range of light waves to do its job.

Side effects – Laser and photo epilation

Before you choose laser or photo epilation for removing hair it's important that you are aware of its side effects:

– You can suffer from skin diseases
– Varicose veins can be one of the after effects of these treatment procedures
– Severe hypertension or ischemic heart disease
– Acute forms of herpes or various infections are also some side effects that you can suffer from as a result of laser or photoepilation

About bioepilation

A convenient and safe alternative to laser or photo epilation is bioepilation. Commonly bio epilation is known as waxing. It removes hair temporarily but, is very effective and there are no major side effects associated with this procedure. Even the thinnest or coarsest of hair can be removed through bioepilation. These are the kind of hair that even a laser might find difficult to remove. The only downside of this method is that it can be quite painful at times. In a very limited number of cases, waxing can also lead to ingrown hairs.

Islamic Art – How Did it Begin?

Islamic Art that evolved the time followed the death of the Prophet (PBUH) was mostly described in the architectural manner. This form emerged in countries where ever Islam prevailed and personified the Muslim precepts in its motifs and themes. As the wings of Islam spread from Africa to Egypt and from Spain to Persia, it gained strength and substance. The origins lay in its rich and artistic Arabian heritage as different kinds of art were utilized to express the unqueness of Islam without any form of pictorial depictions.

Islamic art was developed over time by a unique blend of various arts from the Byzantines, the Copts, the Romans, and the Persians. Therein lays the greatest asset of this art, its skill to fuse the native designs with imported ones to achieve a completely distinct end result. The one common factor in all kinds of Islamic art is the abstract embellishments and designs. Most utilized the curved and interlacing lines in bright and vibrant colors to enhance the various styles. The finest pieces of this art and architecture throughout the world are clearly distinguishable by the vivacious colors in floral designs.

The current form of such art is believed to have emerged during the rule of the Umayyad caliphate (661-750). Thereafter, many divergent periods of Islamic art and architecture transpired. Therefore, this art is most commonly classified according to the reigning empire when the art work was created. Most museums and art galleries have categorized their collections by the different Muslim dynasties including the Umayyad, Abbasid, Safavid, Ottoman and Mughal.

As Islam is a diverse religion that encompasses people of various ethnic backgrounds, the Islamic art is also much diversified to accommodate all ethnicities of its followers. It has the ability to unify various elements into a beautiful piece depicting the many facets of the artist. Islamic art avoids any form of human or animal representation in it. This is because of the Muslim belief that no one can replicate the work of Allah. Thus all art is invariable found in the form of floral, geometric and abstract shapes and lines. Many good books are also available for those who are interested in learning more about its history and descent through time to its current version. World travelers notice the specific regional features of Islamic art vary from terrain to terrain to encompass that particular place's history into it.

How to Date Your Grandfather Clock

If your grandfather clock has a brass dial, it was probably made in the period between 1680 and 1770. The early brass dial clocks only had one hand, because the average person had no need of knowing the time to the nearest minute, and with a bit of practise you can tell the time to the nearest five minutes on one of these early (and rare) clocks.

By 1730 the vast majority of grandfather clocks had two hands, for the hours and minutes. One-handed clocks continued to be made in country areas for a while after 1730. Village life was very conservative, and the people living in villages at this time still had no real need of “to the minute” time.

From around 1730 (all these figures are approximate all the way through this article) the brass dial clock was made all over England in ever-increasing numbers, and the dials became more ornate as time went on, especially on the eight-day clocks. More features appeared, such as seconds hands in a small subsidiary dial, date hands or wheels, and moon phases, usually in an arch on top of the dial, but sometimes in small aperture in the dial itself

The easier clocks to date, and the ones most popular in America, are the painted dial clocks, often called “white dial clocks” in Britain.

Painted dial clocks appeared about 1765 to 1780, and after this the brass dial clock ceased to be made, again with just a few exceptions in rural areas, especially the far southern counties of England. The majority of English grandfather clocks were made in The Midlands and the North of England. The new painted dial was cheaper and easier to produce and easier to read by the poor light available at night, so the brass dial was dropped from production over a very brief period, for our purposes it is fair to say that no brass dial clock was made in the big clock making centres after 1780.

It may be worth a mention here that the clocks we are talking about were no different apart from the dial itself; everything else remained the same in both cases, only the dial changed.

Fortunately the painted dials then followed a certain progression as the fashions slowly changed over time, this means that we can usually date a clock to the nearest five to ten years. – – – And it also means we can see at a glance the important features without having to dismantle the clock.

The first white dials from 1770 to 1800 were lovely, simply and sparingly decorated, and with much of the white background showing. Decoration consisted of spandrels painted on in gold paint in the four corners, (probably to resemble the cast brass spandrels fitted to brass dials.) Sometimes a swag of flowers or similar was painted on the dial face, but again very sparingly and restrained. The hands were made of steel, very fine, often blued or blacked and not exactly matching.

Another year indication of an early dial is the use of dots for the minutes with small Arabic numerals round the dial at 5, 10, 15 minutes etc. The hours are marked by Roman Numerals.

From 1800 to around 1830 the style of the dial changed slightly, matching steel hands were used from now on. The minutes were still dots and not the lines inside two narrow concentric circles that we are used to, but the minute numbers changed to the quarters only, instead of every five minutes. The missing numbers were often replaced with little symbols, often looking like stars.

At this time also it became fashionable to use Arabic numerals for the hours instead of Roman numerals. The painted background decoration is starting to spread out too; arched dials have a scene painted in the arch, often with a spray of flowers on each side. The corner painting is spreading a little too, and the imitation spandrels are now often geometric designs, or a fan shape, or a floral design, which fills the corner.

Now we come to the later clocks, of around 1830 to 1880. In the North of England after 1830 grandfather clocks gradually got bigger and bigger, until by the end of the period some of them were huge – – – the dials were often fifteen inches wide and the clocks were eight feet tall, sometimes nine feet or more.

Given the larger area of dial to be decorated the dial painters went to town, the corner paintings became little masterpieces in their own right, and the decoration spread from the corner right up the side of the dial circle, to meet the next corner painting, and so on. Most of these clocks have an arched dial, and the artist painted in a large scene, often a biblical illustration, or a country scene, a nautical scene, a ruined abbey, or something ordered specially by the customer.

The hours have gone back to Roman numerals and stay that way; the hands are now highly decorated brass and matching. These brass hands were used after 1830 for the rest of the period when grandfather clocks were made, in other words up to 1880, possibly in a few rare cases to 1890.

The minutes are shown by a minute band, two concentric circles close together, with lines inside to represent each minute and no minute numbers at all. Date and seconds subsidiary dials are usual now, and the small ornate hands fitted to these are also brass and matching.

To finish off, here is a quick guide to the various features and their dates:

(Of course, all dates are approximate, to the nearest ten years.)


Dotted Minutes – 1770 to 1800

Minutes numbered every five minutes – 1770 to 1800

Minutes numbered every quarter hour – 1800 to 1820

No minute numbers – 1820 to 1880

Roman hour numerals – 1770 to1800 then 1825 to1880

Arabic hour numerals – 1800 to 1825

Full minute band – 1815 to 1880

Corner decoration

Flowers or fruit – 1770 to 1800

Fans, shells or abstract – 1790 to 1830

No painting – left blank – 1780 to 1820

Gold imitation spandrels – 1775 to 1785

Arch decoration

Name of maker – 1770 to 1780

Flowers or birds – 1770 to 1795

Small painting on white background – 1795 to 1815

Full painted scene – 1820 to 1880

Moon dial – 1770 to 1830

Dial size

10″ to 13″ – 1770 to 1810

13″ to 15″ – 1810 to 1880

Square dial – 1770 to 1825

Arch dial – 1770 to 1880


Steel – 1770 to 1815

Brass – 1815 to 1880

Home Construction Tips

Well it is said that change is the only constant in life and the needs of your family change from time to time. You may need to get some remodeling done to your house to suit the changing needs of your family. You could call in remodeling construction companies or build your own home. Please plan before before the look you want for your house.

Check on luxury as well as contemporary home plans. If you are in the city area, a contemporary plan will go more with your life style. You live a modern life style, are always on the move and you need a plan that suits your personality. If you live in the suburbs have a generous income, a large or a small family, you could opt for a luxury home plan.

If one is planning on a luxury home and has the layout of a luxury plan, remember while all homes are meant to be comfortable, a luxury home goes above and beyond this. If you live in a crowded city a luxury home plan could mean a home plan that is classy though a bit confined and of course it will be in an exclusive neighborhood. If the house is located in the suburbs, or in open areas than it could use a sizable amount of area in terms of square footage and it could have sprawling lawns and lush green vegetation surrounding the house.

Perfectly functional kitchens or large gourmet kitchens either could be included in your luxury home plan or even in your contemporary home plan you could have a perfectly functional kitchen that doubles up as recreational space. Luxurious bathrooms and bedrooms are all included in a luxury home plan. So if you want to build your own home or want to hire remodeling construction companies choose the appropriate luxury home plan.

Homes that encourage a healthy lifestyle are on the rise, luxury home owners often try to incorporate the comforts of a resort or a spa in their homes. Master bathrooms can often become a place of tranquil retreat with a Jacuzzi fitted in. Luxury homes in climates that are mild often have outdoor kitchens, and an entertainment and fitness area. A well designed outdoor space often enhances the quality of living of the inmates of the house.

Modern families are seeking for greater flexibility, especially those who live in cities; a contemporary home plan that meets the needs of the space challenged city homes is an essential requirement of such families. Such homes need a plan that can make maximum use of space like a den that can double up as a guest room.

Another feature of modern homes is incorporating the green elements. Eco-friendly building materials are being increasingly used and appreciated. Even high end energy appliances are a regular part of a luxury home plan. Finally remember whatever the look you plan for your home and whether it is a luxury or a contemporary home plan, make sure you hire a remodeling construction company that has a proved track record. Check their credentials and read their references.

Some Awesome Starter Vendors for Business Credit Building

You must start a business credit profile and score with starter vendors. Starter vendors are ones who will give you initial credit even if you have no credit, no score, or no tradelines now.

Most stores like Staples will NOT give you initial starter credit so DON’T even try applying.

Here are some awesome starter vendor accounts to consider:

Laughlin Associates, deals with corporate setup and compliance. Report to Experia. Only 411 listing and EIN required. Reports in 30-60 days and net 30 Terms.

Quill Office Supplies, office, packaging, and cleaning supplies. Report to D&B. Must place initial order first unless D&B score is established.

Usually they’ll put you on a 90 day prepayment schedule. If you order items each month for three months, they typically approve you for a Net 30 Account.

Gempler’s, work supplies and products. Report to D&B. Place initial order over $50 and select “Invoice me” option.

They will pull credit. If not approved, pre-pay for order and keep purchasing and choosing “invoice me” option until approved for Net 30 account.

Reliable Office Supplies, office supplies and promotional products. Report to D&B, Experian and Equifax.

Place initial order, then request your order to be invoiced or billed to your company. They will pull your credit.

If not approved, keep ordering and requesting to be invoiced or billed. The more orders you place the better your chance of approval for Net 30 terms.

Uline Shipping Supplies, shipping, packing, and industrial supplies and reports to D&B.You must have your DUNS number.

They will ask for two references and bank reference. First few orders might need to be pre-paid to initially get approved for,Net 30 terms.

Monopolize Your Marketplace, everything you need to know about marketing and business 10 audio CD set. Report to Experian and a true starter account.

Upon check out choose “4 equal payments of $59.99” option and first charge takes place in 30 days. Need bank account, EIN, and deliverable address and 30-60 days for reporting.

You might need to get some vendors you won’t often use just to build your initial credit. Do NOT put your SSN on the applications.

Remember to pay your bills EARLY, the key to a good score.

Do NOT start with store credit… you’ll get denied… wait until you have five accounts reported.

And do NOT apply for cash credit until you have 10 reported accounts.

Contact us today to learn more about building credit for your business!

Is There Any Way to Tell If a Man Has Had Thoughts of You Romantically? – Learn What to Look for!

It is a wonderful feeling when a woman finds out that the guy she has feelings for recipocrates in the same way! However she needs to know if he really likes her as much and therefore has to look for sure signs that will tell her all she needs to know! These tips will be really valuable!

Look for his intense gaze
If he is crazy about you – how will he ever be able to take his eyes and mind off you? The answer is he will not! Check and see if he always looks to be looking at you and even trying to lock eyes with you. This should tell you that he likes you a lot and wants to get into a relationship with you.

His manner around you will change
Even if he sees full of confidence and a bit of a smart aleck in the company of his friends, he will always be affected by your presence. Check and see if he gets nervous and insecure when you appear on the scene. Does he clam up and have nothing to say? Or does he blush and look like he's terrified of doing the wrong thing? Either way – it shows that he has had thoughts of you romantically!

He will try to get in touch with you
There is no way he will be able to stay away from you. Test and see how many times he has tried to get in touch with you. He will always try to speak to you and be in your company because he is simply drying to know you better! His existence and persistence in talking to you will tell you the truth about his feelings.

His curiosity about you will know no bounds
If he has thoughts about you romantically he will be turned on by you. What you wear, how you will have and details about you will affect him substantially. He will never be satisfied with what he sees – he will want to know more and will do anything to get that information.

He will hate the other guys around you
One of the commonest signs of his interest would be if he begins to resent seeing you in the company of other guys. When he shows signs that he hates the competition you can be sure that he has romantic thoughts of you and wants you for himself.

He will flirt with you
Look out for those special looks, smiles and gestures that prove that he would like to know you much better. He knows that he has to interest you and attract you as much so he will go out of his way to try and grab your attention.

Flirt with him and see if he responds at once
One of the simplest tricks in the book is to flirt with the guy. If he has had romantic thoughts of you – he will respond to you instantly! He will be guided to see you flirt with him and will take the opportunity to turn his dreams into reality.