Giant Lobster Robot for Border Patrol

I suggest a Giant Walking Robot for border patrol and for robotic surveillance of critical infrastructure or military bases. I propose that these units be at first run tele-robotically like the Predator Drones and after after the DARPA Challenge II completely autonomously after that technology comes on line. Until then these units will have command and control centers manned with operators.

Front View: [http://www.plustech.fi/images/ISOT/6x6_01.jpg]

Side View: [http://www.plustech.fi/images/ISOT/6x6_02.jpg]

Here is a simulator, which we can use for the command and control rescue center:

[http://www.plustech.fi/images/ISOT/Simul04.jpg]

I also propose that the feet contain hollow tubes and are made of new high-tech composites which have huge vacuum tubes in them which suck up the sand or dirt each time they pick up their feet to prevent making dust and giving away their positions to those who these units are watching out for. I propose that these units be covered with negative ion materials, which will also collect the dust, sand or dirt of the most near terrain. As the unit passes over the land and the changes from dirt to forest or from sand to mud the local terrain will stick to the coating on the unit and therefore maintain camouflage and change with the landscape. This feature will not be needed when the region is constant where the walking robot will be deployed.

Walking technologies are used in forestry for minimum damage to forest. With this walking unit, downed aviators can be rescued without detection and without risking more people. The area where the pilot will be placed will be an inflatable expanding cabin with protection from small arms fire. A 50 Caliber Machine Gun can also be attached if necessary. Forestry walking technologies have an interesting recent history.

First Conceived in 1991 and today the units are sturdy, safe, reliable and can be made from composite, carbon fiber or a variety of materials. These units will be light, quiet, no dust and camouflaged, which changes as they go. They will be able to move through unstable terrain, forests and get to the downed pilot easy.

White Trucks and White Motor Company – A Wild and Wacky Ride

History of White Trucks

White Trucks, also known as White Motor Company, was founded in 1900 by Thomas H. White. Thomas was also the founder of the White Sewing Machine company. Two years prior to that White had bought a Locomobile steam car and his son, Rollin, worked to improve its design and makeup. Rollin then patented this new version and offered it back to Locomobile.

White Trucks Builds First Vehicles

Rollin then managed to get his father to let him build a steam car using the redesigned motor in a car in a corner of the sewing machine company. His brother, Windsor, joined in the venture and they managed to put together 50 cars by October 1900 and after testing, they were offered for sale to the general public in April 1901.

At this time, White Motor Company was still a part of the White Sewing Machine Company, but they separated in 1905 to form its own company. One of its first notable historic moments was the building of a steam car known as Whistling Billy, which Web Jay drove on July 4, 1905 at a then record speed of nearly 74 miles per hour.

In 1909, one of White’s cars was chosen by William Howard Taft as the first official president’s car, which got the White Motor Company lots of positive publicity.

The last of these steam powered cars came in January 1911 when White Motor Company changed to making gas powered vehicles.

White Motor Company Gas Vehicles

Even though the White steamer car was considered to be a good vehicle, the standard being accepted at the time was the combustion engine, which used gas to power it. White knew this, so he licensed rights to the Delahaye style of gas powered cars. Delahaye was a car producer at the time.

Tractors Join the Vehicles at White Motor Company

At this time, Rollin White was getting interested in making tractors and created them from White Motor Company truck parts. The main company, however, didn’t share Rollin’s enthusiasm for tractors, so he created his own company called Cleveland Motor Plow, and that turned into Cletrac Tractor later on.

White Motor Company Buses

During the 30s, White Motor Company made buses to take people through the National Parks in the U.S. and they ran in seven of the National Parks in the western U.S. Some of these early White buses have even been restored and still are in operation at the parks.

White Begins Making Trucks

White Motor Company stopped making cars right after World War I and started making trucks. At that time they sold about 10 percent of all the trucks in the U.S. White made several sizes of trucks, including light all the way to semi trucks. They were a strong company, and managed to add several other truck companies to their holdings throughout the next few years, including Sterling, Autocar, Diamond T, and REO. They also sold Consolidated Freightways trucks, but didn’t own them outright.

Notable Historic Events for White Trucks

Throughout its history, White Trucks has had several notable events occur since it began making trucks. These include:

In 1932 White Trucks briefly merged with Studebaker due to low sales during the Depression, but two years later, they reorganized and became the White Motor Corporation.

In 1949, one of White Trucks semi trucks appeared in the James Cagney movie White Heat.

In 1967, White Trucks formed a Western Star section and it sold trucks in the western part of the U.S.

In 1953, White purchased the Autocar Company, and from then until the 1970s they distributed trucks from Freightliner, but still were making trucks under their own company name. Their sales went down in the 1960s and they briefly tried to merge with their old sewing machine company but that move was disallowed by the federal government.

They also considered mergers with other companies around this time, such as Daimler and Renault. However, ultimately it was Volvo AV that got White Truck’s U.S. assets in 1981 after White went bankrupt in 1980 and lost $311 million.

It’s assets in Canada were bought by Bow Valley Resources Services and NovaCorp. White officially went out of business by 1985 under its own power, but Volvo kept the White brand name until sometime in the 1990s.

White Trucks Under Volvo Brand

During the 1980s, White Trucks made trucks under the White name and Autocar even though Volvo owned them, so it was known as Volvo-White. Volvo later bought out the heavy trucking owned by GMC in 1987 and merged it with White Trucks, thus forming a brand called White-GMC. Later, Volvo stopped using the White brand name and was just known as Volvo Trucks.

During the 1980s, under Volvo, they created improved styles of trucks, including the Integral Sleeper in 1982, which was a long distance vehicle; the Conventional in 1983, which had been upgraded; as well as the Autocar DS in 1984, the Integral Tall Sleeper truck in 1985 (known as the Globetrotter of America); the Aero in 1987; a construction style truck called the Autocar that had an integrated driveline, also in 1987. By 1996 Volvo was no longer using the White brand name and was known as Volvo-Autocar.

As you can see, over the years the White Motor Company and White Trucks changed hands and names several times during its history. Although somewhat of tumultuous road it is White trucks that helped to make many valuable changes and improvements in the trucking industry that will continue to be felt today.

Enchanting Designs of White Gold Earrings for All Fashion Lovers

Yellow gold jewelery still forms the staple collection, and those from the earlier period have been handed down as heirlooms and are treasured as priced assets. Although yellow gold remains to be the favorite of the majority, white gold has been gaining popularity since past few decades. Trendy jewelry contracting bracelets, rings, earrings, chains, necklaces and pendants are available in white and yellow gold.

White gold is made by alloying gold with silver or palladium. Jewelry made out of this gold is plated with rhodium, which enhances the white color. Hallmarks help distinguishing the colors of any gold, sterling silver and platinum. Gold earrings come in a countless of styles and designs, and women, and also men be able to select from a broad range. Ranging from simple studs to drops and chandeliers, White gold jewelery is popular along the younger generation. These earrings are safe on sensitive skin, and are available in numerous sizes and styles that complement shape of the wearer's face. Hoops can be found as round, square, oval or unusual geometric shapes that captivate the youngsters. Also they are available as clip-on earrings for non-pierced ears, and as sleeper earrings that can be worn for long period so time, especially for children. Flat studs with screw backs and small hoops are comfortable sleeper earrings.

The combined beauty of gold colors namely, yellow, white and rose gold have led to the creation of tricolor earrings which are unique and wonderful. For example they may be created by blending yellow and white gold using the 14K rose gold. Half hoop earrings are much lighter, though they provide the appearance of the brilliant hoops. Gold may have some diamonds set on it, rendering a brilliant and expensive jewelry design.

Gold jewelry, no matter if it is yellow gold or white gold could be combined with colorful precious stones like garnet, emerald or topaz and even few of them to form multi-color designs. However, white gold earrings in particular, look lovely with every color of gemstone, and more they go well with different colors of clothes or outfits. An additional amazing characteristic of light gold is that it looks like platinum jewelry, the more expensive preference.

White gold can last a lifetime with correct maintenance, which needs regular cleansing. A mild soap solution using a drop of ammonia is sufficient to clean them. The rhodium plating contributes to its whiteness, and if the white color begins fading away, the jewel could be taken to a jeweler and covered with rhodium over again. It's also wise to avoid wearing any gold, while working with chemicals, including household chemical like bleaches.

Expanding Lean Manufacturing Concepts to the Office

Loyalty, enthusiasm, and pride are valuable gifts from an employee to his / her company. Management can bestow another kind of gift by sharing their Lean factory program with the office staff. While "Lean" does not arrive in a colorful box to be unwrapped and installed, its tangible results are visible in the positive attitudes of the employees and the increased efficiency in the factory and in the office.

Transferring Lean manufacturing concepts to the office may take some convincing. First, office employees must accept the philosophy as appropriate for their work space. Individuals may find it hard to imagine implementing concepts originally designed for factories into a working office environment. While they wade through company policy, orders and emails, the factory people are already steeped in the language of Lean and comfortable with words like "kaizen" and "kanban." How Lean relates to the office workers may not be clear, yet.

As management unwraps the colorful box filled with Lean ideas, office workers should be informed that Lean will reduce their daily stresses by eliminating office clutter and cutting costs. Clearly defining "Lean" plays a big part in how fast employees will embrace the techniques and how excited they feel about the change. Ongoing communications and education will boost employees' understanding of this new philosophy.

Here are some common misconceptions that need to be sorted out and straightened up before lean can flourish in the office:

Myth # 1: Lean is for the shop and can not be applied or adapted to my office.

When first introduced, improving efficiency and reducing clutter in just five steps can easily be looked upon with suspicion. A proper introduction will result in the "buy-in" necessary for success-that means showing that your company is dedicated to good results.

For example, I assisted a company with a 5S Kick-off, where an entire day was devoted to Sorting and Straightening. This showed that the company was willing to let the employees invest their full time and energy to the project. People can not be expected to spend 2-to3 hours Red Tagging items and then end up back at their desks, to tackle their daily chores. At the end of the "Sort Day" the company was thrilled to report that nearly all of their employees had sorted to their hearts' content, filling a myriad of dumpsters and sifting through countless file cabinet drawers.

Myth # 2: Lean will require me to work faster and harder.

Lean is not about increasing the pace or the drudgery; it's about allowing for increased productivity by establishing a roadmap to more efficient business methods. It's important to show employees possible ways to implement systems and standardize processes in and around the office. I've seen employees' eyes light up when they learn how to save time with their email or how to cut down on the steps to processing an order.

Myth # 3: Lean Office is a management fad.

Management needs to show that Lean matters. Most companies that introduce Lean keep it because it has proven effective and results in efficiency and higher productivity. Providing regular communications with employees about the Lean process is one way to increase understanding and reinforce these new policies.

Myth # 4: Lean's language is so different I'll probably have trouble applying it to my office.

Patience is imperative as employees begin to learn and integrate the unfamiliar language and concepts. Lean books and literature should be available in common meeting areas such as the cafeteria or break room. In-house Lean tip sheets can make learning easy, fun and practical.

Once office employees increase their confidence level with the Lean concepts, they'll want to share improvements and ideas with their shop floor counterparts, bridging the gap between the shop and the office, and increasing loyalty, enthusiasm and pride within your company.

Screen Printing: Types, Development of Screen and the Printing Procedure

Screen printing is a way of printing images by forcing printing ink or paste with the aid of a squeegee through a specially prepared screen block to register a print on a substrate such as fabric, paper, leather, T-shirt etc. It is also referred to as Serigraphy or Mitography. This printing technique is widely used by several artists and most printing houses for the execution of their projects because it can be used in printing on virtually all surfaces such as papers, plastics, cloths, leather, glass, wood, rubber etc.

There are two main types of screens that are used for screen printing. Temporal Screens last for a shorter period of time. They are suitable for registering single or limited prints on clothes and papers. They are very easy to prepare and does not require a lot of money or effort. Examples of temporal screens are paper stencil screens and candle wax screens.

However, permanent Screens have a very long time span and if properly cared for, can last forever. They can be used in printing multiples, hundreds and even thousands of prints. Their preparation in comparison with the temporal screens demands considerable effort and money. Examples of permanent screens include photographic screens, lacquer screens and shellac screens.

There are various ways of developing screens for printing. Some of these have been detailed in discussion below.

1. Paper Stencil Screen Preparation- This paper stencil screen is very similar to the stencil preparation though this is an extension of it. It involves the transfer of the finished design onto the paper to be used, while cutting out the positive areas (the image to be printed) of the paper. The prepared stencil is then attached to the stretched screen block with the aid of a masking tape. Enough allowances are left to serve as ink reservoirs. The screen is ready for printing.

2. Candle Wax screen/Shellac Screen /Lacquer screen preparation- The preparatory processes in these methods of screen preparation are the same. The only difference is the material used in coating the negative areas of the screen which may either be molten wax, shellac or lacquer. The finished design is transferred onto the stretched screen block. With the aid of a brush, apply the molten wax or thinned shellac or lacquer to block the negative areas of the design. Test screen for pinholes by doing a test print. Block pinholes if there are any. The prepared screen is ready for printing. Lacquered screens are very durable and more economical in terms of quality and quantity. They are very good for simple, bold designs.

3. Photographic Screen Preparation- The photographic screen preparation involves the use of light in developing or bringing out designs onto the screen. The sources of the light can be natural or artificial. Therefore, there are two main ways of making photographic screens thus the use of the solar energy (sun) during the day and the use of the strong fluorescent bulbs in the exposing or shooting box. In all these two ways, the screens have to be coated in the darkroom with a solution of photo emulsion mixed with a sensitizer. The screen is placed in the dark room to dry.

In the solar energy method, the inside or hollow part of the coated screen is filled with a sack of fine sand on a flat wooden board and turned upside down. The positive part of the paper (where the designs are) is placed on the frontal part of the screen and covered with a piece of cloth. The whole thing is exposed to the solar energy (sun) for some few minutes. The duration is dependent on the intensity of the sun. The screen is then removed and washed under running water. The design areas will be left open with the negative areas blocked.

In using the developing or shooting box in the dark room, after the screen is coated with the photo emulsion and sensitizer solution, it is left to dry. The design is then placed with face up on the glass of the shooting box. The frontal part of the dried coated screen is placed on the design with the inside or hollow part up. A sack filled with fine sand or heavy clothes hinged with stones are placed in the hollow part of the screen just to ensure firm contact between the glass plate, the paper with the design and the screen. The lights in the shooting box are switched on for about five minutes. The duration can be more or less depending on the number and watts of the fluorescent bulbs in the shooting box. The screen is removed and washed under running water. Afterwards, it is dried and ready for printing.

The following steps are followed when printing with prepared screens.

1. Prepare the printing table.

2. Place Substrate (t-shirt, hanky etc.) on the printing table.

3. Position the screen (hollow side up) on the substrate.

4. Fetch little printing paste into the non-image area (ink reservoir).

5. Draw pull paste across the image area of the screen with the squeegee tilted at a reasonable angle to register a print.

6. Go over the print if deeper print is required.

7. Gently remove, wash and dry screen for future use.

8. Allow print to dry and iron design to fix.

There are some important tips that should be noted when printing. These are:

-Correct placement of screens- The artist should pay close attention to how he/she positions the screen on the substrate or material to be printed. If screens are wrongly placed on the substrate it would result in wrong registration of designs at designated areas of the substrate. Also, if the prints are repeated on the cloth in a special pattern or arrangement, there will be gaps or disorderliness in the arrangement.

-Appropriate pressure on the squeegee- The pressure exerted on the squeegee should be moderate and well thought of. This is because if the pressure exerted is less, some areas of the screen will not be registered in print. On the other hand, if a lot of pressure is exerted on the screen, it will result in the blurring of designs on the substrate. This means that the printing ink or paste will extend beyond the boundaries or edges of the design. Therefore, the pressure exerted on the squeegee should not be too light neither should it be too much.

-Instant washing of screens- The screens used for printing should be washed immediately after printing to avoid the blockage of screens. This is due to the fact that when the printing ink residue is allowed to stay on the screen for sometime it ceases to be washed off from the screen resulting in its blockage. It is appropriate then to wash the screen right after the printing with soapy or warm water and foam to remove all ink residues. However, it should be washed gently otherwise it will result in the creation of pinholes which are small areas of the coated screen which are free from the coating solution or the tearing or reduction of tension in the taut stretched screen.

Developing printing screens manually or mechanically is the choice of the artist based on the resources at his disposal and the time s/he has to deliver. Each of the screen development processes and its printing procedure requires great patience and determination so as to produce accurate duplication of designs.

Economy Beyond Gas – Three Things You Can Do to Make Your Car's Tires Last Longer

Anything you can do to make your car tires last longer will cut down the cost of driving your car. Sure, you've heard so much about driving habits that you can increase your miles per gallon that you're tired of hearing it, but what about increasing your miles per tire change? The way you drive, and the way you take care of your tires can go a long way toward saving you money. And as a bonus, most of the ways to make your tires last longer will also make your car safer to drive, and improve your fuel economy!

Here are three tips to help you get the most life out of your car tires:

  • Keep your tires properly inflated
  • Keep your wheels properly aligned and balanced
  • Turn your wheels only while the car is moving

Each of these things will make your tires last longer, and I'll tell you why.

Proper Inflation

Keeping correct air pressure in your tires has been discussed as a way to improve gas mileage, so much that it almost sounds ridiculous. Overemphasized or not, it is still true, and it also improves the life of your tires.

Check your tire pressure at least once a week, and add air when the pressure is below the manufacturer's recommendations. Check the owner's manual for your car for the correct pressure.

If you find that one or more tires need air often, have your local garage garage check it for slow leaks, and fix them. A slow leak might be a warning sign that the tire will suddenly go flat, so spare yourself the trouble. Fix it before it gets worse.

And do not over inflate the tires. There is a school of thought that if a little pressure is good, more pressure must be better, but this is not the case. An overinflated tire will bulge along the tread surface, so that only a small strip down the center of the tire is actually in contact with the road. This will cause the tire to wear preformedly down the center, and it also reduces traction because you have less rubber on the road.

If a tire is overinflated, which can happen when the weather gets warm or if you move from a low altitude to higher altitude, let some air out. Make sure your tires are inflated to the correct pressure, either too low nor too high.

Alignment and Balance

You usually get your tires balanced and your wheels aligned whenever you buy new tires, and that's good. However, if anything happens to unbalance your tires or to misalign the wheels in between tire changes, you should have it corrected right away.

Misaligned or unbalanced tires will wear unevenly, and that always means that they will wear out faster. They will last much longer if they are always properly balanced and aligned.

If you have a flat tire repaired, or even just a slow leak, make sure the tire is rebalanced before the mechanic puts it back on your car. They may charge extra for this service, but it will save you money in the long run. The tire will last longer, and you will get better gas mileage than you would get with an unbalanced tire.

Your wheel alignment should stay correct between tire changes, but if you drive on rough roads, you should have it checked regularly. You should also have the alignment checked if you had some unusual shock to your car's suspension, such as if you hit a curb or a large piece of debris in the road.

With proper wheel alignment, your tires will last much longer. You will get bonus benefits of better, safer handling, improved fuel economy, and longer life of your car's suspension and steering components such as tie rod ends and ball joints. The extra strain on the system from misaligned wheels also causes undue wear and tear on these parts as well as your tires.

Steer Only While Moving

Back in the days before power steering became commonplace, everyone knew this: It's much easier to turn the steering wheel while the car is moving than while it's stopped. In case you've never had the pleasure of driving without power steering, it's worth the trouble to demonstrate this for yourself.

With the car parked on a slope, such as a driveway, and the engine off, turn the key to the "on" position without starting the engine. This will unlock the steering column. Turn the steering wheel all the way to the left. It's hard, but a person of average strength can do it with a little effort. Now, release the brake a bit to let the car roll slowly, and turn the steering wheel all the way to the right. It's still difficult without the engine running, but much, much easier than it was when the car was not moving.

The difference is friction. When you turn the steering wheel and the car is not moving at all, you are rubbing the front tires sideways across the pavement. This rubs the tread off the tires and onto the pavement. No, you will not see a flat spot on the tire after one bout of parallel parking, but the cumulative effect of doing this day after day is taking thousands of miles off the life of your tires.

Whenever you have to maneuver at low speed, such as getting in or out of a small parking space, make sure the car is moving – at least a little bit while you turn the steering wheel. Even if the car moves as little as half a foot while you turn the steering wheel from one extreme to the other, you will save a great deal of wear on your tires.

And there's a bonus here, too. If you turn the steering wheel while the car is stopped, where does the power turn the wheels come from? Right! From the engine, and from the gasoline that you paid too much for. Steering only while moving will save you gas, as well as saving wear on your tires.

Conclusion

Much of the cost of owning and driving a car is related to your choices in how you drive it. Yes, you must replace your tires every so often. But you can make it a little less often, and make your expensive tires serve you a good deal longer, if you take proper care of them.

A Residential Roof Replacement Is Beneficial

The covering over your home plays a bigger part than you may think. However, many people overlook its significance, while primarily focusing on the interior or other exterior aspects of their house. They may pour thousands of dollars into new hardwood floors, ceramic tiles, oversized sectional sofas or granite kitchen countertops. Although it may be one of the most overlooked features of a home, residential roof replacement can improve your house in more ways than one.

One of the more visible ways a new roof can improve your home is by offering an additional external adorning feature. There are several different types of colors, patterns and materials to choose from. Some of the different shingle choices include asphalt, wood, metal, tile, slate, concrete and engineered rubber. You can even mix and match colors to create a more unique feel. Whatever you choose, make sure it is something that you love, while you also keep in mind the potential for resale. Every homeowner does not have the same tastes. Therefore, something you may see as beautiful may be hideous to a potential homebuyer.

Along with improving the aesthetics of your house, a residential roof replacement can help to greatly decrease your potential for annoyances such as a leaking roof. Sometimes getting a patch job does not work well in the long run. So, getting an absolutely new one is the best bet. Having to deal with leaks every time it rains or snows is not a fun thought. It is also embarrassing to have this type of issue while you have company or visitors over. Having buckets, pots and pans all over the home catching steadily flowing drops of water does not do much to make the house welcoming.

Having holes in the roof can also cause unwanted critters to find their way into the attic area. Squirrels, mice and even raccoons could end up climbing through the roof if there are spaces big enough for them to fit into. This may not seem like a huge deal to some. However, this should be especially disturbing to those who use their attics as frequently visited spaces spaces or extra bedrooms.

Getting a residential roof replacement, when necessary also gives you a sense of stability. When extremely bad weather arises such as hurricanes, there is a possibility that your home could sustain damage. If you have a roof that is stable, sturdy and firm you will not have to worry about if caving in or being easily damaged when inclement weather occurs.

A residential roof replacement is not something that should be seen as insignificant or unimportant. Along with helping to improve the exterior of your home, it can also make for a safe, stable and enjoyable environment. Making the mistake of overlooking this feature, however, can cause a slew of future issues.

Auto Suspension Parts: Know Your Vehicle

Imagine that you are traveling in your car and you encounter a large speed breaker in the middle of the route that you have to cross. You feel uncomfortable because you are aware your vehicle has a poor suspension system. However, if you had effective suspension parts installed, there was no need to worry about bumps or other similar hurdles. Suspension parts can help you to cross hurdles on the road smoothly.

Let’s check out the different parts of a suspension system.

Control Arm: This is also known as wishbone. The shape of this suspension part is nearly triangular. It resembles ‘A’, so sometimes it is also referred to as the A-arm. On one side, it is attached to a steering knuckle with a ball joint, and on the other side it is attached to an arm shaft with bushing.

Bushing: A small but important part in the suspension system. Bushing is mostly made of synthetic rubber to separate out its two metal parts. This synthetic rubber helps both metal parts to coordinate smoothly. It also helps the suspension parts to move freely when navigating a large bump, for example. There are polyurethane bushes also available in the market that are more durable.

Ball Joint: A ball joint is a spherical bearing. Generally, it is used to join the steering knuckles and the control arms. It is a very important part between the steering and suspension, and it is responsible for safe operation. The difference between these and the standard ball joints is that lubricants are not needed for sealed ball joints because they are already lubed, while standard ball joints need regular lubing else they may cause lose control.

Sway Bar: Sway bars are also known as stabilizer bars. A sway bar is used in a vehicle suspension system to reduce jerks caused by irregular road surfaces. It also helps the vehicle to keep a ‘grip’ on the road so that the driver can steer the vehicle well, even while turning or in the case of poor road surfaces.

Idler Arms & Pitman Arms: Idler and pitman arms depend on the support of steering linkage. An idler arm is fitted to the opposite of pitman arm on the center link. It helps to hold the center link at a proper height by attaching the other end onto the vehicle frame. The Pitman arm helps to steer the wheel because one of its ends is attached to the vehicle’s steering gear.

The ones discussed here are only some of the auto suspension parts. There are many more big and small parts within the suspension system. Adjusting sleeves, center links, drag links, strut mounts, sway bar links, tie rod ends, wheel hubs, and other similar parts are also components of auto suspension. Without understanding these parts, you cannot fully understand your vehicle suspension system.

Hockey Hair: Camaraderie in Sports Via Unofficial Uniform

Like all official sports team, professional hockey players wear a uniform when playing sanctioned games. This includes jersey’s, regulation skates, headgear, as well as hockey sticks. However, hockey players, more than any other group of athletes, seem to have developed an unofficial uniform for when they are not on ice: hockey hair.

Hockey Hair for Group Cohesion

As a group, hockey players are often viewed as unruly and aggressive. While all athletes, to an extent, are also associated with these characteristics, hockey players are particularly infamous for their tendency to fight amongst each other. Often, hockey games are just as much about player interactions as they are about one team winning or losing. The fights are something of a spectacle, which, while entertaining to viewers, breeds a potentially dangerous view of aggressive behavior among players.

So, how does the hairstyle hockey players wear fit into this dynamic?

For starters, hockey hair, is a lax, pushed back style in which hair flows backward from the forehead. The fact that it is medium/long hairstyle is significant in and of itself, as longer lengths in men are often associated with rebellious figures. However, the style’s prevalence among so many members of the team alters this association in a key way — it provides a common identity for the group.

Group Identity Via Long Flowing Hair

The result of a group of unruly, aggressive men with similar hairstyles, is a unity that transcends the uniform worn on the ice. The ubiquity of the style throughout virtually all teams in the NHL marks the style as a reminder that while on opposite sides, members are playing the same game. This is especially important for players, considering the troubling view of aggressive behavior on ice rinks by both coaches, referees, and even viewers.

Role of Unity in Aggressive Behavior

A 2001 study on the perception of aggression in minor league hockey players and coaches shows an interesting change in how certain behaviors are more tolerated with age. As players progress to the next age group (Atom, Peewee, Bantam), they viewed hostile aggression as less of an issue. The troubling trend suggests a lack of awareness of other players on opposite teams as equals. Rather, it shows a perception of the other as an obstacle to success.

A significant characteristic of hockey hair, also known as the ” Bro Flow”, is that it is long enough to be seen peeking out from underneath the regulation helmets worn during matches. This means that other players can see that beneath the expected identifiers of jersey number and last name, the opposing player underneath the gear is a living, breathing person. This may make a player think before slamming another player into a wall in an overly-hostile way.

In sum, the Bro Flow look presents a unique phenomenon among a group of infamously aggressive athletes. The expression of free-spiritedness, often associated with long hairstyles in men, is tempered by group dynamics, resulting in an overarching unity among players.

Installing a Drip Irrigation System For Your Outdoor Container Garden

Automated gardens are the most efficient way to grow fruits and vegetables. An outdoor garden can still be automated because the sun is the light and you have no control over that. Watering and feeding can also be automated to ensure your plants are getting everything they need. Self-watering containers may be the only way to keep plants from drying up in the middle of a hot summer day. If temperatures are getting above 85F your plants are probably thirsty! It is too big of a hassle to hand water your plants all day to ensure they get what they need. You may not be there when they need the water and your plants should not rule your life. You may be making a homeless ventilation system to water your plants while you are on vacation, but when you return you will ask yourself, "Why do not I always use an automated system?"

If you are new to drip systems you will want to read the Introduction to Drip Systems to get acquainted with the parts I'll be discussing. For this project you will need:

* 1/2 inch tubing

* 1/2 inch tube end clamp

* 1/4 inch tubing

* Drip line hole punch

* Submersible water pump

* Drip emitters

* Air pump

* Air tubing

* Air Stone

* Reservoir

* Tupperware container

* Digital Timer

* Possibly extension cords

As always, your first step is to plan out your container garden. Find the arrangement you want to use to maximize sunlight. Keep in mind that your tubing will have to reach from your reservoir to your container garden. The size of your water pump will determine how much reach you have to play with. Do not forget your water pump also has power through your connections and drip emitters. Water pumps are one of the most expensive parts of the home made drip system, but they usually come with at least a one year warranty. Once you realize the productivity ratio of self-watering containers you will not want to go back to daily hand watering.

Put the end of the half inch tubing through one end of an end clamp and create a kink. Wrap the tube around the kink 2-3 times and thread the end through the other side of the end clamp. The result should be a closed off water proof end to create pressure through the drip system tubing. Put the other end of the 1/2 inch tubing on the end of the water pump.

Once your pump is assembled you are ready to make your drip lines. Punch holes in the half inch tubing where you want your 1/4 inch drip lines to start. Do not push through the vinyl or whatever material tubing you are using too hard or you will go through both ends and create a leak.

There is a wide array of drip emitters you can choose from at your hydroponics shop. You can get inline or compensating drippers which are explained in more detail in the Introduction to Drip Systems guide I mentioned earlier. You can also get mini sprinklers and other types of emitters for different purposes. This system is built with compensating drip emitters because the half inch tube sets on the ground and the 1/4 inch tubes climb the length of the container.

Put 1/4 inch straight connections on the end of the drip line with no drip emitter. The straight connector goes into the hole you made earlier in the half inch tubing. The connection is how water gets from your 1/2 inch main tube to your individual drip lines. Fewer connection bridges and fewer drip emitters means more power and further reach.

This is a lengthy guide for a homemade drip system, but bare with me and you'll be on your way to irritation freedom! Next step is to prepare your water reservoir. Drill or burn a hole through the side of your reservoir to put the half inch tube through. If you just want your lid to sit on top of your reservoir that is fine, you can tape it down. Expect greater evaporation rates and contamination if you do not use a sealed lid. Keep in mind a cleaner grow space is a better grow space.

You will have to put the end of the half inch tube that is connected to your water pump through the hole before connecting the pump. The water pump will not fit through your 1/2 inch hole! This step is really easy using a drill with a 1/2 inch circle drill bit. If you are using plastic make sure you do not crack the side of the reservoir. If it does crack easily you are probably using a material that is too weak to hold water for long periods of time.

For this outdoor reservoir I bought a container that already had holes in the handle. Since it could rain in the area where the reservoir is it could fill with rain water and knock the lid off the top. You can drill your own drain holes with a simple drill bit if you are planning to use a container without them.

Once your water pump is in place and suctioned down to the bottom of your reservoir you are ready to add the aeration device. The air pump will oxygenate the reservoir and ensure the water keeps moving. Stagnant water can get pretty nasty and your plants love oxygen in the root zone. If you are unsure on how to set up an air pump check out my guide on installing air pumps in hydroponic systems.

One thing you will probably not find at your local hydroponics shop is a cheap water proofed air pump. The lack of water proof air pumps seem to discourage most hydroponics gardeners from using the natural sun. A smart do it yourself gardener can find a solution. You will need to get a plastic container of some sort that comes with a lid that seals tight. Poke a hole in that container near the top. Make sure the hole is just big enough for your electric plug and air tube to come through. I used a screwdriver to create a small crack for both things to go through.

Put the air tubing through the hole before you connect it to the air pump. You do not want the hole to be bigger than it has to be. A large container is safer because the hole can be higher off the ground and away from potential flooding. Do not put the hole through the lid of the container because rain will get into your electronics!

I placed the reservoir and water proofed air pump in a covered area with electrical outlets. I had to use extension cords to get the air pump to reach the outlet. I also needed a 3-prong extension cord for the water pump. The digital timer you use to automatically turn your water pump on and off also needs to be in a covered area where rain can not get into the parts.

Novice gardeners – do not get the idea air pumps are too complex or unnecessary for you. That's your first mistake as a novice gardener! Automate your electricity and add oxygen and whatever else the plants need. Reaching for 100% is how you get perfect plants!

Your friends will be jealous when they see how "high tech" your garden is! Now that your reservoir is up and running you are ready to finish your automated drip system.

Position your containers around the drip line so all the lines can reach their desired area. I used two drip emitters per container because they are three gallons and up. On 1 -2 gallon containers one drip emitter may cover the whole medium over a drip period of a few minutes. At the very least it will keep your plants alive while you are on vacation. Having a small drip cycle with outdoor plants will adjust for rain. Say you are gone for a week and it rains for three of those days. Those three days it was unnecessary for your drip system to run! It may have had a detrimental factor because of excessive watering. Make sure your containers have good drainage and choose your medium carefully. Well mixed growing mediums are key to ensuring your plants succeed. Different plants benefit from different growing environments and growing mediums.

TIP: Some digital timers come with a day setting. The day setting will allow you to run your drip system every other day or in different intervals. You may want your drip system to run 3 times a day alternating with 1 time a day. If this tip is confusing you, come back to it later when you have worked with timer settings for your drip system.

Discover What Is Spray Foam Insulation

If you’re planning to purchase new spray foam insulation then it might help you to understand certain information about the product. Spray foam insulation is one of the latest options for you that are available today when we talk about home insulation. It is basically easier to use, because of this many people prefer to use the spray foam insulation and it also comes with long term savings advantage for you.

When you think about your home and building it, insulation is one of the necessities that are on top most of the time. But insulation planning is not as easy as buying an appliance. You have tons of things to note about certain facts and information you have to consider which may give you a hard time; which is why being well informed about the product will offer some advantage so that you won’t be making any wrong decisions.

So what is spray foam insulation? It is a synthetic material that is created from a combination of organic and inorganic materials with chemicals that are combined together. A combination of an organic resin polysol and isocyonate is a type of material that is created in a specific temperature and pressure conditions to produce a polyurethane material through a chemical reaction. These organic materials have a unique way of expanding itself to create a larger size to about 100 times it original volume. Just like simple foam.

This foam will become stiff and eventually harden after you apply it to all the spaces in which it is sprayed on and this will create a thermal cover. This is an effective way of creating a barrier that provides insulation to the walls of your home. This in turn will create air flow obstruction to the spray foam insulation that was applied in wall cavities, concrete gaps, sheathing interior and dry walls. This insulation takes up mold which prevents this condition from happening inside your home; this saves you from all the hassles of changing your walls many times. This can also strengthen the foundation of your home which is a practical way of creating a sturdy home. But the best feature of this product is its ability to insulate the house during extreme seasons such as the winter and in the summer. This is the reason why most of the people prefer spray foam insulation as an added feature to their home. The R-value represents the thermal resistance of the material. So the more resistant the material, the higher the R-value is, the more insulated your home is, which is the main essential function of this product. This saves the energy consumption at home. It lessens the consumption of heaters during winter and air conditioners during summers. However, this product has some safety and environmental health concerns such as the toxicity of these materials to those people who are directly exposed to them. But if careful installation is done and limitation of environment exposure is observed, this product is safe for insulation.

So how much will the spray foam insulation cost you? Before you think about the amount of money you are going to invest in these materials, determine first the area of your house you want to be insulated. This give you an overview of the budget for the total spay foam insulation cost. These materials cost about $13,000 – $15,000 to insulate a standard home. This is more than half the cost to install other types of insulation materials like the fiber glass insulation. Be reminded that the price of labor in installing these insulators cost more than the insulator material itself since you need to depend on professionals in installing the spray foam insulator.

Important Accessories That Should Accompany A Personal Hyperbaric Chamber

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy conduced in a personal hyperbaric chamber has provided to deliver positive results in the cases of patients suffering from chronic illnesses like autism, Alzheimer's disease, stroke, air embolism, cerebral palsy, ulcers, diabetes and a variety of other debilitating physical conditions that can be caused by limited oxygen supply to the different parts of the body. A patient suffering from any of these situations can undergo hyperbaric oxygen therapy under the strict guidance of a physician and trained test administrators.

This therapy is conducted by making the patient lie down, or sit in an acrylic chamber, the pressure inside which is gradually increased by the administration of pure oxygen. While a personal hyperbaric chamber or monoplace chamber can be used in residences and do not require trained professionals to be handled, multiplace chambers are designed to accommodate more than one patient at a time for simultaneous treatment. Personal hyperbaric chambers are safe and have adequate fire precaution measures that are implemented into its design. However, before investing in one, it is better to ensure that it has certain accessories that facilitate in the patient's comfort. Here is a list of some such items.

Air-Conditioner
An air conditioner plays an important role in effective ventilation of a hyperbaric chamber. Not only does it reduce the thermal reading of the air that is flowing into the chamber by almost 40 degrees, but also controls the level of humidity within it by decreasing the water content in the atmosphere. Moreover, the motor operates quietly, and is not a source of disturbance to the patient.

Cleaner
An oxygen cleaner with a rust inhibitor can be used in the case of oxygen products that are kept under high pressure. The cleaner is made primarily for industrial use and is non-toxic in nature. It is also biodegradable.

Cooler
This particular cooler is customized for use in Dives. It helps in decreasing the incoming air's temperature by almost 30 degrees. It also minimizes the water content within the chamber, thereby preventing patients from feeling uncomfortable with the rising humidity levels. The best part is that it does not require any external source of energy, or electricity to function properly. All that needs to be done for these filters to operate is that they should be filled with ice and water on a regular and timely basis.

Silencer / Cooler
This is a relatively new accessory, and is a combination of the silencer and cooler. It is a small and lightweight device that is attached between the speaker and compressor. It helps to minimize the noise level of the inflating air stream and reduce its high temperatures as well. It is a simple device that greatly enhances the comfort level of the patients.

Disinfectant
Microban is a highly concentrated disinfectant that helps in killing HIV-1 and MRSA bacterias. It has properties of a fungicide, mildewstat, bactericide, and virucide all put together in one concentrated mixture, and is very effective for maintaining the cleanliness and hygiene in a hyperbaric chamber.

Ear Plugs
The fluctuating pressure levels during the process of compressing and decompressing a hyperbaric chamber may cause much discomfort to some patients. It is for them that this particular accessory has been designed. These ear plugs have an in-built pressure regulator that can alter the sensations in the ear according to the changing pressure flows in the system. These are generally worn all through a session and even for 15 minutes after it is over. They greatly reduce and control the impact of pressure change that is experienced by the middle ear. These plugs are also disposable, or can be worn for four consecutive sessions before being discarded.

Equalizer
These devices are also used to normalize the pressure in the middle ear, specifically by using air. They are used prior to the session to ensure that the ear can adjust normally to the compression and decompression of the chamber. In other cases, equalizers are used after a session to assist the patient's ear to regain its normal balance, and thenby reduce the feeling of discomfort. These are generally prescribed by the doctor and are available in both multiplace and monoplace chambers.

Grab Bar
This is a customized bar that is simple to install and use. It is designed to assist patients in entering and leaving chambers. Grab bars are generally made of aluminum that has a fine coating of powder.

Lubricants
These are essential for lubricating the zippers of personal hyperbaric chambers and ensuring their smooth functioning. Lubricants such as ZipTech help in this purpose. It is important that the zippers function smoothly to minimize the risks of accidents and mishaps.

Oxygen Concentrators
The percentage of oxygen in ambient air is 21%. When it is compressed in a portable hyperbaric chamber with the pressure ranged between 1.3 to 1.5 ATA, then the percentage increases to 27%. By using a mask and a concentrator, patients can inhale 95% oxygen. However, the right to use concentrators is not granted to every brand of personal hyperbaric chambers by the FDA. Here, it is best to conduct a survey of models with this particular accessory and check on the permission of the company to avoid any legal issues that may occur after purchasing an unauthorized model.

Platforms
Platforms assist in the movement process into and out of the chamber. Moreover, there is ample room benefit them for the accommodation of the compressor. These are generally made of aluminum with a powdered layer. The platforms often have rails and steps that facilitate the movement.

Pulse Oximeter
This device has been approved by the FDA and is used to measure the level of oxygen in the blood before and after a particular session in hyperbaric chamber. It is a fingerertip pulse-oximeter that has a neck strap, carrying case and double pack of triple A batteries.

While choosing a personal hyperbaric chamber, therefore, it is important to pay heed to these additional accessories as they greatly facilitate in patient comfort and safety.

Service, Education, Latitude, and Flexibility – The Four Pillars of Modern Security

As the chair of the school of Criminal Justice, each new class presents some unique issues to be addressed. Yet, there are always common questions which recur for each class. One of these always concerns what the modern security professional needs to be aware of in changing technological era. With each incoming class, and with each graduating class, I have always stressed four key principles that they must beware of if they are to be successful in their new profession. In this article we will take a look at those four parameters and how they impact not only individuals, but the system of security throughout this country as a whole. The need to provide service, to continue education, to remember the need for latitude, and to understand the growing flexibility of the new technological age are the four pillars that will make a successful professional, and a successful system for security.

Service:

In the instruction of college students, we sometimes take for granted that their understanding of the world at large is the same as the professors that provide the instruction. This is seldom the case. In Criminal Justice programs for almost a decade we saw increasing numbers of young high school graduates coming into programs with the intent of becoming police officers, or what we have grown to identify as public security officials. Over the last two years this process has changed radically. With the economic pressure on states, counties, and cities, we have seen a reduction in number of public security personnel in the face of rising cost. The cost of training and maintaining the average police officer has increased over 415% since the 1980s as indicated in the department of justice and labor statistics. It is this extreme escalation in cost that has forced society away from public security and towards private security professionals for economic reasons. Yet service, a key factor that any security professional or organization must provide, has very different meanings for each of these groups. Police departments are and were created to provide protection to the population at large. This is often a very different type of service, and will continue to be a very different type of service than that provided by the private security professional whose creation and existence is often driven by contract to protect private property. Private security does not have the same posture towards people.

The nature of service is changing dramatically as we make the transition from large public forces, to smaller contract driven private forces in our society. Helping students to understand this distinction can often be traumatic for those that come to the educational institution with only the concept of public service as their vision. The study of contract law and the intricacies involved focuses the student on these differences. The distinction between the two natures of service becomes clear, if not readily accepted. An example occurred recently in Seattle that made national headlines. The City of Seattle operates a public bus system in the city. At one facility where buses would engage in turnarounds, security was not provided by police, but by a private security company. One particular evening, a young lady found herself under attack by a group of young men in this facility. The private security officers responsible for this facility could have seen on camera not responding to the individual who was in distress. A Public outcry replied from this lack of response and service. Once the investigation was undertaken it became apparent that the contract which allowed these private security forces into this facility restricted their ability to respond to individual attacks. Their responsibility was the protection of property, ie the buses, the property of that company to which they contracted. They were providing service in accordance with the terms of their contract, but not in terms of the social contract that society often expects from public security entities. It is this new change in understanding that the public must grow to understand as we make a shift from public security to private security in many of these areas. In time, we will balance these issues of service but at present it is an area that the security professional must be aware of and understand more fully.

Education:

Twenty years ago the average police officer needed little more than a high school education, and some well educated connections on a local police force before being accepted for training in a state sponsored academy. Likewise, a private security officer needed the same educational background to be accepted into a program that provided minimal training before being allowed to carry a firearm and to use lethal force. Those days are long gone. Today the modern security professional, weather in the public sector are the private sector, faces a growing pressure for increased levels of education. At the institution where I teach, we hire a number of adjuncts to teach classes each year. Many of these people come from police departments, and others from private security companies and the court systems in terms of applicants both Federal and state. The minimum requirement to teach a course at our institution, and many other institutions is a master's degree as a minimum. We see the same trend in companies looking to hire new graduates.

In many segments of the security industry, especially those dealing with information systems, the Bachelor's Degree is the minimum requirement to get in the door of the company. The American Society of Industrial Security, the largest organization in the country for security professionals, has been one of the leaders in establishing higher educational requirements for all private companies across the nation. Likewise, public security agencies such as sheriff's departments and police departments who for years have used the associates degree as the minimum requirement for entry level positions, have slowly begun to back away from that position. An associate degree may get you an entry level job with a police department or a sheriff's department, but you will not be promoted. Over the last decade, as evidenced by US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, which keeps educational statistics for all colleges across the country, Criminal Justice programs had moved significantly away from certificates programs and associate degrees towards full bachelor's degree programs for their students. This is driven in part by the complexity of technology graduates must face. This will not change in the foreseeable future.

Latitude:

Latitude as a concept is very difficult to explain to students, and often just as difficult for professionals in the field to assist. Latitude deals with political astuteness, and the ability to have room to maneuver in current societal situations. The security professional whether in the public sector or the private sector must deal with individuals that represent different strata's of society. They may be discussing issues with the CEO of a large multinational conglomerate, a politician, or dealing with a highly sensitive issue for a single family. Each of these requires a certain degree of latitude, or political astuteness. The professional must be aware of the political realities of changing situations. They must be comfortable in a wide range of political situations and understand what room for maneuvering is available to them in order to address the problems they may face.

Flexibility:

In the world of today, and tomorrow, the security professional must be the ultimate utility person. They must be comfortable with a range of technological systems, and be comfortable with these systems. Whether they are dealing with psychological profiles to help them understand their community, or the personal data they will safeguard for that community, they must be capable of dealing with a bewildering array of technology. The security professional of today must have unparallel flexibility to move seamlessly, and flawlessly between a large number of systems and to be proficient in their use.

Conclusion:

In understanding what will be required in the changing economic, political, social, and technological environment of the future, security professionals must understand and add here to these four fundamental pillars of success. To succeed, the successful security professional, irrespective of whether in the public or private sector must understand the important and changing nature of service in the future. They will likewise be aware of increasing educational goals with in their areas and adjust their educational goals according. Finally they must obtain a firm grass of the need for latitude, and its political subtleties as well as flexibility which is being driven by technological need in a changing world. If they adhere to these four Pillars, that will be successful and society will be the better for it.

Top 11 Tourist Attractions in Istanbul to See

For first time visitors of Istanbul!

Hagia Sophia Museum: The magnificent Hagia Sophia was originally built by Byzantine Emperor Justinian in 537AD, and it was used as a church for almost 1000 years. After the conquering, they turned it into a mosque for 481 years, and Turkey’s first President, Ataturk, declared it a as museum in 1935.

Blue Mosque: Foreign tourists call this Blue Mosque because of the colour of its tens of thousands of interior blue iznik tiles. This masterful early 17th century building with its many domes and six minarets was built to compete with the Hagia Sophia across the street that had been erected almost a millennium earlier. Enjoy the peaceful atmosphere of its wide courtyard which is the biggest of all the Ottoman mosques. Free to visit except praying times.

Topkapi Palace: This great palace was the imperial residence of Ottoman Sultans for almost 400 years. Although much of the palace is not allowed to access, the daily tours of the Harem are of great interest to tourists. Open Wednesday to Monday from 09.00am to 17:00pm.

Grand Bazaar: Lost in the crowd in the narrow streets of The Grand Bazaar. This huge market place started out as a warehouse and named as shopping Mecca for shopaholics – the largest covered bazaar in Turkey which comes from old times. Haggling for anything from rugs to jewels to pottery is part of the culture and it is rumoured to contain over 4,000 small stalls.The bazaar is open Monday to Saturday from 08.30am to 07.00pm. You may enjoy the authentic shopping experience by personal shopper Istanbul, while exploring the secrets of this timeless city.

Spice Bazaar: Take a deep breath in the heady mix of colorful spices and herbs in the vivid Egyptian Bazaar.

Dolmabahce Palace: Located on the best shores of the Bosphorus. May translate as filled garden, an imperial building that for the first time looked like Western style rather than to the more traditional Ottoman style of structures. The chandelier in the Throne Room is one of the largest in Europe at about 4.5 tons definitely worth to see.

Underground Cistern: The Basilica Cistern Sunken Palace, Sunken Cistern is located in opposite of Hagia Sophia. It is a nice, mysterious place, in which you feel you are in old epochs you will be amaze. It is a Roman building made 532 AD. There are lots of columns and different column heads. The Romans recycled those columns from the temples of Pagans. However many of the travel agencies don’t put the underground cistern into their schedule.

Sema ceremony of the Whirling Dervishes: Sufi whirling ceremony called Sufi spinning, Persian is an active meditation which originated among sufi dervishes, and which is still practiced by the Sufi’s of the Mevlevi order. It is a customary dance performed within the Sema as worship ceremony, through which sufi dervishes aim to reach the source of all perfection named kemal.

Istanbul by night at dinner enjoy the Turkish Night on Galata Tower: Galata Tower is one of the oldest tower in the world history, which is one of the most important landmarks and a symbol of Istanbul for hundreds of years. It was constructed by Justinianus in 6th century to monitor the harbours and the city. This outstanding building was controlled by Genoese during 13th century. From the upper side of the tower there is a panoramic view out over the whole city can be seen.Enjoy the opportunity of watching authentic Turkish Show.Harem entertainments in old Ottoman houses, rich folklore dancing of Anatolian and Caucasian, various shows and opportunity of dancing at the roof of Istanbul.

Enjoy the unique Bosphorus: This waterway passes along the shores of Istanbul is about 20 miles in length and is the physical divider between the continents of EuroAsia. Catch a ferry from Karakoy (from Eminonu) to Kadikoy. This way you can enjoy a romantic night-time by a nostalgic ferry over the waters while taking in the unique view of the Old City. Thus you may get a chance to see genuine wooden ottoman mansions and summer palaces.

Princes’ Islands: No doubt that one of the best place to experiment the resort life of Istanbul. The Princes Islands are where Istanbul’s mainly non Muslim elite built their summerhouses, pleasure palaces and resorts. Buyukada is one of the biggest islands of marmara sea where royalty were exiled during the byzantine times and later during the Ottoman period, no autos are allowed and various ferries leave from the European side and Asian side to the Island. A good day out to walk around, after a nice meal take a horse carriage around the Island enjoy its tranquility. Learn the Schedule of the ferries, If you miss the last ferry keep this in mind or else you may have to swim back.

Keep in mind one more thing to do;

At the end of the Turkey break, before leaving the country don’t forget to relax in one of famous Turkish Baths (Hamam) you may choose Cagaloglu Hamam or Cemberlitas Hamam.

Enjoy it! See you on next Turkey travel tips!

Bed Linens – Adding Variety and Personality to Any Bedroom

Bed linens can decorate your bedroom and make your bed look stylish and attractive. Bed linens can also update your bedroom and turn it into a cozy place that you can relax and enjoy. The color and style of bed linens may vary for you depending on the time of the year. You can mix bed linens for an interested look or change them on occasion to give your room a different look during the year. There is a wide variety of bed linens to choose from many styles and patterns to match any room's decor. You can get bed linens in rich colors and beautiful detailed fabrics for your bedroom. The quality of your bed linens is also important in the way they feel and look on your bed.

White bed linens give out a softer look in your bedroom and are always in fashion. They are stylish and make your bed clean and cozy looking. Many people prefer white or soft colors in bed linens over bold colors and patterns. Some of these soft colors may be light blues, browns and pinks. These colors are soft looking and tend to match in with other colors in the room. The colors you choose for your bed linens will create a certain feel and look to your bedroom. You can get linens in rich bold colors that will make your bed the focal point of your room. Some of the rich colors that you can get for your room are red, gold, brown and copper colors. These colors will add a lot of glamor to any bedroom.

You may be one of the people that enjoy earth tone colors in bed linens. These colors will bring a touch of nature to your bedroom. Some of these colors may be earthy greens and browns. You can even choose certain prints like leaf patterns with these colors in them if you choose to add some nature into your room. Some people enjoy bright vibrant colors and patterns in linens that will add life and personality to a room. Some bed linens will give a cooler look while others may give off a warmer look to your room. You can get linens made of different materials to either warm up your bed or make it cooler. Whatever taste you have in bed linens there is a large variety that can suite anyone's taste in bed linens.