Square Toilet And Round Plunger? No Problem

In this article we provide some tips to effectively plunging a square toilet with a round plunger. The first thing to realize is that a standard sink plunger is probably not going to be very effective.  This is because it wont be able to create a watertight seal over the toilet drain and will also be prone to slippage. What you need is a special type of toilet plunger called a flange plunger or funnel cup plunger.

These plungers have an extra section of rubber attached to the rubber cup that you’ll find on a standard sink plunger. These types of plungers are also significantly larger than sink plungers.  Make sure you fold out the flange section before use as this needs to be placed inside the toilet drain before you start plunging.  In this position it will hold a toilet plunger firmly in place with a strong seal.

Plumbers will tell you that it’s important to have enough water in the bowl so that the plunger cup is fully covered. This is because water does not compress under pressure. Air does compress so if you’re plunging against air you wont be exerting as much force on the clog.

Once the plunger is in position and you have enough water in the bowl, press down firmly so that the rubber cup flattens completely. Then release and let the cup return to its neutral shape and fill with water.  The cup should still be submerged at this point. Then simply repeat this action several times so that you are alternatively pushing and pulling on the clog.

You should hear and feel the release of the clog and notice that the toilet bowl drains.  Remove the plunger from the bowl and flush the toilet several times to ensure that you have cleared the clog.  Remember to clean the toilet bowl thoroughly with a good brand cleaner such as the Clorox toilet wand before using it.

Plantation Shutters Are a Smart Investment for Your Windows

When shopping for your home renovation needs you always pass by the window treatments section and ask yourself what is the best window treatment for my home? There are a lot of window treatment types out there in the market and they each have their own specifics and benefits. One of the more popular ones is plantation shutters. Plantation shutters are made of wooden slats that have a single vertical bar in the middle that helps in the manipulation in the angles of the shutters. The design of these shutters provides your home with high level functionality with top of the line style.

The plantation shutters provide your home with top of the line functionality because it gives you a lot of benefits like light control, insulation, privacy to name a few. The design of these shutters provide your home with great light control because the angles set by the shutters are set to an angle that they let light through but doesn’t overdo it thus illuminating your home just the way you like it. it also gives your home protection from ultraviolet rays; extensive exposure to these rays can cause damage to you and your home. These shutters also provide your home with insulation from heat and cold, since the slats are treated with special chemicals they are more resistant to heat and cold. One of the most important benefit that these shutters provide is that they are great for giving you privacy, you can just manipulate them so that you can shutout the outside world nothing can pass through even vibration and sounds from the outside.

These shutters also have a very high aesthetic value compared among others. Its sleek and stylish design provides your home with a homely appeal together with modernism. People would definitely appreciate the change you brought your home and maybe emulating you buying theirs as well. Since most companies today are going green, rest assured that the shutters you will buy are made in an eco friendly manner; natural materials are used, less manufacturing waste and even going back to basics thus making them by hand.

With all of these at hand, would you still wonder which the best exterior window shutters for your home are? Go out and buy yourself one now, definitely worth the investment.

5 Benefits of Wooden Furniture

Furnishing our living space with wooden furniture has plenty of practical and stylish benefits. Wood is rarely beaten when it comes to all-round strength and appearance. It is a practical choice for both modern and traditional designs. Plus, it can be made into unique designs with the possibility to engrave it, bend it and carve it.

Here are five benefits of wooden furniture:

Durability

Wooden furniture has the ability to offer long-term durability and is made from hardwood or softwood. The hardwood is the most expensive and includes mahogany, rosewood, teak, cherry and oak. This type of wood has a rich, dark finish and has the potential to last for generations. Softwoods can include cedar and pine which are more susceptible to marking and scratches. But, this can add an extra layer of character to the furniture. The softwood is lighter in color, but is likely to take on a darker shade if left exposed to sunlight.

Sustainability

There are certain woods like mahogany that are being over harvested, which can have long-term consequences. For this reason, it makes sense to buy the item of furniture that relies on the sustainable wood. This is certain to appeal to those homeowners that are looking for an ecologically safe way to furnish the living room or dining room.

Easy to maintain

Wood is a material that is relatively easy to care for. A regular dusting session will keep the item of furniture clean. A natural wax polish is a practical choice to maintain the items with a polished finish. Any non-treated or treated furniture should not be cleaned with water. Wood is very absorbent and letting the furniture get wet often can cause long-term damage.

Great versatility

Wood is a higher versatile material and easily complements the rustic, modern or traditional home. Adding a few items of furniture in cherry wood to the dining room is a great way to create the traditional look, while pine is useful for the rustic inspired theme, and ash is favored for the modern kitchen. Also, it is possible to mix and match a few styles of wood to create a really eclectic room.

Great for outdoors

Wood with its natural strength and beauty is a favorite choice for garden furniture. While there are plenty of other options like rattan, metal and plastic, the wooden furniture is the most striking and is also relatively easy to maintain. This type of garden furniture only needs the occasion treatment to maintain its good looks for the long-term.

PCB (Printed Circuit Board) Design and Routing Tips and Tactics

1. Introduction

A PCB is a printed circuit board. PCBs are a part of our everyday lives; Computers, Cellphones, Calculators, Wrist-watches and every electrical component we interact with on a daily basis.

This article is targeted at professionals who are familiar with Hardware design and have PCB design background.

2. Shaping the PCB

The most common shape for PCB is rectangle. Many people also prefer to have the corners rounded, as this decreases the possibility of edge-cracking. The shape of PCB highly depends on where you are going to place the board, and what your mechanical requirements are (the final box where the product is placed).

Usually, there are 4 big holes in the board, each hole in one corner. These holes are used to hold the board in place using a patch or a PCB holder. The diameter is more than 2 millimeters, and it is plated.

3. How many layers to use?

Now we get to the next step, how many layers should we use? This highly depends on the maximum frequency used in the design, how many components you have, whether you have Ball-Grid-Array components or not, and most important of all, how dense your design is.

For systems running up to 80 MHz, usually it’s ok to use 2 Layers, should it be possible to route the board doing so. Take C.E. Certification and FCC regulations in consideration. Most of the times, the require a maximum of -130dBm emission on public radio band (FM 80-108MHz). This can be problematic if you use a high-current clock operating between 40 to 80 MHz (The second harmonic would be between 80 to 160 MHz, which can easily violate these rules).

For systems running above 80MHz, it is very important to consider using more layers, (4 is good example).

There are 2 tactics in 4 layers:

  1. Top and bottom layers can be Ground and Power planes. The middle layers used for routing.
  2. Top and bottom layers used for signal, Middle layers used for planes

The first method has a very good signal quality, since signals are sandwiched between two power planes, and as a result, you will have minimum emission.

The second method can make routing easy, since you will not need a via (vertical interconnect access) for each pin, as the pin resides on the same signalling layer. Further more, the internal planes can have multiple islands, to cover all your power needs, reducing the via count even further. BUT this method can be very tricky, and it

is extremely important NOT TO break power planes under high-speed signal, as this can result into a return path loop, making unwanted emission more likely to occur.

Using more layers always results into better quality of product, but it will make it more expensive to develop, especially in the prototyping stage. (The difference between 2 layers prototype and 4-6 layers, can be as high as few hundred dollars).

The six-layer+ method is almost ideal. Using top and bottom layer as power-planes and internal layers for routing can prevent emission, increase resistance to noise and dramatically reduce design efforts, as there are more layers to use for routing. Impedance-matching can be done easily, and we will cover this section for high-speed signals.

4. Arranging layers for Impedance-matching

At this point I assume you dealing with a high-speed system which has SSTL, HSTL, LVDS, RSDS, GTL+, High-Speed TTL and other high-speed interconnections (USB HS, 2.5Gbps PCI-Express, etc.). These routings require special considerations. The lines require impedance-matching. For many beginners, this can be a questioning term. The difference between Impedance and Resistance is great. If you need resistance matching, you can easily use a resistor and be done with it.

Impedance matching, on the other hand, has got nothing to do with resistors. It depends on the Width of the track, the underside power-plane, whether is it Strip-Line (Surrounded between two power planes) or uStrip (which means has a power plane under it, but the other side is free, as in TopLayer or BottomLayer).

To achieve a certain impedance on a track, you should carefully select these parameters. Use an impedance calculator (search google) to find the correct values for width, height above the power-plane, and thickness of the metallic layer, to achieve the desired impedance (usually 50 or 75 ohms).

Be advised that a miss-matched impedance connection (especially on RF, High-Speed USB, SATA or PCI-Express, and memory lines such as SSTL or HSTL), and make the board fail without any obvious reasons. This will force you to go for the next prototype, without ever finding what caused the first prototype to fail.

5. Power-planing.

Power-islands are one the most important factors in a high-speed digital design. An FPGA or high-speed processor board with in-accurate power-planing can be very unstable. In early days, you could route power tracks a little wider than signal-tracks, and treated them like normal connections. Today, the story is different.

If you use and FPGAs or High-Speed processors, you should know that a great number of flip-flops are switching at any given moment in your system. Their switching causes a huge amount of current going back-and-forward through their power and ground pins. The ground-pins in this case can create ground-bounce if the amount of current (and especially the slew-rate) is high. I must remind you of the famous V=L. di/dt (Delta-Voltage equals inductance x current-rate). If you use a track (for instance) to route ground signal, you will have different voltages on each side of the track. It will be very funny to have +0.5V on one side of your ground, and -1V on the other side.

This will cause COMPLETE SYSTEM FAILURE. I remember experiencing this issue in early days, which forced me to question even the very basic physique rules I knew. Discovering this bug can be difficult, and even if discovered, you will have no choice but to create another prototype.

The same rule applies for power-plane two. You can easily have drops in certain tracks if you do not use a plane, or a large power-islands, to support your power voltage. Using a greater number of decoupling capacitors is highly recommended for high-speed and high-powered processors/FPGAs, near their power lines.

The RF section, and the power-supply switching sections needs special care for their ground-planes. Their islands should be isolated from the system ground-plane, and must have tracks connecting your switching island to system ground (the tracks should be large enough to have near-zero DC resistance, but not more). This is because switching and RF section, can create waves on ground-plane, which can create ground-bounce on your systems ground. You can search google on this subject if you need more explanation.

6. High-Speed differential Signals

Todays designs always have a high-speed differential connection. Examples are PCI-Express, High-Speed USB and SATA. For these lines, certain rules apply:

  1. There should not be any ground-plane split under these connections.
  2. Their impedance should be carefully matched.
  3. There should not be more than 2 millimeters difference in LENGTH for each connection.
  4. Connections should maintain the same distance between each other until they reach destination.
  5. There should not be any sharp corners. Avoid 45 degrees or 90 degrees. This may cause unwanted Capacitive coupling, or it can cause the are act a small antennas.
  6. Keep all other signals far from these lines. I recommend minimum 5 millimeters separation. This will reduce cross-talk.

I recommend using Strip-lines for these connections. But again, many Micro-Strip will do fine as well.

  

7. High-Speed single-ended connections

Dealing with high-speed single-ended connections can be challenging. Since they are not differential lines, any noise on these lines will affect their state, and will cause system failure. HSTL, SSTL and GTL+ are good examples. LVTTL should be treated as well.

When routing these lines, take these tips into consideration:

  1. Impedance-matching is a MUST for these connections.
  2. No ground-splits underneath these connections.
  3. Cross-talk should be minimized. This highly depends on the type of the connection. LVTTL is most prone to cross-talk, as they do not have terminating resistors. I recommend using SSTL or HSTL where possible.
  4. Quite lines should be kept away from busy connections. These lines usually are control-lines and any cross-talk can be catastrophic (Imagine a cross-talk on chip-select connection!).
  5. Sharp-corners are OK with these signals, since they mostly operate under 800MHz.
  6. Reducing the number of vias used for these connections. Maximum of 2 is recommended.

8. High-Speed Memory routing tactics

Memory routing is a different story. When dealing with DDR2+, QDR, RDRAM, XDR and other high-speed chips, certain VERY IMPORTANT rules apply:

  1. The Clock-Line should always be longer than RAS, CAS and Data lines. The clock signal should arrive later than each of the signals, otherwise there will be synchronization problems. Usually high-speed memory controller have a ‘Return-Clock’ which is the clock trace returned to the controller, so the controller can tell when exactly the clock signal was intercepted by the chip.
  2. Data lines should never cross any plane-splits, as these lines more active than any other connection in the system.
  3. DDR systems have especial termination requirements (Usually Voltage-Termination). This voltage which is half of the memories supply voltage, should be VERY STABLE, as this sections supplies the termination resistors at each line-end. This supply voltage should have proper power-planing and a lot of capacitor decoupling (10nF for each 4 lines I recommend).

Again, consult your manufacturers datasheet for more considerations.

We are done for now, and I hope this article helped make things more clear for you in high-speed PCB routing techniques. This article will continue in PCB Routing Tips and Tactics 2.

How to Plan a Healthy Menu

We know that failing to plan is planning to fail, so we know the importance of simple menu planning can make the day a little more timely and efficient as well as setting you up for success as far as sticking to your healthy eating plan.

While simply taking the steps to start planning is the first thing to think about, there are a few tips we can share to keep up variety and lessen boredom with your menu.

Choose dishes and recipes that you know you will enjoy at the time you're eating them (this goes for lunch foods too and foods where you can prepare extra the night before and pack some for lunch the next day). Simply choosing foods you like will help you get excited about the planning and in turn the preparation of the foods.

Make sure you think ahead to plan for the times when you know you have plenty of time to prepare a meal and other times when your time is limited. It makes sense to plan a meal that does not require a lot of preparation at a time when you do not have a lot of time to prepare the meal. This does not mean you have to eat toast when your time is limited, it just means that you might pick a recipe that is prepared in 30 mins rather than an hour. (This can also be assisted by ensuring you have all the ingredients you need ahead of time so you can start preparing the meal straight away).

Ensure you pick a different base each day so that you increase your variety. An example of this would be to choose a different meat for consecutive days. You might have a beef dish on Monday so it is best to choose another meat or vegetarian protein source on Tuesday for example chicken or tofu.

As mentioned above, ensuring the dish is not the same type will ensure you do not get bored either. For example, having a curry each night (even if one night is chicken the next is fish and the next is pork) you will probably not be impressed by the third or forth night of curry, even if curry is your favorite food.

Think about a great place to find good recipes. There are so many great recipe books available and so many generally sit on our books without being opened. This is a great opportunity to dust off those cookbooks and try out some recipes you've not tried before. Even the least healthy of recipes can be modified slowly to decrease the fat content or increase the fiber content.

Scatter some of you old tried and tested recipes among the new recipes to provide some familiarity to your menu but also some new recipes to expand your repertoire.

Try some things you've never tried before, you never know what might become your new favorite food. Our supermarket ranges seem to be getting larger and the opportunity to shop online for ingredients makes it even easier to get hold of a specific food item or ingredient that you may never have tried before.

Try some foods from different cuisines, there are plenty of great opportunities to learn how to plan a healthy menu for particular cuisines. And there are plenty of recipes, online tips and cooking classes you can take to help with expanding your knowledge and experiences with difference cuisines.

One of the most satisfying things about how to plan a healthy menu is the opportunity to sit down and create the menu which will then whet your appetite for more exciting items on your menu and then make your shopping trip more interesting in your discovery of all the great items you can experiment with.

All You Need To Know About Static Model Aircrafts

Static model airplanes, as the name suggest are non-flying models. They are not meant for flying but are mostly built for those who hobby is to collect and keep these pieces. Static model airplanes are also used as show pieces or placed on strategic places in a room or office to add beauty to the place.

Static model aircraft are made of various materials. These materials include wood, canvas, die cast metal and plastic. Some models may be made with a combination of some of these materials too. For those models that are made from wood, Mahogany and balsa are the commonly used types of wood. These models are usually hand carved and although they are not so detailed to scale, they represent the real planes in many outer details like windows and shape. Plastic materials are more detailed that the wooden models and gives the buyer a wide range of sizes and forms than which to choose. The most detailed models are the ones which are die-cast. These are metallic and are so detailed that they represent the real airplane in exact scale.

As mentioned earlier, static model planes are mostly meant for display. To ensure easy display, most models come with a base which enables them to be placed on surfaces like tables, cabinets etc. Depending on the size of your plane, you can decide also to hang it from a ceiling to give it a flight facade. But care should be taken not to expose these model planes to direct sunlight, since it may cause discoloration. Some models also need to be assembled before displaying or at least, some parts like propellers and attached ammunition need to be attached in case they came dismembered.

Static model planes come in different sizes. Some are tiny pieces while others are as big as 5 feet or more. Although it's not so common in model planes, some models are scaled to size. In other words, the model size is, say 1:40, means it is 1 / 40th of the real plane. Some models also come decorated and others undecorated. The decorated ones are mostly plastic models and die cast models while the undecorated ones are wood. These models are unique since they reveal the original carving and one can also paint them!

Static model airplanes are mostly maintenance free but still need some care. First, they should be kept away from direct sunlight and should be dusted regularly to avoid discoloration. They should also be handled with care especially while picking them. Do not pick them up from the wings, but always do so from the fuselage or from the display base. The price of these models depends on the size, the material used and the details of the model. The most detailed models come at a high price, but are worth every penny.

Pop Music Came From Rock And Roll

By it's very definition Pop (short for popular) is the most POPULAR music genre. The fragmentation of popular music into discrete niches has meant that fewer performers are able to transcend their specific genres to attain a kind of cultural consensus that appeared possible in the past. Yet Shumway's tired lament reveals less about why this change has occurred than it does about the stranglehold that baby boomers continue to have over received knowledge about the history of modern popular music.

Rock

Rock music is one of the leading genres of popular music and underground music in contemporary Japan. Rock and Hip Hop are more closely related than you might think, they both evolved from R & B (Rhythm & Blues). A poet who later came to rock 'n' roll, she never shed the identify of a poet who does rock 'n' roll, an artist who explicitly outlines combations and rock 'n' roll. Mark's Place in early 1971, to opening as a poet for Teenage Lust and other rock bands in the heyday of the Mercer Art Center (1972), to forming a performance duo with guitarist Lenny Kaye (1973), the producer of the punk-retro album Nuggets, and finally with him to forming a rock band, the Patti Smith Group (1974). Smith was told to have bought "rock 'n' roll rhythms to poetry," thereby having "reversed the process" initiated by Bob Dylan, who gets "credit for introducing poetry to rock 'n' roll. More importantly, they bought in a "following drawn from the art fringes," an "art-rock crowd," who quickly "cemented" a permanent relationship with the bedraggled "rock & roll crowd" already ensconced at CBGB's.

Pop

Pop music is shorter way of writing popular music. Pop music came from the Rock and Roll movement of the early 1950s, when record companies recorded songs that they thought that Teenagers would like. Pop music usually uses musical styles from the other types of music that are popular at the time. "On the pop side," minimalism "implied simplicity and adherents without ornamentation to a basic universal rock framework, which in turn implied accessibility, familiarity, and eminence commercialization. a bygone era, before an audience of artists and other sophisticates, could only take on the allure of satire and irony. "Their unabashed artiness was a privilege rather than a vice for Rockwell, who later became a chief proponent of art / pop fusion.

Pop music is shorter way of writing popular music. Various popular music genres from around the world will be studied through listening, reading and written assignments, with an emphasis on class discussion. The Popular Music Project is a one-stop home for the interdisciplinary study and analysis of popular music. Containing an impressive and comprehensive range of global case studies Soundtracks takes an innovative approach to the complex and changing relationships between music and space to provide a genuine global assessment of the power and pleasure of popular music in its many forms.

Making a Natural Edge Bowl, Article 4

Article 3 dealt with completing the rough turning of the Natural Edge Bowl; you have rough turned both the inside and the outside of the bowl and you are ready to dry the bowl. We will discuss several ways to dry the bowls also how to finish turning the bottom of the bowl and final sanding.

There are a number of ways to dry your bowl. Many wood turners will continuously turn bowls and place then in a cool dry location with moderate temperature and good air circulation to dry; this process will take about one year. This method allows you to create an inventory of bowls at very stages of dry; you will always have a dry bowl ready to finish. I never liked waiting a long time for wood to dry so I built a small Wood Kiln; see below. This kiln will dry a bowl 1 inch thick in 7 to 14 days all depending the amount of moisture to be removed and the amount of wood that is in the kiln.

Other ways to dry green wood is to microwave the wood in short bursts until it is dry; it is very easy to burn the wood. On a very small scale this might be OK. Another way is to place green turnings in dry wood chips, works well but again this process takes time.

Let's jump ahead and start working on our dried rough turned bowl. Some types of wood will have small checks, these can be turned out. There will also be some warping which can also be turned out. Some species wood will crack and warp no matter what you do, Pacific Madrone (Arbutus menxiesii), is one; very petty wood. The only way I have been able to dry this wood is let it slow air dry and then work around the cracks and warping.

Your bowl has been finished both inside and outside and sanded to least 250 grit. Some wood turners will sand way out to 600 or more, this can be a reduction to your project because the finish will not stick to the wood if it is too smooth, read the manufactures instructions. Most finishes; waxes, varnishes, oil, water based products and lacquer all recommend sanding the surface to 250 grit. One of my favorite finishes is "Dalys Profin", Gloss; This is a wipe on and wipe off oil product, leaves a very nice finish.

The final step is to finish the bottom of the bowl; this is called reverse chucking. There are mega or jumbo jaws available that will attach to your scroll chuck; the shape of the edge of the bowl will make or break your ability to hold the bowl in the chuck. If your bowl has a smooth even edge the jumbo jaws are good. My preferred method is vacuum chucking, as long as the bottom is smooth with no holes it is bullet proof. At sea level a six inch vacuum cup has about 400 pounds of holding force.

Centering the turning on the vacuum chuck is the hardest part. The best way to center the bowl on the vacuum cup is to use a scroll chuck with a reverse "Chucking Alignment Adapter" which is inserted into the tail stock. The tail stock, with the bowl is brought forward to the vacuum cup almost touching and locked down to stabilize the bowl. Turn on the vacuum and advance the quill to the vacuum cup. After the bowl is sucked tight to the vacuum cup loosen the scroll chuck and pull the tail stock. Turn the bottom.

When I turn the bottom I like to leave a small foot for the bowl to rest on, this creates a shadow under the lower edge of the bowl, makes for a nicer presentation.

LED Headlights: A Unique Blend Of Technology And Style!

Of late, one particular device is creating a buzz with its widespread applications all around, ranging from torch lights to street lights and now it is available for headlights too. Yes, you got it right, they are LED lights! Today, LED lights are being used extensively in the form of brake illuminations, garage illuminations, street illuminations, and much more. However, have you ever wondered what attracts the automotive world towards these lights and what makes them such an excellent headlight option?

Well, the answer lies in the efficiency and high lumen output of the LED illuminations as compared to the halogen illuminations. The replacement of the halogen headlights with the LED headlights has not only resulted in brighter and crisper light output, but they also provide a much longer lifespan and higher rate of dependency. This is the reason why this lighting technology has emerged as a new standard in other industrial applications as well. The high lumen output of these LED lights provides a longer visibility range and thereby improves the level of safety. On average, a halogen headlight assembly lasts for about 1,000 hours, which is 1/50th the amount of time that a LED headlight assembly lasts. With a high color temperature of about 5,000 K, LED lights compare much closer to the sun as compared to the incandescent or halogen illuminations.

When compared with the halogen or incandescent lights, LED lights produce a higher lumen output, rendering them a much more efficient lighting option. Unlike the traditional illumination systems, they do not require any type of filters for gaining colors. Moreover, these headlights are mostly maintenance free as they emit much less heat.

Owing to these valued advantages, LED headlight systems are quickly replacing the halogen or incandescent lights. As of now, the only hurdle which stands in their way is the higher cost of these illuminations. However, with the growing market of these products and the development of more efficient production methods, LEDs are expected to cross this hurdle easily.

The development of the more efficient LED headlight systems has revolutionized the domain of vehicle lighting. Ranging from a quicker reaction time to a much longer lifespan, these illuminations are here to stay and will soon creating a much stronger impact in the automotive industry. The introduction of the LED headlights has emerged as a unique combination of style and technology. Nowadays, the vehicle designers can not only impart an iconic look to their designs, but also make it look noticeable in all sorts of situations, irrespective of the time of the day.

What You Should Know About Strip Lights

The good thing with LED strip lights is that you can use them in almost any area that you want. You can use them in your house, cabinets, and even in your car. It's up to you to choose where you want to use them.

Factors to consider when buying LED strip lights

For you to buy the right units you need to consider some factors that include:

Where to place the pieces : While you can use the units for different applications, various units are ideal for various roles. For example, there are different lights for ambient, feature and primary lighting. If you are unsure of the right ones you should go for, ask an expert to help you out.

Brightness : The brightness of the lights is dependent on some factors such as: the brand and color of the units. Your choice should be informed by the results you want to achieve. If you want to brighten an area, you should go for bright lights and vice versa.

Ease of switching the lights on and off : Different companies have different features on their units. Some of the companies allow you to control different areas of the lights while others enable you to control only one area. You should choose the strips that work the best for you.

Color : Your choice of color is solely dependent on your preference. Some of the colors that you can choose from include: warm white, pure white, RGB, RGBW, single color, and many others. You should choose the one that you like the most.

Guide to installing the lights

After you have bought the lights, you need to install them correctly for you to reap the benefits that they come with. The first thing you should do is get high-quality strip lights. This calls for you to buy the units from a reputable store. If you have the skills, you should install the units on your own but if you have never done it before hire a professional to help you out.

The most attractive thing is that you can cut the strips to your preferred sizes depending on the area you want to install them. To reduce the units you only need to use a pair of scissors. To avoid damaging the units you should ensure that the scissors you use are very sharp. You should note that you may have to use solder after cutting. This is to prevent a short circuit.

Clearing the Clutter Fast: Helpful Tips

If you take a minute and stand in the middle of your den or living area you can get a good feel for the room. You want to imagine wonderful things, but instead your thoughts are interrupted by the alarmingly growing amounts of clutter that seem to be piling up rather quickly. On the left side of the room you have a pile of books. Some you've read, some you're reading, and some you just do not know how old they are or where they came from. You may have put them on your coffee table with the other pile of magazines. You probably put them there so you would have something for your guests to look at. But now, it just looks like the place to put all your magazines because you do not know what else to do with them.

Now glance to your right and all you can see are your children's toys scattered around all over the place. Maybe there is even an empty pizza box from movie night. There are probably candy wrappers on the tables and empty cups and most likely some random items of clothing on the floor somewhere in there too. Now you look for a place to sit down all the stuff and realize there are only 2 available places to sit because the couch is covered with a pile of unfolded laundry.

You may be wondering where to start. Set the house on fire? Hold your head in you hands and cry? I know you wish you could be like Marry Poppins and snap your fingers and it would all be cleaned and organized for you, but, sadly there is no easy way out of this one. It's like we tell our kids … you made the mess, now you have to clean it up.

It may seem like a daunting task, but really it is not that tough of a job. First things first. Stay focused. If at all possible, send the kids to a friend's house or to their room to play so you can work in peace and have no distractions or interruptions.

Next, make a list of all the clutter that is visible to you and prioritize them from most important to least. Where is the majority of the clutter? Where is the least amount? Before you know it you will have much of it cleared. Just put your mind to it and stay on task.

After you're finished with your list, take everything out. Place the items that you no longer desire to keep into large bags or bins for sale, donation, or trash. Then gather all of your cleaning materials. Once the area is clear of clutter, sweep and or vacuum the floor, dust the cabinets or shelving and clean any glass or mirrors.

Clearing the clutter from your home may be a tough practice, but it's a good one. Once you've experienced the wonderful results of an organized, clean and tidy home, you will feel better about spending time in that room, your home and with yourself. Enjoy it because cleaning up the clutter was a job well done!

Luxury Sunglasses – Fashionable Yet Affordable

In the fashion world today, everyone wants to look unique with their own style. Various types of fashion accessories, including sunglasses, are in great public demand these days. Designer sunglasses are the highest standard sunglasses one can get, but not everyone can afford them due to their skyrocketing prices. Wholesale sunglasses at extremely competitive prices are available on the online market. These are basically replica sunglasses. One can easily get the same quality and designed sunglasses at a wholesale rate online. The only difference would be the absence of the name or tag of the designer or the brand.

A lot of people think that wholesale sunglasses are of extremely low quality as compared to the designer sunglasses. This is entirely a misconception as there is absolutely no difference between wholesale sunglasses and designer sunglasses. They are both the same in every respect except for the name tag. The reason why designer sunglasses are more expensive than wholesale sunglasses is because the sellers buy the wholesale products in bulk quantity directly from the manufacturer and as no middleman is involved, no extra charges are involved.

The whole variety of replica sunglasses available on the net includes all sorts of colours, shapes and designs to choose from, according to suitability and personal style of a person. A lot of people like to put on sunglasses that match their clothes. Matching popular designer brand sunglasses is possible only for celebrities and the filthy rich people, as their prices are extremely high, while replica sunglasses are cheap enough to be kept in different shades to suit every style statement.

The retailers prefer buying sunglasses online in bulks. They simply select a category and buy it from wholesalers. Some online companies provide discounts on wholesale purchases in addition to free shipping and delivery. The online bought and sold sunglasses are thus naturally cheaper than their pre-cuts from the retail shops.

Not only the retailers but the consumers can also purchase wholesale sunglasses online. Buying the products in bulk amounts is not necessary. One can select and order only the amount as per the requirement. This serves as an ideal way for the fashion lovers to make their own style statement and set their own trends.

In the online shops, one can come across a huge variety of designer inspired sunglasses that come in all sorts of sizes and shapes, ranging from small oval shaped sun shades to big oversized sunglasses. All popular styled sunglasses can be found here, including large oversized glasses, designer replicas, white or black rhinestones, metal or plastic, aviators, sports sunglasses, polarized sunglasses, matrix sunglasses and many others.

All sorts of colours are also available in the wholesale sunglasses offered online. The colours include blue, pink, brown, mirror, clear, black, silver, gold, chrome, yellow and orange. To suit all types of face cuts, the sunglasses come in a variety of shapes including circled, squared, wide framed, thin, silver, bright, wired, bright, rounded, oversized, fun and square lens glasses.

For the people fond of wearing more than one styled sunglasses, purchasing wholesale sunglasses is the best option. The online market always follows the latest trends and the products are available at extremely low rates.

Camper Shells and Accessories

The camper shell is a pickup truck accessory, housing, or unbending roofing mounted on top of the pickup truck bed. The materials for camper shell are commonly aluminum or fiberglass. The shell is large enough to have adequate amount of space for camping. Camper shells are likewise used for utility and storage applications.

There is a wide variety of choices for a customer to select from when looking for a camper shell. There is a wide range of styles that serve as basis to make a decision on the appropriate camper shell. There are a number of stores offering camper shells from the different manufacturers. The business outlets with camper shells on sale could be easily contacted by individuals who are interested to buy such products. These stores could be contacted by telephone or their online sites. A neighborhood store could also have having camper shells on their inventories.

There are accessories that need to be used with the camper shells. The accessories are for the comfort and convenience of persons utilizing the camper shell. There are manufacturers of quality tested camp shells together with the required accessories. Among the well-known manufacturers of camper shells are Vision Truck Caps, RE Truck Accessories & Truck Caps, Snug-Top Automobile Caps, Go Rhino Automobile Accessories, Spray-on Bed Linings, Duraliner Bed Liners, and BedRug Bed Liners.

Good quality camper shells have flexible round edges. The designs feature a sleek characteristic. The camper shells are provided with accessories as lower-leveled windows, doors, and LED brake light. The appearance of the truck and the camper shells are blended well. The window on the side is fabricated with screens. The door handle is designed ergonomically with an original engineered form of the locks.

Accessories of the camper shell are bed liners. The accessories should be made of rugged and weatherproof plastic. The inside surface of the shell should allow a smooth ride for the cargo without skidding. The bed liners should provide tough protection for the truck. These liners should be firm to cushion fragile type cargos. The bed liners would be compatible with the sports and boating equipment. Liners would not damage the truck bed. Installation and cleaning is easy to do.

The vent visor is an accessory for comfort and convenience. The device is easily installed on camper shell windows. It controls the sunlight entering the windows. It blocks water from entering when it is raining. One could also have a door handle cover to fit accurately. The handle cover is intended to protect for years the delicate device for opening and closing doors.

A safe step provides that extra step to alight more easily. The ideal tube step should be hard wearing for years to come. An appropriate material for the step is aluminum.

Camper shell is a good investment to prolong the life of your truck. Make sure to get a model that is compatible with your truck.

Flat Abs – How Pilates Helps

Everyone wants the ideal stomach, the flat smooth abdominals that models sport in magazine ads that drive the rest of us to thoughts of “no one is that perfect.” Secretly, we want that. We want to look like that. But how do we accomplish such a daunting task?

The answer is Pilates. The main focus of Pilates is the core. Your core consists of your lower back muscles, the four layers of your abdominals, and the pelvic floor. Isn’t that convenient? Just the area you wanted to work on.

There are a few techniques used in Pilates that can translate into any other exercise you might be incorporating into your fitness program at the moment. These are easy to try out. The first is proper spinal alignment.

Proper spinal alignment is key to any exercise. If you lay on the floor, you will notice this alignment right away. The base of your tailbone sinks squarely into the floor. Moving up the spine, the lower back sits just off the mat in a slight curve. Further up the spine, the shoulders sink squarely into the floor. Then the neck comes off the floor, and the head rests heavily upon the mat. These are the natural curves of the spine.

By keeping the natural curves of the spine while you exercise, you are protecting your back as you work while improving your balance. It also helps to prevent jarring of the joints.

The other concept that is commonly used in Pilates is the teacup method. Different practitioners call it by different names, but the technique is still the same. Lying on your back with your feet on the floor, sense the natural curves of your spine. Take your hands and meet the tips of the thumbs and forefingers together creating a triangle. Keep all of the other fingers side by side.

You are going to take your triangle onto your lower abdominals. The fingers should line up nicely with the angle of your legs. The area in your triangle is your center. You should always strive to keep that area level as you exercise. The image that is commonly used is imagining balancing a teacup in the center of your triangle. The muscles should not protrude or sink in. It should stay level. One way to train your body to do this automatically when you exercise is to practice a little bit each day with the Pilates Bridge.

The Pilates Bridge is very similar to the Yoga Bridge. There are, however, a few exceptions. You start in the same position that you tested your teacup method. On the exhale you lift your tailbone off the mat just as high as is comfortable with your knees and legs zipped together. On the inhale, you release back done one vertebrae at a time. Repeat this as many times as you like. Make sure that you NEVER turn your head in Bridge pose as this can cause injury to the neck.

After you gain some comfort with this pose, you can leave your hands on your abdomen to keep monitoring your teacup. This method will help you to train the muscles to stay where they are needed to protect the back as you exercise along teaching that naughty tummy where it needs to be.

Solar Generators – The New Leader in an Energy Starved World

Solar generators could be our way out of the trench of negative facts we read every day. Increasing global demand for power, daily warnings about our environment, ever increasing carbon gases emitted from fossil fuel. The world is gradually heading towards a severe energy crisis that we can not ignore any longer. Whether you are seeking to stand on your own two feet amid this energy crises or are just seeking a more environmental alternative, solar generators are the essential key to your long term energy independence.

A solar generator can benefit the home in a variety of ways. Depending on the size, it can allow a homeowner and family to remain unaffected in the event of a power failure. Are you protected? When brown outs, black outs and the like come to your front door, how will your check book handle the mountainous rise in energy rates?

A portable solar generator can completely replace a light-duty gasoline generator in many applications. These are light weight, energy efficient and produce a tremendous amount of electricity compared to the cost. The market for solar is only beginning and is going to be the leader in the backups of household energies.

Solar generators can now do the work that diesel, gasoline, and propane generators used to do. Powering road construction signs, any lighting application and general power backup – solar generators are provoking themselves worthy on the energy market.

An energy producing and saving device in conjunction with a typical 20 watt solar panel receiving 5 hours per day of full sun, would generate 100 watt-hours of energy. This energy can be stored in the form of batteries as well as used in conjunction with generators to provide a highly beneficial power reserve.

With solar generators you can generate real, usable power in your very own home (or wherever), and it'll cost you less than a typical generator with a long lasting life of renewable energy. Common applications for such a device are being used in mobile homes, construction sites and camping applications.

Creating a solar generator is a simple process. Using parts easily attainable from your local stores, you can make a small power device for $ 250 to $ 300. There are multiple resources and literature available online for your reference in developing your own alternative energy source.

Once you obtain the parts for your generator, which include a small solar panel, a battery, a DC input and an AC inverter, assembly takes about an hour to complete. Again, this is not rocket science, but it will require a little due diligence on your part to insure you are building the device to maximum efficiency for a long life of renewable energy.