Interior House Paint – Home Painting Your Kitchen and Bathroom

In my section today of “WHAT INTERIOR HOUSE PAINT GOES WHERE AND WHY” we’ll look at home painting your kitchens and wet areas. Hygiene is the most important number 1 rule: Because of the amount of moisture and airborne grease generated by cooking, washing up and showers and the like, every surface must be easy to clean. Check it out, are yours? The domestic or household kitchen needs to be kept hygienic and you still need it very washable.

Over the years the demand for finishes in kitchens and wet areas has changed slightly. Satin acrylic finishes were always used, now the most popular interior house paint applied is a good quality low sheen. In my opinion for washing and repelling grease when painting kitchens you can’t go past the satin acrylic for kitchen paint. It’s not as porous as low sheen, in fact looking along a wall painted in satin gives you the impression there’s a good thick but very smooth finish and easy on the eye presentation. I just love the look of it and its beautiful to apply! It just slides off your roller effortlessly.

In saying that I do still use low sheen in some circumstances, for instance brand new homes that I have to paint for a builder, because that’s what the specs demand. If it was my house I would go the satin option for my bathroom paint because I like my showers really hot and steamy.

But sometimes kitchens are very much part of the living areas and it’s hard to cut the wall off with two different types of paint. In this situation use low sheen, that’s quite ok. They’re both as good as each other but satin definitely has the edge, horses for courses as they say.

Also nowadays there is a trend away from clinical operating theater kitchens, where beautiful stainless steel and two pack finish cupboards and doors occupy the kitchen or lots of natural timbers and curtains instead of blinds over windows are now very widely used in the modern home. One thing sticks out in relation to these materials, they are all very washable and can be kept clean easily. The same goes with bathrooms and the laundry, they all have surfaces that are easily cleaned, that’s why when home painting you need to go with the satin option. You won’t regret it.

So I hope I’ve helped you out with more good information on what interior house paint to use for your kitchens and wet areas. Don’t forget if you’ve got a question you need answered that I haven’t yet covered drop me a line. I have a wealth of experience under my belt for home painting and I’m hanging to help you out and solve your dramas. That’s what I’m here for and to put a bit of colour in your life so to speak HA…Catch ya.

HAPPY PAINTING…Wayne the painter.

How to Create Your Own Product 1 – Research and Outline








3.1 Start with Information Product

3.2 The pros

  • The Leverages
  • Global Marketplace
  • Deploying the Power of Global Alliances
  • Better Kitted for Success on a Global Dimension
  • You Become a Highly Marketable Expert
  • Robust Resources for Premium Sales
  • Residual Income Extraordinaire
  • High Returns on Investment

3.3 The Cons

3.3.1 The Learning Curve

3.4 A Blissful Start

3.5 Remember, ‘Everything is a Remix’

3.6.0 How to Decide on the Kind of Product That You Want to Create

3.6.1 Meet Specific Need

  • Conduct a Survey of Your Audience
  • Scour the Internet for Blog Comments and Forums on Your Niche Market
  • Read Between the Lines
  • Showcase Your Expertise

3.7.0 Start with Your Most Convenient Method

  • Audio
  • eBook
  • Video

3.8 Product Forms

3.9.0 The Process

3.9.1 Do your market research

3.9.2 Sourcing for Marketable Information

  • Private resale rights
  • Interview experts
  • Compile popular questions and give answers
  • Permissible thefts
  • Record other people seminar and reuse
  • Set up webinars and teleseminars
  • Screen capture your skills using your computer
  • Adapt a successful eBook into another language

3.10.0 The Act and the Art of Creating Your Own Product

3.10.1 Write out your product outline

  • Write the eBook in Full
  • Turn it into PDF
  • Make Your eBook Beautiful

3.11 Write the Email Swipes

3.12 Create and Set up the Sales letter





Creating your own product for sale to your market is by far, a better idea, but it has some pros and cons.


  • To give details procedures involve in creating an information products
  • To provide resourceful links to make this possible
  • To encourage learners to use this ecourse to plan and create their first information product


When you are about to start an Internet Marketing business, two things will readily come to your mind.

The two things are:

  • are you going to sell your own products, and render services directly from your own self hosted website
  • or sell someone else product and services?

In other words, what are you going to sell to your customers?

3.1 Start with Information Product

Let me assume that your answer is that you want to sell your own information products. You may not want to start with a service like web hosting or website design service as you may not be a Technical person (AKA a Techie).

Hopefully, you will get to that point someday, if that is what you want. But for now it is a good flay of wisdom to offer an information product for obvious reasons – it is an easier, faster and highly profitable approach to online business.

Creating your own product for sale to your market is by far, a better idea, but it has some pros and cons:

3.2.0 The pros

  • The Leverages

Internet offers the greatest leverages now for any business than had ever existed in Industrial History till date.

If you have not done so before now, please hurry, find and read the book ‘Retire Young, Retire Rich’ by Robert Kiyosaki, and you will understand the above statement more.

This simply means more leverages, more profits at shorter period for your business.

  • Global Marketplace

Having even one digital product to sell to the whole world is abundantly more than enough to pull you out of the woods – i.e. if you know what to do.

Infact, it is knowing the process that really matter in this business, and that is what you should pay rapt attention to learn in these your formative years in this business.

After that, the rest is history, and it is you that is going to create or rather, recreate that your life history.

  • Deploying the Power of Global Alliances

By way of Affiliates who offer their lists and expertise to serve you in marketing your product(s) for free.

  • Better Kitted for Success on a Global Dimension

Talking about the skills and experience you gain in the process, you are among the best, on a global scale, not just a local champion and not just for a while but for expended period of any foreseeable future. Can you beat that?

  • You Become a Highly Marketable Expert

You can now build more and more products faster after the initial experience. Your can do this for yourself and others if you wish to.

  • Robust Resources for Premium Sales

Your initial product can easily be turn into other forms for sales at higher prices – Audio, eBook, Membership site, etc.

  • Residual Income Extraordinaire

You just create it once and sell over and over again, with few and rare revisions when necessary to keep up with technological development in the marketplace.

  • High returns on investment

Such that is never heard of in any other industry. Most of the time, when done, correctly, it usually brings in on a consistent basis, over 100% returns on investment (ROI).

There are so many other advantages to be enjoyed by a digital product owner, but let us just break here so that we can focus on other related issues.

3.3.0 The cons

3.3.1 The Learning Curve

This will cost you a bit more in terms of time and money.

But, it is doable.

3.4 A Blissful Start

If you are a professional or you have a high in demand skill set, you can easily start by selling some useful advice on that online.

For instance, you may be a Tailor, Seamstress, Organist, Teacher, Nurse, Doctor, Engineer, Accountant, etc. Do market research on the aspects of your profession that people are searching for more information with the tools that we discussed in chapters 2 and 3 of this ecourse.

Use those results of your market research to build your own product as we shall discuss in this and subsequent chapter.

A teacher may for instance decide to own a website and teach the whole instead of just his classroom members. Look in the direction of any of the following courses which are already in high demand globally:

beauty tips,

language lessons – French, German, Russian, Chinese and even English.

Remember, our world has become a global village, there is therefore a very high demand for these lessons worldwide.

A Nurse can teach Health with special bias on Natural Remedies. Most ailments that have become anathema in Western (Orthodox) medicine have been resolved with the help of these natural remedies. Thus, information on natural cures for cancer, diabetes, arthritis, etc. are selling like hot cake online now.

We have noted somewhere that as far as information marketing is concerned, the big three areas are Health and Beauty, Love and Relationship, and How to Make Money.

But this does not mean that information are not selling in other areas, or that people are not making a living online selling other products outside the big three. For instance, an Engineer may resort to Technical Writing. People who are not even Engineers are doing well in technical writing.

In your own country, what is the current challenges that people have? Remember your information product is not meant to be all about you, but to help people who buy them to solve their immediate problems.

Some people in your country want to travel abroad, learn baking, get overseas education, do rice farming, do importation, export cassava and garlic, learn computer programming, web design, SEO, decoration, etc., etc.

Please note that to minimize delay and confusion of what product to sell, you must first of all decide if you want to start selling at the local or foreign market.

There are a whole world of differences in both marketplaces.

Again, you don’t have to be an expert.

Just find out what people want and assemble information that satisfies that specific want and give it to them at a profit.

3.5 Remember, ‘Everything is a Remix’

Google for ‘Everything is a Remix on Vimeo’ and watch the online video.

Also remember what Steve Jobs said:

‘Good Artists Copy, Great Artist Steal. We have always been shameless about stealing great ideas’ – Steve Jobs, 1994.

This boils down to: creativity + innovation(s) = invention(s).

Again, let’s look at it this way, the basis of modern day information and communication industry started with the invention of:

Telephone, then,

Radio, then,

Telegram (telegraph), then,

Black and white television, then,

Coloured television, then,

Satellite television, then,

Mobile telephone, then,

Mobile satellite television (in mobile phones and PCs), then,

Mobile private and public satellite Video (TV) Channel e.g. YouTube

Mobile private and public satellite Radio Channel (in mobile phones and PCs), then,

And so on and so forth… more abound that I have not mentioned here, and many more are yet to come.

I am not about the order of which one came first, I am leaving that to the students of history and philosophy of science, but my concerns are:

the connectivity of the basic idea* + the main new idea**,

the creativity,

the innovation and

the ‘invention mix’ (as in the ‘market mix’).

And, it all started with GRAHAM BELL’s telephone.

In fact, if you scour the internet, you will discover that, it was not Graham Bell that originally invented the telephone, but the court, US and history at large just credited it to his name because of the wise and skilful innovations he added to the original patent that made it commercially viable till date!

(* the basic idea or the general idea here refers to communication by the old, usual and the natural means.

** while the main new idea here refers to communication by the new means i.e. the newly discovered or to be discovered means, in the case of telephone – communication by means of electrical wires).

That is what I referred to as ‘stealing wisely’ in chapter 9 of this course:

In our days – the 21st century, you don’t even need to steal, just ask the experts for a sample or complimentary copy and they will happily oblique.

So don’t be afraid to give an old information a new dress, shape or form. It could turn out to be very useful to you or at least to the rest of the people out there.

No, just go and take a long-drawn-look at the marketplaces, the categories, the niches and the sub niches and you will discover profitable niches to play along.

Sites like Nairaland, Hot Spot, ClickBank or JVZoo are good places to begin.

3.6.0 How to Decide on the Kind of Product That You Want to Create

Please note well what I want to say now.

It is what makes the difference between a successful business and a struggling one. It also applies to offline business, not just internet marketing only.

Do not sell what people are not looking for. Find out what they are looking for to use and solve their problems and fetch out or create the information product(s) for them and they will happily and repeatedly hand over their money to you in exchange for the solution to their problem.

Another way to say this is:

People generally want to buy solution to their problems. They have a pain they want to relieve, they have a sore or painful area in their live that they want to resolve as soon as possible or they have a level of pleasure that they want to enjoy. That is the reason they go online to seek for solutions.

Thus, your product must be a solution to their sore or painful areas of their lives, or it must provide the pleasure they need. It must relieve a specific pain(s) or give them a specific pleasure(s) they were looking for.

That and that alone is what will make them match down your website in droves in search for your product. So far as it resolve the pains or provide the needed pleasure, they will happily and repeatedly pay you for it.

But, there is still another way of saying this: ‘in online business, first, find out what people want to buy, then, find (or create) the product and sell to them at a profit’.

In practice, this applies in reverse order to offline business: where people first, find or create the product before they set out to find a market to sell to.

Thus, this small difference is what makes online business a highly profitable venture compared to offline counterparts.

By the time you finish the process of getting your information product, the market is ready, willing and even very hungry to buy it from you.

3.6.1 Meet Specific Need

You Can Be Sure Your Product Will Meet Specific Need and bring in high returns by doing the following things:

  • Conduct a Survey of Your Audience

This is possible if you have an existing Blog or Email list. If not, do not worry, there are many other ways to do this as we shall see next.

On your blog comment or email feedback, ask them the type of product that they will like to have, the format and the topics they will like treated. Find time to interact with your blog readers or members of your list. It can be very rewarding.

  • Scour the Internet for Blog Comments and Forums on Your Niche Market

Many people go online to talk about their problems and their cares. If there are many people talking about a certain issue in a forum or blog, this means that products that resolve such matter will sell well. Some blogs and forum require signed membership for this very reason, so do not be afraid to sign up. Do not ignore the social media in the process: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, Google Hangout, etc.

  • Read Between the Lines

This an advanced tactics. If you are already selling affiliate products online successfully, then watch out the type of products that people buys regularly and create similar product of your own in the market. It will sell like wildfire.

Remember, everything is a remix!

Not only in this business but in all aspects of life, everything is a remix.

You can also observe your blog for the most widely read articles and then create related products for sale. Then just add your links to those popular products and you are good to go.

  • Showcase Your Expertise

I have already talked on this in the previous paragraphs. As a professional, if you have a high-in-demand expertise (e.g. a beautician, physiotherapist, naturalist, etc.), then you can do market research to find out how people like you are selling theirs online and follow suit.

To avoid creating a product that will not make you money for your effort and investment follow these step one by one and will you find among them one, two or more that you can follow through based on your level of experience.

Please go back and follow the above steps one after the other to arrive at a marketable and profitable product(s).

3.7.0 Start with Your Most Convenient Method

  • Audio – you can just read out or dictate or talk what you intend to write in a standby microphone in a silent environment where there is no background noise. At the end what you have is an Audio product that you can sell anywhere around the globe.

Audacity is one of the best tools for doing this, Google for: audacityteam.

  • eBook – later, copying out the content of your audio product into a computer software like the Microsoft word (Open Office, it’s a FREE software, just browse and get it on the net) will create an eBook for you.

To sell it online all you need is to turn it into a Portable Document File (PDF) and it becomes a scalable product. More on this in a while.

  • Video – in most part of the world, people who wax music for the first time usually start with an audio CD and later a Video CD and progress to other formats including FLAC, MP3, WMA, WAV, etc. or vice versa.

Did you ever ask, why?

Convenience, cost and preferences.

Camtasia Studio is one of the best and industry standard nowadays for online video. But you can even start with your smart phone and upload the videos onto YouTube and it will be acceptable while you are making money to acquire expensive camera or learning how to use online software like Camtasia.

3.8 Other Product Forms

In the final analysis, your product must take so many forms so that you can sell it in so many markets in response to the market preferences.

Such forms include:

Audio training

Video series

Questions and answers

Membership Site with new contents added monthly


Coaching supported by telephone calls,




Short reports,



Continuity programs – weekly, fortnightly, monthly, quarterly, bimonthly, etc.


Swipe files, and so on and so forth.

Suppose you want to start by creating your own digital product now, how do you start?

3.9.0 The Process

Below is an example of steps to follow in your information product creation process:

3.9.1 Do your market research

Google Keyword Planner, Market Samurai, and Longtail Pro, Nichebot are the best tools in the market for this task. I have already discussed in one of this course how to use at least one of them. You can Google for others.

3.9.2 Sourcing for Marketable Information

To make product creation a lot easier for most green horns and even topflight experienced business executives, there are ethical ways that you can source for information to make your new products.

Such ways include but not limited to:

  • Private resale rights

Just type that into your browser and you will find multiple sites to choose from. Usually you buy and rewrite them as your own product and add your own angle to the product. Remember this product is sold to many people and not only you, so endeavor to polish it to make it unique. If you are using free products for this, always endeavor to check out the rights, to avoid legal issues in the future.

  • Interview experts

Find out experts in your field and interview them. You can then use transcription services at Fiverr, Upwork, etc. to write them out in any form that you want.

  • Compile popular questions and give answers

You can do this by yourself even as a newbie in your market niche. You can also use freelancers at: Peopleperhour, 99designs, Craiglist, Toptal, etc.

  • Permissible thefts

Go to and browse for your popular categories. Download about 50 articles in your chosen niche topic and compile them into an eBook. You can cite them in bits and pieces and spice the book up with some Vimeo or YouTube videos.

This is legal so far as you keep the authors’ resource boxes intact. Remember to insert link to your site as you introduce the subject matter, turn it into PDF and sell.

  • Record other people seminar and reuse

You can help a friend record his seminar on the agreement that you will use it also to promote your own products. Your phone or your camera can do the job cheap for you, no need for a professional cameraman.

  • Set up webinars and teleseminars

You need some experience and confidence to do this, albeit it is not a hard thing. You can skip this till when you have enough money to hire expert to help you in the process. There are free and paid services to choose from.

The free ones are: Google hangout, zoom, bigbluebutton,, meetingburner, mikogo, zohomeeting, webhurdle.

Anymeeting and gotomeeting are paid service, but they also have free trials for new clients.

  • Screen capture your skills using your computer

If you want to teach your skills to online audience, this is the preferred approach.

There is a free tool you can use for this: screencast-o-matic

  • Adapt a successful eBook into another language

China is a global destination now for global trade. Find a book, obtain the right and adapt it into Chinese and it will sell like hot cake. You can also do this with other books and other languages.

This is called Transcription service.

3.10.0 The Act and the Art of Creating Your Own Product

3.10.1 Write out your product outline

Start with major topics that you would discuss in your eBook, then write out the bullet points under each topic. As you fill in simple explanations in between the major topics will later become the chapters, while the bullet points will become the sections and sub sections of the book.

3.10.2 Write the eBook in Full

After the initial rough or manuscript as some may like to call it, go through the product again with the aim of crossing the tees and dotting the ais. Also read the whole plot with the aim of ensuring Mechanical Accuracy and some Congruence in the points presented.

Some people may differ on this by saying that you should not aim at perfection, there is actually no prefect product in the market as the Internet world is always changing in a very fast rate.

But I am not advocating perfection here, but wish to clarify the fact that there is always a growing competition in the marketplace and most victims are poorly and unduly hurried products.

If you found it more convenience to start with the Audio format, you can also use this software to get both Audio and eBook copies delivered to you online at the same time at:

dragon speech recognition software

3.10.3 Turn it into PDF

From your Microsoft word (Microsoft Open Office), you can easily convert your eBook into a PDF format. PDF is a globally available software that is usable in all types of computers.

This is advisable to do as you will be sending your eBook to different people in different parts of the world. Different people in different environments are orientated to different software, so it is good to have your eBook in a generally acceptable format that satisfies these global markets.

Henceforth, think and see your business as a global venture.

3.10.4 Make Your eBook Beautiful

It is more than a common sense to note here that if you add an attractive eBook cover to your product, you will attract more sales than if you just sold it as an ordinary PDF.


If you don’t know how to do this yourself, employ the services of experts online at ebookbaby, myecovermaker or even at Fiverr.

3.11 Write the Email Swipes

Email swipes will form part of your marketing materials.

See yourself now as a Vendor in one or more of the Affiliate Program sites like ClickBank or Affiliate network like Commission Junction.

Email swipes are follow up emails that you and your Affiliates will be using to follow up your prospects. It is known that most people won’t buy from you until you have been in touch with them for about seven times. Go ahead and write them now.

3.12 Create and Set up the Sales letter

A Sales Letter is your secret sales machine and the untiring Salesman.

This is going to be the page that you are going to show to your prospects who sign-up in response to your ads. It gives in details the benefits of your product, why he should buy now, how much he should pay into which account.

Ensure that your sales letter is professionally written. A good blend of text and graphics is recommended.

But if you are scared, you can get a virtual assistant at Fiverr to handle this on your behalf.

3.13 Set up Everything and Get Ready For Sales

By now you must have set-up a self-hosted website for this product. There are FREE and reliable software as well as paid once for this depending on your budget.

Just upload everything – the email swipes, sales letter, all the graphics and relevant files onto the website.

Remember to test-run everything by yourself, as well as asking your friends or mentors to also help you test-run, before you begin to advertise your business to the public.

3.14 The Profits are in the Links

I want to end this chapter by emphasizing the fact that we are living in the LINK ECONOMY. In other words, the profits of this business flows through the links.

This means check all your links to ensure that they all work fine. Use affiliate link where appropriate, confirm your right to use free products sourced online to avoid legal issues; and most of all be sure the download link of your own product is working as intended.

That’s the deal.


I just notice that I have gone so far, many pages, many sections and sub sections.

This is because, when you have your own product that is where the Internet Riches that you have been hearing of, actually comes from.


I covered step by step details on how to create your own profitable product for the marketplace. But there are still other details that I have left out for the next chapter.


Go over this chapter again and again to get a good grasp of the process as I will be dealing with another aspect of this fast-tract riches in the next chapter.

What's the Best Mattress for Heavy People?

In my 35 years within the mattress industry I have seen mattresses get destroyed by heavy people. Is it their fault? No, it's the fault of the manufacturers for not making sturdy mattresses to accommodate a larger person. Seems comfort trumps durability in the mattress world so the best mattress for heavy people is one that is rock hard and not comfortable, or is it?

For years the only type of mattress that could hold up to a heavy person was a spring mattress that had extra firm coils and extra firm padding making it unbearable to sleep on. However, the best mattress for heavy people is not made of steel springs nor memory foam, but rather a product of Mother Nature herself, rubber.

Latex foam rubber is made from tree sap (milk) from the rubber trees found mostly in Malaysia, Sri Lanka and India. Latex mattresses have been around for decades and their durability is legendary. I have personally seen these mattresses except 50 years of use. What makes them the best mattress for heavy people is the density of this amazing product. For example, most quality sofa cushions are made using 1.8 lb polyfoam. As you know these cushions usually last between 5 and 10 years before starting to collapse. Just imagine how long a foam that was 2 tim times heavier would perform in the long haul and you have the reason why latex is so durable.

Ok, so now it's no secret why latex can outlast any other product but what about the comfort? Does the best mattress for heavy people need to be rock hard like a spring mattress? No, latex mattresses offer BOTH comfort and durability coming in a variety of firmness levels. Some manufacturers even offer different firmness levels for each half of the bed so if a heavy person is partnered with a much lighter person, each can have their own choice. Try getting that from a spring or memory foam bed.

What's the Best Mattress For Heavy People in Latex Choices?

This is a question I get asked often. Since there are two types of processes for latex, Dunlop and Talalay, each has its own unique properties. Dunlop latex is denser and makes it the most popular choice for back sleepers who are heavy. Talalay latex is less decent and more airy making it a better choice for lighter folks and those who like to sleep on their side. Talalay does come in firmer densities as well and can be tailor for a heavy person who also likes to sleep on their side. The talalay process with the best option if getting a mattress with different firmnesses fits your needs.

In conclusion let me just say that I am sick and tired of talking to folks who tell me their new mattress only lasted 6 months and now they can not return it or they can only exchange it for another one of the same model which will do exactly the same thing over and over. Nonsense, save yourself the frustration and just go out and buy the best mattress for heavy people in the first place, a latex mattress.

Drinking Water for Good Sex

There has been a lot of debate and talk about hydration, caffeine, ginseng, and sex. It is true that magnesium is the missing building block of life and can lead to more sexual stamina. Not an instant effect, like just taking a stimulant and going off, which may not really lead to an orgasm, but a missing link in the bodies’ health. The Egyptian culture has much, much less cancer then us in the Western world. Some say that it is because we are lacking in magnesium. Upon first use, magnesium can have kind of a “heat pad” affect; it can help with knots and tension like potassium.

Hydration for sex will not help sensitivity, or sensation. However, when you first wake up, one thing that we have learned is even if it only takes you one minute, drink two glasses of water quickly. It gets all the vital organs working correctly. In the army and in the desert, it is why GI’s are forced to slam bottles of water. It’s not just how much they sweat out, it’s keeping the organs functioning since we are composed of about 60 percent water.

Having a father who is a general practitioner, I have always known that the urine stream should be white after being awake for awhile. There are contradicting opinions, but it is known that coffee dehydrates. As far as dealing with sex, what should be known is that if you are well hydrated, then you do perhaps a shot of cappuccino or a regular coffee, if you have a naked babe in front of you, you may react rather well, the heart rate rises, therefore the dick, just like your brain, starts thinking about a nice warm place to be. Even though coffee is said to be a diuretic, once hydrated, you can use it in strong little shots to get you in the mood for sex.

One scenario we need to look at even though it involved alcohol is the morning during a hangover. Your head isn’t pounding, however, your consumption the night before has made it so that you really feel your blood pressure doing strange things while you have sex and get rid of the initial booze sweat. Even though we know it will make you urinate again soon, drink two glasses of water before this type of hungover meeting. It will almost automatically get the blood pressure back to normal, and help your overall function.

As far as nutrients, strange herbs, and the like, ginseng should be brought up when dealing with sexual matters. In the orient especially during the 1950’s, ginseng was given in pill form as a sexual stimulant. It’s not entirely full of beneficial minerals, and I hate to compare it to ephedrine, but it’s kind of got the same puritanical buzz, cold, clear, and placid. Another thing about Ginseng is that it promotes alertness and clarity of thought. When using ginseng it can upset your stomach just a bit. You can combat it with a shot of pepto bismol or ginger pill. I myself have taken ginseng root, a bit of wine, and absolutely noticed a difference in the cold, lovely realities of having sex then if just doing it without. For me I did not continue using it because of the stomach problems, but they are mild, and not acidic, just a bit upsetting. Overall we would advise for healthy sexual activity, the water and magnesium are probably the safest route.

There are many contradicting opinions on water and sex but what has been absolutely proven is that having sex while dehydrated will be pleasurable at first, however will end in sheer dizziness. The best way to drink water is quickly, if its not your favorite beverage, add some cucumber or lemon. Bottoms up! And hopefully your partner has their bottom up, or legs spread as well, ready for your hydrated body.

Hair Loss – Cause, Prevention and Treatment

The adult scalp contains about 100,000 hair follicles. Everyday the scalp loses about 100 hairs and they will grow back in 5-6 weeks. Starting at age 40, the levels of by-product prolactin of testosterone of men increases, stimulating the production of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase that causes the conversion of testosterone to gihydro-testosterones DHT causing our hair to grow back thinner or not grown back at all. This causes an androgenic alopecia hair loss problem, since DHT shrinks the follicles causing hair thins and hair receding at the forehead, crown and temple for men and thins over the entire scalp for women. What causes hair loss.

1. The Causes of Hair Loss

a) Aging

Human aging is the biological process that is unavoidable but controllable with healthy diet with complex carbohydrates, green foods, garlic, onion, water and juices that will help to decrease the aging process in some degree. It also helps to reduce the amount of DHT produced in our body, result in postponing hair loss to our scalp.

b) Mineral deficiency

Minerals such as calcium, iron, copper, chromium, iodine, zinc, and magnesium are necessary to maintain healthy hair growth. Mineral deficiency will reduce the chance to regulate the blood circulation that promotes healthy hair growth and thyroid hormones that prevent dry hair and hair loss as well as defects in hair color. Too much iron is toxic to your body. Be sure to talk to your doctor before taking any mineral supplement.

c) Oxygen deficiency

Oxygen deficiency in your blood weakens the hair follicles, leading to dryness of the scalp and hair loss. Uncontrolled diet that is high in saturated fat causes cholesterol building up in your arteries resulting in less oxygen in your blood stream. Also cigarette smoking and second hand smoke reduces the blood flow and increases the blood clotting activity of cells which would clog the blood flow and damage arteries causing oxygen deficiency and results in weaken of the hair follicles.

d) Side affects of medication taken

Some medications contains elements that might cause hair loss such as lithium, warfarin, heparin, and amphetamines. When hair loss is a side effect of a medication, hair growth usually returns to normal once the drug is stopped.

e) Genetic hair loss

Hair loss is due to heredity. It is passed down from generation to generation. Genetic hair loss appears predominately in men, but may also appear in a few select women.

2. Food to Avoid

Foods that can cause hair loss and diminish hair growth.

a) Saturated and Trans fat

Foods such as meat, poultry, and fried foods contain high saturated fat. Foods such as margarine, cheese, and butter contain high amounts of trans fat. These foods cause cholesterol to build up in your arteries and small veins in your scalp resulting in less oxygen being delivered to the cell in your body, including the cells on the follicles.

b) Foods that contain Aspartame and Monosodium Glutamate

Monosodium Glutamate contain chemicals that causes weight gain, increased appetite and also causes various kinds of health problems such as hair loss.

Aspartame contains toxic chemicals that make you gain weight, increases hunger and causes medical problems like migraines and poor blood circulation.

c) Smoking

As we mentioned in the previous article, smoking can reduce blood flow to the scalp causing hardening in the arteries, limit blood flow and make hair loss worse.

d) Artificial Color

Artifiicial color contains chemical compounds that take their toll on the body’s natural balance.

Specific foods to avoid include colored drinks, color-coated candies, gummy and chewy candies, and many colored cereals.

e) Preservatives

These are potentially toxic to the liver and kidneys that cause hair loss and prevent hair growth as we mentioned in the article “Hair loss part IV–regrow hair with Chinese herbs”.

f) Food Packaging

Polyvinyl chloride is a known carcinogen, and it’s often used as plastic food wrap. It is toxic with high amounts causing damage to the kidney and liver resulting in hair loss.

g) Salt

Eating too much salt can lead to fluid retention and increased blood pressure that cause less oxygen to be delivered to the body’s cells including cells in your scalp in result of losing hair.

3. Hair Loss Prevention and Treatment

I. Here are some important minerals that may help to prevent hair loss and promote hair re-growth:

a) Iron

Iron is involved in the oxygenation of your body’s red blood cells. It is essential for normal hair growth and maintaining healthy hair. If the amount of iron can not be replaced with food intake, iron deficiency will cause hair loss because of oxygen deficiency.

b) Zinc

It helps to secrete the scalp with much needed oil and avoid dandruff that may cause hair loss.

c) Copper

Study shows that these tripeptide complexes may actually be able to regrow hair, even in patients with total hair loss due to alopecia. Healthy tissue concentrations of copper lie between 1. 7 and 3. 5 milligrams. Everything else will cause hair loss.

d) B vitamins

The deficiency of B vitamins (especially B6, B3, B5 and folic acid) in your diet may lead to hair loss.

e) Biotin

Biotin works as an anti aging agent and helps to produce keratin in preventing gray hair and hair loss.

Sources of biotin are: whole grains, egg yolks, liver, rice and milk.

f) Vitamin A

Vitamin A is important for over-all good health. It’s also beneficial to hair follicles, as it keeps the hair root lubricated. Too much vitamin A might result in hair loss.

g) Vitamin E

Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant that aids effective circulation in the scalp due to increased oxygen uptake in blood, therefore it plays an important role in promoting hair growth and preventing hair loss.

h) CQ-10

Coenzyme Q10 (CQ-10) is an essential vitamin that provides our body with the nutrients needed to grow healthy hair. They also promote overall vitality, and contribute to beautiful skin and strong nails.

II. Here are some daily foods that might help to prevent hair loss and promote hair re-growth

1. Yogurt and soy

Yogurt and soy contain high amounts of protein that is needed to maintain hair growth. Study shows that soy protein reinforces hair and stimulates its growth.

2. Dark green vegetable

Dark green vegetable contains high amounts of iron that are needed to restore oxygen levels in the blood stream as well as nurturing the body’s cells.

3. Whole grain products

Whole grain contains zinc which is needed to maintain healthy hair. Zinc deficiency can lead to dry hair and oily skin.

4. Essential fatty acid

Essential fatty acid can be found abundant in cold water fish. It helps to maintain healthy cholesterol and reduce triglyceride in result of increasing circulation of blood flow in our body.

6. Nut and seed

Nuts and seeds are fatty foods which are typically the best sources of vitamin E, an immune enhancing antioxidant and nerve protector. Deficiency of vitamin E can lead to skin disorders, dry hair and loss of hair.

7. Carrots

Carrots contain high amounts of vitamin A. It is an antioxidant that helps produce healthy sebum in the scalp. Having too much vitamin A can lead to hair loss.

There are many other foods that help promote hair growth and prevent hair loss, such as fruits, egg, spinach, and broccoli.

Be sure to talk to your doctor before taking large amounts of the above foods. There may be side effects, such as overdoses of vitamin A in carrot might result in hair loss.

III. Traditionally, herbs have been around for over thousands of years and offer much success to prevent or cure diseases well before the discovery of western medicine. Here are some herbs thathave been proven in treating hair loss and promoting hair growth

a) Shikakai

Acacia Concinna is a small shrub-like tree that grows in India. It’s pod-like fruit is collected, dried and then grounded into a fine powder. It is used to cleanse hair, and is known to promote hair growth and get rid of dandruff. Due to these benefits, this powder was named shikakai which means “fruit for the hair”.

b) Grape seed extract

Grape seed extract is a very strong antioxidant that some use as a supplement or remedy to various conditions. It contains high levels of vitamin E and essential fatty acids that are essential for maintaining hair growth and preventing hair loss.

c) Kirin Brewery new discovery

Japanese cosmetics company Shiseido working with Kirin Brewery has discovered a unique property of an extract of hops that can help to activate the melanocyte cells that generate hair pigment.

d) Saw palmetto

As we mentioned in another article, Saw palmetto is the number one choice for men. Saw palmetto helps to block the formation of 5-alpha reductase, an enzyme that causes the conversion of testosterone to DHT that causes hair loss.

e) Basil extract

Basil Extract from the natural flowers of the basil plant, works to quickly soothe and calm skin of the scalp.

f) Pumpkin Seed

Pumpkin seeds help to block DHT, which is responsible for genetic hair loss. This common seed is loaded with zinc and magnesium that have the ability to block enzymes which yield DHT causing damage to follicles and resulting in hair loss.

g) Buddleja Davidii Extract

Buddleja Davidii extract contain active ingredients protecting the skin against toxic radicals. It can also help reduce skin aging and protect the skin against the damage caused from stresses and toxins.

h) Green Tea

Green tea contains the chemical globulin that helps to reduce levels of free testosterone, so that it cannot be converted to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the hair follicle.

Be sure to talk to your doctor or dermatologist before taking any herb supplement.

IV. Traditionally Chinese herbs have been around for over 4000 years and have offered much success to prevent or cure diseases well before the discovery of western medicine. Hair loss is directly linked to kidney deficiency syndrome in Chinese traditional medicine. People with hair loss problems especially in their early life may have a weak Kidney. Here are some Chinese herbs that have been proven in treating hair loss and promoting hair growth

a) Dong Quai

Traditionally, Chinese woman used Dong Quai to restore blood cells and increase the circulation of oxygen in the bloodstream to cells after period. Dong Quai contains phytoestrogen that helps to block the androgen receptor site in result of blocking the conversion of testerone to DHT, therefore reducing the chance of hair loss due to aging.

b) Ginseng

Ginseng is said to have the power of rejuvenating and energizing the body. It also helps to stimulate circulation of oxygen in our bloodstream to the cells of our body as well as the cells in our scalp.

c) Shou wu (polygonum)

Shou Wu is a polygonum multiflorum plant. It is now being used in conjuncture with other herbals, as an active ingredient in shampoos and orally administered to prevent hair loss as well as aiding the restoration of roots and production of new hair.

d) Psoralea seeds

Study shows that psoralea extract and exposure to ultra violet light will help to restore hair loss and promote hair regrowth with a 33% success rate.

e) Mulberry

Chinese herbalists believe that mulberry is an excellent tonic for the kidney, liver and blood that provides more oxygen in the bloodstream as well as small blood vessels in the scalp.

f) Chinese Yam

Numerous successful studies have been performed in examining the benefits of the Chinese yam. Chinese yam can help to nourish the liver, kidney and blood in result of preventing hair loss and promoting hair growth.

g) Green tea

Green tea containing catechins inhibit the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase that converts testosterone into hair-unfriendly DHT. So drinking great tea everyday is an effective treatment for male pattern baldness.

h) Chinese foxblove root

Chinese foxblove root contains cornus, the chemical that help to nurture the kidney, liver and blood in result of promoting hair growth.

i) Wolf berry

One of the natural superfoods has been used in traditional Chinese cooking. Wolf berry helps to eliminate toxins in the body in result of better function of the kidney, liver and blood that help to promote hair growth.

Chinese medicine believes that the benefit of nourishing the kidney and blood tonic helps for healthy hair growth and preventing hair loss.

V. Here are some prescription and over the counter drugs that might help prevent further hair loss and promote hair growth.

1. Minoxidil

Minoxidil is an over the counter drug and is a spray or lotion that you put directly on your scalp twice a day. It is available without a prescription. It is believed to work by affecting potassium- regulating mechanisms in the hair follicle. Study shows that it helps to slow and stop hair loss and regrow new hair with over 60 % success rate. Be sure talk to your doctor or dermatologist before taking minoxidil. It might cause rash to some patients.

2. Finasteride

Finastteride is an oral prescription medication. Finasteride is a synthetic hormone that halts hair loss and stimulates new hair growth. It is a medication that selectively inhibits the activity of an enzyme that converts the “male hormone” testosterone into a form that is active in hair follicles.

3. Rogaine

Rogaine is a clear alcohol-based solution and should be applied to a person’s thinning area with it’s supplied dropper or spray twice a day. It helps about 25 percent of men and 20 percent of women to grow back moderate amounts of hair very gradually, mostly on the very top of the head. They must keep using Rogaine indefinitely to keep the new hair.

4. Retin-A

Retin-A is only available by prescription in the US. In the right doses and when combined with Minoxidil it can be a hair growth stimulator. Studies shows that Retin- A can result in moderate hair growth in some patients.

5. Proscar

Proscar contains the same active ingredient finasteride. Proscar has the effect of lowering the hormone DHT, which interacts with bald vulnerable hair follicles and causes hair loss. By reducing the DHT in the patient’s body the finasteride in the Proscar proved to slow and even stop or reverse hair loss in many men.

Before taking any hair loss medication over the counter, please consult first with your doctor or dermatologist.

I hope this information will help. If you need more information of the above subject, please visit my home page at:

Causes of High Cholesterol

Over one hundred million Americans have high cholesterol. Derived from the Greek word “chole” for bile, this thick substance is produced in the liver and is very important to the good health and functioning of the human body. Cholesterol has numerous functions in the body and it is found in the outer layer of every human cell. Among its functions include the following; production of bile, aids in cell membrane growth and production of the hormones estrogen and testosterone. Cholesterol also helps to metabolize fat soluble vitamins in the body.

We are all focused on hearing about how dangerous cholesterol is but in fact it also serves a very vital purpose to the body. However there is both “good” and “bad” cholesterol and this is where it is important to know the difference. How we produce cholesterol: When we eat animal proteins we produce cholesterol. Fruits, vegetables and grains cannot produce cholesterol and they do not contain any. When meat, eggs and dairy products are consumed they enable the body to make cholesterol. It is a question of eating these foods in moderation as too much saturated fat can lead to elevated cholesterol levels which can be unhealthy and dangerous.

Types of cholesterol: Cholesterol can be one of three types; HDL, LDL or Triglycerides. Lipoproteins carry cholesterol throughout the bloodstream. LDL cholesterol is what is known as the “bad cholesterol”. This is the cholesterol that is carried from the liver to the body’s cells. If too much is carried into the body, you will develop excess cholesterol. Excess can lead to many health complications including arterial plaque and heart disease. The “good” cholesterol is known as HDL. It works in an opposite way to LDL because it actually carries the cholesterol away from the cells and back to the liver. The liver then will discard this cholesterol out of the body. HDL can help prevent heart disease. Most fat found in the body is in the form of triglycerides. They are made from the foods that we eat. Normal Cholesterol Levels: There are cholesterol guidelines of what is considered normal and what is considered high. Normal is less than 200mg/dL and high is anything 240mg/dL or higher.

What high cholesterol can do to your body: High cholesterol can have many deleterious effects on your body and your health. Heart disease is one of the main potential consequences. The arteries can become blocked which reduces blood and oxygen flow to the heart. You will also increase your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Symptoms of high cholesterol: If you haven’t gone to see a doctor and get blood work yet you may notice various symptoms if you do have high cholesterol. These may include some of the following; pain in your legs when walking or exercising because the arteries have narrowed and yellow patches on your skin, particularly around the eye area. These patches are actually cholesterol deposits and are a tell tale symptom that you have high cholesterol levels.

Causes of High Cholesterol: There are several known reasons for developing high cholesterol. It should be noted however, that sometimes there is a genetic predisposition to high cholesterol levels. Poor nutrition: Eating large quantities of cholesterol laden foods such as meat and dairy can increase your cholesterol. Most dangerous are foods that are high in saturated fats. Red meat, sausage and sugary baked goods all have high saturated fat levels. Eat fresh whole foods in the form of lean proteins, fresh vegetables and whole grains and a little bit of fruit.

Obesity: Excess weight can also increase bad cholesterol levels. Try to maintain a weight that is appropriate for your height and gender. You can refer to a body mass index scale, also known as a “bmi”. This chart will tell you the weight range you should be in. Smoking: Smoking of course is an extremely unhealthy habit to have. And it can raise your cholesterol levels as well. Speak to your medical provider who can help create a program for you to follow to quick this habit. Age: Cholesterol levels increase naturally with age. Usually at the age of 50, a man’s cholesterol levels will taper off naturally. Women’s cholesterol levels will naturally begin to rise after they have reached menopause. This does not take into account of course, for all of the various lifestyle and medical factors that can raise your cholesterol levels as well.

Lack of exercise: People who do not exercise will more likely have higher cholesterol than people who incorporate exercise into their lifestyle. Additionally sedentary people will tend to have lower amounts of the good cholesterol, HDL, as well. Part of a healthy lifestyle incorporates a regular exercise program. Find exercise that you enjoy doing and try to commit to exercising three to five times weekly for a minimum of 30 minutes. Medical Conditions: There are certain medical conditions that tend to create higher cholesterol in the body. These include diseases such as diabetes, kidney and liver disease.

Diagnosis: Under the care of your medical provider, a blood test is performed which will check LDL, HDL and blood triglyceride levels. Medication: There are various medications that your physician may prescribe for you if you suffer from high cholesterol. Statins: this drug lowers cholesterol by blocking liver enzymes that produce it. There are various side effects associated with statins and include headaches and constipation but not everyone will experience these effects. Niacin: Niacin will reduce both HDL and LDL levels and it is a B vitamin. Your doctor may prescribe a particular dosage for you. You may experience flushing and tingling side effects. Aspirin: Aspirin is a common medication doctor’s recommend taking for high cholesterol levels. If you have high blood pressure along with high cholesterol your doctor may prescribe other drugs such as beta blockers or calcium channel blockers. Your doctor will know what exactly is appropriate for you depending on your blood work, age and health condition.

You can reduce your cholesterol levels in various ways. By looking at the various causes of high cholesterol you can begin to assess which areas of your life you may change to become a healthier person. Of course, always consult with your medical provider before undergoing any type of lifestyle, nutritional or exercise program, particularly if you are elderly or suffering from any disease or ailment.

Play the Market With Hot Stocks

The is a new game in the stock market these days called hot stocks. This goes against the normal Wall St. Advice of buy low and sell high. The new hot stocks method is to buy high and sell even higher. The way it works is that you buy stocks that are rising in worth and sell them while they are still rising. The time between the buy and the sale is short.

The advantage of buying stocks this way is the short turn around time. Your cash is not tied up waiting for an undervalued stock to rise. The old method is still good, but adding hot stocks trading to your investment planning will help grow your money quicker.

This investment plan is especially suited to day traders. You have to be aware of the market trends and select stocks that are showing an obvious steady increase. Buy the stock and after it increases enough to give you a profit, sell it. Do not feel tempted to hang onto it beyond making an honest profit. This is a tactic, not a get rich fast scheme.

If you happen to pick a stock that starts to stagnate or drop in price, sell it straight away, even if you have to take a loss. Never think the stock will recover and you'll get your investment back. If it drops lower you will lose even more. The concept is to maximize your gains and keep your losses as low as possible.

With hot stocks, you'll choose to buy and sell a selected stock in one day. To utilize this method of stocking trading, you have to keep a lid on of your investments and watch the stocks closely. Study market trends. When a stock drops, sell it immediately. Do not get greedy or use the old gamblers instinct that tells you you can still come out smiling. You can not on this one stock, but they are lots of others.

Do not put all your money into hot stocks. This is just one way to earn a profit in the stock exchange. Investors should have a portfolio with solid stocks from different areas of business to protect their investments. Do not neglect your long-term investments in favor of hot stocks. Some of your profits from hot stocks should be put into long tern investments.

These stocks are meant to be very short term investments. Never hang onto a hot stock for at least a few days. You sold and the stock continued to rise, you feel like you were unprofitable. You made money, the indisputable fact that the stock continued to rise did not cost anything.

Many speculators employ a broker to buy and sell stocks. Hot stock investing is not designed to be used with a broker. If you have to pay a broker's fee for every transaction, hot stocks could cost more than you are making from them. Online services for buying and selling stocks are better suited to this investment system. Look into paths to avoid brokerage fees if you plan to add hot stocks to your investments.

The stock market is a good way to grow your investments. Hot stocks is a way to make reasonable profits in a short period of time. When investing your money always use more than one strategy and make sure that at least part of your money is in a safe, if low yield, financial instrument. Never bet on the market with money you are unable to afford to lose. Remember the old Wall St. Saying "often you eat the bear, and often the bear eats you." Good luck!

Commercial Construction Basics

Have you ever dreamed of becoming a top level supervisor for a commercial construction company? If your answer is yes, that is fine and dandy. However, we strongly urge you to start at the beginning of your possible new career. Before you become a leader you must be a construction worker; then gradually earn your way to the top. The only way you will succeed in doing that is if you learn the basics of commercial construction along the way. The purpose of this article is to get you on your way to doing that. Along those lines we have some helpful tips for you. Continue reading in order to see what they are.

In any trade you need to collect the proper tools of knowledge over a long period of time. This is not any different in the commercial construction industry. Your understanding of the technical aspects of it and the terrific people skills are just a couple of those tools. One basic quality of a commercial construction boss is that he must be able to effectively communicate with other people. In addition to that, he has to possess good organizational skills so that he can accurately plan the different aspects of the current project. Of course those things go hand in hand with the technical problem solving abilities. These tools are more than likely to be only the tip of the iceberg.

So what are some other basic qualities for a commercial construction worker or especially a boss? We urge you to already possess a love of building things. That might sound rather trite but it is a fact and an important part of commercial construction basics. Are you a person who has always enjoyed working with his hands? If so, this industry may be right for you after all because you will most assuredly develop a love of building things like construction projects.

Do you derive enjoyment from watching other people acquire and utilize your company’s finished projects? This is not really a tool that you can learn; but instead is a true passion inside of you. Maybe you love to encounter children who have graduated from a school that you helped to build. You don’t necessarily have to have been born with this passion; however you should’ve acquired it at some point during your life. After all; this is the ongoing goal of any commercial construction company – to finish their buildings and in a timely fashion.

The other basic principles of the construction industry are things that you will learn over time. These are things such as any tricks of the trade or the project checklists of the Superintendent. One crucial thing you need to learn is all of the safety guidelines and procedures. You will need to learn what supplies to order and how to properly proceed with your tasks every day; all the while keeping safety at the forefront of everything. If these details sound mundane and boring to you then the commercial construction industry is not the right one for you.

Texas Hold Tournament Strategy – Poker Tournament Betting Basics

Welcome to the third in my Texas Holdem Strategy Series, focusing on no limit Texas Holdem poker tournament play and associated strategies. In this article, we'll build up the poker tournament strategy fundamentals from last time, with some important poker betting strategy basics.

Winning at Texas Holdem poker does not have to be a gamble, since it's actually a game of skill. Of course, there will always be an element of chance, but there's a lot more strategy and skill to poker than meets the untrained eye. When you learn to play the odds properly, it can make a huge difference in your winnings.

No limit Texas Holdem is the game of choice these days – and for good reason. The fact that anyone can decide to push a large raise or all of their chips into the pot by going "all-in" at any moment, adds an exciting dimension to the game. Unlike limit Texas Holdem, where each round of betting takes place in prescribed, fixed increments, no limit Texas Holdem is as varied as the players at the table, since everyone chooses their own betting style and approach.

When playing no limit Texas Holdem, you're faced with some important decisions. Arguably, the most important decision you'll make is how much to bet in a given set of circumstances; eg, hand strength, your position at the table, total number of players, their styles, etc. There are many different betting strategies, but one of the first things to learn and pay close attention to are "pot odds" and if you have a positive "expectation" to win.

You have a positive expectation whenever the odds favor you winning more than you're wagering at anything greater than 1 to 1 odds. For example, when flipping a coin, there is a 50/50 chance of it coming up either heads or tails. If you flip a coin enough times, both heads and tails will come up an equal number of times.

Casino games, such as craps, blackjack, slot machines, etc. all give the player a "negative" expectation and the casino a positive expectation. If you play these types of "gambling" games long enough, you will absolutely lose, since the game's odd structure is never in your favor – negative expectation. People who experience "hot streaks" also have losing streaks (they just usually quickly forget about the losing and do not discuss it). When you're making a wager, you've always preferred to have a positive expectation. This is generally true in poker, but not necessarily always in no-limit poker. I'll explain why.

Pot Odds are the odds the pot is giving you for making a bet. Let's say there is $ 50 in the pot and it'll take $ 10 more to call – you're getting 5-to-1 pot odds to call, since if you win you'll be paid $ 50 in exchange for risking only $ 10. For purposes of this decision, any amounts you previously placed into this pot are irrelevant, since they're already expired and gone (if you fold).

It's essential to understand pot odds as it relates to your hand odds, as one key factor in making your betting decisions. If the odds of you holding or drawing to the winning hand are better than the odds the pot is giving you, you should call or even sometimes raise; otherwise, you should typically fold (unless you're going to bluff, a different story).

Continuing this example, let's say you're holding a pair of fives, and the board flops 9, K, 2 "rainbow" (no flush draw, different suits). With 9 players at the table, it's certainly possible and likely that someone else holds a King or a Nine, or both, making your 5's look pretty flimsy at this point. Your best shot to win is to draw another 5. There are two more 5's remaining out of the 47 cards that you can not see (in the deck or in another player's hand).

So, the odds of pulling that next 5 on the turn or river are: 2 in 47 (2/47 = about 4%) on the Turn, plus another 2 in 46 on the River (an additional 4%), for a total of roughly 8.6%, which equates to a 1-in-11.6 chance of pulling that third 5 to make a set. Since the pot is only giving 5-to-1 odds, it's generally time to fold. Otherwise, you'd just be "gambling" with a highly negative expectation of losing that additional $ 10. In no limit Texas Holdem, players will often raise the pot adequately to actually lower your pot odds so far that you can not possibly justify staying in the hand – at least not statistically.

Obviously you can not sit there in a real poker room with a calculator and run through all of these pot odds calculations while at the table! So, how does one learn poker odds well enough to apply them in real-time? Well, it starts by seeing the poker odds repeatedly, in a context that's suitable for you to learn and eventually retain them. A poker odds calculator is a piece of add-on software that runs on your PC, monitoring your actual online play. A poker odds calculator computes the prospective hands you and your opponents are capable of drawing at any point in time. It then displays all possible hands you and the opponents could draw, teaching you what the odds of making that kind of hand would be.

This makes it easy to see what's going on, and since a poker odds calculator shows the poker odds right there in front of you while you play, you'll begin to learn them, making it semi-automatic, so you do not even think about poker odds any more – you just know them. So, the first step is learning and internalizing these "hand odds". Then, you can quickly calculate pot odds anytime you'd like.

Calculating pot odds requires you to pay close attention to the game, a key trait of good poker tournament players. Unlike playing online, where the total size of the pot is easy to determine (the online Texas Hold poker program typically shows the pot amount right there on the screen for you), when you play in traditional offline poker tournaments, you must keep track of the pot size and chip count yourself, so you can estimate the pot odds and your best betting options.

Pot odds became especially interesting as the blinds and antes increase as the tournament progresses. Let's say there are 10 players at your table, and the poker tournament structure has you at $ 25 antes with $ 200 / $ 400 blinds. That's a total of $ 850 that's sitting thre in each and every pot before anyone even places their first bet! So, before you even look at your hand, you know that the minimum bet is $ 400, so you'll need a good hand (with roughly 1 in 2 odds or better) in order to simply break even.

At this point, people will be angling to "steal the blinds" by placing a hefty bet, typically at least two times the big blind, or $ 800, in order to make the pot odds so unattractive that everyone just folds. Therefore, the first player to act often makes off with the booty, since the pot odds become even less attractive and most everyone has not made a good enough hand to call. Of course, this can definitely backfire …

Let's say the first player to bet raises to $ 800 in an attempt to steal the blinds, making the total pot now $ 1,650. Let's say that a second player then calls with another $ 800, boosting this pot to $ 2,450. To get in on the action, you've only need to call with $ 800, which means if you win the hand you're getting a better better than 3 to 1 on your money. If it's the Flop and you are one card short of making a king-high flush, then your hand odds are roughly 1-in-3. This would be "even money" if you joined in on this basis alone; However, you're holding a King and there's a King on the board from the Flop, so you now have a better than 1 in 3 chance of winning – a positive expectation! You place your $ 800 bet, so now the pot sits at $ 3,250.

You should generally make this bet, since it will yield a good return and you have the high pair (Kings), plus a flush draw, thereby improving your odds even further. Let's say there was an Ace also showing, making your Kings second best pair. In this case, it time to fold because you have a less than a 1 in 3 chance of winning this hand, and if you continued throwing money at this pot, you'll end up "pot-committed" and beaten by a pair of Aces (there's usually at least one player in 10 hanging in there with an Ace hole card).

So, let's say the last player to act goes "All-in" – after we've put our $ 800 in this pot. Now what? The first reaction should be – what kind of hand * could * this player actually hold? If the player is a relatively tight or solid player, chances are they made a set or an Ace high flush. It's always possible they're bluffing, but very unknowingly if they're a good player, since there are already far too many people in this pot and it's probably they'd get called with a real hand when bluffing.

So, what's happened to our pot odds? Let's say they went all-in with $ 5,000, pushing this pot up to $ 8,250. If you called with $ 5,000, you're now only getting a 8.25 to 5 return, or roughly 1.65 to 1 – especially unattractive under the circumstances with highly negative expectation and so many players in this hand, further reducing your chances of winning. Therefore, everyone will likely just fold; unless they have a very strong hand plus a great draw (some outs).

There's clearly a lot more to poker betting strategy, including position and acting first vs. last. Generally speaking, though, if you're going to take a shot at that pot, and you're in a position to act first, there's a good chance everyone else will fold; however, you'd better think carefully about the pot odds the opponents will be getting after your bet is in there.

If your bet modifies the pot size such that it improves their pot odds (by limping in with just a small bet), you're actually encouraging the opponents to hang in there with you, since they still have a good, positive (and improving ) expectation level. If you bet enough, such as two to three times the size of the big blind, you'll be reducing their pot odds enough to swing into a negative expectation, so they'll be much more likely to fold. It's really important to think your bet amounts through and understand the pot odds implications of your betting.

When you make such a play at the pot, it's ideal to have some kind of hand, along with a good draw. If you find yourself short-stacked, then this may be as good as it gets. Bluffing will be covered more thoroughly in a later article, but at this point it would be great to have at least a small pair, as well as a good straight or flush draw (since you'll also have the potential to make a set of trips, too). In this situation, you have so many good "outs" that your small pair begins to look a lot stronger, and your hand odds acceptable enough to go on a "semi-bluff" at this pot.

So, these are the basics of Texas Holdem poker tournament betting strategy that you should know and practice (the other good players do). Knowing your basic hand odds and being capable of quickly calculating pot odds are essential to making intelligent betting decisions under fire in poker tournaments, and regular ring game and limit play for that matter. A good poker odds calculator will help you learn the hand odds, and along with practicing calculating your pot odds, you'll be making better decisions and getting the best of it the next time you play Texas Hold poker.

In the next article, we'll explore a popular Texas Holdem poker tournament format – the Sit & Go poker tournament. Until then, have fun. And as always – good luck!


Custom Decks – How to Design Your Ultimate Deck

Most sundecks beyond the simple BBQ deck included with many homes will be custom additions to an existing structure. And like most custom building projects, the more thought you put in, the better the result. This means your new sundeck doesn’t begin with the first nail, but instead, with the first pencil line made in your sketchbook.

Whether building yourself or hiring out, initial planning should be done by those who will be using the deck. A good designer can help with this, but most homeowners have a pretty good idea what will work at this earliest design stage. A great place to start is by determining the deck’s shape using a bird’s eye or “plan view” sketch. Simply draw a line representing your house wall, adding to it the shape you envision for your deck. Take a few stabs at it. You may find yourself doing arcs and unusual angles, but it’s all in pencil so play with it. When you consider that most decks are about playtime, it makes sense somehow that the sticking to right angles at the design stage may not make for the best sun deck design. Some of the finest sundecks are whimsical.

While you are outside walking the shape or “footprint” of your favourite sketches, think about levels, or “elevations.” Raising or lowering a deck level in places by even a single step can add greatly to a deck’s look and feel. Once an approximate idea of the deck’s footprint seems to work, consider points of access to the deck if any, and whether stairs are needed.

Thinking about elevations in decks is important for a couple of other reasons, the first being that most deck surfaces have joists supporting them. The bottom of these should be about eight inches (20 cm) above the ground in wetter areas to protect woodwork. An even more pressing consideration is railings. In general, if a deck surface is more than two feet above ground, a railing is required. If over six feet, a higher railing is needed. In my view, any elevation change on a deck should be obvious. Some mark elevation changes with planters or other obstructions for safety.

Once you’ve cobbled together an approximate shape and height, then considered access and rail questions, think about whether a roofed area suits the plan. Roofed areas increase the amount of time a deck can be used in a year in many regions. Where I come from, we call that, “More bang for the buck.” Naturally, any deck roof should not conflict with the existing building, but this is true of your deck on the whole. Harmony of design will enhance your deck’s character.

Probably the biggest question in deck design is how it will be surfaced. For simplicity this choice can be narrowed to two options: wood slat or membrane. Wood lovers opt for slats. A common deck board will be cedar, typically a six inch (15 cm) wide board about one and a quarter inches (3 cm) thick as a minimum. There are other types of wood finishes available ranging from treated boards to tropical hardwoods. Whichever is chosen, an important feature of any deck board will be rot resistance. Most people will stain their slatted deck surface, which will help to decrease the threat of wood rot and keep wood looking fresh. If using treated wood, be sure you treat the engrain of cuts.

The main alternative to wood is a vinyl membrane. This membrane style comes in many colours and textures, and unlike a slat surface, will not require re-staining, but only a good cleaning from time to time. Another advantage with a membrane surface is that it will help to keep areas underneath dry. As these finishes are getting better all the time, some building authorities will accept a vinyl membrane over an enclosed living area.

Whether using wood or vinyl to surface a deck, if the area underneath is open to the elements, it is a good idea to take measures that will inhibit weed growth. If the deck is only slightly above ground level or “grade,” this should be done as soon as the deck’s footing supports are in place, as it will be difficult to do once other support framing is installed. Taking steps to inhibit weed growth is particularly important with slatted surfaces as any water is intended to pass through the gaps in slats as opposed to draining off as with a membrane. We use a high quality landscape fabric held in place by gravel, and a little time spent here will save a lot of weeding time later.

With these main elements of deck design considered, now is a good time to consider other details. I haven’t advocated running off to the Internet for ideas, because I’ve found the building site usually determines most of the characteristics already discussed. As well, looking at a lot of photos may inhibit the creativity of some. Of course others may start with this approach, finding that looking at other decks and their details spurs on their creativity. Either way, seeing how others have met the many challenges of deck design can be useful, particularly when it comes to railing options. These are many. The wood lovers will likely gravitate to wood railings, but as is the case with wood deck surfaces, these will likely need to be stained, too. Aluminium rails are the usual alternative to wood. The advantage to these is low maintenance, as they require only a wipe to keep them looking good over the years. Thinking about minimising time spent maintaining a deck is a good idea, this because sundecks are all about leisure, and spending leisure time working on a deck doesn’t make a lot of sense.

With most of the nuts and bolts of your deck design considered, now is the time to take your thinking to the next level: building. If you’re confident about your carpentry skills, you’re ready to get going. If not, review the work of carpenters and deck builders in your area. Chances are they’ve built a few decks and their know-how should prove a valuable resource. Also at this stage, determine if your deck will need to be permitted by your local building authority. Though not all inspectors will offer advice, they may tell you how they would attend to certain challenges themselves, and will, at the very least, prevent you from making great mistakes if you’re just starting out.

If there is one main structural consideration in deck building, it is the question of whether or not to attach your deck directly to existing work. This is largely a waterproofing issue. If the a main building and deck are constructed simultaneously and a membrane surface has been chosen, it is usually easier to “hang” the deck frame from the main building, and the membrane will be run up the main building’s wall. This will help ensure water will not penetrate a building envelope. If slats are used, however, it is much more difficult to keep rain and cleaning water out of the building. In this event, we run a row of footings beside the house wall, making sure there is only about a one inch (2.5 cm) gap between the deck surface and the building’s cladding. This way, the deck will only look like it’s attached to the main building, and the untouched cladding will resist penetration as it would whether a deck is there or not. Yes, an extra row of support footings is an additional expense, but so is the effort of removing cladding to attach deck framing. As well, when a deck and building are not attached, there is almost no chance at all of the deck rotting out the building, a classic problem necessitating expensive repairs down the road.

Like all building projects, deck design is underwritten by a philosophy. It should match existing work as closely as possible, resist the elements well, and some would say most importantly, be a pleasure to use. And like all building projects, rushing at any stage of design and construction will be to the project’s detriment. So take your time, determine and collect your materials as soon as possible, and be sure to keep in mind at all times the main reason for a sundeck: making the most of leisure time.

A Look At The World of Warcraft Characters

World of Warcraft is the latest fantasy Warcraft universe game. The actions take place within Azeroth, the Warcraft world. The game is released by Blizzard Entertainment and is the fourth Warcraft universe game, the first being Warcraft: Orcs and Humans, released way back in 1994.

World of Warcraft actions, however, happened some four years after the events wrapped up in the third game Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne. This multiplayer online game where the players can role-play, stepping into the shoes of the various Warcraft universe characters, has proved vastly popular among online gamers. The World of Warcraft characters have similarly caught the fancy of the gamers in a short time.

At World of Warcraft, you can choose what kind of hero you would like to impersonate. The first thing to do, however, is to select what race to play. Each race has its own set of characters. You can choose to be one amongst them according to your taste. The characters go through various classes and as you overcome challenges, your character gets to master more spells and skills. The number of skills your World of Warcraft character will master depends on the class he is in.

The most favorite World of Warcraft characters include warriors, warlocks, druids, shamans, rogues, victors, paladins, mages, hunters and deathknights. Deathknights are from the first hero class in World of Warcraft. They are heavily armed and know the mostly deadly and lethal magic. They are no longer servants of Lich King either.

Then there are warriors who are the most fearsome in battlefields. With a single blow, they can wreak havoc on their enemies and with their battle shouts can easily bring out the best abilities from their allies.

Rogues are useful for stealth and their ability to open hidden chests and locked doors. They are the most deadly assassins and can strike their enemies from where they are most unprepared. Warlocks can master the powers of flame and shadow and can summon demons to help themselves and their allies and to damage and cripple their enemies. They can also plague their adversaries with curses or diseases.

Then there are druids, hunters and mages, all of what are powerful World of Warcraft characters, too. Druids can master nature and can come up with the most unusual concoctions which can perform an array of miracles, including bringing the dead back from the underworld and restoring them to life. They can also shapeshift into cats, sea lions or great bears.

Hunters have deadly skills and precision with their rifles and bows. In addition, they can tame the wild beasts at will and then employ their power to assist their allies in battle. Mages, paladins and practices are also capable of many unique powers.

You can choose any of these characters to represent yourself and get immersed in the mythical universe of World of Warcraft.

Getting Tree Services Will Save You From A Lot Of Trouble

If you're growing trees around your house and property, then you must be having some important tree concerns. You might be thinking whether or not your city can help you with this matter. You can get tangled up with different tree-related issues. For instance, the limbs of your trees can hamper normal traffic. If one of the trees you have at home has fallen down, it can clog a drain system or damage an electricity line. When you come across any of these problems, you need to get tree services done for you. You can get these from tree experts who are well-versed when it comes to dealing and maintaining trees.

There are different types of tree services and each one of them is intended for a different purpose. If you're having problems with your plants at home, it's best that you let the experts handle them for you so that you can save yourself from a lot of trouble and stress. You need to remember that doing these types of things can be really risky and dangerous. Moreover, they require a lot of tools and materials that you may not have available at home. Trimming is one of the most common services that people get. This is usually done every 4 to 5 years. Touch up trimming can also be done every 10 to 18 months. Touch up pruning is done to make sure that the branches of a tree are not touching the house. This is also done to make sure that the branches do not hang too low on the street and create problems. Triming needs vary from one type of tree to another. Aside from the species of the plants, trimming recommendations are also based on the plant's health and location. Aside from trimming, you can also get tree removal, stump grinding, and hedge trimming services.

A good service provider will gather information from you for possible changes that you might need in trimming and pruning. Aside from this, they can also help you with fertilization, treatment, and spraying. These types of services really help a lot when it comes to saving sick or decomposing trees. Experts can also help you deal with disorders, diseases, and normal injury diagnosis. A thorough diagnosis is important when the tree being handled is sick. Through a proper diagnosis, a proper plan can be formulated in order to rejuvenate the plants and prevent them from getting any further injuries. In order for a proper diagnosis to be done, the person doing it should have a good amount of knowledge on soil science, botany, entomology, pathology, and horticultural practices.

Are You Flushing A Scarce Resource Down The Drain? Learn About Toilets, Water Usage And Saving Money

During summers when I was a teenager, I used to work for American Standard, loading their trucks with products destined for points all over Canada, and the United States. At that time, they were one of the largest makers of toilets in North America. I learned quite a thing or two back then about these bathroom 'thrones,' not the least of which was that their porcelain frames were heavy to lift! One of the main differences in overall toilet design from then to now is in the amount of water they require per flush.

This liquid need has been greatly reduced while performance has remained steady, and in some newer designs even vastly improved. Note: North America holds a vast amount of the world's dwindling fresh water supply. A great deal of this asset is wasted every time when we flush a toilet in our home or office. By learning how to cut your usage, you'll not only conserve a precious and life sustainable resource, but save money at the same time.

Types Of Toilettes

Manufactures have bought several unique toilets to the marketplace. The most common of these used through most residential and industrial properties are:

Gravity: This simple type of toilet is in rough 99% of all homes, and as the name implies, it purely finds mainly on gravity when you flush to remove the waste.

Dual Flush: This is the type of toilet that I have in my own home. It basically involves two flushing actions. For liquid waste, it permits one to flush using only 3 liters of water. For solid waste the full 6 liters are used. By utilizing this feature correctly a vast amount of water is saved, which is good for the environment and your pocket-book.

Pressure-Assist: While traveling, if you've ever had to pull your car over and use the facilities at a roadside stop stop, chances are the toilets were of this variety. They are also used extensively in office buildings. You can tell it's a 'pressure-assist' toilet because the minute you flush it makes a lot of noise, and feels as though it wants to draw you into the opening as well! This is because compressed air is forced into the bowl 'pushing' the waste out, whereas in a gravity toilet the waste is 'dropped' out.

Toilets And Water Usage

Every time you or another family member flushes a toilet, a vast amount of water goes down the drain. On average, 30% of indoor water usage can be attributed to your toilet. Many homes built today, and those older ones that have been renovated, have several toilets in place, each thirsty for their share of water. My older East York neighborhood area home originally had one small bathroom on the second floor.

One of my first priorities once I took possession was to install a second larger one in the basement. Many of my neighbors have done the same to their relative properties. Toilets size, and water draw has gone through extensive changes over the last thirty years. Before 1980, the average toilet required a staggering 20 liters of water per flush. Innovations were made sending that number down to around 13 liters per flush, and more recently that number has again been reduced to a meagre 6 liters per flush.

Saving Money On Water

Water, as mentioned earlier, is a precious commodity the world over so the less one can use in the home, the better. Example: Let's say that your current toilet is one of the older models that requires 20 liters per flush. Let's assum, on average, you flush 12 times per day. So, your current daily requirement of water would be 240 liters.

Remember, this is for just one toilet in your home; you may have more. Now, if you were to replace that model with a new 6 liter per flush model, and applied the same number of flushes per day, you would now only use 120 liters of water! Much of Toronto is on a pay per amount used (as opposed to a flat rate) for water, so this will net you a careful savings each and every year.

Replacing The Toilet?

There are two main types of toilets that are sold in Canada today. They are: the one- piece, where tank and bowl are one; or the two-piece, where tank and bowl are separate items. If you are replacing your older model with one of the newer ones, you must remember that they are smaller, and as such may not cover the same wall or corner area as the older version did. It's like putting a smaller picture into the same place where a larger one once hung. You'll see the outline of the old one still on the wall.

You may need to repaint the area. As well, if you are just replacing the tank (in a two-piece model), it might not fit properly onto the existing bowl. Both need to be purchased at the same time and should lock together as one. Also, your newer, more environmentally efficient model may not fit squarely onto the floor hole, so a new one may need to be cut. Always check your size requirements before heading out to buy. Or, better still, have a professional come in to assist on the job.

So, next time you are in the bathroom, instead of reading a magazine or text messaging with friends on your cell phone, check out the toilet you have. If it is an old one, consider replacing it with a new, ultra-efficient model. The planet will love you for it!

The Truth Is A Chainsaw Sharpener Is an Essential Piece of Equipment

If you're looking for a chainsaw sharpener read on to find out more about chainsaw sharpening and how you can get the best deal online.

A chainsaw is a useful and powerful piece of equipment. But once a chain blade becomes blunt you're wasting your time, damaging your equipment and putting yourself at risk. A sharp chain will self feed, that is it needs little or no pressure to cut but the chain blade draws itself into the wood. A sharp chain will produce square chips. If your making something more like sawdust then it's a sign you need to use a chainsaw sharpener or take your saw for sharpening. You should stop working with your chain saw as soon as you realize the chain is dull. Forcing a blunt saw to cut puts unnecessary strain on the motor, chain, sprocket and guide bar. Put simply your chain saw was not designed to work like this and such abuse will result in breakdowns and shorten the life of your saw. If you keep working with a blunt saw you'll get tired more easily and the job becomes much tougher leading to frustration and impaired judgment. Accidents and injuries are more likely. This is another good reason to stop when your saw gets dull.

The simplest chainsaw sharpeners are basically guides for files which hold the file at the correct angle and position to sharpen each cutter. Some chainsaw users will sharpen freehand using just a file but without some sort of guide it's tricky to hold the file in the right way consistently. A quick free-hand touch up to keep the saw working is OK but the chain will need some extra work to correct the cutting angles or some time with a professional sharpener to regain it's full cutting performance.

After a few sharpeners you may find the chain does not cut so well. The cutters may be sharp but do not cut into the wood effectively. If this happens then the depth gauges need adjusting. As you sharpen the saw chain metal is filed or ground off the cutters and they get lower and lower. Each cutter is behind a depth gauge which determines how much of a "bite" it takes out of the wood. This "bite" is the height difference between depth gauge and cutter. Every 2-3 times you sharpen you should check and adjust the depth gauge height. A few models of sharpeners will incorporate some means of grinding the depth gauges, others need a separate tool.

Electric sharpeners come in a few varieties. The best ones allow you to clamp the chain while a grinding wheel is applied to do the job of sharpening. This method is faster and easier than filing and produces good results. The better ones make short work of lowering the depth gauges to match the cutters.

Window Washing Basics Everyone Should Know

Window washing is one of the chores that most people hate to do. Window washing is time consuming, can be very messy, and is often frustrating because getting all of the streaks off of the glass can be difficult. There are some window washing basics that everyone should know, and these basics might make your next window washing experience a brighter one.

• Soap and water will clean windows

You do not have to buy a large amount of expensive cleaning products in order to clean window panes. Simple dish detergent and warm water will clean the glass surfaces. You can make the job easier by using vinegar instead of soap and water, because the vinegar removes grease, and is less likely to leave streaks when it is wiped away.

• The cloth you use to clean your windows make the job more difficult

The best way to wash a window pane is to use a soft cloth to apply the cleansers and then buff the cleanser away using paper towel that does not leave lint behind. The cheapest way to get a streak free shine with less effort is to use old newspaper to buff away the cleaner. You can skip the soft cloth step because when you are rubbing the newspaper over the surface of the glass you will be effectively removing all of the dirt, fingerprints, and grime.

• Do not stretch to reach above your head

A lot of times when we are cleaning we try to reach as high up as possible so we can save time. Never try this. If you can not easily reach the area you are trying to clean then get a ladder that will allow you to climb high enough to easily reach. By stretching to reach an area you take the risk of falling and injuring yourself. Take the time to be safe while you work.

• Vinegar soaked cloths will remove stickers

If you have ever had a sticker applied to glass you know that the residue left behind by the glue can be hard to get off. Many people have had to use razor blades to scrape some of this type of residue off of glass. The next time you are faced with this problem simply soak a cloth in plain vinegar. Place the planned cloth on top of the sticker and allow the vinegar to soak through the paper of the sticker so that it comes in contact with the glue holding the sticker in place. The vinegar will dissolve the glue and you will easily be able to remove all traces of the sticker.