Going Bananas to Reduce Heart Disease and Boost Energy

After reading this article, you'll be for sure GOING BANANAS!

Banana is the most valuable food crop, rank fourth worldwide behind rice, wheat and potatoes. It is harvested annually around the world about 80 million metric tons. Most of us view bananas as additional something to slice up and toss on top of their cereals, but actually it has more benefits than any other fruits.

Other than tasty and rich in fiber, banana is very popular healthy snack for fitness minded and athletes as it is sodium-free, fat-free, cholesterol-free fruits that contains high-grade protein with three of the essential amino acids, high level of sucrose, glucose, fructose and potassium to boost energy. It is one of the few fruits which contain both easily digested complex and simple carbohydrates, complex carbohydrates give you endurance energy and simple carbohydrates give you quick energy.

Eating just two bananas may provide enough energy for an intense 90 minute workout.

Banana contains five times the vitamin A and iron, twice the carbohydrate, three times the phosphorus and four times protein than found in apples.

Adding bananas to your diet is not only great for boosting energy but also reduce or prevent substantial number of illnesses such as:

  1. Anemia – Contains high iron that helps stimulate the production of hemoglobin.
  2. Alzheimer – Phenolic phytochemicals of the banana may protect neuron cells against oxidative stress-induced neurotoxicity and may play an important role in reducing the risk of neurodegenerative disorders.
  3. Baby Food & Growing kids – Bananas are the best solid food to introduce to infants. A mashed ripe banana is an extremely simple and healthy baby food. Healthful way to help supply the energy needs of growing, active children.
  4. Blood Pressure – contains low in salt and yet high in potassium, a mineral known an essential mineral known for maintaining normal blood pressure, heart function and reduce stroke.
  5. Bone health – High potassium gives benefits to muscles and helps promote bone health.
  6. Brain Power Enhancement – Research shown that the potassium in bananas help in learning and brain stressing projects by making one more alert and focus.
  7. Constipation – High in fiber that restore normal bowel by allowing better absorption of water in the large intestine area.
  8. Depression or Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) – Contain natural mood enhancer tryptophan that used by the body to produce serotonin which control moods, make you relax and feeling happier.
  9. Digestion – Riper bananas help tie diarrhea. It is a very good source of fructooligosaccharide that nourishes the friendly probiotic bacteria in the colon which help improve our ability to absorb nutrients such as calcium.
  10. Eye health – It may be even better than carrots. Three or more servings of fruit per day may lower your risk of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), which is the primary cause of vision loss in older adults.
  11. Hangover – A banana milkshake mixed with honey may calm the stomach and builds up depleted blood sugar levels, while the milk sooth and re-hydrate the body.
  12. Heart Burn – Acts as antacid and soothing heart burn.
  13. Heart disease – High fiber foods help prevent heart disease.
  14. Morning sickness – Calms the stomach and increases blood sugar levels.
  15. Mosquito bites – Rub the infected area using the inside of the banana peel to reduce the swilling and irritation of an insect bite.
  16. Nerves – High in Vitamin B that calms the nervous system.
  17. Overweight – Studies at the Institute of Psychology in Austria found pressure at work leads to food carvings such as chocolate and chips. To avoid panic-induced food cravings, we control our blood sugar levels by snacking banana which is high in carbohydrates every two hours to keep the carving away.
  18. PMS – Contain vitamin B6 that regulates blood glucose levels, which can affect your mood.
  19. Stress – Potassium is a vital mineral helps normalize the heartbeat, sends oxygen to the brain and regulates your body's water balance. When we get stress, our metabolic rate increases its reducing potassium levels.
  20. Strokes – According to the research in "The New England Journal of Medicine" going bananas regularly may reduce the risk of death from strokes by 40%.
  21. Quit Smoking – The B6, B12, as well as the potassium and magnesium in banana help the body recover from the effects of nicotine withdrawal.
  22. Temperature control – Banana is a 'cooling' fruit that can lower both the physical and emotional temperature of expectant mothers. In Tropics, for example, pregnant women eat bananas to ensure their baby is born with a cool temperature.
  23. Ulcers – Acts as antacid, neutralizing stomach acid, reduce irritation by coating the lining of the stomach and help eliminate bacteria that have been pinpointed as a primary cause of stomach ulcers.
  24. Warts – Natural alternatives to kill off a wart, using banana peel.

Shoe Polish – want a quick shine shoes? Take the inside of the banana peel, and rub directly on the shoe. Finish with dry cloth.

Now you know all its benefits … Banana is an amazing fruit! It tastes great, compact, healthy, easy to carry, and easy to use. So why not going bananas? Bananas must be the reason monkeys are so happy all the time!


Low-Cal Banana Milk Shake

1 banana
3/4 cup water
4 ice cubes
1/4 cup dried milk, nonfat
Combine all ingredients in electric blender. Cover and blend on high speed until thick and smooth. Drink milkshake one or two hour prior to your workout or yoga session.

Aluminum Coil: An Earth-Friendly Industrial Material

Whether a project calls for aluminum foil (thinner than 0.006 inches in thickness) or aluminum sheet (0.006 inches to 0.070 inches in thickness), aluminum coil is behind the manufacturing process. Aluminum coil is formed by taking one continuous strip of aluminum and coiling it into a roll.

Some of the advantages of aluminum coil is that it is lightweight, heavy duty and able to resist corrosion. By a process called anodizing, whereby the aluminum surface is coated with a protective oxide, that corrosion resistance can be improved even further. As a result, manufacturers who need to increase their productivity and require parts that can withstand the elements rely on aluminum coil to get the job done.

Why might they opt for aluminum coiling over another durable material like steel or copper? At about 33% the density and weight of steel, aluminum renders parts that are much lighter, thereby reducing handling costs and shipping fees. What’s more, is the cost is about 50% that of copper.

In fact, according to the Air Conditioning, Heating, Refrigeration News, aluminum versus copper has become “The Great Condensing Coil Debate.” In that article published by the industrial news source, while controversy stirs about one versus the other, one thing is clear. Condensing coils made from aluminum have made air conditioning more affordable. “That (aluminum coil) brought the cost of an a/c system down, making it more palatable to consumers and builders.”

But the heating, ventilation and air conditioning sector isn’t the only industry in which aluminum coil is used. The transportation industry, in fact, is the largest user of the product in the United States, accounting for close to 30% of all that is produced in the nation. Indeed, the average car driven in this country contains over 275 pounds of aluminum, and some luxury car makers use aluminum sheeting to make the entire bodies of their vehicles. Perhaps that’s why aluminum has become the most abundantly produced non-iron metal.

In the construction industry, aluminum coil is also being used more and more frequently as trim to cover base materials on homes. Because the aluminum can be anodized with a decorative oxide and comes in a wide variety of colors, it provides a pleasing finishing feature. Best of all, it is easy to install, making it a nice home project for the do it yourselfer. The most typical way in which aluminum coil is put to use in homes is as a trim finish for windows, soffit boarding, siding and roof edging.

Beyond these industrial advantages, aluminum is extremely kind to the environment thanks to its ability to be recycled. That ecological friendliness is further enhanced by aluminum’s ability to be recycled an infinite number of times. In the transportation industry alone, that adds up to substantial benefits to the earth. In concrete terms, the average car is made up for about 7% aluminum, yet aluminum amounts to around 40% of the total material scrap value of the average vehicle at the end of its useful life.

An Introduction To The High End Specifications Of The Sony Xperia S

The Sony Xperia S is the latest in the rather comprehensive Xperia range, and the first to remove the 'Ericsson' branding of previous handsets. Recently released, it is already turning a lot of heads in the smartphone world. This is thanks to a combination of appealing styling and a hi-tech list of features.

In this article I will look at some of the key features which make this such an appealing handset.

Previous releases from the Xperia range like the Xperia Arc S and Xperia Ray have been arguably among the best looking smartphones to be released in recent months. The Xperia S continues this trend. The handset oozes class; it has the classic 'candy bar' form factor with a somewhat minimalist style. The screen merges seamlessly with the black edges of the phone, so when the phone is turned off or the screen is locked it is hard to separate the screen from the rest of the phone. If you are looking for an elegantly styled smartphone, the Sony Xperia S is definitely worthy of a place on your shortlist of potential handsets.

One of the most publicized features of this device is the built-in digital camera. It is the first smartphone since the Nokia N8 to boast a camera resolution of 12 megapixels. Therefore, you can expect still images with quality which can be matched by very few other smartphones currently available. Of course, with such a high pixel resolution comes the ability to capture video footage in 1080p which is full high-definition. The camera goes beyond the standard functions of simply shooting videos and taking photos; there is a panoramic shot feature which replicates the effect of using a wide-angle lens on a professional quality camera. As you would probably expect the camera also has the standard package of features which make life that little bit easier when trying to take quality photos. Autofocus, image stabilization and face & smile detection can all be set to automatic so you are likely to achieve the desired results first time. As a camera phone, the Sony Xperia S is among the best. If this is an important feature for you, then this handset is likely to be an ideal choice.

The all around quality of the spec list lasts with the screen. The LED backlit LCD capacitive screen is similar to that of the iPhone 4S with its retina display in terms of the technology used. However there is a major difference between these two phones and this is in its pixel resolution. The Sony Xperia S can claim to be one of the few smartphones with a higher resolution than that of the popular Apple device and its retina display. At 720x 1280, the resolution of the screen makes everything on the screen appear in ultra high quality; ideal for playing games downloaded from the Android Market or watching high-definition movies, the screen usually makes more mundane tasks enjoyable, like composing text or email messages or browsing the web.

The device currently runs the Gingerbread version of the Android operating system but it has been confirmed that the phone will support an upgrade to the Ice Cream Sandwich version upon its imminent release. Therefore, you can expect the ultimate smartphone experience thanks to the most up to date version of the popular platform along with some of the most impressive hardware currently available on any smartphone.

Don’t Look Back With Candour – How Oasis Conquered The World

While the technique of having the opening scene of a film return at the end (with the story told in between) is hardly new, it does work perfectly for the compelling Oasis documentary ‘Supersonic.’

Beginning with the group boarding a helicopter flying them to Knebworth, where they would play to 250,000 people over two August nights in 1996, it ends with them taking the Knebworth stage as the most popular band in the world. The flight may have only been a short hop, but the journey taking key members of the group, brothers Noel and Liam Gallagher to their preeminent position in the rock world had been turbulent, chaotic and in the previous two years bewildering frenetic. By August 1996 Oasis had reached a stratosphere of popularity that very few attain and the fact that they had arrived there at such a very early stage of their career made it even more astonishing.

But if their speed in reaching the top of the mountain had occurred in a blur (if Noel and Liam will forgive the analogy) maintaining such a level of attention from there on in was always going to prove a huge task. They were the most important band of the era and Knebworth was the highest height they had so far reached – but it was to prove their crowning glory, Noel Gallagher admitting as much at the end of the ‘Supersonic’ documentary: “After coming from where we had in the two and half years before I had a feeling at Knebworth that this was the end rather than the beginning. I remember thinking where do we go from here?”

Where they had come from was a tough Manchester neighbourhood and a childhood where their abusive father was regularly violent toward his wife and elder sons Paul and Noel. Youngest of the three Liam also received some rough treatment and although mother Peggy eventually gained legal custody of the children and for the most part raised the family on her own, their troubled early lives did not forge any unifying bonds between Noel and Liam, which the documentary makes quite clear; Noel described as withdrawn and Liam antagonistic. Their fractious, often threatening relationship (and worse) is the hub on which the backstory of Oasis turns -and even in early home movies of the group, long before their mutual animosity became the stuff of tabloid headlines, it often appears the sneering and petulance is only a heartbeat away from fisticuffs.

At this point it is impossible not to start drawing comparisons with Kinks mainstays, Ray and Dave Davies. Not only does Noel take over Liam’s band, as Ray did with the band Dave had formed, an often horrible sibling rivalry drives other members of the group to the exit, with jealousies and provocations a prelude to outbreaks of physical violence. What Noel says about Liam could easily be Ray commenting on Dave: “He was always cooler than me, funnier, had a better haircut and clothes looked better on him. But he was jealous of my song writing talent.”

If Ray and Dave go down as the Brothers Grimm of rock, then Noel and Liam are the Peaky Blinders engaging in a civil war.

After Noel joins the group in 1991 there follows two years when he recalls, “not a single paragraph was written about us.” But his developing talent as a songwriter and their dynamic live shows in which Liam is becoming a front man and rock singer par excellence, bring them to the attention of Alan McGee, head of Creation Records, who signs them to his label in May 1993. But if anything the road then becomes even more rocky (and not purely in the musical sense). They make a series of fine singles – including ‘Supersonic’ – while their debut album, ‘Definitely Maybe’, exceeds all expectations in terms of both sales and critical acclaim. It will go on to become the fastest-selling debut album in UK music history but alongside the music quickly develops a (warranted) reputation for unruly behaviour which brings deportation from Holland and a disastrous appearance at the Whisky-A-Go-Go Club in Los Angeles where drug excess leading up to the show muddles heads to the extent that different songs are played at the same time, culminating in a furious on-stage exchange between Liam and Noel, which results in Noel leaving the tour and for a short time, the band (he is eventually found holed up in San Francisco and persuaded to return – the episode prompting Noel to write the wistful ‘Talk Tonight,’ one of a number of fine lyrical ballads he would write around this time).

What happens next is less follow-up album and more nineties cultural phenomenon – (‘What’s the Story’) ‘Morning Glory’ (1995) is one of those rare records like ‘Tapestry’ or ‘Dark Side of the Moon’ that are an essential embodiment of their time. If much of ‘Morning Glory’ is exceptional, then the statistics are mindboggling – 347,000 sold in its first week of release, 13 times platinum in Britain, 4 times in America and officially the fastest selling album of the decade. Even if you are wary of equating vast sales with musical accomplishment – football teams, sitcom actors and puppets have all had number one singles whereas The Clash and Neil Young have not – there is no doubt Oasis produced a very fine album, with at least three tracks ‘Wonderwall’, ‘Don’t Look in Anger’ and ‘Champagne Supernova’) becoming defining songs of the era.

Lyrically forceful but also melodic, it was a welcome antidote to the prevailing grunge rock trends and stands as the undisputed high point of the Britpop movement whose origins harked back to The Beatles and The Kinks, two bands whose influence loomed large in the structure of Oasis songs. Contemporary reviewers have come to regard ‘Morning Glory’ a little less favourably, calling Beatles-tinged material derivative and they may have a case, but only to a point – let’s face it at times The Beatles themselves were not adverse to borrowing an idea or two, taking inspiration from the likes of The Byrds, Dylan and The Who.

Toward the end of the ‘Supersonic’ documentary Noel Gallagher reflects on the moment when Oasis arrived on the Knebworth stage: “Nothing anybody does in the future will be as big as Oasis – in the times in which we live it is unrepeatable.” Before playing a note he announces to the crowd: “This is history – right here, right now.”

An assessment even more pertinent today than it was then.

Commercial Roofing Services With Roofing Experts

Roofs provide the much needed protection to any building. You have to choose the roof material carefully that suits your building and make sure that it lasts long. You can increase your roof life with proper installation and quality services provided by professional roofing contractors. The roofing experts are qualified technicians who use advanced methods to survey your roof and find out the repair and maintenance needs. Once they figure out the damages, they suggest possible solutions, required material and an estimated cost.

Cost-Effective Services and other benefits

When it comes to build a new roof, or repair the existing one, the roofing experts try their best to come up with the best possible option in a cost effective manner.

There are many benefits in hiring these experts. For a longer roof life or durability, you have to use the appropriate materials and try to protect it from all weather conditions. Some house owners prefer clay tiles for strength. However all types of houses cannot resist this burden as it is heavy. Therefore, some house owners prefer lightweight tiles. Tiles offer good performance when compared to asphalt shingles or other roof materials. This provides natural water shedding and remains strong in all climates. Various colors, designs and styles are also preferred for roofs. Commercial Roofing brings a wide variety of options including many designs and styles.

Maintenance Work

You have to choose the roof material that needs less maintenance. The Minimal maintenance and Torch on Roof Repairs adds to the quality and craftsmanship of these service providers. Mobile roofing is another type that uses tiles and needs less maintenance. If you install roofs that needs a lot of care then it is better you seek professional help to clean and maintain the roofs. Any early detection of minor repair work has to be fixed so that it does not lead to major damage or replacement.

Offers and Discounts

You have to be vigilant to avail the offers and discount prices of these roofing services providers. Many companies have taken up to provide these roof and drainage solutions to cater to residential apartments and commercial complexes. Roof cracks, leaks, emergency water leakage services are other services that they offer.

Once you shortlist a company among many, you can read the details of their services, the material they provide and the after care. You should not just select any company for meeting your roofing needs. It is an important decision and you have to choose wisely.

Water Treatment Fundamentals

Improving the quality of water involves disinfection plus purification of untreated surface and ground water.

Community Level

A public/private water treatment facility aims to make water safe to drink and pleasant to taste, while also making sure that there is enough water to supply the needs of the community.

Raw, untreated water comes from an underground aquifer (via wells) or surface water sources like a river or lake. It flows or is pumped to a treatment facility. The moment it is there, the water is treated beforehand to take away debris – like leaves and silt. Then it goes through a series of treatment processes, which include disinfection and filtration using chemicals or physical processes, eliminating microorganisms that cause diseases. Once the treatment is completed, water flows out through a system of pumps and pipes, which is often called the distribution system.

There is a slight difference of water treatment process at various places, based on the technology of the plant and water needed to be processed, but the fundamental principles are mostly the same.

Coagulation / Flocculation

At the coagulation state, liquid aluminium sulfate or alum, and at times polymer, is placed in untreated/raw water. This mixture causes tiny dirt particles in water to be fastened together or coagulated. Then, collections of dirt particles join together to produce bigger, heavier particles – known as flocs – which are easily removed through filtration/settling.


When water and floc particles go through the treatment process, they flow into sedimentation basins where water moves slowly, letting heavy floc particles dip to the bottom. Floc collected on the lowermost part of the basin is known as sludge. This goes through pipes to reach the drying lagoons. The sedimentation state is not included in Direct Filtration and so, the floc is removed through filtration.


Water goes through a filter intended to remove water particles. The filters contain layers of gravel and sand, and in other cases, crushed anthracite. Filtration gathers the suspended water impurities and boosts the efficacy of disinfection. The filters are cleaned on a regular basis by means of backwashing.


Before water goes into the distribution system, it is disinfected to make sure that bacteria that causes diseases, parasites and viruses is eliminated. Chlorine is used since it a very effective in disinfecting and maintaining residual concentration to protect from possible biological contamination present in the system of water distribution.

Sludge Drying

Solids collected then settled out from the water through sedimentation and filtration are taken away and brought to drying lagoons.


The process of water fluoridation is the treatment of community water supplies to adjust the concentration of free fluoride ion to its optimal level, which is enough to reduce dental cavities. It is mandatory for Hunter Water to fluoridate water in conformity to the NSW Fluoridation of Public Water Supplies Act 1957.

Correction of pH

Filtered water has lime added to it to adjust the pH level and stabilize natural soft water, so corrosion in the distribution system and customers’ plumbing can be reduced.

Tips For Creating New Plants For Free

One of the many marvels of gardening is that you can create a gorgeous and productive garden with very little financial outlay. It will take longer than going to your near nursery and stocking up with everything you want. But I enjoy watching my garden evolve over time.

OK, so how do I get new plants for free? The quickest way I know is to give some of your own plants away. Yes, that's right! You probably already have something in your garden that you can divide, collect seeds, take cuttings from or dig up a few rhizomes or bulbs.

Give some of whatever you have plenty of to someone who you know is a keen gardener. Gardeners are very good at sharing. The love to share their knowledge, their plants and often their crop yields. Just try giving some plants to three or four gardening friends or family. In no time you will have plants being given to you out of the blue.

If you do not have any friends (get some), join a gardening group. There are gardening groups all around the world, some of them very specific – for example Orchid Gardeners Society. There are also many Community Gardening Groups that meet regularly. Look for something local to you.

Collecting seed is one of my favorite things to do. You need to wait until the seed is mature (very dry). Then store it in envelopes until you're ready to plant. Remember to label the envelope with when and where it was collected and what it is. Then you always have seed ready when you want more plants.

Plant division is quite a simple process. You will end up with lots of 'new' plants. The best time to divide is after the plant has finished flowering. Take a sharp spade and lift the whole clump out of the ground.

Work out rough where to make your divisions. Some plants you can tease apart with a garden fork, others secateurs are the best way to go and some you will need to slice through with your sharp spade. Discard any old shriveled looking pieces, trim any damaged roots and replant 'new' plants with a little organic fertilizer and water in well. If it's warm / hot weather, keep shaded for a few days.

Many plants will grow from a cutting taken from the host plant. A few plants will 'strike' new roots just in water. Try geraniums, ivy, mints, coleus, many aquatic plants. Most softwood cuttings should be taken in late spring / early summer. Make your cutting 10 – 15cm long, just below a leaf node. Remove the lower leaves and dip the base of the cutting in a hormone rooting compound.

Place your cuttings in potting compost, spray with water and cover with a plastic bag. Place the pot in the shade, where it will not get full sun. When your cuttings are well rooted, re-pot them into small individual pots or harden them off before planting them in their permanent site.

Plants that grow from a rhizome (root swelling) such as Iris can be divided at any time, provided you care for it as you would for any plant being transplanted. Make sure there is a healthy bud swelling on each piece of rhizome that you cut. This is where the new plant will grow from.

Most bulbs need to be lifted every two or three years. Wait until the leaves have withered and turned brown. When you dig them up you will probably find small bulbils clinging to the parent bulb. These baby bulbs can be dropped from the parent and planted out on their own next season.

These tips are a few ways to create new plants for free. There are more ways than this, but these are the easiest to start with. Have fun expanding your garden.

History and Evolution of Clipboards

Clipboards have become a necessity for offices and schools world over. Apart from creating a very professional outlook they substitute as a cheap and effective marketing tool essential for the unexpected presentation or for simply holding important documents together. Even in the current era dominated by computers and automated equipment, this item of stationary continues to be produced and distributed in large numbers in most parts of the inhabited business world.

History and Evolution of Clipboards

This simple yet extremely unique and useful piece of office equipment is used in diverse industries particularly due to its uniqueness and multipurpose usage. It was initially introduced and used as only a support for holding paper and writing on but as the office equipment evolved over time, more modern clipboards started to emerge. Another cover layer was then introduced in the more modern versions which made this piece of equipment capable of storing important papers and notes while also fulfilling its initial purpose.

Current Usage

While the old board and clip designs are also used in copious amounts particularly by students, the more recent designs and styles are used by businessmen in many industries. Their attractive covers available in various specifications and materials including leather and Racine are very presentable and portable at the same time.

For office staff and business personnel needing to transport and hold their important notes and pages in a vessel lighter and more manageable in contrast to a briefcase, the clipboard provides a significantly cheap, convenient and equally presentable alternate. Also, for people who need to prepare and present a presentation or business plan in a small amount of time, the clipboard can be used to promote your brand and portray important messages and pictures immediately. Furthermore, distributing equipment such as these with the company logo on them can boost the morale of the personnel as well as encourage their loyalty.

Designs and Specifications

Clipboards are readily available in markets and stationary shops and in diverse styles and designs. Clipboard manufacturers and providers offer the option of personalising this item according to your needs. You can decide the number of clips your clipboard needs to hold, and also the type of clip such as the crocodile or jumbo clip. In addition, the edging can be stitched and cornered and you can further enhance the appearance of your board by selecting from a variety of printing options including screen printed, litho printed, embossed or encapsulated clipboard.

A clipboard might seem like a small insignificant item but its uses are numerous. Students use them to take their exams, businessmen use them to jot down their valuable ideas and the mailman uses them to get your signatures easily on the receipts. This invention has surely made life of many quite easy.

Want to Open a Bar? Know Your Startup Costs

By the time you investigate and determine each cost of starting up a bar, you may have spent months on research only to determine that you can not profitably operate in the way you had envisioned, sending you back to square one. Avoid this possibility by starting with an expert (and preferably more than one) who can help you create a top-down estimate.

Start With Your Network

The first place to look is with friends, family, or contacts of your friends and family who are willing to speak with you from their experience of launching a bar. Hopefully they will be willing to do so for nothing more than the satisfaction of you out. Some bar start up costs are similar to those of a nightclub or restaurant, so consider speaking to individuals with those experiences as well.

Non-Competitive Business Owners

Bar business owners operating in another city, far enough away that they can not be considered a competitor, may be willing to help you out by sitting down to describe the costs of launching. Perhaps the consulting fee may be as low as the cost of the business owner's lunch.

When talking to individuals who have opened bars in the past, be sure to determine whether the cost of doing business and launching in your city will be higher or lower than in the other city, and by how much. Compare prices for some standard items between these markets to check this. Also consider the effect of inflation in the years that have passed since the business owner you spoke with launched his or her bar. Apply the geographical conversion and inflation to the estimates that they have got to get a better estimate.


Paid consultants with experience helping bars to launch are another means to expert opinions on startup costs. The cost may be significantly higher than speaking with a business owner, but you may gain from their experience working with multiple businesses and the fact that their business reputation rests on their ability to give good advice. As long as you check references carefully for any consultant you work with, you can be reasonably assured of receiving good help.


At the end of the day, remember that all of the experts you speak with can only give you estimates and that the actual costs you may incur will be higher or lower than the total they give. You will eventually have to do your own detailed investigation, but after speaking with a few experts you should have a range can assume you are operating within.

While you are speaking to an expert about start up costs, do not miss the opportunity to ask about other key challenges that they came up against and hearing advice they wish they had received before they launched. Document any knowledge you can gain from their experience.

Cool New Designs And Choices For Your Window Awnings

Whether you are constructing a new home or remodeling your existing house, you really should think about including awnings to your new or current residence. There are various benefits to adding awnings to your house. Not only do they act as a protective covering for your windows, additionally they lower your home’s power intake.

Another added benefit when it comes to awnings is that they will in reality add value to your home. Additionally they make the home much more esthetically satisfying to the eye. In some cases you are able to get a discount on your home owners insurance policy given that they really protect the windows of your house.

There are awnings for all areas on the outside of your house. They may be placed over windows in addition to doors. Thankfully they appear in such a large assortment of types as well as different colors. Previously these were just plain and simple. They were usually produced from aluminum and colored either white or silver, but as times have changed so have the types of awnings.

Furthermore they add value to your home or make the home more satisfying to look at but they also lessen the quantity of power that your home uses up. Therefore your electric bills will ideally go down and your home will stay much cooler throughout the summertime as well as stay warmer during the winter months. Awnings also avoid the sun from shining in your windows and on to your furniture. As a result your expensive furniture will not fade or be damaged from the sun.

Now when it comes to shopping for awnings you may feel very overwhelmed as now there are just so many different choices. Not only do they come in such a large variety of colors but they now come in all kinds of styles. If you still prefer the old fashioned aluminum awnings, there is no need to worry as these styles are still available.

Nevertheless as times have changed more and more people now like the style of canopy awnings. The canopy style is made from a lighter canopy material. It is set on a frame and can be shaped into a couple of different styles. These are ideal for doorways as well as over windows. They are also called dome awnings as their shape is typically the same shape as a rounded dome.

Some home improvement stores still sell awnings, however they may have a limited supply. They ought to be in a position to order them for you but they may only offer them in limited styles.

Your best bet for searching for awnings is online. When shopping online it is possible to sort through the many different styles as well as colors. Before shopping you will want to be sure of the sizes that you will need. This will help when it comes to getting you the right price for the style that you want.

Choosing a Perfect Processor to Build Your Computer

Finding a perfect processor that meets your needs to build your computer is not that hard. You have to understand a few things that can help you to decide what the right processor is for you.

There are two leading manufacturer of processors in the market today. These two are intel and AMD. Both of them have their own advantages. The intel main advantage over AMD is its popularity in the market and its durability. On the other hand, the AMD is much cheaper with its intel equivalent processor speed and performances better in gaming and graphics application.

The next thing that you need to know is the core value. The available processor cores out there are single core, dual core, quad core and the newly released six core processors. For AMD processors they call it X2, X3, X4 and X6. The amount of core in your processor does not mean it multiplies their actual speed. Let say a dual core 3.0 GHz does not mean it performances at 6GHz fast. But it is 50 percent faster than the single core processor. Another thing is that the amount of cores in the processor can do well in multi tasking applications like video editing and some of the latest games.

The last thing we need to know here is the architecture. There are 2 types of architecture available in the processor, the 32-bit and 64-bit. 64-bit is now more popular rather than the old 32-bit. The disadvantage of a 32-bit over a 64-bit is that it is only capable up to 4GB of memory. Another thing is that it does not support the 64-bit operating system. Operating system has 2 versions which is the 32-bit and 64-bit including the latest windows 7 has a 32-bit version. A 32-bit processor will not run on a 64-bit operating system but a 64-bit processor will work on a 32-bit operating system.

If you choose an intel processor and if your application is mostly on video graphics you better choose a greater number of cores let say a quad core. But if your applications are purely office work like word processing and surfing the net a dual core or even a single core will do.

Bottom line here is that intel processors are more expensive but durable than AMD. AMD performs much better in graphics applications. And also you should be thinking for the future upgrade, socket LGA 1366 supports the intel i7 quad core and their latest 6 core. AMD remains the same to their socket. The best choices for processors are Intel socket 1366 or AMD socket AM3.

Outboard Engine Servicing

Routine Outboard Maintenance

After your engine has been properly run in, you’ll need to establish a maintenance routine that begins with systematic checks every time you use your boat. These checks won’t take long, but could spell the difference between life and death for your engine.

Daily Checks and Outboard Maintenance

Daily checks should include a quick look at just a few key items. First, make sure that your oil tank (if you have one) is topped up. If you have a four-stroke engine, be sure to check the crankcase-oil level and top up if needed. Check your owner’s manual to determine if your dipstick should be screwed in, or left unthreaded when you check the oil level. Failure to do so could give you a false reading, and lead to overfilling or underfilling your engine’s crankcase, which can cause problems.

Check that you have adequate fuel for your intended trip, and that the fuel-tank vent is open.

With the engine tilted up, check for excess oil buildup near your propeller…it could mean that a seal in your lower gearcase has deteriorated. (Note: Some oil film buildup is normal in many cases; look for changes in the amount of buildup. If it appears to be increasing, check the oil level in the lower unit as discussed in the owner’s manual) If the seal has failed, take the engine to an engine repair shop immediately to avoid expensive gear-unit damage.

Check for fishing line wrapped around the propeller hub area. If you ignore it, the line can wrap tightly around the propshaft and cause the aforementioned gearcase seal failure.

If your engine is not through-bolted to the transom of your boat, make sure the screw clamps are tight and secure. Many engines have landed on the bottom of the sea through neglect of this simple check.

Sniff around for any sign of a fuel leak, and if you find one, fix it.

Once the engine is running, make sure to check the “telltale,” or “tracer,” spray, or exhaust discharge, to be certain the water pump is working.

If all these items are in order, you’re ready to go. There’s just one more thing:

If you tow your boat on a trailer, and run it in salt water, flush the cooling system daily with fresh water.

Monthly Checks and Outboard Maintenance

On a monthly basis, besides the routine daily checks, it’s a good idea to remove the engine cover and look for any corrosion build-up near cylinder heads and thermostat housings that could indicate leaky gaskets. Also, look for corrosion at wire terminal connections… clean and tighten them as required and then use one of the proprietary anti-corrosion sprays available at your dealership on all exposed electrical connections and unpainted metal parts of your outboard.

Make sure that throttle and gear-shift controls operate smoothly. Lubricate them as needed. Be aware that you should never shift gears unless your engine is running, so make sure the boat is securely made fast to the dock before checking shift controls for smooth operation.

Next, run the engine with the cover off and check that none of the bolt-on components (fuel pumps, voltage regulators, coils, and the like) have come loose from their mounts. Make sure all wires and cables are securely led and clipped through harness mounts. Next, if your engine is equipped with an engine mounted fuel strainer, check to see if any water has collected in it. It will be easy to see, as the water will separate from the fuel, drop to the bottom of the strainer, and be relatively clear in color compared to the fuel/oil mix above it. If you can see water, remove the strainer housing and drain out the water. Clean the screen element, reinstall, making sure the O-ring is in place before threading the housing back in, and re-check this assembly for fuel leaks after replacing the strainer housing. Simply pump your fuel primer bulb until the filter/strainer fills with fuel, and look for leaking fuel.

Check for corrosion at thermostat housing at top of cylinder head or engine block

Check for corrosion at all wiring connections

Next, you should check the condition of any sacrificial zinc anodes attached to your engine. Check for zincs at the lower portion of the mounting bracket on larger engines. There may be a zinc trim tab behind the propeller, or a small zinc screwed onto the antiventilation plate. Replace any zincs that are more than half eroded. In some areas they can dissolve quite rapidly, and if the zincs are completely gone, the only thing left to dissolve is your engine housing.

Lastly, check your engine’s battery, and top up the cells as needed.

Seasonal Checks and Outboard Maintenance

First let’s define the word “seasonal.” The way I apply it here, it actually means every three months, or every full boating season, whichever comes first. In other words, if you can boat all the year round, or for more than three months anyway, do these checks and maintenance procedures at least once every three months, or about every 50 to 75 hours of operation.

But if you live in a region where your boat use is restricted to less than three months, or 75 hours, consider these “seasonal” checks to be annual checks.

Three-Month (or Seasonal) Service Checks

Seasonal check-ups are far more comprehensive, and certain operations may require the expertise of your local dealer, but you’ll certainly be able to do all of the work listed here except in a few cases.

Grease Points… All grease points on your engine should be filled with fresh grease as recommended by your manufacturer for the specific engine location. Keep pumping in grease until all the old grease-and any water-is forced out. It’s a messy business, so wipe the old stuff away with a rag as it emerges around the lube point.

Propeller Inspection… First, be certain your ignition system is disabled by disconnecting the spark plug wires at the plugs. Then remove the propeller to inspect the shaft for any fishing line wrapped around it. If you find any, cut it all off.

Inspect the propeller for nicks, burrs, and any unwanted bends in the propeller blades. If the nicks are minor, you can clean them up with a file.

Inspect the propeller hub for any deterioration of the vulcanized rubber and its attachment to the hub spline. Any damage found here could spell trouble next season. If this hub is damaged, you’ll need either to have the prop rehubbed or a new prop. If you’re in doubt, have your dealer make the final call. You certainly don’t want to replace it if you don’t have to.

If all looks okay here, wipe down the propeller shaft to remove the old grease, and apply a thin coat of an approved waterproof grease to the shaft. Don’t reinstall the propeller just yet, as you’re going to run the engine to flush the cooling system, and you should never run an engine out of the water with the propeller on because of the obvious danger from the whirring blades.

When you do reinstall the propeller however, remember to replace the cotter pin for the prop nut if your engine is equipped with one. If your engine uses a Nylock self-locking prop nut, it should be replaced, as these lock effectively only once.

Gearcase-Oil Change… The next step in the seasonal service process is to change the gearcase oil. On most outboards, the gearcase will have two screw plugs evident in the side of the gear housing. Some engines, however, will have the gear unit’s drain and fill screws located on the hub just forward of the propeller, in which case they can only be reached with the propeller removed.

To drain the fluid from your unit, wipe the skeg clean at the very bottom of the engine and attach a piece of masking tape to the skeg.

Get a clean container that’s large enough to hold all the oil in your gearcase and place it under the tape. Remove the lower drain plug. Nothing much will come out until you slowly unscrew the upper check plug. The oil will then leak down the side of the gear housing, down the side of the skeg, and flow straight down the edge of the tape into your drain pan.

Carefully inspect the oil for excessive metal filings or discoloration. If the oil appears milky, or if you noticed a large amount of water coming out of the drain before the oil, then water has somehow migrated into the gearcase, indicating a bad seal.

Clean off the magnetic pickup found on many lower drain plugs and get ready to refill the lower unit with the correct gear oil.

A note of caution here: Don’t let anyone talk you into using straight gear oil as supplied by auto parts stores. Although this oil may have the same distinctive rotten egg odour as the fluid you have just removed from your outboard engine, it may not be the same stuff. Typically, the special outboard engine gear oils have a water-dispersant additive in them that’s not found in the automotive grades. Also, be aware that not all outboards use gear oil in their gearcases. Some use four-stroke engine oil, and others use a fluid quite similar to automotive automatic transmission oil. Be sure to check the specifications for your engine. It’s best to go to your dealer to purchase a container of the correct oil and one of the special fill pumps.

These pumps are quite inexpensive and fit not only the oil container, but screw directly into the threaded lower unit drainplug hole on your engine, minimizing mess. This is an important point, because you’re going to fill the gearcase from the bottom up. Once you are set-up , simply work the pump until you just begin to see oil seeping from the top check-plug hole. Then reinstall the check plug and snug up the screw.

Next, get the drain/fill plug ready to install, wipe down the magnetic pickup, and be sure the sealing Oring or gasket is either in place on the screw plug or in the gear housing. Unscrew the pump tool and quickly insert the drain/fill plug. Tighten it fully. Wipe off any excess oil from the gearcase and watch for leaks. Your oil change is complete.

Cooling System… The next step in the seasonal service is to thoroughly flush your cooling system with fresh water. A precaution here is to make certain that the flush adapter stays in place while you are flushing the engine. If the adapter slides down on the lower unit to a point below the water inlet, you could burn out the engine’s water pump-or the engine itself-if it’s left unattended for even a brief time.

As part of this cooling system service, it’s also a good idea to remove and clean your engine’s thermostat, if it has one. The internal cavity into which the thermostat and bypass valve fits is a trap for sand, salt, and general debris that gets past the system pickup strainer. With the thermostat removed, clean out any muck you find there and, with the engine running, run fresh water up from the flushing adapter through the engine to this point. You’ll now know for certain that the internal water flow is unrestricted, because water will leak out at this point. Just run the engine long enough to determine that a good solid flow of water is pouring out.

After the thermostat has been cleaned, reinstall it, using new gaskets, and run the engine again to be sure the thermostat cover is not leaking. If your engine has seemed to be running too hot lately, but your inspection has now revealed that water is getting to this point in adequate amounts, the operation of the thermostat could be the problem.

Impeller Replacement. In addition to flushing the cooling system and checking the thermostat, you may also regard the replacement of your water-pump impeller as routine maintenance. To tell the truth, manufacturer’s recommendations vary on this score, some suggesting that you renew the impeller every year, and others that you replace it only as needed. If you regularly venture far offshore, where failure of the water pump could be a serious problem, replace that impeller yearly.

On the other hand, if you use your motor only occasionally throughout the season, or on a tender, for non-risky trips from ship to shore, I’d advise you to replace the impeller every other year.

Cylinder Compression… Now that you’ve run your engine for a bit to flush your cooling system, and have warmed it up, it’s a good idea to perform the annual compression test. Remember, compression is one of your engine’s basic needs and a compression check can often catch impending problems before they become major.

For example, piston rings that are just beginning to gum up will cause low compression before they fail completely. Usually, you can cure this problem by running a manufacturer-approved decarbonizing fluid such as OMC or Mercury “Engine Tuner” through the engine. If you don’t catch this problem in time, the only solution is to take the engine apart. It’s simple to use these engine tuners-the instructions are right there on the product label.

What’s often not so easy is finding out what normal compression is for your engine. Often the specs are not given in the engine owner’s manual or even in the workshop service manual. So it’s a good idea to check the compression when the engine is fairly new and in good running order. Write down the compression figures for each cylinder in your manual for future reference.

As a matter of interest, the actual pressure is not that important-it’s the variation from the norm that you should be concerned with. In the case of a multicylinder engine, start worrying if any one cylinder varies from the others by 15 pounds per square inch (psi) or more. If yours is a single-cylinder engine, a drop of 15 psi from the norm you established when it was new is cause for concern. The steps for performing a compression test are really quite simple, but you must follow them exactly for your own safety and the accuracy of the readings. So be warned-don’t skip any of these steps:

1. First, disable the ignition system by unplugging the gang plug going into your ignition module. If your engine has an emergency shutoff switch, simply remove the lanyard clip to disable the ignition. If neither of these solutions works on your engine, take a wire jumper lead and connect one end to a good engine ground, and the other end to the metal connector inside the spark plug boot. You’ll have to use one jumper for each plug wire. Remember, simply disconnecting all the plug wires may be a dangerous move. Once you remove all your spark plugs and begin cranking over your engine, an explosive fuel/oil mix will be spraying out of the plug holes. A plug wire could spark and ignite this mix outside of the combustion chamber if it isn’t grounded to the engine. Also, this freewheeling type of spark could damage the ignition coils or modules.

2. Remove all the spark plugs, and be sure to keep them in order so you can return them to the cylinders they came from. Carefully inspect the business end of the plugs, looking for any inconsistency in coloration, and for any sign of water or rust near the tip.

3. Next, thread your compression gauge into the #1 spark-plug hole and “zero” the gauge.

4. Open the throttle as far as possible, to ensure that the cylinder gets an unrestricted supply of air. (Some engines allow only minimal opening if the gearshift is in neutral, to guard against over-revving.)

5. Crank over the engine an equal number of times for each cylinder you test, and be sure to re-zero the gauge for each cylinder. If you have

an electric start, count the seconds: “One thousand one, one thousand two, one thousand three, one thousand four” and so on, with the key or start button engaged. This will give you enough cranking time for a usable reading. If you have a pull start, pull the cord four to five times for each cylinder you are testing.

6. Record your readings from each cylinder for future reference. Use the 15 psi criterion already mentioned to determine if further action is required.

If compression readings are lower than normal for any cylinders, try a “wet” compression test, which will temporarily seal the piston rings, and determine if they are the cause of the low reading.

To perform this test, get a can of your favorite fogging oil and insert the red nozzle tube in the push button. Now carefully insert the other end of the tube into the spark plug hole and spray into the cylinder with a circular motion to distribute oil spray all around the perimeter of the piston. Spray for about four seconds.

Remove the nozzle and install your compression tester. Spin the engine over exactly the same number of times you did for the previous test and compare your gauge readings. If the compression rises noticeably, then your rings are beginning to stick.

If you’ve caught the problem early enough, decarbonizing with an “engine tuner” fluid, as described above, may cure it. If the dry compression was really low, and no change is evident during the wet test, it’s too late. Your rings and/or piston are worn to the point where major engine disassembly will be required. So be brave, and consult your dealer.

If two adjacent cylinders on a multicylinder engine give a similarly low reading, or if there was evidence of water or rust on the spark plugs from these cylinders, then the problem is a faulty head gasket. This is usually a problem better left for a professional to deal with, but if you have enough engine experience, you may want to tackle it yourself.

Incidentally, beware of compression readings from an engine that has been in storage for an extended period. While it’s sitting idle, the piston rings will “relax” and retract slightly, often giving an initially low and misleading reading. Always run an engine to operating temperature to ensure that the reading you get is accurate.

One last tip-if the spark plugs have been in the engine for the entire season, now’s the time to replace them.

Fuel System… The next phase of the annual inspection is to thoroughly check your boat’s entire fuel system for any signs of leaks, loose clamps, or cracked, frayed hoses and squeeze bulbs. Any rust patches on your fuel tanks should be sanded and touched up. Also, inspect the venting system for your fuel tank. It should be free to breathe. Any restriction can stop your engine.

An easy way to check for a fuel leak from the primer bulb to the engine is to squeeze the bulb until it gets firm, and hold pressure on it to be certain it remains firm while the engine’s not running. If it doesn’t stay firm, there’s a leak in the system between the bulb and the engine, or in the engine itself at the carburetor or fuel pump.

You may have to remove some access panels on your boat to do a visual check of the whole fuel delivery system, but don’t neglect this important task.

Automatic Oiler… Your next job is to check the automatic oil-blending system, if your engine is so equipped. Clean and inspect all lines and connections, replacing any cracked lines and tightening loose connections as required. It’s a good idea to check with your dealer for specific recommendations for your engine. On some engines, oil’ delivery pump diaphragms should be replaced as part of an annual service.

Steering… Your boat’s steering system needs to be thoroughly inspected at least once a year, but don’t hesitate to see what’s amiss any time you feel unusual looseness or tightness in the steering wheel. Inspect steering cables for any signs of separation, cracks in the outer sheathing, or rust buildup near the cable ends.

Battery… Next, check and clean all battery-cable connections and battery tops. Smear a light coating of Vaseline or similar light grease over the tightened connection. If you’re planning to put the boat in storage, remove the battery and trickle-charge it every month.

Two Final Adjustments. Last, you should have your dealer set your ignition timing, and adjust your carburetor(s). These are not procedures the part-time mechanic should attempt on an outboard engine. There are simply too many expensive tools required.

Old Technology Gets A Face Lift With Fax To Email Services

In the span of little more than two decades, telephone services has become just another part of a total communications package. Big providers routinely offer Internet, television, and telephone services based on an all-digital platform. While these inevitable changes are for the better, there can sometimes be unanticipated problems.

Fax machines, for example, are the workhorses of many offices, and many people still use them at home. The concept behind this technology is over a century old, and was originally designed for use over analog-based telephone lines. Attempting to use an older machine with a new, all-digital phone system can set the stage for disappointing results.

The result can be one-way transmissions, inability to answer at the far end, and for the user, general frustration. Alternate forms of Internet faxing sometimes require extra software, and in the case of VoIP service, special kinds of adapters. Dealing with this type of technological fix can be frustrating to people who are just trying to get a job done.

The new fax-to-email services now available can totally eliminate the need to keep using a bulky machine that consumes electricity, even when not in use. Without you want to print everything you receive, there is often much less paper to buy. Not only is this a money saver, but also is beneficial to the environment.

Beside saving ink, there are logistic advantages. Because the documents appear either as attachments or files in an email, they may be viewed from any normal email location, without having to be in the office. There is no waiting for that familiar old beeping noise, and the transmission process is only limited by the speed of your connection.

The system is transparent to users on both ends. Subscribers receive a real fax number, and when dialed from another machine, the information being sent is converted into a digital file, which then appears to the recipient as an email attachment. It can be saved for easy reference without being printed. Sending works simply by attaching a file or scanned copy of a document.

Compatibility between old-fashioned faxing and 21st century digital voice technology is no longer an issue with this type of service. Users rarely get busy signals, and garbled printouts become a thing of the past. There is never the need to free a paper jam. Fax to email services are one way to incorporate old technology into the digital age, while cutting down on wasted time and money.

How to Select the Best Contractor For Your Commercial Roofing Needs

If you plan on getting commercial roofing done for your home, you need the services of an expert. The market is arranged with many service providers promising to do a good job but how do you know which one is the best? Here are some tried and tested ways to find out.

Thorough research is necessary

There are many roofing contractors in the market today. Before, before you zero in on one, you should do a thorough research. All contractors for commercial roofing should have a license in order to practice their trade. Make sure that your prospective contractor has a valid license as required by State laws.

Insurance for worker compensation

Another aspect you need to check for is whether your commercial contractor for roofing has a worker compensation insurance or not. The contractor should also have general liability. In the absence of having an insurance, if there is a damage to your property then you will be liable for paying all of it and not the contractor. You should always ask the company for copies of the certificates of insurance. You must also perform a follow-up with the proportional insurance organization to see if the insurance policy is still active or not.

Roof inspection

Most commercial roofing experts will offer a full-fledged roof inspection as part of their package. After the inspection, they will provide an estimate of the costs involved. They will also document whatever aspects of the roof they deem necessary and this is one of the ways to differentiate between reputed contractor and others. The roof inspection must include aspects such as problems with HVAC penetrations, mounted equipment on the roof, leakages etc. The final report prepared as a result of this inspection may also include aspects like photographs of the roof condition, roof drawing as well as core samples etc. Once the report is prepared, the contractor should provide a complete estimate of the costs including all aspects of the roofing process. If there is additional work needed these costs should be included as well. The expert needs to clean up the leftover debris once commercial roofing is performed.


This is a serious aspect to consider when looking for a commercial roofing expert. You should always ask for the warranty on the roofing product catalog. Make sure you understand the nuances of its enforcement. Understand aspects like if the replacement costs are pro-rated on the basis of the roofing life or whether replacement labor is imposed as extra expenses on you.


Once you know about the warranty, pricing, insurance and license aspects, you should ask previous customers for references about the company. Try and contact as many people as you can to get a better idea about the reputation and service levels of the commercial roofing expert. Check the list of ongoing projects to see how all work in progress is handled by the company. Following all of these tips will ensure that you get the best roofing expert to do the job.

How to Paint a Room

Prepare the surface by scrapping the existing paint. Prime (with a primer) or whitewash the surface. Fill the holes with spackle or the likes or others. Sand the filled holes with wallpaper until smooth.

Cover the floor with newspaper, cardboard or drop cloth (to protect the floor) and tape the same down to keep it from sliding. Also always keep the work area well ventilated. Use roller on large areas such as walls and ceilings; the brush for small areas such as moldings, windows, doors and cutting along the corners and edges of walls and ceilings.

When faced with painting the walls and ceiling, begin with the ceiling. Water based paints are less messy (for easier cleanup) and emits less toxic fumes.

Paint brush the edges of the room first. Roll (with roller) the paint in a criss-cross pattern, overlapping roller strokes for an even finish during the painting.

2 to 3 coats of paint are usually adequate.

Start painting the walls by cutting in around the edges and the corners. Continue to apply the paint in a criss-cross pattern overlapping for an even finish. Use 2 to 3 coats of paint as necessary.

An angled brush can be used or utilized to paint woodwork, molding, doors, and windows.

At the mullions on windows or French doors the paint will slightly overlap the glass (the extra paint can be removed with a razor blade after it has served completely). Clean the paint brushes completely at the end of painting job or work to maintain their longevity.

Furthermore, when on break or lunch or any stop in between the painting work or brief interference before resumance later, wrap the paint-soaked brush in plastic until ready to begin again or later.